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Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367131


Introducción: Las fracturas de húmero proximal son frecuentes, particularmente en la población mayor. Los resultados de la fijación con placa bloqueada siguen siendo impredecibles. El soporte de la columna medial jugaría un rol significativo. Nuestro pro-pósito fue evaluar los resultados de la osteosíntesis de húmero proximal con aloinjerto óseo estructural. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluaron los resultados clínico-radiológicos en 12 pacientes con fractura de húmero proximal tratados con placa bloqueada e injerto estructural endostal. Se definió como pérdida de reducción a un cambio del ángulo cervicodiafisario >5° o en la altura de la cabeza humeral >3 mm. La evaluación clínica incluyó rango de movilidad, puntaje de Constant-Murley, valor subjetivo del hombro, escala analógica visual para dolor y retorno a la actividad habitual. Resultados: Doce pacientes completaron el seguimiento (edad promedio 62.8 años). Diez mantuvieron la reducción. El puntaje promedio de Constant-Murley fue de 82,1; el del valor subjetivo del hombro, del 80%, y el de la escala analógica visual, de 1,9. La elevación anterior fue de 138,3°; la rotación externa, de 49,5°, y la rotación interna a nivel de la vértebra de L3. La diferencia de la altura de la cabeza humeral y el ángulo cervicodiafisario fue de 2,3 mm y 4,92°. No hubo complicaciones. Conclusiones: La osteosíntesis con placa bloqueada y aumento con injerto estructural endomedular es una técnica fiable para tratar fracturas de cuello quirúrgico del húmero. Proporciona soporte al cuello humeral y mantiene la reducción en la fractura de húmero proximal con rotura de la bisagra medial. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: Proximal humeral fractures (PHF) are common, particularly in the elderly. To date, locking plate fixation continues to provide unpredictable outcomes. Medial hinge support plays a significant role in stability until the bone heals. We aim to evaluate the outcomes of plate fixation with endosteal strut allograft augmentation in the treatment of PHF. Materials and methods: We evaluated clinical and radiological outcomes in the medium-term follow-up of 12 patients with PHF who were treated with plate fixation and strut allograft augmentation. The strut allograft was introduced into the humeral shaft to add support to the medial hinge. We compared the final follow-up radiographs to those taken immediately after surgery. We defined a loss of reduction if the change in Humeral Head Height or the Neck-Shaft Angle measured over 3 mm or 5°, respectively. The clinical evaluation included range of motion, Constant-Murley (CM) score, Subjective Shoulder Value (SSV), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and return to daily activities. Results: Twelve patients completed follow-up. The patients' average age was 62.8. Ten patients healed without loss of reduction. Average CM and SSV scores were 82.1 and 80%, respectively, and average VAS was 1.9. Anterior elevation averaged 138.3°, external rotation 49.5°, and internal rotation at L3 level. The mean differences in HHH and NSA were 2.3 mm and 4.92°, respectively. We recorded no complications associated to the procedure. Conclusion: Locking plate fixation with endosteal strut allograft augmentation is a reliable technique for the treatment of PHF. It provides support to the humeral neck and maintains reduction in fractures with disruption of the medial hinge. Level of Evidence: IV

Adult , Middle Aged , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Bone Plates , Range of Motion, Articular , Allografts , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928312


The proximal medial column of the humerus is a continuous cortical region in the inner and lower part of the humerus head, which has attracted more and more attention in clinical and scientific research since it was proposed. It has been shown to increase the stability of internal fixation, maintain the height of the humeral head to prevent varus, and reduce the risk of screw penetration. Biomechanical studies have also shown that the medial column has an outstanding performance in increasing the stiffness, torsion resistance, and shear resistance of the locking plate. Although it has many benefits, there is no unified definition of its concept and specific region, and the existing classification does not include the medial column, therefore more researches are required to provide supporting information. The methods of medial column reconstruction mainly include locking plate combined with talus screw, locking plate combined with bone grafting, internal and external double plate combined support, locking plate combined with bone cement, and humeral cage. These methods have their own characteristics, however they will increase the cost of surgery and bring new complications. How to determine the best way of reconstruction is one of the focuses of future research. In this review, the concept of the proximal medial humerus column, the role of maintaining internal fixation, the role of biomechanics and the reconstruction methods are reviewed.

