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Odovtos (En linea) ; 25(1)abr. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1422187


A successful endodontic treatment requires a combination of satisfactory mechanical instrumentation, adequate irrigation protocols, and three-dimensional obturation of the canal system. Irrigation is considered the most critical procedure to ensure cleaning and disinfection. To date, a large variety of irrigants has been proposed. However, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) remains the gold standard. In order to achieve complete cleaning and disinfection, final irrigation with EDTA and ultrasonic devices has been used as an ideal protocol. Most endodontic research focuses on the cleaning and antibacterial properties of the irrigant solutions. Recent evidence demonstrated that the irrigation protocols cause erosion, affecting the radicular dentin ultrastructure. This article aims to describe the clinical features of the present knowledge concerning the effect of irrigation protocols on radicular dentin.

Un tratamiento de endodoncia exitoso requiere de una satisfactoria instrumentación mecánica, protocolos de irrigación adecuados y obturación tridimensional del sistema de conductos radiculares. La irrigación se considera el procedimiento más crítico para garantizar la limpieza y desinfección. Hasta la fecha, se ha propuesto una gran variedad de irrigantes. Sin embargo, el hipoclorito de sodio (NaOCl) sigue siendo el estándar de oro. Para lograr una limpieza y desinfección completa, se ha utilizado como protocolo ideal la irrigación final con EDTA y dispositivos ultrasónicos. La mayor parte de la investigación en endodoncia se enfoca en las propiedades antibacterianas y de limpieza de las soluciones de irrigación. Reciente evidencia demostró que los protocolos de irrigación provocan erosión, afectando la ultraestructura de la dentina radicular. Este artículo tiene como objetivo describir algunas consideraciones clínicas del conocimiento actual sobre el efecto de los protocolos de irrigación en la dentina radicular.

Sodium Hypochlorite/therapeutic use , Dental Pulp Cavity , Therapeutic Irrigation/instrumentation
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 195-209, feb. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430542


SUMMARY: The aim of the present in vitro study is to visualize dentin to get an in-depth knowledge of the nature of dentin that could provide useful information regarding conditioning dentinal substrate when treating dentinal lesions. Forty-nine extracted human third molars were obtained and prepared to produce artificial dentinal lesions through demineralizing with acetic acid for 7 and 14 days, or lactic acid for 7 days. The teeth were divided into groups and treated with either NaOCl, pepsin, trypsin, or phosphoric acid. To obtain information on the morphology of the treated dentinal surfaces, all samples were visualized under high resolution field emission scanning electron microscope. With high magnification reaching x50000 dentin was clearly visualized together with its constitutes. The effect of various demineralization approaches and various treatment protocols were demonstrated clearly. The relationship between the conditioning procedure steps and the subsequent bond strength was discussed. To our best knowledge, there is no previous clear highly magnified scanning electron microscope images for dentin, and dentinal components and constitutes with and without various treatments. The current in vitro study suggests the complexity nature of dentin as a substrate that should be treated carefully especially with technique sensitive procedures such as adhesive restorations.

El objetivo del presente estudio in vitro fue visualizar la dentina para obtener un conocimiento completo de la naturaleza de ella lo que podría proporcionar información útil sobre el acondicionamiento del sustrato dentinario en el tratamiento de lesiones dentinarias. Se obtuvieron 49 terceros molares humanos extraídos y se prepararon para producir lesiones dentinales artificiales mediante desmineralización con ácido acético por 7 y 14 días, o ácido láctico por 7 días. Los dientes se dividieron en grupos y se trataron con NaOCl, pepsina, tripsina o ácido fosfórico. Para obtener información sobre la morfología de las superficies dentinarias tratadas, todas las muestras se visualizaron bajo un microscopio electrónico de barrido de emisión de campo de alta resolución. Con un gran aumento que alcanzó x50000, la dentina se visualizó claramente junto con sus componentes. Se demostró el efecto de varios enfoques de desmineralización y varios protocolos de tratamiento. Se discutió la relación entre los pasos del procedimiento de acondicionamiento y la subsiguiente fuerza de unión. Hasta donde sabemos, no hay imágenes claras previas de microscopio electrónico de barrido altamente ampliadas para la dentina y los componentes y constituyentes de la dentina con y sin diferentes tratamientos. El estudio in vitro actual sugiere la naturaleza compleja de la dentina como sustrato que debe tratarse con cuidado, especialmente en los procedimientos sensibles a la técnica, tal como las restauraciones adhesivas.

Humans , Tooth Demineralization/chemically induced , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/ultrastructure , Sodium Hypochlorite , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Trypsin , Pepsin A , Acetic Acid/pharmacology , Lactic Acid/pharmacology
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238670, Jan.-Dec. 2023. il
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1436822


Aim: To compare the influence of two methods of agitation of endodontics irrigants, by diffusion of calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2] through the dentinal tubules, measuring the pH of the medium where they were kept. Methods: Twenty mandibular incisors were prepared using a WaveOne Gold Large file, in a reciprocating movement, and then divided into (n = 10): gutta-percha cone (GPC) or Easy Clean system (ECS) agitation of 1% sodium hypochlorite and 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. The specimens were filled with Ca(OH)2 paste, placed in flasks with 4 mL of deionized water, and stored in an incubator. The pH was read using a digital pH meter immediately after storage (T0), after 7 (T1), 14 (T2), 21 (T3), and 35 (T4) days. Results: Statistical difference between groups was observed regardless of the day pH was measured (p < 0.01). From T2 on, ECS presented higher pH values in comparison with GPC, with significant difference (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Agitation of endodontic irrigants with ECS enhances the Ca(OH)2 diffusion, providing higher pH values, from the 14th day on, when compared with GPC

Root Canal Irrigants , Sodium Hypochlorite , Calcium Hydroxide , Endodontics
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238692, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509506


Aim: This study investigated the influence in vitro of different sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) agitation protocols associated or not with DualRinse (HEDP) on the temperature of the solution. Methods: Forty-eight premolars were instrumented and their apical third sealed to allow a closed irrigation system. The teeth remained immersed in a basin of warm water (37°C). The teeth were divided into the groups: G1 (NaOCl+Passive Ultrasonic Irrigation (PUI)), G2 (NaOCl/HEDP + PUI), G3 (NaOCl + EasyClean (EC)) and G4 (NaOCl/HEDP + EC). The canals were filled with the respective solutions and after 180 seconds the first temperature measurement was taken (T0). Then, the solutions were agitated, following the different protocols, for 60 seconds and a new measurement was performed (T60). The temperature was measured using a digital thermometer for type "K" sensors that was inserted into the middle third of the teeth. At the end of the measurements, the teeth were sectioned and prepared for scanning electron microscopy. The dentinal wall of middle third was graded according to the amount of debris and smear layer remaining on the walls. The results were analyzed using ANOVA test and Tukey's multiple comparisons (p<0.05). Results: G1 and G2 had an average increase in temperature of 1.1°C and 1.65°C, respectively (p>0.05). EasyClean caused a decrease in the temperature of the solutions in both groups, without a significant statistical difference with T0 (p>0.05). Regarding cleaning, it was only possible to observe clean dentinal tubules in the groups with the chelator. PUI discretely increased the temperature of the solution, regardless of the solution. The opposite effect was observed after activation with EasyClean. Conclusion: The association of NaOCl with a chelating agent promoted the cleaning of the dentinal tubules

