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1.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 15(2): 146-153, Agosto/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-1518988

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar estudos sobre políticas públicas, ações de saúde e análises econômicas relacionados aos distúrbios de sono no Brasil e discutir os seus resultados para o sistema de saúde, gestores de políticas públicas e a sociedade. Métodos: Revisão integrativa da literatura nas bases de dados Lilacs (via BVS), SciELO e PubMed (via Medline), incluindo estudos publicados nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol, entre os anos de 1960-2023; foram excluídos estudos que não apresentaram a perspectiva brasileira ou aqueles cuja versão integral não estava disponível (seja gratuitamente ou na versão paga). Resultados: A busca retornou 536 resultados, dos quais apenas dois atendiam aos critérios de inclusão e mais cinco trabalhos foram incluídos manualmente, após consulta com especialistas de sono (todos abordaram apneia obstrutiva do sono, sendo: um relato sobre alteração na legislação de trânsito focada em prevenção de acidentes por sonolência excessiva; uma revisão de escopo sobre análises de custo-efetividade do tratamento da doença com uso de CPAP; dois relatos sobre linha de cuidado em um município e outros três em Secretarias Estaduais de Saúde). Conclusões: A revisão integrativa encontrou poucas evidências acerca do tema e aponta para a necessidade de futuros estudos que visem a suprir essa lacuna científica e de que seja necessário o desenvolvimento de futura linha de cuidado que amplie o acesso ao tratamento de doenças do sono no Sistema Único de Saúde.


Objective: To identify studies on public policies, health actions, and economic analyses related to sleep disorders in Brazil and discuss their results for public policy managers and society. Methods: Integrative literature review using Lilacs (via BVS), SciELO, and PubMed (via Medline) databases, including studies published in Portuguese, English, and Spanish languages, between years of 1960-2023; studies that did not present the Brazilian perspective or whose full version was not available were excluded (free or paid version). Results: The search returned 536 results, of which only two met the inclusion criteria, and five more studies were included manually after consulting sleep experts (all addressing obstructive sleep apnea, namely: a report on changes in traffic legislation focused on preventing accidents caused by excessive sleepiness; a scoping review on cost-effectiveness analysis of CPAP for sleep apnea treatment; two reports on care lines in one municipality and another three in State Secretariats). Conclusions: The integrative review found few evidences on the topic and points to the need for future studies aimed at filling this scientific gap and the development of a care line that expands access to sleep disorder treatment in Brazilian Public Health System.


Subject(s)
Public Health , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic , Health Care Economics and Organizations , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
2.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cuello (En línea) ; 51(2): 129-135, 20230000. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1442472

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la apnea obstructiva del sueño (AOS) conlleva un alto riesgo cardiovascular, metabólico y neurológico. Los dispositivos de presión positiva continua (CPAP) o dispositivos de avance mandibular (DAM) pueden ferulizar la vía aérea superior (VAS) y mejorar la obstrucción; sin embargo, la adherencia es muy baja. Se ha demostrado que los procedimientos quirúrgicos de la VAS pueden llevar a una reducción significativa en la frecuencia de apneas e hipopneas. El objetivo del estudio fue describir las características clínicas y demográficas y los cambios en la somnolencia diurna excesiva, en el índice de apnea e hipopnea (IAH) y en la saturación de oxígeno (SpO2 ) de los pacientes con AOS manejados quirúrgicamente en el Servicio de Otorrinolaringología entre los años 2016 a 2020. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo tipo serie de casos. Resultados: se incluyeron nueve pacientes que cumplían los criterios de inclusión, el 77,8 % presentaban sobrepeso u obesidad. Se disminuyó la puntuación de la Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) en el 100 % de los pacientes pre y posquirúrgicos. Adicionalmente, la polisomnografía (PSG) pre y posoperatoria mostró un aumento en la eficiencia de sueño con la mejoría de parámetros de oxigenación. Se encontró una disminución en el IAH en el 88,8 % de los pacientes. Conclusión: los hallazgos en este estudio sugieren que la cirugía de VAS es segura para realizar en pacientes con AOS. No todos los pacientes son candidatos a manejo quirúrgico y es importante una selección adecuada para disminuir las complicaciones.


Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a pathology that leads to a high risk of developing cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurological diseases. Positive airway pressure (CPAP) or mandibular advancement devices (MAD) can open superior airway (SAW) improve the obstruction, however, adherence is too low. It has already been shown that surgical SAW procedures, compared with medical management, can lead to a significant reduction in the frequency of apneas and hypopneas. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and demographic characteristics, changes in excessive daytime sleepiness using Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), apnea-hipopnea index (AHI) and SpO2 in patients with OSA managed surgically. Methods: A descriptive observational case series type study was carried out. Results: Nine patients were included, 77.8% were overweight or obese. A decrease in the ESS was found in 100% of the patients when pre- and post-operative scores were compared. Additionally, pre and postoperative polysomnography (PSG) showed an increase in sleep efficiency with improvement in oxygenation parameters such as mean saturation and minimum saturation. Regarding respiratory events, we found a decrease in AHI in 88.8% of patients. Conclusion: The findings in this study suggest that SAW surgery is safe to perform in patients with OSA. However, it is necessary to keep in mind that not all patients are candidates for surgical management and that adequate patient selection is important to reduce procedural complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep , General Surgery
3.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(1): 9-15, mar2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435395

ABSTRACT

Hay poca información sobre el rol de la hipoxemia como factor de riesgo de hipertensión arterial (HTA) en pacientes con apnea obstructiva del sueño. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la hipoxemia como factor de riesgo independiente de HTA en un modelo de trabajo basado en pacientes reales examinados en una unidad de sueño. Métodos: estudio retrospectivo. Modelo predictivo mediante regresión logística múltiple para establecer la relación entre HTA y edad, sexo, índice de masa corporal (IMC), índice de apneas e hipopneas por hora de registro (IAH) y tiempo de saturación de oxígeno debajo de 90% (T90 > 3%). Resultados: incluimos 3854 pacientes (edad mediana 55 años), predominio varones (61.5%). Según el modelo, las variables asociadas con HTA fueron: edad (OR 3.27 ­ 3.29, IC95% 2.83 ­ 3.80, p < 0.0001), sexo masculino (OR 1.35, IC95% 1.17 ­ 1.56, p < 0.001), obesidad (OR 1.83, IC95% 1.59 ­ 2.11, p < 0.0001), IAH ≥ 15 eventos por hora (OR 1.22, IC95% 1.05 ­ 1.43, p < 0.01) y T90 ≥ 3% (OR 1.56 ­ 1.57, IC95% 1.32 ­ 1.84, p < 0.0001). Conclusiones: en una población clínica con sospecha de apnea obstructiva del sueño, la hipoxemia (T90 ≥ 3%) se asoció con hipertensión arterial. (AU);


