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1.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(6): 743-747, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142588

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps, a prevalent disease affecting around 2% of the world population, is characterized by symptomatic inflammation of the nasal mucosa and impairment of quality of life. Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps has a multifactorial etiology, involving a dysfunctional host response to environmental factors. Thus, inflammatory models may be useful to shed light on the pathophysiology of this disease. Micronucleus count has been used to screen DNA damage in various tissues. Objective: To investigate the association between frequency of micronucleus in exfoliated cells from the nasal cavity of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps and disease severity. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 21 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps and 19 controls without disease. None of the participants were smokers. Results: Mean micronucleus count was 3.690 per 1000 cells (±2.165) in individuals with vs. 1.237 per 1000 cells (±0.806) in controls; (Student's t test = 4.653, p< 0.001). Nasal surgery in the past 5 years and aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease were not associated with nicronucleus count (p= 0.251). Conclusion: Micronucleus count seems to be linked to chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps, providing a new perspective for the evaluation of this disorder.


Resumo Introdução: A rinossinusite crônica com pólipos nasais, doença prevalente que afeta cerca de 2% da população mundial, é caracterizada por inflamação sintomática da mucosa nasal e comprometimento da qualidade de vida. A rinossinusite crônica com pólipos nasais tem etiologia multifatorial, envolvendo resposta disfuncional do hospedeiro a fatores ambientais. Assim, modelos inflamatórios podem ser úteis para esclarecer a fisiopatologia dessa doença. A contagem de micronúcleos tem sido usada para rastrear danos no DNA em vários tecidos. Objetivo: Investigar a associação entre a frequência de micronúcleos em células esfoliadas da cavidade nasal de pacientes com rinossinusite crônica com pólipos nasais e a gravidade da doença. Método: Estudo transversal que incluiu 21 pacientes com rinossinusite crônica com pólipos nasais e 19 controles sem doença. Nenhum dos participantes era fumante. Resultados: A contagem média de micronúcleos foi de 3,690 por 1.000 células (± 2,165) nos indivíduos doentes e 1,237 por 1.000 células (± 0,806) nos controles (teste t de Student = 4,653; p < 0,001). A cirurgia nasal nos últimos 5 anos e a doença respiratória exacerbada por aspirina não foram associadas à contagem de micronúcleos (p = 0,251). Conclusão: A contagem de micronúcleos parece estar ligada à rinossinusite crônica com pólipos nasais, proporcionando uma nova perspectiva para a avaliação dessa doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sinusitis/complications , Rhinitis/complications , Nasal Polyps/complications , Quality of Life , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epithelial Cells
2.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(1): 77-81, feb. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092725

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los episodios de neutropenia febril son cuadros graves, que requieren un estudio etiológico exhaustivo y un inicio rápido de antimicrobianos. Dentro de los posibles microorganismos causales se encuentran los de origen fúngico, los que, dependiendo de su grado de invasión tisular, pueden llegar a presentar una alta mortalidad. Presentamos el caso de un niño con una leucemia mieloide aguda, que tras su quimioterapia de inducción, presentó un episodio de neutropenia febril, con una infección rino-sinusal por Exserohilum rostratum, hongo filamentoso que raramente se asocia a cuadros patológicos. Se inició rápidamente terapia antifúngica, lo cual, asociado a un aseo quirúrgico precoz, lograron una respuesta clínica favorable, sin complicaciones. Luego del seguimiento, y tras recibir profilaxis secundaria durante los episodios de neutropenia, no ha vuelto a presentar nuevas lesiones ni compromiso rino-sinusal.


Abstract The episodes of febrile neutropenia are severe cases that require an exhaustive etiological study and a quick start of antimicrobial agents. Within the possible microorganisms, fungal origins are also found, and depending on its tissue invasion, they can reach a high mortality rate. A case of a pediatric patient who suffered from acute myeloid leukemia is reported, and after his induction chemotherapy, the patient showed an episode of febrile neutropenia, which matches a rhinosinusal infection caused by Exserohilum rostratum, a filamentous fungi that is uncommonly associated with pathological cases. An antifungal therapy and an early surgical treatment were started, which lead to a positive response, without complications to the patient. After the monitoring and receiving secondary prophylaxis during the episodes of neutropenia, the patient hasn't presented new injuries nor rhinosinusal damage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Ascomycota/isolation & purification , Sinusitis/complications , Sinusitis/microbiology , Sinusitis/drug therapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/complications , Mycoses/complications , Mycoses/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Neutropenia/etiology
3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(3): 356-363, May-June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889259

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The relationship between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is still a controversial issue in literature. Objective: A systematic review of the association between these two diseases in adult patients. Methods: Systematic review in PubMed and Cochrane Database with articles published between 1951 and 2015. We included all articles that specifically studied the relationship between CRS and GERD. Results: Of the 436 articles found, only 12 met the inclusion criteria. Eight cross-sectional articles suggest a relation between CRS and GERD, especially on CRS that is refractory to clinical or surgical treatment. However, the groups are small and methodologies are different. Four other longitudinal studies have assessed the effect of treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on the improvement of symptoms of CRS, but the results were conflicting. Conclusions: There seems to be relative prevalence of reflux with intractable CRS. There is still a lack of controlled studies with a significant number of patients to confirm this hypothesis. Few studies specifically assess the impact of treatment of reflux on symptom improvement in patients with CRS.


