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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941017

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the diagnostic value of the serum tumor markers carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cytokeratin-19-fragment (CYFRA21-1), squamous cell carcinoma associated antigen (SCCAg), neuron-specificenolase (NSE) and pro-gastrin-releasing peptide (ProGRP) for lung cancers of different pathological types.@*METHODS@#This study was conducted among patients with established diagnoses of lung adenocarcinoma (LADC, n=137), lung squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC, n=82), small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC, n=59), and benign chest disease (BCD, n=102). The serum tumor markers were detected for all the patients for comparison of the positivity rates and their serum levels. ROC curve was used for analysis of the diagnostic efficacy of these tumor markers either alone or in different combinations.@*RESULTS@#In patients with LADC, the positivity rate and serum level of CEA were significantly higher than those in the other groups (P < 0.05); the patients with LSCC had the highest positivity rate and serum level of SCCAg among the 4 groups (P < 0.05). The positivity rates and serum levels of ProGRP and NSE were significantly higher in SCLC group than in the other groups (P < 0.05). CYFRA21-1 showed the highest positivity rate and serum level in LADC group and LSCC group. With the patients with BCD as control, CEA showed a diagnostic sensitivity of 62.8% and a specificity of 93.1% for LADC, and the sensitivity and specificity of SCCAg for diagnosing LSCC were 64.6% and 91.2%, respectively. CYFRA21-1 had the highest diagnostic sensitivity for LADC and LSCC. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of ProGRP for SCLC were 83.1% and 98.0%, respectively. When combined, CYFRA21-1 and CEA showed a high sensitivity (78.8%) and specificity (86.3%) for diagnosing LADC with an AUC of 0.891; CYFRA21-1 and SCCAg had a high sensitivity (84.1%) and specificity (87.3%) for diagnosing LSCC with an AUC of 0.912. NSE combined with ProGRP was highly sensitive (88.1%) and specific (98.0%) for diagnosis of SCLC, with an AUC of 0.952. For lung cancers of different pathological types, the combination of all the 5 tumor markers showed no significant differences in the diagnostic power from a combined detection with any two of the markers (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#CEA, CYFRA21-1, SCCAg, NSE and ProGRP are all related to the pathological type of lung cancers and can be used in different combinations as useful diagnostic indicators for lung cancers.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Neoplasm , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Humans , Keratin-19 , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Peptide Fragments , Peptide Hormones , Recombinant Proteins , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/diagnosis
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 550-554, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940921

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the survival and influencing factors of unexpected small cell lung cancer following surgery. Methods: We respectively reviewed the clinical characters of 104 patients who underwent surgical treatment and be proved as small cell lung cancer by pathology between January 2000 to October 2020 in Chinese PLA General Hospital. Overall survival (OS) of patients was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards analysis. Results: Of 104 patients, 27 cases showed central lesions, and other 77 showed peripheral nodules. The margin of nodules was smooth in 42 cases on CT imaging. The median OS was 34.3 months and 5-year OS rate was 45.8%. Postoperative 5-year OS rates for patients were 52.1%, 45.4%, and 27.8% for clinical stages Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ, respectively. Univariate analyses identified the age, surgical access, surgical approach, N stage, TNM stage and vascular cancer emboli were associated with OS (P<0.05). The N stage was an independent factor for the OS of patients (P<0.05). Conclusions: Patients with unexpected SCLC, including Ⅰ, Ⅱ and part ⅢA stage have favorable outcome and can benefit from surgery and systemic postoperative treatment. Standard lobectomy plus systemic lymph node dissection is commended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/surgery , Survival Analysis
3.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 425-433, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939727