There is limited information about the role of hypoxemia degree as a risk factor for hypertension (HTN) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The objective of this study is to assess hypoxemia as an independent risk factor for HTN in a work model based on real-life patients examined at sleep unit. Methods: this retrospective study consisted of a predictive model using multiple logistic regression to establish the relationship between HTN and age, sex, body mass index (BMI), apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) and time below SO2 ≤ 90% (T90 ≥ 3%). Results: we included 3.854 patients (median age: 55 years), mostly men (61.5%). According to the model, the variables that were significantly associated with HTN were: age (OR: 3.27 ­ 3.29, CI95% 2.83 ­ 3.80, p < 0.0001), male sex (OR 1.35, CI95% 1.17 ­ 1.56, p < 0.001), Obesity (OR 1.83, CI95% 1.59 ­ 2.11, p < 0.0001), AHI > 15 events per hour (OR 1.22, CI95% 1.05 ­ 1.43, p < 0.01) and T90 ≥ 3% (OR 1.56 ­ 1.57, CI95% 1.32 ­ 1.84, p < 0.0001). Conclusion: in a clinical population of subjects suspected of OSA, nocturnal hypoxemia measure as T90 ≥ 3% was associated with HTN. (AU);


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Hypertension , Hypoxia , Obesity , Argentina , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
4.
Rev. cient. cienc. salud ; 5(1): 1-9, 26-01-2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1437663

ABSTRACT

Introducción:Escasos reportes sobre asma existen en la literatura nacional. El objetivo delestudio es describir ciertas características clínicas, las comorbilidades y el riesgo para apnea obstructiva del sueño (AOS) en este colectivo. Material y métodos:Mediante un estudio observacional tipo caso-control, se incluyeron pacientes portadores de asma de ambos sexos y un grupo control pareado por sexo y edad. Se consignaron datos demográficos, características de la enfermedad, datos relativos al control del asma y espirometría, comorbilidades y riesgo de apnea de sueño medido por el cuestionario STOP-BANG durante una entrevista estructurada. Resultados: Se incluyeron 132 individuos en el grupo caso y 132 en el grupo control. Entre los asmáticos, se consignaron 38,63% de formas no controladas y 9% severas. También se constató mayor frecuencia dehipertensión arterial, obesidad, rinitis alérgicay trastornos de la memoria. Riesgo mayor para AOS, aunque no significativo, se consignó en el grupo de casos. En el subgrupo de asmáticos con obesidad o en adultos mayores, la diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa-Discusión:Aundisponiendo de medicamentos preventivos,la tasa de control de los asmáticos en esta muestra es llamativa y merece estudios sistemáticos. Es extremadamente importante tener en cuenta algunas comorbilidades para el manejo de este grupo de pacientes,incluyendo la estratificación de riesgo para AOS.Palabras clave:asma; comorbilidad; apnea obstructiva del sueño


Introduction.Few reports on asthma exist in the national literature. The objective of our study is to describe certain clinical characteristics, comorbidities, and risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in this group. Material and methods.Through an observational case-control study, patients with asthma of both sexes and a control group matched by sex and age were included. Demographic data, disease characteristics, data related to asthma control and spirometry, comorbidities, and risk of sleep apnea measured by the STOP-BANG questionnaire were recorded during a structured interview. Results.132 individuals were included in the case group and 132 in the control group. Among the asthmatics, 38.63% of uncontrolled forms and 9% were severe. There was also a higher frequency of arterial hypertension, obesity, allergic rhinitis and memory disorders. Higher risk for OSA, although not significant, was recorded in the case group. In the subgroup of asthmatics with obesity or in older adults, the difference was relevant to the statistical analysis. Discussion.Even with preventive medications available, the control rate of asthmatics in this sample is striking and deserves systematic studies. It is extremely important to take into account some comorbidities for the management ofthis group of patients, including risk stratification for OSA.Key Words:asthma; comorbidity;obstructive sleep apnea


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Asthma , Comorbidity , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
5.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2023. 118 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1519275