Resumo Introdução: A relação entre a Doença do Refluxo Gastroesofágico (DRGE) e a Rinossinusite Crônica (RSC) ainda é tema de controvérsia em literatura. Objetivo: Revisão sistemática sobre a associação entre essas duas doenças em pacientes adultos. Método: Revisão sistemática no Pubmed e Cochrane Database com os artigos publicados entre 1951 e 2015. Foram incluídos todos os artigos que estudassem especificamente a relação entre RSC e DRGE. Resultados: Dos 436 artigos encontrados, apenas 12 satisfaziam os critérios de inclusão. Oito artigos transversais sugerem relação da RSC com a DRGE, especialmente sobre a RSC refratária a tratamento clínico ou cirúrgico prévio. No entanto, os grupos são pequenos e as metodologias são muito diferentes. Outros quatro estudos longitudinais avaliaram o efeito do tratamento com Inibidores de Bomba de Prótons (IBP) sobre a melhora a dos sintomas de RSC, porém os resultados foram discordantes. Conclusões: Parece haver relação de prevalência de refluxo e RSC de difícil controle. Ainda faltam estudos controlados com um número expressivo de pacientes para que se confirme essa hipótese. São escassos os estudos que avaliem especificamente o impacto do tratamento de refluxo na melhora dos sintomas em pacientes com RSC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Sinusitis/complications , Gastroesophageal Reflux/complications , Rhinitis/complications , Sinusitis/physiopathology , Gastroesophageal Reflux/physiopathology , Gastroesophageal Reflux/drug therapy , Rhinitis/physiopathology , Chronic Disease
5.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(1): 66-72, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839397

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Eosinophilic and noneosinophilic Nasal polyps (NPs) are different subtypes of NPs and require different treatment methods. Objective To compare the histologic characteristics, mRNA and protein expression between Nasal Polyps with and without eosinophilia. Methods NPs tissues were obtained from eighty-six NPs patients during surgery. Eosinophilic and noneosinophilic NPs were distinguished according to immunochemical results of the specimen. The histological, mRNA and protein expression features were compared between the two groups. Results In eosinophilic NPs, we observed a significantly higher GATA-3, IL-5, IL-4, IL-13 mRNA and protein expression. In noneosinophilic NPs, IL-17, IL-23 and RORc mRNA and protein expression were increased. Immunohistochemistry tests showed, more mast cells and less neutrophils in eosinophilic NPs compared with noneosinophilic NPs. Eosinophilic NPs patient presented more severe symptom scores when compared to noneosinophilic NPs. Conclusion We demonstrate for the first time that Th2 is the predominant reaction in eosinophilic NPs while Th17 is the predominant reaction in noneosinophilic NPs. Our study may provide new treatment strategy for NPs.


Resumo Introdução Pólipos nasais (PNs) eosinofílicos e não eosinofílicos são diferentes subtipos de PNs e requerem diferentes métodos de tratamento. Objetivo Comparar as características histológicas e a expressão de mRNAs e proteínas entre PNs com e sem eosinofilia. Método Amostras de PNs foram obtidos de 86 pacientes durante a cirurgia. PNs eosinofílicos e não eosinofílicos foram diferenciados segundo os resultados imunoistoquímicos de cada amostra. As características histológicas e de expressão de mRNAs e de proteínas foram comparadas entre os dois grupos. Resultados Em PNs eosinofílicos, observamos uma expressão significativamente maior dos mRNAs e proteínas GATA-3, IL-5, IL-4 e IL-13. Nos PNs não eosinofílicos, aumentou a expressão dos mRNAs e das proteínas IL-17, IL-23 e RORc. Nos testes imunoistoquímicos, observamos maior número de mastócitos e menor número de neutrófilos nos PNs eosinofílicos, em comparação com PNs não eosinofílicos. Os pacientes com PNs eosinofílicos obtiveram escores de sintomas mais graves vs. PNs não eosinofílicos. Conclusão Demonstramos, pela primeira vez, uma reação Th2 predominante em PNs eosinofílicos e uma reação Th17 predominante em PNs não eosinofílicos. Nosso estudo pode proporcionar novas estratégias terapêuticas para a rinossinusite crônica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Sinusitis/immunology , Rhinitis/immunology , Nasal Polyps/immunology , Eosinophils/immunology , Sinusitis/complications , Transcription Factors , Severity of Illness Index , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Rhinitis/complications , Nasal Polyps/complications , Nasal Polyps/metabolism , Nasal Polyps/pathology , Chronic Disease , Cytokines/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/immunology , Eosinophilia/complications , Eosinophilia/metabolism , Eosinophilia/pathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 114(2): e87-e90, abr. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-838189

