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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 665-669, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1098304

ABSTRACT

Lower-limbs appendicular muscle mass is a key body composition trait related to health and performance. Considering the relevance of lower-limbs appendicular muscle mass in soccer players, the assessment and monitoring of this variable with a low-cost tool would be of great value in order to improve performance through training and nutritional interventions. This study aimed to develop a multiple regression model in order to validate, through dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, a novel equation to predict lower-limbs appendicular muscle mass in young soccer players using anthropometric variables. Forty-two soccer players of the Chilean National Team (age, 17.1±1.3 years; body mass, 70.0±6.8 kg; height, 175.0±6.6 cm) underwent anthropometrically and body composition assessments. Forward stepwise linear regression was used to develop the equation to estimate the lower-limb appendicular muscle mass. The estimated results were compared with measurements by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The best predictor model to estimate lower-limbs appendicular muscle mass was (kg): (-21.268 + (0.087*height) - (0.853*middle thigh circumference) - (0.329*middle thigh skinfold) + (1.136*corrected middle thigh circumference) + (0.306*calf circumference)) (R2= 0.83). The lower-limbs appendicular muscle mass estimated by the equation and measured by DXA were similar (14.71±1.72 kg vs 14.76±1.89 kg, respectively), and have a good concordance according to Bland-Altman method (mean difference: 0.049 kg; 95 % IC: -1.481 to 1.578 kg) and Lin's concordance correlation coefficient (0.91; 95 % CI: 0.85 - 0.96) methods. In conclusion, the predictive equation is a valid, easy to calculate, and a low-cost tool to predict lower-limbs appendicular muscle mass in young soccer players.


La masa muscular de los miembros inferiores es un factor antropométrico clave relacionado a la salud y el rendimiento deportivo. Considerando la relevancia de este factor en jugadores de fútbol, la medición y monitoreo de esta variable a través de herramientas prácticas de bajo costo puede ser de gran utilidad para lograr objetivos relacionados a mejorar el rendimiento a través del entrenamiento e intervenciones nutricionales. El objetivo de este estudio fue desarrollar un modelo de regresión lineal con el objetivo de validar una nueva ecuación predictiva de la masa muscular de miembros inferiores en jugadores jóvenes de fútbol. Cuarenta y dos jugadores jóvenes de fútbol pertenecientes a la Selección Nacional Chilena (17,1±1,3 años; 70,0±6,8 kg; 175,0±6,6 cm) fueron sometidos a evaluaciones antropométricas y de composición corporal. La regresión lineal de pasos hacia adelante fue utilizada para desarrollar la ecuación para estimar la masa muscular de miembros inferiores. Los resultados estimados fueron comparados con medición de absorciometría de rayos X de doble energía (DEXA). El mejor modelo predictor de masa muscular de miembros inferiores (kg) fue: (-21,268 + (0,087*talla) - (0,853*circunferencia de muslo medio) - (0,329*pliegue de muslo medio) + (1,136*circunferencia de muslo medio corregida) + (0,306*circunferencia de pantorrilla)) (R2= 0,83). La masa muscular estimada por la ecuación y la medida por DEXA fue similar (14,71±1,72 kg vs 14,76±1,89 kg, respectivamente), y tuvo una buena concordancia acorde al método Bland-Altman (diferencia promedio: 0,049 kg; 95 % IC: -1,481 to 1,578 kg) y el coeficiente de correlación de concordancia de Lin (0,91; 95 % CI: 0,85 - 0,96). En conclusión, la ecuación predictiva desarrollada en este estudio es una herramienta válida, fácil de calcular y de bajo costo que permite estimar la masa muscular de miembros inferiores en futbolistas jóvenes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Soccer , Anthropometry/methods , Muscle, Skeletal/anatomy & histology , Lower Extremity/anatomy & histology , Body Composition , Linear Models , Predictive Value of Tests
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 153-158, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1056414

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research was to determine the differences among the football players of three the most successful football clubs in Kosovo, FC Trepca ´89, FC Prishtina and FC Besa Peje in a terms of morphological characteristics and body composition. A sample of 53 subjects was divided into three sub-samples. Fifteen (15) players of FC Trepca ´89 of the average age 21.80±3.57, the champions of Kosovo, twenty (20) players of FC Prishtina of the average age of 24.30±4.99, the vice champions of the Kosovo Championship, and eighteen (18) players of FC Besa Peje of the average age 21.83±3.17, the champions of the Cup of Kosovo. Football players were tested immediately after the end of the competition season. Morphological characteristics in the body composition were evaluated by a battery of 10 variables: body height, body weight, waist circumference, triceps skinfold, biceps skinfold, skinfold of the back, abdominal skinfold, body mass index, fat percentage and muscle mass. The significance of the differences between the players of the three the most successful football clubs in the morphological characteristics and variables for assessing body composition were determined by ANOVA and LSD post hoc test. ANOVA test found that the football players of the three mentioned clubs have statistically significant differences in one variable that estimate the waist circumference. The LSD Post Hoc test showed that football players of FC Besa Peje had significantly less value of waist circumference compared to the football players of FC Prishtina and FC Trepca ´89. The values of the waist circumference of all football players show that they belong to professional trained players, although their differences in this variable are statistically significant.


El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar las diferencias entre los jugadores de fútbol de los tres clubes de mayor éxito en Kosovo, FC Trepca ´89, FC Prishtina y FC Besa Peje, en términos de características morfológicas y composición corporal. En el estudio se dividieron los 53 sujetos en tres grupos, quince (15) jugadores del FC Trepca ´89 con una edad promedio de 21,80 ± 3,57, los campeones de Kosovo, veinte (20) jugadores del FC Prishtina con una edad promedio de 24,30 ± 4,99, los vicecampeones del Campeonato de Kosovo, y dieciocho (18) jugadores del FC Besa Peje con una edad promedio de 21,83 ± 3,17, los campeones de la Copa de Kosovo. Los jugadores de fútbol fueron evaluados inmediatamente después del final de la temporada de competencias. Las características morfológicas en la composición corporal se evaluaron mediante una batería de 10 variables: altura corporal, peso corporal, circunferencia de la cintura, pliegue de tríceps, pliegue de bíceps, pliegue de la espalda, pliegue abdominal, índice de masa corporal, porcentaje de grasa y masa muscular. El ANOVA y el LSD post hoc determinaron la importancia de las diferencias entre los jugadores de los tres clubes de fútbol más exitosos en las características morfológicas y las variables para evaluar la composición corporal. La prueba de ANOVA encontró que los jugadores de fútbol de los tres clubes mencionados tienen diferencias estadísticamente significativas en una variable que estima la circunferencia de la cintura. La prueba LSD post hoc indicó que los jugadores de fútbol del FC Besa Peje tenían un valor significativamente menor de la circunferencia de la cintura en comparación con los jugadores de fútbol del FC Prishtina y el FC Trepca ´89. Los valores de circunferencia de la cintura de todos los jugadores de fútbol muestran que pertenecen a jugadores entrenados profesionalmente; las diferencias en esta variable son estadísticamente significativas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Soccer , Body Composition , Analysis of Variance , Kosovo
3.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 25(1): e25018, jan.- dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1047907

