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1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223204EDIT01, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365384

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In September 2021, the 34th Brazilian Surgical Conference hosted the "Panel: Women in Surgery" - the only session in the event solely composed of female speakers. Although gender inequities in surgery are well recognized in the international literature, the panel portrayed how distant we are from the desired equity in our country. In addition, the session emphasized the need to broaden the debate and identify the mechanisms for greater inclusion and maintenance of women in the surgical career. In this editorial, we provide a historical overview of gender disparities in the Brazilian surgical ecosystem, highlight the contributing factors to a reduced number of female surgeons, and how the structure of medical societies may influence the rise of women to leadership positions. Accordingly, we discuss the benefits of gender diversity for surgeons, patients, and institutions. Furthermore, we analyze the representation of women in the Brazilian College of Surgeons since its foundation and in the scientific sessions at the conference, demonstrating that more initiatives are required to encourage female representation in the college. Finally, we propose a series of recommendations to foster engagement and contribute to the prosperity of women surgeons in Brazil.


RESUMO Em setembro de 2021, o 34º Congresso Brasileiro de Cirurgia sediou o "Painel de debates: Mulheres na Cirurgia" - o único espaço do evento composto somente por mulheres. Embora a existência de iniquidades de gênero na cirurgia seja bem reconhecida na literatura internacional, esse painel retratou como estamos distantes da almejada equidade em nosso país. Além disso, a sessão enfatizou a necessidade de ampliar o debate e identificar os mecanismos para maior inclusão e retenção das mulheres na carreira cirúrgica. Neste editorial, apresentamos panorama histórico e atual das disparidades de gênero no ecossistema cirúrgico brasileiro; destacamos os fatores que contribuem para o número reduzido de cirurgiãs e, como a estrutura das sociedades médicas influencia na ascensão de mulheres para cargos de liderança. Em seguida, discutimos os benefícios da diversidade de gênero para cirurgiões, pacientes e instituições. Ademais, analisamos a representatividade feminina no Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões desde a fundação e nos espaços científicos do congresso, demonstrando que mais medidas serão necessárias para incentivar maior protagonismo feminino no colégio. Finalmente, propomos uma série de recomendações para fomentar o engajamento e contribuir para a prosperidade das cirurgiãs no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Physicians, Women , Specialties, Surgical , Societies, Medical , Brazil , Ecosystem , Gender Equity , Leadership
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367122
3.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(2): 248-252, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248812

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Choosing Wisely (CW) is an initiative that aims to advance the dialogue between physicians and patients about low-value health interventions. Given that thyroid conditions are frequent in clinical practice, we aimed to develop an evidence-based list of thyroid CW recommendations. Materials and methods: The Thyroid Department of the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism (SBEM) named a Task Force to conduct the initiative. The Task Force work was based on an electronic Delphi approach. The 10 recommendations that received the highest scores by the Task Force were submitted for voting by all SBEM associates. The 5 recommendations that received the highest scores by SBEM associates are presented herein. Results: The Task Force was composed of 14 thyroidologists from 10 tertiary-care, teaching-based Brazilian institutions. The brainstorming/ideation phase resulted in 69 recommendations. After the removal of duplicates and recommendations that did not adhere to the initiative's scope, 35 remained. Then the Task Force voted to attribute a grade (0 [lowest agreement] to 10 [highest agreement]) for each recommendation. The 10 recommendations that received the highest scores by the Task Force were submitted to all SBEM associates. A total of 683 associates voted electronically, attributing a grade (0 to 10) for each recommendation. The 5 recommendations that received the highest scores by the SBEM associates compose our final list. Conclusion: A set of recommendations to avoid unnecessary medical tests, treatments, or procedures for thyroid conditions are offered with a transparent methodology. This initiative aims to foster productive interactions between physicians and patients, stimulating shared decision-making.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Diseases/diagnosis , Thyroid Diseases/therapy , Thyroid Gland , Endocrinology , Societies, Medical , Brazil
5.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(2): e055, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180907

