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1.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 73(4): e20190258, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1115332

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to validate nursing interventions for the diagnosis Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity in adult and aged hospitalized patients. Methods: descriptive, quantitative study, using the content validity of interventions done by 14 specialist nurses. Results: the specialist nurses had worked in the area for more than five years. Four (28.5%) used NANDA-I and CIPE®, three (21.4%) used NANDA-I, NIC and CIPE®, three (21.4%) used NANDA-I, NIC, NOC and CIPE® and four (28.5%) were currently working only with CIPE®. The validation analyzed 32 NIC interventions, of which 11 were priority and 21 were suggested. Of the priority interventions, five belonged to the Physiological/Complex domain, five to the Physiological/Basic domain and one to the Safety Domain. Final Considerations: nursing interventions are essential for planning and support good practices in teaching, research and care.


RESUMEN Objetivos: validar las intervenciones de enfermería para el diagnóstico riesgos de integridad de la piel perjudicada de pacientes adultos y personas mayores hospitalizadas. Métodos se trata de un estudio descriptivo, cuantitativo, realizado por 14 enfermeras especialistas que utilizaron la validez de contenido de intervención. Resultados: quedó en evidencia que las enfermeras especialistas trabajaban en el área hace más de cinco años. Se observó que cuatro (28.5%) utilizaban NANDA-I y CIPE®, tres (21.4%) NANDA-I, NIC y CIPE®, tres (21.4%) NANDA-I, NIC, NOC y CIPE® y cuatro (28.5%) trabajaban, por el momento, sólo con CIPE®. La validación analizó 32 intervenciones de NIC, siendo 11 prioritarias y 21 sugeridas. De las intervenciones prioritarias, cinco pertenecían al ámbito Fisiológico/Complejo, cinco al Fisiológico/Básico y una al de Seguridad. Consideraciones Finales: las intervenciones de enfermería son esenciales para planificar y conseguir subsidios que promuevan las buenas prácticas en la enseñanza, la investigación y la atención.


RESUMO Objetivos: validar as intervenções de enfermagem para diagnóstico Risco de integridade da pele prejudicada de pacientes adultos e idosos hospitalizados. Métodos: estudo descritivo, quantitativo, utilizando a validade de conteúdo de intervenção, por 14 enfermeiras especialistas. Resultados: evidenciou-se que os enfermeiros especialistas trabalhavam na área há mais de cinco anos. Observou-se que quatro (28,5%) utilizavam NANDA-I e CIPE®, três (21,4%) NANDA-I, NIC e CIPE®, três (21,4%) NANDA-I, NIC, NOC e CIPE® e quatro (28,5%) atualmente estavam trabalhando apenas com a CIPE®. A validação analisou 32 intervenções da NIC, sendo 11 prioritárias e 21 sugeridas. Das intervenções prioritárias, cinco pertenciam ao domínio Fisiológico/Complexo, cinco ao Fisiológico/Básico e uma ao de Segurança. Considerações Finais: as intervenções de enfermagem são essenciais para o planejamento, favorecendo subsídios para boas práticas no ensino, pesquisa e assistência.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Skin/physiopathology , Nursing Diagnosis/standards , Nursing Diagnosis/methods , Skin Care/nursing , Validation Studies as Topic
2.
Femina ; 47(12): 898-901, 31 dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048436

ABSTRACT

Em 1992, a Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) propôs a seguinte definição: Sepse puerperal é uma infecção do trato genital ocorrendo, em qualquer momento, entre a ruptura das membranas ou o trabalho e o 42º dia após o parto, no qual estão presentes dois ou mais dos seguintes eventos: • Dor pélvica; • Febre (temperatura oral de 38,5 °C ou superior em qualquer ocasião); • Corrimento vaginal anormal, por exemplo, presença de pus; • Cheiro anormal/mau cheiro do corrimento vaginal; • Atraso na redução do tamanho do útero (<2 cm/dia durante os primeiros oito dias). 1. O conceito de infecção puerperal deve ser complementado com o de morbidade febril puerperal, pela dificuldade de caracterizar a infecção que ocorre logo após o parto. 2. Outras definições que se fazem necessárias são: • Bacteremia: presença de bactérias na corrente sanguínea; • Sepse: síndrome clínica caracterizada pela resposta da hospedeira a um processo infeccioso, acompanhada de uma resposta inflamatória sistêmica; • Sepse grave: sepse associada à disfunção de um ou mais órgãos (sistema nervoso central, renal, pulmonar, hepática, cardíaca, coagulopatia, acidose metabólica); • Choque séptico: sepse com hipotensão refratária à ressuscitação volêmica. 3. A OMS incluiu o termo "infecção puerperal", pois hoje estão morrendo mulheres com infecções de outros locais do corpo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Puerperal Infection/prevention & control , Pneumonia , Shock, Septic , Skin/physiopathology , Urologic Diseases , Risk Factors , Bacteremia , Pelvic Pain , Soft Tissue Infections/physiopathology , Sepsis/physiopathology , Mastitis/physiopathology
3.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 48(4): 303-307, dic. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041766