ABSTRACT

A apneia obstrutiva do sono (AOS) pediátrica é um distúrbio respiratório, caracterizado por episódios recorrentes de obstrução das vias aéreas superiores. Muitas pesquisas evidenciam déficits relacionados aos distúrbios do sono, como dificuldade em atenção, memória, habilidades visuomotoras e funções executivas. A patogênese das comorbidades associadas à AOS está ligada à hipoxemia e às fragmentações no sono. A AOS infantil afeta negativamente resultados de testes neuropsicológicos, que incluem habilidades de linguagem expressiva e receptiva. A principal conduta terapêutica citada na literatura é cirúrgica, porém existem outras alternativas. A polissonografia (PSG) é o exame padrão para diagnóstico, e define a gravidade da doença, além de registrar outros parâmetros fisiológicos relacionados à arquitetura do sono. Por meio desse exame, foram selecionadas crianças com AOS para realizar um teste neuropsicológico e associar os resultados de ambos. A presente dissertação apresentará dois estudos, um de revisão de literatura e um estudo observacional transversal. OBJETIVOS: o objetivo do primeiro estudo é realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre a presença de déficits neuropsicológicos em crianças com apneia do sono; e o objetivo do segundo estudo é pesquisar crianças do ensino fundamental, diagnosticadas com AOS, por meio da associação dos seus resultados de um teste neuropsicológico, com seus respectivos dados polissonográficos. MÉTODOS: para o primeiro estudo foi realizada uma revisão integrativa da literatura, buscando publicações dos últimos dez anos que descreveram aspectos neuropsicológicos de crianças, de 6 a 12 anos, com AOS. Para o segundo estudo, observacional analítico transversal, a amostra incluiu 17 crianças, faixa etária entre 6 e 12 anos, com diagnóstico de AOS e sem comorbidades associadas, tais como síndromes genéticas e alterações craniofaciais. O diagnóstico de AOS foi feito com PSG, realizada em laboratório de sono. Nessa instituição, foram selecionados os laudos e contactadas as famílias para aplicação do teste NEUPSILIN-Inf, em um único encontro. Em seguida, realizou-se análise estatística descritiva, por meio do teste Mann-Whitney associando as variáveis explicativas (tarefas neuropsicológicas) e os desfechos (dados da PSG). RESULTADOS: os resultados são apresentados por meio da produção de dois artigos científicos. O Estudo 1, que é apresentado pelo artigo de revisão de literatura, consistiu em 21 artigos, selecionados entre 219 artigos encontrados em bases de dados. Foram incluídos ensaios clínicos randomizados, revisões da literatura, estudos transversais e de coorte. Dificuldade em atenção, memória e habilidades visuomotoras, verbais e funções executivas foram alterações neuropsicológicas, associadas a distúrbios do sono, destacadas nas pesquisas selecionadas. O segundo estudo incluiu avaliação neuropsicológica de crianças na faixa etária citada, associação entre os resultados do teste e dados polissonográficos. Valores significativos entre o índice de dessaturação inadequado e déficits de linguagem oral e escrita foram encontrados, evidenciando que prejuízos na qualidade de sono podem afetar negativamente habilidades neuropsicológicas. CONCLUSÃO: a AOS pode causar déficits neuropsicológicos relacionados à atenção, à memória declarativa, às funções executivas e às habilidades de linguagem. Na análise estatística foram encontrados valores significativos entre o índice de dessaturação inadequado e déficits de linguagem oral e escrita. Tais quadros podem ser amenizados com tratamento adequado, porém a relação entre dados diagnósticos e prognósticos carece de mais evidências. É de suma importância a abordagem preventiva e interdisciplinar de crianças com queixas respiratórias de sono para definir melhor intervenção, otimizar desempenho escolar e qualidade de vida das crianças com esse diagnóstico.


To elaborate a bibliographical review on neuropsychological deficits in children with sleep apnea. METHODS: An integrative review on theoretical literature was used to achieve the purpose, analyzing, thereby, specific literature from the last ten years describing neuropsychological aspects of children with sleep apnea. Database consulted were: "Portal Regional da Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde", "PubMed", "Portal CAPES", "PEDro" and "OTseeker". RESULTS: The sample has 21 selected articles, selected from a population of 219 articles found on the databases. Randomized clinical trials, bibliographical reviews, cross- sectional and cohort studies were included. Both Redundant publications or articles that did not specify for age or focused on comorbidities were not considered. Most of the surveys evidenced the existence of neuropsychological changes related to sleep disturbance, which could cause difficulties at paying attention. Memorization and visual motor, speech and executive functions were compromised. Pathogenesis of comorbidities related to obstructive sleep apnea are caused by hypoxemia and sleep interruptions. Surgery is the main medical intervention mentioned in the literature, since there was no other research so far exploring other possibilities to solve these neuropsychological deficits. CONCLUSION: Articles indicate that sleep apnea can cause neuropsychological deficits on attention, memory, and executive functions. In addition, these articles suggests that this situation could be softened with proper treatment, although prognosis and diagnosis data need further evidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Diagnosis , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Neuropsychology
6.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 18(2): 45-47, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444746

ABSTRACT

La cánula nasal de alto flujo (CNAF) es una modalidad ventilatoria no invasiva segura y efectiva, usada ampliamente en patología respiratoria aguda en adultos y niños. Objetivo: presentar casos clínicos pediátricos que utilizaron CNAF por tiempo prolongado por problemas respiratorios crónicos. Descripción de casos clínicos, revisión de fichas clínicas de 5 pacientes que utilizaron CNAF por más de 1 mes, entre los años 2017-2020 en el Complejo Asistencial Dr. Sótero del Río. Aprobado por Comité de Ética. Resultados: 5 pacientes varones de mediana 61 (44 a 212) días de edad al inicio del uso de CNAF. Diagnóstico de base: displasia broncopulmonar (2/5), síndrome de Treacher Collins (1/5), síndrome de cimitarra con hipoplasia pulmonar derecha (1/5) y traqueobroncomalacia severa (1/5). Todos requirieron previamente uso de ventilación invasiva o no invasiva con mediana de 59 (4 a 78) días. A todos se les realizó broncoscopia, saturometría contínua o poligrafía para diagnóstico y titulación de CNAF y oxígeno. Todos mejoraron clínicamente, la SpO2 y el número de apneas. Dos pacientes se enviaron a domicilio con uso de Airvo2 nocturno. La mediana de uso de CNAF fue 165 (34 a 445) días. Conclusiones: el uso prolongado de CNAF es útil en pacientes pediátricos seleccionados, bien tolerado y factible de utilizar en domicilio.


The high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is a safe and effective non-invasive ventilation support widely used in acute respiratory pathology in adults and children. Objective: To present pediatric clinical cases that used HFNC for an extended period due to chronic respiratory disease. Description of clinical cases, review of medical records of 5 patients who used HFNC for more than 1 month, between the years 2017-2020 at Complejo Asistencial Dr. Sótero del Río. Approved by the Ethics Committee. Results: 5 male patients with a median age of 61 (44 to 212) days at the start of HFNC use. Underlying diagnoses: bronchopulmonary dysplasia (2/5), Treacher Collins syndrome (1/5), Scimitar syndrome with right pulmonary hypoplasia (1/5), and severe tracheobronchomalacia (1/5). All of them previously required invasive or non-invasive ventilation for a median of 59 (4 to 78) days. All patients underwent bronchoscopy, continuous pulse oximetry or polygraphy for diagnosis and titration of HFNC and oxygen. All showed clinical improvement, including SpO2 levels and the number of apneas. Two patients were discharged with nocturnal use of Airvo 2 at home. The median duration of HFNC use was 165 (34 to 445) days. Conclusions: Prolonged use of HFNC is useful in selected pediatric patients, well tolerated, and feasible for home use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Respiratory Tract Diseases/therapy , Cannula , Time Factors , Chronic Disease , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Tracheomalacia/therapy , Lung Injury/therapy , Noninvasive Ventilation
7.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 18(2): 45-47, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444644

ABSTRACT

Se realiza comentario de estudio de Israel en el cual analizan 75 pacientes pediátricos que utilizaron cánula nasal de alto flujo (CNAF) en domicilio, evaluando la seguridad, las indicaciones, los parámetros de utilización, la duración del tratamiento, los resultados clínicos y la satisfacción de los padres. Se acompaña de una revisión de la literatura del tema.