ABSTRACT

O Brasil se destaca pelo número de praticantes e conquistas internacionais no futsal. Este esporte encontra-se em processo de consolidação da profissionalização de suas práticas no país. Consequentemente, a mídia torna-se fundamental para a atração de consumidores e investidores. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a perspectiva de jogadores brasileiros de elite de futsal relativa à cobertura midiática sobre este esporte no Brasil. Foram realizadas entrevistas com 21 jogadores da seleção brasileira masculina principal de futsal. Após análise temática, as categorias analíticas foram discutidas com base na Teoria dos Campos de Pierre Bourdieu. Concluiu-se que, segundo os jogadores, o futsal ocupa um espaço desprestigiado na mídia esportiva, o que dificulta a atração de investimentos e desenvolvimento de carreiras. Os jogadores propõem ações ortodoxas que tentam se adaptar às normas do campo, de modo a alcançarem capitais econômicos e simbólicos que melhorem suas condições de trabalho e posição na estrutura social


Brazil has many futsal practitioners and is the main winner of world championships; professionalism is increasing in the country. Thus, the media play a key role in attracting consumers and investors. This study investigates the perspective of Brazilian elite male players on the media coverage. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 national team members. After players' discourses underwent thematic analysis, analytic categories were subjected to Pierre Bourdieu's Theory of Fields. According to players, futsal is discredited in sports media coverage, hampering the attraction of investors and career development. Players propose orthodox actions to adapt to the rules of the field in order to gain economic and symbolic capitals that may improve their work conditions and social status


Brasil se destaca por el número de practicantes y por las conquistas internacionales en futsal, y la profesionalización de sus prácticas se consolida en el país. Los medios son fundamentales para atraer a consumidores e inversores, y este estudio investigó la perspectiva de jugadores de élite sobre la cobertura mediática. Se realizaron entrevistas con 21 jugadores de la selección masculina principal. Las categorías analíticas fueron discutidas con base en la Teoría de los Campos de Pierre Bourdieu. Según los jugadores, el futsal tiene poco prestigio en la prensa deportiva, lo que dificulta inversiones y desarrollar carreras. Los jugadores proponen acciones ortodoxas para adaptarse a las normas del campo y alcanzar capitales económicos y simbólicos que mejoren sus condiciones de trabajo y su posición social


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Soccer , Communications Media , Sociology , Sports , Commodification
4.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 25(1): e25036, jan.- dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1048258

ABSTRACT

O estudo identifica e analisa as formas de manifestação da violência de pais, durante os jogos, em torcidas de futsal sub-9. Além disso, analisa as medidas preventivas propostas pelos técnicos. Participaram nove pais, além de três técnicos de três equipes do Rio de Janeiro, um de cada instituição. Os dados foram produzidos por meio de observação participante e entrevistas. A violência simbólica e a violência física manifestaram-se como as formas de violência presentes no grupo analisado. Além disso, as medidas preventivas propostas apontam para a intervenção das equipes multiprofissionais desses clubes, junto aos pais. Logo, concluiu-se que as duas formas de manifestação da violência em torcidas de pais depõem contra os valores do amadorismo esportivo e acabam promovendo comportamentos disfuncionais


The study identifies and analyzes parents' ways of expressing violence while rooting in under-9 futsal matches and examines preventive measures proposed by coaches. Participants were nine parents and three coaches of three teams from distinct institutions in Rio de Janeiro. Data were produced by participant observation and interviews. Both symbolic and physical violence were observed as expressions of violence present in the group analyzed. In addition, the preventive measures proposed point to the intervention by the clubs' multiprofessional teams with parents. Therefore, parents' two forms of expressing violence while rooting go against amateur sports values and end up promoting dysfunctional behaviors


El estudio identifica y analiza las formas en que se manifiesta la violencia de los padres durante los partidos, en las hinchadas de futsal sub-9. Además, analiza las medidas preventivas propuestas por los técnicos. Participaron nueve padres, además de tres técnicos de tres equipos de Rio de Janeiro, uno de cada institución. Los datos fueron producidos a través de observación participante y entrevistas. La violencia simbólica y la violencia física se manifestaron como las formas de violencia presentes en el grupo analizado. Además, las medidas preventivas propuestas apuntan a la intervención de los equipos multiprofesionales de esos clubes junto a los padres. Luego, se concluye que las dos formas de manifestación de la violencia en hinchadas de padres van contra los valores del deporte amador y terminan dando impulso a comportamientos disfuncionales


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Soccer , Violence , Athletes
5.
Licere (Online) ; 22(4): 415-447, dez.2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1051020

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho tem por objetivo analisar, comparativamente, relações de territorialidade construídas em torno dos estádios San Lorenzo (Buenos Aires) e West Ham (Londres), consideradas sob perspectiva histórica. Embora tenham se constituído como equipamentos materiais e simbólicos, nos quais gerações vivenciaram experiências e estabeleceram redes de sociabilidade, recentemente passaram por mudanças significativas: o projeto de retorno do San Lorenzo ao Viejo Gasómetro, ativando a memória da ditadura argentina e a partida do West Ham para o Estádio Olímpico, após mais de 100 anos no Upton Park. Neste sentido, pretende-se, através de análise das narrativas memoriais produzidas na mídia escrita, analisar a maneira pela qual os agentes acionam o elemento memorial para referir-se aos estádios como monumentos afetivos e marcas territoriais.


This work has for objective to analyze comparatively territoriality relationships built around the stadiums of San Lorenzo (Buenos Aires) and West Ham (London) considered under historical perspective. Although they have been constituted as material and symbolic equipment, where generations have gone through experiences and established social networks, they recently went through significant changes: the project of return of the San Lorenzo to the Viejo Gasómetro, activating the memory of the Argentine dictatorship and the departure of the West Ham to the Olympic Stadium after more than 100 years at Upton Park. In this sense, it is intended, through analysis of the narratives memorials produced in written media, analyze the way in which the agents trigger the memorial element to refer to the stadiums as affective monuments and territorial markings.