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Introdução: As Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais para os Cursos de Medicina estimulam uma formação generalista do médico, alterando o paradigma fragmentado de formação vigente até o século passado. A residência médica é considerada complementar à graduação, porém sem vagas nas quantidades desejadas, gerando competição entre estudantes. Simultaneamente, as ligas acadêmicas ganharam espaço dentro das escolas médicas. Desenvolvimento: Trata-se de um ensaio com análise crítica sobre a relação entre as sociedades de especialidades e as ligas acadêmicas, e sobre os efeitos dessa relação na formação dos futuros médicos. As sociedades de especialidade possuem ações de estímulo à criação de ligas acadêmicas, bem como reservam espaços dedicados a elas. Desse modo, elas aproximam-se dos estudantes por meio das ligas e novamente se inserem na graduação na forma de currículo paralelo, em que haviam sido relegadas a segundo plano com o programa generalista de formação. Conclusão: Há um movimento de aproximação entre ligas e sociedades de especialidades que deve ser acompanhado com atenção, reflexão e crítica para que não se tolha dos estudantes a liberdade de explorar diversas realidades da prática médica e conhecer diversas especialidades, mas também não se subverta a proposta pedagógica de formação médica geral.


Abstract: Introduction: The national curricular guidelines for medical courses encourage generalist training for doctors, changing the fragmented training paradigm that existed up until the last century. Medical residency is considered complementary to undergraduate training, but without sufficient vacancies to meet the demand, competition is generated among students. At the same time, academic leagues have gained presence within medical schools. Development: This essay presents a critical analysis of the relationship between specialty medical societies and academic leagues, and the effects of this relationship on medical training. Specialty societies encourage the creation of academic leagues, and reserve spaces dedicated to them. In this way, they approach students through the leagues and reenter the undergraduate course in the form of a parallel curriculum, having previously been relegated to the background by the generalist training program. Conclusion: There is a movement of approximation between leagues and specialty societies, which must be monitored and reflected on closely and critically to ensure that students are not deprived of the freedom to explore different realities of medical practice and medical specialties, and to safeguard the pedagogical proposal of medical training from being subverted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Societies, Medical , Curriculum , Education, Medical/trends , Internship and Residency
10.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(3): e637, sept.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149841

ABSTRACT

Introducción: A partir de la introducción de la anestesia en la isla se dio un progresivo avance de esta en la entonces colonia española. Los médicos cubanos comenzaron a asociarse por especialidades, donde se integraron los primeros médicos dedicados al ejercicio de la anestesia. Objetivo: Describir las actividades realizadas por estos en su primera década de trabajo. Método: Se realizó un estudio documental y bibliográfico acerca de la fecha y circunstancias en que comenzó el asociacionismo científico de los anestesiólogos de Cuba. Se revisó la documentación de la Sociedad Cubana de Anestesiología, así como en archivos privados de los autores. Se empleó al método histórico lógico y cronológico. Desarrollo: Se encontró que luego de varios meses de actividad de un Comité Gestor, se procedió a la fundación de la Sociedad Nacional de Anestesiología. En su primera década la nueva Sociedad se empeñó en las luchas gremiales por mejorar la especialidad y las condiciones laborales de sus integrantes. Destacados galenos del período dieron su aporte al progreso de la anestesiología en la Cuba republicana, además de lograr que su Sociedad se integrase a los organismos y eventos de la especialidad, entre lo cual destaca el haber sido fundadora de la Federación Mundial de Sociedades de Anestesiología. Conclusiones: La Sociedad Nacional de Anestesiología se fundó el 12 de septiembre de 1950. En su primera década tuvo un quehacer constante para el desarrollo de la especialidad y se integró a las organizaciones regionales y mundiales de anestesiología(AU)


Introduction: Since the introduction of anesthesia in Cuba, the Spanish colony back then experienced progressive advances. Cuban doctors began to associate themselves by specialties, and the first doctors dedicated to the anesthesiological practice were integrated. Objective: To investigate the scientific association of anesthesiologists in Cuba and describe the activities carried out by them in their first decade of work. Method: A documentary and bibliographic study was carried out about the date and circumstances in which the scientific association of Cuban anesthesiologists began. The documentation of the Cuban Society of Anesthesiology was reviewed, as well as the authors' private files. The historical-logical and chronological method was used. Development: It was found that, after several months of activity of a Management Committee, the National Society of Anesthesiology was founded. In its first decade, the new Society engaged in union struggles to improve the specialty and working conditions of its members. Outstanding physicians in that period gave their contribution to the progress of anesthesiology in republican Cuba, in addition to ensuring that their Society be integrated into the organizations and events of the specialty, among which being the founder of the World Federation of Anesthesiology Societies is an outstanding fact. Conclusions: The National Society of Anesthesiology was founded on September 12, 1950. In its first decade, it developed constant work for the development of the specialty and was integrated into regional and world anesthesiology organizations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Societies, Medical , Specialization , Anesthesiology , Cuba
12.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 642-661, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155771