Root Canal Irrigants , Sodium Hypochlorite , Temperature , Ultrasonics , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Chelating Agents
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e227932, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1384157


Aim One of the reasons for the failure of adhesion in composite restorations and secondary caries may be the chemical irrigants used during the endodontic treatment. NaOCl is widely used for the biomechanical preparation of root canals due to its antimicrobial properties and capacity to dissolve organic material. In addition, another very effective decontamination solution is chlorhexidine 2%. There are few studies about the effect of root canal irrigation solutions on bond strength of universal adhesives therefore, in this study we have investigated the influence of CHX 2% and NaOCl 5.25% on micro-tensile bond strength of G-Premio Bond. Methods Twenty-four human teeth were randomly allocated to the following groups: G1, immersion in saline solution 0.9% for 30 minutes (control); G2, immersion in CHX 2% for 30 minutes; G3, immersion in NaOCl 5.25% for 30 minutes. After restoration, the dentin/resin interface was tested by micro-tensile bond strength. The surfaces morphology was analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy. Data were analyzed by ANOVA followed by Tukey test in SPSS software Version 24. Results There was a statistically significant difference between G3 and G1 (P < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences among G1 and G2, G2 and G3. Conclusion Root canal irrigation with NaOCl 5.25% significantly reduced the micro-tensile bond strength in the G-Premio Bond at self-etch mode, but the use of CHX did not make a significant difference.

Sodium Hypochlorite , Chlorhexidine , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Endodontics
Int. j. morphol ; 40(6): 1566-1573, dic. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421817


SUMMARY: Traditional methods of bone retrieval from embalmed cadaver are not able to meet the demand of medical colleges as they are time consuming & tedious, thus there is need of evaluating an alternative approach that includes use of laundry detergent. The purpose of the study was to compare & establish the most effective method between laundry detergent and 10 % antiformin solution methods to procure clean bones. Thirty-two bones of the right side that were included in the inclusion criteria obtained from the four embalmed cadaver were cleaned by laundry detergent and of the left side by 10 % antiformin solution methods. Retrieved clean bones were evaluated for their cleanness using the scale from 0 to 5. The mean cleanness scores of the bones cleaned by laundry detergent method were not significantly different at 95 % confidence interval than the mean cleanness scores of the bones cleaned by 10 % antiformin solution method. The study found that though there is no significant difference in the mean cleanness score of the bones cleaned by two employed methods nevertheless, bones were found to be cleaner by using 10 % antiformin solution method and bones obtained by using laundry detergent method had smooth surface as well as more suitable for flat bones.

Los métodos tradicionales de recuperación de huesos de cadáveres embalsamados no pueden satisfacer la demanda de las facultades de medicina, ya que consumen mucho tiempo y son tediosos de realizar, por tanto es necesario evaluar un enfoque alternativo que incluya el uso de detergente de lavandería. El propósito del estudio fue comparar y establecer el método más eficaz entre el detergente para la ropa y los métodos de solución de antiformina al 10 % para obtener huesos limpios. Fueron utilizados 32 huesos del lado derecho que se incluyeron en los criterios de inclusión obtenidos de los cuatro cadáveres embalsamados. Los huesos se trataron con detergente de lavandería y los del lado izquierdo con métodos de solución de antiformina al 10 %. Los huesos tratados se evaluaron respecto a su limpieza utilizando una escala de 0 a 5. Las puntuaciones media de limpieza de los huesos tratados con el método de detergente no fueron significativamente diferentes en un intervalo de confianza del 95 % de las puntuaciones medias obtenidas respecto a la limpieza de los huesos tratados con antiformina al 10 %. El estudio determinó que, aunque no hay hubo diferencia significativa en la puntuación media de la limpieza de los huesos tratados por los dos métodos, se observó que utilizando el método de solución de antiformina al 10 %, la limpieza de los huesos era mejor, sin embargo, los huesos planos presentaban una superficie más lisa cuando se usó el método de detergente de lavandería.

Humans , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Bone and Bones , Detergents/chemistry , Embalming , Cadaver , Cross-Sectional Studies
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(3): 29016, out. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399337


Introdução:Durante o tratamento endodôntico, devido às complexidades anatômicas dos canais radiculares, a ação mecânica dos instrumentos não é suficiente para a completa desinfecção dos condutos. Dessa forma, se faz necessário o uso de soluções irrigadoras que possampotencializar a desinfecção do sistema de canais radiculares. Objetivo:Realizar uma revisão integrativa da literatura para comparar as propriedades antimicrobianas da clorexidina com o hipoclorito de sódio.Metodologia:A busca na literatura foi realizada no período de setembro de 2019 a agosto de 2021, nas seguintes bases de dados: PUBMED/MEDLINE, LILACS e SCIELO. Utilizando os descritores: clorexidina, hipoclorito de sódio, irrigante do canal radicular e limpeza. Utilizou-se como critérios de busca, trabalhos experimentais laboratoriais in vitro, publicados entre os anos de 2017 e 2021.Resultados:Foram encontrados 165 artigos, dos quais 15 foram selecionados ao final do processo. 8 trabalhos não encontraram diferença estatisticamente significativa entre a clorexidina e o hipoclorito,5 artigos apresentaram resultados superiores dohipoclorito de sódioem 2 a clorexidina foi superior. Conclusões:Após análise da literatura, observamos semelhança entre a ação antimicrobiana do hipoclorito de sódioe da clorexidina, e podemos concluir que ambas apresentam boa ação antimicrobiana, justificando seu uso clinicamente (AU).

Introduction:During endodontic treatment, due to the anatomical complexities of the root canals, the mechanical action of the instruments is not sufficient for the complete disinfection of the canals. Thus, it is necessary to use irrigating solutions that can makethe disinfection of the root canal system.Objective:Conduct an integrative literature review to compare the antimicrobial properties of chlorhexidine with sodium hypochlorite.Methodology:The literature search was carried out from September 2019 to August 2021, in the following databases: PUBMED/MEDLINE, LILACS and SCIELO. Using the descriptors: chlorhexidine, sodium hypochlorite, root canal irrigant and cleaning. As search criteria, in vitro laboratory experimental works published between 2017 and 2021 were used.Results:A total of 165 articles were found, of which 15 were selected at the end of the process. 8 studies did not find a statistically significant difference between chlorhexidine and hypochlorite, 5 articles showed superior results for NaOCl and in 2 chlorhexidine was superior.Conclusions:After analyzing the literature, we observed a similarity between the antimicrobial action of sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine, and we can conclude that both have good antimicrobial action, justifying their clinical use (AU).

