Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 146
Filter
1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(4): 667-671, July-Aug. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521806

ABSTRACT

Abstract Anterior dislocations represent about 96% of total shoulder dislocations, with recurrence/instability being more common in young patients. Injury of other shoulder structures is frequent, namely bony Bankart lesion. However, the association with coracoid apophysis fracture is very rare. The present article describes the clinical case of a 67-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with complaints of persistent omalgia, with acute episodes, beginning after a fall from his own height. The patient also presented history of shoulder trauma 3 months earlier, which was evaluated at another hospital. Shoulder anterior dislocation was observed radiographically, and the computed tomography (CT) confirmed bone erosion of the anteroinferior part of the glenoid (bone loss of about 50% of the anteroposterior diameter in the lower region of the glenoid), with almost complete resorption of the bony Bankart lesion (apparent in later analysis of the radiography of the initial traumatic episode). Connectedly, a transverse fracture of the coracoid apophysis (type II in the Ogawa classification) was diagnosed. The patient was submitted to surgical treatment, with anterior bone stop confection using the remnant of the fractured fragment of the coracoid supplemented by tricortical autologous iliac graft, fixed with cannulated screws (according to the Bristow-Latarjet and Eden-Hybinett techniques). In the postoperative follow-up, a good functional result was observed, with no new episodes of dislocation and no significant pain complaints. A rare association of shoulder lesions is described, and the challenge of their treatment is highlighted, given the late diagnosis, as in the case presented.


Resumo As luxações anteriores representam cerca de 96% do total de luxações do ombro, sendo a recidiva/instabilidade mais comum em pacientes jovens. A lesão de outras estruturas do ombro é frequente, nomeadamente a lesão óssea de Bankart. Contudo, a associação com a fratura da apófise coracoide é muito rara. Este artigo descreve o caso clínico de um homem de 67 anos que recorreu ao serviço de urgência com queixas de omalgia persistente, com episódios de agudização, iniciados após queda da própria altura. O paciente apresentava ainda histórico de trauma do ombro 3 meses antes, avaliado em outro hospital. A luxação anterior do ombro foi constatada radiograficamente, e a tomografia computorizada (TC) do ombro confirmou erosão óssea da vertente anteroinferior da glenoide (perda óssea de cerca de 50% do diâmetro anteroposterior na região inferior da glenoide), com reabsorção quase completa de lesão óssea de Bankart (aparente em análise a posteriori da radiografia do episódio traumático inicial). Associadamente, foi diagnosticada uma fratura transversa da apófise coracoide (tipo II da classificação de Ogawa). O paciente foi submetido ao tratamento cirúrgico, com confecção do batente ósseo anterior utilizando remanescente do fragmento fraturado do coracoide suplementado por enxerto autólogo tricortical do ilíaco, fixados com parafusos canulados (de acordo com as técnicas de Bristow-Latarjet e Eden-Hybinett). No seguimento pós-operatório, foi observado um bom resultado funcional, sem novos episódios de luxação e sem queixas álgicas significativas. Descreve-se uma associação rara de lesões do ombro, e salienta-se o desafio do tratamento das mesmas dado o seu diagnóstico tardio, como no caso apresentado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Coracoid Process
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 265-270, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449785

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the postoperative functional and radiographic outcomes of the shoulder of patients submitted to transosseous suturing of a greater tuberosity fracture (GTF) through an anterolateral route and the influence of the glenohumeral dislocation on these outcomes. Methods We conducted a retrospective study and functional assessment using the Constant-Murley score. The distance between the greater tuberosity and the joint surface of the proximal humerus (in true anteroposterior radiographs) after the union was calculated. We used the Fisher exact test for the categorical independent variables, and the Student t or Mann-Whitney test for the non-categorical variables. Results In total, 26 patients met the inclusion criteria, and 38% of the sample presented an association between glenohumeral dislocation and GTF. The mean Constant-Murley score was of 82.5 + 8.02 points. The presence of an associated dislocation did not alter the functional outcome. The mean distance between the greater tuberosity of the humerus and the joint surface of the humeral head after the union was of 9 + 4.3 mm below the articular line of the humeral head. The dislocation led to a lower level of reduction, but this did not influence the Constant-Murley score. Conclusion The cases of GTF submitted to surgical treatment with transosseous sutures had good functional outcomes. The presence of dislocation made the anatomical reduction of the greater tuberosity difficult. However, it did not influence the Constant-Murley score.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados funcional e radiográfico pós-operatórios do ombro, em pacientes submetidos a sutura transóssea de fratura da tuberosidade maior (FTM) por acesso anterolateral, e a influência da luxação glenoumeral nesses resultados. Métodos Realizou-se estudo retrospectivo e avaliação funcional (pela escala de Constant-Murley). Calculou-se a distância entre a tuberosidade maior e a superfície articular do úmero proximal (por meio de radiografia em incidência anteroposterior verdadeira) após a consolidação. Usou-se o teste Exato de Fisher para as variáveis independentes categóricas, e os testes tde Student ou de Mann-Whitney para as não categóricas. Resultados Ao todo, 26 pacientes preencheram os critérios de inclusão. A associação de luxação glenoumeral com FTM foi observada em 38% da amostra. A média da pontuação na escala de Constant-Murley foi de 82,5 + 8,02. A presença de luxação associada não alterou o resultado funcional. A distância média da consolidação da tuberosidade maior do úmero em relação à superfície articular da cabeça umeral foi de 9 + 4,3 mm abaixo da linha articular da cabeça umeral. Pacientes com luxação associada evoluíram com redução menor, mas isso não influenciou na pontuação na escala de Constant-Murley. Conclusão As FTMs submetidas ao tratamento cirúrgico com sutura transóssea evoluíram com bom resultado funcional. A presença de luxação dificultou a redução anatômica da tuberosidade maior. Entretanto, isso não influenciou na pontuação na escala de Constant-Murley.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Suture Techniques , Suture Anchors , Humeral Fractures/surgery
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(6): 876-884, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535625

