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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(3): 45-49, set.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1291672

ABSTRACT

Os ferimentos por arma de fogo (FAF) são um grande problema de saúde pública. Na face, a mandíbula é o local de maior incidência, sendo a região de corpo mandibular a mais atingida e as lesões aos tecidos moles frequentemente a ela associadas. Em alguns casos, tais ferimentos apresentam-se de difícil resolução, sobretudo, em casos de fraturas cominutivas e lesões de tecidos moles com alta complexidade. Isso torna o atendimento desses pacientes um desafio para cirurgiões buco-maxilo-faciais. Desta forma, o objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso de FAF em terço inferior da face, com comprometimento de tecidos moles e mandíbula, pela equipe de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial do Hospital Geral do Estado - Bahia. Paciente de 28 anos de idade, sexo feminino, vítima de FAF em terço inferior da face, por disparo acidental de espingarda. Ao exame clínico, pode-se observar ferimento perfuro-contuso em região de mandíbula e fratura cominutiva de corpo e ângulo mandibular à direita. A paciente foi submetida à cirurgia para remoção de fragmentos ósseos/corpos estranhos, fixação dos cotos com placa de reconstrução 2.4mm e sutura dos planos, em mesmo tempo cirúrgico, reestabelecendo a função da mandíbula. Portanto, devido à fisiopatologia variável dos FAF na mandíbula, não se indica um único padrão de tratamento para as fraturas cominutivas. Além disso, é indispensável o emprego de protocolos de limpeza cirúrgica imediata e antibioticoterapia nos casos com alto grau de cominuição, bem como, sugere-se realizar o tratamento definitivo o mais breve possível(AU)


Firearm injuries (FIs) are a major public health problem. On the face, the mandible is the place with the highest incidence of this trauma, with the mandibular body region being the most affected and the lesions to the soft tissues frequently associated with it. In some cases, such injuries are difficult to resolve, especially in cases of comminuted fractures and soft tissue injuries with high complexity. This makes the care of these patients a challenge for oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Thus, the objective of this article is to report a case of care for a FAF victim in the lower third of the face, with soft tissue and mandible involvement, by the Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology team at the Hospital Geral do Estado - Bahia. 28-year-old female patient, victim of FAF in the lower third of the face, due to acidental shotgun firing. On clinical examination, a perforated-blunt wound can be seen in the mandible region and comminuted fracture of the body and angle of the mandible on the right. The patient underwent surgery to remove bone fragments / foreign bodies, fix the stumps with a 2.4 mm reconstruction plate and suture the planes, at the same surgical time, reestablishing the function of the mandible. Therefore, due to the variable pathophysiology of FAF in the mandible, a single treatment pattern is not indicated for comminuted fractures. In addition, it is essential to use immediate surgical cleaning protocols and antibiotic therapy in cases with a high degree of comminution, as well as, it is suggested to carry out the definitive treatment as soon as possible(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Wounds, Gunshot , Soft Tissue Injuries , Fractures, Comminuted , Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons , Fractures, Bone , Jaw Fractures , Mandible , Anti-Bacterial Agents
2.
Medisan ; 25(5)2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1346547

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de una paciente de 32 años de edad, con antecedentes de esquizofrenia paranoide, atendida en la consulta de Ortopedia y Traumatología del Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba, por presentar aumento de volumen en la cara interna del muslo izquierdo que le dificultaba la marcha. Al examen físico se observó un tumor de aproximadamente 20 cm, no doloroso a la palpación, así como blando y pastoso, con límites imprecisos y adherido a planos profundos. Según los estudios imagenológicos efectuados se trataba de tejido graso, por lo que no existía correlación con los elementos aportados al examen físico. Teniendo en cuenta lo anterior se discutió el caso con los imagenólogos y se decidió realizar la exéresis del tumor. Se tomó muestra para biopsia cuyo resultado informó la presencia de un hibernoma. La fémina evolucionó satisfactoriamente y se reincorporó a sus actividades habituales a los 2 meses.


The case report of a 32 years patient with history of paranoid schizophrenia is described. She was assisted in the Orthopedics and Traumatology Service of Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, due to an increase of volume in the internal face of the left thigh that difficulted her from walking. A tumor of approximately 20 cm was observed with the physical exam, that was not painful to the palpation, but soft and doughy, with imprecise limits and adhered to deep planes. According to the imaging studies it was an adipose tissue, reason why there was no correlation with the elements obtained with the physical exam. Taking into account the above-mentioned the case was discussed with the imaging specialists and the decision was removing the tumor. A sample for biopsy was taken whose result informed the presence of a lipoma. The woman had a favorable clinical course and she returned to her usual activities 2 months later.


Subject(s)
Lipoma/surgery , Lipoma/diagnosis , Soft Tissue Injuries
3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(spe2): 35-38, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280077

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The treatment of soft tissue injury in football players generally includes physical therapy, anti-inflammatory and analgesic drug treatment, surgical treatment and early rest immobilization. Western medicine treatment of soft tissue injury can quickly heal the wound and relieve pain in a short time. The treatment of traditional Chinese medicine is based on the whole and must seek the root of the disease. It is believed that the occurrence of certain diseases is related to Qi, blood, liver and kidney deficiency, so we should pay attention to the overall adjustment during treatment of symptoms. In view of this, this study analyzed the effect of Chen Yuan ointment, from traditional Chinese medicine, in the treatment of soft tissue injury. Sixty-eight football players who completed ankle ligament reconstruction were divided into four groups according to the type of operation and whether Chen Yuangao-assisted rehabilitation was used or not. The results showed that the Ankle Hindfoot Function Score and the visual analog scale (VAS) score of patients in the fibula brevis tendon reconstruction Chen Yuan ointment group were 98.3 and 0.3, respectively, at the last follow-up, which were better than those in other groups, and had lower pain scores. This result shows that Chen Yuangao has a certain effect in the treatment of soft tissue injury, which can provide a research idea for the rapid rehabilitation of football players.


