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1.
Diagn. tratamento ; 27(1): 22-7, jan-mar. 2022. tab, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359748

ABSTRACT

Contextualização: A rinossinusite aguda corresponde a um processo inflamatório de elevada prevalência, podendo ter componente infeccioso ou não. A maioria é de causa viral, mas o quadro pode ser bacteriano, fúngico, alérgico, ou causado por irritantes ambientais, associando-se à obstrução das vias de drenagem dos seios paranasais. Objetivos: Este estudo avaliou a efetividade das intervenções para rinossinusite aguda, segundo as revisões sistemáticas da Colaboração Cochrane. Métodos: Trata-se de overview de revisões sistemáticas Cochrane. Procedeu-se à busca na Cochrane Library (2021), sendo utilizado o termo MeSH "acute sinusitis". Todos os estudos relacionados à rinossinusite aguda foram incluídos. O desfecho primário de análise foi a melhora clínica. Resultados: Seis estudos foram incluídos, totalizando 27 ensaios clínicos randomizados (ECRs) (n = 6.443 participantes). Para a redução dos sintomas, a corticoterapia tópica parece ser efetiva (evidência é limitada); não há evidência para anti-histamínico, descongestionantes e lavagem nasal; corticoterapia sistêmica em monoterapia parece ser ineficaz (evidência limitada); extrato de Cyclamen europaeum não mostrou evidência; Pelargonium sidoides parece ser efetivo (baixa qualidade da evidência) e antibióticos sistêmicos não se mostrou justificar. Discussão: A amostragem nos estudos, em geral, foi baixa. Não pôde ser demonstrada a eficácia com alto nível de evidência em nenhuma das intervenções avaliadas. Sugere-se a realização de novos ECRs, de qualidade, seguindo-se as recomendações do CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) Statement para melhor elucidação da questão. Conclusão: Não há suporte com bom nível de evidência atualmente para qualquer intervenção terapêutica para o tratamento da rinossinusite aguda, à luz das revisões sistemáticas da Cochrane. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Prática clínica baseada em evidências, revisão sistemática, terapêutica, tratamento farmacológico, sinusite


Subject(s)
Sinusitis , Systematic Review
2.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 32-39, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364905

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Invasive fungal diseases represent important causes of morbidity and mortality among pediatric oncohematological patients. Acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis is a rare and aggressive disease that occurs mainly in immunocompromised patients. The mortality rate is high and therefore, accurate and early diagnosis is essential. Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the frequency of acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis among pediatric oncohematological patients and characterize them with confirmed diagnoses. Methods This was a retrospective study that analyzed the medical records of pediatric patients diagnosed with oncohematological diseases and suspected fungal infections, who were included after obtaining informed consent, from January to December 2017, in the pediatric unit of a tertiary university hospital. Data collected from medical record analysis included the following: underlying diagnosis, absolute neutrophil count, clinical presentation, culture and biopsy results, surgical procedures performed, survival and mortality. Results A total of 27 patients were evaluated, with three suspected cases of acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis. Histopathological and microbiological analyses confirmed two cases. In both cases, the pathogen isolated in the culture was Fusarium sp. The two confirmed cases were female, aged 12 and 14 years, both with an absolute neutrophil count of 10 cells/μL. The underlying disease of the first patient was acute myeloid leukemia (subtype M5), whereas the second patient presented idiopathic bone marrow aplasia. Conclusion Both confirmed cases of acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis presented with constitutional symptoms and signs of nasal and sinusital inflammation. This demonstrates the importance of fever as a symptom in immunocompromised patients and it should prompt otorhinolaryngological investigation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Fusariosis , Invasive Fungal Infections , Hematologic Diseases , Sinusitis , Febrile Neutropenia , Fusarium
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928031

ABSTRACT

Based on the Drugdataexpy and the prescription modern application database, this study explored the formulation regularity of ancient and modern prescriptions for the treatment of sinusitis. The Chinese medicinal prescriptions for the treatment of sinusitis with various syndromes were retrieved from the above databases and the corresponding formulation regularity was investigated by frequency analysis, association rule analysis, and factor analysis. Eighty-seven Chinese medicinal prescriptions were included, involving five syndrome types of sinusitis and 160 Chinese medicine, which were mainly effective in releasing exterior, clearing heat, and tonifying deficiency, and acted on the lung meridian due to cold and warm nature and pungent and bitter flavor or on the spleen meridian due to warm nature and pungent flavor. Seventeen core Chinese medicine were screened out by topological data analysis, including Angelicae Dahuricae Radix, Magnoliae Flos, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Xanthii Fructus, and Scutellariae Radix. Chinese medicine such as Magnoliae Flos, Angelicae Dahuricae Radix, and Xanthii Fructus were commonly used in the treatment of sinusitis of wind-heat in the lung meridian, while the combination of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Magnoliae Flos, Angelicae Dahuricae Radix, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, etc. was the key compatibility in treating sinusitis of dampness-heat in the spleen and stomach. Six common factors were extracted from the factor analysis of the above two syndrome types. The findings indicate that the exterior-releasing, heat-clearing, and deficiency-tonifying Chinese medicine with cold and warm nature and pungent flavor are preferential options for the clinical treatment of sinusitis. Treatment should be based on syndrome differentiation and key therapeutic principles should be followed.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians , Rhizome , Sinusitis/drug therapy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927998