Aged , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humans , Humeral Head , Shoulder Fractures/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928292


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of locking plate fixation with a fibular strut allograft (FA group) and locking plate fixation alone (LP group) in the treatment of proximal humeral fractures in adults by Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#Databases including PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Embase, Chinese BioMedical Literature Database(CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), WanFang Data, and China Science and Technology Journal Database (cpvip Database) were searched by computer from establishing to March 2020 to collect studies about locking plate fixation with fibular strut allograft versus locking plate fixation alone for proximal humeral fractures in adults. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. The postoperative humeral head height changes, neck-shaft angle changes, Constant-Murley score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons(ASES)score, visual analogue scale(VAS), varus malunion rate, and screw penetration rate were compared by RevMan 5.3 software for Meta-analysis.@*RESULTS@#Ten cohort studies were enrolled in a total of 749 patients, 300 patients in the FA group and 449 patients in the LP group. The results of Meta-analysis showed that locking plate with fibular strut allograft was superior to locking plate fixation alone in the changes in humeral head height [MD=-2.69, 95%CI(-3.24, -2.13), P<0.000 01], the changes in neck-shaft angle [MD=-5.65, 95%CI(-7.18, -4.12), P<0.000 01], Constant-Murley score [MD=9.00, 95%CI(4.26, 13.73), P=0.000 2], the ASES score [MD=5.56, 95%CI(4.29, 6.84), P=0.000 01], VAS score [MD=-0.23, 95%CI(-0.37, -0.09), P=0.001], the varus malunion rate [RR=0.22, 95%CI(0.09, 0.53), P=0.000 7] and the screw penetration rate [RR=0.26, 95%CI(0.13, 0.55), P=0.000 3], respectively.While there was no significant difference in the rate of osteonecrosis of the humeral head [RR=1.18, 95%CI(0.57, 2.45), P=0.65].@*CONCLUSION@#For proximal humeral fractures in adults, current evidence shows that locking plate fixation with fibular strut allograft is superior to single locking plate fixation in improving postoperative radiological outcomes and shoulder function, relieving postoperative pain, reducing varus malunion rate and screw penetration rate. However, the efficacy in decreasing the osteonecrosis rate is not clear. Due to limited quality and quantity of the included studies, more high-quality studies are required to verify the above conclusion.

Adult , Allografts , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humans , Humeral Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(3): 295-298, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137170


Abstract Morbid obesity is associated with various pathophysiological changes which affect the outcome of anaesthesia and surgery. So it's challenging to give anaesthesia to such patients. We present a 59-year-old adult morbidly obese, hypertensive, diabetic female with hypothyroidism operated for proximal humerus fracture and now presented with non-union of fracture, requiring percutaneous injection of bone marrow aspirate from the iliac crest to the site of non-union. The patient was extremely anxious and refused to undergo the procedure under local anaesthesia or sedation and demanded anaesthesia. Given her comorbidities general anaesthesia (GA) was avoided and the procedure was accomplished using Ultrasound (USG) guided Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve (LFCN) block for the bone marrow aspirate from the iliac crest and Intercostobrachial nerve block (T2) was given to prevent pain while injecting the aspirate into the non-union site. Dexmedetomidine and ketamine were given for deep level sedation and analgesia. TAP block and LFCN block is generally used for post-op analgesia but can be also used for surgical anaesthesia instead of General anaesthesia in specific scenarios. Its perioperative application and its potential use instead of GA have been discussed.

Resumo A obesidade mórbida se associa a várias alterações fisiopatológicas que afetam o desfecho da anestesia e cirurgia. É, portanto, um desafio anestesiar tais pacientes. Apresentamos uma mulher adulta de 59 anos, obesa mórbida, hipertensa, diabética, com hipotiroidismo, submetida a cirurgia devido a fratura proximal do úmero e que compareceu ao serviço com fratura não consolidada, e com indicação de injeção percutânea de aspirado de medula óssea da crista ilíaca na fratura não consolidada. A paciente estava extremamente ansiosa e recusou o procedimento sob anestesia local ou sedação e exigiu anestesia. Em função de suas comorbidades, Anestesia Geral (AG) foi evitada e o procedimento foi realizado usando bloqueio do Plano Transverso Abdominal (PTA) guiado por Ultrassonografia (USG) e bloqueio do Nervo Cutâneo Femoral Lateral (NCFL) para aspiração de medula óssea da crista ilíaca. O bloqueio do nervo Intercostobraqueal (T2) foi realizado para evitar dor durante a injeção do aspirado. Dexmedetomidina e ketamina foram dadas para sedação profunda e analgesia. O Bloqueio PTA e bloqueio NCFL geralmente são usados para analgesia pós-operatória, mas também podem ser usados para anestesia cirúrgica substituindo a anestesia geral em condições clínicas específicas. O emprego desses bloqueios no perioperatório e seu uso potencial no lugar de AG têm sido discutidos.

