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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 480-487, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388006

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to correlate functional outcomes and implant positioning in a case series of partial shoulder resurfacing arthroplasties. Methods A total of 25 patients were assessed for range of motion, functional outcome per the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) score and radiographic findings. Preand postoperative data were compared. In addition, patients were grouped according to the cervical-diaphyseal angle (CDA) determined by an anteroposterior radiography and to the retroversion angle (RVA) determined by an axillary radiography. A CDA from 130° to 140° and a RVA from 20° to 40° consisted in ideal positioning (anatomical standard). Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by the Kruskal-Wallis test or the Mann-Whitney test as appropriate. Results The mean follow-up time was 48.3 months (12 to 67 months). The postoperative functional score (31.5) was higher than the preoperative score (15.5) (p < 0.001). In 6 patients, the implant was in anatomical positioning, while implant positioning was considered "nonstandard" in 19 subjects. Seven patients had a CDA < 130°, and 14 patients had a CDA ranging from 130° to 140°; in addition, the CDA was > 140° in 4 subjects. The RVA was up to 20° in 15 patients and ranged from 20° to 40° in 10 subjects. Using these criteria to group patients, the postoperative clinical-functional parameters were not statistically different from the preoperative findings (p > 0.05). Conclusion Partial shoulder resurfacing results in significant postoperative functional recovery in patients with degenerative joint diseases. However, implant positioning assessed by CDA and RVA does not correlate with clinical-functional outcomes and, therefore, it is an inaccurate indicator of surgical success. Level of Evidence IV; Case Series.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo é correlacionar os resultados funcionais de uma série de casos de artroplastias parciais de recobrimento do ombro com o posicionamento do implante. Métodos Um total de 25 pacientes foram avaliados em relação à amplitude de movimentos, à avaliação funcional pelo escore de Universidade da Califórnia Los Angeles (UCLA) e por análise radiográfica. Os dados pré- e pós-operatórios foram comparados. Adicionalmente, os pacientes foram agrupados quanto ao ângulo cérvico-diafisário (ACD) avaliado na radiografia em anteroposterior e quanto ao ângulo de retroversão (ARV) avaliado na radiografia em posição axilar. Foi considerado como posicionamento ideal (padrão anatômico) um ACD entre 130° e 140° e um ARV entre 20° e 40°. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste pareado de Wilcoxon, pela análise de variância (ANOVA, na sigla em inglês) seguida pelo pós-teste de Kruskal-Wallis ou pelo teste de Mann-Whitney, quando apropriado. Resultados O seguimento médio foi de 48,3 meses (12 a 67 meses). A avaliação funcional pós-operatória (31,5) foi melhor do que a pré-operatória (15,5) (p < 0,001). Seis pacientes apresentaram posicionamento anatômico do implante, enquanto 19 pacientes foram considerados "fora do padrão." Sete pacientes apresentaram um ACD < 130°, quatorze apresentaram um ACD entre 130° e 140°, e quatro apresentaram um ACD >140°. Quinze pacientes apresentaram um ARV ≤ 20°, e 10 entre 20° e 40°. Utilizando esses critérios para agrupar os pacientes, a comparação dos parâmetros da avaliação clínico-funcional pós-operatória não foi estatisticamente diferente (p > 0,05). Conclusão A artroplastia parcial de recobrimento do ombro oferece significativa recuperação funcional pós-operatória em pacientes com doenças degenerativas articulares. Entretanto, o posicionamento do implante avaliado pelos ACD e ARV não se correlaciona com o resultado clínico-funcional, sendo, portanto, uma medida imprecisa de sucesso da cirurgia. Nível de Evidência IV, Série de Casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prosthesis Design , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Shoulder Prosthesis
2.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(2): 59-63, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1380192

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El bloqueo interescalénico se utiliza de forma estandarizada durante la cirugía mayor de hombro, sin embargo, ninguna técnica realizada por encima de la clavícula ha demostrado reducir la tasa de bloqueo del nervio frénico por debajo del 20%. El interés en buscar una prueba diagnóstica que permita identificar la afectación del nervio frénico ha ido en incremento en los últimos años y varias han sido las pruebas diagnósticas empleadas. El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar la utilidad clínica del ultrasonido para identificar la parálisis hemidiafragmática posterior al bloqueo interescalénico para la cirugía de hombro.Materiales y métodos: estudio diagnóstico observacional prospectivo en treinta y tres pacientes programados para cirugía de hombro. Se les realizó una espirometría forzada y se evaluó el grosor del músculo diafragma. Estas determinaciones se realizaron antes y a los veinte minutos de realizar el bloqueo interescalénico.Resultados: el total de los pacientes estudiados (100%) presentó bloqueo del nervio frénico según uno o los dos métodos utilizados en este estudio para su diagnóstico. Todos los pacientes presentaron variaciones en la ratio del grosor diafragmático en el lado del bloqueo frénico por debajo de 1.2.Conclusión: la exploración ecográfica del diafragma es una gran herramienta para la examinación de una víscera cuya alteración implica graves trastornos en el paciente crítico, a su vez el índice del grosor diafragmático <1.2 puede ser de utilidad en el diagnóstico de paresia frénica asociada al bloqueo del plexo braquial a nivel interescalénico. Tipo de Estudio: Diagnóstico prospectivo. Nivel de Evidencia: II


Introduction: the interscalene block is used in a standardized way during major shoulder surgery, however, no technique performed above the clavicle has been shown to reduce the rate of phrenic nerve block below 20%. The interest for a diagnostic test to allows identifying the involvement of the phrenic nerve has been increasing in recent years and several diagnostic tests have been used. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the clinical utility of ultrasound to identify hemidiaphragmatic paralysis after interscalene block for shoulder surgery.Materials and methods: prospective observational diagnostic study in thirty-three patients scheduled for shoulder surgery. A forced spirometry was performed and the thickness of the diaphragm muscle was evaluated with ultrasound. These determinations were made before and twenty minutes after performing the interscalene block.Results: all the patients studied (100%) presented phrenic nerve block according to one or the two methods used in this study for its diagnosis. All patients presented variations in the diaphragm thickness ratio on the side of the phrenic block below 1.2.Conclusion: the ultrasound examination of the diaphragm is a great tool for the examination of a viscera whose alteration implies serious disorders in the critical patient, in turn, the diaphragm thickness index <1.2 can be useful in the diagnosis of phrenic paresis associated with interscalene brachial plexus block. Level of Evidence: II


Subject(s)
Adult , Paralysis , Phrenic Nerve , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Ultrasonography/methods , Brachial Plexus Block , Analgesia
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392481

