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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(10): e361001, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345021

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate methods that improve adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) population in decellularized biological venous scaffold for tissue engineering in blood vessels, a model in rabbits. Methods: The ASC was expanded until the third passage. Inferior vena cava (IVC) was submitted to the decellularization process using 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) or 2% sodium deoxycholate (SD) to compose 12 study groups (G): pure SD or SDS, exposed or not to 1% TritonX-100 (TX-100) and exposed or not to poly-l'lysine and laminin (PL). Scaffolds were covered with 1 × 105 or 1 × 106 ASCs diluted in 10 μL Puramatrix™. The histological analysis was done by cell counting in hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and nuclei count in immunofluorescence (IF) with 4',6-Diamidine-2'-phenylindole dihydrochloride (DAPI). Results: The study of groups in HE and IF showed similar results. For both analyses,IVC-SD-1 × 106 ASC and IVC-SD-PL-1 × 106 ASC provided the best results. The IF technique showed better sensitivity than HE, with a weak agreement between them. Conclusions: Decellularizing agent and the number of ASC influence scaffolds cellularization response and the best protocols as those ones using SD with or without the addition of PL.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Rabbits , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Adipose Tissue , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
2.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(4): 395-406, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149029

ABSTRACT

Resumen El objetivo del presente trabajo fue el desarrollo de dos enzimoinmunoensayos competitivos (EIC) para la detección de trazas de soja y de leche en productos libres de gluten. Como anticuerpos primarios se utilizaron antisueros policlonales de conejo específicos contra proteínas de soja o de leche. Se determinaron las concentraciones óptimas de antígenos a inmovilizar en la placa y las concentraciones de anticuerpos primarios a utilizar en la competencia. Las curvas de calibración se ajustaron utilizando concentraciones crecientes de un extracto de producto de soja y de un extracto de leche descremada en polvo. El producto de soja y la leche descremada se extrajeron con buffer Tris-HCl 0,0625 M con dodecilsulfato de sodio al 3% y sulfito de sodio 0,1 M al 2%. Se evaluaron los parámetros de validación: linealidad, límites de detección y de cuantificación, recuperación y precisión en el día y entre días, los cuales resultaron adecuados. Se analizaron 9 productos libres de gluten con los EIC desarrollados y con kits de ELISA comerciales. Ambos EIC se comportaron de manera similar con respecto a los kits comerciales. Los EIC permitieron confirmar la presencia de leche en las muestras que la declaraban. En algunas muestras que no declaraban ni leche ni soja, ambos EIC detectaron su presencia (resultados confirmados con los kits comerciales). Los EIC desarrollados poseen menor costo que los kits y, por lo tanto, éstos podrían utilizarse como métodos de screening. Cuando esta metodología resulte negativa, debe confirmarse con un método más sensible (comercial) para garantizar la ausencia de proteínas de soja o de leche.


Abstract The aim of this study was to develop two competitive enzyme immunoassays (CEI) to detect the presence of traces of soy and milk in gluten-free products. Specific rabbit polyclonal antiserums against soy protein and other against elemilk protein were used as primary antibodies. Optimal antigen concentrations to be immobilized on the plate and primary antibody concentrations to be used in competition were determined. The calibration curves were fitted using increasing concentrations of an extract of soy product and of defatted milk powder. The soy product and the defatted milk were extracted with Tris-HCl buffer 0,0625 M with 3% sodium dodecyl sulfate and 2% sodium sulfite 0.1 M. The validation parameters were evaluated: linearity, limit of detection and quantification, recovery and precision on the day and in between days. They were appropriate. Nine commercial samples of gluten-free products were analyzed with these developed CEI and commercial ELISA kits. It was observed that both CEI behaved similarly with respect to the commercial kits. The enzyme immunoassays confirmed the presence of milk in samples that declared it. In some samples that did not declare the presence of milk or soy, both enzyme immunoassays detected their presence -these results were confirmed using commercial kits. The developed CEI have a lower cost than the commercial kits, so these could be used as screening methods. When this methodology is negative, it should be confirmed with a more sensitive (commercial) method to ensure the absence of soy or milk protein.