ABSTRACT

Small cell lung cancer is a kind of malignant tumor with strong invasiveness and poor prognosis, and the classic therapeutic modality of the disease remains multidisciplinary and comprehensive treatment. Treatment options for small cell lung cancer have been stalled for a long time, and new opportunities have emerged in recent years due to the development and initial experience of immunotherapeutic drugs. Clinical trials of some selected immune checkpoint inhibitors have confirmed the efficacy and safety in small cell lung cancer. Based on the results of phase III clinical trials (Impower133 and CASPIAN), Atezolizumab or Durvalumab in combination with chemotherapy has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the first-line treatment of extensive-stage small cell lung cancer. Clinical trials involving immune checkpoint inhibitors are being actively carried out and provide different perspectives for the management of small cell lung cancer. This article aimed to review the clinical progress in immunotherapy of small cell lung cancer.
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Subject(s)
Clinical Trials, Phase III as Topic , Humans , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use , Immunotherapy/methods , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/pathology
4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 808-814, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922151

ABSTRACT

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is the most malignant lung cancer with the highest mortality. At present, the first-line standard treatment is still based on Etoposide and Platinum chemotherapy. However, for SCLC that progresses after first-line therapy, the treatment options are still very limited. Since the molecular mechanism of first-line drug resistance of SCLC is still unclear, and the precision medicine strategy after first-line drug resistance is still in the pre-clinical stage. The proportion of secondary biopsy and genetic testing is very low after the progress of first-line treatment of SCLC. In this study, we report a case of a middle-aged woman who was first diagnosed with SCLC. Adenocarcinoma with sensitive gene mutations and repeated changes of small cell carcinoma were detected by multiple biopsies during the course of the disease, suggesting that the patient may be a special subtype of SCLC - mixed SCLC (M-SCLC). In this case, the patient has been treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy, immunotherapy and targeted therapy successively, and the survival time has reached 2 years and 8 months. Through the case report and literature review retrospectively, this study aimed to explore the part patients may start to present hybrid histopathologic types or tissue type change after treatment of SCLC. Biopsy pathologic histology and genetic testing is necessary after disease progression to look for potential therapeutic targets, so as to give precise treatment based on molecular markers detection results and provide the patient with the benefit of survival for as long as possible.
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Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Etoposide , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 790-795, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922148

ABSTRACT

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a neuroendocrine tumor with fast progression, high malignancy, easy recurrence, and extremely poor prognosis. In the past 30 years, the clinical treatment strategy of SCLC has been mainly chemotherapy and radiotherapy, but the curative effect is not significant; the current immunotherapy of SCLC has gradually entered the clinic and has made certain progress. Tumor immunotherapy includes immune checkpoint inhibitors, tumor vaccines, cytokines, chimeric antigen receptor T-cell immunotherapy (CAR-T) therapy, etc. Currently, immune checkpoint inhibitors are the most widely used. This article summarizes the principles of immune checkpoint inhibitors and related drugs, summarizes their domestic and foreign clinical trials progress in SCLC treatment, reviews the biomarkers used in the therapy, and discusses its future development direction.
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Subject(s)
Cancer Vaccines/therapeutic use , Clinical Trials as Topic , Humans , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors , Immunotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/drug therapy
6.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 862-866, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922139

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the most common malignant tumor in the world, among which non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for about 85% of the total number of lung cancers. The 5-year overall survial (OS) of radical surgery NSCLC patients ranged from 92% in stage Ia1 to 26% in stage IIIb, and the continuously decreasing survival time made it a strong clinical need for precise adjuvant therapy to eradicate molecular residual disease (MRD). At present, circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) as a molecular indicator of MRD has gradually moved from the laboratory to the clinic. The latest consensus proposes that ctDNA with abundance ≥0.02% can be stably detected in the peripheral blood of perioperative NSCLC patients, which is based on the possibility of ctDNA as an MRD indicator. MRD detection technology supports the possibility of monitoring after radical treatment of NSCLC, and ctDNA can predict the recurrence of the disease earlier than the imaging monitoring after treatment of NSCLC, providing valuable time for timely adjustment of adjuvant therapy. In the studies on early postoperative adjuvant therapy of NSCLC, different guidelines differ on whether appropriate adjuvant therapy should be carried out, while MRD can be used as a more accurate predictor to guide postoperative adjuvant therapy, so that patients can benefit from the disease treatment.
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Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Circulating Tumor DNA , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm, Residual , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 734-738, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922135

