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1.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353448

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Em todo o mundo, estima-se que aproximadamente 634.897 pessoas são submetidas a procedimentos bariátricos a cada ano, com gastrectomia vertical e by-pass gástrico, representando 53,6% e 30%, respectivamente. Entre pacientes operados, aproximadamente metade são mulheres em idade reprodutiva. Em adultos, a intussuscepção é tipicamente devida a um local patológico no intestino, que pode ser maligno em mais da metade dos casos. A in-tussuscepção intestinal é rara em adultos, representando 1 a 5% das obstruções intestinais mecânicas. A intussus-cepção em gestantes pós by-pass gástrico é uma patologia muito rara de origem desconhecida com alto poder de lesão e injúria de órgãos e sistemas. Suas manifestações clínicas são como abdômen agudo obstrutivo, porém, na paciente gestante dificulta o diagnóstico precoce. Este relato de caso apresenta uma paciente de 38 anos, gestante de 22 semanas, com quadro de dor abdominal de forte intensidade acompanhada de vômitos em grande quantidade há um dia, antecedente de by-pass gástrico há quatro anos. O diagnóstico do quadro de intussuscepção intestinal foi possível após o sétimo dia de internação com auxílio de exame de imagem - RNM, sendo indicado o tratamento cirúrgico para correção do caso. Evoluiu com choque séptico com necessidade de internação prolongada em leito de CTI, recebendo alta após 27 dias de internação. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Worldwide, it is estimated that approximately 634,897 people undergo bariatric procedures each year, with vertical gastrectomy and gastric bypass, representing 53.6% and 30%, respectively. Among operated patients, approxi-mately half are women of reproductive age. In adults, intussusception is typically due to a pathological site in the intestine, which can be malignant in more than half of cases. Intestinal intussusception is rare in adults, repre-senting 1 to 5% of mechanical intestinal obstructions. Intussusception in pregnant women after gastric bypass is a very rare pathology of unknown origin with high power of injury and injury to organs and systems. Its clinical manifestations are like acute obstructive abdomen, but in pregnant women it is difficult to make an early diagnosis. This case report presents a 38-year-old patient, a 22-week pregnant woman, with severe abdominal pain accom-panied by vomiting in large quantities for 1 day, a history of gastric bypass for 4 years. The diagnosis of intestinal intussusception was possible after the seventh day of hospitalization with the aid of an image exam - MRI. Surgical treatment is indicated to correct the case. He developed septic shock requiring prolonged hospitalization in an ICU bed, being discharged after 27 days of hospitalization. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Shock, Septic , Gastric Bypass , Laparoscopy , Intussusception
2.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(4): 549-556, out.-dez. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357191

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a correlação entre a lesão do glicocálix medida pelo nível sérico de sindecano 1 e as disfunções de órgãos avaliadas com o escore PELOD-2, assim como avaliar sua associação com a mortalidade em sepse pediátrica. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo prospectivo observacional em um hospital terciário público. Sessenta e oito pacientes pediátricos, com diagnóstico de sepse segundo os critérios da International Pediatric Sepsis Consensus Conference, foram consecutivamente recrutados. Nos dias 1 e 5, realizaram-se dosagens dos níveis séricos de sindecano 1 e avaliação dos componentes do escore PELOD-2. Os pacientes foram seguidos por até 28 dias após o diagnóstico de sepse. Resultados: Em geral, o nível de sindecano 1 estava aumentado em todos os participantes, com nível significantemente mais elevado nos pacientes em choque (p = 0,01). O nível de sindecano 1 no dia 1 teve correlação positiva com o escore PELOD-2 no dia 1 e coeficiente de correlação de 0,35 (p = 0,003). Nos primeiros 5 dias após o diagnóstico de sepse, as alterações nos níveis de sindecano 1 tiveram correlação positiva com modificações no escore PELOD-2, com coeficiente de correlação de 0,499 (p < 0,001). Com utilização de um ponto de corte dos níveis de sindecano 1 no dia 1 ≥ 430ng/mL, a disfunção de órgãos (escore PELOD-2 ≥ 8) pôde ser predita com área sob a curva de 74,3%, sensibilidade de 78,6% e especificidade de 68,5% (p = 0,001). Conclusão: O nível de sindecano 1 no dia 1 teve correlação com o escore PELOD-2 no dia 1, porém não se associou com a mortalidade aos 28 dias. A disfunção de órgãos (PELOD-2 ≥ 8) pôde ser predita pelo nível de sindecano 1 nas primeiras 24 horas de sepse, sugerindo seu significante envolvimento na fisiopatologia da disfunção de órgãos associada à sepse.


ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the correlation between glycocalyx disruption measured via the serum syndecan-1 level and organ dysfunctions assessed by the PELOD-2 score and to evaluate its association with mortality in pediatric sepsis. Methods: We performed a prospective observational study in a tertiary public hospital. Sixty-eight pediatric patients diagnosed with sepsis according to International Pediatric Sepsis Consensus Conference criteria were consecutively recruited. We performed measurements of day 1 and day 5 serum syndecan-1 levels and PELOD-2 score components. Patients were followed up to 28 days following sepsis diagnosis. Results: Overall, the syndecan-1 level was increased in all subjects, with a significantly higher level among septic shock patients (p = 0.01). The day 1 syndecan-1 level was positively correlated with the day 1 PELOD-2 score with a correlation coefficient of 0.35 (p = 0.003). Changes in syndecan-1 were positively correlated with changes in the PELOD-2 score, with a correlation coefficient of 0.499 (p < 0.001) during the first five days. Using the cutoff point of day 1 syndecan-1 ≥ 430ng/mL, organ dysfunction (PELOD-2 score of ≥ 8) could be predicted with an AUC of 74.3%, sensitivity of 78.6%, and specificity of 68.5% (p = 0.001). Conclusion: The day 1 syndecan-1 level was correlated with the day 1 PELOD-2 score but not 28-day mortality. Organ dysfunction (PELOD-2 ≥ 8) could be predicted by the syndecan-1 level in the first 24 hours of sepsis, suggesting its significant pathophysiological involvement in sepsis-associated organ dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Shock, Septic , Sepsis , Prospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , Syndecan-1
3.
Infectio ; 25(3): 200-205, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1250094

ABSTRACT

Abstract Streptococcus constellatus is a member of the group now called Streptococcus anginosus. This microorganism is part of the normal oropharyngeal, gastrointestinal and genitourinary microbiota. However, it may cause serious infections such as pharyngitis, bacteremia and invasive pyogenic infections in immunocompromised patients. We report the first case in Colombia of an adult male with no relevant medical history and with an unusual presentation of infection by S. constellatus and whose laboratory results showed an important systemic inflammatory response and radiographic evidence of abdominal involvement with poor response to medical and surgical management. Since there are few reports in international medical journals about intra-abdominal infection by S. constellatus and taking into consideration the need of a multidisciplinary intervention, this report may be of interest for both clinical and surgical practitioners.


