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1.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(4): e200, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341236

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Vasopressors are essential in the management of various types of shock. Objective To establish the trend of vasopressors use in the intensive care units (ICU) in a population of patients affiliated with the Colombian Health System, 2010-2017. Methods Observational trial using a population database of patients hospitalized in eleven ICUs in various cities in Colombia. The drugs dispensed to hospitalized patients over 18 years old, from January 2010 until December 2017 were considered. A review and analysis of the vasopressors dispensed per month was conducted, taking into account sociodemographic and pharmacological variables (vasopressor used and daily doses defined per 100/beds/day (DBD). Results 81,348 dispensations of vasopressors, equivalent to 26,414 treatments in 19,186 patients receiving care in 11 hospitals from 7 cities were reviewed. The mean age of patients was 66.3±18.1 years and 52.6 % were males. Of the total number of treatments recorded, 17,658 (66.8 %) were with just one vasopressor. Norepinephrine was the most frequently prescribed drug (75.9 % of the prescriptions dispensed; 60.5 DBD), followed by adrenaline (26.6 %; 41.6 DBD), dopamine (19.4%), dobutamine (16.0 %), vasopressin (8.5 %) and phenylephrine (0.9 %). The use of norepinephrine increased from 2010 to 2017 (+6.19 DBD), whilst the use of other drugs decreased, particularly the use of adrenaline (-60.6 DBD) and dopamine (-10.8 DBD). Conclusions Norepinephrine is the most widely used vasopressor showing a growing trend in terms of its use during the study period, which is supported by evidence in favor of its effectiveness and safety in patients with shock.


Resumen Introducción Los fármacos vasopresores son fundamentales en el manejo de los diferentes tipos de choque. Objetivo Determinar la tendencia de utilización de fármacos vasopresores en unidades de cuidados intensivos (UCI) en una población de pacientes afiliados al Sistema de Salud de Colombia, 2010-2017. Métodos Estudio observacional, a partir de una base de datos poblacional con pacientes hospitalizados en once UCI de diferentes ciudades de Colombia. Se obtuvieron las dispensaciones de pacientes mayores de 18 años hospitalizados desde enero de 2010 hasta diciembre de 2017. Se hizo revisión y análisis de la dispensación mensual de vasopresores. Se consideraron variables sociodemográficas y farmacológicas (medicamento vasopresor usado y dosis diarias definidas por 100 camas/día [DCD]). Resultados Se revisaron 81.348 dispensaciones de vasopresores, equivalentes a 26.414 terapias en 19.186 pacientes atendidos en 11 hospitales de 7 ciudades, cuya edad promedio fue 66,3±18,1 años y el 52,6 % eran hombres. Del total de terapias registradas, 17.658 (66,8 %) fueron con un solo vasopresor. La norepinefrina fue el más comúnmente prescrito (75,9 % de las dispensaciones; 60,5 DCD), seguido por adrenalina (26,6 %; 41,6 DCD), dopamina (19,4 %), dobutamina (16,0 %), vasopresina (8,5 %) y fenilefrina (0,9 %). El uso de norepinefrina se incrementó de 2010 a 2017 (+6,19 DCD), mientras que el de otros fármacos disminuyó, especialmente adrenalina (-60,6 DCD) y dopamina (-10,8 DCD). Conclusiones La norepinefrina es el fármaco vasopresor más utilizado y el que ha demostrado una tendencia de uso incremental durante el periodo de estudio, lo cual está respaldado por evidencia a favor de su efectividad y seguridad en pacientes con choque.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Shock , Vasoconstrictor Agents , Vasopressins , Intensive Care Units , Phenylephrine , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Dopamine , Epinephrine , Norepinephrine , Dobutamine , Drug Utilization , Dosage , Prescriptions
2.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(3): 1-9, 30 de diciembre del 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352440

ABSTRACT

Introducción: no existe un criterio único para evaluar el estado hemodinámico de los recién nacidos y prematuros y las diferentes variables en el grupo de recién nacidos, como la edad gestacional, el peso al nacer y los períodos de nacimiento. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio observacional descriptivo, transversal, epidemiológico con dos cohortes de pacientes. Los recién nacidos a término y Pretérmino, atendidos en la Unidad de Neonatal del Hospital Pablo Arturo Suárez, participan durante los meses comprendidos entre Noviembre de 2019 a enero de 2020. Resultados: la medición ecográfica del flujo de la vena cava inferior (FVCI) es útil para el tratamiento de manejo del paciente neonatal hemodinámicamente inestable. La muestra estuvo conformada por 110 recién nacidos atendidos en el servicio de neonatología del Hospital Pablo Arturo Suárez desde noviembre de 2019 a enero de 2020. Quito, Pichincha, Ecuador. Las variables bajo peso al nacer y prematuridad moderada tienen un valor estadística-mente significativo para el uso de inotrópicos. Las demás variables no presentan valor esta-dísticamente significativo. La frecuencia cardíaca, el gasto urinario, la presión arterial media, el ácido láctico, el llenado capilar, el flujo de la vena cava superior y el flujo de la vena cava inferior tienen valores estadísticamente significativos. Las comparaciones de FVCI y superior (FVCS) con frecuencia cardíaca, gasto urinario, presión arterial media, ácido láctico, llenado capilar tienen un valor estadísticamente significativo, excepto para el llenado capilar >3 segundos en FCVI. Se utilizó el análisis multivariado de Componentes Principales Categóricos (CATPCA) para caracterizar el estado hemodinámico e inotrópico, que resultaron significativos en el análisis bivariado. Dimensión, uno de los gráficos bidimensionales, discrimina el uso o no de inotrópicos y las categorías de parámetros hemodinámicos TAM <35 mmHg, ácido láctico, llenado capilar, FVCI y FVCS. La dimensión dos discrimina entre las categorías de gasto urinario y FC. Conclusión: En recién nacidos a término y prematuros con bajo peso y adecuado peso al nacer con inestabilidad hemodinámica en general, que fueron evaluados con ecografía para medir el flujo de la vena cava, la concordancia entre los criterios clínicos y la valoración ecográfica del flujo fue de 0.4 cm / seg en ambos métodos. Esta situación significa que la medición de los flujos cava venosos por ecografía es útil para evaluar el estado hemodinámico de los pacientes neonatales.