ABSTRACT

The present study evaluated the efficacy and safety of Xiangju Capsules in the treatment of sinusitis. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science and ClinicalTrials.gov were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Xiangju Capsules in the treatment of sinusitis, and Meta-analysis was performed on the included articles using RevMan 5.3. Twenty-nine articles were included, involving 4 331 cases, including 2 196 cases in the experimental group and 2 135 cases in the control group. Meta-analysis results showed that the conventional therapy combined with Xiangju Capsules showed better significant efficiency(RR=1.30, 95%CI[1.15, 1.47], P<0.000 01), total response rate(RR=1.19, 95%CI[1.16, 1.23], P<0.000 01), and Lund-Mackay scores(MD=-1.23, 95%CI[-1.39,-1.07], P<0.000 01) than conventional therapy alone. The conventional therapy combined with Eucalyptol-limonene-pinene Enteric Soft Capsules and Xiangju Capsules showed better total response rate(RR=1.14, 95%CI[1.07, 1.21], P<0.000 1) and VAS scores than conventional therapy combined with Eucalyptol-limonene-pinene Enteric Soft Capsules(MD_(headache)=-1.29, 95%CI[-1.48,-1.10], P<0.000 01; MD_(congestion)=-1.08, 95%CI[-1.21,-0.95], P<0.000 01; MD_(olfactory dysfunction)=-1.05, 95%CI[-1.23,-0.87], P<0.000 01; MD_(facial disorder)=-1.38, 95%CI[-1.49,-1.27], P<0.000 01). The conventional therapy combined with clarithromycin and Xiangju Capsules displayed a better total response rate(RR=1.15, 95%CI[1.08, 1.21], P<0.000 01) than conventional therapy combined with clarithromycin, while no significant difference was observed in the significant efficiency(RR=1.27, 95%CI[0.98, 1.65], P=0.07). The significant efficiency(RR=2.16, 95%CI[1.47, 3.18], P<0.000 1) and total effective rate(RR=1.48, 95%CI[1.28, 1.72], P<0.000 01) of clarithromycin combined with Xiangju Capsules in patients with sinusitis and CT scores(MD=-1.87, 95%CI[-2.01,-1.74], P<0.000 01) was significantly better than clarithromycin alone. Trial sequential analysis(TSA) showed that the cumulative sample size of the main outcome indicators had met expectations. The main adverse reactions included drowsiness, diarrhea, and abdominal pain, which had no direct relationship with Xiangju Capsules. Based on the available data and methods, the combination of Xiangju Capsules with multiple treatments showed significant efficiency and total response rate in the treatment of sinusitis, and improved CT scores, VAS scores, and Lund-Mackay scores, without serious adverse reactions. The efficacy and safety of Xiangju Capsules in the treatment of sinusitis still need to be verified by a large-sample, well-designed, and internationally standardized clinical trial scheme.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Sinusitis/drug therapy
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 519-531, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927541

ABSTRACT

Type 2 inflammation is a complex immune response and primary mechanism for several common allergic diseases including allergic rhinitis, allergic asthma, atopic dermatitis, and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps. It is the predominant type of immune response against helminths to prevent their tissue infiltration and induce their expulsion. Recent studies suggest that epithelial barrier dysfunction contributes to the development of type 2 inflammation in asthma, which may partly explain the increasing prevalence of asthma in China and around the globe. The epithelial barrier hypothesis has recently been proposed and has received great interest from the scientific community. The development of leaky epithelial barriers leads to microbial dysbiosis and the translocation of bacteria to inter- and sub-epithelial areas and the development of epithelial tissue inflammation. Accordingly, preventing the impairment and promoting the restoration of a deteriorated airway epithelial barrier represents a promising strategy for the treatment of asthma. This review introduces the interaction between type 2 inflammation and the airway epithelial barrier in asthma, the structure and molecular composition of the airway epithelial barrier, and the assessment of epithelial barrier integrity. The role of airway epithelial barrier disruption in the pathogenesis of asthma will be discussed. In addition, the possible mechanisms underlying the airway epithelial barrier dysfunction induced by allergens and environmental pollutants, and current treatments to restore the airway epithelial barrier are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Humans , Inflammation , Respiratory System , Rhinitis, Allergic , Sinusitis
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936188

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics and plasma inflammatory markers levels in different endotypes of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), and to explore the plasma biomarkers associated with endotypes of CRSwNP. Methods: A total of 74 CRSwNP patients (male/female: 41/33; average age: 40 years) and 40 control subjects underwent septoplasty in Tongji Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017 were enrolled in this study. The demographic and clinical features of all subjects including age, gender, past history, visual analogue scale (VAS) and CT scores were recorded. Patients with CRSwNP were divided into EoshighNeuhigh, EoshighNeulow, EoslowNeuhigh and EoslowNeulow four endotypes according to the eosinophil (Eos) percentage and neutrophil (Neu) count of nasal polyps tissue. Preoperative blood routine was performed and the levels of 27 biomarkers in plasma were measured by Bio-Plex suspension chip method. The clinical characteristics and the level of serum biomarkers of patients with different endotypes were compared. SPSS 18.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: There was no difference in the clinical features including gender ratio, age, course of disease, VAS score, endoscopy and CT score among EoshighNeuhigh, EoshighNeulow, EoslowNeuhigh and EoslowNeulow CRSwNP patients. Compared with EoslowNeuhigh and EoslowNeulow CRSwNP patients, patients with EoshighNeuhigh and EoshighNeulow endotype demonstrated a higher prevalence of atopy, allergic rhinitis and asthma comorbidity, and increased peripheral blood eosinophil absolute count and percentage (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between EoshighNeuhigh and EoshighNeulow CRSwNP. Plasma levels of all 27 mediators including type 1 cytokines (IL-12 and IFN-γ), type 2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13), type 3 cytokines (IL-17A), pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and TNF-α) and tissue remodeling-related markers (bFGF, VEGF and PDGF-BB) demonstrated no significant difference among all endotypes of CRSwNP (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Eoshigh and Eoslow CRSwNP patients display significant differences regarding the prevalence of atopy, allergic rhinitis and asthma comorbidity, peripheral blood eosinophil absolute count and percentage, but the clinical characteristics, blood cellular and biological markers can not effectively distinguish four endotypes of CRSwNP. Further studies are warranted to dig out the potential objective, convenient and reliable markers associated with endotypes in patients with CRSwNP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils , Female , Humans , Inflammation Mediators , Male , Nasal Polyps/pathology , Rhinitis/pathology , Sinusitis/complications
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936187