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar los resultados clínicos y las complicaciones de una serie consecutiva de pacientes con fracturas de húmero proximal tratados con prótesis invertida de hombro y con consolidación anatómica de las tuberosidades o sin ella. Materiales y Métodos: Se evaluó a 113 pacientes >65 años con fractura de húmero proximal tratados con prótesis invertida de hombro. Setenta presentaron consolidación anatómica de las tuberosidades y 43, ausencia de consolidación. Se evaluó el rango de movilidad, y se utilizaron los puntajes de Constant-Murley, ASES, SANE y la escala analógica visual. Se documentaron todas las complicaciones y las reoperaciones. Resultados: El seguimiento promedio fue de 56 meses (rango 24-96) y la edad media era de 73 años (rango 65-83). La elevación activa y la rotación interna medias posoperatorias fueron de 131° (± 14) y 27° (± 5), respectivamente. La rotación externa posoperatoria media en abducción y aducción fue de 27° (± 1) y 15° (± 6), respectivamente. La escala analógica visual promedio posoperatoria fue de 1,7 (± 0,8). Los puntajes ASES, de Constant-Murley y SANE promedio fueron de 76 (± 6), 62 (± 11) y 74% (± 7), respectivamente. La elevación anterior, la rotación externa y los puntajes funcionales promedio finales ASES y de Constant-Murley fueron significativamente mejores en el grupo con consolidación de las tuberosidades. Conclusiones: En pacientes >65 años con fractura de húmero proximal tratados con prótesis invertida de hombro tanto la movilidad posoperatoria, como los puntajes funcionales fueron significativamente mejores en los pacientes con consolidación anatómica de las tuberosidades. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and complications of a consecutive series of patients with proximal humerus fractures (PHF) treated with reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA), with and without anatomical healing of the tuberosities. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 113 patients >65 years old with PHF treated with RSA. Seventy patients presented anatomical healing of the tuberosities and 43 presented absence of healing. Range of motion (ROM), Constant score, ASES score, visual analog scale (VAS) and the score of the numerical evaluation of single evaluation (SANE) were evaluated. Results: The mean follow-up was 56 months (range, 24-96 months) and the mean age was 73 years (range, 65-83 years). Mean postoperative active elevation and internal rotation were 131° (±14) and 27° (±5), respectively. The mean postoperative external rotation in abduction and adduction was 27° (±1) and 15° (±6) respectively. The mean postoperative VAS was 1.7 (±0.8). The mean ASES, Constant and SANE scores were 76 (±6), 62 (±11) and 74% (±7), respectively. Anterior elevation, external rotation, and final mean ASES and Constant functional scores were significantly better in the group with tuberosity healing than in the group without healing. Conclusions: In patients >65 years old with PHF treated with RSA, both postoperative ranges of motion and functional scores were significantly better in patients where anatomic tuberosity healing was achieved than in those where it was not achieved. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Aged , Shoulder Fractures , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392483

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados de la tenodesis suprapectoral mediante un miniabordaje en una serie de pacientes con lesión SLAP y desgarros completos de la porción larga del bíceps, y compararlos con los valores prequirúrgicos. Materiales y Métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes adultos tratados con dicha técnica entre 2019 y 2020, y un seguimiento mínimo de un año. Se registraron las características demográficas, la indicación de cirugía, el retorno a las actividades consideradas habituales por el paciente y las complicaciones. Se utilizó el puntaje ASES para hombro, y se midió la movilidad activa del hombro afectado. Además, se le preguntó al paciente si retomó la actividad que consideraba habitual, con opciones "sí" o "no". Se consignó si los pacientes reconocían un evento traumático con el inicio de los síntomas y se registró el diagnóstico con el que se llegó a la cirugía. Resultados: Se evaluó a 8 pacientes (7 hombres), con una mediana de la edad de 42.5 años. El seguimiento fue de 17 meses (RIC 13.5-21.5). Seis (75%) tenían diagnóstico de lesión SLAP tipo II y dos (25%), de desgarro completo. Seis pacientes (75%) asociaron los síntomas con un evento traumático. Las medianas de los rangos de movilidad finales fueron: flexión 180° (RIC 170°-180°), rotación interna 65° (RIC 60°-75°) y rotación externa 70° (RIC 5°-87,5°). Conclusión: La tenodesis suprapectoral tras una tenotomía artroscópica para casos de lesión SLAP tipo II o de desgarros completos de la porción larga del bíceps resultó una técnica segura y con resultados funcionales. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: To evaluate and compare outcomes in a case series of SLAP injuries and complete tears of the long head of the biceps treated with suprapectoral tenodesis using a mini-open approach. materials and methods: Patients aged over 18, treated between 2019 and 2020, with a minimum 1-year follow-up were included. The demographic characteristics, indication for surgery, return to activities considered usual by the patient, and complications were recorded. The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score for the shoulder was used, and the active range of motion of the affected shoulder was measured. In addition, the patients were asked if they were able to return to their daily activities. We recorded the diagnosis that led the patients to surgery and whether they had undergone a traumatic event coinciding with the onset of symptoms. Results: 8 patients were evaluated, the median age was 42.5, and the follow-up was 17 months (IQR 13.5-21.5). Six patients (75.0%) had a type II SLAP injury, and two (25.0%) had a complete LHB tear. Six patients (75.0%) associated the symptoms with a traumatic event. The final range of motion of the shoulder (median) was: flexion 180° (IQR 170°-180°), internal rotation 65° (IQR 60°-75°), and external rotation 70° (IQR 65°-87.5°). Conclusion: Suprapectoral tenodesis with a prior arthroscopic tenotomy for SLAP II cases or in cases of complete tears of the long head of the biceps is a safe technique for achieving functional outcomes. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Tendon Injuries , Tenodesis , Tenotomy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928300

