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1.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.342-347, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352400
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(3): 185-191, set-out. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348203

ABSTRACT

Distúrbios do sono e as alterações do estado de humor, quando não tratados, estão associados à perda de produtividade e acidentes de trabalho, resultando em lesões e fatalidade. Esses distúrbios são subdiagnosticados e subtratados em contextos clínicos, porque podem ser assintomáticos e o exame de polissonografia tem custo elevado. Por isso, questionários são usados para realizar uma triagem e detectar profissionais com alto risco de síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono, de sonolência diurna excessiva e fadiga. Este estudo teve como objetivo aplicar questionários validados para triagem dos distúrbios do sono e do humor em pilotos civis e analisar os resultados obtidos com a aplicação desses instrumentos. Foram coletados dados de 44 pilotos civis por meio de quatro instrumentos: um questionário para a caracterização sociodemográfica e ocupacional da amostra, a Escala de Sonolência de Epworth para avaliar a presença de sonolência diurna excessiva, o Questionário de Berlim para avaliar a Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono e a Escala de Humor de Brunel para avaliar o estado de humor. A Escala de Sonolência de Epworth mostrou que 25% dos pilotos apresentaram pontuação para sonolência diurna excessiva. De acordo com o Questionário de Berlim, 29,5% apresentaram alto risco para a Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono e pela Escala de Humor de Brunel, o domínio vigor, teve a média mais alta (5,09 ±4,06). Portanto, a utilização dos questionários nos exames de admissão e nos periódicos, pode auxiliar na identificação precoce e no monitoramento de distúrbios do sono e dos estados de humor ao longo do tempo em pilotos civis, priorizando aqueles que deverão ser encaminhados para realizarem estudos do sono.


Sleep disorders and mood state changes, when untreated, are associated with loss of productivity and accidents at work, resulting in injuries and fatality. These disorders are underdiagnosed and undertreated in clinical contexts due to them being asymptomatic and the prohibitive cost of polysomnography exams. For this reason, questionnaires are used to screen and detect professionals at high risk for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, excessive daytime sleepiness, and fatigue. This study aimed at applying validated questionnaires for screening sleep and mood disorders in civilian pilots and analyzing the results obtained with the application of these instruments. Data were collected from 44 civilian pilots using four instruments: a questionnaire for sociodemographic and occupational characterization of the sample; the Epworth Sleepiness Scale to assess the presence of excessive daytime sleepiness; the Berlin Questionnaire to assess Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome; and the Brunel Mood Scale to assess the mood state. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale showed that 25% of the pilots presented scores for excessive daytime sleepiness. According to the Berlin Questionnaire, 29.5% were at high risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome, and according to the Brunel Mood Scale, the vigor domain presented the highest mean (5.09 ± 4.06). Therefore, the use of questionnaires in admission and periodic exams can assist in the early identification and monitoring of sleep disorders and mood states over time in civilian pilots, prioritizing those who should be referred to sleep studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pilots , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Sleep Deprivation , Polysomnography , Confusion , Wit and Humor , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Depression , Fatigue , Sleepiness
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): 245-250, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1280906

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El aumento de prevalencia de trastornos respiratorios del sueño (TRS) y su relación con obesidad e hipertensión arterial (HTA) ha sido poco explorado en adolescentes. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la prevalencia de TRS y ronquido en esta población y analizar su asociación con obesidad e HTA. Población y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en una muestra de adolescentes. Se realizaron mediciones de peso, talla, perímetro de cintura y cuello, tensión arterial, y el Cuestionario de Sueño Pediátrico (PSQ, por su sigla en inglés). Resultados: Participaron 826 adolescentes, 58 (7 %) presentaron TRS (varones: 5,8 %; mujeres: 8 %) y 80 (9,7 %) se consideraron roncadores (varones: 10,4 %; mujeres: 9,1 %). Se detectaron sobrepeso y obesidad en 216 (26,2 %) y 149 (18 %) sujetos, respectivamente. Una mayor proporción de sujetos con obesidad presentaron TRS con respecto a quienes no tenían obesidad (12,8 % versus 5,8 %; p = 0,004). La misma asociación fue encontrada para el ronquido (18,2 % versus 7,8 %; <0,001). El 24,6 % dormía menos de 8 horas por día. El 12,6 % presentó valores compatibles con HTA, con una asociación significativa con obesidad y horas de sueño. Conclusión: Se observó una prevalencia elevada de TRS y ronquido en adolescentes y una asociación entre obesidad e HTA, que pone de manifiesto la importancia de abordar esta problemática de manera temprana a fin de evitar complicaciones


