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1.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 144-150, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981848

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To identify 1-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl) pentan-1-one (4-F-α-PVP) analog 1-(4-fluoro-3-methyl phenyl)-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl) pentan-1-one (4-F-3-Methyl-α-PVP) hydrochloride without reference substance.@*METHODS@#The direct-injection electron ionization-mass spectrometry (EI-MS), GC-MS, electrospray ionization-high resolution mass spectrometry (ESI-HRMS), ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-high resolution tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-HRMS/MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), ion chromatography and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were integrated utilized to achieve the structural analysis and characterization of the unknown compound in the sample, and the cleavage mechanism of the fragment ions was deduced by EI-MS and UPLC-HRMS/MS.@*RESULTS@#By analyzing the direct-injection EI-MS, GC-MS, ESI-HRMS and UPLC-HRMS/MS of the compound in the samples, it was concluded that the unknown compound was a structural analog of 4-F-α-PVP, possibly with one more methyl group in the benzene ring. According to the analysis results of 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR, it was further proved that the methyl group is located at the 3-position of the benzene ring. Since the actual number of hydrogen in 1H-NMR analysis was one more than 4-F-3-Methyl-α-PVP neutral molecule, it was inferred that the compound existed in the form of salt. Ion chromatography analysis results showed that the compound contained chlorine anion (content 11.14%-11.16%), with the structural analysis of main functional group information by FTIR, the unknown compound was finally determined to be 4-F-3-Methyl-α-PVP hydrochloride.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A comprehensive method using EI-MS, GC-MS, ESI-HRMS, UPLC-HRMS/MS, NMR, ion chromatography and FTIR to identify 4-F-3-Methyl-α-PVP hydrochloride in samples is established, which will be helpful for the forensic science laboratory to identify this compound or other analog compounds.


Subject(s)
Benzene , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry/methods , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1546-1557, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928083

ABSTRACT

Zhachong Shisanwei Pills, composed of 13 Chinese medicinal materials, are used for treating the diseases such as hemiplegia, pain of muscles and bones, rheumatism, and joint pain. The chemical composition and pharmacodynamics of Zhachong Shisanwei Pills have not been reported. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole-time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was employed to quickly identify the chemical components of Zhachong Shisanwei Pills, which was performed with Shim-pack GIST C_(18) column(4.6 mm×150 mm, 5 μm). The gradient elution was conducted with methanol-0.05% acetic acid as the mobile phase. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry(ESI-MS) was carried out in both positive and negative ion modes. The compounds were identidied based on accurate relative molecular weight, fragment ion species, and the MS data of reference substances and in literature. In conclusion, a total of 98 compounds were identified, including 19 organic acids, 36 flavonoids, 13 volatile oils, 8 tannins, 5 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromones, 5 amino acids, 3 sesquiterpenoids, 3 alkaloids, and 2 other compounds. This study characte-rized the chemical components of Zhachong Shisanwei Pills rapidly for the first time, laying a foundation for further research on the pharmacodynamic material basis and quality evaluation.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 980-987, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928017

ABSTRACT

The ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS~E) technology was employed to compare the chemical components between the aerial and underground parts of Coptis chinensis samples from different batches. According to the retention time, molecular ion peak, and LC-MS~E fragment information of the reference substances and available literature, we identified a total of 40 components. Thirty-three and 31 compounds were respectively identified in the underground part(taproots) and the aerial part(stems and leaves) of C. chinensis. Among them, 24 compounds, including alkaloids(e.g., berberine and jatrorrhizine) and phenolic acids(e.g., chlorogenic acid, quinic acid, and tanshinol), were common in the two parts. In addition, differential components were also identified, such as magnoline glucoside in the underground part and(±) lariciresionol-4-β-D-glucopyranoside in the aerial part. The analysis of fragmentation pathways based on spectra of reference substances indicated the differences among samples of different batches. Furthermore, we performed the principal component analysis(PCA) for the peak areas of C. chinensis in different batches. The results showed that the underground part and the aerial part were clearly clustered into two groups, indicating that the chemical components contained in the two parts were different. Furthermore, the results of partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) identified 31 differential compounds(VIP value>1) between the underground part and the aerial part, mainly including alkaloids, phenolic acids, lignans, and flavonoids. This study proves that C. chinensis possesses great development potential with multiple available compounds in stems and leaves. Moreover, it sheds light on for the development and utilization of non-medicinal organs of C. chinensis and other Chinese medicinal herbs.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Coptis chinensis , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization/methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Technology
4.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 551-560, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939920

ABSTRACT

Achyranthes bidentata Blume is widely used as a traditional Chinese medicine with the effects of nourishing the liver and kidneys and strengthening muscles and bones. In this work, a rapid and simple strategy was developed for characterizing phytoecdysteroids by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with liner ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometry using electrospray ionization in the negative mode. As a result, 47 phytoecdysteroids were unambiguously or tentatively characterized. Among them, seven known compounds were identified according to the reference standards along with molecular formula, retention time and fragmentation patterns, while others were mostly potential new compounds. Through targeted isolation, the structures of three new compounds were determined by NMR spectra, which were consistent with LC-MS characterization. The present study provides an efficient method to deeply characterize phytoecdysteroids.


