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1.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 236-243, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348373

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Avaliar in vitro a atividade de Staphylococcus aureus e Candida albicans em bases de próteses convencionais à base de polimetilmetacrilato de metila com nanopartículas de prata incorporadas a sua composição. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo experimental laboratorial com resinas acrílicas autopolimerizáveis comercialmente disponíveis, Vipi Flash/VIPI e JET/Clássico. Foram confeccionados 80 corpos de prova, divididos em 16 grupos (n = 5), referentes ao tipo de resina, tratamento (incorporação e imersão na solução de nanopartículas de prata) e microrganismo inoculado. As nanopartículas foram sintetizadas com ácido polimetacrílico, nitrato de prata e irradiadas com luz ultravioleta de baixa potência (~8W) por 6 horas, e as suas concentrações idealizadas pelo método de microdiluição em placas para determinação da concentração mínima inibitória frente aos microrganismos selecionados. Verificou-se ação bactericida e fungicida com concentração inicial de 25% e após fator de diluição 12,5%. Resultados: Houve dificuldade de incorporação das nanopartículas na resina acrílica, que pode decorrer da alteração da proporção 3:1 recomendada pelo fabricante ou pela redução ou inativação da ação da nanopartícula de prata pela interação com o polimetilmetacrilato. VIPI com inclusão de nanopartícula obteve menor aderência de biofilme de Candida albicans. Conclusão:A nanopartícula de prata mostrou-se eficaz na sua ação de controle de Candida albicans e Staphylococcus aureus no método de imersão, entretanto, a sua ação antimicrobiana foi comprometida após inclusão nas resinas acrílicas.


Aim:To perform an in vitro evaluation of the activity of Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicansin conventional prosthesis bases, based on methyl polymethylmethacrylate with silver nanoparticles incorporated into the composition. Methods: An experimental laboratory study was carried out using commercially available self-curing acrylic resins, Vipi Flash/VIPI and JET/Clássico. Eighty specimens were manufactured and divided into 16 groups (n = 5), referent to the resin brand, treatment (incorporation and immersion in the silver nanoparticle solution), and inoculated microorganism. The nanoparticles were synthesized with polymethacrylic acid and silver nitrate, and were irradiated with a low power (~ 8W) ultraviolet light for 6 hours. Their concentrations were idealized by the method of microplate dilution to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration when compared to the selected microorganisms. Bactericidal and fungicidal activities were identified with an initial concentration of 25% and a subsequent dilution factor of 12.5%. Results:It was difficult to incorporate the AgNPs into the acrylic resin, which may well have resulted from the change from the 3:1 proportion recommended by the manufacturer or by reducing or inactivating the action of the silver nanoparticle by interaction with polymethylmethacrylate. VIPI with the inclusion of nanoparticles obtained a lesser Candida albicans biofilm adherence. Conclusion: Silver nanoparticles were effective in controlling Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus in the immersion method; however, the antimicrobial activity was compromised after inclusion in acrylic resins.


Subject(s)
Silver Nitrate , Dental Prosthesis , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Nanotechnology , Nanoparticles , Biological Control Agents
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1535-1538, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134473

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Human skin melanin was stained using the Fontana's silver nitrate method and Schmorl method. The results showed that, in the Fontana's silver nitrate method, melanin and silver-bound cells were black and other tissues were red. When stained using the Schmorl method, effects on melanin differed based on whether the nuclei were stained. When the nucleus was stained, melanin appeared blue-black or blue-green, and other tissue structures were purple. When the nucleus was not stained, melanin was orange and other structures were pink. Comparing the two staining methods, we concluded that Fontana's silver nitrate method takes a long time; in contrast, the Schmorl method showed two different types of results depending on whether the nucleus was stained, and it takes less time than Fontana staining, so we here consider the Schmorl method more suitable for special staining of melanin than Fontana's silver nitrate method.


RESUMEN: La melanina de la piel humana se tiñó utilizando el método del nitrato de plata de Fontana y el método Schmorl. Los resultados mostraron que, en el método del nitrato de plata de Fontana, la melanina y las células unidas a plata eran negras y otros tejidos eran rojos. Cuando se tiñó con el método de Schmorl, los efectos sobre la melanina difirieron en función de si se tiñeron los núcleos. Cuando se tiñó el núcleo, la melanina apareció de color azul-negro o azul-verde, y otras estructuras de tejido fueron de color púrpura. Cuando el núcleo no estaba teñido, la melanina era naranja y otras estructuras eran rosadas. Al comparar los dos métodos de tinción, llegamos a la conclusión de que el método del nitrato de plata de Fontana lleva mucho tiempo; por el contrario, el método Schmorl mostró dos tipos diferentes de resultados dependiendo de si el núcleo estaba teñido, y lleva menos tiempo que la tinción de Fontana, por lo que aquí consideramos que el método Schmorl es más adecuado para la tinción especial de melanina que el método del nitrato de plata de Fontana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Silver Nitrate , Skin/drug effects , Staining and Labeling/methods , Melanins
3.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 43: 8-15, Jan. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087467

ABSTRACT

Background: Plant tissue cultures have the potential to reprogram the development of microspores from normal gametophytic to sporophytic pathway resulting in the formation of androgenic embryos. The efficiency of this process depends on the genotype, media composition and external conditions. However, this process frequently results in the regeneration of albino instead of green plants. Successful regeneration of green plants is affected by the concentration of copper sulfate (CuSO4) and silver nitrate (AgNO3) and the length of induction step. In this study, we aimed at concurrent optimization of these three factors in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), and triticale (x Triticosecale spp. Wittmack ex A. Camus 1927) using the Taguchi method. We evaluated uniform donor plants under varying experimental conditions of in vitro anther culture using the Taguchi approach, and verified the optimized conditions. Results: Optimization of the regeneration conditions resulted in an increase in the number of green regenerants compared with the control. Statistic Taguchi method for optimization of the in vitro tissue culture plant regeneration via anther cultures allowed reduction of the number of experimental designs from 27 needed if full factorial analysis is used to 9. With the increase in the number of green regenerants, the number of spontaneous doubled haploids decreased. Moreover, in barley and triticale, the number of albino regenerants was reduced. Conclusion: The statistic Taguchi approach could be successfully used for various factors (here components of induction media, time of incubation on induction media) at a one time, that may impact on cereals anther cultures to improve the regeneration efficiency


