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1.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz (Online) ; 83: 40325, 30 jan. 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1555946

ABSTRACT

Endotoxin contamination is a threat to the safety of pharmaceutical products, especially parenteral drugs. Any sterile and/or pyrogen-free pharmaceutical product requires regulatory specifications to ensure safe patient use. This study covers the performance evaluation study of an endotoxin quantitation commercial kit by recombinant Factor C (rFC), Endozyme II® Go, for 0.9% sodium chloride injection. The samples were spiked with endotoxin solutions between 0.0005 and 10 EU/mL and tested by the rFC kit to evaluate precision, accuracy, detection and quantification limits, linearity, and robustness. Each of the six points was assayed at least five times.The relative standard deviation for precision testing ranged from 1.9 to 8.3%. The recovery accuracy values of endotoxin were between 61% and 125% for the range from 0.005 to 10 EU/mL. The results demonstrated that the rFC method allows endotoxin quantification with accuracy, precision, specificity, and linearity for the range of 0.005 and 10 EU/mL for 0.9% sodium chloride injection. (AU)


A contaminação por endotoxinas é uma ameaça à segurança dos produtos farmacêuticos, especialmente dos medicamentos parenterais. Qualquer produto farmacêutico estéril e/ou livre de pirogênios requer especificações regulatórias para garantir a segurança de uso para o paciente. Este estudo abrange o estudo de avaliação de desempenho empregando o kit comercial Endozyme II® Go para quantificação de endotoxina, por Fator C recombinante (FCr), em amostras de cloreto de sódio 0,9% para uso parenteral. As amostras foram fortificadas com cinco concentrações distintas de soluções de endotoxina na faixa entre 0,0005 e 10 UE/mL. Cada um dos cinco níveis foi testado pelo menos cinco vezes para avaliação dos critérios de precisão, exatidão, limites de detecção e quantificação, linearidade e robustez. O desvio padrão relativo para os testes de precisão variou de 1,9 a 8,3%. Os valores de recuperação de endotoxina para o parâmetro exatidão estiveram compreendidos entre 61% e 125%. Os resultados demonstraram que o método por FCr permite a quantificação de endotoxinas com exatidão, precisão, especificidade e linearidade para a faixa de 0,005 e 10 UE/mL em amostras de cloreto de sódio 0,9% para uso parenteral. (AU)


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques , Endotoxins , Saline Solution , Sodium Chloride
3.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(3): 1388-1405, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426504

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os materiais de origem humana geralmente são conservados em formaldeído, para possibilitar o estudo da anatomia humana, tal conservante possui baixo custo e boa fixação, contudo é toxico. Diante do exposto é necessário, o estudo de outros métodos de conservação, menos prejudiciais, como a solução de NaCl 30%. Objetivo: Comparar a conservação de peças anatômicas em solução de NaCl à 30% e formaldeído a 10%. Método: Pesquisa experimental, exploratória e descritiva, realizada com dois produtos de abortamento, no laboratório de anatomia de uma universidade pública, no estado do Paraná/BR. Foi realizada fixação em solução de formol 10%, em seguida uma amostra foi lavado em água corrente e armazenado em solução de NaCl à 30%. Após 6 meses da conservação em solução salina, foram coletadas amostras, estas foram submetidas a análise de crescimento bacteriano. Avaliou-se tonalidade e turgor cutâneo, odor e peso, bem como crescimento bacteriano. O estudo seguiu os preceitos éticos (CAAE: 53740121.9.0000.9247). Resultados: Foram realizadas observações após 24h, 7, 30, 60, 90 e 180 dias. O feto em solução de NaCl não possui odor, e diminuição do turgor da pele. Ambas a amostras não apresentaram crescimento bacteriano. Considerações finais: A solução de NaCl a 30% desidrata a pele, mas não altera significativamente a forma e estrutura, ainda não possui odor e nem toxicidade, o que garante benefícios a saúde de quem os manipula, bem como tal concentração de NaCl inibe de forma efetiva o crescimento bacteriano nos tecidos e na própria solução, se demostrando eficaz na conservação.


Introduction: The materials of human origin are usually preserved in formaldehyde, to enable the study of human anatomy, this preservative has low cost and good fixation, however it is toxic. Therefore, it is necessary to study other less harmful preservation methods, such as 30% NaCl solution. Objective: To compare the preservation of anatomical specimens in 30% NaCl solution and 10% formaldehyde solution. Method: Experimental, exploratory and descriptive research, carried out with two abortion products, in the anatomy laboratory of a public university, in the state of Paraná/BR. Fixation in 10% formaldehyde solution was performed, after which a sample was washed in running water and stored in a 30% NaCl solution. After 6 months of preservation in saline solution, samples were collected and submitted to bacterial growth analysis. Skin tone and turgor, odor, weight, and bacterial growth were evaluated. The study followed the ethical precepts (CAAE: 53740121.9.0000.9247). Results: Observations were made after 24h, 7, 30, 60, 90 and 180 days. The fetus in NaCl solution had no odor, and decreased skin turgor. Both samples showed no bacterial growth. Final considerations: The 30% NaCl solution dehydrates the skin, but does not alter significantly the shape and structure, and also has no odor or toxicity, which guarantees health benefits to those who handle them, and such concentration of NaCl inhibits effectively the bacterial growth in the tissues and in the solution itself, proving to be effective in conservation.


Introducción: Los materiales de origen humano suelen conservarse en formol, para posibilitar el estudio de la anatomía humana, este conservante tiene bajo coste y buena fijación, sin embargo es tóxico. Por ello, es necesario estudiar otros métodos de conservación menos nocivos, como la solución de NaCl al 30%. Objetivo: Comparar la conservación de especímenes anatómicos en solución de NaCl al 30% y en solución de formaldehído al 10%. Método: Investigación experimental, exploratoria y descriptiva, realizada con dos abortos, en el laboratorio de anatomía de una universidad pública, en el estado de Paraná/BR. Fue realizada fijación en solución de formaldehído al 10%, después de lo cual la muestra fue lavada en agua corriente y almacenada en solución de NaCl al 30%. Tras 6 meses de conservación en solución salina, se recogieron las muestras y se sometieron a análisis de crecimiento bacteriano. Se evaluaron el tono y la turgencia de la piel, el olor, el peso y el crecimiento bacteriano. El estudio siguió los preceptos éticos (CAAE: 53740121.9.0000.9247). Resultados: Las observaciones se realizaron después de 24h, 7, 30, 60, 90 y 180 días. El feto en solución de NaCl no tenía olor, y la turgencia de la piel disminuyó. Ambas muestras no mostraron crecimiento bacteriano. Consideraciones finales: La solución de NaCl al 30% deshidrata la piel, pero no altera significativamente la forma y estructura, además no tiene olor ni toxicidad, lo que garantiza beneficios para la salud de quienes los manipulan, y dicha concentración de NaCl inhibe eficazmente el crecimiento bacteriano en los tejidos y en la propia solución, demostrando ser eficaz en la conservación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Preservatives, Pharmaceutical/chemistry , Sodium Chloride/chemistry , Fertilization/drug effects , Anatomy , Bacterial Growth , Human Body
4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1298-1303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010943