Subject(s)
Achyranthes/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Mass Spectrometry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization/methods
5.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 726-732, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984164

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the chemical structure of the interfering substance that affects the result of methamphetamine analysis in wastewater.@*METHODS@#A combination of GC-MS and liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-QTOF-MS) was used to analyze the mass spectrum characteristics of the interfering substance that affects the result of methamphetamine analysis and to infer its possible structure. Liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole-mass spectrometry (LC-TQ-MS) was used to confirm the control material.@*RESULTS@#Using LC-QTOF-MS in positive electrospray ionization (ESI+) mode, the mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) of quasi-molecular ion in the MS1 mass spectrometry of interfering substance was identical to that of methamphetamine, indicating that the interfering substance was probably an isomer of methamphetamine. The MS2 mass spectra obtained at three collision energies of 15 V, 30 V and 45 V were highly similar to methamphetamine, suggesting that the interfering substance contained methylamino and benzyl groups. Further analysis using GC-MS in electron impact (EI) ionization mode showed that the base peak in the mass spectrum of the interfering substance was at m/z 44. The interfering substance was confirmed to be N-methyl-2-phenylpropan-1-amine by compared with the standard reference.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The chemical structure of N-methyl-2-phenylpropan-1-amine is highly similar to methamphetamine, which is easy to cause interference for the detection of trace amounts of methamphetamine in wastewater using LC-TQ-MS. Therefore, in the actual analysis, the chromatographic retention time can be used to distinguish between N-methyl-2-phenylpropan-1-amine and methamphetamine.


Subject(s)
Methamphetamine , Wastewater , Amines , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry/methods , Mass Spectrometry/methods , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization/methods
6.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(2): 132-146, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342208

ABSTRACT

We investigated the effects of dichloromethane extract (DME) from Myrcia splendenson alterations caused by type 2 diabetes in the blood and kidney of rats, in order to reduce side effects caused by synthetic drugs. Rats received streptozotocin (60 mg/kg),15 minutes after nicotinamide (120 mg/kg) or water. After 72 hours, the glycemic levels were evaluated to confirm diabetes and the animals received (15 days) DME (25, 50, 100 or 150 mg/Kg) or water. DME partially reversed hyperglycemia and (100 and 150 mg/kg) reversed hypertriglyceridemia. Histopathological findings elucidated that DME reduced damage to pancreatic islets. DME 150 mg/kgreversed the increases in TBA-RS, the reduction in the sulfhydryl content, 100 and 150 mg/kg increased CAT, reversed the decrease in GSH-Px and increased it activity in the blood. DME 150 mg/kg reversed CAT and GSH-Px reductions in the kidney. We believe that DME effects might be dependent on the presence of phenolic compounds.


Investigamos los efectos del extracto de diclorometano (DME)de Myrcia splendens sobre las alteraciones causadas por la diabetes tipo 2 en la sangre y los riñones de las ratas, para reducir los efectos secundarios causados por las drogas sintéticas. Las ratas recibieron estreptozotocina (60 mg/kg), 15 minutos después de la nicotinamida (120 mg/kg) o agua. Después de 72 horas, se confirmo la diabetes y los animales recibieron (15 días) DME (25, 50, 100 o 150 mg/Kg) o agua. DME revierte parcialmente la hiperglucemia y revierte la hipertrigliceridemia. DME redujo el daño a los islotes pancreáticos. DME revirtió los aumentos en TBA-RS, la reducción en el contenido de sulfhidrilo, aumentó la CAT, revirtió la disminución en GSH-Px y aumentó su actividad en la sangre. Además, DME revirtió las reducciones de CAT y GSH-Px en el riñón. Creemos que los efectos provocados por DME pueden depender de la presencia de compuestos fenólicos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Myrtaceae/chemistry , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/administration & dosage , Methylene Chloride/administration & dosage , Blood Glucose/drug effects , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Rats, Wistar , Streptozocin , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Phenolic Compounds/analysis , Hypolipidemic Agents/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/administration & dosage
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1179-1190, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879020