ABSTRACT

La rinosinusitis es una patología muy frecuente en la infancia. Entre sus complicaciones, se encuentra la osteomielitis, rara complicación que, cuando se presenta, ocurre, principalmente, en lactantes y niños pequeños. El agente etiológico más frecuente es el Staphylococcus aureus. Clínicamente, se manifiesta con fiebre alta, edema de párpado inferior, rinorrea unilateral y edema palatino ipsilateral; luego se agrega un absceso sobre el área maxilar yuxtanasal y/o sobre los alvéolos dentarios. Secundariamente, pueden desarrollarse secuestros, expulsiones espontáneas de piezas dentarias y trayectos fistulosos, así como complicaciones orbitarias y endocraneales. El diagnóstico es, sobre todo, clínico; se confirma con tomografia computada. El tratamiento es médico quirúrgico. Se presenta un niño de 5 años de edad con rinosinusitis complicada con osteomielitis del hueso maxilar, cuyo germen responsable fue el Staphylococcus aureus meticilino resistente.


Rhinosinusitis is a very common childhood condition. Osteomyelitis is an unusual complication, which mainly occurs in toddlers and young children. The most frequent etiologic agent is Staphylococcus aureus. Iniatially, it is characterized by fever, low eyelid edema, unilateral rhinorrhea and ipsilateral palatine edema. Subsequently, abscesses develop in the maxillar yuxtanasal and/or the dental alveolar area. Secondary, it can be complicated by sequestrations, spontaneous expulsion of dental pieces and/or fistula, as well as orbital and intracranial complications. The diagnosis is based on clinical findings and is confirmed by computed tomography findings. The treatment is clinical and surgical. Here we report a five year old child, with rhinosinusitis complicated by osteomyelitis of maxillary bone, mediated by a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Osteomyelitis/complications , Osteomyelitis/diagnosis , Sinusitis/complications , Staphylococcal Infections/complications , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
7.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 74(5): 315-318, set.-out. 2015. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-757448

ABSTRACT

As cavidades orbitárias com os espaços aéreos da face e a ocorrência de infecções advindas de sinusites para a órbita são frequentes especialmente devido à proximidade. Acometem mais comumente crianças com estado nutricional debilitado. Clinicamente apresentam os sinais flogísticos, além de deficit visual, diplopia, oftalmoplegia e proptose. Podem evoluir com complicações graves, como trombose do seio cavernoso e abscesso intracraniano. Estas infecções podem ser classificadas de acordo com sua gravidade. Os exames de imagem de escolha para o diagnóstico e planejamento dos casos são cortes axiais e coronais de tomografia computadorizada. O tratamento deve ser compatível com a gravidade do caso e reação do organismo à antibioticoterapia. O objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso clínico de paciente pediátrico que após trauma em face foi acometido por fratura em rebordo orbitário superior e desenvolveu posteriormente abscesso orbitário subperiosteal, discutindo os critérios clínicos e imaginológicos para o diagnóstico e a devida condução do caso.


The proximity of the orbital cavities to the air spaces of the face results in the occurrence of orbital infections resulting from sinusitis. Children with debilitated nutritional status are especially vulnerable. Clinically presents the inflammatory signs, and visual acuity deficit, diplopia, ophthalmoplegia and proptosis. Might also lead to severe complications such as cavernous sinus thrombosis and intracranial abscess. These infections can be classified according to their severity. Imaging tests of choice for the diagnosis and planning of cases include axial and coronal cuts of computed tomography. Treatment should be compatible with the severity of the case, taking into account the side effects of the antibiotics used. The objective of this paper is to report a case of a pediatric patient who sustained facial trauma resulting in fracture of the upper orbital rim and subsequently developed orbital subperiosteal abscess. We discuss the clinical and imaging criteria for successful diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Abscess/surgery , Abscess/etiology , Decompression, Surgical , Drainage , Orbit/injuries , Sinusitis/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
8.
Rev. AMRIGS ; 59(2): 127-130, abr.-jun. 2015. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-834114

ABSTRACT

Uma das causas do insucesso da cirurgia endoscópica, com persistência da rinossinusite crônica, é o fenômeno da recirculação de muco. O muco retorna ao seio maxilar por uma antrostomia que não inclua o óstio natural de drenagem. Comumente, tal fenômeno é subdiagnosticado. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar um caso clássico de uma paciente que realizou tratamento cirúrgico para rinossinusite crônica, sem sucesso devido à recirculação de muco, bem como discutir seus principais aspectos. Identificar a recirculação de muco em pacientes com rinossinusite crônica recalcitrante, especialmente em pacientes já operados, é muito importante, e seu tratamento cirúrgico pode resolver o problema (AU)