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate whether the parallelism of screws with glenoid in Latarjet surgery interferes in the positioning of the graft and to verify the reproducibility of a method of measuring screws positioning. Methods Retrospective, multicenter study, of patients with anterior shoulder instability submitted to modified Latarjet surgery and at least one year of postoperative follow-up. Two radiologists analyzed the postoperative tomographic images, acquired in a database, to evaluate the positioning of screws and radiographic complications. Results We evaluated 34 patients, aged between 21 and 60 years, one of them with bilateral shoulder involvement, totaling 35 shoulders evaluated. The tomographic evaluation of the inclination angles of the screws showed no difference between the observers. There was intra- and interobserver agreement to evaluate the following surgical parameters: graft position, presence or not of radiographic complications. Conclusion The technique described for measuring the parallelism of screws in Latarjet surgery presented a very good and excellent intra-observer agreement, respectively. Screw parallelism with glenoid is recommended; however, it is not a mandatory and unique condition to avoid radiographic complications.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar se o paralelismo dos parafusos com a glenoide na cirurgia de Latarjet interfere no posicionamento do enxerto e verificar a reprodutibilidade de um método de mensuração da posição dos parafusos. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo, multicêntrico, de pacientes com instabilidade anterior do ombro submetidos à cirurgia de Latarjet modificada e no mínimo 1 ano de seguimento pós-operatório. Dois médicos radiologistas analisaram as imagens tomográficas pós-operatórias, adquiridas em um banco de dados, para avaliação do posicionamento dos parafusos e das complicações radiográficas. Resultados Foram avaliados 34 pacientes, com idades entre 21 e 60 anos, sendo que um deles tinha acometimento bilateral dos ombros, totalizando 35 ombros avaliados. A avaliação tomográfica dos ângulos de inclinação dos parafusos não apresentou diferença entre os observadores. Houve concordância intra e interobservador para avaliação dos seguintes parâmetros cirúrgicos: posição do enxerto, presença ou não de complicações radiográficas. Conclusão A técnica descrita para mensuração do paralelismo dos parafusos na cirurgia de Latarjet apresentou uma concordância intra e inter observador muito boa e excelente, respectivamente. O paralelismo do parafuso com a glenoide é recomendado; no entanto, não é condição obrigatória e única para se evitar as complicações radiográficas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Bone Screws , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 545-550, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981629

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mid-term effectiveness of arthroscopic Bankart repair for recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 107 patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation who met the inclusion criteria between January 2017 and June 2021 was retrospectively analyzed, and all patients underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair. There were 88 males and 19 females. The age of the primary dislocation ranged from 13 to 48 years (mean, 23.3 years). The number of preoperative dislocations was 2-160 times (median, 7 times). The duration of preoperative instability was 0.2-240.0 months (median, 36.0 months). The mean age at operation was 28.2 years (range, 16-61 years). There were 43 cases of left shoulder and 64 cases of right shoulder. The proportion of glenoid defects in 63 patients was 1.7%-16.1% (mean, 8.1%). MRI showed that none of the patients had rotator cuff tears or shoulder stiffness. The CT three-dimensional reconstruction was performed at 1 day after operation to evaluate the distribution of implanted anchors and the occurrence of glenoid split fracture and whether there were nails pullout at the implant site. The postoperative complications were observed, and the pain and function of the shoulder were evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Rowe score, Constant-Murley score, and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score. The recurrence of instability, the results of apprehension test, the number of patients who returned to preoperative sports level, and the satisfaction rate of patients were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients were successfully operated and were followed up 20-73 months (mean, 41.5 months). All incisions healed by first intention. The CT three-dimensional reconstruction at 1 day after operation showed that the anchors were located at the 2 : 00-5 : 30 positions of the glenoid, and there was no glenoid split fracture or nails pullout at the implant site. At last follow-up, VAS score was significantly lower than that before operation, and Rowe score, Constant-Murley score, and ASES score were significantly higher than those before operation ( P<0.05). Seven patients (6.5%) had recurrence of anterior shoulder dislocation at 23-55 months (mean, 39.9 months) after operation, including 6 cases of dislocation and 1 case of subluxation. At last follow-up, 51 patients (47.7%) returned to preoperative sports level, and 11 patients (10.3%) had a positive apprehension test. The patients' satisfaction rate was 90.7% (97/107). Among the 10 patients who were not satisfied with the surgical effectiveness, 7 patients had postoperative recurrence of instability, and 3 patients felt that they did not return to preoperative sports level.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic Bankart repair has good mid-term effectiveness in patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocations, minimal or no glenohumeral bone defects and low sports need.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Joint Instability/etiology , Arthroscopy/methods , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Recurrence
5.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 538-544, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981628