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the early efficacy of arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting in the treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation.@*METHODS@#From January 2019 to January 2021, 17 patients with recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder who underwent arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting were selected, including 12 males and 5 females, ranging in age from 17 to 55 years old, with a mean of (32.88±12.33) years old. Rowes rating system for Bankart repair(Rowe), Oxford Shoulder Instability Score (OSIS) and Simple Shoulder Test (SST) were compared before operation, 6 months after operation and at the latest follow-up. OSIS and SST used to evaluate shoulder function were recorded before surgery and at the latest follow-up. The shoulder mobility and intraoperative and postoperative complications were also recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 17 patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 7 to 25 months, with a mean of (18.4±5.4) months. During the follow-up period, there was no re-dislocation, no vascular or nerve injury. Rowe score increased from 26.2±6.0 before operation to 74.4±4.0 and 82.4±3.1 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in Rowe score between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). The OSIS increased from 37.0±3.6 before operation to 47.4±2.6 and 52.7±2.6 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in OSIS between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). The SST score increased from 6.8±0.7 before operation to 9.8±0.8, 11.6±2.6 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in SST score between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). At the latest follow-up, the lateral external rotation and abduction external rotation activities of the patient were significantly improved compared with those before operation.@*CONCLUSION@#This study provides preliminary evidence that arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting can achieve satisfactory early clinical outcomes and stability in patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation with glenoid fracture and defect less than <20%, which is a reliable and effective procedure.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Young Adult
6.
Singapore medical journal ; : 97-104, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927276

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Shortening of the tendon and muscle is recognised as a strong predictor of surgical failure of supraspinatus tendon tears. Changes in muscle architecture following repair have not been thoroughly investigated. Hence, we aimed to compare the pre- and postoperative architecture of the supraspinatus.@*METHODS@#We recruited eight participants with full-thickness supraspinatus tears. Images of the supraspinatus were captured preoperatively (pre-op) and postoperatively at one month (post-op1), three months (post-op2) and six months (post-op3) in relaxed and contracted states (0º and 60º glenohumeral abduction). Fibre bundle length (FBL), pennation angle (PA) and muscle thickness were quantified. Self-reported function, and maximal isometric abduction and external rotation strengths were assessed.@*RESULTS@#The mean FBL increased from pre-op to post-op1 (p = 0.001) in the relaxed state and from pre-op to post-op2 (p = 0.002) in the contracted state. Decrease in FBL was observed from post-op2 to post-op3 in the relaxed state. The mean PA decreased from pre-op to post-op1 (p < 0.001) in the relaxed state, but increased from post-op2 to post-op3 in both relaxed (p = 0.006) and contracted (p = 0.004) states. At post-op3, external rotation (p = 0.009) and abduction (p = 0.005) strengths were greater than at post-op2. Overall function increased by 47.67% from pre-op to post-op3.@*CONCLUSION@#Lengthening of the supraspinatus occurs with surgery, altering the length-tension relationship of the muscle, which can compromise muscle function and lead to inferior surgical outcomes. These findings may guide clinicians to optimise loads, velocities and shoulder ranges for effective postoperative rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Tendons
7.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(3): 204-209, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348316

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar resultados clínicos y funcionales de pacientes con una rotura irreparable del manguito rotador posterosuperior, sometidos a una transferencia artroscópica del trapecio inferior. Materiales y métodos: estudio de una cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes con roturas irreparables del manguito rotador, en quienes se realizó una transferencia del trapecio inferior asistida por artroscopía. Se evaluó la evolución clínica mediante la ganancia del rango de movilidad del hombro y la disminución del dolor. Del mismo modo, se evaluó la evolución funcional usando el índice de Constant-Murley y la valoración subjetiva del hombro (SSV, por sus siglas en inglés). Resultados: se incluyeron ocho pacientes, con un seguimiento promedio de veintidós meses. Obtuvimos una ganancia estadísticamente significativa de rotación externa de 32°, disminución de 5 puntos en la escala del dolor, aumento de 31 puntos en el score de Constant y un aumento de 38% del SSV. Se registró un aumento de 12° de elevación, sin embargo, este no fue estadísticamente significativo. Dos pacientes presentaron un seroma en el sitio de la cosecha del trapecio, que se resolvió con manejo conservador. Conclusión: la transferencia del trapecio inferior con asistencia artroscópica, en pacientes con rotura irreparable del manguito rotador posterosuperior, es una técnica segura que mejora significativamente la rotación externa y los índices funcionales en este grupo de pacientes. Tipo de estudio: Serie de casos IV


Introduction: The purpose of this study is to compare clinical and functional outcomes of patients with irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears treated by arthroscopic assisted lower trapezius transfer. Materials and methods: retrospective cohort design of patients with irreparable rotator cuff tear, treated by arthroscopy-assisted lower trapezius transfer. The clinical evolution was evaluated according to the gain in the range of shoulder movement and the decrease of pain. Functional outcomes were evaluated using the Constant-Murley score and the subjective shoulder value (SSV). Results: eight patients were included, with average follow-up of twenty-two months. We obtained a statistically significant gain in active external rotation of 32°, 5-point decrease in the pain scale (VAS), a 31-point increase in the Constant score, and a 38% increase in SSV. There was a 12° increase in active forward elevation, however this was not statistically significant. Two patients had a seroma at the trapezius harvest site, which resolved with conservative treatment. Conclusion: arthroscopically assisted lower trapezius transfer in patients with irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears were a safe technique that significantly improves external rotation and functional scores in patients. Type of study: Case series IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Shoulder Joint/injuries , Tendon Transfer , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery
8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353989

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comunicar los resultados y las complicaciones a corto plazo de la artropatía del manguito rotador tratada con artroplastia invertida lateralizada en pacientes >60 años. Materiales y Métodos: Se identificaron retrospectivamente las artropatías del manguito rotador tratadas con prótesis invertida lateralizada entre 2015 y 2019. Criterios de inclusión: edad >60 años, adecuada función deltoidea y seguimiento mínimo de 24 meses. Antes de la cirugía y después, se registraron el rango de movilidad activa, y los puntajes de Constant-Murley y de la escala analógica visual para dolor. En las radiografías, se determinaron los grados de artrosis glenohumeral, de muescas escapulares y de aflojamiento de la prótesis. Se documentaron las complicaciones, la satisfacción con el procedimiento y la supervivencia del implante. Resultados: La serie incluyó 40 hombros operados en 38 pacientes (edad promedio 72 años, rango 61-91), con un seguimiento promedio de 25 meses. La elevación anterior aumentó de 82,63° a 136,71° (p <0,001); la rotación externa, de 16,59° a 32,11° (p <0,001) y la rotación interna, de L5 a L3 (p <0,001). El puntaje de Constant-Murley ascendió de 28,25 a 69,97 (p <0,001) y el de dolor disminuyó de 8,34 precirugía a 1,26 poscirugía (p <0,001). La tasa de complicaciones fue del 12,5% y la supervivencia del implante, del 97,4%. Conclusiones: La artroplastia invertida lateralizada es una excelente alternativa quirúrgica para la artropatía del manguito rotador en pacientes >60 años, los resultados son satisfactorios, la tasa de complicaciones es aceptable y la supervivencia del implante es del 97,4%. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Background: The purpose of this study is to show the short-term results and complications in a series of patients >60 who underwent a reverse arthroplasty for the treatment of rotator cuff arthropathy in a high complexity hospital. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed our Service's database to identify patients with rotator cuff arthropathy who had undergone a reverse shoulder arthroplasty between 2015 and 2019. Inclusion criteria: 60 years of age or older, functional deltoid, at least one year of follow-up. The range of motion was measured pre and postoperatively in flexion, external rotation, and internal rotation, as well as Constant score and visual analog scale for pain. The grade of arthritis, scapular notching, and prosthetic loosening was radiographically assessed. We identified complications, satisfaction, and prosthesis survivorship. Results: Forty shoulders in 38 patients of 72 years of age on average (61-91) underwent reverse shoulder arthroplasty, with 25 months of follow-up. Flexion increased from 82.86° to 136.71° (p<0.001), external rotation went from 16.59° to 32.11° (p<0.001), and internal rotation from L5 to L3 (p<0.001). Constant score rose from 28.25 to 69.97 (p<0.001) and visual analog scale for pain decreased from 8.34 to 1.26 (p<0.001). The complication rate was 12.5% and a 97.4% prosthesis survivorship was registered. Conclusions: We believe that reverse shoulder arthroplasty represents an excellent option in the treatment of rotator cuff arthropathy in patients older than 60 in view of the satisfactory functional outcomes with an acceptable complication rate. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder
9.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(1): 56-61, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1252447

