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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 285-292, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1248937

ABSTRACT

The aim of this work was to compare results of breeding soundness examination (BSE) of Nellore bulls (n=1257) according to evaluation criteria from two different classification tables (traditional-Table1 used since 1997 and an updated-Table2-proposed in 2020). Data were separated into 3 categories: questionable animals in Table1 and Table2 (Q1Q2), animals approved in Table1 and questionable in Table2 (A1Q2) and animals approved in Table1 and Table2 (A1A2). BSE parameters were submitted to ANOVA (P<005), according to age groups. Higher (P<0.0001) scrotal perimeter (PE) were observed in A1A2 category (18-24m=33.4±2.4cm; 24-36m=34.5±2.2cm; 36-48m=36.6±1.7cm; >48m=38.6±1.7cm) compared to A1Q2 (18-24m=29.05±0.98cm; 24-36m=30.3±0.6cm; 36-48m=32.9±1.0cm; >48m=34.8±1.0cm) and to Q1Q2 (24-36m=26.8±2.0cm; 36-48m=30.0±0.1cm; >48m=31.3±1.1cm), for all age groups. At the age of 36-48months (Q1Q2=2.7±0.3; A1Q2=3.2±0.3; A1A2=3.3±0.6) and >48months (Q1Q2=3.0±0.4; A1Q2=3.3±0.5; A1A2=3.4±0.5), animals with better andrological classifications presented higher (P<0.05) body condition score (BCS). Additionally, at age >48m, higher sperm Motility (P=0.0250) and Vigor (P=0.0335) were observed in animals A1Q2 (Mot=55.5±14.7%; V=3.21±0.82) and A1A2 (Mot=55.8±12.2%; V=3.23±0.81) compared to Q1Q2 (Mot=50.2±17.4%; V=2.77±0.82). It was concluded that bulls approved using strict selection criteria demonstrated higher PE and BCS, regardless of the age. The utilization of updated classification tables is highly recommended for further reproductive potential development of Nellore bulls in the field.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os resultados obtidos no exame andrológico a campo de touros Nelore (n=1257) de acordo com os critérios de avaliação de duas tabelas de classificação (uma tabela tradicional - tabela 1 - proposta em 1997 e uma nova tabela atualizada - tabela 2 - proposta em 2020). Os dados foram separados em três categorias: animais questionáveis nas tabelas 1 e 2 (Q1Q2), animais aprovados na tabela 1 e questionáveis na tabela 2 (A1Q2) e animais aprovados nas tabelas 1 e 2 (A1A2). Os parâmetros foram submetidos à análise de variância (P<0,05), por faixa etária. Observou-se maior (P<0,0001) PE no grupo A1A2 (18-24m=33,4±2,4cm; 24-36m=34,5±2,2cm; 36-48m=36,6±1,7cm; >48m=38,6±1,7cm) em comparação ao grupo A1Q2 (18-24m=29,05±0,98cm; 24-36m=30,3±0,6cm; 36-48m=32,9±1,0cm; >48m=34,8±1,0cm) e este maior (P<0,0001) que Q1Q2 (24-36m=26,8±2,0cm; 36-48m=30,0±0,1cm; >48m=31,3±1,1cm) em todas as idades. Nas faixas etárias 36-48m (Q1Q2=2,7±0,3; A1Q2=3,2±0,3; A1A2=3,3±0,6) e >48m (Q1Q2=3,0±0,4;A1Q2=3,3±0,5; A1A2=3,4±0,5), animais com melhor classificação andrológica apresentaram melhor (P<0,05) escore de condição corporal (ECC). Adicionalmente, na idade >48m, maiores motilidade (P=0,0250) e vigor (P=0,0335) foram observados nos animais A1Q2 (Mot=55,5±14,7%; V=3,21±0,82) e A1A2 (Mot=55,8±12,2%; V=3,23±0,81) comparados aos animais Q1Q2 (Mot=50,2±17,4%; V=2,77±0,82). Concluiu-se que touros aprovados na tabela com critérios mais rigorosos de classificação (tabela 2) apresentaram maior PE e ECC, independentemente da idade. Assim, a utilização de tabelas classificatórias atualizadas é fundamental para maior desenvolvimento do potencial reprodutivo de touros Nelore a campo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cattle , Scrotum/anatomy & histology , Sperm Motility , Fertility , Genitalia, Male/anatomy & histology
2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 275-283, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154474

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Sperm DNA fragmentation is a major cellular mechanism underlying varicocele-related male infertility. However, the type of DNA fragmentation - whether oxidative or of another nature - remains unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate single- and double-stranded sperm DNA fragmentation, and oxidative-induced sperm DNA damage in men with varicocele. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed, including 94 normozoospermic adults, of which 39 men without varicocele (controls) and 55 men with varicocele grades II or III, uni- or bilaterally. All men collected semen by masturbation. After semen analysis, the remaining volume was used for evaluation of three types of sperm DNA damage: (i) total DNA fragmentation, using an alkaline comet assay, (ii) double-stranded DNA fragmentation, using a neutral comet assay, and (iii) oxidative DNA damage, using an alkaline comet assay associated with the DNA glycosylase formamidopyrimidine enzyme. In each assay, percentage of sperm with any degree of DNA fragmentation, and with high DNA fragmentation were compared between the groups using an unpaired Student's t test or a Mann-Whitney test. Results: The varicocele group presented a higher rate of sperm with fragmented DNA (both any and high DNA fragmentation), considering single-stranded DNA fragmentation, double-stranded DNA fragmentation, or a combination of both, as well as oxidative- induced DNA fragmentation. Conclusions: Patients with varicocele have an increase in sperm DNA fragmentation levels, particularly in oxidative stress-induced sperm DNA damage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Varicocele/genetics , Infertility, Male/genetics , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Cross-Sectional Studies , Oxidative Stress , DNA Fragmentation
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 112-119, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134303

