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1.
Rev. cienc. salud ; 20(1): 1-12, ene.-abr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367557

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Medical students could potentially be considered as a vulnerable group in terms of increased risk for anxiety and sleep disorders. This could be caused by high academic demands, and high levels of stress. There is little information, however, when it comes to the relationship between anxiety and exces-sive daytime sleepiness among medical students, and the potentially negative effects this relationship could have upon student health and academic performance. The objective was to identify the association between anxiety and excessive daytime sleepiness in medical students of the University of Guadalajara (Mexico). Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out, evaluating 173 students between January and April of 2019. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale was used for the determination of excessive day-time sleepiness, while the anxiety symptoms were measured using the Beck Anxiety Inventory. According to the cut-off points for the Epworth scales, the cut-off point was from 10 and for the Beck anxiety inventory it was 8. Chi square and Fisher's exact test were used for statistical analysis. A value of p<0.05 was consid-ered statistically significant. Results: Statistically significant differences were found between the students when comparing the presence and absence of excessive daytime sleepiness and anxiety with a value of p = 0.036 and Odds Ratio of 2.161. Conclusion: A high prevalence of anxiety and insomnia was found in the group of medical students which was evaluated. Additionally, it was found that students who suffer from anxiety are more likely to develop excessive daytime sleepiness


Introducción: los estudiantes de medicina pueden ser considerados un grupo vulnerable para presentar ansiedad y trastornos del sueño, debido a las altas exigencias académicas y al estrés; sin embargo, se cuenta con pocos datos sobre la relación entre la ansiedad y la somnolencia en estudiantes de medicina, relación que podría generar complicaciones tanto académicas como de salud. El objetivo fue la asociación entre ansiedad y somnolencia excesiva diurna en estudiantes de medicina de la Universidad de Guadalajara (México). Materiales y métodos: estudio transversal con 173 estudiantes entre enero y abril del 2019. Para la determinación de somnolencia excesiva diurna se aplicó la Escala de Somnolencia de Epworth (punto de corte = 10), mientras que para evaluar los síntomas de ansiedad excesiva se utilizó el Inventario de Ansiedad de Beck (punto de corte = 8). Se emplearon chi cuadrado y la prueba exacta de Fisher para el análisis estadístico. Se consideró estadísticamente significativo un valor de p < 0.05. Resultados: se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los estudiantes al comparar la presencia y la ausencia de somnolencia y ansiedad con un valor de p = 0.036 y un odds ratio de 2.161. Conclusión: hay una alta prevalencia de ansiedad e insomnio en los estudiantes de medicina evaluados, y aquellos con ansiedad tienen mayor probabilidad de desarrollar somnolencia excesiva diurna


Introdução: estudantes de medicina podem ser potencialmente considerados um grupo vulnerável em ter-mos de risco aumentado para ansiedade e distúrbios do sono. Isso pode ser causado por altas demandas acadêmicas e altos níveis de estresse. No entanto, há poucas informações sobre a relação entre ansiedade e sonolência diurna excessiva entre estudantes de medicina e os efeitos potencialmente negativos que essa relação pode ter sobre a saúde e o desempenho acadêmico dos alunos. O objetivo foi identificar a associação entre ansiedade e sonolência diurna excessiva em estudantes de medicina da Universidade de Guadalajara (Mêxico). Materiais e métodos: estudo transversal, avaliando 173 alunos entre janeiro e abril de 2019. A Escala de Sonolência de Epworth (ponto de corte = 10) foi utilizada para a determina-ção da sonolência diurna excessiva, enquanto os sintomas de ansiedade foram medidos por meio do Inventário de Ansiedad de Beck (ponto de corte = 8). Qui-quadrado e prova exata Fisher foram usados para análise estatística. Um valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado estadísticamente significativo. Resultados:foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre os alunos ao comparar a presença e ausência de sonolência diurna excessiva e ansiedade com um valor de p = 0,036 e um Odds Ratio de 2,16. Conclusão: foi encontrada alta prevalência de ansiedade e insônia no grupo de estudantes de medicina avaliados. Além disso, verificou-se que os alunos que sofrem de ansiedade têm maior probabilidade de desenvolver sonolência diurna excessiva


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Medical , Anxiety , Signs and Symptoms , Sleep , Student Health , Causality , Academic Performance , Sleepiness , Mexico
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(3): 185-191, set-out. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348203

ABSTRACT

Distúrbios do sono e as alterações do estado de humor, quando não tratados, estão associados à perda de produtividade e acidentes de trabalho, resultando em lesões e fatalidade. Esses distúrbios são subdiagnosticados e subtratados em contextos clínicos, porque podem ser assintomáticos e o exame de polissonografia tem custo elevado. Por isso, questionários são usados para realizar uma triagem e detectar profissionais com alto risco de síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono, de sonolência diurna excessiva e fadiga. Este estudo teve como objetivo aplicar questionários validados para triagem dos distúrbios do sono e do humor em pilotos civis e analisar os resultados obtidos com a aplicação desses instrumentos. Foram coletados dados de 44 pilotos civis por meio de quatro instrumentos: um questionário para a caracterização sociodemográfica e ocupacional da amostra, a Escala de Sonolência de Epworth para avaliar a presença de sonolência diurna excessiva, o Questionário de Berlim para avaliar a Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono e a Escala de Humor de Brunel para avaliar o estado de humor. A Escala de Sonolência de Epworth mostrou que 25% dos pilotos apresentaram pontuação para sonolência diurna excessiva. De acordo com o Questionário de Berlim, 29,5% apresentaram alto risco para a Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono e pela Escala de Humor de Brunel, o domínio vigor, teve a média mais alta (5,09 ±4,06). Portanto, a utilização dos questionários nos exames de admissão e nos periódicos, pode auxiliar na identificação precoce e no monitoramento de distúrbios do sono e dos estados de humor ao longo do tempo em pilotos civis, priorizando aqueles que deverão ser encaminhados para realizarem estudos do sono.


Sleep disorders and mood state changes, when untreated, are associated with loss of productivity and accidents at work, resulting in injuries and fatality. These disorders are underdiagnosed and undertreated in clinical contexts due to them being asymptomatic and the prohibitive cost of polysomnography exams. For this reason, questionnaires are used to screen and detect professionals at high risk for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, excessive daytime sleepiness, and fatigue. This study aimed at applying validated questionnaires for screening sleep and mood disorders in civilian pilots and analyzing the results obtained with the application of these instruments. Data were collected from 44 civilian pilots using four instruments: a questionnaire for sociodemographic and occupational characterization of the sample; the Epworth Sleepiness Scale to assess the presence of excessive daytime sleepiness; the Berlin Questionnaire to assess Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome; and the Brunel Mood Scale to assess the mood state. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale showed that 25% of the pilots presented scores for excessive daytime sleepiness. According to the Berlin Questionnaire, 29.5% were at high risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome, and according to the Brunel Mood Scale, the vigor domain presented the highest mean (5.09 ± 4.06). Therefore, the use of questionnaires in admission and periodic exams can assist in the early identification and monitoring of sleep disorders and mood states over time in civilian pilots, prioritizing those who should be referred to sleep studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pilots , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Sleep Deprivation , Polysomnography , Confusion , Wit and Humor , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Depression , Fatigue , Sleepiness
3.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 11(3): 510-517, ago.2021. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293361