Introduction: There is no single criterion available to assess the hemodynamic state of new-born in-fants and preterm infants and the different variables in the group of newborns, such as gestational age, birth weight, and periods of birth. Methods: This is an epidemiological, cross-sectional, descriptive observational study with two patient cohorts. Newborn-to-term and preterm neonates assisted at the Neonatal Unit of the Pablo Arturo Suarez Hospital participated during the months between November 2019 to January 2020. Results: Ultrasound measurement of the vena cava (FVC) flow is useful for the management treatment of hemodynamically unstable neonatal patients. The sample was made up of 110 newborns treated in the Pablo Arturo Suarez Hospital's neonatology service from November 2019 to January 2020. Quito, Pichincha, Ecuador. The variables low birth weight and moder-ate prematurity have a statistically sig-nificant value for inotropic use.The other variables do not present statistically significant values. Heart rate, urinary output, mean blood pressure, lactic acid, capillary filling, upper vena cava flow, and lower vena cava flow had statistically significant values. FVCI and FVCS comparisons with heart rate, urinary output, mean blood pressure, lactic acid, and capillary filling had statistically significant values, except for capil-lary filling >3 sec in FCVI. Multivariate analysis of categorical main components (CATPCA) was used to characterize the hemodynamic state and inotropic state, which were significant in the bivariate analysis. Dimension, one of the two-dimensional graphs, discriminates the use or not of inotropics and the categories of hemodynamic parameters TAM <35 mmHg, lactic acid, capillary filling, FVCI, and FVCS. Dimension IIdiscriminates between the categories of urinary expenditure and HR. Conclusion: In term and preterm infants with low weight and adequate birth weight with hemody-namic instability in general, who were evaluated with ultrasonography to measure the flow of the vena cava, the agreement between the clinical criteria and the ultrasound assessment of the flow was 0.4 cm/sec in both methods. This situation means that the measurement of venous cava flows by echo sonography is useful for assessing neonatal patients' hemodynamic status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Shock , Venae Cavae , Infant, Newborn , Arterial Pressure , Capillaries , Lactic Acid , Diuresis , Heart Rate
3.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga.2010) ; 13(1): 1-18, 20211213.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369176

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En Colombia la hemorragia postparto es la segunda causa de mortalidad en mujeres gestantes de 24 a 34 años con 6,9 casos por cada 1000 nacidos vivos. Después del parto se prevé que el 8.2% de las mujeres latinoamericanas presentarán hemorragia postparto. Objetivo: Describir el cuidado de enfermería a mujeres que presentan hemorragia postparto para disminuir el riesgo de shock hipovolémico, a través de una revisión integrativa de la literatura. Metodología: Revisión integrativa de la literatura siguiendo la propuesta por Sasso, de Campos y Galvão, se realizó una búsqueda en ClinicalKey, LILACS, CINAHL, Epistemonikos, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Scielo y Google Scholar; se incluyeron artículos publicados en los últimos cinco años, en español, inglés y portugués, se clasificaron por nivel de evidencia y grado de recomendación. Esta investigación es de bajo riesgo por ser de tipo documental. Resultados: Se recopilaron 41 artículos definitivos. La información se organizó en: cuadro clínico, cuidados de enfermería y dificultades en la atención gineco-obstétrica. Discusión: El profesional de enfermería debe identificar barreras en la atención evaluando la capacidad resolutiva de las instituciones y analizando los casos de muerte materna. Se recomienda el uso de misoprostol con oxitocina o únicamente de carbetocina y la combinación de ergometrina con oxitocina según el volumen de sangrado. Conclusión: Es pertinente realizar un examen físico para reconocer signos de inestabilidad hemodinámica, y de shock hipovolémico. Además, los diagnósticos e intervenciones de enfermería se enfocan en brindar cuidados de calidad, para evitar complicaciones como la muerte.


Introduction: In Colombia, postpartum hemorrhage is the second leading cause of death in pregnant women at a rate of 6.9 deaths per 1,000 live births. After childbirth, 8.2% of Latin American women are expected to have postpartum hemorrhage. Objective: To describe nursing care delivered to women with postpartum hemorrhage to reduce the risk of hypovolemic shock by means of an integrative literature review. Materials and Methods: Following the approach suggested by Sasso, de Campos and Galvão, an integrative literature review was conducted on ClinicalKey, LILACS, CINAHL, Epistemonikos, Cochrane Library, PubMed and ScieELO Google Scholar databases. Articles published in the last five years in Spanish, English and Portuguese were selected and classified by their level of evidence and degree of recommendation. This is a low-risk research due to its documentary nature. Results: 41 articles were finally selected and classified into clinical picture, nursing care and challenges in OBGYN care. Discussion: Nursing professionals should identify barriers to care by evaluating institutional problem-solving capacity and analyzing maternal death cases. Using misoprostol and oxytocin or only carbetocin and ergometrine-oxytocin is suggested based on the quantity of blood loss. Conclusions: Performing a physical examination is important to recognize signs of hemodynamic instability and hypovolemic shock. Nursing diagnoses and interventions focus on providing quality patient care to prevent certain complications such as death.


Introdução: Na Colômbia, a hemorragia pós-parto é a segunda principal causa de mortalidade em mulheres grávidas de 24-34 anos, com 6,9 casos por 1000 nascidos vivos. Após o parto, 8,2% das mulheres latino-americanas devem sofrer de hemorragia pós-parto. Objetivo: Descrever os cuidados de enfermagem a mulheres com hemorragia pós-parto para reduzir o risco de choque hipovolêmico, através de uma revisão integrativa da bibliografia. Metodologia: Revisão integrativa da bibliografia seguindo a proposta de Sasso, de Campos e Galvão, foi realizada uma pesquisa em ClinicalKey, LILACS, CINAHL, Epistemonikos, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Scielo e Google Scholar; foram incluídos artigos publicados nos últimos cinco anos em espanhol, inglês e português, classificados por nível de evidência e grau de recomendação. Esta é uma pesquisa de baixo risco, pois é do tipo documental. Resultados: Foram recolhidos 41 artigos definitivos. A informação foi organizada em: quadro clínico, cuidados de enfermagem e dificuldades nos cuidados gineco-obstetrítricos. Discussão: O profissional de enfermagem deve identificar as barreiras ao cuidado, avaliando a capacidade das instituições e analisando os casos de morte materna. O uso de misoprostol com ocitocina, ou carbetocina isoladamente, e a combinação de ergometrina com ocitocina são recomendados dependendo do volume de sangramento. Conclusão: O exame físico para sinais de instabilidade hemodinâmica e choque hipovolêmico é relevante. Além disso, os diagnósticos e intervenções de enfermagem concentram-se na prestação de cuidados de qualidade para evitar complicações como a morte.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Shock , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Nursing Care
4.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 91(2): 186-189, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248783