RESUMO O tratamento de lesões dos tecidos moles em jogadores de futebol inclui geralmente terapia física, tratamento anti-inflamatório e analgésico, tratamento cirúrgico e imobilização de repouso precoce. O tratamento de lesões nos tecidos moles, utilizando a medicina ocidental, pode curar rapidamente as lesões e aliviar a dor em pouco tempo. A medicina tradicional chinesa se baseia no todo e deve procurar a raiz da doença. Acredita-se que a ocorrência de certas doenças está relacionada à deficiência de Qi, sangue, fígado e rim do corpo humano, por isso devemos prestar atenção ao ajuste global no tratamento dos sintomas. A partir desta perspectiva, este estudo analisou o efeito da tradicional pomada chinesa Chen Yuan no tratamento de lesões dos tecidos moles. No total, 68 jogadores de futebol que fizeram reconstrução dos ligamentos do tornozelo foram divididos em quatro grupos de acordo com o tipo de operação e se a pomada Chen Yuangao ajudou ou não na reabilitação. Os resultados mostraram que o escore da função do tornozelo retropé (Ankle Hindfoot Function Score) e o escore da Escala Analógica Visual (EVA) dos pacientes do grupo pomada Chenyuan para reconstrução do tendão fibular curto foram 98,3 e 0,3, respectivamente, no último seguimento, sendo melhores do que os de outros grupos e apresentando menores níveis de dor. Estes resultados mostra que a pomada Chen Yuangao exerce certo efeito no tratamento de lesões dos tecidos moles, pode constituir uma ideia de pesquisa para a rápida reabilitação dos jogadores de futebol.


RESUMEN El tratamiento de lesiones de los tejidos blandos en jugadores de fútbol incluye generalmente terapia física, tratamiento antinflamatorio y analgésico, tratamiento quirúrgico e inmovilización de reposo precoz. El tratamiento de lesiones en los tejidos blandos, utilizando la medicina occidental, puede curar rápidamente las lesiones y aliviar el dolor en poco tiempo. La medicina tradicional china se basa en el todo y debe procurar la raíz de la enfermedad. Se cree que la ocurrencia de ciertas enfermedades está relacionada a la deficiencia de Qi, sangre, hígado y riñón del cuerpo humano, por eso debemos prestar atención al ajuste global en el tratamiento de los síntomas. A partir de esta perspectiva, este estudio analizó el efecto de la tradicional pomada china Chen Yuan en el tratamiento de lesiones de los tejidos blandos. En total, 68 jugadores de fútbol que hicieron reconstrucción de los ligamentos del tobillo fueron divididos en cuatro grupos de acuerdo con el tipo de operación y si la pomada Chen Yuangao ayudó o no en la rehabilitación. Los resultados mostraron que el escore de la función del retropié del tobillo (Ankle Hindfoot Function Score) y el escore de la Escala Analógica Visual (EVA) de los pacientes del grupo pomada Chenyuan para reconstrucción del tendón fibular corto fueron 98,3 y 0,3, respectivamente, en el último segmento, siendo mejores que los de otros grupos y presentando menores niveles de dolor. Estos resultados muestran que la pomada Chen Yuangao ejerce cierto efecto en el tratamiento de lesiones de los tejidos blandos, puede constituir una idea de investigación para la rápida rehabilitación de los jugadores de fútbol.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ointments/administration & dosage , Athletic Injuries/therapy , Soccer/injuries , Soft Tissue Injuries/therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Treatment Outcome
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 192-197, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251333

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the use of a propeller flap to cover soft-tissue injuries in the lower limb. Materials and Methods A retrospective study, with review of medical records, and a convenience sample of 14 patients operated between July 2018 and June 2019. The following clinical aspects were evaluated: sex; age group; type of injury; cause of the injury; initial diagnosis; affected location; techniques for incision and identification; surgical planning; flap design; postoperative period; result of the propeller flap; and complications. Results The sample was composed of male patients (100%), with a mean age of 36.4 years, and 92.7% of the injuries resulted from motorcycle accidents, mostly on the right side (71.4%). The surgical planning of the propeller flap followed the same procedure in all cases. Immediate postsurgical complications were present in 35.7% of the cases, and they included excessive bleeding (14.3%), partial necrosis (14.3%), and flap dehiscence (7.1%). In total, 13 patients had excellent coverage, and only 1 had flap loss. Conclusion The propeller-flap technique to cover lesions in the lower limb proved to be a good alternative in most cases evaluated, with a good surgical result, although complications were observed in some cases.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o uso de retalho em hélice para cobertura de lesões de partes moles em membro inferior. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo, de revisão de prontuários e amostra de conveniência, com 14 pacientes operados entre julho de 2018 e junho de 2019. Foram avaliados os seguintes aspectos clínicos: sexo; faixa etária; tipo de lesão; causa da lesão; diagnóstico inicial; local acometido; técnica de incisão e identificação; planejamento cirúrgico; desenho do retalho; pós-operatório; resultado do retalho em hélice; e complicações. Resultados A amostra era composta por pacientes do sexo masculino (100%), com idade média de 36,4 anos, e 92,7% das lesões eram decorrentes de acidente motociclístico, a maioria do lado direito (71,4%). O planejamento cirúrgico do retalho em hélice seguiu o mesmo procedimento em todos os casos. As complicações pós-cirúrgicas imediatas estavam presentes em 35,7%, e incluíram sangramento excessivo (14,3%), necroses parciais (14,3%), e deiscência do retalho (7,1%). No total, 13 pacientes apresentaram ótima cobertura, e em apenas 1 houve perda do retalho. Conclusão A técnica do retalho em hélice para a cobertura de lesões em membro inferior mostrou-se uma boa alternativa na maioria dos casos avaliados, com um bom resultado cirúrgico, embora tenham sido observadas complicações em alguns casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period , Motorcycles , Accidents , Retrospective Studies , Soft Tissue Injuries , Lower Extremity , Perforator Flap
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1392-1397, oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134454

