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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(2): 133-143, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130860

ABSTRACT

Abstract Patients with psychocutaneous disorders often refuse psychiatric intervention in their first consultations, leaving initial management to the dermatologist. The use of psychotropic agents in dermatological practice, represented by antidepressants, antipsychotics, anxiolytics, and mood stabilizers, should be indicated so that patients receive the most suitable treatment rapidly. It is important for dermatologists to be familiar with the most commonly used drugs for the best management of psychiatric symptoms associated with dermatoses, as well as to manage dermatologic symptoms triggered by psychiatric disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychophysiologic Disorders/drug therapy , Psychotropic Drugs/therapeutic use , Skin Diseases/psychology , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Mental Disorders/drug therapy , Risk Factors , Dermatology
2.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 24(3): e20190333, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1101151

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo compreender as experiências de adolescentes com doenças crônicas de pele que participaram de acampamento. Método estudo fenomenológico, com seis adolescentes com diagnóstico de doença crônica de pele, participantes de acampamento no Brasil. Coleta de dados: foram realizadas entrevistas fenomenológicas, no período de julho de 2015 a janeiro de 2016. Resultados três categorias temáticas emergiram e possibilitaram a compreensão do fenômeno. Participar do acampamento acarreta mudança na vida dos adolescentes e em seus modos-de-ser no mundo cotidiano. Impulsiona-os a refletir sobre o estigma já vivenciado anteriormente e as novas experiências, após participarem do acampamento, os auxilia no enfrentamento dos desafios da própria vida de maneira mais otimista. Conclusão Para os adolescentes, a experiência de participar do acampamento é transformadora, devido à possibilidade do encontro com pares e de vivenciar um ambiente livre de preconceito, permitindo ao adolescente ser si-mesmo. Implicações para prática Os acampamentos promovem interação entre pares, sendo estratégias acessíveis para profissionais de saúde, especialmente aos enfermeiros. Intervenções que, de fato, promovam assistência integral à saúde de crianças e adolescentes com condições crônicas de saúde e seus familiares, além da articulação entre serviços de complexidades distintas e seus profissionais de saúde, podem garantir o acesso ao cuidado de qualidade.


Resumen Objetivo Comprender las experiencias de adolescentes con enfermedades crónicas de piel que participaron de campamento. Método Estudio fenomenológico con seis adolescentes diagnosticados con la enfermedad, participantes del campamento en Brasil. Recopilación de datos: se realizaron entrevistas fenomenológicas desde julio/2015 hasta enero/2016. Resultados Tres categorías temáticas permitieron la comprensión del fenómeno. Participar de campamento produce cambios en la vida de los adolescentes y en sus modos-de-ser en el mundo cotidiano. Los influye a reflexionar sobre el estigma que han experimentado y las nuevas experiencias, después de participaren del campamento, los ayuda a enfrentar los desafíos de la vida de manera más optimista. Conclusión La experiencia del campamento es transformadora debido a la posibilidad de reunirse con sus compañeros y experimentar un ambiente libre de prejuicios, lo que permite que el adolescente sea si-mismo. Implicaciones para la práctica Los campamentos promueven interacción entre pares y son estrategias accesibles para los profesionales de salud, especialmente las enfermeras. Las intervenciones que, de hecho, promueven la atención integral de la salud para niños y adolescentes con enfermedades crónicas y sus familias, así como la articulación entre los servicios de diferentes complejidades y sus profesionales de salud, pueden garantizar el acceso a una atención de calidad.


Abstract Objective To understand the experiences of adolescents with chronic skin diseases who participated in a camp. Method Phenomenological study with six adolescents diagnosed with chronic skin disease, participants in a camp in Brazil. Data collection: phenomenological interviews were conducted from July 2015 to January 2016. Results Three thematic categories emerged and enabled the understanding of the phenomenon. Participating in the camp brings about change in the lives of adolescents and their ways of being in the everyday world. It encourages them to reflect on the stigma they have experienced before and the new experiences, after attending the camp, help them to cope with life's challenges in a more optimistic way. Conclusion For the adolescents, the experience of participating in the camp is transformative due to the possibility of meeting with peers and experiencing an environment free of prejudice, allowing the adolescent to be him/herself. Implications for practice Camps promote interaction among peers, being accessible strategies for health professionals, especially nurses. Interventions that, in fact, promote comprehensive health care for children and adolescents with chronic health conditions and their families, as well as the articulation between services of different complexities and their health professionals, can guarantee access to quality care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Skin Diseases/psychology , Camping , Chronic Disease , Qualitative Research
3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(4): 422-428, July-Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038314