Resumen Streptococcus constellatus es un miembro del grupo ahora llamado Streptococcus anginosus. Este microorganismo es parte de la microbiota orofaríngea, gastrointestinal y genitourinaria normal. Sin embargo, puede causar infecciones graves como faringitis, bacteriemia e infecciones piógenas invasivas en pacientes inmunocomprometidos. Presentamos el primer caso en Colombia de un hombre adulto sin antecedentes médicos relevantes y con una presentación inusual de infección por S. constellatus, dada por una gran respuesta inflamatoria sistémica y evidencia radiográfica de afectación abdominal con mala respuesta al tratamiento médico y quirúrgico. Dado que hay pocos informes en revistas médicas internacionales sobre la infección intraabdominal por S. constellatus y teniendo en cuenta la necesidad de intervenciones multidisciplinarias, este reporte puede ser de interés tanto para los médicos clínicos como para los quirúrgicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Streptococcus anginosus , Streptococcus constellatus , Intraabdominal Infections , Shock, Septic , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections , Abdominal Abscess , Infections
4.
J. nurs. health ; 11(3): 2111319893, jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1342766

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar dificuldades de enfermeiros para o reconhecimento e manejo da sepse e choque séptico. Método: estudo qualitativo, descritivo, com 47 enfermeiros de hospital universitário do Centro-Oeste do Brasil. Dados coletados entre julho e agosto de 2017 por entrevista sobre definição, classificação, manifestações clínicas e tratamento da sepse, interpretadas a partir da Análise de Conteúdo de Bardin. Resultados: enfermeiros referiram dificuldades em identificar precocemente e não se sentem preparados para cuidar do paciente séptico. Foram apontadas dificuldades relacionadas à própria sepse, como a inespecificidade dos sinais, aspectos intrínsecos ao profissional, como formação e da instituição, como a falta de educação permanente. Conclusão: verifica-se, pela fala dos entrevistados, que falta atualização desde a formação profissional à educação permanente, assim como a necessidade de implementar protocolos institucionais para o adequado enfrentamento da sepse.(AU)


Objective: to identify nurses' difficulties in recognizing and managing sepsis and septic shock. Method: descriptive qualitative study with 47 nurses from a university hospital from the center-west of Brazil. Data collected between July and August 2017 through interviews on the definition, classification, clinical manifestations and treatment of sepsis, interpreted using Bardin's Content Analysis. Results: nurses reported difficulties in identifying early and do not feel prepared to take care of the septic patient. Difficulties related to sepsis itself were pointed out, such as the non-specificity of the signs, aspects intrinsic to the professional, such as training, and to the institution, such as the lack of permanent education. Conclusion: according to the interviewees' statements, there is a lack of updating from professional formation to permanent education, as well as the need to implement institutional protocols for the proper coping with sepsis.(AU)


Objetivo: identificar las dificultades del enfermero para reconocer y manejar la sepsis y el shock séptico. Método: estudio descriptivo cualitativo con 47 enfermeras de un hospital universitario del Centro-Oeste de Brasil. Datos recopilados entre julio y agosto de 2017 a través de entrevistas acerca de la definición, clasificación, manifestaciones clínicas y tratamiento de la sepsis, interpretados mediante el Análisis de Contenido de Bardin. Resultados: los enfermeros refirieron dificultades para la identificación temprana y no se sienten preparados para atender al paciente séptico. Señalaron dificultades relacionadas a la propia sepsis, como la no especificidad de los signos, aspectos intrínsecos del profesional, como la formación y la institución, como la falta de educación permanente. Conclusión: de acuerdo con las declaraciones de los entrevistados, hay una falta de actualización desde la formación profesional a la educación permanente, así como la necesidad de implementar protocolos institucionales para el adecuado afrontamiento de la sepsis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Shock, Septic , Nursing , Sepsis , Early Diagnosis
5.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(4): 300-305, 01/07/2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358887

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la sepsis es una disfunción orgánica poten- cialmente mortal que está asociada a una infección; tiene alta morbilidad y mortalidad. La disfunción miocárdica aso- ciada a sepsis es frecuente y se asocia con desenlaces desfavorables. Objetivo: describir la distribución de la disfunción miocárdica por ecocardiografía transtorácica y estimar su utilidad pronóstica en sepsis y choque séptico. Material y métodos: estudio de cohorte multicéntrico prospectivo, realizado en cuatro centros de referencia de Bucaramanga y su área metropolitana. Se incluyeron 271 pacientes con diagnóstico de sepsis y choque séptico, a quienes se les realizó ecocardiograma transtorácico y se les dio seguimiento por 30 días. Resultados: no hubo diferencias en la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo entre sobrevivientes a los 30 días y no sobrevivientes. Se registraron 51 pacientes (48.7%) con disfunción diastólica grado I, 14.5% con disfunción grado II y 36.75% con disfunción grado III. Los pacientes con disfunción diastólica grado I tuvieron una mortalidad más alta que aquellos con disfunción diastólica de grado II (p = 0.023). Conclusiones: la mayor mortalidad registrada en la disfunción diastólica grado I sugiere que los pacientes con bajas presiones de llenado tienen peores desenlaces. Por otra parte, la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo por sí sola no se relaciona con mayor mortalidad en sepsis.