A comment is made on a study conducted in Israel analyzing 75 pediatric patients who used high-flow nasal cannula at home, evaluating safety, indications, utilization parameters, treatment duration, clinical outcomes, and parental satisfaction. It is accompanied by a literature review on the topic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Cannula , Home Nursing , Lung Diseases/therapy , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Noninvasive Ventilation , Neuromuscular Diseases/therapy
8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 196-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970775

ABSTRACT

Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a common sleep respiratory disorder characterized by upper respiratory collapse during sleep, with a high prevalence and potentially fatal complications. Currently, maxillary transverse deficiency are considered to be an important pathogenic factor of OSAHS. For patients with poor compliance with positive airway pressure therapy, rapid maxillary expansion can increase the volume and ventilation of the upper respiratory tract, which is an alternative treatment. This paper reviewed the current research on surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion, miniscrew assisted rapid palatal expansion, and distraction osteogenesis maxillary expansion in the treatment of adult OSAHS. By comparing the indications, contraindications, complications, efficacy and long-term stability of the three treatment methods, it provided reference for treatment of patients with OSAHS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Nose , Palatal Expansion Technique , Palate , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Syndrome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982781

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the changes of morphology of pharynx in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and healthy individuals during oral or nasal breathing, and explore the relevant influencing factors. Methods:Twenty-nine adult patients with OSAHS and 20 non-snoring controls underwent MRI to obtain upper airway structural measurements while the subjects were awake and during mouth breathing with a nasal clip.The following were analyzed. ①The changes of upper airway structure of oral and nasal respiration in non-snoring control/OSAHS patients were observed; ②The differences and influencing factors of upper airway structure changes between OSAHS patients and controls were compared during breathing. Results:The control group consisted of 15 males and 5 females, with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI)<5 events/h, while the OSAHS group comprised 26 males and 3 females with an AHI of 40.4±23.1 events/h and the mean lowest arterial oxygen saturation (LSaO2) was 79.5% ±10.0%. In the both groups, the vertical distance between the mandible and the posterior pharyngeal wall decreased (P<0.05); The long axis of tongue body decreased (P<0.05), and the contact area between tongue and palate decreased. There was no significant change in the total volume of the retropalatine(RP) and retroglossal(RG) airway in the control group (P>0.05). However, the minimum cross-sectional area and volume of the RP airway in OSAHS decreased (P<0.001). The lateral diameters of uvula plane in OSAHS decreased during mouth breathing, which was contrary to the trend in the control group (P=0.017). The AHI of patients was positively correlated with the reduction of the volume of the RP airway during oral breathing (P=0.001); The reduction of the distance between the mandible and the posterior pharyngeal wall was positively correlated with the length of the airway (P<0.001). Conclusion:Mouth breathing leads to the shortening of the long axis of the tongue, the reduction of the contact area between the soft palate and the tongue, vertical distance between the mandible and the posterior pharyngeal wall, and the cross-sectional area of the epiglottis plane. These changes vary between OSAHS patients and controls. During mouth breathing, the diameters, areas and volumes of the RP area decreased, and were more significant in severe cases.


Subject(s)
Male , Adult , Female , Humans , Mouth Breathing , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Pharynx/surgery , Palate, Soft , Uvula/surgery , Syndrome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982741

ABSTRACT

Prevalence of childhood obesity is progressively increasing, reaching worldwide levels of 5.6% in girls and of 7.8% in boys. This also leads to a corresponding increase in the prevalence of obesity-associated morbidities particularly those involving obstructive sleep apnea(OSA). Obesity is an independent risk factor and regulator of OSA in children. There is a bidirectional causal relationship between OSA and obesity in children. The factors involved in the association between OSA and obesity are systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, and gut microbiota etc. However, a causal link between obesity-related inflammatory state and OSA pathogenesis still needs to be properly confirmed. The present review aimed to investigate the links between childhood obesity and OSA.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Inflammation
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982728

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between sleep status and the disease in children with recurrent vertigo(RVC) by analyzing the objective sleep condition of children with recurrent vertigo. Methods:According to the diagnostic criteria of RVC, 50 children with RVC and 20 normal controls without RVC were selected. According to the vertigo questionnaire score, the RVC group was divided into mild, moderate and severe groups according to severity. Continuous polysomnography(PSG) was performed for all participants, and SPSS 25.0 statistical software was used to analyze the monitoring results. Results:①There were significant differences in sleep time of each period, total sleep time and sleep efficiency between RVC group and control group(P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in sleep latency(P>0.05). The specific manifestations were that the proportion of sleep time in N1 and N2 phases increased, the proportion of sleep time in N3 and REM phases decreased, the total sleep time and sleep efficiency decreased in RVC group. ②The abnormal rate of sleep apnea hypopnea index, that is, the proportion of AHI≥5 times/h and the abnormal rate of lowest blood oxygen saturation in RVC group were higher than those in normal control group. There was significant difference between the two groups(P<0.05). ③There were significant differences in the proportion of AHI≥5 times/h and lowest SpO2 among mild group, moderate group and severe group(P<0.05). ④There was no significant correlation between the degree of vertigo and the abnormal rate of AHI in children with RVC, but there was a negative correlation between the degree of vertigo and the abnormal rate of lowest SpO2 in children with RVC. Conclusion:Children with RVC are often accompanied by sleep disorders, clinicians should pay attention to both the symptoms of vertigo and sleep condition in children. Polysomnography is non-invasive and operable, providing a new idea to the auxiliary examination of RVC in children. It is of certain clinical significance for the comprehensive treatment of children with RVC to actively improve vertigo symptoms and pay attention to improving sleep quality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Sleep , Dizziness , Vertigo/diagnosis
12.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 38(4): 234-245, dic. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441385

