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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on glucose and lipid metabolism in unmarried patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).@*METHODS@#Fifty-four PCOS patients were equally randomized into true acupuncture group and sham acupuncture group (control) for totally 16 weeks of treatment by random method with a computerized randomization program. Patients in true acupuncture group accepted traditional acupuncture methods with EA and two sets of acupoint groups were used alternatively. The first set consisted of Zhongji (CV 3), Qihai (CV 6), Guilai (ST 29), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Hegu (LI4) and Baihui (GV 20), and the second set consisted of Tianshu (ST 25), ST 29, CV 3, CV 6, SP 6, Taichong (LR 3), Neiguan (PC) 6 and GV 20. Patients in the sham acupuncture group accepted shallow acupuncture methods through EA without electricity at 4 non-meridian points in each shoulder and upper arm. Outcome measures included body mass index (BMI), waist-hip-ratio (WHR), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), insulin release test, glucose and lipid metabolism indicators such as total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, adiponectin, leptin, visfatin, resistin, and interleukin (IL-6).@*RESULTS@#Twenty-six subjects in the true acupuncture group and 20 subjects in the sham group completed the clinical trial. After 16 weeks of treatment, no significant difference in the outcome measures were observed between the two groups (P>0.05). However, as compared with baseline data, a reduction in weight, BMI, hipline, WHR, fasting glucose, homeostatic model assessment of insulin sensitivity, visfatin and HDL-C, and an increase in resistin and IL-6 were observed in the true acupuncture group (P<0.05). In addition, a reduction in visfatin and an increase in TC were also observed in the sham group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Acupuncture may have a beneficial effect in the treatment of PCOS by improving glucose and lipid metabolism. Moreover, the sham acupuncture may be not completely ineffective. Sham acupuncture may improve some of the aspects of the glucose and lipid metabolism of PCOS patients through a placebo effect. (Registration Nos. ChiCTR-TRC-12002529 and NCT01812161).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Female , Glucose , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Lipid Metabolism , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/therapy , Single Person
2.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-4, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362947

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever as características e taxas de mortalidade por suicídio no estado do Ceará e suas macrorregiões. Método: estudo descritivo, compreendendo o período de 2012-2016. Resultados e conclusão: a maioria dos casos ocorreu no sexo masculino, entre não casados, em domicílio, por enforcamento, na macrorregião de Fortaleza. A taxa no Ceará foi de 5,1/100.000. As macrorregiões do Sertão Central, Sobral e Cariri apresentam maiores taxas. Taxas mais elevadas ocorreram no interior do estado, onde, habitualmente, há menor acesso a serviços especializados, sendo a participação da atenção primária de grande importância no enfrentamento desse agravo.


Objective: to describe the characteristics and rates of mortality by suicide in the state of Ceará and its macro-regions. Method: a descriptive study covering the period 2012-2016. Results and conclusion: most cases occurred in males, among unmarried people, at home, by hanging, in the macro-region of Fortaleza. The rate in Ceará was 5.1/100.000 thousand. The macro-regions of Sertão Central, Sobral, and Cariri have higher rates of cases. Higher rates occurred in areas in the interior of the state, where there is usually less access to specialized services, and the participation of primary care is of great importance in dealing with this problem.


Subject(s)
Suicide , Primary Health Care , Sex , Single Person , Mortality , Minors , Men
3.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41(spe3): e209634, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340449

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo teve como objetivo apresentar uma revisão sistemática da literatura acerca da temática da monoparentalidade em produções nacionais. Para tanto, realizou-se a busca de estudos publicados entre 1980 e junho de 2017 nas bases de dados on-line IndexPsi, Lilacs, Scielo e PePSIC, utilizando como descritores os termos "monoparental", "monoparentalidade", "uniparental", "mãe ou pai solteira(o)" e "guarda unilateral". Dessa busca, considerando critérios de inclusão e exclusão, obteve-se 22 artigos empíricos, os quais foram utilizados na produção deste estudo. Os resultados foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo e à análise de frequência simples, sendo apresentados através de cinco categorias: a) ano de publicação; b) periódicos de veiculação dos artigos; c) método de pesquisa; d) região da universidade de origem da produção científica; e e) principais resultados. Acredita-se que o estudo contribuiu com a produção de conhecimento científico na área da psicologia, uma vez que explanou as diferentes perspectivas através das quais o fenômeno da monoparentalidade está sendo compreendido pelos pesquisadores até o presente momento. Tal compreensão é útil tanto para o meio científico, pois direciona novas investigações, fundamentando-se no conhecimento já disponível acerca deste campo, como também para o meio profissional, servindo como suporte aos profissionais que atuam com famílias.(AU)