Subject(s)
Agricultural Cultivation , Edible Grain/growth & development , Models, Statistical , Pigments, Biological , Plant Growth Regulators , Pollen , Silver Nitrate , Color , Copper Sulfate , Androgens
4.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 39(1): 23-42, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119323

ABSTRACT

Avaliou-se a interferência das nanopartículas de prata sobre a angiogênese relacionada ao crescimento tumoral. A pesquisa científica foi realizada através da incubação de 42 ovos embrionados de galinhas. Após 24 horas de incubação, esses mesmos ovos foram separados em seis grupos contendo sete ovos cada, para os tratamentos com: Grupo 1: Soro fisiológico; Grupo 2: Tumor de Ehrlich (TE); Grupo 3: Nanopartículas de prata; Grupo 4: Prednisolona; Grupo 5: Nanopartículas de prata e Tumor de Ehrlich; Grupo 6: Prednisolona e Tumor de Ehrlich. Após o tempo total de incubação, as membranas corioalantoideas (MCAs) foram removidas, e analisadas através do microscópio de luz e fotografadas. O grupo 1 apresentou um padrão normal de crescimento e foi utilizado como controle negativo; O grupo 2 apresentou um aumento na quantidade de vasos sanguíneos; o grupo 3 apresentou baixa interferência na angiogenese embrionária e não contribuiu para o desenvolvimento do tumor; O grupo 4 demonstrou diminuição no desenvolvimento de vasos sanguíneos; O grupo 5 indicou que as nanopartículas de prata, quando associadas ao TE, não favorece o desenvolvimento tumoral e o grupo 6 demonstrou que o fármaco prednisolona associado ao TE, se comporta como um excelente inibidor de neoangiogese tumoral. Considera-se através da técnica realizada a possibilidade de utilizar nanopartículas de prata para o tratamento de células tumorais de Ehrlich, porém devem ser realizados testes confirmatórios para estudar a relação da substância descrita às células tumorais empregadas.


The interference of silver nanoparticles on angiogenesis related to tumor growth was evaluated. Scientific research was carried out by incubating 42 embryonated chicken eggs. After 24 hours of incubation, these same eggs were separated into six groups containing seven eggs each, for treatments with: Group 1: Saline; Group 2: Ehrlich's tumor (ET); Group 3: Silver nanoparticles; Group 4: Prednisolone; Group 5: Silver nanoparticles and Ehrlich's Tumor; Group 6: Prednisolone and Ehrlich's Tumor. After the total incubation time, the chorioallantoid membranes (MCAs) were removed, and analyzed using a light microscope and photographed. Group 1 showed a normal growth pattern and was used as a negative control; Group 2 showed an increase in the amount of blood vessels; group 3 showed low interference in embryonic angiogenesis and did not contribute to the development of the tumor; Group 4 demonstrated a decrease in the development of blood vessels; Group 5 indicated that silver nanoparticles, when associated with TE, do not favor tumor development and group 6 demonstrated that the drug prednisolone associated with TE, behaves as an excellent inhibitor of tumor neoangiogenesis. Through the technique performed, the possibility of using silver nanoparticles for the treatment of Ehrlich tumor cells is considered, however, confirmatory tests should be performed to study the relationship of the substance described to the tumor cells employed.


Subject(s)
Neoplasms , Silver Nitrate , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents
5.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(1): 90-93, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984640

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Treatment of persistent anal fistula implies a major challenge for surgeons, with risk of additional recurrence and potential continence impairment. We present a non-surgical treatment based on irrigation with silver nitrate 1% solution. Methods: This is a prospective study including patients with persistent anal fistula after surgery, who were treated with silver nitrate 1% solution irrigation from May 2015 to March 2017. Patients with evidence of abscess, presence of >1 external opening and those with bowel inflammatory disease were excluded. 3-5 cc of silver nitrate 1% solution were instilled through a catheter. The procedure was repeated on a weekly basis, conducting a maximum of 7 sessions per patient. Results: 18 patients (13 male, 72.2%) with a median age of 48 years old (IQR 41-55) were treated using silver nitrate 1% solution. A median of 5 sessions per patient was performed (IQR 3-6). The median follow-up period was 18 months (IQR 9-25). After the described period 8 patients' (44.4%) presented complete resolution of the fistula, 2 patients' (11.2%) were classified as partial healing and in 8 patients' (44.4%) the treatment was considered to fail. 6 patients' experienced self-limited pain during instillation, with persistence up to 24 h in 2 of them. Conclusions: Treatment with silver nitrate 1% solution is a minimally invasive procedure, with a favourable safety profile, that can be performed in an outpatients' basis achieving a complete healing rate of 44.4%. Therefore, this method should be considered for the treatment of recurrent or persistent anal fistula.


