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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 546-554, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346505

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las urgencias dermatológicas constituyen un motivo de consulta frecuente en los departamentos de urgencias. Con el objetivo de determinar la prevalencia de las consultas por urgencias dermato lógicas, describir las mismas, analizar la coincidencia entre los diagnósticos recibidos por los pacientes, en los casos que realizaron dos consultas por el mismo cuadro, y analizar el comportamiento de las variables de acuerdo al subsector del sistema de salud en el cual fueron atendidos: subsector público, y subsector privado, se realizó un estudio prospectivo, observacional, analítico, de corte transversal y multicéntrico. Se incluyeron 2801 pacientes. La prevalencia de las consultas por urgencias dermatológicas en adultos fue de 15% en el mismo período horario (subsector público: 10.6% y subsector privado: 22.5%, p < 0.05). Motivó la consulta una enfermedad infecciosa en el 35.5%, alérgica en el 29.6% y neoplásica en el 8.6%. Se hospitalizó el 0.7% de los pacientes. El 31.7% de los pacientes había realizado consultas previas. En estos casos se encontró coincidencia entre los diagnósticos realizados en el 80.7% de los atendidos de forma precedente por un médico dermatólogo, y el 52.6% de los evaluados por médicos no dermatólogos. La alta prevalencia de las consultas por urgencias dermatológicas y las diferencias existentes en la probabilidad de recibir un diagnóstico apropiado de acuerdo con la especialización del profesional interviniente, muestran la importancia de la presencia de un médico con formación en dermatología en el área de urgencias.


Abstract Dermatological emergencies are a frequent reason for emergency departments consultation. In order to determine the prevalence of dermatological emergencies, to describe the kind of dermatological diseases that present as emergencies, to analyze the coincidence between the diagnoses received by the patients in those cases with a previous consultations for the same cutaneous manifestation, and to analyze the behavior according to the health system segment in which they were attended: public segment and private segment; a prospective, ob servational, analytical, cross-sectional and multi-center study was carried out. Two thousand eight hundred one patients were included. The prevalence of consultations for dermatological emergencies in adults was 15% in the same time period (public segment: 10.6 and private segment: 22.5%, p < 0.05). The consultation was due to an infectious disease in 35.5%, allergic in 29.6% and neoplastic in 8.6%; 0.7% of patients were hospitalized. In 31.7% of patients who had a previous consultation, a coincidence was found between the diagnoses made in 80.7% of those attended by a dermatologist, and 52.6% evaluated by non-dermatologist physician. The high prevalence of dermatological consultations and the existing differences in the probability of receiving an appropri ate diagnosis according to the specialization of the intervening professional, show the importance of the presence of dermatology-trained physicians in the emergency area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Dermatology , Argentina/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Emergencies
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(6): e0051, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351858

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar o perfil clínico de pacientes em acompanhamento dermatológico encaminhados para avaliação oftalmológica. Métodos: A amostra foi composta de pacientes dermatológicos encaminhados para avaliação oftalmológica, nos anos de 2016 e de 2017. Estudou-se a concomitância de doenças dermatológicas com as afecções oftalmológicas por meio da coleta simultânea do histórico dermatológico (prontuários registrados com dados gerais e diagnóstico) e de dados da consulta oftalmológica após o encaminhamento. Resultados: Foram avaliados pela oftalmologia 224 pacientes, sendo 65% do sexo feminino, 80% caucasianos, com idade variando entre 1 mês e 85 anos. As situações cujo encaminhamento foi mais prevalente foram psoríase, lúpus, vitiligo e rosácea (18,3%, 13,8%, 12,9% e 10,7%, respectivamente). Fototerapia crônica e uso de hidroxicloroquina representaram 35,7% e 22,3% dos pacientes. Casos de neurofibromatose, micose fungoide, líquen plano, neoplasias de pele, atopias, pênfigo e esclerodermia também estiveram presentes. Cegueira legal foi detectada em 6%, e deficiências visuais ligadas a afecções dermatológicas foram verificadas em 16,5% dos casos. As alterações oculares mais prevalentes foram catarata (18,9%), blefarite (15,9%), pterígio (5,3%) e conjuntivite (5,3%). Conclusão: Encontrou-se elevada frequência de alterações oftalmológicas em uma população de pacientes com doenças dermatológicas. Assim, o estudo e a análise de manifestações oculares em pacientes dermatológicos podem auxiliar na detecção precoce e na prevenção de complicações.


ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the clinical profile of patients under dermatological care and referred to ophthalmological evaluation. Methods: The sample comprised dermatology patients referred to ophthalmological evaluation in 2016 and 2017. The simultaneous occurrence of skin and ophthalmic diseases was studied, by collecting dermatological history (medical records containing general data and diagnosis) and ophthalmic consultation data following referral. Results: A total of 224 patients were assessed, 65% were female, 80% were white, and age varied between one month and 85 years. The conditions more often referred were psoriasis, lupus, vitiligo and rosacea (18.3%, 13.8%, 12.9% and 10.7%, respectively). Chronic phototherapy and use of hydroxychloroquine were observed in 35.7% and 22.3% of patients, respectively. Cases of neurofibromatosis, mycosis fungoides, lichen planus, skin cancer, atopic dermatitis, pemphigus and scleroderma were also reported. Legal blindness was detected in 6% and visual impairment related to skin conditions in 16.5% of patients. The most prevalent ocular changes were cataracts (18.9%), blepharitis (15.9%), pterygium (5.3%) and conjunctivitis (5.3%). Conclusion: A high frequency of ophthalmic changes in a population of dermatological patients was found. In this context, studying and analyzing ocular manifestations in dermatological patients could be useful in early detection and prevention of complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Skin Diseases/complications , Vision Disorders/etiology , Eye Diseases/etiology , Referral and Consultation , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Vision Disorders/diagnosis , Vision Disorders/epidemiology , Brazil , Medical Records , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eye Diseases/diagnosis , Eye Diseases/epidemiology , Eye Manifestations
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1191-1198, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878170

