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Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245329, 2023. graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285618


Abstract The cold storage of milt implies potentials alterations in its quality because the storage generates as main process, free radicals that produce spermatozoa membrane lipids damage with the consequent motility and fertilising capacity disruptions. To decrease the damage generated by free radicals the cells have antioxidant defences (proteins, enzymes, and low molecular weight substances). The objective of the present study evaluated the time storage effect and different antioxidants prepared in spermatic diluents on sperm viability of O. mykiss milt stored at 4°C. The two-way ANOVA denoted that the time storage and antioxidant influence have significant effects separated or combined on viability parameters (sperm motility and viability, proteins concentrations and superoxide dismutase enzymatic activity in seminal plasma). In contrast, only the storage time affected the fertilising capacity and catalase enzymatic activity in seminal plasma. The resulting analysis can conclude that the antioxidant presence improves the viability of cold stored milt, especially the transport conditions and the antioxidants allow the fecundity despite motility decrease.

Resumo O armazenamento a frio de leite implica potenciais alterações em sua qualidade, pois gera como processo principal radicais livres que provocam danos aos lipídios da membrana dos espermatozoides, com as consequentes alterações na motilidade e na capacidade de fertilização. Para diminuir os danos causados pelos radicais livres, as células têm defesas antioxidantes (proteínas, enzimas e substâncias de baixo peso molecular). O presente estudo avaliou o efeito do tempo de armazenamento e diferentes antioxidantes preparados em diluentes espermáticos no armazenamento de viabilidade de O. mykiss milt a 4°C. A ANOVA de duas vias denotou que o armazenamento no tempo e a influência antioxidante têm efeitos significativos separados ou combinados nos parâmetros de viabilidade (motilidade espermática, viabilidade espermática, concentrações de proteínas e atividade enzimática da superóxido dismutase no plasma seminal), enquanto apenas o tempo de armazenamento afetou a capacidade de fertilização e atividade enzimática da catalase no plasma seminal. A análise resultante pode concluir que a presença de antioxidante melhora a viabilidade do leite frio, especialmente as condições de transporte, e os antioxidantes permitem a fecundidade apesar da diminuição da motilidade.

Animals , Male , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Oncorhynchus mykiss , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Cryopreservation , Antioxidants
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e250865, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285604


Abstract Cadmium (Cd) is one of the major toxicants, which affects human health through occupational and environmental exposure. In the current study, we evaluated the protective effects of morel mushrooms against Cd-induced reproductive damages in rats. For this purpose, 30 male rats were divided into 6 groups (n=5/group), the first group served as the control group, second group was treated with an intraperitoneal (i.p) injection of 1 mg/kg/day of Cd. Third and fourth groups were co-treated with 1 mg/kg/day of Cd (i.p) and 10 and 20 mg/kg/day of morel mushroom extract (orally) respectively. The final 2 groups received oral gavage of 10 and 20 mg/kg/day of morel mushroom extract alone. After treatment for 17 days, the animals were euthanized, and testes and epididymis were dissected out. One testis and epididymis of each animal were processed for histology, while the other testis and epididymis were used for daily sperm production (DSP) and comet assay. Our results showed that Cd and morel mushrooms have no effect on animal weight, but Cd significantly decreases the DSP count and damages the heritable DNA which is reversed in co-treatment groups. Similarly, the histopathological results of testes and epididymis show that morel mushrooms control the damage to these tissues. Whereas the morel mushroom extract alone could enhance the production of testosterone. These results conclude that morel mushrooms not only control the damage done by Cd, but it could also be used as a protection mechanism for heritable DNA damage.