One of the causes of failure of endoscopic surgery, with persistent chronic rhinosinusitis, is the mucus recirculation phenomenon. The mucus returns to the maxillary sinus by a antrostomy that does not include natural ostium drainage. Commonly, such a phenomenon is underdiagnosed. The aim of this study is to report a classic case of a patient who underwent surgical treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis without success due to the recirculation of mucus, as well as discuss its key aspects. Identify the mucus recirculation in patients with recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis, especially in patients already operated, is very important and its surgical treatment can resolve the issue (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Mucus , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/adverse effects , Rhinitis/surgery , Sinusitis/surgery , Rhinitis/complications , Sinusitis/complications , Treatment Outcome
9.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 81(3): 312-320, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751908

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Several experimental studies have shown osteitis after the onset of sinusitis, supporting the idea that bone involvement could participate in the dissemination and perpetuation of this inflammatory disease. However, procedures commonly performed for the induction of sinusitis, such as antrostomies, can trigger sinusitis by themselves. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate osteitis in an animal model of sinusitis that does not violate the sinus directly and verify whether this is limited to the induction side, or if it affects the contralateral side. METHODS: Experimental study in which sinusitis was produced by inserting an obstructing sponge into the nasal cavity of 20 rabbits. After defined intervals, the animals were euthanized and maxillary sinus samples were removed for semi-quantitative histological analysis of mucosa and bone. RESULTS: Signs of bone and mucosal inflammation were observed, affecting both the induction and contralateral sides. Statistical analysis showed correlation between the intensity of osteitis on both sides, but not between mucosal and bone inflammation on the same side, supporting the theory that inflammation can spread through bone structures, regardless of mucosal inflammation. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that in an animal model of sinusitis that does not disturb the sinus directly osteitis occurs in the affected sinus and that it also affects the contralateral side. .


INTRODUÇÃO: Diversos estudos experimentais evidenciam osteíte após estabelecimento de sinusite, corroborando para a ideia de que o envolvimento ósseo poderia participar na disseminação e perpetuação do processo inflamatório. Porém procedimentos realizados para indução da doença nestes modelos, como antrostomias, podem, por si só, desencadear osteíte. OBJETIVO: Avaliar osteíte em um modelo de rinossinusite em que não ocorre manipulação sinusal e verificar se esta é limitada ao lado de indução, ou se acomete o lado contralateral. MÉTODO: Estudo experimental em que induziu-se rinossinusite em 20 coelhos, por meio de obliteração temporária com esponja de uma das cavidades nasais. Amostras de tecido sinusal foram submetidas à análise histológica semiquantitativa, após sacrifício dos animais em intervalos regulares. RESULTADOS: Foram observados sinais de inflamação óssea e mucosa mais intensa no lado de indução, mas também contralateral. Testes estatísticos evidenciaram correlação entre a osteíte de ambos os lados, porém não entre inflamação óssea e mucosa de um mesmo lado, apoiando a teoria de que a inflamação poderia se disseminar através do tecido ósseo, independente da inflamação mucosa. CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo evidenciou a existência de osteíte, tanto no lado de indução quanto no contralateral, em modelo experimental em que não ocorre manipulação sinusal. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rabbits , Osteitis/etiology , Sinusitis/complications , Disease Models, Animal , Mucous Membrane/microbiology , Mucous Membrane/pathology , Nasal Mucosa/microbiology , Nasal Mucosa/pathology , Osteitis/pathology , Sinusitis/pathology , Surgical Sponges/microbiology
11.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 77(5): 293-296, Sep-Oct/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-730384

ABSTRACT

Purpose: We reported on the clinical approaches of ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology departments in the treatment of the orbital complications of sinusitis. We also included an in-depth literature review. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical files of 51 patients from January 2008 to January 2014. The records were evaluated for age, gender, type of orbital complications, symptoms, predisposing factors, imaging studies, medical and surgical management, culture results, and follow-up information. SPSS version 15.0 software (Statistical Analysis, The Statistical Package for Social Sciences Inc, Chicago, IL) was used for the statistical analysis. Results: Fifty-one patients met the criteria, with available medical records, for the study (29 male, 22 female). Thirty-two (62.7%) were diagnosed with preseptal cellulitis and 19 (37.3%) with postseptal cellulitis. After a detailed evaluation, 15 were diagnosed with a subperiosteal abscess (SPA), and 4 were diagnosed with orbital cellulitis. The age and gender was similar for the two groups. Five patients with medial SPA were treated with endoscopic sinus surgery, one patient with inferior SPA was treated with external surgery, and six patients with other localizations were treated with a combination of endoscopic sinus surgery and external surgery. All patients presented with periorbital erythema and edema. The length of hospitalization and duration of symptoms were similar in both groups. Visual acuity was between 1/10 to 10/10 (mean 7/10) and statistically significant for preseptal and postseptal cellulitis groups (p<0.001). All patients received intravenous antibiotics upon the first day of admission. Conclusion: Orbital complications of acute sinusitis required intensive follow-up and a multidisciplinary approach. A contrast-enhanced paranasal sinus computerized tomography (CT) scan can detect the extent of the infection. An initial trial of intravenosus (IV) antibiotics ...