ABSTRACT

La especie Dermabacter hominis está constituida por bacilos gram positivos corineformes, anaerobios facultativos, que forman parte de la microbiota residente de la piel. Excepcionalmente se ha asociado a estos microorganismos con infecciones en pacientes inmunocomprometidos o muy debilitados. Se describe el caso de una mujer adulta joven, inmunocompetente, con un quiste sebáceo en el cuello, infectado por D. hominis como único agente etiológico. Se logró la identificación fenotípica del agente causal mediante pruebas simples basadas en el esquema originalmente propuesto por Funke y Bernard, factibles de ser realizadas en un laboratorio hospitalario de microbiología. Características fenotípicas como la morfología cocoide, el olor acre/espermático, la hidrólisis de la esculina, la producción de pirrolidonil arilamidasa y de lisina y ornitina descarboxilasas son pruebas claves en la identificación de D. hominis. La espectrometría de masas (MALDI-TOF MS) confirmó la identificación fenotípica.


Dermabacter hominis species is constituted by Gram positive facultative anaerobic coryneform rods being part of the resident microbiota human skin, and exceptionally associated to infections in immunocompromised or severely debilitated patients. An immunocompetent young adult woman with a neck sebaceous cyst infected by D. hominis as unique etiologic agent is presented. Phenotypic identification of the causative agent was achieved through simple tests, based on the originally scheme proposed by Funke and Bernard, and feasible to be performed in a hospital Microbiology Laboratory. Phenotypic characteristics as coccoid morphology, the acrid/spermatic odor, esculin hydrolysis, the production of pyrrolidonyl-arylamidase, lysine and ornithine decarboxylase, are key tests to identify D. hominis. The matrix-asisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) confirmed the phenotypic identification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Skin/microbiology , Epidermal Cyst/microbiology , Skin/physiopathology , Mass Spectrometry/methods
4.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(10): 796-802, Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796842

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) causes neural and cutaneous disorders and reduced exercise capacity. Exercise/heat exposure increasing internal temperature must be compensated by eccrine sweat function and warmed skin vasodilation. We suspected NF1 could adversely affect eccrine sweat function and/or vascular thermoregulatory responses (VTR). Methods The eccrine sweat function and VTR of 25 NF1 volunteers (14 males, 11 females; 16–57 years old) were compared with 23 non-NF1 controls matched by sex, age, height and weight (CG). Sweating was induced by 1) pilocarpine 1% iontophoresis (PILO); and 2) by passive heating (HEAT) via the lower third of the legs being immersed in 42°C water for one hour. Previously established eccrine sweat function and VTR protocols were used. Results The NF1 group showed: a) lower sweat rate than the CG group during PILO; b) a smaller diastolic pressure decrease; and c) higher tympanic temperatures than controls during HEAT (p < 0.05). Conclusion Reduced sweating and vascular thermoregulatory responses suggest autonomic dysfunction in NF1 individuals.


RESUMO Objetivo Neurofibromatose do tipo 1 (NF1) causa problemas neurais e cutâneos e diminuição da capacidade física. O aumento da temperatura interna durante exercício e exposição ao calor precisa ser compensada pela função sudorípara écrina (FSE) e aquecimento cutâneo por vasodilatação (RVT). Suspeitou-se clinicamente que a NF1 poderia prejudicar a FSE e a RVT. Métodos A FSE e RVT de 25 voluntários com NF1 (14 homens, 11 mulheres; 16–57 anos) e de 23 sem-NF1, emparelhados por sexo, idade, estatura e peso corporal, foram medidas com protocolos validados anteriormente. A sudorese foi induzida por iontoforese com pilocarpina (PILO) e aquecimento passivo por imersão das pernas em água a 42°C durante uma hora (HEAT). Resultados O grupo NF1 apresentou menor taxa de sudorese na situação PILO, menor redução da pressão diastólica e maior temperatura timpânica na situação HEAT (p < 0.05). Conclusão As respostas sudorípara e vascular reduzidas sugerem disfunção autonômica nas pessoas com NF1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Sweat/physiology , Body Temperature Regulation/physiology , Neurofibromatosis 1/physiopathology , Reference Values , Skin/physiopathology , Sweating/physiology , Time Factors , Case-Control Studies , Sex Factors , Analysis of Variance , Age Factors , Primary Dysautonomias/physiopathology
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(3): 262-273, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787290