ABSTRACT

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a highly aggressive and fatal malignant tumor. It has the characteristics of complex etiology, low differentiation, high malignancy, fast growth, strong invasiveness, early metastasis and acquired drug resistance, resulting in poor prognosis. In recent years, with the gradual deepening understanding on the molecular mechanism of SCLC and multi-omics data, it is proposed that molecular typing can be carried out according to the differential expression of key transcription factors, including SCLC-A, SCLC-N, SCLC-P and SCLC-I subtypes. Molecular typing of SCLC and its clinical application will help doctors to further optimize the detailed diagnosis and treatment plan of SCLC patients, so as to prolong the survival time and improve the quality of life of patients.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Molecular Typing , Quality of Life , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/genetics , Transcription Factors
8.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 729-733, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922134

ABSTRACT

The transformation of non-small cell lung cancer to small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is one of the major resistant mechanisms, especially patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutant lung adenocarcinoma. Translational SCLC has been found to have similar clinical features to primary SCLC. Chemotherapy was short-term effective for transformational SCLC, with a median survival of only about 1 year. The deletion of RB1 and the change of somatic copy number were associated with SCLC transformation. Although the molecular mechanism of SCLC transformation is still not fully understood. At the same time, the treatment of transformational SCLC also faces great challenges. Currently, chemotherapy regimens for SCLC are the main treatment options for transforming SCLC. Combination therapy, local treatment and strategies for prevention of SCLC transformatio are also being explored. This article will review research advances on the clinical features, molecular mechanism and treatment options of translational SCLC.
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Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878698

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences of energy spectrum CT between small cell lung cancer(SCLC)with mediastinal lymph node metastasis and mediastinal sarcoidosis.Methods Twenty-five SCLC patients with mediastinal lymph node metastasis(SCLC group)and 26 patients with mediastinal sarcoidosis(sarcoidosis group)confirmed by bronchoscopy and biopsy in Tangshan People's Hospital from January 2018 to June 2019 were selected as the research objects.The CT value,iodine concentration,water concentration and energy spectrum curve slope under different single energy levels were compared between SCLC group and sarcoidosis group.Results The single-energy CT values of 40-80 keV segments in the arterial phase of the SCLC group were significantly higher than those in the sarcoidosis group(all P 0.05).The single-energy CT values of 40-90 keV segments in venous phase of the SCLC group were significantly higher than those of the sarcoidosis group(all P 0.05).The concentrations of iodine in the arterial phase and venous phase of the SCLC group were(11.56±4.06)μg/cm


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Sarcoidosis/diagnostic imaging , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 24(2): 88-91, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144325

ABSTRACT

Resumen El carcinoma de célula pequeña (CPCP) o microcítico de pulmón es un subtipo de cáncer de pulmón que típicamente se ha asociado al tabaquismo y que se caracteriza por su agresividad y mal pronóstico a corto plazo. Como entidad, puede metastatizar en cualquier órgano, siendo las metástasis pancreáticas raras y la mayoría de las veces asintomáticas. Por ello, la presencia de una pancreatitis neoplásica, como en el caso presentado, es excepcional, y aún más cuando presenta refractariedad al tratamiento médico convencional y responde al tratamiento citotóxico sistémico. Por todo ello, se expone esta experiencia clínica y se debate la presencia de esta rara entidad y su manejo.


Abstract Small-cell lung carcinoma is a subtype of neoplasm that has been typically associated with smoking; it is characterized by its aggressiveness and poor prognosis in the short term. As an entity, it can metastasize in any organ, but pancreatic metastases are rare and most of the time asymptomatic. Therefore, the presence of neoplastic pancreatitis as in our case is exceptional; even more when it presents refractoriness to conventional medical treatment, responding instead to systemic cytotoxic treatment. Therefore, we expose our clinical experience and discuss the presence of this rare entity and its management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/secondary , Pancreatitis/etiology , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Acute Disease , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Etoposide/therapeutic use , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/drug therapy , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
12.
São Paulo; s.n; 2020. 51 p. ilust, tabelas.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1222802