Objetivo: Relatamos abordagens clínicas dos departamentos de oftalmologia e otorrinolaringologia para tratar complicações orbitais da sinusite. Uma revisão em profundidade literatura é discutida. Métodos: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os prontuários de 51 pacientes no período de janeiro de 2008 a janeiro de 2014. Os registros foram avaliados quanto à idade, sexo, tipo de complicação orbital, sintomas, fatores predisponentes, estudos de imagem, tratamento médico e cirúrgico, resultados da cultura microbiológica e seguimento. Foi utilizado o programa SPSS versão 15.0 (Statistical Analysis, The Statistical Package for Social Sciences Inc, Chicago, IL) para a análise estatística. Resultados: Cinquenta e um pacientes preencheram os critérios, com os registros médicos disponíveis, para o estudo (29 do sexo masculino, 22 do sexo feminino). Trinta e dois (62,7%) foram diagnosticados com celulite presseptal e 19 (37,3%), com celulite posseptal. Depois de uma avaliação detalhada, 15 foram diagnosticados como abscesso subperiosteal (SPA), 4 eram celulite orbitária. A idade e sexo foi similar para ambos os grupos. Cinco pacientes com abscesso subperiosteal medial foram tratados com cirurgia endoscópica, um paciente com abscessso subperiosteal inferior foi tratado com cirurgia externa, 6 pacientes com outras localizações foram tratados com a combinação de cirurgia endoscópica e cirurgia externo. Todos os pacientes apresentaram eritema e edema periorbital. Tempo de internação hospitalar e a duração dos sintomas foi similar em ambos os grupos. A acuidade visual foi entre 1/10 a 10/10 (média de 7/10) e estatisticamente significante para os grupos celulite presseptal e posseptal (p<0,001). Todos os pacientes receberam antibióticos por via intravenosa, no primeiro dia ...


Subject(s)
Humans , Orbital Diseases/etiology , Sinusitis/complications , Abscess , Medical Records
12.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 80(3): 202-207, May-June/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-712980

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Establishing a diagnosis in patients with olfactory disturbances has always been challenging for physicians.One reason for this is the rarity of some of the diseases that affect this sense, such as Kallmann's syndrome and post-viral olfactory loss. OBJECTIVE: To identify the major causes of olfactory disturbances and to describe the diagnostic evaluation in outpatients attended to at an ambulatory clinic specialized in olfaction disorders. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed in outpatients with primary olfactory complaint attended to between June 1, 2011 and September 30, 2013 in a center specialized in olfactory disorders. Patient history, nasofibroscopy, and the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) comprised the examination. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients were evaluated. The major causes were chronic rhinosinusitis (31%); rhinitis, primarily the allergic type (19%); post-viral olfactory loss (13%); and post-traumatic loss (8%). UPSIT scores were statistically different among different etiologies (p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The major diagnoses that should be part of the physician assessment when a patient complains of olfactory disturbance are chronic rhinosinusitis with and without polyps, allergic rhinitis, post-viral olfactory loss, and post-traumatic loss. .


INTRODUÇÃO: Estabelecer um diagnóstico em pacientes com distúrbios olfatórios foi sempre um desafio aos médicos. Uma das razões para isso é a raridade de algumas doenças que afetam esse sentido como a Síndrome de Kallmann e a perda olfatória pós-viral. OBJETIVO: Identificar as principais causas das doenças olfatórias e descrever sua condução diagnóstica em um ambulatório direcionado a esses distúrbios. MÉTODO: Análise retrospectiva de pacientes ambulatoriais com queixa olfatória primária atendida entre 1º de junho de 2011 e 30 de setembro de 2013 em centro especializado. História clínica, nasofibroscopia e o Teste de Identificação do Olfato da Universidade da Pensilvânia (UPSIT) compuseram a avaliação. Sempre que necessário, foram solicitadas tomografia de seios paranasais e ressonância magnética de crânio. RESULTADOS: Sessenta e dois pacientes foram avaliados. As causas mais comuns encontradas foram respectivamente: rinossinusite crônica (31%), rinites (19%), principalmente a rinite alérgica, perda olfatória pós-viral (13%) e pós-traumática (8%). As pontuações no UPSIT foram estatisticamente diferentes entre as cinco principais causas (p = 0,01). CONCLUSÕES: Os principais diagnósticos que devem fazer parte na investigação médica diante de um paciente com queixa olfatória são: rinossinusite crônica com e sem polipose nasal, rinite alérgica, perda olfatória pós-viral e pós-traumática. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Olfaction Disorders/diagnosis , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Craniocerebral Trauma/complications , Nasal Polyps/complications , Retrospective Studies , Respiratory Tract Infections/complications , Respiratory Tract Infections/virology , Rhinitis/complications , Sinusitis/complications
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-216473