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of Shenfu injection combined with glucocorticoid in the treatment of acute left heart failure complicated with bronchospasm.@*METHODS@#A prospective study was conducted.Ninety patients with acute left heart failure complicated with bronchospasm admitted to Huai'an Second People's Hospital from January 2021 to July 2022 were selected and divided into conventional treatment group, hormone therapy group and combined treatment group according to random number table method, with 30 cases in each group. All patients in the 3 groups received basic Western medicine treatment. On this basis, the conventional treatment group was given 0.25-0.50 g aminophylline injection plus 5% glucose injection or 0.9% sodium chloride injection (diabetes patients) 100 mL slow intravenous infusion, 1-2 times a day. In the hormone treatment group, 1 mg of budesonide suspension for inhalation was diluted to 2 mL by 0.9% sodium chloride injection, twice a day, and applied until 48 hours after the pulmonary wheezing disappeared. The combined treatment group was given glucocorticoid combined with Shenfu injection 80 mL plus 5% glucose injection or 0.9% sodium chloride injection (diabetes patients) 250 mL intravenously, once a day. All treated for 1 week. The general data, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score, TCM syndrone efficacy index, acute left heart failure efficacy, bronchospasm efficacy, systolic blood pressure (SBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), serum N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level and safety of the 3 groups were compared. The patients were followed up for 6 months, and the mortality and re-hospitalization rate of the 3 groups were recorded.@*RESULTS@#Among the 90 patients, a total of 83 patients completed the study, excluding the cases dropped due to death and other reasons. There were 29 cases in the combined treatment group, 25 cases in the hormone therapy group and 29 cases in the conventional treatment group. There were no significant differences in age, gender, course of disease, and previous history (history of diabetes, history of hypertension, history of hyperlipidemia) among the 3 groups. Therefore, they were comparable. The difference of TCM syndrome score before and after treatment, TCM syndrome efficacy index of combined treatment group and hormone therapy group were higher than those of conventional treatment group [difference of TCM syndrome score: 15.14±5.74, 13.24±5.75 vs. 10.62±5.87, TCM syndrome efficacy index: (67.84±14.31)%, (59.94±14.26)% vs. (48.92±16.74)%, all P < 0.05], and the difference of TCM syndrome score and TCM syndrome efficacy index of combined treatment group were higher than those of hormone treatment group (both P < 0.05). The total effective rate of acute left heart failure and bronchospasm in the combined treatment group was significantly higher than that in the conventional treatment group (total effective rate of acute left heart failure: 96.55% vs. 75.86%, total effective rate of bronchospasm: 93.10% vs. 65.52%, both P < 0.05). The difference of serum NT-proBNP before and after treatment in combination therapy group and hormone therapy group was significantly higher than that in conventional treatment group (ng/L: 7 922.86±5 220.31, 7 314.92±4 450.28 vs. 4 644.79±3 388.23, all P < 0.05), and the difference of serum NT-proBNP before and after treatment in the combined treatment group was significantly higher than that in the hormone treatment group (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in SBP difference, MAP difference, mortality and re-hospitalization rate among the 3 groups. No adverse reactions occurred in the 3 groups during treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Shenfu injection combined with glucocorticoid is effective in the treatment of patients with acute left heart failure complicated with bronchospasm. It is superior to glucocorticoid and aminophylline in relieving bronchospasm, reducing NT-proBNP level and improving total effective rate, and has good prognosis and safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Bronchial Spasm , Prospective Studies , Aminophylline/therapeutic use , Sodium Chloride/therapeutic use , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Peptide Fragments , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus , Glucose
5.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 841-849, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985994

ABSTRACT

Objective: JWH133, a cannabinoid type 2 receptor agonist, was tested for its ability to protect mice from bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Methods: By using a random number generator, 24 C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into the control group, model group, JWH133 intervention group, and JWH133+a cannabinoid type-2 receptor antagonist (AM630) inhibitor group, with 6 mice in each group. A mouse pulmonary fibrosis model was established by tracheal instillation of bleomycin (5 mg/kg). Starting from the first day after modeling, the control group mice were intraperitoneally injected with 0.1 ml of 0.9% sodium chloride solution, and the model group mice were intraperitoneally injected with 0.1 ml of 0.9% sodium chloride solution. The JWH133 intervention group mice were intraperitoneally injected with 0.1 ml of JWH133 (2.5 mg/kg, dissolved in physiological saline), and the JWH133+AM630 antagonistic group mice were intraperitoneally injected with 0.1 ml of JWH133 (2.5 mg/kg) and AM630 (2.5 mg/kg). After 28 days, all mice were killed; the lung tissue was obtained, pathological changes were observed, and alveolar inflammation scores and Ashcroft scores were calculated. The content of type Ⅰ collagen in the lung tissue of the four groups of mice was measured using immunohistochemistry. The levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in the serum of the four groups of mice were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the content of hydroxyproline (HYP) in the lung tissue of the four groups of mice was measured. Western blotting was used to measure the protein expression levels of type Ⅲ collagen, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK1/2), phosphorylated P-ERK1/2 (P-ERK1/2), and phosphorylated ribosome S6 kinase type 1 (P-p90RSK) in the lung tissue of mice in the four groups. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the expression levels of collagen Ⅰ, collagen Ⅲ, and α-SMA mRNA in the lung tissue of the four groups of mice. Results: Compared with the control group, the pathological changes in the lung tissue of the model group mice worsened, with an increase in alveolar inflammation score (3.833±0.408 vs. 0.833±0.408, P<0.05), an increase in Ashcroft score (7.333±0.516 vs. 2.000±0.633, P<0.05), an increase in type Ⅰ collagen absorbance value (0.065±0.008 vs. 0.018±0.006, P<0.05), an increase in inflammatory cell infiltration, and an increase in hydroxyproline levels [(1.551±0.051) μg/mg vs. (0.974±0.060) μg/mg, P<0.05]. Compared with the model group, the JWH133 intervention group showed reduced pathological changes in lung tissue, decreased alveolar inflammation score (1.833±0.408, P<0.05), decreased Ashcroft score (4.167±0.753, P<0.05), decreased type Ⅰ collagen absorbance value (0.032±0.004, P<0.05), reduced inflammatory cell infiltration, and decreased hydroxyproline levels [(1.148±0.055) μg/mg, P<0.05]. Compared with the JWH133 intervention group, the JWH133+AM630 antagonistic group showed more severe pathological changes in the lung tissue of mice, increased alveolar inflammation score and Ashcroft score, increased type Ⅰ collagen absorbance value, increased inflammatory cell infiltration, and increased hydroxyproline levels. Compared with the control group, the expression of α-SMA, type Ⅲ collagen, P-ERK1/2, and P-p90RSK proteins in the lung tissue of the model group mice increased, while the expression of type Ⅰ collagen, type Ⅲ collagen, and α-SMA mRNA increased. Compared with the model group, the protein expression of α-SMA (relative expression 0.60±0.17 vs. 1.34±0.19, P<0.05), type Ⅲ collagen (relative expression 0.52±0.09 vs. 1.35±0.14, P<0.05), P-ERK1/2 (relative expression 0.32±0.11 vs. 1.14±0.14, P<0.05), and P-p90RSK (relative expression 0.43±0.14 vs. 1.15±0.07, P<0.05) decreased in the JWH133 intervention group. The type Ⅰ collagen mRNA (2.190±0.362 vs. 5.078±0.792, P<0.05), type Ⅲ collagen mRNA (1.750±0.290 vs. 4.935±0.456, P<0.05), and α-SMA mRNA (1.588±0.060 vs. 5.192±0.506, P<0.05) decreased. Compared with the JWH133 intervention group, the JWH133+AM630 antagonistic group increased the expression of α-SMA, type Ⅲ collagen, P-ERK1/2, and P-p90RSK protein in the lung tissue of mice, and increased the expression of type Ⅲ collagen and α-SMA mRNA. Conclusion: In mice with bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis, the cannabinoid type-2 receptor agonist JWH133 inhibited inflammation and improved extracellular matrix deposition, which alleviated lung fibrosis. The underlying mechanism of action may be related to the activation of the ERK1/2-RSK1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Pulmonary Fibrosis/pathology , Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists/metabolism , Collagen Type I/pharmacology , Collagen Type III/pharmacology , Hydroxyproline/pharmacology , Sodium Chloride/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Lung/pathology , Cannabinoids/adverse effects , Bleomycin/metabolism , Collagen/metabolism , Inflammation/pathology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 119-126, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971326