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A pandemia de covid-19 tornou necessário estudos sobre o impacto da pandemia e das novas rotinas de trabalho impostas ao trabalhador no estado de saúde de profissionais de saúde, em especial os fisioterapeutas hospitalares. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a qualidade de sono e sonolência diurna de profissionais de fisioterapia hospitalar durante o período de pandemia do covid-19. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Pesquisa observacional, transversal, prospectiva em um hospital público do nordeste brasileiro. A pesquisa teve como público-alvo fisioterapeutas hospitalares atuantes ou não em setores covid durante a pandemia de covid-19. Foram aplicados os instrumentos Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh (IQSP), Escala de Sonolência de Epworth (ESE) e questionários com características demográficas, trabalho, saúde e percepção de estresse. RESULTADOS: Participaram do estudo 45 fisioterapeutas e foi observado que 62,2% eram do sexo feminino, 66,7% relataram trabalhar 60h por semana e 55,6% trabalharam em setor covid e não covid. Observou-se elevada frequência de má qualidade do sono (68,9%) independente de carga horária ou setor de trabalho. Houve maior prevalência de sonolência diurna excessiva (43,3%) entre os fisioterapeutas que trabalhavam 60h por semana. CONCLUSÃO: Os fisioterapeutas hospitalares de uma instituição pública têm má qualidade do sono e aqueles que trabalham com maior carga horária apresentam maior prevalência de sonolência diurna excessiva.


INTRODUCTION: The covid-19 pandemic has made it necessary to study the impact of the pandemic and the new work routines imposed on workers on the health status of health professionals, especially hospital-based physical therapists. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of sleep and daytime sleepiness of hospital-based physical therapists during the covid-19 pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an observational, cross-sectional, prospective study conducted in a public hospital in northeastern Brazil. The research had as target audience, hospital-based physical therapists working or not in covid sectors during the covid-19 pandemic. We applied the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and questionnaires with demographic, work, health, and stress perception characteristics. RESULTS: Forty-five physical therapists participated in the study, and it was observed that 62.2% were female, 66.7% reported working 60h per week, and 55.6% worked in the covid and non-covid sectors. A high frequency of poor sleep quality (68.9%) was observed regardless of workload or work sector. In addition, there was a higher prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness (43.3%) among physical therapists who worked 60h per week. CONCLUSION: Hospital-based physical therapists in a public institution have poor sleep quality, and those who work more hours have a higher prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness.


Subject(s)
Sleepiness , Coronavirus , Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm
4.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 774-779, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1223279

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar os fatores associados à sonolência diurna em graduandos do curso de medicina do Norte de Minas. Método: estudo transversal, realizado com 231 acadêmicos que estavam frequentando o primeiro, sétimo e décimo-primeiro períodos de graduação em medicina. A sonolência diurna foi avaliada pela Escala de Sonolência Diurna de Epworth. Realizou-se a análise de regressão de Poisson para verificar os fatores associados à sonolência diurna. Resultados: níveis patológicos e muito patológicos de sonolência diurna foram observados, respectivamente, em 34,6% e 6,9% dos estudantes. A prevalência de sonolência diurna foi maior nos estudantes com Transtornos Mentais Comuns, Exaustão Emocional e Ineficácia Profissional, e menor naqueles que residem com os pais. Conclusão: a prevalência de sonolência diurna patológica nos estudantes mostrou-se elevada, e teve relação com transtornos mentais comuns, percepção de exaustão emocional e profissional, além do contexto com quem o estudante residia


Objective:To analyze the factors associated with daytime sleepiness in undergraduate medical students in the north of Minas Gerais. Method: a cross-sectional study was performed, involving 231 students from the first, seventh and eleventh medical undergraduate periods. Daytime sleepiness was assessed by the Epworth Daytime Sleepiness Scale. Poisson regression analysis was performed to verify the factors associated with daytime sleepiness. Results: pathological and very pathological levels of daytime sleepiness were observed, respectively, in 34.6% and 6.9% of the students. The prevalence of daytime sleepiness was higher in students who suffered Common Mental Disorders, Emotional Exhaustion and Professional Ineffectiveness, and lower among those who lived with their parents. Conclusion: the prevalence of pathological daytime sleepiness among the students was high, and was related to common mental disorders, perception of emotional and professional exhaustion, and the context with whom the student lived with


Objetivo: Evaluar los factores asociados con la somnolencia diurna en estudiantes universitarios de medicina del norte de Minas Gerais. Método: estudio transversal, realizado con 231 estudiantes que asistieron al primer, séptimo y undécimo período en medicina. La Escala de somnolencia diurna de Epworth evaluó la somnolencia diurna. Se realizó un análisis de regresión de Poisson para verificar los factores asociados con la somnolencia diurna. Resultados: se observaron niveles patológicos y muy patológicos de somnolencia diurna, respectivamente, en 34,6% y 6,9% de los estudiantes. La prevalencia de somnolencia diurna fue mayor en los estudiantes con trastornos mentales comunes, agotamiento emocional e ineficacia profesional, y menor en los estudiantes que viven con sus padres. Conclusión: la prevalencia de somnolencia patológica durante el día en los estudiantes fue alta y se relacionó con trastornos mentales comunes, percepción de agotamiento emocional y profesional y el contexto en el que residía el estudiante


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Medical , Sleepiness , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
5.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(4): e20200520, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1279021

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo identificar os principais sinais e sintomas manifestados por pacientes em cuidados paliativos oncológicos na assistência domiciliar. Método revisão integrativa nas bases LILACS, MEDLINE e CINAHL em janeiro de 2020. Perguntou-se: "Quais os principais sinais e sintomas manifestados por pacientes em cuidados paliativos oncológicos destacados nos estudos abrangendo o contexto do domicílio?". Foram descritores/termos: Sinais e Sintomas/Signs and Symptoms; Assistência Domiciliar/Home Care Services; Cuidados Paliativos/Palliative Care e Neoplasias/Neoplasms. Elencaram-se como critérios de elegibilidade: texto completo; entre 2015 e 2019; em inglês, português ou espanhol e idade adulta. Para o mapeamento dos dados, consideraram-se: título; país; ano; objetivo; método; sinais e sintomas. Os resultados foram categorizados em subgrupos, considerando a classificação conceitual predeterminada (sinal e sintoma). O elemento contagem facilitou a análise e a comparação de dados. Resultados foram selecionados 35 artigos, sendo identificados 25 sinais e 23 sintomas. Os mais frequentes foram: dor, náusea/vômito, dispneia, fadiga, depressão, ansiedade, constipação, perda de apetite, sonolência, bem-estar e insônia. A maioria (39) relacionou-se ao domínio físico. Conclusão a identificação dos principais sinais e sintomas, neste contexto, direciona a prática dos profissionais de saúde para as intervenções mais adequadas e o mais precocemente possível, contribuindo para viabilizar a assistência domiciliar, e alerta para a necessidade de educação permanente sobre este tema.