Subject(s)
Soccer/psychology , Social Identification , Culture , History , Interpersonal Relations
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1429-1436, Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040149

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to establish the anthropometric and physical profiles of young soccer players according to their playing position and to determine their relevance for competition success. One hundred and twenty young soccer players participated in the study. Players aged 19 were classified into the following groups: defenders (n=40), midfielders (n=40) and attackers (n=40). The anthropometric variables of participants (height, weight, body mass index, 4 skinfold, 2 diameters, and 2 perimeters) were measured. Also, their somatotype and body composition were calculated. Participants performed Bruce treadmill test protocol and Yo-Yo Intermittent Test to estimate their relative VO2max, sprint tests (5 m and 20 m flat), 2 jump tests (countermovement jump and standing long jump test), 3 tests for assessing agility (Illinois with balls and without balls, and 505-test) and seven fitness tests for assessing power, speed, agility, flexibility, frequency, abdominal muscle power and balance. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determinate differences between team positions. On the base of the obtained results, it can be established that players playing in midfield position have less body height, weight, and achieve less results in fitness tests Illinois 20-meter running, leg-tapping, sit-ups in 30 seconds, but better results in the tests 'sit and reach', 'flamingo' and the tests of assessing maximum oxygen consumption compared to the defenders and attackers. The attack players have less values in skinfolds and achieve better results in 5-meter running test and standing long jump compared to the midfielders and defenders. The obtained results can serve as normative morphologic-functional indexes for regular medical control of young footballers in the R. Kosovo. They can also be used as a model of comparison of morphologic- functional data between young footballers of similar levels in different countries.


El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer los perfiles antropométricos y físicos de jóvenes futbolistas de acuerdo con su posición de juego y determinar su relevancia para el éxito de la competencia. Ciento veinte jóvenes futbolistas participaron en el estudio. Jugadores de 19 años de edad fueron clasificados en los siguientes grupos: defensores (n = 40), mediocampistas (n = 40) y atacantes (n = 40). Se midieron las variables antropométricas de los participantes (altura, peso, índice de masa corporal, 4 pliegues cutáneos, 2 diámetros y 2 perímetros). Además, se calculó su somatotipo y composición corporal. Los participantes realizaron el protocolo de prueba de cinta de andar de Bruce y la prueba intermitente Yo-Yo para estimar su VO2 máx. relativo, pruebas de velocidad (5 m y 20 m planos), 2 pruebas de salto (contraataque y prueba de salto de pie), 3 pruebas para evaluar la agilidad (Illinois con balones y sin balones, y 505-test) y siete pruebas de condición física para evaluar la potencia, la velocidad, la agilidad, la flexibilidad, la frecuencia, la potencia de los músculos abdominales y el equilibrio. El análisis de varianza (ANOVA) se utilizó para determinar las diferencias entre las posiciones del equipo. Sobre la base de los resultados obtenidos, se puede establecer que los jugadores que juegan en la posición del medio campo tienen menos altura corporal, peso y logran menos resultados en las pruebas de condición física, en comparación con los defensores y atacantes: carrera de 20 metros de Illinois, golpeo de piernas, abdominales en 30 segundos, pero mejores resultados en las pruebas 'sentarse y alcanzar', 'flamingo' y las pruebas de evaluar el consumo máximo de oxígeno. Los jugadores de ataque tienen menos valores en los pliegues cutáneos y logran mejores resultados en una prueba de carrera de 5 metros y en salto largo, en comparación con los centrocampistas y defensores. Los resultados obtenidos pueden servir como índices morfológicos-funcionales normativos para el control médico regular de los jóvenes futbolistas en Kosovo. También pueden usarse como un modelo de comparación de datos morfológico-funcionales entre jóvenes futbolistas de niveles similares en diferentes países.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Soccer , Anthropometry , Exercise Test/methods , Athletic Performance/physiology , Somatotypes , Body Composition , Kosovo
7.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 60(2): 35-38, oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1095951

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to assess the return to play among amateur soccer league players after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The surgical protocols of ACL reconstruction surgeries performed in a sports medicine clinic from July 1st, 2013, to June 30th, 2014, were included in the study. Only the charts of amateur soccer league players who played once or twice a week were selected. The follow-up time was calculated as the number of months between surgery and the telephone survey. At the follow-up, the current status of the soccer playing was recorded. Those patients who were no longer playing in a team were asked what kind of sport they were currently practicing, as well as the main reason for not returning to team playing. RESULTS: A total of 61 (25.6%) patients met the inclusion criteria. The mean follow-up time was of 22.4 3.4 months. At the follow-up, 30 (49.1%) patients were playing in amateur soccer teams. Among the patients who were no longer playing in a team, 19 (61.2%) were playing soccer occasionally, 11 (35.4%) were practicing other sports, and 1 developed a sedentary life style. The reasons for not returning to team playing were: fear of reinjury in 26%; knee symptoms in 26%; lack of confidence in the knee in 23%, family or job commitments in 23%; and not being eligible to participate in competitive sports in 2%. CONCLUSION: After an average of two years of ACL reconstruction, only half of the amateur soccer league players return to play.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Soccer , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Return to Sport , Follow-Up Studies
8.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(8): 477-482, sept 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1023276

ABSTRACT

Physical culture and sports are still an effective means of rehaabilitation and social integration of persons with weakened health. They allow people with disabilities to fully discover all their functional reserves and be active members of society. In this regard, the further development of physical culture and sports work with people with various health problems is very promising. One of the types of such activities are footbal groups, where children and young people with Down's syndrome are becoming more active. For athletes with a mosaic form of Down's syndrome, it is very important, first of all, that there are conditions for practicing football, that is, a gym with inventory, as evidencedby high marks to the quality of the classes. The use of visual training methods (instructions, drawings, schemes) in training improves the interaction of athletes with the coach, facilitates the assimilation of the training material and thereby increases the motor density of the session. It is clear that the personality of the coach plays the leading role in the training process. From how competently he interacts with his athletes, how attentive to the, how uch he carries them into playing sports ultimately depends the result of his activities ad the success of the students. It is also very important attention to the success of young athletes with a mosaic form of Down syndrome. Promotion of football among them and their active encouragement for sportes success is a serious incentive form their further employment in football and increases the popularity not only of this sport, but also of a healthy lifestyle (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Personal Satisfaction , Soccer , Exercise , Down Syndrome/psychology , Mentoring , Professional Role , Sports for Persons with Disabilities/psychology , Healthy Lifestyle , Mentoring
9.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 27(4): 147-155, jul.-set. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1052832

ABSTRACT

O Futebol de sete Paralímpico é um dos principais esportes praticados por atletas com Paralisia Cerebral na atualidade. Seus benefícios variam da melhora da percepção pessoal à melhoria das condições físicas, sociais, psicológicas, motoras e as respostas fisiológicas. Entretanto, poucos são os testes que possam subsidiar a modalidade e a população no que se diz respeito a aptidão e capacidades físicas. O estudo teve por objetivo validar o teste de agilidade Illinois para atletas da modalidade de futebol de 7 paralímpico. A população foi composta por 16 atletas da seleção brasileira de futebol de 7 paralímpica, com idade entre 20 a 38 anos. A captação dos dados foi realizada por 3 avaliadores que utilizaram o Illinois Test modificado como principal ferramenta. Foram realizadas duas avaliações (testereteste) com 48 hs de intervalo com todos os atletas e avaliadores. Após as análises, foi possível observar que os atletas nos dois dias obtiveram resultados semelhantes, (média geral de todos os atletas incluindo teste-reteste) apresentando o tempo de 10,65 segundos. O melhor tempo foi de 9,62 e pior resultado foi de 14,30 segundos, demostrando assim o potencial de agilidade de toda a equipe. Não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os 3 avaliadores, o que demonstra alto nível de confiabilidade e replicabilidade do teste. O Illinois modificado para o futebol de 7 paralímpico pode ser usado como uma ferramenta de fácil aplicação, com objetivo de mensurar escores de agilidade de uma equipe, bem como ser usado para futuras comparações em modalidades semelhantes com outras pesquisas...(AU)