Humans , Female , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Fractures, Ununited/surgery , Nerve Block/methods , Peripheral Nerves , Shoulder Fractures/complications , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Fractures, Ununited/complications , Anesthesia , Middle Aged
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(2): 133-138, jun. 2020. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125550


Objetivo: Comunicar los resultados funcionales y radiográficos de pacientes tratados con prótesis reversa por fracturas complejas. El objetivo secundario fue determinar la relación entre rangos de movilidad y puntaje ASES con la evolución radiográfica del troquíter. Materiales y Métodos: Se incluyeron 16 pacientes >65 años, tratados con prótesis reversa y reinserción del troquíter, entre 2013 y 2017, operados antes de las 4 semanas del trauma y con un seguimiento mínimo de 2 años. Se consignaron el puntaje ASES y el rango de movilidad activa. En las radiografías, se evaluaron la posición y la consolidación del troquíter, y se registraron las complicaciones y su tratamiento. Resultados: La media de la edad fue 74.5 años (RIC 66-78.5), 11 (69%) eran mujeres. Once fracturas (69%) eran a 4 fragmentos y 5, luxofracturas a 4 fragmentos. La media entre el trauma y la cirugía fue 9.4 días y el seguimiento, 29.5 meses. En 9 casos (56%), el troquíter presentó consolidación. Rotación interna: 5 pacientes alcanzaron la región glútea con el pulgar; 4, la vértebra T12; 4, la vértebra L3; 3, la T7. Las medianas de rotación externa y flexión anterior fueron 30° (RIC 17,5-40) y 100° (RIC 87,5-160). El puntaje ASES promedio fue 78,3 (RIC 63,3-87,4). No hubo una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre la evolución del troquíter y la flexión anterior y el puntaje (p = 0,24 y 0,52, respectivamente). Conclusión: La prótesis reversa en fracturas agudas con reinserción de las tuberosidades puede llevar a buenos resultados funcionales. No se encontró relación entre la consolidación del troquíter y el puntaje ASES. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Objective: To report functional and radiologic outcomes of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in patients with complex proximal humeral fractures. A second objective was to assess the relation between the greater tuberosity healing and the range of motion (ROM) and the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score. Materials and Methods: Sixteen patients treated between 2013 and 2017, older than 65 years old, operated before 4 weeks after the trauma, and with a minimum of 2-year follow-up were included. ASES scores and active ROMs were recorded. Greater tuberosity and the prosthesis position and healing were radiologically evaluated, and the complications and treatment were recorded. Results: The median age was of 74.5 years (IQR 66-78.5), 11 patients were females (69%). According to Neer classification, 11 cases were four-part fractures and 5 were four-part fracture-dislocations. The average time between trauma and surgery was 9.4 days, and the average follow-up was of 29.5 months. The greater tuberosity was healed in 9 cases (56%). Internal rotation: 5 patients (31.25%) were able to reach up with their thumbs to gluteal level, 4 (25%) to T12, 3 (18.75%) to T7, and 4 (25%) to L3. The medians for external rotation and forward flexion were 30° (IQR 17.5°-40°) and 100° (IQR 87.5°-160°). The average ASES score was of 78.3 (IQR 63.3-87.4). There was no significant statistical relation between greater tuberosity healing and forward flexion or ASES score (P=0.24 and P=0.52, respectively). Conclusion: The use of reverse prostheses for complex fractures with greater tuberosity reattachment could lead to good functional outcomes, low complication rates and reoperations. There was no significant statistical relation between ASES score and greater tuberosity healing or failure to heal. Level of Evidence: IV

Aged , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Humerus/injuries
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(2): 81-86, mar.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345092


Resumen: Introducción: La calidad de reducción en las fracturas de húmero proximal es posible valorarla a través de criterios radiográficos (ACD = ángulo cervicodiafisario; OM = offset medial; DTC = distancia tuberosidad-cabeza y ES = espacio subacromial), los cuales predicen la funcionalidad. Sin embargo, estos criterios establecidos para otros implantes no están descritos para el clavo centromedular. Material y métodos: Estudio de cohorte observacional y retrospectivo en pacientes > 18 años con osteosíntesis con clavo centromedular (durante el período de 2014 a 2017), en donde se evaluaron las características demográficas, severidad de lesión (clasificación de Neer) y las mediciones radiográficas progresivas y complicaciones. Resultados: Se analizaron 84 casos, cuya edad en promedio fue de 65 ± 2 años y la media de seguimiento de 13.9 meses. Por clasificación de Neer: 40.4% fueron grado II; 29.7%, grado III y 29.7%, grado IV. La consolidación en varo aumenta 10.7% al final del seguimiento, siendo aquellos pacientes Neer grado III y IV los más frecuentes. La deformidad > 140o predomina para Neer grado II (n = 15/34). En 30.9%, se presenta un cambio de ACD (ΔACD) ≥ 10o. En general, 86.9% tiene cambios de DTC < 5 mm. En los casos Neer grado III/IV, 32% tiene una alteración de ES > 5 mm. La complicación más frecuentemente es la necrosis avascular (NAV) con 44% de los casos. Conclusiones: Las mediciones radiográficas presentan cambios en valoraciones a largo plazo. Las alteraciones en ACD (> 10o) y ES (> 5 mm) se dan en mayor proporción en aquellos pacientes Neer grado III/IV (acorde con la severidad de la fractura), lo que favorece consolidaciones viciosas en varo o valgo y una mayor presencia de NAV.