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness and advantages of using Fastpass Scorpion suture passer to stitch the inferior capsulolabral complex in arthroscopic Bankart repair compared with traditional arthroscopic suture shuttle.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 41 patients with Bankart lesion, who met the selection criteria and were admitted between August 2019 and October 2021, was retrospectively analyzed. Under arthroscopy, the inferior capsulolabral complex was stitched with Fastpass Scorpion suture passer in 27 patients (FS group) and with arthroscopic suture shuttle in 14 patients (ASS group). There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05) in gender, age, injured side, frequency of shoulder dislocation, time from first dislocation to operation, and preoperative Rowe score of shoulder. Taking successful suture and pull-tightening as the criteria for completion of repair, the number of patients that were repaired at 5∶00 to 6∶00 (<6:00) and 6∶00 to 7∶00 positions of the glenoid in the two groups was compared. The operation time, and the difference of Rowe shoulder score betwee pre- and post-operation, the occurrence of shoulder joint dislocation, the results of apprehension test, and the constituent ratio of recovery to the pre-injury movement level between the two groups at 1 year after operation.@*RESULTS@#Both groups completed the repair at 5∶00 to 6∶00 (<6∶00), and the constituent ratio of patients completed at 6∶00 to 7∶00 was significantly greater in the FS group than in the ASS group ( P<0.05). The operation time was significantly shorter in the FS group than in the ASS group ( P<0.05). All incisions in the two groups healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 12-36 months (mean, 19.1 months). No anchor displacement or neurovascular injury occurred during follow-up. Rowe score of shoulder in the two groups significantly improved at 1 year after operation than preoperative scores ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the difference of Rowe shoulder score between pre- and post-operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). At 1 year after operation, no re-dislocation occurred, and there was no significant difference in the apprehension test and the constituent ratio of recovery to the pre-injury movement level between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the arthroscopic suture shuttle, using Fastpass Scorpion suture passer to stitch the inferior capsulolabral complex in arthroscopic Bankart repair is more convenient, saves operation time, and has good effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Arthroscopy/methods , Scorpions , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Sutures , Equidae , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Joint Instability/surgery , Suture Anchors , Recurrence , Range of Motion, Articular
6.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 533-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of arthroscopic autologous iliac bone grafting with double-row elastic fixation in treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation combined with massive glenoid bone defects.@*METHODS@#Between January 2018 and December 2021, 16 male patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation combined with massive glenoid bone defects were treated with arthroscopic autogenous iliac bone grafting and double-row elastic fixation. The patients were 14-29 years old at the time of the first dislocation, with an average age of 18.4 years. The causes of the first dislocation included falling injury in 5 cases and sports injury in 11 cases. The shoulders dislocated 4-15 times, with an average of 8.3 times. The patients were 17-37 years old at the time of admission, with an average age of 25.1 years. There were 5 left shoulders and 11 right shoulders. The preoperative instability severity index (ISIS) score of the shoulder joint was 5.8±2.1, and the Beighton score was 4.3±2.6. The University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) score, Constant score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, and Rowe score were used to evaluate shoulder function, and the degree of the glenoid bone defect repair was observed based on CT after operation.@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention, and no complication such as incision infection or neurovascular injury occurred. The patients were followed up 12 months. At 12 months after operation, UCLA score, Constant score, ASES score, and Rowe score all significantly improved when compared with the scores before operation ( P<0.05). CT imaging showed the degree of glenoid bone defect was significantly smaller at immediate, 6 and 12 months after operation when compared with that before operation ( P<0.05), and the bone blocks healed with the scapula, and bone fusion had occurred at 12 months.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic autologous iliac bone grafting with double-row elastic fixation is a safe treatment for recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation combined with massive glenoid bone defects, with good short-term effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Bone Transplantation/methods , Arthroscopy/methods , Joint Instability/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Scapula/surgery , Recurrence
7.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 526-532, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981626