The Seven Paralympic Football is one of the main sports practiced by athletes with Cerebral Palsy nowadays. Its benefits range from improving personal perception to improving physical, social, psychological, motor and and physiological responses. However, few are the tests that can subsidize the modality and the population with respect to the aptitude and physical capacities. The study aimed to validate the Illinois Agility Test for athletes of the Football Seven a Side sport. The group of athletes was composed by 16 athletes of the Brazilian Football Seven a Side team, aged between 20 and 38 years. Three evaluators used the modified Illinois test as the main tool performed data collection. Two evaluations were performed (test-retest) with 48 hours intervals with all athletes and evaluators. After the analysis, it was possible to observe that the athletes, in two days obtained similar results, overall mean of all athletes including test-retest presenting the time of 10.65 seconds. The best time was 9.62 seconds and worst result was 14.30 seconds, thus demonstrating the agility potential of the whole team. There were no statistically significant differences among the 3 evaluators, which demonstrated a high level of reliability and use of the test. The modified Illinois test for Football Seven a Side can be used as an easy-to-apply tool with the goal of measuring a team's agility scores as well as being used for future comparisons in similar modalities with other surveys...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Physical Education and Training , Soccer , Social Conditions , Cerebral Palsy , Aerobiosis
10.
Estud. interdiscip. envelhec ; 24(2): 7-28, set. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1096003

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar o processo de construção e manutenção de uma representação social positiva sobre os jogadores veteranos, presentes no campo futebolístico amador existente na cidade de Ponta Grossa (PR). Para tanto, optou-se pelos direcionamentos metodológicos da etnografia, pois eles guiam os pesquisadores no processo interpretativo da "visão sobre o mundo" dos indivíduos pertencentes ao grupo social investigado, através das interpretações de suas práticas simbólicas. As representações revelaram que mesmo no campo esportivo em que, tradicionalmente, o rendimento técnico-físico é o que determina a visão sobre os diferentes agentes; na análise em questão descobriu-se que através de ancoragens compensatórias, tais como não se tem vigor físico mas tem sabedoria/experiência, somado ao capital simbólico adquirido historicamente os idosos foram representados como figuras centrais deste espaço social. Conclui-se que em Ponta Grossa o futebol amador veterano apresenta-se como uma manifestação sociocultural, que tensiona o olhar negativo que comumente é estabelecido para o processo de envelhecimento e para a velhice. (AU)


The objective of the present study was to analyze the process of building and maintaining a positive social representation about the veteran players of the amateur football field in the city of Ponta Grossa, PR. In order to do so, we chose the methodological orientations of ethnography, since they guide the researchers in the interpretative process of the "world view" of the individuals belonging to the social group investigated, through the interpretations of their symbolic practices. It is concluded that in Ponta Grossa football presents itself as a sociocultural manifestation, which makes it possible to hold the negative eye on the process of aging and old age. The social representations revealed that even in the sports field, where it is aprioristically imagined that the performance is what determines the vision on the different agents, in the analysis in question it was discovered that through compensatory anchorages (there is no physical force, but has intelligence) and the acquired symbolic capital, legitimize the elderly as nuclear figures of the field. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Soccer/psychology , Social Perception , Aging/psychology , Athletes/psychology , Life Change Events , Brazil
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 1067-1072, Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1012397

ABSTRACT

Comparative researches of athletes' anthropometric characteristics are undoubtedly of great importance in modern sport. But few researches deal with that issue, and the subject in question is examined on Kosovo athletes. The present research is conducted on a sample of 381 top athletes, divided into three groups, namely: 130 basketball, 133 handball, and 118 football players. The respondents were measured by their height, weight, breadth, girth and skin folds, whereas the following were indirectly calculated - body composition, somatotype components, and BMI index - aiming to establish their common morphologic characteristics and analyze the specific, i.e. the probable differences depending on the sport. Breadth and girth values were evaluated by ANCOVA and height and weight were used as co-variance factors. The other variables were evaluated by metric ANOVA. The research results indicate that football players are shorter and of less body weight compared to basketball and handball players. BMI of football players is statistically significantly lower compared to the handball players, whereas there is no difference in BMI between the football and basketball players. Handball players are shorter compared to the basketball players, and their BMI index is greater to the basketball and football players. Football players have greater relative transversal dimensions and girth, and lower values of all skin folds, and a lower percentage of fat component compared to the handball players. In football players dominates as a whole mesomorphic component, and their somatotype category is a balanced mesomorphy; with the handball players a mesomorphic type is obtained; whereas the basketball players have an ectomesomorphic body type.


Las investigaciones comparativas de las características antropométricas de los atletas son de gran importancia en el deporte moderno. Pocas investigaciones tratan el tema, el cual es abordado en los atletas de Kosovo. La presente investigación se realizó en una muestra de 381 atletas, divididos en tres grupos: 130 de baloncesto, 133 de balonmano y 118 jugadores de fútbol. Se midió la altura, peso, ancho, circunferencia y pliegues de la piel, y se calculó indirectamente: composición corporal, componentes del somatotipo e índice de IMC, con el objetivo de establecer sus características morfológicas y analizar las diferencias específicas y las probables diferencias. Dependiendo del deporte, los valores de amplitud y circunferencia se evaluaron mediante ANCOVA, y la altura y el peso se utilizaron como factores de covarianza. Las otras variables fueron evaluadas por ANOVA. Los resultados de la investigación indicaron que los jugadores de fútbol son más pequeños y tienen menos peso corporal en comparación con los jugadores de baloncesto y balonmano. El IMC de los jugadores de fútbol es más bajo respecto a los jugadores de balonmano, existiendo diferencia significativa, mientras que no existe diferencia en el IMC entre los jugadores de fútbol y baloncesto. Los jugadores de balonmano son más pequeños en comparación con los jugadores de baloncesto, y su IMC es mayor para los jugadores de baloncesto y fútbol. Los jugadores de fútbol tienen mayores dimensiones transversales relativas y circunferencia, y valores más bajos de todos los pliegues de la piel, y un menor porcentaje de componente de grasa en comparación con los jugadores de balonmano. En el fútbol, los jugadores presentan un componente mesomórfico completo, y su categoría de somatotipo es una mesomorfia equilibrada. Con los jugadores de balonmano se obtiene un tipo mesomorfo; mientras que los jugadores de baloncesto tienen una composición corporal ectomesomórfica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Somatotypes , Sports , Anthropometry , Soccer , Body Composition , Basketball , Body Mass Index , Analysis of Variance , Kosovo
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 612-619, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1002266