ABSTRACT

To demonstrate the fragmentation patterns of simple coumarins furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8), furanocourmarin(C_6-C_7) and dihydrofuran coumarin by mass spectrometry, with fraxin, scopoletin, isopsoralen, pimpinellin, isoimperatorin, notopterol and noda-kenin as study subjects, so as to provide a basis for rapid identification of compounds in different subtypes of coumarins. Ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography combined with quardrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was implemented in both positive and negative ion modes. Masslynx software was employed to provide the elemental constituents of each detected ion based on its accurate molecular weight. Chemdraw 2014 was used to cultivate mass number of each inferred structure. The fragment pattern of each compound was determined based on the structures inferred from all the relevant ions. And the patterns were drawn by Chemdraw 2014. The deviation between the calculated molecular weight of the inferred structure and the detected value of the ions was used to assess the correctness of the inferred structures in the fragmentation patterns. The results showed that with UPLC-Q-TOF, neutral loss of CO_2 and CO was reflected in lactone and furan skeletons from the courmarin structure. An even mass was attributed to the loss of an odd number of methyl radicals from compounds with a methoxy substituent. Furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) produced a protonated molecular ion([M+H]~+), while the other courmarin subtypes produced either a sodium adduct of the molecular ion([M+Na]~+) or a sodium adduct of the molecular ion([M+Na]~+) with a protonated molecular ion([M+H]~+). The m/z 203.03 was a diagnostic ion for furanocourmarin(C_6-C_7), and the m/z 147.04 was supplementary evidence for furanocourmarin(C_6-C_7) identification. The characteristic ion of furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) was m/z 131.05, while m/z 187.04 was the characteristic ion of dihydrofuran coumarin. The m/z 203.03 ion for furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) was pretty weak. In negative ion mode, furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) did not have any signals that were different from the other subtypes of courmarins. The fragmentation patterns in negative ion mode for the other subtypes of courmarins were similar to those in positive ion mode. Four types of fragmentation patterns were identified as forcourmarins from Notopterygium inchum. This study provides the basis for the rapid identification of courmarin subtypes by mass spectrometry.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Coumarins , Ions , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Extracts , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 645-660, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878891

ABSTRACT

A high performance liquid chromatography with a diode array detector combined with electrospray ionization ion trap time-of-flight multistage mass spectrometry(HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MS~n, HPLC-MS~n) method was established for qualitative analysis of the chemical components of ethyl acetate extract from Sinopodophylli Fructus. The analysis was performed on a Kromasil 100-5 C_(18)(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) column, with a mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid(A) and acetonitrile(B) for gradient at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1). Electrospray ionization ion trap time-of-flight multistage mass spectrometry was applied for qualitative analysis under positive and negative ion modes. With use of reference substance, characteristic fragmentation and their HR-MS data, 102 components were identified, including 67 flavonoids and 35 lignans. Among them, 45 compounds were reported in Sinopodophylli Fructus for the first time and 19 compounds were identified as new compounds. PharmMapper was used to predict the bioactivity of compounds that were first reported in Sinopodophylli Fructus, and 20 compounds of them were identified to have potential anticancer activity. The results showed that there were many isomers in the ethyl acetate extract of Folium Nelumbinis, and a total of 19 groups of isomers were found. Among them, C_(21)H_(20)O_8 had the highest number of isomers(18 compounds), all of which were α-peltatin or its isomers; C_(21)H_(20)O_7 ranked second, with 10 compounds, all of which were 8-prenylquercetin-3-methyl ether or its isomers. In conclusion, an HPLC-MS~n method was established for qualitative analysis of the ethyl acetate extract(with anti-breast cancer activity) from Sinopodophylli Fructus in this study, which will provide the evidence for clarifying pharmacological active ingredients of the ethyl acetate extract from Sinopodophylli Fructus against breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Fruit , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3865-3872, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888110

ABSTRACT

Fifteen compounds(1-15) were isolated from the 95% EtOH extract of the whole herb of Physalis minima by various chromatography techniques including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, middle chromatogram isolated gel(MCI), octadecyl silica(ODS), and semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). Their structures were elucidated by infrared spectroscopy(IR), ultraviolet spectroscopy(UV), high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry(HR-ESI-MS), nuclear magnetic re-sonance(NMR), and circular dichroism(CD) as(5S)-5,11-dihydroxy-3-methyl-5-pentylfuran-2(5H)-one(1), withaphysalin R(2), withaphysalin Q(3), withaphysanolide A(4), phaseic acid(5), grasshopper ketone(6), 3S,5R-dihydroxy-6S,7-megastigmadien-9-one(7), vanillic acid(8), 2-trans,4-trans-abscisic acid(9), capillasterolide(10), 5,3'-dihydroxy-3,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone(11),(-)-loliolide(12), 4-hydroxyacetophenone(13), acetosyringone(14), and aurantiamide acetate(15). Compound 1 was a new butenolide, and compounds 5-7 and 10-12 were isolated from the Physalis for the first time. Compounds 4, 13, and 15 were isolated for the first time from P. minima. Moreover, their anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated in vitro. Compound 12 was found to possess an inhibitory effect on the transcription of an NF-κB-dependent reporter gene in LPS-induced 293 T/NF-κB-luc cells at 10 μmol·L~(-1), showing an inhibitory rate of 62.31%±4.8%.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , NF-kappa B , Physalis , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2728-2736, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887943