Introducción:Durante el tratamiento endodóntico, debido a las complexidades anatómicas de los conductos radiculares, la acción mecánica de los instrumentos no es suficiente para la desinfección completa de los conductos. Por lo tanto, es necesario utilizar soluciones de irrigación que puedan mejorar la desinfección del sistema de conductos radiculares.Objetivo: Realice una revisión integradora de la literatura para comparar las propiedades antimicrobianas de la clorhexidina con el hipoclorito de sodio.Metodología: La búsqueda bibliográfica se realizó desde septiembre de 2019 hasta agosto de 2021, en las siguientes bases de datos: PUBMED/MEDLINE, LILACS y SCIELO. Usando los descriptores: chlorhexidine, sodium hypochlorite, root canal irrigant and cleaning. Como criterio de búsqueda se utilizaron trabajos experimentales de laboratorio in vitro publicados entre 2017 y 2021.Resultados: Se encontraron un total de 165 artículos, de los cuales 15 fueron seleccionados al final del proceso. 8 estudios no encontraron diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre clorhexidinae hipoclorito, 5 artículos mostraron resultados superiores para NaOCl y en 2 la clorhexidina fue superior.Conclusiones: Después de analizar la literatura, observamos una similitud entre la acción antimicrobiana del hipoclorito de sodio y la clorhexidina,y podemos concluir que ambos tienen una buena acción antimicrobiana, lo que justifica su uso clínico (AU).

Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Rev. cuba. med ; 61(3)sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441686


Introducción: El uso de productos de limpieza, a expensa de los desinfectantes se ha incrementado por la población mundial como consecuencia de la COVID-19. El manejo frecuente de estas sustancias químicas por las personas puede ocasionar cuadros de intoxicaciones agudas. Esta situación se evidencia en los reportes emitidos por los centros antitóxicos del orbe, donde consta el aumento en el número de consultas toxicológicas. Objetivo: Describir el tratamiento de las intoxicaciones agudas por desinfectantes durante la COVID-19. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica acerca del tratamiento de las intoxicaciones agudas por desinfectantes durante la COVID-19. Se incluyeron artículos escritos en español, inglés y portugués. Además, se abordaron aspectos relacionados con las intoxicaciones agudas por el uso de desinfectantes, el cuadro clínico, así como elementos del diagnóstico y tratamiento de las intoxicaciones agudas por estas sustancias químicas. Conclusiones: Las intoxicaciones agudas por hipoclorito de sodio y geles hidroalcohólicos son las más frecuentes en la población durante la COVID-19 en proporción con el uso de estos productos químicos. La atención médica precoz, eficaz y oportuna disminuirá la posibilidad de aparición de complicaciones. El tratamiento de estás intoxicaciones agudas está en relación con los síntomas y signos que presentan los pacientes al ser recibidos en los servicios de urgencia(AU)

Introduction: The use of cleaning products, at the expense of disinfectants, has increased by the world population as a consequence of COVID-19. Frequent handling of these chemical substances by people can cause acute poisoning. This situation is evidenced in the reports issued by the world's anti-toxic centers, where the increase in the number of toxicological consultations is recorded. Objective: To describe the treatment of acute poisoning by disinfectants during COVID-19. Methods: A literature review on the treatment of acute poisoning by disinfectants during COVID-19 was carried out. Articles written in Spanish, English and Portuguese were included. In addition, aspects related to acute poisoning due to the use of disinfectants, the clinical condition, as well as elements of the diagnosis and treatment of acute poisoning by these chemical substances were addressed. Conclusions: Acute poisoning by sodium hypochlorite and hydroalcoholic gels are the most frequent in the population during COVID-19 in proportion to the use of these chemical products. Early, effective and timely medical care will reduce the possibility of complications. The treatment of these acute intoxications is related to the symptoms and signs presented by patients when they are received in the emergency services(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Poisoning/drug therapy , Sodium Hypochlorite/adverse effects , Disinfectants/poisoning , Hand Sanitizers/adverse effects , COVID-19
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(4): 1-12, jul. 21, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427279


Aim: To investigate the precipitate formed from the interaction between 2% lidocaine hydrochloride with adrenaline (LA) with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and 0.2% chitosan nanoparticles on root canal dentin, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Material and Methods: Sixty mandibular premolars were decoronated, and the root length standardised. The specimens were randomly distributed into the following groups: Group 1 (control): 2% LA mixed with sterile water without root canal instrumentation, Group 2: 2% LA with 2.5% NaOCl in water without root canal instrumentation, and Group 3: 2% LA with 0.2% chitosan nanoparticles in water without root canal instrumentation. Teeth specimens were split and subjected to SEM analysis at cervical, middle, and apical root thirds. On observing precipitate formation in Group 2, 10 premolars were decoronated and treated with 2% LA and 2.5% NaOCl and subjected to root canal instrumentation. Results: Group 1 and Group 3 showed patent dentinal tubules and no precipitate formation. Group 2 showed precipitate blocking dentinal tubules in all the three sections, and the precipitate could not be removed completely after cleaning and shaping. Conclusion: NaOCl forms an insoluble precipitate on interaction with local anaesthetic solution that cannot be removed after chemo-mechanical preparation. Chitosan nanoparticles do not form any such precipitate and show patent dentinal tubules. Hence, chitosan can be used as a flushing irrigant.

Objetivo: Investigar el precipitado formado a partir de la interacción entre el clorhidrato de lidocaína al 2% con adrenalina (LA), el hipoclorito de sodio al 2,5% (NaOCl) y nanopartículas de quitosano al 0,2% en la dentina del conducto radicular, mediante microscopía electrónica de barrido (SEM). Material y Métodos: Se decoraron 60 premolares mandibulares y se estandarizó la longitud de la raíz. Los especímenes se distribuyeron aleatoriamente en los siguientes grupos: Grupo 1 (control): 2% la que fue mezclado con agua estéril sin instrumentación del conducto radicular, Grupo 2: 2% LA con 2,5% de NaOCl sin instrumentación del conducto radicular y Grupo 3: 2 % LA con 0,2% de nanopartículas de quitosano sin instrumentación del conducto radicular. Las muestras de dientes se dividieron y se sometieron a análisis SEM en los tercios radiculares cervical, medio y apical. Al observar la formación de precipitado en el Grupo 2, 10 premolares fueron decorados y tratados con LA al 2% y NaOCl al 2,5% y sometidos a instrumentación de conductos radiculares. Resultado: El Grupo 1 y el Grupo 3 mostraron túbulos dentinarios permeables y sin formación de precipitados. El grupo 2 mostró precipitado que bloqueaba los túbulos dentinarios en las tres secciones, y el precipitado no se pudo eliminar por completo después de limpieza y conformación. Conclusión: el NaOCl forma un precipitado insoluble al interactuar con la solución anestésica local que no se puede eliminar después de la preparación quimiomecánica. Las nanopartículas de quitosano no forman ningún precipitado de este tipo y muestran túbulos dentinarios permeables. Por lo tanto, el quitosano se puede utilizar como irrigante para el lavado.

Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/chemical synthesis , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemical synthesis , Chitosan/chemical synthesis , Lidocaine/chemical synthesis , Bicuspid , In Vitro Techniques , Smear Layer
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(1): 18-23, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361569


O presente artigo tem como objetivo relatar um caso clínico de selamento de perfuração com uma técnica de inserção modificada do MTA. Após a anestesia, foi realizado o isolamento absoluto do dente e remoção do material presente na câmara, com o auxílio do inserto ultrassônico Smart X 1. Realizada a limpeza da perfuração utilizando hipoclorito de sódio e modelagem do canal com o instrumento rotatório, a obturação foi concebida com cone de guta percha e cimento AHPlus. Com broca Gates Glidden #3 foi removida a guta percha até o nível da perfuração. Em seguida, 5 mg de MTA branco foi manipulado, de acordo com recomendações do fabricante usando água destilada na proporção 1:1 e inserido na canaleta de uma régua endodôntica. Com o auxílio do instrumento de RHEM o material foi removido da canaleta e inserido na perfuração, concluindo o vedamento da mesma. Conclui-se neste caso clínico que o selamento de perfuração com MTA obteve sucesso clínico e radiográfico, utilizando a técnica de inserção com MTA modificada(AU)

This article aims to report a clinical case of sealing drilling rig with a modified MTA insertion technique. After anesthesia, the absolute isolation of the tooth and removing the material present in the Chamber, with the aid of ultrasonic Insert Smart X 1. Held drilling cleaning using sodium hypochlorite and modeling the canall with the Rotary instrument, the filling was designed with cone of gutta percha and cement AHPlus. With Gates Glidden bur #3 removed the gutta percha drilling level. Then 5 mg of white MTA was handled, according to manufacturer 's recommendations using distilled water in the ratio 1:1 and inserted in a canal endodontic ruler. With the aid of RHEM instrument the material was removed from the canal and inserted in drilling, completing the enclosure. It is concluded in this case that the sealing of drilling with clinical and radiographic success MTA, using the technique of does not avoid inserting rotating instrument. The obturation was performed with gutta percha cone and AHPlus cement. Removed gutta percha with Gates Glidden drill to drill level. Then, 5 mg of white MTA was handled, according to manufacturer 's recommendations using distilled water in the ratio 1: 1. Soon after, it was inserted in the caneleta of an endodontic ruler and with the aid of the instrument of RHEM the material was inserted in the indicated place. It is concluded in this clinical case that the perforation sealing with MTA obtained clinical and radiographic success, using the insertion technique with modified MTA(AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation , Root Canal Therapy , Sodium Hypochlorite , Biocompatible Materials , Root Canal Preparation , Gutta-Percha
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 59(1)mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408368


Introducción: Las infecciones recurrentes en el sistema de conductos radiculares son atribuidas principalmente a la presencia de especies como Enterococcus faecalis, lo que hace necesario el estudio de sustancias alternativas al hipoclorito de sodio que puedan ser empleadas como irrigantes de los conductos y mejorar la tasa de éxito de tratamiento. Objetivo: Identificar la composición química del aceite esencial de Origanum vulgare L. (orégano) y evaluar su actividad antibacateriana frente a E. Faecalis ATCC 29212. Métodos: Se diseñó un estudio experimental in vitro. El Origanum vulgare L. se recolectó en la provincia de Tarata, Tacna, Perú. El aceite esencial se obtuvo por método de arrastre de vapor y una muestra fue sometida a cromatografía de gases acoplada a espectrometría de masas en un equipo cromatográfico QP2010 (Ultra Shimazu) equipado con una columna DB-5 MS para identificar sus constituyentes. La actividad antibacteriana del aceite esencial se evaluó a través del método de difusión de disco en agar cerebro-corazón con concentraciones desde 2,261 a 27,132 mg/µL. El cálculo de las repeticiones se realizó con el programa EPi infoTM. Adicionalmente, se identificó la concentración mínima inhibitoria y la concentración mínima bactericida del aceite esencial. Se realizó el análisis descriptivo de los datos y se aplicó la prueba ANOVA de un factor para comparar los valores medios de los halos de inhibición de las distintas concentraciones. Se adoptó un nivel de significancia de p < 0,05. Resultados: Se identificaron 20 constituyentes, siendo los principales compuestos alpha.-pinene (24,44 por ciento) y 1,6-Ocatien-3-ol,3,7,7dimethyl (12,52 por ciento). E. Faecalis fue muy sensible (++) y extremadamente sensible (+++) a concentraciones mayores a 15,827 mg/µL del aceite esencial de Origanum vulgare L. Todas las concentraciones inhibieron el crecimiento bacteriano, mientras que las concentraciones mayores de 14,018 mg/µL fueron bactericidas. Conclusiones: Los principales constituyentes del aceite esencial de Origanum vulgare L. fueron .alpha.-Pinene y Cis-.beta.-Terpineol. Además, se demostró un importante efecto antibacteriano frente a Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212(AU)

Introduction: Recurrent infections in the root canal system are mainly attributed to the presence of species such as Enterococcus faecalis. It is therefore necessary to study substances other than sodium hypochlorite which may be used as irrigants for the canals, thus improving the success rate of the treatment. Objective: Identify the chemical composition of essential oil from Origanum vulgare L. (oregano) and evaluate its antibacterial activity against E. faecalis ATCC 29212. Methods: An in vitro experimental study was conducted. Origanum vulgare L. was collected from the province of Tarata, Tacna, Peru. The essential oil was obtained by steam entrainment, and a sample was subjected to gas chromatography / mass spectrometry in a QP2010 chromatograph (Ultra Shimadzu) equipped with a DB-5 MS column to identify its constituents. Antibacterial activity of the essential oil was evaluated by the brain heart agar disk diffusion method at concentrations ranging from 2 261 to 27 132 mg/µl. The software EPi InfoTM was used to estimate the repetitions. Additionally, identification was performed of the minimum inhibitory concentration and the minimum bactericidal concentration of the essential oil. The data were subjected to descriptive analysis and one-factor ANOVA was performed to compare the mean values of inhibition haloes at the different concentrations. A significance level of p < 0.05 was established. Results: Twenty constituents were identified. The main compounds were .alpha.-pinene (24.44 percent) and 1,6-Ocatien-3-ol,3,7,7dimethyl (12.52 percent). E. Faecalis was very sensitive (++) and extremely sensitive (+++) to concentrations above 15 827 mg/µl of the essential oil of Origanum vulgare L. All the concentrations inhibited bacterial growth, and concentrations above 14 018 mg/µl were bactericidal. Conclusions: The main constituents of the essential oil of Origanum vulgare L. were .alpha.-pinene and cis-.beta.-terpineol. Additionally, the essential oil was shown to display considerable antibacterial activity against Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212(AU)

Humans , Oils, Volatile , Enterococcus faecalis , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Sodium Hypochlorite , Software , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Analysis of Variance
J. res. dent ; 10(1): 1-8, jan.-mar2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1378176