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Severe muscle injuries are common in accidents and have a delayed recovery of muscle integrity. In these cases, muscle suture surgery is the standard treatment. However, Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP), has been widely used in orthopedic injuries due to its growth factors. Thus, the objective of the study will be to analyze the association of suture and PRP techniques in the collagen and tenacity of the injured muscle. Were used seventy rats, divided into five groups: control (C), injury control (CI), injury and suture (IS), injury and PRP (IP), injury, suture, and PRP (ISP). Were sectioned approximately 50 % of the width and 100 % of the thickness of the gastrocnemius muscle. The homologous PRP was applied 24h after the injury. On the 7th day after the injury, the animals were euthanized and their muscles subjected to mechanical testing to measure tenacity or collagen analysis to calculate the ratio between type I and III collagen. The results show a significant decrease (p <0.05) in the values of the relationship between collagens in all injured groups (CI, IS, IP, ISP) compared to group C. In injured groups, the tenacity was significantly (p <0.05) reduced compared to the control group, with no observed difference between treatments and injured groups. The amount of collagen in the injured area has increased, but it did not affect the tenacity of the muscles, which was reduced.


RESUMEN: Las lesiones musculares graves son comunes durante los accidentes y la integridad del músculo está sujeta a una larga recuperación. En esos casos la cirugía, para la sutura del músculo, es el tratamiento común, no obstante el plasma rico en plaquetas (PRP) ha sido utilizado recientemente en lesiones ortopédicas, debido a sus factores del crecimiento. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar la asociación de las técnicas de sutura y PRP en la histología y tenacidad de músculo lesionado. Fueron utilizadas 70 ratas distribuidas en cinco grupos: control (C), control lesión (CL), lesión y sutura (LS), lesión y PRP (LPRP), lesión, sutura y PRP (LSPRP). Aproximadamente en la lesión, el 50 % de la longitud y el 100 % del espesor del músculo gastrocnemio fueron seccionados. El PRP homólogo fue aplicado 24 horas después de la lesión. En el 7º día después de la lesión los animales fueron eutanasiados y las muestras fueran sometidas al ensayo mecánico para la medición de la tenacidad y análisis del colágeno, para realizar el cálculo de la relación entre los colágenos I y III. Los resultados demostraron una reducción significativa (p<0,05) en los valores de la relación entre los colágenos en todos los grupos lesionados en relación al grupo C. La tenacidad fue (p<0,05) reducida significativamente en los grupos lesionados en relación al grupo control, sin diferencia entre los tratados. En la lesión muscular hubo disminución de los valores de colágeno, aunque en los tratamientos se observó elevación de la cantidad de colágeno en la área lesionada, esta no tuvo efecto en la tenacidad de los músculos que fue disminuida en la lesión.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Collagen/analysis , Muscle, Skeletal/injuries , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Muscular Diseases/therapy , Sutures , Rats, Wistar , Soft Tissue Injuries/therapy , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis
6.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(3): 155-161, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1126297

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: With the evolution of diagnostic techniques in traumatic brain injury (TBI), the study of neurological injury has made progress based on the concepts of primary and secondary injury, leading to the era of proteomics to understand the complex molecular events involved in the process. Objectives: This narrative review is intended to discuss the state of the art of the most frequently used biomarkers in TBI, their clinical utility, and the implications for therapeutic decision-making protocols. Materials and methods: In order to fulfill the objective of this paper, a literature review was conducted of the most important databases. Results: Several biomarkers have been studied as prognostic factors in patients with TBI. Learning about their sensitivity and specificity in neurological injury, and its post-trauma evolution over time, has been the goal of various papers in the past few years. Conclusion: Breakthroughs in the study of protein degradation make it necessary to broaden the spectrum and knowledge of new diagnostic methods in TBI. Further studies are needed to define the role of biomarkers and to promote protocols integrating specific values.


Resumen Introducción: Con la evolución de las técnicas diagnósticas en el trauma craneoencefálico, el estudio de la lesión neurológica ha progresado sobre los conceptos de lesión primaria y secundaria, para entrar así en la era de la proteómica y, con ella, entender los complejos eventos moleculares existentes en su proceso. Objetivos: En esta revisión narrativa se pretende presentar el estado actual de los biomarcadores que más se usan en lesión cerebral traumática, su utilidad clínica y las implicaciones en protocolos de decisión terapéutica. Materiales y métodos: Para dar respuesta al objetivo de este trabajo, se realizó una revisión de la literatura en las principales bases de datos. Resultados: Se han estudiado varios biomarcadores como factor pronóstico en pacientes con trauma craneoencefálico. Conocer su sensibilidad y especificidad para la lesión neurológica, así como su evolución en el tiempo tras el traumatismo, ha sido el objetivo de diversos trabajos en los últimos años. Conclusión: El avance en el estudio de los productos de degradación de las proteínas hace necesario ampliar el espectro y el conocimiento en el campo de los nuevos métodos diagnósticos en el trauma craneoencefálico. Se requieren más estudios para definir la función de los biomarcadores y proponer protocolos que integren valores específicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Soft Tissue Injuries , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Prognosis , Biological Factors/administration & dosage , Proteomics
7.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(2): 139-146, jun. 2020. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125551