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The prevalence of skin diseases and diabetes mellitus (DM) are prominent around the world. The current scope of knowledge regarding the prevalence of skin diseases and comorbidities with type 2 DM (T2DM) is limited, leading to limited recognition of the correlations between skin diseases and T2DM.@*METHODS@#We collected 383 subjects from the Da Qing Diabetes Study during the period from July 9th to September 1st, 2016. The subjects were categorized into three groups: Normal glucose tolerance (NGT), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and T2DM. The prevalence and clinical characteristics of skin diseases were recorded and investigated.@*RESULTS@#In this cross-sectional study, 383 individuals with ages ranging from 53 to 89-year-old were recruited. The overall prevalence of skin diseases was 93.5%, and 75.7% of individuals had two or more kinds of skin diseases. Additionally, there were 47 kinds of comorbid skin diseases in patients with T2DM, of which eight kinds of skin diseases had a prevalence >10%. The prevalence of skin diseases in NGT, IGT, and T2DM groups were 93.3%, 91.5%, and 96.6%, respectively; stratified analysis by categories showed a statistically significant difference in "disturbances of pigmentation" and "neurological and psychogenic dermatoses". The duration of T2DM also significantly associated with the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" and "neurological and psychogenic dermatoses". Subsequently, the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" was higher in males than females in NGT (P < 0.01) and T2DM (P < 0.01) groups. In addition, the difference in the prevalence of "disturbances of pigmentation" was also significant in NGT and T2DM groups (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There was a high prevalence of skin diseases in the Da Qing Diabetes Study. To address the skin diseases in the Da Qing Diabetes Study, increased awareness and intervention measures should be implemented.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Glucose , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Female , Glucose Intolerance/epidemiology , Glucose Tolerance Test , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Skin Diseases/epidemiology
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(4): 428-438, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130918

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Dermatology encompasses the management of many disorders of the skin and cutaneous appendages, making the analysis of epidemiological profiles relevant for health planning. Objective The study aims to describe the nosological profile of dermatological diseases in Florianopolis, analyzing the interrelation among the primary health care and dermatology services, from January 2016 to December 2017. Method Descriptive study from records of medical visits from the primary health care and dermatology services, as well as records of reports issued by the teledermatology service. Results In primary health care, from 55,265 medical visits - 28,546 in 2016 and 26,719 in 2017, there was a higher prevalence of "Atopic dermatitis" (6.38%), "other disorders of skin and subcutaneous tissue" (5.10%), and "Scabies" (4.55%). In dermatology secondary care, from 19,964 visits - 10,068 in 2016 and 9626 in 2017, the most prevalent diagnoses were "Other malignant neoplasms of the skin" (14.75%) and "Skin changes due to chronic exposure to nonionizing radiation" (10.20%). Study limitations Some dermatological consultations in primary health care may have been under-registered due to the attribution of non-specific or overly broad diagnoses. Conclusion This study presents different nosological profiles of skin diseases in primary health care and dermatology secondary care, reinforcing the importance of primary health care's role in the management of less complex conditions, referring more complex cases that require more specialized experience to dermatology services..


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Primary Health Care , Referral and Consultation , Secondary Care , Brazil/epidemiology , Dermatology
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(1): 57-62, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088735

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease of unknown cause that is characterized by the presence of granulomas in various organs. Cutaneous involvement is common and the reported incidence has varied from 9% to 37%. Studies on cutaneous sarcoidosis in Brazil are lacking. Objectives: To describe the clinical and epidemiological aspects of patients with cutaneous sarcoidosis diagnosed at the Department of Dermatology of the University of São Paulo, from May 1994 to March 2018. Methods: Clinical data of patients with confirmed cutaneous sarcoidosis were retrospectively reviewed and classified according to gender, ethnicity, age at diagnosis, cutaneous presentation, systemic involvement and treatment. Results: Cutaneous sarcoidosis was diagnosed in 72 patients with a female predominance (74%). The mean age at diagnosis was 49.6 years and most of the patients were white (61%). Papules and plaques were the most common lesions. Systemic sarcoidosis was detected in 81% of patients, affecting mainly the lungs and thoracic lymph nodes (97%). Typically, cutaneous lesions were the first manifestation (74%). Systemic therapy was necessary for 72% of patients; the dermatologist managed many of these cases. Oral glucocorticoids were the most commonly used systemic medication (92%). The mean number of systemic drugs used was 1.98 per patient. Limitations: Insufficient data in medical records. Conclusions: This series highlights the dermatologist role in recognizing and diagnosing cutaneous sarcoidosis, evaluating patients for systemic disease involvement and treating the skin manifestations. Cutaneous sarcoidosis was once considered exceedingly infrequent in Brazil in comparison to infectious granulomatous diseases; however, the present series seems to suggest that the disease is not so rare in this region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Sarcoidosis/epidemiology , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , Skin Diseases/pathology , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Administration, Cutaneous , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(3): 297-304, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041348