This article presents a systematic review of the national literature on single parenting. With this end, articles published between 1980 and June 2017 were searched in the IndexPsi, Lilacs, Scielo, and PePSIC online databases using the terms "single-parent family," "single parenting," "uniparental," "single mother/father," and "unilateral guard" as descriptors. After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 22 empirical articles were included in the study and submitted to content analysis and simple frequency analysis based on five factors: (1) publication year; (2) publishing journals; (3) methodology; (4) research university; and (5) main results. The findings explain different perspectives through which researchers understand the phenomenon of single parenting until the present moment, thus being expected to advance knowledge in the field of Psychology. By providing such understanding, this study proves to be useful for the scientific environment by underpinning further research on the theme, besides supporting professionals who work with families.(AU)


El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo presentar una revisión sistemática de la literatura sobre la temática de la monoparentalidad en producciones nacionales. Para eso, se realizó la búsqueda de estudios publicados en el período de 1980 a junio de 2017 en las bases de datos online Index Psi, LILACS, SciELO y PePSIC, haciendo uso de los descriptores "monoparental", "monoparentalidad", "uniparental", "Madre o padre soltero(a) y "guardia unilateral". De esta búsqueda, considerando criterios de inclusión y exclusión de este estudio, se obtuvieron 22 artículos empíricos. Los resultados fueron sometidos al análisis de contenido y al análisis de frecuencia simple, presentados en cinco categorías: (1) Año de publicación, (2) Revistas de publicación de los artículos, (3) Método de búsqueda, (4) Región de la universidad de origen de la producción científica, y (5) Principales resultados. Se espera que el estudio contribuya a la producción del conocimiento científico en el área de la Psicología, una vez que explica las diferentes perspectivas sobre el fenómeno de la monoparentalidad hasta el presente. Esa comprensión es útil tanto para el medio científico, pues dirige nuevas investigaciones fundamentándose en el conocimiento científico disponible acerca de este campo, como para el medio profesional, sirviendo como soporte a los profesionales que actúan con familias.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychology , Single-Parent Family , Systematic Review , Paternity , Single Person , Social Change , Societies , Universities , Divorce , Family , Child Rearing , Parenting , Culture , Environment , Fathers , Mothers
4.
Vínculo ; 17(1): 52-74, jan.-jun. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1127521

ABSTRACT

As relações amorosas e a busca por um(a) parceiro(a) permeiam a vida dos sujeitos, ao longo de toda sua vida, interferindo de maneira direta em sua subjetividade. Contudo, mudanças sociais e culturais contemporâneas afetaram essas escolhas, alterando as prioridades dos sujeitos e provocando inúmeros rompimentos amorosos. Por essa razão, a presente pesquisa procurou investigar as concepções de jovens adultos solteiros, estudantes de uma universidade pública no município de Assis, os quais já vivenciaram alguma ruptura amorosa, e buscou apurar o que gerou o rompimento e como lidaram com isso. A coleta de dados foi feita por meio de entrevistas semidirigidas - gravadas e, posteriormente, transcritas. Os dados foram analisados, levando-se em consideração as regularidades e peculiaridades dos discursos, e a discussão e a interpretação dos dados foram realizadas de acordo com a teoria psicanalítica. Dessa forma, foi possível observar a prevalência de relacionamentos amorosos com pouco investimento afetivo, diante de um investimento narcísico exacerbado. Para a maioria dos jovens, permitir-se amar o outro significa assumir um risco maior, partindo do pressuposto de que isso pode gerar frustração e fugir da ideia de satisfação plena.


Loving relationships and the search for a partner permeate people's lives troughout their journey, interfering directly in its subjectivity. However, cultural and social changes that were caused by the postmodern age have affected those choices, shifting people's priorities and causing several loving ruptures. For this reason, the current paper intends to investigate the notion of single young adults who are college students of a public university in Assis, that have already been through any loving rupture. This project also intends looking to understand what has generated the rupture and how these students experienced that. The data collection was done through semi-structured interviews which was recorded and subsequently, transcribed. The data was analyzed considering the regularities and singularities of the speeches, and the data discussion and interpretation was done according to the psychoanalytic theory. Therefore, it was possible to observe the predominance of love relationships with low affective investment, against an extremely big narcissistic investiment. For most of the young, to allow yourself to love other person means to take a bigger risk, assuming that this can generate frustration and lose the ideia of full satisfaction.