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to define every subsample with precision, to give an overview of the importance of the differences between different team players, as well as to point to the closeness along with the remoteness between them, and finally, to determine latent anthropologic characteristics which, when in interaction, contribute to significant differences and better comprehension of the specifics of every mentioned sport. Sixty-seven males were enrolled in the study, divided into four groups: twenty-five soccer players, fifteen handball players, thirteen basketball players and fourteen volleyball players. All subjects were assessed for the anthropometric measures required for the calculation of body composition variables, using the standardized procedures recommended by the established literature. Data was analysed using SPSS and the descriptive statistics were expressed as a mean (SD) for each variable, while the ANOVA and LSD Post Hoc tests were carried out to detect the effects of each type of sport, distinct features that have been identified by calculating the discrimination coefficient have determined the specifics of the subsamples, and their grouping was demonstrated by calculating Mahalanobis distance. The results showed that a significant difference was found for body height, body weight, muscle contents of body, fat contents of body, residue mass, ideal body mass and lean body mass. There is no significant difference in the body mass index and bone contents of body. It was confirmed that there is a clearly defined line between the players in different sports and it is possible to determine the characteristics of players of each sport. The results also indicate that the least amount of differences appears between volleyball and basketball, and that the sports that are most apart are volleyball and handball. Therefore, these findings may give coaches from the region a more precise top soccer, handball, basketball and volleyball player profile, and suggest them to follow recent selection process methods and be more careful during talent identification.


El propósito de este estudio fue definir cada submuestra con precisión, para presentar una visión general de la importancia de las diferencias entre los distintos jugadores, así como para señalar la cercanía y la distancia entre ellos y, finalmente, para determinar la antropología latente. Estas características cuando están en interacción, contribuyen a encontrar diferencias significativas y mejorar la comprensión de las características específicas de cada deporte mencionado. Sesenta y siete hombres se inscribieron en el estudio, divididos en cuatro grupos: 25 jugadores de fútbol, 15 jugadores de balonmano, 13 jugadores de baloncesto y 14 jugadores de voleibol. Se evaluaron las medidas antropométricas de todos los sujetos para calcular las variables de composición corporal, utilizando los procedimientos estandarizados recomendados por la literatura establecida. Los datos se analizaron mediante SPSS y las estadísticas descriptivas se expresaron como una media (DE) para cada variable, mientras que las pruebas ANOVA y LSD Post Hoc se realizaron para detectar los efectos de cada tipo de deporte. Distintas características se han identificado mediante el cálculo del coeficiente de discriminación, determinando los detalles de las submuestras, y su agrupación se demostró al calcular la distancia de Mahalanobis. Los resultados mostraron que se encontró una diferencia significativa en la altura del cuerpo, el peso corporal, el contenido muscular del cuerpo, la grasa corporal, la masa residual, la masa corporal ideal y la masa corporal magra. No se observó una diferencia significativa en el índice de masa corporal y el contenido óseo del cuerpo. Se confirmó que existe una línea claramente definida entre los jugadores en diferentes deportes y es posible determinar las características de los jugadores de cada deporte. Los resultados también indicaron que la menor cantidad de diferencias aparece entre el voleibol y el baloncesto, y que los deportes que más se distinguen son el voleibol y el balonmano. Por lo tanto, estos hallazgos pueden darles a los entrenadores de la región, un perfil más preciso de los jugadores de fútbol, balonmano, baloncesto y voleibol, y sugerir que sigan métodos de selección recientes y considerar con mayor atención la identificación del talento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Sports , Body Composition , Anthropometry , Soccer , Basketball , Volleyball , Serbia
13.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(3): 329-334, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1013715

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To identify the incidence, the prevalence, the characteristics, and the possible risk factors for injuries occurring during the matches of the Brazilian Soccer Championship. Methods A prospective study was carried out to collect data on the injuries that occurred during the 2016 Brazilian Soccer Championship. Lesions were recorded by the physician responsible for each team through an online software. Results Among the 864 athletes included in the study, 231 (26.7%) of the players presented some injury during the tournament. In total, 312 injuries were recorded during the Brazilian Soccer Championship, with an average of 0.82injuries pergame. Theincidence of injuries was 24.9 injuries per 1,000 match hours. Midfielders and forwards presented, respectively, an injury risk 3.6 and 2.4 times higher than goalkeepers. Conclusion The prevalence and incidence of lesions were, respectively, 26.7% and 24.9 injuries per 1,000 match hours. The most frequently affected body segment was the lower limbs (76.3%), and the athletes acting in midfield and forward positions were themost affected. Moreover, the greater prevalence of injuries occurred in the first part of the championship.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar a prevalência, as características e possíveis fatores de risco para as lesões ocorridas durante as partidas do Campeonato Brasileiro de Futebol. Métodos Realizou-se um estudo prospectivo com coleta dos dados referentes às lesões ocorridas durante o Campeonato Brasileiro de Futebol de 2016. O registro das lesões foi realizado pelo médico responsável de cada equipe, por meio de um sistema online de mapeamento de lesões. Resultados Dentre os 864 atletas que foram incluídos no estudo, 231 (26,7%) dos jogadores apresentaram alguma lesão durante o torneio. No total, foram registradas 312 lesões durante o Campeonato Brasileiro, com média de 0,82 lesões por partida. A incidência de lesões foi de 24,9 lesões para cada 1.000 horas de jogo. Meias e atacantes apresentaram, respectivamente, risco 3,6 e 2,4 vezes maior de sofrer lesão do que os goleiros. Conclusão A prevalência e a incidência de lesões foram, respectivamente, 26,7% e 24,9 lesões/1.000 horas de partida. O segmento corporal mais frequentemente afetado foram os membros inferiores (76,3%),sendo que os atletas que atuaram nas posições meia e atacante foram os mais acometidos. Observou-se também maior predomínio de lesões no primeiro turno do campeonato.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Athletic Injuries/epidemiology , Soccer , Athletes
14.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 27(3): 76-83, Abr.-Jun. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1024023