Resumen Objetivo identificar los principales signos y síntomas que manifiestan los pacientes en cuidados oncológicos paliativos en la atención domiciliaria. Método revisión integradora basada en LILACS, MEDLINE y CINAHL en enero de 2020. Se preguntó: "¿Cuáles son los principales signos y síntomas que manifiestan los pacientes en cuidados paliativos oncológicos destacados en estudios que abarcan el contexto del hogar?". Los descriptores / términos fueron: signos y síntomas / /Signs and Symptoms; Asistencia domiciliaria / Home Care Services; Cuidados paliativos / Palliative Care / y Neoplasias/ Neoplasms. Se enumeraron los siguientes criterios de elegibilidad: texto completo; entre 2015 y 2019; en inglés, portugués o español y edad adulta. Para el mapeo de datos, se consideraron los siguientes: título; padres; año; objetivo; método; signos y síntomas. Los resultados se categorizaron en subgrupos, considerando la clasificación conceptual predeterminada (signo y síntoma). El elemento de conteo facilitó el análisis y la comparación de datos. Resultados Se seleccionaron 35 artículos, se identificaron 25 signos y 23 síntomas. Los más frecuentes fueron: dolor, náuseas / vómitos, disnea, fatiga, depresión, ansiedad, estreñimiento, pérdida de apetito, somnolencia, bienestar e insomnio. La mayoría (39) estaban relacionados con el dominio físico. Conclusión la identificación de los principales signos y síntomas, en este contexto, orienta la práctica de los profesionales de la salud hacia las intervenciones más adecuadas y lo más temprano posible, contribuyendo a hacer factible la atención domiciliaria, y alerta sobre la necesidad de una educación permanente sobre este tema.


Abstract Objective to identify the main signs and symptoms manifested by palliative care oncology patients in home care. Method integrative review in LILACS, MEDLINE and CINAHL databases in January 2020. The question was asked: "What are the main signs and symptoms manifested by patients in palliative oncology care highlighted in studies covering the context of the home?" Descriptors/terms were: Signs and Symptoms/Signs and Symptoms; Home Care/Home Care Services; Palliative Care/Palliative Care and Neoplasms/Neoplasms. Eligibility criteria were listed as follows: full text; between 2015 and 2019; in English, Portuguese or Spanish and adult age. For data mapping, the following were considered: title; country; year; objective; method; signs and symptoms. The results were categorized into subgroups, considering the predetermined conceptual classification (sign and symptom). The counting element facilitated the analysis and comparison of data. Results a total of 35 articles were selected, and 25 signs and 23 symptoms were identified. The most frequent were: pain, nausea/vomiting, dyspnea, fatigue, depression, anxiety, constipation, loss of appetite, sleepiness, well-being, and insomnia. Most (39) were related to the physical domain. Conclusion the identification of the main signs and symptoms, in this context, directs the practice of health professionals to the most appropriate interventions as early as possible, contributing to the feasibility of home care, and alerts to the need for continuing education on this topic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Palliative Care , Death , Home Nursing , Neoplasms , Anxiety , Quality of Life , Anorexia , Constipation , Depression , Dyspnea , Fatigue , Cancer Pain , Sleepiness , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Nausea
6.
Rev. am. med. respir ; 20(4): 370-380, dic 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1150729

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La apnea obstructiva del sueño (AOS) es una entidad frecuente, presente en un 9% a 38%, pero con un subregistro importante del 85%1. Clásicamente, se observa en hombres de edad mediana, obesos y somnolientos, relacionándose estrechamente con múltiples comorbilidades de tipo cardiovascular, respiratorio y metabólico, que genera un alto costos en los sistemas de salud. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la frecuencia e identificar los factores clínicos asociados a la apnea obstructiva del sueño, en la población adulta de un centro especializado de Cali, Colombia. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio observacional, analítico de casos y controles anidado en una cohorte. Se analizaron registros de polisomnografías de primera vez en adultos con sospecha clínica de AOS en un centro especializado. A través de estadística descriptiva, se resumieron las características de la población de estudio. Las asociaciones se determinaron a través de OR, IC95% y se tomó como significante valores de p ≤ 0,05 para las pruebas estadísticas. A través de una regresión logística multivariada se identificó un modelo de 6 variables que explican de manera independiente el evento. Resultados: Se analizaron 566 polisomnografías, la prevalencia de la AOS fue 85.3% (483 de 566; IC95%82, 4-88.35%), la edad media fue 51.80 ± 13.73 años, el 50% fueron hombres. El modelo final incluyo sexo masculino (OR 4.46 IC95% 2.04-8.04, p < 0.000), hipertensión (OR 3.78 IC95% 2.48-8.04, p < 0,000), Mallampati grado IV (OR 4.14, IC95% 2.41-7.10, p < 0.000) y somnolencia excesiva (OR 5.70 IC95% 1.66-19.53, p < 0.006) y peso normal (OR 0.48 IC95% 0.24-0.97, p < 0.043). Conclusión: La probabilidad predictiva demostró que ser hombre, hipertenso con Mallampati grado IV y somnolencia excesiva, se asocian de manera independiente a la AOS, mientras que el peso normal disminuyó el riesgo


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Polysomnography , Sleepiness
7.
Rev. am. med. respir ; 20(4): 381-391, dic 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1150733

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common entity present in 9% to 38%, but with an important underreporting of 85%. Classically, it is observed in middle-aged, obese and sleepy men, closely related to multiple comorbidities of cardiovascular, respiratory and metabolic and is associated with increased mortality. Recent studies indicate that majority of people with type 2 diabetes also has OSA. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and severity of OSA and risk factors contributing to it among people with chronic and severe type 2 diabetes. Methods A total of 203 people with type 2 diabetes (mean age: 54 ± 8 years, 145 males, 58 females, HbA1c ≥ 7% [53mmol/mol] types, generating high costs of health systems.10 The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and identify the clinical factors associated with obstructive sleep apnea within the adult population of a specialized center in Cali, Colombia. Materials and Methods: Observational, analytical case-control study nested within a cohort. First-time polysomnography records were analyzed in adults with clinical suspicion of OSA in a specialized center. The characteristics of the study population were summarized through descriptive statistics. Associations were determined through OR, 95% CI and values of p ≤ 0.05 taken as significant for the statistical tests. Through multivariate logistic regression, a 6-variable model was identified, where the 6 variables independently explain the event. Results: We analyzed 566 polysomnographies, where the prevalence of OSA was 85.3% (483 of 566, 95% CI 82.4-88.35%), the mean age was 51.80 ± 13.73 years and 50% were men The final model included male gender (OR 4.46 95% CI 2.04-8.04, p <0.000), hypertension (OR 3.78 95% CI 2.48-8.04, p <0.000), Mallampati grade IV (OR 4.14, 95% CI 2.41-7.10, p <0.000) and excessive sleepiness (OR 5.70 95% CI 1.66-19.53, p <0.006) and normal weight (OR 0.48 95% CI 0.24-0.97, p <0.043). Conclusion: The predictive probability showed that being male, hypertensive with Mallampati grade IV and excessive sleepiness are associated independently with OSA, while normal weight decreased the risk


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Polysomnography , Sleepiness
8.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(2): 137-146, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115828

