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1.
Cienc. Salud (St. Domingo) ; 8(1): [9], 2024. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551342

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical response of patients with cystic fibrosis and primary ciliary dyskinesia after endoscopic sinus surgery at the Dr. Robert Reid Cabral Children's Hospital from September 2021 to February 2022. Methods: An ambispective, cross-sectional, observational case series study was conducted, where the study population was made up of patients with cystic fibrosis and primary ciliary dyskinesia at the Dr. Robert Reid Cabral children's hospital during the study period. Inclusion criteria: Patients older than 6 years with a confirmed diagnosis of cystic fibrosis and primary ciliary dyskinesia (Genetic test with 2 homozygous mutations, positives electrolytes in sweat), severe respiratory symptoms of CRS that did not improve with conventional treatment and underwent endoscopic surgery for sinuses. Results: Of a total of 41 patients, only 10 met the inclusion criteria, the most prevalent age range was 14 to 18 years. Both CF and PCD patients decreased the frequency of CRS symptoms. After ENC, there were discrete changes in lung function, and only patients with severe to moderate disease increased % of FEV1. Most of the patients did not require admission after surgery. The most common germ found in nasopharyngeal and sputum cultures in preoperative patients was Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 86%; after ESS there was a significant increase in MRSA colonization in both CF and PCD patients. More than 50% of postoperative patients improved their quality of life, so endoscopic sinus surgery is effective in this population in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis.


Objetivo: Evaluar la respuesta clínica de los pacientes con fibrosis quística y discinesia ciliar primaria posterior a la cirugía endoscópica de senos paranasales en el Hospital Infantil Dr. Robert Reid Cabral en el período septiembre 2021 a febrero 2022. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional tipo serie de casos, de corte transversal y ambispectivo, donde la población estudiada estuvo conformada por los pacientes con fibrosis quística y discinesia ciliar primaria del hospital infantil Dr. Robert Reid Cabral en el período de estudio. Criterios de inclusión: Pacientes mayores de 6 años con diagnóstico confirmado de fibrosis quística y discinesia ciliar primaria (Prueba genética con 2 mutaciones homocigotas, electrolitos en sudor positivos), síntomas respiratorios severos de RSC que no mejoraron con tratamiento convencional y sometidos a la cirugía endoscópica de senos paranasales. Resultados: De un total de 41 pacientes, sólo 10 cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión, el rango de edad más prevalente fue de 14 a 18 años. Tanto los pacientes con FQ como los de DCP disminuyeron la frecuencia de los síntomas de RSC. Posterior a la CEN hubo cambios discretos en la función pulmonar, y sólo los pacientes con enfermedad grave a moderada aumentaron el % de FEV1. La mayoría de los pacientes no ameritaron ingresos posterior a la cirugía. El germen más común encontrado en los cultivos nasofaríngeo y esputo en los pacientes preoperatorios fue la Pseudomonas aeruginosa en el 86%, luego de la CEN hubo un aumento significativo de la colonización por MRSA tanto en los pacientes con FQ como en los de DCP. Más del 50% de los pacientes postquirúrgicos mejoraron su calidad de vida, por lo que la cirugía endoscópica de senos paranasales es efectiva en dicha población en el tratamiento de la rinosinusitis crónica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Sinusitis , Ciliary Motility Disorders , Cystic Fibrosis , Paranasal Sinus Diseases , Quality of Life , Observational Study
2.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cuello (En línea) ; 51(2): 116-122, 20230000. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1442469

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las variantes anatómicas nasosinusales pueden ser una causa frecuente de infecciones crónicas, y resulta importante identificarlas en la práctica diaria. Objetivo: determinar la asociación entre las variantes anatómicas del complejo osteomeatal (COM) y el desarrollo de patologías inflamatorias nasosinusales. Materiales y métodos: estudio de casos y controles, muestra de 226 pacientes identificando las variantes anatómicas del COM en la tomografía computada (TAC) de senos paranasales (SPN) y su correlación clínica. Resultados: el 51,9 % presentaron hallazgos imagenológicos indicativos de patología inflamatoria nasosinusal y el 19,8 % reportaron sintomatología sugestiva de sinusitis en la historia clínica. Los SPN más afectados fueron: maxilares (46,9 %) y etmoidales (23 %). Las variantes anatómicas más frecuentes fueron las celdillas de Agger Nasi (50,2 %) y la desviación septal (46,2 %). Se encontró como variable estadísticamente significativa la inserción lateral de la apófisis unciforme (p = 0,015) más frecuente del lado izquierdo (p = 0.018, odds ratio [OR] = 4,078, intervalo de confianza [IC] 95 % = 1,3-12,6). Discusión: Se confirmó la incidencia de las variantes anatómicas más frecuentes en la literatura, sin embargo, no se correlacionan con los hallazgos clínicos para la serie de pacientes estudiada en comparación con otros estudios. Existe una alta relación entre la inserción lateral de apófisis unciforme y hallazgos de rinosinusitis escasamente documentados en la literatura médica. Conclusión: se requieren más estudios sobre modelos predictivos en muestras poblacionales mayores y protocolos de lectura TAC enfocados sobre diferentes variantes anatómicas de la apófisis unciforme.