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi investigar a relação entre maturação biológica, modulação parassimpática da frequência cardíaca e teste de resistência intermitente em jovens jogadores de futebol. Participaram do estudo 23 jovens futebolistas (15,3 ± 1,1 anos, 175 ± 6 cm, 64 ± 7 kg) das categorias sub15 e sub17 de uma equipe da 1ª divisão do campeonato paulista. O estado maturacional foi determinado pela idade do pico de velocidade de crescimento (PVC), usado como indicador relativo de maturidade somática calculada através das medidas de estatura, altura tronco-cefálica, comprimento das pernas, massa corporal e as dobras cutâneas. As medidas de variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VFC) foram obtidas em repouso durante 5 minutos e, posteriormente, analisadas pela variável raiz quadrada da média dos quadrados das diferenças entre intervalos RR normais adjacentes (rMSSD). Os indivíduos realizaram o teste de resistência intermitente, Yoyo intermittent recovery test level 2 (YIRT 2), após as medidas de VFC terem sido obtidas. Os resultados do presente estudo mostram que não há relação entre modulação parassimpática da frequência cardíaca (rMSSD = 57,4 ± 26,4 ms) e o estado de maturação biológica (0,67 ± 0,81 anos) dos jovens futebolistas (r= 0,30; p=0,163), enquanto que o teste de resistência intermitente (YIRT 2= 658 ± 151 m) possui uma grande correlação com o pico de velocidade de crescimento (r= 0,71; p< 0,001). A modulação parassimpática da frequência cardíaca possui grande correlação com o teste de resistência intermitente dos jogadores (r= 0,54; p= 0,007). Conclui-se que a utilização da idade do PVC e da VFC como indicador de desempenho no YIRT2 em jovens futebolistas....(AU)


The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between biological maturation, parasympathetic heart rate modulation and intermittent endurance test in young soccer players. Participated of the study 23 young soccer players (15.3 ± 1.1 years, 175 ± 6 cm, 64 ± 7 kg) of the sub15 and sub17 categories of the team from the 1st division championship Paulista. The maturational status was determined by the age of the peak height velocity (PHV), used as relative indicator of somatic maturity and are calculated trhough measures of height, trunk-cephalic height, leg length, body weight, and skinfolds. The Heart rate variability (HRV) measures were obtained in rest during 5 minutes and, posteriorly, analyzed by the variable root mean square of the successive difference (rMSSD). For the intermittent endurance test the subjects performed the Yoyo intermittent recovery test level 2 (YIRT 2), before the HRV measures has been taken. The results of the present study shown which there was not relationship between parasympathetic heart rate modulation (rMSSD = 57,4 ± 26,4 ms) and status biological maturation (0,67 ± 0,81 years) of the young soccer players (r= 0,30; p=0,163), then that the intermittent endurance test (YIRT 2= 658 ± 151 m) has a great correlation with PHV (r= 0,71; p< 0,001). The parasympathetic heart rate modulation has a great correlation with intermittent endurance test of the players (r= 0,54; p= 0,007). In this way, the use of the PHV age and HRV as indicator of performance in YIRT2 in young soccer players is suggested....(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Physical Endurance , Soccer , Adolescent , Growth and Development , Athletes , Heart Rate , Physical Education and Training
15.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 27(3): 84-92, Abr.-Jun. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1024029

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi comparar as características antropométricas e produção de potência aeróbia (pico de velocidade no teste de Carminatti [PVT-CAR]) entre diferentes categorias e níveis maturacionais em atletas de futebol. Cinquenta e três atletas do sexo masculino participaram do estudo divididos entre as categorias sub-11 (n=17), sub-13 (n=16), sub-15 (n=11) e sub-17 (n=9), e realizaram duas visitas: a primeira consistiu em avaliações antropométricas com massa corporal, estatura e dobras cutâneas, e questionário do estado pubertário; e a segunda visita foi avaliada a produção de potência aeróbia realizada com um teste progressivo com 5 séries de corrida vai-e-vem de 12 segundos, com 6 segundos de repouso, até a exaustão voluntária. A distância inicial do teste foi de 15 metros, com aumentos de progressivos de 1 metro a cada série, a maior velocidade atingida no teste (km.h-1 ) foi determinada como máxima produção de potência aeróbia (PVT-CAR). Os resultados demonstraram que as variáveis idade, estatura, massa corporal e PVT-CAR se diferenciam entre as categorias, e estágios maturacionais (púberes e pós-púberes, comparado com pré-púberes) (p<0,05), quanto a gordura corporal, não houve diferença entre as categorias e estágios maturacionais, assim como FCMÁXT-CAR (p>0,05). Em conclusão, a idade cronológica e os estágios maturacionais exercem importante função em relação as variáveis antropométricas e potência aeróbia. Por fim, o PVT-CAR se apresenta como uma ferramenta útil para classificação de um grupo, visto que atletas maturados suportam maiores cargas de treino....(AU)


The aim study was compare anthropometric characteristics and power aerobic production (peak velocity in Carminatt's Test [PVT-CAR]) between differences categories and levels maturational in soccer athletes. Fifty-three male athletes divided between categories under-11 (n=17), under-13 (n=16), under-15 (n=11) and under-17 (n=9) and performed two visits; the first consisted in evaluation anthropometrics with body mass, height and skinfolds, and pubertal status questionnaire; the second visit was evaluated the aerobic power production realized as the progressive test with 5 series running shuttlerun in 12 seconds, with 6 second rest, until the voluntary exhaustion. The distance initial the test was of 15 meters, with progressives increases in 1 meters every series, the highest velocity reached in the test (km.h1) was determined as maximum yield of aerobic power (PVT-CAR). The results demostred that variables age, stature, body mass and PVT-CAR differentiate between categories, and maturational stages (pre-pubertal and pubertal, compared with post-pubertal) (P<0.05), how much the body fat, there was no differences between categories and levels maturational, as HRMÁX-TCAR (P>0.05). In conclusion, the chronological age and maturational stages exert important function on anthropometric variables and aerobic power. Finally, the PVT-CAR presents itself as an useful tool for classifying a group, since mature athletes support higher training loads....(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Soccer , Potency , Anthropometry , Adolescent , Growth and Development , Athletes , Physical Education and Training
16.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 27(3): 13-24, Abr.-Jun. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1023651

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar e comparar as características antropométricas e motoras de atletas pertencentes as categorias Sub17, Sub19 e Profissional. Todos os dados foram coletados anteriormente ao início da temporada competitiva. A amostra deste estudo foi composta por 48 futebolistas masculinos divididos em três grupos: Sub17 (n=16), Sub19 (n=16) e Profissional (n=16). Para avaliar as características antropométricas foram realizadas avaliações de estatura e de composição corporal por meio de Pletismografia por deslocamento de ar. Já para determinação das características motoras foram realizados os testes de resistência aeróbia (Yo-Yo IR1); Counter movement jump (CMJ); Squat jump (SJ); performance de sprint 5m e 30m e potência anaeróbia (RAST teste) para determinação das potências máxima, média e mínima. Para determinar as diferenças entre as categorias no que se refere as características antropométricas e motoras uma ANOVA one way complementando-se com o teste posthoc de Bonferroni foi utilizado, levando-se em consideração um nível de significância de p>0,016. Atletas profissionais apresentaram maiores valores de peso corporal e massa magra absoluta se comparadas as categorias Sub17 e Sub19, não sendo identificadas diferenças para massa gorda absoluta e relativa e massa magra relativa. Não foram identificadas diferenças antropométricas entre os atletas das categorias Sub17 e Sub19. Atletas profissionais apresentaram valores de CMJ, SJ, sprint de 30m e potência máxima, média e mínima maiores do que atletas Sub17 e Sub19, não apresentando diferença em relação ao Yo-Yo IR1 e sprint de 5m. Atletas Sub19 apresentaram maiores valores de Yo-Yo IR1 se comparados ao Sub17 e Profissionais e maiores valores de CMJ, sprint de 30m e potência média e mínima se comparado aos atletas Sub17. Atletas de diferentes categorias apresentam características antropométricas e motoras distintas, enfatizando a importância em acompanhar o desenvolvimento destas características de acordo com a idade....(AU)