This study aimed to evaluate if 2.5% sodium hypochlorite compromises the adhesion of bonding materials. The factors in the study were the irrigation solutions in two levels: 2.5% sodium hypochlorite and saline solution; and the adhesive systems used in three levels: three-step adhesive, universal adhesive, and two-step self-etch adhesive systems. The answer variable used was the microshear bond strength obtained through a universal testing machine and fracture mode. Six groups were obtained (n=10) : Etch-and-rinse/Saline (saline solution + 3-step adhesive system - Scotchbond Multipurpose, 3M ESPE); Universal/saline (saline solution + universal adhesive system ­ Prime&Bond,); Self-etch/saline (saline solution + 2-step self-etch adhesive systems - Clearfil SE Bond); Etch-and-rinse/Hypo (sodium hypochlorite 2,5% + 3-step adhesive system - Scotchbond Multiuso); Universal/Hypo (sodium hypochlorite 2,5% + universal adhesive system ­ Prime&Bond); Self-etch/Hypo (sodium hypochlorite 2,5% + 2-step self-etch adhesive system - Clearfil Se Bond). The specimens were obtained from 60 healthy bovine incisors. The crowns were separated from the roots, and the regularization of the buccal surface was performed. The groups received saline solution and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite for 30 minutes, respectively. A matrix of 1mm and 3mm oh height was stabilized by Scotch tape to obtain the resin sticks. Afterward, the bond strength test was performed in a universal testing machine at 1mm/min speed. The data were analyzed with normality Shapiro-Wilk, two-way ANOVA, and Tukey's tests (p<0.001). Etch-and-rinse and Self-etch adhesives presented the highest bond strength values after irrigation with saline solution and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite, respectively (P < 0.01). The irrigation with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite decreased the bond strength values of Etch-and-rinse and Universal (P < 0.01). On the other hand, 2.5% sodium hypochlorite improved the bond strength values of Self-etch (P < 0.01). In conclusion, 2.5% sodium hypochlorite negatively impacted the bond strength of Etch-and-rinse and Universal but improved the adhesion of Self-etch.

Humans , Adhesives , Disinfection , Sodium Hypochlorite , Endodontics
Health sci. dis ; 23(8): 1-6, 2022. tables,figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1391071


Introduction.Sodium hypochlorite is a crucial element in the water treatment process. We aimed to verify if schools that lack adequate access to water and don't provide hygiene education courses would improve water quality after an intervention program. Methods.Twenty schools from the rural area of Burkina Faso were equipped with electro-chlorinator devices that produce sodium hypochlorite and received training to make water drinkable. Data related to behavioral change was collected. In addition, microbiological analysis of fecal coliforms, total coliforms, and fecal streptococci was performed in the drinking water from water stations or water storage containers. These indicators were measured before and two years after the program in six schools that participated, paired with three control schools from the same region. Results.Before the intervention, no schools practiced treating their water. After intervention, schools did it daily. WASH courses and water treatment training were also observed in intervention schools. Only the samples belonging to the control schools contained microorganisms in the drinking water after the intervention, particularly fecal coliforms and total coliforms. Fecal streptococci were not detected in any of the samples analyzed. Before the intervention, 50% of water samples from the intervention group and 66% from the control group were contaminated with fecal coliforms. Conclusion.Schools became independent of external disinfectant production after receiving electro-chlorinator devices and proper training to comply with WASH measures. Our findings might be useful to public health practitioners trying to implement sustainable programs.

Sodium Hypochlorite , Waterborne Diseases , Schools , Chlorinators , Public Health , Environment
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929026


OBJECTIVES@#Root canal therapy is the most effective and common method for pulpitis and periapical periodontitis. During the root canal preparation, chemical irrigation plays a key role. However, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), the widely used irrigation fluid, may impact the bonding strength between dentin and restorative material meanwhile sterilization and dissolving. Therefore, it's important to explore the influence of NaOCl on the adhesion between dentin and restoration materials to ensure clinical efficacy. This study aims to explore the effect of NaOCl on dentine adhesion and evaluate the effect of dentine adhesion induced by sodium erythorbate (ERY), and to provide clinical guidance on dentin bonding after root canal therapy.@*METHODS@#Seventy freshly complete extracted human third molars aged 18-33 years old, without caries and restorations were selected. A diamond saw was used under running water to achieve dentine fragments which were divided into 10 groups with 14 fragments in each group: 2 control [deionized water (DW)±10% ERY] and 8 experimental groups (0.5%, 1%, 2.5%, and 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY). The dentine specimens in the control group (treated with DW) and the experimental groups (treated with 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl) were immersed for 20 min using corresponding solutions which were renewed every 5 min. The other 5 groups were immersed in 10% ERY for 5 min after an initial washing with DW for 1 min. Then, we selected 4 dentine fragments from all 14 fragments in each group and the numbers and diameters of opening dentinal tubules were observed under scanning electron microscope (SEM). The other 10 dentine fragments from each group were used to make adhesive samples by using self-etch adhesive wand composite resin. All the above adhesive samples were sectioned perpendicular to the bonded interface into 20 slabs with a cross-sectional area of 1 mm×1 mm using a diamond saw under the cooling water, and then the morphology of 10 slabs in each group's bonding interface was observed from aspects of formation of resin tags, depth of tags in dentin, and formation of hybrid layer under SEM. The other 10 slabs of each group's microtensile bond strength and failure modes were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl groups, the number and diameter of patent dentinal tubules gradually increased with the rise of concentration of NaOCl solution (all P<0.05). Among the DW, 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl groups, the number and diameter of patent dentinal tubules increased after using ERY, but without significant difference (all P>0.05). Among the DW, 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, and 2.5% NaOCl groups, the scores of formation of resin tags under SEM gradually increased with the increase of concentration of NaOCl solution, while the score in the 5.25% NaOCl group decreased significantly compared with the score of the 2.5% NaOCl group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between using 10% ERY groups and without using 10% ERY groups (all P>0.05). The scores of length of the tags under SEM in the 5.25% NaOCl group was significantly higher than the scores of DW, 0.5% NaOCl, and 1% NaOCl groups (all P<0.05), and it was also higher than the score of the 2.5% NaOCl group, but without significant difference (P>0.05). There was no significant difference between using 10% ERY groups and without using 10% ERY groups (P>0.05). The scores of formation of hybrid layer under SEM in the 2.5% NaOCl and 5.25% NaOCl groups significantly decreased compared with the score of the DW group (all P<0.05). There were significant differences between the 2.5% NaOCl±10% ERY groups and between the 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY groups (all P<0.05). Microtensile bond strength was greater in the 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, and 2.5% NaOCl groups, but lower in the 5.25% NaOCl group than that in the DW group (all P<0.05). There were significant differences between the 2.5% NaOCl±10% ERY groups and between the 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY groups (all P<0.05). The incidence of type "Adhesive" of failure modes in the 5.25% NaOCl group was significantly higher than that in other groups (all P<0.05), while the incidence of type "Adhesive" in the 5.25% NaOCl+10% ERY group was lower than that in the 5.25% NaOCl group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The bonding strength to dentine increases with the increase of NaOCl concentration when the concentration lower than 2.5%; whereas it is decreased at a higher concentration (such as 5.25%). 10% ERY has a definite recovery effect on attenuated bonding strength to 5.25% NaOCl-treated dentine.

Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Young Adult , Ascorbic Acid , Dental Bonding , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents/pharmacology , Diamond/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements/pharmacology , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Tensile Strength , Water/pharmacology
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20220046, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1424236


Introdução: É importante saber se o hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl) influencia a resistência à fadiga cíclica das limas de níquel-titânio (NiTi). Objetivo: Avaliar a influência de NaOCl 2,5% na resistência à fadiga cíclica de dois sistemas de NiTi. Material e método: 40 instrumentos rotatórios - 20 TruNatomy® (TRU, Dentsply Sirona, Maillefer, Ballaigues, Suíça) e 20 Prodesing Logic2® (PDL2, Bassi, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil) - foram aleatoriamente distribuídos em 4 grupos experimentais (n = 10) imersos em água destilada (H2O) e NaOCl 2,5% em temperatura a 37°C. Foram submetidos a testes de fadiga cíclica mensurando o número de ciclos para fratura (NCF) e análise dessas superfícies pós-teste em microscópio eletrônico por varredura. Para a análise estatística entre os grupos, foi aplicada a análise de variância (ANOVA), complementada com o pós-teste de Tukey. Resultado: Houve diferença estatística em todos os grupos (P<0.05). Os instrumentos PDL2 obtiveram maior resistência à fratura nas condições em H2O e em NaOCl 2,5% comparados aos instrumentos TRU. Na análise de grupos de instrumentos nas soluções de NaOCl e H2O, foi observado que o NaOCl 2,5% diminuiu o NCF. Conclusão: A resistência à fadiga cíclica dos instrumentos TRU e PDL2 diminuiu com NaOCl 2,5%. Os instrumentos PDL2 foram mais resistentes à fratura em relação aos instrumentos TRU.

Introduction: It is important to know whether sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) influences the cyclic fatigue resistance of nickel-titanium (NiTi) files. Objective: To evaluate the influence of NaOCl 2.5% on the cyclic fatigue resistance of two NiTi systems. Material and method: Forty rotary instruments - 20 TruNatomy® (TRU, Dentsply Sirona, Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) and 20 Prodesign Logic2® (PDL2, Bassi, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil) - were distributed randomly across four experimental groups (n=10) and submerged in distilled water (H2O) or 2.5% NaOCl at 37°C according to allocation. Cyclic fatigue testing was then performed, measuring the number of cycles to fracture (NCF), and post-test surfaces were analysed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Statistical Analysis: Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was applied for between-group analysis, followed by Tukey's post-hoc test. Result: A significant difference was observed in all groups (P<0.05). PDL2 instruments showed higher fracture resistance under H2O and 2.5% NaOCl conditions compared to TRU. Analysis of all instrument groups showed that exposure to 2.5% NaOCl decreased the NCF compared to H2O. Conclusion: Cyclic fatigue resistance of the TRU and PDL2 instruments was decreased by exposure to 2.5% NaOCl. PDL2 instruments were more resistant to fracture than TRU instruments.

Sodium Hypochlorite , Titanium , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Analysis of Variance , Dental Instruments , Nickel , Thermic Treatment , Corrosion
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-9, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1410494


Objetivo: Avaliar a citotoxicidade e o efeito antibacteriano do extrato hidroalcoólico de cúrcuma branqueado comparado ao hipoclorito de sódio como irrigante endodôntico. Material e Métodos: A citotoxicidade foi avaliada em fibroblastos de pele humana usando o ensaio MTT. Os irrigantes foram testados em intervalos de tempo de 1, 5 e 15 minutos. Após o tempo de contato, a solução de MTT foi adicionada e as placas de poços foram incubadas. Após o período de incubação, a densidade óptica foi lida e correlacionada com a porcentagem de viabilidade celular. A eficiência antibacteriana foi avaliada usando o teste de contato direto. Cada irrigante endodôntico foi adicionado à suspensão fresca de Enterococcus faecalis e ao meio de infusão cérebro-coração e então incubados por 48 horas. Após o período de incubação, as leituras de densidade óptica foram obtidas e lidas por leitor de ELISA a 620 nm. Resultados: Os resultados do teste de citotoxicidade revelaram que o extrato de cúrcuma branqueado apresentou porcentagem de viabilidade celular significativamente maior do que o hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl) em todos os intervalos de tempo (p<0,001). No entanto, no grupo de intervenção, a porcentagem de viabilidade celular diminuiu significativamente ao longo do tempo. Os resultados do teste antibacteriano mostraram inibição bacteriana por ambos os grupos com diferença não significativa entre os dois grupos testados (p<0,05). Conclusão:O extrato hidroalcoólico de cúrcuma branqueado pode representar uma alternativa fitoterápica irrigante endodôntico para evitar os efeitos tóxicos indesejáveis do NaOCl devido à sua menor citotoxicidade e efeito antibacteriano proeminente contra Enterococcus faecalis (AU)

Objective: To evaluate the cytotoxicity and antibacterial effect of bleached turmeric hydro-alcoholic extract compared to sodium hypochlorite as an endodontic irrigant. Material and Methods: Cytotoxicity was evaluated on human skin fibroblasts using MTT assay. The irrigants were tested at 1, 5- and 15-minutes time intervals. After contact time, MTT solution was added and well plates were incubated. After the incubation period, optical density was read and correlated with cell viability percent. Antibacterial efficiency was evaluated using direct contact test. Each endodontic irrigant was added to fresh Enterococcus faecalis suspension and brain heart infusion media then incubated for 48 hours. After incubation period, optical density readings were obtained and read by ELISA reader at 620 nm. Results:Results of cytotoxicity test revealed that bleached turmeric extract had significant higher cell viability percent than Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) at all time intervals (p<0.001). However, in the intervention group, cell viability percent significantly decreased over time. Results of antibacterial test showed bacterial inhibition by both groups with non-significant difference between the two tested groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: Bleached turmeric hydro-alcoholic extract can represent an herbal alternative endodontic irrigant to avoid the undesirable toxic effects of NaOCl due to its less cytotoxicity and prominent antibacterial effect against Enterococcus faecalis. (AU)

Root Canal Irrigants , Sodium Hypochlorite , Curcuma , Toxicity , Anti-Bacterial Agents
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(86): 1-12, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1412391