Resumo O objetivo do presente trabalho foi o desenvolvimento de dois enzimoimunoensaios competitivos (EIC), para a detecção de vestígios de soja e leite em produtos livres de glúten. Antissoros policlonais de coelho específicos contra proteínas de soja ou de leite foram utilizados como anticorpos primários. Foram determinadas as concentrações ótimas de antígenos a serem imobilizados na placa e as concentrações de anticorpos primários a serem utilizadas na competição. As curvas de calibração foram ajustadas usando concentrações crescentes de um extrato de produto de soja e de um extrato de leite em pó desnatado. O produto de soja e o leite desnatado foram extraídos com tampão Tris-HCl 0,0625 M com dodecil sulfato de sódio a 3% e sulfito de sódio 0,1 M a 2%. Os parâmetros de validação foram avaliados: linearidade, limite de detecção e quantificação, recuperação e precisão no dia e entre os dias, os quais resultaram adequados. Nove produtos livres de glúten foram analisados com os EIC desenvolvidos e com kits de ELISA comerciais. Os dois EICs se comportaram de maneira semelhante em relação aos kits comerciais. Os EIC permitiram confirmar a presença de leite nas amostras que o declararam. Em algumas amostras que declaravam nem leite nem soja, ambos os EIC detectaram sua presença (resultados confirmados usando kits comerciais). Os EIC desenvolvidos têm um custo menor que os kits, portanto, eles poderiam ser utilizados como métodos de triagem. Quando esta metodologia é negativa, deve ser confirmada com um método mais sensível (comercial) para garantir a ausência de proteínasda soja ou do leite.


Subject(s)
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Soybean Proteins/analysis , Diet, Gluten-Free , Food Analysis/methods , Milk Proteins/analysis , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/economics , Costs and Cost Analysis , Sodium Sulfite , Food Technology/methods
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(1): 11-17, July 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011228

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Pericardium tissue allograft can be used for surgical repair in several procedures. One of the tissue engineering strategies is the process of decellularization. This process decreases immunogenic response, but it may modify the natural extracellular matrix composition and behavior. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of cell removal, maintenance of extracellular matrix properties and mechanical integrity of decellularized human pericardium using a low concentration solution of sodium dodecyl sulfate. Methods: Decellularization was performed with sodium dodecyl sulfate and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. Histological analysis, DNA quantification, evaluation of glycosaminoglycans and collagen were performed. Biomechanical assay was performed using tensile test to compare the decellularization effects on tissue properties of tensile strength, elongation and elastic modulus. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: There was reduction in visible nuclei present in pericardium tissue after decellularization, but it retained collagen and elastin bundles similar to fresh pericardium. The DNA contents of the decellularized pericardium were significantly reduced to less than 511.23 ± 120.4 ng per mg of dry weight (p < 0.001). The biomechanical assay showed no significant difference for fresh or decellularized tissue. Conclusion: The decellularization process reduces cell content as well as extracellular matrix components without changing its biomechanical properties.


Resumo Fundameto: O enxerto de pericárdio pode ser usado em muitos procedimentos de correção cirúrgica. Uma das estratégias da engenharia tecidual é o processo de descelularização. No entanto, embora esse processo diminua a resposta imunogênica, a descelularização pode modificar tanto o comportamento como a composição da matriz extracelular natural. Objetivos: Avaliar a eficácia da descelularização usando baixa concentração de dodecil sulfato de sódio na remoção celular, na manutenção das propriedades da matriz extracelular e na integridade mecânica do pericárdio humano descelularizado. Métodos: A descelularização foi realizada com dodecil sulfato de sódio e ácido etilenodiamino tetra-acético. Foi realizada análise histológica, quantificação de DNA, e avaliação de glicosaminoglicanos e colágeno. O estudo biomecânico foi conduzido pelo teste de tração para comparar os efeitos da descelularização sobre as propriedades teciduais de resistência à tração, alongamento e módulo de elasticidade. Foi considerado um valor de p < 0,05 como estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Observou-se uma redução na quantidade de núcleos presentes no pericárdio após a descelularização, apesar de manter quantidades similares de feixes de elastina e de colágeno. As concentrações de DNA do pericárdio descelularizado foram significativamente reduzidas para menos que 511,23 ± 120,4 ng por mg de peso seco (p < 0,001). O teste biomecânico não apontou diferenças entre os tecidos fresco e descelularizado. Conclusão: A descelularização reduziu a concentração de células bem como os componentes da matriz extracelular sem afetar suas propriedades biomecânicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pericardium/cytology , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate/pharmacology , Surface-Active Agents/pharmacology , Cell Separation/methods , Tissue Engineering/methods , Pericardium/drug effects , Biomechanical Phenomena , Regenerative Medicine , Tissue Scaffolds
4.
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 86: e0752018, 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1046025

ABSTRACT

Infections by small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLVs) affect goats and sheep causing chronic multisystemic diseases that generate great economic losses. The caprine lentivirus (CLV) and the ovine lentivirus (OLV) present tropism for cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage, which are directly associated with the main route of transmission through the ingestion of milk and colostrum from infected animals. In this manner, controlling this route is of paramount importance. Currently, researches have investigated the use of chemical additives in milk that can preserve colostrum or milk and inactivate microbiological agents. Among the compounds, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) has been shown to be satisfactory in the chemical inactivation of HIV and CLV in milk, and also as a biocide in goat colostrum.(AU)