ABSTRACT

Objective: To detect the percentages of CD8+Treg cells in the nasal mucosa and peripheral blood of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and to explore their correlation with eosinophilic infiltration. Methods: Thirty-three chronic rhinosinusitis with polyp (CRSwNP), 26 chronic rhinosinusitis without polyp (CRSsNP) and 27 control patients who were collected with the nose mucosal tissue and peripheral blood in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from March 2017 to October 2018 were selected, including 59 males and 27 females, aging from 18 to 72 years. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the number of eosinophils in the nasal tissues and to classify the CRS into eosinophilic CRS (ECRS) and non-eosinophilic CRS (Non-ECRS). Flow cytometry was used to detect the percentages of CD4+ and CD8+T cells in lymphocytes of nasal mucosa and peripheral blood. The percentages of CD8+Foxp3+Treg cells, CD8+Foxp3-IL-10+Treg cells, CD8+IFN-γ+T cells (Tc1), CD8+IL-4+T cells (Tc2) and CD8+IL-17A+T cells (Tc17) in lymphocytes of nasal mucosa and peripheral blood were also tested. Besides, the percentages of Foxp3+TGF-β+Treg cells and Foxp3+IL-10+Treg cells in CD8+T cells were determined. All data were represented by M (IQR). GraphPad 7.0 and SPSS 16.0 were used for illustration and statistical analysis. Results: The percentage of CD8+T cells (37.75%(17.35%)) was higher than that of CD4+T cells (4.72%(4.29%)) in nasal mucosa (Z=-5.70, P<0.001), while lower (23.60%(9.33%)) than that of CD4+T cells (44.05% (10.93%)) in peripheral blood (t=9.72, P<0.001). CRSwNP patients possessed the highest Tc2 (1.82% (1.22%)) and Tc17 (1.93% (2.32%)) percentages than CRSsNP (Tc2: 0.84% (0.79%); Tc17: 0.54% (1.04%)) and control (Tc2: 1.09% (0.92%); Tc17: 0.47% (0.51%), both P<0.05) patients. While, CRSwNP patients possessed the lowest CD8+Foxp3+Treg cells percentage (0.10% (0.32%)) than CRSsNP (0.43% (1.45%)) and control (0.48% (0.83%), Z value was -2.24, -2.22, respectively, P value was 0.025, 0.027, respectively). The percentages of Foxp3+TGF-β+Treg cells and Foxp3+IL-10+Treg cells of CD8+T cells in nasal mucosa in CRSwNP were also lower than controls (Z value was 1.46, 0.49, respectively, both P=0.001). Moreover, the percentage of CD8+Foxp3-IL-10+Treg cells of CD8+T cells was decreased in nasal mucosa of CRSwNP patients (0.14% (0.28%)) when compared with that of CRSsNP (0.89% (0.81%), Z=0.61, P=0.03). ECRS patients had the lower percentages of CD8+Foxp3+Treg cells (0.07% (0.44%)) and CD8+Foxp3-IL-10+Treg cells (0.13% (0.21%)) than Non-ECRS patients (CD8+Foxp3+Treg cells: 0.53% (0.75%); CD8+Foxp3-IL-10+Treg cells: 0.29% (0.76%), t value was 2.14, 2.78, respectively, both P<0.05). The percentage of CD8+Foxp3+Treg cells and the ratio of CD8+Foxp3-IL-10+T per CD8+T cells were negatively correlated with the percentage of eosinophils in CRS patients(R2 value was 0.56, 0.78, respectively, both P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the distribution of CD8+Fxop3+Treg cells and CD8+Fxop3-IL-10+Treg cells in peripheral blood among different groups. Conclusion: The percentages of CD8+Treg cells decrease in CRSwNP patients, especially in ECRS patients, which are opposite to that of Tc2 and Tc17, and negatively correlate with the eosinophils percentage. This indicates that the decrease in the ratio of CD8+Treg cell may be associated with the immune-imbalance and eosinophilic infiltration in nasal mucosa of CRS patients.