Introduction: Sinonasal anatomical variants can be a frequent cause of chronic in- fections, so it is important to identify them in daily practice. Objective: To determine the association between the anatomical variants of the osteomeatal complex (OCM) and the development of sinonasal inflammatory pathologies. Materials and methods: Case-control study, a sample of 226 patients is analyzed identifying the anatomical variants of OCM in computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses and their clinical correlation. Results: 51.9% presented imaging findings indicative of sinonasal in- flammatory disease, 19.8% reported symptoms suggestive of sinusitis in the clinical history. The most affected paranasal sinuses were: maxillary (46.9%) and ethmoid (23%). The most frequent anatomical variants were Agger Nasi cells (50.2%) and septal deviation (46.2%). The lateral insertion of the uncinate process (p=0.015) was a statistically significant variable, more frequent on the left side (p=0.018, odds ratio [OR]=4.078, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.3-12.6). Discussion: The incidence of the most frequent anatomical variants in the literature was confirmed, however not correlated with the clinical findings for the series of patients studied in comparison with other studies. There is a high relationship between the lateral insertion of the uncinate process and rhinosinusitis findings that are scarcely documented in the medical literature. Conclusion: More studies are required on predictive models in larger population samples and tomographic reading protocols focused on different anatomical variants of the uncinate process


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pathology , Paranasal Sinuses , Sinusitis , Nasal Cavity
3.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 43(1): 27-36, mar. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533914

ABSTRACT

La sinusitis micótica es una condición patológica que puede presentarse en pacientes con diabetes mellitus y estar asociada a una crisis hiperglucémica. Es una entidad agresiva con complicaciones locales que incluyen afectación de la órbita y el sistema nervioso central, y compromiso vascular. A pesar del tratamiento quirúrgico y antimicótico, la mortalidad es de hasta el 75 %. Se describe el caso de una paciente con diagnóstico de cetoacidosis diabética y signos de oftalmoplejía unilateral que llevaron al estudio con resonancia magnética del sistema nervioso central; se encontraron signos de sinusitis, meningitis y cerebritis. Los estudios microbiológicos iniciales fueron negativos, y los biomarcadores galactomanano sérico y el antígeno de Cryptococcus también fueron negativos. Tras el manejo quirúrgico, se llegó a la identificación de Aspergillus flavus y Rhizopus spp. en el tejido de los senos paranasales. La paciente recibió tratamiento con posaconazol y, tras dos meses de seguimiento, había presentado mejoría clínica. La infección fúngica dual y la infección por A. flavus son entidades poco frecuentes y de relevancia clínica, sin casos presentados previamente en nuestro país por lo que este corresponde a un caso de interés clínico.


Fungal sinusitis is a pathology that can occur in patients with diabetes mellitus and be associated with a hyperglycemic crisis. It is an aggressive entity with local complications that include involvement of the orbit or the central nervous system, and vascular involvement. Despite surgical and antifungal treatment, mortality raises up to 75%. We report the case of a female patient with a diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis and signs of unilateral ophthalmoplegia, which led to the study with magnetic resonance imaging of the central nervous system, finding signs of sinusitis, meningitis, and cerebritis. Initial microbiological studies were negative, and biomarkers such as serum galactomannan and Cryptococcus antigen were also negative. After surgical management and the identification of Aspergillus flavus and Rhizopus spp. in sinus tissue, the patient received treatment with posaconazole and after two months of follow-up she presented clinical improvement. Dual fungal infection and infection by A. flavus are uncommon and clinically relevant entities, with no cases previously reported in our country, therefore this corresponds to a case of clinical interest.


Subject(s)
Aspergillus flavus , Diabetes Mellitus , Rhizopus oryzae , Aspergillosis , Sinusitis , Invasive Fungal Infections , Mucormycosis
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1522094

ABSTRACT

Bajo la teoría de vía aérea unificada, se ha observado que el asma y la rinosinusitis crónica (RSC) tienen una estrecha relación, con efectos importantes de una enfermedad sobre el control de la otra. El objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica es clarificar cómo ambas enfermedades se relacionan desde su origen, epidemiología, fisiopatología y tratamiento. Sabemos que la presencia de RSC se asocia con peores resultados del asma, mayor frecuencia de exacerbaciones, hospitalizaciones y mayor uso de corticoides sistémicos. Varios mecanismos parecen tener un rol en la disfunción de la vía aérea inferior en pacientes con RSC, dentro de los cuales se plantea que la respuesta inflamatoria en común de tipo Th2 juega un papel principal. Existe amplia literatura respecto al efecto que tiene el tratamiento de la RSC en el control del asma, en esta revisión se expondrá la evidencia disponible del tratamiento médico con corticoides nasales, montelukast y macrólidos, así como también del tratamiento quirúrgico de la RSC y el uso de biológicos.