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the case of a 19-year-old male presenting with bradycardia and hypotension after a honeybee sting making a review of the literature and pathophysiology of the cardiovascular and electrocardiogram (EKG) changes after a bee sting. Methods: The patient's airway was inspected and secured. Electrocardiogram with an idioventricular rhythm at 41' bpm. Oxygen was administered, an intravenous access was established, and the transcutaneous pacemaker leads were placed on the chest of the patient, then published guidelines management was induced. Results: The EKG showed idioventricular rhythm at a rate of 41 beats/min that resolved to a normal sinus rhythm after treatment. Conclusions: A full and prompt cardiovascular evaluation should be performed in all patients presenting to the emergency department after a bee sting, and published guidelines regarding the management of bradycardia and anaphylaxis should be followed to achieve successful outcomes.


Resumen Objetivo: Describir el caso de un paciente masculino de 19 años que presenta bradicardia e hipotensión después de una picadura de abeja haciendo una revisión de la literatura y fisiopatología de los cambios cardiovasculares y electrocardiográficos después de una picadura de abeja. Métodos: Se inspeccionó y aseguró la vía aérea del paciente. Un rastreo de ECG realizado al ingreso reveló ritmo idioventricular a una ritmo de 41 latidos por minuto. Se administró oxígeno, se estableció un acceso IV y se colocaron los cables del marcapasos transcutáneo en el tórax del paciente, luego se indujo el manejo de las guías publicadas. Resultados: El electrocardiograma mostró un ritmo idioventricular a una frecuencia de 41 latidos por minuto que se resolvió a un ritmo sinusal normal después del tratamiento. Conclusiones: Se debe realizar una evaluación cardiovascular completa y rápida en todos los pacientes que se presentan al departamento de emergencias después de una picadura de abeja, y se deben seguir las pautas publicadas sobre el manejo de la bradicardia y la anafilaxia para lograr resultados exitosos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Pacemaker, Artificial , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Shock , Bees , Bradycardia/etiology , Insect Bites and Stings/complications , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Bradycardia/therapy , Electrocardiography , Heart Rate/physiology
5.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 73(1): e489, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280323

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El dengue es la enfermedad viral transmitida por artrópodos que más morbilidad y mortalidad ocasiona mundialmente. En el mundo actual, esta arbovirosis se considera la décima causa de muerte sobre todo en edades pediátricas. Objetivo: Caracterizar el comportamiento clínico y de laboratorio del choque por dengue en niños a partir de un año de edad. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal. Se estudiaron 19 pacientes con diagnóstico de choque por dengue. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizaron medidas de resumen como frecuencias, porcentaje, rango, mediana y moda. Resultados: Los signos de choque por dengue predominaron en los pacientes mayores de 5 años, femeninos y blancos, normopesos con antecedentes de salud. La mayoría ingresó al cuarto día; la fiebre fue el principal motivo de ingreso. El aumento progresivo del hematocrito fue el principal signo de alarma, y la hipotensión sin otra manifestación de choque constituyó la manifestación clínica más frecuente. Las soluciones cristaloides fueron las más utilizadas con muy buena respuesta clínica. Conclusiones: Todos los pacientes evolucionaron satisfactoriamente; no hubo ningún fallecimiento por dengue a pesar de que la mayoría fueron hospitalizados durante la fase crítica de la enfermedad, existiendo una identificación adecuada de los signos de alarma, y un adecuado control y tratamiento de las formas clínicas de choque por dengue(AU)


Introduction: Dengue is the arthropod-borne disease causing the highest morbidity and mortality worldwide. This condition is currently considered the tenth leading cause of death in the world, mainly in pediatric ages. Objective: Characterize the clinical and laboratory behavior of dengue shock in children aged one year and over. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted of 19 patients diagnosed with dengue shock. Statistical analysis was based on the summary measurements frequency, percentage, range, median and mode. Results: Dengue shock signs prevailed in white female patients aged over five years, of normal weight and with a history of good health. Most were admitted on the fourth day; fever was the main reason for admission. Gradual hematocrit increase was the main warning sign, whereas hypotension without any other shock symptom was the most common clinical manifestation. Crystalloid solutions were the most frequently used, with a very good clinical response. Conclusions: All the patients evolved satisfactorily; no death occurred due to dengue, despite the fact that many patients were admitted during the critical stage of the disease; warning signs were appropriately identified and clinical manifestations of dengue shock were controlled and treated(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Severe Dengue/diagnosis , Severe Dengue/immunology , Shock/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies
6.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(1): 2873-2886, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156781

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: las lesiones traumáticas del anillo pélvico constituyen un desafío para los cirujanos ortopedistas por su alta morbimortalidad y las consecuencias que de ellas derivan. Objetivo: describir el comportamiento de variables demográficas y clínicas en los pacientes atendidos por lesiones traumáticas del anillo pélvico en el Hospital Universitario "Comandante Faustino Pérez Hernández" de Matanzas Materiales y Métodos: se realizó un estudio longitudinal prospectivo descriptivo de los pacientes ingresados en el servicio de ortopedia y traumatología por presentar lesiones traumáticas del anillo pélvico en dicho centro en el período comprendido de enero del 2009 a enero del 2019. Se seleccionaron variables demográficas y clínicas Resultados: el estudio incluyó a 48 pacientes. Predominó el sexo masculino 29 pacientes para un 60,4%, la edad de mayor frecuencia estuvo entre 31 a 50 años. Predominaron las fracturas tipo B con 24 pacientes para 50% y el tratamiento quirúrgico con 27 pacientes para 56,2%, dentro de las complicaciones inmediatas predominó el shock hipovolémico en 14 pacientes para 29.1%, en las tardías la sepsis superficial con 6 pacientes, 12.5%. Conclusiones: las lesiones traumáticas del anillo pélvico siempre deben ser tratadas como lesiones graves, por lo que deben ser valoradas de forma multidisciplinaria y apegados a protocolos de actuación, y con especialistas de alta experiencia profesional (AU).