ABSTRACT

On the basis of the qualitative preparation quality markers of Yulian Decoction, we screened out the quantitative markers and explored a general strategy for analyzing the component migration in Chinese herbal pieces, preparations, and plasma. A method capable of simultaneously determining 28 chemical components in Yulian Decoction was established based on HPLC-MS/MS. This method was used to determine the migrated components in herbal pieces-lyophilized powder preparations-rat plasma after administration of Yulian Decoction. Liquid chromatography was performed under the following conditions: C_(18)-reversed phase chromatographic column(2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.8 μm); acetonitrile-water(containing 0.1% formic acid) as the mobile phase for gradient elution; the flow rate of 0.2 mL·min~(-1). Electrospray ionization source was adopted for mass spectrometry detection, in which positive and negative ion modes and multiple reaction monitoring were applied. Confirmed by the methodological investigation in linear range, recovery(95.48%-103.4%), precision(RSD, 0.45%-3.8%), stability, and repeatability(RSD, 5.6%-14%), the established method was suitable for the detection and quantification of the components in Yulian Decoction. The results showed that in the lyophilized powder of Yulian Decoction, berberine was greater than 5% in mass fraction, magnoflorine, epiberberine, coptisine, palmatine, and limonin in the range of 1%-5%, and dehydroevodiamine, evodiamine, rutaecarpine, costunolide, and dehydrocostus lactone in the range of 0.002%-1%. Of the 28 components detected in pieces, 27 were found to migrate to the lyophilized powder, and 11 were detected in rat plasma. Fifteen components were preliminarily determined as quantitative preparation quality markers for Yulian Decoction, including berberine, epiberberine, coptisine, palmatine, evodiamine, rutaecarpine, limonin, costunolide, dehydrocostus lactone, magnoflorine, jatrorrhizine, columbamine, groenlandicine, chlorogenic acid, and neochlorogenic acid. In conclusion, the HPLC-MS/MS general strategy was established for analyzing the migration of multiple components in Chinese herbal pieces, preparations, and plasma, which can provide the basis for the screening of quantitative preparation quality markers and multi-index quality control of Yulian Decoction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1651-1656, Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS | ID: biblio-1143656

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Ionizing radiation can cause radio-induced changes in the cellular metabolome due to the breakdown of DNA bonds. Our goal was to find the early tissue response to radiation exposure supported by distinct analytical methods. METHODS: Histological analyses were performed on the organs extracted from rats to search for microscopic changes. The histological slides stained with hematoxyline-eosin (HE) were analyzed in magnification (40x). Subsequently, the tissues were subjected to mass spectrometry that allowed molecular analysis and DESI-MSI that generated the molecular image of lipids, assessing changes in intensities, especially in the brain. RESULTS: The histological analysis found nonspecific inflammatory changes; no areas of fibrosis, necrosis, or apoptosis were identified, suggesting non-morphological tissue alterations. However, the DESI-MSI images of brain lipids allowed the observation of many radio-induced changes in the lipid's intensities. CONCLUSIONS: No early radio induced histological or mass weight changes in the radiation exposed rats could be observed at 5 Gy. However, early changes in the molecular level were observed in the DESI-MSI images of the brain lipids. The DESI-MSI method proved to be efficient and relevant, allowing a regional molecular analysis of the tissues, expanding a new field of study that is still in its infancy: radiometabolomics.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Radiação ionizante pode causar alterações no metaboloma celular devido à quebra de ligações no DNA. O objetivo deste trabalho foi evidenciar a resposta aguda tecidual induzida pela exposição da radiação ionizante. MÉTODOS: Análises histológicas foram realizadas nos órgãos extraídos de ratos para análise de alterações microscópicas. As lâminas histológicas coradas com hematoxilina eosina (HE) foram analisadas em aumento (40x). Posteriormente, os tecidos foram submetidos a espectrometria de massa, que permitiu análise molecular e o Desi-MSI que gerou imagem molecular de lipídios, identificando alterações na intensidade, principalmente no cérebro. RESULTADOS: As análises histológicas encontraram alterações inflamatórias inespecíficas, nem áreas de fibrose, necrose ou apoptose, sugerindo ausência de alterações morfológicas. As imagens de lipídios cerebrais obtidas por Desi-MSI permitiram observar as inúmeras alterações na intensidade nas seções teciduais do encéfalo. CONCLUSÕES: Alterações agudas radioinduzidas de massa do órgão e histológicas nos órgãos dos ratos expostos não puderam ser observadas a 5 Gy. Entretanto, mudanças em nível molecular foram observadas nas imagens de Desi-MSI dos lipídios cerebrais. O método Desi-MSI mostrou-se eficiente e relevante, permitindo a análise molecular regi-onal dos tecidos no SNC, expandindo um novo campo de estudo que ainda está em sua infância: a radiometaboloma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Lipids , Disease Models, Animal
12.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180573, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132185

ABSTRACT

Abstract This work reports the study of the potential application of Zn/TiO2 catalysts, obtained by the sol-gel method, in processes of environmental decontamination through the reactions of photodegradation of textile dye, followed by electrospray mass spectrometry. The catalysts synthesis was performed according to a 2² factorial design with repetition at the central point. The characterization techniques used were: N2 adsorption measurements (BET method), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray (MEV/EDS), X-ray diffraction and point of zero charge (PZC). The photocatalytic tests were performed in batch in the presence of sunlight, and to evaluate the degradation kinetics study, a rapid direct injection electrospray mass spectrometry (DI-ESI-MS) method has been developed. By the photocatalytic tests, the calcination temperature of 400 °C has shown the best results of discoloration for the reactive Orange-122 dye (99.76%) in a reaction time of 2h. The discoloration kinetics were a pseudo-first order, and a statistical analysis was performed to investigate the effects of the variables and to optimize the conditions of discoloration to the dye. After the reactional time of 2 h, an ion of m/z 441.5 was detected by ESI-MS, indicating that the photocatalytic process was effective for the degradation of the dye to secondary compounds.


