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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 97(1): 75-88, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360077

ABSTRACT

Abstract This article will address the main aspects of skin manifestations associated with COVID-19, based on a review of the literature published to date. Since the beginning of the pandemic, more than 1,500 articles have been published on the subject. Regarding the pathophysiology, it is believed that the same mechanisms responsible for the disease in the main target organs also act in the skin, although they are not yet fully elucidated. The actual frequency of dermatological manifestations remains uncertain - it can range from 0.2% to 45%, being close to 6% in systematic reviews. Pioneering studies of large case series conducted in European countries and the USA provide the first information on the main skin manifestations associated with COVID-19 and propose classifications regarding their clinical presentation, pathophysiology, as well as their frequencies. Although there is yet no consensus, maculopapular eruptions are considered the most frequent presentations, followed by erythema pernio-like (EPL) lesions. Manifestations such as urticaria, vesicular conditions and livedo/purpura/necrosis are rare. The time of onset, severity, need for specific treatment and prognosis vary according to the clinical presentation pattern. The increasing histopathological description of skin conditions can contribute to the diagnosis, as well as to the understanding of the pathophysiology. Also, in the dermatological field, the relationship between COVID-19 and androgens has been increasingly studied. Despite all the generated knowledge, the actual biological meaning of skin manifestations remains uncertain. Therefore, the exclusion of the main differential diagnoses is essential for the correlation between skin manifestation and COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/etiology , COVID-19 , Pandemics , Systematic Reviews as Topic , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 546-554, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346505

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las urgencias dermatológicas constituyen un motivo de consulta frecuente en los departamentos de urgencias. Con el objetivo de determinar la prevalencia de las consultas por urgencias dermato lógicas, describir las mismas, analizar la coincidencia entre los diagnósticos recibidos por los pacientes, en los casos que realizaron dos consultas por el mismo cuadro, y analizar el comportamiento de las variables de acuerdo al subsector del sistema de salud en el cual fueron atendidos: subsector público, y subsector privado, se realizó un estudio prospectivo, observacional, analítico, de corte transversal y multicéntrico. Se incluyeron 2801 pacientes. La prevalencia de las consultas por urgencias dermatológicas en adultos fue de 15% en el mismo período horario (subsector público: 10.6% y subsector privado: 22.5%, p < 0.05). Motivó la consulta una enfermedad infecciosa en el 35.5%, alérgica en el 29.6% y neoplásica en el 8.6%. Se hospitalizó el 0.7% de los pacientes. El 31.7% de los pacientes había realizado consultas previas. En estos casos se encontró coincidencia entre los diagnósticos realizados en el 80.7% de los atendidos de forma precedente por un médico dermatólogo, y el 52.6% de los evaluados por médicos no dermatólogos. La alta prevalencia de las consultas por urgencias dermatológicas y las diferencias existentes en la probabilidad de recibir un diagnóstico apropiado de acuerdo con la especialización del profesional interviniente, muestran la importancia de la presencia de un médico con formación en dermatología en el área de urgencias.


Abstract Dermatological emergencies are a frequent reason for emergency departments consultation. In order to determine the prevalence of dermatological emergencies, to describe the kind of dermatological diseases that present as emergencies, to analyze the coincidence between the diagnoses received by the patients in those cases with a previous consultations for the same cutaneous manifestation, and to analyze the behavior according to the health system segment in which they were attended: public segment and private segment; a prospective, ob servational, analytical, cross-sectional and multi-center study was carried out. Two thousand eight hundred one patients were included. The prevalence of consultations for dermatological emergencies in adults was 15% in the same time period (public segment: 10.6 and private segment: 22.5%, p < 0.05). The consultation was due to an infectious disease in 35.5%, allergic in 29.6% and neoplastic in 8.6%; 0.7% of patients were hospitalized. In 31.7% of patients who had a previous consultation, a coincidence was found between the diagnoses made in 80.7% of those attended by a dermatologist, and 52.6% evaluated by non-dermatologist physician. The high prevalence of dermatological consultations and the existing differences in the probability of receiving an appropri ate diagnosis according to the specialization of the intervening professional, show the importance of the presence of dermatology-trained physicians in the emergency area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Dermatology , Argentina/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Emergencies
4.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-5, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284513