Background: Sepsis is a potentially mortal infection which is related to multiple organ dysfunction; it has a high morbidity and mortality. Myocardial dysfunction is frequent in sepsis and it is related to unfavorable outcomes. Objective: To describe by transthoracic echocardiography the clinical distribution of myocardial dysfunction in sepsis and septic shock and estimate its prognostic utility. Material and methods: Cross-sectional study based on a multi-centric prospective cohort study in 4 reference centers in Bucaramanga, Colombia, and its metropolitan area. 271 patients with sepsis and septic shock were included; they underwent standard transthoracic echocardiography and a 30-day follow-up. Results: There was no difference in the left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.061) between survivors and non-survivors. 51 patients (48.71%) had grade I diastolic dys-function, 48 patients (14.52%) had grade II dysfunction and 21 patients (36.75%) had grade III diastolic dysfunction. Mortality was higher in patients with grade I diastolic dysfunction when compared to those with grade II dysfunction (p = 0.023). Conclusions: The higher mortality in grade I diastolic dysfunction suggests that patients with low filling pressures have worst outcomes. On the other hand, left ventricular ejection fraction per se is not associated with a higher mortality in sepsis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shock, Septic , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Echocardiography , Cause of Death , Sepsis
6.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 107-116, 30 junio 2021. 107^c116
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292982

ABSTRACT

La neumonía es una infección frecuente que se presenta en todas las edades, en cualquier tipo de pacientes y a nivel co-munitario u hospitalario. La neumonía que se origina en la comunidad afecta a los pacientes con comorbilidades y en los extremos de la vida. La mortalidad de la neumonía comunitaria (NC) per-manece elevada, los sistemas de salud deben implementar estrategias para diagnosticar y tratar de forma rápida a estos pacientes. Cuando un paciente con neumonía comunitaria es ingresado en la emergencia de cualquier hospital se debe categorizar su estado para que reciba el mejor tratamiento posible. La Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) participa en la detección de los pacientes con neu-monía adquirida en la comunidad grave, con el objetivo de priorizar su atención para lograr las metas de manejo lo más rápido posible y disminuir la mortalidad de estos pacientes.


Pneumonia is a common infection that occurs in all ages, in any type of patient and at the community or hospital level. Community-originating pneumonia affects patients with comorbidities and at the ex-tremes of life. Mortality from commu-nity pneumonia remains high, health sys-tems must implement strategies to quickly diagnose and treat these patients. When a patient with community pneumonia is admitted to any hospital emergency, their condition must be categorized so that they receive the best possible treat-ment. The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) participates in the detection of patients with severe community-acquired pneu-monia, with the objective of prioritizing their care to achieve management goals as quickly as possible and reduce the mortality of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Pneumonia , Pneumonia, Pneumococcal , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Pneumonia, Staphylococcal , Pneumonia, Bacterial , Chlamydial Pneumonia , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Shock, Septic , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Infections , Intensive Care Units
8.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1034, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289372

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La historia de la cirugía del hígado abarca 28 siglos, lo que ha permitido su evolución desde considerar al hígado como un órgano intocable hasta realizar hepatectomías complejas y trasplante hepático. Esta investigación representa el balance de 10 años en la actividad de un grupo de cirugía hepatobiliar. Objetivo: Caracterizar el tratamiento quirúrgico de los tumores hepáticos sólidos en el Centro de Investigaciones Médico-Quirúrgicas entre los años 2009 y 2019. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de tipo observacional, descriptivo, longitudinal y retrospectivo en el que se analizaron 129 pacientes que fueron tributarios de tratamiento quirúrgico. Resultados: Los tumores malignos representaron el 73 por ciento del total, dentro de este grupo se destacan los metastásicos con 50 casos. La morbilidad de esta cirugía fue del 13 por ciento y la mortalidad operatoria del 2 por ciento. La causa de muerte identificada fue el shock séptico por peritonitis generalizada. Conclusiones: Los tumores malignos fueron los más frecuentes. Se presentó una baja morbilidad encontrándose el derrame pleural como la complicación más usual. Existe una mortalidad acorde a los valores reportados para este tipo de cirugía(AU)


Introduction: The history of liver surgery covers twenty-eight centuries, which has allowed its evolution from considering the liver as an untouchable organ to performing complex hepatectomies and hepatic transplantation. This research describes the ten years' balance in the activity developed by a hepatobiliary surgery team. Objective: To characterize the surgical management of solid hepatic tumors in the Center for Medical-Surgical Research between 2009 and 2019. Methods: An observational, descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective study was carried out, for which 129 patients who underwent surgical treatment were analyzed. Results: Malignant tumors accounted for 73 percent of the total; within this group, metastatic tumors stand out, accounting for fifty cases. Morbidity of this surgery type was 13 percent, while operative mortality was 2 percent. The cause of death identified was septic shock due to generalized peritonitis. Conclusions: Malignant tumors were the most frequent. There was low morbidity, with pleural effusion as the most common complication. Mortality is consistent with the values reported for this type of surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritonitis/mortality , Shock, Septic/mortality , Liver Transplantation/methods , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(1): e1-e10, feb. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147178

ABSTRACT

Ningún órgano se encuentra exento de la disfunción ocasionada por la sepsis. La actividad inflamatoria sostenida y no controlada pone en marcha una secuencia de mecanismos sistémicos tendientes a alterar la homeostasis vascular y tisular. Esto es potenciado por el efecto propio de los microorganismos, lo que genera graves consecuencias funcionales para el paciente.El organismo del niño es particularmente sensible a los efectos de la sepsis, en parte, debido a la inmadurez de numerosas variables fisiológicas. En consecuencia, el impacto clínico suele ser precoz y se asocia con mayor gravedad.Si bien los mecanismos que generan disfunción orgánica son múltiples, complejos y muchos de ellos no completamente dilucidados, su conocimiento facilita la comprensión del escenario clínico y permite decidir la estrategia terapéutica apropiada para cada caso en particular


No organ is exempt from sepsis-induced dysfunction. Sustained, uncontrolled inflammatory activity triggers a sequence of systemic mechanisms that tend to affect tissue and vascular homeostasis. This is boosted by the effect typical of microorganisms, which leads to severe functional consequences for the patient.A child's body is particularly sensitive to the effects of sepsis, partly due to the immaturity of several physiological variables. As a result, there is usually an early clinical impact associated with a greater severity.Although several intricate mechanisms lead to organ dysfunction, and many of them have not been fully elucidated, knowing them facilitates the understanding of the clinical picture and allows to establish an adequate therapeutic approach for each specific case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome , Multiple Organ Failure , Pediatrics , Shock, Septic , Sepsis , Organ Dysfunction Scores
10.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(1): 154-166, jan.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289057