Under the unified airway theory, asthma and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) have a close relationship, with significant effects of one disease on the control of the other. This bibliographic review aims to clarify how both diseases relate to each other from their origin, epidemiology, pathophysiology, and treatment. CRS is associated with worse asthma outcomes, higher frequency of exacerbations, hospitalizations, and increased use of systemic corticosteroids. Several mechanisms play a role in lower airway dysfunction in patients with CRS, among which the common Th2-type inflammatory response plays a substantial role. There is extensive literature regarding the effect of the treatment of CRS in the control of asthma. We present the available evidence regarding the effect of medical treatment with nasal corticosteroids, montelukast, and macrolides, as well as the surgical treatment and use of biologics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asthma/physiopathology , Asthma/epidemiology , Sinusitis/physiopathology , Sinusitis/epidemiology , Rhinitis/physiopathology , Rhinitis/epidemiology , Chronic Disease
5.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 690-698, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986946

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects and clinical significance of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activated by interleukin (IL)-17A in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Methods: Patients underwent nasal endoscopic surgery in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2020 to December 2021 were collected, including 28 CRSwNP (including 19 males and 9 females, aged 19 to 67 years), 22 chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) and 22 controls. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expressions of IL-17A, NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 in the three groups, and their correlations were analyzed. The positions of IL-17A, NLRP3 and IL-18 in nasal polys were analyzed by immunofluorescence. Western Blotting and ELISA were employed to detect the expression of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 in the human nasal epithelial cells after using IL-17A stimulation or IL-17A receptor inhibitor. Immunofluorescence was used to observe the NLRP3, IL-1β, and IL-18 protein expression after IL-17A stimulating human nasal epithelial cells, and after the use of IL-17A receptor inhibitor and NLRP3 inhibitor MCC950. The correlations between NLRP3, IL-1β, IL-18 and CT scores, nasal endoscopic scores, visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, and sino-nasal outcome test (SNOT) 22 scores of CRSwNP patients were analyzed. SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The expressions of IL-17A, NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 in the tissues of CRSwNP patients were significantly higher than those in CRSsNP group(P=0.018,P<0.001,P=0.005, P=0.016) and the control group(all P<0.001). IL-17A was positively correlated with the expression of NLRP3, IL-1β, and IL-18(r ralue was 0.643,0.650,0.629,respectively, all P<0.05). IL-17A, NLRP3, and IL-18 were co-localized in the epithelial propria of polyp tissue. IL-17A stimulated the expressions of NLRP3, IL-1β, and IL-18 in human nasal epithelial cells. After the use of IL-17A receptor inhibitor, the expressions of NLRP3, IL-1β, and IL-18 were significantly down-regulated. After the use of NLRP3 inhibitor MCC950, IL-17A was significantly down-regulated to promote the expression of NLRP3, IL-1β, and IL-18. The expressions of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 were positively correlated with CT, nasal endoscopy, VAS, and SNOT22 scores in patients with CRSwNP. Conclusions: IL-17A promotes the release of IL-1β and IL-18 by activating the NLRP3 inflammasome and aggravates the severity of the disease in CRSwNP.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Chronic Disease , Clinical Relevance , Inflammasomes , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Interleukin-18 , Nasal Polyps/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Rhinitis/metabolism , Sinusitis/metabolism
6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 273-280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969878