As lentiviroses de pequenos ruminantes (LVPRs) são infecções que afetam caprinos e ovinos, causando doenças multissistêmicas crônicas, ocasionando grandes perdas econômicas. Os agentes causadores, lentivírus caprino (LVC) e o lentivírus ovino (LVO), apresentam tropismo por células da linhagem monocítico--fagocitária, as quais estão diretamente associadas à principal via de transmissão, por meio da ingestão de leite e colostro provindos de animais infectados. Desse modo, o controle por esta via é de suma importância. Atualmente, pesquisas vêm sendo desenvolvidas para o uso de aditivos químicos no leite, que possam conservar o colostro ou leite, e inativar agentes microbiológicos presentes. Dentre estes, o dodecil sulfato de sódio (SDS) vem apresentando resultados satisfatórios na inativação química do HIV e LVC em leite, e ainda como biocida em colostro caprino.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate/pharmacology , Ruminants/virology , Lentivirus Infections/drug therapy , Lentiviruses, Ovine-Caprine/drug effects , Sheep/virology , Lentivirus Infections/transmission , Colostrum/virology , Milk/virology
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761922

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is a severe threat to human health with no ideal treatment strategy. Mature mammalian kidneys have a fixed number of nephrons, and regeneration is difficult once they are damaged. For this reason, developing an efficient approach to achieve kidney regeneration is necessary. The technology of the combination of decellularized kidney scaffolds with stem cells has emerged as a new strategy; however, in previous studies, the differentiation of stem cells in decellularized scaffolds was insufficient for functional kidney regeneration, and many problems remain. METHODS: We used 0.5% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) to produce rat kidney decellularized scaffolds, and induce adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) into intermediate mesoderm by adding Wnt agonist CHIR99021 and FGF9 in vitro. The characteristics of decellularized scaffolds and intermediate mesoderm induced from adipose–derived stem cells were identified. The scaffolds were recellularized with ADSCs and intermediate mesoderm cells through the renal artery and ureter. After cocultured for 10 days, cells adhesion and differentiation was evaluated. RESULTS: Intermediate mesoderm cells were successfully induced from ADSCs and identified by immunofluorescence and Western blotting assays (OSR1 + , PAX2 +). Immunofluorescence showed that intermediate mesoderm cells differentiated into tubular-like (E-CAD + , GATA3 +) and podocyte-like (WT1 +) cells with higher differentiation efficiency than ADSCs in the decellularized scaffolds. Comparatively, this phenomenon was not observed in induced intermediate mesoderm cells cultured in vitro. CONCLUSION: In this study, we demonstrated that intermediate mesoderm cells could be induced from ADSCs and that they could differentiate well after cocultured with decellularized scaffolds.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Kidney , Mesoderm , Nephrons , Rats , Regeneration , Renal Artery , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Stem Cells , Ureter
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(1): e6382, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889010

ABSTRACT

Biological biomaterials for tissue engineering purposes can be produced through tissue and/or organ decellularization. The remaining extracellular matrix (ECM) must be acellular and preserve its proteins and physical features. Placentas are organs of great interest because they are discarded after birth and present large amounts of ECM. Protocols for decellularization are tissue-specific and have not been established for canine placentas yet. This study aimed at analyzing a favorable method for decellularization of maternal and fetal portions of canine placentas. Canine placentas were subjected to ten preliminary tests to analyze the efficacy of parameters such as the type of detergents, freezing temperatures and perfusion. Two protocols were chosen for further analyses using histology, scanning electron microscopy, immunofluorescence and DNA quantification. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was the most effective detergent for cell removal. Freezing placentas before decellularization required longer periods of incubation in different detergents. Both perfusion and immersion methods were capable of removing cells. Placentas decellularized using Protocol I (1% SDS, 5 mM EDTA, 50 mM TRIS, and 0.5% antibiotic) preserved the ECM structure better, but Protocol I was less efficient to remove cells and DNA content from the ECM than Protocol II (1% SDS, 5 mM EDTA, 0.05% trypsin, and 0.5% antibiotic).