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the research progress of bone graft resorption after Latarjet procedure for the treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation, and provide a guide for further research on bone graft resorption.@*METHODS@#The relevant literature in recent years was extensively reviewed. The pathogenesis, classification, risk factors, clinical function impact, and management of bone graft resorption after Latarjet procedure for the treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation were summarized.@*RESULTS@#Bone graft resorption is the common complication after Latarjet procedure for the treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation. Stress shielding and poor blood supply may contribute to the occurrence of bone graft resorption. The absence of significant preoperative glenoid bone loss, open procedure, earlier graft healing may to be the risk factors for bone graft resorption. Various assessment methods and classification systems are used to evaluate the region and severity of bone graft resorption. Partial resorption may be considered as a natural glenoid remodeling process after the surgery, but severe and complete resorption is proved to be one of the reasons for failed procedures and there is no effective measure to prevent it, except for accepting revision surgery.@*CONCLUSION@#The pathogenesis, risk factors, clinical function impact of bone graft resorption after Latarjet procedure for the treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation has not been fully elucidated and there is a lack of effective management strategies, so further clinical and basic researches are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Joint Instability/surgery , Bone Resorption/pathology , Bone Transplantation , Recurrence
8.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 518-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981625

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the research progress of the biomechanical study of the Bristow-Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder dislocation.@*METHODS@#The related biomechanical literature of Bristow-Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder dislocation was extensively reviewed and summarized.@*RESULTS@#The current literature suggests that when performing Bristow-Latarjet procedure, care should be taken to fix the bone block edge flush with the glenoid in the sagittal plane in the direction where the rupture of the joint capsule occurs. If traditional screw fixation is used, a double-cortical screw fixation should be applied, while details such as screw material have less influence on the biomechanical characteristics. Cortical button fixation is slightly inferior to screws in terms of biomechanical performance. The most frequent site of postoperative bone resorption is the proximal-medial part of the bone block, and the cause of bone resorption at this site may be related to the stress shielding caused by the screw.@*CONCLUSION@#There is no detailed standardized guidance for bone block fixation. The optimal clinical treatment plan for different degrees of injury, the factors influencing postoperative bone healing and remodeling, and the postoperative osteoarticular surface pressure still need to be further clarified by high-quality biomechanical studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Biomechanical Phenomena , Joint Instability/surgery , Bone Resorption , Arthroscopy/methods
9.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 509-517, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981624

ABSTRACT

The shoulder joint is the most prone to dislocation in the whole body, and more than 95% of them are anterior dislocation. Improper treatment after the initial dislocation is easy to lead to recurrent anterior dislocation or anterior shoulder instability, and the outcomes following conservative treatment is poor. Anterior shoulder instability can damage the soft tissue structure and bone structure that maintain the stability of shoulder joint, among which bone structure is the most important factor affecting the stability of shoulder joint. Diagnosis should be combined with medical history, physical examination, and auxiliary examination. Currently, three-dimensional CT is the most commonly used auxiliary examination means. However, various bone defect measurement and preoperative evaluation methods based on three-dimensional CT and the glenoid track theory have their own advantages and disadvantages, and there is still a lack of gold standard. Currently, the mainstream treatment methods mainly include Bankart procedure, coracoid process transposition, glenoid reconstruction with free bone graft, Bankart combined with Remplissage procedure, and subscapular tendon binding tamponade, etc. Each of these procedures has its own advantages and disadvantages. For the diagnosis and treatment of anterior shoulder instability, there are still too many unknown, further research and exploration need to be studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder , Joint Instability/surgery , Scapula , Joint Dislocations , Recurrence , Arthroscopy/methods
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(6): 975-983, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423625