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las heridas con defectos de coberturas suponen un gran desafío a la hora de elegir un buen tratamiento que reduzca el riesgo de infección e incremente la capacidad de granulación del tejido. El objetivo de este estudio fue demostrar la utilidad del digluconato de clorhexidina para la granulación de tejidos. Materiales y Métodos: Se incluyeron 18 heridas de 16 pacientes que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión. Se realizaron curaciones ambulatorias con gasas embebidas en digluconato de clorhexidina al 20%, cada 48-72 h, hasta lograr la adecuada granulación de tejido y se tomaron fotografías de la evolución clínica de las heridas. Resultados: Se observó una adecuada granulación de las heridas en una media de 9.2 días (rango 4-25), independientemente del tamaño o de las comorbilidades. Ninguna herida presentó signos clínicos de infección durante el período de curación. Conclusiones: El uso de digluconato de clorhexidina es un adecuado método por tener en cuenta para tratar heridas, de forma ambulatoria, y así disminuir los costos hospitalarios del sistema de salud. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Wounds with dressing defects pose a great challenge when choosing a good treatment that may reduce the risk of infection and promote granulation tissue formation. Objective: To demonstrate the usefulness of chlorhexidine digluconate (CHG) for granulation tissue formation. Materials and Methods: Eighteen wounds (16 patients) that met the inclusion criteria were included. Wound cleansing was performed in outpatients with 20% CHG-impregnated cloths every 48-72 h, until the proper tissue granulation was achieved. Photographs of the clinical evolution of the wounds were taken. Results: The adequate wound granulation mean was of 9.2 days (4-25 days) regardless of wound size or presence of comorbidities. There were no clinical signs of infection in any wound during the healing period. Conclusions: CHG treatment is an appropriate method to be considered for outpatient injuries, which reduces the hospital costs borne by the health-care system. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries , Chlorhexidine/therapeutic use , Soft Tissue Injuries
8.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(2): e2940, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126506

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las calcificaciones en tejidos blandos se refieren al depósito de sales de calcio en tejidos que no incluye el hueso; son un conjunto de imágenes radiopacas que se pueden identificar fácilmente en una imagen radiográfica, generalmente la panorámica, siendo esta una de las técnicas más utilizadas en la práctica odontológica; la presencia de estas calcificaciones, de acuerdo con la localización, forma, tamaño y número, presumirá el tipo de tejido blando calcificado. Objetivo: Identificar los tipos de calcificaciones en tejidos blandos, su descripción en una imagen de diagnóstico dental y su probable asociación con una enfermedad sistémica subyacente. Métodos: Estudio de tipo descripción narrativa de la literatura en el que se buscaron publicaciones en las bases de datos PubMed y Google Scholar de artículos relacionados con calcificaciones en tejidos blandos desde enero de 2014 hasta mayo de 2019. Se utilizaron términos como calcificación, radiografía panorámica, tejidos blandos, entre otros. Análisis e integración de la información: La revisión resume de forma detallada varios tipos de calcificaciones, su implicación clínica y aspectos imagenológicos. Conclusiones: Las calcificaciones en tejidos blandos son entidades que se identifican como hallazgos en técnicas de imágenes dentales y que en muchas ocasiones pasan desapercibidas, esta revisión recalca que, es responsabilidad del radiólogo bucal y maxilofacial la identificación e información de estas calcificaciones, sin embargo, los odontólogos generales deben también familiarizarse con este tipo de entidad y de la misma forma informar a los pacientes(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Soft tissue calcifications are the accumulation of calcium salts in tissues other than bones. They are a set of radio-opacities easily identifiable on a radiographic image, generally the panoramic sort, this being one of the most commonly used techniques in dental practice. The presence of these calcifications in terms of their location, shape, size and number, will suggest the type of soft tissue calcified. Objective: Identify the types of soft tissue calcifications, their description on a dental diagnosis image and their probable association with an underlying systemic disease. Methods: A narrative literature review was conducted of papers about soft tissue calcifications published in the databases PubMed and Google Scholar from January 2014 to May 2019. The search terms used included "calcification", "panoramic radiograph" and "soft tissues", among others. Data analysis and integration: The review is a detailed summary of several types of calcifications, their clinical implication and imaging features. Conclusions: Soft tissue calcifications are conditions identified as findings of dental image techniques which often go unnoticed. The revision stresses that it is the responsibility of oral and maxillofacial radiologists to identify and report these calcifications. However, general dental practitioners should also familiarize themselves with this sort of condition and likewise inform the patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Calcification , Radiography, Panoramic/methods , Soft Tissue Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
9.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(4): 430-436, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136238