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Considera-se que a transfusão de eritrócitos melhora a respiração celular durante o choque séptico. Contudo, seu impacto agudo no transporte e no metabolismo de oxigênio nessa condição ainda é amplamente debatido. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da transfusão de eritrócitos na microcirculação e no metabolismo do oxigênio em pacientes com sepse e choque séptico. Conduzimos um levantamento nas bases de dados MEDLINE®, Elsevier e Scopus. Incluímos estudos realizados com seres humanos adultos com sepse e choque séptico. Realizamos uma revisão sistemática e metanálise com utilização do modelo de efeitos aleatórios de DerSimonian e Laird. Consideramos significante valor de p < 0,05. Incluíram-se na análise 19 manuscritos, correspondentes a 428 pacientes. As transfusões de eritrócitos se associaram com aumento de 3,7% na média combinada de saturação venosa mista de oxigênio (p < 0,001), diminuição de razão de extração de oxigênio de -6,98 (p < 0,001) e nenhum efeito significante no índice cardíaco (0,02 L/minuto; p = 0,96). Obtiveram-se resultados similares em estudos que incluíram mensurações simultâneas de saturação venosa mista de oxigênio, razão de extração de oxigênio e índice cardíaco. As transfusões de eritrócitos levaram a aumento significante na proporção de pequenos vasos perfundidos (2,85%; p = 0,553), enquanto os parâmetros de oxigenação tissular revelaram aumento significante no índice de hemoglobina tissular (1,66; p = 0,018). Estudos individuais relataram melhoras significantes na oxigenação tissular e nos parâmetros microcirculatórios sublinguais em pacientes com microcirculação alterada na avaliação inicial. A transfusão de eritrócitos pareceu melhorar o metabolismo sistêmico de oxigênio com aparente independência de variações no débito cardíaco. Observaram-se alguns efeitos benéficos para a oxigenação tissular e parâmetros microcirculatórios, em particular em pacientes com alterações iniciais mais graves. São necessários mais estudos para avaliar seu impacto clínico e individualizar as decisões relativas à transfusão.


ABSTRACT Red blood cell transfusion is thought to improve cell respiration during septic shock. Nevertheless, its acute impact on oxygen transport and metabolism in this condition remains highly debatable. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of red blood cell transfusion on microcirculation and oxygen metabolism in patients with sepsis and septic shock. We conducted a search in the MEDLINE®, Elsevier and Scopus databases. We included studies conducted in adult humans with sepsis and septic shock. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed using the DerSimonian and Laird random-effects model. A p value < 0.05 was considered significant. Nineteen manuscripts with 428 patients were included in the analysis. Red blood cell transfusions were associated with an increase in the pooled mean venous oxygen saturation of 3.7% (p < 0.001), a decrease in oxygen extraction ratio of -6.98 (p < 0.001) and had no significant effect on the cardiac index (0.02L/minute; p = 0,96). Similar results were obtained in studies including simultaneous measurements of venous oxygen saturation, oxygen extraction ratio, and cardiac index. Red blood cell transfusions led to a significant increase in the proportion of perfused small vessels (2.85%; p = 0.553), while tissue oxygenation parameters revealed a significant increase in the tissue hemoglobin index (1.66; p = 0.018). Individual studies reported significant improvements in tissue oxygenation and sublingual microcirculatory parameters in patients with deranged microcirculation at baseline. Red blood cell transfusions seemed to improve systemic oxygen metabolism with apparent independence from cardiac index variations. Some beneficial effects have been observed for tissue oxygenation and microcirculation parameters, particularly in patients with more severe alterations at baseline. More studies are necessary to evaluate their clinical impact and to individualize transfusion decisions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shock, Septic/therapy , Sepsis/therapy , Oxygen , Erythrocyte Transfusion , Microcirculation
11.
Repert. med. cir ; 30(1): 43-47, 2021. tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1284478

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los cristaloides son medicamentos usados en pacientes críticamente enfermos, con resultados ambiguos cuando se utilizan soluciones balanceadas versus solución salina normal. Objetivo: conocer si existen diferencias al usar solución salina 0.9% vs. lactato de Ringer en pacientes críticamente enfermos con sepsis y choque séptico o hipovolémico, en cuanto a mortalidad, lesión renal aguda y tiempo de estancia hospitalaria. Métodos: estudio observacional de tipo cohorte retrospectiva en mayores de 18 años con diagnóstico de sepsis, choque séptico o hipovolémico. Se excluyeron aquellos con enfermedad renal crónica en diálisis, las hospitalizadas por ginecología/obstetricia y aquellos con diagnóstico de muerte encefálica o donantes de órganos. Se evaluaron los desenlaces primarios de mortalidad, lesión renal aguda y estancia hospitalaria. Resultados y discusión: se incluyeron 314 pacientes, 158 en el grupo expuesto a solución salina al 0.9% y 156 con lactato de Ringer. Se presentó lesión renal aguda en 22.7% con solución salina y 25.8% con lactato de Ringer (OR 1.18 IC 95%:0.7-2). La mortalidad con solución salina fue de 49%, y en lactato 49% (OR 1.01 IC 95%:0.63-1.63). Los factores de riesgo identificados para mortalidad fueron uso de soporte vasopresor (OR 35 IC 95% 12-83) y lesión renal aguda (1.3 IC 95% 1.01-1.69). Conclusiones: en el paciente críticamente enfermo con sepsis, choque séptico o hipovolémico el uso desolución salina 0.9% no representa diferencias al compararlo con lactato de Ringer en cuanto a mortalidad, lesión renal aguda o estancia hospitalaria. La elección de un cristaloide debe ser individualizada, teniendo en cuenta las comorbilidades, la presencia de hipercloremia o hiperpotasemia.