SUMMARY Introduction: pelvic ring traumatic lesions are a challenge for orthopedic surgeons due to their high morbi-mortality and the consequences derived from them. Objective: to describe the behavior of clinical and demographic variables in patients cared due to pelvic ring traumatic lesions in the University Hospital "Comandante Faustino Perez Hernandez" of Matanzas. Method: a descriptive, prospective, longitudinal research was carried out in patients admitted to the Orthopedics and Traumatology Service of the before-named hospital for presenting pelvic ring traumatic lesions in the period from January 2009 until January 2019. Clinical and demographic variables were chosen. Results: the study included 48 patients. Male sex predominated, 29 patients, 60.4 %; the most frequent age ranged between 31 and 50 years. Type B fractures predominated with 24 patients and 50 %; surgical treatment also predominated with 27 patients and 56.2 %; among the immediate complications, hypovolemic shock predominated in 14 patients for 29.1 %; among the late ones, surface sepsis predominated with 6 patients, 12.5 %. Conclusions: pelvic ring traumatic lesions should be always treated like serious lesions; therefore they should be evaluated in a multidiscipline way, adhered to the intervention protocols, and by highly experienced professionals (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvis/injuries , Shock/etiology , Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology , Sepsis/etiology , Pelvis/surgery , Wounds and Injuries/mortality , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
7.
MedUNAB ; 24(1): 72-79, 23-04-2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222634

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las malformaciones arteriovenosas son lesiones relativamente raras e infrecuentes. Se caracterizan por presentar un aumento anormal en el número de vasos sanguíneos como consecuencia de un defecto en el desarrollo vascular. Constituyen un desafío diagnóstico y terapéutico para el médico tratante. Su incidencia es de alrededor el 1.5% de la población general. Dentro de las opciones terapéuticas se incluye la embolización selectiva, la resección quirúrgica o ambas. El objetivo del presente artículo es reportar un caso de una patología poco frecuente y hacer una revisión literaria del tema para arrojar luz sobre su diagnóstico. Reporte de caso. Se presenta el caso de un paciente adulto joven que consulta por presentar una masa en glúteo derecho de 6 años de evolución. Esta es diagnosticada erróneamente como lipoma, por lo que se lleva al paciente a cirugía sin la realización de imágenes diagnósticas previas. En la cirugía, el paciente presenta choque hipovolémico. Posteriormente, se documenta la masa como malformación arteriovenosa profunda. Discusión. Es poco usual la ubicación de dichas malformaciones en los miembros inferiores, como en el paciente del actual caso. El diagnóstico de estas lesiones puede ser clínico, pero requiere del conocimiento o sospecha de esta entidad, ya que pueden ser lesiones clínicamente no visibles, lo que lleva a que pasen inadvertidas o se diagnostiquen de forma errónea. Conclusión. Aunque se trata de una patología poco frecuente, esta puede generar repercusiones clínicas, físicas, psicológicas y estéticas importantes, por lo que es indispensable realizar adecuados métodos por imágenes que permitan establecer su correcto diagnóstico y manejo. Cómo citar. Rodriguez-Londoño NH. Malformación arteriovenosa de alto flujo en un adulto joven. MedUNAB. 2021;24(1): 72-79. doi: https://doi.org/10.29375/01237047.3785


Introduction. Arteriovenous malformations are relative rare and infrequent injuries. Their main characteristic is an abnormal increase in the number of blood vessels as a result of defective vascular development. They represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for the treating physician. Their incidence in the general population is around 1.5%. Some therapeutic options include selective embolization, surgical resection, or both. The purpose of this article is to report a case of an infrequent pathology and to perform a literature review on the topic to shed light on its diagnosis. Case report. The case involves a young adult patient who inquired about the presence of a mass in the right buttock with six years of evolution. It was erroneously diagnosed as a lipoma, as a result of which the patient was taken to surgery without performing preliminary diagnostic images. During surgery, the patient went into hypovolemic shock. Afterwards, the mass was documented as a profound arteriovenous malformation. Discussion. Such malformations are rarely found in the lower limbs, as in this case. These injuries may be clinically diagnosed, but knowledge or suspicion on the existence of this entity is required, because such injuries might not be clinically visible, which implies that they may go unnoticed or be erroneously diagnosed. Conclusion. Even though it is an infrequent pathology, it may have substantial clinical, physical, psychological and aesthetic implications, which implies that it is indispensable to perform adequate imaging-based procedures to enable its adequate diagnosis and management. Cómo citar. Rodriguez-Londoño NH. Malformación arteriovenosa de alto flujo en un adulto joven. MedUNAB. 2021;24(1): 72-79. doi: https://doi.org/10.29375/01237047.3785


Introdução. As malformações arteriovenosas são lesões relativamente raras e infrequentes. São caracterizadas por apresentarem um aumento anormal do número de vasos sanguíneos como consequência de um defeito no desenvolvimento vascular. Constituem um desafio diagnóstico e terapêutico para o médico que trata. Sua incidência gira em torno de 1.5% da população geral. As opções de tratamento incluem embolização seletiva, ressecção cirúrgica ou ambas. O objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso de patologia pouco frequente e fazer uma revisão bibliográfica sobre o assunto para lançar luz sobre seu diagnóstico. Relato de caso. Apresentamos o caso de um paciente adulto jovem que consultou por apresentar uma massa na nádega direita, de 6 anos de evolução. Isso é diagnosticado erroneamente como um lipoma, então o paciente é levado para cirurgia sem imagens diagnósticas prévias. Na cirurgia, o paciente apresenta um choque hipovolêmico. Posteriormente, a massa é documentada como uma malformação arteriovenosa profunda. Discussão. A localização dessas malformações nos membros inferiores é incomum, como no caso deste paciente. O diagnóstico dessas lesões pode ser clínico, mas requer conhecimento ou suspeita dessa entidade, pois podem ser lesões clinicamente invisíveis, o que as leva a passar despercebidas ou mal diagnosticadas. Conclusão. Embora seja uma patologia pouco frequente, pode gerar importantes repercussões clínicas, físicas, psicológicas e estéticas, pelo que é imprescindível a realização de métodos de imagem adequados para estabelecer seu correto diagnóstico e tratamento. Cómo citar. Rodriguez-Londoño NH. Malformación arteriovenosa de alto flujo en un adulto joven. MedUNAB. 2021;24(1): 72-79. doi: https://doi.org/10.29375/01237047.3785