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Body dysmorphic disorder is a relatively common psychiatric disorder in the context of dermatology and cosmetic and plastic surgery but is underdiagnosed and underreported in Africa. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder and symptoms of anxiety/depression and determine their sociodemographic and clinical correlates. Methods: A systematic random sampling design was made to recruit 114 patients with skin diseases. Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained. The Body Dysmorphic Disorder Modification of the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was administered, and data were analyzed using SPSS 20. Results: Mean age of participants was 37.70±17.47 years, and 67/114 (58.8%) were females. Prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder was 41/114 (36.0%), and prevalence of anxiety/depression symptoms was 35/114 (30.7%). Prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder in patients with anxiety/depression symptoms was 15/41 (36.6%), and patients with facial disorders expressed the highest burden of anxiety/depression symptoms, in 15/35 (42.9%). Factors associated with significantly higher mean body dysmorphic disorder include age<50years (p=0.039), and anxiety/depression (p<0.001), education below high school was associated with higher mean anxiety/depression score (P= 0.031). In a binary logistic regression model, presence of anxiety/depression symptoms was predictive of body dysmorphic disorder (OR=10.0, CI: 4.1-28.2, p<0.001). Study limitations: the study is uncontrolled, conducted in a single source of care, thus limiting generalization to nonrelated settings. Conclusion: Prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder is high among dermatology patients and most prevalent in facial disorders. Facial diseases are associated with the highest burden of anxiety/depression symptoms. This is a clarion call for dermatologists to routinely assess for body dysmorphic disorder and appropriately refer affected patients to mental health care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anxiety/epidemiology , Skin Diseases/psychology , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Depression/epidemiology , Body Dysmorphic Disorders/psychology , Body Dysmorphic Disorders/epidemiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Socioeconomic Factors , Test Anxiety Scale , Time Factors , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric , Nigeria/epidemiology
4.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 38(2): 82-84, jun. 2018. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023177

ABSTRACT

Las dermatosis autoinfligidas representan un motivo habitual de consulta, así como un desafío diagnóstico y terapéutico. Se caracterizan por la autoprovocación de lesiones cutáneas de manera consciente o inconsciente en el contexto de trastornos psiquiátricos complejos. Comunicamos el caso de una paciente que consultó al Servicio de Dermatología por úlceras irregulares y sobreinfectadas localizadas en rostro, de 2 meses de evolución. El caso representó una dificultad diagnóstica ya que solo a partir del interrogatorio exhaustivo y los exámenes complementarios, que descartaron otras patologías, se arribó al diagnóstico de úlceras autoprovocadas en contexto de patología psiquiátrica que requirió manejo interdisciplinario. (AU)


Self-inflicted dermatoses are a frequent cause for consultation and represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. They are characterized by the conscious or unconscious self-generation of cutaneous lesions in the context of complex psychiatric disorders. We report the case of a patient who consulted at the dermatology department with two months history of irregular and superinfected ulcers located on the face. This case represented a diagnostic difficulty since only from an exhaustive interrogation and complementary examinations, which ruled out other pathologies, we arrived at the diagnosis of self-inflicted ulcers in the context of psychiatric pathology that required interdisciplinary management. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Ulcer/psychology , Mental Disorders/complications , Signs and Symptoms , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/etiology , Skin Diseases/pathology , Skin Diseases/psychology , Skin Diseases/therapy , Skin Ulcer/pathology , Skin Ulcer/therapy , Facial Injuries/pathology , Facial Injuries/therapy , Degloving Injuries/etiology , Degloving Injuries/therapy
5.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(supl.1): 652-659, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-898517