RESUMO Objetivo: O tratamento da fístula anal persistente é um grande desafio para os cirurgiões, com risco de recorrência adicional e potencial comprometimento da continência. Os autores apresentam um tratamento não cirúrgico baseado na irrigação com solução de nitrato de prata a 1%. Métodos: Este foi um estudo prospectivo incluindo pacientes com fístula anal persistente após a cirurgia que foram tratados com irrigação com solução de nitrato de prata a 1% entre maio de 2015 e março de 2017. Pacientes com evidência de abscesso, presença de mais de uma abertura externa e aqueles com doença inflamatória intestinal foram excluídos. Usando um cateter, instilou-se 3 a 5 cc. de solução de nitrato de prata a 1%. O procedimento foi repetido semanalmente, em um máximo de sete sessões por paciente. Resultados: Um total de 18 pacientes (13 homens, 72,2%) com idade mediana de 48 anos (IQR 41-55) foram tratados com solução de nitrato de prata a 1%. Uma mediana de cinco sessões por paciente foi realizada (IQR 3-6). A mediana do período de acompanhamento foi de 18 meses (IQR 9-25). Após o período descrito, oito pacientes (44,4%) apresentaram resolução completa da fístula, dois pacientes (11,2%) foram classificados como cicatrização parcial e em oito pacientes (44,4%) o tratamento falhou. Seis pacientes apresentaram dor autolimitada durante a instilação, que persistiu por até 24 horas em dois deles. Conclusões: O tratamento com solução de nitrato de prata a 1% é um procedimento minimamente invasivo, com perfil de segurança favorável, que pode ser realizado em regime ambulatorial, atingindo taxa de cura completa de 44,4%. Portanto, este método deve ser considerado para o tratamento da fístula anal recorrente ou persistente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Silver Nitrate/therapeutic use , Rectal Fistula/drug therapy , Therapeutic Irrigation , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/therapeutic use
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787392

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to assess the new trial for minimal cavity preparation in composite restoration combined with resin infiltration, focusing at application sequence.32 human primary molars with early carious lesions around small cavity were selected and randomly divided into two groups, according to the sequence of cavity preparation (P), composite filling (F) and resin infiltration (I) as IPF and PFI group. Each group was assessed about amount of tooth reduction, features of resin infiltration, and marginal leakage around restoration.Amount of tooth reduction evaluated using micro-CT was decreased compared with the original lesion size in both groups. Features of resin infiltration were verified under confocal laser scanning microscopy. In both groups, infiltrant resin was found on all around the composite and maintained in spite of extent of decalcification even after artificial caries induction. Marginal micro leakage assessed with silver nitrate immersion and micro-CT was found more frequently in PFI group.The technique combining resin infiltration and composite restoration might ensure better adhesion prognosis as applied by the sequence of resin infiltration, cavity preparation, and composite filling. This new trial was thought meaningful in minimizing the cavity size and contributing to minimal invasive dentistry.


Subject(s)
Dentistry , Humans , Immersion , Microscopy, Confocal , Molar , Prognosis , Silver Nitrate , Tooth
7.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 23(1): e20180212, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-975238

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze the knowledge and practice of nursing professionals about the prophylaxis of ophthalmia neonatorum. Method: Descriptive study, of qualitative approach, carried out in the first semester of 2018, in a city hall hospital located in the lake area of the Rio de Janeiro's state, through semi-structured interviews with 14 Nursing professionals participating in the care of the newborn, whose data were submitted to the Thematic Analysis. Results: From the three emerging thematic categories, there are gaps in knowledge related to ophthalmia neonatorum, silver nitrate and the instillation procedure of this prophylactic solution, as well as differences in care practice regarding care before, during and after the procedure. Conclusion and implications for practice: The data point to the importance of training the Nursing team in the prophylaxis of ophthalmia neonatorum, the revision of guidelines and procedures aimed at standardizing the procedure, as well as emphasizing the need for adequate follow-up of pregnant women in prenatal care.


Resumen Objetivo: Analizar el conocimiento y la práctica de los profesionales de Enfermería sobre la profilaxis de la oftalmía neonatal. Método: Estudio descriptivo, de naturaleza cualitativa, realizado en el primer semestre de 2018, en un hospital municipal ubicado en la bajada costera del estado de Río de Janeiro, a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas desarrolladas con 14 profesionales de Enfermería, que participan en la asistencia al recién nacido, cuyos datos se sometieron al análisis temático. Resultados: A partir de las tres categorías temáticas emergentes se evidencian lagunas en el conocimiento relacionadas a la oftalmía neonatal, al nitrato de plata y al procedimiento de instilación de esa solución profiláctica, además de divergencias en la práctica asistencial en cuanto a los cuidados antes, durante y después de la realización del procedimiento. Conclusión y las implicaciones para la práctica: Los datos apuntan a la importancia de la capacitación del equipo de Enfermería para la realización de la profilaxis de la oftalmia neonatal, de la revisión de directrices y conductas que visen la estandarización del procedimiento, además de resaltar la necesidad de un acompañamiento adecuado de las gestantes en el prenatal.


Resumo Objetivo: Analisar o conhecimento e a prática de profissionais de Enfermagem sobre profilaxia da oftalmia neonatal. Método: Estudo descritivo, de natureza qualitativa, realizado no primeiro semestre de 2018, em um hospital municipal localizado na baixada litorânea do estado do Rio de Janeiro, por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas com 14 profissionais de Enfermagem, que participam da assistência ao recém-nascido, cujos dados foram submetidos à Análise Temática. Resultados: A partir das três categorias temáticas emergentes evidenciaram-se lacunas no conhecimento relacionadas à oftalmia neonatal, ao nitrato de prata e ao procedimento de instilação dessa solução profilática, além de divergências na prática assistencial quanto aos cuidados antes, durante e após a realização do procedimento. Conclusão e implicações para a prática: Os dados apontam para a importância da capacitação da equipe de Enfermagem para a realização da profilaxia da oftalmia neonatal, da revisão de diretrizes e condutas que visem a padronização do procedimento, além de ressaltar a necessidade de um acompanhamento adequado das gestantes no pré-natal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Middle Aged , Ophthalmia Neonatorum/nursing , Neonatal Nursing , Professional Practice , Silver Nitrate/administration & dosage , Silver Nitrate/adverse effects , Silver Nitrate/toxicity , Silver Nitrate/therapeutic use , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/diagnosis , Chlamydia trachomatis , Ophthalmia Neonatorum/prevention & control , Ophthalmia Neonatorum/therapy , Conjunctivitis, Viral , Blindness/complications , Qualitative Research , Corneal Injuries/complications , Neisseria gonorrhoeae
8.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 62: e19180228, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019546