The aim of the present study was to analyze and compare the anthropometric and motor characteristics of under 17, under 19 and Professional athletes. All data were collected prior to the beginning of the competitive season. The sample of this study was composed of 48 male soccer players divided into three groups: Under 17 (n=16), Under 19 (n=16) and Professional (n=16). To evaluate anthropometric characteristics, height and body composition were performed by means of air displacement pletismography. For determination of the motor characteristics the aerobic resistance test (Yo-Yo IR1), Counter movement jump (CMJ), Squat jump (SJ), performance of 5m and 30 m sprint and anaerobic power (RAST test) to determine the maximum, mean and minimum power were performed. To determine the differences between the categories regarding anthropometric and motor characteristics, a one-way ANOVA complemented with Bonferroni post-hoc test was used, with a level of significance of p>0,016. Professional athletes shown higher values of body weight and absolute lean mass compared to Under 17 and Under 19 categories, with no difference for absolute and relative fat mass and relative lean mass. No anthropometric differences were identified among athletes in the Under 17 and Under 19 categories. Professional athletes presented values of CMJ, SJ, sprint of 30m and maximal, mean, and minimum power higher than Under 17 and Under 19 athletes, with no difference in relation to Yo-Yo IR1 and sprint of 5m. Under 19 athletes presented higher values of Yo-Yo IR1 compared to Under 17 and Professionals, and higher values of CMJ, sprint of 30 m, mean and, minimum power compared to Under 17 athletes. Athletes of different categories present distinct anthropometric and motor characteristics, emphasizing the importance of accompanying the development of these characteristics according to playing age....(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Soccer , Body Composition , Body Height , Anthropometry , Athletic Performance , Athletes , Physical Education and Training
17.
Licere (Online) ; 22(2): 524-556, junho.2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1022284

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo identifica os grupos de pressão que atuaram ativamente no Congresso Nacional durante a tramitação da lei nº 13.155/2015 e os interesses atendidos ao longo desse processo. Trata-se de uma pesquisa exploratória, de caráter qualitativa, sendo desenvolvida a partir do levantamento e análise documental. Os documentos utilizados foram às notas taquigráficas das sete audiências públicas realizadas para discutir o tema, o relatório das emendas parlamentares, os documentos referentes à Medida Provisória nº671/2015 que deu origem a lei, tanto aqueles elaborados no Parlamento quanto pelo Poder Executivo, e a própria lei nº 13.155/2015. Ao longo da análise da tramitação desse ordenamento ficam evidentes os grupos que disputaram o conteúdo deste marco legal e os interesses em disputa e atendidos pela lei.


The present study seeks to map the pressure groups that actively participated in the National Congress during the process of Law 13,155 / 2015, as well as to present the characteristics and interests served throughout this process. It is an exploratory research, of qualitative character, being developed from the survey and documentary analysis. The documents used were the shorthand notes of the seven public hearings held to discuss the subject, the report on parliamentary amendments, the documents relating to Provisional Measure No. 671/2015 that gave rise to the law, both those drafted in Parliament and the Executive Branch, and own law 13,155 / 2015. Throughout the analysis of the processing of this order, the groups that disputed the content of this legal framework and the interests in dispute and attended by the law are evident.


Subject(s)
Humans , Soccer/economics , Soccer/legislation & jurisprudence , Social Environment , Conflict of Interest , Civil Society , Jurisprudence , Legislation as Topic , Lobbying
18.
MHSalud ; 16(1): 70-86, ene.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-984705

ABSTRACT

Resumen El propósito del presente estudio fue evaluar la actitud hacia el dopaje y su relación con el perfeccionismo en atletas profesionales de tres deportes de equipo en Costa Rica. Mediante cuestionarios se evaluó estos dos factores en 217 atletas profesionales mayores de 18 años de los cuales 121 eran hombres y 96 mujeres, inscritos en el campeonato de máxima categoría de Costa Rica durante las temporadas 2013 y 2014 en las disciplinas de fútbol, fútbol sala y baloncesto. Los hombres presentan una actitud significativamente (p=0.001) más positiva hacia el dopaje y son más perfeccionistas (p= 0.028) en su desempeño deportivo que las mujeres. Existe una correlación positiva significativa (p= 0.000) entre la actitud hacia el dopaje y el perfeccionismo en el deporte. A modo general, los participantes en este estudio tienen una actitud negativa hacia el dopaje. Tanto en la actitud hacia el dopaje como en el perfeccionismo no se encontraron diferencias entre deportes ni en la interacción deporte-sexo. La relación significativa encontrada nos sugiere que un atleta con estas características perfeccionistas podría estar más propenso a incurrir en dichas prácticas.


Abstract The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the attitude toward doping and its relationship with perfectionism in professional athletes from three sports in Costa Rica. Through questionnaires, the attitude towards doping and its relationship with perfectionism was evaluated in 217 professional athletes over 18 years of age, 121 were men and 96 women. They were enrolled in the top-elite championship of Costa Rica during the 2013 and 2014 seasons, in the disciplines of soccer, indoor soccer, and basketball. For the attitude towards doping an average of 34.33 ± 11.40 was obtained, while for perfectionism the average was 83.08 ± 12.27. Men presented a significantly more positive (p= 0.001) attitude toward doping and are more perfectionist (p= 0.028) in their sports performance than women. There is a significant positive correlation (p= 0.000) between attitude towards doping and perfectionism in sports. In general, the participants in this study have a negative attitude toward doping. Both in the attitude toward doping and in perfectionism, no differences were found between sports or in the sport-sex interaction. The significant relationship found between perfectionism and the attitude towards doping suggests that an athlete with these perfectionist characteristics might be more prone to incur such practices.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a atitude frente ao doping e sua relação com o perfeccionismo em atletas profissionais de três esportes coletivos na Costa Rica. Através de questionários, foi avaliada a atitude em relação ao doping e sua relação com o perfeccionismo em 217 atletas profissionais com mais de 18 anos de idade, dos quais 121 eram homens e 96 mulheres, inscritos no campeonato nacional da Costa Rica durante as temporadas de 2013 e 2014 nas disciplinas de futebol, futebol de salão e basquete. Os homens apresentam uma atitude significativamente mais positiva (p = 0,001) em relação ao doping e são mais perfeccionistas ( p = 0,028) no seu desempenho esportivo do que as mulheres. Existe uma correlação positiva significativa (p = 0,000) entre a atitude em relação ao doping e o perfeccionismo no esporte. Em geral, os participantes deste estudo têm uma atitude negativa em relação ao doping. Tanto na atitude em relação ao doping quanto no perfeccionismo, não foram encontradas diferenças entre esportes nem na interação esporte-sexo. A relação significativa encontrada entre o perfeccionismo e a atitude em relação ao doping sugere que um atleta com essas características perfeccionistas pode ser mais propenso a incorrer em tais práticas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Soccer , Sports , Basketball , Costa Rica , Doping in Sports , Athletes
19.
Licere (Online) ; 22(2): 90-131, junho.2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1008298