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the social networks of patients with chronic skin damages. Method: A qualitative study conducted through semi-structured interviews with nine subjects with chronic skin lesions from June 2016 to March 2017; we used the theoretical-methodological framework of Lia Sanicola's Social Network. Results: The analysis of the relational maps revealed that the primary network was formed mainly by relatives and neighbors; its characteristics, such as: reduced size, low density and few exchanges/relationships, configures fragility in these links. The secondary network was essentially described by health services, and the nurse was cited as a linker in the therapeutic process. Final considerations: Faced with the fragility of the links and social isolation, the primary health care professionals are fundamental foundations for the construction of networks of social support and care for patients with chronic skin lesions.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Describir las redes sociales de portadores de lesión cutánea crónica. Método: Estudio cualitativo realizado a través de entrevistas semiestructuras con nueve sujetos portadores de lesiones cutáneas crónicas en el período de junio 2016 a marzo 2017; se utilizó el referencial teórico metodológico de Red Social de Lia Sanicola. Resultados: El análisis de los mapas relacionales reveló que la red primaria estaba formada principalmente por familiares y vecinos; sus características, como: tamaño reducido, baja densidad y pocos intercambios/relaciones, configuran fragilidad en esos vínculos. La red secundaria fue descrita esencialmente por servicios de salud y la enfermera fue citada como formadora de vínculo en el proceso terapéutico. Consideraciones finales: Ante la fragilidad de los vínculos y del aislamiento social, los profesionales de la atención primaria a la salud son bases fundamentales para la construcción de redes de apoyo social y cuidado al portador de lesión cutánea crónica.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever as redes sociais de portadores de lesão cutânea crônica. Método: Estudo qualitativo realizado através de entrevistas semiestruturadas com nove sujeitos portadores de lesões cutâneas crônicas no período de junho de 2016 a março de 2017; utilizou-se o referencial teórico metodológico de Rede Social de Lia Sanicola. Resultados: A análise dos mapas relacionais revelou que a rede primária era formada principalmente por familiares e vizinhos; suas características, como: tamanho reduzido, baixa densidade e poucas trocas/relacionamentos, configura fragilidade nesses vínculos. A rede secundária foi descrita essencialmente por serviços de saúde, e a enfermeira foi citada como formadora de vínculo no processo terapêutico. Considerações finais: Diante da fragilidade dos vínculos e do isolamento social, os profissionais da atenção primária à saúde são alicerces fundamentais para a construção de redes de apoio social e cuidado ao portador de lesão cutânea crônica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Skin Diseases/psychology , Social Support , Skin Diseases/complications , Social Isolation/psychology , Brazil , Interviews as Topic/methods , Qualitative Research , Family Relations/psychology , Social Stigma , Middle Aged
6.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 17(3): 915-933, set.-dez. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-947681

ABSTRACT

O universo infantil nos últimos anos vem ganhando visibilidade em diferentes campos. O crescente interesse de pesquisadores em conhecer as percepções das crianças acerca de diversos temas as tem destacado em suas pesquisas. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar as percepções de crianças, sem e com doença crônica de pele, sobre saúde e envelhecimento. Trata-se de estudo qualitativo. Os participantes foram sete crianças sem doença crônica de pele e sete crianças com doença crônica de pele, onde o primeiro grupo possui vínculo com uma entidade comunitária do município de Gravataí e o outro com um ambulatório de saúde pública na cidade de Porto Alegre. Para a coleta de dados foi utilizado roteiro de entrevista semiestruturada. Para análise de conteúdo, foi utilizada a Análise de Bardin e a perspectiva do modelo biopsicossocial. As narrativas das crianças foram classificadas em três categorias a partir da avaliação de três juízes: Envelhecimento e Processo Saúde-doença, Prevenção e Envelhecimento, Relação entre Gerações. Destaca-se que as percepções dos grupos investigados apresentam semelhanças em relação ao envelhecimento, que representa a passagem do tempo. Sobre saúde, os grupos apresentam diferenças a partir de suas próprias experiências. Faz-se necessário o investimento em intervenções que promovam ações intergeracionais para promover a convivência saudável e a solidariedade entre as diferentes gerações. (AU)


The children's universe in recent years has been gaining visibility in different fields. The growing interest of researchers in understanding children's perceptions of various topics has highlighted them in their research. The objective of this study was to investigate the perceptions of children with and with chronic skin disease on health and aging. This is a qualitative study. The participants were 07 children without chronic skin disease and 07 children with chronic skin disease, where the first group had a link with a community entity in the city of Gravataí and the other with a public health clinic in the city of Porto Alegre. For data collection a semi-structured interview script was used. For content analysis, we used the Bardin Analysis and the perspective of the biopsychosocial model. The children's narratives were classified into three categories based on the evaluation of three judges: Aging and Health-Disease Process, Prevention and Aging, Relationship between Generations. It should be emphasized that the perceptions of the investigated groups present similarities in relation to aging, which represents the passage of time. On health, groups present differences from their own experiences. It is necessary to invest in interventions that promote intergenerational actions to promote healthy coexistence and solidarity between different generations. (AU)


El universo infantil en los últimos años ha ido ganando visibilidad en diferentes campos. El creciente interés de los investigadores para conocer las percepciones de los niños sobre los diferentes temas que han destacado en sus investigaciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar las percepciones de los niños y la enfermedad crónica de la piel en la salud y el envejecimiento. Se trata de un estudio cualitativo. Los participantes fueron 07 niños sin enfermedad crónica de la piel y 07 niños con enfermedad crónica de la piel, donde el primer grupo tiene vínculos con el municipio de Gravataí una entidad comunitaria y el otro con una clínica de salud pública en la ciudad de Porto Alegre. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó entrevistas semiestructuradas. Para el análisis de contenido se utilizó para el análisis de Bardin y la perspectiva del modelo biopsicosocial. Los relatos de los niños se clasificaron en tres categorías en función de la evaluación de tres jueces: Envejecimiento y Proceso Salud-Enfermedad, la prevención y el envejecimiento, las relaciones intergeneracionales. Es de destacar que las percepciones de los grupos investigados tienen similitudes en relación con el envejecimiento, que representa el paso del tiempo. La salud, los grupos difieren de sus propias experiencias. Es necesaria inversión en las intervenciones para promover actividades intergeneracionales para promover la sana convivencia y la solidaridad entre distintas generaciones. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Skin Diseases/psychology , Aging , Child , Chronic Disease , Health , Adolescent , Intergenerational Relations
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(1): 63-71, Jan.-Feb. 2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838008