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar el porcentaje de cicatrización y los resultados funcionales de una cohorte de pacientes sometidos a reparación artroscópica del tendón del supraespinoso mediante una técnica de doble fila transósea equivalente. Materiales y métodos: durante el período de enero de 2015 a diciembre de 2017, se realizó una reparación artroscópica del supraespinoso a cuarenta y ocho pacientes utilizando una técnica transósea equivalente, todas por el mismo cirujano; al cuarto mes de evolución, se evaluó la tasa de cicatrización del tendón mediante ecografía. Los resultados funcionales se analizaron mediante la escala de Constant-Murley (CS), valoración subjetiva del hombro (SSV) y la escala visual análoga (EVA) para objetivar el dolor. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó t test para muestras pareadas. Población sometida a compensación laboral.Resultados: el seguimiento ecográfico objetivó una tasa de re-ruptura del 6%. El promedio de incremento en la escala de Constant-Murley fue de 55 puntos, del SSV de 55%, de flexión anterior 32° y de rotación externa de 13°. La escala visual análoga tuvo un descenso de 6 puntos. Todos estos cambios fueron estadísticamente significativos (p < 0.05). Conclusión: la reparación del tendón del supraespinoso, mediante una técnica transósea equivalente mejora los resultados clínicos y funcionales de los pacientes, objetivados con los índices de Constant-Murley y SSV. En nuestra serie obtuvimos una tasa de cicatrización en el 94% de los pacientes. Tipo de estudio: Serie de casos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: the objective of this work was to evaluate the healing rate and functional results in a retrospective cohort of patients undergoing arthroscopic repair of the supraspinatus tendon, using a double row transosseous equivalent technique. Materials and methods: during the period from January 2015 to December 2017, an arthroscopic repair of the supraspinatus was performed on forty-eight patients, using a transosseous technique, by the same surgeon. We evaluated the healing rate by an ultrasound exam at the fourth month of evolution. Functional results were evaluated using the Constant-Murley scale (CS), subjective shoulder assessment (SSV) and the visual analog scale (VAS) to objectify the pain. For the statistical analysis, t-tests were used for paired samples. This cohort of patients is subject to workers compensation. Results: the ultrasound follow-up showed a 6% re-rupture rate. The average increase in the Constant scale was 55 points, the SSV had a mean increase of 55% and the VAS score decrease 6 points. All these changes were statistically significant (p < 0.05).Conclusions: the supraspinatus tendon repair, using an equivalent transosseous technique, improves the clinical and functional results of patients, objectified with the Constant-Murley and SSV scores. In our series we obtained a healing rate on 94% of the patients. Type study: Case Series. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Workers' Compensation
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the method and clinical effects of the treatment of recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with Hill-Sachs injury by arthroscopic Bankart repair and Remplissage.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to March 2019, 106 patients with recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with glenoid bone defect less than 20% underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair, including 76 males and 30 females, aged from 18 to 45 (27.3±8.6) years, 59 cases of left shoulder and 47 cases of right shoulder. Range of motion (ROM), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons(ASES) score, Constant-Murley score and Rowe score were used to evaluate shoulder functionand stability before and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 21 to 60 months, with a mean of (41.5± 8.5) months. One patient developed infection after operation, and the infection was controlled after arthroscopic debridement again. The remaining patients did not have clinical complications such as infection, intra articular hematocele and redislocation. Shoulder flexion and lifting increased from (158.33±15.72) ° preoperatively to (169.43±10.04) ° at the latest follow up, and internal rotation changed from T7 (T4 to T10) preoperatively to T8 (T5 to T10) at the latest follow up;the average lateral external rotation and abduction 90 ° external rotation decreased from (58.46±15.51) ° preoperatively and (99.37±14.09) ° to (53.18±14.90) ° and (92.52±13.10) ° at the latest follow up, respectively. The ASES score, Constant -Murley score and Rowe score were significantly improved.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical effect of rehabilitation of Bankart repair combined with Remplissageunder arthroscopy in the treatment of recurrent dislocation of shoulder joint in adults with Hill-Sachs defect is satisfactory. Although the external rotation function is weaker than that before operation, it can effectively reconstruct the shoulder function and avoid the occurrence ofdislocation after operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroplasty , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/surgery , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Recurrence , Shoulder/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921922