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La planificación de cirugías para el manejo del síndrome de apneahipopnea obstructiva del sueño (SAHOS) ha incrementado su precisión desde la introducción de la endoscopía del sueño inducido por fármacos (DISE). OBJETIVO: Evaluar la técnica de faringoplastía de reposición con suturas barbadas (BRP) para el colapso velofaríngeo y/o de paredes laterales orofaríngeas evaluado mediante DISE en pacientes con SAHOS. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: Ochenta y ocho pacientes fueron evaluados para cirugía mediante antropometría, escala de somnolencia de Epworth (ESS) y poligrafía respiratoria. Veinte y seis de 88 pacientes fueron seleccionados. De los 26, 14 accedieron al tratamiento quirúrgico, el que se seleccionó en base a la DISE. En todos los casos, se realizó BRP. RESULTADOS: A los 3 meses de la cirugía hubo mejoría en 10/14 pacientes (criterios de Sher, disminución del índice de apnea-hipoapnea a <20 o 50% del basal). La ESS bajó en promedio de 12 a 5 puntos (p <0,05). No se reportaron incidentes en el posoperatorio y no han ocurrido eventos adversos. CONCLUSIÓN: La técnica de BRP es una técnica sencilla y útil para la expansión anterior y lateral del paladar blando y orofaringe, con una tasa de éxito similar en esta cohorte a la reportada internacionalmente.


INTRODUCTION: Surgical planning for the management of obstructive sleep apneahypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) has changed since the introduction of drug induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). AIM: To evaluate the technique of barbed sutures reposition pharyngoplasty (BRP) for velopharyngeal collapse and/or oropharyngeal lateral walls after DISE evaluation in OSAHS patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 88 patients were evaluated for surgery by anthropometry, Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) and respiratory polygraphy. 26 of 88 patients were selected. Of the 26, 14 agreed to surgical treatment, which was selected on DISE findings. In all cases, BRP was performed. RESULTS: Three months after surgery there was improvement in 10/14 patients (Sher criteria, apnea-hypopnea index reduction at <20 or 50% of baseline). The ESS improved on average 12 to 5 (p <0.05). No incidents were reported in the post-operative period and no adverse events were reported. CONCLUSION: The BRP technique is a simple and useful technique for the anterior and lateral expansion of the soft palate and oropharynx, with a similar success rate in this cohort to that internationally reported.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pharynx/surgery , Suture Techniques , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Endoscopy/methods , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/surgery , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Sleepiness , Hypnotics and Sedatives/administration & dosage
9.
Rev. enferm. UFPI ; 9: e10243, mar.-dez. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1370105

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar a qualidade do sono, associando-a a presença de sonolência diurna excessiva em estudantes de medicina do primeiro ao quarto ano. Metodologia: pesquisa baseada em estudo de natureza quantitativa, transversal, descritiva e analítica. O local de aplicação foi a Universidade do Estado do Pará, campus Santarém, com uma amostra total de 112 alunos, 72 do ciclo básico e 40 do ciclo clínico. Foram coletados dados gerais, seguidos do Índice de Qualidade de Sono de Pittsburgh e Escala de Sonolência de Epworth. O estudo obedeceu aos preceitos éticos de pesquisa com seres humanos. Resultados: 68,2% dos estudantes aderiram à pesquisa, prevalecendo o gênero masculino (56,2%), acadêmicos com menos de 22 anos (50,9%) e estudantes do ciclo básico (64,2%). Aproximadamente 65% da amostra qualidade do sono comprometida e 47% apresentaram sonolência diurna excessiva. Foram verificadas associações estatísticas entre qualidade do sono e ciclo básico e entre qualidade do sono e sonolência diurna. Conclusão: ser um aluno do ciclo básico aumenta a probabilidade de baixa qualidade do sono em até 3 vezes, além de que alunos com má qualidade do sono têm aproximadamente 2,5 vezes mais chances de terem sonolência diurna excessiva.


Objective: to characterize the quality of sleep, associating it with the presence of excessive daytime sleepiness in medical students from the first to the fourth year. Methodology: this is a research based on a quantitative, transversal, descriptive and analytical study. The application site was the University of the State of Pará, campus Santarém, with a total sample of 112 students, 72 from the basic cycle and 40 from the clinical cycle. General data were collected, followed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Epworth Sleepiness Scale. The study followed the ethical principles of research with human beings. Results: 68.2% of the students adhered to the research, with a predominance of males (56.2%), academics under 22 years old (50.9%) and students of the basic cycle (64.2%). Approximately 65% of the sample compromised sleep quality and 47% had excessive daytime sleepiness. Statistical associations were verified between sleep quality and basic cycle and between sleep quality and daytime sleepiness. Conclusion: being a student of the basic cycle increases the probability of low quality of sleep by up to three times, besides that students with poor quality of sleep are approximately 2.5 times more likely to have excessive daytime sleepiness.


Subject(s)
Sleep , Students, Medical , Sleepiness
10.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 48(1): 46-52, 20200000. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1097441

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el síndrome de apnea-hipoapnea obstructiva del sueño, es una enfermedad caracterizada por la obstrucción o colapso recurrente de la vía aérea superior. La escala de Epworth evalúa la somnolencia diurna subjetiva de los pacientes con un cuestionario siendo esta la más usada en la actualidad. Los microdespertares producidos durante los trastornos del sueño se ha encontrado que pueden generar somnolencia diurna excesiva. Objetivo: describir una correlación entre el índice de microdespertares y la escala de Epworth. Diseño: Corte transversal descriptivo analítico. Metodología: revisión de polisomnografías realizadas y a partir de estas obtenciones de los valores de la escala de Epworth e índice de microdespertares, describir una posible correlación entre ellos. Resultados: se evaluaron 130 pacientes y se estableció que no existía correlación estadísticamente significativa entre los valores de la escala de Epworth y el índice de microdespertares. Discusión: la subjetividad de la escala Epworth nos puede llevar a encontrar cierta variabilidad en los resultados de la prueba. Por otro lado, es importante tener en cuenta que hay otros aspectos que pueden generar un aumento de la somnolencia diurna medida con la escala de Epworth como lo es la hipoxemia nocturna aumentada. También es importante mencionar que existen otros elementos de la microestructura del sueño que pueden generar resultados diferentes al comparar con la definición y parámetros de microdespertares, como es el patrón alternante cíclico y sus subtipos. Conclusiones: no existe correlación entre los valores de la escala de Epworth y el índice de microdespertares.


Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea is a disease characterized by recurrent obstruction or collapse of the upper airway. Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) assesses the subjective daytime sleepiness of patients with a questionnaire, being this the most used in nowadays. It's been found that the arousals produced during sleep disorders can develop excessive daytime sleepiness. Objective: To describe a correlation between arousal index and ESS. Design: Analytic descriptive cross-sectional study. Methodology: Review of sleep study, obtain values of ESS and arousal index and then describe a possible correlation between them. Results: 130 patients were assessed and it was established that there is no statistically significant correlation between the ESS values and the arousal index. Discussion: The subjectivity of ESS can lead to finding some variation in the tested outcomes; on the other hand, it's important to keep in mind that there are other factors that can improve the daytime sleepiness measured with ESS, such as increased nocturnal hypoxemia. Furthermore, it's convenient to identify that there are other elements of sleep microstructure that can generate different results when comparing its definition and taking arousal parameters into account, such as the cyclic alternative pattern and its subtypes. Conclusion: There is no correlation between ESS and arousal index.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleepiness , Sleep Wake Disorders , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
11.
Psico (Porto Alegre) ; 51(3): 34022, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147695

ABSTRACT

A tipologia circadiana é uma dimensão comportamental associada a preferências de hábitos diários. Contudo, este estudo objetivou avaliar a qualidade de sono e a sonolência excessiva de acadêmicos de Psicologia. Participaram deste estudo quase-experimental 56 estudantes com idade entre 17 e 34 anos. Utilizaram-se como instrumentos o Índice de Qualidade de Sono de Pittsburgh (PSQI), o Questionário de Matutinidade e Vespertinidade, a Escala de Sonolência de Karolinska e a Escala de Ritmo Social Breve. Após avaliar o PSQI, todos os participantes responderam os instrumentos por um período de 14 dias consecutivos. A MANOVA mostrou diferença significativa para sonolência diária durante os dias úteis [λ=0.81; F(4;47)=451,53; p<0,05], especificamente para o horário das 21h [F(2;5)=3,03; p<0,05]. Conclui-se que os estudantes possuem qualidade de sono ruim e, geralmente, tentam compensar as faltas de noites de sono durante a semana nos finais de semana.


The circadian typology is a behavioral dimension associated with preferences of daily habits. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the quality of sleep and excessive sleepiness of undergraduates in psychology. Fifty-five students aged between 17 and 34 years participated in this quasi-experimental study. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire, the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale, and the Brief Social Rhythm Scale were used as instruments. After assessing the PSQI, all participants answered the instruments for a period of 14 consecutive days. MANOVA showed significant difference for daily sleepiness during the working days [λλ=.81; F(4.47)=451.53; p<.05], specifically for business hours of 21h [F(2;5)=3.03; p<.05]. It is concluded that students have poor sleep quality and generally try to compensate for the lack of nights of sleep during the week on weekends.


La tipología circadiana es una dimensión comportamental asociada a preferencias de hábitos diarios. Sin embargo, este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la calidad del sueño y la somnolencia excesiva de académicos de psicología. Participaron de este estúdio quase-experimental 56 estudiantes con edad entre 17 y 34 años. Se utilizaron como instrumentos o Índice de Calidad de Sono de Pittsburgh (PSQI), o Cuestionario de Matutinidad-Vespertinidad, la Escala de Somnolencia de Karolinska y Escala de Ritmo Social Breve. Aprobar la PSQI, todos los participantes respondan os instrumentos por un período de 14 días consecutivos. A MANOVA mostró una diferencia para somnolencia durante los días laborables [λ=0,81; F(4; 47)=451,53; p<0.05], específicamente para el horario de las 21h [F(2; 5)=3,03; p<0.05]. Las conclusiones de estos estudios tienen la cualidad de su ruina y de manera general como compensar las faltas de la noche durante la semana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students/psychology , Circadian Rhythm , Sleep , Chronobiology Discipline , Sleepiness
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135543

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness in undergraduate dentistry students. Material and Methods: This research is characterized as an observational study of transversal type, having analysed undergraduate students in dentistry from a public university in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. The sample consisted of 325 students enrolled between the 1st and 10th academic semester. Sleep quality was evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), while excessive daytime sleepiness was analysed through the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). The t-Student and Mann-Whitney tests were used for the numerical values, with the F-test (ANOVA) or the Kruskal-Wallis test being used to compare more than two categories. Results: It was observed that 71.1% of students presented a poor sleep quality, with more than half of the students exhibiting excessive daytime sleepiness (58.1%). A relationship between sleep quality and the academic semester was verified. However, gender and age were not associated with sleep quality or with excessive daytime sleepiness. Conclusion: A high prevalence of poor sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness was observed among undergraduate students in dentistry. The data suggest that the undergraduate degree in Dentistry can influence the students' quality of sleep, regardless of age or gender.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sleep Deprivation/etiology , Sleep Wake Disorders/prevention & control , Students, Dental , Dyssomnias/prevention & control , Sleepiness , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Observational Studies as Topic/methods
13.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(4): 395-403, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058714

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introductión El síndrome de apneas e hipopneas obstructivas del sueño (SAHOS) afecta al 2%-4% de las personas adultas. El CPAP es la principal terapia en casos moderados y severos, pero sólo es tolerado en el 50%-70% de los pacientes. La terapia miofuncional orofaríngea (TMO) ayuda a reducir el colapso de la via aérea superior mediante ejercicios de fortalecimiento de la musculatura orofaríngea. En la última década ha demostrado una buena eficacia en grupos variados de pacientes con SAHOS. Objetivo Estudiar efectividad de la TMO en pacientes con SAHOS. Material y método Revisamos retrospectivamente 12 pacientes con SAHOS leve y moderado tratados con TMO. Los datos demográficos y polisomnográficos se analizaron antes y después de la terapia. Resultados Edad media: 65 ±9,0 años, el 58,3% eran mujeres, el 33,3% eran obesos. Observamos una disminución significativa del IAH (13,64 ±1,99 vs 10,13 ±2,09, p =0,008); una mejoría en la eficiencia del sueño, los porcentajes de etapas N3-REM y del índice de microdespertares. También observamos una reducción clínicamente significativa en las puntuaciones de la escala de somnolencia de Epworth, del Mallampatti y el perímetro cervical. Conclusión La TMO fue eficaz en la mayoría de los pacientes con SAHOS leve y moderado. Cada unidad de sueño en centros de salud públicos en Chile debe considerar este tratamiento.


ABSTRACT Introduction The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) affects about 2%-4% of adults. CPAP is the first indication to treat moderate and severe cases, however the treatment is tolerated in only 50%-70% of patients. Therapy with myofunctional oropharyngeal (TMO) exercises helps to reduce upper airway collapsibility by strengthening the oropharyngeal musculature, and in the last decades had demonstrated good efficacy in variated groups of OSA patients. Aim: To study TMO effectivity in OSA patients. Material and method: We reviewed retrospectively the clinical records of 12 (7 female) mild and moderate unselected OSA patients. Clinical and polysomnographic data were analyzed before and after TMO. Results: The mean age of patients was 65.0 ±9.0 years and median BMI was 26.7 kg/m2. TMO was associated to a significant reduction in median of Epworth somnolence scale (11.0 vs. 7.0), median apnea hypopnea index (13.4 vs 9.0 events/h), and decrease in cervical circumference. There was a tendency to improve quality of NREM sleep with increases in N3 stage and decrease in arousal index. Conclusion: In a real clinical context, TMO reduced the severity of OSA in 41.6% in the studied patients. Because of its safety and low cost, TMO should be introduced as a therapeutic option in public sleep units in Chile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Myofunctional Therapy , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Snoring , Chile , Polysomnography , Sleepiness
14.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 48(4): 222-231, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1098947