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Ultrasonography is a method of imaging that classically is used in dermatology to study changes in the hypoderma, as nodules and infectious and inflammatory processes. The introduction of high frequency and resolution equipments enabled the observation of superficial structures, allowing differentiation between skin layers and providing details for the analysis of the skin and its appendages. This paper aims to review the basic principles of high frequency ultrasound and its applications in different areas of dermatology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Dermatology/methods , Skin/physiopathology , Skin Diseases, Infectious/diagnostic imaging , Skin Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Transducers/standards , Ultrasonography, Doppler/instrumentation , Ultrasonography, Doppler/trends , Dermatology/instrumentation , Inflammation/diagnostic imaging
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(3): 296-299, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787297

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Pemphigus is part of a group of blistering diseases that affect the skin and mucous membranes. Based on its autoimmune origin, autoantibodies develop in pemphigus that are directed toward cell surface components of keratinocytes. However, some data cannot be explained, such as the lack of a relationship between autoantibody levels and the severity of clinical manifestations, treatment resistance, the presence of inflammatory infiltrates and the potential occurrence of apoptosis as determinants of vesicle formation. Objective: To examine the presence of apoptosis in pemphigus vulgaris by TUNEL technique. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we selected 15 paraffin-embedded tissues from subjects who were diagnosed with pemphigus vulgaris by hematoxylin and eosin staining. The samples were subjected to TUNEL assay and examined under an Olympus BX61 fluorescence microscope. Positivity was categorized dichotomously, and the statistical analysis was performed using the X2 test. Results: Positivity was observed in basal layer cells in 14 (93.3%) cases. In 13 (86.7%) of the positive cases, we noted espinosum and granular layers that formed the blister roof, and in 12 cases (80%), positive acantholytic cells were observed. Conclusions: TUNEL positivity was observed in pemphigus vulgaris, implicating apoptosis in the pathophysiology of this condition, which can help guide the development of apoptotic blockers as therapeutics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Pemphigus/physiopathology , Apoptosis/physiology , In Situ Nick-End Labeling/methods , Skin/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Acantholysis/physiopathology , Blister/physiopathology , Pemphigus/pathology
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(1): 59-63, Jan.-Feb. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776430

ABSTRACT

Abstract Recent studies about the cutaneous barrier demonstrated consistent evidence that the stratum corneum is a metabolically active structure and also has adaptive functions, may play a regulatory role in the inflammatory response with activation of keratinocytes, angiogenesis and fibroplasia, whose intensity depends primarily on the intensity the stimulus. There are few studies investigating the abnormalities of the skin barrier in rosacea, but the existing data already show that there are changes resulting from inflammation, which can generate a vicious circle caused a prolongation of flare-ups and worsening of symptoms. This article aims to gather the most relevant literature data about the characteristics and effects of the state of the skin barrier in rosacea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin/physiopathology , Rosacea/physiopathology , Skin/blood supply , Skin Physiological Phenomena , Water Loss, Insensible/physiology , Sebum/physiology , Rosacea/etiology , Dermatitis/physiopathology
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(4): 494-503, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-759199