Resumo O cádmio (Cd) é um dos principais tóxicos, que afeta a saúde humana por meio da exposição ocupacional e ambiental. No presente estudo, avaliamos os efeitos protetores dos cogumelos morel contra os danos reprodutivos induzidos pelo Cd em ratos. Para tanto, 30 ratos machos foram divididos em 6 grupos (n = 5 / grupo); o primeiro grupo serviu de controle, o segundo grupo foi tratado com injeção intraperitoneal (i.p) de 1 mg / kg / dia de Cd. O terceiro e o quarto grupos foram cotratados com 1 mg / kg / dia de Cd (i.p) e 10 e 20 mg / kg / dia de extrato de cogumelo morel (por via oral), respectivamente. Os dois grupos finais receberam gavagem oral de 10 e 20 mg / kg / dia de extrato de cogumelo morel sozinho. Após o tratamento por 17 dias, os animais foram sacrificados e os testículos e o epidídimo foram dissecados. Um testículo e epidídimo de cada animal foram processados ​​para histologia, enquanto o outro testículo e epidídimo foram usados ​​para produção diária de esperma (DSP) e ensaio cometa. Nossos resultados mostraram que os cogumelos Cd e morel não têm efeito sobre o peso do animal, mas o Cd diminui significativamente a contagem de DSP e danifica o DNA hereditário, que é revertido em grupos de cotratamento. Da mesma forma, os resultados histopatológicos dos testículos e do epidídimo mostram que os cogumelos morel controlam os danos a esses tecidos. Considerando que o extrato de cogumelo morel sozinho pode aumentar a produção de testosterona. Esses resultados concluem que os cogumelos morel não apenas controlam os danos causados pelo Cd, mas também podem ser usados ​​como um mecanismo de proteção para danos hereditários ao DNA.

Animals , Male , Rats , Cadmium/toxicity , Agaricales , Ascomycota , Spermatozoa , Testis
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(3): 544-548, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154516


ABSTRACT Introduction: When the vasectomy reversal (VR) fails, and the patient desires natural conception with his sperm, vasectomy re-reversal (VRR) is the only alternative. Purpose: To determine the VRR effectiveness and whether specific parameters can be associated with its success. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 18 consecutive vasectomized patients, who had failed their VR through bilateral vasovasostomy, and posteriorly were submitted to VRR. The parameters of the study were: age of the patients, elapsed time between vasectomy and VRR (V-VRRt), elapsed time between VR and VRR (VR-VRRt), presence of spermatozoa in the proximal vas deferens fluid (SptzVDF) in the VRR and results of semen analysis after VRR (SA-VRR). Results: The mean of the age of the patients was 44.11±6.55 years (32.0-57.0), the mean of V-VRRt was 11.76±6.46 years (1.5-25.0) and the mean of VR-VRRt was 2.13±2.27 years (0.5-10.0). SptzVDF in the VRR were found bilaterally in 8 patients, unilaterally in 4 and absent in 6. SA-VRR demonstrated normozoospermia in 9 patients, oligozoospermia in 3 and azoospermia in 6, with patency rate of 66.67%. SA-VRR showed statistically significant dependence only with SptzVDF in the VRR (p <0.01). Conclusions: VRR was effective in restoring the obstruction in more than half of the patients. Furthermore, the presence of spermatozoa in the vas deferens fluid was the parameter associated with the VRR success.

Humans , Male , Adult , Vasectomy , Vasovasostomy , Spermatozoa , Vas Deferens/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(3): 495-502, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154505


ABSTRACT Testicular cancer is considered a rare disease affecting approximately 1% to 2% of the male population. This neoplasm has a cure rate of over 95%; as a result, a major concern is the future of fertility of carriers from this disease. There are several histological subtypes of testicular tumors; however, the Testicular Germ Cell Tumors (TGCTs), comprising both seminoma and non-seminoma tumors, are considered the main subtypes of testicular neoplasms. TGCT are characterized by being a solid tumor that mostly affects young men aged between 15 and 40 years old. While TGCT subtypes may have an invasive potential, seminoma subtype does not affect other cells rather than germ cells, while non-seminomas have more invasive properties and can achieve somatic cells; thus, having a more aggressive nature. This research intends to review the literature regarding information about sperm parameters, correlating the data found in those studies to the subfertility and infertility of patients with TCGTs. Furthermore, it will also correlate the data to the non-seminoma and seminoma histological subtypes from pre- and post-cancer therapy. PubMed databases were used. Searched keywords included: seminoma AND non-seminoma; male infertility; germ cell tumor; chemotherapy AND radiotherapy. Only articles published in English were considered. Current studies demonstrate that both TGCT subtypes promote deleterious effects on semen quality resulting in decreased sperm concentration, declined sperm total motility and an increase in the morphology alterations. However, findings suggest that the non-seminoma subtype effects are more pronounced and deleterious. More studies will be necessary to clarify the behavior of seminoma and non-seminoma tumors implicating the reproductive health of male patients.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Testicular Neoplasms/therapy , Seminoma , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/therapy , Spermatozoa , Semen Analysis
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 275-283, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154474