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La somnolencia diurna excesiva (SDE) puede llegar a interferir en el desempeño académico y profesional, debido a que las personas afectadas tienden a quedarse dormidas en situaciones que exigen un alto nivel de atención. Los estudiantes de Medicina representan una población en riesgo de SDE, dada la exigencia académica de numerosas horas de estudio, debido al gran número de créditos por asignatura contenidos en el plan de estudios del programa académico, las prácticas docentes asistenciales y los turnos nocturnos, que pueden generar privación o déficit acumulado del sueño. Por esta razón, es importante estimar la prevalencia de SDE y los factores asociados en estudiantes de Medicina de una institución de educación superior (IES) de Bucaramanga, con el objetivo de implementar estrategias de prevención primaria que disminuyan la presentación de este problema y mejoren la calidad de vida y el desempeño académico de los estudiantes. Material y métodos: Estudio transversal analítico observacional, con una muestra poblacional de 458 estudiantes de Medicina matriculados en el segundo semestre de 2015 en la Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga (UNAB), quienes respondieron a 4 cuestionarios: variables sociodemográficas, escala de somnolencia de Epworth, índice de calidad del sueño de Pittsburg (ICSP) e índice de higiene del sueño (IHS). Se realizó el análisis bivariable y multivariable en busca de asociación con SDE. Resultados: Los estudiantes tenían una media de edad de 20,3 arios; de los 458 encuestados, el 62,88% eran mujeres. Se estableció que el 80,75% de los participantes tenían SDE y el 80,55%, una percepción negativa de la calidad del sueño (OR = 1,91;IC95%, 1,11-3,29; p = 0,019). En el análisis multivariable, se encontró que el hecho de estar cursando ciencias clínicas disminuye el riesgo de SDE respecto a quienes estaban cursando el ciclo básico. Además, se observó que una puntuación > 15 en el IHS aumenta de manera significativa el riesgo de padecer SDE. Conclusiones: Aunque es frecuente encontrar SDE en los estudiantes de Medicina, solo un pequeño porcentaje de ellos sufren la forma severa de este trastorno del sueño. Estar cursando asignaturas del ciclo básico se asocia con mayor riesgo de SDE, por lo cual es importante que los comités curriculares de las IES evalúen regularmente la cantidad de horas de trabajo supervisado e independiente que realizan los estudiantes de Medicina. Finalmente, es importante emprender campañas orientadas a mejorar la percepción de riesgo sobre el uso de bebidas energizantes de los estudiantes universitarios y realizar, desde el ingreso al programa académico, recomendaciones sobre los hábitos de higiene del sueño.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) can interfere with academic and professional performance, as affected individuals tend to fall asleep in situations that demand a high level of alertness. Medical students are often a population at risk of suffering from EDS due to the demanding number of study hours, the significant number of credits per subject in the academic curriculum, practical teaching sessions and hospital night shifts, which can lead to sleep deprivation or sleep debt. It is for these reasons that it is important to estimate the prevalence of EDS and its associated factors in medical students of a Higher Education Institution (HEI) in Bucaramanga, in order to implement early prevention strategies to reduce the occurrence of this problem and to improve the students' quality of life and academic performance. Material and methods: An observational, cross-sectional analytical study with a population sample of 458 medical students enrolled in the second semester of 2015 at the Universidad Autonomade Bucaramanga (UNAB), who completed four questionnaires: Sociodemographic Variables, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Sleep Hygiene Index (SHI). A bivariate and multivariate analysis was performed to identify any correlations with EDS. Results: Mean student age was 20.3 years and 62.88% of the 458 respondents were women. We were able to establish that 80.75% of participants suffered from EDS and 80.55% had a negative perception of their sleep quality (OR=1.91; 95% CI, 1.11-3.29; p =0.019). In the multivariate analysis, it was found that the risk of EDS is lower in the clinical sciences than in the basic cycle. Furthermore, it was noted that a score higher than 15 in the Sleep Hygiene Index significantly increases the risk of suffering from EDS. Conclusions: Although EDS is very common in medical students, only a small percentage present the most severe form of this sleep disorder. Being enrolled in basic cycle subjects is associated with a higher risk of suffering EDS, so it is important for the curriculum committees of higher education institutions to regularly evaluate the number of hours of supervised and independent work performed by medical students. Finally, it is important to implement campaigns aimed at improving university students' perception of the risk of taking energy drinks and to establish sleep hygiene recommendations from the start of the academic programme.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Sleep Wake Disorders , Students, Medical , Sleep Hygiene , Sleepiness , Perception , Quality of Life , Sleep , Sleep Deprivation , Stress, Psychological , Work , Work Hours , Risk , Multivariate Analysis , Universities , Standard of Care , Energy Drinks
15.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(6): 1479-1484, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1042188

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the association between work overload and risk behaviors adopted by motorcyclists. Method: a cross-sectional study of injured motorcycle drivers hospitalized at the Hospital da Restauração Governador Paulo Guerra in the city of Recife, PE, from May to September 2016. A questionnaire was applied containing sociodemographic variables related to work overload and risk behaviors adoption. Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% Confidence Interval were used to analyze the association between the variables. Results: there was a predominance of males (97.6%), mean age 31.44 years (SD = 9.50). There was an association of sleep/fatigue at the accident time with difficulties carrying out work tasks (OR = 3.7), feeling tired during work (OR = 4.6) and feeling under pressure to carry out work tasks (OR = 3.5). Conclusion: work overload was associated with risk behaviors adoption. It is believed that this fact can have an impact on the occurrence and severity of accidents.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la asociación entre sobrecarga de trabajo y comportamiento de riesgo adoptado por los motociclistas. Método: El estudio transversal con trabajadores accidentados conductores de motocicletas, internados en el Hospital da Restauração Governador Paulo Guerra en Recife-PE, en el período de mayo a septiembre de 2016. Se aplicó un cuestionario que contenía variables sociodemográficas relacionadas con la sobrecarga de trabajo y la adopción de comportamientos de riesgo. Para el análisis de la asociación entre las variables, se utilizó el Odds Ratio (OR) y el Intervalo de Confianza del 95%. Resultados: se observó predominio del sexo masculino (97,6%), con media de edad 31,44 años (DE = 9,50). Se observó una asociación de sueño/fatiga en el momento del accidente con dificultades en realizar tareas de trabajo (OR = 3,7), sentirse cansado durante el trabajo (OR = 4,6) y sentirse presionado a realizar tareas de trabajo (OR = 3,7) OR = 3,5). Conclusión: la sobrecarga de trabajo se asoció a la adopción de comportamiento de riesgo. Se cree que tal hecho puede repercutir en la ocurrencia y gravedad de los accidentes.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a associação entre sobrecarga de trabalho e comportamento de risco adotado por motociclistas. Método: estudo transversal com trabalhadores acidentados condutores de motocicletas, internados no Hospital da Restauração Governador Paulo Guerra no Recife-PE, no período de maio a setembro de 2016. Aplicou-se um questionário contendo variáveis sociodemográficas relacionadas à sobrecarga de trabalho e adoção de comportamentos de risco. Para análise da associação entre as variáveis, utilizou-se Odds Ratio (OR) e Intervalo de Confiança de 95%. Resultados: observou-se predomínio do sexo masculino (97,6%), com média de idade 31,44 anos (DP = 9,50). Houve associação de sono/fadiga no momento do acidente com dificuldades em realizar tarefas de trabalho (OR = 3,7), sentir-se cansado durante o trabalho (OR = 4,6) e sentir-se pressionado a realizar tarefas de trabalho (OR = 3,5). Conclusão: a sobrecarga de trabalho associou-se à adoção de comportamento de risco. Acredita-se que tal fato pode repercutir na ocorrência e gravidade dos acidentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Risk-Taking , Motorcycles , Accidents, Traffic/psychology , Workload/psychology , Stress, Psychological/complications , Accidents, Traffic/statistics & numerical data , Confidence Intervals , Odds Ratio , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Workload/statistics & numerical data , Fatigue/complications , Sleepiness , Middle Aged
16.
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(3): e20180085, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012554