ABSTRACT

Abstract This second joint document, written by experts from the Brazilian Association of Allergy and Immunology (ASBAI) and Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology (SBA) concerned with perioperative anaphylaxis, aims to review the pathophysiological reaction mechanisms, triggering agents (in adults and children), and the approach for diagnosis during and after an episode of anaphylaxis. As anaphylaxis assessment is extensive, the identification of medications, antiseptics and other substances used at each setting, the comprehensive data documentation, and the use of standardized nomenclature are key points for obtaining more consistent epidemiological information on perioperative anaphylaxis.


Resumo Este segundo documento, escrito por especialistas da Associação Brasileira de Alergia e Imunologia (ASBAI) e da Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia (SBA) interessados no tema anafilaxia perioperatória, tem por objetivo revisar os mecanismos fisiopatológicos, agentes desencadeantes (em adultos e crianças), assim como a abordagem diagnóstica durante e após o episódio. Por se tratar de uma avaliação abrangente, a identificação das medicações, antissépticos e outras substâncias usadas em cada região, registros detalhados, e nomenclatura padronizada são pontos fundamentais para a obtenção de dados epidemiológicos mais fidedignos sobre a anafilaxia perioperatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Drug Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Drug Hypersensitivity/etiology , Perioperative Period , Anaphylaxis/diagnosis , Anaphylaxis/etiology , Societies, Medical , Vasodilator Agents/adverse effects , In Vitro Techniques , Mastocytosis/complications , Brazil , Preoperative Care , Immunoglobulin E/immunology , Bradykinin/adverse effects , Skin Tests/methods , Risk Factors , IgA Deficiency/complications , Drug Hypersensitivity/physiopathology , Allergy and Immunology , Symptom Assessment , Anaphylaxis/physiopathology , Anesthesiology , Angioedema/chemically induced , Terminology as Topic
13.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 156(6): 569-579, nov.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249969

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: México tiene la mortalidad más alta a 30 días por infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM), el cual constituye una de las principales causas de mortalidad en el país: 28 % versus 7.5 % del promedio de los países de la Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económicos. Objetivo: Establecer las rutas críticas y las estrategias farmacológicas esenciales interinstitucionales para la atención de los pacientes con IAM en México, independientemente de su condición socioeconómica. Método: Se reunió a un grupo de expertos en diagnóstico y tratamiento de IAM, representantes de las principales instituciones públicas de salud de México, así como las sociedades cardiológicas mexicanas, Cruz Roja Mexicana y representantes de la Sociedad Española de Cardiología, con la finalidad de optimizar las estrategias con base en la mejor evidencia existente. Resultados: Se diseñó una guía de práctica clínica interinstitucional para el diagnóstico temprano y tratamiento oportuno del IAM con elevación del segmento ST, siguiendo el horizonte clínico de la enfermedad, con la propuesta de algoritmos que mejoren el pronóstico de los pacientes que acuden por IAM a los servicios de urgencias. Conclusión: Con la presente guía práctica, el grupo de expertos propone universalizar el diagnóstico y tratamiento en el IAM, independientemente de la condición socioeconómica del paciente.