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical efficacy of cefazolin sodium pentahydrate combined with vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) in the treatment of open fracture complicated with soft tissue injury. METHODS Sixty-three patients with open fracture complicated with soft tissue injury were divided into observation (n = 33) and control (n = 30) groups. After surgical reduction, fixation, and repair of the fractures, the control group was treated with VSD for 10 days, and the observation group was treated with cefazolin sodium pentahydrate based on VSD for 10 days. The infection control time was recorded. After treatment, the pain of patients was evaluated. Before and after treatment, the serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), cortisol, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and glucose were detected. After 6 months of treatment, the total effective rate of the treatment was evaluated. RESULTS The infection control time and Visual Analogue Scale score after treatment in the observation group were significantly lower than in the control group, respectively (P < 0.05). After the treatment, the serum levels of CRP, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, cortisol, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and glucose in each group were significantly lower than before the treatment (P < 0.05), and each index in observation was significantly lower than in the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS In the treatment of open fractures complicated with soft tissue injury, cefazolin sodium pentahydrate combined with VSD can effectively reduce inflammation and stress, thus improving the treatment efficacy.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Investigar a eficácia clínica do cefazolin penta-hidrato de sódio combinado com drenagem por vedação a vácuo (VSD) no tratamento da fratura exposta complicada com lesão nos tecidos moles. MÉTODOS Sessenta e três doentes com fratura exposta complicada com lesões nos tecidos moles foram divididos em grupos de observação (n=33) e controle (n=30). Após redução cirúrgica, fixação e reparação da fratura, o grupo de controle foi tratado com VSD durante dez dias e o grupo de observação foi tratado com cefazolina penta-hidrato de sódio com base no VSD durante dez dias. O tempo de controle de infecção foi gravado. Após o tratamento, a dor dos doentes foi avaliada. Antes e após o tratamento, foram detectados os níveis séricos de proteína C-reativa (CRP), interleucina (IL)-6, IL -8, fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF-α), cortisol, epinefrina, norepinefrina e glicose. Após seis meses de tratamento, a taxa efetiva total de tratamento foi avaliada. RESULTADOS O tempo de controle da infecção e a pontuação da Escala Visual Analógica após o tratamento no grupo de observação foram significativamente inferiores ao do grupo de controle, respectivamente (P<0,05). Após o tratamento, os níveis séricos de CRP, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, cortisol, epinefrina, norepinefrina e glicose em cada grupo foram significativamente menores do que antes do tratamento, respectivamente (P<0,05), e cada índice de observação foi significativamente inferior ao do grupo de controle (P<0,05). CONCLUSÃO No tratamento da fratura exposta complicada com lesões nos tecidos moles, o cefazolin penta-hidrato de sódio combinado com VSD pode efetivamente reduzir a inflamação e o estresse, melhorando assim a eficácia do tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cefazolin/therapeutic use , Soft Tissue Injuries , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Fractures, Open/therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Wound Healing , Drainage , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828884

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of using free double- leaf perforator flap posterolateral calf peroneal artery in anatomical reconstruction of the oropharyngeal structure after ablation of advanced oropharyngeal carcinoma.@*METHODS@#Twenty-six patients with oropharyngeal defects after ablation of oropharyngeal malignancies were recruited, including 12 with carcinoma in the tongue base, 5 in the latenral pharyngeal wall and 9 in the soft palate. Between July, 2016 and July, 2018, the patients underwent surgeries for reconstruction of the oropharyngeal defects using flaps. The areas of tissue defects repaired by double-leaf perforator flaps ranged from 40.5 to 72.5 cm. Reconstruction was performed for oropharyngeal defects in the soft palate, pterygopalate, parapharyngeal, pterygo- mandibular, and tongue base tissues. The patients' outcomes including mouth opening, functions of deglutition, linguistic function, restoration of palatopharyngeal anatomical structure and postoperative survival were evaluated, and their quality of life was assessed using FACT-H&N scale (Chinese Edition).@*RESULTS@#All the 26 patients with transplantation of the free flaps survived. Six months after the operation, the oropharyngeal function and anatomical structure of the patients were basically restored. The questionnaire survey showed that the patients' physical, social/family, emotional and functional conditions, the total score of the core scale, items scores for the head and neck, and the total score of the scale all improved significantly after the operation compared with those before the operation ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The free peroneal artery bilobate perforator flap in the posterolateral crus, which seldom has anatomical variations of the blood vessels, allows flexible design and contains rich tissue volume to facilitate defect repair with different approaches and ranges. The application of this flap, which is an ideal perforator flap for reconstruction of the oropharyngeal structure and function, can improve the quality of life of patients following operations for advanced oropharyngeal cancer.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Free Tissue Flaps , Humans , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , Perforator Flap , Quality of Life , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811282

ABSTRACT

Heterotrophic ossification (HO) is a reactive disease presenting the formation of mature lamellar bone in soft tissues. It is known to occur following surgery, soft tissue injury, or central nervous system anomalies. However, a definite cause has not yet been clearly addressed. During the process of approach, reduction, and fixation while conducting surgeries, partial injury of soft tissue is inevitable. Additionally, secondary injuries may be caused during the active and passive range of motion exercises that should be done for the recovery of joint motion after surgery. The authors experienced cases of HO that may occur during surgery and rehabilitation after surgery. The authors recognized that special care is required for patients complaining of severe pain during the early stage of rehabilitation immediately after surgery. This study aimed to reaffirm the principles of fracture treatment by reviewing the cases and to investigate the occurrence of HO after fracture surgery.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System , Exercise , Humans , Joints , Range of Motion, Articular , Rehabilitation , Soft Tissue Injuries
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827240