ABSTRACT

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is characterized by a systemic involvement of tumor-like lesions with IgG4-positive plasmacytes. We experienced a case of IgG4-RD developed in a patient with bronchial asthma (BA) and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). A 55-yr-old female patient with BA and CRS complained of both eyes and neck swelling as well as a recurrent upper respiratory infection in recent 1 yr. The serum levels of IgG4, creatinine, and pancreatic enzymes were elevated. A biopsy of the submandibular gland showed an abundant infiltration of IgG4-positive plasmacytes. Her symptoms remarkably improved after the treatment of a systemic steroid that has been maintained without recurrence. We report a rare case of IgG4-RD developed in a patient with BA and CRS.


Subject(s)
Asthma/complications , Chronic Disease , Creatinine/blood , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Middle Aged , Pancreas/enzymology , Plasma Cells/physiology , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Republic of Korea , Rhinitis/complications , Sinusitis/complications , Submandibular Gland/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1683-1690, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180225

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To analyze the outcome of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) after preoperative systemic steroid (PSS) treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyposis (NP) and to investigate and compare clinicopathological factors associated with the outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 468 patients with CRS with NP who underwent primary ESS between January 2005 and October 2011. 124 patients who met the inclusion criteria were included. Beginning from 2008, our clinic administered steroid preoperatively in patients of CRS with NP, thus there were 84 patients with preoperative systemic steroid (PSS group) and another 40 patients without such regimen (no PSS group). To evaluate the outcome after ESS, poor outcome and complication were analyzed according to the following parameters: age, sex, follow-up duration, eosinophilic infiltration, atopy, asthma, Lund-Mackay score, and polyp grade. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in poor outcome rates between the PSS and no PSS group (35.0% vs. 47.6%, p=0.185). There was no significant difference in complication rates between the PSS and no PSS group (10% vs. 6%, p=0.468). As with the multivariate analysis of the clincopathological factors to the poor outcome rate, presence of asthma and eosinophilic infiltration were significantly related (odds ratio as 6.555 and 4.505, respectively), whereas PSS was confirmed as less likely related (odds ratio 0.611). CONCLUSION: Low dose PSS administration does not seem to have an effect on the outcome after ESS in patients who have CRS with NP. Eosinophilic infiltration and presence of asthma are important predictors of surgical outcome.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Asthma/complications , Chronic Disease , Endoscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Male , Middle Aged , Nasal Polyps/complications , Odds Ratio , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis/complications , Sinusitis/complications , Treatment Outcome
15.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 79(6): 716-719, Nov-Dec/2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-697683

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Investigar as complicações orbitais em crianças e adultos com sinusite. MÉTODO: Os pacientes que frequentam clínica de Otorrinolaringologia com sinusite de janeiro de 2010 até janeiro de 2012 foram incluídos. Os pacientes foram classificados em dois grupos, de acordo com sua idade. O primeiro incluiu crianças idade inferior a 16 anos e, o segundo, pacientes com mais de 16 anos. Quadro clínico, seio envolvido, gestão e resultados foram comparados. RESULTADOS: O número total de pacientes foi 616. Complicações orbitais foram observadas em 36 pacientes (5,8%). Destes, 26 pacientes (72,2%) eram crianças (21 tinham presseptal e cinco tiveram celulite orbitária) e dez pacientes (27,8%) eram adultos (cinco com pré-septal, três com celulite orbitária e dois com abscesso). A complicação mais comum foi celulite orbital presseptal (72,2%), seguida de celulite e abcesso orbital (22,2% e 5,6%, respectivamente). O seio mais comum envolvido foi etmoidal em crianças e sinusopatia mista em adultos. A maioria dos pacientes respondeu ao tratamento médico. CONCLUSÃO: As complicações orbitárias da sinusite são mais comuns em crianças do que em adultos e têm prognóstico favorável. .