ntroduction: The increased prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and its association with obesity and hypertension (HTN) have not been thoroughly explored in adolescents. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of SDB and snoring in this population and analyze its association with obesity and HTN. Population and methods: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study in a sample of adolescents. Weight, height, waist and neck circumference, and blood pressure were measured, and the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) was administered. Results: A total of 826 adolescents participated, 58 (7 %) had SDB (males: 5.8 %; females: 8 %), and 80 (9.7 %) were considered snorers (males: 10.4 %; females: 9.1 %). Overweight and obesity were detected in 216 (26.2 %) and 149 (18 %) participants, respectively. A higher proportion of subjects with obesity had SDB compared to those who were not obese (12.8 % versus 5.8 %; p = 0.004). The same association was observed with snoring (18.2 % versus 7.8 %; p < 0.001). Also, 24.6 % slept less than 8 hours a day and 12.6 % had values compatible with HTN, with a significant association with obesity and sleep hours. Conclusion: A high prevalence of SDB and snoring was observed in adolescents, together with an association with obesity and HTN, which highlights the relevance of addressing this problem in an early manner in order to prevent complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Sleep Wake Disorders , Respiration Disorders , Snoring , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Overweight , Hypertension
4.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 60-66, 30 junio 2021. tabs., graf.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292871

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION. Airway abnormalities are rare but potentially fatal. Stridor is a res-piratory noise with greater predominance in the inspiratory phase. OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the etiology of stridor, determine its comorbidities and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Retrospective cross-sectional study. Population of 110 and sample of 33 data from the Medical Records of neonatal or infant patients who presented stri-dor at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital of Quito-Ecuador, from january 2009 to december 2020. RESULTS. The 51,51% (17; 33) of cases were men. The age of the first consultation for stridor was within the first month in 18,00% (6; 33) and 40,00% (13; 33) at 3 months. The most frequent congenital laryngeal patholo-gy was: laryngomalacia 81,82% (27; 33), followed by subglottic stenosis 9,09% (3; 33), bilateral chordal paralysis 6,06% (2; 33) and tracheal stenosis 3,03% (1; 33). The 51,51% (17; 33) presented comorbidities of causes: neurological, pulmonary and genetic among the main ones. Mortality was 18,20% (6; 33) related to the severity of comorbidities, except one secondary to tracheal stenosis. CONCLUSION. Laryn-gomalacia and subglottic stenosis were the predominant pathologies with congenital stridor. The comorbidities that occurred were neurological, pulmonary, genetic and caused mortality within 90 days after diagnosis.


INTRODUCCIÓN. Las anomalías de la vía aérea son poco frecuentes, pero potencialmente mortales. El estridor es un ruido respiratorio con mayor predominio en la fase inspiratoria. OBJETIVO. Evaluar la etiología del estridor, determinar sus comorbilidades y la mortalidad. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio transversal retrospectivo. Población de 110 y muestra de 33 datos de Historias Clínicas de pacientes neonatos o lactantes que presentaron estridor en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín de Quito - Ecuador, de enero 2009 a diciembre 2020. RESULTADOS. El 51,51% (17; 33) de casos fueron hombres. La edad de la primera consulta por estridor fue dentro del primer mes en el 18,00% (6; 33) y del 40,00% (13; 33) a los 3 meses. La patología congénita laríngea más frecuente fue: laringomalacia 81,82% (27; 33), seguida de estenosis subglótica 9,09% (3; 33), parálisis cordal bila-teral 6,06% (2; 33) y estenosis traqueal 3,03% (1; 33). El 51,51% (17; 33) presentaron comorbilidades de causas: neurológica, pulmonar y genética entre las principales. La mortalidad fue 18,20% (6; 33) relacionada con la severidad de las comorbilidades, excepto una secundaria a estenosis traqueal. CONCLUSIÓN. La laringomalacia y la estenosis subglótica fueron las patologías que predominaron con estridor congénito. Las comorbilidades que se presentaron fueron neurológica, pulmonar, genética y causaron mortalidad dentro de los 90 días posteriores al diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Congenital Abnormalities , Vocal Cords , Respiratory Sounds , Laryngostenosis , Laryngomalacia/congenital , Neonatology , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Tracheal Stenosis , Cyanosis , Airway Remodeling
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(4): 231-239, 20210000. fig, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359449

ABSTRACT

Objetivo del estudio: evaluar si la puntuación de Mallampati modificada (MMS) puede predecir la presencia y la gravedad del síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (AOS) en un grupo de pacientes que roncaban y presentaban apnea en los hospitales universitarios de Al-Azhar, El Cairo, Egipto y el Hospital Almoosa, Alhasa, Arabia Saudita. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de pacientes que roncaban y presentaron apnea remitidos a un laboratorio del sueño para el diagnóstico de AOS mediante polisomnograma completo durante la noche desde enero de 2017 a noviembre de 2020. Se utilizó el índice de apnea-hipopnea (IAH) para categorizar la gravedad apnea del sueño. Se registraron edad, sexo, SMM, índice de masa corporal (IMC), comorbilidades, sueño y parámetros de laboratorio. Además, se registraron exámenes completos de Otorrinolaringología, Neurología y Medicina Interna. Resultados: El estudio se realizó en 350 pacientes que cumplían los criterios de inclusión con una edad media de 51,3 ± 14,3 años con un rango de 14 a 81 años. Más de la mitad de ellos (58,6%) eran hombres, el IMC medio fue de 35,1 ± 8,8 kg / m2 y el MMS medio fue de 4,7 ± 1,6 con aproximadamente el 65% de los pacientes agrupados en clases III y IV. Se diagnosticó AOS (IAH> 5) en 278 (79,4%) pacientes. Significativamente, la AOS se detectó más entre los hombres, aquellos con mayor edad, IMC, MMS y aquellos con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2). Una evaluación adicional mostró una correlación positiva significativa entre el IMC y el MMS con la gravedad de la AOS (ρ = 0,23, P <0,001 y ρ = 0,36, P <0,001) respectivamente. Conclusión: MMS es una herramienta útil para predecir la presencia y la gravedad de la AOS en pacientes que roncan. El IMC y el sexo masculino son predictores independientes