Subject(s)
Azo Compounds/toxicity , Biodegradation, Environmental , Decontamination/methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Environmental Restoration and Remediation/methods , Wastewater , Photochemistry , Textiles/toxicity , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Catalysis , Catalytic Domain , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Coloring Agents , Photobioreactors , Models, Theoretical
13.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 677-681, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985165

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the identification method for 4'-F-4-methylaminorex (4'-F-4-MAR) in samples without reference substance. Methods Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) were comprehensively used for the structure identification of 4'-F-4-MAR in samples. Results Under the positive electrospray ionization (ESI+) mode, quasi-molecular ion in the first order mass spectrometry of the unknown compound was 195.092 6 and its molecular formula was inferred to be C10H11FN2O. The fragment ions in the mass spectrometry of the unknown compound were compared with the related fragment ions of 4,4'-dimethylaminorex (4,4'-DMAR) in literature. It was found that the main fragment ions of the unknown compound were all 4 bigger than the corresponding fragment ions of 4,4'-DMAR. Therefore, the unknown compound was inferred to be a 4,4'-DMAR analogue with a methyl substituted by a fluorine in the benzene ring. The equivalent protons at δ=7.30 and δ=7.06 in 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectra and the characteristic spin-spin coupling constants (1JC-F=245.2 Hz, 2JC-F=21.3 Hz, 3JC-F=8.1 Hz) for 13C-19F interactions in carbon spectra, further proved that the fluorine substituted methyl at the para-position of the benzene ring. Finally, the unknown compound was determined as 4'-F-4-MAR. Conclusion A method that comprehensively used the identification materials 4'-F-4-MAR in GC-MS, UPLC-QTOF-MS, NMR and FTIR is established and the fragmentation mechanism of fragmentation ions of 4'-F-4-MAR created under the two modes -- electron impact (EI) and electrospray ionization under collision induced dissociation (ESI-CID) is deduced. The information will assist forensic science laboratories in identifying this compound or other substances with similar structure in their case work.


Subject(s)
Aminorex , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Mass Spectrometry , Nitroimidazoles , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2634-2641, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828035

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish a quantitative method of 4 aristolochic acids-DNA adducts in mice kidney and liver based on high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(HPLC-MS/MS) for monitoring the content changes of aristolochic acids-DNA adducts. A Shiseido Capcellpak AQ C_(18) column(3 mm×100 mm, 3 μm) was used, with a mixture of 0.2% acetic acid-5 mmol·L~(-1) ammonium acetate as the aqueous phase and methanol as the organic phase for gradient elution. The multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) scanning method under positive mode by electrospray ionization(ESI) was performed for the detection of the aristolochic acids-DNA adducts which formed by combining aristolochic acid Ⅰ/Ⅱ with deoxyadenosine, deoxyguanosine, and deoxycytidine, respectively. Balb/c mice were given Guanmutong extract by gavage, and the relative content of aristolochic acids-DNA adducts in liver and kidney samples were analyzed within 60 days. It was found that the concentration of 4 aristolochic acids-DNA adducts in the kidney was significantly higher than that in the liver, and there were about 15.87 adducts in per 1×10~6 normal deoxynucleosides, which was 4.5-7.5 times than that of the liver. What's more, some adducts can still be detected on the 30 th day after administration. The concentration of the adducts in the liver was highest on the first day after administration, and a second peak appeared during the 7 th to 14 th days. The results indicated that aristolochic acids-DNA adducts are difficult to eliminate in vivo, and it is of great significance to study the mechanism of liver and kidney injury of aristolochic acid.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Aristolochic Acids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , DNA Adducts , Liver , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
15.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(5): 518-526, sept. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008290

ABSTRACT

Valeriana amurensis Smir. ex Kom. widely distributed in the northeast region of China and some region in Russia and Korea, and its underground parts (roots and rhizomes) being used to cure nervous system diseases such as insomnia. The active components including the essential oil and iridoids of underground parts were investigated in different harvest periods in order to evaluate the quality for the roots and rhizomes of V. amurensis. The content of the essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation and bornyl acetate in the oil was quantitated by GC-EI. The iridoids, valepotriates were determined by potentiometric titration and the main component, valtrate was quantitated by HPLC-UV. The factors of biomass were considered in the determination of collection period. Statistical analysis of results showed that, the highest content of the essential oil per plant was 22.69 µl in withering period and then 21.58 µl in fruit ripening period, while the highest contents of bornyl acetate, valepotriates and valtrate per plant were 2.82 mg, 31.90 mg and 0.98 mg in fruit ripening period separately. Fruit ripening period was decided as the best harvest period for the content of active constituents and output of drug, and it would provide scientific basis for the artificial cultivation of V. amurensis.


