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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(3): 24-32, set.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1381063

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar quais EPIs foram utilizados pelos cirurgiões-dentistas e a relação destes EPIs com a presença de dores osteomusculares em virtude do novo estilo de vida profissional ocasionado pelo SARS-CoV-2. Foram aplicados dois questionários com a temática por intermédio da plataforma Google Forms®. Os participantes da pesquisa (n= 110) tiveram acesso aos questionários via e-mail e através das redes sociais. A análise de dados foi realizada por meio de teste qui-quadrado com nível de confiança de 95%. Os resultados obtidos demonstraram predomínio de indivíduos do sexo masculino, com idade entre 21 a 29 anos, solteiros, entre 1 a 10 anos de formado, possuindo renda mensal de 1 a 5 salários-mínimos, especialistas, atuando em consultório particular, com atualizações para atendimento durante o período de pandemia. Observou-se relação estatisticamente significativa (p<0,05) na utilização de gorro durante os atendimentos odontológicos para os profissionais que realizaram atualizações para atendimento durante o período de pandemia da COVID-19. Em relação aos demais EPIs não houve relação estatisticamente significativa (p>0,05). No que diz respeito às dores osteomusculares, observou-se relação estatisticamente significativa (p<0,05) apenas entre a utilização de avental descartável e o relato de dores na região do pescoço, ombro e costas. Ademais, não foi possível observar relação estatisticamente significativa (p>0,05) entre EPIs e dores osteomusculares. Pôde-se concluir que uma grande parcela dos cirurgiões-dentistas adotou medidas de proteção contra o novo Coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2), utilizando os EPIs recomendados para executar atendimento durante o período pandêmico. Com relação às dores osteomusculares, os participantes relataram dor com ou sem a utilização de EPIs, porém ao utilizarem avental descartável, houve predominância de sintomatologia na região do pescoço, ombros e coluna(AU)


The aim of this study was to identify which PPE was used by Dental Surgeons and the relationship of this PPE with the presence of musculoskeletal pain due to the new professional lifestyle caused by SARS-CoV-2. Two questionnaires with the theme were applied through the Google Forms® platform. Research participants (n = 110) had access to the questionnaires via e-mail and through social networks. Data analysis was performed using a chi-square test with a 95% confidence level. The results showed a predominance of male individuals, aged between 21 and 29 years old, single, between 1 and 10 years since graduation, having a monthly income of 1 to 5 minimum wages, specialists, working in private practice, with updates for care during the pandemic period. There was a statistically significant relationship (p<0.05) in the use of a cap during dental care for professionals who updated for care during the COVID-19 pandemic period. About the other PPE there was no statistically significant relationship (p>0.05). Regarding musculoskeletal pain, there was a statistically significant relationship (p<0.05) only between the use of a disposable apron and the report of pain in the neck, shoulder, and back. Furthermore, it was not possible to observe a statistically significant relationship (p>0.05) between PPE and musculoskeletal pain. It was concluded that a large portion of dentists adopted protective measures against the new Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), using the recommended PPE to perform care during the pandemic period. Regarding musculoskeletal pain, participants reported pain with or without the use of PPE, however, when using a disposable apron, there was a predominance of symptoms in the neck, shoulders, and back(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Dentists , Musculoskeletal Pain , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19 , Shoulder , Occupational Risks , Occupational Health , SARS-CoV-2 , Ergonomics
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 868-875, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407701