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of neonatal dermatoses in the early neonatal period and to associate them with neonatal, demographic and obstetric variables. Methods: A cross-sectional study with neonates and their respective mothers, who were hospitalized in a public maternity hospital in Curitiba, PR, Brazil. Data collection was performed using information present in the medical records and a physical examination of the newborn during the period between April 2015 and May 2016. Results: 350 neonates were evaluated. 54.8% were male, and 94.8% (332/350) presented a dermatosis. Among them, 84.6% had, concomitantly, two or more dermatoses. A total of 23 types of dermatoses were diagnosed. The most prevalent were: sebaceous hyperplasia (66%); fluff (42.6%); and salmon patches (41.4%). The mean age of the mothers was 24.9±4.9 years old, and they were predominately white (57.7%). Vernix caseosa was associated with the female gender (p=0.034). Nonwhite mothers were associated with genital hyperpigmentation (p=0.03) and Mongolian spots (p=0.001). Physiological flaking was associated with cesarean deliveries (p=0.03) and a gestational age of over 40 weeks (p=0.054). Salmon patches was associated with primiparity (p=0.0001). Conclusions: There was a high prevalence of neonatal dermatosis in the studied population. Each newborn had, on average, three different dermatoses. Dermatosis in neonates was associated with primiparity, nonwhites, a gestational age of over 40 weeks, and the sex of the newborn.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência de dermatoses no período neonatal precoce e associar sua ocorrência a variáveis neonatais, demográficas e obstétricas. Métodos: Estudo transversal com neonatos e respectivas puérperas internados em alojamento conjunto de uma maternidade pública de Curitiba (PR). A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de informações presentes nos prontuários e no exame físico do recém-nato durante o período de abril de 2015 a maio de 2016. Resultados: Foram avaliados 350 recém-nascidos, 54,8% do sexo masculino, e 332 (94,8%) apresentaram dermatoses. Desses 332, 84,6% tiveram, concomitantemente, duas ou mais dermatoses. Diagnosticou-se o total de 23 tipos de dermatoses, sendo mais prevalentes: hiperplasia sebácea (66,6%); lanugem (42,6%); e mancha salmão (41,4%). A média de idade das puérperas foi de 24,9±4,9 anos, com predomínio de etnia branca (57,7%). Vérnix foi associado a sexo feminino (p=0,034). A etnia materna não branca associou-se à hiperpigmentação genital (p=0,030) e mancha mongólica (p=0,001). A descamação fisiológica associou-se ao parto cesáreo (p=0,030) e à idade gestacional acima de 40 semanas (p=0,054); e mancha salmão, à primiparidade (p=0,0001). Conclusões: Verificou-se alta prevalência de dermatose neonatal na população estudada, sendo cada recém-nascido acometido em média por três tipos. Houve associação da presença de dermatoses com primiparidade, mães não brancas, idade gestacional superior a 40 semanas e sexo do neonato.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Parity/physiology , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/epidemiology , Skin Diseases/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gestational Age , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/pathology , Mothers
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(4): 422-428, July-Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038314

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Body dysmorphic disorder is a relatively common psychiatric disorder in the context of dermatology and cosmetic and plastic surgery but is underdiagnosed and underreported in Africa. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder and symptoms of anxiety/depression and determine their sociodemographic and clinical correlates. Methods: A systematic random sampling design was made to recruit 114 patients with skin diseases. Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained. The Body Dysmorphic Disorder Modification of the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was administered, and data were analyzed using SPSS 20. Results: Mean age of participants was 37.70±17.47 years, and 67/114 (58.8%) were females. Prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder was 41/114 (36.0%), and prevalence of anxiety/depression symptoms was 35/114 (30.7%). Prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder in patients with anxiety/depression symptoms was 15/41 (36.6%), and patients with facial disorders expressed the highest burden of anxiety/depression symptoms, in 15/35 (42.9%). Factors associated with significantly higher mean body dysmorphic disorder include age<50years (p=0.039), and anxiety/depression (p<0.001), education below high school was associated with higher mean anxiety/depression score (P= 0.031). In a binary logistic regression model, presence of anxiety/depression symptoms was predictive of body dysmorphic disorder (OR=10.0, CI: 4.1-28.2, p<0.001). Study limitations: the study is uncontrolled, conducted in a single source of care, thus limiting generalization to nonrelated settings. Conclusion: Prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder is high among dermatology patients and most prevalent in facial disorders. Facial diseases are associated with the highest burden of anxiety/depression symptoms. This is a clarion call for dermatologists to routinely assess for body dysmorphic disorder and appropriately refer affected patients to mental health care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anxiety/epidemiology , Skin Diseases/psychology , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Depression/epidemiology , Body Dysmorphic Disorders/psychology , Body Dysmorphic Disorders/epidemiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Socioeconomic Factors , Test Anxiety Scale , Time Factors , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric , Nigeria/epidemiology
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(6): 791-795, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012980