Aim of the study: To assess if the modified Mallampati score (MMS) can predict the presence and the severity of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) in a group of patients who had snoring and witnessed apnea from Al -Azhar university hospitals, Cairo, Egypt, and Almoosa Hospital, Alhasa, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A retrospective study was done for patients who had snoring and witnessed apnea referred to a sleep lab for the diagnosis of OSA by overnight full polysomnogram from January 2017 to November 2020. Apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) was used to categorize the severity of sleep apnea. Age, sex, MMS, body mass index (BMI), comorbidities, sleep and laboratory parameters were recorded. Also, full Otorhinolaryngological, Neurological and Internal medicine examinations were recorded. Results: The study was carried out on 350 patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria with a mean age 51.3 ± 14.3 years ranging from 14 to 81 years. More than half of them (58.6%) were males, the mean BMI was 35.1 ± 8.8 kg/m2 and the mean MMS was 4.7 ± 1.6 with about 65% of patients grouped in classes III and IV. OSA (AHI>5) was diagnosed in 278 (79.4%) patients. Significantly, OSA was more detected among males, those with increased age, BMI, MMS, and those with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Further evaluation showed a significant positive correlation between both BMI and MMS with the severity of OSA (ρ =0.23, P<0.001 and ρ =0.36, P<0.001) respectively. Conclusion: MMS is a useful tool to predict the presence as well as the severity of OSA in snoring patients. BMI and male gender are independent predictors


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/diagnosis , Body Mass Index , Respiratory Sounds/etiology , Polysomnography
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250448

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the airway changes and risks of sleep apnea after the bimaxillary orthognathic surgery and mandibular setback surgery in the growing patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion. Material and Methods: MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, ISI, Google scholar have been utilized as the electronic databases for performing systematic literature between 2010 to August 2020. The quality of the included studies has been assessed using MINORS. Meta-analysis was performed using Stata 16 software. Results: In electronic searches, a total of 218 potentially relevant abstracts and topics have been found. Finally, 23 papers met the criteria defined for inclusion in this systematic review. The mean difference of upper airway total volume changes between before and after surgery was (MD = 1.86 cm3 95% CI 0.61 cm3-3.11 cm3; p= 0.00) among 14 studies. This result showed that after Mandibular Setback Surgery, there was a statistically significant decrease in the upper airway volume. Conclusion: Class III Patients who undergo bimaxillary surgery show no other significant difference in airways volume after surgery than patients in Class III who undergo mandibular setback alone.


Subject(s)
Sleep Apnea Syndromes/etiology , Orthognathic Surgery , Malocclusion/surgery , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/surgery , Iran/epidemiology
7.
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1178288

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: O estudo teve por objetivo, verificar a prevalência de indivíduos que apresentam risco intermediário ou alto para desenvolver Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono (AOS) e verificar o nível de conhecimento destes indivíduos sobre a doença. Métodos: É um estudo transversal, quantitativo, descritivo, conduzido nos meses de maio, junho e agosto de 2018, durante a execução do programa "Saúde na Praça". A coleta foi realizada por meio da aplicação do questionário de triagem da apneia obstrutiva do sono (STOP Bang) e questões complementares relacionadas à dados sociodemográficos, doenças preexistentes e à qualidade do sono. As perguntas foram relacionadas ao cansaço, ronco, apneia observada, pressão sanguínea alta, índice de massa corporal (IMC), idade e circunferência cervical. Resultados: Dos 305 indivíduos selecionados, 33,8% apresentaram risco baixo para AOS, 33,8% risco intermediário e 32,5% risco alto. Dos que apresentaram risco alto, a maioria era do sexo masculino (62,6%); 55,6% referiram noctúria, 59,6% relataram dificuldade de concentração, 66,7% déficit de memória, 58,6% déficit de atenção, 62,5% referiram sono agitado, 36,4% suor excessivo enquanto dormem, 72,7% disseram ser hipertensos e 37,4% referiram ser diabéticos. Conclusão: A apneia obstrutiva do sono tem sido pouco abordada em programas de promoção de saúde e o presente estudo mostrou que tanto indivíduos de baixo risco, quanto os de riscos intermediário ou alto, tinham pouco conhecimento sobre a AOS