ABSTRACT

Abstract The influence of silver nitrate (AgNO3), benzyladenine (BAP), and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) on low frequency somatic embryogenesis (LFSE) induction in Caturra and Catuaí arabica coffee was evaluated. For the Caturra cultivar, the production of somatic embryos was significantly increased by adding AgNO3 to the semisolid culture medium. The highest average number of somatic embryos for this cultivar was obtained using 6.6 μM BAP, 2.85 μM IAA, and 40 μM AgNO3. In contrast, for the Catuaí cultivar, the highest average number of somatic embryos was obtained using semisolid medium supplemented with 8.8 μM BAP, and 2.85 μM IAA. Using these protocols, somatic embryos were directly induced using leaf sections of in vitro plants of both coffee cultivars within 8 weeks. The somatic embryos developed into rooted plants with a 100% survival rate upon transfer to the greenhouse.


Subject(s)
Plant Growth Regulators , Seeds/chemistry , Silver Nitrate/administration & dosage , Coffea , Tissue Culture Techniques
9.
São Paulo; s.n; 20180000. 105 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997876

ABSTRACT

Lesões cervicais não cariosas têm etiologia multifatorial, com ênfase na ação de ácidos, abrasivos e cargas mecânicas aplicadas à distância do local da lesão, mas que concentram tensão na região cervical, que é o local da lesão. O mecanismo de ação das cargas aplicadas à distância não foi ainda elucidado. Pensou-se que seria mediado por micro fraturas que fariam se desprender fragmentos de tecido (abfração); mas isto não explicaria a formação de lesões produzidas na presença de compressão, mesmo concentrada, nem a interação sinérgica na presença de ácidos. Além disso, as fraturas nunca foram localizadas no tecido. Uma outra hipótese considera os tecidos dentários como esponjas rígidas, deformáveis, capazes de expelir a sua própria água quando comprimidos ou absorver fluidos circundantes quando tracionados. Quando a carga fosse removida e o tecido recuperasse sua forma original, o fluido faria o caminho inverso. Assim, a ciclagem mecânica forçaria a circulação de fluidos circundantes no tecido e, se fossem ácidos, facilitaria a dissolução do tecido, tanto sob tração quanto sob compressão. A proposta do estudo foi avaliar a penetração de fluido traçador (nitrato de prata a 10 %) no esmalte de espécimes submetidos ou não a cargas cíclicas excêntricas que provocam compressão ou tração. Os espécimes foram construídos a partir de incisivos bovinos, cortados em paralelepípedos de 3x3x8,2 mm, com entalhe na dentina para formar um pescoço de 2x2 mm de seção transversal. Os espécimes, exceto uma faixa central do esmalte vestibular de 1,5x5 mm foram protegidos da penetração do traçador com verniz. Foram aplicados 1.200 ciclos mecânicos de carga excêntrica para produzir tensões de tração ou compressão no esmalte, com 5 s de carga de 40 N e 25 s sem carga. Um grupo controle não recebeu nem carga nem exposição ao traçador; outro controle recebeu apenas exposição ao traçador, sem carga; outros dois grupos controles receberam carga (de tração ou compressão) enquanto imersos em água e, imediatamente depois, foram expostos ao traçador durante 600 min. Os dois grupos teste foram expostos simultaneamente aos ciclos de carga (de tração ou de compressão) e ao traçador. A prata do traçador foi precipitada por exposição a fixador radiográfico e, posteriormente, à luz de fotopolimerizador (5 min). Para localizar o traçador os espécimes foram micro tomografados, radiografados e, posteriormente, foram cortados longitudinalmente para obter uma fatia central de 1 mm de espessura para avaliação em lupa, com luz refletida ou transmitida. A micro tomografia foi ineficaz devido aos artefatos formados. As radiografias marcaram apenas as regiões de maior concentração do traçador. A avaliação dos cortes em lupa binocular permitiu concluir que existem variações de padrão de coloração natural do esmalte de incisivos bovinos, que todos os espécimes expostos ao traçador, independentemente do grupo experimental, apresentaram alguma infiltração, pelo menos numa camada fina e uniforme da superfície exposta. Além da fina camada marcada, existe variação de padrões de penetração do traçador, mesmo entre os que receberam um mesmo tratamento experimental, o que pode ser devido a variações inevitáveis no histórico de cada dente. Isto, apesar de se tornar um inconveniente para identificar um possível efeito de bombeamento, poderia ser identificado também como um indicador de que podem existir diferenças na velocidade e profundidade de penetração no esmalte de outras moléculas como, por exemplo, as dos ácidos. Em resumo, o corante traçador penetrou no esmalte dos espécimes de incisivos bovinos sem diferenças claras de padrão de penetração entre os diferentes grupos e pode ser um método eficaz para comprovar a hipótese de circulação forçada, mas exigirá novos estudos.


