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1.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 63-71, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929006

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#As a remedy for the failure of in vitro fertilization (IVF), rescue intracytoplasmic sperm injection (R-ICSI) has been widely carried out, but it has failed to significantly improve the fertilization rate and clinical pregnancy rate. Sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) was highly correlated with pregnancy outcome of artificial assisted reproduction. This study aims to investigate the effect of the sperm DFI on the outcome of R-ICSI and the clinical value of R-ICSI.@*METHODS@#This retrospective analysis was conducted among 140 infertile couples receiving R-ICSI in from January 2014 to December 2019. The subjects were assigned into a total fertilization failure (TFF)+low DFI group (R-ICSI after TFF and DFI<30%) (n=63), a TFF+high DFI group (R-ICSI after TFF and DFI≥30%) (n=16), a partial fertilization failure (PFF)+low DFI group (R-ICSI after PFF and DFI<30%) (n=52), a PFF+high DFI group (R-ICSI after PFF and DFI≥30%) (n=9). All transferred embryos were come from R-ICSI. The general clinical data [infertility duration, male age, female age, basal serum level of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), basal serum level of luteinizing hormone (LH), antral follicle count, endometrial thickness of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) day, and eggs] and R-ICSI cycle outcomes (fertilization rate, normal fertilization rate, cleavage rate, good embryo rate, implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate) were analyzed. In addition, the effect of R-ICSI on the fertilization outcome of conventional IVF total fertilization failure and partial fertilization failure was explored.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the general clinical data and R-ICSI cycle outcome between the TFF+low DFI group and the TFF+high DFI group (all P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the general clinical data between the PFF+low DFI group and the PFF+high DFI group (all P>0.05). The fertilization rate and normal fertilization rate in the PFF+low DFI group were significantly higher than those in the PFF+high DFI group (85.40% vs 72.41%, 71.90% vs 58.62%, respectively; both P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in cleavage rate, good embryo rate, implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, and live birth rate between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). The R-ICSI cycle of TFF: A total of 79 fresh cycles, 57 fresh transplant cycles, a total of 761 unfertilized oocytes, and 584 M II oocytes were treated with R-ICSI, the fertilization rate was 83.22%, the normal fertilization rate was 75.51%, the cleavage rate was 98.15%, the good embryo rate was 40.74%, the implantation rate was 30.56%, and the clinical pregnancy rate was 43.86%; 29 live births were obtained. The R-ICSI cycle of PFF: A total of 61 fresh cycles, 31 fresh transplant cycles, a total of 721 unfertilized oocytes, and 546 M II oocytes were treated with R-ICSI; the fertilization rate was 83.33%, the normal fertilization rate was 69.78%, the cleavage rate was 97.36%, the good embryo rate was 44.39%, the implantation rate was 25.42%, and the clinical pregnancy rate was 45.16%; 12 live births were obtained.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the case of partial fertilization failure of IVF, the sperm DFI affects the fertilization rate and normal fertilization rate of R-ICSI; whether it is a TFF of IVF or PFF of IVF, ICSI can be used as an effective remedy way.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , DNA Fragmentation , Fertilization in Vitro , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Spermatozoa
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 299-304, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928537

ABSTRACT

The extent of spermatogenic impairment on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes and the risk of major birth defects have been little assessed. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between various spermatogenic conditions, sperm origin on ICSI outcomes, and major birth defects. A total of 934 infertile men attending the Center for Reproductive Medicine of Ren Ji Hospital (Shanghai, China) were classified into six groups: nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA; n = 84), extremely severe oligozoospermia (esOZ; n = 163), severe oligozoospermia (sOZ, n = 174), mild oligozoospermia (mOZ; n = 148), obstructive azoospermia (OAZ; n = 155), and normozoospermia (NZ; n = 210). Rates of fertilization, embryo cleavage, high-quality embryos, implantation, biochemical and clinical pregnancies, abortion, delivery, newborns, as well as major birth malformations, and other newborn outcomes were analyzed and compared among groups. The NOA group showed a statistically lower fertilization rate (68.2% vs esOZ 77.3%, sOZ 78.0%, mOZ 73.8%, OAZ 76.6%, and NZ 79.3%, all P < 0.05), but a significantly higher implantation rate (37.8%) than the groups esOZ (30.1%), sOZ (30.4%), mOZ (32.6%), and OAZ (31.0%) (all P < 0.05), which was similar to that of Group NZ (38.4%). However, there were no statistically significant differences in rates of embryo cleavage, high-quality embryos, biochemical and clinical pregnancies, abortions, deliveries, major birth malformations, and other newborn outcomes in the six groups. The results showed that NOA only negatively affects some embryological outcomes such as fertilization rate. There was no evidence of differences in other embryological and clinical outcomes with respect to sperm source or spermatogenic status. Spermatogenic failure and sperm origins do not impinge on the clinical outcomes in ICSI treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Azoospermia/therapy , China , Oligospermia/therapy , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic/methods , Sperm Retrieval , Spermatogenesis , Spermatozoa
3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 125-134, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928519

ABSTRACT

Infertility affects 10%-15% of couples worldwide. Of all infertility cases, 20%-70% are due to male factors. In the past, men with severe male factor (SMF) were considered sterile. Nevertheless, the development of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) drastically modified this scenario. The advances in assisted reproductive technology (ART), specifically regarding surgical sperm retrieval procedures, allowed the efficacious treatment of these conditions. Yet, before undergoing ICSI, male factor infertility requires careful evaluation of clinical and lifestyle behavior together with medical treatment. Epidemiologically speaking, women whose male partner is azoospermic tend to be younger and with a better ovarian reserve. These couples, in fact, are proposed ART earlier in their life, and for this reason, their ovarian response after stimulation is generally good. Furthermore, in younger couples, azoospermia can be partially compensated by the efficient ovarian response, resulting in an acceptable fertility rate following in vitro fertilization (IVF) techniques. Conversely, when azoospermia is associated with a reduced ovarian reserve and/or advanced maternal age, the treatment becomes more challenging, with a consequent reduction in IVF outcomes. Nonetheless, azoospermia seems to impair neither the euploidy rate at the blastocyst stage nor the implantation of euploid blastocysts. Based on the current knowledge, the assessment of male infertility factors should involve: (1) evaluation - to diagnose and quantify seminologic alterations; (2) potentiality - to determine the real possibilities to improve sperm parameters and/or retrieve spermatozoa; (3) time - to consider the available "treatment window", based on maternal age and ovarian reserve. This review represents an update of the definition, prevalence, causes, and treatment of SMF in a modern ART clinic.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Azoospermia , Fertilization in Vitro/methods , Infertility, Male/therapy , Prevalence , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic/methods , Spermatozoa
4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 62-66, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928510

ABSTRACT

For infertility treatment, the selection of in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is decided by multiplying indicators (including fallopian tube factors, semen count, and semen motility), except for sperm morphology. In this study, we conducted a retrospective analysis, from implantation to birth, over a period of 5 years. A total of 1873 couples with primary or secondary fallopian tube factors and an increased defective sperm morphology rate (DSMR) were divided into different groups to receive IVF or ICSI cycles. By comparing the outcomes, we found that the F1 group (DSMR <96%, IVF group 1) had higher cleavage rate, biochemical pregnancy rate, clinical pregnancy rate, and live birth rate than the F3 group (DSMR >98%, IVF group 3; P < 0.05). In contrast, there was no significant difference in the ICSI subgroups. Furthermore, a comparison of the outcomes between IVF and ICSI showed that the S3 group (DSMR >98%, ICSI group 3) had higher cleavage rate (P < 0.001), biochemical pregnancy rate (P < 0.05), clinical pregnancy rate (P < 0.05) and live birth rate (P < 0.05) than the F3 group. However, the ICSI subgroup had a lower two pronuclei fertilization rate than the IVF subgroup (P < 0.05). Our data suggest that the sperm morphology should also be considered when selecting IVF or ICSI combined with other semen parameters before the first assisted reproductive technologies (ART) cycle, especially for males with severe sperm defects.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Fertilization in Vitro , Pregnancy Rate , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Spermatozoa
5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(10): 749-758, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357062

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate whether patients with a previous recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (rFSH)-stimulated cycle would have improved outcomes with rFSH + recombinant luteinizing hormone (rLH) stimulation in the following cycle. Methods For the present retrospective case-control study, 228 cycles performed in 114 patients undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) between 2015 and 2018 in an in vitro fertilization (IVF) center were evaluated. Controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) was achieved with rFSH (Gonal-f, Serono, Geneva, Switzerland) in the first ICSI cycle (rFSH group), and with rFSH and rLH (Pergoveris, Merck Serono S.p.A, Bari, Italy) in the second cycle (rFSH + rLH group). The ICSI outcomes were compared among the groups. Results Higher estradiol levels, oocyte yield, day-3 high-quality embryos rate and implantation rate, and a lower miscarriage rate were observed in the rFSH + rLH group compared with the rFSH group. In patients < 35 years old, the implantation rate was higher in the rFSH + rLH group compared with the rFSH group. In patients ≥ 35 years old, higher estradiol levels, oocyte yield, day-3 high-quality embryos rate, and implantation rate were observed in the rFSH + rLH group. In patients with ≤ 4 retrieved oocytes, oocyte yield, mature oocytes rate, normal cleavage speed, implantation rate, and miscarriage rate were improved in the rFSH + rLH group. In patients with ≥ 5 retrieved oocytes, higher estradiol levels, oocyte yield, and implantation rate were observed in the rFSH + rLH group. Conclusion Ovarian stimulation with luteinizing hormone (LH) supplementation results in higher implantation rates, independent of maternal age and response to COS when compared with previous cycles stimulated with rFSH only. Improvements were also observed for ICSI outcomes and miscarriage after stratification by age and retrieved oocytes.


Resumo Objetivo: Investigar se há algum efeito da suplementação com hormônio luteinizante (LH, na sigla em inglês) no regime com antagonista do hormônio liberador de gonadotropina (GnRH, na sigla em inglês) sobre os resultados dos ciclos consecutivos de injeção intracitoplasmática de espermatozoides (ICSI, na sigla em inglês). Métodos Para o presente estudo retrospectivo de caso-controle, foram avaliados 228 ciclos de microinjeção intracitoplasmática de espermatozoides (ICSI, na sigla em inglês) realizados em 114 pacientes entre 2015 e 2018 em um centro privado de fertilização in vitro (FIV) afiliado a uma universidade. O estímulo ovariano controlado (EOC) foi feito com hormônio folículo- estimulante recombinante (rFSH, na sigla em inglês) (Gonal-f, Serono, Genebra, Suíça) no primeiro ciclo de ICSI (grupo rFSH), e com rFSH e rLH (Pergoveris, Merck Serono S.p.A, Bari, Itália) no segundo ciclo (grupo rFSH + rLH). Os desfechos dos ciclos de ICSI foram comparados entre os grupos. Resultados Níveis mais elevados de estradiol, de recuperação oocitária, taxa de embriões de alta qualidade no 3° dia e taxa de implantação, e menor taxa de aborto foram observados no grupo rFSH + rLH. Em pacientes < 35 anos, a taxa de implantação foi maior no grupo rFSH + rLH em comparação com o grupo rFSH. Em pacientes com ≥ 35 anos, maiores níveis de estradiol, recuperação oocitária, a taxa de embriões de alta qualidade no 3° dia e a taxa de implantação foram observados no grupo rFSH + rLH. Em pacientes com baixa resposta ao EOC (≤ 4 oócitos recuperados), a recuperação oocitária, a taxa de oócitos maduros, a taxa de velocidade normal de clivagem, a taxa de implantação e a taxa de aborto foram melhoradas no grupo rFSH + rLH. Em pacientes com resposta normal ao EOC (≥ 5 oócitos recuperados), níveis mais elevados de estradiol, recuperação oocitária e taxa de implantação foram observados no grupo rFSH + rLH. Conclusão A estimulação ovariana com suplementação de LH resultou em taxas de implantação mais altas, independentemente da idade materna e da resposta ao EOC, em comparação com os ciclos anteriores estimulados apenas com rFSH. Melhorias também foram observadas nos resultados da ICSI e na taxa de aborto quando as pacientes foram estratificadas por idade e número de oócitos recuperados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Ovulation Induction , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Luteinizing Hormone , Fertilization in Vitro , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Pregnancy Rate , Follicle Stimulating Hormone
8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 458-460, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879602

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a patient with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD).@*METHODS@#High-throughput sequencing and bioinformatic analysis were carried out to identify pathogenic variant in the patient. Suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing among the family members, and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was used to achieve the pregnancy.@*RESULTS@#The patient had obstructive azoospermia, measurement of nasal NO exhalation at 84 ppb, and typical symptoms of PCD in nasal sinuses and lungs. DNA sequencing showed that he had carried biallelic variants of the DNAH5 gene, namely c.1489C>T (p.Q497X) in exon 11 and c.6304C>T (p.R2102C) in exon 38. His wife achieved clinical pregnancy with the assistance of ICSI.@*CONCLUSION@#Above finding has enriched the spectrum of DNAH5 gene variants, though the latters did not affect the outcome of pregnancy by ICSI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Axonemal Dyneins/genetics , Exons , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Kartagener Syndrome/genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 803-807, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942257

ABSTRACT

To explore the genetic causes of 3 male infertility patients with acephalospermia and the outcome of assisted reproductive technology. Clinical diagnosis, sperm morphology examination, sperm transmission electron microscopy examination were performed on 3 patients, and the whole exome sequencing technology was used for screening, Sanger sequencing verification, mutation pathogenicity analysis, and protein sequence homology comparison. Assisted reproductive technology was implemented to assist pregnancy treatment. The 3 patients were all sporadic infertile men, aged 25, 42 and 26 years, and there was no obvious abnormality in the general physical examination. Male external genitalia developed normally, bilateral testicles were normal in volume, and bilateral epididymis and spermatic vein were palpated without nodules, cysts, and tenderness. Repeated semen analysis showed that a large number of immature sperm could be seen, and they had the ability to move. The SUN5 gene of the 3 male infertile patients was a case of homozygous missense mutation c.7C>T (p.Arg3Trp), a case of compound heterozygous missense mutation c.1067G>A (p.Arg356His) and nonsense mutation c.216G>A (p.Trp72*) and a case of homozygous missense mutation c.1043A>T (p.Asn348Ile), of which c.7C>T (p.Arg3Trp) and c.1067G>A (p.Arg356His) were new variants that had not been reported. SIFT, Mutation Taster and PolyPhen-2 software function prediction results were all harmful, the nonsense mutation c.216G>A (p.Trp72*) led to the premature termination of peptide chain synthesis which might have a greater impact on protein function. The homology regions in the protein sequence homology alignment were all highly conserved.The 3 male patients and their spouses obtained 4 biological offspring through intracytoplasmic sperm injection, all of which were boys, and one of them was a twin.Three male infertile patients might be caused by SUN5 gene mutations. Such patients could obtain their biological offspring through assisted reproductive technology. It was still necessary to pay attention to the genetic risk of ASS, it was recommended that both men and women conduct genetic counseling and screening at the same time. In clinical diagnosis, whole exome sequencing technology could be used to perform auxiliary examinations to determine the treatment plan and assisted reproductive methods as soon as possible to reduce the burden on the family and society. The newly discovered mutation sites of SUN5 gene provided clues and directions for elucidating the pathogenic mechanism, and at the same time expanded the pathogenic mutation spectrum of ASS.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Infertility, Male/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Spermatozoa
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1405-1415, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878190

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#More and more scholars have called for the cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) of a complete ovarian stimulation cycle as a key indicator for assisted reproductive technology. This research aims to study the CLBR of the first ovarian hyperstimulation cycles and analyze the related prognosis factors that might affect the CLBR.@*METHODS@#Our retrospective study included first in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles performed between January 2013 to December 2014. A total of 17,978 couples of first ovarian hyperstimulation IVF/ICSI cycles were included. The study was followed up for 4 years to observe the CLBR. The multivariable logistic regression model was used to analyze the prognosis factor, P value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#The cumulative pregnancy rate was 58.14% (10,452/17,978), and the CLBR was 49.66% (8928/17,978). The female age was younger in the live birth group when compared with the non-live birth group (30.81 ± 4.05 vs. 33.09 ± 5.13, P < 0.001). The average duration of infertility was shorter than the non-live birth cohort (4.22 ± 3.11 vs. 5.06 ± 4.08, P < 0.001). The preliminary gonadotropin used and the total number of gonadotropin used were lower in the live birth group when compared with the non-live birth group (both P < 0.001). Meanwhile, the number of oocytes retrieved and transferrable embryos were both significantly higher in the live birth group (15.35 ± 7.98 vs. 11.35 ± 7.60, P < 0.001; 6.66 ± 5.19 vs. 3.62 ± 3.51, P < 0.001, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The women's age, body mass index, duration of infertility years, infertility factors, controlled ovarian hyperstimulation protocol, the number of acquired oocytes, and number of transferrable embryos are the prognosis factors that significantly affected the CLBR.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Birth Rate , China , Fertilization in Vitro , Live Birth , Ovulation Induction , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
11.
Philippine Journal of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility ; : 39-66, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960189

ABSTRACT

@#<p>Conjoined oocytes are characterized by a follicle containing two oocytes surrounded by a single zona pellucida or their fusion in a zonal region. Gonadotropin stimulation, coupled with PCOS, predisposes to the occurrence of conjoined oocytes. Although a result of developmental accident, conjoined oocytes have the potential to develop into genetically normal embryos and babies. In this paper, the authors describe the aspiration of multiple conjoined oocytes in a single IVF cycle, leading to normal fertilization after selective intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Development to blastocyst stage allowed trophectoderm biopsy resulting to a euploid embryo that was eventually transferred, and resulted to a live term birth.</p><p>Key words: conjoined oocytes, in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection(ICSI)</p>


Subject(s)
Fertilization in Vitro , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 621-626, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922367

ABSTRACT

This retrospective study demonstrates the clinical outcomes of patients with nonmosaic Klinefelter's syndrome (KS) who underwent preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) with frozen-thawed testicular spermatozoa. Microdissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE) was performed for sperm retrieval. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was conducted for embryo analysis. A total of 18 couples aged ≤35 years were included, and 22 oocyte retrieval cycles were completed. Euploidy was detected in 29 of 45 (64.4%) embryos. Additionally, the numbers of aneuploid and mosaic embryos detected were 8 (17.8%) and 8 (17.8%), respectively, regardless of a lack of sex chromosome abnormalities. Finally, 13 couples with euploid embryos completed 14 frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles. Ten couples had clinical pregnancies, and 6 of them had already delivered 5 healthy babies and 1 monozygotic twin. There were also 4 ongoing pregnancies and 2 biochemical pregnancies, but no early pregnancy loss was reported. Based on our results, we speculate that for KS patients, when sperm can be obtained by micro-TESE, the cryopreservation strategy makes the ovarian stimulation procedure more favorable for female partners. The paternal genetic risk of sex chromosome abnormalities in their offspring is extremely low in men with KS. In addition to PGT, the intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedure is comparably effective but more economical for young nonmosaic KS couples. ICSI should be offered as an option for such couples, but monitoring by prenatal genetic diagnosis is recommended.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing/methods , Klinefelter Syndrome/therapy , Outcome Assessment, Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Ovulation Induction/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic/methods
13.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(7): 444-450, 20200000. fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1366968

ABSTRACT

Women were studied undergoing ICSI for 84 who suffer non-pregnancy at the Fertility Center, Al-Sadr Medical Hospital in Najaf Governorate, Period between January 2019 and March 2020. WBC, Vitamin D3 and ß-hCG were measured, The pregnant women was divided into (Pregnancy Group, and spontaneous miscarriage) and then demonstrate the immunological effect on pregnancy of women after ICSI technique. Current resultsstudy showed a significant increase (p<0.05) in hormone level ß-hCG is evidence of the presence of high success rates for pregnancy in women who performed operations IVF, where the success rate at the beginning of the matter reached 61.9%, after which it decreased to 33.3% after the first three months due to the occurrence of spontaneous miscarriage of pregnant women due to various immunological and physiological reasons, a positive correlation between the level of ß-hCG and other parameters in the study (Vitamin D3 -WBC).Also The current resultsshowed a significant decrease in a groups (pregnancy failure) and the group (spontaneous miscarriage) compared with the control group (continued pregnancy) in relation to the level of vitamin D3 Also, The current results showed a significant increasein (pregnancy failure) and (spontaneous miscarriage) compared with control groups (continuation of pregnancy) in relation WBC numbers, and the present study founds a negative relationship between the level of vitamin D3 and WBC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy/immunology , Abortion, Spontaneous/immunology , Cholecalciferol/deficiency , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic/methods , Chorionic Gonadotropin/immunology , Leukocytes/immunology
14.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 156(2): 157-164, mar.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249887

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Se ha documentado que los embarazos por técnicas de reproducción asistida (TRA) presentan mayor riesgo de efectos adversos. Objetivo: Proporcionar evidencia de las complicaciones obstétricas y perinatales asociadas a concepciones mediante TRA versus embarazos espontáneos. Método: Revisión de artículos originales publicados entre 2010 y 2018, que abordan complicaciones obstétricas y perinatales de mayor frecuencia en embarazos por fertilización in vitro (FIV) e inyección intracitoplasmática de espermatozoides (ICSI) comparados con concepciones espontáneas. Resultados: Se incluyeron 37 artículos originales, 26 de cohortes y 11 de casos y controles. Las concepciones por FIV e ICSI se asociaron con más complicaciones obstétricas y perinatales como bajo peso al nacimiento, prematuridad, menor peso para la edad gestacional, ingreso a la unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales, malformaciones congénitas, cesárea, ruptura prematura de membranas, entre otras. Conclusiones: Las concepciones por TRA se asocian con mayor riesgo de complicaciones obstétricas y perinatales en comparación con las espontáneas. Es necesario realizar estudios adicionales que determinen qué aspectos derivan en mayor riesgo.


Abstract Introduction: Pregnancies resulting from assisted reproductive technologies (ART) have been documented to have a higher risk of adverse effects. Objective: To provide evidence on obstetric and perinatal complications associated with conceptions by ART versus spontaneous pregnancies. Method: Comprehensive review of original articles published between 2010 and 2018 addressing the most common obstetric and perinatal complications in pregnancies resulting from in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in comparison with spontaneous conceptions. Results: Thirty-seven original articles, which reported on 26 cohort studies and 11 case-control trials, were included. IVF and ICSI conceptions were associated with a larger number of obstetric and perinatal complications such as low birth weight, prematurity, low weight for gestational age, admission to the neonatal intensive care unit, congenital malformations, C-section and premature rupture of membranes, among others. Conclusions: Pregnancies by ART are associated with an increased risk of obstetric and perinatal complications in comparison with spontaneous conceptions. Further research is needed to determine which aspects result in higher risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Complications , Fertilization in Vitro , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Gestational Age
15.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(3): 165-168, Mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098856

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bilateral tubal ectopic pregnancy is a very rare form of ectopic pregnancy. The incidence is higher in women undergoing assisted reproductive techniques or ovulation induction. We report the case of bilateral tubal ectopic pregnancy. The patient was 30 years old and had a 3-year history of infertility; she was referred to the in-vitro fertilization (IVF) program because of tubal factor infertility. A pregnancy resulted from the transfer of two embryos during an artificial cycle. Despite the increase in β-hCG values during the follow-up, 22 days after the embryo transfer, the β-hCG levels were 2,408 U/L and the serum progesterone (P4) level was 10.53 ng/ml. After application with methotrexate, β-hCG levels did not decrease effectively. Moreover, the sonographic screening revealed a suspicious bilateral tubal focus for ectopic pregnancy. A mini-laparotomy was performed and a bilateral tubal pregnancy was found. In the case of unilateral tubal pregnancy after the transfer of two embryos, the situation of the other tube should be systematically checked and β-hCG levels should be monitored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy, Tubal/diagnosis , Prenatal Diagnosis , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Embryo Transfer , Pregnancy, Tubal/blood , Pregnancy, Tubal/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Diagnosis, Differential
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 116-123, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056368

ABSTRACT

CASE STUDY 40-year-old male patient and 32-year-old female partner, with a history of primary infertility of two years duration. The workup revealed idiopathic mild oligoasthenotheratozoospermia, and no apparent female infertility factors. The couple has failed three intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles, planning more IUI cycles but also considering in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Spermatozoa/pathology , Oxidative Stress , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic/methods , Oligospermia/pathology , Spermatozoa/physiology , Reproducibility of Results , Semen Analysis/methods , Fertilization/physiology
17.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 156(1): 53-59, ene.-feb. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249870

ABSTRACT

Resumen En este ensayo se analizan las implicaciones bioéticas de la reciente manipulación genética en embriones humanos con CRISPR-Cas9 para eliminar el gen CCR5 y el nacimiento de dos gemelas discordantes. El experimento se divulgó en medios sociales. Los principales problemas bioéticos identificados son la justificación del modelo, el proceso de consentimiento informado y la falta de declaración de evidentes conflictos de interés. No se evaluaron apropiadamente las consecuencias del experimento sobre la vida de las gemelas nacidas como la afectación a su autonomía, los supuestos beneficios por recibir y los riesgos futuros de daño durante su vida. Habiendo manipulado la línea celular germinal, no se consideraron los efectos sobre su descendencia futura. Este tipo de acciones tiene un impacto negativo en la forma como la sociedad concibe la ciencia. La ingeniería genética debe reservarse al contexto experimental básico o bien como investigación cínica para la corrección de enfermedades conocidas graves de origen genético, bajo estricta supervisión regulatoria y bioética y de manera gradualista de acuerdo con el progreso de las técnicas de edición genética.


Abstract In this essay, the bioethical implications of the recent genetic manipulation in human embryos with CRISPR-Cas9 to eliminate the CCR5 gene and the birth of a pair of discordant twin girls are analyzed. The experiment was disseminated via social media. The main bioethical flaws identified include the justification of the model, the informed consent process and the lack of disclosure of evident conflicts of interest. The consequences of the experiment on the life of the twins that were born were not properly evaluated, such as the impact on their autonomy, the alleged benefits to be received and the future risks of harm during their lifetime. Having manipulated the germ cell line, the effects on their future offspring were not considered. This type of actions negatively affects the way society conceives science. Genetic engineering should be reserved to the basic experimental context or as clinical research for the correction of known serious diseases of genetic origin under strict regulatory and bioethical supervision and using a gradualist approach in accordance with the advances of gene editing techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Receptors, CCR5/genetics , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Gene Editing/ethics , Publishing/ethics , Research Design , Twins, Dizygotic , Genetic Engineering/classification , Genetic Engineering/ethics , Genome, Human , HIV Infections/prevention & control , China , Conflict of Interest , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Bioethical Issues , Therapeutic Human Experimentation/ethics , Informed Consent/ethics
18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 222-226, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009759

ABSTRACT

This is a retrospective cohort study comparing blastocyst transfer outcomes following intracytoplasmic sperm injection utilizing epididymal versus testicular sperm for men with obstructive azoospermia. All cases at a single center between 2012 and 2016 were included. Operative approach was selected at the surgeon's discretion and included microepididymal sperm aspiration or testicular sperm extraction. Blastocyst culture was exclusively utilized prior to transfer. The primary outcome was live birth rate. Secondary outcomes included fertilization rate, blastulation rate, euploidy rate, and implantation rate. A mixed effects model was performed. Seventy-six microepididymal sperm aspiration cases and 93 testicular sperm extraction cases were analyzed. The live birth rate was equivalent (48.6% vs 50.5%, P = 0.77). However, on mixed effects model, epididymal sperm resulted in a greater likelihood of fertilization (adjusted OR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.05-1.81, P = 0.02) and produced a higher blastulation rate (adjusted OR: 1.41, 95% CI: 1.1-1.85, P = 0.01). As a result, the epididymal sperm group had more supernumerary blastocysts available (4.3 vs 3, P < 0.05). The euploidy rate was no different. Pregnancy rates were no different through the first transfer cycle. However, intracytoplasmic sperm injection following microepididymal sperm aspiration resulted in a greater number of usable blastocysts per patient. Thus, the true benefit of epididymal sperm may only be demonstrated via a comparison of cumulative pregnancy rates after multiple transfers from one cohort.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Azoospermia , Embryo Implantation , Embryo Transfer , Epididymis/cytology , Pregnancy Rate , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic/methods , Sperm Retrieval , Spermatozoa/cytology , Testis/cytology
19.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 119-124, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763362

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: It is widely accepted that aging decreases women’s fertility capacity. The aim of this study was to assess correlations between maternal age and the morphokinetic parameters and cleavage pattern of embryos. METHODS: The morphokinetics of embryos derived from women 40 years of age were compared retrospectively in terms of time of second polar body extrusion, time of pronuclei appearance, time of pronuclei fading, and time of two to eight discrete cells (t2–t8). Furthermore, abnormal cleavage patterns such as uneven blastomeres at the two-cell stage, cell fusion (Fu), and trichotomous mitoses (TM) were assessed. RESULTS: Only t5 occurred later in women aged 36–40 and >40 years when compared with those aged 0.05). However, Fu and TM were more common in women aged >40 years than in younger women (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Maternal age was correlated with the cleavage pattern of embryos. Therefore, evaluating embryo morphokinetics may contribute to optimal embryo selection, thereby increasing fertility in patients with advanced maternal age.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Aging , Blastomeres , Cell Fusion , Embryonic Structures , Fertility , Maternal Age , Mitosis , Polar Bodies , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
20.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 36-40, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763346

ABSTRACT

A viable spermatozoon is a prerequisite for fertilization in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Thus, it is crucial to select viable but immotile spermatozoa on the day of ICSI. We report conflicting results in the identification of viable but immotile spermatozoa between the eosin-nigrosin staining and the laser test, which resulted in confusion for embryologists during assisted reproductive technology (ART). Three patients’ semen samples that showed no motile spermatozoa are described in this report. To identify viable spermatozoa, we used both the eosin-nigrosin test and the laser test for each sample, and repeated the semen analysis twice in each patient. Viable but immotile spermatozoa selected by the laser test were used for ICSI. Viable spermatozoa were detected by both the eosin-nigrosin and laser tests in two patients (case 1, 95.00% vs. 24.21% and 92.68% vs. 22.22%; case 2, 41.18% vs. 23.48% and 39.81% vs. 22.52%), indicating consistent results between the two methods. In the third patient, the eosin-nigrosin test yielded viability rates of 20.75% and 19.14%, while the result of the laser test was 0%. Thus, testicular aspiration was performed to collect viable sperm from this patient. Normal fertilization was achieved after the injection of viable but immotile spermatozoa selected from these patients by the laser test, resulting in the birth of two healthy babies. Our study documents a case where the eosin-nigrosin test showed a limitation in identifying viable but immotile spermatozoa for ART, while the laser test may overcome this limitation. Larger samples may be required to corroborate the clinical value of the laser test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fertilization , Parturition , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Semen , Semen Analysis , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Spermatozoa
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