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Chronic Disease , Female , Humans , Male , Nasal Polyps/complications , Rhinitis/complications , Sinusitis/complications , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936186

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the types and clinical characteristics of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) based on artificial intelligence and whole-slide imaging (WSI), and to explore the consistency of the diagnostic criteria of the Japanese epidemiological survey of refractory eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (JESREC) in Chinese CRSwNP patients. Methods: The data of 136 patients with CRSwNP (101 males and 35 females, aging 14 to 70 years) who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery from 2018 to 2019 in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were analysed retrospectively. The preoperative clinical characteristics of patients were collected, such as visual analogue scale (VAS) of nasal symptoms, peripheral blood inflammatory cell count, total immunoglobulin E (IgE), Lund-Kennedy score and Lund-Mackay score. The proportion of inflammatory cells such as eosinophils, lymphocytes, plasma cells and neutrophils were calculated on the WSI of each patient through artificial intelligence chronic rhinosinusitis evaluation platform 2.0 (AICEP 2.0), and the specific type of nasal polyps was then obtained as eosinophilic CRSwNP (eCRSwNP) or non-eosinophilic CRSwNP (non-eCRSwNP). In addition, the JESREC diagnostic criteria was used to classify the nasal polyps, and the classification results were compared with the current gold standard for nasal polyps diagnosis (pathological diagnosis based on WSI). The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic criteria of JESREC were evaluated. The data were expressed in M (Q1, Q3) and statistically analyzed by SPSS 17.0. Results: There was no significant difference between eCRSwNP and non-eCRSwNP in age distribution, gender, time of onset, total VAS score, Lund-Kennedy score or Lund-Mackay score. However, there was a significant difference in the ratio of nasal polyp inflammatory cells (eosinophils 40.5% (22.8%, 54.7%) vs 2.5% (1.0%, 5.3%), neutrophils 0.3% (0.1%, 0.7%) vs 1.3% (0.5%, 3.6%), lymphocytes 49.9% (39.3%, 65.9%) vs 82.0% (72.8%, 87.5%), plasma cells 5.1% (3.6%, 10.5%) vs 13.0% (7.4%, 16.3%), χ2 value was 9.91, 4.66, 8.28, 5.06, respectively, all P<0.05). In addition, eCRSwNP had a significantly higher level of proportion of allergic symptoms (nasal itching and sneezing), asthma, peripheral blood eosinophil and total IgE (all P<0.05). The overall accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the JESREC diagnostic criteria was 74.3%, 81.3% and 64.3%, respectively. Conclusions: The eCRSwNP based on artificial intelligence and WSI has significant high level of allergic symptoms, asthma, peripheral blood eosinophils and total IgE, and the percentages of inflammatory cells in nasal polyps are different from that of non-eCRSwNP. The JESREC diagnostic criteria has good consistency in our research.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils/metabolism , Female , Humans , Male , Nasal Polyps/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis/pathology , Sinusitis/pathology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929013

ABSTRACT

Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a hereditary disease characterized by airway mucociliary clearance dysfunction. The estimated prevalence of PCD is 1꞉10 000 to 1꞉20 000. The main respiratory manifestations in children are cough, expectoration, chronic rhinitis, sinusitis, and chronic otitis media, while the most common symptoms in adults are chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, and infertility. About 50% of patients with certain PCD-related gene variants are combined with situs inversus, and the incidence of congenital heart disease is also high. The pathogenesis behind PCD is that gene variants cause structural or functional disorders of respiratory cilia and motile cilia of other organs, leading to a series of heterogeneous clinical manifestations, which makes it difficult to identify and diagnose PCD. Combining different disease screening tools and understanding the relationship between genotypes and phenotypes may facilitate early diagnosis and treatment for PCD.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Cilia/pathology , Humans , Kartagener Syndrome/genetics , Phenotype , Sinusitis
11.
Acta de Otorrinolaringología Cir. Cabeza cuello. ; 50(1): 28-35, 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1363373

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la Rinosinusitis Crónica se define como la inflamación crónica de la nariz y los senos paranasales por más de 12 semanas. La prevalencia varía entre el 5% - 30% de acuerdo con la zona geográfica según un estudio de carga de enfermedad (2012-2014), la prevalencia de las enfermedades respiratorias crónicas (rinitis y sinusitis crónica) varió entre el 10% y el 25%. Objetivo: establecer un conjunto de consideraciones basadas en consenso de expertos, para el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la rinosinusitis crónica en pacientes adultos, en el contexto colombiano. Métodos: se llevó a cabo un consenso formal (Delphi y nominal). Se conformó un grupo de expertos, se definieron el alcance y las preguntas. Se realizaron dos rondas de calificación anónimas, y una discusión para las preguntas sin consenso. En las preguntas con opciones de uno a nueve, se consideró consenso con una mediana de uno a tres o de siete a nueve. En las preguntas tipo Likert, se consideró consenso un porcentaje igual o superior al 80% en acuerdos o desacuerdos. Resultados: se definieron y calificaron 18 preguntas, con la participación de 17 otorrinolaringólogos, de 8 ciudades colombianas, todos miembros de la Asociación Colombiana de Otorrinolaringología y con un promedio de experticia de 19.2 años (Desviación estándar [DE]: 10,2). Se obtuvieron 18 recomendaciones para el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de esta patología. Conclusiones: las recomendaciones emitidas por los expertos permiten orientar y estandarizar el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la rinosinusitis crónica en adultos, en el contexto de los servicios de salud en Colombia.