Abstract Introduction: Mexico has the highest 30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) mortality rate: 28% versus 7.5% on average for the OECD countries, and it constitutes one of the main causes of mortality in the country. Objective: To establish critical pathways and essential interinstitutional pharmacological strategies for the care of patients with AMI in Mexico, regardless of their socioeconomic status. Method: A group of experts in AMI diagnosis and treatment, representatives of the main public health institutions in Mexico, as well as the Mexican cardiology societies, the Mexican Red Cross and representatives of the Spanish Society of Cardiology, were brought together in order to optimize strategies based on the best existing evidence. Results: An interinstitutional clinical practice guideline was designed for early diagnosis and timely treatment of AMI with ST elevation, following the clinical horizon of the disease, with the proposal of algorithms that improve the prognosis of patients who attend the emergency services due to an AMI. Conclusion: With these clinical practice guidelines, the group of experts proposes to universalize AMI diagnosis and treatment, regardless of patient socioeconomic status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Societies, Medical , Spain , Biomarkers/blood , Myocardial Reperfusion/methods , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Cause of Death , Electrocardiography , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/rehabilitation , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/blood , Cardiac Rehabilitation , COVID-19/prevention & control , Mexico
15.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 27(4): 1169-1186, Oct.-Dec. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142994

ABSTRACT

Resumo O trabalho analisa, por meio de pesquisa de campo, uma plenária da Assembleia Legislativa do Rio de Janeiro, "Parto humanizado e o direito da escolha". Entendendo esse como um espaço político de conflitos dos saberes da área médica, da enfermagem e do Legislativo, é ponderado o conteúdo da plenária com os discursos de saber/poder acerca do corpo feminino e de sua reprodução. O artigo explora as tensões em torno da luta política pelo "parto humanizado" a partir de demandas feitas pelo Conselho Regional de Enfermagem. É abordada também a história da medicalização do parto e o papel das enfermeiras, obstetrizes e parteiras nesse processo.


Abstract This work uses a field survey to analyze a plenary session of the Rio de Janeiro Legislative Assembly entitled "Humanized childbirth and the right to choose." Understanding this as a political space for conflicts of knowledge pertaining to the areas of medicine, nursing, and legislature, we consider the content of this session and discourses of power/knowledge surrounding the female body and reproduction. The article explores tensions around the political struggle for "humanized childbirth" via demands made by the Regional Council of Nursing. We also address the history of the medicalization of childbirth and the role of nurses, professionals specialized in low-risk births (obstetrizes), and midwives in this process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Women's Rights/legislation & jurisprudence , Delivery, Obstetric/legislation & jurisprudence , Midwifery/history , Politics , Societies, Medical , Brazil , Congresses as Topic , Delivery, Obstetric/education , Delivery, Obstetric/history , Parturition , Doulas/legislation & jurisprudence , Midwifery/legislation & jurisprudence
16.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 534-548, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143957

ABSTRACT

Abstract Experts from the Brazilian Association of Allergy and Immunology (ASBAI) and the Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology (SBA) interested in the issue of perioperative anaphylaxis, and aiming to strengthen the collaboration between the two societies, combined efforts to study the topic and to prepare a joint document to guide specialists in both areas. The purpose of the present series of two articles was to report the most recent evidence based on the collaborative assessment between both societies. This first article will consider the updated definitions, treatment and guidelines after a perioperative crisis. The following article will discuss the major etiologic agents, how to proceed with the investigation, and the appropriate tests.


Resumo Especialistas da Associação Brasileira de Alergia e Imunologia (ASBAI) e da Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia (SBA) interessados no tema anafilaxia perioperatória reuniram-se com o objetivo de intensificar a colaboração entre as duas sociedades no estudo desse tema e elaborar um documento conjunto que possa guiar os especialistas de ambas as áreas. O objetivo desta série de dois artigos foi mostrar as evidências mais recentes alicerçadas na visão colaborativa entre as sociedades. Este primeiro artigo versará sobre as definições mais atuais, formas de tratamento e as orientações após a crise no perioperatório. No próximo artigo serão discutidos os principais agentes causais e a condução da investigação com testes apropriados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Drug Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Drug Hypersensitivity/etiology , Perioperative Period , Anaphylaxis/diagnosis , Anaphylaxis/etiology , Societies, Medical , Vasodilator Agents/adverse effects , In Vitro Techniques , Mastocytosis/complications , Brazil , Preoperative Care , Immunoglobulin E/immunology , Bradykinin/adverse effects , Skin Tests/methods , Risk Factors , IgA Deficiency/complications , Drug Hypersensitivity/physiopathology , Allergy and Immunology , Symptom Assessment , Anaphylaxis/physiopathology , Anesthesiology , Angioedema/chemically induced , Terminology as Topic
17.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 156(5): 454-462, sep.-oct. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249945