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of anti-IgE monoclonal antibody (omazumab) in the treatment of allergic united airway disease (UAD) in the real-wold. Methods: Retrospective cohort study summarizes the case data of patients with allergic united airway disease who were treated with anti IgE monoclonal antibody (omalizumab) for more than 16 weeks from March 1, 2018 to June 30, 2022 in the Peking University First Hospital.The allergic UAD is defined as allergic asthma combined with allergic rhinitis (AA+AR) or allergic asthma combined with chronic sinusitis with nasal polyps (AA+CRSwNP) or allergic asthma combined with allergic rhinitis and nasal polyps (AA+AR+CRSwNP). The control of asthma was evaluated by asthma control test (ACT), lung function test and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO). The AR was assessed by total nasal symptom score (TNSS). The CRSwNP was evaluated by nasal visual analogue scale (n-VAS), sino-nasal outcome test-22 (SNOT-22), nasal polyps score (TPS) and Lund-Mackay sinus CT grading system. The global evaluation of omalizumab for the treatment of allergic UADwas performed by Global Evaluation of Treatment Effectiveness(GETE).The drug-related side effects were also recorded. Matched t test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used to compare the score changes of IgE monoclonal antibody (omazumab) before and after treatment, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the influencing factors of IgE monoclonal antibody (omazumab) response. Results: A total of 117 patients with UAD were enrolled, ranging in age from 19 to 77 years; The median age of patients was 48.7 years; Among them, 60 were male, ranging from 19 to 77 years old, with a median age of 49.9 years; There were 57 females, ranging from 19 to 68 years old, with a median age of 47.2 years. There were 32 cases in AA+AR subgroup, 59 cases in AA+CRSwNP subgroup, and 26 cases in AA+AR+CRSwNP subgroup. The total serum IgE level was 190.5 (103.8,391.3) IU/ml. The treatment course of anti IgE monoclonal antibody was 24 (16, 32) weeks. Compared with pre-treatment, omalizumab increased ACT from 20.0 (19.5,22.0) to 24.0 (23.0,25.0) (Z=-8.537, P<0.001), increased pre-bronchodilator FEV1 from 90.2 (74.8,103.0)% predicted value to 95.4 (83.2,106.0)% predicted value (Z=-5.315,P<0.001), increased FEV1/FVC from 80.20 (66.83,88.38)% to 82.72 (71.26,92.25)% (Z=-4.483,P<0.001), decreased FeNO from(49.1±24.8) ppb to (32.8±24.4) ppb (t=5.235, P<0.001), decreased TNSS from (6.5±2.6)to (2.4±1.9) (t=14.171, P<0.001), decreased n-VAS from (6.8±1.2) to (3.4±2.0)(t=14.448, P<0.001), decreased SNOT-22 from (40.0±7.9) to (21.3±10.2)(t=15.360, P<0.001), decreased TPS from (4.1±0.8) to (2.4±1.0)(t=14.718, P<0.001) and decreased Lund-Mackay CT score from (6.0±1.3) to (3.1±1.6)(t=17.012, P<0.001). The global response rate to omalizumab was 67.5%(79/117). The response rate in AA+AR (90.6%,29/32) was significantly higher than that in AA+CRSwNP (61.0%,36/59) and AA+AR+CRSwNP (53.8%,14/26) subgroups (χ2=11.144,P=0.004). Only 4 patients (3.4%,4/117) had mild side effects. Conclusion: The real-world study showed favorable effectiveness and safety of anti-IgE monoclonal antibody for treatment of allergic UAD. To provide basis for preventing the progress and precise treatment of allergic UAD.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adult , Aged , Nasal Polyps/drug therapy , Omalizumab/therapeutic use , Rhinitis/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Asthma/diagnosis , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Sinusitis/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Chronic Disease
7.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 542-549, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982783

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of functional endoscopic sinus surgery(FESS) in the treatment of olfactory dysfunction in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) , at the same time, it provides an evidence for the prognosis evaluation of olfaction and the clinical application of oERPs to evaluate the plasticity of olfaction cortex. Methods:From October 2021 to October 2022, 45 patients with CRSwNP who underwent FESS nine-step standardized treatment in our department were recruited as the research subjects, divided into 22 patients with eosinophilic CRSwNP(ECRS)and 23 patients with non-eosinophilic CRSwNP(nECRS). VAS-olfactory dysfunction (VAS-OD) score, SNOT-22 olfactory score, Sniffin' Sticks test and oERPs collection and processing were performed before the operation. All items were evaluated again 3 months after the operation. Results:VAS-OD and SNOT-22 olfactory score were significantly lower in all CRSwNP patients after the operation than those before the operation[F(1, 43) =357.429, P<0.001; F(1, 43) =185.657, P<0.001], the scores of T, D, I and TDI scores in Sniffin' Sticks test were significantly higher than those before the operation[F(1, 43) =126.302, P<0.001; F(1, 43) =311.301, P<0.001; F(1, 43) =131.401, P<0.001; F(1, 43) =295.885, P<0.001]; The decrease of VAS-OD and SNOT-22 olfactory score in the ECRS group was smaller than that in the nECRS group[F(1, 43) =4.825, P=0.033; F(1, 43) =9.916, P=0.003], T, D and TDI scores were significantly lower in nECRS group than those in nECRS group[F(1, 43) =6.719, P=0.013; F(1, 43) =4.890, P=0.032; F(1, 43) =4.469, P=0.040]; There was a positive correlation between preoperative eosinophil-to-lymphocyte ratio(ELR) and SNOT-22 olfactory score and how much it changes(r=0.455, P=0.002; r=-0.414, P=0.005), a negative correlation between T, TDI score and how much they change respectively(r=-0.431, P=0.003; r=-0.385, P=0.009; r=-0.383, P=0.010; r=-0.316, P=0.035). The latency of P3 was significantly shorter after operation than that before operation in all CRSwNP patients[F(1, 14) =24.840, P<0.001], however, the amplitude has no significant surgical effect. Conclusion:FESS could significantly improve the olfactory function of CRSwNP patients, while changes in plasticity may occur in the olfactory cortex. In addition, the preoperative peripheral blood eosinophil granulocyte level can predict the postoperative olfactory improvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prospective Studies , Nasal Polyps/surgery , Rhinitis/surgery , Sinusitis/surgery , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Chronic Disease , Endoscopy/adverse effects
8.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 360-364, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982749