Introduction: Chronic Rhinosinusitis is defined as chronic inflammation of the nose and paranasal sinuses for more than 12 weeks. The prevalence varies between 5% - 30% depending on the geographical area according to a disease burden study (2012-2014), the prevalence of chronic respiratory diseases (rhinitis and chronic sinusitis) varied between 10% - 25%. Objective: To establish a set of considerations based on expert consensus, for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis in adult patients, in the Colombian context. Methods: A formal consensus (Delphi and nominal) was carried out. A group of experts was formed, the scope and questions were defined. Two anonymous grading rounds were conducted, and a discussion for questions without consensus. In the Questions with options from one to nine were considered consensus with a median of one to three or seven to nine. In the Likert-type questions, a percentage equal to or greater than 80% in agreements or disagreements was considered consensus. Results: 18 questions were defined and scored, with the participation of 17 otorhinolaryngologists, from eight Colombian cities, all members of the Colombian Association of Otorhinolaryngology and with an average experience of 19.2 years (Standard desviation [SD]: 10.2). 18 recommendations were obtained for the diagnosis and treatment of this pathology. Conclusions: The recommendations issued by the experts allow to guide and standardize the diagnosis and treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis in adults, in the context of health services in Colombia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sinusitis , Therapeutics , Diagnosis
12.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(4): 187-192, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1366967

ABSTRACT

La sinusitis micótica alérgica es una enfermedad inflamatoria de la mucosa rinosinusal producida por hongos que pueden aislarse de la cavidad de nasal de individuos sanos. Se produce indirectamente por los hongos que actúan como antígeno y desencadenan una reacción inmunológica mediada por IgE que origina pólipos y una secreción mucosa espesa con detritus e hifas denominada mucina. Su presentación clínica más frecuente es una sinusitis crónica unilateral o bilateral con pólipos. Con menos frecuencia, las sustancias originadas por la desgranulación de los eosinófilos producen remodelación o destrucción ósea y la sinusitis puede simular una neoplasia. Se describe el caso clínico de un paciente que padeció una sinusitis micótica alérgica con destrucción ósea masiva de la base del cráneo y que tuvo extensión intracraneal extradural e intraorbitaria de la enfermedad. Fue tratado con éxito mediante cirugía y corticoides. (AU)


Allergic fungal sinusitis is an inflammatory disease of the rhinosinusal mucosa caused by fungi that can be isolated from the nasal cavity of healthy individuals. The pathology is produced indirectly by the fungus that acts as an antigen and triggers an IgE-mediated allergic reaction that causes polyps and a thick mucous discharge with detritus and hyphae called mucin. Its most common clinical presentation is unilateral or bilateral chronic sinusitis with polyps. Less commonly, substances originated by the degranulation of eosinophils cause bone remodeling or destruction, and sinusitis can simulate a neoplasia. We describe the clinical case of a patient who suffered from allergic fungal sinusitis with massive bone destruction of the skull base and who had intracranial, extradural and intraorbital extension of the disease. He was successfully treated with surgery and corticosteroids.Key words: allergic fungal sinusitis, intracranial extension, endoscopic surgery, transorbital transpalpebral approach. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Sinusitis/diagnostic imaging , Skull Base/physiopathology , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnostic imaging , Invasive Fungal Infections/diagnostic imaging , Curvularia/pathogenicity , Sinusitis/surgery , Sinusitis/drug therapy , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Skull Base/surgery , Budesonide/administration & dosage , Rhinitis, Allergic/surgery , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Invasive Fungal Infections/surgery , Invasive Fungal Infections/drug therapy
13.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(3): 232-236, jul.set.2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399211

ABSTRACT

A rinossinusite crônica (RSC) é uma síndrome caracterizada pela inflamação da mucosa nasal e dos seios paranasais por pelo menos 12 semanas, acometendo de 5% a 12% da população geral. A síndrome é associada a alta morbidade e considerada um grande problema de saúde pública devido a sua prevalência, seu custo para a sociedade e ao impacto que acarreta na qualidade de vida dos pacientes e em seu desempenho escolar ou profissional. Ademais, a RSC está associada a diversas comorbidades, como dermatite atópica, distúrbios respiratórios do sono, conjuntivite, otite média, asma e problemas emocionais. O dupilumabe é eficaz e seguro no tratamento da RSC com polipose nasal. A eficácia é progressiva no primeiro ano de tratamento, e a posologia de 300 mg a cada duas semanas é superior em relação à de cada quatro semanas. A interrupção do tratamento com 24 semanas acarreta a perda parcial de seus efeitos benéficos. O imunobiológico também é eficaz no controle da asma nos pacientes que apresentam essa doença como comorbidade. Alguns pacientes podem apesentar aumento transitório de eosinófilos sanguíneos, e 2,7% desenvolveram conjuntivite como reação adversa nos estudos SINUS-24 e SINUS-52. O dupilumabe é uma excelente opção terapêutica no tratamento concomitante de múltiplas doenças caracterizadas pela inflamação de tipo II.


Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a syndrome characterized by inflammation of the nasal mucosa and paranasal sinuses for at least 12 weeks, affecting 5% to 12% of the general population. The syndrome is associated with high morbidity and is considered a major public health problem because of its prevalence, its cost to society, and the impact it has on patients' quality of life and on their school or professional performance. Furthermore, CRS is associated with several comorbidities, such as atopic dermatitis, sleep-disordered breathing, conjunctivitis, otitis media, asthma, and emotional problems. Dupilumab is effective and safe in the treatment of CRS with nasal polyposis. Effectiveness is progressive in the first year of treatment, and a dosage of 300 mg every two weeks is more effective than that of every four weeks. Discontinuing treatment at 24 weeks results in partial loss of its beneficial effects. The biological drug is also effective in controlling asthma in patients who have this disease as a comorbidity. Some patients may experience a transient increase in blood eosinophils, and 2.7% developed conjunctivitis as an adverse reaction in the SINUS-24 and SINUS-52 studies. Dupilumab is an excellent therapeutic option in the concomitant treatment of multiple diseases characterized by type II inflammation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rhinitis , Nasal Polyps , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Otitis Media , Paranasal Sinuses , Patients , Quality of Life , Asthma , Sinusitis , Therapeutics , Effectiveness , Conjunctivitis , Dermatitis, Atopic , Eosinophils , Nasal Mucosa
14.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(3): 260-268, May-Jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285685