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Dogs , Placenta/cytology , Tissue Engineering/methods , Extracellular Matrix , Fetus/cytology , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate/pharmacology , Biocompatible Materials , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Collagen/analysis , Fibronectins/analysis , Laminin/analysis , Edetic Acid , Cold Temperature , Tissue Engineering/veterinary , Immersion
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170499, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954521

ABSTRACT

Abstract Habitual toothbrushing with fluoridated toothpaste followed by rinsing with antibacterial mouthwashes is a method to maintain good oral hygiene and to diminish the occurrence and severity of dental caries and periodontal disease. However, our understanding of how antimicrobial agents in mouthwashes affect fluoride-mediated caries lesion remineralization is still poor. Objective: The objectives of this in vitro study were a) to determine the effects of the waiting period of chlorhexidine (CHX) rinsing after fluoride toothpaste use and b) to further determine the effect of the type of toothpaste surfactant [sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) or cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB)] on caries lesion remineralization associated with CHX rinsing. Material and Methods: Caries lesions were formed in bovine enamel specimens and assigned to 10 treatment groups (n=18) based on Vickers surface microhardness (VHN). Lesions were then pH-cycled for 10 days with daily regimen comprised of twice daily toothpaste slurry treatments (1150 ppm fluoride, with SDS or CAPB), followed by CHX solution treatments [0, 15, 30 or 60 minutes following slurry treatment or no CHX treatment (negative control)]. VHN was measured again and the extent of lesion remineralization calculated (∆VHN). Results: ∆VHN with SDS-toothpaste was significantly lower than with CAPB-toothpaste, indicating more remineralization for the CAPB-toothpaste. ∆VHN with 0-minute waiting time was significantly lower than with 30-minute waiting time and with negative control. Conclusions: The absence of CHX as an adjunct to fluoride toothpastes led to greater remineralization of enamel lesions compared with the immediate use of CHX treatment for both SDS- and CAPB-toothpastes. CAPB-toothpastes indicated significantly greater remineralization than SDS-toothpastes, and can be suggested for patients at high risk of caries. A 30-minute waiting time for CHX treatment is recommended after brushing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Remineralization/methods , Toothpastes/chemistry , Cariostatic Agents/chemistry , Chlorhexidine/chemistry , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Fluorides/chemistry , Mouthwashes/chemistry , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Betaine/analogs & derivatives , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Hardness Tests , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739386

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon is one of the common causes of shellfish allergy that is increasing worldwide. One of the important problems in the management of shellfish allergy is the lack of accurate diagnostic assay because the biological and immunological properties of allergens in black tiger shrimp have not been well characterized. This study aims to detect proteins with the ability to bind and cross-link immunoglobulin E (IgE) from black tiger shrimp by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Western blot, and a humanized rat basophilic leukemia reporter cell line RS-ATL8. METHODS: Sera from shrimp allergic subjects were subjected to ELISA and Western blots using raw or cooked shrimp extract as antigens. Pooled sera were used to sensitize the RS-ATL8 reporter cell line and cells were activated by shrimp extract. Eluted protein extracts separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) were tested on the RS-ATL8 cell line and subjected to mass spectrometry to identify potential candidate allergens. RESULTS: Allergic sera reacted stronger to raw shrimp extract than cooked shrimp extract (P=0.009). Western blot demonstrated that major IgE reactivity protein bands were at 32–39 kDa and 91–230 kDa in both raw and cooked shrimp extracts. The eluted protein bands at the molecular weight of 38 and 115 kDa from raw shrimp extract induced IgE cross-linking as assayed by the RS-ATL8 cell line. These protein bands were subjected to mass spectrometry for analysis. Ubiquitin-activating enzyme and crustacyanin were identified as potential candidate novel shrimp allergens. CONCLUSIONS: The RS-ATL8 reporter cell line can be used to identify potential new shrimp allergens that can functionally cross-link IgE and induce mast cell degranulation.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Animals , Basophils , Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Leukemia , Mass Spectrometry , Mast Cells , Molecular Weight , Penaeidae , Rats , Shellfish Hypersensitivity , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Tigers , Ubiquitin-Activating Enzymes
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715612

ABSTRACT

Extracellular interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1α) released from keratinocytes is one of the endpoints for in vitro assessments of skin irritancy. Although cells dying via primary skin irritation undergo apoptosis as well as necrosis, IL-1α is not released in apoptotic cells. On the other hand, active secretion has been identified in interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), which was discovered to be a common, upregulated, differentially-expressed gene in a microarray analysis performed with keratinocytes treated using cytotoxic doses of chemicals. This study examined whether and how IL-1ra, particularly extracellularly released IL-1ra, was involved in chemically-induced keratinocyte cytotoxicity and skin irritation. Primary cultured normal adult skin keratinocytes were treated with cytotoxic doses of chemicals (hydroquinone, retinoic acid, sodium lauryl sulfate, or urshiol) with or without recombinant IL-1ra treatment. Mouse skin was administered irritant concentrations of hydroquinone or retinoic acid. IL-1ra (mRNA and/or intracellular/extracellularly released protein) levels increased in the chemically treated cultured keratinocytes with IL-1α and IL-1β mRNAs and in the chemically exposed epidermis of the mouse skin. Recombinant IL-1ra treatment significantly reduced the chemically-induced apoptotic death and intracellular/extracellularly released IL-1α and IL-1β in keratinocytes. Collectively, extracellular IL-1ra released from keratinocytes could be a compensatory mechanism to reduce the chemically-induced keratinocyte apoptosis by antagonism to IL-1α and IL-1β, suggesting potential applications to predict skin irritation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Apoptosis , Epidermis , Hand , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-1alpha , Keratinocytes , Mice , Microarray Analysis , Necrosis , RNA, Messenger , Skin , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Tretinoin
10.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(5): 1459-1467, set.-out. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-947088