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of posterior nasal neurectomy(PNN) with pharyngeal neurectomy (PN) on chronic sinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP)complicated with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR). Methods:83 patients with perennial allergic rhinitis combined with chronic group-wide sinusitis with nasal polyps who attended our hospital from July 2020 to July 2021 were selected. All patients underwent conventional functional endoscopic sinusitis surgery(FESS)+ nasal polypectomy. Patients were divided according to whether they underwent PNN+PN. 38 cases in the experimental group underwent FESS combined with PNN+PN; 44 cases in the control group underwent conventional FESS alone. All patients underwent the VAS, RQLQ, and MLK before treatment, and at 6 months and 1 year after surgery. Meanwhile, other relevant data were collected and the preoperative and postoperative follow-up data were collected and analyzed to assess the differences between the two groups. Results:The total postoperative follow-up period was 1 year. The recurrence rate of nasal polyps at 1 year postoperatively and the nasal congestion VAS score at 6 months postoperatively were not statistically significant in the two groups(P>0.05). However, the patients in the experimental group had statistically significantly lower effusion and sneezing VAS scores, MLK endoscopy scores and RQLQ scores at 6 months and 1 year postoperatively, and nasal congestion VAS scores at 1 year postoperatively compared to the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion:For patients with perennial AR complicated with CRSwNP, the combination of the PNN+PN in FESS can significantly improve the short-term curative effect, and PNN+PN is a safe and effective surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasal Polyps/surgery , Rhinitis, Allergic/surgery , Sinusitis/surgery , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Endoscopy , Denervation , Chronic Disease , Rhinitis/complications
9.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 293-301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical correlation between peripheral blood basophil levels and chronic sinusitis (CRS) subtypes. Methods:One hundred and twenty-six patients with CRS and 103 healthy cases from physical examination admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2021 to October 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the histopathological classification, CRS patients were divided into eosinophilic chronic sinusitis (eCRS) group (47 cases) and non eosinophilic chronic sinusitis (non-eCRS) group (79 cases). The differences among the three groups in peripheral blood inflammation cell counts, eosinophils-to-basophils ratio(bEBR), basophils-to-neutrophils ratio(BNR), basophils-to-lymphocytes ratio(BLR), basophils-to-monocytes ratio(BMR) were compared, and study the correlation between each index and Lund-Mackay score, and the correlation between basophils in peripheral blood and other inflammatory cells. Results:The counts of basophils in the peripheral blood of the healthy control group, eCRS group and non-eCRS group were 0.03±0.01, 0.04±0.02, 0.03±0.02, respectively, the eosinophils-to-basophils ratio(bEBR) were 5.64±4.22, 8.38±5.95, 4.55±3.90, the basophils-to-neutrophils ratio(BNR) were 0.01±0, 0.01±0.01, 0.01±0.01, and the basophils-to-lymphocytes ratio(BLR) were 0.01±0.01, 0.02±0.01, and 0.02±0.01, respectively, the basophils-to-monocytes ratio(BMR) were 0.08±0.04, 0.11±0.06, and 0.08 ±0.04 respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between eCRS group and healthy control group, non-eCRS group(P<0.01), while there was no statistically significant difference between non-eCRS group and healthy control group(P>0.05). Basophil counts (r=0.185 5, P<0.05), BLR(r=0.226 9, P<0.05), BMR(r=0.228 1, P<0.01) in patients with CRS were positively correlated with Lund Makey score. In addition, basophils were also positively correlated with eosinophils(r=0.479 2, P<0.01), lymphocytes(r=0.259 4, P<0.01), and monocytes(r=0.256 4, P<0.01) in patients with CRS. Conclusion:The peripheral blood basophil count, BLR and BMR were significantly increased in eCRS, and were significantly positively correlated with Lund -Makey score. It has the potential to develop into disease biomarkers and new therapeutic targets of eCRS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Basophils , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis/surgery , Eosinophils , Sinusitis/surgery , Chronic Disease , Nasal Polyps/pathology
10.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 252-257, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982727