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study effects of Shenmai Injection on hypertensive heart failure and its mechanism for inhibiting myocardial fibrosis.@*METHODS@#Salt-sensitive (Dahl/SS) rats were fed with normal diet (0.3% NaCl) and the high-salt diet (8% NaCl) to observe the changes in blood pressure and heart function, as the control group and the model group. Salt-insensitive rats (SS-13BN) were fed with the high-salt diet (8% NaCl) as the negative control group. After modeling, the model rats were randomly divided into heart failure (HF) group, Shenmai Injection (SMI) group and pirfenidone (PFD) group by a random number table, with 6 rats in each group. They were given sterilized water, SMI and pirfenidone, respectively. Blood pressure, cardiac function, fibrosis and related molecular expression were detected by sphygmomanometer, echocardiogram, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), hematoxylin-eosin staining, Masson staining, immunofluorescence and qPCR analysis.@*RESULTS@#After high-salt feeding, compared with the control and negative control group, in the model group the blood pressure increased significantly, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular fraction shortening (LVFS) were significantly reduced, and the serum NT-proBNP concentration increased significantly (all P<0.05); furthermore, the arrangement of myocardial cells was disordered, the edema was severe, and the degree of myocardial fibrosis was also significantly increased (P<0.05); the protein and mRNA expressions of collagen type I (Col I) were up-regulated (P<0.05), and the mRNA expressions of transforming growth factor β 1 (TGF- β 1), Smad2 and Smad3 were significantly up-regulated (P<0.05). Compared with HF group, after intervention of Shenmai Injection, LVEF and LVFS increased, myocardial morphology was improved, collagen volume fraction decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the mRNA expressions of Col I, TGF- β 1, Smad2 and Smad3, as well as Col I protein expression, were all significantly down-regulated (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Myocardial fibrosis is the main pathological manifestation of hypertensive heart failure, and Shenmai Injection could inhibit myocardial fibrosis and effectively improve heart failure by regulating TGF-β 1/Smad signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Stroke Volume , Sodium Chloride , Rats, Inbred Dahl , Ventricular Function, Left , Heart Failure , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Hypertension , Fibrosis , RNA, Messenger
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2480-2489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981324

ABSTRACT

Qualitative and quantitative analysis of 2-(2-phenylethyl) chromones in sodium chloride(NaCl)-treated suspension cells of Aquilaria sinensis was conducted by UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS and UPLC-QQQ-MS/MS. Both analyses were performed on a Waters T3 column(2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.8 μm) with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) as mobile phases at gradient elution. MS data were collected by electrospray ionization in positive ion mode. Forty-seven phenylethylchromones was identified from NaCl-treated suspension cell samples of A. sinensis using UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS, including 22 flindersia-type 2-(2-phenylethyl) chromones and their glycosides, 10 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2-(2-phenylethyl) chromones and 15 mono-epoxy or diepoxy-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2-(2-phenylethyl) chromones. Additionally, 25 phenylethylchromones were quantitated by UPLC-QQQ-MS/MS. Overall, the rapid and efficient qualitative and quantitative analysis of phenylethylchromones in NaCl-treated suspension cells of A. sinensis by two LC-MS techniques, provides an important reference for the yield of phenylethylchromones in Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum using in vitro culture and other biotechnologies.


Subject(s)
Chromones , Sodium Chloride , Chromatography, Liquid , Flavonoids , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Thymelaeaceae
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4694-4707, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008051

ABSTRACT

β-glucosidase has important applications in food, pharmaceutics, biomass conversion and other fields, exploring β-glucosidase with strong adaptability and excellent properties thus has received extensive interest. In this study, a novel glucosidase from the GH1 family derived from Cuniculiplasma divulgatum was cloned, expressed, and characterized, aiming to find a better β-glucosidase. The amino acid sequences of GH1 family glucosidase derived from C. divulgatum were obtained from the NCBI database, and a recombinant plasmid pET-30a(+)-CdBglA was constructed. The recombinant protein was induced to express in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The enzymatic properties of the purified CdBglA were studied. The molecular weight of the recombinant CdBglA was 56.0 kDa. The optimum pH and temperature were 5.5 and 55 ℃, respectively. The enzyme showed good pH stability, 92.33% of the initial activity could be retained when treated under pH 5.5-11.0 for 1 h. When pNPG was used as a substrate, the kinetic parameters Km, Vmax and Kcat/Km were 0.81 mmol, 291.99 μmol/(mg·min), and 387.50 s-1 mmol-1, respectively. 90.33% of the initial enzyme activity could be retained when CdBglA was placed with various heavy metal ions at a final concentration of 5 mmol/L. The enzyme activity was increased by 28.67% under 15% ethanol solution, remained unchanged under 20% ethanol, and 43.68% of the enzyme activity could still be retained under 30% ethanol. The enzyme has an obvious activation effect at 0-1.5 mol/L NaCl and can tolerate 0.8 mol/L glucose. In conclusion, CdBglA is an acidic and mesophilic enzyme with broad pH stability and strong tolerance to most metal ions, organic solvents, NaCl and glucose. These characteristics may facilitate future theoretical research and industrial production.