ABSTRACT

Câncer de pulmão de não pequenas células (CPNPC) é o tipo mais frequente de câncer de pulmão, acometendo por volta de 85% à 90% de todos os cânceres de pulmão, sendo o tabagismo o fator de risco mais relevante para a doença. O sistema imune possui um papel importante na resposta antitumoral, porém, as células do tumor fazem uso de mecanismos para evadir da imunovigilância através de células imunossupressoras e produção de citocinas. A análise de células imunes e de citocinas pode auxiliar em um conhecimento mais abrangente do microambiente tumoral como um todo, permitindo um melhor entendimento da doença e a proposta de tratamentos que possam ser mais eficazes. Neste trabalho, foi avaliando o perfil imune sistêmico de pacientes com CPNPC, comparando pacientes não metastáticos (estágios I, II, III) e pacientes metastáticos (estágio IV). Nós avaliamos a frequência de células linfoides e mieloides por meio de citometria de fluxo, além das concentrações plasmáticas de citocinas por meio da análise multiplex a partir de amostras de sangue de pacientes coletadas antes do início do tratamento. Foram incluídos 39 pacientes com CPNPC, sendo 28 no grupo de metastáticos e 11 no grupo de não metastáticos. Foi possível verificar um aumento da frequência de monócitos inflamatórios no sangue de pacientes metastáticos, se comparados a pacientes não metastáticos, indicando um microambiente mais favorável ao desenvolvimento de metástase. Além disso, foram observados níveis mais elevados de monócitos não-clássicos, conhecidos como patrulhadores e das citocinas TRAIL E IL-1Ra em pacientes não metastáticos, indicando um microambiente mais protetor. Concluindo, este estudo propõe mecanismos imunológicos relacionados ao desenvolvimento de metástase para pacientes com CPNPC, sugerindo biomarcadores que podem auxiliar no prognóstico e acompanhamento desse grupo de pacientes


Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of cancer among lung cancers, accounting for about 85% to 90% of cases, with smoking being the most relevant risk factor related to the disease. The immune system plays an important role in anti-tumoral response; however, tumor cells use mechanisms that allow escape from immune surveillance, such as the presence of immunosuppressive cells and production of inhibitory cytokines in the tumor microenvironment. Analyzing the immune cells and cytokines can be helpful to better understand the tumor microenvironment and diseases development allowing a more effective treatment. In this work it was determine the immune cells profile of patients with NSCLC, comparing non-metastatic (stages I, II and III) and metastatic (stage IV) patients. We evaluated the frequencies of lymphocytes and myeloid cells in patients using flow cytometry and plasmatic cytokines concentration cytokines using multiplex analysis in blood samples collected before treatment begins. It was including 39 NSCLC patients, of which 28 from the metastatic group and 11 from the non-metastatic group. There was an increase in inflammatory monocytes frequency in metastatic patients when compared to metastatic patients indicating a more favorable microenvironment for tumor metastasis. Moreover, it was found discovered a higher level of non-classic monocytes also known as patrolling monocytes, and TRAIL and IL-1Ra Cytokines in non-metastatic patients in compare with metastatic patients, indicating a more protective microenvironment. In conclusion, this study demonstrated immunological mechanisms related to metastasis in NSCLC patient suggesting helpful biomarker for prognosis and patient flow up


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , Tumor Microenvironment , Neoplasm Metastasis
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880594

ABSTRACT

Small cell lung cancer belongs to neuroendocrine tumors and is the most malignant one in lung cancer. It possesses clinical features such as rapid growth, easy early metastasis, and poor prognosis. PET/CT is a molecular imaging technique that combines morphological and metabolic imaging. It has been widely used in the diagnosis, staging, treatment planning, efficacy and prognosis evaluation of tumors. This article reviews the efficacy, prognostic parameters, evaluation criteria, possible influencial factors, clinical application and value of


Subject(s)
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prognosis , Radiopharmaceuticals , Retrospective Studies , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/pathology
14.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(5): 422-424, Sept.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019438

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Bilateral orbital metastases restricted to the extraocular muscles (EOMs) are exceedingly rare. We report a case of bilateral extraocular muscle metastases from a small cell lung carcinoma and provide a review of the relevant literature. A 56-year-old smoker presented with proptosis, motility changes, and a relative afferent pupillary defect of the left eye, with a previous history of a small cell lung carcinoma. An orbital computerized tomography scan revealed a mass restricted to the left medial rectus. An incisional biopsy confirmed metastasis. Visual acuity of the left eye decreased rapidly, and right globe proptosis became evident. Orbital magnetic resonance imaging at two months follow-up showed marked left orbital mass enlargement and a new right lateral rectus mass. The patient was maintained on palliative care and died from metastatic disease-related complications.