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of reverse shoulder arthroplasty to treat several conditions. Methods Retrospective, longitudinal study analyzing the Constant and University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) scores and range of motion of patients undergoing reverse shoulder arthroplasty. Results In total, 28 patients were analyzed, with a mean age of 75.6 years old. The mean duration of follow-up was 45 months. Overall, there was a significant variation (p< 0.0001) between the preoperative (10.2 points) and the postoperative UCLA scores (29.6 points), corresponding to a relative increase of approximately 200%. In addition, the mean Constant score was 67.8, and the complication rate was 17.8%. As for functional outcomes per etiology, fracture sequelae cases presented the best mean elevation (165°), Constant score (79 points), postoperative UCLA score (32.5 points), and absolute delta UCLA score increase (22 points), but with no statistical significance. However, cases operated for fracture sequelae showed significantly higher elevation (p= 0.027) and Constant score (p= 0.047) compared to rotator cuff arthropathy cases. In addition, the lowest mean postoperative Constant and UCLA scores were observed for the following etiologies: primary arthrosis, acute fracture, and arthroplasty revision. Conclusion Reverse shoulder arthroplasty showed satisfactory functional outcomes and may be a treatment option not only for rotator cuff arthropathy but for several other conditions.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados clínicos da artroplastia reversa do ombro no tratamento de suas diversas indicações. Métodos Estudo longitudinal retrospectivo que analisou os resultados dos escores Constant, UCLA e amplitudes de movimentos dos pacientes submetidos à artroplastia reversa do ombro. Resultados Foram analisados 28 pacientes, a média de idade foi de 75.6 anos, com seguimento médio de 45 meses. No geral, obtivemos uma variação significativa (p< 0,0001) entre o escore UCLA pré-operatório (10,2 pontos) e o escore UCLA pós-operatório (29,6 pontos), o que corresponde a um aumento relativo de aproximadamente 200%. Além disso, obtivemos pontuação média do escore Constant de 67,8 e uma taxa de complicações de 17,8%. Quanto aos resultados funcionais segundo as indicações, os casos de sequela de fratura apresentaram as melhores médias de elevação (165°), escore Constant (79 pontos), escore UCLA pós-operatório (32,5 pontos) e aumento absoluto na variação do escore UCLA (22 pontos), sem significância estatística. Porém, identificou-se que os casos operados por sequela de fratura apresentaram elevação (p= 0,027) e pontuação no escore Constant (p= 0,047) significativamente maiores em relação aos casos de artropatia do manguito rotador. Além disso, observamos que as menores médias dos escores Constant e UCLA pós-operatórios foram obtidos nas seguintes etiologias: artrose primária, fratura aguda e revisão de artroplastia. Conclusão A artroplastia reversa de ombro apresentou resultados funcionais satisfatórios, podendo ser uma opção de tratamento não somente nos casos de artropatia do manguito rotador, mas também em várias outras patologias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Shoulder/physiopathology , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(4): 702-708, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394885

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study created a cheap (below US$ 100) shoulder arthroscopy training model, affordable for the practical education of medical students and residents. The model was created using a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) knee joint pipe (150 mm in diameter and 90 degrees in inclination) and a synthetic shoulder model. The parts were arranged to simulate a lateral recumbency with the upper limb in traction, which is the frequent positioning during arthroscopies. Colored dots on the glenoid and a partial rotator cuff model on the upper portion of the scapula were placed to assist training. This inexpensive, easy-to-make model for shoulder arthroscopy can aid surgical training.


Resumo O objetivo do presente trabalho é criar um modelo de treinamento em artroscopia de ombro de baixo custo abaixo de 100 dólares, tornando-o acessível à capacitação prática de estudantes de medicina e residentes. O modelo foi criado utilizando um cano de PVC de 150 mm de diâmetro em 90 graus e um modelo de ombro sintético. O posicionamento das peças foi disposto de forma a simular a posição de decúbito lateral com membro superior em tração, frequente nas artroscopias. Para auxiliar no treinamento, foram demarcados pontos coloridos na glenóide e foi confeccionado um modelo de parte do manguito rotador na porção superior da escápula. Foi possível confeccionar um modelo para treinamento de artroscopia do ombro com um valor abaixo de 100 dólares, de fácil manufatura, que pode ser um auxiliar no treinamento de cirurgiões.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy , Shoulder/surgery , Low Cost Technology , Education, Medical , Simulation Training
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(4): 540-545, Jul.-Aug. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394866

ABSTRACT

Abstract The indication of shoulder arthroplasties has increased progressively. Accurate positioning of the components may have significant implications for clinical results. The navigation used to aid in the performance of anatomical and reverse total arthroplasties has provided greater precision in implant placement, especially on the glenoid. The development of the technique, material, and prosthesis design have shown encouraging results and led to a trend toward its expansion. In this way, we estimate a higher survival of the arthroplasties resulting from lower rates of dislocation and early loosening. We aim to describe the current technique and to present the results of the literature with navigation. However, comparative clinical studies with long term follow-up are necessary to prove the efficacy in the final results of total shoulder arthroplasties.