ABSTRACT Purpose: Sperm DNA fragmentation is a major cellular mechanism underlying varicocele-related male infertility. However, the type of DNA fragmentation - whether oxidative or of another nature - remains unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate single- and double-stranded sperm DNA fragmentation, and oxidative-induced sperm DNA damage in men with varicocele. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed, including 94 normozoospermic adults, of which 39 men without varicocele (controls) and 55 men with varicocele grades II or III, uni- or bilaterally. All men collected semen by masturbation. After semen analysis, the remaining volume was used for evaluation of three types of sperm DNA damage: (i) total DNA fragmentation, using an alkaline comet assay, (ii) double-stranded DNA fragmentation, using a neutral comet assay, and (iii) oxidative DNA damage, using an alkaline comet assay associated with the DNA glycosylase formamidopyrimidine enzyme. In each assay, percentage of sperm with any degree of DNA fragmentation, and with high DNA fragmentation were compared between the groups using an unpaired Student's t test or a Mann-Whitney test. Results: The varicocele group presented a higher rate of sperm with fragmented DNA (both any and high DNA fragmentation), considering single-stranded DNA fragmentation, double-stranded DNA fragmentation, or a combination of both, as well as oxidative- induced DNA fragmentation. Conclusions: Patients with varicocele have an increase in sperm DNA fragmentation levels, particularly in oxidative stress-induced sperm DNA damage.

Humans , Male , Adult , Varicocele/genetics , Infertility, Male/genetics , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Cross-Sectional Studies , Oxidative Stress , DNA Fragmentation
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 112-119, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134303


ABSTRACT Purpose: Understanding the effects of high oxidation reduction potential (ORP) levels on sperm parameters will help to identify patients with unexplained and male factor infertility who may have seminal oxidative stress and determine if ORP testing is needed. This study aimed to evaluate the association between seminal ORP and conventional sperm parameters. Materials and Methods: A total of 58 patients who provided a semen sample for simultaneous evaluation of sperm parameters and ORP between January and September 2019 were enrolled in this retrospective study. To identify normal and high ORP levels, a static ORP (sORP) cut-off value of 1.36mV/106sperm/mL was used. Sperm parameters were compared between infertile men with normal sORP (control group, n=23) and high sORP values (study group, n=35). Results: Men with sORP values >1.36mV/106sperm/mL had significantly lower total sperm count (TSC) (p <0.001), sperm concentration (p <0.001) and total motile sperm count (TMSC) (p <0.001). In addition, progressive motility (p=0.04) and fast forward progressive motility (p <0.001) were significantly lower in the study group. A negative correlation was found between sORP and TSC (r=-0.820, p <0.001), sperm concentration (r=-0.822, p <0.001), TMSC (r=-0.808, p <0.001) and progressive motility (r=-0.378, p=0.004). Non-progressive motility positively correlated with sORP (r=0.344, p=0.010). Conclusions: This study has shown that TSC, sperm concentration, progressive motility and TMSC are associated with seminal oxidative stress, indicated by a sORP cut-off of 1.36mV/106sperm/mL. Presence of oligozoospermia, reduced progressive motilty or low TMSC in sperm analysis should raise the suspicion of oxidative stress and warrants seminal ROS testing.

Humans , Male , Sperm Motility , Infertility, Male , Oxidation-Reduction , Semen , Sperm Count , Spermatozoa , Retrospective Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879553


DNA methylation as an important aspect of epigenetics plays an important role in spermatogenesis and embryonic development. In recent years, researchers have found that male infertility, in particular abnormal semen quality, is related to abnormal DNA methylation. To further delineate the pathogenesis of male infertility and inspire new ideas for the treatment of male infertility, a comprehensive review over the correlation between abnormal methylation of imprinted genes, repetitive DNA elements and non-imprinted genes, semen quality (including sperm count, morphology, and vitality) and male infertility is provided.

DNA Methylation , Humans , Infertility, Male/genetics , Male , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Spermatogenesis , Spermatozoa/pathology
Protein & Cell ; (12): 7-28, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880895


Mammalian fertilization begins with the fusion of two specialized gametes, followed by major epigenetic remodeling leading to the formation of a totipotent embryo. During the development of the pre-implantation embryo, precise reprogramming progress is a prerequisite for avoiding developmental defects or embryonic lethality, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. For the past few years, unprecedented breakthroughs have been made in mapping the regulatory network of dynamic epigenomes during mammalian early embryo development, taking advantage of multiple advances and innovations in low-input genome-wide chromatin analysis technologies. The aim of this review is to highlight the most recent progress in understanding the mechanisms of epigenetic remodeling during early embryogenesis in mammals, including DNA methylation, histone modifications, chromatin accessibility and 3D chromatin organization.