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the factors that influence the functional results of patients submitted to the Latarjet procedure. Methods Evaluation of 26 patients submitted to surgical treatment following the Latarjet technique due to traumatic recurrent anterior dislocation of the glenohumeral joint, with glenoidal bone loss greater than 20% and/or off-track injury. The minimum follow-up time was of 12 months. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), The Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index (WOSI), and the Subjective Shoulder Value (SSV) scales, as well as objective data from the participants, were evaluated. Results Most patients (84.62%) did not present recurrence of the dislocation, and 92.31% were satisfied. Regarding the functional analysis, the physical component score (PCS) and the mental component score (MCS) found were within the mean quality of life of the population. The physical symptoms, according to the WOSI, presented the best percentage (8.5%), while the worst result was observed regarding lifestyle (20%). On the VAS, pain was classified as moderate (3/10) by 15.38% of the patients (4/26). In relation to sports, patients who practice sports showed improvement in SSV parameters, which had an inverse relationship with the number of relapses. It was also observed that the shorter the time between the first dislocation and the surgery, the greater the patient's satisfaction. Conclusion Early indication of surgical treatment of anterior glenohumeral instability may provide better subjective functional results to the patient.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar os fatores que influenciam os resultados funcionais dos pacientes submetidos ao procedimento de Latarjet. Métodos Avaliação de 26 pacientes submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico, seguindo a técnica de Latarjet, devido a luxação anterior recidivante traumática da articulação glenoumeral, com perda óssea glenoidal maior do que 20% e/ou lesão off-track. O tempo mínimo de seguimento foi de doze meses. Foram avaliadas as seguintes escalas: Escala Visual Analógica (EVA), The Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index (WOSI), e Subjective Shoulder Value (SSV), além dos dados objetivos dos participantes. Resultados A maioria dos pacientes (84,62%) não apresentou recidiva de luxação, e 92,31% ficaram satisfeitos. Em relação à análise funcional, a pontuação do componente físico (PCF) e a pontuação do compenente mental (PCM) encontradas estavam dentro da média de qualidade de vida da população. Os sintomas físicos, pela escala WOSI, apresentaram a melhor porcentagem (8,5%), ao passo que o pior resultado foi observado com relação ao estilo de vida (20%). Na EVA, a dor foi classificada como moderada (3/10) por 15,38% dos pacientes (4/26). Em relação aos esportes, os pacientes que praticavam alguma atividade esportiva apresentaram melhora nos parâmetros da escala SSV, que tiveram relação inversa com o número de recidivas. Observou-se ainda que, quanto menor foi o tempo entre a primeira luxação e a realização da cirurgia, maior foi a satisfação do paciente. Conclusão A indicação precoce do tratamento cirúrgico da instabilidade anterior glenoumeral pode proporcionar melhores resultados funcionais subjetivos ao paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Quality of Life , Shoulder/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Bankart Lesions/surgery , Joint Instability/therapy
11.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 233-237, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928300

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the early efficacy of arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting in the treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation.@*METHODS@#From January 2019 to January 2021, 17 patients with recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder who underwent arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting were selected, including 12 males and 5 females, ranging in age from 17 to 55 years old, with a mean of (32.88±12.33) years old. Rowes rating system for Bankart repair(Rowe), Oxford Shoulder Instability Score (OSIS) and Simple Shoulder Test (SST) were compared before operation, 6 months after operation and at the latest follow-up. OSIS and SST used to evaluate shoulder function were recorded before surgery and at the latest follow-up. The shoulder mobility and intraoperative and postoperative complications were also recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 17 patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 7 to 25 months, with a mean of (18.4±5.4) months. During the follow-up period, there was no re-dislocation, no vascular or nerve injury. Rowe score increased from 26.2±6.0 before operation to 74.4±4.0 and 82.4±3.1 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in Rowe score between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). The OSIS increased from 37.0±3.6 before operation to 47.4±2.6 and 52.7±2.6 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in OSIS between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). The SST score increased from 6.8±0.7 before operation to 9.8±0.8, 11.6±2.6 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in SST score between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). At the latest follow-up, the lateral external rotation and abduction external rotation activities of the patient were significantly improved compared with those before operation.@*CONCLUSION@#This study provides preliminary evidence that arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting can achieve satisfactory early clinical outcomes and stability in patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation with glenoid fracture and defect less than <20%, which is a reliable and effective procedure.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Joint Instability/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 209-213, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and prognosis of double button plate combined with strengthened anchor technique and clavicular hook plate internal fixation for complete acromioclavicular joint dislocation.@*METHODS@#From July 2017 to September 2020, a total of 42 patients with acromioclavicular joint dislocation treated by surgery were choosen as study objects and divided into observation group (21 cases) and control group (21 cases). In the observation group, there were 14 males and 7 females, aged 21 to 63 years old, with an average of (45.05±8.70) years old. In the control group, there were 16 males and 5 females, aged 25 to 68 years old, with an average of(45.00±9.44) years old. The patients in the observation group were treated with double button plate combined with strengthened anchor technique, whereas those in the control group received clavicular hook plate internal fixation. The two groups were compared in terms of operating time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, shoulder pain(visual analogue scale, VAS) score, shoulder function Constant-Murley score and postoperative complications.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference between the two groups in intraoperative blood loss or postoperative hospital stay(P>0.05). The operating time of double button plate combined with strengthened anchor technique group (65.24±5.36) min was significantly longer than that of the clavicular hook plate group (48.81±4.72) min, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in shoulder function or pain degree between the two groups before operation (P>0.05). After 1 month, 3 months and 6 months, the Constant-Murley score of the observation group was 73.29±2.15, 85.43±1.47, 93.86±1.24 separately, which were significantly higher than those of the control group;and the VAS score was 2.76±0.62, 1.71±0.64, 0.57±0.51 separately, which were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05). One instance of shoulder discomfort was found in the observation group, while 5 cases of shoulder pain, 2 cases of restricted shoulder mobility, and 1 case of subacromial bone absorption were found in the control group. In both group, there was no loss of reduction.@*CONCLUSION@#In the treatment of complete acromioclavicular joint dislocation double button plate combined with strengthened anchor technique achieves favorable clinical result. Internal fixation does not need to be removed. The recovery of shoulder joint function and pain relief are superior than clavicular hook plate internal fixation, which is more worthy of clinical promotion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acromioclavicular Joint/surgery , Bone Plates , Clavicle/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Treatment Outcome
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(3): 181-183, set 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391952