ABSTRACT

Epidermoid cyst is a type of cutaneous cyst commonly found in daily practice. The facial area is the most common area for emergence of this benign condition. Simple extirpation is usually performed to remove epidermoid cysts. However, in rare cases, epidermoid cysts can evolve into malignancies such as basal cell carcinoma (BCC) or can mimic them, which adds difficulty when making a proper diagnosis. In cases of doubt, histopathology plays a key role in aiding diagnosis. This case report is about a 33-year-old woman with suspected nodular lesion that mimicked BCC, but after histopathological analysis was confirmed to be epidermoid cyst


El quiste epidermoide es un tipo de quiste cutáneo que se encuentra frecuentemente en la práctica diaria. El área facial es el área más común para la aparición de esta lesión benigna. La extirpación quirúrgica simple es el procedimiento habitual para eliminar los quistes epidermoides. Sin embargo, en casos raros, los quistes epidermoides pueden evolucionar en neoplasias malignas como el carcinoma basocelular (CCB) o pueden imitarlos, lo que añade dificultad al hacer un diagnóstico adecuado. En caso de duda, la histopatología desempeña un papel clave en la ayuda al diagnóstico. Este informe de caso trata sobre una mujer de 33 años con sospecha de lesión nodular que imitaba el CCB, pero después de que se confirmó con el análisis histopatológico, que se trataba de un quiste epidermoide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Epidermal Cyst/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidermal Cyst/surgery
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 332-345, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285074

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study of skin, the science of dermatology, has undergone significant transformations throughout the centuries. From the first descriptions of skin diseases in Egyptian papyri and in Hippocratic writings to the first treatises on dermatology, important individuals and discoveries have marked the specialty. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the specialty consolidated itself as a field of medical study based on the first classifications of dermatoses, diagnostic methods, and drug treatments. In the 20th century, the scientific and technological revolution transformed dermatological practice, incorporating new therapeutic resources, as well as surgical and aesthetic procedures. In the face of such a vigorous process, it is important to provide a historical synthesis for the medical community to recognize and understand the origins that supported one of the most relevant specialties in the current medical scenario.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 15th Century , History, 16th Century , History, 18th Century , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/therapy , Dermatology , Skin , History, Ancient , History, Medieval , Egypt , Esthetics
6.
Dermatol. argent ; 27(2): 69-71, abr-jun 2021. il, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367271

ABSTRACT

El prurigo nodular crónico se caracteriza por un ciclo de prurito y excoriación en el que intervienen mecanismos neurodérmicos, asociado a diversas enfermedades. Se manifiesta con placas o nódulos hiperqueratósicos cupuliformes. El tratamiento, enfocado en reducir el prurito, representa un desafío por la frecuente resistencia a las terapéuticas habituales. Se describe el caso de un hombre de 72 años, con antecedentes psiquiátricos, que presentó una dermatosis pruriginosa recalcitrante refractaria a múltiples esquemas de tratamiento.


Chronic prurigo nodularis is characterized by a cycle of itching and excoriation involving neurodermal mechanisms, associated with various diseases. It manifests with cupuliform hyperkeratotic plaques or nodules. Treatment is focused on reducing itching and is a challengue due to the frequent resistance to the usual therapies. We present the case of a 72-year-old man with a psychiatric history, who presented a recalcitrant pruritic dermatosis refractory to multiple treatment regimens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prurigo/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Prurigo/pathology , Prurigo/drug therapy , Pruritus , Clobetasol/administration & dosage , Cetirizine/administration & dosage , Pregabalin/administration & dosage
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e536-e539, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292788