Las relaciones amorosas y la búsqueda por un(a) compañero(a) permean la vida de las personas a lo largo de toda la vida, interfiriendo de manera directa en su subjetividad. Sin embargo, los cambios sociales y culturales contemporáneos afectaron estas elecciones, alterando las prioridades de las personas y provocando innumerables rompimientos amorosos. Por esa razón, la presente pesquisa buscó investigar las concepciones de jóvenes adultos solteros, estudiantes de una universidad pública en el municipio de Assis - São Paulo, que ya vivenciaron alguna ruptura amorosa, y buscó averiguar el motivo generó el rompimiento y cómo lidiaron con eso. La recolección de datos fue hecha por medio de entrevistas semidirigidas - grabadas y posteriormente transcriptas. Los datos fueron analizados teniendo en cuenta las regularidades y peculiaridades de los discursos, y la discusión e interpretación de los datos se realizaron de acuerdo con la teoría psicoanalítica. De esta forma, fue posible observar la prevalencia de relaciones amorosas con poca investidura afectiva, ante una investidura narcisista exacerbada. Para la mayoría de los jóvenes, permitirse amar al otro significa asumir un riesgo mayor, partiendo del supuesto de que esto puede generar frustración y huir de la idea de satisfacción plena.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Personal Satisfaction , Rupture , Single Person , Students , Divorce , Frustration , Interpersonal Relations , Love , Object Attachment
6.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1257704

ABSTRACT

Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are of public health importance as over 1 million STIs are acquired daily worldwide. One-third of the new cases of curable STIs affect younger persons aged less than 25 years. Sexually transmitted infections can lead to severe complications beyond the immediate impact of infections as such. Aim: This study assessed knowledge of, attitude towards and preventive practices of STI among young unmarried persons in Surulere local government area (LGA) of Lagos State, Nigeria. Setting: The study was conducted among young unmarried persons in Surulere LGA, Lagos State, Nigeria, between June and November 2018. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 450 young unmarried persons selected using a multistage sampling technique. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to obtain data. Analysis was carried out with Epi-Info 7.2.2.2 software. Chi-square was used to test for associations. Level of significance was at p ≤ 0.05. Results: The mean age was 19.9 + 2.5 years. Majority of the respondents (84.7%) had heard of STIs. About two-third (65.6%) had good knowledge, while majority (98.6%) had good attitude towards the prevention of STIs, but less than half (34.0%) had good preventive practices. Knowledge of STI was statistically significantly associated with age, level of education, attitude and preventive practices of the respondents. Conclusion: Most of the respondents were aware and had good attitude towards prevention of STI, but gaps exist in knowledge and preventive practices. Hence, targeted education to improve the knowledge and preventive practices against STI among young unmarried persons is recommended


Subject(s)
Attitude , Knowledge , Lakes , Nigeria , Primary Prevention , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Single Person , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763106

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: As patients with brain metastasis (BM) of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have dismal prognosis, some of them decide to discontinue further treatment for BM. The objective of this study was to determine factors for renouncing further active therapy in patients with BM of NSCLC, focusing on their demographic and socioeconomic status. METHODS: Medical records of 105 patients with radiological diagnosis of BM of NSCLC for the recent 11 years at authors' institution were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical features as well as demographic and socioeconomic characteristics such as marriage status, cohabiting family members, religious affiliations, educational background, and economic responsibility were reviewed. RESULTS: Median overall survival (OS) was 13.84 (95% CI: 10.26–17.42) years in 67 patients (group A) who underwent active treatment (radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy) and 4.76 (95% CI: 3.12–6.41) years in 38 patients (group B) who renounced active treatment. Less patients were unmarried (p=0.046), more cohabitating family members (p=0.008), and economically independent (p=0.014) in group A than those in group B. Similarly, the unmarried, and none cohabitating family members had short OS (5.17 and 7.38 years, respectively). In multivariate analysis for predisposing factors of OS in these patients, the following demographic and socioeconomic factors had independent significance: marriage status and cohabitating family members. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that demographic and socioeconomic status as well as clinical factors could influence the decision of further active treatment and prognosis of patients with BM of NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Brain , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Causality , Demography , Diagnosis , Humans , Marriage , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Palliative Care , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Single Person , Social Class , Socioeconomic Factors
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765208