Una enfermedad infecciosa es aquella producida por un agente infeccioso (bacterias, hongos, virus, etc.) que ingresa y se desarrolla en el organismo de un hospedero. Posteriormente, puede trasmitirse de un individuo a otro directamente por contacto entre ambos, o bien, indirectamente, por medio de un vec-tor biológico (de naturaleza animal o vegetal), o de un fómite (objeto inanimado). Las vías por las que un agente infeccioso puede ingresar a un hospedero son: inhalación (respiración de aerosoles), ingestión (salpicaduras de gotas), penetración de mucosas (na-sal, ocular y bucal) o lesiones en la piel o mucosas. Las fuentes de infección pueden ser los pacientes, el personal del consultorio o laboratorio, las superficies e instrumental contaminados y las prótesis o com-ponentes de éstas. Para evitar la propagación de los agentes microbianos se debe interrumpir el proceso de transmisión de los mismos. Todo profesional debe fortalecer y readecuar normas y protocolos de biose-guridad en la tarea diaria, para minimizar el riesgo de transmisión directa y cruzada entre el profesional, su equipo auxiliar, el laboratorista y los pacientes (AU)

An infectious disease is one caused by an infectious agent (bacteria, fungi, virus, etc.) that enters and develops in a host. Then it can be transmitted from one individual to another directly by contact between the two or, indirectly through a biological vector (an animal or plant nature), or a fomite (an inanimate object). The routes by which an infectious agent can enter a host are: inhalation (breathing of aerosols), ingestion (splash of droplets), penetration of mucous membranes (nasal, ocular and oral) and skin or mucous lesions. Sources of infection can be patients, office or laboratory personnel, contaminated surfaces and instruments and the prosthesis or component thereof. To prevent the spread of microbial agents, the process of their transmission must be interrupted. Every professional must strengthen and readjust biosafety standards and protocols in daily work to minimize the risk of direct and cross-transmission between the professional, his auxiliary team, the laboratory technician and the patients (AU)

Infection Control, Dental/methods , Laboratories, Dental/standards , Protective Clothing , Sodium Hypochlorite/therapeutic use , Biomedical and Dental Materials/standards , Clinical Protocols , Decontamination/methods , Medical Waste Disposal , Disinfectants/therapeutic use , Ethanol/therapeutic use , Personal Protective Equipment
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-14, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1370579


Objective: Various glide path preparation techniques have been introduced, providing easiness to the practitioners. Recent literature has shown that glide path preparation influences the levels of postoperative pain occurrence in individuals receiving endodontic therapy. This systematic review aims to compare the different glide path preparation system in reduction of postoperative pain. Material and Methods: Electronic databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, LILACS, Google Scholar, and European PMC were searched for published articles until July 2020. The studies included were randomized control trial (RCT) studies published during this time frame with comparison of continuous glide path system with various other glide path systems in reducing postoperative pain. The studies were reviewed using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta­Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The studies were reviewed independently by two reviewers who had assessed the included studies, extracted data and the quality using the Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool. Results:544 studies were received from the initial search, 11 articles were included in full text appraisal, 4 studies were obtained for qualitative analysis. Mean VAS Scores showed an increased reduction of postoperative pain in continuous glide path treated individuals (1.90-0.20) compared to reciprocating glide path (2.00-0.50) and manual glide path (3.80-0.85). The consumptions of analgesics were seen to be as follows; Manual Glide Path > Reciprocating Glide Path > Continuous Glide Path. Three out of four studies showed an overall "high" risk of bias and another study showed an overall "unclear" bias. Conclusion: From the achieved results, continuous glide path with 5.25% NaOCl irrigation has shown better reduction of postoperative pain compared to other glide path systems. Individuals who had undergone manual glide path preparation showed higher incidence of postoperative pain compared to other systems. The consumption of analgesics was seen to be higher in manual glide path prepared individuals followed by reciprocating glide path and least being continuous glide path.(AU)

Objetivo: Várias técnicas de preparação do glide path têm sido introduzidas, permitindo maior facilidade aos profissionais. A literatura tem mostrado que a forma de preparação do glide path influencia nos níveis de dor pós-operatória em indivíduos que recebem tratamento endodôntico. Esta revisão sistemática tem como objetivo comparar os diferentes sistemas de preparação do glide path na redução de dor pós-operatória. Material e Métodos: Bases de dados eletrônicas como PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, LILACS, Google Escolar, e European PMC foram utilizadas para pesquisar artigos publicados até Julho de 2020. Os estudos incluídos foram ensaios clínicos randomizados controlados (ECRC) publicados até este período de tempo que compararam sistema de glide path contínuo com outros sistemas de glide path na redução de dor pós-operatória. Para revisão dos estudos, foi utilizado o 'Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines'. Dois revisores analisaram, independentemente, os estudos incluídos, os dados extraídos e a qualidade através da ferramenta de avaliação de risco de viés da Cochrane. Resultados: 544 estudos foram encontrados na pesquisa inicial, 11 artigos foram selecionados para avaliação de texto completo, 4 estudos foram obtidos para a análise qualitativa. A pontuação média do VAS mostrou um aumento na redução de dor pós-operatória em indivíduos nos quais foi utilizado o sistema de glide path rotatório contínuo (1.90-0.20) quando comparados àqueles nos quais foram utilizados o glide path reciprocante (2.00-0.50) e o glide path manual (3.80-0.85). A utilização de analgésicos foi vista da seguinte forma: Glide path Manual > Glide Path Reciprocante > Glide Path Contínuo. Três dos quatro estudos apresentaram um "alto" risco de viés geral e o outro estudo apresentou risco de viés geral "incerto". Conclusão: O glide path contínuo com irrigração de 5.25% de NaOCl mostrou a melhor redução de dor pós-operatória comparado aos demais sistemas de glide path. Indivíduos que foram submetidos à preparação de glide path pelo sistema manual apresentaram a maior incidência de dor pós-operatória. O consumo de analgésicos foi maior diante do uso do glide path manual, seguido pelo glide path reciprocante, e por último pelo glide path contínuo. (AU)

Pain , Sodium Hypochlorite , Root Canal Preparation , Endodontics , Analgesics
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(3)dic. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386545


ABSTRACT: Evaluate the effect on the shear bond strength (SBS) of 5% NaOCl applied after acid etching on ground anterior teeth with fluorosis and analyze the surface with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), also compare fluorotic and healthy ground enamel by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Vickers microhardness (VM). For the SBS test 30 anterior teeth with moderate and severe fluorosis according Dean index were selected by an examiner previously calibrated with an expert in fluorosis by using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). With the help of a calibrated high speed diamond bur for veneer preparation and a parallel chamfer high speed diamond bur he vestibular face was prepared with a uniform reduction of .3 mm under water cooling. In one half of the vestibular face of the teeth the conventional adhesive procedure was carried out while in the other half was added an additional step with 5% NaOCl applied for 1 minute and washing after acid etchant. A resin post was adhered in each half and load was applied until fracture. The failure mode was evaluated and a SEM analysis was made. Posteriorly 10 samples of fluorotic and healthy ground enamel were used to measure the nanostructural characteristics by AFM (roughness average and absolute depth profile) and the VM in three operative steps (after ground, after etchant and after deproteinization). The Shapiro-Wilks and Brown-Forsythe methods were used to test the distribution of variables. The Paired Student's t-test was used to compare the differences between mean bond strength (MPa) in the two groups for SBS test. Chi- square analyzes were performed to compare the failure modes between groups. One- way ANOVA analysis and Tukey-Kramer post hoc test were used to compare groups for roughness average, absolute depth profile and Vickers microhardness. A greater SBS (32.17±4.20 MPa) and a surface more homogeneous and less contaminated were observed in the deproteinization subgruoup compared to the conventional subgroup (27.74±4.88 MPa). AFM parameters were greater in fluorosis subgroup than in healthy enamel subgroup. VM was lower in the fluorotic enamel in each operative step in comparation with healthy enamel. The use of 5% NaOCl as a deproteinizing agent after acid etchant in ground fluorotic enamel results in better adhesion, which may imply greater success in adhesive treatments. The ground surface of fluorotic enamel shows higher values of roughness and depth and lower values of VM which proves that there is a more irregular and less hard surface.