Objective: crystalloids are drugs used in critically ill patients, with ambiguous results when balanced solutions versus normal saline solution (NS) are used. The objective of this study is to determine if there are differences when NS (0.9%) vs. lactated Ringer ́s (LR) solution are given to critically ill patients in sepsis or septic or hypovolemic shock, in terms of mortality, acute renal injury and length of hospital stay. Methods: a retrospective observational cohort study in patients over 18 years old with sepsis or septic or hypovolemic shock. Patients with chronic renal disease on dialysis, those hospitalized by gynecology/obstetrics and those diagnosed with brain death or organ donors were excluded. The primary mortality outcomes, acute renal injury and hospital stay were evaluated. Results: 314 patients were included, 158 in the NS group and 156 in the LR group. Acute renal injury occurred in 22.7% in the NS group and 25.8% in the LR group (OR 1.18 IC 95%:0.7-2). Mortality rate was 49% in the NS group and 49% in the LR group (OR 1.01 95%: CI 0.63-1.63). Mortality risk factors included the use of vasopressor support (OR 35 95% CI 12-83) and acute renal injury (1.3 95% CI 1.01-1.69). Conclusions: no difference was found with the use of NS in critically ill patients with sepsis or septic or hypovolemic shock when compared with LR in terms of mortality, acute renal injury or hospital stay. The choice of which crystalloid to administer should be individualized, based on the comorbidities and the presence of hyperchloremia or hyperkalemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Shock/therapy , Sepsis/therapy , Ringer's Lactate/therapeutic use , Saline Solution/therapeutic use , Shock/mortality , Shock, Septic/mortality , Shock, Septic/therapy , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Sepsis/mortality , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Ringer's Lactate/adverse effects , Saline Solution/adverse effects , Length of Stay
12.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 25: e1415, 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1360658

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar características clínicas, demográficas e conformidade com a "Campanha Sobrevivendo à Sepse" nos casos suspeitos ou confirmados de sepse e choque séptico registrados em prontuários de uma emergência hospitalar. Método: estudo quantitativo, descritivo. A amostra foi composta de 127 prontuários de pacientes adultos internados em emergência hospitalar no período de junho a outubro de 2019. Para análise dos dados, utilizaram-se frequências, média, desvio-padrão, teste qui-quadrado e teste de Kruskal-Wallis. Resultados: os casos de sepse e choque séptico tiveram como principal foco o pulmonar. O diagnóstico clínico predominante foi infecção com disfunção orgânica. O desfecho clínico predominante foi a alta hospitalar. A realização das medidas recomendadas pela Campanha de Sobrevivência à Sepse na primeira hora após a suspeita diagnóstica - coleta de lactato, administração de antibióticos e coleta de hemoculturas - foi registrada em 10 (7,9%) prontuários. Conclusão: o conhecimento das características epidemiológicas dos casos de sepse e choque séptico suspeitos ou confirmados demonstrou que a prática clínica dos profissionais envolvidos não estava em conformidade com as condutas preconizadas pela Campanha Sobrevivendo à Sepse.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar las características clínicas, demográficas y el cumplimiento de la "Campaña Sobreviviendo a la Sepsis" en casos sospechosos o confirmados de sepsis y choque séptico registrados en la historia clínica de una emergencia hospitalaria. Método: estudio descriptivo cuantitativo. La muestra estuvo conformada por 127 historias clínicas de pacientes adultos ingresados en una emergencia hospitalaria de junio a octubre de 2019. Para el análisis de los datos se utilizaron frecuencias, media, desviación estándar, prueba de chi-cuadrado y prueba de Kruskal-Wallis. Resultados: los casos de sepsis y choque séptico tuvieron al pulmonar como foco principal. El diagnóstico clínico predominante fue infección con disfunción orgánica. El resultado clínico predominante fue el alta hospitalaria. La realización de las medidas recomendadas por la Campaña Sobreviviendo a la Sepsis en la primera hora posterior al diagnóstico de sospecha - recolección de lactato, administración de antibióticos y recolección de hemocultivos - se registró en 10 (7,9%) historias clínicas. Conclusión: el conocimiento de las características epidemiológicas de los casos sospechosos o confirmados de sepsis y choque séptico mostró que la práctica clínica de los profesionales involucrados no se ajusta a la conducta recomendada por la Campaña Sobreviviendo a la Sepsis.


ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze clinical and demographic characteristics and compliance with the 'Surviving Sepsis Campaign' in suspected or confirmed cases of sepsis and septic shock recorded in medical records of a hospital emergency. Method: quantitative, descriptive study. The sample consisted of 127 medical records of adult patients admitted to a hospital emergency from June to October 2019. For data analysis, frequencies, mean, standard deviation, chi-square test and Kruskal-Wallis test were used. Results: the cases of sepsis and septic shock had the pulmonary as their main focus. The predominant clinical diagnosis was infection with organ dysfunction. The predominant clinical outcome was hospital discharge. The performance of measures recommended by the Sepsis Survival Campaign in the first hour after the suspected diagnosis - collection of lactate, administration of antibiotics and collection of blood cultures - was recorded in 10 (7.9%) medical records. Conclusion: knowledge of the epidemiological characteristics of suspected or confirmed cases of sepsis and septic shock showed that the clinical practice of the professionals involved was not in accordance with the conduct recommended by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Shock, Septic , Health Profile , Emergency Service, Hospital , Clinical Diagnosis/nursing , Sepsis/epidemiology , Emergencies
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(3): e10152, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153522

ABSTRACT

The goal of this study was to identify potential transcriptomic markers in pediatric septic shock prognosis by an integrative analysis of multiple public microarray datasets. Using the R software and bioconductor packages, we performed a statistical analysis to identify differentially expressed (DE) genes in pediatric septic shock non-survivors, and further performed functional interpretation (enrichment analysis and co-expression network construction) and classification quality evaluation of the DE genes identified. Four microarray datasets (3 training datasets and 1 testing dataset, 252 pediatric patients with septic shock in total) were collected for the integrative analysis. A total of 32 DE genes (18 upregulated genes; 14 downregulated genes) were identified in pediatric septic shock non-survivors. Enrichment analysis revealed that those DE genes were strongly associated with acute inflammatory response to antigenic stimulus, response to yeast, and defense response to bacterium. A support vector machine classifier (non-survivors vs survivors) was also trained based on DE genes. In conclusion, the DE genes identified in this study are suggested as candidate transcriptomic markers for pediatric septic shock prognosis and provide novel insights into the progression of pediatric septic shock.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Shock, Septic/diagnosis , Shock, Septic/genetics , Transcriptome , Biomarkers , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Microarray Analysis
14.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3479, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1341513