Objectives: The objective of this study, was to verify the prevalence of individuals with intermediate or high risk for developing OSA and to verify their level of knowledge about the disease. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, quantitative and descriptive study conducted in May, June and August 2018, during the execution of the "Health in the square" program. The collection was performed by applying the obstructive sleep apnea screening questionnaire (STOP Bang) and complementary questions related to sociodemographic data, pre-existing diseases and sleep quality.The questions were related to tiredness, snoring, observed apnea, high blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), age and cervical circumference. Results: Of the 305 individuals selected, 33,8% had low risk for OSA, 33,8% intermediate risk and 32,5% high risk. Of those at high risk, most were male (62,6%), 55,6% reported nocturia, 59,6% reported difficulty concentrating, 66,7% memory deficit, 58,6% attention deficit, 62,5% reported restless sleep, 36,4% reported excessive sweating while sleeping, 72,7% reported being hypertensive and 37,4% reported being diabetic. Conclusion: Obstructive Sleep Apnea has been poorly addressed in health promotion programs and the present study showed that both low-risk and intermediate- or high-risk individuals had little knowledge about OSA


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/etiology , Prevalence , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences/methods
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888236

ABSTRACT

As a low-load physiological monitoring technology, wearable devices can provide new methods for monitoring, evaluating and managing chronic diseases, which is a direction for the future development of monitoring technology. However, as a new type of monitoring technology, its clinical application mode and value are still unclear and need to be further explored. In this study, a central monitoring system based on wearable devices was built in the general ward (non-ICU ward) of PLA General Hospital, the value points of clinical application of wearable physiological monitoring technology were analyzed, and the system was combined with the treatment process and applied to clinical monitoring. The system is able to effectively collect data such as electrocardiogram, respiration, blood oxygen, pulse rate, and body position/movement to achieve real-time monitoring, prediction and early warning, and condition assessment. And since its operation from March 2018, 1 268 people (657 patients) have undergone wearable continuous physiological monitoring until January 2020, with data from a total of 1 198 people (632 cases) screened for signals through signal quality algorithms and manual interpretation were available for analysis, accounting for 94.48 % (96.19%) of the total. Through continuous physiological data analysis and manual correction, sleep apnea event, nocturnal hypoxemia, tachycardia, and ventricular premature beats were detected in 232 (36.65%), 58 (9.16%), 30 (4.74%), and 42 (6.64%) of the total patients, while the number of these abnormal events recorded in the archives was 4 (0.63%), 0 (0.00%), 24 (3.80%), and 15 (2.37%) cases. The statistical analysis of sleep apnea event outcomes revealed that patients with chronic diseases were more likely to have sleep apnea events than healthy individuals, and the incidence was higher in men (62.93%) than in women (37.07%). The results indicate that wearable physiological monitoring technology can provide a new monitoring mode for inpatients, capturing more abnormal events and provide richer information for clinical diagnosis and treatment through continuous physiological parameter analysis, and can be effectively integrated into existing medical processes. We will continue to explore the applicability of this new monitoring mode in different clinical scenarios to further enrich the clinical application of wearable technology and provide richer tools and methods for the monitoring, evaluation and management of chronic diseases.


Subject(s)
Heart Rate , Humans , Monitoring, Physiologic , Movement , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Wearable Electronic Devices
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888227

ABSTRACT

Sleep apnea (SA) detection method based on traditional machine learning needs a lot of efforts in feature engineering and classifier design. We constructed a one-dimensional convolutional neural network (CNN) model, which consists in four convolution layers, four pooling layers, two full connection layers and one classification layer. The automatic feature extraction and classification were realized by the structure of the proposed CNN model. The model was verified by the whole night single-channel sleep electrocardiogram (ECG) signals of 70 subjects from the Apnea-ECG dataset. Our results showed that the accuracy of per-segment SA detection was ranged from 80.1% to 88.0%, using the input signals of single-channel ECG signal, RR interval (RRI) sequence, R peak sequence and RRI sequence + R peak sequence respectively. These results indicated that the proposed CNN model was effective and can automatically extract and classify features from the original single-channel ECG signal or its derived signal RRI and R peak sequence. When the input signals were RRI sequence + R peak sequence, the CNN model achieved the best performance. The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of per-segment SA detection were 88.0%, 85.1% and 89.9%, respectively. And the accuracy of per-recording SA diagnosis was 100%. These findings indicated that the proposed method can effectively improve the accuracy and robustness of SA detection and outperform the methods reported in recent years. The proposed CNN model can be applied to portable screening diagnosis equipment for SA with remote server.