RESUMO As metástases orbitárias bilaterais restritas aos mús­culos extraoculares são extremamente raras. Os autores apresentam um caso de metástases bilaterais, localizadas aos musculares extraoculares com base num carcinoma de pequenas células do pulmão e revisão da literatura relevante. Um homem, fumador, de 56 anos recorreu ao serviço de urgência por proptose, alterações de motilidade ocular extrínseca e um defeito pupilar aferente relativo do olho esquerdo, com história pessoal de carcinoma de pequenas células do pulmão. A tomografia computadorizada orbitária revelou uma massa restrita ao reto medial esquerdo. Uma biópsia incisional confirmou o diagnóstico de metástase. A acuidade visual do olho esquerdo diminuiu rapidamente e surgiu uma proptose do globo ocular direito. A ressonância magnética orbitária aos dois meses de seguimento revelou um aumento da massa orbitária esquerda e uma nova massa no reto lateral direito. O paciente foi mantido em cuidados paliativos e faleceu devido a complicações relacionadas com doença metastática.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Orbital Neoplasms/secondary , Exophthalmos/etiology , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Oculomotor Muscles/pathology , Biopsy , Orbital Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Exophthalmos/pathology , Fatal Outcome
15.
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(2): e2019089, Abr.-Jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015106

ABSTRACT

Liver metastases are commonly found in advanced cancer patients; however, acute liver failure secondary to diffuse liver infiltration is rare. Small cell lung carcinoma accounts for 15% of lung carcinomas. We describe the ninth case of small cell lung carcinoma massively metastatic to the liver, reported in the scientific literature, with sudden clinical onset and death after a few days. An autopsy was performed to understand the cause of death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Autopsy , Liver Failure, Acute/pathology , Hepatomegaly , Neoplasm Metastasis
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 299-305, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002199

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To describe the clinical characteristics, treatment patterns, and outcomes in patients with small cell bladder cancer at our institution, including those who received prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) for the prevention of intracranial recurrence. Materials and Methods: Patients with small cell bladder cancer treated at a single institution between January 1990 and August 2015 were identified and analyzed retrospectively for demographics, tumor stage, treatment, and overall survival. Results: Of 44 patients diagnosed with small cell bladder cancer, 11 (25%) had metastatic disease at the time of presentation. Treatment included systemic chemotherapy (70%), radical surgery (59%), and local radiation (39%). Six patients (14%) received PCI. Median overall survival was 10 months (IQR 4 - 41). Patients with extensive disease had worse overall survival than those with organ confined disease (8 months vs. 36 months, respectively, p = 0.04). Among those who received PCI, 33% achieved 5 - year survival. Conclusion: Outcomes for patients with small cell bladder cancer remain poor. Further research is indicated to determine if PCI increases overall survival in small call bladder cancer patients, especially those with extensive disease who respond to chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Cranial Irradiation/methods , Carcinoma, Small Cell/radiotherapy , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/mortality , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Carcinoma, Small Cell/mortality , Carcinoma, Small Cell/pathology , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/pathology , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/radiotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/mortality , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/radiotherapy
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742451