Valeriana amurensis Smir. ex Kom. Se distribuye ampliamente en la región noreste de China y en algunas regiones de Rusia y Corea, y sus partes subterráneas (raíces y rizomas) se utilizan para curar enfermedades del sistema nervioso como el insomnio. Se investigaron los componentes activos, incluidos el aceite esencial y los iridoides de las partes subterráneas de V. amurensis en diferentes períodos de cosecha para evaluar la calidad de las raíces y rizomas. El contenido del aceite esencial se obtuvo mediante hidrodestilación y el acetato de bornilo en el aceite se cuantificó por GC-EI. Los iridoides, valepotriatos se determinaron mediante valoración potenciométrica y el componente principal, el valtrato se cuantificó por HPLC-UV. Los factores de biomasa fueron considerados en la determinación del período de recolección. El análisis estadístico de los resultados mostró que el mayor contenido de aceite esencial por planta fue de 22,69 µl en el período de marchitación y luego de 21,58 µl en el período de maduración de la fruta, mientras que el mayor contenido de acetato de bornilo, valepotriatos y valtrato por planta fue de 2.82 mg, 31.90 mg y 0,98 mg, respectivamente, en el período de maduración de la fruta por separado. Se definió el período de maduración de la fruta como el mejor período de cosecha para el contenido de constituyentes activos y la producción de droga, lo cual proporcionaría una base científica para el cultivo artificial de V. amurensis.


Subject(s)
Valerian/chemistry , Oils, Volatile/chemistry , Plant Roots/chemistry , Seasons , Camphanes/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Rhizome/chemistry , Iridoids/analysis
16.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(3): 336-346, mayo 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008047

ABSTRACT

The chemical composition of Mangifera indica L. cv. "Kent" leaves was determined by HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS. Polyphenolic compounds characterized as benzophenone derivatives were the main components found in extracts (1, maclurin 3-C-(2-O-galloyl)-D- glucoside isomer; 2, maclurin 3-C---D-glucoside; 3, iriflophenone 3-C---D-glucoside; 5, maclurin 3-C-(2,3-di-O-galloyl)---D-glucoside; 6, iriflophenone 3-C-(2-O-galloyl)---D-glucoside; 7, methyl-iriflophenone 3-C-(2,6-di-O-galloyl)---D-glucoside) and xanthones (4, mangiferin and 8, 6-O-galloyl-mangiferin). The estrogenic and antioxidant effects of aqueous extracts from Mangifera indica L. cv. "Kent" leaves on ovariectomized rats were determined by uterotrophic assay and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in erythrocytes, bone, liver, and stomach. We conclude that the polyphenolic compounds from extracts act as exogenous antioxidant agents against oxidative damage in ovariectomized rats.


La composición química de las hojas de Mangifera indica L. cv. "Kent" se determinó por HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS. Compuestos polifenólicos caracterizados como derivados de benzofenona fueron los componentes principales encontrados en los extractos (1, isómero de la maclurina 3-C-(2-O-galoyil)-D-glucósido; 2, maclurina 3-C-ß-D-glucósido; 3, iriflofenona 3-C-ß-D-glucósido; 5, maclurina 3-C-(2,3-di-O-galloíl)-ß-D-glucósido; 6, iriflofenona 3-C-(2-O-galloil)-ß-D-glucósido; 7, metil-iriflofenona 3-C-(2,6-di-O- galloyl)-ß-D-glucósido) y xantonas (4, mangiferina y 8, 6-O-galoyil-mangiferina). Los efectos estrogénicos y antioxidantes de los extractos acuosos de hojas de Mangifera indica L. cv. "Kent" en ratas ovariectomizadas se determinaron mediante ensayo uterotrófico y la medición de los niveles de malondialdehído (MDA) en eritrocitos, huesos, hígado y estómago. Concluimos que los compuestos polifenólicos de los extractos actúan como agentes antioxidantes exógenos contra el daño oxidativo en ratas ovariectomizadas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Ovariectomy , Mangifera/chemistry , Estrogens/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Stomach/drug effects , Benzophenones/chemistry , Bone and Bones/drug effects , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Reactive Oxygen Species , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Ethanol , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Liver/drug effects , Malondialdehyde , Antioxidants/chemistry
17.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 62: e19170754, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055383