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) technique and Ointment in the treatment of foot skin defect.@*METHODS@#From November 2017 to April 2019, 21 patients (21 feet) with foot skin defect were treated with VSD technique and Ointment. There were 17 males and 4 females, aged from 24 to 60 years old with an average of (37.8±11.2) years, 9 cases caused by traffic accident injury, 6 cases by heavy injury, 6 cases by falling injury. The time from injury to operation was for 3 to 36 (8.6±7.2) h, and the area of foot skin defect was for 20.35 to 83.43(47.2±19.5) cm. All patients underwent debridement or phaseⅠtemporary fixation in emergency, and three-dimensional imagingof the foot was performed by using Mimics software, and the defect area was rendered. The quality of wound healing and complications were observed, and the clinical effect was evaluated by Maryland foot function score.@*RESULTS@#All the 21 patients were followed up for 7 to 17 (10.8±2.7) months. There was no infection or nonunion in all patients. At the final follow-up, the skin margin of the healing site grew tightly, the skin was elastic, the texture was tough, the appearance was no obvious carbuncle. The time of wound healing was for 18 to 63 (41.2±13.3) days. Eight patients underwent stageⅡfixation or/and fusion, and all incisions healed by stageⅠ. According to Maryland's foot scoring, 9 cases got excellent results, 11 good, and 1 middle.@*CONCLUSION@#VSD can effectively remove the necrotic tissue of the wound, provide a smooth drainage of the wound, combine with Ointment to prevent infection and promote the rapid growth of granulation tissue, whose whole treatment cycle was short, the wound healing site was highquality, the limb function was good, and the clinical effect was satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Adult , Drainage , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828250

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of membrane induced by antibiotic-loaded bone cement in skin grafting for tendon exposed wound healing.@*METHODS@#A total of 10 traumatic patients with tendon exposed wound were admitted to our department between February 2016 and December 2018, including 6 males and 4 females, with a mean age of 34.6 years old (ranged, 19 to 43 years old), and treatment duration ranged from 2 to 6 months. There were 7 cases of traffic accidents, 3 cases of mechanical belt injuries, including 8 cases of lower leg and foot wounds and 2 cases of hand back wounds. These tendons exposed wound were covered by antibiotic-loaded bone cement at the earlier stageto induce the formation of the biomembrane, and then skin grafting were performed on the induced membrane. The survival, appearance, texture, sensation of the skin grafting and healing condition of the wounds were studied.@*RESULTS@#Among the 10 patients, skin graft survived well in 8 patients. Partial skin graft necrosis occurred in 2 patients and cured by dressing.@*CONCLUSION@#Using antibiotic bone cement to seal the wound to form induction membrane followed by skin grafting can effectively repair the tendon exposed wound, which has the characteristics of simple operation and less trauma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bone Cements , Female , Humans , Male , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries , Tendons , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828243

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of internal and external fixation combined with second-stage perforator fiap for the treatment of ankle fracture dislocation of Gustilo-Anderson types ⅢB and ⅢC.@*METHODS@#From May 2014 to July 2017, 20 patients with Gustilo-Anderson types ⅢB and ⅢC ankle fracture dislocation were treated with internal and external fixation combined with second-stage perforator fiap, including 14 males and 6 females, aged from 18 to 58 years old with an average of (39.0±9.7) years old;17 patients were type ⅢB and 3 patients were type ⅢC according to Gustilo-Anderson classification;4 patients were type A, 7 patients were type B, and 9 patients were type C according to AO classification. The size of wound ranged from 4 cm×3 cm to 20 cm×9 cm. Second-stage perforator flap, 11 patients were performed with posterior tibial artery perforator flap, 5 patients were performed with fibular artery perforator flap, 1 patient was performed with anterior ankle flap, and 3 patients were performed with posterior tibial artery perforator flap combined with fibular artery perforator flap. Postoperative wound healing, flap survival and fracture healing were observed, AOFAS score was used to evaluate at the latest follow up.@*RESULTS@#All limbs were preserved successfully without amputation. Nine patients occurred superficial infection without deep infection and osteomyelitis occurring. The flaps of 19 patients survived. All patients were followed up for 6 to 18 months with an average of (12.0±2.9) months. The flaps healed well without sinus tract, bone exposure and bone disunion occurring. Fracture healing time ranged from 4 to 10 months with an average of (6.6±1.7) months. PostoperativeAOFAS score was 76.7± 16.4, among which 4 patients got excellent result, 11 patients good, 3 patients fair, and 2 poor.@*CONCLUSION@#Internal and external fixation combined with second stage perforator fiap for the treatment of ankle fracture dislocation of Gustilo-Anderson types ⅢB and ⅢC could effectively close the wound, improve fracture healing and restore appearance and function of limbs to the maximum.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Ankle , Female , Fracture Dislocation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Perforator Flap , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828211

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical application value of adjustable skin retractor in large area of limb wound defect in children.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to January 2019, 11 children including 9 males and 2 females, aged 4 to 12 (8.3±2.7) years old with severe lower extremity wound defects were treated with adjustable skin stretch and closure device, all of them were unilateral lower extremity large area wound defects, including 4 cases of limb skin defect caused by traffic accident, 3 cases of failure to close after osteofasciotomy and decompression, 3 cases of plate exposure after internal fixation of lower extremity fracture and 1 case of ischemic necrosis after debridement and suturing of skin avulsion. The width of the wound was (5.6±1.2) cm and the length was (7.0±1.6) cm. VSD negative pressure drainage and expanded suture were used in all the patients. Four of them had been treated with free skin graft and two had been treated with local flap transfer. The graft or flap operation failed, and the effect of the early treatment was not good.@*RESULTS@#After 5 to 14 (10.5±2.6) days of continuous traction, the wound was closed and no skin grafting or flap repair was performed. No complications such as poor blood supply, skin infection and necrosis, peripheral sensory disturbance occurred. All 11 patients were followed up for 3 to 18 (8.9±3.8) months. The wound edge skin was linear healing with slight scar.@*CONCLUSION@#It is in accordance with Wolff's law and the concept of natural tissue reconstruction to treat large-scale limb wound defects in children with adjustable skin stretch and closure device, which provides an effective method for the treatment of limb skin and soft tissue defects in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879353