Subject(s)
Vascular Malformations , Shock , Angiography , Embolization, Therapeutic , Neovascularization, Pathologic
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2299-2305, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921156

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is common in critically ill patients and may cause left atrial (LA) pressure elevation. This study aims to explore the prognostic impact of synergistic LA pressure elevation and FMR in patients with shock.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively screened 130 consecutive patients of 175 patients with shock from April 2016 to June 2017. The incidence and impact of FMR and early diastolic transmitral velocity to early mitral annulus diastolic velocity ratio (E/e') ≥ 4 within 6 h of shock on the prognosis of patients were evaluated. Finally, the synergistic effect of FMR and E/e' were assessed by combination, grouping, and trend analyses.@*RESULTS@#Forty-four patients (33.8%) had FMR, and 15 patients (11.5%) had E/e' elevation. A multivariate analysis revealed FMR and E/e' as independent correlated factors for 28-day mortality (P = 0.043 and 0.028, respectively). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed a significant difference in survival between patients with and without FMR (χ2 = 7.672, P = 0.006) and between the E/e' ≥ 14 and E/e' < 14 groups (χ2 = 19.351, P < 0.010). Twenty-eight-day mortality was significantly different among the four groups (χ2 = 30.141, P < 0.010). The risk of 28-day mortality was significantly higher in group 4 (E/e' ≥ 14 with FMR) compared with groups 1 (E/e' < 14 without FMR) and 2 (E/e' < 14 with FMR) (P = 0.001 and 0.046, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with shock can be identified by the presence of FMR. FMR and E/e' are independent risk factors for a poor prognosis in these patients, and prognosis is worst when FMR and E/e' ≥ 14 are present. It may be possible to improve prognosis by reducing LA pressure and E/e'.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03082326.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mitral Valve/diagnostic imaging , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Shock
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880672

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#In recent years, it has been reported that the anti-shock effect of plasma substitutes in adult patients with major burn in shock stage is not good. However, due to the shortage of clinical frozen plasma supply, it is impossible to guarantee that frozen plasma is used as colloidal solution for anti-shock treatment. The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of the infusion ration between frozen plasma and plasma substitutes on the prognosis of adult patients with major burn in shock stage.@*METHODS@#This study enrolled 586 adult patients with major burn by selecting the hospitalization burn patients, who had been hospitalized at the Jiangxi province burn center from September 2014 to April 2019. The patients with the infusion ratio of frozen plasma to plasma substitutes ≥2꞉1 at 48 hours after admission were included in the experimental group, otherwise they were included in the control group. The basic clinical data and clinical prognosis indicator in the 2 groups were compared. Logistic univariate regression analysis was used to screen the influential factors of 30-day mortality in adult patients with major burn, and logistic multivariate regression analysis was used to obtain independent risk and protective factors; Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the survival curve of the 2 groups, and log-rank test was used to compare the 30-day survival rate of the 2 groups.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in the infusion volume of frozen plasma and plasma substitutes between the 2 groups at 48 hours after admission (both @*CONCLUSIONS@#Infusion ration between frozen plasma to plasma substitutes at 48 hours after admission is an independent protective factor for 30-day mortality of adult patients with major burn. In the early stage of adult patients with major burn, frozen plasma should be used as the anti-shock therapy as far as possible (frozen plasma꞉plasma substitute ≥2꞉1) to improve the prognosis and reduce the of 30-day mortality.


Subject(s)
Adult , Hospitalization , Humans , Plasma Substitutes , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Shock
10.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 101-112, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880190

ABSTRACT

Deep vein catheterization is an important method to prevent and treat burn shock in severe burn patients, monitor hemodynamic changes and provide venous nutritional support. Although deep vein catheterization has been applied widely, there is no standard operation and management process. In order to guide the operation and management of deep vein catheterization in severe burn patients in a more scientific and standard manner, the consensus writing group organized domestic experts in burn field, most of whom are members of the 10th Committee of Chinese Burn Association to discuss and reach a consensus mainly in selection of deep vein catheter and the catheterization site, the method of catheterization operation, catheter maintenance, and prevention and treatment of catheter-related complications. This consensus aims to provide practical basis and guidance for the operation and management of deep vein catheterization in severe burn patients.


Subject(s)
Burns/therapy , Catheterization , Consensus , Humans , Monitoring, Physiologic , Shock
11.
In. Manzanares Castro, William; Aramendi Epstein, Ignacio; Pico, José Luis do. Disionías en el paciente grave: historias clínicas comentadas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2021. p.137-150, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1344734
12.
Rev. venez. cir ; 74(2): 22-25, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1368383