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the performance of the quickSOFA scores and Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome as predictors of clinical outcomes in patients admitted to an emergency service. Method: a retrospective cohort study, involving adult clinical patients admitted to the emergency service. Analysis of the ROC curve was performed to assess the prognostic indexes between scores and outcomes of interest. Multivariate analysis used Poisson regression with robust variance, evaluating the relationship between variables with biological plausibility and outcomes. Results: 122 patients were selected, 58.2% developed sepsis. Of these, 44.3% had quickSOFA ≥2 points, 87% developed sepsis, 55.6% septic shock and 38.9% died. In the evaluation of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome, 78.5% obtained results >2 points; of these, 66.3% developed sepsis, 40% septic shock and 29.5% died. quickSOFA ≥2 showed greater specificity for diagnosis of sepsis in 86% of the cases, for septic shock 70% and for mortality 64%, whereas the second score showed better results for sensitivity with diagnosis of sepsis in 87.5%, septic shock in 92.7% and death in 90.3%. Conclusion: quickSOFA showed by its practicality that it can be used clinically within the emergency services, bringing clinical applicability from the risk classification of patients for the early recognition of unfavorable outcomes.


Objetivo: avaliar o desempenho dos escores quickSOFA e Síndrome da Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica como fatores preditores de desfechos clínicos em pacientes admitidos em um serviço de emergência. Método: coorte retrospectiva, envolvendo pacientes adultos clínicos admitidos em serviço de emergência. A análise da curva ROC foi realizada para a avaliação dos índices prognósticos entre escores e desfechos de interesse. Análise multivariável utilizou regressão de Poisson com variância robusta avaliando a relação entre as variáveis com plausibilidade biológica e os desfechos. Resultados: foram selecionados 122 pacientes, 58,2% desenvolveram sepse. Destes 44,3% tiveram quickSOFA ≥2 pontos, 87% desenvolveram sepse, 55,6% choque séptico e 38,9% morreram. Na avaliação de Síndrome da Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica 78,5% obtiveram resultados >2 pontos, destes 66,3% desenvolveram sepse, 40% choque séptico e 29,5% morreram. O quickSOFA ≥2 apresentou maior especificidade para diagnóstico de sepse em 86% dos casos, para choque séptico 70% e para mortalidade 64%, já o segundo escore mostrou melhores resultados para sensibilidade com diagnóstico de sepse de 87,5%, choque séptico 92,7% e óbito 90,3%. Conclusão: o quickSOFA demonstrou pela sua praticidade que pode ser utilizado clinicamente dentro dos serviços de emergência trazendo aplicabilidade clínica a partir da classificação de risco de pacientes para o reconhecimento precoce de desfechos desfavoráveis.


Objetivo: evaluar el rendimiento de los puntajes quick SOFA y del Síndrome de Respuesta Inflamatoria Sistémica como predictores de desenlaces clínicos en pacientes ingresados en un servicio de emergencia. Método: cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes clínicos adultos ingresados en el servicio de emergencia. El análisis de la curva ROC se realizó para evaluar los índices de pronóstico entre puntajes y desenlaces de interés. El análisis multivariado utilizó regresión de Poisson con varianza robusta, evaluando la relación entre las variables con plausibilidad biológica y los desenlaces. Resultados: se seleccionaron 122 pacientes, 58,2% desarrollaron sepsis. De estos, el 44,3% tenía quick SOFA ≥2 puntos, el 87% desarrolló sepsis, el 55,6% shock séptico y el 38,9% falleció. En la evaluación del Síndrome de Respuesta Inflamatoria Sistémica el 78,5% obtuvo resultados ≥2 puntos, de los cuales el 66,3% desarrolló sepsis, el 40% shock séptico y el 29,5% falleció. El quick SOFA ≥2 mostró mayor especificidad para el diagnóstico de sepsis en el 86% de los casos, para shock séptico en el 70% y para mortalidad en el 64%, mientras que el segundo puntaje mostró mejores resultados de sensibilidad para el diagnóstico de sepsis de 87,5%, shock séptico 92,7% y muerte 90,3%. Conclusión: el quick SOFA demostró, por su practicidad, que se puede utilizar clínicamente dentro de los servicios de emergencia aportando aplicabilidad clínica por medio de la clasificación de riesgo de los pacientes para el reconocimiento temprano de desenlaces desfavorables.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Prognosis , Shock, Septic , ROC Curve , Sepsis/diagnosis , Sepsis/therapy
15.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 678-684, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1178212

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a ocorrência de óbitos pós-cirúrgicos em recém-nascidos com malformação do aparelho digestivo ou osteomuscular em uma maternidade de referência. Método: Estudo exploratório, retrospectivo, de abordagem quantitativa, realizado em uma maternidade de referência localizada em Teresina ­ PI. Os dados foram coletados do Tabwin e de fichas de investigação de óbito infantil de neonatos nascidos em 2016 e 2017 e analisados no software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Resultados: O tipo de malformação mais prevalente do aparelho digestivo e osteomuscular entre os neonatos que foram a óbito após cirurgia foi o ânus imperfurado (41%) e a gastrosquise (64,2%), respectivamente. O choque séptico, seguido da insuficiência renal aguda foram os fatores determinantes dos óbitos analisados. Conclusão: O diagnóstico precoce é o fator primordial para redução da morbimortalidade de neonatos acometidos por malformações congênitas, uma vez que contribui para o direcionamento e planejamento dos cuidados imprescindíveis a esses pacientes


Objective: To analyze the occurrence of post-surgical deaths in newborns with malformation in the digestive or musculoskeletal systems in a reference maternity hospital. Method: This is an exploratory and retrospective study, with a quantitative approach, conducted in a reference maternity located in Teresina ­ PI. Data were collected from Tabwin and infant death investigation forms of neonates born in 2016 and 2017 and analyzed through the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software. Results: The most prevalent type of malformation of the digestive and musculoskeletal systems among neonates who died after surgery was the imperforate anus (41%) and gastroschisis (64.2%), respectively. Septic shock, followed by acute kidney failure, constituted the determining factors of the analyzed deaths. Conclusion: Early diagnosis is the key factor for reducing morbidity and mortality in neonates affected by congenital malformations, as it contributes to the targeting and planning of care actions essential for these patients