Subject(s)
Silver Nitrate
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(10): 1049-1056, out. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-895342

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho teve como objetivo analisar o potencial das soluções de óxido de zinco e de nitrato de prata como alternativa para antissepsia de tetos de bovinos (in situ), considerando a escassez de literatura a respeito do uso destes compostos na profilaxia de mastites. Primeiramente foram realizados ensaios de microdiluição e CBM (Concentração Bactericida Mínima) a fim de verificar a atividade antimicrobiana das soluções de óxido de zinco e de nitrato de prata sobre 30 isolados de Staphylococcus spp., obtidos de casos de mastite. Todos os isolados apresentaram sensibilidade às duas soluções testadas, mas a solução de nitrato de prata apresentou menores valores de CBMs (3,05 a 97,65 µg/mL), quando comparada as CBMs da solução de óxido de zinco (97,65 a 6.250 µg/mL). Posteriormente, foram conduzidos os ensaios de antissepsia dos tetos (in situ) através da imersão dos mesmos nas soluções antimicrobianas testadas. Para isso, foram utilizados 40 tetos (n=40) oriundos de vacas abatidas, os quais foram divididos em 4 grupos de 10 tetos, destinados ao teste das solução de óxido de zinco a 3% (30mg/mL), de nitrato e prata 1% (10mg/mL) e seus respectivos controles. Os tetos foram submetidos à contagem de microrganismos mesófilos na superfície dos tetos (UFC/cm2) antes e após a imersão nas soluções testadas. Como resultado, todas as soluções (de óxido de zinco e de nitrato de prata) apresentaram significativa redução de UFC/cm2 até aos 60 minutos após a imersão (M 0' a M 60'). A solução de nitrato de prata apresentou redução de UFC/cm2 significativamente maior, quando comparado ao grupo testado com solução de óxido de zinco. Tais resultados validam o potencial das soluções de óxido de zinco e nitrato de prata para utilização no pré e pós-dipping em vacas leiteiras.(AU)


This study aimed to analyze the zinc oxide and silver nitrate solutions as an alternative antiseptic for cow teats (in situ), considering the lack in the literature about these compounds uses in mastitis prophylaxis. First microdilution tests med and MBC (Minimal Bactericidal Concentration were perfor in order to determine the antimicrobial activity of zinc oxide and silver nitrate solutions over 30 Staphylococcus spp. isolates, obtained from cows with mastitis. All strains tested showed sensitivity to both solutions, but the silver nitrate solution had lower MBC values (3,05 to 97,65ug/ml) compared with zinc oxide solution MBCs (97,65 to 6,250 ug/ml). Subsequently, the antiseptic teat tests were conducted (in situ) by immersing the teats in same antimicrobial solutions tested in the first experiment. Therefore, 40 teats were used (n = 40) originating from slaughtered cows were divided into 4 groups of 10 teats, to test test zinc oxide 3% (30mg/mL) and silver nitrate 1% (10mg/mL) solutions and their respective controls. The teats were submitted to mesophilic count on the teat surface (CFU/cm2) before and after immersion in tested solutions. As a result, all the solutions (zinc oxide and silver nitrate) had a significant reduction in CFU/cm2 until 60 minutes after immersion (M 0' to 60 M'). Silver nitrate solution showed a reduction of CFU/cm2 significantly higher compared to the group treated with zinc oxide solution. These results validate the potential use of zinc oxide and silver nitrate solutions in dairy cows as a pre- and post-dipping antiseptic.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Silver Nitrate/administration & dosage , Zinc Oxide/administration & dosage , Cattle , Antisepsis , Mastitis, Bovine/prevention & control , Anti-Bacterial Agents
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(4): 478-483, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886989

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Histological and mycological changes during itraconazole use have not been totally established in chromoblastomycosis. Objectives: To evaluate tissue modifications in chromoblastomycosis carriers under itraconazole treatment. Methods: A histological retrospective study of 20 cases of chromoblastomycosis seen at the university hospital at the south of Brazil, during itraconazole 400 mg daily treatment. Patients were classified into two groups: plaque or tumor lesions, and underwent periodic evaluations every four months during three years. Hematoxylin-eosin stain was used to analyze epidermal modifications, inflammatory infiltrate and fibrosis, and Fontana-Masson stain for parasite evaluation. Results: Fontana-Masson stain was superior to hematoxylin-eosin stain in fungal count in the epidermis (mean difference=0.14; p<0.05). The most distinct mycosis tissue responses were registered in the dermis. Epidermal thinning, granulomatous infiltrate decrease or disappearance, fibrosis increase and quantitative/morphological changes occurred during treatment. Study limitations: Patients could not be located to have their current skin condition examined. Conclusion: Parasitic and tissue changes verified in this study can reflect the parasite-host dynamics under itraconazole action.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Skin/pathology , Chromoblastomycosis/drug therapy , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/microbiology , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Silver Nitrate , Skin/microbiology , Biopsy , Retrospective Studies , Chromoblastomycosis/microbiology , Chromoblastomycosis/pathology , Subcutaneous Tissue , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/pathology , Fungi/physiology , Host-Parasite Interactions/physiology
12.
Braz. dent. sci ; 19(4): 98-109, 2016. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-850493

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: A desmineralização menos agressiva do esmalte por sistemas adesivos autocondicionantes resulta em maior descoloração, infiltração marginal e falhas em suas restaurações. Deste modo, este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a microinfiltração por meio da técnica da infiltração de nitrato de prata e formação de tags na interface esmalte/adesivo. Material e Método: Duzentos fragmentos de esmalte foram divididos aleatoriamente em 10 grupos (n = 10) de acordo com o sistema adesivo (Single Bond Adper Plus- (SB), Clearfil Tri-S Bond- (CF), ou Scotchbond Universal- (SBU)) e a superfície do esmalte (lixada (GE), não lixada- (UE), condicionada com ácido fosfórico 37%- (PHA), ou sem condicionamento): (SB-UE), (SB-GE), (CF-UE), (CFGE), (CF-ue/pha), (CF-ge/pha), (SBU-ue), (SBU-ge), (SBU-ue/pha) e (SBU-ge/pha). Metade das amostras restauradas foram submetidas a 20.000 ciclos térmicos. Quatro fatias de 1,0 mm/amostra foram obtidas para avaliar a formação de tags e infiltração de nitrato de prata. Todas as amostras foram examinadas com microscopia de luz polarizada e a percentagem de infiltração foi quantificada. Resultados: Não foram observadas interações entre os três fatores. O sistema adesivo e envelhecimento exibiram uma interação. Foram encontradas diferenças significativas somente após termociclagem: os grupos SB e SBU condicionados apresentaram menor porcentagem de infiltração comparados aos outros grupos, independente do tipo de esmalte. Quanto à analise qualitativa, o comprimento dos tags após condicionamento ácido foi maior para o GE comparado ao UE, independente do sistema adesivo. Conclusão: A aplicação dos sistemas adesivos na técnica autocondicionante mostrou uma formação de tags significativamente menor comparada à técnica convencional. O condicionamento ácido do esmalte previamente aos sistemas adesivos multi-mode é fundamental para reduzir o grau de infiltração na interface adesiva após envelhecimento.