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Chronic rhinosinusitis is currently classified into two types: chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps. In the West, approximately 80% of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps cases are characterized by a predominantly eosinophilic cell infiltrate and a Th2 cytokine pattern. Objective To evaluate the effect of Interferon-α on cytokine levels of the eosinophilic nasal polyp cell culture supernatant. Methods Cell cultures were performed based on nasal polypoid tissue samples collected from 13 patients with eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps. Polyps were considered eosinophilic according to the histopathological examination. Cell cultures were stimulated with 3000 IU of interferon-α. Before and after the stimulus, concentrations of Interferon-γ, tumor necrosis factor αand IL 2, 4, 6 and 10, using cytometric bead array, were assessed. Results Cell samples from eosinophilic nasal polyps from 13 patients were included in the study. Twenty-four hours after interferon-α stimulation, eosinophilic nasal polyp culture supernatants showed significantly decreased IL-4 concentrations and increase in interferon-γ, IL-10 and IL-6 concentrations compared to controls. There were no significant differences in tumor necrosis factor -α and IL-2 concentrations. Conclusion We demonstrated that interferon-α in vitro alters the pattern of cytokines in cell cultures of eosinophilic nasal polyps. Analysis of these alterations suggests that interferon-α promotes a rebalancing of inflammatory profiles in cell cultures, favoring the expression of Th1 and regulatory cytokines over Th2 cytokines.


Resumo Introdução A rinossinusite crônica, atualmente, é classificada em dois tipos: Rinossinusite Crônica sem Pólipos Nasais (RSCsPN) e Rinossinusite Crônica com Pólipos Nasais (RSCcPN). No Ocidente, cerca de 80% dos casos de RSCcPN caracterizam-se por um infiltrado celular predominantemente eosinofílico e um padrão de citocinas Th2. Objetivo Avaliar o efeito do Interferon-alpha nos níveis de citocinas do sobrenadante de culturas celulares de pólipos nasais eosinofílicos. Método Foram feitas culturas celulares a partir de amostras de tecido polipoide nasal coletadas de 13 pacientes com RSCcPN eosinofílica. Os pólipos eram considerados eosinofílicos segundo exame histopatológico. As culturas celulares foram estimuladas com 3000 UI de IFN-α. Antes e após tal estímulo, foram avaliadas, no sobrenadante das culturas celulares, as concentrações do Interferon-γ (IFN-γ), do Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa (TNF-α) e das Interleucinas (IL) 2, 4, 6 e 10, usou-se o Cytometric Bead Array. Resultados Foram incluídas no estudo amostras celulares dos pólipos nasais eosinofílicos de 13 pacientes. Vinte e quatro horas após o estímulo com IFN-α, os sobrenadantes das culturas dos pólipos nasais eosinofílicos apresentaram, de forma significante, diminuição da concentração de IL-4 e aumento das concentrações de IFN-γ, IL-10 e IL-6, em relação ao controle. Não houve diferença significante nas concentrações de TNF-α e IL-2. Conclusão Demonstramos que o IFN-α, in vitro, altera o padrão de citocinas nas culturas celulares de pólipos nasais eosinofílicos. A análise do conjunto dessas alterações sugere que o IFN-α promove, nas culturas celulares, um rebalanceamento dos perfis inflamatórios, favorece a expressão de citocinas Th1 e regulatórias, em detrimento de citocinas do padrão Th2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sinusitis/drug therapy , Rhinitis/drug therapy , Nasal Polyps , Chronic Disease , Cytokines , Interferon-alpha
15.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(2): 178-187, mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249344

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: A rinossinusite crônica é uma inflamação crônica altamente heterogênea do trato respiratório superior causada por uma disfunção imune nos seres humanos. Entretanto, a etiologia subjacente dessa doença ainda não foi bem estabelecida. Diversos estudos revelaram que anormalidades nos níveis séricos de vitamina D podem desempenhar um papel na fisiopatologia da doença. Objetivo: Fazer uma metanálise de estudos para comparar os níveis séricos de vitamina D entre pacientes com rinossinusite crônica e controles saudáveis e avaliar as potenciais associações do nível sérico de vitamina D com a ocorrência da doença. Método: Seguindo as diretrizes Prisma, bancos de dados relevantes, inclusive Pubmed, Web of Science, Embase e Cochrane Library, foram pesquisados desde a sua data de início até 1° de dezembro de 2018. A simetria do gráfico de funil (funnel plot symmetry) e o teste de Egger foram usados para detectar o viés da publicação. Os desfechos foram apresentados como diferença média ponderada e combinamos a diferença média ponderada e intervalos de confiança de 95% para estimar a diferença dos níveis séricos de vitamina D entre pacientes com rinossinusite crônica e os controles. O valor de I2 de Higgins foi usado para testar a heterogeneidade entre os estudos incluídos. Resultados: Dos 176 estudos que identificamos, apenas oito, que envolveram 337 pacientes com rinossinusite crônica e 179 controles saudáveis, preencheram os critérios e foram incluídos na metanálise. Em uma análise combinada de todos os estudos, a diminuição do nível sérico de vitamina D foi demonstrada na rinossinusite crônica (DMP = −7,80, IC95% −13,28 ± −2,31, p = 0,000). Análises de subgrupos com base no local do estudo (EUA vs. Não EUA), tipos de biomarcadores (25[OH]D3 vs. 25[OH]D) e desenho do estudo (retrospectivo vs. prospectivo) não explicaram a heterogeneidade. No entanto, o fenótipo da rinossinusite crônica (rinossinusite crônica com pólipos nasais vs. rinossinusite crônica sem pólipos nasais) pode explicar algum grau de heterogeneidade. Contudo, um nível sérico mais baixo de vitamina D foi observado em pacientes com rinossinusite crônica com pólipos nasais. Conclusão: Nossos achados indicam que o nível sérico de vitamina D pode estar associado à rinossinusite crônica, pois detectamos uma associação significante entre níveis séricos mais baixos de vitamina D em pacientes com rinossinusite crônica, especialmente na rinossinusite crônica com pólipos nasais. No entanto, mais estudos abrangentes são necessários para se chegar a conclusões abalizadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sinusitis , Rhinitis , Vitamin D , Chronic Disease , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
16.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(1): 21-26, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252367