Subject(s)
beta-Glucosidase , Sodium Chloride , Temperature , Glucose , Ethanol/chemistry , Ions , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Enzyme Stability , Substrate Specificity
9.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 886-893, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008913

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the differences between air probe and filled probe for measuring high-frequency dielectric properties of biological tissues are investigated based on the equivalent circuit model to provide a reference for the methodology of high-frequency measurement of biological tissue dielectric properties. Two types of probes were used to measure different concentrations of NaCl solution in the frequency band of 100 MHz-2 GHz. The results showed that the accuracy and reliability of the calculated results of the air probe were lower than that of the filled probe, especially the dielectric coefficient of the measured material, and the higher the concentration of NaCl solution, the higher the error. By laminating the probe terminal, liquid intrusion could be prevented, to a certain extent, to improve the accuracy of measurement. However, as the frequency decreased, the influence of the film on the measurement increased and the measurement accuracy decreased. The results of the study show that the air probe, despite its simple dimensional design and easy calibration, differs from the conventional equivalent circuit model in actual measurements, and the model needs to be re-corrected for actual use. The filled probe matches the equivalent circuit model better, and therefore has better measurement accuracy and reliability.


Subject(s)
Reproducibility of Results , Sodium Chloride , Calibration
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5888-5897, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008787

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the therapeutic effects and potential mechanisms of resveratrol(Res) on poor ovarian response(POR) in mice. The common target genes shared by Res and POR were predicted by network pharmacology, used for Gene Ontology(GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment, and then validated by animal experiments. The mice with regular estrous cycle after screening were randomized into normal, POR, and low-and high-dose(20 and 40 mg·kg~(-1), respectively) Res groups. The normal group was administrated with an equal volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution by gavage, and the mice in other groups with tripterygium glycosides suspension(50 mg·kg~(-1)) by gavage for 2 weeks. After the modeling, the mice in low-and high-dose Res groups were treated with Res by gavage for 2 weeks, and the mice in normal and POR groups with an equal volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution by gavage. Ovulation induction and sample collection were carried out on the day following the end of treatment. Vaginal smears were collected for observation of the changes in the estrous cycle, the counting of retrieved oocytes, and the measurement of ovarian wet weight and ovarian index. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was employed to measure the levels of anti-mullerian hormone(AMH), follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH), estradiol(E_2), and luteinizing hormone(LH) in the serum. The ovarian tissue morphology and granulosa cell apoptosis were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling(TUNEL), respectively. Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K), protein kinase B(AKT), forkhead box O(FOXO) 3a, hypoxia-inducible factor(HIF)-1α, B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), and Bcl-2-associated X protein(Bax). A total of 222 common targets shared by Res and POR were collected. GO annotation indicated that these targets were mainly involved in oxidative stress response. KEGG enrichment analysis revealed that Res can intervene in POR via PI3K/AKT, HIF-1, and FOXO signaling pathways. Animal experiments showed that the model group had higher rate of estrous cycle disorders, lower number and poorer morphology of normally developed follicles at all levels, more atretic follicles, higher apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells, lower number of retrieved oocytes, lower ovarian wet weight and ovarian index, higher serum levels of FSH and LH, lower levels of AMH and E_2, higher expression levels of HIF-1α, FOXO3a and Bax, and lower expression levels of PI3K, AKT, and Bcl-2 in the ovarian tissue than the normal group. Compared with the POR group, low-and high-dose Res decreased the rate of estrous cycle disorders, improved the follicle number and morphology, reduced atretic follicles, promoted the apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells, increased retrieved oocytes, ovarian wet weight and ovarian index, and lowered serum FSH and LH levels. Moreover, Res down-regulated the expression levels of HIF-1α, FOXO3a and Bax, and up-regulated the expression levels of PI3K, AKT and Bcl-2 in the ovarian tissue. In summary, Res can inhibit apoptosis and mitigate poor ovarian response in mice by regulating the PI3K/AKT/FOXO3a and HIF-1α pathways.


Subject(s)
Female , Mice , Animals , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Resveratrol/pharmacology , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Sodium Chloride , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
11.
Ribeirão Preto; s.n; 2022. 89 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1532182

ABSTRACT

A presente pesquisa teve por objetivo analisar os efeitos da substituição do sal de cozinha por sal de ervas sobre os valores de pressão arterial e excreção de sódio urinário de pessoas com hipertensão arterial. Trata-se de um estudo de abordagem quantitativa e delineamento quasi-experimental, tipo "cross-over", com amostra de hipertensos cadastrados em três unidades públicas de saúde de um município do estado de Mato Grosso. A coleta de dados foi realizada no período de maio de 2020 a maio de 2022. Por meio de entrevista, foi aplicado o questionário para identificação das variáveis sociodemográficas e o "Questionário de Adesão a Medicamentos - Qualiaids" (QAM-Q). Posteriormente, foi realizada a avaliação antropométrica e a medida casual da pressão arterial. A pesquisa foi dividida em três etapas: Etapa 1 - os participantes permaneceram em uso habitual do sal de cozinha, durante sete dias; Etapa 2 - os participantes fizeram uso exclusivo de cinco gramas de sal por dia, durante 10 dias; Etapa 3 - os participantes usaram exclusivamente o sal de ervas para o preparo das refeições, durante 10 dias. Em todas as etapas, foi realizada a Monitorização Residencial da Pressão Arterial (MRPA) e a dosagem de sódio urinário. As análises descritivas foram realizadas por meio do pacote estatístico IBM Statistical Package for Social Science - SPSS®, versão 25.0. O teste ANOVA foi utilizado para comparações entre as médias pareadas. Os resultados foram expressos como valores médios, desvio padrão (dp), mínimo, máximo e mediana. Para diferença estatística foi considerado p<0,05. Participaram do estudo 24 indivíduos, com idade média de 63,2 ± 10 anos, a maioria mulheres (54,2%), que convivem com companheiro (70,8%), de cor da pele autodeclarada branca (54,2%), com média de 7,6 anos de estudo e aposentados (45,8%). Em relação às variáveis clínicas, houve predomínio de participantes com pressão arterial ótima (45,8%), na categoria sobrepeso (45,8%), com risco cardiovascular elevado segundo relação cintura-estatura (87,5%) e risco muito elevado de acordo com a medida da circunferência da cintura (54,1%); 62,5% se mostraram aderentes ao tratamento. Na comparação entre as três etapas, observou-se redução significante nos valores de Pressão Arterial Sistólica (p=0,003) e Pressão Arterial Diastólica (p=0,001), sem diferença nas variáveis consumo de sal (p=0,66) e excreção de sódio urinário (p=0,66). Ainda que o uso do sal de ervas seja uma estratégia não medicamentosa interessante e inovadora para o controle da pressão arterial, os participantes não aderiram de forma expressiva à intervenção proposta. De qualquer forma, salienta-se que a monitorização do consumo de sódio é primordial para a avaliação do uso do sal pela população, tendo em vista a implementação de medidas visando a redução da pressão arterial e a prevenção de eventos cardiovasculares