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Understanding the effects of high oxidation reduction potential (ORP) levels on sperm parameters will help to identify patients with unexplained and male factor infertility who may have seminal oxidative stress and determine if ORP testing is needed. This study aimed to evaluate the association between seminal ORP and conventional sperm parameters. Materials and Methods: A total of 58 patients who provided a semen sample for simultaneous evaluation of sperm parameters and ORP between January and September 2019 were enrolled in this retrospective study. To identify normal and high ORP levels, a static ORP (sORP) cut-off value of 1.36mV/106sperm/mL was used. Sperm parameters were compared between infertile men with normal sORP (control group, n=23) and high sORP values (study group, n=35). Results: Men with sORP values >1.36mV/106sperm/mL had significantly lower total sperm count (TSC) (p <0.001), sperm concentration (p <0.001) and total motile sperm count (TMSC) (p <0.001). In addition, progressive motility (p=0.04) and fast forward progressive motility (p <0.001) were significantly lower in the study group. A negative correlation was found between sORP and TSC (r=-0.820, p <0.001), sperm concentration (r=-0.822, p <0.001), TMSC (r=-0.808, p <0.001) and progressive motility (r=-0.378, p=0.004). Non-progressive motility positively correlated with sORP (r=0.344, p=0.010). Conclusions: This study has shown that TSC, sperm concentration, progressive motility and TMSC are associated with seminal oxidative stress, indicated by a sORP cut-off of 1.36mV/106sperm/mL. Presence of oligozoospermia, reduced progressive motilty or low TMSC in sperm analysis should raise the suspicion of oxidative stress and warrants seminal ROS testing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Sperm Motility , Infertility, Male , Oxidation-Reduction , Semen , Sperm Count , Spermatozoa , Retrospective Studies
4.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 58(n.esp): e174301, 2021. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1348265

ABSTRACT

Developing effective cooled semen protocols is essential to increase pregnancy rates and reproductive efficiency in donkeys. This study aimed to evaluate the effect on sperm kinetic parameters and membrane integrity in cooled donkey semen diluted with defined milk proteins extender with 1% or 2% of egg yolk and the removal of seminal plasma. Twenty-four ejaculates from six jackasses were collected. Each ejaculate was divided into four aliquots that were diluted in extender with 1% (EY1) or 2% (EY2) egg yolk. One sample from each group was centrifuged, seminal plasma was removed (CEY1, CEY2 groups, respectively), and the samples were then refrigerated at 5 °C for 24 h. Fresh and cooled semen samples were assessed for sperm motility, morphology, and plasma membrane integrity. Total motility, progressive motility, sperm kinetic parameters, or live sperm cells were not statistically different when semen was cooled with an extender supplemented with 1% or 2% of egg yolk. Seminal plasma removal does not affect total motility or sperm kinetic parameters. However, progressive motility decreased (P<0.05) when semen was extended with 2% of egg yolk and seminal plasma was removed. Membrane integrity was affected (P<0.05) in centrifuged samples. In conclusion, the obtained results suggest that there is no difference in sperm kinetics and membrane integrity when 1% or 2% of egg yolk was added to the Equiplus extender. Also, the removal of seminal plasma by centrifugation did not have any beneficial effect on cooled donkey semen. Further studies are needed to relate these results with in vivo fertility tests with cooled donkey semen.(AU)