Animals , Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly , DNA Methylation , DNA Transposable Elements , Embryo, Mammalian , Embryonic Development/genetics , Epigenesis, Genetic , Epigenome , Female , Fertilization/physiology , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Histone Code , Histones/metabolism , Male , Mice , Oocytes/metabolism , Spermatozoa/metabolism
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 479-483, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888459


The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is emerging as a global health threat and shows a higher risk for men than women. Thus far, the studies on andrological consequences of COVID-19 are limited. To ascertain the consequences of COVID-19 on sperm parameters after recovery, we recruited 41 reproductive-aged male patients who had recovered from COVID-19, and analyzed their semen parameters and serum sex hormones at a median time of 56 days after hospital discharge. For longitudinal analysis, a second sampling was obtained from 22 of the 41 patients after a median time interval of 29 days from first sampling. Compared with controls who had not suffered from COVID-19, the total sperm count, sperm concentration, and percentages of motile and progressively motile spermatozoa in the patients were significantly lower at first sampling, while sperm vitality and morphology were not affected. The total sperm count, sperm concentration, and number of motile spermatozoa per ejaculate were significantly increased and the percentage of morphologically abnormal sperm was reduced at the second sampling compared with those at first in the 22 patients examined. Though there were higher prolactin and lower progesterone levels in patients at first sampling than those in controls, no significant alterations were detected for any sex hormones examined over time following COVID-19 recovery in the 22 patients. Although it should be interpreted carefully, these findings indicate an adverse but potentially reversible consequence of COVID-19 on sperm quality.

Adult , Asthenozoospermia/virology , COVID-19/physiopathology , China , Gonadal Steroid Hormones/blood , Humans , Male , Progesterone/blood , Prolactin/blood , SARS-CoV-2 , Semen/physiology , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa/physiology , Time Factors
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922197


BACKGROUND@#Exposure to the ionizing radiation (IR) encountered outside the magnetic field of the Earth poses a persistent threat to the reproductive functions of astronauts. The potential effects of space IR on the circadian rhythms of male reproductive functions have not been well characterized so far.@*METHODS@#Here, we investigated the circadian effects of IR exposure (3 Gy X-rays) on reproductive functional markers in mouse testicular tissue and epididymis at regular intervals over a 24-h day. For each animal, epididymis was tested for sperm motility, and the testis tissue was used for daily sperm production (DSP), testosterone levels, and activities of testicular enzymes (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), and acid phosphatase (ACP)), and the clock genes mRNA expression such as Clock, Bmal1, Ror-α, Ror-β, or Ror-γ.@*RESULTS@#Mice exposed to IR exhibited a disruption in circadian rhythms of reproductive markers, as indicated by decreased sperm motility, increased daily sperm production (DSP), and reduced activities of testis enzymes such as G6PDH, SDH, LDH, and ACP. Moreover, IR exposure also decreased mRNA expression of five clock genes (Clock, Bmal1, Ror-α, Ror-β, or Ror-γ) in testis, with alteration in the rhythm parameters.@*CONCLUSION@#These findings suggested potential health effects of IR exposure on reproductive functions of male astronauts, in terms of both the daily overall level as well as the circadian rhythmicity.

ARNTL Transcription Factors/genetics , Acid Phosphatase , Animals , CLOCK Proteins/genetics , Circadian Rhythm/radiation effects , Epididymis/radiation effects , Gene Expression/radiation effects , Genitalia, Male/radiation effects , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase , L-Iditol 2-Dehydrogenase , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Models, Animal , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 1/genetics , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 2/genetics , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Radiation Exposure , Radiation, Ionizing , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena/radiation effects , Sperm Motility/radiation effects , Spermatozoa/radiation effects , Testis/radiation effects
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 904-908, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922174