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of glucocorticoid sinus stents implanted 2 weeks after functional endoscopic sinus surgery(FESS) for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps(CRSwNP). Methods:CRSwNP patients with similar bilateral lesions were randomly divided into two groups, with a stent group of 25 patients and a control group of 24 patients. Patients in the stent group had glucocorticoid sinus stents implanted into the bilateral ethmoid sinuses 2 weeks after FESS, while the control group underwent postoperative debridement only. Follow-up assessments occurred at postoperative weeks 2, 4, 8, and 12. Patients were asked to assess their sensation of nasal symptoms using a 10-point visual analog scale. Efficacy was assessed by endoscopic evaluations. Sinus obstruction, crusting/coagulation, polyp formation, middle turbinate position, adhesions, mucosa epithelialization, and postoperative intervention were assessed as efficacy outcomes. GraphPad Prism 9 was applied for statistical analysis. Results:At 4 and 8 weeks postoperatively, the stent group showed significant improvement in VAS scores of nasal congestion and runny nose compared with the control group(P<0.05). No significant difference was observed in the VAS scores of head and facial stuffiness, loss of smell, or nasal dryness/crusting between the two groups(P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the stent group had a lower rate of polypoid formation at 4, 8, and 12 weeks postoperatively. At postoperative week 12, the rate of mucosal epithelialization in the ethmoid cavity was significantly higher in the stent group. During the follow-up, the frequency of postoperative intervention was significantly lower in the stent group than in the control group(P<0.05). Besides, a lower incidence of middle turbinate lateralization was found in the stent group at 8 and 12 weeks postoperatively. At 8 weeks postoperatively, the stent group had a percentage of adhesion lower than that of the control group(all P<0.05). Conclusion:Implantation of glucocorticoid sinus stents after FESS can maintain sinus cavity patency, improve the inflammatory status of the operative cavity, reduce postoperative interventions, and promote benign regression of the operative cavity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasal Polyps/surgery , Ethmoid Sinus/surgery , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Rhinitis/surgery , Sinusitis/surgery , Paranasal Sinuses/surgery , Endoscopy , Stents , Chronic Disease , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 133-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971420

ABSTRACT

Objective: To review the clinical characteristics, to illustrate diagnosis and management experience of orbital and cranial complications of pediatric acute rhinosinusitis. Methods: The clinical data of 24 children with orbital and cranial complications of acute rhinosinusitis who received endoscopic sinus surgery combined with drug treatment in Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 19 boys and 5 girls. The age varied from 13 to 159 months, with a median 47.5 months. The following diagnoses were obtained: 12 isolated subperiosteal orbital abscess, 2 associated with preseptal abscess, 2 associated with intraorbital abscess, 7 associated with optic neuritis, and 1 associated with septic cavernous sinus thrombosis. Clinical characteristics, organism isolated and outcomes were analyzed through descriptive methods. Results: All 24 patients presented with fever; 9 presented with nasal congestion and purulent discharge. The clinical manifestations of orbital infection included orbital edema, pain, proptosis and displacement of globe in all patients, while visual impairment was recognized in 7 children. Purulent drainage was cultured in 17 patients, among which 12 were positive. All patients underwent nasal endoscopic surgical interventions uneventfully, excluding one patient who required a second surgical procedure. Follow-up period ranged from 5 to 64 months. All patients resolved fully, with the exception of 2 children who got permanent blindness with visual loss preoperative. There was no recurrence or death. Conclusions: Orbital and cranial complications of pediatric acute rhinosinusitis could be severe with an occult onset. For patients with vison impairment, any signs of intracranial complications and a lack of response to conservative management, an urgent endoscopic intervention is needed.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Abscess/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Sinusitis/therapy , Orbital Cellulitis , Acute Disease , Exophthalmos , Orbital Diseases/therapy
12.
Philippine Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 74-77, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003659

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To report a case of orbital subperiosteal abscess in a diabetic elderly patient.@*Methods@#This is a case report.@*Results@#A 65-year-old diabetic female consulted for a two-month history of poor vision on both eyes and a palpable mass on the left brow area. The patient previously underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery and was treated for postoperative systemic infection and several complications including sinusitis, mastoiditis, trigeminal neuralgia, bacterial meningitis, and otitis media. On presentation, best-corrected visual acuity was noted to be no light perception on the right eye and 20/400 on the left eye. She had a relative afferent pupillary defect on the right eye, ophthalmoplegia on both eyes, and inferior displacement and proptosis of the left globe. Magnetic resonance imaging showed subperiosteal abscess on the left superior orbital rim with intraorbital extension. The patient underwent surgery and the culture from the drained abscess yielded Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacter cloacae. Pathologic examination of the orbital bone sample revealed osteomyelitis.@*Conclusion@#Osteomyelitis of the orbital bone leading to subperiosteal abscess is a complex, multifactorial disease requiring rapid diagnosis and treatment. Complete resolution of the infection must be achieved to decrease the morbidity and mortality of the patient.