ABSTRACT

Summary Parkinsonism is characterized by bradykinesia with rigidity and/or resting tremor, in addition to non-motor symptoms, which include dermatological manifestations. The objective of this study is to evaluate the main dermatoses in patients with parkinsonism found at the Philanthropic Association of Curitiba - PR. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out with the application of a questionnaire and dermatological evaluation of the patients. The sample consisted of 386 patients and was composed mainly by men (55.4%), between 60-74 years old (51.6%), with complete primary education (45.3%), disease diagnosis time between 5-10 years (35%) and in use of medication (96.6%). The most prevalent dermatoses were pigmented nevus (36.3%), warts (25.1%), actinic keratosis (22%), seborrheic keratosis (21.5%), seborrheic dermatitis (20.5%), and rosacea (19.2%). Among the 13 cases (3.4%) of malignant cutaneous neoplasms confirmed by biopsy, 2 were melanomas. Regarding patients' sex, there was a higher prevalence of inflammatory dermatoses (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.08-2.51, p = 0.025) and benign cutaneous neoplasms (OR 1.77, 95% CI 1.16-2.69, p = 0.01) in men. As to age, patients aged between 60-74 years had more pre-malignant skin lesions (OR 2.60, 95% CI 1.05-6.44, p <0.001) and seborrheic keratosis (OR 2.52, 95% CI 1.02-6.25, p = 0.001) and, in those older than 75 years, actinic keratosis was more frequent (OR 5.43, 95% CI 2.17-13.6, p <0.001). The results of the study show that it is fundamental to dermatologically evaluate and monitor these patients, aiming at diagnosis and early treatment of lesions, especially of skin cancer.


RESUMO Parkinsonismo é caracterizado por bradicinesia e/ou tremor de repouso, além de sintomas não motores, entre os quais se destacam as manifestações dermatológicas. O objetivo desse trabalho é conhecer as principais dermatoses em pacientes portadores de parkinsonismo atendidos em uma associação filantrópica de Curitiba/PR. Foi realizado um estudo descritivo transversal com aplicação de questionário e avaliação dermatológica dos pacientes. A amostra estudada consistiu de 386 pacientes e foi composta principalmente por homens brancos (55,4%), entre 60-74 anos (51,6%), ensino fundamental completo (45,3%), tempo de diagnóstico da doença entre 5-10 anos (35%) e em uso de medicação (96,6%). As dermatoses mais encontradas na inspeção dermatológica foram manchas pigmentadas (36,3%), verrugas (25,1%), ceratose actínica (22%), ceratose seborreica (21,5%), dermatite seborreica (20,5%) e rosácea (19,2%). Entre os 11 casos (2,8%) de neoplasias cutâneas malignas confirmados por biópsia, dois eram melanomas. Em relação ao sexo, houve prevalência em homens de dermatoses inflamatórias (OR 1,64, IC 95% 1,08-2,51; p=0,025) e neoplasias cutâneas benignas (OR 1,77, IC 95% 1,16-2,69; p=0,01). Quanto à idade, pacientes entre 60-74 anos apresentaram mais lesões cutâneas pré-malignas (OR 2,60, IC 95% 1,05-6,44; p<0,001) e a ceratose seborreica (OR 2,52, IC 95% 1,02-6,25; p=0,001); naqueles acima de 75 anos foi mais frequente a ceratose actínica (OR 5,43, IC 95% 2,17-13,6; p<0,001). Os resultados encontrados no estudo evidenciam que são fundamentais a avaliação e o monitoramento dermatológico desses pacientes, visando diagnóstico e tratamento precoce das lesões, em especial do câncer de pele.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Parkinsonian Disorders/epidemiology , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Follow-Up Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Parkinsonian Disorders/diagnosis , Middle Aged
9.
Rev. inf. cient ; 98(6): 713-720, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1049122

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en Guantánamo no está esclarecida la frecuencia de las lesiones cutáneas en pacientes ingresados en los hogares de ancianos. Objetivo: determinar la frecuencia de dermatosis precancerosas y cancerosas en pacientes de los hogares de ancianos Caridad Jaca, Santa Catalina y San José del municipio Guantánamo en el período 2016-2017. Método: se realizó un estudio observacional, prospectivo, descriptivo y transversal con todos los ancianos (N=318) y en los afectados (n=70) se precisó el sexo, edad, fototipo cutáneo, tipo y localización de las lesiones. Resultados: el 22,1 por ciento de los ancianos presentó dermatosis precancerosas y cancerosas. Estas fueron más comunes en hombres (56,0 por ciento), con 70 a 79 años de edad (42,8 por ciento), fototipo cutáneo III (50,0 por ciento) y se localizaron en la cara (32,8 por ciento). Se diagnosticaron dermatosis precancerosas en el 84,3 por ciento de los pacientes y la más común fue la queratosis actínica (78,6 por ciento) y dermatosis cancerosas en el 15,7 por ciento de ellos y la más frecuente fue el carcinoma basocelular (8,6 por ciento). Conclusiones: en los pacientes ancianos que se estudiaron se diagnosticaron las dermatosis precancerosas y cancerosas que no se habían documentado con anterioridad, lo que revela la importancia de las acciones dirigidas al pesquisaje de estas lesiones cutáneas(AU)


Introduction: the frequency of skin lesions in patients admitted to nursing homes is not clarified in Guantanamo. Objective: to determine the frequency of precancerous and cancerous dermatoses in patients of the "Caridad Jaca", "Santa Catalina" and "San José" nursing homes of the Guantánamo municipality in the 2016-2017 period. Method: an observational, prospective, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out with all the elderly (N=318) and in those affected (n=70) the sex, age, cutaneous phototype, type and location of the lesions were specified. Results: 22.1 percent of the elderly presented precancerous and cancerous dermatoses. These were more common in men (56.0 percent ), with 70 to 79 years of age (42.8 percent ), skin phototype III (50.0 percent ) and were located on the face (32.8 percent ). Precancerous dermatoses were diagnosed in 84.3 percent of the patients and the most common was actinic keratosis (78.6 percent ) and cancerous dermatoses in 15.7 percent of them and the most frequent was basal cell carcinoma (8.6 percent ). Conclusions: in the elderly patients who were studied, precancerous and cancerous dermatoses were diagnosed that had not been previously documented, which reveals the importance of actions aimed at screening these skin lesions(AU)