The present research aimed to analyze the effects of replacing table salt with herbal salt on blood pressure values and urinary sodium excretion in people with hypertension. This study has a quantitative approach and quasi-experimental design, "cross-over" type, with a sample of hypertensive patients registered in three public health units in a municipality in the state of Mato Grosso. Data collection was carried out from May 2020 to May 2022. Through an interview, the questionnaire to identify sociodemographic variables and the "Medication Adherence Questionnaire - Qualiaids" (QAM-Q) were applied. Subsequently, anthropometric assessment and casual blood pressure measurements were performed. The research was divided into three stages: Stage 1 - the participants kept the usual use of table salt for seven days; Stage 2 - participants made exclusive use of five grams of salt per day for ten days; Stage 3 - participants used only herbal salt to prepare meals for 10 days. Residential blood pressure monitoring and urinary sodium measurement were performed at all stages. Descriptive analyzes were performed using the IBM Statistical Package for Social Science - SPSS® program, version 25.0. The One Way test was used for comparisons between the paired mean values. Results were expressed as mean values, standard deviation (sd), minimum, maximum, and median. For statistical difference, p<0.05 was considered. Participated in the research 24 individuals, with a mean age of 63.2 ± 10 years, most of them was women (54.2%), who live with a partner (70.8%), self-declared white skin color (54.2%), with an average of 7.6 years of formal education and retired (45.8%). Regarding clinical variables, it was observed a predominance of participants with optimal blood pressure (45.8%), in the overweight category (45.8%), with high cardiovascular risk according to the waist-to-height ratio (87.5%), and very high risk according to waist circumference measurement (54.1%), 62.5% were adherent to the treatment. When comparing the three stages, there was a significant reduction in the values of systolic blood pressure (p=0.003) and diastolic blood pressure (p=0.001), with no difference in the variables salt consumption (p=0.66) and urinary sodium excretion (p=0.66). Although the use of herbal salt is an interesting and innovative non-drug strategy for blood pressure control, participants did not significantly adhere to the proposed intervention. Nevertheless, it should be noted that the monitoring of sodium consumption is essential for the evaluation of the use of salt by the population and to implement measures aimed at reducing blood pressure and preventing cardiovascular events


Subject(s)
Humans , Sodium Chloride , Condiments , Arterial Pressure , Dietary Approaches To Stop Hypertension , Hypertension
12.
Av. enferm ; 39(3): 332-344, 01 de septiembre de 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1291115

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: construir e validar instrumento para medir a intenção comportamental de reduzir o consumo de sal na dieta em pessoas com insuficiência cardíaca. Materiais e métodos: estudo metodológico, fundamentado na Theory of Planned Behavior, desenvolvido em três etapas: construção do instrumento, validação de conteúdo com juízes especialistas e validaçãosemântica com 30 pessoas da população- alvo, de março a setembro de 2018, no município de João Pessoa, Brasil. Resultados: participaram da validação de conteúdo seis juízes especialistas. O instrumento conta com 30 itens distribuídos nos construtos atitude, norma subjetiva e controle comportamental percebido. O índice de validade de conteúdo mostrouse satisfatório (≥ 80 %). Na validação semântica, o instrumento foi considerado claro e compreensível. Conclusões: como produto, dispõe-se de instrumento válido quanto ao seu conteúdo e compreensão, podendo ser aplicado em estudo-piloto para avaliar sua qualidade psicométrica em medir o comportamento de interesse no contexto da insuficiência cardíaca.


Objetivo: construir y validar un instrumento para medir la intención de reducir el consumo de sal por parte de personas con insuficiencia cardíaca. Materiales y métodos: estudio metodológico basado en la teoría del comportamiento planeado, el cual se desarrolló en tres etapas: construcción del instrumento, validación de contenido por juicio de expertos y validación semántica con 30 personas de la población objetivo, entre marzo y septiembre de 2018, en el municipio de João Pessoa, Brasil. Resultados: seis jueces expertos participaron en la validación de contenido. El instrumento consta de 30 ítems distribuidos en los constructos actitud, norma subjetiva y control conductual percibido. El índice de validez de contenido fue satisfactorio (≥ 80 %). Tras la validación semántica, el instrumento fue considerado claro y comprensible. Conclusiones: como producto, existe un instrumento válido en cuanto a contenido y comprensión, el cual puede ser aplicado en un estudio piloto para evaluar su calidad psicométrica en la medición de la conducta de interés en el contexto de la insuficiencia cardíaca.


Objective: To build and validate an instrument to measure the behavioral intention to reduce the consumption of dietary salt in people with heart failure. Materials and methods: Methodological study based on the theory of planned behavior and developed in three stages: construction of the instrument, content validation with expert judges, and semantic validation with 30 people from the target population, from March to September 2018, in the municipality of João Pessoa, Brazil. Results: Six expert judges participated in content validation. The instrument has 30 items distributed in the constructs attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control. The content validity index was satisfactory (≥ 80 %), and the semantic validation of the instrument was considered clear and understandable. Conclusions: As a product, the instrument proved to be valid in terms of content and understanding. This tool can be applied in a pilot study to assess its psychometric quality for measuring the behavior of interest in the context of heart failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sodium Chloride , Surveys and Questionnaires , Intention , Social Theory , Heart Failure
13.
RFO UPF ; 26(2): 262-274, 20210808. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1452533

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar, por meio de uma revisão de literatura, a efetividade do uso do fluoreto de sódio como dessensibilizante para casos de sensibilidade induzida por clareamento dental. Resultados: O clareamento dentário tornou-se um dos procedimentos estéticos mais procurados na odontologia. Atualmente, existem duas técnicas supervisionadas por dentistas: o clareamento caseiro e o de consultório. Os materiais mais utilizados são o peróxido de carbamida e o de hidrogênio, respectivamente. O clareamento dental baseia-se na premissa de que o peróxido de hidrogênio penetra na estrutura dentária para interagir com os cromóforos orgânicos. Embora o protocolo de clareamento exija o uso de agentes oxidantes de baixa concentração, a sensibilidade dentária ainda está presente e pode ser considerado o principal efeito adverso da técnica de clareamento. Para minimizar este problema, a aplicação tópica de dessensibilizantes antes e após o clareamento dentário tem mostrado bons resultados na redução da intensidade de sensibilidade. Considerações finais: Mediante revisão apresentada, constatou-se que fluoreto de sódio quando utilizado após o protocolo clareador, como dessensibilizante, não elimina a sensibilidade, mas diminui a intensidade da dor. Quando utilizado antes do clareamento dental, não apresenta resultados positivos. Ademais, salienta-se que quando o fluoreto é incorporado no gel clareador, resulta em menor desmineralização do esmalte dentário.(AU)