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the present research was to develop a silymarin-laden PVP-nanocontainer providing ameliorated aqueous solubility and dissolution of the drug. Several silymarin-laden formulations were formed with varying quantities of PVP and SDS via the solvent evaporation method using the electrospraying technique. The influence of the hydrophilic carriers on solubility and dissolution was explored. The solid-state characterization was carried out by particle-size analysis, PXRD, DSC, FTIR and SEM. All of the formulations demonstrated better solubility and dissolution than did silymarin plain powder. Both the SDS and PVP had positive effects on solubility and dissolution of silymarin in the aqueous media. An increased solubility was attained as the drug/PVP ratio was 1/4; however, further increase in PVP did not provide significant improvement. In particular, a nanocontainer formulation prepared with silymarin, PVP and SDS (1/4/0.5, w/w/w) exhibited the best solubility (26432.76 ± 1749.00 μg/mL) and an excellent dissolution (~92 % in 20 min) than did silymarin plain powder. Also, it demonstrated similar dissolution profiles compared to a commercial product; therefore, might be bioequivalent to the commercial product (f 1 = 3 and f 2 = 69). Moreover, cumulative undersize distribution values as represented by X10, X50 and X90 were 201 ± 21.01 nm, 488 ± 36.05 nm and 392 ± 48.10 nm, respectively. The drug existed in the amorphous state in the PVP-nanocontainers with no strong chemical bonding with other excipients. Thus, this formulation might be used for more effective administration of silymarin via the oral route.


Subject(s)
Silymarin/administration & dosage , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Dissolution , Nanoparticles
18.
São Paulo; s.n; 2019. 166 p. ilust, tabelas.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1049748

ABSTRACT

Os tumores bifásicos da mama formam um grupo heterogêneo de tumores que apresentam na histologia dois componentes, o epitelial e o estromal. Esses tumores podem ser benignos ou malignos, alguns podem recidivar ou dar metástase. O seu prognóstico varia conforme a sua classificação histológica, a presença de metástase e a adequabilidade do seu tratamento. Porém, por vezes, há ainda dificuldade em diferenciá-los quando há sobreposição das características histológicas que são utilizadas para realizar o diagnóstico no exame anatomopatológico. Visando um novo método para diferenciar esses tumores entre si, além do exame anatomopatológico habitual, buscou-se analisar esses tumores através de uma técnica da química analítica de ionização ambiente, utilizando espectrometria de massas, o DESI-MSI (Desorption Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry Imaging). Foram utilizados cortes de amostras congeladas em lâminas para analisar no DESI-MSI e, através dessa análise, obteve-se os espectros de massas e as imagens químicas. A análise estatística foi realizada através do teste de Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney. Nesse estudo encontramos maior intensidade dos ácidos graxos poli-insaturados (PUFAs); de fosfolipídios como as fosfatidilserina e fosfatidiletanolaminas; do ácido ascórbico e de peptídeos no sarcoma do estroma da mama e tumor Phyllodes maligno, comparados ao tumor Phyllodes borderline e, por sua vez, comparado ao tumor Phyllodes benigno, fibroadenomas e tecido normal. Alguns PUFAs, como o ácido araquidônico (m/z 303,2330) e o ácido adrênico (m/z 331,2643), são precursores dos eicosanóides e participam de vias pró-inflamatórias. Os PUFAs podem estar ligados a um fosfolipídio da membrana celular e, quanto mais estiver presente, menor a rigidez da membrana, o que diminui o gasto energético para a realização dos movimentos celulares, como a endocitose. O aumento da intensidade do ácido ascórbico nas células tumorais se deve provavelmente ao aumento da demanda metabólica de glicose pelas células tumorais; ocorrendo, portanto, aumento dos transportadores de glicose (GLUTS) e, como a molécula do ácido ascórbico e sua forma oxidada tem estrutura molecular semelhante à molécula da glicose, o ácido ascórbico seria carreado por esses transportadores para dentro da célula tumoral. A maior intensidade dos peptídeos no tecido maligno pode ser explicada pela maior demanda proteica da célula maligna; porém, além da importância dos peptídeos para construção das proteínas, sabe-se que alguns aminoácidos podem ser convertidos em metabólitos intermediários da glicólise aeróbia. Isso ocorre devido ao aumento da demanda de átomos de carbono para biossíntese de metabólitos. Essas diferenças lipidômicas e metabolômicas ocorrem pelo metabolismo diferenciado da célula maligna, a qual desenvolve mecanismos de adaptação para sobrevivência e proliferação. A análise das imagens químicas dos tumores bifásicos da mama obtidas por DESI-MSI mostrou que é possível diferenciar esses tumores. O uso futuro dessa técnica na rotina diagnóstica pode ser promissor devido a ser de execução rápida e de alta acurácia (AU)