Abstract: Introduction: The quality of reduction in proximal humerus fractures is valuable with radiographic criteria (Neck-shaft angle [NSA]; medial offset [MO]; distance head tuberosity [DHT] and subacromial space [SS]) that predict functionality. These criteria set for other implants are not described for the intramedullary nail. Material and methods: Observational cohort study, retrospective, with patients > 18 years, with osteosynthesis with intramedullary nail (2014 to 2017), evaluating demographic characteristics, severity of injury (Neer classification), progressive radiographic measurements and complications. Results: 84 cases with an average age of 65 ± 2 years and an average follow-up of 13.9 months were analyzed. By Neer rating 40.4% were grade II, 29.7% grade III and 29.7% grade IV. Consolidation in varus increases to 10.7% at the end of follow-up, with Neer III and IV patients. The >140o deformity is prevalent for Neer II (n = 15/34). 30.9% have a change of neck-shaft angle of ≥ 10o. Overall 86.9% has HTD changes < 5 mm. Cases Neer III/IV 32% has alteration of SS > 5 mm. The most common complication is avascular necrosis (AVN) with 44% of cases. Conclusions: Radiographic measurements have changes in long-term follow-up. Alterations in NSA (> 10o) and SS (> 5 mm) occur in higher proportion of Neer III/IV patients, according to the severity of the fracture, favoring vicious consolidations in varus or valgus and increased presence of AVN.

Humans , Aged , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Shoulder Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , X-Rays , Bone Plates , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Middle Aged
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879374


Proximal humerus fracture is one of the common shoulder fractures. With the increase in incidence, the proportion of surgical intervention is increasing. This paper explores the traditional and new treatment methods for proximal humerus fracture. Locking plate technology is the most commonly used method in the clinic, but its complication rate of intra-articular screw penetration and reoperation is too high.Fibular strut allografts can provide adequate support, but it is a significant trauma surgery and has a high incidence of potential disruption to necessary vascular.Arthroplasty is one of the treatments for complex proximal humerus fractures, but it has a long learning curve and high cost.In recent years, the proximal humerus cage's intervention model has emerged, which has the inherent advantagesof a three dimensional structure, which can provide adequate load bearing support for the humeral head and provide flexible screw placement Angle. The cage offers a new technical option to reduce postoperative complications and improve patients' rehabilitation safety. A comprehensive grasp of the treatments of proximal humerus fracture and rational choice of intervention measures will benefit patients.

Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Head , Humerus , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(4): 265-270, jul.-ago. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284952


Resumen: Introducción: Las fracturas escapulares comprenden 1% del total de las fracturas en general y de 3 a 5% del hombro, las cuales se presentan por alta energía en pacientes jóvenes. Sólo 10% tiene indicación quirúrgica al tomarse como base la alteración de complejo suspensorio del hombro. El objetivo es valorar el resultado de pacientes con indicación quirúrgica así como una revisión de la literatura. Reporte de casos: Presentamos dos pacientes con fractura del cuerpo escapular derecho Bartonicek D con desplazamiento mediolateral, deformidad angular anteroposterior y alteración del ángulo glenopolar. Se realizó el manejo quirúrgico con osteosíntesis y placas convencionales y anatómicas. Se realizó valoración funcional y seguimiento radiográfico de ambos casos a los seis meses y se obtuvo arcos de movilidad flexión 180o/170o en ambos casos, así como escalas funcionales DASH 22/25, Constant 90/89 y Simple Shoulder Test 11/11 respectivamente; se obtuvo una consolidación ósea grado III-IV de Montoya. Discusión: Se considera importante realizar una adecuada reducción y estabilización del trazo de fractura debido al bajo grado de satisfacción con tratamiento conservador en pacientes con alta demanda funcional, que consiste en dolor residual, pinzamiento y disquinesia escapular. Se recomienda la cirugía para estas fracturas ya que comprometen la cadena cinética del hombro e impactan en el resultado funcional a corto y mediano plazo.