Objective: To verify, through a literature review, the effectiveness of using sodium fluoride as a desensitizer for cases of sensitivity induced by tooth whitening. Literature review: Teeth whitening has become one of the most desired aesthetic procedures in dentistry. Currently, there are two techniques supervised by dentists: home whitening and office whitening. The most used materials are carbamide peroxide and hydrogen peroxide, respectively. Teeth whitening is based on the premise that hydrogen peroxide penetrates the tooth structure to interact with organic chromophores. Although the whitening protocol requires the use of low concentration oxidizing agents, tooth sensitivity is still present and can be considered the main adverse effect of the whitening technique. To minimize this problem, the topical application of desensitizers before and after tooth whitening has shown good results in reducing the intensity of sensitivity. Final considerations: Upon the review presented, it was found that sodium fluoride, when used after the whitening protocol, as a desensitizer, does not eliminate sensitivity, but reduces the intensity of pain. When used before tooth whitening, it has no positive results. Furthermore, it should be noted that when fluoride is incorporated into the whitening gel, less enamel demineralization is induced.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Sodium Chloride/therapeutic use , Dentin Desensitizing Agents/therapeutic use , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Dentin Sensitivity/prevention & control , Tooth Bleaching Agents/chemistry
14.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3385, 2021. graf
Article in English | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1150006

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of the 50 IU/mL heparin solution compared to the 0.9% isotonic saline solution in preventing occlusion of the double lumen Hickman® catheter, 7 and 9 French, in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Method: a triple-blind randomized clinical trial. 17 double-lumen catheters (heparin group: n=7 and 0.9% isotonic saline group: n=10) were analyzed in which the two catheter routes were evaluated separately, totaling 34 lumens. The outcome variables were occlusion without reflux and complete occlusion. Descriptive analyses were performed using the Chi-square test and, of survival, according to the Kaplan-Meier test. Results: the mean number of days until the occlusion outcome was 52 in the heparin group and 13.46 in the 0.9% isotonic saline group in the white catheter route (p<0.001). In the red route, the mean follow-up days in the heparin group were 35.29, with no occlusion and 22.30 in the 0.9% isotonic saline group until the first occlusion (p=0.030). Conclusion: blocking with 50 IU/mL heparin solution is more effective than 0.9% isotonic saline in preventing occlusion of the Hickman® catheter. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: RBR-3ht499.


Objetivo: avaliar a efetividade da solução de heparina 50 UI/mL comparada à solução salina isotônica 0,9% na prevenção de oclusão do Cateter de Hickman® duplo lúmen, 7 e 9 french, em pacientes submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas. Método: ensaio clínico randomizado triplo cego. Foram analisados 17 cateteres duplo lúmen (grupo heparina n=7 e grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% n=10) nos quais as duas vias do cateter foram avaliadas separadamente, totalizando 34 lúmens. As variáveis de desfecho foram oclusão sem refluxo e oclusão completa. As análises descritivas foram realizadas mediante o teste Qui-quadrado e, de sobrevida, sob o teste de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: a média de dias até o desfecho oclusão foi de 52 no grupo heparina e de 13,46 no grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% na via branca do cateter (p<0,001). Na via vermelha, a média de dias de acompanhamento do grupo heparina foi de 35,29, sem ocorrência de oclusão, e de 22,30 no grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% até a primeira oclusão (p=0,030). Conclusão: o bloqueio com solução de heparina 50 UI/mL é mais efetivo em relação à solução salina isotônica 0,9% na prevenção da oclusão do Cateter de Hickman®. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos: RBR-3ht499.


Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia de la solución de heparina 50 UI/mL comparada con la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% para prevenir oclusiones en catéteres de Hickman® doble lumen, 7 y 9 French, en pacientes sometidos a trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas. Método: ensayo clínico aleatorizado triple ciego. Se analizaron 17 catéteres de doble lumen (grupo de heparina: n=7 y grupo de solución salina isotónica al 0,9%: n=10) en los que se evaluaron por separado las dos vías del catéter, totalizando 34 lúmenes. Las variables de resultado fueron oclusión sin reflujo y oclusión completa. Los análisis descriptivos se realizaron mediante el test de Chi-cuadrado y, los de sobrevida, con el test de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: la media de días hasta el resultado de oclusión fue de 52 en el grupo de heparina y de 13,46 en el grupo de la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% en la vía blanca del catéter (p<0,001). En la vía roja, la media de días de seguimiento del grupo de heparina fue de 35,29 sin oclusión y de 22,30 en el del grupo solución salina isotónica al 0,9% hasta la primera oclusión (p=0,030). Conclusión: el bloqueo con solución de heparina 50 UI/mL es más eficaz en relación con la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% para prevenir oclusiones en catéteres de Hickman®. Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos: RBR 3ht499.


Subject(s)
Effectiveness , Heparin , Sodium Chloride , Cecum , Randomized Controlled Trial , Aftercare , Disease Prevention , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Evidence-Based Nursing , Catheters , Catheter Obstruction , Central Venous Catheters
15.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 53(3): 95-108, 20201201.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177993

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la hipertensión arterial se encuentra dentro de las enfermedades crónicas más prevalentes en nuestro país, el consumo excesivo de sal podría ser un factor preponderante de esta situación, el conocer lo que piensa nuestra población sobre ello y que actitud y predisposición al cambio demuestra, aportaría información relevante para desarrollar estrategias de prevención. Objetivos: El objetivo fue comprender el significado, el valor y el alcance que los sujetos atribuyen al consumo de sal/sodio alimentario y sus actitudes y prácticas para el cambio en relación al consumo de sal/sodio en la alimentación. Materiales y métodos: se enmarcó en un proyecto cualitativo, que permitió indagar sobre los conocimientos y actitudes de las personas sobre el consumo de sal/ sodio alimentario, la adquisición de los productos a consumir y las condiciones para intentar un cambio de actitud y comportamiento. Resultados: fueron agrupados de acuerdo a las categorías y descriptores definidos según el problema de investigación. Conclusión: Esta investigación nos ha llevado a comprender mejor el pensamiento y la actitud hacia el consumo de sal de un grupo población muy importante, que son las mujeres, en quienes recae la tarea de comprar y cocinar para la familia. A través de la información obtenida se crea un abanico de posibilidades para intentar un cambio positivo y reforzar aquello que ya está encaminado.


Introduction: arterial hypertension is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in our country, excessive salt consumption could be a major factor in this situation, knowing what our population thinks about it and the attitude and predisposition to change it, would provide relevant information to develop prevention strategies. Objectives: The objective was to understand the meaning, value and scope that the subjects attribute to the consumption of salt/sodium in the diet. Materials and methods: it was framed in a qualitative Project, which made it possible to inquire about people's knowledge and attitudes about the consumption of dietary salt/sodium, the acquisition of the products to consume and conditions to attempt a change in attitude and behavior. Results: they were grouped according to the categories and descriptors defined according to the research problem. Conclusion: this research has led us to better understand the thinking and attitude towards salt consumption of a very important population group, that are the woman, in whom falls the task of buying and cooking for the family. Through the information obtained, a range of possibilities is created to try a positive change and reinforce what is already underway.