ABSTRACT

La terapia miofuncional orofacial (TMO) ha tenido un creciente desarrollo durante la última década, presentándose como una opción terapéutica en pacientes con AOS. Sin embargo, la evidencia es limitada y en Chile no hay mucho conocimiento al respecto. Se desarrolló una revisión sistemática en PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Lilacs y Scielo, que incluyó estudios primarios publicados en los últimos 10 años en idioma inglés, español o portugués y que utilizaran la TMO en pacientes adultos con AOS. Se excluyeron estudios que combinaran otras estrategias, con alteraciones miofuncionales secundarias a patologías concomitantes y con otro tipo de trastorno del sueño. La revisión consideró 9 artículos en su análisis; los resultados mostraron beneficios significativos a favor de la TMO en relación a disminución del índice de apnea-hipopnea, mejor calidad del sueño, nivel de somnolencia de Epworth, menor intensidad y frecuencia de los ronquidos, menor circunferencia del cuello, entre otros. Se concluye que la TMO genera beneficios en los pacientes con AOS, siendo una opción no invasiva y accesible.


Orofacial myofunctional therapy (OMT) has had a growing development during the last decade, presenting itself as a therapeutic option in patients with OSA. However, the evidence is limited and in Chile there is not much knowledge about it. A systematic review was developed in PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Lilacs and Scielo, which included primary studies published in the last 10 years in English, Spanish or Portuguese that used OMT in adult patients with OSA. Studies that combined other strategies, with myofunctional alterations secondary to concomitant pathologies and with another type of sleep disorder were excluded. The review considered 9 articles in its analysis; The results showed significant benefits in favor of OMT in relation to a decrease in the apnea-hypopnea index, better sleep quality, Epworth sleepiness level, less intensity and frequency of snoring, less neck circumference, among others. It is concluded that OMT generates benefits in patients with OSA, being a non-invasive and accessible option.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myofunctional Therapy , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy
13.
Vaccimonitor (La Habana, Print) ; 31(3)sept.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1410315

ABSTRACT

La asociación de rinitis alérgica y el síndrome de apnea-hipopnea obstructiva del sueño se presenta en diferentes edades. En la rinitis alérgica y el síndrome de apnea-hipopnea obstructiva del sueño, puede estar involucrada la sensibilización a ácaros, principalmente: Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides siboney y Blomia tropicalis. Con el objetivo de diagnosticar el síndrome de apnea-hipopnea obstructiva del sueño se seleccionaron 120 individuos del registro de alergia del Policlínico Previsora, Camagüey, Cuba, con diagnóstico presuntivo de rinitis alérgica y edad entre 5 y 15 años cumplidos. Todos tenían realizada la prueba de punción cutánea con Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides siboney y Blomia tropicalis; algunos también, la poligrafía cardiorrespiratoria mediante el dispositivo ApneaLinkAirTM (Resmed Corp., RFA), utilizando el marcaje automático de eventos. La muestra fue de 40 casos (respiración oral, ronquidos) y 80 controles (sin respiración oral, ni ronquidos). La media del tamaño del habón fue de 7,9 mm en los casos y 4,1 mm en los controles (p꞊0,030). El índice de apnea-hipopnea fue positivo en 47 (39,1 por ciento) pacientes, de ellos, 36 (30 por ciento) casos y 11 (9,1 por ciento) controles (p=0,001). La sensibilidad y especificidad de la poligrafía cardiorrespiratoria mostró valores de 85,00 por ciento y 91,25 por ciento respectivamente que permiten afirmar el grado de eficacia de la prueba para diagnosticar apnea e hipopnea obstructiva del sueño. Los pacientes con síndrome de apnea-hipopnea obstructiva del sueño en los casos y controles presentaron incremento, con predominio para casos. La poligrafía cardiorrespiratoria con el dispositivo ApneaLink permite hacer el diagnóstico del síndrome de apnea-hipopnea obstructiva del sueño en rinitis alérgica(AU)


The association of allergic rhinitis and obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome occurs at different ages. In allergic rhinitis and obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome, sensitization to mites may be involved, mainly: Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides siboney and Blomia tropicalis. With the objective to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome, 120 individuals were selected from the allergy registry of the Previsora Polyclinic, Camagüey, Cuba, with a presumptive diagnosis of allergic rhinitis and ages between 5 and 15 years old. All had the skin prick test with Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides siboney and Blomia tropicalis; some also, cardio-respiratory polygraphy with the ApneaLink AirTM device (Resmed Corp., RFA), using automatic event marking. The sample consisted of 40 cases (oral breathing, snoring) and 80 controls (no oral breathing or snoring). The mean size of the wheal was 7.9 mm in the cases and 4.1 mm in the controls (p꞊0.030). The apnea and hypopnea index was positive in 47 (39.1 percent) patients, of which 36 (30 percent) were cases and 11 (9.1 percent) were controls (p=0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of the cardiorespiratory polygraphy showed values of 85.00 percent and 91.25 percent, respectively, which allow affirming the degree of efficacy of the test to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea. Patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome in cases and controls presented an increase, with a predominance for cases. Cardiorespiratory polygraphy with the ApneaLink device allows the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome in allergic rhinitis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/etiology , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis , Mites
14.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 14(2): 67-82, jul.-dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1410692