Objective@#To analyze the correlation of the sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) level with semen parameters and pregnancy outcomes of artificial insemination of the husband (AIH) in the cycle of intrauterine insemination (IUI).@*METHODS@#We collected the clinical data on 777 cases of IUI, including female clinical indicators, male semen parameters, sperm DFI and pregnancy outcomes. According to the DFI level, we divided the patients into three groups: DFI < 15%, 15% ≤ DFI < 30% and DFI ≥ 30%.@*RESULTS@#The sperm DFI level was significantly elevated with the increased age of the males (P = 0.002) and closely related to the total number of motile sperm (P = 0.002) and total sperm motility (P = 0.000) before treatment, as well as to sperm concentration (P = 0.000), total sperm motility (P = 0.001) and total number of progressively motile sperm (P = 0.000) after density gradient centrifugation. The rate of clinical pregnancy was decreased in the DFI ≥ 30% group. There were no statistically significant differences between sperm DFI and the rates of clinical pregnancy and abortion.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Male age significantly affects the sperm DFI level. Sperm DFI is closely related to sperm motility and total number of progressively motile sperm, but not to the rates of clinical pregnancy and abortion in patients undergoing IUI. IUI can be used as an effective method of assisted reproduction for male infertility./.

DNA Fragmentation , Female , Humans , Insemination, Artificial, Homologous , Male , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Semen , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922069


In order to provide a thorough summary and analysis over sperm toxicity evaluation of medical devices for human

Humans , Male , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Spermatozoa , Toxicity Tests
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877649


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of herb-separated moxibustion on segmental conception vessel combined with low-frequency transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) for asthenospermia and oligospermia.@*METHODS@#A total of 105 patients with asthenospermia and oligospermia were randomly divided into a combination group, a TEAS group and a medication group, 35 cases in each one. In the medication group, vitamin E capsules, coenzyme Q10 capsules,@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, except for the sperm morphology 2 months into treatment in the medication group, the semen routine indexes 2, 3 months into treatment were improved in the 3 groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Herb-separated moxibustion on segmental conception vessel combined with low-frequency TEAS can improve semen routine, reduce sperm oxidative stress damage for patients with asthenospermia and oligospermia, and the clinical efficacy is better than the medication and TEAS.

Acupuncture Points , Humans , Male , Moxibustion , Oligospermia/therapy , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(12): 1048-1053, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1155032


Awareness of the physiological changes that occur when animals are subjected to climatic changes that are considered stressful is essential to maintain animal welfare and to be able to exploit their reproductive potential efficiently and rationally. The present study was carried out to evaluate climatic variables' influence on physiological parameters, and Murrah buffalo ejaculates reared in a humid tropical climate in the Amazon. The immediate analyzes pertinent to the physical and morphological characteristics of the ejaculates were carried out and corresponded in the rainy season (RS) volume of 3.4±2.0mL; the mass activity of 4.4±0.5; motility of 80.4±5.6%; vigor of 4.4±0.4; concentration of 657,300±237,865.1 x 106sptz/mL; major defects of 9.0±2.6%; minor defects of 11.2±3.9%; total defects 20.2±5.3% and sperm plasma membrane integrity (SPMI) 84.8±5.6%, whereas in the non-rainy season (nRS), the results were 4.0±2.1mL; the mass activity of 3.0±1.0; motility of 56.2±13.4%; vigor of 3.0±1.0; concentration of 586,000±291,925.9 x 106sptz/mL; major defects of 20.8±9.9%; minor defects of 27.5±6.3%; total defects 48.3±9.3% and SPMI of 57.9±12.4%. Furthermore, a statistical difference (P<0.05) was observed for the parameters mass activity, motility, vigor, major defects, minor defects, total defects, and sperm plasma membrane integrity between both periods. The data on heart frequency, superficial temperature (head, back, groin, and scrotal pouch) showed a statistical difference between both periods (P<0.05). To conclude is necessary specific management in the non-rainy season that thermal stress is not a determining factor in reducing the reproductive quality of buffaloes; it is necessary to use means to improve animal welfare; one alternative is to use baths regularly for these animals or provide constant access to areas of rivers or lakes, as well as shading, preventing the buffaloes from being directly exposed to the unfavorable thermal environment.(AU)

O conhecimento das alterações fisiológicas que ocorrem quando os animais são submetidos a alterações climatológicas consideradas estressantes é fundamental para manter o bem-estar animal, e poder explorar o seu potencial reprodutivo de forma eficiente e racional. O presente estudo foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar a influência de variáveis climáticas sobre parâmetros fisiológicos e de ejaculados de búfalos, da raça Murrah, criados em clima tropical úmido da Amazônia. As análises imediatas pertinentes às características físicas e morfológicas dos ejaculados foram realizadas e corresponderam no período chuvoso (PCh) o volume de 3,4±2,0mL, turbilhonamento de 4,4±0,5; motilidade de 80,4±5,6%; vigor de 4,4±0,4; concentração de 657.300±237.865,1 x 106sptz/mL; defeitos maiores de 9,0±2,6%; defeitos menores de 11,2±3,9%; defeitos totais de 20,2±5,3% e integridade da membrana plasmática (IMP) de 84,8±5,6%, enquanto que no período não chuvoso (PnCh), os resultados foram de 4,0±2,1mL; turbilhonamento de 3,0±1,0; motilidade de 56,2±13,4%; vigor de 3,0±1,0; concentração de 586.000±291.925,9 x 106sptz/mL; defeitos maiores de 20,8±9,9%; defeitos menores de 27,5±6,3%; defeitos totais de 48,3±9,3% e IMP de 57,9±12,4%. Observou-se diferença estatística (P<0,05) para os parâmetros movimento de massa, motilidade, vigor, defeitos maiores, defeitos menores, defeitos totais e integridade da membrana plasmática entre os dois períodos. Dados de frequência cardíaca, temperatura superficial (cabeça, dorso, virilha e bolsa escrotal) diferiram estatisticamente entre os períodos (P<0,05). Conclui-se que se faz necessário usar de um manejo específico no período não chuvoso para que o estresse térmico não seja um fator determinante na redução da qualidade reprodutiva dos búfalos, para isto se faz necessário utilizar de meios para melhorar o bem-estar animal, sendo uma das alternativas fazer uso de banhos regularmente para estes animais, ou disponibilizar acesso constante destes a áreas de rios ou lagos, assim como sombreamentos, evitando que os búfalos fiquem expostos diretamente ao ambiente térmico desfavorável.(AU)

Spermatozoa/physiology , Buffaloes/physiology , Semen Analysis/veterinary , Animal Welfare , Reference Parameters
Braz. j. biol ; 80(4): 752-762, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142537


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between proteins in the seminal plasma of tambaqui Colossoma macropomum (Cuvier, 1818) with seminal quality indicators after thawing. The semen was cryopreserved with a dilution based on BTS with 8% DMSO. A 200 µL sample of semen from each animal was diluted in 800 µL BTS, centrifuged at 800 rpm, and the supernatant was cryopreserved to further analyze of the protein profile of seminal plasma through one-dimensional electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). After 15 days of cryopreservation, a cryopreserved semen straw was thawed to analyze both qualitative and quantitative parameters. When considering all collections, the SDS-PAGE identified 15 protein bands in the seminal plasma of tambaqui. When the interaction (presence or absence) between proteins observed in the seminal plasma and the post thawed spermatic parameters was evaluated, we observed a great influence of the presence of proteins on spermatic quality. A greater (P<0.05) fertilization rate was observed with the presence of proteins 12, 34, 44, 85, and 90 kDa. Proteins in seminal plasma of tambaqui influenced the spermatic quality after thawing, and thus, they can be utilized as an indicator of sperm quality, especially the proteins with a molecular weight ≤ 50 kDa.

Resumo O objetivo desse estudo foi de avaliar a associação entre a presença de proteínas no plasma seminal do tambaqui Colossoma macropomum (Cuvier, 1818) com indicadores de qualidade seminal pós-descongelamento. O semen foi criopreservado com diluidor a base de BTS com 8% DMSO. Uma amostra de 200 µL de semen de cada animal foi diluída em 800 µL de BTS, e centrifugada em 800 rpm, e somente o sobrenadante foi criopreservado para posterior análise do perfil proteico do plasma seminal, através da eletroforese unidimensional (SDS-PAGE). Decorridos 15 dias da criopreservação, uma palheta com semen criopreservado foi descongelado para análise dos parâmetros quali-quantitativos. Considerando todas as coletas, o SDS-PAGE identificou 15 bandas proteicas no plasma seminal do tambaqui. Quando se avaliou a interação (presença ou ausência) das proteínas encontradas no plasma seminal, com os parâmetros espermáticos pós-descongelamento, observou-se grande influência da presença das proteínas na qualidade espermática. Observou-se maior taxa de fertilização (P<0,05) com a presença das proteínas 12, 34, 44, 85 e 90 kDa. As proteínas do plasma seminal de tambaqui influenciaram na qualidade espermática após descongelamento, podendo ser utilizadas como indicadores para a qualidade espermática após descongelamento, principalmente as proteínas com peso molecular ≤50 kDa.