ABSTRACT

El melanoma es la forma más grave de cáncer de piel. La morbimortalidad es variable, ya que se relaciona con las medidas de prevención implementadas, la detección temprana y el acceso al tratamiento temprano. La incidencia ha aumentado en los últimos años a pesar de la mayor concientización con respecto a la exposición a la luz solar y la utilización de cremas protectoras. A su vez, el rango etario se ha ampliado, y esta enfermedad afecta a individuos cada vez más jóvenes. Se estima que del 1 % al 4 % de todos los casos de melanoma ocurren en menores de 20 años.Se presentan dos casos pediátricos, con evolución prolongada y diagnóstico inicial erróneo. Es fundamental para el pediatra general, primer contacto del paciente con el sistema de salud, conocer las características de estas lesiones. Un alto índice de sospecha permitiría la derivación al especialista de forma temprana.


Melanoma is the most serious skin cancer. Morbimortality is variable as it is related to the preventive measures, early detection, and access to early treatment. The incidence has increased in recent years, despite the raise in awareness of avoiding sun exposure and the use of sunscreen. What is more, the disease age range has expanded, affecting increasingly younger individuals. It is estimated that 1 to 4 % of all melanoma cases occurred in people younger than twenty years old.We present two pediatric cases with prolonged evolution and wrong initial diagnosis. Since the general pediatrician is the patient's first contact with the health system, it is extremely important to know the characteristics of these lesions. A high index of suspicion would allow an early referral to the specialist.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Melanoma/drug therapy , Melanoma/therapy , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Sunscreening Agents/therapeutic use , Incidence
8.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(2): 211-218, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287017

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the pattern of pediatric dermatoses of patients evaluated at a dermatologic clinic of a reference center in Brazil and to compare these results to similar surveys conducted in other countries. Methods: A retrospective study was performed of patients up to 18 years old, evaluated at a dermatologic clinic between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2017. Variables collected for analysis included age, gender, dermatological diagnosis, multidisciplinary follow-up, hospitalization, and complementary exams. Results: A total of 2330 patients were included for analysis, with a mean age of 9.7 years. 295 patients were diagnosed with more than one skin disease, leading to a total of 2668 diagnoses. Skin diseases were organized into categories and inflammatory dermatoses corresponded to the largest group (31.2%), mostly due to atopic dermatitis (18.3%). The other main categories were: genodermatoses (14.2%), infectious diseases (12.6%), adnexal disorders (12.5%), cysts and neoplasms (10.7%), and vascular disorders (7.0%). Fifty-six patients needed to be admitted to the dermatology ward; 25 of them (44.6%) for management of worsening of the skin disease, mainly atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, and drug reactions. There were 885 biopsies performed in 38.0% of the subjects and 751 patients (32.2%) required multidisciplinary care; most of them had some genodermatoses. Conclusions: Dermatologic disorders are very common in the pediatric age group and differ from those in adults, suffering influence from cultural, ethnic, socioeconomic, and environmental factors. Knowing the magnitude and distribution of these dermatoses is important to better plan healthcare policies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Dermatitis, Atopic/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Atopic/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Hospitalization
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(1): 51-58, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152806