ABSTRACT

AbstractBACKGROUND:Peri-orbital dark circles are a cosmetic concern worldwide, and have been attributed to hyperpigmentation from allergy or atopic dermatitis, blood stasis, structural shadowing effects, and a thin epidermis/dermis under the eye. It is of interest to better understand lifestyle and demographic risk factors and the relative impact of melanin, blood and epidermal/dermal factors on the severity of Peri-orbital dark circles.OBJECTIVE:To compare by non-invasive imaging the impact of biological factors to a visual grading scale for Peri-orbital dark circles, and test the correlation of various demographic factors with Peri-orbital dark circles.METHODS:Subjects completed a lifestyle and health survey, and Peri-orbital dark circles severity was evaluated using standardized photographs. Hyperspectral image analysis was used to assess the contributions of melanin, blood volume, degree of blood oxygen saturation, and dermal scattering.RESULTS:Family history was the most significant risk factor for Peri-orbital dark circles. The average age of onset was 24 years, and earlier onset correlated with higher severity scores. Asthma was significantly associated with Peri-orbital dark circles scores, but self-reported allergy was not. In this study, sleep was not correlated with Peri-orbital dark circles scores. Hyperspectral imaging indicated that melanin was the dominant correlate for Peri-orbital dark circles severity, while oxygen saturation was secondary. The difference between under-eye and cheek measurements for ΔL*and ΔE* were the most significant instrumental parameters correlated with visual assessment of Peri-orbital dark circles severity.CONCLUSION:Although typically associated with lack of sleep, risk of Peri-orbital dark circles is primarily hereditary. The main factors contributing to the appearance of Peri-orbital dark circles are melanin and (deoxygenated) blood.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Eye Diseases/etiology , Facial Dermatoses/etiology , Hyperpigmentation/etiology , Life Style , Age Distribution , Age Factors , Brazil , Eye Diseases/physiopathology , Facial Dermatoses/physiopathology , Hyperpigmentation/physiopathology , Melanins/analysis , Orbit , Oxygen/blood , Risk Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Spectrophotometry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Skin/physiopathology
9.
Clinics ; 69(9): 585-588, 9/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-725411

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Systemic sclerosis is a relatively rare connective tissue disorder characterized by severe and progressive fibrosis of the skin. Due to the current lack of available information on this subject, the aim of the present study was to assess light touch sensations in the hands of patients with systemic sclerosis. METHODS: We completed a cross-sectional comparative study. Light touch sensations were evaluated in 30 individuals, including 15 patients with systemic sclerosis who exhibited changes in the dermis of their hands without loss of the distal phalanx and 15 subjects who did not exhibit changes in the upper limbs (control group). The groups were age- and sex-matched. Tactile sensory evaluations were performed using the Semmes-Weinstein monofilament test and the two-point discrimination test. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were found between groups in the monofilament test. The study group had lower scores across all points of the hand when compared with the control group. Differences were also found when dominant and non-dominant hands were compared (p<0.05). Statistically significant differences were found between groups for a subset of the assessed points in the two-point discrimination test. CONCLUSIONS: The results of a monofilament test showed that tactile sensation, specifically light touch and deep pressure sensations, is altered in the hands of systemic sclerosis patients. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hand/physiopathology , Scleroderma, Systemic/physiopathology , Somatosensory Disorders/physiopathology , Touch Perception/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reference Values , Statistics, Nonparametric , Skin/physiopathology
10.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 751-757, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-212031

ABSTRACT

Management of incisional scar is intimately connected to stages of wound healing. The management of an elective surgery patient begins with a thorough informed consent process in which the patient is made aware of personal and clinical circumstances that cannot be modified, such as age, ethnicity, and previous history of hypertrophic scars. In scar prevention, the single most important modifiable factor is wound tension during the proliferative and remodeling phases, and this is determined by the choice of incision design. Traditional incisions most often follow relaxed skin tension lines, but no such lines exist in high surface tension areas. If such incisions are unavoidable, the patient must be informed of this ahead of time. The management of a surgical incision does not end when the sutures are removed. Surgical scar care should be continued for one year. Patient participation is paramount in obtaining the optimal outcome. Postoperative visits should screen for signs of scar hypertrophy and has a dual purpose of continued patient education and reinforcement of proper care. Early intervention is a key to control hyperplastic response. Hypertrophic scars that do not improve by 6 months are keloids and should be managed aggressively with intralesional steroid injections and alternate modalities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cicatrix/prevention & control , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/prevention & control , Keloid/prevention & control , Sebaceous Glands/physiology , Skin/physiopathology , Wound Healing
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(6): 945-953, Nov-Dec/2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-698993

ABSTRACT

Patients with atopic dermatitis have genetically determined risk factors that affect the barrier function of the skin and immune responses that interact with environmental factors. Clinically, this results in an intensely pruriginous and inflamed skin that allows the penetration of irritants and allergens and predisposes patients to colonization and infection by microorganisms. Among the various etiological factors responsible for the increased prevalence of atopic diseases over the past few decades, the role of vitamin D has been emphasized. As the pathogenesis of AD involves a complex interplay of epidermal barrier dysfunction and dysregulated immune response, and vitamin D is involved in both processes, it is reasonable to expect that vitamin D's status could be associated with atopic dermatitis' risk or severity. Such association is suggested by epidemiological and experimental data. In this review, we will discuss the evidence for and against this controversial relationship, emphasizing the possible etiopathogenic mechanisms involved.