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the factors associated with suicidal behavior in psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: The medical records of 208 psychiatric inpatients were reviewed retrospectively. The factors related to suicide attempts and ideation at the time of admission, and during outpatient follow-up, were investigated. RESULTS: In total, 120 patients (57.7%) with a history of at least one suicide attempt, and 163 patients (78.4%) who reported active suicide ideation (e.g., a suicide plan or intention to commit suicide) at the time of admission were reviewed. Being unmarried or divorced, substance abuse, impulsivity, and a poor social support system were associated with a history of suicide attempts. The suicidal ideation group had significantly higher rates of coexisting depression, severe depressive symptoms, hopelessness, and impulsivity, as well as a lower incidence of moral objection to suicide and high religiosity. In total, 15 out of 193 patients (7.8%) who were followed-up at outpatient clinics attempted suicide after discharge. Patients who attempted suicide or reported suicidal ideation at the outpatient clinic after discharge were significantly more likely to have a history of previous suicide attempts, or have had active suicide ideation at the time of admission. Good social support and high responsibility to family were inversely associated with suicidal ideation as an outpatient. CONCLUSION: A history of suicide attempts and ideation at the time of hospital admission were the risk factors for future outpatient suicidal behavior. Further study is warranted to develop a checklist and assessment measures of the various risk and protective factors associated with suicidal behavior.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care Facilities , Checklist , Depression , Divorce , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Impulsive Behavior , Incidence , Inpatients , Intention , Medical Records , Outpatients , Protective Factors , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Single Person , Substance-Related Disorders , Suicidal Ideation , Suicide , Suicide, Attempted
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764664

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting job embeddedness of nurses in trauma centers. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional study using structured questionnaires completed by 140 nurses in three regional trauma centers in Korea. Data were collected from July 15 to September 10, 2017, and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 23.0 program. RESULTS: The mean score of organizational commitment was 3.65±0.75, positive psychological capital was 3.00±0.45, and job embeddedness was 3.00±0.45. The organizational commitment showed a significant positive correlation with positive psychological capital (r=.36, p<.001) and job embeddedness (r=.60, p<.001), and positive psychological capital also showed a significant positive correlation with job embeddedness (r=.74, p<.001). The factors affecting job embeddedness of nurses in trauma centers were positive psychological capital (β=.61, p<.001), organizational commitment (β=.38, p<.001), and marital status (β=-.14, p=.017). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that to enhance job embeddedness, it is necessary to develop education and programs to strengthen organizational commitment and positive psychological capital of nurses in trauma centers. In addition, for unmarried nurses, interest and consideration are needed to enhance job embeddedness and to reduce turnover.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Education , Humans , Korea , Marital Status , Single Person , Trauma Centers
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764401

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to provide the data for discussions related to oral health promotion policies for single-person households by analyzing the status of unmet dental needs and related factors in single-person households in Korea, based on the Anderson model. METHODS: The data, obtained from 544 single-person households of those over 20 years old who were targeted for the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, were analyzed through a complex sample frequency analysis, complex sample cross analysis (Rao-Scott chi-square test), and complex sample binary logistic regression analysis on a complex sampling design. RESULTS: The most frequently given reason for an unmet dental need among single-person households was economic (52.4%). Factors related to the unmet dental needs of single-person households are smoking, which is a predisposing factor; personal income levels, which are an enabling factor; chewing discomfort; and limited daily activities, which are need factors. Smokers, the high-income group, the chewing-discomfort group, and the limited activity group showed high unmet dental care experience. Smokers had a 2.75 times higher rate of unmet dental care than non-smokers, and the high-income group had a 5.29 times higher rate of unmet dental needs than the median group. The rate of unmet dental needs for the chewing discomfort group was 3.27 times higher than the non-chewing discomfort group, and the limited activity group had a 7.87 times higher rate of unmet dental needs than the non-limited activity group. CONCLUSION: It is necessary to map out policies designed to help maintain and promote met dental needs considered to be internally heterogeneous to single-person householders, based on the Anderson model.


Subject(s)
Causality , Dental Care , Family Characteristics , Health Surveys , Humans , Korea , Logistic Models , Mastication , Nutrition Surveys , Oral Health , Single Person , Smoke , Smoking
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758555

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the social perceptions of the baby box and infant abandonment. METHODS: The study included a survey on social perceptions of infant abandonment, including the baby box and permissiveness of infant abandonment. F-tests and t-tests were performed to clarify the differences in permissiveness of infant abandonment based on general characteristics. RESULTS: First, it was found that awareness of the baby box was high, and positive perceptions were slightly higher than negative perceptions due to the value placed on the abandoned child's life and safety, the unavoidable reasons for not rearing a child, and the child's quality of life after abandonment. However, the reasons for negative attitudes toward the baby box included the increase in infant abandonment and the decrease in parental responsibility toward the child. Second, the permissiveness of infant abandonment was generally low; however, the level of permissiveness differed according to age, education level, status, and marital status. For people who are in their 30s or older, hold a graduate or higher level degree, are employed, and are married, the permissiveness of infant abandonment was lower than that of others. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the current support policy for unmarried mothers should be changed to improve the economic and social conditions of child care. Furthermore, we must strive to improve the social perceptions of various family structures, including unmarried parents and their children.


Subject(s)
Child , Child Abuse , Child Care , Education , Humans , Illegitimacy , Infant , Marital Status , Parents , Permissiveness , Quality of Life , Single Person , Social Conditions , Social Perception
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785971

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among nursing organizational culture, work performance, and workplace bullying of nurses, and to identify the factors that affect workplace bullying.METHODS: The design of this study was descriptive research, and the data were collected from October 26 to November 5, 2018. The research participants were 210 nurses in six general hospitals in G province. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, a t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffé post-hoc test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and a stepwise multiple regression using SPSS 22.0.RESULTS: The workplace bullying type showed negative correlations with innovation-oriented culture, relation-oriented culture, and work performance. The workplace bullying consequence showed negative correlations with the innovation-oriented culture, relation-oriented culture, and work performance, and showed positive correlations with the workplace bullying type. The factors influencing the results of the workplace bullying consequence were workplace bullying type followed by relation-oriented culture, and unmarried status.CONCLUSION: Workplace bullying among nurses was related to the nursing organizational culture and work performance. Therefore, in order to reduce the turnover rate of nurses and to help them adapt well to the nursing organizational culture, a bullying prevention and intervention program is necessary.


Subject(s)
Bullying , Hospitals, General , Humans , Nursing , Organizational Culture , Single Person , Work Performance
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740478

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The health condition of old age is affected by various factors such as economic level, disease condition, and nutrition. With the aging population in Korea, the ratio of single-person households increased rapidly. Research on the health status and nutrition of the elderly in the single-person household is very insufficient. In this study, we compared the health and nutritional status of the elderly by the household type. METHODS: Data from the 2013 to 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used. A total of 2,730 patients were classified into 2 groups (single-person, with family), and general, chronic disease, health behavior, nutrient intake, and food insecurity status were compared by the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Single-person households had a low economic and educational level and a higher percentage of women. In addition, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, stroke, myocardial infarction disease rate was significantly higher. Sing-person households answered that their subjective health status was bad, and their quality of life was low. As a result of analysis of the quality of the diet in the single-person, the intake of protein, calcium, iron, vitamin B2, niacin, and vitamin C was significantly lower. In particular, the intake of calcium was the most insufficient. Food insecurity has also been observed, including the inability to consume diverse and sufficient foods due to economic difficulties. CONCLUSIONS: More attention should be paid to the health of single-person households in elderly population and various policies should be prepared.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aging , Ascorbic Acid , Calcium , Chronic Disease , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Diet , Dyslipidemias , Family Characteristics , Female , Food Supply , Health Behavior , Humans , Hypertension , Iron , Korea , Myocardial Infarction , Niacin , Nutrition Surveys , Nutritional Status , Obesity , Quality of Life , Riboflavin , Single Person , Stroke
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760675

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the level of awareness and knowledge regarding elective oocyte cryopreservation (OC) among unmarried women of reproductive age in Korea. METHODS: A survey was conducted among 86 women who visited a fertility preservation clinic for counseling about elective OC between December 2016 and May 2018. Participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire regarding their awareness and knowledge of fertility and OC. RESULTS: The questionnaire was completed by 71 women. Among them, 73% decided to undergo OC after counseling. The main reason for making this decision was that they wished to maintain their fertility in the future (70.6%). Conversely, the high cost for the procedure was the main reason given by those who chose to forego this procedure. Regarding fertility and OC, the participants' knowledge was poor. Most women expected greater financial support from the government or from their place of employment. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that the awareness and knowledge about elective OC were relatively poor among the female Korean population. These findings may help clinicians in better counselling of their patients.


Subject(s)
Counseling , Cryopreservation , Employment , Female , Fertility Preservation , Fertility , Financial Support , Humans , Korea , Oocytes , Single Person , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760607

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Aging is an imperative problem for many countries in this century, and presents several challenges for the maintenance of good nutritional status. This study aims to assess the impact of socio-demographic factors, lifestyle and health status on the nutritional status among the elderly in Taiwan. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Taiwan. Data were obtained from the Mei Jau Health Management Institution, which is a private health evaluation provider with multiple health screening centers in Taiwan and Asia. This study included 7947 adults aged 65 years or above. The data were extracted between 2001 to 2010. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric data, biochemical data and dietary intake information. RESULTS: Among the 7947 participants with mean age of 70.1 (SD = 4.5) years, 20.2%, 6.6%, 10.5% and 52.5% experienced underweight, protein malnutrition, anemia and inadequate dietary intake in the past month, respectively. Age was negatively correlated with body weight (r = −0.19, P = 0.02), body mass index (r = −0.41, P < 0.001), albumin level (r = −0.93, P < 0.001) and hemoglobin level (r = −0.30, P = 0.008). Age above 70 years, gender, unmarried status, retirement, lack of education, low family income, smoking, alcohol drinking, sleep duration of 6-8 hours, vegetarian diet, multiple medications, comorbidity and dysphagia were positively associated with malnutrition in older adults. CONCLUSIONS: Underweight and inadequate dietary intake are prevalent among the elderly in Taiwan. Vegetarian diet, multiple medications, comorbidity, dysphagia and lifestyle factors such as smoking, alcohol drinking and sleep duration of 6–8 hours are risk factors for undernutrition in older adults.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aging , Alcohol Drinking , Anemia , Asia , Body Mass Index , Body Weight , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Deglutition Disorders , Diet , Diet, Vegetarian , Education , Humans , Life Style , Malnutrition , Mass Screening , Nutritional Status , Retirement , Risk Factors , Single Person , Smoke , Smoking , Taiwan , Thinness
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760371

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine association of contraceptive knowledge, sexual double standard, and contraceptive self-efficacy among unmarried women in their 30s and 40s. METHODS: With a survey design, data were collected from 119 unmarried women in their 30s and 40s in G city of Korea from September 2017 to March 2018. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. RESULTS: Contraceptive knowledge, sexual double standard, and contraceptive self-efficacy scores of participants were 8.97±2.22, 18.54±5.57, and 45.84 ± 6.90, respectively. Contraceptive self-efficacy was negatively correlated with sexual double standard. Factors influencing contraceptive self-efficacy were sexual double standard (β =−.26, p=.003), existence of boyfriend (β=.25, p=.004), and contraceptive education need for adults (β=.17, p=.044). They explained 19% of contraceptive self-efficacy of participants. CONCLUSION: To increase contraceptive self-efficacy of unmarried women in their 30s and 40s, lowering sexual double standard and developing customized contraceptive education according to age and knowledge level are needed. Research on factors related to contraceptive self-efficacy of unmarried women in their 30s and 40s from various regions are also needed in the future.