OBJECTIVE: To investigate orbital complications in children and adult with sinusitis. METHOD: Patients attending ENT clinic with sinusitis from January 2010 until January 2012 were included. Patients were classified into two groups according to their age. First involved children aged less than 16 and second included adults older than 16 years. Clinical picture, sinus involved, management and outcome were compared. RESULTS: The total number of patients were 616. Orbital complications were seen in 36 patients (5.8%). Twenty six patients (72.2%) were children (21 had preseptal and 5 had orbital cellulitis) and ten patients (27.8%) were adults (5 with preseptal, three with orbital cellulitis and 2 with abscess). The most common orbital complication was preseptal cellulitis (72.2%) followed by orbital cellulitis and abscess (22.2% and 5.6% respectively). The commonest sinus involved was ethmoidal in children and mixed sinus pathology in adults. The majority of patients responded to medical treatment. CONCLUSION: Orbital complications of sinusitis are commoner in children than adults and have favorable prognosis. Keywords: Sinusitis, cellulitis, preseptal, abscess. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Humans , Abscess/etiology , Cellulitis/etiology , Orbital Diseases/etiology , Rhinitis/complications , Sinusitis/complications , Acute Disease , Abscess/diagnosis , Cellulitis/diagnosis , Orbital Diseases/diagnosis , Prevalence
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 27(9): 645-649, Sept. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-646732

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare gene expression of the chemokines RANTES and eotaxin-2, its receptor, CCR-3, adhesion molecule ICAM-1 and its receptor LFA-1 in eosinophilic polyps and in control normal nasal mucosa. METHODS: Gene expression was quantified by Real Time PCR in polyps (n=35) and in healthy nasal mucosa (n=15). RESULTS: Eosinophilic polyps showed a higher expression of eotaxin-2 and RANTES, but not of CCR-3, ICAM-1 or LFA-1 compared to control nasal mucosa. CONCLUSION: Eosinophilic polyps present greater expression of eotaxin-2 and RANTES, but not of CCR-3, ICAM-1 or LFA-1 compared to control nasal mucosa.


OBJETIVO: Comparar a expressão gênica das quimiocinas RANTES e eotaxina-2, do seu receptor CCR-3, da molécula de adesão ICAM-1 e do seu receptor LFA-1 entre pólipos nasais eosinofílicos (PE) (n=35) e mucosa nasal controle (n=15). MÉTODOS: Quantificou-se a expressão gênica dos mediadores citados pela técnica de PCR em tempo real em PEs e em mucosas de concha média de pacientes sem doenças nasais ou alteração endoscópica. RESULTADOS: Pólipos eosinofílicos apresentam maior expressão de eotaxina-2 e RANTES, mas não de CCR-3, ICAM-1 e LFA-1, quando comparados as mucosas nasais controles. CONCLUSÃO: Pólipos eosinofícios apresentaram maior expressão de eotaxin-2 and RANTES, mas não de CCR-3, ICAM-1 ou LFA-1,comparada à mucosa nasal controle.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasal Polyps/metabolism , Rhinitis/metabolism , Sinusitis/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Chronic Disease , /genetics , /metabolism , /genetics , /metabolism , Gene Expression , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/genetics , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1/genetics , Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1/metabolism , Nasal Mucosa , Nasal Polyps/complications , Polymerase Chain Reaction , /genetics , /metabolism , Rhinitis/complications , Sinusitis/complications
18.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 71(3): 263-266, dic. 2011. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-612130

ABSTRACT

La rinosinusitis aguda, puede presentar una serie de complicaciones conocidas, un grupo de ellas son las complicaciones orbitarias. Se presenta la historia de un paciente que consultó por proptosis ocular, siendo diagnosticado un absceso subperióstico retroorbitario secundario a una rinosinusitis aguda. Se trató con técnica endoscópica, evoluciona con un hematoma retroorbitario que tuvo que ser drenado con un abordaje mixto, endoscópico y abierto, con buena evolución. Actualmente las complicaciones orbitarias de la rinosinusitis aguda tienen una baja prevalencia, y así, las complicaciones del drenaje endoscópico son aún menos frecuentes. Se destaca la importancia del conocimiento del manejo tanto endoscópico como abierto.


Among acute rhinosinusitis complications, the ones with orbital involvement are relevant. We present a case report of a patient who presented proptosis and was initially diagnosed with a retro ocular abscess as a complication to an acute rhinosinusitis. The abscess was drained with an endoscopic sinus surgery. On the fourth post-surgery day a retro ocular hematoma was diagnosed. The hematoma was treated with a combined open and endoscopic approach with a favorable outcome. In conclusion, even though orbital complications of rhinosinusitis nowadays have low prevalence, and orbital complications of their endoscopic management are even rarer, it is important for the otorhinolaryngologist to be familiar with their open, endoscopic, or combined surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Abscess/surgery , Drainage , Endoscopy/methods , Orbital Diseases/surgery , Rhinitis/complications , Sinusitis/complications , Acute Disease , Abscess/etiology , Orbital Diseases/etiology , Exophthalmos/etiology , Hematoma/etiology , Periosteum/surgery , Paranasal Sinuses , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Arq. int. otorrinolaringol. (Impr.) ; 15(2): 241-244, abr.-jun. 2011. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-594672