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of traditional fibula flap combined with allogeneic bone transplantation and composite bone flap transplantation combined with bone lengthening in staged repair of severe soft tissue and bone defect caused by lower limb burn.@*METHODS@#Total 68 patients with severe soft tissue and bone defect caused by lower limb burn from March 2015 to January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, and they were divided into control group (34 cases) and study group (34 cases) according to the treatment plan. All patients had different degrees of soft tissue and bone tissue defects. In the study group, 34 patients were treated with composite bone flap transplantation combined with bone lengthening. There were 22 males and 12 females; the age ranged from 32 to 46(39.18±6.01) years; the time from injury to treatment was (16.69±5.11) h;28 cases were caused by explosion injury and 6 cases were caused by firearm burn; the length of bone defect was (12.10± 2.34) cm;and 16 cases were on the left side of affected limb 18 cases were on the right side. In the control group, there were 24 males and 10 females, aged 31 to 47 (38.93 ± 5.81) years;the time from injury to treatment was(17.10±5.63) h;the causes of injury were explosive injury in 30 cases and firearm burn in 4 cases; the length of bone defect was (11.96±2.51) cm;19 cases were on the left side and 15 cases on the right side. All patients were followed up for 6 months. The FMA scores before operation and 3 and 6 months after operation, treatment satisfaction, curative effect and complications of the two groups were recorded.@*RESULTS@#Limb function:there was no significant difference in FMA scores between the two groups before operation (@*CONCLUSION@#the combined use of composite bone flap transplantation and bone lengthening staged repair in the treatment of severe soft tissue and bone defect caused by lower limb burn can achieve good therapeutic effect, improve limb function, and have high treatment satisfaction and certain safety.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Lengthening , Bone and Bones , Female , Humans , Lower Extremity/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
17.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(4): 372-385, dic. 2019. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1057062

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir las lesiones evaluadas por imágenes de los atletas que participaron en los Juegos Olímpicos de la Juventud Buenos Aires 2018. Materiales y Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio descriptivo con una serie de 38 deportistas que participaron en los Juegos Olímpicos de la Juventud Buenos Aires 2018 y se sometieron a estudios por imágenes. Se analizaron los siguientes datos: distribución por sexo, edad, país, disciplina deportiva y hallazgos patológicos. Resultados: Se atendió a más deportistas mujeres (63,15%), la mayoría (31,57%) era de América del Sur. El atletismo fue la disciplina que más pacientes aportó (7 estudios). Predominaron las lesiones de los tejidos blandos de los miembros inferiores (51,51%). Conclusiones: Las atletas fueron quienes más se realizaron estudios por imágenes, y las lesiones más frecuentes fueron las de los tejidos blandos de los miembros inferiores. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objectives: To describe the sports-related injuries observed in young athletes that participated in the 2018 Youth Olympic Games in Buenos Aires. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive study including 38 athletes that participated in the 2018 Youth Olympic Games in Buenos Aires and who were evaluated using imaging techniques. Athlete's distribution was analyzed by sex, age, sports activity and pathologic findings. Results: There were 4012 athletes that participated in the 2018 Youth Olympic Games in Buenos Aires, and, surprisingly, the number of male and female athletes was exactly the same. Injuries in female athletes were the most common (63.15%), most of them occurring in athletes of South American origin (31.57%). Athletics was the sport practiced by most patients (7 studies). Soft tissue injuries were most common in female athletes and mostly involved the lower limb (51.51%). Conclusions: The number of imaging studies carried out was higher in young female athletes, and the most common injuries were soft tissue injuries of the lower limb. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Athletic Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Soft Tissue Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Epidemiology, Descriptive
18.
ABCS health sci ; 44(2): 92-95, 11 out 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022339

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A Síndrome de Fournier consiste em uma fasciite necrosante que afeta tecido subcutâneo e pele do períneo e genitais externos. Caracterizada como uma urgência cirúrgica, seu tratamento é baseado em três pilares: debridamento de tecidos necróticos e infectados; controle sistêmico e antibioticoterapia; e reparação dos tecidos afetados. OBJETIVO: Identificar o perfil clínico de pacientes diagnosticados com Síndrome de Fournier em um hospital de urgências. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, retrospectivo e de abordagem quantitativa. A amostra consistiu de pacientes diagnosticados com Síndrome de Fournier acompanhados pela comissão de curativos do hospital no período de agosto de 2016 a agosto de 2017, que receberam alta ou foram a óbito. RESULTADOS: A amostra do estudo foi composta por 14 pacientes, sendo em sua totalidade pacientes do sexo masculino, entre 21 e 82 anos e idade média de 55 anos. Em 50% dos casos, foi necessário internação em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Quanto ao desfecho, 78,6% (11) receberam alta hospitalar e 21,4% (3) evoluíram para óbito. CONCLUSÃO: A assistência a pacientes com Síndrome de Fournier ocorre de forma despadronizada, o que ocasiona altas taxas de mortalidade. A elaboração de protocolos específicos é necessária.