Subject(s)
Sinusitis
14.
Cambios rev med ; 21(2): 884, 30 Diciembre 2022. tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415664

ABSTRACT

Los terceros molares son piezas dentarias correspondientes a la dentición permanente y se encuentran por detrás de los segundos molares. Erupcionan entre los 18 y 27 años aproximadamente, tienen variedad de formas, anomalías y disposición diversa. Normalmente se encuentran total o parcialmente retenidos en el hueso maxilar. La retención es muy frecuente y afecta aproximadamente al 75% de la población. La causa principal es por la falta de espacio dentro de la boca. La patología derivada de la retención de un tercer molar puede generar diferentes alteraciones: abscesos, sinusitis, reabsorción de las raíces de los dientes adyacentes, caries del molar retenido y/o del segundo molar, úlceras en la mucosa contigua, podrían generar quistes, ameloblastomas y ulceraciones leucoqueratósicas que pueden degenerar en carcinomas, alteraciones nerviosas o vasomotoras: dolores faciales, trismus, y parálisis facial ipsilateral. Las extracciones profilácticas de terceros molares asintomáticos están justificadas cuando los terceros molares se encuentran bajo prótesis removible que puede estimular su erupción, molares semierupcionados que pueden generar pericoronitis, caries o problemas periodontales; pacientes que van a ser sometidos a radioterapia; cuando el diente incluido interfiera en una cirugía ortognática. Si el molar retenido presenta sintomatología por parte del paciente está aconsejada su extracción quirúrgica.


The third molars are dental pieces corresponding to the permanent dentition and are located behind the second molars. They erupt between the ages of 18 and 27 approximately, have a variety of shapes, anomalies, and diverse dispositions. They are normally fully or partially retained in the maxillary bone. Retention is very frequent and affects approximately 75% of the population. The main cause is due to the lack of space inside the mouth. The pathology derived from the retention of a third molar can generate different alterations: abscesses, sinusitis, resorption of the roots of adjacent teeth, caries of the retained molar and/or second molar, ulcers in the contiguous mucosa, could generate cysts, ameloblastomas and leukokeratotic ulcerations that can degenerate into carcinomas, nervous or vasomotor disorders: facial pain, trismus, and ipsilateral facial paralysis. Prophylactic extractions of asymptomatic third molars are justified when the third molars are under removable prosthesis that can stimulate their eruption, semi-erupted molars that can generate pericoronitis, caries or periodontal problems; patients who are going to undergo radiotherapy; when the included tooth interferes with orthognathic surgery. If the retained molar presents symptoms on the part of the patient, its surgical extraction is recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Surgery, Oral , Tooth, Impacted , Tooth, Unerupted , Mandible , Maxilla , Molar, Third , Periodontal Abscess , Root Resorption , Sinusitis , Trismus , Ameloblastoma , Oral Ulcer , Cysts , Dental Caries , Facial Paralysis
16.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(3): 371-382, sept. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409949

ABSTRACT

Resumen EPOS 2020 (European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps 2020) es una guía clínica desarrollada por un grupo profesionales expertos en el área rinosinusal de la Sociedad Europea de Rinología, que corresponde a la última actualización de sus versiones anteriores (2005, 2007 y 2012). El objetivo principal del documento es entregar recomendaciones claras basadas en la mejor evidencia disponible y algoritmos de manejo concisos para las patologías de rinosinusitis aguda y crónica tanto en adultos como en pacientes pediátricos. Algunas de las novedades más importantes de esta guía, son: nueva clasificación de rinosinusitis crónica en primarias y secundarias, rinosinusitis crónica en pediatría, nuevos conceptos en cirugía sinusal, entre otros. También enfatiza la importancia de manejo multidisciplinario de la patología, incluyendo el autocuidado del paciente, inclusive promoviendo el uso de medicamentos de venta libre, antes del manejo médico en niveles escalonados de atención. El objetivo de esta revisión es dar a conocer de manera resumida el manejo de rinosinusitis aguda y crónica en adultos propuesta en esta guía.


Abstract EPOS 2020 (European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps 2020) is a clinical guide developed by a group of professional experts in the rhinosinusal area of the European Society of Rhinology, which corresponds to the latest update of its previous versions (2005, 2007 and 2012). The main objective of the document is to bring clear recommendations based on the best available evidence and concise management algorithms for the pathologies of acute and chronic rhinosinusitis in both adults and pediatric patients. Some of the most important novelties of this guide are: new classification of chronic rhinosinusitis in primary and secondary, chronic rhinosinusitis in pediatrics, new concepts in sinus surgery, among others. It also emphasizes the importance of multidisciplinary management of the pathology, including self-care of the patient, promoting the use of over-the-counter medications, before medical management at tiered levels of care. The objective of this review is to present in a summarized way the management of acute and chronic rhinosinusitis in adults proposed in this guide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sinusitis/therapy , Rhinitis/therapy , Sinusitis/classification , Sinusitis/diagnosis , Rhinitis/classification , Rhinitis/diagnosis , Nasal Polyps/diagnosis , Acute Disease , Chronic Disease , Diagnosis, Differential
17.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(2): 295-299, abr.jun.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400226

ABSTRACT

O uso do anticorpo monoclonal dupilumabe em adultos tem possibilitado o controle da inflamação crônica, reduzindo significativamente o tamanho e a recorrência de novos pólipos, melhorando os sintomas nasais e, consequentemente, a qualidade de vida desses indivíduos. Relatamos o caso de uma adolescente que evidencia a eficácia de dupilumabe no tratamento da rinossinusite crônica com pólipo nasal.