ABSTRACT

El trauma se considera un problema de salud pública, siendo el trauma vascular un desafío para el cirujano de emergencia por su complejidad y morbimortalidad. Objetivo: Describir la experiencia en el manejo del trauma vascular periférico en el Servicio de Cirugía Cardiovascular del Hospital Dr. Miguel Pérez Carreño período enero 2.018 ­ enero 2.021. Métodos: Se realizó estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, constituido por 410 pacientes, registrándose datos demográficos, mecanismo de lesión, tipos de lesión vascular, signos blandos y duros vasculares, grados de shock hipovolémico, vaso lesionado, procedimiento realizado, complicaciones y mortalidad. Se incluyeron 410 pacientes. La edad promedio fue 25,6 ± 18 años (14-72), sexo masculino en 89%. El mecanismo de lesión predominante fue el penetrante (92%), herida de arma de fuego (68%) y el trauma cerrado (7%). El diagnóstico fue clínico en 90% de los casos, el resto de la muestra fueron pacientes con lesiones crónicas como las fistulas AV y pseudoaneurismas. Las lesiones más frecuentes fueron en las extremidades inferiores (81%), extremidades superiores (17%) y cuello (2%). El tipo de lesión más común fue la transección arterial (49%) y lesión parcial (20%). Se presentó shock hipovolémico en 60% de los casos. La femoral superficial fue la más lesionada (70%) seguida de la poplítea (20%), la lesión asociada fue la fractura de huesos largos en un 30%. Se realizó interposición venosa autóloga en 89% de los casos. La infección de sitio operatorio registrada fue de 15% y la mortalidad de 0.4%. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico oportuno y manejo adecuado del trauma vascular demostró baja tasa de morbimortalidad y resultados favorables, incluso realizando reparación primaria, sin diferencia por grado de shock ni uso de shunt(AU)


Trauma is considered a public health problem, with vascular trauma being a challenge for the emergency surgeon due to its complexity, morbidity and mortality. Objetive: To describe the experience in the management of peripheral vascular trauma in the cardiovascular surgery department at Dr. Miguel Perez Carreño Hospital period January 2.018 - January 2.021. Methods: A retrospective, transversal and descriptive study was conducted, consisting of 410 patients, registering demographic data, injury mechanism, types of vascular injury, soft and hard vascular signs, degrees of hypovolemic shock, injured vessel, procedure performed, complications, and mortality. Results: 410 patients were included. The average age was 25.6 ± 18 years (14-72), 365 male (89%). The predominant injury mechanism was penetrating (92 %), gunshot wound (68%), and blunt trauma (7%). diagnosis by clinical in (90%), the rest of the sample was reserved for patients with chronic lesions such as AV fistulas and pseudoaneurysms. The most frequent lesions were in the lower extremities (81 %), upper extremities (17 %), and neck (2 %). The most common type of lesions were arterial transection (49%) and partial lesion (20%). Hypovolemic shock was present in (60%) of the cases. The superficial femoral artery was the most injured (70%) followed by the popliteal artery (20%), the associated injured was long bone fracture (30%). autologous venous interposition was performed in (89%) of cases. Registered surgical site infection was (15%) and mortality of 2 patients (0.4%). Conclusions: The timely diagnosis and proper management of vascular trauma showed a low rate of morbidity and mortality and favorable results, even carrying out primary repair, without difference by degree of shock or use of shunts(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Surgery Department, Hospital , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Femoral Artery/injuries , Shock , Wounds and Injuries , Emergencies
13.
Repert. med. cir ; 30(1): 43-47, 2021. tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1284478

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los cristaloides son medicamentos usados en pacientes críticamente enfermos, con resultados ambiguos cuando se utilizan soluciones balanceadas versus solución salina normal. Objetivo: conocer si existen diferencias al usar solución salina 0.9% vs. lactato de Ringer en pacientes críticamente enfermos con sepsis y choque séptico o hipovolémico, en cuanto a mortalidad, lesión renal aguda y tiempo de estancia hospitalaria. Métodos: estudio observacional de tipo cohorte retrospectiva en mayores de 18 años con diagnóstico de sepsis, choque séptico o hipovolémico. Se excluyeron aquellos con enfermedad renal crónica en diálisis, las hospitalizadas por ginecología/obstetricia y aquellos con diagnóstico de muerte encefálica o donantes de órganos. Se evaluaron los desenlaces primarios de mortalidad, lesión renal aguda y estancia hospitalaria. Resultados y discusión: se incluyeron 314 pacientes, 158 en el grupo expuesto a solución salina al 0.9% y 156 con lactato de Ringer. Se presentó lesión renal aguda en 22.7% con solución salina y 25.8% con lactato de Ringer (OR 1.18 IC 95%:0.7-2). La mortalidad con solución salina fue de 49%, y en lactato 49% (OR 1.01 IC 95%:0.63-1.63). Los factores de riesgo identificados para mortalidad fueron uso de soporte vasopresor (OR 35 IC 95% 12-83) y lesión renal aguda (1.3 IC 95% 1.01-1.69). Conclusiones: en el paciente críticamente enfermo con sepsis, choque séptico o hipovolémico el uso desolución salina 0.9% no representa diferencias al compararlo con lactato de Ringer en cuanto a mortalidad, lesión renal aguda o estancia hospitalaria. La elección de un cristaloide debe ser individualizada, teniendo en cuenta las comorbilidades, la presencia de hipercloremia o hiperpotasemia.


Objective: crystalloids are drugs used in critically ill patients, with ambiguous results when balanced solutions versus normal saline solution (NS) are used. The objective of this study is to determine if there are differences when NS (0.9%) vs. lactated Ringer ́s (LR) solution are given to critically ill patients in sepsis or septic or hypovolemic shock, in terms of mortality, acute renal injury and length of hospital stay. Methods: a retrospective observational cohort study in patients over 18 years old with sepsis or septic or hypovolemic shock. Patients with chronic renal disease on dialysis, those hospitalized by gynecology/obstetrics and those diagnosed with brain death or organ donors were excluded. The primary mortality outcomes, acute renal injury and hospital stay were evaluated. Results: 314 patients were included, 158 in the NS group and 156 in the LR group. Acute renal injury occurred in 22.7% in the NS group and 25.8% in the LR group (OR 1.18 IC 95%:0.7-2). Mortality rate was 49% in the NS group and 49% in the LR group (OR 1.01 95%: CI 0.63-1.63). Mortality risk factors included the use of vasopressor support (OR 35 95% CI 12-83) and acute renal injury (1.3 95% CI 1.01-1.69). Conclusions: no difference was found with the use of NS in critically ill patients with sepsis or septic or hypovolemic shock when compared with LR in terms of mortality, acute renal injury or hospital stay. The choice of which crystalloid to administer should be individualized, based on the comorbidities and the presence of hyperchloremia or hyperkalemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Shock/therapy , Sepsis/therapy , Ringer's Lactate/therapeutic use , Saline Solution/therapeutic use , Shock/mortality , Shock, Septic/mortality , Shock, Septic/therapy , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Sepsis/mortality , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Ringer's Lactate/adverse effects , Saline Solution/adverse effects , Length of Stay
14.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(11): 769-771, Nov. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144170

ABSTRACT

Abstract The placement of a suburethral sling is standard treatment for stress urinary incontinence. The transobturator technique (TOT) emerged as an alternative to minimize the risks of the blind insertion of needles, leading to a lower rate of perforation complications compared with the retropubic approach. We present a case of injury to a branch of the left obturator artery following the placement of a urethral sling using TOT, followed by intense bleeding and hemodynamic instability, which was treated with embolization.