Introdução: em Guantánamo, a frequência de lesões de pele empacientes internados em asilos não é esclarecida. Objetivo: determinara frequência de dermatoses pré-cancerígenas e cancerígenas em pacientes das casas de repouso Caridad Jaca, Santa Catalina e SanJosé do município de Guantánamo no período 2016-2017. Método: foirealizado um estudo observacional, prospectivo, descritivo e transversalcom todos os idosos (N=318) e naqueles afetados (n=70) foram especificados sexo, idade, fotótipo cutâneo, tipo e localização das lesões. Resultados: 22,1 por cento dos idosos apresentaram dermatoses pré-cancerosas e cancerígenas. Estes foram mais comuns em homens (56,0 por cento), com 70 a 79 anos (42,8 por cento), fototipo III (50,0 por cento) e estavam localizados na face (32,8 por cento). Dermatoses pré-cancerosas foram diagnosticadas em 84,3por cento dos pacientes e a mais comum foi a queratose actínica (78,6 por cento) e dermatoses cancerígenas em 15,7 por cento delas e a mais frequente foi o carcinoma basocelular (8,6) por cento) Conclusões: nos idosos estudados, foram diagnosticadas dermatoses pré-cancerosas e cancerígenas que não haviam sido previamente documentadas, o que revela a importância de ações voltadas para o rastreamento dessas lesões de pele(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Precancerous Conditions/epidemiology , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Observational Study , Homes for the Aged
10.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 40(spe): e20180317, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1004116

ABSTRACT

Resumo OBJETIVO Analisar as notificações de incidentes relacionados à segurança do paciente. MÉTODOS Estudo transversal com abordagem quantitativa, baseado nos dados do Gerenciamento de Risco de um complexo hospitalar, localizado no noroeste paulista, de agosto/2015 a julho/2016. RESULTADOS Foram analisadas 4.691 notificações. O enfermeiro foi a categoria profissional que mais notificou (71%), seguido do médico (8%). O período mais frequente em que ocorreram as notificações foi o diurno. Houve diferença significativa da proporção de notificações entre os dias da semana. As notificações foram classificadas por motivo, com destaque para os medicamentos (17%), seguido de lesões de pele (15%) e flebite (14%). A maior frequência de notificações ocorreu nas unidades de Internação. Quanto à gravidade 344 eventos ocasionaram dano ao paciente, sendo a maioria de intensidade leve (65%). CONCLUSÃO As notificações espontâneas são uma importante fonte de informações e evidenciam a magnitude do problema relacionado aos incidentes em saúde.


Resumen OBJETIVO Analizar las notificaciones de incidentes relacionados con la seguridad del paciente. MÉTODOS Estudio transversal con abordaje cuantitativo, basado en los datos del Gestión de Riesgos de un complejo hospitalario, ubicado em el noroeste paulista, de agosto de 2015 a julio de 2016. RESULTADOS Se analizaron 4.691 notificaciones. El enfermero fue la categoría profesional que más notificó (71%), seguido del médico (8%). El período más frecuente en que ocurrieron las notificaciones fue el diurno. Hubo una diferencia significativa de la proporción de notificaciones entre los días de la semana. Las notificaciones se clasificaron por motivo, con destaque para los medicamentos (17%), seguido de lesiones de piel (15%), flebitis (14%). La mayor frecuencia de notificaciones ocurrió en las unidades de Internación. En cuanto a la gravedad 344 eventos ocasionaron daño al paciente, siendo la mayoría de intensidad leve (65%). CONCLUSIÓN Las notificaciones espontáneas son una importante fuente de información, y evidencia la magnitud del problema relacionado con los incidentes en salud.


Abstract OBJECTIVE Analyze incident notifications related to the patient's safety. METHOD Cross-sectional study with quantitative approach, based on data from the risk Management of a hospital complex, located in northwest São Paulo, from August 2015 to July 2016. RESULTS 4,691 notifications were analyzed. Nurses were the professionals who notified the most (71%), followed by physicians (8%). The most frequent period in which the notifications occurred was the daytime. There was significant difference in the proportion of notifications between the days of the week. The notifications were classified by reason and the most prevalent were those related to medication (17%), followed by skin lesions (15%), and phlebitis (14%). The highest frequency of notifications occurred in the hospitalization units. In relation to severity, 344 events caused damage to the patient, most of which were of mild intensity (65%). CONCLUSION Spontaneous notifications are an important source of information, and highlight the magnitude of the problem related to health incidents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medication Errors , Personnel, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Phlebitis/epidemiology , Risk Management/methods , Risk Management/organization & administration , Risk Management/statistics & numerical data , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Time Factors , Accidental Falls/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Quality Improvement , Hospital Units , Medication Errors/statistics & numerical data
11.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(6): 1931-1946, nov.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-978711