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and the incidence continues to rise. Although many prognostic factors have been identified, the clinical characteristics and outcomes in Korean lung cancer patients are not well defined. METHODS: Of the 23,254 new lung cancer cases registered at the Korea Central Cancer Registry in 2013, total 489 patients from 19 hospitals were abstracted by the Korean Central Cancer Registry. The clinical data retrospectively analyzed, patients were followed up until December 2015. RESULTS: The median age was 69 years (interquartile range, 60–74 years); 65.4% were male and 62.1% were ever-smokers. Cough was the most common initial symptom (33.5%); 13.1% of patients were asymptomatic. While squamous cell carcinoma was the most common subtype in male patients (37.2%), adenocarcinoma was the most frequent histological type in all patients (48.7%) and females (76.3%). The majority of patients received treatment (76.5%), which included surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Older age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.037), lower body mass index (HR, 0.904), ever-smoker (HR, 2.003), small cell lung cancer (HR, 1.627), and distant metastasis (HR, 3.990) were independent predictors of mortality. Patients without symptoms (HR, 0.387) and without treatment (HR, 0.364) were associated with a favorable outcome in multivariate Cox analysis. CONCLUSION: Lung cancer in Korea occurs predominantly in elderly patients, with adenocarcinoma being the most frequent subtype. The prognosis was poorer in ever-smokers and older, malnourished, and untreated patients with advanced lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Aged , Body Mass Index , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cough , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Male , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pilot Projects , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766121

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES:: Investigating the survival of patients with cancer is vitally necessary for controlling the disease and for assessing treatment methods. This study aimed to compare various statistical models of survival and to determine the survival rate and its related factors among patients suffering from lung cancer. METHODS:: In this retrospective cohort, the cumulative survival rate, median survival time, and factors associated with the survival of lung cancer patients were estimated using Cox, Weibull, exponential, and Gompertz regression models. Kaplan-Meier tables and the log-rank test were also used to analyze the survival of patients in different subgroups. RESULTS:: Of 102 patients with lung cancer, 74.5% were male. During the follow-up period, 80.4% died. The incidence rate of death among patients was estimated as 3.9 (95% confidence [CI], 3.1 to 4.8) per 100 person-months. The 5-year survival rate for all patients, males, females, patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), and patients with small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) was 17%, 13%, 29%, 21%, and 0%, respectively. The median survival time for all patients, males, females, those with NSCLC, and those with SCLC was 12.7 months, 12.0 months, 16.0 months, 16.0 months, and 6.0 months, respectively. Multivariate analyses indicated that the hazard ratios (95% CIs) for male sex, age, and SCLC were 0.56 (0.33 to 0.93), 1.03 (1.01 to 1.05), and 2.91 (1.71 to 4.95), respectively. CONCLUSIONS:: Our results showed that the exponential model was the most precise. This model identified age, sex, and type of cancer as factors that predicted survival in patients with lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Iran , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Male , Models, Statistical , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , Survival Rate
20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 898-904, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762043

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway is known to play a crucial role in carcinogenesis in various malignancies, including lung cancer regarding tumorigenesis, angiogenesis, and cellular differentiation. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of components of Shh pathway as a prognostic marker in extensive stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of 36 patients who were diagnosed with ES-SCLC between 2008 and 2012 at a single center. We performed immuo-histochemistry for glioma-associated oncogene homolog zinc finger protein 1 (Gli1), patched, Shh, and Ptch-mediated repression of smoothened (Smo) proteins using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue derived from primary tumors. We then conducted survival analysis to evaluate the prognostic impact of these markers. RESULTS: All 36 patients received platinum-based doublet chemotherapy. The median progression free survival and median overall survival were 6.9 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 6.5–7.3] and 11.7 months (95% CI, 9.1–14.3), respectively. The overall response rate was 84%. Of the 36 tissue specimens examined, over-expression of Gli1, Patched, Shh, and Smo was found in 12 (33.3%), five (13.9%), five (13.9%), and six (16.7%) cases, respectively. We found that high expression of Shh was associated with worse progression free survival (6.3 vs. 7.6 months, p=0.005) and overall survival (9.2 vs. 12.0 months, p=0.039) by both univariate and multivariate analyses, whereas other markers were not related to patient prognosis. CONCLUSION: A high proportion of small cell lung cancer tumors express proteins related to Shh pathway, and over-expression of Shh is correlated with poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Carcinogenesis , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Hedgehog Proteins , Hedgehogs , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Multivariate Analysis , Oncogenes , Prognosis , Repression, Psychology , Retrospective Studies , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , Zinc Fingers
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