Pacientes com dermatite atópica têm fatores de risco geneticamente determinados que afetam a função de barreira da pele e as respostas imunes, as quais interagem com fatores ambientais. Clinicamente, isso resulta em uma pele intensamente pruriginosa, inflamada, que permite a penetração de irritantes e alérgenos e predispõe os pacientes à colonização e à infecção por micro-organismos. Dentre os diversos fatores etiológicos responsáveis pelo aumento da prevalência de doenças atópicas nas últimas décadas, o papel da vitamina D tem ganhado destaque. Uma vez que a patogênese da dermatite envolve uma interação complexa da disfunção da barreira epidérmica e desregulação da resposta imune - e a vitamina D está envolvida em ambos os processos-, é razoável esperar que a vitamina D esteja associada ao risco ou à gravidade da dermatite atópica. Tal associação é sugerida por dados epidemiológicos e experimentais. Nessa revisão, serão abordadas as evidências favoráveis e contrárias a essa polêmica relação, enfatizando os possíveis mecanismos etiopatogênicos envolvidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dermatitis, Atopic/drug therapy , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Vitamins/therapeutic use , Dermatitis, Atopic/etiology , Dermatitis, Atopic/physiopathology , Risk Factors , Skin Physiological Phenomena , Skin/physiopathology , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D/pharmacology , Vitamins/pharmacology
12.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2013 July; 79 Suppl(): S1-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147526

ABSTRACT

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory papulosquamous disease characterized by multiple remissions and relapses. For long, it was believed to be primarily a disorder of keratinization. However, the successful use of traditional immunosupressants and newer immunomodulatory agents in the treatment of psoriasis led to the belief that psoriasis is primarily a disease of Th1 cell immune dysregulation. Recent developments have brought up several new findings such as the role of Th17 cells and evidence of skin barrier dsysfunction in psoriasis, akin to atopic dermatitis. The present review aims to focus on these new developments and explain the pathogenesis of psoriasis on the basis of currently available information.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Humans , Immunity, Innate , Psoriasis/genetics , Psoriasis/immunology , Psoriasis/physiopathology , Skin/injuries , Skin/physiopathology , Th1 Cells/immunology , Th17 Cells/immunology
13.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2013 Jul; 79(Suppl_7): s1-s9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154733

ABSTRACT

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory papulosquamous disease characterized by multiple remissions and relapses. For long, it was believed to be primarily a disorder of keratinization. However, the successful use of traditional immunosupressants and newer immunomodulatory agents in the treatment of psoriasis led to the belief that psoriasis is primarily a disease of Th1 cell immune dysregulation. Recent developments have brought up several new findings such as the role of Th17 cells and evidence of skin barrier dsysfunction in psoriasis, akin to atopic dermatitis. The present review aims to focus on these new developments and explain the pathogenesis of psoriasis on the basis of currently available information.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Humans , Immunity, Innate , Psoriasis/genetics , Psoriasis/immunology , Psoriasis/physiopathology , Skin/injuries , Skin/physiopathology , Th1 Cells/immunology , Th17 Cells/immunology
14.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 53(3): 288-295, maio-jun. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-686091

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O período de silêncio cutâneo (PSC) é um reflexo protetor inibitório da coluna vertebral e seus aferentes consistem em fibras nervosas A-delta. Nosso objetivo foi avaliar pacientes com fibromialgia (FM) e controles saudáveis para determinar as diferenças entre os grupos em relação à duração e latência do PSC, e quando presente, determinar se há alguma relação com as características da doença, distúrbios psicológicos e qualidade de vida. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Trinta e dois pacientes com FM e 32 voluntários saudáveis foram incluídos no estudo. Os dois grupos foram comparados em relação à latência e duração do PSC em ambos os membros superiores e inferiores. Características da doença, distúrbios psicológicos e qualidade de vida dos pacientes foram avaliados utilizando o Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), e o Short Form-36 (SF-36). Os pacientes com medida de PSC igual ou inferior às do grupo controle foram comparados com aqueles com valores mais elevados do que os controles em termos de características da doença, estado psicológicos e qualidade de vida. RESULTADOS: Latências significativamente prolongadas de PSC nos membros superiores e inferiores foram determinadas em pacientes comparados com os controles. Observou-se que a prolongamento da latência do PSC no membro inferior estava associado com a gravidade da doença e incapacidade funcional. CONCLUSÕES: Latências do PCS nos membros superiores e inferiores em pacientes com FM são mais longas do que em voluntários saudáveis. Além disso, o prolongamento da latência do PSC no membro inferior está associado com a gravidade da doença e incapacidade funcional física.


INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous silent period (CSP) is an inhibitory spinal protective reflex and its afferents consist of A-delta nerve fibers. We aimed to evaluate patients with fibromyalgia (FM) and healthy controls to determine any differences between the groups in terms of CSP duration and latency, and if present, to determine whether there is any relationship with disease characteristics, psychological disorders and quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with FM and 32 healthy volunteers were included in the study. The patient and control groups were compared in terms of CSP latency and duration in both upper and lower extremities. Disease characteristics, psychological disorders and quality of life of patients were assessed using the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) and Short Form-36 (SF-36). Patients with CSP measurements equal to or lower than those of the control group were compared with those with higher values than controls in terms of disease characteristics, psychological status and quality of life. RESULTS: Significantly prolonged CSP latencies in both upper and lower extremities were determined in patients compared to controls. We found that prolongation of CSP latency in the lower extremity is associated with disease severity and functional disability. CONCLUSIONS: CSP latencies in both upper and lower extremities in patients with FM are longer than in healthy volunteers. Moreover, prolongation of CSP latency in the lower extremity is associated with disease severity and physical functional disability.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Fibromyalgia/physiopathology , Quality of Life , Reflex , Skin/physiopathology , Fibromyalgia/diagnosis , Fibromyalgia/psychology , Mental Disorders/etiology , Reaction Time
15.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 27(3): 493-495, jul.-set. 2012. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-668158

ABSTRACT

A endometriose é definida como a presença de glândulas endometriais e estroma fora da cavidade uterina. Essa doença, comum nas mulheres, é geralmente observada durante os anos reprodutivos. Embora a pelve seja o sítio mais comum da endometriose em mulheres, a localização extrapélvica é menos frequente e ainda mais difícil de diagnosticar, em decorrência das apresentações distintas. Neste artigo é descrito um caso de endometriose de cicatriz da parede abdominal.


Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity. This disease is commonly observed in women, particularly those of reproductive age. The pelvis is the most common location for endometriosis. On the other hand, extrapelvic endometriosis, which is less common, is more difficult to diagnose because of the extreme differences in its presentation. In this article, we describe our experience of a case of endometriosis in an abdominal wall scar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , History, 21st Century , Pelvis , Skin , Skin Abnormalities , Cicatrix , Abdominal Wall , Endometriosis , Pelvis/pathology , Skin/physiopathology , Skin Abnormalities/surgery , Skin Abnormalities/physiopathology , Cicatrix/complications , Cicatrix/therapy , Abdominal Wall/abnormalities , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Endometriosis/pathology , Endometriosis/therapy
16.
Dermatol. argent ; 17(4): 268-275, jul.-ago.2011. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-724144

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de Hailey-Hailey es una genodermatosis rara, producida por mutaciones en el gen ATP2C1. Se caracteriza por afectar áreas de pliegues, simulando intertrigos de diversas etiologías, lo que genera un retraso en su diagnóstico y tratamiento. Debido a su carácter crónico y a los síntomas que ocasiona, como dolor y fetidez, suele afectar la calidad de vida de los pacientes. Se han propuesto numerosos tratamientos tópicos, físicos y sistémicos. Hasta la fecha no existen modalidades terapéuticas que sean totalmente efectivas, si bien el láser de dióxido de carbono (CO2) ha logrado remisiones prolongadas.


Hailey-Hailey’s disease is a rare hereditary disease caused by ATP2C1-gene mutations. Itaffect the folds, simulating intertrigo of various etiologies, leading to a delay in diagnosisand treatment. Its chronic nature, and symptoms such as pain and bad odour, affects thequality of life of patients.Numerous topical, physical an systemic treatments have been proposed. To date there are nofully effective treatment modalities, although CO2 LASER has achieved prolonged remissions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pemphigus, Benign Familial/pathology , Pemphigus, Benign Familial/therapy , Acantholysis , Diagnosis, Differential , Skin/physiopathology , Skin/pathology
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 86(4): 681-688, jul.-ago. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-600609