ABSTRACT

A celulite orbital é uma complicação incomum após quadro de rinossinusite. O objetivo do presente trabalho é relatar um caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, adulto-jovem, 22 anos de idade, que compareceu ao serviço de emergência apresentando edema periorbitário direito, proptose, oftalmoplegia, cefaléia, obstrução nasal e febre. O diagnóstico foi realizado por uma equipe multidisciplinar. A tomografia computadorizada pré-operatória apresentou edema difuso em região periorbitária direita, velamento dos seios: maxilar, esfenoidal e frontal ipsilateral. O paciente foi internado para abordagem cirúrgica e antibioticoterapia. A celulite orbitária associada a rinossinusite é uma complicação rara, sendo comum em crianças, que necessita de um diagnóstico e abordagem multidisciplinar e precoce para evitar extensões cranianas... (AU)


Orbital cellulitis is an uncommon complication after rhinosinusitis. The aim of the present study is to report a case of a 22-year-old male patient, young, 22 years old, who attended the emergency department with right periorbital edema, proptosis, ophthalmoplegia, headache, nasal obstruction and fever. The diagnosis was made by a multidisciplinary team. Preoperative computed tomography showed diffuse edema in the right periorbital region, veiling of the sinuses: maxillary, sphenoidal and ipsilateral frontal. The patient was admitted for surgical approach and antibiotic therapy. Orbital cellulitis associated with rhinosinusitis is a rare complication, common in children, which requires a multidisciplinary and early diagnosis and approach to avoid cranial extensions... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Sinusitis , Coronavirus Infections , Orbital Cellulitis , Orbital Cellulitis/surgery , Orbital Cellulitis/complications
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942578

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the difference of concentrations of specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPMs) derived from fatty acids in eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (ECRSwNP) and non-eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (nECRSwNP). Methods: A total of 36 patients with bilateral chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) who underwent endoscopic nasal surgeries in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from May 2019 to September 2020 were enrolled, including 27 males and 9 females, with the age from 13 to 67 years. There were 23 cases of ECRSwNP and 13 cases of nECRSwNP. At the same time, 12 control subjects were enrolled. The concentrations of multiple SPMs, including lipoxins (LXA4 and LXB4), resolvins (RvD1, RvD2, RvD3, RvD5 and RvE1), protectins (PDX) and maresins (Mar-1) in nasal polyps with different histological subtypes and normal nasal mucosa were analyzed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The concentrations of SPMs between groups were compared using Mann-Whitney U test. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to measure the correlation between the concentrations of SPMs in nasal polyps and tissue eosinophil counts. Results: The concentrations of RvD2, RvD3, RvD5, LXA4, LXB4, Mar-1 and PDX in ECRSwNP group were significantly higher than that in controls (Z value was -2.276, -2.313, -3.371, -2.094, -2.051, -3.104 and -2.294, respectively, all P<0.05). The concentrations of RvD2, RvD5, Mar-1 and PDX in ECRSwNP group were significantly higher than those in nECRSwNP group (Z value was -2.175, -2.289, -2.243 and -2.124, respectively, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in all these SPMs between nECRSwNP and controls (all P>0.05). The concentrations of RvD2, RvD3, RvD5, LXB4, Mar-1 and PDX in nasal polyps correlated positively with tissue eosinophil counts (r value was 0.443, 0.436, 0.371, 0.502, 0.340 and 0.386, respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusions: A varienty of SPMs are elevated in ECRSwNP. Dysregulation of fatty acid metabolism might play an important role in the chronic inflammation of ECRSwNP.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nasal Mucosa/pathology , Nasal Polyps/pathology , Rhinitis/pathology , Sinusitis/pathology , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942576