Subject(s)
Sodium Chloride , Hypertension , Women , Chronic Disease
16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(5): 639-646, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132645

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Currently, several different concentrations of saline are recommended for use in nasal irrigation. Increasing studies show that nasal irrigation with hypertonic saline is more effective than traditional saline in the treatment of rhinosinusitis, but there have been few systematic analyses of the effect of nasal irrigation with hypertonic saline on chronic rhinosinusitis. Objective: We sought to compare the effects of hypertonic saline and isotonic saline in the treatment of rhinosinusitis in order to provide a reference for clinical nasal irrigation for chronic rhinosinusitis treatment. Methods: Medline, cochrane library, EMBASE, PubMed, Chinese biomedical journal database, China national knowledge infrastructure, Wanfang database, and other databases were searched, and the searching was supplemented by manual searches for relevant references to treatment of rhinosinusitis by saline nasal irrigation. The last retrieval date was March 2018. The included studies were evaluated for quality, and data were extracted for meta-analysis using RevMan 5.3. Results: Seven studies were included. Effects favoring hypertonic saline on nasal symptoms were greater in 4 subgroups. These were (1) patients with nasal secretion (SMD = 1.52; 95% CI: 1.04, 2.00; p < 0.01), (2) patients with congestion (SMD = 1.52; 95% CI: 1.04, 2.00; p < 0.01), (3) patients with headache (SMD = 0.82; 95% CI: 0.38, 1.26; p < 0.01), (4) patients with overall symptomatic relief (SMD = 1.63; 95% CI: 0.83, 2.44; p < 0.01). However, no difference was shown in smell improvement (SMD = 0.47; 95% CI: −0.65, 1.59; p = 0.41) and radiologic scores improvement (SMD = 2.44; 95% CI: -3.14, 8.02; p < 0.01). Besides, hypertonic saline showed greater improvement in mucociliary clearance time scores than did the isotonic saline group (SMD = 1.19; 95% CI: 0.78, 1.60; p < 0.01). Hypertonic saline brought greater minor adverse effects. Conclusion: Compared with isotonic saline, hypertonic saline nasal irrigation for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis is significantly more effective and has mild side effects in improving nasal symptoms and ciliary movement, but there is no significant difference in imaging findings and smell improvement. Although hypertonic saline is worthy of widespread use in clinical practice, it is still necessary to further study the exact manner and concentration of nasal irrigation.


Resumo Introdução: Atualmente, o uso de várias concentrações diferentes de solução salina é recomendado na irrigação nasal. Um número crescente de estudos mostra que a irrigação nasal com solução salina hipertônica é mais eficaz do que a solução salina tradicional no tratamento de rinossinusite, mas existem poucas análises sistemáticas do efeito da irrigação nasal com solução salina hipertônica em rinossinusite crônica. Objetivo: Comparar os efeitos da solução salina hipertônica com a solução salina isotônica no tratamento da rinossinusite, para fornecer uma referência clínica de irrigação nasal no tratamento da rinossinusite crônica. Método: Foram pesquisados os bancos de dados Medline, Cochrane Library, Embase, PubMed, Chinese biomedical journal database, China national knowledge infrastructure, Wanfang database e outros, e a pesquisa foi complementada por pesquisas manuais de referências relevantes ao tratamento da rinossinusite por irrigação nasal com solução salina. A data da última recuperação de dados foi março de 2018. Os estudos incluídos foram avaliados quanto à qualidade e os dados foram extraídos para a metanálise com o software RevMan 5.3. Resultados: Sete estudos foram incluídos. Os efeitos favoráveis à solução salina hipertônica nos sintomas nasais foram maiores em quatro subgrupos. Esses foram (1) pacientes com secreção nasal (DMP = 1,52; IC95%: 1,04, 2,00; p ˂ 0,01); (2) pacientes com congestão (DMP = 1,52; IC95%: 1,04, 2,00; p ˂ 0,01); (3) Pacientes com dor de cabeça (DMP = 0,82; IC95%: 0,38, 1,26; p ˂ 0,01); (4) Pacientes com alívio sintomático geral (DMP = 1,63; IC95%: 0,83, 2,44; p ˂ 0,01). Entretanto, não houve diferença na melhoria do olfato (DMP = 0,47; IC95%: -0,65, 1,59; p = 0,41) e na melhoria dos escores radiológicos (DMP = 2,44; IC95%: -3,14, 8,02; p < 0,01). Além disso, o grupo solução salina hipertônica mostrou maior melhoria nos escores do tempo de clearence mucociliar do que o grupo solução salina isotônica (DMP = 1,19; IC95%: 0,78, 1,60; p ˂ 0,01). A solução salina hipertônica causou efeitos adversos menores. Conclusão: Em comparação com a solução salina isotônica, a irrigação nasal com solução salina hipertônica para o tratamento da rinossinusite crônica é significantemente mais eficaz e apresenta efeitos colaterais mais leves, melhoria mais acentuada dos sintomas nasais e no movimento ciliar, mas não há diferença significante nos achados de imagem e na melhoria do olfato. Embora a solução salina hipertônica seja digna de uso generalizado na prática clínica, ainda são necessários mais estudos sobre a forma de uso e a concentração ideal da solução nasal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sinusitis , Rhinitis , Saline Solution, Hypertonic , Sodium Chloride , Chronic Disease , Nasal Lavage
17.
Braz. j. biol ; 80(2): 285-289, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132384

ABSTRACT

Abstract Salinity, of both soil and water, is one of the main causes of crop yield decline. Within this context, the objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of different salts on the germination of chia seeds. The experiment was conducted in a BOD chamber at a constant temperature of 20 °C and in the presence of light. The seeds were placed on paper soaked with aqueous solutions of calcium chloride (CaCl2), sodium chloride (NaCl), potassium chloride (KCl), and magnesium chloride (MgCl2), at the osmotic potentials zero, -0.10, -0.20, -0.30, and -0.40 MPa. The effect of the salinity was evaluated using a germination test, with counts on days 7 and 14 after sowing. Based on the results, chia seeds tolerate concentrations of NaCl to -0.4 MPa and KCl to -0.20 MPa. The salts CaCl2 and MgCl2 had a negative effect on the germination and vigor of the chia seeds for the osmotic potentials -0.30 MPa and -0.20 MPa, respectively.