Resumo A indicação de artroplastias do ombro aumentou progressivamente. O posicionamento preciso dos componentes pode ter implicações significativas para os resultados clínicos. A navegação utilizada para auxiliar no desempenho de artroplastias totais anatômicas e reversas tem proporcionado maior precisão na colocação do implante, especialmente do componente glenoidal. O desenvolvimento da técnica, do material e do desenho da prótese têm mostrado resultados encorajadores e levado a uma tendência de expansão da sua utilização. Dessa forma, estimamos uma maior sobrevida das artroplastias resultantes de menores taxas de instabilidade e soltura precoce. Nosso objetivo é descrever a técnica atual e apresentar os resultados da literatura com navegação. No entanto, estudos clínicos comparativos com acompanhamento de longo prazo são necessários para comprovar a eficácia nos resultados finais das artroplastias totais do ombro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Prosthesis Design , Shoulder/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/methods
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(4): 606-611, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394878

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to identify bacterial agents in shoulder surgery specimens from patients with no history of previous shoulder infection or surgery. Methods Tendon, bursa, and bone specimens were collected during surgery, stored in sterile dry bottles, and sent to a hospital-associated laboratory for culture growth analysis in media for aerobic and anaerobic agents. Findings from 141 samples from 47 shoulders were analyzed. Results The cultures were negative in 46 cases (97.8%) and in 140 samples (99.2%). The culture was positive in a single patient, with growth of Staphylococcus hominis from one of three specimens collected. Conclusions The rates of bacterial growth were not consistent with the international literature, indicating the low effectiveness of laboratory methods used in Brazil.


Resumo Objetivo Identificar agentes bacterianos em amostras de cirurgias do ombro de pacientes sem histórico de infecção e de cirurgias prévias no ombro. Métodos Amostras de tendão, bursa e osso foram coletadas no intraoperatório, armazenadas em frascos estéreis a seco e enviadas para análise de crescimento de cultura em meios para agentes aeróbios e anaeróbios no laboratório credenciado ao hospital. Foram analisados os resultados de 141 amostras de 47 ombros. Resultados Obtivemos resultados de culturas negativas em 46 casos (97,8%) e em 140 amostras (99,2%). Apenas um paciente apresentou resultado positivo, com crescimento bacteriano do Staphylococcus hominis em uma das três amostras coletadas. Conclusões Não evidenciamos taxas de crescimento bacteriano condizentes com a literatura internacional, alertando para a baixa eficácia dos métodos laboratoriais utilizados no nosso país.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Shoulder/surgery , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections , Anti-Bacterial Agents
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 462-466, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388013

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the functional outcome of patients submitted to arthroscopic Bankart repair in the long-term. Methods Retrospective evaluation of 41 patients (45 shoulders) operated between 1996 and 2009 followed-up for a mean period of 14.89 years. Functional scores were analyzed by the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Carter-Rowe scores, physical examination, and analysis of medical records. Results The Carter-Rowe score showed an average improvement of 46.11 points, with a final average of 85.89 points, and the UCLA score showed an average improvement of 31.33 points. Ten patients (22.22%) relapsed, with the number of preoperative dislocations being the most correlated factor. Conclusion It was demonstrated that the number of preoperative dislocations negatively influenced the failure rate.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o desfecho funcional dos pacientes submetidos ao reparo de Bankart artroscópico no longo prazo. Métodos Avaliação retrospectiva de 41 pacientes (45 ombros) operados entre 1996 e 2009 acompanhados por um período médio de 14,89 anos. Foram feitas análises das pontuações funcionais de University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) e Carter-Rowe, exame físico e análises de prontuários. Resultados O escore Carter-Rowe apresentou melhora média de 46,11 pontos, com média final de 85,89 pontos, e o UCLA apresentou melhora de 31,33 pontos. Um total de 10 pacientes (22,22%) apresentou recidiva, sendo o número de luxações pré- operatórias o fator mais correlacionado. Conclusão Foi demonstrado que o número de luxações pré-operatórias influenciou negativamente na taxa de falha.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy/rehabilitation , Recurrence , Shoulder/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Joint Instability/rehabilitation
7.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 29(2): [1-16], mar. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363866