ABSTRACT

Convulsive seizures caused by hyponatremia occur when this condition is severe and develops quickly, resulting in a brain's adaptive inability to contain brain swelling. Seizures are rarely the cause of shoulder fractures. This is a case report of bilateral humerus fracture following a single epileptic seizure caused by drug hyponatremia, an unconventional event in medical practice. A 69-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency room after a single tonic-clonic seizure with spontaneously ceased sphincter relaxation, showing Glasgow 6. No falls or restraint were reported by observers. When alert, the patient reported pain and difficulty moving both arms. During examination, the movement was li- mited to the right and left. Anteroposterior radiographs revealed bilateral fracture at the neck of humerus. To complement inves- tigation for further lesions, a computed tomography confirmed bilateral fracture-dislocation with impaction of the humeral head with the glenoid. Atraumatic bilateral fracture-dislocation of the humerus after epileptic seizure is a very rare event. It is believed that some of these diagnoses have been neglected due to the difficulty of characterizing the patient's pain in a postictal state. The importance of a detailed physical examination shall be emphasized in risk groups such as the polymedicated elderly.


Convulsive seizures caused by hyponatremia occur when this condition is severe and develops quickly, resulting in a brain's adaptive inability to contain brain swelling. Seizures are rarely the cause of shoulder fractures. This is a case report of bilateral humerus fracture following a single epileptic seizure caused by drug hyponatremia, an unconventional event in medical practice. A 69-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency room after a single tonic-clonic seizure with spontaneously ceased sphincter relaxation, showing Glasgow 6. No falls or restraint were reported by observers. When alert, the patient reported pain and difficulty moving both arms. During examination, the movement was li- mited to the right and left. Anteroposterior radiographs revealed bilateral fracture at the neck of humerus. To complement inves- tigation for further lesions, a computed tomography confirmed bilateral fracture-dislocation with impaction of the humeral head with the glenoid. Atraumatic bilateral fracture-dislocation of the humerus after epileptic seizure is a very rare event. It is believed that some of these diagnoses have been neglected due to the difficulty of characterizing the patient's pain in a postictal state. The importance of a detailed physical examination shall be emphasized in risk groups such as the polymedicated elderly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Seizures/complications , Shoulder Dislocation/etiology , Shoulder Fractures/etiology , Epilepsy, Tonic-Clonic/complications , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/rehabilitation , Shoulder Dislocation/diagnostic imaging , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Shoulder Fractures/rehabilitation , Shoulder Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Radiography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Physical Therapy Modalities , Amnesia, Anterograde/etiology , Hydrochlorothiazide/adverse effects , Hyponatremia/chemically induced , Antihypertensive Agents/adverse effects
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 478-484, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879467

ABSTRACT

The surgical treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation is a difficult problem in the field of sports injury medicine. The main reason focus on dynamic and osseous constraints of shoulder joint could not recover well. At present, arthroscopic surgery is used at home and abroad, and could receive statisfied postoperative effect, but the choice of specific surgical methods is still controversial. According to presence and size of glenoid and humeral skull defects, different treatments should be selected in clinic. The author recommends that no articular glenoid defect or glenoid defect 40% or Bristow-Latarjet if the surgical repair fails, bone grafting is used. In addition, if (humeral avulsion of glenohumeral ligaments, HAGL) injury existed, HAGL injury repair should be used. In addition to considering the important factor of bone defects, it is necessary to combine patient's age, exercise level and surgeon's technique to comprehensively select the bestsurgical method.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy , Joint Instability , Recurrence , Scapula , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 497-503, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the method and clinical effects of the treatment of recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with Hill-Sachs injury by arthroscopic Bankart repair and Remplissage.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to March 2019, 106 patients with recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with glenoid bone defect less than 20% underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair, including 76 males and 30 females, aged from 18 to 45 (27.3±8.6) years, 59 cases of left shoulder and 47 cases of right shoulder. Range of motion (ROM), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons(ASES) score, Constant-Murley score and Rowe score were used to evaluate shoulder functionand stability before and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 21 to 60 months, with a mean of (41.5± 8.5) months. One patient developed infection after operation, and the infection was controlled after arthroscopic debridement again. The remaining patients did not have clinical complications such as infection, intra articular hematocele and redislocation. Shoulder flexion and lifting increased from (158.33±15.72) ° preoperatively to (169.43±10.04) ° at the latest follow up, and internal rotation changed from T7 (T4 to T10) preoperatively to T8 (T5 to T10) at the latest follow up;the average lateral external rotation and abduction 90 ° external rotation decreased from (58.46±15.51) ° preoperatively and (99.37±14.09) ° to (53.18±14.90) ° and (92.52±13.10) ° at the latest follow up, respectively. The ASES score, Constant -Murley score and Rowe score were significantly improved.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical effect of rehabilitation of Bankart repair combined with Remplissageunder arthroscopy in the treatment of recurrent dislocation of shoulder joint in adults with Hill-Sachs defect is satisfactory. Although the external rotation function is weaker than that before operation, it can effectively reconstruct the shoulder function and avoid the occurrence ofdislocation after operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Arthroplasty , Arthroscopy , Joint Instability/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Recurrence , Shoulder/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery
16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 887-890, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921911