ABSTRACT

The incidence of posterior instability of shoulder joint was significantly lower than that of anterior instability, but the clinical diagnosis and treatment was difficult, and the misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis rate were high. Its etiology, clinical manifestation and treatment strategy are totally different from the anterior instability. Therefore, the deep understanding of the anatomical structure around the shoulder joint, the mastery of the examination method, and the classification of the shoulder instability based on the anatomy and injury mode are of great importance to improve the accuracy of diagnosis. CT three-dimensional reconstruction is helpful to evaluate the defect of humeral head and glenoid bone, and MRA is helpful for the accurate diagnosis of posterior glenoid lip and joint capsule. The treatment was divided into conservative treatment and surgical treatment. Conservative treatment is recommended for muscular instability. Surgical treatment is recommended for traumatic and dysplastic instability. Different operative methods should be performed according to the injury of glenoid side or humeral head side. According to the condition of bone defect, soft tissue operation, bone grafting or osteotomy were performed to reconstruct the posterior stable structure of the glenoid injury; according to the area of the anterior bone defect, bone grafting or subscapular muscle packing were performed to the head of humerus defect. The former has the advantages of short learning curve and firm fixation, while the latter has the advantages of minimally invasive operation and the ability to observe the lesions from multiple angles and accurately control the location of bone masses. This paper summarizes the above problems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Humeral Head , Joint Instability/surgery , Scapula , Shoulder , Shoulder Dislocation , Shoulder Joint/surgery
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353918

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las tasas de retorno al deporte y el nivel alcanzado por los pacientes con inestabilidad de hombro luego del procedimiento abierto y artroscópico de Latarjet. materiales y métodos:Seguimos un protocolo prespecificado y registrado en PROSPERO. Evaluamos la calidad de los estudios y utilizamos el sistema GRADE para evaluar la calidad general de la evidencia obtenida en los resultados. Incluimos estudios que evalúan el retorno al deporte de los pacientes luego de una cirugía de Latarjet con un seguimiento mínimo de 2 años. Resultados: Se incluyeron 24 estudios, con 1436 atletas, todos con cirugía y un seguimiento promedio de 57 meses (rango 24-240). La tasa general de retorno al deporte varió del 65% al 100% de los pacientes, de ellos, el 23-100% retornó al mismo nivel. El tiempo promedio de retorno al deporte fue de 6 meses (rango 1-36). El nivel de evidencia fue bajo debido a las características de los estudios incluidos (nivel de evidencia IV), las limitaciones de los estudios y sus inconsistencias. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los atletas con luxación recidivante de hombro sometidos a una cirugía de Latarjet retoman la práctica deportiva; sin embargo, el nivel alcanzado varía sustancialmente. El tiempo promedio de retorno al deporte fue de 6 meses, y no hubo diferencias significativas entre los deportistas competitivos y recreacionales. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


background: The purpose of this study was to describe rates of return to sports and the level achieved by patients after a Latarjet procedure.methods: We followed a protocol registered in PROSPERO (registration number CRD42018107606). A literature search was performed in May 2019 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL and clinical trials records. We used the GRADE approach for the assessment of the overall quality of the evidence per outcome. We included studies (evidence level I to IV) evaluating return to sports following shoulder stabilization with the Latarjet procedure with a minimum of 2-year follow-up. Results: We included 24 studies, including 1436 athletes, all treated surgically after an average follow-up of 57 months (range 24 to 240). The overall rate of return to sport ranged from 65% to 100%, including 23% to 100% at an equivalent level of play. The average time for return to sport was 6 months (range, 1 - 36 months). Competitive athletes appeared to return to the same level of competition and this difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.32). The quality of the evidence was very low due to study design (evidence level IV), study limitations and inconsistency. Conclusion: Most athletes with glenohumeral instability returned to sport, however the level maintained after shoulder stabilization with the Latarjet procedure varied substantially. The average time to return to sports was 6 months and results were equally favorable in competitive and recreational athletes


Subject(s)
Shoulder Dislocation , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Return to Sport
13.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 588-594, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155777

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: In shoulder arthroscopy, on an outpatient basis, the patient needs a good control of the postoperative pain that can be achieved through regional blocks. Perineural dexamethasone may prolong the effect of these blocks. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of perineural dexamethasone on the prolongation of the sensory block in the postoperative period for arthroscopic shoulder surgery in outpatient setting. Methods: After approval by the Research Ethics Committee and informed consent, patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery under general anesthesia and ultrasound-guided interscalene brachial plexus block were randomized into Group D - blockade performed with 30 mL of 0.5% levobupivacaine with vasoconstrictor and 6 mg (1.5 mL) of dexamethasone and Group C - 30 mL of 0.5% levobupivacaine with vasoconstrictor and 1.5 mL of 0.9% saline. The duration of the sensory block was evaluated in 4 postoperative moments (0, 4, 12 and 24 hours) as well as the need for rescue analgesia, nausea and vomiting incidence, and Visual Analog Pain Scale (VAS). Results: Seventy-four patients were recruited and 71 completed the study (Group C, n = 37; Group D, n = 34). Our findings showed a prolongation of the mean time of the sensitive blockade in Group D (1440 ± 0 min vs. 1267 ± 164 min, p < 0.001). It was observed that Group C had a higher mean pain score according to VAS (2.08 ± 1.72 vs. 0.02 ± 0.17, p < 0.001) and a greater number of patients (68.4% vs. 0%, p < 0.001) required rescue analgesia in the first 24 hours. The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Perineural dexamethasone significantly prolonged the sensory blockade promoted by levobupivacaine in interscalene brachial plexus block, reduced pain intensity and rescue analgesia needs in the postoperative period.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Na artroscopia de ombro em regime ambulatorial, o paciente necessita de um bom controle da dor pós-operatória, que pode ser conseguido por meio de bloqueios regionais. A dexametasona perineural pode prolongar o efeito desses bloqueios. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da dexametasona perineural quanto ao prolongamento do bloqueio sensitivo no período pós-operatório para cirurgia artroscópica de ombro em regime ambulatorial. Métodos: Após aprovação do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa e consentimento informado, foram incluídos no estudo pacientes submetidos a cirurgia artroscópica de ombro sob anestesia geral e bloqueio de plexo braquial interescalênico guiado por ultrassonografia. Eles foram randomizados nos Grupo D - bloqueio com 30 mL de levobupivacaína 0,5% com vasoconstritor e 6 mg (1,5 mL) de dexametasona, e Grupo C - bloqueio com 30 mL de levobupivacaína 0,5% com vasoconstritor e 1,5 mL solução salina. A duração do bloqueio sensitivo foi avaliada em quatro momentos pós-operatórios (0, 4, 12 e 24 horas), assim como a necessidade de analgesia de resgate, incidência de náuseas e vômitos e Escala Visual Analógica de Dor (EVA). Resultados: Setenta e quatro pacientes foram randomizados e 71 completaram o estudo (Grupo C, n = 37; Grupo D, n = 34). Observou-se um prolongamento do tempo médio de bloqueio sensitivo no Grupo D (1440 ± 0 min vs. 1267 ± 164 min; p< 0,001). Pacientes do Grupo C apresentaram maior média de escore de dor de acordo com a EVA (2,08 ± 1,72vs. 0,02 ± 0,17; p< 0,001) e um maior número de pacientes solicitou analgesia de resgate nas primeiras 24 horas (68,4%vs.0%; p< 0,001). A incidência de náuseas e vômitos não foi estatisticamente significante. Conclusão: A dexametasona perineural prolongou significativamente o bloqueio sensitivo da levobupivacaína no bloqueio de plexo braquial interescalênico, reduziu a intensidade de dor e a necessidade de analgesia de resgate pelo paciente no período pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arthroscopy/methods , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Brachial Plexus Block/methods , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Pain, Postoperative/diagnosis , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Arthroscopy/adverse effects , Time Factors , Vasoconstrictor Agents/administration & dosage , Pain Measurement , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/epidemiology , Saline Solution/administration & dosage , Levobupivacaine , Analgesia , Anesthetics, Local , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 583-587, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155765