Objetivo: Analizar la ocurrencia de muertes post-quirúrgicas en recién nacidos con malformación digestiva o musculoesquelética en una maternidad de referencia. Método: Estudio exploratorio, retrospectivo, con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado en una maternidad de referencia ubicada en Teresina - PI. Los datos se recopilaron de Tabwin y de registros de investigación de muerte infantil de neonatos en 2016 y 2017 y se analizaron utilizando el programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Resultados: El tipo de malformación digestiva y musculoesquelética más frecuente entre los neonatos que murieron después de la cirugía fue el ano imperforado (41%) y la gastrosquisis (64,2%), respectivamente. El shock séptico, seguido de insuficiencia renal aguda, constituyeron los factores determinantes de las muertes analizadas. Conclusión: El diagnóstico temprano es el factor principal para reducir la morbimortalidad en los neonatos afectados por malformaciones congénitas, ya que contribuye a la dirección y planificación de la atención esencial para estos pacientes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Anus, Imperforate/complications , Congenital Abnormalities/surgery , Gastroschisis/complications , Perinatal Death , Infant Death , Postoperative Care/adverse effects , Shock, Septic , Infant Mortality , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Early Diagnosis , Digestive System/pathology , Renal Insufficiency , Acute Kidney Injury , Musculoskeletal System/pathology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Sepsis associated encephalopathy (SAE) is a common neurological complication of sepsis. Delirium is a common symtom of SAE. The pathophysiology of SAE is still unclear, but several likely mechanisms have been proposed, such as mitochondrial and endothelial dysfunction, neurotransmission disturbances, derangements of calcium homeostasis, cerebral microcirculation dysfunction, and brain hypoperfusion. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a non-invasive measure for regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO@*METHODS@#A total of 48 septic patients who admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from August 2017 to May 2018, were retrospectively study. Septic shock was diagnosed according to the criteria of sepsis 3.0 defined by the American Association of Critical Care Medicine and the European Society of Critical Care Medicine. NIRS monitoring was performed during the first 6 hours admitted to ICU with sensors placed on the bilateral forehead of patients. The maximum (rSO@*RESULTS@#The overall 28-day mortality of septic shock patients was 47.92% (23/48), and the incidence of delirium was 18.75% (9/48). The rSO@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cerebral anoxia and hyperoxia, as well as the large fluctuation of cerebral oxygen saturation are important factors that affect the outcomes and the incidence of delirium in septic shock patients, which should be paid attention to in clinical practice. Dynamic monitoring of cerebral oxygen saturation and maintain its stability may be of great significance in patients with septic shock.


Subject(s)
APACHE , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis , Shock, Septic
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921072

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#The use of drugs that modulate the immune system during paediatric severe sepsis and septic shock may alter the course of disease and is poorly studied. This study aims to characterise these children who received immunomodulators and describe their clinical outcomes.@*METHODS@#This is a retrospective chart review of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock admitted into the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Clinical, haematological and outcome characteristics of patients with or without exposure to immune-modulating drugs were compared. Primary outcome was PICU mortality; secondary outcomes were 28-day ventilator-free days (VFD) and intensive care unit-free days (IFD). Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed for these outcomes.@*RESULTS@#A total of 109 patients with paediatric severe sepsis or septic shock were identified. Of this number, 47 (43.1%), 16 (14.7%) and 3 (2.8%) patients received systemic corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulins and granulocyte colony stimulating factor, respectively. Patients who received immune-modulating drugs were more likely to require invasive ventilation (38/54 [70.4%] versus 26/55 [47.3%], @*CONCLUSION@#Immune-modulating drugs were frequently used in paediatric severe sepsis and septic shock. Patients who received these drugs seemed to require more PICU support. Further studies are required to examine this association thoroughly.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis/drug therapy , Shock, Septic/drug therapy
18.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 156(6): 495-501, nov.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249958

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La sepsis es una de las principales causas de consulta en los servicios de urgencias médicas. Objetivo: Identificar la prevalencia de la sepsis en servicios de urgencias médicas de México. Método: Estudio transversal con seguimiento a 30 días de los pacientes con diagnóstico de sepsis o choque séptico; se analizaron las variables demográficas, el manejo y los desenlaces. Resultados: En 68 servicios de urgencias médicas analizados se atendió a 2379 pacientes, de los cuales 307 presentaron sepsis. La prevalencia de la sepsis fue de 12.9 %, con mortalidad global de 16.93 %, que en los casos de sepsis fue de 9.39 % y en los de choque séptico, de 65.85 %; no se identificaron diferencias significativas en las variables demográficas o tipo de hospital. Se observó balance hídrico alto en las primeras tres horas y falta de apego a las recomendaciones internacionales de reanimación superior en los pacientes que fallecieron. Conclusiones: Se encontró alta prevalencia de la sepsis en los servicios de urgencias médicas mexicanos. La mortalidad de los pacientes con choque séptico fue similar e, incluso, mayor a la reportada internacionalmente.


Abstract Introduction: Sepsis is one of the main reasons for consultation at emergency departments. Objective: To identify the prevalence of sepsis in emergency departments of Mexico. Method: Cross-sectional study with a 30-day follow-up of patients diagnosed with sepsis or septic shock; demographic variables, management and outcomes were analyzed. Results: In 68 emergency departments analyzed, 2379 patients were attended to, out of whom 307 had sepsis. The prevalence of sepsis was 12.9 %, and overall mortality was 16.93 %, which in the cases of sepsis was 9.39 %, and in those of septic shock, 65.85 %; no significant differences were identified in demographic variables or type of hospital. A significantly higher fluid balance was observed within the first three hours in those patients who died, as well as a lack of adherence to international resuscitation recommendations. Conclusions: A high prevalence of sepsis was found in Mexican emergency departments. Mortality of patients with septic shock was similar and even higher than that internationally reported.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Sepsis/epidemiology , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Resuscitation , Shock, Septic/mortality , Shock, Septic/therapy , Shock, Septic/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Sepsis/mortality , Sepsis/therapy , Guideline Adherence , Mexico/epidemiology
19.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(4): 514-520, out.-dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156245