ABSTRACT

Recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with bone defect is one of the common diseases of shoulder joint. How to effectively repair glenoid bone defect and reduce recurrence rate of shoulder dislocation is a problem that clinicians focus on. Bone grafting could stimulate bone, promote bone regeneration and bone remodeling, and restore the normal anatomical structure of glenoid. Among them, Bristow-Latarjet procedure is a classic operation for recurrent shoulder dislocation. Latarjet procedure could repair larger glenoid bone defects, but with higher surgical skills for surgeons;autogenous iliac grafting is the first choice for revision once Latarjet procedure failed;osteochondral grafting (autogenous and allogenous) has certain advantages in reconstructing original articular surface and preventing joint degeneration, but autologous osteochondral grafting may cause secondary injury, while immune rejection is difficult to avoid for allogenous osteochondral grafting. With the improvement of composite materials, and the mechanism of bone regeneration and remodeling, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of bone grafting, tissue engineering technology may become an effective method for the treatment of glenoid bone defect in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Transplantation , Joint Instability , Recurrence , Shoulder , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint
17.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(6): 365-370, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383450

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction: Glenoid track is used to assess the engagement of Hill-Sachs lesions. The objective of this study was to identify if off-track glenoid track was a risk factor for recurrence of anterior glenohumeral instability in postoperative patients with arthroscopic anterior labrum repair. Material and methods: Sixty patients with glenohumeral instability who underwent arthroscopic repair of the anterior labrum were studied. Study group (patients with recurrence of postoperative dislocation) and control (no dislocation). Radiographic measurements were made on magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. Measurements of glenoid diameter, glenoid bone loss, as well as the presence and size of Hill-Sachs lesions were obtained. Later they were classified as «on-track¼ or «off-track¼. Results: Seven (11.67%) patients suffered recurrence, of which six (10%) were carriers of an off-track injury and 1 (1.67%) on-Track. 53 (88.33%) patients did not experience recurrence, of which 11 (18.33%) were carriers of an off-track injury and 42 (70%) on track. A 23.47 increased risk of recurrence of instability was interpreted in patients with «off-track¼ lesions compared to patients with «On track¼ lesions. Conclusions: Off-track injuries were a risk factor for recurrence of instability in patients who underwent Bankart-type arthroscopic repair. This allows us to recommend that the presence of lesions be routinely studied and classified as «on-track¼ or «off-track¼ to provide a better therapeutic approach.


Resumen: Introducción: El encarrilamiento glenoideo se emplea para valorar el enganche de lesiones Hill-Sachs. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar si el encarrilamiento glenoideo off-track fue un factor de riesgo de recidiva de inestabilidad glenohumeral anterior en pacientes postoperados de reparación de labrum anterior por vía artroscópica. Material y métodos: Se estudiaron 60 pacientes sometidos a reparación artroscópica del labrum anterior. Grupo de estudio (pacientes con recidiva de luxación postoperatoria) y control (sin luxación). Las mediciones radiográficas se realizaron en resonancia magnética y en tomografía axial computarizada. Se obtuvieron mediciones del diámetro glenoideo, pérdida ósea glenoidea así como la presencia y tamaño de lesiones de Hill-Sachs. Posteriormente se clasificaron como on-track u off-track. Resultados: Siete (11.67%) pacientes sufrieron recidiva, de los cuales seis (10%) eran portadores de lesión off-track y uno (1.67%) on-track. 53 (88.33%) pacientes sin recidiva, de los cuales 11 (18.33%) eran portadores de lesión off-track y 42 (70%) on-track. Se interpretó un aumento de riesgo de recidiva de inestabilidad de 23.47 en los pacientes portadores de lesión de tipo off-track en comparación con los pacientes portadores de lesiones on-track. Conclusiones: Las lesiones off-track fueron un factor de riesgo de recidiva de inestabilidad en los pacientes a quienes se realizó reparación artroscópica tipo Bankart, lo cual nos permite recomendar que de forma rutinaria se estudie la presencia de lesiones y clasificarlas como on-track u off-track para brindar un mejor abordaje terapéutico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Dislocation , Shoulder Joint , Bankart Lesions , Joint Instability , Arthroscopy , Recurrence , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/diagnostic imaging , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Shoulder Joint/diagnostic imaging , Risk Factors , Joint Instability/surgery , Joint Instability/etiology , Joint Instability/diagnostic imaging
18.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(2): 119-122, mar.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345099