Biphasic breast tumors form a heterogeneous group of tumors that present in histology two components, epithelial and stromal. These tumors may be benign or malignant, some may recur or metastasize. Its prognosis varies according to its histological classification, the presence of metastasis and the adequacy of its treatment. However, sometimes there is still difficulty in differentiating them when there is overlap of the histological features that are used to make the diagnosis in the pathological examination. Aiming at a new method to differentiate these tumors from each other, in addition to the usual pathological examination, we sought to analyze these tumors using an analytical chemistry technique of ambient ionization using mass spectrometry, the Desorption Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry Imaging (DESI-MSI). Frozen specimen sections were used to analyze the DESI-MSI and, through this analysis, mass spectra and chemical images were obtained. Statistical analysis was performed using the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test. In this study we found higher intensity of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs); phospholipids such as phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamines; ascorbic acid and peptides in breast sarcoma and malignant phyllodes tumor, compared to borderline phyllodes tumor and, in turn, compared to benign phyllodes tumor, fibroadenomas and breast normal tissue. Some PUFAs, such as arachidonic acid (m/z 303,2330) and adrenic acid (m/z 331,2643), are precursors of eicosanoids and participate in proinflammatory pathways. PUFAs may be linked to a cell membrane phospholipid and, the more it is present, the lower the membrane stiffness, which decreases the energy expenditure to perform cell movements, such as endocytosis. The increase in ascorbic acid intensity in tumor cells is probably due to the increased metabolic demand for glucose by tumor cells; there is therefore an increase in glucose transporters (GLUTS) and, since the ascorbic acid molecule and its oxidized form have a similar molecular structure to the glucose molecule, the ascorbic acid would be carried by these transporters into the tumor cell. The higher intensity of peptides in malignant tissue may be explained by the higher protein demand of the malignant cell; However, in addition to the importance of peptides for protein construction, it is known that some amino acids can be converted into intermediate metabolites of aerobic glycolysis. This is due to the increased demand for carbon atoms for metabolite biosynthesis. These lipidomic and metabolomic differences occur due to the differentiated metabolism of the malignant cell, which develops adaptation mechanisms for survival and proliferation. Analysis of chemical images of biphasic breast tumors obtained by DESI-MSI showed that it is possible to differentiate these tumors. The future use of this technique in the diagnostic routine may be promising due to its fast execution and high accuracy (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Phyllodes Tumor , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Metabolomics , Chemistry, Analytic
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 500-508, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777472

ABSTRACT

This Paper aimed to analyze and identify the chemical constituents from the seeds of Celosia argentea by UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS. The analysis was performed on an ACQUITY HSS T3 reverse phase column(2.1 mm ×100 mm, 1.8 μm). The mobile phase consisting of 0.1% formic acid acetonitrile and 0.1% aqueous formic acid was used for gradient elution, and the flow rate was 0.4 mL·min~(-1). Mass spectrometry was applied for the qualitative analysis under positive and negative ionization modes and ESI ion source. Data was analyzed by Masslynx 4.1 software, literatures in SciFinder database, and standards. A total of 49 compounds, including 14 triterpenoids, 17 flavonoids, 11 cyclic peptides, 2 phenols, 2 organic acids, and 3 steroids were putatively identified. Among them, 19 compounds were firstly reported from this species. In-depth chemical constituent analysis for the seeds of C. argentea were accomplished here, and the findings could lay a good foundation for its quality control and clarifying the material basis of its efficacy.


Subject(s)
Celosia , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Phytochemicals , Seeds , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1889-1894, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773151

ABSTRACT

To search for the active diuretic fractions of Clematidis Armandii Caulis( CAC) and determine its main active chemical components by using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry( LC-MS) and diuretic activity evaluation. CAC 75% ethanol extracts and extracts from different polar solvents were orally administered to saline-loaded rats at different doses. 6 h urinary volume,p H and contents of electrolyte Na+,K+and Cl-were measured. The chemical components of the active fractions were separated and identified by ultra performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-quadrupole time of flight-mass spectrometry( UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS) method. As compared with the control group,the urine volume was increased by 44%( P< 0. 01) and 34%( P < 0. 05) in CAC75% ethanol extract 57. 74 and 28. 8 mg·kg-1 groups respectively; the Na+excretion was increased by 52%( P< 0. 01) and 45%( P<0. 05),respectively; while the Cl-excretion was increased by 101%( P<0. 01) and 85%( P<0. 05),respectively. The urine volume,Na+excretion and Cl-excretion were increased by 50%( P< 0. 01),58%( P< 0. 05),and 65%( P< 0. 05) respectively in petroleum ether extract 70. 98 mg·kg-1 group as compared with the control group. While for the n-butanol extract 194. 18 mg·kg-1 group,the urine volume,Na+and Cl-excretion were increased by 42%( P<0. 01),41%( P<0. 05) and 97%( P<0. 01),respectively. The diuretic activity of other fractions was not obvious. There was no statistical difference in K+excretion in all groups. The results of LC-MS analysis showed that six compounds,including two sterols,one chromogen and three fatty acids,were identified from petroleum ether extract.Fourteen compounds,including six triterpenoid saponins,six lignin glycosides,one sterol glycoside and one phenolic glycoside,were identified from the n-butanol extract. All the results suggested that the ethanol extract of CAC had remarkable diuretic activity and its main effective components included sterol,triterpenoid saponin and lignin glycosides.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Ascomycota , Chemistry , Diuretics , Pharmacology , Materia Medica , Pharmacology , Solvents , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
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