ABSTRACT

Introducción:existe una sospecha sobre la relación bidireccional entre la apnea obstructiva del sueño (AOS) y la hipertensión arterial (HTA). Ambas ejercen una acción sinérgica sobre desenlaces cardiovasculares porlo quees trascendente ponderar la prevalencia de riesgo para AOS en los hipertensos. En este último grupo también hemos investigado la tasa de adherencia a los fármacos prescritos. Metodología:mediante un estudio de casos y controles y con la aplicación del cuestionario STOP-BANG se han discriminado las categorías de riesgo para apnea de sueño en las dos cohortes. Para el análisis de la adherencia a fármacos antihipertensivos se utilizó el cuestionario abreviado de Morisky. Resultados:se incluyeron a 590 individuos (295 casos y 295 controles. Se observó alto riesgo para AOS en el grupo de hipertensos (36,6%) comparado con el 14,2% del grupo control. Por otro lado, el sexo masculino OR 7,77 (IC95% 4,33-13,84), la obesidad OR 5,03 (IC95% 3,11-8,13) y la HTA OR 4,31 (IC95% 2,64-7,03) se ponderan significativos en un modelo de ajuste logístico aquí estudiado. El 61,69% de los hipertensos refería adherencia al tratamiento farmacológico prescrito. Discusión:el tamizaje de AOS es factible con un cuestionario aplicable en la práctica clínica diaria. De la probabilidad clínica pre-test hay que partir hacia métodos diagnósticos específicos para el diagnóstico de AOS, enfatizando casos de HTA resistente, HTA nocturna y HTA enmascarada. Se deberían realizar estudios locales que nos ayuden a comprender las causas de la falta de adherencia a fármacos antihipertensivos en una fracción importante de los individuos con HTA


Introduction:there is a suspicion about the bidirectional relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and arterial hypertension (AHT). Both have a synergistic action on cardiovascular outcomes, so it is important to assess the prevalence of risk for OSA in hypertensive patients. In this last group we have also investigated the rate of adherence to prescribed drugs.Metodology:through a case-control study and with the application of the STOP-BANG questionnaire, the risk categories for sleep apnea in the two cohorts have been discriminated. For the analysis of adherence to antihypertensive drugs, the abbreviated Morisky questionnaire was used. Results:590 individuals were included (295 cases and 295 controls. A high risk for OSA was observed in the hypertensive group (36.6%) compared to 14.2% in the control group. On the other hand, the male sex OR 7.77 (95%CI 4.33-13.84), obesity OR 5.03 (95%CI 3.11-8.13) and hypertensionOR4.31(95%CI 2.64-7.03) they areweighted significant in a logistic adjustment model studied here.61.69% of hypertensive patients reported adherence to the prescribed pharmacological treatment.Discussion:OSA screening is feasible with a questionnaire applicable in daily clinical practice. From the pre-test clinical probability, specific diagnostic methods for the diagnosis of OSA must be started, emphasizing cases of resistant AHT, nocturnal AHT, andmasked AHT. Local studies should be carried out to help us understand the causes of non-adherence to antihypertensive drugs in a significant fraction of individuals with AHT


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Risk Assessment , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Obesity , Paraguay/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Waist-Hip Ratio , Hypertension , Antihypertensive Agents
15.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-7, 01/jan./2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411338

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: avaliar a prevalência do risco da Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono e seus fatores associados em idosos da comunidade atendidos em uma academia-escola universitária. Métodos: trata-se de estudo epidemiológico transversal, realizado com idosos participantes do Projeto da Terceira Idade da Universidade de Rio Verde, realizado entre abril e maio de 2019. A coleta de dados foi executada por meio da aplicação de questionário composto por avaliação sociodemográfica, antropométrica, das condições prévias de saúde, de autopercepção de saúde, de sonolência diurna excessiva, da qualidade do sono, além da avaliação de risco para desenvolver Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono. Resultados: entre os 75 indivíduos analisados, 50,7% apresentaram risco de Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono. Obesidade (p=0,001), aumento da circunferência de pescoço (p=0,004), baixo nível socioeconômico (p=0,034), baixa qualidade do sono (p=0,007) e sonolência diurna excessiva (p=0,006) apresentaram associação estatisticamente significativa com o diagnóstico da Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono. Conclusão: a maior parte dos indivíduos avaliados apresentou algum grau da Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono. Sugere-se que aqueles idosos que apresentaram algum dos fatores associados a esta condição possam passar por avaliação específica, como a polissonografia, e a criação de medidas para que a promoção da reduçã o de peso seja imediatamente instituída a fim de minimizar os riscos, a piora da síndrome bem como suas possíveis complicações.


Objectives: to evaluate the prevalence of the risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome and its associated factors in elderly individuals from the community who attended a University School Academy. Methods: This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study carried out with elderly participants of the Third Age Project at the University of Rio Verde, conducted between April and May 2019. Data collection was performed through the application of a questionnaire composed of sociodemographic, anthropometric assessment, previous health conditions, self-perception of health, excessive daytime sleepiness, and sleep quality, in addition to risk assessment for developing Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Results: among the 75 individuals analyzed, 50.7% were at risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Obesity (p=0.001), increased neck circumference (p=0.004), low socioeconomic status (p=0.034), poor sleep quality (p=0.007), and excessive daytime sleepiness (p=0.006) were statistically associated with the diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Conclusion: most of the evaluated individuals presented some degree of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome, it is suggested that those elderly individuals who presented any of the factors associated with this condition may undergo specific evaluation, such as polysomnography, and the creation of measures for weight reduction promotion is immediately instituted in order to minimize the risks, the worsening of the syndrome as well as its possible complications.


Subject(s)
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep , Social Class , Syndrome , World Health Organization , Aged , Weight Loss , Diagnosis , Sleep Quality
16.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(3): 61-67, set.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1381326

ABSTRACT

Atualmente, o tratamento do ronco primário e da Síndrome da Apnéia/Hipopnéia Obstrutiva do Sono (SAHOS)1 através de aparelhos intra-orais (AIO) tem recebido a atenção dos pesquisadores pela comprovada eficácia destes dispositivos. Os aparelhos mais indicados são os reposicionadores de mandíbula que promovem um avanço mandibular, afastando os tecidos da orofaringe superior, o que evita a obstrução parcial ou total da área. Sua indicação é para casos de ronco primário e apnéias leves e moderadas2, no entanto é necessário que os candidatos apresentem número de dentes suficientes com saúde periodontal para a ancoragem do aparelho. Por ser uma doença de consequências sistêmicas graves, o tratamento da SAHOS é em sua essência de responsabilidade do médico especialista na área, porém o cirurgião dentista deve ter conhecimento para diagnosticar e tratar, quando o AIO for a opção terapêutica. A interpretação da polissonografia, exame que diagnostica e conduz para a escolha correta do tratamento, e dos dados cefalométricos são os principais quesitos ao Cirurgião Dentista que se propõe a tratar portadores da SAHOS. Nesse trabalho foi elaborado um questionário e aplicado aos cirurgiões dentistas de três diferentes cidades do Estado de São Paulo para que fosse possível avaliar o conhecimento desses profissionais a respeito do diagnóstico e tratamento da SAHOS. 70 Cirurgiões Dentistas foram entrevistados e os resultados mostraram que 70% destes têm interesse em trabalhar com os AIOs. Esse grupo se relacionou estatisticamente significante com aqueles que afirmaram já terem sido alguma vez questionado por algum paciente a respeito desse tratamento. Quanto à criação de uma especialidade para essa área, os profissionais da área de prótese e implante se mostraram mais interessados. E, do número total de entrevistados, apenas 25% já tiveram contato com esse tipo de aparelho, mas não conhece o protocolo de atendimento para o tratamento desses pacientes(AU)