O desenvolvimento de protocolos de sêmen resfriado eficazes é essencial para aumentar as taxas de prenhez e eficiência reprodutiva em jumentos. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar o efeito do diluente à base de proteínas do leite com 1 ou 2% de gema de ovo sobre os parâmetros cinéticos do sêmen e integridade da membrana em sêmen resfriado de jumento, com ou sem a remoção do plasma seminal. Vinte e quatro ejaculados de seis jumentos foram coletados. Cada ejaculado foi dividido em quatro alíquotas e diluído em diluente com 1% (EY1) ou 2% (EY2) de gema de ovo. Uma amostra por grupo foi centrifugada e o plasma seminal removido (grupos CEY1 e CEY2, respectivamente). Os pellets foram novamente ressuspendidos nas mesmas concentrações e diluentes. Em seguida, as quatro alíquotas foram refrigeradas a 5°C por 24 horas. Amostras de sêmen fresco e refrigerado foram avaliadas quanto à motilidade espermática e integridade da membrana plasmática. Motilidade total, motilidade progressiva, parâmetros de cinética espermática ou células espermáticas vivas não apresentaram diferença significativa quando o sêmen foi resfriado com diluente suplementado com 1% ou 2% de gema de ovo. A remoção do plasma seminal não afetou a motilidade total ou os parâmetros de cinética espermática; entretanto, a motilidade progressiva diminuiu (P<0,05) quando o sêmen foi diluído com 2% de gema de ovo e o plasma seminal removido. Nas amostras centrifugadas, a integridade da membrana foi afetada (P<0,05). Em conclusão, os resultados sugerem que não há diferença na cinética espermática e na integridade da membrana quando 1% ou 2% de gema de ovo são adicionados ao diluente Equiplus e a remoção do plasma seminal por centrifugação não teve nenhum efeito benéfico no resfriamento de sêmen de jumento. Mais estudos são necessários para relacionar esses resultados com testes de fertilidade in vivo com sêmen resfriado em jumentos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Plasma , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Sperm Motility , Cryopreservation , Equidae , Egg Yolk , Semen , Proteins
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of herb-separated moxibustion on segmental conception vessel combined with low-frequency transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) for asthenospermia and oligospermia.@*METHODS@#A total of 105 patients with asthenospermia and oligospermia were randomly divided into a combination group, a TEAS group and a medication group, 35 cases in each one. In the medication group, vitamin E capsules, coenzyme Q10 capsules,@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, except for the sperm morphology 2 months into treatment in the medication group, the semen routine indexes 2, 3 months into treatment were improved in the 3 groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Herb-separated moxibustion on segmental conception vessel combined with low-frequency TEAS can improve semen routine, reduce sperm oxidative stress damage for patients with asthenospermia and oligospermia, and the clinical efficacy is better than the medication and TEAS.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Male , Moxibustion , Oligospermia/therapy , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
6.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(5): 1700-1704, 01-09-2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147869

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of racial crossing on seminal parameters of eight Santa Inês and crossbred (Santa Inês x Dorper) rams submitted to heat stress, and to monitor the return of these parameters to previously reported. Before to place the insulation bags, two collects of semen through electroejaculation were performed. The insulation pouches were made with double-layer plastic, internally lined with cotton, and fixed around the spermatic funiculus and scrotum with adhesive tape and bandage remaining on the testes of the animals for seven days. The first collect was performed on the day that the pouches were taken (day 0) and thereafter, every seven days, totalizing 15 measurements. Data were submitted to analysis of variance (ANOVA). The analyzed variables were subjected to Dunnett test at 5% probability to compare the values obtained before treatment with those obtained in the following days. In this study it was found that the animals restored normal seminal parameter after the insulation effects, however, the return rate differed slightly among the studied breeds. The crossbred animals restored the seminal patterns, on average, a week before Santa Inês. It is concluded that the racial crossing influences the semen parameters of rams submitted to heat stress.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do cruzamento racial sobre parâmetros seminais de oito carneiros Santa Inês e mestiços, submetidos ao estresse térmico e monitorar o retorno desses parâmetros aos relatos anteriormente. Antes de colocar as bolsas de insulação, foram realizadas duas coletas de sêmen por meio de eletroejaculação. As bolsas de insulação foram confeccionadas com plástico de camada dupla, revestidas internamente com algodão, fixadas ao redor do funículo espermático e escroto com fita adesiva e bandagem, permanecendo nos testículos dos animais por sete dias. A primeira coleta foi realizada no dia em que as bolsas foram retiradas (dia 0) e a partir daí, a cada sete dias, totalizando 15 coletas. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância (ANOVA). As variáveis analisadas foram submetidas ao teste de Dunnett a 5% de probabilidade para comparar os valores obtidos antes do tratamento com aqueles obtidos nos dias seguintes. Neste estudo verificou-se que os animais restauraram os parâmetros seminais normais após os efeitos da insulação, porém, a taxa de retorno diferiu ligeiramente entre as raças estudadas. Os animais mestiços restauraram os padrões seminais, em média, uma semana antes da Santa Inês. Conclui-se que o cruzamento racial influencia os parâmetros seminais de carneiros submetidos ao estresse térmico.


Subject(s)
Sperm Motility , Sheep , Heat-Shock Response
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1163-1171, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1131502

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se, no primeiro experimento, avaliar o efeito da velocidade de captura de imagens de 25Hz, 30Hz e 50Hz na cinética dos espermatozoides equinos criopreservados. Todas as velocidades mostraram-se adequadas para capturar o movimento espermático (P>0,05). No segundo experimento, objetivou-se avaliar o efeito da deposição de sêmen em lâmina sob lamínula, Leja®10 e 20, na cinética espermática. O uso de lâmina e lamínula foi superior às lejas para manter a LIN e o WOB (P<0,05). No terceiro experimento, objetivou-se avaliar o efeito das concentrações de 25, 50 e 100x106 na cinética espermática. As concentrações de 25 e 50 x106 foram superiores a 100x106 para preservar a LIN, a STR e a BCF e não afetar negativamente a motilidade (P<0,05). No quarto experimento, objetivou-se avaliar o efeito dos diluidores BotuCrio®, BotuSêmen®, TALP sperm e da solução fisiológica na cinética espermática. O BotuCrio® foi superior a todos os diluidores em preservar a BCF e os hiperativos (P<0,05). Conclui-se que o emprego da velocidade de captura entre 25 e 50Hz, a deposição do sêmen entre lâmina e lamínula e a rediluição em diluidor de congelação para atingir 25 a 50x106 de espermatozoides/mL são ideais para o SCA® avaliar, de forma fidedigna, o sêmen equino criopreservado.(AU)