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La luxación glenohumeral recurrente suele asociarse a pérdida ósea de la porción glenoidea, siendo la localización anteroinferior la más afectada. El entendimiento de las estructuras relacionadas así como el uso de estudios de imagen actuales tales como la tomografía axial computarizada y la resonancia magnética han permitido avanzar respecto a la comprensión de la patología, asimismo el desarrollo de materiales quirúrgicos y herramientas de mínima invasión nos permiten continuar innovando respecto a los tratamientos previamente descritos, siendo posible intervenir en detalles técnicos con la intención de mejorar los resultados. Es por eso que hemos realizado lo descrito por Eden-Hybinette utilizando injerto tricortical cadavérico con tornillos canulados como método de fijación, limitando las comorbilidades asociadas a la toma de autoinjerto, dando como resultado un amplio beneficio para el paciente durante el procedimiento quirúrgico y en el período de recuperación.


Abstract: Recurrent glenohumeral dislocation is usually associated with bone loss of the glenoid portion, with the anteroinferior location being the most affected. The understanding of the related structures, as well as the use of current imaging studies such as computed axial tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, have made progress in understanding the pathology, as well as the development of surgical materials and minimally invasive tools, they allow us to continue innovating with respect to the previously described treatments, being possible to intervene in technical details with the intention of improving the results. That is why we have done what described by Eden-Hybinette, using tricortical cadaveric graft and as fixation method, limiting the comorbidities associated with the autograft taking, resulting a wide benefit for the patient, during the surgical procedure and in the recovery period.


Subject(s)
Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/diagnostic imaging , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Shoulder Joint/diagnostic imaging , Joint Instability , Scapula , Cadaver , Bone Transplantation
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1111-1115, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879364

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate early clinical effects of bioabsorbable suture anchors for the treatment of Bankart lesion.@*METHODS@#Total 23 patients with the Bankart lesion were treated with arthroscopic repair using bioabsorbable suture anchors from January 2010 to June 2017. There were 20 males and 3 females, with an average age of (23.4±3.9) years old (ranged, 19 to 34 years old). Fourteen patients had injuries on the right shoulder joint and 9 patients had the injuries on the left side. The mechanism of primary dislocation included 17 cases of training, 5 cases of sports injury and 1 case of falling down. The mean interval time from injury to surgery was(10.9±5.8) months (ranged, 3 to 36 months). The Bankart lesion was repaired by bio-cortical suture anchors. The Rowes rating system for Bankart repair was used to evaluate therapeutic effects.@*RESULTS@#All 23 patients were followed up, with a mean duration of(24.5±3.7) months(ranged, 18 to 39 months). At the latest follow up, there was no recurrent dislocation occurred, and all patients had returned to sports and work. The Rowes rating system for Bankart repair was 53.91±11.67 pre-operationally and 91.74±12.30 post operationally, respectively (@*CONCLUSION@#Applying bio-cortical bone suture anchors for the Bankart lesion is a reliable, efficient and cost effective treatment, which is also suitable for the revision of the Bankart lesion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Absorbable Implants , Arthroscopy , Bankart Lesions , Joint Instability , Range of Motion, Articular , Recurrence , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint , Suture Anchors , Treatment Outcome
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1096-1100, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879361

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of single anterior approach under shoulder arthroscopy in the treatment of Bankart injury, and to provide a scheme to overcome the difficulties and simplify the operation process.@*METHODS@#From July 2016 to January 2019, 62 patients with recurrent dislocation caused by Bankart leision were treated under shoulder arthroscopy, including 50 males and 12 females, ranging in age from 19 to 44 years old with an average age of (26.5±6.1) years old. There were 25 cases of left shoulder and 37 cases of right shoulder. The patients were divided into two groups according to the operation mode, 35 patients in the front modified single approach group (experimental group) and 27 patients in the traditional double approachgroup (control group). The results of the operation were evaluated by assessing the preoperative and postoperative ASES scores of the shoulder joint, and the time of the approach establishment and the overall operation process was recorded to evaluate whether the operation time of the experimental group was shortened.@*RESULTS@#Three patients were lost during the follow-up after operation, and except for one case of re-dislocation, all patients achieved satisfactory results without neurovascular injury and other complications. The patients were followed up before operation and 3, 6, 12 months after operation, and the ASES scores were significantly enhanced at the latest follow-up compared with those of before operation. The time of establishing surgical approach in the experimental group was (7.5±1.5) minutes, which was shorter than that of control group (13.7±1.2) minutes.@*CONCLUSION@#The improved technique of single-channel anterior approach has the advantages of reducing the surgical incision and shortening the operationtime while ensuring the quality of the operation, which is worthy of popularization and application.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Arthroscopy , Bankart Lesions , Joint Instability , Recurrence , Shoulder/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL