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1.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 2(58): 91-114, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1390935

ABSTRACT

The goal of this study was to evaluate by endoscopy, possible intercurrences during the sinus floor lifting employing the Summers technique, besides verify the implants' survival rate after 10 years. Six patients (12 sinus) were included in this study. The same surgeon performed the procedures, under local anesthesia and venous sedation in the hospital. All participants underwent sinus lift and implant placement in only one procedure, as previously planned, using endoscopic analysis (Stortz®). All cases received bovine bone graft (Bio-Oss®) before the implant placement. After 10 years, the patients were recalled for follow-up. Two intercurrences (16.66%) were detected using the endoscope, one simple rupture, and another perforation with the leaking of the graft within the sinus. Both were reverted and corrected immediately. There was one implant loss (8.33%), therefore this patient did not undergo any intercurrence in transoperative, and the membrane was elevated lesser than 5 mm. The survival rate reached was 91.66%. The osteotome technique constitutes a reliable method with a long-term of 10 years presenting a high implant survival rate, suggesting an elevation up to 5.5 mm in healthy patients. The occurrences in transoperative were only detected by the endoscopic analysis which must be stimulated to guarantee more secure visibility. Otherwise, the association the atraumatic technique and endoscope was tough, increased the costs, limiting the use routinely.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar através de endoscopia as possíveis intercorrências durante levantamento de seio maxilar fechado, além de verificar a taxa de sobrevivência dos implantes após 10 anos. Seis pacientes (12 seios maxilares) foram incluídos neste estudo com idades entre 26 e 74 anos. O mesmo cirurgião realizou os procedimentos, sob anestesia local e sedação venosa em ambiente hospitalar. Todos os participantes foram submetidos à elevação do seio nasal e colocação do implante em apenas um procedimento, conforme planejado anteriormente, por acompanhamento transcirúrgico da endoscopia (Stortz®). Todos os casos receberam enxerto ósseo bovino (Bio-Oss®) antes da colocação do implante. Após 10 anos, os pacientes foram chamados para acompanhamento. Foram detectadas duas intercorrências (16,66%) com o endoscópio, uma ruptura simples e outra perfuração com extravasamento do enxerto para dentro do seio. Ambos foram revertidos e corrigidos imediatamente. Houve perda de um implante (8,33%), portanto esse paciente não apresentou intercorrência no transoperatório e a membrana estava elevada menos de 5 mm. A taxa de sobrevivência alcançada foi de 91,66%. A técnica do osteótomo constitui um método confiável em longo prazo (10 anos) apresentando uma alta taxa de sobrevivência do implante, sugerindo que uma elevação de até 5,5 mm em pacientes saudáveis é possível. Assim, verificou-se que as ocorrências no transoperatório foram detectadas apenas pela análise endoscópica que deve ser estimulada para garantir uma visibilidade mais segura. Por outro lado, a associação da técnica fechada com o endoscópio foi difícil, aumentou os custos, limitando seu uso como rotina


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Dental Implants , Endoscopy , Sinus Floor Augmentation
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-7, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1396066

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the transcrestal sinus lift using Osseodensification technique with simultaneous implant placement. Material and Methods: In this case series 7 patients who needed implant placement in the atrophic posterior maxilla were enrolled. In all the cases the residual bone height between the sinus floor and the alveolar crest was 4-6 mm. Transcrestal sinus lift was performed using Osseodensification with simultaneous implant placement. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) were obtained immediately postoperative and 6 months after operation. Implant stability using Osstell® were assessed at the time of implant placement and implant exposure (6 months). Results: The results showed that the mean bone height gain was 5.33±0.83mm at 6 months postoperatively. Mean bone density value was 818.43±109.63 HU. Mean ISQ value was 80.00±3.11 at 6 months postoperatively. The duration of surgical procedure (minutes) ranged between 25-38 minutes with an average of 30.86±4.10 minutes. Conclusion: The crestal maxillary sinus floor elevation using Osseodensification technique with simultaneous implant placement provide superior results regarding bone density and implant stability and less duration of surgical procedure. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a elevação de seio maxilar via crista do rebordo com a técnica de Osseodensificação com instalação simultânea de implante. Material e Métodos: Nesta série de casos, participaram 7 pacientes que necessitavam de implantes em região posterior de maxila atrófica. Em todos os casos a altura de remanescente ósseo entre o soalho do seio e a crista alveolar estava entre 4 a 6 mm. A elevação de seio maxilar via crista do rebordo foi realizada com osseodensificação com instalação simultânea de implante. As Tomografias Computadorizadas Cone Beam (TCCB) foram obtidas imediatamente após a cirurgia e 6 meses depois. A estabilidade dos implantes utilizando Osstell® foi avaliada no momento da instalação do implante e no momento da reabertura (6 meses). Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que a média de ganho de altura óssea foi de 5.33±0.83mm após 6 meses da cirurgia. A média da densidade óssea foi de 818.43±109.63 HU. A média de ISQ foi de 80.00±3.11 após 6 meses da cirurgia. A duração do procedimento cirúrgico (minutos) foi entre 25 a 38 minutos com uma média de 30.86±4.10 minutos. Conclusão: A elevação do soalho de seio maxilar via crista do rebordo com instalação simultânea de implante utilizando osseodensificador promove resultados superiores em relação à densidade óssea, estabilidade do implante e menor duração do tempo cirúrgico (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Osteotomy , Alveolar Bone Loss , Bone Substitutes , Dental Implantation , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Sinus Floor Augmentation
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-9, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1410540

ABSTRACT

Aim: To describe through a clinical case report the surgical sequence of rehabilitation with 3D-printed implants associated with maxillary sinus floor lift with synthetic regenerative materials, including biphasic bioceramic. Case Report: Patient had an agenesis of the upper left premolars (#12 and #13), a vertical bone deficiency caused by maxillary sinus' pneumatization, and a horizontal alveolar resorption around the missing teeth area. During the surgical procedures, incisions, detachment, and osteotomy were performed in the lateral region of the maxillary sinus. The sinus membrane was detached and lifted 10 mm. Then, a thick poly(dioxanone)-based synthetic resorbable membrane (Plenum) was inserted and adapted inside the sinus to protect the sinus membrane. After the osteotomies with sub-instrumentation, 3D-printed implants (Plenum) were installed in the #12 area (3.5mm x 11.5 mm; 30N) and #13 area (4.0mm x 10mm; 20N). The maxillary sinus was entirely filled with a biphasic bioceramic, HA/ß-TCP (70:30) 500-1000 µm (Plenum) and covered by the same synthetic resorbable membrane. Connective tissue graft from the palatal area was positioned internally to the flap and stabilized with sutures to improve the vestibular tissue architecture. The entire surgical wound was sutured, and the tissues stabilized. No complications occurred in the postoperative period. Conclusion: The use of synthetic regenerative memberane and 3D-printed implants seems to be a promising option in areas of deficient bone remnants (AU)


Objetivo: Descrever por meio de um relato de caso clínico a sequência cirúrgica de reabilitação com implantes obtidos por impressão 3D associados à elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar com materiais regenerativos sintéticos, incluindo uma biocerâmica bifásica. Relato de Caso: Paciente apresentava agenesia dos pré-molares superiores esquerdos (24 e 25), deficiência óssea vertical causada pela pneumatização do seio maxilar e reabsorção alveolar horizontal ao redor da área dos dentes ausentes. Durante os procedimentos cirúrgicos foram realizados incisões, descolamento e osteotomia na região lateral do seio maxilar. A membrana sinusal foi descolada e elevada 10 mm. Em seguida, uma membrana reabsorvível sintética à base de poli(dioxanona) espessa (Plenum) foi inserida e adaptada dentro do seio para proteger a membrana do seio. Após as osteotomias com subinstrumentação, implantes impressos em 3D (Plenum) foram instalados na área do 24 (3,5mm x 11,5mm; 30N) e na área do 25 (4,0mm x 10mm; 20N). O seio maxilar foi inteiramente preenchido com biocerâmica bifásica, HA/ß-TCP (70:30)500-1000 µm (Plenum) e recoberto pela mesma membrana sintética reabsorvível. O tecido conjuntivo da região palatina foi posicionado internamente ao retalho e estabilizado com suturas para melhorar a arquitetura do tecido vestibular. Toda a ferida cirúrgica foi suturada e os tecidos estabilizados. Não ocorreram complicações no pós-operatório. Conclusão:A utilização de biomateriais regenerativos sintéticos e implantes impressos parece ser uma opção promissora em áreas de remanescentes ósseos deficientes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Dental Implants , Tissue Transplantation , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Maxillary Sinus
4.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200568, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143153

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate the new bone and connective tissue formation and the biomaterial remaining after maxillary sinus bone augmentation using 5 different bone substitutes. The osteocalcin immunolabeling was performed to demonstrate their calcification and the possibility of receiving dental implants. Methodology 40 patients underwent maxillary sinus bone augmentation and were divided in 5 groups: Group 1 with 8 maxillary sinuses were grafted with autogenous bone graft (AB); Group 2 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with bioactive glass (BG); Group 3 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with bioactive glass added to autogenous bone graft (BG + AB) 1:1; Group 4 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with Bio-Oss (BO) and Group 5 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with Bio-Oss added to autogenous bone graft (BO + AB) 1:1. Results In group AB, 37.8% of bone was formed in the pristine bone region, 38.1% in the intermediate and 44.5% in the apical region. In group BG, 43.6% was formed in the pristine bone, 37% in the intermediate and 49.3% in the apical region. In group BG + AB 1:1, 39.0% was formed in the pristine bone region, 34.8% in the intermediate and 36.8% in apical region. In group BO, 33.4% was formed in the pristine bone, 32.5% in the intermediate and 34.3% in the apical region. In group BO + AB 1:1, 32.8% was formed in the pristine bone, 36.1% in intermediate and 27.8% in the apical regions. The immunolabeling for osteocalcin showed an intensive staining for all groups, which could demonstrate the calcification of the bone formed. Conclusion This study showed that the groups evaluated formed a suitable lamellar bone in the maxillary sinus reconstruction after six months of bone healing, thus being indicated to receive dental implants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteogenesis , Dental Implants , Bone Transplantation , Bone Substitutes , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921376

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to evaluate the endo-sinus bone remodeling of dental implants placed via osteotome sinus floor elevation (OSFE) after 6 months and using different implant protrusion lengths and bone grafts through cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).@*METHODS@#Ninety-six patients with 124 implants were included and assigned into four groups. Group 1: implant protrusion length4 mm with bone graft; group 3: implant protrusion length4 mm without bone graft. Apical bone gain (ABG), cortical bone gain (CBG), bone density gain (BDG), and marginal bone loss (MBL) were observed and analyzed at baseline and 6 months after implant surgery.@*RESULTS@#The CBG in grafted groups 1 and 2 was higher than that in non-grafted groups. The ABG and BDG were higher in non-grafted groups 3 and 4 than in grafted groups, and the levels in group 3 were higher than those in group 4. The CBG in grafted group 2 was higher than that in group 1. No significant difference was observed in MBL analysis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The BDG of IPL4 mm implant when bone grafts were not applied. No relevance was observed between IPL and CBG. Bone grafts can accelerate endo-sinus bone remodeling by increasing CBG and dissipating the influence of IPL on BDG.


Subject(s)
Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Humans , Maxilla/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Treatment Outcome
6.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(3): 33-39, set./dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1121742

ABSTRACT

Este relato de caso clínico tem como objetivo descrever a utilização de osso alógeno na reconstrução de maxila atrófica para posterior reabilitação com prótese fixa metalocerâmica sobre implantes, fazer uma análise histológica do tecido ósseo enxertado e descrever o acompanhamento clínico e radiográfico por 8 anos. Uma paciente de 54 anos, com edentulismo parcial e atrofia moderada-a-severa na maxila, apresentou-se para tratamento demonstrando muito interesse em receber prótese sobre implantes. Após exame clínico e radiográfico, foi realizada montagem dos modelos de estudo em ASA para enceramento diagnóstico e obtenção de um guia multifuncional (tomográfico/ cirúrgico). A tomografia indicou a necessidade de reconstrução óssea maxilar. Procedeuse então à aposição de blocos de osso alógeno para aumento horizontal nas regiões anterior e posterior da maxila. Um dos blocos foi triturado e utilizado para levantamento do assoalho do seio maxilar no lado esquerdo. Dez meses depois, uma nova tomografia foi solicitada, utilizando o mesmo guia inicial, e os implantes instalados, utilizando o guia multifuncional como guia cirúrgico. Neste momento, material ósseo foi coletado na interface osso enxertado/osso nativo com uma broca trefina. Os resultados histológicos demonstraram viabilidade das células ósseas no enxerto, além da presença de vasos sanguíneos. Após o tempo necessário para osseointegração, procedeu-se com tratamento protético. Nenhuma complicação foi relatada até oito anos de controle. A sequência de tratamento proposta forneceu bons resultados estéticos e funcionais. Concluiu-se, então, que o emprego de osso alógeno é uma alternativa viável para a reconstrução de rebordos alveolares severamente reabsorvidos(AU)


This clinical case report aims to describe the use of allogeneic bone in the atrophic maxilla reconstruction for subsequent rehabilitation with a fixed metal-ceramic prosthesis on implants; to perform a histological analysis of the grafted bone tissue; and to describe the clinical and radiographic monitoring for 8 years. A 54-year-old patient, with partial edentulism and moderate-to-severe atrophy in the maxilla showed great interest in receiving implant prostheses. After c linical and radiographic examination, the ASA study models were assembled for diagnostic waxing and a multifunctional guide (tomographic / surgical) was obtained. Tomography indicated the need for maxillary bone reconstruction. Allogeneic bone blocks were then placed for horizontal enlargement in the anterior and posterior regions of the maxilla. One of the blocks was crushed and used to lift the floor of the maxillary sinus on the left side. Ten months later, a new tomography was requested, using the same initial guide, and the implants installed, using the multifunctional guide as a surgical guide. At this time, bone material was collected at the grafted bone / native bone interface with a trephine drill. Histological results demonstrated viability of bone cells in the graft, besides the presence of blood vessels. After the necessary time for osseointegration, a prosthetic treatment was performed. No complications were reported up to eight years of control. The propose treatment sequence provided good aesthetic and functional results. It was concluded, then, that the use of allogeneic bone is a viable alternative for the reconstruction of severely reabsorbed alveolar edges(AU)


Subject(s)
Bone Transplantation , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Dental Prosthesis Design , Sinus Floor Augmentation
7.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 22(1): 61-70, ene.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091506

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La elevación de piso de seno maxilar ha sido sumamente documentada en implantología como una técnica segura y predecible en el procedimiento de ganancia vertical ósea, en el maxilar posterior atrófico. Sin embargo, conjuntamente se han reportado complicaciones en este procedimiento, las cuales podrían poner en peligro los resultados de la regeneración, y por consiguiente la colocación del implante. El propósito de esta revisión de literatura es exponer y analizar diferentes complicaciones que pueden presentarse en la elevación de piso de seno maxilar.


ABSTRACT Maxillary sinus floor elevation has been extensively documented as a safe and predictable procedure for gaining vertical bone height in the atrophic posterior maxilla. Even though, complications have been reported, which can potentially jeopardize the outcome of the regeneration and implant therapy. Therefore, the purpose of this literature review is to present, debate and analyze the different complications that can occur during a sinus floor elevation.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants/adverse effects , Sinus Floor Augmentation/adverse effects , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Maxillary Nerve/injuries , Nasal Mucosa/injuries
8.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(1): 35-39, abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114891

ABSTRACT

La cirugía de elevación de seno maxilar se considera como la técnica de aumento óseo más predecible. Sin embargo, no está exenta de complicaciones las cuales deben ser manejadas adecuadamente. Se presenta un caso clínico rehabilitado, con un seguimiento de 3 años, en el cual se realizó un manejo multidisciplinario y resolutivo de complicaciones asociadas a la técnica quirúrgica de elevación de membrana sinusal vía ventana lateral. Frente a una infección postoperatoria, como la presentada en el caso, hay que considerar iniciar un tratamiento antibiótico en el momento adecuado para impedir el agravamiento del cuadro clínico o un cambio de esquema en caso de resistencia antimicrobiana.


Maxillary sinus lift surgery is considered the most predictable bone augmentation technique. However, this procedure is not without complications, which must be handled properly. We present a rehabilitated clinical case, with a 3-year follow-up, in which a multidisciplinary and resolutive management of complications associated with the surgical technique of sinus lift procedure, using lateral window approach, was performed. In case of postoperative infection, such as the one presented in this report, it is necessary to consider starting an antibiotic treatment at the adequate moment to prevent the aggravation of the illness or change the pharmacological treatment in case of antimicrobial resistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Sinusitis/therapy , Bacterial Infections/therapy , Rhinitis/therapy , Sinus Floor Augmentation/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/rehabilitation , Sinusitis/etiology , Sinusitis/microbiology , Bacterial Infections/etiology , Dental Implants , Rhinitis/etiology , Rhinitis/microbiology , Acute Disease , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(1): 24-29, jan.-abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1102366

ABSTRACT

O levantamento de seio maxilar é realizado como forma de obtenção de volume ósseo adequado para a instalação de implantes dentários, por vezes imediatos, em região posterior de maxila. A perfuração da membrana sinusal é um dos acidentes mais comuns associados a este procedimento. Objetivo: Relatar o uso da Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas ­ PRF como uma técnica simples e de baixo custo, que permite a obtenção de coágulos de fibrina e membranas enriquecidas com plaquetas, simulando o processo fisiológico de reparo tecidual, podendo servir como único material de enxertia na elevação sinusal, além de proporcionar o reparo de uma membrana eventualmente perfurada durante o ato cirúrgico. Relato de Caso: Paciente do gênero feminino, faioderma, 57 anos de idade, que por meio de tomografia computadorizada apresentava áreas de pneumatização em região 14 e região 15, exigindo elevação sinusal previamente à instalação de implantes. A perfuração da membrana foi observada durante o descolamento da mesma. O pós-operatório sob exame clínico regular ocorreu sem complicações. Após um período de cicatrização de quatro meses, os implantes foram reabertos para a confecção das coroas. A avaliação da tomografia cone beam pós-cirúrgica comparada à inicial demonstrou que o osso peri-implantar era estável e compacto ao redor dos implantes. Conclusão: Os achados deste relato de caso sugerem que a membrana PRF pode ser uma consideração viável para o reparo da membrana do seio perfurada(AU)


The maxillary sinus lift is performed as a way to obtain adequate bone volume for the installation of dental implants, sometimes immediate, in posterior maxilla. Sinus membrane perforation is one of the most common accidents associated with this procedure. Objective: To report the use of Plateletrich Fibrin ­ PRF as a simple and low cost technique, which allows the allows to obtain fibrin clots and membranes enriched with platelets, simulating the physiological process of tissue repair and can serve as the only grafting material for sinus elevation, besides providing repair of a membrane that may have been perforated during the surgical procedure. Case Report: Female patient, faioderm, 57 years old who, through imaging examinations, had areas of pneumatization in region 14 and region 15, requiring sinusal elevation prior to implant installation. The perforation of the membrane was observed during its detachment. The postoperative period under regular clinical examination occurred without complications. After a healing period of four months, the implants were reopened to make the crowns. The evaluation of the postoperative cone beam tomography compared to the initial one demonstrated that the periimplant bone was stable and compact around the implants. Conclusion: The findings of this case report suggest that the PRF membrane may be a viable consideration for the repair of perforated sinus membrane(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Maxillary Sinus
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942147

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the change of endo-sinus bone height and bone volume in osteotome sinus floor elevation (OSFE) without bone graft but placing implants simultaneously by using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and three dimensional analysis, and to find the impacting factors on endo-sinus bone augmentation.@*METHODS@#OSFE was performed in 38 edentulous patients with missing teeth at posterior maxillary region, and 44 implants were placed and referred for OSFE using no graft materials. CBCT was performed pre-surgery and 9-68 months post-surgery when the patients encountered another implant surgery. The gained bone height at mesial, distal, buccal and palatal sites around the implant in sinus were measured, volumetric measurements of the endo-sinus gained bone volume (ESGBV) in the elevated region were calculated by Mimics software. Univariate analysis and multiple linear regression were performed to investigate the impacting factors on the gained bone height and ESGBV. Marginal bone loss was recorded according to the periapical radiography after implant restoration.@*RESULTS@#The mean residual bone height (RBH) pre-surgery was (3.41±1.23) mm, the mean protruded length (PL) into sinus of implant post-surgery was (3.41±1.28) mm, the mean endo-sinus gained bone height was (2.44±1.23) mm at distal sites, (2.88±1.20) mm at mesial sites, (2.83±1.22) mm at buccal sites and (2.96±1.16) mm at palatal sites, the mean endo-sinus gained bone height at distal sites was significantly lower than the other three sites (P < 0.05). The average endo-sinus gained bone height was (2.78±1.13) mm. The mean ESGBV was (122.15± 73.27) mm3. Univariate analysis showed the more RBH, the less bone height gained in sinus, which existed at buccal, lingual, mesial and distal sites (P < 0.001), and the more RBH, the smaller ESGBV gained (P=0.012). The ESGBV was significantly higher in the subjects whose bone generation period was more than 24 months than those whose bone generation period less than 24 months (P=0.034). The more PL, the more bone height and ESGBV gained (P=0.008). Multivariate analysis showed after adjusting factors of gender, age, smoking, width of sinus floor, thickness of sinus membrane pre-surgery, diameter and length of the implant, PL and bone generation period was positively correlated with mean endo-sinus gained bone height and ESGBV, while RBH negatively correlated with mean endo-sinus gained bone height. During the follow-up, the mean marginal bone loss was 0 (0-1.41) mm and all the implants loaded successfully.@*CONCLUSION@#OSFE without bone graft but with placed implant simultaneously can increase endo-sinus gained bone height and ESGBV. RBH, PL and bone generation period are the significant factors impacting endo-sinus bone augmentation.


Subject(s)
Bone Transplantation , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Humans , Maxilla/surgery , Osteotomy , Radiography , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the changes in bone height of the maxillary sinus floor at different sinus ridge heights after transcrestal sinus floor elevation (tSFE) with the simultaneous implantation of short implants.@*METHODS@#A total of 74 Bicon short implants were implanted into 37 patients during the same period of maxillary sinus elevation. The residual bone height (RBH)<4 mm group has 43 sites, and the RBH≥4 mm group has 31 sites. After 5 years of follow-up observation, the implant survival rate and the change in bone height achieved in the maxillary sinus over time were measured and analyzed via clinical examination and X-ray imaging.@*RESULTS@#In the 74 implantation sites, the elevation height of the sinus floor was (6.64±1.32) mm and the bone height of the sinus floor was (3.35±1.29) mm 5 years after loading. No statistical difference was observed in the bone resorption of the implant neck between the RBH<4 mm and RBH≥4 mm groups. Meanwhile, a statistical difference was noted in the bone height obtained in the maxillary sinus between the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#When RBH in the maxillary posterior tooth area was <4 mm, the simultaneous implantation of Bicon short implants with tSFE can achieve a high implant survival rate and bone gain in the maxillary sinus, but does not increase the absorption of the alveolar ridge bone.


Subject(s)
Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Humans , Maxilla , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of three anatomical parameters (maxillary sinus width, maxillary sinus angle, and residual bone height) on the outcomes of transcrestal sinus lift with simultaneous implant placement.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 maxillary sinuses in 42 patients were included in this study. All patients were treated with transcrestal sinus lift procedure associated with simultaneous implant placement using a composite graft material of autogenous bone and Bio-Oss. For each patient, beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were performed preoperatively, immediately after surgery, and 6 months after surgery. The parameters were measured on the preoperative and postoperative CBCT images. The correlation of three anatomical parameters with graft resorption was analyzed using Pearson's correlation test.@*RESULTS@#The average residual bone height was (4.46±1.55) mm. The average width of maxillary sinus was (13.86±2.71) mm. The average sinus angle was 78.09°±10.27°. A significant positive correlation was observed between maxillary sinus width and graft resorption (P<0.01). A positive association was also found between sinus angle and graft resorption (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The findings show that graft bone resorption in elevated sinus has a positive correlation with the sinus width and sinus angle.


Subject(s)
Bone Resorption , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Humans , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781340

ABSTRACT

Vertical bone insufficiency in the maxillary posterior teeth is a common clinical situation. At present, the bone insufficiency in the maxillary posterior teeth is mainly overcome by bone grafting through maxillary sinus floor elevation. Compared with traditional axial implantation, tilted implantation can better avoid bone grafting, reduce complications, shorten the treatment cycle, reduce the treatment cost for patients, and gradually be promoted in clinical settings. This article reviews the concept, biomechanics, clinical evaluation, and digital trend of tilted implants of maxillary posterior teeth.


Subject(s)
Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Humans , Maxilla , Maxillary Sinus , Sinus Floor Augmentation
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200568, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143146

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate the new bone and connective tissue formation and the biomaterial remaining after maxillary sinus bone augmentation using 5 different bone substitutes. The osteocalcin immunolabeling was performed to demonstrate their calcification and the possibility of receiving dental implants. Methodology 40 patients underwent maxillary sinus bone augmentation and were divided in 5 groups: Group 1 with 8 maxillary sinuses were grafted with autogenous bone graft (AB); Group 2 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with bioactive glass (BG); Group 3 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with bioactive glass added to autogenous bone graft (BG + AB) 1:1; Group 4 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with Bio-Oss (BO) and Group 5 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with Bio-Oss added to autogenous bone graft (BO + AB) 1:1. Results In group AB, 37.8% of bone was formed in the pristine bone region, 38.1% in the intermediate and 44.5% in the apical region. In group BG, 43.6% was formed in the pristine bone, 37% in the intermediate and 49.3% in the apical region. In group BG + AB 1:1, 39.0% was formed in the pristine bone region, 34.8% in the intermediate and 36.8% in apical region. In group BO, 33.4% was formed in the pristine bone, 32.5% in the intermediate and 34.3% in the apical region. In group BO + AB 1:1, 32.8% was formed in the pristine bone, 36.1% in intermediate and 27.8% in the apical regions. The immunolabeling for osteocalcin showed an intensive staining for all groups, which could demonstrate the calcification of the bone formed. Conclusion This study showed that the groups evaluated formed a suitable lamellar bone in the maxillary sinus reconstruction after six months of bone healing, thus being indicated to receive dental implants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteogenesis , Dental Implants , Bone Transplantation , Bone Substitutes , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging
15.
Actual. osteol ; 15(3): 225-236, Sept-Dic. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116171

ABSTRACT

Bone grafting is important to preserve the alveolar bone ridge height and volume for dental implant placement. Even though implant-supported overdentures present highly successful outcomes, it seems that a great number of edentulous individuals have not pursued implant-based rehabilitation. The cost of the treatment is one of the reasons of discrepancy between highly successful therapy and its acceptance. Therefore, the development of biomaterials for bone grafting with comparable characteristics and biological effects than those renowned internationally, is necessary. In addition, domestic manufacture would reduce the high costs in public health arising from the application of these biomaterials in the dental feld. The purpose of this clinical case report is to provide preliminary clinical evidence of the efficacy of a new bovine bone graft in the bone healing process when used for sinus floor elevation. (AU)


El uso de injertos óseos es importante para preservar la altura y el volumen de la cresta alveolar para la colocación de implantes dentales. Si bien las sobredentaduras implanto-soportadas presentan resultados altamente exitosos, la mayoría de las personas desdentadas no han sido rehabilitadas mediante implantes dentales. Uno de los principales motivos por los cuales los pacientes no aceptan este tipo de tratamiento, altamente exitoso, es el elevado costo del mismo. Por ello, es necesario el desarrollo de biomateriales de injerto óseo con características y efectos biológicos comparables a los reconocidos internacionalmente. Asimismo, la fabricación nacional reduciría los altos costos en Salud Pública derivados de la aplicación de estos biomateriales en el campo dental. El objetivo de esta comunicación es presentar un caso clínico a fin de proporcionar evidencia preliminar acerca de la eficacia de un nuevo injerto de hueso bovino en el proceso de cicatrización ósea en el levantamiento del piso del seno maxilar. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Middle Aged , Cattle , Rats , Bone Transplantation/methods , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/rehabilitation , Sinus Floor Augmentation/methods , Osteogenesis , Argentina , Biocompatible Materials , Cattle/physiology , Carticaine/administration & dosage , Chlorhexidine/administration & dosage , Naproxen/administration & dosage , Public Health/economics , Osseointegration , Dentures , Bone Transplantation/trends , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/pathology , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/therapy , Durapatite/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination/administration & dosage , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Sinus Floor Augmentation/trends , Allografts/immunology , Allografts/transplantation
16.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 48: e20190034, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1014402

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Pneumatization of the maxillary sinus may make it impossible to insert implants directly in the posterior region of the maxilla, and in these cases, the solution is to submit the patient to maxillary sinus floor augmentation surgery. The most common complication of this surgery is sinus membrane perforation. Anatomical variations of the internal space of the sinus, such as the bone septa, may further hamper detachment of this membrane. Objective To evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of sinus septa in patients from the Zona da Mata Mineira (Minas Gerais, Brazil), to offer relevant information for a safer planning of surgeries involving this region. Material and method A total of 120 patients (240 sinuses) were analyzed using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images, verifying the presence of sinus septa and classifying them for size and anteroposterior location. Result Of the 120 patients analyzed, 45 (37.50%) had sinus septa, 66 septa in total. Of these, 33 (50%) were present in the middle region of the maxillary sinus and the mean septum size was 7.23 mm. There was no significant difference in the septum size between the genders or between the right and left sides. Conclusion The high rates of incidence of sinus septa justify their study, which should be based mainly on accurate exams, such as CBCT, since they represent one of the most relevant anatomical variations for the cases of sinus surgeries.


Resumo Introdução A pneumatização do seio maxilar pode impossibilitar a instalação direta de implantes na região posterior da maxila, e a solução nesses casos é submeter o paciente a uma cirurgia de levantamento do assoalho do seio maxilar. A complicação mais comum dessa cirurgia é a perfuração da membrana sinusal. Variações anatômicas no interior do seio como, por exemplo, os septos ósseos, podem dificultar ainda mais o descolamento dessa membrana. Objetivo Avaliar a prevalência e as características dos septos sinusais em pacientes da Zona da Mata Mineira (Minas Gerais, Brasil), oferecendo informações relevantes para um planejamento mais seguro das cirurgias envolvendo essa região. Material e método Um total de 240 seios (120 pacientes) foram analisados, por meio de imagens de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC), verificando-se a presença de septos sinusais e classificando-os quanto ao tamanho e à localização anteroposterior. Resultado Dos 120 pacientes analisados, 45 (37,50%) apresentaram septos sinusais, sendo 66 septos no total. Destes, 33 (50%) estavam presentes na região média do seio maxilar e o tamanho médio dos septos foi de 7,23 mm. Não existiu diferença significativa no tamanho dos septos entre os sexos ou entre os lados direito e esquerdo. Conclusão As elevadas taxas de incidência dos septos sinusais justificam o seu estudo, que deve ser baseado principalmente em exames acurados, como a TCFC, uma vez que representam uma das variações anatômicas mais relevantes para os casos de cirurgias de levantamentos de seio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941910

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the sinus bone gains after sinus floor elevation procedures with or without grafts when implants were placed simultaneously.@*METHODS@#The research included 26 edentulous patients in the maxillary posterior region, who were divided into 2 different groups according to the sinus lift procedures employed: group of osteotome sinus floor elevation with bone grafts (group A) and group of osteotome sinus floor elevation without bone grafts (group B). The implants were placed simultaneously, and were followed for a period of 30-50 months after sinus floor elevation as routine and then were observed for sinus bone change.@*RESULTS@#There were 27 implants (13 implants for group A and 14 implants for group B) and the following time was 40.23 (36.20, 48.07) months. The residual bone height (RBH) was (6.64±1.21) mm for group A and ( 6.96±1.36) mm for group B; the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P=0.459).The sinus bone gain (SBG) when followed was (2.20±1.71) mm for group A, and 1.77 (0.94, 2.05) mm for group B; the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P = 0.583). The quality of apical bone around implant apex was divided into 3 categories which were excellent, fine and fair.The quality of apical bone around implant apex was excellent and fine for 9 implants in group A and 8 implants in group B, and the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (Fisher exact test, P=0.695).The implant apex when followed was (0.09±1.32) mm below the new sinus floor for group A and (0.03±0.91) mm for group B, and the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P = 0.898). The SBG for the total was 1.85 (1.10, 2.20) mm. The SBG was statistically significantly only related to the protrusion height of the implant apex (r=0.383, P=0.049).@*CONCLUSION@#Sinus floor elevation procedures with or without grafts can all gain good results. The SBG is related to the protrusion height of the implant apex significantly.


Subject(s)
Dental Implantation , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Restoration Failure , Humans , Maxilla , Retrospective Studies , Sinus Floor Augmentation
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764791

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine the benefits of autogenous tooth bone (ATB) graft in combination with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the rates of success and survival of dental implants placed simultaneously with maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who visited the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Ulsan University Hospital from 2012 to 2014 and underwent simultaneous placement of implants with MSFA using ATB plus PRP were included in the study. Success and survival rates of the implants were evaluated based on the parameters of age and sex of the patient, site, follow-up period, residual bone height before surgery, diameter, and length of implant, sinus mucosa impairment, and postoperative complications. RESULT: A total of 23 patients and 67 implants were included in this study. The average age of the patients was 53.78±10.00 years. The average follow-up period after installation of the prosthesis was 53±5 months. The success and survival rates of the implants after placement of prosthesis were 95.52% and 97.01%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Combination of ATB and PRP showed high overall success rate, and it can be concluded that this combination is a predictable bone graft procedure for MSFA.


Subject(s)
Bone Substitutes , Dental Implantation , Dental Implants , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Maxillary Sinus , Mucous Membrane , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Postoperative Complications , Prostheses and Implants , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Surgery, Oral , Survival Rate , Tooth , Transplants
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766114

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane (dHACM) to repair perforated sinus membranes in rabbits. METHODS: Bilateral surgical windows (7.5-mm diameter) were prepared on the nasal bones of 14 rabbits. Standardized circular perforations (5-mm diameter) were made in the sinus membrane by manipulating implant twist drills. The perforated sinus membranes were repaired using dHACM or a resorbable collagen membrane (CM). The negative control (NC) group did not undergo perforated sinus membrane repair, while the positive control (PC) group underwent sinus augmentation without perforations. The same amount of deproteinized porcine bone mineral was grafted in all 4 groups. After 6 weeks, micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and histomorphometric evaluations were conducted. RESULTS: The micro-CT analysis revealed that the total augmented volume was not significantly different among the groups. In the dHACM group, newly formed bone filled the augmented area with remaining biomaterials; however, non-ciliated flat epithelium and inflammatory cells were observed on the healed sinus membrane. Histometric analysis showed that the percentage of newly formed bone area in the dHACM group did not differ significantly from that in the CM group. The dHACM group showed a significantly higher percentage of newly formed bone area than the NC group, but there was no significant difference between the dHACM and PC groups. CONCLUSIONS: dHACM could be a feasible solution for repairing sinus membrane perforations that occur during sinus floor augmentation.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Biocompatible Materials , Chorion , Collagen , Epithelium , Humans , Membranes , Miners , Nasal Bone , Rabbits , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Transplants
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766109

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To analyze the maxillary sinus anatomy over edentulous ridges in the bilateral posterior maxillary area in Taiwanese patients using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: In total, 101 anatomical sites from 61 patients, including 32 premolar and 69 molar regions, were analyzed using CBCT. Measurements were made of the width and height of edentulous ridges, the thickness of the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus, and the presence of a sinus septum and the posterior superior alveolar artery (PSAA). A statistical analysis of the measurements was performed, and correlations among the measurements were assessed. RESULTS: The average ridge width was 10.26±3.16 mm, with a significantly greater ridge width in the second molar region than in the premolar region. The mean residual ridge height was 8.55±4.09 mm, and ridge height showed an opposite trend from ridge width for the premolar and molar regions. A sinus septum was present at 5.9% of the sites, and the PSAA was observed in 24.5%. The average thickness of the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus was 2.08±0.94 mm, with no significant difference between the tooth position and lateral wall thickness. CONCLUSIONS: This study presents the anatomical features of the maxillary sinus, which should be considered in sinus lift procedures for implant placement, in the Taiwanese population. The use of CBCT is recommended to avoid intraoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Asians , Bicuspid , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Humans , Intraoperative Complications , Jaw, Edentulous , Maxillary Sinus , Molar , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Tooth
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