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the extent to which exercise is associated with symptoms in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: We included subjects with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) > 30 events/h who completed validated sleep and exercise questionnaires. We compared symptom frequency/scores between exercisers and nonexercisers, adjusting for the usual confounders. Results: The sample included 907 nonexercisers and 488 exercisers (mean age, 49 ± 14 years; mean AHI, 53 ± 20 events/h; 81% men). Nonexercisers and exercisers differed significantly in terms of obesity (72% vs. 54%), the mean proportion of sleep in non-rapid eye movement stage 3 sleep (9 ± 8% vs. 11 ± 6%), and tiredness (78% vs. 68%). Nonexercisers had a higher symptom frequency/scores and poorer sleep quality. Adjustment for exercise weakened the associations between individual symptoms and the AHI, indicating that exercise has a mitigating effect. In binary logistic models, exercise was associated with approximately 30% lower adjusted questionnaire1 score > 2, tiredness; poor-quality sleep, unrefreshing sleep, and negative mood on awakening. Although the odds of an Epworth Sleepiness Scale score > 10 were lower in exercisers, that association did not withstand adjustment for confounders. Conclusions: Exercise is associated with lower frequency/intensity of symptoms in patients with severe OSA. Because up to one third of patients with severe OSA might exercise regularly and therefore be mildly symptomatic, it is important not to rule out a diagnosis of OSA in such patients.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar até que ponto o exercício está associado a sintomas em pacientes com apneia obstrutiva do sono (AOS) grave. Métodos: Foram incluídos indivíduos com um índice de apneia-hipopneia (IAH) > 30 eventos/h que completaram questionários de sono e exercício validados. Comparamos a frequência/pontuação de sintomas entre praticantes e não praticantes de exercícios, ajustados para os fatores de confusão habituais. Resultados: A amostra incluiu 907 não praticantes e 488 praticantes (idade média de 49 ± 14 anos; IAH médio, 53±20 eventos/h; 81% homens). Não praticantes e praticantes diferiram significativamente em termos de obesidade (72% vs. 54%), proporção média de sono em estágio de sono 3 com non-rapid eye movement (9 ± 8% vs. 11 ± 6%) e cansaço (78% vs. 68%). Os não praticantes tiveram uma maior frequência/pontuação de sintomas e uma pior qualidade do sono. O ajuste para exercício enfraqueceu as associações entre sintomas individuais e o IAH, indicando que o exercício tem um efeito atenuante. Nos modelos logísticos binários, o exercício foi associado a uma redução de aproximadamente 30% no escore > 2 no questionário ajustado1 para cansaço; sono de má qualidade, sono não reparador e humor negativo ao despertar. Embora as chances de um escore >10 na Escala de Sonolência de Epworth ter sido menor nos praticantes, essa associação não resistiu ao ajuste para fatores de confusão. Conclusões: O exercício está associado a uma menor frequência/intensidade de sintomas em pacientes com AOS grave. Como até um terço dos pacientes com AOS grave pode se exercitar regularmente e, portanto, ser levemente sintomático, é importante não descartar um diagnóstico de AOS nesses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Sleep/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/physiopathology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/prevention & control , Exercise Therapy/methods , Reference Values , Body Mass Index , Logistic Models , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Polysomnography/methods , Sleepiness
17.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(9): 575-581, Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973950

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Sleepiness and cognitive impairment are common symptoms observed in patients with epilepsy. We investigate whether self-reported sleepiness is associated with cognitive performance in patients with refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS). Seventy-one consecutive patients with MTLE-HS were evaluated with the Stanford Sleepiness Scale (SSS) before neuropsychological evaluation. Their mean SSS scores were compared with controls. Each cognitive test was compared between patients with (SSS ≥ 3) or without sleepiness (SSS < 3). Imbalances were controlled by regression analysis. Patients reported a significantly higher degree of sleepiness than controls (p < 0.0001). After multiple linear regression analysis, only one test (RAVLT total) remained associated with self-reported sleepiness. Conclusion: Self-reported sleepiness was significantly higher in MTLE-HS patients than controls, but did not affect their cognitive performance. If confirmed in other populations, our results may have implications for decision making about sleepiness screening in neuropsychological settings.


RESUMO A sonolência e o comprometimento cognitivo são queixas comuns na epilepsia. Investigamos se a sonolência relatada pelo paciente está associada ao desempenho cognitivo na epilepsia do lobo temporal mesial refratária com esclerose do hipocampo (ELTM-EH). 71 pacientes com ELTM-EH foram avaliados pela Escala de Sonolência de Stanford (ESS) antes da avaliação neuropsicológica. A média na ESS foi comparada com a de controles. Cada teste foi comparado entre os pacientes com sonolência (ESS ≥ 3) ou sem sonolência (ESS <3). Diferenças foram controladas por regressão logística múltipla. Os pacientes relataram uma sonolência maior do que os controles (p <0,0001). Após a regressão, a sonolência relatada pelos pacientes mostrou-se associada a apenas um teste (RAVLT total). Os pacientes com ELTM-EH referem mais sonolência do que os controles, mas esta não foi associada com a cognição. Se confirmado em outras populações, nossos resultados implicarão na tomada de decisão sobre o impacto da sonolência no contexto neuropsicológico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cognition/physiology , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/psychology , Self Report , Sleepiness , Neuropsychological Tests , Sclerosis/complications , Case-Control Studies , Demography , Educational Status , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/physiopathology , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/drug therapy , Drug Resistant Epilepsy/physiopathology , Hippocampus/pathology , Anticonvulsants/therapeutic use
18.
J. bras. pneumol ; 44(3): 202-206, May-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954549