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi verificar a influência do estímulo visual e posicionamento dos membros superiores no controle postural ortostático e avaliar o efeito do sexo e idade nas respostas posturais de crianças e adolescentes. Estudo transversal, com amostra de 84 participantes com idade entre 11 e 14 anos, ambos os sexos (55 meninas), de escola pública de Goiânia (GO). Além do exame físico, o controle postural foi avaliado na posição ortostática pela baropodometria computadorizada em três condições: olhos abertos, olhos fechados e olhos abertos com ombros a 90° de abdução. A ausência do estímulo visual gerou maior instabilidade postural em comparação à condição de olhos abertos. Em relação as diferenças existentes entre os sexos, foi observado que as meninas tiveram menores valores de deslocamento anteroposterior e área da elipse que os meninos. Comparando-se os olhos abertos e fechados, as meninas apresentaram maiores valores na área da elipse e os meninos nos deslocamentos anteroposterior e látero-lateral. Ao analisar o efeito da idade foi observado que o grupo com 13 e 14 anos apresentou maiores valores em todas as variáveis analisadas. A ausência do estímulo visual aumentou os valores da área da elipse no grupo com 11 e 12 e dos deslocamentos no grupo com 13 e 14 anos. Não foi verificado efeito interativo entre sexo e idade. Na condição de abdução dos membros superiores não houve diferença no controle postural. Conclui-se que a ausência do estímulo visual foi mais impactante na manutenção do controle postural ortostático em crianças e adolescentes em relação as outras condições avaliadas, existindo diferença entre os sexos e a idade, em que os meninos e o grupo com 13 e 14 anos realizaram mais ajustes para manter o controle postural. (AU)


The aim of this study was to verify the influence of visual stimulus and positioning of the upper limbs in the orthostatic postural control, and to assess the effects of gender and age in the postural responses of children and adolescents. This was a transversal study involving 84 participants (of which 55 were girls) from public schools in Goiania (GO - Brazil) with age between 11 and 14 years. Besides physical examination, the participants' postural control was assessed in the orthostatic position by computerized baropodometry in three different conditions: eyes-open, eyes-closed, and eyes-open with shoulders at 90º abduction. The absence of visual stimulus generated more postural instability in relation to the eyes-open condition. Regarding gender differences, the girls had lower anteroposterior and ellipse area displacement than boys. Comparing the eyes-open and eyes-closed conditions, the girls presented higher values in the ellipse area and the boys presented higher values in the anteroposterior and laterolateral displacements. Analyzing the effect of age, the participants between 13 and 14 years old presented higher values in all variables. The absence of visual stimulus increased the values of the ellipse area in the participants between 11 and 12 years of age and the values of displacements in the participants between 13 and 14 years of age. Interactive effect between genders and age has not been verified. There were no postural control differences in the upper limbs abduction condition. Conclusion: The absence of visual stimulus was more impacting in the support of orthostatic postural control in children and adolescents than the other conditions assessed; the boys and the participants between 13 and 14 years of age made more adjustments in order to maintain postural control. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Child Development , Upper Extremity , Postural Balance , Standing Position , Photic Stimulation , Physical Education and Training , Posture , Sense Organs , Shoulder , Eye , Foot , Core Stability , Locomotion , Motor Skills
8.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 29(2): [1-16], mar. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364002

ABSTRACT

Scapular dyskinesis is an abnormality in scapula static or dynamic position. There are several techniques for scapular dyskinesis conservative treatment, including Kinesio Tape application, which is used to promote and support scapula joint alignment, decrease pain and improve local muscle control. The study aim to investigate the effect of kinesio tape on scapular kinematics in subjects with scapular dyskinesis. Fourteen subjects with scapular dyskinesis performed flexion and scaption movements in two conditions: (1) without load and (2) holding a dumbbell. A scapular tape was applied over the lower trapezius (Y shaped) muscle with a 20% tension. Kinematic data were captured with 10 infrared cameras and analyzed based on Euler angles, peak values of upward rotation, internal rotation, and posterior tilt angles. To compare the situations with and without kinesio tape the repeated measures two-way ANOVAs (α = 0.05) was performed using SPSS software. Scapular tape increase upward rotation and posterior tilt during flexion of the shoulder. No interaction (Load x KT) was found during flexion, suggesting that KT effect in the peak values is the same, regardless the load condition. Scapular tape decreases internal rotation during scaption and a significant interaction was found between load x KT, suggesting the effect of using KT could depend the load u sed during this movement. The results suggest that kinesio tape may can be use as assistant to increase upward rotation, posterior tilt and decrease internal rotation in scapular dyskinesis subjects. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Shoulder , Torsion Abnormality , Biomechanical Phenomena , Athletic Tape , Musculoskeletal Abnormalities , Pain , Scapula , Kinesiology, Applied , Superficial Back Muscles , Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale , Joints , Movement , Muscles
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 120-127, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365755