Subject(s)
Electrocardiography , Humans , Machine Learning , Neural Networks, Computer , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/diagnosis
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879827

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children with neuromuscular disease (NMD).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 18 children who were diagnosed with NMD and underwent polysomnography (PSG) (NMD group). Eleven children without NMD who had abnormal sleeping habit and normal sleep structure on PSG were enrolled as the control group. The two groups were compared in terms of the daily and nocturnal symptoms of SDB, incidence rate of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), pulmonary function, end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PetCO@*RESULTS@#In the NMD group, 16 children (89%) had related daily and nocturnal symptoms of SDB, and the youngest age was 1 year at the onset of such symptoms. Compared with the control group, the NMD group had significant reductions in total sleep time and sleep efficiency (@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a high proportion of children with SDB among the children with NMD, and SDB can be observed in the early stage of NMD, which results in the damage of sleep structure and the reduction in sleep efficiency. Respiratory events are mainly obstructive events, and oxygen reduction events are mainly observed during REM sleep.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Neuromuscular Diseases/complications , Polysomnography , Retrospective Studies , Sleep , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/etiology
11.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 61-67, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344688

ABSTRACT

30 to 40% of the adult population worldwide has been diagnosed with hypertension, among these patients 5 to 10% of them could have a possibly curable condition. In order to recognize this special population, the clinician must perform a complete work up and be aware of the main underlying causes of secondary hypertension. Often this could be a goal difficult to accomplish. The purpose of this article is to discuss the most frequent causes of secondary hypertension and offer a diagnostic approach for these patients. Clinicians should never forget that drug-related hypertension is a common cause that is discovered only with the help of a good medical history.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypertension/prevention & control , Hypertension, Renovascular/etiology , Pheochromocytoma , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Hyperaldosteronism , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension, Renovascular/diagnosis , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5 supl.1): 15-15, nov. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1128964

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A apneia obstrutiva do sono (AOS) constitui importante fator de risco para fibrilação atrial. O remodelamento atrial é um pilar neste processo. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da AOS em variáveis representativas do remodelamento atrial (elétrico, estrutural e funcional). Método: Trezentos e quatro pacientes consecutivos submetidos à polissonografia foram rastreados e 80 incluídos para realização de eletrocardiograma de 12 derivações e de alta resolução (ECGAR) e ecocardiograma bi e tridimensional. Foram divididos em grupos de acordo com: 1. Índice de Apneia-Hipopneia [AOS- (90%, 80-90% e 60minutos]. RESULTADOS: A idade média foi de 60,8±11,1 anos (60% do sexo feminino) e o IMC médio 31,95±6,5 kg/m². O grupo AOS+ apresentou menor fração de esvaziamento passivo do átrio esquerdo (FEPAE) comparado com AOS-. SatMin90%. T90 >60minutos à maior duração de onda P-ECGAR, P-máxima, P-média e P na derivação DII, menor intervalo Tinício-Tpico e menor FEPAE quando comparado ao grupo


Subject(s)
Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Atrial Remodeling
13.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 58(3): 259-269, set. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138580

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los pacientes con Esclerosis múltiples tienen mayor tasa de trastornos del sueño que la población general. Los trastornos del sueño más prevalentes son: somnolencia diurna, insomnio, síndrome de piernas inquietas, trastornos respiratorios del sueño y narcolepsia. Los principales factores involucrados en la calidad del sueño en estos pacientes son la nicturia, dolor inespecífico, depresión, efectos colaterales de las terapias, ubicación de las lesiones y severidad de la enfermedad. La presencia de estos trastornos contribuyen de forma significativa a la reducción en la calidad de vida y funcionalidad diurna. A pesar de su alta frecuencia, está demostrado que los trastornos del sueño en estos pacientes son subdiagnosticados. Esta revisión, busca hacer un repaso de los trastornos del sueño más frecuentes en pacientes con esclerosis múltiple, su fisiopatología y clínica.


Sleep disorders occur in multiple sclerosis patients at higher frequency than the general population. Among sleep disorders; daytime sleepiness, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, sleep disordered breathing and narcolepsy have all been reported to be more frequent in multiple sclerosis patients. Factors that influence the quality of sleep in this population include pain, nycturia, depression, medication effects, location of lesions, and disease severity. Sleep disorders have the potential to negatively impact overall health and quality of life in these patients. Sleep disorders in multiple sclerosis patients are known to be clinically underdiagnosed. High suspicion of this condition is pivotal to prompt diagnosis and treatment. The aim of this paper is to review pathophysiology and clinical aspect of the most frequent sleep disorders in multiples sclerosis patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Sleep Wake Disorders , Multiple Sclerosis , Respiration Disorders , Restless Legs Syndrome , Sleep Apnea Syndromes
14.
Rev. am. med. respir ; 20(3): 255-266, sept. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1123087

ABSTRACT

La posición del cuerpo influye en la frecuencia y duración de apneas e hipopneas en los individuos con apneas obstructivas del sueño. La posición en decúbito supino es en la que más frecuentemente se registran eventos obstructivos y por lo tanto mayores valores en los indicadores de severidad. Aunque existen diferentes definiciones y clasificaciones, el síndrome de apneas del sueño posicional representa el 60% de todos los pacientes evaluados en una unidad de sueño, y su diferenciación tiene por objetivo determinar cuáles serán los candidatos que se beneficiarían de terapia posicional. Hasta el momento no hay una definición aceptada universalmente y la evidencia del beneficio clínico del rol de clasificar a los pacientes con apneas posicionales es aún controvertida en numerosos aspectos. La terapia posicional se basa en disminuir el tiempo en supino y la severidad de los eventos obstructivos, herramienta de la que se beneficiaría una importante proporción de los pacientes. La CPAP es el tratamiento más eficaz y se recomienda en formas severas y moderadas con manifestaciones clínicas y antecedentes cardiovasculares. En este grupo la terapia posicional podría recomendarse como tratamiento coadyuvante.