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The mind-skin connection has been studied since the nineteenth century. The last 40 years have set the development of new research areas which allowed the clarifying of how these two dimensions interact. The diseases that involve skin and mind constitute the field of psychodermatology and require that specialists in dermatology, psychiatry and psychology together and integrated take part in it, since skin, nervous system and mind are simultaneously affected. This paper aims to expose how psychodermatoses are currently conceptualized and the need of integration of these three specialties for conveniently treating the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Care Team , Psychophysiologic Disorders/psychology , Psychophysiologic Disorders/therapy , Skin Diseases/psychology , Skin Diseases/therapy , Psychiatry , Psychology, Clinical , Psychophysiology , Stress, Psychological/physiopathology , Touch Perception , Dermatologists
8.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 27(1): 27-34, 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-908178

ABSTRACT

The skin has the distinction of being the largest, visible and accessible part of the human body, and it hides a close and old relationship with the human psyche, and so has been demonstrated in the last years, where more elements of the Mental Health are elucidated playing a role in the pathogenesis of skin diseases, as well as there are some descriptions of the inverse relationship, this is, on how the skin diseases affect Mental Health of the individual. In this paper we propose to emphasize the importance of the issue, to consider a comprehensive approach to everyday Dermatology in Primary Care Medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dermatology , Primary Health Care , Skin Diseases/psychology , Acne Vulgaris/psychology , Alopecia Areata/psychology , Delusional Parasitosis/psychology , Dermatitis/psychology , Neurodermatitis/psychology , Psoriasis/psychology , Trichotillomania/psychology , Vitiligo/psychology
9.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 26(1): 42-50, 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-788848

ABSTRACT

Psychodermatology is an area of dermatology dedicated to the connection between this medical discipline and psychiatry. Its importance is based in that emotional factors can exacerbate skin diseases and psychiatric disorders may manifest as skin lesions. This relationship can be described as an intricate network involving psychological, social, neuroendocrine, immune and skin factors, as reflected in the complexity of the management of these patients. Is important to increase research and interest in this important issue, as an integrative and multidisciplinary approach allows for interventions in the vicious circle between psychiatric dysfunction and skin symptoms, improving significantly the quality of life of patients...


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Diseases/psychology , Psychophysiology , Mental Disorders/complications
10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 89(4): 600-607, Jul-Aug/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-715541

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Measuring the quality of life measure of patients with dermatologic diseases is an important concern. The instruments to evaluate it are commonly originally written in English and need to be translated and validated to be used in different cultures. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to translate and validate the Skindex-29 questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese to be used in our country as a quality of life assessment instrument in dermatologic patients. METHODS: The first step was the translation from English to Brazilian Portuguese and the back-translation by two native speakers. The translated version was then used for the second step, when three questionnaires were applied to 75 patients (43 of whom were classified as lightly affected and 32 as heavily affected by their dermatologic conditions): an identification questionnaire, the translated version of Skindex-29, and the Brazilian Portuguese version of Dermatologic Life Quality Index (DLQI). Additionally, the generic questionnaire Short Form 36 (SF-36) was applied to 41 of these patients. The last step to evaluate reproducibility was repeating the Skindex-29 questionnaire by the same researcher one week later in 44 patients. RESULTS: Reliability was observed in global Skindex-29 scale (α=0.934), and its domains emotions (α=0.926), symptoms (α=0,702), and psycosocial functioning (α=0.860). The reproducibility showed high intraclass correlations. High intra class correlations was observed, thus validating reliability. CONCLUSIONS: The Skindex-29 quality of life questionnaire was properly translated and validated to Brazilian Portuguese. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Skin Diseases/psychology , Translations , Brazil , Cultural Characteristics , Emotions , Language , Reproducibility of Results , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 87(5): 697-702, Sept-Oct. 2012. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-651560