Currently, the treatment of primary snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome (OSAHS)1 through intraoral appliances (OA) has received the attention of researchers due to the proven effectiveness of these devices. The most suitable devices are jaw repositioning devices that promote mandibular advancement, moving the tissues away from the upper oropharynx, which prevents partial or total obstruction of the area. Its indication is for cases of primary snoring and mild to moderate apnea2, however it is necessary that candidates have a sufficient number of teeth with periodontal health to anchor the appliance. As it is a disease with serious systemic consequences, the treatment of OSAHS is, in essence, the responsibility of the specialist in the area, but the dental surgeon must have the knowledge to diagnose and treat, when OA is the therapeutic option. The interpretation of polysomnography, na exam that diagnoses and leads to the correct choice of treatment, and cephalometric data are the main requirements for the Dental Surgeon who proposes to treat patients with OSAHS. In this work, a questionnaire was developed and applied to dentalsurgeons from three different cities in the State of São Paulo so that it was possible to assess the knowledge of these professionals regarding the diagnosis and treatment of OSAHS. 70 Dental Surgeons were interviewed and the results showed that 70% of them are interested in working with AIOs. This group had a statistically significant relationshipwith those who stated that they had already been asked by a patient about this treatment. Regarding the creation of a specialty for this area, professional in the area of ??prosthesis and implant were more interested. And, of the total number of respondents, only 25% have already had contact with this type of device, but do not know the care protocol for the treatment of these patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnostic imaging , Models, Dental , Snoring , Polysomnography , Mandibular Advancement , Dentists
17.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(2): 55-60, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362040

ABSTRACT

As multifatoriedades do aumento da SHAOS têm diversas causas, desdês de obesidades até sedendarismo de grande proporção. No entanto a ciência tem feito grandes esforços para isso se altere. Mesmo assim muito tem que se pesquisar para um tratamento efetivo que seja capaz de ajudar o paciente a ter um sono reparador e uma qualidade de vida mais satisfatória. A sofisticação dos CPAP, melhores alternativas para o tratamento se sofisticaram de tal em volume, barulho e tamanho que estão aumentanto em muito sua utilização. Os mini-cpaps são uma prova disso. No entanto ainda nos confrontamos com a baixa adesão do tratamento frente ao desconforto causado. Ao aparelhos intra-orais são uma alternativa viáveis para os casos de IAH (índice de apneia e hipopneia) leve, moderada e ronco primário. Importante frisar que sem um exame de polissografia e teleradiografias laterais o Cirurgião Dentista não pode fazer nada(AU)


The multifactorial causes of the increase in SHAOS have several causes, from obesity to a large sedentary lifestyle. However science has made great efforts to change this. Even so, much remains to be researched for an effective treatment that is capable of helping the patient to have a restful sleep and a more satisfactory quality of life. The sophistication of CPAP, the best alternatives for treatment, has become so sophisticated in volume, noise and size that its use is greatly increasing. The mini-cpaps are proof of that. However, we are still faced with the low adherence to the treatment due to the discomfort caused. Intraoral appliances are a viable alternative for cases of mild, moderate AHI (apnea and hypopnea index) and primary snoring. It is important to emphasize that without a polysomnography exam and lateral teleradiographies, the Dental Surgeon cannot do anything(AU)


Subject(s)
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy
18.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(2): 163-171, jun. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389849

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (SAOS) se asocia a aumento de morbimortalidad cardiovascular y metabólica, y a mala calidad de vida. Su diagnóstico y tratamiento eficaz mejora la salud individual y pública. Objetivo: evaluar concordancia entre análisis automático versus manual del dispositivo ApneaLink para diagnosticar y clasificar SAOS en pacientes con sospecha clínica. Material y Método: Evaluación retrospectiva de 301 poligrafías respiratorias del HOSCAR. Se mide correlación, acuerdo general y concordancia entre parámetros obtenidos manual y automáticamente usando coeficiente de Pearson, coeficiente de correlación intraclase y gráfico de Bland y Altman. Resultados: En 11,3% de casos el análisis automático interpreto erróneamente la señal de flujo. No hubo diferencias significativas entre índices de apnea-hipopnea automático (AHIa 18,9 ± 17,5) y manual (AHIm 20,8 ± 19,4) r + 0,97 (95% CI: 0,9571 a 0,9728; p < 0,0001) y tampoco entre la saturación mínima de oxígeno automática (82,1 ± 7,6) y manual (83,1 ± 6,8) r + 0,85 (95% CI: 0,8108 a 0,8766; p < 0,0001). No hubo buena correlación entre análisis automático y manual en clasificación de apneas centrales, r + 0,51 (95% CI: 0,4238 a 0,5942; p < 0,0001). Hubo subestimación de gravedad de SAOS por análisis automático: en 11% de casos. Conclusión: El diagnóstico entregado automáticamente por ApneaLink podría aceptarse sin confirmación manual adicional solamente en casos clasificados como severos. Para AHI menores se requeriría confirmación mediante análisis manual de experto.