Objective: The less aggressive demineralization of enamel by self-etching systems results in greater staining, marginal leakage, and failure in their restorations, so this study aimed to assess the silver nitrate infiltration and tag formation of the enamel/adhesive interface. Material and Methods: Two hundred enamel fragments were randomly assigned into 10 groups according to the adhesive system (Single Bond Adper Plus- (SB), Clearfil Tri-S Bond-(CF), or Scotchbond Universal-(SBU)) and enamel surface (ground- (ge), unground-(ue), phosphoric acid etching- (pha), or none) (n=10): (SB-ue), (SB-ge), (CF-ue), (CF-ge), (CF-ue/pha), (CF-ge/pha), (SBU-ue), (SBU-ge), (SBU-ue/pha), and (SBUge/pha). Half of the restored samples were submitted to thermocycling. Four slices of 1.0mm/ sample were obtained to evaluate tag formation and silver nitrate infiltration. All of the specimens were examined with Polarized Light Microscopy, and the percentage of infiltration was quantified. Results: No interactions were found among the three factors. The adhesive and aging exhibited an interaction. Significant differences were found only after thermocycling: the SB and SBU-etched groups had decreased infiltration compared with the other groups. The tag length after etching was higher for ge compared with ue, regardless of the adhesive system. Conclusion: The selfetching techniques resulted in significantly less tag formation compared with the conventional technique. The acid pre-etching of enamel with the multi-mode adhesive was fundamental for reducing the degree of infiltration of the adhesive interface after aging


Subject(s)
Aging , Dental Cements , Dental Enamel , Microscopy, Polarization , Silver Nitrate
13.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(4): 1325-1332, Oct.-Dec. 2014. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741283

ABSTRACT

In the present study, rapid reduction and stabilization of Ag+ ions with different NaOH molar concentration (0.5 mM, 1.0 mM and 1.5 mM) has been carried out in the aqueous solution of silver nitrate by the bio waste peel extract of P.granatum. Generally, chemical methods used for the synthesis of AgNPs are quite toxic, flammable and have adverse effect in medical application but green synthesis is a better option due to eco-friendliness, non-toxicity and safe for human. Stable AgNPs were synthesized by treating 90 mL aqueous solution of 2 mM AgNO3 with the 5 mL plant peels extract (0.4% w/v) at different NaOH concentration (5 mL). The synthesized AgNPs were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, TEM and SEM. Further, antimicrobial activities of AgNPs were performed on Gram positive i.e. Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilius and Gram negative i.e. E. coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria. The AgNPs synthesized at 1.5 mM NaOH concentration had shown maximum zone of inhibition (ZOI) i.e. 49 ± 0.64 in E. coli, whereas Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilius had shown 40 ± 0.29 mm, 28 ± 0.13 and 42 ± 0.49 mm ZOI respectively. The MIC value of 30 g/mL observed for E. coli Whereas, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilius and Pseudomonas aeruginosa had shown 45 µg/mL, 38 µg/mL, 35 µg/mL respectively. The study revealed that AgNPs had shown significant antimicrobial activity as compared to Streptomycin.


Subject(s)
Anti-Infective Agents/metabolism , Nanoparticles/metabolism , Silver Nitrate/metabolism , Gram-Negative Bacteria/drug effects , Gram-Positive Bacteria/drug effects , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Nanoparticles/ultrastructure , Spectrum Analysis
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(3): 223-230, 03/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-704622

ABSTRACT

Dietary salt intake has been linked to hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Accumulating evidence has indicated that salt-sensitive individuals on high salt intake are more likely to develop renal fibrosis. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) participates in the development and progression of renal fibrosis in humans and animals. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of a high-salt diet on EMT in Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rats. Twenty-four male SS and consomic SS-13BN rats were randomized to a normal diet or a high-salt diet. After 4 weeks, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and albuminuria were analyzed, and renal fibrosis was histopathologically evaluated. Tubular EMT was evaluated using immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR with E-cadherin and alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). After 4 weeks, SBP and albuminuria were significantly increased in the SS high-salt group compared with the normal diet group. Dietary salt intake induced renal fibrosis and tubular EMT as identified by reduced expression of E-cadherin and enhanced expression of α-SMA in SS rats. Both blood pressure and renal interstitial fibrosis were negatively correlated with E-cadherin but positively correlated with α-SMA. Salt intake induced tubular EMT and renal injury in SS rats, and this relationship might depend on the increase in blood pressure.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Blood Pressure/physiology , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/physiology , Kidney/pathology , Rats, Inbred Dahl , Sodium Chloride, Dietary/adverse effects , Albuminuria , Actins/genetics , Cadherins/genetics , Fibrosis , Gene Expression , Hypertension/physiopathology , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Silver Nitrate
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300222