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the expression and difference of melastatin-related transient receptor potential 8(TRPM8) among chronic rhinosinusitis, nasal polyps and normal mucosa tissues. And to explore the significant expression of TRPM8 among CRSwNP. Methods: Fifty-one patients underwent endoscopic sinus surgery in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from February 2019 to January 2020 were recruited, including 33 males and 18 females, aged from 14 to 65 years old (34.55±1.689).Immunohistochemistry was used to detected the expression of TRPM8 protein among CRSsNP(17),CRSwNP (17) and control tissuses(17). In addition, the correlation between the expression of TRPM8 protein in CRSwNP patients and preoperative CT Lund-Mackay scores and preoperative VAS scores and sinonasal outcome test-20 scores was analyzed, respectively. The primary human nasal epithelial cells were cultured in vitro and the expression of TRPM8 was detected by quantitative real-time PCR and western blotting . The tissue in control group, chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) group and the CRSwNP group were collected and grinded into tissue homogenized. The expression of TRPM8 protein was detected by western blotting after 24 h stimulation after homogenate was added into the medium of RPMI 2650 and primary nasal epithelial cells. Results: Compared with the control, the expression of TRPM8 was significantly up-regulated in nasal polyps (t=6.852, P<0.05). TRPM8 was mainly expressed in epithelial cells. The expression of TRPM8 in the epithelial cells of CRSsNP had no difference with the control group (t=1.980, P>0.05). In addition, the expression of TRPM8 in CRSwNP patients was positively correlated with the preoperative CT Lund-Mackay scores and VAS scores and SNOT-20 scores (r=0.512, P<0.05;r=0.853, P<0.01;r=0.814, P<0.01). After cultured primary epithelial cells in vitro, the expression level of TRPM8 in epithelial cells derived from nasal polyp was significantly higher than that in control group (t=8.845, P<0.05). By adding the homogenization of control and CRSsNP and CRSwNP tissues, the expression of TRPM8 in RPMI 2650 cells and primary nasal epithelial cells was changed and that was significantly increased after adding the homogenization of the group of CRSwNP. Conclusion: TRPM8 is highly expressed in nasal polyps epithelial cells, suggesting that TRPM8 may be involved in the pathogenesis of nasal polyps regulated by nasal epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Chronic Disease , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Male , Membrane Proteins , Middle Aged , Nasal Polyps , Rhinitis , Sinusitis , TRPM Cation Channels , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942575

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the value of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-(OH)D3) with other clinical parameters in the prediction and diagnosis of eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (ECRSwNP). Methods: Eligible chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) patients and healthy subjects in the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January to April of 2021 were included for this study. The age, gender, past history and other basic characteristics of all subjects were recorded. The CRSwNP patients were classified into ECRSwNP and non-eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (nECRSwNP) endotypes by the percentage of tissue eosinophils. Serum 25-(OH)D3 levels measurements were performed in all subjects. Paranasal sinus CT scans, blood eosinophil counts, and determination of total immunoglobulin E (total IgE), Th1/Th2 plasma cytokines and nasal nitric oxide (nNO) levels were performed before surgery. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the related factors of ECRSwNP. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves was used to evaluate the predictive potential of the clinical parameters. Results: One hundred and twenty-seven CRSwNP patients and 40 healthy subjects were recruited, including 74 males and 93 females of the patients, with the age of (38.73±13.05) years. In patients with ECRSwNP, serum 25-(OH)D3 levels were significantly lower than those in nECRSwNP patients ((26.14±4.58) ng/ml vs (35.71±7.86) ng/ml, t=-8.564, P<0.01). The prevalence of asthma, prevalence of allergic rhinitis, peripheral blood eosinophil counts, total IgE levels, nNO levels and CT scores ratio for ethmoid sinus and maxillary sinus (E/M ratio) of ECRSwNP patients were significantly higher than those in nECRSwNP patients (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in Th1/Th2 cytokines levels between the histological types of CRSwNP (all P>0.05). Among the predictive indicators, 25-(OH)D3 had the highest predictive value, with ROC area under curve (AUC) value of 0.882. The best cut-off point of 28.5 ng/ml for 25-(OH)D3 demonstrated a sensitivity of 0.871 and a specificity of 0.762 for ECRSwNP. Conclusion: Measurement of serum 25-(OH)D3 level may be used as an effective method to distinguish between ECRSwNP and nECRSwNP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Calcifediol , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils , Female , Humans , Male , Maxillary Sinus , Middle Aged , Nasal Polyps/diagnosis , Rhinitis/diagnosis , Sinusitis/diagnosis
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942574

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore whether blood and polyp tissue eosinophil numbers are independent risk factors for poor disease control in patients with nasal polyp. Methods: By using the electronic medical records database and manual evaluation, 183 nasal polyp patients who had undergone endoscopic sinus surgery at least one year prior to the study with complete data of tissue specimens, baseline blood routine test, nasal endoscopy and sinus computed tomography, were identified and recruited to assess disease control based on the criteria of a European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps 2012 (EPOS 2012). Multiple logistic regression model was used to determine the association between blood and tissue eosinophil numbers and risk of poor disease control by adjusting for demographics and comorbidities. Results: We broke down the cohort into 4 groups according to blood (0.3×109/L) and tissue (10%) eosinophils. The patients without eosinophilic inflammation represented the largest group (41.5%). The group with concordant blood and tissue eosinophilia represented the second largest (31.2%), and the patients with isolated tissue (15.3%) or blood (12.0%) eosinophilia were relatively rare. Multiple logistic regression models found blood eosinophil count and tissue eosinophil percentage were independently associated with increased risk for poor disease control after adjustments for covariates related to poor treatment outcome. Furthermore, subjects with concordant blood and tissue eosinophilia had a higher risk for poor disease control than those with isolated blood or tissue eosinophilia. Conclusion: Concordant blood and tissue eosinophilia relates to a higher likelihood of poor disease control than isolated blood or tissue eosinophilia after adjustment of potential confounders in nasal polyp patients.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Humans , Nasal Polyps , Rhinitis , Sinusitis
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