Abstract: Introduction: Scapular fractures comprise 1% of all fractures and 3 to 5% of the shoulder, they occur in young patients by high energy trauma. Only 10% have surgical indication based on the alteration of the shoulder's suspensory complex. The objective is to assess the outcome of patients with surgical indication as well as a review of the literature. Case report: We present two patients with Bartonicek D fracture of the right scapular body with mediolateral displacement, anteroposterior angular deformity and alteration of the glenopolar angle. Surgery was performed on both cases with conventional and special anatomical plates. Functional assessment and radiographic follow-up of both cases were performed at 6 months, obtaining flexion mobility of 180º/170º in both cases, as well as functional scales DASH 22/25, Constant 90/89 and Simple Shoulder Test 11/11 respectively; with bone consolidation grade III-IV of Montoya. Discussion: Due to the low degree of satisfaction with conservative treatment in patients with high functional demand, and multiple complications consisting in residual pain, impingement and scapular dyskinesia; it is important to perform an adequate reduction and stabilization of the fracture. We recommend surgical management for this type of fractures since they compromise the kinetic chain of the shoulder and impact the functional outcome in the short and medium term.

Humans , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Shoulder Joint , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Scapula/injuries , Shoulder , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Shoulder Injuries
Acta ortop. mex ; 31(1): 18-23, ene.-feb. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-886529


Resumen: Objetivo: Dar a conocer nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento de las fracturas de húmero proximal de 2 a 3 partes con técnica de mínima invasión mediante el uso de un implante con estabilidad angular bloqueado e investigar los factores que afectan los resultados de los pacientes. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo y prospectivo tipo serie de casos. De 22 pacientes fueron intervenidos 13 mujeres y nueve hombres en el período comprendido entre Febrero de 2010 y Agosto de 2012. El rango de edad media fue 50.8 años (24-82 años). Se hizo un abordaje acromial lateral con el paciente en posición de silla de playa bajo visión fluoroscópica. El tiempo de seguimiento mínimo fue de 24.3 meses (11-32). El seguimiento se hizo mediante revisión de radiografías para la consolidación y necrosis avascular y la valoración funcional de la escala de Constant. Resultados: En todos los casos se observó consolidación de la fractura a los seis meses. No se detectaron casos con necrosis avascular. Dos pacientes mostraron consolidación en varo (109o). Dos pacientes presentaron pinzamiento por la placa. El resultado funcional según la escala de valoración de Constant-Murley fue de 68.8 puntos. No hubo lesiones neurológicas asociadas. Conclusiones: La fijación con técnica mínimamente invasiva para las fracturas de húmero proximal con placas bloqueadas es una alternativa válida como tratamiento quirúrgico. La incidencia de necrosis avascular fue baja y se permitió una rehabilitación temprana en pacientes de mala calidad ósea.

Abstract: Objective: To report our experience in the treatment of 2-3 fragment proximal humeral fractures using a minimally invasive technique that involves an angular-stable locking implant and find out the factors affecting patients' outcomes. Material and methods: Descriptive, prospective study of the case series type. Twenty-two patients, 13 females and 9 males, were operated on between February 2010 and August 2012. Mean age was 50.8 years (24-82 years). Patients were placed in a beach-chair position. A lateral acromial approach was used under fluoroscopic guidance. Minimal follow-up period was 24.3 months (11-32). Follow-up consisted of X-ray review to check for bone healing and avascular necrosis, and functional assessment using the Constant-Murley scale. Results: Bone healing occurred in all cases at 6 months. There were no cases of avascular necrosis. Two patients had varus healing (109º), and two had plate impingement. The functional assessment score according to the Constant-Murley scale was 68.8. There were no associated neurologic lesions. Conclusions: Fixation of proximal humeral fractures with a minimally invasive technique using locking plates represents a valid surgical approach. The avascular necrosis rate was low and early rehabilitation was possible in patients with poor bone quality.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Middle Aged
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 20(1): 26-27, 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140764


El tratamiento de fracturas desplazadas de húmero proximal puede realizarse de manera conservadora o quirúrgica. A partir de una viñeta clínica en la cual una señora adulta mayor tiene una fractura de húmero proximal por una caída de su propia altura se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica que identificó una revisión sistemática Cochrane que compara ambas alternativas de tratamiento. Los resultados clínicos que resume esta revisión indican que el tratamiento quirúrgico no sería superior al tratamiento conservador y se asociaría a un número mayor de procedimientos quirúrgicos adicionales. (AU)

The treatment of displaced fracture of the proximal humerus can be managed surgically or conservatively. From a clinical vi-gnette in which an elderly woman suffers a proximal fracture of the humerus due to a fall from her own height, a bibliographic search was run and identified a Cochrane systematic review which compared both treatment options. The clinical results sum-marized in this review indicated that surgical treatment would not be superior to conservative management. Furthermore, surgi-cal treatment would be associated with a greater number of additional surgical procedures. (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Shoulder Fractures/therapy , Quality of Life , Shoulder Fractures/complications , Shoulder Fractures/mortality , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Accidental Falls , Frail Elderly , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Conservative Treatment/statistics & numerical data , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Rev. bras. ortop ; 51(5): 527-534, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829996


ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the outcomes of patients with humeral head fractures treated by reduction and osteosynthesis. METHOD: A total of 53 shoulders (52 patients) with humeral head fractures were operated between October 1996 and December 2009. Patients previously treated with primary arthroplasty and/or those who had less than two years follow-up were excluded. A total of 34 shoulders of 34 patients were therefore reassessed. In the sample studied, 23 patients were male and mean age was 47 years. Cases were assessed based on the UCLA score. RESULTS: Mean post-operative follow-up was 50 months. Twelve patients evolved with excellent outcome, seven good, five regular, and ten with poor outcome (55.8% satisfactory and 44.2% unsatisfactory outcomes). Mean UCLA score was 26 points. Mean post-operative range of motion measurements was 117° elevation, 36° LR and L1 MR. At the immediate post-operative radiography, anatomic reduction was evident in 17 patients (50%). Necrosis was detected in 18 patients, six Grade II and 12 Grade III cases. Female gender and anatomically reduced fractures were statistically better at UCLA scale (p = 0.01 and p = 0.0001 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Female patients had a higher mean UCLA score than male patients (p = 0.01). Anatomically reduced fractures had higher UCLA scores (p = 0.0001) and lower necrosis rate (p = 0.0001). Reconstruction of humeral head fractures had a satisfactory outcome in 55.8% of cases and should be indicated in young and active patients.

RESUMO OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados dos pacientes com fraturas epifisárias tratados com redução e osteossíntese. MÉTODO: Entre outubro de 1996 e dezembro de 2009 foram operados 53 ombros (52 pacientes) com fraturas epifisárias. Foram excluídos os pacientes tratados com artroplastia primária e/ou que tinham seguimento inferior a dois anos. Foram reavaliados 34 ombros de 34 pacientes, 23 do sexo masculino, com média de 47 anos. A avaliação foi feita com a escala da UCLA. RESULTADOS: O tempo de seguimento pós-operatório médio foi de 50 meses. Doze pacientes evoluíram com resultados excelentes, sete bons, cinco regulares e dez maus (55,8% de resultados satisfatórios e 44,2% de insatisfatórios). O escore UCLA teve média de 26 pontos. As médias de mobilidade pós-operatória foram de 117° de elevação, 36° de RL e L1 de RM. No RX pós-operatório imediato, verificamos a redução anatômica em 17 pacientes (50%). A necrose foi constatada em 18 pacientes, seis grau II e 12 grau III. Sexo feminino e fraturas reduzidas anatomicamente foram estatisticamente melhores na escala da UCLA (p = 0,01 e p = 0,0001 respectivamente). CONCLUSÕES: O sexo feminino teve um valor médio do UCLA superior ao sexo masculino (p = 0,01). As fraturas reduzidas anatomicamente obtiveram UCLA superior (p = 0,0001) e um menor índice de necrose (p = 0,0001). A reconstrução das fraturas epifisárias levou a resultados satisfatórios em 55,8%, deve ser indicada para pacientes jovens e ativos.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Epiphyses/injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Rev. bras. ortop ; 51(3): 261-267, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787727


OBJECTIVE: To correlate the functional outcomes and radiographic indices of proximal humerus fractures treated using an anatomical locking plate for the proximal humerus. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with fractures of the proximal humerus who had been treated using an anatomical locking plate were assessed after a mean follow-up of 27 months. These patients were assessed using the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) score and their range of motion was evaluated using the method of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons on the operated shoulder and comparative radiographs on both shoulders. The correlation between radiographic measurements and functional outcomes was established. RESULTS: We found that 64% of the results were good or excellent, according to the UCLA score, with the following means: elevation of 124°; lateral rotation of 44°; and medial rotation of thumb to T9. The type of fracture according to Neer's classification and the patient's age had significant correlations with the range of motion, such that the greater the number of parts in the fracture and the greater the patient's age were, the worse the results also were. Elevation and UCLA score were found to present associations with the anatomical neck-shaft angle in anteroposterior view; fractures fixed with varus deviations greater than 15° showed the worst results (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The variation in the neck-shaft angle measurements in anteroposterior view showed a significant correlation with the range of motion; varus deviations greater than 15° were not well tolerated. This parameter may be one of the predictors of functional results from proximal humerus fractures treated using a locking plate.