RESUMEN: Evaluar el efecto en la resistencia adhesiva al cizallamiento (SBS) de la aplicación de 5% de NAOCl después del grabado ácido en dientes anteriores fluoróticos tallados y analizar la superficie con microscopía electrónica de barrido (SEM), también comparar esmalte tallado fluorótico y sano por microscopía de fuerza atómica (AFM) y microdureza Vickers (VM). Para la prueba SBS 30 dientes anteriores con fluorosis moderada y severa de acuerdo al índice de Dean fueron seleccionados por un examinador previamente calibrado por un experto en fluorosis usando el coeficiente de correlación intraclase (ICC). La cara vestibular se preparó .3mm con la ayuda de una fresa calibrada para la preparación de carillas y una paralela con punta en chamfer de diamante a alta velocidad e irrigación. En una mitad de la superficie vestibular de los dientes se llevó a cabo el procedimiento adhesivo tradicional, mientras que en la otra mitad se incluyó un paso adicional con la aplicación de NaOCl al 5% por un minute y lavado posterior al grabado ácido. Un poste de resina fué adherido en cada mitad y se aplicó carga hasta la fractura. Se evaluó el modo de fallo y se realizó un análisis con SEM. Posteriormente se utilizaron 10 muestras de esmalte tallado fluorótico y sano para medir las características nano estructurales por medio de AFM (rugosisdad promedio y perfil de profundidad absoluta) y la VM en tres diferentes pasos operativos (posterior al tallado, posterior al grabado ácido y posterior a la desproteinización). Se utilizaron los métodos de Shapiro Wilks y Brown-Forsythe para conocer la distribución de las variables. Una T de student pareada se utilizó para comparar la diferencia entre los promedios de la fuerza de unión (MPa) entre grupos para la prueba SBS. Se llevaron a cabo análisis de chi cuadrada para comparer los modos de fallo entre los grupos. Análisis de ANOVA de una vía y Tukey-Kramer post hoc fueron utilizados para comparar los grupos para las variables rugosidad promedio, perfil de profundidad absoluta y microdureza Vickers. Se observó una mayor SBS (32,17±4,20 MPa) y una superficie más homogénea y menos contaminada en el subgrupo con desproteinización en comparación con el subgrupo convencional (27,74±4,88 MPa). Los parámetros de AFM fueron mayores en el subgrupo de fluorosis que en el subgrupo de esmalte sano. La VM fue más baja en el esmalte fluorótico en cada paso operativo en comparación con el esmalte sano. El uso de NaOCl al 5% como agente desproteinizante después del grabado ácido en el esmalte fluorótico tallado da como resultado una mejor adhesión, lo que puede implicar un mayor éxito en los tratamientos adhesivos. La superficie tallada del esmalte fluorótico muestra valores más altos de rugosidad y profundidad y valores más bajos de VM lo que prueba que existe una superficie más irregular y menos dura.

Humans , Sodium Hypochlorite , Dental Bonding , Dental Enamel , Fluorosis, Dental
Dent. press endod ; 11(3): 24-30, Sept-Dec.2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378771


Objetivo: Avaliar a molhabilidade do cimento AH Plus em contato com a dentina radicular após diferentes protocolos quelantes envolvendo ácido etidrônico (HEBP) e o EDTA. Métodos: Cinquenta e seis fatias de dentina radicular foram utilizadas e irrigadas com 5.25% de hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl) ou com uma mistura de 5.25%NaOCl/18%HEBP para simular a irrigação durante o preparo químico-mecânico. As amostras irrigadas com NaOCl foram divididas em 5 grupos, de acordo com o agente quelante: G1- água destilada (AD); G2-17%EDTA; G3-17%EDTA+2.5%NaOCl; G4-18%HEBP; e G5-18%HEBP+2.5%NaOCl. As amostras irrigadas com a mistura de NaOCl/HEBP foram dividias em 2 grupos: G6-AD; G7-NaOCl/HEBP+2.5%- NaOCl. Todos os protocolos receberam irrigação de AD entre as substâncias irrigadoras e como lavagem final. O goniômetro Rame-Hart foi utilizado para mesurar o ângulo de contato entre a superfície da dentina radicular e o cimento. O teste estatístico Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn foram aplicados (p<0.05). Resultados: Os grupos onde a smear layer foi removida apresentaram menor ângulo de contato (p<0.05), com exceção do G7. O G6 apresentou o menor ângulo de contato do AH Plus, entretanto, a irrigação final com NaOCl (G7) aumentou significativamente o ângulo de contato. G2 e G4 apresentaram comportamento similar e a irrigação final com NaOCL (G3 e G4) não modificou a molhabilidade da dentina. Conclusão: O tratamento da dentina radicular com a mistura NaOCl/HEBP, quando usada como irrigante, conferiu boa molhabilidade desta superfície ao cimento AH Plus(AU).

Evaluate the wettability of AH Plus in contact with root dentin after different chelating protocols involving etidronic acid (HEBP) and EDTA. Material and Methods: Fifty six human polished root dentin slices were used. They were irrigated with 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) or a mixture of 5.25%NaOCl/18%HEBP to simulate irrigation during chemomechanical preparation. The specimens irrigated with NaOCl were divided into 5 groups regarding chelating agents: G1-destiled water (DW); G2- 17%EDTA; G3-17%EDTA+2.5%NaOCl; G4-18%HEBP; and G5-18%HEBP+2.5%NaOCl. The specimens irrigated with the mixture NaOCl/HEBP were divided into 2 groups: G6-DW; G7-NaOCl/HEBP+2.5%NaOCl. All protocols received irrigation with DW between irrigants and as final rinse. Rame-Hart goniometer was used to measure the contact angle between the dentin surfaces and the sealer. Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests were applied (p<0.05). Results: Groups in which the smear layer was removed showed a lower contact angle (p<0.05), except for G7. The G6 showed the lowest contact angle of AH Plus, but the NaOCl final irrigation (G7) increased the angle. G2 and G4 have similar behaviour and final irrigation with NaOCl (G3 and G5) did not change wettability when these chelators were used. Conclusions: The mixture NaOCl/HEBP showed good effect on the wettability of sealer on to the root canal dentine, when used as main irrigant (AU).

Humans , Root Canal Irrigants , Wettability , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentin , Epoxy Resins , Sodium Hypochlorite , Chelating Agents , Guidelines as Topic