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTOS: A pele, para exercer suas funções, necessita de níveis adequados de nutrientes. OBJETIVO: Analisar o trofismo cutâneo de ratos nutridos e desnutridos por meio de dois modelos de desnutrição. MÉTODOS: No Modelo Marasmo, utilizaram-se 60 ratos Wistar em controle dietético, dos quais 30 foram selecionados aleatoriamente para receber metade da dieta diária durante 60 dias. No Modelo Gelatina, empregaram-se 60 ratos, dos quais 30 receberam dieta associada a proteína de baixa qualidade (gelatina) durante 30 dias. Avaliou-se o estado nutricional dos animais por meio da massa corporal, dos sinais clínicos e da dosagem de albumina sérica. Após o período de desnutrição, fez-se a histologia da pele dos animais para análise da espessura da derme e epiderme com o software Leica Application Suite; nas lâminas coradas com tricrômio de Gomori, analisou-se a colagênese com o software ImageJ. RESULTADOS: A massa corporal dos animais desnutridos pelo marasmo e gelatina foi significativamente menor (p<0,0001 e p<0,0001) do que a dos grupos nutridos. Quanto à albumina sérica, não houve diferença entre os grupos nos dois modelos. Em relação à análise histológica da espessura da pele, os desnutridos apresentaram a derme significativamente menos espessa em comparação aos nutridos (p<0,0001 e p<0,0001). No que respeita à colagênese, os grupos desnutridos apresentaram menores percentuais de colágeno em relação aos nutridos (p<0,0005 e p<0,003). CONCLUSÕES: Os animais desnutridos pelos dois modelos apresentaram diminuição na espessura dérmica, confirmada histologicamente pelo menor percentual de colágeno, mostrando a influência negativa da desnutrição no trofismo cutâneo.


BACKGROUND: The skin requires adequate levels of nutrients to function properly. OBJECTIVE: To analyze skin trophism in well-nourished and undernourished rats using two models of malnutrition. METHODS: In the marasmus model, 60 Wistar rats were kept on a controlled diet, 30 being randomly selected to receive half the established diet for 60 days. In the gelatin model, 60 rats were used, 30 of which received a diet consisting of poor quality protein (gelatin) for 30 days. The nutritional status of the animals was evaluated according to body mass index, clinical signs and serum albumin measurement. After the period of malnutrition, histology was performed on the animals' skin to analyze the thickness of the dermis and epidermis using the Leica Application Suite software. Collagen was analyzed on slides stained with Gömöri trichrome using the ImageJ software program. RESULTS: The body mass index of the malnourished animals in the marasmus and gelatin groups was significantly lower than that of the well-nourished animals in the two groups (p<0.0001 in both models). With respect to serum albumin, there was no difference between the groups in either of the two models. In relation to the histological analysis of skin thickness, the dermis of the malnourished animals was significantly thinner compared to that of the well-nourished animals (p<0.0001 in both models). The percentage of collagen was lower in the malnourished animals compared to the well-nourished animals (p<0.0005 and p<0.003 in the marasmus and gelatin model, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Skin thickness measurements were lower in the malnourished animals in both models, and this finding was histologically confirmed by the lower percentage of collagen, showing the negative effect of malnutrition on skin trophism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Collagen/analysis , Malnutrition/physiopathology , Protein-Energy Malnutrition/physiopathology , Serum Albumin/analysis , Skin/physiopathology , Body Mass Index , Disease Models, Animal , Rats, Wistar , Skin/chemistry
18.
Clinics ; 66(11): 1949-1954, 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-605877

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: After burn injuries, scarred skin lacks elasticity, especially in hypertrophic scars. Topical treatment with tretinoin can improve the appearance and quality of the skin (i.e., texture, distensibility, color, and hydration). The objective of this prospective study was to examine the effects of treatment with 0.05 percent tretinoin for one year on the biomechanical behavior and histological changes undergone by facial skin with post-burn scarring. Setting: Tertiary, Institutional. METHOD: Fifteen female patients who had suffered partial thickness burns with more than two years of evolution were selected. Skin biopsies were obtained initially and after one year of treatment. The resistance and elastance of these skin biopsies were measured using a mechanical oscillation analysis system. The density of collagen fibers, elastic fibers, and versican were determined using immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS: Tretinoin treatment significantly lowered skin resistance and elastance, which is a result that indicates higher distensibility of the skin. However, tretinoin treatment did not significantly affect the density of collagen fibers, elastic fibers, or versican. CONCLUSION: Topical tretinoin treatment alters the mechanical behavior of post-burn scarred skin by improving its distensibility and thus leads to improved quality of life for patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Burns/complications , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/drug therapy , Elasticity/drug effects , Facial Injuries/drug therapy , Keratolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Tretinoin/therapeutic use , Administration, Topical , Biomechanical Phenomena/drug effects , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/pathology , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/physiopathology , Facial Injuries/pathology , Facial Injuries/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Skin/drug effects , Skin/pathology , Skin/physiopathology , Treatment Outcome
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 85(2): 184-194, mar.-abr. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-547477