Subject(s)
Adult , Contraception , Education , Female , Humans , Korea , Self Efficacy , Single Person
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739074

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study has been conducted to identify factors that influence the initiation of treatment after the diagnosis of Korean patients with HIV. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used, and 290 patients with HIV from outpatient departments of 7 hospitals participated. Self-report questionnaires included items on the days from the primary diagnosis to the initiation of treatment, and the patients' demographic and disease related characteristics. Negative binomial regression model (NBR) was utilized to determine risk factors influencing the initiation of treatment after the diagnosis of the patients with HIV. RESULTS: The skewness of days was 6.62, and the degree of asymmetry of distribution was severe. In NBR, patients who were in their 40s and 50s, female, unmarried and living with their family, jobless, in a middle or high level of economic status, and diagnosed before 2014 showed a higher risk of delayed treatment than patients who were younger, male, married and living with family, in a low level of economic status, and diagnosed in 2014 or afterwards. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest the necessity of intervention to promote HIV patients' early entry into treatment based on the participants' characteristics.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis , Female , HIV , Humans , Male , Outpatients , Risk Factors , Single Person , Time-to-Treatment
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713760

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to analyze food consumption behavior of women by marital status based on the 2015 consumer survey data on Food Consumption Behaviors of the Korea Rural Economic Institute. METHODS: We analyzed data describing 3,312 women aged 19 ~ 75 who were the main buyers of foods in their household. The food purchase patterns, dining-out behavior, and use of food-delivery and take-out were investigated. RESULTS: Overall, 40.5% of unmarried women shopped for food once per week and 37.4% spent 200,000 ~ 400,000 won per month. Additionally, 43.1% of married women shopped 2 ~ 3 times per week and 26.6% spent 400,000 ~ 600,000 won (p < 0.0001). Dining-out frequency and one-time cost per person of dining-out for unmarried women were higher than those for married women. With delivery/take-out food frequency, 2 time per week was the highest rate among married women (34.6%) and once per week was the highest among unmarried women (31.2%) respectively. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate food consumption behaviors and trends of Korean women by marital status. This study provides basic data that will be useful for food industries establishing marketing strategies to better meet consumer demands.


Subject(s)
Family Characteristics , Female , Food Industry , Humans , Korea , Marital Status , Marketing , Single Person
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713642

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To examine trends and characteristics of single women with malignancy of the uterine cervix. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study examining the United States population-based tumor registry (the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program). Time-specific trends in single marital status were examined in 3,294,208 women among 12 common female malignancies including 87,151 women with uterine cervical malignancy between 1973 and 2013. RESULTS: While the proportion of single women in the majority of malignancies increased during the study time, the proportion of single women with cervical malignancy significantly increased more than in other malignancies (29.3% in 2013 from 6.3% in 1973). There was a surge in the proportion of single women with cervical malignancy starting in the early 1990s, exhibiting the largest annual percentage rate change (APC) among all examined malignancies (1.8%; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.6, 2.0; p < 0.001). There was a significant decrease in the proportion of women aged < 40 years with cervical malignancy between 1989 and 2013 (APC, −1.2%; 95% CI=−1.4, −1.0; p < 0.001). However, when stratified by age, the proportion of single women aged ≥40 years increased significantly during the time (APC, 2.7%; 95% CI=2.3, 3.2; p < 0.001) but did not in those who were < 40 years (APC, 0.1%; 95% CI=−0.7, 0.6; p=0.850). CONCLUSION: The proportion of single women with malignancy of the uterine cervix has significantly increased in the past 4 decades. This increase was most dramatic in single women aged ≥40 years. Improving screening strategies in single women aged ≥40 years may help reduce the incidence of this malignancy.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Cervix Uteri , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Marital Status , Mass Screening , Observational Study , Retrospective Studies , Single Person , United States , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719013

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine the self-rated oral health status of industrial workers and influential factors for their work loss caused by dental care in an effort to prepare some information on policy setting about the promotion of the oral health of industrial workers and on the prevention of their oral diseases. The married industrial workers experienced work loss due to dental care more commonly than did the unmarried workers (χ²=5.10, p < 0.05). In addition, the workers who found themselves to be in worse health experienced significantly more work loss (χ²=29.69, p < 0.001). The workers who received treatment for oral diseases experienced significantly more work loss than those who did not receive treatment (χ²=14.60, p < 0.001). In addition, the workers who had oral symptoms requiring treatment experienced more work loss than the others who not (χ²=11.08, p < 0.01). The experience of not receiving treatment for a perceived oral disease was more dominant among the workers who found themselves to have an oral disease but did not receive treatment than among those who received treatment (p < 0.001). Regarding factors affecting the work loss of the industrial workers caused by dental care, the workers whose monthly mean income was larger and who found themselves to be in worse health had significantly more experience of absenting themselves from the office or of leaving work early (p < 0.001).


Subject(s)
Dental Care , Humans , Oral Health , Single Person
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