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el incremento de la calidad de vida de la población y del adulto mayor, la integración de todas las disciplinas médicas, las acciones de prevención y ambientales conllevarán a lograr una longevidad satisfactoria. Objetivo: describir el comportamiento de las afecciones cutáneas en el adulto mayor. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, acerca del comportamiento de afecciones cutáneas en pacientes adultos mayores, vistos en la consulta de Dermatología en el policlínico docente Héroes del Moncada en el municipio de Cárdenas en el período correspondiente a los años 2015 y 2016. La muestra estuvo constituida por 707 pacientes atendidos en consulta por afecciones cutáneas, en el período estudiado. Para la obtención de los datos se revisaron las hojas de cargo del departamento de estadística. Resultados: en los pacientes atendidos prevaleció el sexo masculino en los adultos mayores, las afecciones más frecuentes diagnosticadas fueron las micosis superficiales, los tumores malignos y las lesiones precancerosas y se detectaron más de una afección en un mismo paciente. Conclusiones: las dermatosis en el adulto resultó de frecuente incidencia en consulta, predominando el sexo masculino (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: The population's and elder peoples´ increment of the quality of life, the integration of all the medical disciplines, health and environmental prevention will lead to achieve a satisfactory longevity. Objective: Describing the behavior of cutaneous affections in the adult principal. Material and methods: A descriptive, retrospective study was conducted on the behavior of cutaneous disorders in elderly patients, seen in the Dermatology clinic in the Héroes del Moncada teaching polyclinic in the municipality of Cárdenas in the period corresponding to the years 2015 and 2016. The sample It was constituted by 707 patients attended in consultation for cutaneous affections, in the period studied. To obtain the data, the charge sheets of the statistics department were reviewed. Results: In the patients attended the male sex prevailed in the elderly, the most frequent conditions diagnosed were superficial mycoses, malignant tumors and precancerous lesions and more than one condition was detected in the same patient. Conclusions: Them dermatosis in adult frequent music demands counselling, fundamentally in the masculine sex (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Quality of Life , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Dermatology , Longevity , Precancerous Conditions , Skin Diseases/prevention & control , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Mycoses , Neoplasms
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(6): 916-928, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038281

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Dermatological diseases are among the primary causes of the demand for basic health care. Studies on the frequency of dermatoses are important for the proper management of health planning. Objectives: To evaluate the nosological and behavioral profiles of dermatological consultations in Brazil. Methods: The Brazilian Society of Dermatology invited all of its members to complete an online form on patients who sought consultations from March 21-26, 2018. The form contained questions about patient demographics, consultation type according to the patient's funding, the municipality of the consultation, diagnosis, treatments and procedures. Diagnostic and therapeutic decisions were compared between subgroups. Results: Data from 9629 visits were recorded. The most frequent causes for consultation were acne (8.0%), photoaging (7.7%), nonmelanoma skin cancer (5.4%), and actinic keratosis (4.7%). The identified diseases had distinct patterns with regard to gender, skin color, geographic region, type of funding for the consultation, and age group. Concerning the medical conducts, photoprotection was indicated in 44% of consultations, surgical diagnostic procedures were performed in 7.3%, surgical therapeutic procedures were conducted in 19.2%, and cosmetic procedures were performed in 7.1%. Study limitations: Nonrandomized survey, with a sample period of one week. Conclusion: This research allowed us to identify the epidemiological profiles of the demands of outpatients for dermatologists in various contexts. The results also highlight the importance of aesthetic demands in privately funded consultations and the significance of diseases such as acne, nonmelanoma skin cancer, leprosy, and psoriasis to public health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Skin Diseases/classification , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution
13.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(11): 2139-2145, Nov. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976393

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to establish the incidence of skin tumors (cutaneous proliferative lesions of neoplastic or non-neoplastic nature) in dogs diagnosed by histopathological evaluation at the Veterinary Pathology Laboratory (LPV) of the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA) in a 10-year (2007-2016) historical series. Of the 1945 histopathological diagnoses made in this period, 503 were skin biopsies, and 617 dermatological problems (87 dogs, 17.3%, presented more than one positive diagnosis) were found. Of the 617 diagnoses of dermatopathy, 546 (88.49%) were tumors and 71 (11.51%) were non-tumorous alterations. The 546 conditions more profoundly studied were from 453 dogs, 468 (85.7%) neoplastic and 78 (14.3%) non-neoplastic tumors. The 468 neoplasms were classified as follows: 230 benign (49.14%), 215 malignant (45.94%), 23 borderline (epitheliomas) (4.91%), 51.92% (243/468) mesenchymal, 42.74% (200/468) epithelial, 4.91% (23/468) melanocytic, and 0.43% (2/468) metastatic (mammary gland). The most commonly diagnosed neoplastic dermatopathies were mastocytoma (14.7%) and lipoma (7.48%). Among the 78 non-neoplastic conditions (14.3%), epidermal inclusion cyst (39.74%) and trichogranuloma (15.38%) were the most frequent. Canine dermatopathies accounted for 26% of the biopsy files of the LPV-UFBA. Distinct simultaneous dermatological problems were frequently found in the dogs assessed (one in six). Considering that these conditions can present with different cellular origin and biological behavior, it is crucial that histopathological evaluation be performed in fragments from the different cutaneous lesions.(AU)