ABSTRACT

Silver nanoparticles were synthesized from the extract of Fagopyri Dibotryis Rhizoma and the optimization of synthesis was studied. The absorbance of UV-visible spectroscopy was determined under the different influencing factors such as extracting time of Fagopyri Dibotryis Rhizoma powder, reation temperature of synthesis, volume of Fagopyri Dibotryis Rhizoma extract and concentration of AgNO3 to seek the optimization conditions. By means of FT-IR, TEM, DLS and XRD, the silver nanoparticles were characterized. The results showed that when the boiling time of Fagopyri Dibotryis Rhizoma powder was 5 min, resultant temperature was 25 degrees C, the volume ratio of 0.1 g x mL(-1) Fagopyri Dibotryis Rhizoma extract and 1 mmol x L(-1) AgNO3 was 1 to 10, and the reaction time was 3.5 h, the obtained silver nanoparticles had mean size about 27 nm and Zeta potential about -34.3 mV with good uniformity and dispersivity. Therefore, the green synthesis method of silver nanoparticles using extract of traditional Chinese medicine is stable and feasible.


Subject(s)
Fagopyrum , Chemistry , Light , Metal Nanoparticles , Chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Particle Size , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry , Scattering, Radiation , Silver , Chemistry , Silver Nitrate , Chemistry , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Temperature , X-Ray Diffraction
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-202482

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of present study was to evaluate the internal adaptation of composite restorations using different adhesive systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Typical class I cavities were prepared in 32 human third molars. The teeth were divided into the following four groups: 3-step etch-and-rinse, 2-step etch-and-rinse, 2-step self-etch and 1-step self-etch system were used. After the dentin adhesives were applied, composite resins were filled and light-cured in two layers. Then, silver nitrate solution was infiltrated, and all of the samples were scanned by micro-CT before and after thermo-mechanical load cycling. For each image, the length to which silver nitrate infiltrated, as a percentage of the whole pulpal floor length, was calculated (%SP). To evaluate the internal adaptation using conventional method, the samples were cut into 3 pieces by two sectioning at an interval of 1 mm in the middle of the cavity and they were dyed with Rhodamine-B. The cross sections of the specimens were examined by stereomicroscope. The lengths of the parts where actual leakage was shown were measured and calculated as a percentage of real leakage (%RP). The values for %SP and %RP were compared. RESULTS: After thermo-mechanical loading, all specimens showed significantly increased %SP compared to before thermo-mechanical loading and 1-step self-etch system had the highest %SP (p < 0.05). There was a tendency for %SP and %RP to show similar microleakage percentage depending on its sectioning. CONCLUSIONS: After thermo-mechanical load cycling, there were differences in internal adaptation among the groups using different adhesive systems.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Composite Resins , Dentin , Humans , Methods , Molar, Third , Silver Nitrate , Tooth
17.
Acta toxicol. argent ; 21(2): 93-101, dic. 2013. graf, mapas, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-708419

ABSTRACT

Abstract. A 96 h acute silver toxicity test was performed in order to determine silver toxicity (LC50) to a local fish species (Cnesterodon decemmaculatus) in a river with extreme water-quality characteristics (Pilcomayo River, South America) and evaluate a cross-fish-species extrapolation of the Biotic Ligand Model. The dissolved silver concentrations tested were 0.095, 0.148, 0.175 and 0.285 mg Ag L−1. The 96 h Ag LC50 calculated for C. decemmaculatus was 0.14 mg L−1 (0.18 - 0.10) and the value predicted by BLM for Pimephales promelas was 0.051 mg Ag L−1. Test water elevated hardness may have exerted some protective effect. High mean water pH may have exerted a major protective effect by reducing silver free ion form and causing silver precipitation. The mortality pattern observed in this toxicity test may lend some support to a relationship between gill silver accumulation and mortality. A cross-fish-species extrapolation of Ag BLM for P. promelas was not valid in Pilcomayo River water and experimental conditions of this toxicity test.


Con el objeto de determinar la toxicidad de la plata en un pez nativo (Cnesterodon decemmaculatus), se llevó a cabo un ensayo estático de toxicidad aguda a 96 horas en un agua natural con características de calidad de agua, extremas (río Pilcomayo, Sudamérica). Asimismo, se evaluó una posible extrapolación inter-especie del Modelo del Ligando Biótico en el agua experimental. La concentración inicial de plata en solución en los distintos tratamientos fue de 0,095; 0,148; 0,175 y 0,285 mg Ag L −1 . La CL50 a las 96 horas calculada para C. decemmaculatus fue de 0,14 (0.18 - 0.10) mg Ag L−1 y el valor predicho por el BLM para Pimephales promelas fue de 0,051 mg Ag L−1. La elevada dureza del agua experimental pudo haber tenido algún efecto protector frente a la toxicidad de la plata. El valor medio de pH del ensayo fue elevado y posiblemente tuvo un gran efecto protector por reducción de la forma iónica libre y precipitación del metal. El patrón de mortalidad observado en este ensayo de toxicidad apoyaría la relación causa-efecto entre acumulación de plata en las branquias y mortalidad. La extrapolación inter-especie del BLM para P. promelas no resultó válida en el agua del río Pilcomayo y en las condiciones experimentales de este ensayo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Poecilia , Silver Nitrate/toxicity , Silver/toxicity , Toxicity Tests, Acute/methods , Argentina , River Pollution/analysis
18.
Rev. colomb. biotecnol ; 15(2): 55-62, jul.-dic. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-703337

ABSTRACT

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is one of the main crops of the Andes region in Venezuela where some S. tuberosum ssp. andigena cultivars are used, including Arbolona negra. Since 1946, the Andean cultivars have been slowly substituted with foreign potato seeds, for example cv. Granola from Germany. Potato micropropagation is an excellent alternative for the conservation of native cultivars, for the massive production of potato seeds and for the production of plantlets with adequate growth parameters that allow the study of potato-pathogen interactions. However, potato's vitroplants frequently show symptoms caused by ethylene accumulation in the culture flasks. In this work, we compare the in vitro response of Granola and Arbolona negra cultivars using MS semi-solid or liquid medium supplemented or not with AgNO3. These potato cultivars did not show epinasty or hyperhidricity symptoms caused by ethylene when were cultivated on MS (1962) semi-solid medium supplemented with AgNO3 2 mg l-1. Under these conditions, leaf area shows the highest values for both cultivars, but there were no differences in others growth parameters such as stem length or leaf number in comparison with plantlets cultivated on medium without AgNO3. These results allowed us to recommend the use of semi-solid medium supplemented with AgNO3 for the micropropagation of these two cultivars.