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives Glenoid component failure is the main cause of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) revision, and component design seems to influence the failure rate. The aim of the present study was to clinically and radiographically (through X-rays and computed tomography scan) evaluate the results of TSA using a minimally cemented glenoid component. Methods Total should arthroplasties performed using the minimally cemented Anchor Peg (DuPuy Synthes, Warsaw, IN, USA) glenoid component between 2008 and 2013 were evaluated. University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) scores were calculated, and standardized plain film and computed tomography images were obtained, at a minimum follow-up of 24 months. The presence of bone between the fins of the central component peg, which indicates its integration, was assessed on the images, as well the presence of radiolucent lines around the glenoid component. Results Nineteen shoulders in 17 patients were available for evaluation. According to the UCLA score, clinical results were satisfactory in 74% of cases and fair in 21% of cases. One patient had a poor result. Component integration was found in 58% of patients (total in 42% and partial in 16%). Radiolucent lines were observed in 52% of cases. No relationship was detected between component integration and clinical results. Conclusion Satisfactory clinical results were achieved in most patients undergoing TSA using a minimally cemented glenoid component. Radiolucent lines around the glenoid component are common, but do not interfere with the clinical results. Level of evidence IV; Case series; Treatment study.


Resumo Objetivos A falha do componente glenoidal é a principal causa de revisão da artroplastia total do ombro (ATO) e sua frequência parece ser influenciada pelo design do componente. O objetivo deste estudo foi a avaliação clínica e radiográfica (através de raios X e tomografia computadorizada) dos resultados da ATO com componente glenoidal minimamente cimentado. Métodos O presente trabalho analisou ATOs realizadas com componente glenoidal Anchor Peg (DuPuy Synthes, Warsaw, IN, EUA) minimamente cimentado entre 2008 e 2013. Por um período mínimo de acompanhamento de 24 meses, escores segundo critérios da University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) e imagens padronizadas de radiografia simples e tomografia computadorizada foram analisadas. A presença de osso entre as aletas do pino do componente central, que é um indicador de sua integração, foi avaliada nas imagens, bem como a presença de linhas radiotransparentes ao redor do componente glenoidal. Resultados Dezenove ombros de 17 pacientes foram avaliados. De acordo com o escore da UCLA, os resultados clínicos foram satisfatórios em 74% dos casos e moderados em 21% dos casos. O resultado foi ruim em um paciente. A integração de componentes foi observada em 58% dos pacientes, sendo total em 42% e parcial em 16% dos casos. Linhas radiotransparentes foram observadas em 52% dos pacientes. Nenhuma relação entre a integração de componentes e os resultados clínicos foi detectada. Conclusão A maioria dos pacientes submetidos à ATO com componente glenoidal minimamente cimentado apresentou resultados clínicos satisfatórios. Linhas radiotransparentes ao redor do componente glenoidal são comuns, mas não interferem nos resultados clínicos Nível de evidência IV; Série de caso; Estudo terapêutico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Shoulder , Prosthesis Failure , Tomography , Radiographic Image Enhancement , Arthroplasty, Replacement
10.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 181-183, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928497

ABSTRACT

Arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction is an innovative technique for the irreparable rotator cuff tears, but spontaneous pneumothorax after surgery is very rare. The present case was a 66-year-old female with irreparable rotator cuff tears of the right shoulder, treated with the arthroscopic shoulder superior capsular reconstruction. The general anesthesia and operation went smoothly, but the patient experienced stuffiness in the chest and shortness of breath after recovery from anesthesia. Thoracic CT scans showed spontaneous pneumothorax in the right side, which was successfully treated by the conservative treatments (oxygen therapy) according to multidisciplinary team. Prompt and accurate early-stage diagnosis is necessary in controlling postoperative complications and standardized treatment is the key to relieve the suffering. Spontaneous pneumothorax after arthroscopic shoulder surgery has been rarely reported in previous literatures.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Pneumothorax/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder , Shoulder Joint , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928297