Objetivou-se com esse estudo determinar a frequência de dermatopatias tumorais (lesões proliferativas cutâneas que cursam com aumento de volume de natureza neoplásicas ou não neoplásicas) em cães, diagnosticadas por exame histopatológico no Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária (LPV) da Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA) na série histórica de 10 anos (2007-2016). Dos 1.945 exames histopatológicos realizados no período, 503 tratava-se de biópsias cutâneas, dentre os quais, foram diagnosticados 617 dermatopatias (87 cães, 17,3%, apresentavam mais de um diagnóstico). Dos 617 diagnósticos de dermatopatias 546 (88,49%) foram tumorais e 71 (11,51%) não tumorais. As 546 dermatopatias tumorais, estudadas com mais ênfase, foram diagnosticadas em 453 cães, 468 (85,7%) eram neoplásicas e 78 (14,3%) não neoplásicas. Das 468 dermatopatias tumorais neoplásicas encontradas 230 foram benignas (49,14%), 215 malignas (45,94%), 23 borderline/epiteliomas (4,91%), 51,92% (243/468) de origem mesenquimal, 42,74% (200/468) epiteliais, 4,91% (23/468) melanocíticas e 0,43% (2/468) metastáticas para a pele (primárias de glândula mamária). As dermatopatias neoplásicas mais diagnosticadas foram o mastocitoma (14,7%) e o lipoma (7,48%). Dentre as 78 dermatopatias tumorais não neoplásicas (14,3%), os cistos de inclusão epidermal (39,74%) e o tricogranuloma (15,38%) foram os mais frequentes. As dermatopatias caninas representaram 26% da casuística no LPV/UFBA. A ocorrência de dermatopatias tumorais simultâneas distintas foi comum nos cães desse estudo (um a cada seis); como podem ter origens celulares e comportamentos biológicos diferentes, enfatiza-se a importância da coleta e envio para exame histopatológico de fragmentos das diferentes lesões cutâneas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Skin Diseases/pathology , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/veterinary , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Dogs
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(5): 755-758, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038279

ABSTRACT

Abstract: There is little data in the literature concerning dermatologic admissions. Several diseases are seasonal in incidence and clinical worsening. We performed a survey of hospitalizations in the dermatology ward of a public hospital (April/2007 to May/2017). There were 1790 hospitalizations, whose main diagnoses were infectious dermatoses, neoplasias, psoriasis, bullous diseases and cutaneous ulcers. In winter, there were fewer hospitalizations for bacterial infections and urticaria, but more for leprosy. In summer, there were fewer hospitalizations for systemic and subcutaneous mycoses, but more for zoodermatoses and erythema multiforme. In the fall, more patients were admitted with mycoses. Spring favored urticaria and angioedema, but less cases of erythema multiforme and diabetic foot.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Seasons , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Patient Admission/statistics & numerical data , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Skin Diseases, Bacterial/epidemiology , Dermatology/statistics & numerical data , Length of Stay
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(4): 513-516, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949916

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Brazilian Unified Health System presents a long waiting period for a dermatology appointment, varying from 34 to 239 days. Objectives: Analyze the prevalence of cutaneous diseases evaluated by dermatologists in a specialized center, in patients referred from the primary care, and to present possible interventions for the primary units. Methods: Retrospective analyses of the International Codes of Diseases (ICD-10) described in every dermatology appointment in a specialty center in Sao Paulo from January 2014 to August 2015. Results: A total of 7.350 consultations were included. Superficial mycosis corresponded to 1,058 (14.4%) of the main complaints and dermatophytosis was the most frequently used ICD, corresponding to 481 individual consultations (6.5%), followed by onychomycosis, responsible for 464 consultations (6.3%), acne in 347 (4,7%). and contact dermatitis in 311 consultations (4,2%). Study limitations: The study was based on retrospective analysis of ICD described and no previous orientation for a solid use of the codes was performed to the dermatology team; consultations in which the ICD was not informed or a non-especific ICD was used were excluded; different dermatologists were responsible for the consultations. Conclusion: Superficial mycosis corresponded to 14.4% of the chief complaints in the studied period and was the most frequent cause of reference from primary care doctors to dermatologists. Prevalence data obtained in the present study could assist the capacitation policies in the primary care system, focusing the dermatology teaching in the most prevalent dermatological disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Skin Diseases/classification , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Brazil/epidemiology , International Classification of Diseases , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Triage , Ambulatory Care Facilities
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(3): 362-367, May-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949880

ABSTRACT

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Internal malignancies such as breast cancer, as well as their treatment can often result in skin changes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of dermatological complaints in patients who are undergoing oncological treatment for breast cancer in a hospital in Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil. METHODS: Observational, cross-sectional study, from October 2015 to February 2016 in which 152 patients with the diagnosis of breast cancer, undergoing treatment with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormone therapy and/or surgery, were interviewed and completed a research protocol developed by the author. RESULTS: The treatment of breast cancer was associated with dermatological complaints in 94.1% of the interviewed, being with hair loss the most frequent, present in 79.6% of the sample, followed by nail changes (56%). Patients with lighter skin phototypes (I, II and III) had a lower risk (p=0.045) of developing skin changes when compared to darker phototypes. Radiation therapy (p=0.011) and oncological surgery (pFisher=0.004) were statistically significant when related to skin changes. STUDY LIMITATIONS: Inherent to the design of the study, as well as recall bias. CONCLUSIONS: It was found that most patients diagnosed with breast cancer showed dermatologic manifestations during the proposed cancer treatment. Patients undergoing radiotherapy and surgery showed skin changes with greater statistical significance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Skin/drug effects , Skin/radiation effects , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hormones/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(2): 294-296, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038268