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives Several airway complications can occur during shoulder arthroscopy including airway obstruction, pleural puncture, and subcutaneous emphysema. It was hypothesized that the irrigation fluid used during a shoulder arthroscopic procedure might increase the cuff pressure of the endotracheal tube, which can cause edema and ischemic damage to the endotracheal mucosa. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between irrigation fluid and endotracheal tube cuff pressures. Methods Forty patients aged 20 to 70 years with an American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score I or II, scheduled for elective arthroscopic shoulder surgery under general anesthesia, participated in our study. We recorded endotracheal tube cuff pressures and neck circumferences every hour from the start of the operation. We also recorded the total duration of the anesthesia, operation, and the total volume of fluid used for irrigation. Results A positive correlation was shown between endotracheal tube cuff pressures and the amount of irrigation fluid (r = 0.385, 95% CI 0.084 to 0.62, p = 0.0141). The endotracheal tube cuff pressure significantly increased at 2 and 3 hours after starting the operation (p = 0.0368 and p = 0.0245, respectively). However, neck circumference showed no significant difference. Conclusions Endotracheal tube cuff pressures increased with operation time and with increased volumes of irrigation fluid used in patients who underwent shoulder arthroscopy. We recommend close monitoring of endotracheal tube cuff pressures during shoulder arthroscopy, especially during long operations using a large amount of irrigation fluid, to prevent complications caused by raised cuff pressures.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos Diversas complicações das vias aéreas podem ocorrer durante a artroscopia do ombro, incluindo obstrução das vias aéreas, punção pleural e enfisema subcutâneo. Levantou‐se a hipótese de que o fluido de irrigação utilizado durante artroscopia do ombro possa aumentar a pressão do balonete do tubo endotraqueal, podendo causar edema e lesão isquêmica na mucosa traqueal. Portanto, este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a relação entre o fluido de irrigação e a pressão do balonete do tubo endotraqueal. Métodos Participaram do estudo 40 pacientes com idades entre 20 e 70 anos com classificação do estado físico I ou II da American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), programados para cirurgia artroscópica do ombro, eletiva e sob anestesia geral. Registramos as pressões do balonete do tubo endotraqueal e as circunferências do pescoço a cada hora, a partir do início da cirurgia. Também registramos a duração anestésica e cirúrgica, assim como o volume total de líquido de irrigação empregado. Resultados Foi encontrada correlação positiva entre a pressão do balonete do tubo endotraqueal e a quantidade de líquido de irrigação (r = 0,385; 95% IC 0,084 a 0,62; p = 0,0141). A pressão do balonete do tubo endotraqueal registrou aumento significante 2 e 3 horas após o início da cirurgia (p = 0,0368 e p = 0,0245, respectivamente). No entanto, a circunferência do pescoço não mostrou diferença significante. Conclusões As pressões do balonete do tubo endotraqueal aumentaram com o tempo de cirurgia e com o aumento do volume de líquido de irrigação utilizado em pacientes submetidos a artroscopia do ombro. Recomendamos a monitorização rigorosa da pressão do balonete do tubo endotraqueal durante artroscopia do ombro, especialmente nos procedimentos longos em que grandes volumes de fluido de irrigação são empregados, para evitar complicações causadas por pressões elevadas do balonete.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Pressure/adverse effects , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Intubation, Intratracheal/adverse effects , Time Factors , Elective Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Elective Surgical Procedures/methods , Operative Time , Intubation, Intratracheal/instrumentation , Therapeutic Irrigation/adverse effects , Anesthesia, General/statistics & numerical data , Neck/anatomy & histology
15.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(2): 119-122, mar.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345099

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La luxación glenohumeral recurrente suele asociarse a pérdida ósea de la porción glenoidea, siendo la localización anteroinferior la más afectada. El entendimiento de las estructuras relacionadas así como el uso de estudios de imagen actuales tales como la tomografía axial computarizada y la resonancia magnética han permitido avanzar respecto a la comprensión de la patología, asimismo el desarrollo de materiales quirúrgicos y herramientas de mínima invasión nos permiten continuar innovando respecto a los tratamientos previamente descritos, siendo posible intervenir en detalles técnicos con la intención de mejorar los resultados. Es por eso que hemos realizado lo descrito por Eden-Hybinette utilizando injerto tricortical cadavérico con tornillos canulados como método de fijación, limitando las comorbilidades asociadas a la toma de autoinjerto, dando como resultado un amplio beneficio para el paciente durante el procedimiento quirúrgico y en el período de recuperación.


Abstract: Recurrent glenohumeral dislocation is usually associated with bone loss of the glenoid portion, with the anteroinferior location being the most affected. The understanding of the related structures, as well as the use of current imaging studies such as computed axial tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, have made progress in understanding the pathology, as well as the development of surgical materials and minimally invasive tools, they allow us to continue innovating with respect to the previously described treatments, being possible to intervene in technical details with the intention of improving the results. That is why we have done what described by Eden-Hybinette, using tricortical cadaveric graft and as fixation method, limiting the comorbidities associated with the autograft taking, resulting a wide benefit for the patient, during the surgical procedure and in the recovery period.