La papa (Solanum tuberosum L.) es uno de los principales cultivos de la región de los Andes de Venezuela, donde algunos cultivares de S. tuberosum ssp. andigena se utilizan, entre ellos, Arbolona negra. Desde 1946, los cultivares andinos han sido poco a poco sustituidos por cultivares comerciales, por ejemplo Granola de Alemania. La micropropagación es una excelente alternativa para la conservación de cultivares nativos de papa, para la producción masiva de semillas y para la producción de vitroplantas con parámetros de crecimiento adecuados que permitan el estudio de la interacción papa-patógeno. Sin embargo, las vitroplantas de papa frecuentemente muestran síntomas causados por la acumulación de etileno en los envases de cultivo. En este trabajo, se compara la respuesta in vitro de los cultivares Granola y Arbolona negra en medio MS semisólido o líquido suplementado o no con AgNO3. Estos cultivares no presentaron síntomas de hiperhidricidad o epinastia causados por el etileno cuando se cultivaron en medio MS (1962) semisólido suplementado con AgNO3 2 mg·l-1. Bajo estas condiciones el área foliar mostró los valores más altos para ambos cultivares, pero no hubo diferencias en los otros parámetros de crecimiento medidos tales como la longitud del tallo o el número de hojas en comparación con vitroplántulas cultivadas en medio sin AgNO3. Estos resultados nos permiten recomendar la utilización del medio semisólido suplementado con AgNO3 para la micropropagación de estos dos cultivares.


Subject(s)
Silver Nitrate , Solanum tuberosum
19.
Rev. colomb. biotecnol ; 15(1): 167-171, ene.-jun. 2013. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-696128

ABSTRACT

El mantenimiento en campo de los Bancos de Germoplasma resulta muy costoso, además de los riesgos a que se exponen. El cultivo de tejidos constituye una solución a estos problemas siendo conveniente utilizar una combinación de técnicas de almacenamiento en los cultivos de propagación vegetativa para no depender de una sola. El cultivo in vitro ofrece nuevas alternativas para el mejoramiento de la productividad y la producción de material de siembra sano en malanga (Xanthosoma spp.). La presente investigación se desarrolló en el Laboratorio de Cultivo de Tejidos del Instituto de Investigaciones de Viandas Tropicales (INIVIT), Cuba, con el objetivo de estudiar las condiciones para la conservación en crecimiento mínimo in vitro de germoplasma de esta especie. Como material vegetal se utilizó el clon de Malanga Xanthosoma "INIVIT MX-2008". El establecimiento del material vegetal y su posterior multiplicación fueron realizadas según la metodología recomendada por García et al. (1999). Para la conservación en medio de cultivo de crecimiento mínimo se utilizó el medio basal MS y se estudiaron 15 tratamientos que combinaron concentraciones de Manitol (regulador osmótico) (1,5; 3 y 4%) y Nitrato de plata (inhibidor de la acción etileno) (0, 2, 4, 8, 10 mg.L-1). Se concluye que es posible conservar in vitro los recursos genéticos de malanga Xanthosoma durante más de 10 meses, en un medio de cultivo compuesto por sales y vitaminas MS suplementado con 4% de manitol y 4 mg.L-1 de Nitrato de plata. Las plantas propagadas a partir de este medio de cultivo se recuperaron exitosamente. La mayor concentración de manitol en el medio de cultivo pudo haber influido en la mejor recuperación del material conservado.


Maintenance field genebanks are costly, in addition to the risks they face; to that effect on tissue culture is a solution to these problems. In vegetative propagated crops is desirable to use a combination of storage technology rather than relying on just one. in vitro culture provides an alternative for improving productivity and production of healthy planting material of taro (Xanthosoma spp.). This research was conducted in the Tissue Culture Laboratory of the Research Institute of Tropical Crops. Our objective was study the conditions for minimal growth conservation in vitro germplasm in this species. As plant material was used clone of Taro Xanthosoma 'INIVIT MX-2008'. The establishment of the plant material and its subsequent multiplication were carried out according to the methodology recommended by García et al. (1999). For the maintenance in culture of minimal growth basal medium MS was used and studied 15 treatments with combined concentrations of mannitol (osmotic regulator) (1.5, 3 and 4%) and silver nitrate (Ethylene inhibitor) (0, 2, 4, 8, 10 mg.L-1). It concludes that it is possible to conserve taro Xanthosoma genetic resources in vitro, for over 10 months in a culture medium composed of MS salts and vitamins and supplemented with 4% mannitol and 4 mg.L-1 of silver nitrate. Plants propagated from this culture medium were recovered successfully. The presence of higher concentrations of mannitol, may have influenced that increases survival of preserved material. O3.


Subject(s)
Mannitol , Silver Nitrate , Xanthosoma , Growth
20.
São Paulo; Instituto de Saúde; 1982. 14 p. (Instituto de Saúde, publicação n.41. Série A. Serviço de Oftalmologia Sanitária, 6).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-ISPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-ISACERVO | ID: biblio-1079675
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