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Health-related quality of life assesses how diseases affect the daily life of people; there are several generic instruments for this assessment in dermatology. Skindex was created in 1996; it is a multidimensional instrument, aiming to encompass some psychological and social aspects not yet addressed by other questionnaires. Among its versions (Skindex-29, 16, and 17), Skindex-17 had not been validated in Brazil. Objectives: To validate Skindex-17 for use in Brazilians with dermatological diseases. Methods: This was a methodological, cross-sectional, and prospective study of 217 patients attended at the Dermatology Service Outpatient Clinic, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu - Universidade Estadual Paulista (Botucatu, SP, Brazil), from December 2017 to September 2019. The following were evaluated: content validity, filling time, internal consistency, dimensional structure, concurrent validity (DLQI), temporal stability, and responsiveness. Results: The sample consisted of 71% women, mean age (SD) of 45 (16) years; phototypes II−IV accounted for 95% of the cases. Cronbach's alpha coefficients were 0.82 and 0.93 for the symptoms and psychosocial conditions, respectively. A high correlation was observed with the DLQI score: symptoms (rho = 0.69) and psychosocial conditions (rho = 0.75). The instrument's two-dimensional structure was confirmed through confirmatory factor analysis. Temporal stability (ICC > 0.9) and score responsiveness (p ≤ 0.02) were verified. The instrument was shown to be feasible in clinical practice due to the content validation performed by professionals and patients, as well as the low time spent completing it (< 5 min). Study limitations: Single-center study, with patients exclusively from the public healthcare system. Conclusions: Skindex-17 was shown to be a valid and consistent instrument for assessing quality of life among patients with dermatological diseases, in Brazil. Its two-dimensional structure was confirmed.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Psychometrics , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Middle Aged
10.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(6): e0051, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351858

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar o perfil clínico de pacientes em acompanhamento dermatológico encaminhados para avaliação oftalmológica. Métodos: A amostra foi composta de pacientes dermatológicos encaminhados para avaliação oftalmológica, nos anos de 2016 e de 2017. Estudou-se a concomitância de doenças dermatológicas com as afecções oftalmológicas por meio da coleta simultânea do histórico dermatológico (prontuários registrados com dados gerais e diagnóstico) e de dados da consulta oftalmológica após o encaminhamento. Resultados: Foram avaliados pela oftalmologia 224 pacientes, sendo 65% do sexo feminino, 80% caucasianos, com idade variando entre 1 mês e 85 anos. As situações cujo encaminhamento foi mais prevalente foram psoríase, lúpus, vitiligo e rosácea (18,3%, 13,8%, 12,9% e 10,7%, respectivamente). Fototerapia crônica e uso de hidroxicloroquina representaram 35,7% e 22,3% dos pacientes. Casos de neurofibromatose, micose fungoide, líquen plano, neoplasias de pele, atopias, pênfigo e esclerodermia também estiveram presentes. Cegueira legal foi detectada em 6%, e deficiências visuais ligadas a afecções dermatológicas foram verificadas em 16,5% dos casos. As alterações oculares mais prevalentes foram catarata (18,9%), blefarite (15,9%), pterígio (5,3%) e conjuntivite (5,3%). Conclusão: Encontrou-se elevada frequência de alterações oftalmológicas em uma população de pacientes com doenças dermatológicas. Assim, o estudo e a análise de manifestações oculares em pacientes dermatológicos podem auxiliar na detecção precoce e na prevenção de complicações.


ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the clinical profile of patients under dermatological care and referred to ophthalmological evaluation. Methods: The sample comprised dermatology patients referred to ophthalmological evaluation in 2016 and 2017. The simultaneous occurrence of skin and ophthalmic diseases was studied, by collecting dermatological history (medical records containing general data and diagnosis) and ophthalmic consultation data following referral. Results: A total of 224 patients were assessed, 65% were female, 80% were white, and age varied between one month and 85 years. The conditions more often referred were psoriasis, lupus, vitiligo and rosacea (18.3%, 13.8%, 12.9% and 10.7%, respectively). Chronic phototherapy and use of hydroxychloroquine were observed in 35.7% and 22.3% of patients, respectively. Cases of neurofibromatosis, mycosis fungoides, lichen planus, skin cancer, atopic dermatitis, pemphigus and scleroderma were also reported. Legal blindness was detected in 6% and visual impairment related to skin conditions in 16.5% of patients. The most prevalent ocular changes were cataracts (18.9%), blepharitis (15.9%), pterygium (5.3%) and conjunctivitis (5.3%). Conclusion: A high frequency of ophthalmic changes in a population of dermatological patients was found. In this context, studying and analyzing ocular manifestations in dermatological patients could be useful in early detection and prevention of complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Skin Diseases/complications , Vision Disorders/etiology , Eye Diseases/etiology , Referral and Consultation , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Vision Disorders/diagnosis , Vision Disorders/epidemiology , Brazil , Medical Records , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eye Diseases/diagnosis , Eye Diseases/epidemiology , Eye Manifestations
12.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 26(3): 148-152, 20200900. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1151847