Subject(s)
Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/diagnostic imaging , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Shoulder Joint/diagnostic imaging , Joint Instability , Scapula , Cadaver , Bone Transplantation
16.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(2): 71-76, mar.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345090

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La artrosis glenohumeral conlleva a una pérdida funcional y a una disminución de la calidad de vida de muchos pacientes. Actualmente, no existe consenso en cuanto al uso de la hemiartroplastía o la artroplastía total como tratamiento definitivo para este padecimiento. El objetivo es mostrar los resultados del tratamiento de la artrosis glenohumeral primaria mediante hemiartroplastía en nuestro servicio. Material y métodos: Revisamos 19 hemiartroplastías (14 pacientes) realizadas entre 2004 y 2013 en pacientes con artrosis glenohumeral primaria sin alteración morfológica glenoidea. Se recabaron los datos de ocho pacientes (11 hemiartroplastías), valorándose el estado funcional, el dolor y la realización de actividades de la vida diaria mediante las escalas Constant, ASES y DASH preoperatorias, a los cinco años de seguimiento mínimo (rango 5-11 años), así como las complicaciones presentadas. Se comparó el estado preoperatorio y al final del seguimiento. Resultados: Se encontró una mejoría estadísticamente significativa (p < 0.05) en todos los parámetros analizados en el estudio. La media del dolor en la escala EVA disminuyó de 8.89 a 2.67. La escala ASES mejoró de 13.51 a 63.51 puntos de media. El Constant aumentó de 20.11 a 65.11 puntos. La puntuación media preoperatoria en la escala DASH fue de 73.68 y la postoperatoria de 28.30 puntos. La supervivencia media del implante fue de 81.82% a los siete años de seguimiento medio. Conclusión: Obtuvimos buenos resultados funcionales con la artrosis glenohumeral primaria, presentándose pocas complicaciones. La causa del fracaso fue la erosión glenoidea.


Abstract: Introduction: Glenohumeral osteoarthritis leads to a functional loss and a decrease in the quality of life of many patients that suffers it. Currently there is no agreement on the use of hemiarthroplasty or total arthroplasty as definitive treatment. The objective is to show the results of the treatment of primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis through hemiarthroplasty in our service. Material and methods: We reviewed 14 patients (19 hemiarthroplasties) performed between 2004 and 2013 in patients diagnosed with primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis without glenoid morphological anomaly. We managed to collect data from eight patients (11 hemiarthroplasties), assessing functional status, pain, and performing activities of daily living using the Constant, ASES and DASH scores preoperatively and at five years of minimum follow-up (range 5-11 years), as well as related complications. The preoperative status was compared to the end of the follow-up. Results: A significant improvement was found in all the parameters analyzed in the study (p < 0.05). The average pain in EVA score decreased from 8.89 to 2.67. The ASES improved from 13.51 to 63. 51 half point. The Constant increase of 20.11 points to 65.11 points. The mean preoperative score in the DASH score was 73.68 and 28.30 postoperatively. The average survival of the implant was 81.82% in the seven years of average follow-up. Conclusion: Shoulder hemiarthroplasty obtains good functional results in the treatment of primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis with few complications. The cause of the failure were glenoid erosion in all the cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Hemiarthroplasty , Quality of Life , Activities of Daily Living , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
17.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 27(3): 88-95, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1129222

ABSTRACT

Presentamos los resultados de una serie de casos de pacientes con inestabilidad posterior de hombro, sin defectos óseos ni retroversión glenoidea significativos, tratados con técnica artroscópica de reparación cápsulolabral con anclajes. Entre 2010 y 2019, dieciocho pacientes con inestabilidad posterior de hombro fueron tratados con una reparación cápsulolabral artroscópica con anclajes, en el mismo centro quirúrgico y por el mismo cirujano. Fueron dieciséis hombres y dos mujeres con una edad promedio de 30.5 años (en un rango de diecinueve a cuarenta y cuatro años). Con un seguimiento promedio de 64.4 meses (en un rango entre trece y ciento dieciséis meses) los pacientes fueron evaluados clínicamente con el test de Kim, Jerk y test de aprehensión. También utilizamos los scores de WOSI, ASES, Rowe, radiografía, tomografía computada y resonancia magnética, para las evaluaciones pre y postoperatorias. Tipo de estudio: Serie de casos. Nivel de evidencia: IV


Objective: We present the results of a case series of patients with posterior shoulder instability without significant bone defects or excessive glenoid retroversion treated with arthroscopic capsule-labral repair with suture anchors.Methods: Between 2010 and 2019, 18 patients with posterior shoulder instability underwent an arthroscopic capsule-labral repair with suture anchors. All the cases were operated on at the same surgical center by the same surgeon. The patients were 16 men and two women with an average age of 30.5 years (range 19 to 44 years). With a mean follow up of 64.4 months (range 13-116 months), the patients were clinically evaluated by the Kim, Jerk, and Apprehension tests. Furthermore, the WOSI, ASES, and ROWE scores, X Rays, CT Scans, and MRIs were also used for pre and postoperative assessment. Results: We did not find any case of recurrence of instability. At the final follow up, the Kim's, Jerk, and Apprehension tests were negative in all the patients. The posterior drawer test decreased translation at an average of 2 pluses. The mean WOSI Score risen from 35.2 to 86.5, the ASES from 33.3 to 85.3, and the Rowe from 20.3 to 91.1. Two patients showed moderate to severe degenerative changes at the final X-Rays. The postoperative MRIs of 12 patients demonstrated an anatomic reduction and adequate healing of the posterior labrum.Conclusions: The arthroscopic repair of the labrum with anchors is a reliable, reproducible, and effective technique that warrants satisfactory results in selected posterior shoulder instability cases without significant glenoid bone loss or excessive retroversion. Type of study: Case series. Level of evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Joint Instability
18.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 27(2): 51-56, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118218