ABSTRACT

O Fest Verão é uma manifestação cultural e esportiva que ocorre em São Pedro da Aldeia, no Estado do Rio de Janeiro-Brasil, desde 1969. É objetivo deste estudo, compreender seu processo histórico e, sobretudo, os sentidos e significados atribuídos ao evento pelos sujeitos locais. A pesquisa foi estruturada a partir da metodologia qualitativa orientada pelos princípios da etnografia. Os instrumentos utilizados foram entrevistas semiestruturadas e de grupo focal, análise de documentos e observação participante. A pesquisa foi realizada durante 12 meses (10/2015-10/2016), como pré-requisito para a defesa de conclusão do curso de mestrado em ciências da atividade física. Foram entrevistados 16 homens envolvidos diretamente com o futebol de praia, com idade entre 40 e 100 anos, sendo três sementes e 13 indicados pelo método bola de neve. Os dados encontrados foram interpretados a partir da triangulação dos diferentes instrumentos utilizados. Desta feita, foi possível concluir que a ocupação da Praia do Centro pelos jovens ao final da década de 1960 tinha como propósito apenas a prática do lazer. Mas, com a criação da praça de esportes no local e a realização da primeira competição oficial em 21 de dezembro de 1969, o Fest Verão começou sua história. À medida que crescia, o Fest Verão alcançava, naturalmente, o status de espetáculo. O que se percebeu decorrente deste processo foi a ruptura na identidade cultural do evento e daqueles que marcaram sua trajetória de vida sobre as areias da cidade.


The Fest Verão is a cultural and sporting event that takes place in São Pedro da Aldeia, in the State of Rio de Janeiro-Brazil, since 1969. The objective of this study is to understand its historical process and, above all, the meanings and meanings attributed to the event by the local subjects. The research was structured from the qualitative methodology guided by the principles of ethnography. The instruments used were semi-structured and focus group interviews, document analysis and participant observation. The research was carried out during 12 months (10 / 2015-10 / 2016), as a prerequisite for the defense of the conclusion of the master's degree in physical activity sciences. Sixteen men directly involved with beach soccer, aged between 40 and 100 years, were interviewed, being 3 seeds and 13 indicated by the snowball method. The data were interpreted from the triangulation of the different instruments used. This time, it was possible to conclude that the occupation of Praia do Centro by the young at the end of the 1960s had as purpose only the practice of leisure. But with the creation of the local sports square and the holding of the first official competition on December 21, 1969, the Fest Verão began its history. As it grew, the Fest Verão naturally reached the status of spectacle. What was perceived as a result of this process was the rupture in the cultural identity of the event and of those who marked their life trajectory on the sands of the city.


Subject(s)
Humans , Soccer/history , Social Identification , Socioeconomic Factors , Sports , Urban Area , Cultural Characteristics , Social Group , Tourism , History , Leisure Activities
20.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 27(2): 37-47, abr.-jun.2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1008590

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo tem como objetivo investigar a coesão de grupo em atletas de Futebol, de categorias de base, e comparar os níveis de coesão de grupo entre as equipes investigadas. Para isso, participaram do estudo, de forma voluntária, 84 jogadores de Futebol com idade entre 13 e 19 anos (16,04 ± 1,73), todos do sexo masculino e jogadores de 3 clubes do Estado de São Paulo. Cabe ressaltar que todos participantes preencheram o Termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido (TCLE) e o termo de assentimento, no caso dos menores de idade. Todos participantes responderam ao Questionário de Ambiente de Grupo ­ QEG, adaptado e validado para a língua portuguesa, além de um questionário sociodemográfico. Para as análises, recorreu-se a análises descritivas e inferenciais. Os resultados apontam, para análise intragrupo, independentemente do clube, que os grupos apresentam maiores escores para dimensão atração individual no grupo-tarefa, seguida da atração individual no grupo-social e menor escore para dimensão integração no grupo-tarefa. Em relação às análises entre clubes, pode-se observar que o clube 3 apresentou maiores escores que o clube 2, apenas, para as dimensões atração individual no grupo-tarefa e integração no grupo-tarefa. Diante do exposto, conclui-se que atletas de categorias de base parecem priorizar as dimensões de atração individual, que pode estar envolvido com a vontade de se profissionalizar e a incerteza de se esse objetivo será alcançado. Além disso, os atletas do clube 3 apresentaram maior coesão que os atletas do clube 2, indicando que nesse clube, possivelmente, tenha uma preocupação maior com a preparação psicológica, aliado a um estilo de liderança preferencial por parte dos atletas....(AU)


The present study aims to investigate group cohesion in soccer athletes, from youth categories, and compare the levels of team-cohesion among the teams investigated. For this, 84 soccer players aged 13 to 19 (16.04 ± 1.73), all males and players from 3 clubs of the State of São Paulo, participated voluntarily. It's important to highlight that all participants completed the Term of Free and Informed Consent (TCLE) and the consent term, in the case of minors. All participants answered the Group Environment Questionnaire - QEG, adapted and validated to Portuguese language, in addition they fulfill a sociodemographic questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential analyzes were used. The results show that, for intragroup analysis, independently of the club, there are higher scores for individual attraction dimension in the task group, followed by individual attraction in the social group and lower scores for integration dimension in the task group. Regarding the analysis between clubs, it can be observed that club 3 presented higher scores than club 2, only, for the individual attraction dimensions in the task group and integration in the task group. We concluded that grassroots athletes seem to prioritize the dimensions of individual attraction, which may be involved with the desire to become professional and the uncertainty of whether this goal will be achieved. In addition, club 3 athletes were more cohesive than club 2 athletes, indicating that they may have a greater concern with psychological preparation, coupled with a preferred leadership style by athletes....(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Soccer , Sports , Psychology, Sports , Physical Education and Training
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