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the MRI findings of os acromiale and to analyze the relationship between os acromiale and the supraspinatus and infraspinatus injury.@*METHODS@#From January 2010 to August 2020, 21 patients with os acromiale (os arcomiale group) were compared with 21 subjects with no evidence of os acromiale (no os arcomiale group). There were 14 males and 7 females in the os arcomiate group, aged from 29 to 77 years old, mean aged (55.5±11.5) years old. While in the control group, there were 10 males and 11 females in no os arcomiale group, aged from 31 to 70 years old, mean aged (51.1±10.0) years old. The os acromiales were classified as edematous os acromiale or non-edematous os acromiale based on whether the presence of marrow edema, and as displaced os acromiale or non-displaced os acromiale based on whether the presence of displacement of the os acromiale. The MRI features of os acromiale were analyzed. Statistical analyses were performed to identify the differences between the os arcomiale group and no os arcomiale group regarding rotator cuff tear, supraspinatus and infraspinatus injury. Differences in the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear between the edematous and non-edematous os acromiale group, the displaced and non-displaced os acromiale group, the displaced os acromiale and no os arcomiale group were also assessed.@*RESULTS@#On MRI, all the 21 os acromiales appeared as a triangular or irregular bone fragment of the distal acromion, and forms a pseudo-acromioclavicular joint with the acromion. Eleven cases were edematous os acromiale, 11 cases were displaced os acromiale. In the os arcomiale group, 17 had supraspinatus tear, 1 had supraspinatus tendinitis, 11 had infraspinatus tear, and 4 had infraspinatus tendinitis. In the no os arcomiale group, 11 had supraspinatus tear, 2 had supraspinatus tendinitis, 5 had infraspinatus tear, and 1 had infraspinatus tendinitis. No statistically significant difference between the os arcomiale group and no os arcomiale group regarding the rotator cuff tear, supraspinatus and infraspinatus injury (P>0.05). In the 11 cases of edematous os arcomiale, 10 had supraspinatus tear and 7 had infraspinatus tear. In the 10 cases of non-edematous os acromiale, 7 had supraspinatus tear and 4 had infraspinatus tear. No statistically significant difference was noted between the edematous os acromiale and non-edematous os acromiale in terms of supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear (P>0.05). In the 11 cases of displaced os acromiale, 11 had supraspinatus tear and 9 had infraspinatus tear. In the 10 cases of non-displaced os acromiale, 6 had supraspinatus tear and 2 had infraspinatus tear. In the no os arcomiale group, 11 had supraspinatus tear and 5 had infraspinatus tear. There was a statistically significant increases in the prevalence of supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear in the displaced os acromiale group compared with non-displaced os acromiale group, the displaced os acromiale group and no os arcomiale group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Shoulder MRI can very well depict os acromiale and can reveal associated abnormalities such as adjacent bone marrow edema, displaced deformity, and rotator cuff tear, and it can be used to assess the stability of the os acromiale. The presence of os acromiale may not increase the risk of supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear significantly. However, the presence of displaced os acromiale is at greater risk of supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear.


Subject(s)
Acromion/diagnostic imaging , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Shoulder
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of two different arthroscopic procedures, threading lasso fixation and full-thickness conversion, for repairing articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tear.@*METHODS@#From July 2015 to November 2018, 21 patients with articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears underwent arthroscopic modified threading lasso fixation repair(group A). There were 12 males and 9 females in the group, with an average age of(53.2±6.4)years old. Twenty-four patients with articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears received arthroscopic full-thickness conversion repair(group B). In this group, there were 14 males and 10 females, with an average age of (55.7±5.2) years old. The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score and University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score were used to evaluate preoperative and postoperative clinical function. MRI was used to examine the healing status of the reconstructed rotator cuff.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 20 to 27 months, with a mean of (23.7±3.1) months. In threading lasso fixation group, ASES score and UCLA score increased from 50.6±6.4 and 15.6±2.7 preoperatively to 87.3±5.2 and 31.6±2.4 postoperatively. In full-thickness conversion group, ASES score and UCLA score increased from 52.3±5.6 and 16.8±2.4 scores to 90.1±4.8 and 32.1±2.8. There were also no significant differences in ASES score and Constant score between the two groups before and after operation. There were no significant differences in rotator cuff healing between the two groups(χ2=2.374, P=0.128).@*CONCLUSION@#For the treatment of articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears both arthroscopic repairs employing threading lasso fixation and full-thickness conversion could achieve satisfactory clinical results, and there are no significant differences in clinical outcomes between the two techniques. Arthroscopic repair with threading lasso fixation is a novel transtendinous procedure in which integrity of the tendon can be preserved.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder/surgery , Tendons
13.
Singapore medical journal ; : 97-104, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927276