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Se ha visto asociación entre los bajos niveles de hormonas tiroideas y malos resultados clínicos. Esta situación metabólica designada bajo el término de enfermedad eutiroidea, ha sido interpretada como un estado de adaptación a diferentes procesos patológicos, caracterizada por la disminución plasmática de triiodotironina T3. El presente estudio busca determinar la incidencia de este trastorno en los pacientes con shock séptico y su relación con otros índices de gravedad, y resultados clínicos. Métodos: Estudio de corte prospectivo analítico, evaluó a los pacientes que ingresaron con shock séptico a la unidad de terapia intensiva, durante el periodo abril 2018 - julio 2019. Se registraron variables asociadas al shock séptico, y el perfil tiroideo al momento del diagnóstico de shock séptico, a los 7, 14 y 21 días. Resultados: Se analizaron 27 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. La incidencia de alteración del eje tiroideo fue del 96,3%s, con una mortalidad a los 28 días de 36,7%. Los pacientes sin alteración hormonal no presentaron desenlaces negativos. Entre los que presentaron baja triiodotironina, 42,3% recupero la función tiroidea dentro de los 28 días, con mortalidad del 0%. No recuperaron función tiroidea (57,7%), con una mortalidad del 66,7%. Comparativamente se observó que aquellos que presentaron alteración del eje y no normalizaron la función, requirieron más dosis de vasoactivos, y deterioro del clearence de lactato. Conclusión: Los pacientes con shock séptico presentan una alta incidencia de alteración del eje tiroideo y esta disfunción se asoció a mayor mortalidad.


ABSTRACT Objective: Low levels of thyroid hormones have been associated with poor clinical outcomes. This metabolic situation, designated euthyroid sick syndrome, has been interpreted as a state of adaptation to different pathological processes, characterized by the decrease in plasma triiodothyronine. The present study seeks to determine the incidence of this disorder in patients with septic shock and its relationship with other severity indices and clinical outcomes. Methods: This prospective analytical study evaluated patients admitted to the intensive care unit with septic shock between April 2018 and July 2019. Variables associated with septic shock and thyroid profile were recorded at the time of the septic shock diagnosis and 7, 14, and 21 days later. Results: A total of 27 patients who met the inclusion criteria were analyzed. The incidence of an altered thyroid axis was 96.3%, with a mortality at 28 days of 36.7%. Patients without hormonal alteration did not present negative outcomes. Among those with low triiodothyronine, 42.3% recovered their thyroid function within 28 days, in whom mortality was 0%; 57.7% did not recover their thyroid function, in whom mortality was 66.7%. Those whose thyroid axis was altered and who did not normalize its function required more doses of vasoactives and had deteriorated lactate clearance. Conclusion: Patients with septic shock have a high incidence of alteration of the thyroid axis, and this dysfunction is associated with higher mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shock, Septic/epidemiology , Euthyroid Sick Syndromes/epidemiology , Triiodothyronine , Incidence , Prospective Studies
20.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(4): 551-556, out.-dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156242

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar la evolución clínica de niños con shock séptico refractario a volumen tratados inicialmente con dopamina o adrenalina. Métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo con ámbito en un servicio de urgencias pediátrico de un hospital de tercer nivel. Población: niños ingresados con shock séptico refractario a volumen. Se comparó la evolución clínica entre 2 grupos: Grupo Dopamina y Grupo Adrenalina. Las variables de interés fueron: uso de ventilación mecánica invasiva, días de inotrópicos, estancia hospitalaria, estancia en cuidados intensivos y mortalidad. Para variables numéricas y categóricas utilizamos medidas de tendencia central y para comparación las pruebas de U Mann Whitney y χ2 test. Resultados: Incluimos 118 pacientes. El 58,5% recibió dopamina y 41,5% adrenalina. El uso de ventilación mecánica invasiva fue 38,8% para adrenalina versus 40,6% para dopamina (p = 0,84) con una mediana de 4 días para adrenalina y 5,5 para dopamina (p = 0,104). La mediana para días de inotrópicos fue de 2 días para ambos grupos (p = 0,714). La mediana de estancia hospitalaria fue de 11 para adrenalina y 13 para dopamina (p = 0,554) y de estancia en cuidados intensivos se registró una mediana de 4 días (0 - 81 días) siendo igual en ambos grupos (p = 0,748). La mortalidad fue de 5% para el Grupo Adrenalina versus 9% para el Grupo Dopamina (p = 0,64). Conclusiones: En nuestro centro, no observamos diferencias en uso de ventilación mecánica invasiva y tiempo de inotrópicos, estancia hospitalaria y cuidados intensivos y mortalidad entre niños ingresados al servicio de urgencias pediátrico con diagnóstico de shock séptico refractario a volumen tratados inicialmente con dopamina o adrenalina.


Abstract Objective: To analyze the clinical outcome of children with fluid-refractory septic shock initially treated with dopamine or epinephrine. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a pediatric emergency department of a tertiary hospital. Population: children admitted because of fluid-refractory septic shock. Clinical outcome was compared between two groups: Dopamine and Epinephrine. Variables evaluated were use of invasive mechanical ventilation, days of inotropic therapy, length of hospital stay, intensive care stay, and mortality. For numerical and categorical variables, we used measures of central tendency. They were compared by the Mann-Whitney U-test and the (2 test. Results: We included 118 patients. A total of 58.5% received dopamine and 41.5% received epinephrine. The rate of invasive mechanical ventilation was 38.8% for epinephrine versus 40.6% for dopamine (p = 0.84), with a median of 4 days for the Epinephrine Group and 5.5 for the Dopamine Group (p = 0.104). Median time of inotropic therapy was 2 days for both groups (p = 0.714). Median hospital stay was 11 and 13 days for the Epinephrine and Dopamine groups, respectively (p = 0.554), and median stay in intensive care was 4 days (0 - 81 days) in both groups (p = 0.748). Mortality was 5% for the Epinephrine Group versus 9% for the Dopamine Group (p = 0.64). Conclusions: At our center, no differences in use of invasive mechanical ventilation, time of inotropic therapy, length of hospital stay, length of intensive care unit stay, or mortality were observed in children admitted to the pediatric emergency department with a diagnosis of fluid-refractory septic shock initially treated with dopamine versus epinephrine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Shock, Septic/drug therapy , Dopamine , Argentina , Epinephrine , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Emergency Service, Hospital
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