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Dentre as complicações da rinossinusite, as orbitárias são as mais frequentes, e estas, ocorrem na maioria dos casos entre jovens e crianças. Complicações simultâneas envolvendo a órbita e o espaço intracraniano são extremamente raras, mas devem ser tratadas agressivamente pois oferecem alta taxa de morbidade e mortalidade. Relato do Caso: Neste trabalho, os autores relatam um caso de um paciente que se apresentou com celulite pré-septal e abscesso epidural, como complicações simultâneas de uma rinossinusite aguda. No paciente deste estudo, optou-se pelo tratamento clínico associado à cirurgia endoscópica nasossinusal e drenagem neurocirúrgica do abscesso intracraniano. A TC foi suficiente no caso apresentado para a realização do diagnóstico. Comentários Finais: Recomenda-se entretanto, que nos casos de pacientes com complicações da rinossinusite, a investigação da extensão intracraniana seja aprofundada, mesmo quando esta, a princípio não seja tão evidente. Dada a natureza polimicrobiana dessas infecções, uma antibioticoterapia agressiva guiada por cultura e um acompanhamento por equipe multidisciplinar, aumentam consideravelmente as chances de sucesso.


Introduction: Among the rhinosinusitis complications, the orbital are the most frequent ones, occurring mostly in the youngsters and children. Simultaneous complications involving the intracranial orbit and space are extremely rare, but they must be severely treated for they have a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Case report: In this work, the authors report a case of a patient who appeared to have preseptal cellulites and epidural abscess, in the form of simultaneous complications of an acute rhinosinusitis. In the patient of this case, choice was made for a clinic treatment associated with a nasosinusal endoscopic surgery and neurosurgical drainage of the intracranial abscess. CT was enough to achieve the diagnosis of this case. Final commentaries: However, it is recommended that, in cases where patients have rhinosinusitis complications, an extensive intracranial investigation needs to be deepened even when this is not so evident in the beginning. Given the polymicrobial nature of these infections, an aggressive culture-guided antibiotic therapy and a multidisciplinary follow-up significantly increase the likelihood of success.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Epidural Abscess/pathology , Orbit/physiopathology , Rhinitis/complications , Sinusitis/complications
20.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 77(1): 7-12, jan.-fev. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-578450

ABSTRACT

Recentemente, a terapia ultrassônica de baixa intensidade (TUSBI) foi descrita como um tratamento plausível para rinossinusite crônica (RNC). OBJETIVOS: Avaliar os efeitos agudos da TUSBI de 1MHz contínua sobre a obstrução nasal de indivíduos com RNC. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Participaram de um estudo tipo placebo-controlado 26 indivíduos adultos com RNC (10 homens, 16 mulheres), alocados sequencialmente em dois grupos: controle-placebo (CP, n=12) e tratados com TUSBI (US, n=14). Para o tratamento determinou-se: ISATA= 1MHz, 1W.cm-2, contínuo, por quatro minutos nos seios maxilares e septo nasal. No grupo CP o equipamento permaneceu desligado. Para avaliação do nível de obstrução nasal, foi mesurado o volume total de secreção expelida (VSEx), avaliado pela instilação nasal de 5 mL de solução salina (NaCl-0,9 por cento) e coleta do lavado nasal. O volume de ar expirado (VAEx) foi avaliado pelo teste do espelho de Glatzel. RESULTADOS: Os dados mostraram um aumento (p<0,01) nos valores dos VSEx e VAEx após terapia ultrassônica, indicando uma melhora de 64 por cento da obstrução nasal comparado com o grupo CP. CONCLUSÕES: A TUSBI contínua reduziu a obstrução e congestão nasal, podendo ser empregada como modalidade terapêutica eficaz na fisioterapia respiratória de indivíduos com RNC.


Low-intensity ultrasound therapy (LIUST) has been described as a plausible treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). AIMS: To evaluate the short-term effects of continuous 1MHz LIUST on nasal obstruction in subjects with CRS. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A cohort placebo-controlled study comprising 26 CRS adults (10 men, 16 women), sequentially allocated into two groups: control-placebo (CP, n= 12) and treated with LIUST (US, n= 14). The treatment consisted of: ISATA = continuous 1MHz, 1W.cm-2 for four minutes in the maxillary sinuses and nasal septum. The equipment was switched off in the CP group. The degree of obstruction was assessed by the total volume of secretion expelled (VSEx) after nasal instillation of 5 mL saline solution (NaCl-0.9 percent) followed by nasal lavage. The volume of expired air (VEA) was assessed with a Glatzel mirror. RESULTS: The data showed an increase (p<0.01) in VSEx and VEA after ultrasound therapy, suggesting a 64 percent improvement of nasal obstruction compared with the CP group. CONCLUSIONS: Continuous LIUST reduced nasal obstruction and congestionç it may be used effectively in the respiratory therapy of CRS patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Nasal Obstruction/therapy , Rhinitis/therapy , Sinusitis/therapy , Ultrasonic Therapy/methods , Chronic Disease , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Rhinitis/complications , Severity of Illness Index , Sinusitis/complications , Treatment Outcome
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