ABSTRACT

El pioderma gangrenoso es una patología infrecuente, de origen desconocido, caracterizada por la presencia de úlceras cutáneas de carácter necrótico, de aparición recurrente y rápida progresión. Puede manifestarse en cualquier área anatómica a partir de procesos quirúrgicos o traumáticos, que actúan como disparadores de la reacción autoinmune localizada. En pacientes con cirugía reciente, los signos y síntomas de esta patología se asemejan a una infección posoperatoria. El tratamiento se basa en el uso de corticosteroides e inmunosupresores, containdicando la conducta quirúrgica dado que la misma puede exacerbar la enfermedad. Presentamos un caso de pioderma gangrenoso en mastoplastía posbariátrica con inclusión de prótesis.


Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare pathology of unknown origin, characterized by the presence of necrotic skin ulcers of recurrent appearance and rapid progression. It can emerge in any anatomic area, after surgeries or traumatic procedures which act as triggers of the localized immune reaction. In patients who have undergone recent surgeries, the signs and symptoms from this pathology resemble a post-operative infection. The treatment consist of corticosteroids and/or immunosuppressants. Surgical procedure is contraindicated since it can exacerbate the disease. We present a case of pyoderma gangrenosum in mastopexy with breast implant insertion post bariatric surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/pathology , Breast Implantation , Early Diagnosis
15.
Rev. argent. dermatol ; 101(1): 91-100, mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125810

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La plasmocitosis cutánea es una enfermedad poco frecuente, de curso crónico y benigno, que predomina en hombres entre los 20 y 62 años, particularmente en poblaciones asiáticas. Presentamos un caso de un hombre colombianoquien presentabamáculas y placas pardo-violáceas de bordes definidos, ligeramente infiltradas en tórax posterior y dorso de pies, sin otroshallazgos. Debido a que es una enfermedad que puede tener manifestaciones extracutáneaso transformación maligna por infiltración de células plasmáticas en otros órganos, se realizaron estudios de extensión que determinaron en este paciente que el compromiso era exclusivamente cutáneo. No existe un tratamiento estándar para esta enfermedad, se han usado antibióticos, corticosteroides tópicos y sistémicos, tacrolimus tópico, quimioterapia, talidomida, fototerapia UVB de banda estrecha y azatioprina, con resultados variables.


SUMMARY Cutaneous plasmacytosis is a rare disease of chronic and benign course, which occurs more frequently in men between 20 and 62 years, particularly in Asian populations. We present the case of a Colombian man who presents macules and violet-brown patches with defined edges, slightly infiltrated in the posterior thorax and feet, without any other manifestation. Because it is a disease that can have extracutaneous manifestations or malignant transformation due to the infiltration of plasma cells in other organs, extension studies were carried out, which determinedwhich determined exclusive cutaneous involvement. There is no standard treatment for this disease, antibiotics, topical and systemic corticosteroids, topical tacrolimus, chemotherapy, thalidomide, narrow-band UVB treatment and azathioprine have been used with variable results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Plasma Cells/pathology , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Rare Diseases
16.
Rev. argent. dermatol ; 101(1): 11-20, mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092405

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Presentamos un caso típico de Dermatosis Terra Firma-Forme en un adolescente sano de 13 años de edad, visto recientemente en el Servicio de Dermatología de nuestro hospital. Con este caso queremos mostrar las características clínicas de esta dermatosis que con frecuencia no es correctamente diagnosticada o bien pasa desapercibida durante años lo que origina preocupación y ansiedad en el paciente además de pruebas diagnósticas innecesarias. Su diagnóstico es clínico apoyado en la dermatoscopía y el tratamiento sencillo, presentando escasas recidivas.