OBJETIVO: Correlacionar os resultados funcionais e os índices radiográficos das fraturas do úmero proximal tratadas com placa anatômica bloqueada para úmero proximal. MÉTODOS: Examinaram-se 39 pacientes com fraturas do úmero proximal tratados com placa anatômica bloqueada, com seguimento médio de 27 meses. Esses pacientes foram submetidos à análise do escore da Universidade da Califórnia de Los Angeles (UCLA) e à avaliação do arco de movimento pelo método da Academia Americana de Cirurgiões Ortopédicos no ombro operado e a exames radiográficos comparativos de ambos os ombros. Estabeleceu-se a correlação entre as medidas radiográficas e os resultados funcionais. RESULTADOS: Obtivemos 64% de bons e excelentes resultados conforme o escore da UCLA, com médias de 124° de elevação; 44° de rotação lateral; e polegar-T9 de rotação medial. O tipo de fratura, de acordo com a classificação de Neer, e a idade do paciente tiveram significativa correlação com o arco de movimentos; quanto maiores o número de partes das fraturas e a idade dos pacientes, piores os resultados. Encontrou-se associação entre a elevação e o escore da UCLA com o ângulo cervicodiafisário na incidência anteroposterior; as fraturas fixadas com desvios em varo maiores do que 15° apresentaram os piores resultados (p < 0,001). CONCLUSÃO: A variação da medida do ângulo cervicodiafisário na incidência anteroposterior mostrou significativa correlação com o arco de movimento; desvios em varo maiores do que 15° não foram bem tolerados. Esse parâmetro pode ser um dos preditores dos resultados funcionais nas fraturas do úmero proximal tratadas com placa anatômica bloqueada.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Outcome Assessment, Health Care
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100975


BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) technique using periarticular locking plates may be a good option for the repair of displaced proximal humeral fractures. However, axillary nerve complications related to this technique may be underestimated. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of the minimally invasive plating, focusing on the complications. METHODS: The records of 21 consecutive patients treated for proximal humerus fractures using the MIPO technique with locking plates were retrospectively reviewed. These patients were treated between March 2009 and March 2011 with a minimum one-year follow-up. The clinical function, complications, and radiological bony union were evaluated. RESULTS: All of the patients, with one exception, showed at least 90 degrees of flexion and abduction at the shoulder joint six months postoperatively. The average Constant scores at three months, six months, and one year follow-ups were 74.0 (range, 62 to 90), 79.4 (range, 64 to 91), and 82.7 (range, 66 to 92), respectively. All of the patients achieved bony union within the average of 3.2 months (range, 2 to 6 months). There was one case of delayed union, one case of intra-articular screw penetration, and one case of axillary nerve paresis (incomplete injury), which did not completely recover during the one year of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The MIPO technique using periarticular locking plates is a useful option for the treatment of selected cases of displaced proximal humeral fractures. However, nerve complications such as axillary nerve paresis should be considered along with implant-related complications when choosing patients for minimally invasive plating.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Plates , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Peripheral Nerve Injuries/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Young Adult
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 20(2): 71-76, jun. 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-686284


La luxación traumática posterior del hombro representa un grupo pequeño dentro de las luxaciones de la articulación gleno-humeral, la cual se puede asociar a distintos tipos de fracturas. La fractura por impactación de la superficie anterior de la superficie articular (lesión de Hill-Sachs reversa) es la típica resultante de la luxación posterior. En el siguiente trabajo se describe un caso infrecuente y poco descripto en la literatura, de Bankart Reversa asociada a una fractura osteocondral de la cabeza humeral, y su resolución por medio de una técnica combinada artroscópica y mini invasiva, que utiliza el concepto de viabilidad del fragmento osteocondral libre en la cavidad articular, y un inusual sistema de fijación con el empleo de suturas en puente mediante la utilización de arpones.

Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Humerus/surgery , Humerus/injuries , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Sutures , Recovery of Function , Treatment Outcome
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88116


BACKGROUND: This study examined the clinical outcomes of indirect reduction maneuver and minimally invasive approach for treating displaced proximal humerus fractures in patients older than 60. METHODS: Thirty-two patients (11 male and 21 female) who had undergone treatment for displaced proximal humerus fracture were evaluated. The mean age of the patients was 72.4 years (range, 60 to 92 years). All cases were followed up for at least 12 months. All patients were interviewed and evaluated on the visual analog scale, with gender-specific constant score correction for age, standardized X-rays to check the neck-shaft angle (NSA) and the presence of medial support, and bone mineral density. Statistical analysis was performed with a multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: The average visual analog scale score was 2.4, and the average gender-specific constant score correction for age was 80.6 points. Final functional outcomes were 8 excellent, 15 good, 7 fair, and 2 poor. The average NSA was 122.8degrees; and the radiological results were 20 good, 11 fair, and 1 poor. There was significant difference of the gender-specific constant score for age between the group of NSA more than 110degrees and the group of NSA less than 110degrees (p = 0.00). There were 26 cases with and 6 cases without medial support, with significant difference between the gender-specific constant score correction for age of these groups (p = 0.01). Complications occurred in 4 patients (12.5%). CONCLUSIONS: The indirect reduction maneuver and minimally invasive approach were safe and reliable options for the treatment of displaced proximal humerus fractures in the elderly patients. An inadequate reduction (i.e., less than 110degrees NSA) or lack of medial support (e.g., no cortical or screw support) were significant factors contributing to poor functional outcomes.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Manipulation, Orthopedic , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
Rev. bras. ortop ; 47(5): 568-574, set.-out. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-660905