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The vulva corresponds to the external female genitalia. Special features of this region favor a wide range of diseases, whose knowledge allows for better clinical management, impacting on the quality of life. This is a cross-sectional and descriptive study carried out at a vulvar pathology outpatient clinic, between May and December/ 2015. Data obtained from a standard form included demographic parameters, habits, and vulvar dermatosis and allowed to identify the epidemiological profile of patients with vulvar dermatosis treated in this outpatient clinic and to determine the most prevalent dermatoses. Our results, partially concordant with the literature, provide original data that should stimulate further studies


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Vulvar Diseases/epidemiology , Ambulatory Care Facilities/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Distribution
18.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(6): 377-384, dic. 2017. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887401

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las dermatosis son frecuentes en niños. Nuestro objetivo fue describir las interconsultas con dermatología de niños hospitalizados. Población y métodos. Se analizaron las solicitudes de interconsultas con dermatología pediátrica de 539 pacientes consecutivos (de 0 a 18 años de edad) entre enero de 2004 y abril de 2010; para determinar en la interconsulta, el grupo de dermopatías, diagnóstico principal, departamento solicitante, patrón diagnóstico, modalidad de tratamiento y derivación a otro departamento. Resultados. De 539 niños hospitalizados, 310 (57, 51%) eran varones y 229 (42, 49%), mujeres. El departamento de pediatría general (37, 5%), fue el que consultó más frecuentemente, seguido por oncología (15, 6%) y cirugía pediátrica (11%). La mayoría (32%) habían sido hospitalizados por una dermopatía o enfermedad relacionada. Las alergias cutáneas (47%) fueron las principales dermatosis consultadas, seguidas por enfermedades infecciosas (14, 7%) y trastornos sistémicos con manifestaciones cutáneas (10, 2%). La dermatitis atópica (7, 4%) y el eccema sin clasificar (7, 4%) fueron las dermatosis más frecuentes, seguidos de la urticaria papulosa (5, 4%). En el 80% de los pacientes, el diagnóstico fue clínico; requirieron biopsia cutánea el 15, 9% y análisis de laboratorio el 4%. El 51% de los pacientes requirió tratamiento local, el 6%, tratamiento sistémico, el 31%, sistémico combinado y ningún tratamiento en el 11, 1%. Se derivó a otro departamento al 2% de los pacientes. Conclusiones.Este estudio obtuvo datos importantes sobre los trastornos de piel y su tratamiento en niños hospitalizados desde la perspectiva de la interconsulta.


Introduction. Although skin diseases are associated with low rate of hospitalization, dermatological manifestations are frequent in hospitalized patients. The aim of the study was to describe the inpatient dermatological consultations in a pediatric teaching hospital. Population and Methods. Recorded data from inpatient pediatric dermatology consultation requests on a total of 539 consecutive inpatients (aged 0-18 years) from January 2004 to April 2010 were analyzed for consult diagnosis, dermatological disease group, primary diagnosis, requesting department, diagnostic pattern, treatment modality and referral to another department. Results. Of the 539 inpatients, 310 (57.51%) were males and 229 (42.49%) were females. The most frequent requesting department was general pediatrics (37.5%) followed by oncology (15.6%) and pediatric surgery (11.1%). Most of the patients (32.1%) had been hospitalized for dermatological or related disease followed by acute lymphoblastic leukemia (4.1%), chronic renal failure (2.6%), bronchopneumonia (2.6%) and epilepsy (2.4%). Allergic skin diseases (47.1%) were the leading group of dermatoses, which were followed by infectious diseases (14.7%), and systemic diseases with cutaneous manifestations (10.2%). Atopic dermatitis (7.4%) and unclassified eczema (7.4%) were the most frequent dermatoses followed by papular urticaria (5.4%). Most of the patients (80.0%) had diagnosis on clinical basis, whereas skin biopsy was performed in 15.9% and laboratory investigation in 4.1% of the patients. Local treatment was applied to 50.8% of the patients, systemic treatment to 5.8%, local and systemic treatment together to 31.0% while no treatment was given to 11.1%. Only 1.9% of the patients were referred to another department. Conclusions. This study provided important data on the spectrum of skin disorders and their management in pediatric inpatients from the consultation perspective in a pediatric teaching hospital with multispecialty clinics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Dermatology/statistics & numerical data , Inpatients/statistics & numerical data , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Hospitals, Pediatric , Hospitals, Teaching
20.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(4): 521-525, July-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886995

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Sensitive skin is a condition characterized by stinging, burning and itching sensations. The diagnosis, pathophysiology and treatment of sensitive skin are still under discussion. In the last years, studies on its epidemiology have been performed, showing a high prevalence and impact on quality of life. Brazilian population was also considered in these studies. Cosmetics, climate changes and skin barrier impairment are the main factors that contribute for skin hyperreactivity. New studies are trying to bring new knowledge about the theme. This review will describe data on epidemiology, triggering factors, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Diseases , Somatosensory Disorders , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/etiology , Skin Diseases/therapy , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Skin Tests/methods , Causality , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cosmetics/adverse effects , Somatosensory Disorders/diagnosis , Somatosensory Disorders/etiology , Somatosensory Disorders/therapy , Somatosensory Disorders/epidemiology , Dermatitis/diagnosis , Dermatitis/physiopathology , Dermatitis/epidemiology , Environment
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