Resumo A salinidade, tanto dos solos como das águas, é uma das principais causas da queda de rendimento das culturas. Neste contexto, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência de diferentes sais na germinação de sementes de chia. O experimento foi conduzido em câmara BOD, na temperatura constante de 20 °C e em presença de luz. As sementes foram colocadas sobre papel embebido em soluções aquosas de cloreto de cálcio (CaCl2), cloreto de sódio (NaCl), cloreto de potássio (KCl) e cloreto de magnésio (MgCl2) nos potenciais osmóticos correspondentes a zero; -0,10; -0,20; -0,30 e -0,40 MPa. O efeito da salinidade foi avaliado através do teste de germinação com contagens aos 7 dias e 14 dias após a semeadura. De acordo com os resultados é possível concluir que as sementes de chia toleram concentrações de NaCl até -0,4 MPa e KCl até -0,20 MPa. Os sais CaCl2 e MgCl2 apresentam efeito negativo sobre a germinação e o vigor das sementes de chia a partir dos potenciais osmóticos de -0,30 MPa e -0,20 MPa, respectivamente.


Subject(s)
Sodium Chloride , Salinity , Seeds , Temperature , Water , Germination
18.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(2): 157-161, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125057

ABSTRACT

Un tercio de la población mundial tiene niveles anormalmente altos de presión arterial, hipertensión, responsable de casi el 50% de las muertes por accidente cerebrovascular y enfermedad coronaria. La sensibilidad a la sal es un factor de riesgo para la morbilidad y mortalidad cardiovascular y también para otras enfermedades. En estudios previos describimos un modelo de hipertensión sal sensible (HSS) en ratas Wistar ovariectomizadas (oVx) adultas. Las ratas oVx son normotensas con ingesta normal de sal (NS, 0.24% de NaCl), pero desarrollan un perfil de HSS con una ingesta elevada de sal (HS, 1% de NaCl). En los estudios en riñón encontramos que el circuito receptor D1 de dopamina, citocromo P450 4A y Na+, K+-ATPasa está alterado por la ausencia de hormonas ováricas, lo que se asocia a menor excreción de sodio e hipertensión arterial. La ingesta HS en ratas oVx también promueve cambios en la expresión de proteínas relacionadas con el transporte de sodio en células mononucleares de sangre periférica, principalmente linfocitos periféricos. Por lo tanto, el transporte de sodio se modifica en varios niveles de la fisiología normal. En estudios recientes observamos que el estradiol aumenta la proliferación y diferenciación de células epiteliales en cultivos de corteza renal humana. Sensibilidad a la sal, inmunidad adaptativa, presión arterial y proliferación de células epiteliales en riñón son fenómenos de gran importancia biológica regulados por estradiol.


Female sex hormones participate in the regulation of blood pressure and renal epithelial proliferation, effects not related to their reproductive function. About one-third of the world's population has abnormally high levels of blood pressure, hypertension, which is responsible for almost 50% of deaths from stroke and coronary heart disease. Salt sensitivity is a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and other diseases as well. We reported a model of salt sensitive hypertension in adult ovariectomized (oVx) Wistar rats. oVx rats are normotensive under normal salt intake (NS, 0.24% NaCl), but upon a high salt intake (HS, 1% NaCl) oVx rats developed a blood pressure profile of salt-sensitive hypertension. Our studies on kidney molecules related to sodium balance found that the circuit dopamine D1-like receptor, cytochrome P450 4A and Na+, K+-ATPase is altered by the absence of ovary hormones which is accompanied by a reduced ability to excrete sodium. In oVx rats HS intake also promotes changes in the expression of proteins related to sodium transport in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, mainly peripheral lymphocytes. Therefore, sodium transport is modified at several levels of normal physiology. Lately, we described that estradiol increases the rate of renal epithelial cell proliferation in primary cultures developed from human renal cortex. Thus, salt sensitivity, adaptive immunity, blood pressure and renal cell proliferation are complex biological responses regulated by female sex hormones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Rats , Sodium Chloride/metabolism , Estradiol/metabolism , Hypertension/metabolism , Kidney/metabolism , Blood Pressure , Sodium Chloride/adverse effects , Rats, Wistar , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase , Cell Proliferation , Hypertension/physiopathology
20.
J. Health Sci. Inst ; 38(2): 127-130, abr - jun 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1412713

ABSTRACT

Objetivo ­ Determinar o teor de iodo presente em diferentes tipos de sal comercializados no município de Taubaté - SP, afim de verificar o cumprimento imposto pela RDC n. o 23, publicada no mês de abril de 2013. Métodos ­ Foi analisado o teor de iodo em cinco (5) amostras coletadas de diferentes tipos e marcas de sal comercializado no município de Taubaté ­ SP, sendo uma amostra do sal do Atacama, duas do sal do Himalaia vendidos selados com as informações da iodação, sendo um tipo moído e outro tipo grosso e duas amostras do sal do Himalaia vendido a granel, a análise foi feita através do método proposto pelo manual do Instituto Adolfo Lutz (2008). Resultados ­ Das 5 amostras analisadas, foram obtidos os seguintes resultados, 40% das amostras estão de acordo com legislação e 60% não atendem as exigências. As amostras A, B e E, sendo elas do sal do Atacama, sal do Himalaia moído e sal do Himalaia a granel II, respectivamente apresentaram valores fora do exigido pela legislação, sendo os seus resultados superiores ao limite máximo de 45 miligramas e apenas 2 amostras, C e D estão dentro do que é exigido pela RDC nº 23, de 24 de abril de 2013. Conclusão ­ Com os resultados obtidos neste trabalho evidenciaram a existência de problemas em relação à concentração de iodo em amostras comercializadas na cidade de Taubaté - SP, sendo que os 60% das amostras apresentam teor de iodo acima do recomendado, portanto não atendem e pode acarretar problemas de saúde aos consumidores, já que seu excesso está associado as doenças como hipertireoidismo, hipertensão arterial e doença de Hashimoto para a população em geral.


Objective ­ To determine the iodine content present in different types of salt sold in the city of Taubaté - SP, in order to verify the compliance imposed by RDC No. 23, published in April 2013. Methods ­ Iodine content was analyzed in five (5) samples collected from different types and brands of salt sold in Taubaté - SP, one sample from Atacama salt, two from Himalayan salt sold sealed with iodation information, one ground and one coarse type. and two samples of Himalayan salt sold in bulk, the analysis was made using the method proposed by the manual of the Adolfo Lutz Institute (2008). Results ­ Of the 5 samples analyzed, the following results were obtained, 40% of the samples are in accordance with legislation and 60% do not meet the requirements. Samples A, B and E, being from Atacama salt, ground Himalayan salt and bulk Himalayan salt II, respectively, presented values outside the required by the legislation, and their results exceeded the maximum limit of 45 milligrams and only 2 samples, C and D are within what is required by RDC No. 23 of April 24, 2013. Conclusion ­ With the results obtained in this work showed the existence of problems regarding the concentration of iodine in samples sold in the city of Taubaté - The 60% of the samples have higher than recommended iodine content, so they do not meet and may cause health problems to consumers, since their excess is associated with diseases such as hyperthyroidism, high blood pressure and Hashimoto disease for the population general.


Subject(s)
Humans , Salts , Iodine Deficiency , Sodium Chloride , Iodine , Quality of Life , Hypertension , Hyperthyroidism
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