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro and in vivo the effect of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) on the caprine lentivirus (CLV) in colostrum and milk. This was performed to develop a practical and efficient method of blocking the lactogenic transmission of the virus. In the in vitro experiment, colostrum and milk were treated with 0.25%; 0.50% and 1% SDS. Then, somatic cells of colostrum and milk were submitted to co-culture with caprine synovial membrane cells (CSM). In the in vivo test, goats were fed with colostrum and milk provided from CLV-positive goats treated with SDS in the same concentrations used in the in vitro experiment. Animals were tested by nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) and Western blot (WB) assays. In the in vitro experiment, inhibitory activity against CLV without inactivation occurred in colostrum with all SDS concentrations. However, concentrations of 0.25 and 0.5% SDS presented only inhibitory activity against CLV in milk cells, and 1% concentration provided inactivation of the virus. In the in vivo tests, none of the three concentrations of SDS was effective in inactivating LVC in colostrum or goat milk, which was confirmed by seroconversion and presence of proviral DNA in animals afterwards.(AU)


O objetivo da pesquisa foi avaliar in vitro e in vivo o efeito do dodecil sulfato de sódio (SDS) sobre o lentivírus caprino (LVC) no colostro e no leite, a fim de desenvolver um método prático e eficiente no bloqueio da via de transmissão lactogênica do vírus. No experimento in vitro, o colostro e o leite de cabras positivas foram tratados com SDS a 0,25%, 0,50% e 1,0%. Em seguida, as células somáticas do colostro e do leite foram obtidas e direcionadas ao cocultivo com células de membrana sinovial caprina (MSC). No teste in vivo, os cabritos foram alimentados com colostro e leite providos de cabras positivas para LVC, tratados com SDS nas mesmas concentrações usadas no teste in vitro. Os animais foram acompanhados pelos testes de reação em cadeia da polimerase nested (nPCR) e western blot (WB). Nos resultados in vitro, no colostro, observou-se que, em todas as concentrações de SDS, ocorreu uma atividade inibitória contra o LVC, sem a inativação. Em relação às células do leite, o SDS apresentou, nas concentrações de 0,25 e 0,5%, atividade inibitória contra o LVC, e na concentração de 1%, houve inativação viral. Nos testes in vivo, as três concentrações de SDS testadas não foram efetivas na inativação do LVC no colostro e no leite caprino, o que se comprovou pela soroconversão e pela presença de DNA proviral nos animais.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Colostrum/chemistry , Lentiviruses, Ovine-Caprine , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate/analysis
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716007

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The immunological characteristics of young Korean children with walnut (WN) allergy and the influence of different cooking methods on WN proteins have not been evaluated to date. This study aimed to evaluate the major WN allergens identified among Korean children, together with changes in WN antigenicity caused by common cooking methods. METHODS: We enrolled children under the age of 13 years with WN serum-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E concentrations. The protein fractions of dry-fried and boiled WN extracts were compared with those of raw WNs using sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), 2-dimentional gel electrophoresis (2DE) and a proteomic analysis using electrospray ionization (liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry [LC-MS]). An immunoblotting analysis was conducted to examine IgE reactivity toward raw WNs using serum samples from 6 children with a clinical WN allergy. To determine the processed WN proteins with IgE-binding capacity, a 2D-immunoblotting analysis was performed using the pooled sera of 20 WN-sensitized children. RESULTS: Protein bands from raw WNs were identified at 9, 16, 28, 52, 58, and 64 kDa via SDS-PAGE. The 9- and 16-kDa protein bands were enhanced by boiling, whereas the 52- and 64-kDa bands were considerably diminished. On LC-MS analysis, of the 66 IgE-binding proteins present in raw WNs, 57 were found in dry-fried WNs, but only 4 in boiled WNs. The sera of 5 out of 6 participants reacted with the 52-kDa protein bands and those of 4 out of 6 participants reacted with the 16- and 28-kDa protein bands, respectively. Meanwhile, a 2D-immunoblotting result confirmed the presence of different binding patterns among children who consumed cooked WNs. CONCLUSIONS: The protein profile of boiled WNs is substantially different from that of raw WNs. However, 4 proteins including prolamins remained stable after dry-frying or boiling. Further studies are needed to evaluate the clinical relevance of these findings.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Child , Cooking , Electrophoresis , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Immunoblotting , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Juglans , Prolamins , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Spectrum Analysis
12.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-954849