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Shortening of the tendon and muscle is recognised as a strong predictor of surgical failure of supraspinatus tendon tears. Changes in muscle architecture following repair have not been thoroughly investigated. Hence, we aimed to compare the pre- and postoperative architecture of the supraspinatus.@*METHODS@#We recruited eight participants with full-thickness supraspinatus tears. Images of the supraspinatus were captured preoperatively (pre-op) and postoperatively at one month (post-op1), three months (post-op2) and six months (post-op3) in relaxed and contracted states (0º and 60º glenohumeral abduction). Fibre bundle length (FBL), pennation angle (PA) and muscle thickness were quantified. Self-reported function, and maximal isometric abduction and external rotation strengths were assessed.@*RESULTS@#The mean FBL increased from pre-op to post-op1 (p = 0.001) in the relaxed state and from pre-op to post-op2 (p = 0.002) in the contracted state. Decrease in FBL was observed from post-op2 to post-op3 in the relaxed state. The mean PA decreased from pre-op to post-op1 (p < 0.001) in the relaxed state, but increased from post-op2 to post-op3 in both relaxed (p = 0.006) and contracted (p = 0.004) states. At post-op3, external rotation (p = 0.009) and abduction (p = 0.005) strengths were greater than at post-op2. Overall function increased by 47.67% from pre-op to post-op3.@*CONCLUSION@#Lengthening of the supraspinatus occurs with surgery, altering the length-tension relationship of the muscle, which can compromise muscle function and lead to inferior surgical outcomes. These findings may guide clinicians to optimise loads, velocities and shoulder ranges for effective postoperative rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Tendons
14.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1411620

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados funcionales de tres protocolos distintos de tratamiento conservador en pacientes con capsulitis adhesiva del hombro. Materiales y Métodos: Se revisaron las historias clínicas de los pacientes tratados por capsulitis adhesiva en nuestra institución, entre enero de 2016 y enero de 2019. Se compararon tres protocolos diferentes de tratamiento: grupo 1, bloqueo del nervio supraescapular con un anestésico local y corticoide, analgésicos y fisioterapia después del alivio del dolor; grupo 2, bloqueo del nervio supraescapular con anestésico local sin corticoide, analgésicos y fisioterapia; grupo 3, analgésicos y fisioterapia, sin bloqueo del nervio supraescapular. Se determinaron los resultados funcionales con la escala ASES y el resultado subjetivo con el SSV. Resultados: Se dividió en tres grupos a 46 pacientes tratados por capsulitis adhesiva. Los pacientes del grupo 3 tuvieron, en promedio, más sesiones de fisioterapia (30,31 ± 21,07). Los del grupo 2 recibieron la mayor cantidad promedio de bloqueos del nervio supraescapular (3,27 ± 1,22). Los resultados de los puntajes funcionales fueron: grupo 1 (15 pacientes): media 84 ASES y 84 SSV; grupo 2 (15 pacientes): media 93,40 ASES y 91,67 SSV; grupo 3 (16 pacientes): media 79,4 ASES y 80,63 SSV. Conclusiones: Las distintas formas de tratamiento conservador para la capsulitis adhesiva logran excelentes resultados. La analgesia mediante bloqueos seriados del nervio supraescapular con un anestésico y corticoide logró mejores resultados funcionales y subjetivos, y disminuyó la necesidad de administrar analgésicos y de sesiones de fisioterapia (grupo 1). Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: To evaluate the functional outcomes of three different conservative treatment protocols in patients with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder. Materials and Methods: Reviews of medical records were carried out on patients treated at the institution for adhesive capsulitis in the period between January 2016 and January 2019. 3 different treatment protocols were compared. Group 1; Suprascapular nerve block (SSNB) with local anesthetic and corticosteroid, analgesics, and physiotherapy after pain reduction. Group 2: SSNB with local anesthetic without corticosteroids, analgesics, and physiotherapy, and group 3: analgesics and physiotherapy, without SSNB. The functional outcomes were determined with the ASES scale and the subjective results were assessed with the SSV. Results:A total of 46 patients treated for adhesive capsulitis were divided into 3 groups. Group 3 presented a higher mean number of physiotherapy sessions (30.31±21.07). Group 2 had the highest mean number of SSN blocks (3.27±1.22). The results of the functional scores were: group 1 (15 patients): mean ASES 84 and mean SSV 84; group 2 (15 patients): mean ASES 93.40 and mean SSV 91.67; group 3 (16 patients): mean ASES 79.4 and mean SSV 80.63. Conclusion: The various forms of conservative treatment for adhesive capsulitis achieve excellent outcomes. Analgesia through serial blocks of the suprascapular nerve with an anesthetic and corticosteroid achieved better functional and subjective outcomes and decreased the need to administer analgesics and physiotherapy sessions (group 1). Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Shoulder , Bursitis , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392494