The objective of the first experiment was to evaluate the effect of 25, 30 and 50Hz frame acquisition rate on equine cryopreserved sperm. All frame acquisition rates tested were adequate to capture the sperm movement (P>0.05). The aim of the second experiment was to evaluate the effect of chambers, slide-coverslip, Leja®10 and 20 on sperm movement. The use of slide-coverslip was superior to maintain LIN and WOB (P<0.05). The aim of the third experiment was to evaluate the effect of 25, 50 and 100x106 sperm/mL concentration on sperm movement. Concentrations of 25 and 50x106 sperm/mL were greater than 100x106 to preserve LIN, STR and BCF and did not adversely affect motility (P<0.05). The aim of the fourth experiment was to evaluate the effect of BotuCrio®, BotuSêmen®, TALP sperm and physiological solution on sperm movement. BotuCrio® was superior among other extenders in preserving BCF and hyperactive (P<0.05). It is concluded that the use of the frame acquisition rate between 25 and 50 Hz; the deposition of semen between slide and coverslip and new dilution in the freezing extender to 25-50x106 of sperm/mL is ideal to reliably evaluate cryopreserved equine semen by SCA®.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa/physiology , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Semen Analysis/veterinary , Horses/physiology , Cryopreservation/veterinary
8.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 312-323, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138627

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer el efecto de la borra de café sobre la movilidad y los parámetros funcionales de los espermatozoides humanos in vitro. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: La borra de café, un subproducto obtenido en establecimientos especializados en la preparación de café soluble a base de grano, se diluyo en tampón fosfato salino y se mezcló en proporciones iguales con las muestras de semen de 16 voluntarios aparentemente sanos. A cada muestra se le determinó el efecto sobre la movilidad espermática en función del tiempo (30, 60, 90 y 120 minutos, n=16) y sobre los parámetros funcionales (n=6) por medio de citometría de flujo: potencial de membrana mitocondrial, producción de especies reactivas de oxígeno y lipoperoxidación de la membrana espermática. RESULTADOS: La incubación de los espermatozoides con la borra de café evidencio un cambio positivo en la movilidad espermática. Adicionalmente, la incubación con la borra de café incremento significativamente el potencial de membrana mitocondrial en los espermatozoides. CONCLUSIÓN: La borra de café, seguramente debido a los compuestos antioxidantes, afecta positivamente la movilidad espermática aumentando el potencial de membrana mitocondrial. Por lo tanto, esto es un paso inicial en la búsqueda de un suplemento de origen natural que aumente la calidad seminal.


OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work is to establish the effect of spent coffee grounds on the motility and functional parameters of human spermatozoa, in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Spent coffee grounds, a by-product obtained in specialized establishments in the preparation of soluble coffee based on grain, was diluted in saline phosphate buffer and mixed in equal proportions with semen samples from 16 apparently healthy volunteers. Each sample was determined the effect on sperm motility as a function of time (30, 60, 90 and 120 minutes, n=16) and on functional parameters (n=6) by means of flow cytometry: mitochondrial membrane potential, reactive oxygen species production and membrane lipoperoxidation. RESULTS: The incubation of the spermatozoa with the spent coffee grounds showed a positive change in sperm motility. Additionally, incubation with spent coffee grounds significantly increased the mitochondrial membrane potential in human sperm cells. CONCLUSION: Spent coffee grounds, probably due to antioxidant compounds, positively affects sperm motility by increasing mitochondrial membrane potential. Therefore, this is an initial step in the search for a supplement of natural origin that increases seminal quality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Semen/drug effects , Sperm Motility/drug effects , Spermatozoa/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Coffee/chemistry , Semen/physiology , Sperm Motility/physiology , Spermatozoa/physiology , Time Factors , In Vitro Techniques
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 729-736, May-June, 2020. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1128889

ABSTRACT

This study investigated in vitro the efficacy of four different extenders (TES-TRIS and TRIS with LDL low-density lipoprotein at concentrations of 10 or 5%) on the longevity of buffalo sperm in the refrigeration process at 5ºC. Sperm motility was assessed every 24 hours up to 72 hours of incubation using computer assisted sperm analysis and sperm membrane integrity was examined by the hypoosmotic test (HOST) at T1, T24, T48 and T72 hours. Eleven buffaloes (1 ejaculate per buffalo) of the Murrah breed were used, ranging in age from 4 to 5 years. Immediately after collection, each ejaculate was fractionated into 4 aliquots, and each aliquot was diluted in one of four diluents to obtain 50x106SPTZ/mL. The samples were packed in 0.5mL straws and refrigerated (-0.25°C/min) to 5°C and maintained at this temperature until evaluation. Prior to evaluation the samples were heated at 37°C for 30 seconds. The statistical package used for analysis was STATA 12.0 "Statistical Analysis Software" and means were compared by the Friedman test (P<0.05). The results of sperm kinetics and HOST indicate that the TRIS diluent with 10% LDL could be a promising alternative for semen refrigeration at 5ºC, to be used in conventional and fixed time artificial insemination.(AU)