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Skin diseases cause negative impact on the emotional state, social relationships and daily activities, due to the stigma caused by the appearance of the lesions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the quality of life of pediatric patients with skin diseases attending a dermatology service, compare the scores obtained among the dermatoses found in the sample and associate them to the variables, in addition to observing how the skin disease specifically affects quality of life. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, with patients between 5 and 16 years attending the Dermatology Service of the University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre, Brazil, between July 2010 and February 2011. The data collection instruments were the Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index questionnaire and the AUEQI questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 161 patients were interviewed, with mean age of 9,66 years. The main dermatoses were atopic dermatitis (29.8%), warts (13%) and molluscum contagiosum (7.5%). Chronic diseases (73.9%) were the most prevalent. The overall mean Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index score was 5.01 for chronic dermatoses and 2.07 for acute illnesses, indicating a compromised quality of life among chronically ill patients. The comparison between the scores obtained with the AUEQI scale and the Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index scores indicates that the overall quality of life is less affected than the specific quality of life related to the dermatosis. CONCLUSIONS: The data presented reinforce how important it is that the patients, their families and caregivers understand the symptoms, triggers and treatment of the skin disease in question. This information facilitates adherence to the treatment and justifies the conduct adopted by the dermatologist.


FUNDAMENTOS: Doenças dermatológicas, em razão dos estigmas pela aparência das lesões, são fonte de impacto negativo no estado emocional, relações sociais e atividades cotidianas. OBJETIVOS: Este estudo objetiva avaliar a qualidade de vida nos pacientes dermatológicos pediátricos em um centro de referência em dermatologia, comparar os índices de qualidade de vida entre as dermatoses e associá-los às variáveis, além de avaliar de que forma as dermatoses afetam a qualidade de vida especificamente. MÉTODOS: Estudo analítico transversal, pacientes entre 5 e 16 anos, do Serviço de Dermatologia da Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, entre julho de 2010 e fevereiro de 2011. Instrumentos utilizados: questionário Índice Pediátrico de Qualidade de Vida em Dermatologia e escala AUQEI. RESULTADOS: Um total de 161 pacientes, média de idade de 9,66 anos. As principais dermatoses foram dermatite atópica (29,8%), verrugas vulgares (13%) e molusco contagioso (7,5%). Doenças crônicas (73,9%) foram mais prevalentes. A média do Índice Pediátrico de Qualidade de Vida em Dermatologia de 5,01 para dermatoses crônicas, e de 2,07 em agudas, indicando maior comprometimento da qualidade de vida entre os pacientes cronicamente enfermos. A comparação entre os escores obtivos com a escala AUEQI e o Índice Pediátrico de Qualidade de Vida em Dermatologia indicam que a qualidade de vida global é afetada com menor intensidade do que a relacionada especificamente à dermatose. CONCLUSÃO: Os dados obtidos reforçam a importância do entendimento dos sintomas, desencadeantes e da terapêutica da dermatose em questão pelos pacientes, por seus familiares e por seus cuidadores. Tais infomações facilitam a aderência ao tratamento e justificam a conduta adotada pelo dermatologista.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Quality of Life , Skin Diseases/psychology , Alopecia Areata/psychology , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dermatitis, Atopic/psychology , Molluscum Contagiosum/psychology , Psoriasis/psychology , Severity of Illness Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vitiligo/psychology , Warts/psychology
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 87(5): 796-799, Sept-Oct. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-651583

ABSTRACT

The symbolic representation of a disease is related to personal perceptions and cultural background. In the present study, the authors evaluate the population knowledge and fears related to skin and other prevalent or severe diseases. This survey was based on a semi-structured form to investigate demographic aspects, dermatologic consultations, fears and knowledge of 19 dermatoses and 11 prevalent or severe diseases. We interviewed 302 people, of which 54% were women and the mean age was 39 years. Some fears of dermatoses surpass those of severe diseases. Skin cancer and total alopecia disclosed fears similar to that of myocardial infarction. - fundament, fundamentals - objective, objectives - method, methods - result, results - conclusion, conclusions.


A representação simbólica de doenças é ligada a percepções pessoais e raízes culturais. Neste estudo os autores avaliam o conhecimento e temores relacionados a dermatoses e outras doenças prevalentes ou graves na população. Este inquérito foi baseado em formulário semiestruturado para avaliar aspectos demográficos, consulta a dermatologistas, temores e conhecimento sobre 19 dermatoses e 11 doenças prevalentes ou graves. Foram entrevistadas 302 pessoas, sendo 54% do sexo feminino e a idade média, 39 anos. Certos temores de dermatoses superaram os de doenças graves, além disso, câncer de pele e alopecia total representaram temores semelhantes ao infarto do miocárdio. Fundamentos Objetivos Métodos Resultados Conclusões.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Fear/psychology , Skin Diseases/psychology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 87(3): 403-407, May-June 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-638529

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of depression and anxiety disorders in hospitalized patients at the dermatology ward at a university hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders in hospitalized patients at the dermatology ward at a university hospital in São Paulo. METHOD: A total of 75 patients, men and women, aged between 18 and 76 years, took part in the research. The study employed a descriptive, cross sectional and correlational method. The data was collected by means of a social demographic questionnaire and the PRIME-MD. RESULTS: It was found that 45.3 percent of the subjects presented with depressive symptoms, and 52 percent presented with symptoms of anxiety and that this survey showed moderate and high significant correlations (p<0,01; r= 0,616) for depression and anxiety. CONCLUSION: These facts could evidence the relationship between physical and psyche, just as the literature presents.