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Evaluar la precisión de la cirugía artroscópica de Latarjet­Bankart, mediante tomografía computada post operatoria. Describir resultados y complicaciones en la primera serie prospectiva de esta técnica en Chile.Material y Método: Quince pacientes fueron sometidos a cirugía de estabilización mediante la técnica artroscópica de Latarjet­Bankart. Se realizó una evaluación de la posición del injerto de coracoides mediante tomografía computada considerando los índices: ángulo tornillo - superficie articular, tornillo excesivamente largo, distancia línea articular - borde injerto en plano axial (método tangente), distancia borde injerto ­ superficie articular (método del círculo) en planos axial y coronal y relación posición injerto ­ diámetro glenoideo.Resultados: Se obtuvo un ángulo tornillo ­ superficie promedio de 32.9°. En un paciente se objetivó un tornillo de largo excesivo (+ 4 mm). De acuerdo al método tangente axial la distancia fue de 0 mm [0 mm ­ 2,5 mm], método circulo axial 0 mm [-0,8 mm ­ 1 mm], circulo coronal 0 mm [-1 mm ­ 2 mm]. En el 100% de los casos la posición injerto ­ diámetro glenoideo, fue bajo el 50% o subecuatorial. El injerto se encontró en posición "flush" en todos los pacientes. En un paciente fue necesario convertir a cirugía abierta. En un paciente ocurrió una factura parcial del injerto y un paciente presento una fractura de glenoides y una plexitis transitoria de 5 semanas. Un 13% de los pacientes presentó recurrencia al seguimiento a los 2 años.Conclusión: Es factible realizar esta técnica quirúrgica de manera artroscópica, con una baja necesidad de conversión y complicaciones, logrando una posición óptima del injerto.Tipo de estudio: Serie de Casos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Evaluate the feasibility and precision of arthroscopic Latarjet-Bankart surgery, using computed tomography. Describe outcomes and complications in the first prospective series of this technique in Chile.Method: Fifteen patients underwent surgery using the arthroscopic Latarjet-Bankart technique. We evaluated the position of the coracoid graft by Computed Tomography, considering the following indices: screw angle - joint surface, excessively long screw incidence, joint line distance - graft edge in axial plane (tangent method), distance graft edge - joint surface (circle method) in axial and coronal planes, graft position relationship - glenoid diameter. Results: A screw angle - surface 32.9 ° was obtained. In one patient a screw of excessive length (+ 4mm). According to the axial tangent method the distance was 0mm [0mm - 2.5mm], axial circle method 0mm [-0.8mm - 1mm], coronal circle 0mm [-1mm - 2mm], in 100% of the cases the graft position - glenoid diameter was under 50% or subequatorial. The graft was found in the "flush" position in all patients. In one patient was necessary to convert to open surgery. One patient with partial graft fracture. One patient had a major complication, which was a glenoid fracture and a transient plexitis of 5 weeks. Instability recurrence was observed in 13% of patients at 2 years follow-up.Conclusion: It's feasible to perform this technique arthroscopically, with a low conversion and complications rate, obtaining an optimal position of the graft. Type study: Case Series. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Shoulder Dislocation , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Shoulder Joint/injuries , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Joint Instability
19.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 27(2): 41-46, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118215

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Evaluar los resultados de la artrolisis artroscópica seguida de un protocolo de rehabilitación acelerada empleando un catéter interescalénico permanente para tratar rigideces secundarias de hombro.Material y métodos: Revisión retrospectiva de casos intervenidos de artrolisis de hombro con alguna causa identificable de la rigidez. Se emplea un catéter interescalénico para bloqueo nervioso de la extremidad afecta que se mantiene al menos 5 días. El alta hospitalaria se realiza después de la primera sesión de rehabilitación en las siguientes 24 horas tras la intervención. Se evalúa variación de la movilidad articular, mejoría del dolor y de la capacidad funcional.Resultado: Se incluyen 11 pacientes en el estudio. Las causas de la rigidez fueron cirugías previas de osteosíntesis de fracturas de húmero proximal, reparaciones de manguito rotador, reparación de Bankart y traumatismos sin fractura. El seguimiento medio fue de 26.4 (8.3) meses. Se observa una mejoría estadísticamente significativa en la flexión [95.6 (32)º - 153.4 (59)º], rotación externa [33.9 (17)º - 59.2 (32)º], EVA [7.2 (2.9) - 2.1 (1.7)] y Quick-DASH Score [68.2 (33)º - 22.7 (13)º], pero no en la rotación interna ni en la ASES Score. No se registró ninguna complicación. Un paciente precisó una nueva artrolisis por no mejoría de movilidad a los 3 meses. La causa de la rigidez no influyó en los resultados.Conclusión: La artrolisis artroscópica seguida del inicio precoz de la fisioterapia con bloqueo de la extremidad con catéter interescalénico permanente es segura y proporciona buenos resultados funcionales. Tipo de estudio: Serie de Casos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: To evaluate outcomes of arthroscopic arthrolysis followed by an early rehabilitation protocol using an indwelling interscalene catheter as treatment of secondary shoulder stiffness.Materials and methods: A retrospective review of cases who had surgery for shoulder stiffness with an identifiable cause is performed. An interscalene catheter is left after surgery for nervous blockade for at least 5 days. Hospital check-out is carried out immediately after first physical therapy session, at 24 hours from surgery. Outcomes are presented as improvement of range of motion, pain and functional status.Results: 11 patients were included in the study. Causes of stiffness were previous surgeries consisting on osteosynthesis for proximal humeral fractures, repair of rotator cuff tears, Bankart repair and trauma without fracture. Mean follow-up was 26.4 (8.3) months. Significant differences on flexion [95.6 (32)º - 153.4 (59)º], external rotation [33.9 (17)º - 59.2 (32)º], VAS [7.2 (2.9) - 2.1 (1.7)] and Quick-DASH Score [68.2 (33)º - 22.7 (13)º] were observed, while no differences on internal rotation and ASES Score. No complications were registered. One case required re-operation at 3 months due to no progression of shoulder motion. Cause of stiffness did not influence outcomes.Conclusion: Arthroscopic arthrolysis followed by early rehabilitation with nervous blockade of the extremity by an indwelling interscalene catheter is safe and provides good functional outcomes. Study type: case report. Level of evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Rehabilitation , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Bursitis/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879363

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate clinical effects of Double-pulley dual row technique with shoulder arthroscopy in treating scapular glenoid fracture(Ideberg typeⅠ).@*METHODS@#From July 2017 to March 2019, 8 patiens with scapular glenoid fracture (Ideberg typeⅠ) were treated with Double-pulley dual-row technique with shoulder arthroscopy, including 7 males and 1 female;5 cased of injuries in the left shoulder, 3 cased of injuries in the right shoulder;ranging in age from 22 to 56 years old; and the time from injury to operation ranged from 3 to 10 days. X-ray and CT of shoulder joint were taken before and after operation to evaluate the fracture severity and fracture healing. American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeous (ASES) and Constant- Murley scores were used to evaluate shoulder joint function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 24 months, and the fracture healing time ranged from 3 to 5 months. No operative site infection was found in all patients. CT scan of shoulder joint showed satisfactory reduction and no displacement. The shoulder joint function recovered well. ASES score at the latest follow up after operation ranged from 85 to 97 points, which were higher than those before operation; Constant-Murley score ranged from 83 to 96 points, which were higher than those before operation.@*CONCLUSION@#Double-pulley dual-row technique with shoulder arthroscopy is effective to fix scapular glenoid fracture of Ideberg typeⅠwith minimal tissue trauma and significant improvement of shoulder joint function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Scapula/surgery , Shoulder , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
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