ABSTRACT

Background: Snake venoms are a complex mixture of proteins, organic and inorganic compounds. Some of these proteins, enzymatic or non-enzymatic ones, are able to interact with platelet receptors, causing hemostatic disorders. The possible therapeutic potential of toxins with antiplatelet properties may arouse interest in the pharmacological areas. The present study aimed to purify and characterize an antiplatelet DC protein from Bothrops alternatus snake venom. Methods: The protein, called BaltDC (DC protein from B. alternatus snake venom), was purified by a combination of ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel column and gel filtration on Sephadex G-75. The molecular mass was estimated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS-PAGE). The amino acid sequence of the N-terminal region was carried out by Edman degradation method. Platelet aggregation assays were performed in human platelet-rich plasma (PRP). Infrared (IR) spectroscopy was used in order to elucidate the interactions between BaltDC and platelet membrane. Results: BaltDC ran as a single protein band on SDS-PAGE and showed apparent molecular mass of 32 kDa under reducing or non-reducing conditions. The N-terminal region of the purified protein revealed the amino acid sequence IISPPVCGNELLEVGEECDCGTPENCQNECCDA, which showed identity with other snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs). BaltDC was devoid of proteolytic, hemorrhagic, defibrinating or coagulant activities, but it showed a specific inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation induced by ristocetin and epinephrine in PRP. IR analysis spectra strongly suggests that PO 3 2 − groups, present in BaltDC, form hydrogen bonds with the PO 2 − groups present in the non-lipid portion of the membrane platelets. Conclusions: BaltDC may be of medical interest since it was able to inhibit platelet aggregation.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Snake Venoms , Spectrum Analysis , Platelet Aggregation , Bothrops , Hemostatic Disorders , Metalloproteases , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-648011

ABSTRACT

To develop decellularized heart valve scaffold from porcine for heart valve regeneration. Porcine heart valves were decellularized with unique optimized approach by using 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate solution and 5% dimethyl sulfoxide for the first time. Effect of decellularization process on scaffold were characterized by hematoxylin-eosin, 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole, Masson's trichrome, alcian blue staining and scanning electron microscopy for extracellular matrix (ECM) analysis in scaffold. The results showed that developed protocol for decellularization of heart valve scaffold shown complete removal of all cellular components, without changing the properties of ECM. The developed protocol was successfully used for heart valve ECM scaffolds development from porcine. The developed protocol seems to be promising solution for the heart valve tissue engineering application.


Subject(s)
Alcian Blue , Detergents , Dimethyl Sulfoxide , Extracellular Matrix , Heart Valves , Heart , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Regeneration , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Tissue Engineering
14.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 19(5): 21-27, Sept. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-797333

ABSTRACT

Platycladus orientalis has a lifespan of several thousand years in China, making it a good plant in which to study aging at the molecular level, but this requires sufficient quantities of high-quality P. orientalis RNA. However, no appropriate methods have been reported for total RNA isolation from P. orientalis leaves. The TRIzol method did not extract RNA, while cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, sodium dodecyl sulfate-phenol, and plant RNAout kit (Tianz, Inc., China) protocols resulted in low yields of poor quality RNA. Isolating total RNA using the Spectrum™ Plant Total RNA Kit (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO, USA) resulted in a high-quality product but a low yield. However, the two-step removal of polyphenols and polysaccharides in the improved plant RNAout kit protocol resulted in the isolation of RNA with a 28S:18S rRNA ratio of band intensities that was ~2:1, the A260/A280 absorbance ratio was 2.03, and the total RNA yield from P. orientalis leaves was high. This protocol was tested on different P. orientalis tissues of different ages and on leaves of five other Cupressaceae plants. The total RNAs were successfully used in complementary DNA synthesis for transcriptome sequencing and would be suitable to use in additional experiments. The results of this study will benefit future studies in Cupressaceae plants.