INTRODUCTION: Fournier's Syndrome consists of a necrotizing fasciitis that affects subcutaneous tissue and skin of the perineum and external genitalia. Characterized as a urological urgency, its treatment is based on three pillars: debridement of necrotic and infected tissues; systemic control and antibiotic therapy; and repair of the affected tissues. OBJECTIVE: To identify the clinical profile of patients diagnosed with Fournier's Syndrome in an emergency hospital. METHODS: This is a descriptive, retrospective and quantitative study. The sample consisted of patients diagnosed with Fournier's Syndrome and attended by the hospital curative committee from August 2016 to August 2017, who were discharged or died. RESULTS: The study sample consisted of 14 medical records, all of them were male, aged between 21 and 82 years and mean age of 55 years. In 50% of the cases admittance to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) was necessary. Regarding the outcome, 78.6% (11) were discharged from hospital and 21.4% (3) died. CONCLUSION: Assistance to patients with Fournier Syndrome is poorly standardized, resulting in high mortality rates. Development of specific protocols is necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Penis/injuries , Soft Tissue Injuries , Fournier Gangrene , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Penis/pathology , Reproductive Tract Infections/complications , Reproductive Tract Infections/pathology
19.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(3): e2022, jul.-set. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093242

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Cerebral palsy involves loss or impairment of motor function attributed to non-progressive disturbances occurring in the developing fetal or infant brain. Self-inflicted oral trauma is a recurrent parafunctional habit in individuals with cerebral palsy. Objective: Describe two treatment modes for self-inflicted oral trauma in a 6-year-old male patient with cerebral palsy over a 5-year follow-up period. Case presentation: The child had been having pain due to injuries to the mouth floor and lingual frenum regions. Initially, low-level laser therapy was applied to accelerate the healing process of the wounds. Five years later, the child started to present worse oral injuries and placement of a fixed oral appliance was proposed. Intraoral examination showed that the wounds had healed completely in response to the oral appliance. Conclusions: Different therapies may be useful to control the recurrence of self-inflicted oral injuries(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: La parálisis cerebral provoca una pérdida o deterioro de la función motora atribuida a trastornos no progresivos del desarrollo cerebral fetal o infantil. La lesión autoinfligida es un hábito parafuncional recurrente en personas con parálisis cerebral. Objetivo: Describir dos modalidades de tratamiento para las lesiones autoinfligidas en un niño de 6 años de edad con parálisis cerebral durante un periodo de seguimiento de 5 años. Presentación del caso: El niño presentaba dolor debido a lesiones en la región del suelo de la boca y el frenillo lingual. Inicialmente se aplicó terapia con láser de baja intensidad para acelerar el proceso de cicatrización de las heridas. Cinco años más tarde el niño empezó a presentar lesiones bucales más severas, por lo que se propuso la colocación de un dispositivo oral fijo. El examen intraoral mostró que las lesiones habían cicatrizado completamente en respuesta al dispositivo oral instalado. Conclusiones: Diferentes terapias pueden ser útiles para controlar la recurrencia de las lesiones orales autoinfligidas(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Cerebral Palsy/etiology , Soft Tissue Injuries/drug therapy , Mouth Floor/injuries
20.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 811-818, May-June 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1011292

ABSTRACT

Trauma or disease inflicted by tissue injuries may cause tissue degeneration. The use of biomaterials for direct or indirect repair has emerged as a promising alternative, and has become an important research topic. The pequi fruit (Caryocar brasiliense Camb.) has shown antifungal, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, healing, antitumor, and antioxidant properties. The objective of this study was to develop a new biomaterial using a combination of collagen, gelatin, and pulp pequi oil, and to evaluate its biocompatibility in comparison with that of biomaterials produced without pulp pequi oil. Membranes were prepared from a mixture of bovine tendon collagen, commercial gelatin, and pulp pequi oil. The inflammatory and cicatricial processes were assessed via histopathology of the tissue interface/implants in the subcutaneous tissues and quantitative evaluation of leukocyte and collagen production in Wistar rats. It was observed that the presence of pequi oil reduced the amount of foreign-body giant cells and favored the recruitment of fibroblasts (P< 0.01), thereby promoting greater production of collagen membrane than that in the membranes of control samples. Therefore, it can be concluded that the addition of pequi oil improved the biocompatibility of collagen and accelerated the healing process.(AU)


Trauma ou lesões causadas por doenças podem enfraquecer e degenerar os tecidos humanos e animais. O uso de biomateriais para reparação direta ou indireta surgiu como uma alternativa promissora e tornou-se um importante tema de pesquisa. O óleo de pequi (Caryocar brasiliense Camb.) mostrou propriedades antifúngicas, antibacterianas, anti-inflamatórias, curativas, antitumorais e antioxidantes. O objetivo deste estudo foi obter um novo biomaterial, produzido pela combinação de óleo de pequi, colágeno e gelatina, para avaliar sua biocompatibilidade em comparação às membranas produzidas sem o óleo. As membranas foram preparadas por meio da mistura de colágeno de tendão bovino, gelatina comercial e óleo de pequi. Os processos inflamatórios e cicatriciais foram avaliados por histopatologia da interface / implantes de tecido subcutâneo de ratos Wistar para avaliação quantitativa da produção de leucócitos e colágeno. Observou-se que a presença de óleo de pequi reduziu a quantidade de células gigantes de corpo estranho e favoreceu o recrutamento de fibroblastos (P<0,01), promovendo, assim, maior produção da membrana de colágeno em comparação com a membrana de controle. Portanto, pode-se concluir que a adição de óleo de pequi melhorou a biocompatibilidade do colágeno e acelerou o processo de cicatrização.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Soft Tissue Injuries/veterinary , Ericales , Wound Healing , Collagen/therapeutic use , Gelatin/therapeutic use
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