The use of the monoclonal antibody dupilumab in adults has allowed the control of chronic inflammation, significantly reducing the size and recurrence of new polyps, improving nasal symptoms, and, consequently, quality of life. We report a successful case of dupilumab use in an adolescent for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Sinusitis , Rhinitis , Nasal Polyps , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Quality of Life , Recurrence , Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics , Airway Obstruction
18.
Diagn. tratamento ; 27(1): 22-7, jan-mar. 2022. tab, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359748

ABSTRACT

Contextualização: A rinossinusite aguda corresponde a um processo inflamatório de elevada prevalência, podendo ter componente infeccioso ou não. A maioria é de causa viral, mas o quadro pode ser bacteriano, fúngico, alérgico, ou causado por irritantes ambientais, associando-se à obstrução das vias de drenagem dos seios paranasais. Objetivos: Este estudo avaliou a efetividade das intervenções para rinossinusite aguda, segundo as revisões sistemáticas da Colaboração Cochrane. Métodos: Trata-se de overview de revisões sistemáticas Cochrane. Procedeu-se à busca na Cochrane Library (2021), sendo utilizado o termo MeSH "acute sinusitis". Todos os estudos relacionados à rinossinusite aguda foram incluídos. O desfecho primário de análise foi a melhora clínica. Resultados: Seis estudos foram incluídos, totalizando 27 ensaios clínicos randomizados (ECRs) (n = 6.443 participantes). Para a redução dos sintomas, a corticoterapia tópica parece ser efetiva (evidência é limitada); não há evidência para anti-histamínico, descongestionantes e lavagem nasal; corticoterapia sistêmica em monoterapia parece ser ineficaz (evidência limitada); extrato de Cyclamen europaeum não mostrou evidência; Pelargonium sidoides parece ser efetivo (baixa qualidade da evidência) e antibióticos sistêmicos não se mostrou justificar. Discussão: A amostragem nos estudos, em geral, foi baixa. Não pôde ser demonstrada a eficácia com alto nível de evidência em nenhuma das intervenções avaliadas. Sugere-se a realização de novos ECRs, de qualidade, seguindo-se as recomendações do CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) Statement para melhor elucidação da questão. Conclusão: Não há suporte com bom nível de evidência atualmente para qualquer intervenção terapêutica para o tratamento da rinossinusite aguda, à luz das revisões sistemáticas da Cochrane. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Prática clínica baseada em evidências, revisão sistemática, terapêutica, tratamento farmacológico, sinusite


Subject(s)
Sinusitis , Systematic Review
20.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 32-39, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364905

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Invasive fungal diseases represent important causes of morbidity and mortality among pediatric oncohematological patients. Acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis is a rare and aggressive disease that occurs mainly in immunocompromised patients. The mortality rate is high and therefore, accurate and early diagnosis is essential. Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the frequency of acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis among pediatric oncohematological patients and characterize them with confirmed diagnoses. Methods This was a retrospective study that analyzed the medical records of pediatric patients diagnosed with oncohematological diseases and suspected fungal infections, who were included after obtaining informed consent, from January to December 2017, in the pediatric unit of a tertiary university hospital. Data collected from medical record analysis included the following: underlying diagnosis, absolute neutrophil count, clinical presentation, culture and biopsy results, surgical procedures performed, survival and mortality. Results A total of 27 patients were evaluated, with three suspected cases of acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis. Histopathological and microbiological analyses confirmed two cases. In both cases, the pathogen isolated in the culture was Fusarium sp. The two confirmed cases were female, aged 12 and 14 years, both with an absolute neutrophil count of 10 cells/μL. The underlying disease of the first patient was acute myeloid leukemia (subtype M5), whereas the second patient presented idiopathic bone marrow aplasia. Conclusion Both confirmed cases of acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis presented with constitutional symptoms and signs of nasal and sinusital inflammation. This demonstrates the importance of fever as a symptom in immunocompromised patients and it should prompt otorhinolaryngological investigation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Fusariosis , Invasive Fungal Infections , Hematologic Diseases , Sinusitis , Febrile Neutropenia , Fusarium
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