Humans , Animals , Male , Semen , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Proteins , Cryopreservation
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(5): 1727-1730, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131576


There is a need for various anesthetic agents to obtain sperm in the field of human and veterinary medicine. Propofol and midazolam are among the most preferred among these agents. The aim of this study was to determine how sperm paramaters are affected according to the anesthetic agent used. Propofol (2mg/kg) and midazolam (3,5-7,5mg/kg) were administered twice a day (morning-evening) for one week. As a result of this study, there was no statistical difference in sperm density and abnormal sperm rates (respectively P=0,673, P=0,479). Sperm motility rates are similar in the control and propofol groups, while the motility rate in the midazolam group is statistically lower. (Control group %85 - Midazolam group %68.75 - Propofol group %83.75), (P<0.05). As a result of this study, the confidence interval of propofol was higher than the other anesthetic agents used for sperm retrieval.(AU)

São necessários vários agentes anestésicos para obter espermatozoides no campo da medicina humana e veterinária. Propofol e midazolam estão entre os agentes preferidos. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar como os parâmetros de esperma são afetados de acordo com o agente anestésico utilizado. Propofol (2mg / kg) e midazolam (3,5-7,5mg / kg) foram administrados duas vezes ao dia (manhã e noite) durante uma semana. Neste estudo, não houve diferença estatística na densidade espermática e nas taxas anormais de espermatozoides (respectivamente P = 0,673, P = 0,479). As taxas de motilidade espermática são semelhantes nos grupos controle e propofol, enquanto a taxa de motilidade no grupo midazolam é estatisticamente menor. (Grupo controle % 85 - grupo midazolam % 68,75 - grupo propofol % 83,75), (P <0,05). Neste estudo, o intervalo de confiança do propofol foi maior do que os outros agentes anestésicos utilizados na recuperação espermática.(AU)

Animals , Male , Rats , Semen/chemistry , Spermatozoa/physiology , Midazolam/administration & dosage , Propofol/administration & dosage
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1163-1171, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131502


Objetivou-se, no primeiro experimento, avaliar o efeito da velocidade de captura de imagens de 25Hz, 30Hz e 50Hz na cinética dos espermatozoides equinos criopreservados. Todas as velocidades mostraram-se adequadas para capturar o movimento espermático (P>0,05). No segundo experimento, objetivou-se avaliar o efeito da deposição de sêmen em lâmina sob lamínula, Leja®10 e 20, na cinética espermática. O uso de lâmina e lamínula foi superior às lejas para manter a LIN e o WOB (P<0,05). No terceiro experimento, objetivou-se avaliar o efeito das concentrações de 25, 50 e 100x106 na cinética espermática. As concentrações de 25 e 50 x106 foram superiores a 100x106 para preservar a LIN, a STR e a BCF e não afetar negativamente a motilidade (P<0,05). No quarto experimento, objetivou-se avaliar o efeito dos diluidores BotuCrio®, BotuSêmen®, TALP sperm e da solução fisiológica na cinética espermática. O BotuCrio® foi superior a todos os diluidores em preservar a BCF e os hiperativos (P<0,05). Conclui-se que o emprego da velocidade de captura entre 25 e 50Hz, a deposição do sêmen entre lâmina e lamínula e a rediluição em diluidor de congelação para atingir 25 a 50x106 de espermatozoides/mL são ideais para o SCA® avaliar, de forma fidedigna, o sêmen equino criopreservado.(AU)

The objective of the first experiment was to evaluate the effect of 25, 30 and 50Hz frame acquisition rate on equine cryopreserved sperm. All frame acquisition rates tested were adequate to capture the sperm movement (P>0.05). The aim of the second experiment was to evaluate the effect of chambers, slide-coverslip, Leja®10 and 20 on sperm movement. The use of slide-coverslip was superior to maintain LIN and WOB (P<0.05). The aim of the third experiment was to evaluate the effect of 25, 50 and 100x106 sperm/mL concentration on sperm movement. Concentrations of 25 and 50x106 sperm/mL were greater than 100x106 to preserve LIN, STR and BCF and did not adversely affect motility (P<0.05). The aim of the fourth experiment was to evaluate the effect of BotuCrio®, BotuSêmen®, TALP sperm and physiological solution on sperm movement. BotuCrio® was superior among other extenders in preserving BCF and hyperactive (P<0.05). It is concluded that the use of the frame acquisition rate between 25 and 50 Hz; the deposition of semen between slide and coverslip and new dilution in the freezing extender to 25-50x106 of sperm/mL is ideal to reliably evaluate cryopreserved equine semen by SCA®.(AU)

Animals , Male , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa/physiology , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Semen Analysis/veterinary , Horses/physiology , Cryopreservation/veterinary
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 312-323, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138627


OBJETIVO: El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer el efecto de la borra de café sobre la movilidad y los parámetros funcionales de los espermatozoides humanos in vitro. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: La borra de café, un subproducto obtenido en establecimientos especializados en la preparación de café soluble a base de grano, se diluyo en tampón fosfato salino y se mezcló en proporciones iguales con las muestras de semen de 16 voluntarios aparentemente sanos. A cada muestra se le determinó el efecto sobre la movilidad espermática en función del tiempo (30, 60, 90 y 120 minutos, n=16) y sobre los parámetros funcionales (n=6) por medio de citometría de flujo: potencial de membrana mitocondrial, producción de especies reactivas de oxígeno y lipoperoxidación de la membrana espermática. RESULTADOS: La incubación de los espermatozoides con la borra de café evidencio un cambio positivo en la movilidad espermática. Adicionalmente, la incubación con la borra de café incremento significativamente el potencial de membrana mitocondrial en los espermatozoides. CONCLUSIÓN: La borra de café, seguramente debido a los compuestos antioxidantes, afecta positivamente la movilidad espermática aumentando el potencial de membrana mitocondrial. Por lo tanto, esto es un paso inicial en la búsqueda de un suplemento de origen natural que aumente la calidad seminal.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work is to establish the effect of spent coffee grounds on the motility and functional parameters of human spermatozoa, in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Spent coffee grounds, a by-product obtained in specialized establishments in the preparation of soluble coffee based on grain, was diluted in saline phosphate buffer and mixed in equal proportions with semen samples from 16 apparently healthy volunteers. Each sample was determined the effect on sperm motility as a function of time (30, 60, 90 and 120 minutes, n=16) and on functional parameters (n=6) by means of flow cytometry: mitochondrial membrane potential, reactive oxygen species production and membrane lipoperoxidation. RESULTS: The incubation of the spermatozoa with the spent coffee grounds showed a positive change in sperm motility. Additionally, incubation with spent coffee grounds significantly increased the mitochondrial membrane potential in human sperm cells. CONCLUSION: Spent coffee grounds, probably due to antioxidant compounds, positively affects sperm motility by increasing mitochondrial membrane potential. Therefore, this is an initial step in the search for a supplement of natural origin that increases seminal quality.

Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Semen/drug effects , Sperm Motility/drug effects , Spermatozoa/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Coffee/chemistry , Semen/physiology , Sperm Motility/physiology , Spermatozoa/physiology , Time Factors , In Vitro Techniques
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(3): 271-277, May-June 2020. tab
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130879


Abstract Finasteride is a 5α-reductase enzyme inhibitor that has been approved for the treatment of male androgenic alopecia since 1997. Over time, it has been considered a safe and well-tolerated drug with rare and reversible side effects. Recently there have been reports of adverse drug-related reactions that persisted for at least three months after discontinuation of this drug, and the term post-finasteride syndrome arose. It includes persistent sexual, neuropsychiatric, and physical symptoms. Studies to date cannot refute or confirm this syndrome as a nosological entity. If it actually exists, it seems to occur in susceptible people, even if exposed to small doses and for short periods, and symptoms may persist for long periods. Based on currently available data, the use of 5α-reductase inhibitors in patients with a history of depression, sexual dysfunction, or infertility should be carefully and individually assessed.

Humans , Male , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/chemically induced , Finasteride/adverse effects , 5-alpha Reductase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Spermatozoa/drug effects , Syndrome , Cardiovascular Diseases/chemically induced , Risk Factors , Infertility/chemically induced , Mental Disorders/chemically induced , Metabolic Diseases/chemically induced