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate whether the presence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) alters the perception of respiratory symptoms and quality of life in COPD patients, by using specific questionnaires, as well as to determine whether scales for assessing daytime sleepiness and for screening for OSAS can be used in the triad of OSAS, COPD, and obesity. Methods: We included 66 patients diagnosed with mild-to-moderate or severe COPD and presenting with a body mass index > 27 kg/m2. After polysomnography, patients completed the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), the Berlin questionnaire (BQ), the modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) scale, the Baseline Dyspnea Index (BDI), and the Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Results: Patients were first divided into two groups: COPD + OSAS (n = 46); and COPD-only (n = 20). The COPD + OSAS group was subdivided into a COPD + mild-to-moderate OSAS group (n = 32) and a COPD + severe OSAS group (n = 14), all of which were compared with the COPD-only group. There was a significant difference in mean FEV1 (L) between the COPD + OSAS groups and the COPD-only group (p = 0.073). The presence of the triad did not lead to significantly higher ESS scores, and scores > 10 had a specificity of 0.58. The BQ did not identify high risk for OSAS in the presence of the triad (specificity of 0.31). There were no significant differences in domain or total scores of the SGRQ between the COPD + OSAS groups and the COPD-only group. Conclusions: The confounding factors present in the triad of OSAS, COPD, and obesity prevented the perception of increased daytime sleepiness and high risk for OSAS. We observed no worsening of dyspnea perception or quality of life.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar se a presença de síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono (SAOS) modifica a percepção de queixas respiratórias e de qualidade de vida em pacientes com DPOC por meio de questionários específicos, além de verificar se escalas de sonolência diurna e de rastreamento para SAOS podem ser empregadas na tríade SAOS, DPOC e obesidade. Métodos: Foram incluídos no estudo 66 portadores diagnosticados com DPOC leve/moderada ou grave e com índice de massa corpórea > 27 kg/m2. Após a polissonografia, foram aplicados escala de sonolência de Epworth (ESE), Questionário de Berlim (QB), escala modificada do Medical Research Council (mMRC), Baseline Dyspnea Index (BDI) e Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Resultados: Foram analisados os grupos DPOC e SAOS (n = 46) vs. DPOC sem SAOS (n = 20). Do primeiro grupo, foram formados os subgrupos DPOC+SAOS leve/moderada (n = 32) e DPOC+SAOS grave (n = 14), que foram comparados com o grupo DPOC sem SAOS. Houve diferença significativa nas médias de VEF1 (l) entre os grupos DPOC com e sem SAOS (p = 0,073). A presença da tríade não aumentou significativamente o escore de ESE, tendo o escore > 10 especificidade de 0,58. O QB não identificou alto risco para SAOS na presença da tríade (especificidade de 0,31). Não houve diferenças significativas nos domínios e no escore total do SGRQ entre os grupos DPOC com e sem SAOS. Conclusões: Os fatores de confusão presentes na tríade SAOS, DPOC e obesidade impediram a percepção de maior sonolência diurna e de risco elevado de SAOS. Não foi identificada piora na percepção de dispneia e na qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/physiopathology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology , Obesity/physiopathology , Reference Values , Sleep/physiology , Severity of Illness Index , Body Mass Index , Vital Capacity/physiology , Forced Expiratory Volume/physiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications , Sleepiness , Obesity/complications
19.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 37(2): 52-56, jun. 2017. tab., graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053187

ABSTRACT

Se cree que los ancianos necesitan dormir menos. Sin embargo, no es la necesidad de sueño sino la capacidad de dormir lo que disminuye con la edad, en paralelo a la mayor prevalencia de enfermedades cardiovasculares o metabólicas, o de depresión. Poco se ha descripto sobre los hallazgos polisomnográficos de esta población. En el presente estudio analizamos los hallazgos polisomnográficos en pacientes mayores de 65 años. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo a partir del análisis de una base de datos de 551 pacientes mayores de 65 años evaluados entre junio de 2013 y diciembre de 2014. Todos los sujetos se realizaron una polisomnografía (PSG) nocturna de 6 horas de duración. Las variables analizadas fueron: latencia de sueño (LS), eficacia de sueño (ES), latencia de fase REM (Lat R), % de R, índice de apneas hipopneas (IHA) y movimientos periódicos de piernas durante el sueño (PLMS). Se dividió la población en 3 grupos: G1: de 65 a 70 años; G2: 71 a 75; G3: mayor de 75 años. Se analizaron los datos de la serie general y las diferencias intergrupos. El IHA se incrementó con la edad y resultó más severo en los pacientes mayores de 75 años en relación con el grupo de menor edad. El incremento del IAH no se asoció a un incremento del índice de masa corporal ni a mayor somnolencia diurna. (AU)


It is believed that the elderly need less sleep. However, it is not the need for sleep but the ability to sleep that decreases with age, in parallel to the increasing prevalence of cardiovascular or metabolic disease, or depression. Little has been described about the polysomnographic findings of this population, hypothesizing that there are several alterations that prematurely corrected could improve the quality of life as the years go by. We analyzed the polysomnographic findings in patients over 65 years of age. A descriptive study was carried out based on the analyses of a database of 551 patients over 65 years of age evaluated between June 2013 to December 2014. All subjects underwent nocturnal PSG of 6 hours duration. The polysomnographic variables analyzed were: sleep latency (LS), sleep efficiency (ES), latency R phase (Lat R), % R, Apneas Hypoapneas Index (AHI) and Periodic Limb Movements of Sleep (PLMS). The population was divided into 3 groups: G1: from 65 to 70 years G2: 71 to 75, G3 greater than 75. AHI increased with age, being more severe in patients over 75 years of age in relation to the younger age group. The increase in AHI was not associated with an increase in Body Mass Index (BMI) or greater daytime sleepiness. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Polysomnography/statistics & numerical data , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/physiopathology , Sleep Wake Disorders/diagnosis , Sleep Wake Disorders/etiology , Sleep Wake Disorders/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Body Mass Index , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Age Factors , Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm/diagnosis , Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm/physiopathology , Nocturnal Myoclonus Syndrome/diagnosis , Nocturnal Myoclonus Syndrome/physiopathology , Depression/complications , Sleep Latency/physiology , Sleepiness , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/prevention & control , Metabolic Diseases/complications
20.
San Salvador; s.n; 2017. 51 p. graf.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1224238

ABSTRACT

La somnolencia diurna es uno de los síntomas de mayor incidencia en los trastornos del sueño. Algunos estudios describen que la prevalencia de la Excesiva Somnolencia Diurna (ESD) varía en función de la metodología empleada y la población estudiada. Con el fin de conocer la prevalencia de somnolencia en pacientes hipertensos se desarrolló un trabajo en este grupo pacientes usuarios del Hospital Rosales. Se realizó encuestas utilizando el cuestionario de Epworth en pacientes ingresados con el diagnostico de hipertensión arterial y a pacientes en la consulta ambulatoria del hospital. En el periodo de enero a abril del 2014, tomando en cuenta la edad, sexo e índice de masa corporal (IMC). Se entrevistaron a 100 personas cuya edad media fue de 55 +/- 14 años, el 59% de los casos fueron del sexo femenino, El IMC medio de 29 +/- 5; la prevalencia fue de 80% de somnolencia, el grupo etario más común y más afectado estuvo entre los 51 a 60 años, la somnolencia estuvo presente en el 56% de la mujeres y en relación al IMC se documentó que entre los pacientes no obesos la somnolencia fue del 66% mientras que los pacientes obesos presentaban somnolencia en un 83%. Conclusión: La somnolencia es alta en los pacientes con hipertensión arterial y es más frecuente en el grupo obeso, es necesario desarrollar más estudios para documentar el origen de este síntoma


Subject(s)
Sleepiness , Hypertension
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