FUNDAMENTOS: O presente estudo teve como objetivo verificar a freqüência de depressão e ansiedade em pacientes internados na Divisão da Clínica de Dermatologia de um hospital universitário de São Paulo. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de depressão e ansiedade em pacientes hospitalizados na enfermaria da clínica de dermatologia de um hospital universitário em São Paulo. MÉTODO: Participaram da pesquisa 75 sujeitos, homens e mulheres, entre 18 e 76 anos. O delineamento do estudo foi transversal e descritivo. Os instrumentos utilizados foram Entrevista Sócio Demográfica e PRIME-MD. RESULTADOS: Identificou-se a presença de depressão em 45,3% e de ansiedade em 52% dos pacientes avaliados. CONCLUSÃO: Verificou-se correlação moderada e altamente significativa (p<0,01; r =0,616) para os índices de depressão e ansiedade, que pode evidenciar a relação entre adoecimento físico e psíquico muito encontrada na literatura.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Depressive Disorder/epidemiology , Skin Diseases/psychology , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Hospitalization , Hospitals, University , Prevalence , Socioeconomic Factors
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 86(6): 1113-1121, nov.-dez. 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-610415

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS: Skin diseases are extremely frequent and may affect quality of life; therefore, it is important to assess it and identify which factors are associated with it. OBJECTIVES: To assess quality of life and its associated factors in dermatological patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving a sample of 548 patients seen at the Dermatology Outpatient Clinic of Sistema Único de Saúde (the Brazilian National Public Health System), University Hospital, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (RS). Information related to socio-demographic data, medical consultation and quality of life was collected by means of the Dermatology Life Quality Index. RESULTS: A median of 7 and a mean of 7.7 (SD = 5.0) were obtained with the Dermatology Life Quality Index. The skin diseases with higher scores on the Dermatology Life Quality Index were psoriasis (median = 15.5), vitiligo (median = 13), atopic dermatitis (median = 12) and acne (median = 10). With respect to factors associated with quality of life, it was found that younger, single patients with a low income, one skin disease and longer disease duration presented poorer quality of life. CONCLUSION: The assessment of the impact of dermatoses on patients' quality of life is important for clinical management. It is essential to detect patients at higher risk of experiencing worse quality of life in order to treat them in a more integrated way.


FUNDAMENTOS: As doenças de pele são extremamente freqüentes e os pacientes podem ter a qualidade de vida afetada. Assim é importante medi-la, bem como verificar quais os fatores que podem estar associados. OBJETIVOS: Verificar a qualidade de vida em pacientes dermatológicos e os fatores associados. MÉTODOS: Estudo tranversal com uma amostra de 548 pacientes atendidos no ambulatório de dermatologia do Sistema Único de Saúde do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande. As informações foram coletadas em um questionário pré-codificado e referiam-se à dados sócio-demográficos, da consulta e qualidade de vida. RESULTADOS: O escore total do Dermatology Life Quality Index foi uma mediana de 7 e uma média de 7,7 (DP=5,0). As dermatoses com escore maior no Dermatology Life Quality Index foram psoríase (mediana = 15,5), vitiligo (mediana =13), dermatite atópica (mediana = 12), acne (mediana=10). Com respeito aos fatores associados à qualidade de vida, identificou-se que pacientes mais jovens, com menor renda, solteiros, com uma dermatose e com um tempo maior de evolução da doença, apresentam pior qualidade de vida. CONCLUSÃO: A avaliação do impacto na qualidade de vida em pacientes com dermatoses é importante para o manejo clínico. É essencial a detecção daqueles pacientes com maior risco de apresentar uma qualidade de vida pior, para poder abordá-los de uma forma mais integrada.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life/psychology , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Acne Vulgaris/diagnosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dermatitis, Atopic/diagnosis , Psoriasis/diagnosis , Socioeconomic Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Skin Diseases/psychology , Vitiligo/diagnosis
15.
JPAD-Journal of Pakistan Association of Dermatologists. 2011; 21 (4): 235-240
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-118206