ABSTRACT

Resumen En los últimos años, la introducción de diversos medicamentos biológicos para el tratamiento de la psoriasis ha aumentado considerablemente el arsenal terapéutico del médico, con lo cual se ha logrado un fuerte impacto positivo en el control de la enfermedad. Con el fin de proveer de las mejores recomendaciones para el uso de estos biológicos en los pacientes afectados de psoriasis, el grupo mexicano de expertos en psoriasis PSOMEX ha formulado recomendaciones para mejorar la comprensión y el posicionamiento terapéutico de este tipo de medicamentos.


Abstract In recent years, the introduction of a series of biological drugs for the treatment of psoriasis has considerably increased the therapeutic armamentarium of doctors, and thus a strongly positive impact on the control of this condition has been achieved. With the purpose to provide the best recommendations for the use of these biological agents in patients with psoriasis, the Mexican group of psoriasis experts, PSOMEX, has developed recommendations in order to improve the understanding and therapeutic positioning of this type of medications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Psoriasis/therapy , Biological Factors/therapeutic use , Pregnancy Complications/therapy , Societies, Medical , Age Factors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Mexico
18.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(3): 89-96, sept. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128563

ABSTRACT

Contexto y antecedentes: La elaboración e implementación de guías clínicas pretende brindar ayuda en la toma de decisiones respecto de un determinado problema de salud, sintetizando en forma de recomendaciones la mejor evidencia disponible. Con respecto a la diverticulitis aguda, pese a la gran cantidad de guías que se han elaborado, aún hoy se observa un bajo nivel de consenso en varios aspectos de su manejo. Objetivos: Este trabajo representa la primera encuesta que mide el nivel de consenso y la aplicación de guías internacionales sobre el manejo de la diverticulitis aguda entre los miembros de la SACP o entre cualquier otra agrupación médica a nivel nacional. Métodos: Se distribuyó una encuesta online a 313 miembros de la SACP, las respuestas se recolectaron en un período de 2 meses. Resultados: La encuesta obtuvo una tasa de respuesta de 19,5%. Solo 17 enunciados superaron el corte de 70% de nivel de consenso. De ellos, 11 enunciados estuvieron de acuerdo mientras que 2 enunciados estuvieron en desacuerdo con las recomendaciones de las guías internacionales y en los 4 enunciados restantes no pudo valorarse la concordancia debido a falta de respuesta univoca en las guías. Conclusiones: La amplia heterogeneidad en el manejo de la diverticulitis aguda entre los miembros de la SACP junto con la baja evidencia de los trabajos científicos, la pobre metodología empleada en las guías internacionales y la necesidad de contar con datos locales sobre costos y preferencias, hacen evidente la necesidad que en nuestro ámbito se comience a investigar en forma sistematizada para lograr una guía y consenso nacional.


Background: Construction and elaboration of clinical guidelines aim to provide help to decision-taking process about a specific health issue, synthesizing the best available evidence in the form of recommendations. About acute diverticulitis, although many guidelines were published in the last years, even now, there is a low consensus level in many aspects of its management. Aim: This survey is the first one that measures the consensus level and the application of international guidelines, about acute diverticulitis, within the SACP members, or any other medical society in Argentina. Methods: An online survey was distributed to 313 SACP members; the responses were collected over two months. Results: The response rate obtained by the survey was 19,5%. Only 17 statements passed the consensus level of 70%, 11 of them agreed and 2 disagreed with the recommendations of the international guidelines, in the last 4 statements comparison was impossible because the guidelines lacked one single response. Conclusions: The large heterogeneity in the management of acute diverticulitis within the SACP members, along with the low evidence of the scientific publications, the poor methodology used in the guidelines, and the need of local data about costs and preferences, clearly demonstrates the necessity to start to investigate in a systematic way, in order to achieve a national guideline and consensus about acute diverticulitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Diverticulitis, Colonic/diagnosis , Diverticulitis, Colonic/therapy , Argentina , Societies, Medical , Acute Disease , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Consensus
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