OBJETIVO: Avaliar as complicações do tratamento cirúrgico dos pacientes com fratura da extremidade proximal do úmero com "placa bloqueada". MÉTODOS: Entre julho de 2004 e dezembro de 2009, foram tratados 56 pacientes com fratura da extremidade proximal do úmero com a placa Philos®. Dezenove pacientes eram do sexo masculino e 37 do feminino, com média de idade de 62 anos, variando de 30 a 92 anos. Todos os casos tinham tempo de seguimento mínimo, no período pós-operatório, de 12 meses. Treze fraturas foram classificadas como em duas partes, 28 em três, oito em quatro e sete como fraturas epifisárias. RESULTADOS: Dos pacientes operados, 26 foram considerados como tendo obtido resultado excelente, 12 como bom, 10 como regular e oito como ruim, conforme o escore de UCLA. Trinta complicações ocorreram em 20 pacientes (35,7%), sendo a mais frequente a redução inadequada da fratura que ocorreu em oito casos. O impacto subacromial causado pela placa ocorreu em sete casos, enquanto a fixação inadequada da fratura em seis. Outras complicações como pseudoartrose, capsulite adesiva, necrose avascular, perda da redução em varo e infecção também foram verificadas. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados funcionais do tratamento das fraturas da extremidade proximal do úmero com a "placa bloqueada" dependem da correta redução anatômica da fratura e fixação estável do implante. Complicações ainda são frequentes, principalmente devido à dificuldade técnica intraoperatória, à gravidade da fratura e à eventual inexperiência do cirurgião.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the complications from surgical treatment using a locking plate among patients with fractures of the proximal extremity of the humerus. METHODS: Between July 2004 and December 2009, 56 patients with fractures of the proximal extremity of the humerus were treated using the PHILOS® plate. There were 19 male patients and 37 female patients, with a mean age of 62 years (range: 30 to 92 years). All the cases had a mean postoperative follow-up period of 12 months. Thirteen fractures were classified as presenting in two parts, 28 as three, eight as four and seven as epiphyseal fractures. RESULTS: Among the patients operated, 26 were considered to have achieved excellent results, twelve good, ten fair and eight poor, according to the UCLA score. Thirty complications occurred in 20 patients (35.7%), among which the most frequent complication was inadequate reduction of the fracture, which occurred in eight cases. Subacromial impact, caused by the plate, occurred in seven cases, while inadequate fixation occurred in six cases. Other complications such as pseudarthrosis, adhesive capsulitis, avascular necrosis, loss of varus reduction and infection were also seen. CONCLUSION: The functional results from treating fractures of the proximal extremity of the humerus using a locking plate depended on correct anatomical reduction of the fracture and stable fixation of the implant. Complications still occur frequently, particularly because of intraoperative technical difficulty, fracture severity and possible inexperience of the surgeon.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Shoulder Fractures/complications
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 18(3): 114-119, nov. 2011.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-619420


Objetivo: el propósito de esta serie de casos fue evaluar los resultados clínicos de pacientes con fracturas desplazadas o conminutas del troquiter asociadas o no a luxación glenohumeral. Hipótesis: la reducción y osteosíntesis artroscópica realizada con tornillos canulados representa una forma de tratamiento eficaz en este tipo de fracturas. Material y Métodos: 10 pacientes con fracturas desplazadas o conminutas del troquiter fueron tratados por vía artroscópica mediante la reducción y osteosíntesis con tornillos canulados. La evaluación clínica fue realizada después de los 18 meses de seguimiento. Se evaluó reducción y consolidación de la fractura, dolor postoperatorio, rango de movimiento y resultados clínicos mediante los test de Rowe y ASES. Resultados: todos los pacientes presentaron una correcta consolidación de la fractura, mínimo dolor y aceptables puntuaciones con los test de Rowe y ASES. Conclusión: la reducción y osteosíntesis artroscópica de fracturas del troquiter puede alcanzar resultados clínicos y radiográficos satisfactorios.

Adult , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Fractures, Comminuted , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Humerus/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies