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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246592, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339408

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have great potential for application in cell therapy and tissue engineering procedures because of their plasticity and capacity to differentiate into different cell types. Given the widespread use of MSCs, it is necessary to better understand some properties related to osteogenic differentiation, particularly those linked to biomaterials used in tissue engineering. The aim of this study was to develop an analysis method using FT-Raman spectroscopy for the identification and quantification of biochemical components present in conditioned culture media derived from MSCs with or without induction of osteogenic differentiation. All experiments were performed between passages 3 and 5. For this analysis, MSCs were cultured on scaffolds composed of bioresorbable poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) polymers. MSCs (GIBCO®) were inoculated onto the pure polymers and 75:25 PHBV/PCL blend (dense and porous samples). The plate itself was used as control. The cells were maintained in DMEM (with low glucose) containing GlutaMAX® and 10% FBS at 37oC with 5% CO2 for 21 days. The conditioned culture media were collected and analyzed to probe for functional groups, as well as possible molecular variations associated with cell differentiation and metabolism. The method permitted to identify functional groups of specific molecules in the conditioned medium such as cholesterol, phosphatidylinositol, triglycerides, beta-subunit polypeptides, amide regions and hydrogen bonds of proteins, in addition to DNA expression. In the present study, FT-Raman spectroscopy exhibited limited resolution since different molecules can express similar or even the same stretching vibrations, a fact that makes analysis difficult. There were no variations in the readings between the samples studied. In conclusion, FT-Raman spectroscopy did not meet expectations under the conditions studied.


Resumo As células-tronco mesenquimais (MSCs) possuem grande potencial para aplicação em procedimentos terapêuticos ligados a terapia celular e engenharia de tecidos, considerando-se a plasticidade e capacidade de formação em diferentes tipos celulares por elas. Dada a abrangência no emprego das MSCs, há necessidade de se compreender melhor algumas propriedades relacionadas à diferenciação osteogênica, particularmente liga à biomateriais usados em engenharia de tecidos. Este projeto objetiva o desenvolvimento de uma metodologia de análise empregando-se a FT-Raman para identificação e quantificação de componentes bioquímicos presentes em meios de cultura condicionados por MSCs, com ou sem indução à diferenciação osteogênica. Todos os experimentos foram realizados entre as passagens 3 e 5. Para essas análises, as MSCs foram cultivadas sobre arcabouços de polímeros biorreabsorvíveis de poli (hidroxibutirato-co-hidroxivalerato) (PHBV) e o poli (ε-caprolactona) (PCL). As MSCs (GIBCO®) foram inoculadas nos polímeros puros e na mistura 75:25 de PHBV / PCL (amostras densas e porosas). As células foram mantidas em DMEM (com baixa glicose) contendo GlutaMAX® e 10% de SFB a 37oC com 5% de CO2 por 21 dias. A própria placa foi usada como controle. Os meios de cultura condicionados foram coletados e analisadas em FT-Raman para sondagem de grupos funcionais, bem como possíveis variações moleculares associadas com a diferenciação e metabolismo celular. Foi possível discernir grupos funcionais de moléculas específicas no meio condicionado, como colesterol, fosfatidilinositol, triglicerídeos, forma Beta de polipeptídeos, regiões de amida e ligações de hidrogênio de proteínas, além da expressão de DNA. Na presente avaliação, a FT-Raman apresentou como uma técnica de resolução limitada, uma vez que modos vibracionais de estiramento próximos ou mesmo iguais podem ser expressos por moléculas diferente, dificultando a análise. Não houve variações nas leituras entre as amostras estudadas, concluindo-se que a FT-Raman não atendeu às expectativas nas condições estudadas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteogenesis , Polyesters , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Culture Media, Conditioned , Cell Proliferation , Tissue Scaffolds
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878912

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicinal material is the foundation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) industry. Its quality is not only closely related to the health of residents but also the key to the development of the TCM industry. Pesticide residues, heavy metals and mycotoxins are the major pollutants of Chinese medicinal materials. In recent years, quite a number of rapid detection methods for pollutants have been constructed. Among them, surface-enhanced Raman scattering(SERS), which has been widely used in food chemistry, environmental analysis, and other fields because of its speediness and non-destructiveness, shows its great potential in the pollutant detection in Chinese medicinal material. This paper firstly reviews the application of SERS for the detection of common pollutants in Chinese medicinal material. We then discussed the characteristics and advantages of SERS technique for pesticide detection, including the principle, SERS substrate design, specific recognition, etc. Finally, simultaneous detection of multiple pesticide residues in Chinese medicinal material was explored.


Subject(s)
China , Environmental Pollutants , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pesticide Residues/analysis , Spectrum Analysis, Raman
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(2): 1-10, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1096329

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the degree of conversion (DC) and microlekage scores of three different composite resins polymerized with a LED curing device in standard and extra-power mode. Material and Methods: One bulk-fill (Tetric EvoCeram Bulk-Fill ­ TECBF) and two conventional composite materials (Clearfil Majesty Posterior ­ CMP and Tetric EvoCeram ­ TEC) were evaluated. A total of 30 specimens were prepared for six groups (N = 5). These groups were polymerized with a LED curing device as follows: TECBF-6: 3200mW/cm2 for six seconds, TECBF-20: 1000mW/cm2 for 20 seconds, CMP-6: 3200mW/cm2 for six seconds, CMP-20: 1000mW/cm2 for 20 seconds, TEC-6: 3200mW/cm2 for six seconds, TEC - 20: 1000 mW/cm2 for 20 seconds. After 24 hours of water storage, DC was measured by Raman spectroscopy. Microleakage scores of the six groups were bonded to various adhesive systems (Clearfil SE Bond or Adhese Bond Universal) were also evaluated at Class II box cavities (N = 10). Results: While the highest DC was found at the top (TECBF-20= 79.92% and TECBF-6= 79.02%) and bottom surfaces (TECBF-20 = 68.94% and TECBF-6= 71.04%) for TECBF groups, TEC groups (TEC-20top = 59.06%, TEC-6top=49.66%, TEC-20bottom = 43.72% and TEC-6bottom= 40.68%) showed the lowest DC for the both surfaces (p < 0.05). Polymerization of materials in standard or extra-power mode was similar to DC (p > 0.05). Microleakage scores were found to be similar (p > 0.05). Conclusion: According to the results of the study, different power densities of LED curing light did not affect the DC of composite resins and microleakage values of restorations at small Class II cavities (AU)


Objetivo: este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar os graus de conversão (DC) e microinfiltração de três diferentes resinas compostas polimerizáveis com um dispositivo de luz por LED nos modos padrão e no modo de alta-potência. Material e métodos: uma resina bulk-fill (Tetric EvoCeram Bulk-Fill - TECBF) e dois materiais resinosos convencionais (Clearfil Majesty Posterior - CMP e Tetric EvoCeram - TEC) foram avaliados. Um total de 30 espécimes foram preparados e divididos em seis grupos (N = 5). Esses grupos foram polimerizados com um dispositivo de luz de LED da seguinte forma: TECBF-6: 3200mW / cm2 por seis segundos, TECBF-20: 1000mW / cm2 por 20 segundos, CMP-6: 3200mW / cm2 por seis segundos, CMP20: 1000mW / cm2 por 20 segundos, TEC-6: 3200mW / cm2 por seis segundos, TEC - 20: 1000 mW / cm2 por 20 segundos. Após 24 horas de armazenamento em água, a DC foi medida por espectroscopia Raman. Os escores de microinfiltração dos seis grupos dos vários sistemas adesivos (Clearfil SE Bond ou Adhese Bond Universal) também foram avaliados nas cavidades Classe II (N = 10). Resultados: embora a maior CD tenha sido encontrada nas partes superior (TECBF-20 = 79,92% e TECBF-6 = 79,02%) e inferiores (TECBF-20 = 68,94% e TECBF-6 = 71,04%) para grupos TECBF, os grupos TEC (TEC-20top = 59,06%, TEC-6top = 49,66%, TEC-20bottom = 43,72% e TEC-6bottom = 40,68%) apresentaram as menores CD para as ambas as partes (p < 0,05). A polimerização de materiais no modo padrão ou alta-potência foi semelhante à DC (p > 0,05). Os escores de microinfiltração foram semelhantes (p > 0,05). Conclusão: de acordo com os resultados do estudo, diferentes densidades de potência da luz de LED não afetaram as CD das resinas compostas e os valores de microinfiltração das restaurações em pequenas cavidades da Classe II. (AU)


Subject(s)
Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Composite Resins , Dental Leakage
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826349

ABSTRACT

Oral cancer is a common and deadly malignancy.While multidisciplinary treatment(mainly surgery)has been applied in the treatment of cancer treatment,early diagnosis and complete removal of the primary lesion are essential for a better prognosis.Raman spectroscopy is an optical technique that detects inelastic scattered light generated by the interaction of light and matter.It can detect the vibrational spectra of biochemical and biomolecular structures and tissue conformations,and can provide the "molecular fingerprint" for cells,tissues,and biological fluids.With the development of related technologies and optical instruments,Raman spectroscopy has been widely applied in medical fields.This article reviews the research advances and application of Raman spectroscopy in the diagnosis of oral cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Spectrum Analysis, Raman
5.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 41: 81-87, sept. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087242

ABSTRACT

Background: The search for innovative anti-tubercular agents has received increasing attention in tuberculosis chemotherapy because Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection has steadily increased over the years. This underlines the necessity for new methods of preparation for polymer-drug adducts to treat this important infectious disease. The use of poly(ethylene glycol)(PEG) is an alternative producing anti-tubercular derivatives. However, it is not yet known whether PEGylated isonicotinylhydrazide conjugates obtained by direct links with PEG are useful for therapeutic applications. Results: Here, we synthesized a PEGylated isoniazid (PEG-g-INH or PEG­INH) by gamma radiation-induced polymerization, for the first time. The new prodrugs were characterized using Raman and UV/Vis spectrometry. The mechanism of PEGylated INH synthesis was proposed. The in vitro evaluation of a PEGylated isonicotinylhydrazide macromolecular prodrug was also carried out. The results indicated that PEG­INH inhibited the bacterial growth above 95% as compared with INH, which showed a lower value (80%) at a concentration of 0.25 µM. Similar trends are observed for 0.1, 1, and 5 µM. Conclusions: In summary, the research suggests that it is possible to covalently attach the PEG onto INH by the proposed method and to obtain a slow-acting isoniazid derivative with little toxicity in vitro and higher antimycobacterial potency than the neat drug.


Subject(s)
Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Isoniazid/chemistry , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/drug effects , Antitubercular Agents/chemistry , Polyethylene Glycols/pharmacology , Polymers , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , In Vitro Techniques , Prodrugs , Polymerization , Gamma Rays , Isoniazid/pharmacology , Antitubercular Agents/pharmacology
6.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 21(2): 73-81, May.-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091483

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los materiales a base de silicato de calcio han demostrado ser bioactivos debido a su capacidad para producir apatita carbonatada biológicamente compatible. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la bioactividad de Biodentine™ y MTA Repair HP® en contacto con discos de dentina humana, que se obturaron y dividieron aleatoriamente para formar cuatro grupos: grupo 1 Biodentine™, grupo 2 MTA Repair HP®, grupo control positivo MTA Angelus® y grupo control negativo IRM®, los cuales se incubaron en solución PBS durante 10 días, para posterior análisis por medio de MEB-EDS y Espectroscopía Raman. Los tres materiales a base de silicato de calcio analizados en este estudio demostraron ser bioactivos pues al entrar en contacto con una solución a base de fosfato desencadenaron la precipitación inicial de fosfato de calcio amorfo, que actúa como precursor durante la formación de apatita carbonatada.


ABSTRACT Calcium silicate-based materials have been shown to be bioactive due to their ability to produce biologically compatible carbonated apatite. The objective of this study was to analyze the bioactivity of Biodentine ™ and MTA Repair HP® in contact with human dentine discs, which were sealed and divided randomly to form four groups: group 1 Biodentine™, group 2 MTA Repair HP®, positive control group MTA Angelus® and negative control group IRM®, which were incubated in PBS solution for 10 days, for a subsequent analysis by means of MEB-EDS and Raman spectroscopy. The three calcium-based materials analyzed in this study proved to be bioactive because upon contact with a phosphate-based solution they were triggered at the onset of amorphous calcium phosphate, as the precursor during the formation of carbonated apatite.


Subject(s)
Apatites/analysis , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Calcarea Silicata/analysis , Dental Materials/analysis , Drug Synergism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781251

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a fiber Raman endoscopic probe that can be integrated in a gastroscope and evaluate its value in the diagnosis of gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#The Raman spectra of gastric cancer tissues and normal tissues were obtained using the fiber Raman endoscopic probe and confocal microRaman spectroscopy. After preprocessing with smoothing, baseline elimination and normalization, the spectroscopic data were analyzed by the principle component analyses combined with stechiometry. Based on the pathological results, the diagnostic accuracy, sensitiveness and specificity of Raman spectroscopy combined with stechiometry were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The fiber Raman endoscopic probe and microRaman spectroscopy revealed significantly different Raman spectra between gastric cancer tissues and normal tissues. The diagnostic accuracy, sensitiveness and specificity of the fiber Raman endoscopic probe was 80.56%, 88.89%, and 84.72% for gastric cancer, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The fiber Raman endoscopic probe combined with stechiometry provides an effective modality for the diagnosis of gastric cancer and can well distinguish gastric cancer tissue from normal gastric tissues.


Subject(s)
Endoscopy , Fiber Optic Technology , Humans , Sensitivity and Specificity , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Stomach Neoplasms
8.
Biomedical Engineering Letters ; (4): 327-337, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785520

ABSTRACT

Monte Carlo (MC) simulation for light propagation in scattering and absorbing media is the gold standard for studying the interaction of light with biological tissue and has been used for years in a wide variety of cases. The interaction of photons with the medium is simulated based on its optical properties and the original approximation of the scattering phase function. Over the past decade, with the new measurement geometries and recording techniques invented also the corresponding sophisticated methods for the description of the underlying light–tissue interaction taking into account realistic parameters and settings were developed. Applications, such as multiple scattering, optogenetics, optical coherence tomography, Raman spectroscopy, polarimetry and Mueller matrix measurement have emerged and are still constantly improved. Here, we review the advances and recent applications of MC simulation for the active field of the life sciences and the medicine pointing out the new insights enabled by the theoretical concepts.


Subject(s)
Biological Science Disciplines , Biomedical Engineering , Optogenetics , Photons , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Tomography, Optical Coherence
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(1): 104-110, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990013

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of growth hormone (GH) and muscle strength training (ST) on the composition of bone tissue of Wistar rats through Raman spectroscopy. In total, 40 male rats were randomly distributed into four groups: (N = 10) control (C), control with the application of GH (GHC), strength training (T), and strength training with the application of GH (GHT). The training consisted of four series of 10 water jumps, performed three times a week, with an overload corresponding to 50 % of body weight and duration of four weeks. GH was applied at a dose of 0.2 IU / kg in each animal three times a week and every other day. After four weeks, the animals were euthanized and the right femurs collected for analysis of the bone structure. Raman spectroscopy (ER) was used to observe the following compounds from their respective bands: Calcium Carbonate-Triglycerides (fatty acids) 1073 cm-1, Collagen type I 509 cm-1, Bone-DNA Phosphate (Protein) 589 cm-1, Phosphate Phospholipids 1078 cm-1. For the statistical analysis, the Shapiro-Wilk and ANOVA One-Way variance analysis normality tests were performed, followed by the Tukey post-test. The results showed an increase in the concentrations of calcium carbonate-triglycerides (fatty acids), type I collagen, bone phosphate-DNA (protein), and phosphate phospholipids in all experimental groups, with or without ST and/or GH , But only the isolated training group differed significantly from the control group (P <0.05). It was concluded that all treatments could promote bone tissue gain, however, only the T group demonstrated a significant difference in the mineral compounds analyzed.


RESUMEN: El objetivo del estudio fue avaluar el efecto de la aplicación de la hormona del crecimiento (GH) y entrenamiento de la fuerza muscular (EF) en la composición del tejido óseo de ratas Wistar a partir de la espectroscopía Raman. Fueron utilizadas 40 ratas machos distribuidas de forma aleatoria en cuatro grupos (n=10): control (C), control y aplicación de GH (GHC), entrenamiento de la fuerza muscular (EF) y entrenamiento de la fuerza muscular y aplicación del GH (GHE). El entrenamiento fue consistió en cuatro series de 10 saltos acuáticos, realizados tres veces en la semana, con sobrecarga correspondiente a 50 % de la masa corporal y durante cuatro semanas. El GH fue aplicado en la dosificación de 0,2 UI/kg en cada animal, tres veces en la semana y en días alternados. Después de cuatro semanas, los animales fueran eutanasiados y retirados los fémures derechos para un análisis de la estructura ósea. La espectroscopía Raman fue utilizada para observar los siguientes compuestos a partir de las respectivas bandas: Carbonato de Calcio-Triglicéridos (ácidos grasos) 1073 cm-1, Colágeno Tipo I 509 cm-1, Fosfato Óseo-DNA (Proteína) 589 cm1, Fosfato Fosfolípidos 1078 cm-1. Para el análisis estadístico, fueron realizadas las pruebas Shapiro-Wilk y el análisis de variancia ANOVA One-Way, seguida de test post hoc de Tukey. Los resultados revelaran aumento de la concentración de Carbonato de Calcio-Triglicéridos (ácidos grasos), Colágeno Tipo I, Fosfato Óseo- DNA (Proteína), Fosfato Fosfolípidos en todos los grupos experimentales, asociados o no a la realización del EF y/o aplicación del GH. Además, solamente el grupo EF mostró diferencia significativa del grupo C (p<0,05). Es posible concluir que todos los tratamientos mostraran aumentos en el tejido óseo, sin embargo, solamente el grupo T demostró una diferencia significativa en los compuestos minerales analizados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Swimming/physiology , Bone and Bones/chemistry , Muscle Strength/physiology , Phosphates/analysis , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Body Weight , Bone and Bones/drug effects , Calcium Carbonate/analysis , Growth Hormone/administration & dosage , Exercise/physiology , Bone Density , Analysis of Variance , Collagen/analysis , Rats, Wistar
10.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 55(2): 1-7, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-960413

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Oral adverse reactions related to natural dermal fillers may originate from infiltration techniques, giving rise to swellings, nodule formation doe to local material entrapment, or displacement or migration of the material used. Objective: describe a case of orofacial foreign body reaction in an elderly patient. Case report: a 65-year-old woman was referred for oral evaluation complaining of an intraoral lesion present for 15 days. Intraoral examination revealed a mobile nodule in the lower lip left portion. After the initial consultation, incisional biopsy was performed under local anesthesia and the surgical specimen was sent for histopathological analysis. Intraoral examination revealed a soft mobile nodule in the lower lip left portion. Clinical pathological and Raman microspectroscopy analysis led to a final diagnosis of calcium hydroxyapatite dermal filler-related reaction. Conclusions: this case reinforces the possibility of dermal filler-related mucosal tissue reactions in oral cavity soft tissues(AU)


Introducción: las reacciones adversas bucales relacionadas con rellenos dérmicos naturales pueden originarse a partir de técnicas de infiltración, lo que ocasiona inflamaciones, formación de nódulos por atrapamiento de material local o desplazamiento o migración del material usado. Objetivo: describir un caso de reacción a cuerpo extraño bucofacial en un adulto mayor. Presentación del caso: una mujer de 65 años de edad fue remitida para evaluación bucal por presentar una lesión intrabucal durante 15 días. El examen intrabucal reveló un nódulo móvil en la porción izquierda del labio inferior. Después de la consulta inicial, se realizó una biopsia incisional bajo anestesia local y se envió la muestra quirúrgica para su análisis histopatológico. El examen intrabucal reveló un nódulo móvil suave en la porción izquierda del labio inferior. El análisis clínico-patológico y de la micro-espectroscopia de Raman condujeron a un diagnóstico final de reacción de hidroxiapatita cálcica relacionada con el relleno dérmico. Conclusiones: este caso refuerza la posibilidad de reacciones cutáneas relacionadas con los rellenos dérmicos en los tejidos mucosos de la cavidad bucal(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Spectrum Analysis, Raman/methods , Durapatite/adverse effects , Dermal Fillers/adverse effects , Mouth/injuries
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e008, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889493

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the in situ degree of conversion, contact angle, and immediate and long-term bond strengths of a commercial primer and an experimental adhesive containing indomethacin- and triclosan-loaded nanocapsules (NCs). The indomethacin- and triclosan-loaded NCs, which promote anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects through controlled release, were incorporated into the primer at a concentration of 2% and in the adhesive at concentrations of 1, 2, 5, and 10%. The in situ degree of conversion (DC, n=3) was evaluated by micro-Raman spectroscopy. The contact angle of the primer and adhesive on the dentin surface (n = 3) was determined by an optical tensiometer. For the microtensile bond strength µTBS test (12 teeth per group), stick-shaped specimens were tested under tensile stress immediately after preparation and after storage in water for 1 year. The data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA, three-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc tests with α=0.05. The use of the NC-loaded adhesive resulted in a higher in situ degree of conversion. The DC values varied from 75.07 ± 8.83% to 96.18 ± 0.87%. The use of NCs in only the adhesive up to a concentration of 5% had no influence on the bond strength. The contact angle of the primer remained the same with and without NCs. The use of both the primer and adhesive with NCs (for all concentrations) resulted in a higher contact angle of the adhesive. The longitudinal μTBS was inversely proportional to the concentration of NCs in the adhesive system, exhibiting decreasing values for the groups with primer containing NCs and adhesives with increasing concentrations of NCs. Adhesives containing up to 5% of nanocapsules and primer with no NCs maintained the in situ degree of conversion, contact angle, and immediate and long-term bond strengths. Therefore, the NC-loaded adhesive can be an alternative method for combining the bond performance and therapeutic effects. The use of an adhesive with up to 5% nanocapsules containing indomethacin and triclosan and a primer with no nanocapsules maintained the long-term bond performance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dental Bonding/methods , Indomethacin/chemistry , Nanocapsules/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Triclosan/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Dental Restoration Failure , Dentin/drug effects , Materials Testing , Phase Transition/drug effects , Polymerization/drug effects , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Surface Properties/drug effects , Tensile Strength , Time Factors
12.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 560-564, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772401

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer (LC) is the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. The 5-year survival rate for LC remains low at 18% and is 5% for patients with metastatic disease, while the 5-year overall survival rate of patients with stage I NSCLC can reach 77.9%, hence early diagnosis and treatment of LC is the key to improve the prognosis. As a non-invasive detection technique, Raman spectroscopy can realize the non-destructive detection of the differences in molecular level structure between cancerous tissues and normal tissues, which can be used for the early diagnosis of lung cancer. The aim of this review is to summarize the progress of Raman spectroscopycombined with different tissue or body fluid samplesin the diagnosis of early LC.
.


Subject(s)
Early Detection of Cancer , Methods , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Methods
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170589, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954496

ABSTRACT

Abstract High concentrations of hydrogen peroxide can cause adverse effects on composition and structure of teeth. However, the addition of calcium and fluoride in bleaching agents may reduce enamel demineralization. Objective: To evaluate chemical changes of sound and demineralized enamels submitted to high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide containing fluoride (F) or calcium (Ca). Material and Methods: Enamel blocks of bovine incisors with standard dimensions were obtained and half of them were submitted to pH-cycling to promote initial enamel caries lesions. Sound and demineralized enamel samples were divided into (n=10): (C) Control (no whitening treatment); (HP) 35% hydrogen peroxide; and two experimental groups: (HPF) 35% HP+0.2% F and (HPC) 35% HP+0.2% Ca. Experimental groups were submitted to two in-office bleaching sessions and agents were applied 3 times for 15 min to each session. The control group was kept in remineralizing solution at 37°C during the bleaching treatment. The surface mineral content of sound and demineralized enamels was determined through Fourier Transform Raman spectroscopy (FT-Raman), Energy dispersive Micro X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (μ-EDXRF); and the subsurface, through cross-sectional microhardness (CSMH). In addition, polarized light microscopy (PLM) images of enamel subsurface were observed. Results: According to three-way (FT-Raman and μ-EDXRF analyses) or two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) (CSMH) and Tukey test (α=5%), the calcium or fluoride added to high-concentrated bleaching agents increased phosphate and carbonate concentrations on sound and demineralized enamels (p<0.05). However, HPC and HPF were unable to completely reverse the subsurface mineral loss promoted by bleaching on sound and demineralized enamels. The calcium/ phosphate (Ca/P) ratio of sound enamel decreased after HP treatment (p<0.001). Conclusion: Even though experimental bleaching agents with Ca or F reduced mineral loss for both sound and demineralized enamel surfaces, these agents were unable to reverse the enamel subsurface demineralization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Calcium/chemistry , Tooth Demineralization/chemically induced , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Tooth Bleaching Agents/chemistry , Fluorides/chemistry , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Phosphates/chemistry , Reference Values , Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Materials Testing , Carbonates/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Tooth Bleaching Agents/adverse effects , Hardness Tests , Microscopy, Polarization
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170384, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954495

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the chemical interactions between a high-viscosity glass ionomer cement (GIC) (KetacTM Molar Easymix, 3M ESPE, Seefeld, Bavaria, Germany) and human dentin. It was also analyzed the dynamics of GIC setting mechanism based on the time intervals required for the GIC and the GIC mixed with dentin to achieve stability. Material and Methods Each constituent of GIC - powder (P) and liquid (L) - and powdered dentin (D), as well as the associations P+L, D+L, and P+L+D in the concentrations of 29%, 50%, 65%, 78%, 82%, and 92% of GIC were analyzed with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy. Results New optical absorption bands and/or Raman bands, which were not present in P, L, or D, were observed in the associations. The concentrations of 29% and 50% of GIC showed higher interaction, revealing that the amount of dentin influences the formation of new optical absorption or scattering bands. FTIR bands showed that the setting time to achieve bond stability was longer for the high-viscosity GIC (38±7 min) than for the sample with 29% of GIC (28±4 min). Conclusions The analysis revealed the formation of new compounds or molecular rearrangements resulting from the chemical interactions between GIC and dentin. Moreover, this study provides an effective method to evaluate the dynamics of the setting mechanism of GICs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/chemistry , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Reference Values , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Viscosity , Materials Testing , Adhesiveness , Reproducibility of Results , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742096

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of the titanium implant soaked in saline after RBM surface treatment on the initial osseointegration by comparing the removal torque and the surface analysis compared to the titanium implant with only RBM surface treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The control group was RBM surface treated implants (RBM), and the test group was implants soaked in saline for 2 weeks after RBM surface treatment (RBM+Sal). The control and test group implants were placed in the left and right tibiae of 10 rabbits, respectively, and at the same time, the insertion torque (ITQ) was measured. After 10 days, the removal torque (RTQ) was measured by exposing the implant site. FE-SEM, EDS, Surface roughness and Raman spectroscopy were performed for the surface analysis of the new implant specimens used in the experiments. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in insertion torque and removal torque between RBM surface treated titanium implants and saline-soaked titanium implants after RBM surface treatment. CONCLUSION: Saline soaking after RBM surface treatment of titanium implants did not positively affect the initial osseointegration as compared to titanium implants with only RBM surface treatment.


Subject(s)
Hydroxyapatites , Osseointegration , Rabbits , Sodium Chloride , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Tibia , Titanium , Torque
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739863

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of the titanium implant soaked in saline after RBM and acid etched surface treatment on the initial osseointegration by comparing the removal torque and the surface analysis compared to the titanium implant with only RBM and acid etched surface treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The control group was RBM and acid etched surface treated implants (RBM + HCl), and the test group was implants soaked in saline for 2 weeks after RBM and acid etched surface treatment (RBM + HCl + Sal). The control and test group implants were placed in the left and right tibiae of 10 rabbits, respectively, and at the same time, the insertion torque (ITQ) was measured. After 10 days, the removal torque (RTQ) was measured by exposing the implant site. FE-SEM, EDS, Surface roughness and Raman spectroscopy were performed for the surface analysis of the new implant specimens used in the experiments. RESULTS: There was significant difference in insertion torque and removal torque between control group and experimental group (P = 0.014 < 0.05). Surface roughness of experimental group is higher than control group. CONCLUSION: Saline soaking after RBM and acid etched surface treatment of titanium implants were positively affect the initial osseointegration as compared to titanium implants with only RBM and acid etched surface treatment.


Subject(s)
Hydroxyapatites , Immersion , Osseointegration , Rabbits , Sodium Chloride , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Tibia , Titanium , Torque
17.
Rev. ADM ; 74(6): 308-314, nov.-dic. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973054

ABSTRACT

El cáncer oral es una neoplasia frecuente a nivel mundial; su diagnóstico se realiza de forma tardía por lo menos en un 50-60 por ciento de los casos, lo que empeora el pronóstico de los pacientes, ya que a mayor estadio, mayor es la tasa de mortalidad. Por lo tanto, es fundamental contar con herramientas que permitan realizar un diagnóstico temprano y tratamiento oportuno, sobre todo cuando existen lesiones premalignas clínicamente identificables. En el presente estudio se revisan las herramientas invasivas y no invasivas (modernas y antiguas) que han demostrado utilidad para el diagnóstico de cáncer oral; se basan tanto en técnicas ampliamente disponibles en la práctica clínica como en otras aún no disponibles, pero que podrían implementarse con una apropiada coordinación entre el profesional dedicado a la clínica y los investigadores.


Oral cancer is a neoplasm that is frequent on a worldwide level andis diagnosed late in at least 50-60% of the cases. Its late detection worsens the prognosis of patients because it is associated with a greater mortality. Therefore, it is essential to have tools that allow a timely diagnosis when premalignant lesions present and when there are noclinically identifi able premalignant lesions. In the present study, wereview the invasive and non-invasive tools (modern and old) that haveproven useful for the diagnosis of oral cancer; they are based bothon techniques widely available in clinical practice and on techniques not yet available, but that could be implemented with appropriate coordination between the clinic professional and the researchers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Mouth Neoplasms/immunology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Early Diagnosis , Spectrum Analysis/methods , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Diagnostic Imaging , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Prognosis , Sequence Analysis, DNA
18.
Mundo saúde (Impr.) ; 41(1): 30-39, Feb. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-907846

ABSTRACT

Dentre os órgãos linfoides encontram-se os linfonodos. Também conhecidos como nódulos linfáticos, os quais são considerados como filtros da linfa por serem ricos em linfócitos e outras células de defesa. Entre os fatores que contribuem para o seu comprometimento temos a invasão de sua estrutura por células neoplásicas. A citologia constitui o exame padrão ouro no diagnóstico sendo, a PAAF a técnica mais utilizada para a obtenção do material a ser analisado. Entretanto, alguns estudos questionam a sua utilização, devido à perda da arquitetura celular. A espectroscopia Raman confocal por meio da sua capacidade em utilizar as diferenças bioquímicas de tecidos e células vem se destacando cada vez mais neste tipo de diagnóstico. O estudo teve por objetivo identificar as principais características bioquímicas em linfonodos normais, comprometidos e lesão cervical utilizando a espectroscopia Raman confocal. Foram analisadas 12 amostras de linfonodos normais e alterados de pacientes com indicação cirúrgica para linfadenectomia pela espectroscopia seguida pela análise estatística de componentes principais (PCA) e análise de discriminante linear (LDA). Após as análises observou-se que a técnica utilizada conseguiu discriminar os tecidos com valores de especificidade, sensibilidade e acurácia de 83%. Portanto, a espectroscopia Raman confocal se mostrou uma importante ferramenta na caracterização de linfonodos podendo futuramente auxiliar no diagnóstico de lesões linfonodais.


Among the lymphoid organs there are lymph nodes,, which are considered as lymph filters because they are rich in lymphocytes and other defense cells. Among the factors that contribute to their impairment we note the invasion of its structure by neoplastic cells. Cytology is the gold-standard diagnostic test, and FNA is the technique most used to obtain the material to be analyzed. However, some studies question its use, due to the loss of cellular architecture. Confocal Raman spectroscopy, through its ability to utilize biochemical differences in tissues and cells, has been increasingly prominent in this type of diagnosis. The study aimed to identify the main biochemical characteristics in normal and compromised lymph nodes and cervical lesion using confocal Raman spectroscopy. We analyzed 12 normal and altered lymph node samples from patients with medical indications for a lymphadenectomy by spectroscopy, followed by statistical analysis of the main components (PCA) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA). After the analysis, it was observed that this technique was able to discriminate the tissues with values of specificity, sensitivity and accuracy of up to 83%. Therefore, confocal Raman spectroscopy has been shown to be an important tool in the characterization of lymph nodes, and may help in the diagnosis of lymph node lesions in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Spectrum Analysis, Raman/methods
19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(1): 2-9, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841167

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate the influence of two curing techniques on the degree of conversion (DC) of resin cements and on bond strength (BS) of fiber posts in different regions of root dentin. Material and Methods Twenty single-rooted premolars were endodontically treated, and the post spaces were prepared. The roots were randomly divided into two groups (n=10), according to the activation mode of the resin cement RelyX™ U200 (3M ESPE Saint Paul, MN, USA): conventional (continuous activation mode) and soft-start activation mode (Ramp). The posts (WhitePost DC/FGM) were cemented according to the manufacturer’s recommendations and, after one week, the roots were cross-sectioned into six discs each of 1-mm thickness, and the cervical, medium, and apical thirds of the root canals were identified. The DC was evaluated under micro-Raman spectroscopy and the BS was evaluated by the push-out test. The data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (α=0.05). Results Neither the activation mode nor the root regions affected the DC of the resin cement. Higher BS was achieved in the soft-start group (p=0.036); lower BS was observed in the apical third compared to the other root regions (p<0.001). Irrespective of the activation mode and root region, the mixed failure mode was the most prevalent. Conclusion The BS of fiber posts to root canals can be improved by soft-started polymerization. The DC was not affected by the curing mode.


Subject(s)
Humans , Post and Core Technique , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Materials Testing , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tooth, Nonvital , Dental Restoration Failure , Shear Strength , Dental Stress Analysis , Dentin/drug effects , Curing Lights, Dental , Photochemical Processes
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(1): 101-111, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841163

ABSTRACT

Abstract The quality of the dentin root is the most important factor for restoration resin sealing and drives the outcome of endodontic treatment. Objective This study evaluated the effect of different filling pastes and cleaning agents on the root dentin of primary teeth using Fourier-transformed Raman spectroscopy (FT-Raman), micro energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (µ-EDXRF) and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) analysis. Material and Methods Eighty roots of primary teeth were endodontically prepared and distributed into 4 groups and filled according to the following filling pastes: Control-no filling (CP), Calen®+zinc oxide (CZ), Calcipex II® (CII), Vitapex® (V). After seven days, filling paste groups were distributed to 4 subgroups according to cleaning agents (n=5): Control-no cleaning (C), Ethanol (E), Tergenform® (T), 35% Phosphoric acid (PA). Then, the roots were sectioned and the dentin root sections were internally evaluated by FT-Raman, µ-EDXRF and SEM. Data was submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (α=0.05). Results Regarding filling pastes, there was no significant difference in organic content. CP provided the lowest calcium values and, calcium/phosphoric ratio (Ca/P), and the highest phosphoric values. For cleaning agents there was no difference in organic content when compared to the C; however, T showed significantly higher calcium and Ca/P than PA. All groups showed similar results for phosphorus. The dentin smear layer was present after use of the cleaning agents, except PA. Conclusion The filling pastes changed the inorganic content, however they did not change the organic content. Cleaning agents did not alter the inorganic and organic content. PA cleaned and opened dentin tubules.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dentin/drug effects , Phosphoric Acids/chemistry , Silicones/chemistry , Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Tooth, Deciduous/drug effects , Zinc Oxide/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Analysis of Variance , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Ethanol/chemistry
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