ABSTRACT

El Comité Editorial quiere brindar a sus lectores una actualización de las escalas de uso corriente. El empleo de tablas y escalas es una práctica muy extendida en la Ortopedia y Traumatología. La medición y la cuantificación de los aspectos clínicos, funcionales y radiográficos se convirtieron en una herramienta imprescindible para la toma de decisiones en diferentes aspectos de la actividad asistencial. Llevamos a cabo una revisión de las escalas más utilizadas, definiendo su uso e incluyendo bibliografía original y actualizada. Nivel de Evidencia: V


The Editorial Committee wants to provide its readers with an update on the commonly used scales. The use of tables and scales is a widespread practice in Orthopedics and Traumatology. The measurement and quantification of clinical, functional, and radiographic aspects has become an essential tool for decision-making in different aspects of healthcare activity. We carry out a review of the most used scales, defining their use and including original and updated literature. Level of Evidence: V


Subject(s)
Orthopedics , Shoulder , Injury Severity Score , Trauma Severity Indices , Surveys and Questionnaires , Elbow
16.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(1): 22-27, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1369636

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La escala de ASES (American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons) es una herramienta de medición funcional para evaluar problemas alrededor del hombro. Desarrollada en inglés, se utiliza desde 1993 en su idioma original. Está conformada por datos demográficos, una sección de evaluación médica y otra sección autodiligenciada por el paciente. El objetivo de este estudio es la traducción al español de Colombia de la escala ASES y su validación. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de traducción al español y validación de la escala de ASES. Se incluyeron pacientes con patología en el hombro entre diciembre de 2015 y marzo de 2016. Los pacientes respondieron la escala en dos ocasiones, con diferencia de 7-14 días entre una y otra. Se calculó el alfa de Cronbach (AC) y el coeficiente de correlación intraclase (CCI) para determinar la consistencia interna y la confiabilidad test-retest. Se utilizó el gráfico de Bland-Altman para determinar el error de medición. Resultados: Sesenta y cinco pacientes con patología de hombro fueron incluidos en el estudio, la lesión del manguito rotador (27%) fue la patología más frecuente. El alfa de Cronbach fue de 0.76 y el coeficiente de correlación intraclase fue de 0.74. El gráfico de Bland-Altman determinó la ausencia de error sistemático. Conclusiones: La versión en español para Colombia de la escala de ASES es una herramienta válida y confiable para evaluar calidad de vida en pacientes con patología en el hombro y puede ser aplicada en pacientes de habla hispana en Colombia.


Introduction: The ASES (American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons) score, is a measurement tool developed in English for evaluating function around the shoulder. It has been used since 1993 in its original language. It is made up of demographic data, a medical evaluation section and another section self-completed by the patient. The aim if the study was to translate the ASES score to Colombian Spanish and validate it. Materials and methods: This is a translation and validation study of Spanish of the ASES score. Patients with shoulder problems were included between December 2015 and March 2016. Patients answered the score twice, during the first consultation and again 7-14 days after. Statistical analysis was performed with Stata 13.0. Cronbach's alpha (AC) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) were calculated to determine internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The Bland-Altman plot was used to determine the measurement error. Results: Sixty-five patients were included in the study. The first cause of consultation was rotator cuff tear (27%). Cronbach's alpha was 0.76 and the intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.74. The Bland-Altman showed absence of systematic error. Conclusion: The Colombian Spanish version of the ASES score is a valid and reliable tool to assess the quality of life in patients with shoulder pathology and can be used in Colombia on Spanish speaking patients.


Subject(s)
Shoulder , Translating , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Colombia
17.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392477
20.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392480

Subject(s)
Aged , Shoulder , Lipoma
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