Body position during sleep time influences the frequency and duration of apneas and hypopneas in individuals who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea. Individuals in supine position show higher frequency of obstructive events and therefore, higher values in severity indexes. Though there are different definitions and classifications, the positional sleep apnea syndrome represents 60% of all patients evaluated in a sleep unit, and differentiating it aims to determine which candidates will benefit from positional therapy. There is no universally accepted definition and the evidence of the clinical benefit of classifying patients with positional sleep apnea is still controversial in many aspects. Positional therapy has the purpose of decreasing supine time and the severity of obstructive events. A significant proportion of patients would benefit from this treatment. The continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the most effective treatment and is recommended for severe and moderate forms with clinical manifestations and cardiovascular history. In this group, positional therapy could be recommended as adjuvant treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Apnea , Sleep , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Therapeutics
15.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(4): 26-30, out.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252700

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono (SAOS) é considerada um problema de saúde pública associada a diversas comorbidades que afetam a qualidade e a expectativa de vida. Atualmente, o uso de dispositivos que controlam a pressão do ar durante o sono é considerado uma das melhores terapias para diminuir os sintomas da apneia, entretanto, apresentam difícil adesão dos pacientes. Assim, o tratamento cirúrgico para este distúrbio, cuja cirurgia ortognática se destaca, apresenta alta previsibilidade e bons resultados. Relato de caso: O presente trabalho tem como objetivo relatar o caso clínico de uma paciente do sexo feminino de 40 anos, portadora da SAOS severa e com alto índice de apneia-hipopneia (IAH). Ao exame físico foi observada respiração bucal, deformidade dentofacial do tipo classe II, plano oclusal acentuado e disfunção bilateral da articulação temporomandibular. O tratamento utilizado foi avanço maxilomandibular com rotação anti-horária do plano oclusal associado à mentoplastia. O acompanhamento foi realizado por um período de dois anos, no qual observou uma diminuição no IAH após oito meses da cirurgia e um aumento significativo no volume axial das vias aéreas superiores. Considerações finais: A cirurgia ortognática proposta para este caso demonstrou ser o tratamento adequado, apresentando ótimos resultados e eficácia a longo prazo... (AU)


Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is considered a public health problem associated with several comorbidities that affect quality and life expectancy. Currently, the use of devices that control air pressure during sleep is considered to be one of the best therapies to reduce apnea symptoms, however, it is difficult for patients to adhere. Thus, surgical treatment for this disorder, whose orthognathic surgery stands out, has high predictability and good results. Case report: The present study aims to report the clinical case of a 40-year-old female patient with severe OSAS and a high rate of apnea-hypopnea (AHI). On physical examination, mouth breathing, class II type dental-facial deformity, accentuated occlusal plane and bilateral temporomandibular joint dysfunction were observed. The treatment used was maxillomandibular advancement with counterclockwise rotation of the occlusal plane associated with chin repair. Follow-up was carried out for a period of two years, in which were observed a decrease in AHI eight months after surgery and a significant increase in the axial volume of the upper airways. Final considerations: The orthognathic surgery proposed for this case proved to be the appropriate treatment, presenting excellent results and long-term efficacy... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Retrognathia/surgery , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures , Severity of Illness Index
16.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(2): 239-243, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098897

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La malnutrition por exceso en la infancia constituye una epidemia mundial y se asocia a múltiples enfermedades y complicaciones. Entre ellas, destacan los trastornos respiratorios del sueño (TRS), espectro de enfermedades que han emergido como un problema de salud relevante. Objetivo: Eva luar la relación entre la composición corporal y la presencia de TRS en escolares. Sujetos y Méto do: Estudio observacional analítico de corte transversal en 127 escolares de primero a octavo básico escogidos aleatoriamente de cinco establecimientos municipales de Valdivia, Chile. La incorporación al estudio ocurrió luego del proceso de consentimiento informado del responsable del escolar y asentimiento informado del menor. Se realizaron mediciones antropométricas y se determinó la presencia de TRS mediante el Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). Para el análisis se aplicó esta dística descriptiva, t de Student y test x2 para determinar asociación de variables con la presencia de TRS. Resultados: Destacó alta prevalencia de malnutrición por exceso (71,7%) y la obesidad alcanzó 39,4%. En tanto la prevalencia de TRS fue 32,3%. Hubo mayor proporción de niños con TRS en escolares obesos severos (56,3%), así como una media significativamente mayor en niños con TRS para los pliegues bicipital (14,6 mm ± 7,3 vs. 12,0 mm ± 6,6; p=0,002) y tricipital (19,8 ± 6,7 mm vs. 16,2 mm ± 6,0; p =0,04). Conclusiones: Existen altas prevalencias de malnutrición por exceso y TRS. De las medidas antropométricas, la presencia de TRS se asoció con mayor grosor de los plie gues bicipital y tricipital.