ABSTRACT

Psoriasis is often associated with psychological disorders and social discomfort. To compare depression and subcomponents of anxiety among psoriasis patients and controls with other chronic skin disorders. 162 psoriasis patients and 200 patients with other chronic skin disorders in the age group of 14-60 years were selected from Dermatology and Venereology Outpatient Department of Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Amritsar. The participants responded to IPAT Anxiety scale and Zungs Self-Rating Depression Scale. The data was analyzed statistically. The results of present study clearly revealed that psoriasis patients scored higher on depression and different sub-components of anxiety namely low self control, suspicion, apprehension and tension as compared to the control group. The findings of the present study highlight the higher prevalence of depression and anxiety in the psoriasis patients as compared to patients with other chronic skin diseases; it also shows importance of psychological adjustment in patient with psoriasis. It is recommended that the patients with psoriasis require psychological evaluation and management along with medical treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Adult , Male , Female , Skin Diseases/psychology , Chronic Disease/psychology , Depression/epidemiology , Anxiety/epidemiology
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 84(5): 534-537, set.-out. 2009. ilus
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-ILSLPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: lil-535323

ABSTRACT

Dentre as dermatoses psiquiátricas, a escoriação psicogênica caracteriza-se pela confissão do paciente de provocar as lesões, sem apresentar doença dermatológica de base. Verificou-se que o assunto tem sido pouco abordado na literatura, com enfoque nos diagnósticos psicológicos. Dados epidemiológicos indicaram uma prevalência de 2 a 3 por cento, em relação à população geral, 2 por cento, entre pacientes dermatológicos, e 9 por cento, em pacientes com prurido, com predomínio significativo em mulheres. O artigo relata três casos brasileiros e discute o plano terapêutico constituído de equipe interdisciplinar, permitindo indicações psicoterapêuticas e medicamentosas específicas a cada caso.


Among psychiatric dermatoses, the psychogenic excoriation is characterized by patient's confession to provoking the lesions, without presenting any dermatological underlying pathology. This topic has been rarely approached in the literature, focusing on the diversity of psychological diagnoses. Epidemiological data indicated that prevalence varies from 2 to 3 percent in the general population, 2 percent among dermatological patients and 9 percent in patients with itching, with significant prevalence in women. The present article report three Brazilian cases and discusses the therapeutic plan based on multidisciplinary teamwork,including indications of psychotherapy and specific drug therapy to each case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Mental Disorders/diagnosis , Mental Disorders/psychology , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/psychology
17.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 85(5): 415-420, set.-out. 2009. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-530117

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto da dermatite atópica (DA) sobre a qualidade de vida de pacientes pediátricos e de seus familiares, estabelecendo correlações com escores de severidade da doença. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional com correlação entre indicador clínico de gravidade e dois questionários sobre qualidade de vida: o Índice de Qualidade de Vida da Dermatite Atópica em Crianças (IDQOL) e o Impacto da Dermatite Atópica na Família (DFI). O estudo incluiu também um escore de gravidade do eczema (Índice de Gravidade do Eczema por Área). Foram investigadas 42 crianças com DA e 44 crianças com outras dermatoses em relação ao impacto do eczema na qualidade de vida. Na análise de correlação, utilizou-se o teste de correlação de Pearson, e a comparação entre os dois grupos foi realizada através do teste de Mann-Whitney. RESULTADOS: A análise dos dados demonstrou significativa diferença entre a pontuação dos dois grupos. A média de pontuação no grupo com DA foi de 9,2 (variando de 1 a 19) para o IDQOL e de 8,5 (variando de 0 a 17) para o DFI. Os domínios mais comprometidos no IDQOL foram os relativos ao prurido, alterações de humor e problemas com o tratamento. Quanto ao DFI, os domínios de maior impacto foram os relacionados a despesas com o tratamento e a perturbação do sono de membros da família. CONCLUSÕES: A DA interfere negativamente na qualidade de vida dos pacientes pediátricos e dos seus familiares. Dados obtidos nos estudos de qualidade de vida em DA devem nortear a prática clínica de modo a individualizar as estratégias de tratamento e levar à adoção de medidas que possam minimizar o impacto da doença sobre pacientes e familiares.


OBJECTIVE: To measure the impact of atopic dermatitis (AD) on the quality of life of pediatric patients and their families, establishing correlations with scores of disease severity. METHODS: This was an observational study of the correlations between clinical indicators of severity and two questionnaires on quality of life: IDQOL and DFI. The study also included scoring of eczema severity - EASI. Forty-two children with AD, fulfilling established diagnostic criteria, and 44 children with other dermatologic diseases were investigated for the effect of eczema on quality of life. Pearson's correlation was used for the correlation analysis and the comparison between the groups was carried out using the Mann-Whitney test. RESULTS: Data analysis demonstrated significant differences between the scores for the two groups. The mean score in the eczema group was 9.2 (range 1-19) for IDQOL and 8.5 (range 0-17) for DFI. The highest scoring questions for IDQOL referred to itching and scratching, mood changes and problems caused by treatment. For the FDI, the highest impact domains were treatment-related expenditure and sleep disturbance affecting family members. CONCLUSIONS: AD has a negative impact on the quality of life of pediatric patients and their families. Data obtained in studies of quality of life in AD should be used to guide clinical practice in order to identify individual treatment strategies and should lead to the adoption of measures to reduce the impact of the disease on patients and their families.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Dermatitis, Atopic/psychology , Quality of Life , Cost of Illness , Epidemiologic Methods , Family/psychology , Pruritus/psychology , Sleep Deprivation , Skin Diseases/psychology
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 84(2): 143-150, mar.-abr. 2009. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-515917