Abstract Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with increased cardiovascular and metabolic morbidity and mortality, and poor quality of life. Its effective diagnosis and treatment improve individual and public health. Aim: To evaluate concordance between automatic versus manual analysis of the ApneaLink device to diagnose and classify OSAS in patients with clinical suspicion. Material and Method: Retrospective evaluation of 301 respiratory polygraphs from HOSCAR. Correlation, general agreement and concordance between parameters obtained manually and automatically are measured using Pearson's coefficient, intraclass correlation coefficient, and Bland and Altman graph. Results: In 11.3% of cases, the automatic analysis misinterpreted the flow signal. There were no significant differences between automatic (AHIa 18.9 ± 17.5) and manual (AHIm 20.8 ± 19.4) apnea-hypopnea indices r + 0.97 (95% CI:0.9571 to 0.9728, p < 0.0001) and nor between automatic (82.1 ± 7.6) and manual (83.1 ± 6.8) minimum oxygen saturation r + 0.85 (95% CI: 0.8108 to 0.8766, p < 0.0001). There was no good correlation between automatic and manual analysis in the classification of central apneas, r + 0.51(95% CI:0.4238 to 0.5942, p < 0.0001). There was an underestimation of the severity of OSAS by automatic analysis in 11% of cases. Conclusion: The diagnosis delivered automatically by ApneaLink could be accepted without additional manual confirmation only in cases classified as severe. For minors AHI, confirmation through manual expert analysis would be required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Polysomnography/instrumentation , Diagnostic Equipment/standards , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Equipment and Supplies
19.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410607

ABSTRACT

Among the treatment options for Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) we have surgery to correct dentofacial deformities. OSA patients are routinely and predictably submitted to surgical treatment for dentofacial deformities. Frequently, orthognathic surgery and osseointegrated implants may be necessary to enable fixed rehabilitation. Patients submitted to orthognathic surgery have a transient decrease in blood supply after maxillary and mandibular osteotomy procedures, which can impair the results in these cases. This case report aimed to present and discuss the conflicting situation of an OSA patient in need of orthognathic surgery and dental implants. The treatment consisted of: (1) extraction of all teeth; (2) complete rehabilitation of the upper and lower jaw with dental implants and prosthesis without compensation; (3) bimaxillary orthognathic surgery to re-establish the maxillomandibular relationship and increase the upper airway volume. This rehabilitation sequence was a safe alternative for a case of Class II OSA, and rapidly achieved a final restoration with enhanced esthetics, functionality, biomechanics, maintenance of oral hygiene, and patient satisfaction (AU)


Entre as opções de tratamento da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono (AOS) temos a cirurgia para correção das deformidades dentofaciais. Freqüentemente, a combinação de cirurgia ortognática e implantes osseointegráveis pode ser necessária para permitir a reabilitação dental. Pacientes submetidos à cirurgia ortognática apresentam diminuição transitória do suprimento sanguíneo após procedimentos de osteotomia maxilar e mandibular, o que pode prejudicar os resultados nestes casos. Este relato de caso teve como objetivo apresentar e discutir a situação de um paciente com AOS que necessita de cirurgia ortognática e implantes dentários. O tratamento consistiu em: (1) extração de todos os dentes; (2) reabilitação completa da mandíbula superior e inferior com implantes dentários e próteses sem compensação; (3) cirurgia ortognática bimaxilar para restabelecer a relação maxilomandibular e aumentar o volume das vias aéreas superiores. Essa sequência de reabilitação foi uma alternativa segura para um caso de AOS Classe II, e rapidamente alcançou uma reabilitação com estética, funcionalidade, biomecânica aprimorada, manutenção da higiene oral e satisfação do paciente


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Orthognathic Surgery , Dentofacial Deformities/surgery
20.
Rev. APS ; 25(Supl 1): 135-146, 2022-05-06.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370872

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a síndrome da apneia-hipopneia obstrutiva do sono (SAHOS) é o distúrbio respiratório do sono mais comum, associado a condições facilmente identificáveis, como a hipertensão arterial sistêmica. Objetivo: determinar prevalência de rastreamento positivo para SAHOS e identificar fatores associados em hipertensos em serviço de Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS). Métodos: estudo transversal com 326 hipertensos adscritos a uma unidade de APS. Foram obtidas variáveis antropométricas, clínicas e sociodemográficas e utilizados os questionários Short Assessment of Health Literacy for Portuguese-Speaking Adults, para identificar o letramento em saúde; a Morisky Medication Adherence Scale, para a adesão medicamentosa e o Snoring, Tiredness, Observed Apnea, High Blood Pressure, Bodymass index, Age, Neck Circumference, and Gender -STOP-Bang, para rastreamentoda SAHOS. Resultados: o sexo feminino foi majoritário (66,3%). A média temporal de tratamento para hipertensão arterial sistêmica alcançou 12,51 ± 9,83 anos. Constatou-se prevalência de 86,5% de rastreio positivo para SAHOS e o sexo masculino e a obesidade como fatores associados a essa condição (p<0,01). Conclusão: o rastreamento sistemático da SAHOS na APS deve ser incorporado à prática dos profissionais de saúde, assim como é feito para outras doenças crônicas não transmissíveis 1.


Introduction: Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome (OSAHS) is the most common sleep breathing disorder, associated with easily identifiable conditions such as systemic arterial hypertension. Objective: To determine the prevalence of positive screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome (OSAHS) and to identify associated factors in the hypertensive population in the Primary Health Care (PHC) service. Method: This was a cross-sectional study with 326 hypertensive individuals assigned to a PHC unit in a medium-sized city in the state of Minas Gerais. Anthropometric, clinical, and sociodemographic variables were obtained. The Short Assessment of Health Literacy for Portuguese-Speaking Adults questionnaire was used to identify literacy in health; the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale was used for medication adherence; and the Snoring, Tiredness, Observed Apnea, High Blood Pressure, Body Mass Index, Age, Neck Circumference, and Gender -STOP-Bang questionnaire was used for the screening of OSAHS. Results: The majority was female (66.3%) and the treatment time average for high blood pressure was 12.51 ± 9.83 years. The study identified the prevalence of 86.5% of positive screening for OSAHS, and male sex and obesity as factors associated with this condition (p <0.01). Conclusion: The systematic screening of OSAHS in PHC services should be incorporated into the practice of health professionals, as itis done for other chronic non-communicable diseases.


Subject(s)
Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Primary Health Care , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Mass Screening , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Hypertension
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