Abstract: Introduction: Overnutrition in childhood constitutes a global epidemic and has been associated with multiple di seases and complications. Among them, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) stands out, a spectrum of diseases that have emerged as a relevant health problem. Objective: To evaluate the association bet ween nutritional status and SDB in schoolchildren. Subjects and Method: Cross-sectional analytical study of 127 schoolchildren randomly selected from five public schools in Valdivia, Chile. After the informed assent and informed consent process of the child and parents/guardian respectively, the students were incorporated into the study. Anthropometric measurements were performed and the presence of SDB was determined through the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). For the data analysis, the t-test and x2 test were used to determine the association of variables with SDB. Re sults: There was a high prevalence of overnutrition (71.7%) and obesity reached 39.4%. Regarding the prevalence of SDB, it was 32.3%. There was a higher proportion of children with SDB in severely obese schoolchildren (56.3%), as well as, a significantly higher mean of biceps and triceps skinfold thickness in children with SDB (14.6 mm ± 7.3 vs. 12.0 mm ± 6.6, p = 0.002, and 19.8 ± 6.7 mm vs. 16.2 mm ± 6.0, p = 0.04, respectively). Conclusions: There is high prevalence of overnutrition and SDB. Out of the anthropometric measurements, the presence of SDB was associated with greater thickness of the biceps and triceps skinfolds.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/etiology , Body Composition , Pediatric Obesity/complications , Skinfold Thickness , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Pediatric Obesity/diagnosis , Pediatric Obesity/physiopathology , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology
17.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(4): 238-240, Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098086

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Central alveolar hypoventilation syndrome has been known for decades as Ondine's curse. It was named as such after a German myth. Although most of the stories resemble one another, word of mouth has led to misinterpretation of this tale among the medical community. The present paper reviews the original narrative, its characters, and how it is linked to the most relevant aspects of the disease.


RESUMEN El síndrome de hipoventilación alveolar central (por sus siglas en inglés) se conoce desde hace décadas como la maldición de Ondine. Fue nombrado como tal por un antiguo mito alemán. Aunque la mayoría de las historias se parecen, la tradición oral ha llevado a una mala interpretación de esta historia entre la comunidad médica. El presente artículo revisa la narrativa original, sus personajes y su relación con los aspectos más relevantes de la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Hypoventilation
18.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(6): e20190136, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134924

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Verificar a associação entre massa e espessura do ventrículo esquerdo (VE) e presença de hipoxemia noturna significativa em pacientes portadores de DPOC com hipoxemia diurna leve. Métodos Estudo transversal realizado em pacientes ambulatoriais, clinicamente estáveis, portadores de DPOC e hipoxemia leve (saturação de oxigênio ≥ 90 a ≤ 94%, identificados por oximetria não invasiva) em um centro clínico especializado no atendimento de doenças respiratórias em Goiânia (GO). Todos foram submetidos a avaliação clínica, espirometria, polissonografia, ecocardiografia, gasometria arterial, teste de caminhada de 6 minutos e radiografia de tórax. Resultados Foram avaliados 64 pacientes com DPOC e hipoxemia noturna. Pacientes com hipoxemia noturna significativa apresentaram parâmetros ecocardiográficos associados a mais quantidade de musculatura do VE quando comparados a pacientes com hipoxemia noturna leve. A relação entre volume/massa do VE foi significativamente menor no grupo com hipoxemia noturna significativa (0,64 ± 0,13 versus 0,72 ± 0,12; p = 0,04) e a espessura diastólica do septo interventricular e a espessura diastólica da parede posterior do VE foram significativamente maiores nesse grupo (9,7 ± 0,92 versus 9,1 ± 0,90; p = 0,03) (9,7 ± 1,0 versus 8,9 ± 1,0; p = 0,01). O tempo de sono REM com saturação abaixo de 85% prediz significativamente a espessura do septo (ajuste para índice de massa corporal [IMC], idade e pressão arterial média; r2 = 0,20; p = 0,046). Conclusão Em indivíduos portadores de DPOC e hipoxemia noturna significativa, foi observada associação entre hipoxemia severa no sono REM e parâmetros ecocardiográficos que indicam aumento da massa do VE. Tal fato sugere que esse subgrupo de indivíduos pode se beneficiar de uma avaliação ecocardiográfica do VE.