Resumo Sling de uretra média é o tratamento padrão para a incontinência urinária de esforço. A abordagem transobturatória (TOT) surgiu como alternativa para minimizar os riscos da inserção às cegas das agulhas com taxa de complicações perfurativas menores quando comparadas à abordagem retropúbica. Apresentamos um caso de lesão em ramo da artéria obturatória esquerda após sling TOT que evoluiu com sangramento intenso e instabilidade hemodinâmica, sendo tratado com embolização.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Arteries/injuries , Shock/diagnosis , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/surgery , Suburethral Slings/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Shock/etiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Middle Aged
15.
Guatemala; MSPAS; 9 jul 2020. 27 p. graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1151484

ABSTRACT

Uniendo esfuerzo entre el equipo del MSPAS y asociaciones médicas, elaboraron una guía médica sobre la manera de abordar el tratamiento a pacientes adultos, niños y mujeres embarazadas enfermos de COVID. Es una guía detallada sobre la información obtenida hasta ese momento y tiene como objetivo: apoyar a los distintos centros proveedores de servicios de salud a nivel nacional proporcionando una guía básica para la atención de pacientes con COVID-19


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Respiratory Insufficiency/diagnosis , Shock/drug therapy , Infection Control/organization & administration , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , Intubation/methods
16.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 57(2): [e161756], mai. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1097353

ABSTRACT

An Andean fox was transferred to the Wildlife Hospital of the Universidad San Francisco de Quito for evaluation of injuries caused by a run over. Clinical signs of hypovolemic shock were detected. Radiographies showed multiple pelvic fractures and free fluid in retroperitoneal cavity. The presumptive diagnosis was hemorrhagic shock caused by blood loss secondary to a pelvis fracture. An emergency xenotransfusion using blood from a domestic dog was performed without acute transfusion reactions observed. This is the first report of successful xenotransfusion between a domestic dog and an Andean fox presenting a procedure that could be applied in emergency situations.(AU)


Uma raposa andina foi levada ao Hospital da Vida Selvagem da Universidad San Francisco de Quito para avaliar os ferimentos causados por um atropelamento. Sinais clínicos de choque hipovolêmico foram detectados. Radiografias mostraram múltiplas fraturas pélvicas e fluido livre na cavidade retroperitoneal. O diagnóstico presuntivo foi um choque hemorrágico causado por perda sanguínea secundária a uma fratura pélvica. Uma xenotransfusão de emergência foi realizada com o sangue de um cão doméstico sem reações agudas transfusionais. Este é o primeiro relato bem sucedido de xenotransfusão entre um cão doméstico e uma raposa andina, demonstrando que é um procedimento que poderá ser considerado em situações de emergência.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Dogs/blood , Foxes/blood , Shock , Transplantation, Heterologous , Blood Transfusion/veterinary
17.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 92(1): e993, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093750

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La forma más frecuente de dengue grave es el choque por dengue. Sin embargo, los lactantes con dengue no presentan las manifestaciones clinicas que lo caracterizan ni tienen tan a menudo esta complicación como lo hacen los pacientes con edades mayores. Objetivo: Dar a conocer las características clinicas y laboratoriales de una paciente menor de un año de edad cuyo síndrome de choque por dengue fue interpretado inicialmente como un caso de sepsis grave. Presentación del caso: Paciente femenina de 8 meses de edad con fiebre y diarreas que concurre a más de un centro hospitalario y la madre se niega a ingresarla. Al quinto dia de enfermedad apareció exantema y ya estando afebril presenta cianosis y otros signos de hipoperfusión tissular, haciéndole diagnóstico inicial de choque por sepsis. Responde satisfactoriamente a la reposición de líquidos cristaloides por via intravenosa administrados inicialmente y es enviada despues a una unidad de terapia intensiva pediátrica donde continua recibiendo tratamiento de rehidratacion y se inicia antibioticoterapia. Posteriormente, la sepsis fue descartada por la evolución del caso y los resultados de laboratorio clinico y microbiológicos, asi como una serología positiva a dengue. Conclusiones. El choque por dengue en el lactante puede expresarse sin su cuadro clinico típico y para su diagnostico es imprescindible considerar el antecedente epidemiológico(AU).


Introduction: The most common form of severe dengue is the dengue shock syndrome. However, infants with dengue don´t present the clinical manifestations that characterize it neither have this complication as often as older patients do. Objective: To know the clinical and laboratory characteristics of a patient of less than one-year-old whose dengue shock syndrome was initially interpreted as a case of severe sepsis. Case presentation: 8-months-old female patient with fever and diarrhea that was checked in more than one hospital and the mother refuses to hospitalize her. In the fifth day of being ill appeared exanthem, and having fever she presented cyanosis and other signs of tisular hypoperfusion, being initially diagnosed a sepsis shock. She responded satisfactorily to the replacement of crystalloid fluids intravenously administered initially and she was sent to a pediatric intensive care unit where she continued receiving rehydration treatment and antibiotic therapy was started. Subsequently, sepsis was ruled out due to the case´s evolutions and the clinical and microbiological laboratory´s results, as well as a serology positive to dengue fever. Conclusions: Dengue shock syndrome in an infant can present without its typical clinical manifestations and for its diagnosis is essential to consider the epidemiological history(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Shock/complications , Severe Dengue/complications , Sepsis/diagnosis , Severe Dengue/diagnosis , Diarrhea, Infantile/diagnosis
18.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(3): 197-201, Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135609