Subject(s)
RNA/isolation & purification , Plant Leaves/genetics , Cupressaceae/genetics , Polysaccharides , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Gene Expression Profiling , Polyphenols , Whole Exome Sequencing
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8377

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Helicobacter pylori is a widely distributed gram-negative bacterium that infects the human stomach and duodenum. HpaA is a H. pylori-specific lipoprotein that has been shown to be an effective protective antigen against H. pylori infection. HpaA of H. pylori as a vaccine antigen is fully competent for stimulation of immune responses. The aim of this project is cloning, expression, and purification flagellar sheath adhesion of H. pylori in Escherichia coli host by fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) as a vaccination target. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The hpaA gene was inserted into pET28a (+) as cloning and expression vectors respectively. The recombinant plasmid (pET-hpaA) was subjected to sequencing other than polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and digestion analysis. Protein expression was induced by adding 1 mM isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactoside to cultures of E. coli strain BL21 transformed with pET-hpaA. Protein expression assessed with sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis. Protein purification of flagellar sheath adhesion was by FPLC. RESULTS: The restriction endonuclease digestion, PCR amplification analysis showed that the hpaA gene of 730 bp was amplified from H. pylori DNA and sequencing analysis of the pET-hpaA confirmed the cloning accuracy and in frame insertion of hpaA fragment. SDS-PAGE analysis showed the expression of an approximately 29,000 Da protein. CONCLUSION: Sequencing results along with SDS-PAGE analysis confirms the expression of recombinant hpaA in the heterologous E. coli BL21. Conclusion A prokaryotic expression system for hpaA gene was successfully constructed. These results indicate that production of a specific recombinant protein is an alternative and potentially more expeditious strategy for development of H. pylori vaccine.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Clone Cells , Cloning, Organism , Digestion , DNA , DNA Restriction Enzymes , Duodenum , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Escherichia coli , Escherichia , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Humans , Lipoproteins , Plasmids , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Stomach , Vaccination
16.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 62-69, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-632866

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Grass pollen grains are important causes of respiratory allergies. The Philippines has a different grass flora compared to that of western countries, so pollen extracts have to be processed for use in the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory allergies. The local pollen extracts available in clinical practice have not yet been characterized, which is important in improving extract quality.OBJECTIVE: This study aims to perform physicochemical characterization through protein content determination and gradient sodium-dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of extracts from four grasses: Cynodon dactylon (bermuda grass), Axonopus compressus (carabao grass), Imperata cylindrica (cogon), and Saccharum spontaneum (talahib) and immunologic characterization by identifying its IgE-binding component through immunoblot.METHODS: This is a descriptive study. The pollen grains were processed into allergen extracts and protein contents were determined. The extracts were separated by gradient SDS-PAGE and subjected to immunoblotting. Bands were visualized using Fluorchem C2 aided with Alpha View Software.RESULTS: Total protein in the pollen extracts ranged from 281.3-968.61 µg/ml. Protein bands of bermuda were in the 14.4-66.3 kDa range, carabao grass at 3.5-66.3 kDa, cogon at 3.5-200 kDA, and talahib at 21.5-66.3 kDa. A single IgE-binding protein band was seen on immunoblot at 55.4 kDa using a single serum sample.CONCLUSION: Protein contents of the allergen extracts vary. The molecular weights of the different protein bands seem to correspond to known groups of grass pollen allergens. There was only one IgE-binding protein band seen on preliminary immunoblot.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Bermuda , Cynodon , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Galectin 3 , Immunoblotting , Immunoglobulin E , Molecular Weight , Philippines , Poaceae , Pollen , Respiratory Hypersensitivity , Saccharum , Sodium , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
17.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2015; 28 (2): 617-622
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-178165

ABSTRACT

Aim of this study was to investigate the role of sodium lauryl sulfate [SLS] as P- glycoprotein inhibitor. The everted rat gut sac model was used to study in-vitro mucosal to serosal transport of Rhodamine-123 [Rho-123]. Surprisingly, SLS decreases the serosal absorption of Rho-123 at all investigated concentrations. Investigation reveals complex formation between Rhodamine-123 and sodium lauryl sulfate. Interaction profile of SLS and Rho-123 was studied at variable SLS concentrations. The SLS concentration higher than critical micelle concentration [CMC] increases the solubility of Rho-123 but could not help in serosal absorption, on the contrary the absorption of Rho-123 decreased. Rho-123 and SLS form pink color complex at sub-CMC. The SLS concentrations below CMC decrease the solubility of Rho-123. For further studies, Rho-123 and SLS complex was prepared by using solvent evaporation technique and characterized by using differential scanning calorimeter [DSC]. Thermal analysis also proved the formation of complex between SLS and Rho-123. The P values were found to be significant [<0.05] except group comprising 0.0001% SLS, and that is because 0.0001% SLS is seems to be very low to affect the solubility or complexation of Rho-123


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Surface-Active Agents
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-202114

ABSTRACT

Water chestnut (Trapa japonica Flerov.) is an annual aquatic plant. In the present study, we showed that the treatment of water chestnut extracted with boiling water resulted in a significant increase 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging activity and decrease the intracellular H2O2-induced accumulation of reactive oxygen species. In addition, water chestnut extract (WCE) inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide production and suppressed mRNA and protein expression of the inducible nitric oxide synthase gene. The cytokine array results showed that WCE inhibited inflammatory cytokine secretion. Also, WCE reduced tumor necrosis factor-alpha- and interleukin-6-induced nuclear factor-kappaB activity. Furthermore, during sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS)-induced irritation of human skin, WCE reduced SLS-induced skin erythema and improved barrier regeneration. These results indicate that WCE may be a promising topical anti-inflammatory agent.