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTOS - O aspecto visível das lesões de pele e seu impacto psicológico interferem na qualidade de vida dos pacientes. OBJETIVOS - Avaliar qualidade de vida e localização da lesão dermatológica, verificar associação entre variáveis e comparar níveis de qualidade de vida em pacientes com lesões na face/ou mãos e pacientes somente com lesões em outras regiões do corpo que não face e/ou mãos. MÉTODO - Estudo transversal, descritivo, de ssociação. Foram avaliados 205 sujeitos através do Questionário Genérico de Qualidade de Vida- SF-36 "The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey" (SF-36) e do Dermatology Life quality Index, fichas de dados sócio-demográficos e de localização da lesão. RESULTADOS - Não foram observadas diferenças significativas na qualidade de vida entre os dois grupos, mas o número de associações entre SF-36 e DLQI-BRA foi superior no grupo com lesões em face e/ou mãos. Diferenças significativas foram verificadas quando da divisão em cinco grupos. A diferença significativa (p=0,05) foi entre o grupo com lesões somente em face e/ou mãos e o grupo com lesões generalizadas, sendo que este último teve posto médio de 114,06 contra 69,1935 do outro grupo. CONCLUSÕES - Independente da localização da lesão, o sentimento de exposição e os prejuízos a que fica sujeito o paciente dermatológico são semelhantes. As doenças da pele, ao que parece, provocam sentimento de exposição e constrangimento, independente do local do corpo acometido, pois na aproximação mais íntima de outra pessoa está implicada certa exposição.


BACKGROUND - The visible aspect of skin lesions and its psychological impact interfere in the quality of life of patients. OBJECTIVES- To assess the quality of life and site of dermatological lesion; to check associations between variables and compare levels of quality of life in patients with lesions on the face and/or hands and patients with lesions in parts of the body other than face and/or hands. METHODS - descriptive, association-based cross-sectional study. Two hundred and five subjects were assessed using SF-36 Generic Life Quality Questionnaire "The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey" (SF-36); the Dermatology Life Quality Index DLQI-BRA, and socio-demographical and lesion site data files. RESULTS - No significant differences were observed in the results for quality of life between the two groups but the number of associations between SF-36 and DLQI-BRA was higher in the group with lesions on the face and/or hands. Significant differences were verified in a further detailed division into five groups. The significant difference (p=0.05) appeared between the group with lesions on the face and/or hands and the group with generalized lesions, being that the latter presented an average ranking of 114.06 compared with 69.1935 in the former group. CONCLUSION - Regardless of the site of lesion, the feeling of exposure and the damages to which the dermatological patients are exposed are similar. It seems that skin diseases bring about the feeling of exposure and embarrassment no matter which site of the body is affected because in any intimate approach there is some sort of exposure involved.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Health Surveys , Quality of Life/psychology , Skin Diseases/pathology , Skin Diseases/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dermatitis, Atopic/pathology , Dermatitis, Atopic/psychology , Keratosis/pathology , Keratosis/psychology , Psoriasis/pathology , Psoriasis/psychology , Severity of Illness Index , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
19.
Rev. argent. dermatol ; 89(4): 214-218, oct.-dic. 2008. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-634373

ABSTRACT

A case of a patient suffering from a skin self applied where psychoanalytic listening was experimented. Among the comments is the consideration of the reader to believe that some cases of psychosomatic dermatosis may be reversible through analytical listening, as a counterpoint against the current trend classify patients within a psychiatric disorder. Set to consider a new syndrome with sensory and emotional components: PADDLE syndrome.


Se presenta el caso de un paciente afectado de una dermatosis autoprovocada donde se aplicó la escucha psicoanalítica. Dentro de los comentarios se lleva a la consideración del lector, la posibilidad de pensar que ciertos casos de dermatosis psicosomáticas pueden ser reversibles a través de la escucha analítica, como contrapunto frente a la tendencia actual de encasillar los pacientes dentro de algún trastorno psiquiátrico. Se pone a consideración un nuevo síndrome con componentes sensoriales y afectivos: el Síndrome PADDLE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Skin Diseases/psychology , Medical History Taking/methods , Skin Diseases/rehabilitation
20.
Campinas; Komedi; 2008. 95 p.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, HANSEN, HANSENIASE, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1086341
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