ABSTRACT Objective To verify association between left ventricular (LV) mass and thickness and the presence of significant nocturnal hypoxemia in patients with COPD with mild diurnal hypoxemia. Methods A cross-sectional study carried out in clinically stable outpatients with COPD and mild hypoxemia (oxygen saturation ≥90 to ≤94%, identified by noninvasive oximetry) in a clinic specialized in the treatment of respiratory diseases in Goiânia-GO. All patients were submitted to clinical evaluation, spirometry, polysomnography, echocardiography, arterial blood gas analysis, 6-minute walk test and chest X-ray. Results Patients with significant nocturnal hypoxemia had echocardiographic parameters associated with increase of LV musculature when compared to patients with mild nocturnal hypoxemia. The LV volume/mass ratio was significantly lower in the group with significant nocturnal hypoxemia (ratio 0.64 ± 0.13 versus 0.72 ± 0.12, p = 0.04), the thickness diastolic diameter of the interventricular septum and the diastolic thickness of the LV posterior wall were significantly higher in this group (9.7 ± 0.92 versus 9.1 ± 0.90 p = 0.03), (9.7 ± 1.0 versus 8.9 ± 1.0, p = 0.01. The time in REM sleep with saturation below 85% significantly predicted septum thickness (adjustment for BMI, age and mean blood pressure, r2 = 0.20; p = 0.046). Conclusion We observed association between severe REM sleep hypoxemia and echocardiographic parameters indicating increased LV mass in individuals with COPD and significant nocturnal hypoxemia. This suggests that this subgroup of individuals may benefit from an echocardiographic evaluation of the left ventricle.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Echocardiography/methods , Polysomnography/adverse effects , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/etiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Hypoxia/physiopathology , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/physiopathology , Spirometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications , Heart Ventricles/anatomy & histology , Hypoxia/etiology
19.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(5): e20190230, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134892

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To translate the Sleep Apnea Clinical Score (SACS) into Brazilian Portuguese and adapt it to the cultural setting, validating it for use as a screening method for polysomnography and as a tool to quantify the risk of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in individuals in Brazil. Methods: The translation was performed by two professionals, with subsequent synthesis of the translations. From that version, a back-translation was prepared, revised, and compared with the original by a team of experts. As a pre-test, a consensus version was applied in 20 patients randomly selected from among those under treatment at outpatient clinics at the Piquet Carneiro Polyclinic of the State University of Rio de Janeiro, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, to assess their understanding of the questions. In the validation phase, the Brazilian-Portuguese version of the SACS was applied in 86 patients who subsequently underwent polysomnography, regardless of the SACS result. Results: The analyses of the pre-test phase showed that the SACS was easily understood by the patients. In the validation phase, the SACS showed a sensitivity of 45.3% (95% CI: 32.8-58.2%), a specificity of 90.9% (95% CI: 70.8-98.9%), a positive predictive value of 93.5% (95% CI: 79.0-98.2%), a negative predictive value of 36.4% (95% CI: 30.6-42.5%), and an accuracy of 57.0% (95% CI: 45.8-67.6%). Conclusions: The Brazilian-Portuguese version of the SACS can be used in order to assess the risk of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.


RESUMO Objetivo: Traduzir o questionário Sleep Apnea Clinical Score (SACS) para a língua portuguesa do Brasil, adaptá-lo a nossa cultura e validá-lo para que seja utilizado como método de rastreio para a realização de polissonografia e como ferramenta para quantificar o risco de síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono no indivíduo. Métodos: A tradução foi realizada por dois profissionais, com posterior conciliação em uma síntese das traduções. A partir dessa versão, foi elaborada uma tradução reversa, revisada e comparada com o original por uma equipe de especialistas. A versão de consenso foi aplicada em 20 pacientes aleatoriamente selecionados de ambulatórios da Policlínica Piquet Carneiro da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, na cidade do Rio de Janeiro (RJ), para avaliar sua compreensão (pré-teste). Posteriormente, a versão brasileira do SACS foi aplicada em 86 pacientes que realizaram polissonografia, independentemente do resultado apresentado no SACS (fase de validação). Resultados: As análises da fase pré-teste demonstraram que o questionário era facilmente compreendido pelos pacientes. Na fase de validação, o questionário demonstrou sensibilidade de 45,3% (IC95%: 32,8-58,2%), especificidade de 90,9% (IC95%: 70,8-98,9%), valor preditivo positivo de 93,5% (IC95%: 79,0-98,2%), valor preditivo negativo de 36,4% (IC95%: 30,6-42,5%) e acurácia de 57,0% (IC95%: 45,8-67,6%). Conclusões: A versão do questionário SACS traduzida para a língua portuguesa do Brasil pode ser utilizada para avaliar o risco de síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/diagnosis , Translations , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Psychometrics , Translating , Brazil , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Reproducibility of Results , Cultural Characteristics , Language
20.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 48(2): 173-178, 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1103906

ABSTRACT

Actualmente no es sólito tener pacientes con síntomas causados por la implicación de las amígdalas linguales y que pasemos por alto su sospecha. Los signos y síntomas que pueden presentar los pacientes son variados, desde el síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (síntoma más común) y disfagia hasta tos crónica mal abordada y, por lo mismo, tratada inadecuadamente. Presentamos los casos clínicos de dos pacientes con hipertrofia de amígdalas linguales y una revisión narrativa del tema.


Currently, it is not unusual to have patients with symptoms due to the involvement of lingual tonsils and let us go unnoticed their suspicion. The signs and symptoms that patients may present are varied, from giving obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (the most common symptom) dysphagia to poorly treated and poorly treated chronic cough. We present the clinical cases of two patients with hypertrophy of the lingual tonsils and a narrative review of the subject.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Diagnosis , Hypertrophy
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