Subject(s)
Eleocharis , Erythema , Humans , Necrosis , NF-kappa B , Nitric Oxide , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Plants , Reactive Oxygen Species , Regeneration , RNA, Messenger , Skin , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152482

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of cleaning solutions on saliva-contaminated zirconia in comparison to air-abrasion in terms of resin bonding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For saliva-contaminated airabraded zirconia, seven cleaning methods)-no contamination (NC), water-spray rinsing (WS), additional airabrasion (AA), and cleaning with four solutions (Ivoclean [IC]; 1.0 wt% sodium dodecyl sulfate [SDS], 1.0 wt% hydrogen peroxide [HP], and 1.0 wt% sodium hypochlorite [SHC])-were tested. The zirconia surfaces for each group were characterized using various analytical techniques. Three bonded resin (Panavia F 2.0) cylinders (bonding area: 4.5 mm2) were made on one zirconia disk specimen using the Ultradent jig method [four disks (12 cylinders)/group; a total of 28 disks]. After 5,000 thermocycling, all specimens were subjected to a shear bond strength test with a crosshead speed of 1.0 mm/minute. The fractured surfaces were observed using an optical and scanning electron microscope (SEM). RESULTS: Contact angle measurements showed that groups NC, AA, IC, and SHC had hydrophilic surfaces. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis showed similar elemental distributions between group AA and groups IC and SHC. Groups IC and SHC showed statistically similar bond strengths to groups NC and AA (P>.05), but not groups SDS and HP (P<.05). For groups WS, SDS, and HP, blister-like bubble formations were observed on the surfaces under SEM. CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this in vitro study, some of the cleaning solutions (IC or SHC) were effective in removing saliva contamination and enhancing the resin bond strength.


Subject(s)
Dental Bonding , Hydrogen Peroxide , Photoelectron Spectroscopy , Saliva , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Sodium Hypochlorite
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106568

ABSTRACT

Bee pollen is pollen granules packed by honey bees and is widely consumed as natural healthy supplements. Bee pollen-induced anaphylaxis has rarely been reported, and its allergenic components have never been studied. A 40-year-old male came to the emergency room with generalized urticaria, facial edema, dyspnea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea 1 hour after ingesting one tablespoon of bee pollen. Oxygen saturation was 91%. His symptoms resolved after injection of epinephrine, chlorpheniramine, and dexamethasone. He had seasonal allergic rhinitis in autumn. Microscopic examination of the bee pollen revealed Japanese hop, chrysanthemum, ragweed, and dandelion pollens. Skin-prick with bee pollen extracts showed positive reactions at 0.1 mg/mL (A/H ratio > 3+). Serum specific IgE to ragweed was 25.2, chrysanthemum 20.6, and dandelion 11.4 kU/L; however, Japanese hop, honey-bee venom and yellow-jacket venom were negative (UniCAP(R), Thermo Fisher Scientific, Uppsala, Sweden). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) confirmed serum specific IgE to bee-pollen extracts, and an ELISA inhibition assay for evaluation of cross-allergenicity of bee pollen and other weed pollens showed more than 90% of inhibition with chrysanthemum and dandelion and ~40% inhibition with ragweed at a concentration of 1 microg/mL. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and IgE-immunoblot analysis revealed 9 protein bands (11, 14, 17, 28, 34, 45, 52, 72, and 90 kDa) and strong IgE binding at 28-34 kDa, 45 and 52 kDa. In conclusion, healthcare providers should be aware of the potential risk of severe allergic reactions upon ingestion of bee pollen, especially in patients with pollen allergy.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adult , Ambrosia , Anaphylaxis , Asians , Bees , Chlorpheniramine , Chrysanthemum , Dexamethasone , Diarrhea , Dyspnea , Eating , Edema , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Emergency Service, Hospital , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epinephrine , Health Personnel , Honey , Humans , Humulus , Hypersensitivity , Immunoglobulin E , Male , Nausea , Oxygen , Pollen , Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Taraxacum , Urticaria , Venoms , Vomiting
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