SUMMARY We report a typical case of a Terra Firma-Forme Dermatosis in a 13-year-old healthy male recently seen in the Dermatology Department of our hospital. The aim of the authors is to show clinical features of this frequently misdiagnosed and underreported dermatosis causing concern and anxiety in the patient as well as unnecessary diagnostic tests. Its diagnosis is clinical supported by dermoscopy and its simple treatment presents few recurrences.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Hyperpigmentation/diagnosis , Keratinocytes/pathology , Hyperpigmentation/therapy , Diagnosis, Differential
17.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 37(1): 33-38, ene.-mar. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098369

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Air contamination happens when unsafe or inordinate amounts of substances including gases, particles, and organic atoms are brought into Earth's climate. Objective: This review article defines air pollution, describes the types of pollutants, enumerates the various causative factors, enumerates the ways it impacts human health and suggests preventive measures to reduce the impact of air pollution on human health. Methods: Literature was studied extensively and effects of air pollution on human health have been described. Results and Conclusion: Air pollution has tremendous effects on human health in the form of respiratory diseases and aggravations in the form of asthma and lung cancer, cardiovascular dysfunctions, and malignant growth. An affiliation has been found to exist between male infertility and air pollution and a relationship has been established between air contamination and higher danger of immune dysfunction, neuroinflammation, neurobehavioral hyperactivity, crime, age-unseemly behaviours, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. Traffic-related air pollutants have been found to affect skin aging and cause pigmented spots on the face. An association exists between air pollution and irritation of the eyes, dry eye syndrome, risk for retinopathy and adverse ocular outcomes. Chronic exposure to air pollutants during pregnancy has been associated with adverse effects on the developing foetus in the form of low birth weight and still birth. Air contamination has been seen as a significant supporter of the expanded predominance of allergic diseases in children.


Subject(s)
Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Environmental Pollutants/adverse effects , Environmental Pollution/analysis , Disease/etiology , Costa Rica , Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis
19.
Actual. SIDA. infectol ; 28(104): 141-146, 2020 dic. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1349124

ABSTRACT

A partir de marzo de 2020 se han empezado a describir lesiones cutáneas asociadas a COVID-19 que fueron agrupadas en patrones y se relacionaron con la severidad y la temporalidad de la enfermedad. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con COVID-19 leve y lesiones cutáneas que pueden atribuirse a la infección. Se realiza una revisión de las manifestaciones cutáneas asociadas a COVID-19 y la interpretación de los diagnósticos diferenciales que se pensaron en el paciente


Since March 2020, skin lesions associated with COVID-19 have begun to be described. These were grouped into patterns, and were related to the severity and temporality of the disease. A patient with mild COVID-19 and skin lesions that can be attributed to the infection is presented. A review of the cutaneous manifestations associated with COVID-19 and the interpretation of the differential diagnoses that were thought of in the patient is carried out.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Concurrent Symptoms , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Diagnosis, Differential , Exanthema/diagnosis , Coinfection , COVID-19/complications
20.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(4): 462-469, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038307

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Cutaneous mucinoses are a heterogeneous group of dermatoses in which excess deposition of mucin in the dermis gives the skin a waxy appearance, with papules and plaques that can vary from self-healing mucinosis to even disrupting the normal shape of a patient's face, conferring a leonine facies, or be part of life threatening diseases like scleromyxedema. This review will describe the most recent classification on lichen myxedematosus in the generalized (scleromyxedema) and the localized forms, as well as the different organ systems involved in scleromyxedema, diagnostic workup, current management, and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/pathology , Scleromyxedema/diagnosis , Scleromyxedema/pathology , Skin/pathology , Skin Diseases/classification , Skin Diseases/therapy , Scleromyxedema/classification , Scleromyxedema/therapy , Fibroblasts/pathology , Mucins
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