ABSTRACT

The temperature gradients are dynamic and noninvasive monitoring techniques that provide information on peripheral blood flow and have been related to the prognosis of patients with circulatory shock. This study evaluated 47 elderly domestic cats' temperature gradients, and we measured central (rectal) and peripheral (palmar, plantar and medial region of the radio) temperatures. Values found in this study are compatible with studies in young felines and differ from dogs and humans. The mean gradients found were 7.5°C for the central-peripheral; 5.6°C for the peripheral-environmental; 2.7°C for the skin-diff; and 0°C for the member-diff and the variables age and gender do not seem to influence these measurements. To the authors' knowledge, there is no description of temperature gradients in elderly domestic cats, so this study pretends to clarify the vasoconstriction response in this group of animals.(AU)


Os gradientes de temperatura são técnicas de monitoração dinâmicas e não-invasivas que fornecem informações sobre o fluxo sanguíneo periférico, e têm sido relacionados ao prognóstico de paciente com choque circulatório. O presente estudo avaliou os gradientes de temperatura em 47 felinos domésticos idosos aferindo as temperaturas central (retal) e periférica (palmar, plantar e região medial do rádio). Os gradientes encontrados foram 7,5°C para o centro-periférico; 5,6°C para o periférico-ambiental; 2,7°C para o skin-diff; e 0°C para o member-diff. As variáveis idade e sexo não pareceram influenciar as mensurações. Não há, em conhecimento dos autores, descrição prévia dos gradientes de temperatura em felinos domésticos idosos, e por isso esse estudo pretende contribuir com o entendimento sobre a capacidade de resposta de vasoconstrição nesse grupo de animais.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Shock/diagnosis , Shock/prevention & control , Skin/blood supply , Vasoconstriction , Body Temperature , Thermometers
19.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(1): 48-55, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131005

ABSTRACT

Abstract One-third of the population in intensive care units is in a state of circulatory shock, whose rapid recognition and mechanism differentiation are of great importance. The clinical context and physical examination are of great value, but in complex situations as in cardiac care units, it is mandatory the use of advanced hemodynamic monitorization devices, both to determine the main mechanism of shock, as to decide management and guide response to treatment, these devices include pulmonary flotation catheter as the gold standard, as well as more recent techniques including echocardiography and pulmonary ultrasound, among others. This article emphasizes the different shock mechanisms observed in the cardiac care units, with a proposal for approach and treatment.


Resumen Un tercio de la población de pacientes en unidades de cuidados intensivos se encuentran en choque circulatorio, el identificarlo y determinar su mecanismo de manera rápida y eficaz es de gran importancia. El contexto clínico y el examen físico son de gran utilidad, sin embargo existen situaciones de alta complejidad en las que se requiere del uso de las distintas modalidades de monitorización hemodinámica avanzada, tanto para determinar la causa, como para decidir el manejo y guiar respuesta al tratamiento, incluyendo el catéter de flotación pulmonar como gold standard, así como técnicas más recientes incluyendo ecocardiografía y ultrasonido pulmonar, entre otros. Este artículo enfatiza los distintos mecanismos de choque observados en las unidades de cuidados cardiacos, con propuesta de abordaje y tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shock/physiopathology , Coronary Care Units , Hemodynamics/physiology , Shock/therapy , Shock, Cardiogenic/physiopathology , Shock, Cardiogenic/therapy , Echocardiography/methods , Ultrasonography/methods
20.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 11-16, feb. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092884

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo Establecer la medición ecográfica del diámetro de la vena cava inferior como factor predictor del shock en pacientes politraumatizados. Materiales y Método Estudio de corte transversal donde se determinó la medición ecográfica de la vena cava inferior a 40 pacientes que ingresaron a la Unidad de Politraumatizados (UPT) del Hospital General del Este "Dr. Domingo Luciani", en el período entre enero y abril de 2018. Se seleccionaron 2 grupos; el grupo 1: pacientes en shock , aquellos con tensión arterial sistólica menor a 90 mm Hg al ingreso, y el grupo 2: pacientes controles que mantuvieron cifras tensionales normales. El estudio de imagen de la vena cava inferior se realizó con el equipo de ecografía ALOKA prosound SSD-a5 y con el ultrasonido portátil MicroMaxx SonoSite , en el cual se midió el índice de colapsabilidad. Los hallazgos se registraron en la hoja de recolección de datos. El análisis estadístico se hizo con la prueba de t de student para muestras independientes y la valoración de puntos de corte diagnóstico se hizo con la prueba de ROC. Resultados La media del Índice de colapsabilidad (IC) de la VCI para el grupo control y de shock fue de 26 ± 12,7% y de 58,5 ± 5,9%, respectivamente; El índice de colapsabilidad fue > 50% en todos los pacientes del grupo de shock . Conclusiones La medición del diámetro de la VCI es un predictor de shock , siendo el IC el parámetro más sensible y específico.


Aim To establish the sonographic measurement of the diameter of the inferior vena cava as a predictor of shock in trauma patients. Materials and Method A cross-sectional study to determined the sonographic measurement of the inferior vena cava to 40 patients attended at Hospital Domingo Luciani trauma unit, in the period between January and April of 2018. Two groups were selected; group 1: shock patients, those with systolic blood pressure lower than 90 mm Hg, and the group 2: control patients that kept normal blood pressure. The image study of the inferior vena cava was carried out with the ALOKA prosound ultrasound equipment SSD a5 and with the portable ultrasound MicroMaxx SonoSite, in which the collapsibility index was measured. The findings were recorded in the data collection sheet. The statistical analysis proposed for the comparison of averages was made with the student's t-test for independent samples and the assessment of diagnostic cut-off points was made with a ROC curve. Results the mean of collapsability index of de IVC for control and shock group were 26 ± 12,7% and 58,5 ± 5,9%, respectively; The collapsability index (CI) was > 50% in all patients of shock group. Conclusions The measurement of the ICV diameter is a predictor of shock, being the IC the most sensitive and specific parameter.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Vena Cava, Inferior/diagnostic imaging , Wounds and Injuries/physiopathology , Hypovolemia/diagnostic imaging , Shock/therapy , Wounds and Injuries/surgery , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ultrasonography , Arterial Pressure , Fluid Therapy/methods
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