Este estudo investigou in vitro a eficácia de quatro diferentes extensores (TES-TRIS e TRIS com lipoproteína de baixa densidade - LDL, nas concentrações de 10 ou 5%) sobre a longevidade espermática de búfalos no processo de refrigeração a 5ºC. A motilidade espermática foi avaliada a cada 24 horas até 72 horas de incubação, por sistema computadorizado "CASA", e a integridade de membrana espermática foi examinada pelo teste hiposmótico (HOST) em T1, T24, T48 e T72 horas. Foram utilizados 11 búfalos (um ejaculado por búfalo) da raça Murrah, com idade variando de quatro a cinco anos. Imediatamente após a coleta, cada ejaculado foi fracionado em quatro alíquotas, e cada alíquota foi diluída em um dos quatro diluidores para a obtenção de 50x106 SPTZ/mL. As amostras foram envasadas em palhetas de 0,5 mL, refrigeradas (-0,25oC/minuto) até 5oC e mantidas nessa temperatura até a avaliação. Previamente à avaliação, as amostras foram aquecidas a 37oC por 30 segundos. O pacote estatístico utilizado para as análises foi o STATA 12.0 "Statistical Analysis Software", e as médias foram comparadas pelo teste de Friedman (P<0,05). Os resultados de cinética e HOST até o tempo de 48 horas indicam que o diluidor TRIS com 10% LDL seria uma alternativa promissora para a refrigeração do sêmen a 5ºC, a ser utilizado na inseminação artificial e na inseminação artificial em tempo fixo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Sperm Motility , Buffaloes , Lipoproteins, LDL , In Vitro Techniques , Insemination, Artificial , Indicator Dilution Techniques/veterinary
10.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 437-442, Mar./Apr. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1128365

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se, por meio do presente estudo, avaliar o método de colheita farmacológica de sêmen com sondagem uretral, em machos de onças-pardas (Puma concolor) mantidos em cativeiro. A técnica proposta (Cat; N=3) foi comparada com a eletroejaculação (EE; N=4). Para a colheita farmacológica, utilizou-se medetomidina para induzir a liberação de sêmen na uretra e sonda uretral para gatos, sem janela lateral, para colheita do sêmen por capilaridade. O método foi eficaz em todos os animais usados. Por meio dessa técnica, colheram-se amostras com menor volume (106,7±30,5aµL) e maior concentração (524,1±54,3b x 106 espermatozoides/mL) em relação à EE (450,0±0,1bµL e 205,0±141,8a x 106 espermatozoides/mL). As avaliações de vigor, motilidade e patologia espermática demonstraram que a técnica não afeta a qualidade do sêmen em relação à EE (P>0,05). Dessa forma, o método proposto consiste em uma técnica mais prática e eficiente para a colheita de sêmen com boa qualidade, dispensando o eletroejaculador.(AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the pharmacological semen collection method with urethral catheterization (CT) in captive cougar (Puma concolor) males. The pharmacological method (CT; N= 3) was compared to the electroejaculation technique (EE; N= 4). For CT collection, medetomidine was administrated to induce semen release using a tomcat catheter inserted into the urethra to collect by capillarity. The proposed method was efficacious on all animals used. Through the CT method, semen collected yielded smaller volume (106,7±30,5aµL) and higher concentration (524,1±54,3b x 106sperm/mL) compared to EE (450,0±0,1bµL and 205,0±141,8a x 106 sperm /mL). Evaluations of vigor, motility and sperm pathology demonstrated that CT does not affect semen quality when compared to EE (P> 0.05). Thus, the proposed method consists of a more practical and efficient technique for semen collection with good quality, eliminating the need for eletroejaculation.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Specimen Handling/veterinary , Puma/anatomy & histology , Semen Analysis/veterinary , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Medetomidine/administration & dosage
11.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 57(3): e166205, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1122181

ABSTRACT

In freshwater fish with external fertilization, sperm sampling can be contaminated with urine, which triggers motility and gives rise to decreased fertilization success. The maintenance of freshwater fish in hyperosmotic conditions may reduce urine production and improve sperm quality. Thus, the aim of this work was to verify if acute exposure to various NaCl concentrations improves sperm quality in the yellowtail tetra Astyanax altiparanae. Spermiation was induced using a single dose of carp pituitary gland (5 mg kg-1) and the males were maintained at various NaCl concentrations: NaCl 0.00% (control), NaCl 0.45% (hypoosmotic), NaCl 0.9% (isosmotic) and NaCl 1.0% (hyperosmotic) for 6 h at 26 °C. Sperm was collected and verified for activation by urine and motility traits. At 0.00%, 0.45%, and 0.90%, the sperm was motile just after sampling, indicating activation by urine. Surprisingly, at hyperosmotic conditions, no activation was observed. Other sperm and motility parameters did not show any statistical differences, including sperm viability (P = 0.7083), concentration (P = 0.9030), total motility (P = 0.6149), VCL (curvilinear velocity; P = 0.1216), VAP (average path velocity; P = 0.1231) and VSL (straight-line velocity; P = 0.1340). Our results indicate that acute maintenance at hyperosmotic conditions eliminates sperm activation by urine and maintains sperm quality. Such a new procedure is interesting for both basic and applied sciences, including reproductive practice in fish.(AU)


Em peixes de água doce com fertilização externa, a amostragem de espermatozoides pode ser contaminada pela urina, o que desencadeia motilidade e gera menor sucesso na fertilização. A manutenção de peixes de água doce em condições hiperosmóticas pode reduzir a produção de urina e melhorar a qualidade do esperma. Assim, o presente trabalho foi delineado para verificar se a exposição aguda a várias concentrações de NaCl melhora a qualidade do esperma no tetra-amarelo Astyanax altiparanae. A espermiação foi induzida usando uma dose única de hipófise da carpa (5 mg kg-1) e os machos foram mantidos em várias concentrações de NaCl: NaCl 0,00% (controle), NaCl 0,45% (hipoosmótico), NaCl 0,9% (isosmótico) e NaCl 1,0% (hiperosmótico) por seis horas a 26 °C. O esperma foi colhido e verificado quanto à ativação por urina e traços de motilidade. Em 0,00%, 0,45%, 0,90% os espermatozóides eram móveis logo após a amostragem, indicando ativação pela urina. Surpreendentemente, em condições hiperosmóticas, nenhuma ativação foi observada. Outros parâmetros espermáticos e de motilidade não mostraram diferenças estatísticas, incluindo viabilidade espermática (P = 0,7083), concentração (P = 0,9030), motilidade total (P = 0,6149), VCL (Velocidade Curvilinear; P = 0,1216), VMD (Velocidade Média de Deslocamento; P = 0,1230) e VLR (Velocidade em linha Reta; P = 0,1340). Nossos resultados indicam que a manutenção aguda em condições hiperosmóticas elimina a ativação do esperma pela urina e mantém a qualidade do esperma. Esse novo procedimento é interessante para as ciências básicas e aplicadas, incluindo a prática reprodutiva em peixes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Osmosis , Salinity , Semen Analysis/methods , Semen Analysis/veterinary , Characidae/physiology , Sperm Motility
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827466

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of hydrogen-rich Korean Red Ginseng (KRG) water (HRGW) mixture on the spermatogenesis and sperm motility of mice of different ages.@*METHODS@#Eighty young (3 month-old) and aged (12 month-old) male mice were randomly assigned to 4 groups (n =10 per group) including control group, hydrogen-rich water (HRW) group (10 mL/kg daily), KRG group (50 mg/kg daily) and HRGW group (10 mL/kg and 50 mg/kg daily) by an oral zoned needle for 4 weeks. Sperm count and motility were measured using sperm suspension released from cauda epididymis. Serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), testosterone, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in serum have also been estimated. Tubular changes were examined through histological hematoxylin and eosin staining. Expression of antioxidation (PPx3, PPx4, GSTm5 and GPx4), spermatogenesis (inhibin-a, neptin-2 and CREM), antiaging (SIRT1 and SIRT2), and angiogenesis [visfatin and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)] related genes were examined through real-time polymerase chain reaction.@*RESULTS@#HRW and KRG treatment stimulated spermatogenesis followed by increasing sperm production and sperm motility (P <0.05). These effects were strengthened synergistically by a HRGW mixture (P <0.05 or P <0.01). HRGW greatly increased the expressions of antioxidation, antiaging, spermatogenesis related genes and VEGF especially in aged mice (P <0.05). Serum testosterone and FSH levels also increased, while serum ROS level decreased (all P <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#HRGW increases sperm production and motility by enhancing antioxidation and stimulating spermatogenesis and sex hormone production, particularly in aged mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hydrogen , Pharmacology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Panax , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Republic of Korea , Sperm Motility , Spermatogenesis , Water
15.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 922-925, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880293

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the distribution of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome types and their relationship with semen parameters in infertility male patients with varicocele (VC).@*METHODS@#Using Questionnaire on Clinical Symptoms of Varicocele-Caused Male Infertility, we made an investigation among 147 infertility male patients with VC, determined the types of their TCM syndromes, obtained their semen parameters, and analyzed the distribution of the TCM syndrome types and their correlation with semen parameters.@*RESULTS@#Of the TCM syndrome types identified, kidney deficiency and stagnated heat constituted the largest proportion (34.7%), and the mixed type accounted for a significantly higher percentage than the simple type (P < 0.05). The patients with kidney deficiency and stagnated heat, compared with those with other syndrome types, had a dramatically lower sperm concentration ([21.62 ± 9.25] vs [28.88 ± 12.92] ×10⁶/ml, P < 0.01), but a higher percentage of morphologically abnormal sperm ([98.33 ± 0.15]% vs [96.27 ± 0.18]%, P < 0.05) and DNA fragmentation index ([19.72 ± 3.17]% vs [10.96 ± 3.82]%, P < 0.01). No statistically significant differences were observed in the percentage of progressively motile sperm among different TCM syndrome types.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Kidney deficiency and stagnated heat is a main TCM syndrome type in infertility male patients with varicocele and correlated with sperm concentration, the percentage of morphologically abnormal sperm and DNA fragmentation index.


Subject(s)
DNA Fragmentation , Humans , Infertility, Male/diagnosis , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Semen , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Syndrome , Varicocele/diagnosis
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 900-905, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880289

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the relationship of Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) infection with routine semen parameters and sperm DNA integrity in male infertility patients.@*METHODS@#Totally, 114 semen samples, 34 MG-positive and 80 MG-negative, were collected from male infertility patients and subjected to routine semen analysis with the computer-assisted sperm analysis system, Papanicolaou staining for observation of sperm morphology, and sperm chromatin diffusion (SCD) test for detection of sperm DNA integrity. Semen parameters and DNA integrity were compared between the MG-positive and MG-negative groups with SPSS 21.0 statistical software and the relationship between the semen parameters and DNA integrity analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis.@*RESULTS@#The MG-positive samples, compared with the MG-negative ones, showed significantly decreased semen volume ([2.87 ± 0.37] vs [3.86 ± 0.43] ml, P 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#MG infection may be an important factor affecting sperm quality in male infertility patients. Active prevention and treatment of MG infection can help prevent male infertility.


Subject(s)
DNA Fragmentation , Humans , Infertility, Male/microbiology , Male , Mycoplasma Infections/complications , Mycoplasma genitalium , Semen , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 895-899, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880288

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the application of the self-made semen quality control (QC) product in internal QC of computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA).@*METHODS@#CASA was calibrated with high- and low-concentration commercially available semen QC product and meanwhile 15 samples of self-made mixed semen QC product were placed in 75 cryotubes containing liquid nitrogen, followed by CASA of the concentration, motility, curvilinear velocity (VCL), straight line velocity (VSL), average path velocity (VAP), linearity (LIN), wobble (WOB) and straightness (STR) of the sperm using standard procedures and 50 days of continuous monitoring. The Makler counting plate was used to measure the concentration and motility of the self-made sperm.@*RESULTS@#The coefficients of variation (CV) of the commercially available semen QC product at high and low concentrations were 6.18% and 7.85%, respectively. CASA showed that the concentration of the self-made QC product was (25.97 ± 1.41) ×10⁶/ml, with a CV of 5.42%, and the sperm motility, VCL, VSL, VAP, LIN, WOB and STR were (22.15 ± 1.75)% (CV = 7.9%), (59.18 ± 2.05) μm/s (CV = 3.46%), (26.79 ± 1.2) μm/s (CV = 4.48%), (34.98 ± 1.4) μm/s (CV = 4.01%), 46.81 ± 1.55 (CV = 3.3%), 60.52 ± 1.3 (CV = 2.15%) and 76.46 ± 1.98 (CV = 2.59%), respectively. The concentration and motility of the self-made sperm detected with the Makler counting plate were (34.39 ± 2.37) ×10⁶/ml (CV = 6.89%) and (38.04 ± 1.69)% (CV = 4.44%), respectively. Levey-Jennings QC charts were plotted for the indicators using the means and standard deviation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The self-made internal QC product by liquid nitrogen cryopreservation is feasible and effective for monitoring the accuracy and precision of CASA-derived sperm concentration and motion parameters, and it has a smaller CV than the commercially available QC product in measuring sperm concentration.


Subject(s)
Computers , Humans , Male , Quality Control , Semen Analysis/standards , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 2085-2092, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1055111

ABSTRACT

The objective of the study was to determine whether or not there is a correlation between thermoresistance tests (TT) after semen thawing and pregnancy rate (PR) after fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI). Four different TT were performed on ten samples used for AI; a rapid test (RTT) (30min / 46°C) and three slow tests (STT): STT1 (60min/38°C), STT2 (180min/38°C), and STT3 (300min/38°C). Two hundred and fifteen multiparous crossbred cows were submitted to FTAI under the following protocol: on day zero (d0) the animals received a P4 device +EB; on d7 PGF2α; on d8 P4 was removed and eCG+EC were administered; IATF was performed on d10. Three gestational diagnoses (G D) were performed on d40, d70 and d120. The mean sperm motility (%) in RTT and STTs were 19.84±6.13, 28.55±10.48, 17.62±5.87 and 8.63±3.46, respectively, and TP in the three DG 61.86%, 57.67%, and 55.81%, respectively. Through Person test a significant negative correlation (P< 0.05) was found between STT2 and PR at 60 days (r= -0.644) and between STT3 and all TPs (r= -0.774, -0.752, 0.748). It was concluded that TT parameters are not able to determine correlation between semen quality and TP.(AU)


O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar se há ou não correlação entre testes de termorresistência (TT) após descongelamento do sêmen e taxa de prenhez (TP) após inseminação artificial em tempo fixo (IATF). Quatro diferentes TT foram realizados nas 10 amostras utilizadas para a IA; um teste rápido (RTT) (30min/46°C) e três testes lentos (STT): STT1 (60min/38°C), STT2 (180min/38°C) e STT3 (300min/38°C). Duzentas e quinze vacas cruzadas multíparas foram submetidas à IATF sob o seguinte protocolo: no dia zero (d0), os animais receberam um dispositivo de P4+EB; em d7, PGF2α; em d8, retirou-se P4 e eCG+EC administrados; no d10, foi realizada IATF. Três diagnósticos gestacionais (DG) foram feitos, em d40, d70 e d120. As médias de motilidade espermática (%) em RTT e STTs foram 19,84±6,13, 28,55±10,48, 17,62±5,87 e 8,63±3,46, respectivamente, e TP nos três DG 61,86%, 57,67% e 55,81%, respectivamente. Por meio do teste de Person, uma correlação negativa significativa (P<0,05) foi encontrada entre os resultados de STT2 e PR aos 60 dias (r=-0,644) e entre STT3 e todas TPs (r=-0,774, -0,752 e -0,748). Concluiu-se que parâmetros de TT não são capazes de determinar correlação entre qualidade do sêmen e TP.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Cattle , Sperm Motility , Body Temperature Regulation , Pregnancy Rate , Heat-Shock Response , Semen Analysis/methods , Insemination, Artificial/veterinary
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 1043-1054, Sept.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040070

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Anacyclus Pyrethrum (AP) and Tribulus Terrestris (TT) have been reported as male infertility treatment in several studies; however, in Iranian traditional medicine these two plants are prescribed simultaneously. In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of AP and TT extracts both separately and simultaneously on the male Wistar rat fertility parameters. Materials and Methods 32 male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: Control, TT, AP, and AT treated groups. Treatment continued for 25 days and rats were weighed daily. Their testes were dissected for histological studies. Sperm analysis including sperm count, viability and motility were performed. Serum was obtained to evaluate testosterone, LH and FSH levels. Histological studies were conducted to study Leydig, and Sertoli cells, spermatogonia and spermatid cell numbers, and to measure seminiferous diameter and epithelium thickness. Results Sperm count increased in all the treatment groups. Sperm viability and motility in AT and AP groups were elevated. TT and AT groups showed significantly increased testosterone level compared to control group (P=004, P=0.000, respectively) and TT, AP and AT treatment groups showed increased LH level (P=0.002, P=0.03 and P=0.000, respectively) compared to control, while only AT group showed increased FSH (p=0.006) compared to control. Histological studies showed significant increase of spermatogonia, Leydig and Sertoli cell numbers and epithelial thickness in AT group compared to other groups. All the treatment groups had higher number of Leydig, spermatogonia and spermatid cells. Conclusion TT and AP improved sexual parameters; however, their simultaneous administration had higher improving effects on studied parameters.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium/chemistry , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Tribulus/chemistry , Infertility, Male/drug therapy , Organ Size , Reference Values , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility/drug effects , Spermatozoa/drug effects , Testis/drug effects , Testosterone/blood , Body Weight , Luteinizing Hormone/blood , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Fertility/drug effects , Follicle Stimulating Hormone/blood
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 861-866, Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012366

ABSTRACT

It is important to know the morphological changes that occur in the spermatozoa of rooster during their passage through the reproductive tract, which help to understand what they acquire their fertilization capacity. The morphophysiological changes related to the capacitation and acrosomal reaction processes in the different segments of the rooster reproductive system were analyzed. Samples were obtained from various regions of the rooster reproductive tract and dorso-ventral massage to obtain ejaculates, 25 roosters were used Rhode Island Red with proven fertility, assessments were performed with chlortetracycline and Lectin WGA-FITC to determine the morphophysiological parameters. Sperm motility increases (p<0.05) during the passage of spermatozoa from the testis until they are ejaculated. The parameters of viability and morphology also show differences (p<0.05) in the different segments of the tract. Sperm morphometry shows a spermatic contraction (p<0.05) in the cranial and medial segments of the vas deferens. The acrosomal reaction capacity evaluated with chlortetracycline (CTC) or Wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), was evident increasing the parameters (p<0.05) with the use of the perivitelline layer in the spermatozoa of the reproductive tract and of the ejaculate. Spermatozoa of the reproductive tract of the rooster demonstrate acrosomal reaction capacity without requiring a previous sperm capacitation condition. On the other hand, they do not show parameters of incapacity, which implies that they cannot be stored in any segment of the reproductive tract.


Es importante conocer los cambios morfológicos que se producen en los espermatozoides del gallo durante su paso por el tracto reproductivo y que ayudan a comprender como adquieren su capacidad de fertilización. Se analizaron cambios morfofisiológicos relacionados con los procesos de capacitación y reacción acrosomal de los espermatozoides presentes en los diferentes segmentos del tracto reproductor del gallo. Se obtuvieron espermatozoides de diferentes regiones del tracto reproductor del gallo y de espermatozoides de eyaculado. Se usaron 25 gallos Rhode Island Red con fertilidad probada. Se realizaron evaluaciones básicas, con clortetraciclina (CTC) y lectina Wheat germ agglutinin conjugada con isotiosionato de fluoresceína (WGA-FITC) para determinar los parámetros morfofisiológicos. La motilidad del esperma aumenta (P<0,05) durante el paso de los espermatozoides desde el testículo hasta que son eyaculados. Los parámetros de viabilidad y morfología también muestran diferencias (P <0,05) en los diferentes segmentos del tracto. La morfometría mostró una contracción de los espermatozoides (P<0,05) en los segmentos craneal y medial del conducto deferente. La capacidad de reacción acrosomal evaluada con clortetraciclina CTC o WGAFITC, fue evidente al aumentar los parámetros (P<0,05) con el uso de membrana perivitelina en los espermatozoides del tracto reproductivo y del eyaculado. los espermatozoides del tracto reproductivo del gallo demuestran capacidad de reacción acrosomal sin requerir una condición previa de capacitación espermática. Por otro lado, no muestran parámetros de descapacitación espermática lo que implica que no pueden almacenar en ningún segmento del tracto reproductivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Spermatozoa , Chickens/anatomy & histology , Genitalia, Male/anatomy & histology , Semen , Sperm Motility , Vas Deferens/anatomy & histology , Acrosome , Fertility
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