ABSTRACT

O estudo da barreira cutânea e de suas propriedades ganhou impulso a partir da década de 60, com estudos que apontaram sua resistência de forma isolada e suas propriedades com relação à permeação cutânea. Paralelamente, a descrição dos corpos de Odland auxiliou a compreensão da manutenção da estabilidade da camada córnea. O modelo brick & mortar, em que os corneócitos são os tijolos e o cimento são os lipídeos intercelulares, é o mais aceito, até o momento. Atualmente, há evidências consistentes de que o estrato córneo é uma estrutura metabolicamente ativa e exerce funções adaptativas. A barreira cutânea também tem um papel na resposta inflamatória, com ativação de melanócitos, angiogênese e fibroplasia, cuja intensidade depende, basicamente, da intensidade da agressão. As anormalidades da barreira cutânea da dermatite atópica são clinicamente observáveis pela presença de pele seca, achado muito frequente e significativo, que constitui parâmetro iagnóstico e de acompanhamento. O grau de hidratação da camada córnea, assim como a perda de água transepidérmica (transepidermal water loss - TEWL), estão relacionados com o grau de dano à barreira, constituindo parâmetros biofísicos que permitem acompanhar os pacientes de maneira não invasiva e com maior grau de sensibilidade.


Research about the skin barrier and its properties has increased significantly since the 60s, with studies that indicated its resistance when isolated, as well as its particularities in relation to skin permeability. At the same time, description of Odland bodies helped to understand how stratum corneum stability is maintained. The “brick and mortar” model is the most accepted so far. In this analogy, the corneocytes are the bricks and the intercellular lipids are the mortar. Currently, there is concrete evidence that the stratum corneum is an active metabolic structure that holds adaptive functions, interacting dynamically with the underlying epidermal layers. The skin barrier also plays a role in the inflammatory response through melanocyte activation, angiogenesis, and fibroplasia. The intensity of this response will essentially depend on the severity of the injury. Skin barrier abnormalities in atopic dermatitis are clinically observed by the presence of dry skin, a common and significant symptom which constitutes a diagnostic and monitoring parameter. The stratum corneum hydration level and transepidermal water loss are associated with the level of damage to the barrier, representing biophysical parameters. These parameters help doctors monitor patients in a less invasive and more sensitive manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dermatitis, Atopic/pathology , Skin/physiopathology
20.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-964347

ABSTRACT

As queimaduras são lesões desencadeadas por agentes físicos, químicos, elétricos e térmicos que resultam em níveis variados de perda tecidual. O grau com que estas lesões danificam a pele depende de muitas variáveis, incluindo a duração e intensidade de contato com o agente agressor, a espessura da pele da região anatômica acometida, tamanho da área exposta, vascularização local e idade. Ainda, a perda tecidual é um dos fatores prognósticos destas lesões fornecendo clinicamente a base para a classificação destas lesões, o que faz com que a compreensão da histomorfologia da pele seja fundamental para o entendimento da fisiopatologia das queimaduras. O presente trabalho aborda os mecanismos fisiopatológicos envolvidos nas queimaduras e os vários critérios de classificação destas lesões, buscando fornecer subsídios teóricos para tal compreensão através de uma revisão de literatura abordando a histofisiologia da pele.


Burns are injuries triggered by physical, chemical, electrical and thermal result in varying levels of tissue loss. The degree to which these lesions damage the skin depends on many variables, including duration and intensity of contact with the offending agent, the skin thickness of the anatomical region affected, the size of the exposed area, local vascularization and age. In addition, tissue loss is one of the prognostic factors of these lesions clinically providing the basis for the classification of these lesions and the understanding of the morphology of skin is essential to understanding the pathophysiology of burns. The present paper discusses the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in burns and various criteria for classifying these lesions and to provide theoretical understanding for such a thorough review of literature dealing with histophysiology skin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin/anatomy & histology , Skin/physiopathology , Skin Physiological Phenomena , Burns/physiopathology
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