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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378016

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La lesión traumática de la médula espinal es la principal causa de discapacidad motora en el mundo, y representa una prioridad para la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Se estudió, a nivel estructural y bioquímico, el efecto de la hipotermia sobre la expresión de la CIRBP (proteína activada por frío) en el asta anterior de la médula de ratas Sprague-Dawley albinas macho de 60 días, planteándola como terapéutica posible. Materiales y Métodos:Se dividió a 24 ratas en dos grupos: normotermia a 24 °C (n = 6) e hipotermia a 8 °C (n = 18), durante 180 min, sacrificadas a las 12, 24 y 48 h después del tratamiento. Se utilizó Western blot e inmunohistoquímica para la CIRBP. Resultados:Se observó un aumento progresivo de la expresión de la CIRBP de 12 a 48 h en las motoneuronas del asta anterior. Los valores fueron estadísticamente significativos entre los grupos de 24 h y 48 h comparados con los de los controles. Conclusiones: Este modelo experimental resultó eficaz, accesible y económico para generar hipotermia sistémica y abre un abanico de estrategias terapéuticas. El aumento en la expresión de las proteínas inducibles por frío en la médula espinal de ratas permite, por primera vez, estudiar el beneficio que aporta la hipotermia a nivel molecular, lo que resulta de suma importancia para estudios de terapéuticas en las lesiones medulares. Nivel de Evidencia: I


Introduction: Traumatic spinal cord injury is the main cause of motor disability in developed and underdeveloped countries, being a priority interest to the WHO. The effect of hypothermia on the expression of CIRBP (cold-activated protein) in the anterior grey column of 60-day-old male albino Sprague-Dawley rats was studied at the structural and biochemical levels and proposed as a possible therapeutic approach. Materials and Methods: 24 rats were randomly divided into two groups; normothermia (n = 6), at 24° C, and hypothermia, (n = 18) at 8° C for 180 minutes and euthanized at 12, 24, and 48 h post-treatment. Western blot and immunohistochemistry for CIRBP were used. Results: A progressive increase in the expression of CIRBP was observed from 12 to 48 hours, with statistically significant values after 24 and 48 hours compared to controls. Conclusion: This experimental model demonstrated efficacy, accessibility, and economy to generate systemic hypothermia, which provides a novel range of therapeutic strategies. The increase in the expression of cold-inducible proteins in the rats' spinal cords allows us to study the benefit of hypothermia at the molecular level for the first time, being of utmost importance for therapeutic studies in spinal cord injuries. Level of Evidence: I


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Injuries , Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins , Hypothermia
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928993

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Electroacupuncture can enhance autophagic flow, promote neuronal regeneration, axonal and myelin remodeling to achieve the protection of spinal cord injury, but its role in neurogenic urine retention is not completely clear. This study aims to investigate whether the mechanism of electroacupuncture in the treatment of neurogenic urine retention is through autophagy mediated by adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway.@*METHODS@#A rat model of neurogenic urine retention after sacral spinal cord injury was established. The rats with successful model were randomly divided into a model group, an electroacupuncture group (electro-acupuncture for Ciliao, Zhongji, and Sanyinjiao by electronic stimulation, once a day, 20 min each time for 7 days), and an electroacupuncture+AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) inhibitor group (on the basis of the treatment of electroacupuncture group, 100 μg of AMPK inhibitor compound C was injected intramuscularly around the L2-3 intervertebral space on the 1st and 4th day). The normal group did not receive any treatment. The maximum bladder volume, bladder basal pressure, leak point pressure, and bladder compliance were recorded by multi-channel physiological recorder; the morphology of bladder tissue was observed by HE staining; autophagy was observed under transmission electron microscope; the expressions of LC3II and Beclin1 protein were observed by immunofluorescence staining; the protein levels of AMPK, phosphorylated-AMPK (p-AMPK), mTOR, phosphorylated-mTOR (p-mTOR), microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) II and Beclin1 in bladder tissue were detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, the maximum bladder capacity, leak point pressure, bladder compliance, p-AMPK, LC3II, Beclin1 protein expressions in the bladder tissue of the model group increased, and the p-mTOR protein expressions were decreased (all P<0.05); compared with the model group, the maximum bladder capacity, bladder compliance, p-mTOR protein expression in the bladder tissue of the electroacupuncture group were decreased, and the p-AMPK, LC3II, and Beclin1 protein expressions were increased (all P<0.05); compared with the electroacupuncture group, the maximum bladder capacity, bladder compliance, p-mTOR protein expression in the bladder tissue of the electroacupuncture+AMPK inhibitor group were increased, the p-AMPK, LC3II, and Beclin1 protein expressions were decreased (all P<0.05). In the model group, the bladder became larger, with unclear and varying degrees of degeneration, severe tissue damage and autophagosome appeared; the bladder of the electroacupuncture group was smaller than that of the model group, and all levels were clearly visible with autophagy bodies; the layers were slightly disordered and damaged in the electroacupuncture + AMPK inhibitor group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Electroacupuncture can activate autophagy through AMPK/mTOR pathway, thereby reducing neurogenic urine retention caused by spinal cord injury.


Subject(s)
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Animals , Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Electroacupuncture , Mammals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord Injuries , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928293

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord injury is a severe central nervous system disease, which will cause a series of complex pathophysiological changes and activate a variety of signaling pathways including Notch signaling. Studies have evidenced that activation of the Notch signaling pathway is not conducive to nerve repair and symptom improvement after spinal cord injury. Its mechanisms include inhibiting neuronal differentiation and axon regeneration, promoting reactive astrocyte proliferation, promoting M1 macrophage polarization and the release of proinflammatory factors, and inhibiting angiogenesis. Therefore, it has become a promising therapeutic strategy to inhibit Notch signal as a target in the treatment of spinal cord injury. In recent years, some researchers have used drugs, cell transplantation or genetic modification to regulate Notch signaling, which can promote the recovery of nerve function after spinal cord injury, thereby providing new treatment strategies for the treatment of spinal cord injury. This article will summarize the mechanism of Notch signaling pathway in spinal cord injury, and at the same time review the research progress in the treatment of spinal cord injury by modulating Notch signaling pathway in recent years, so as to provide new research ideas for further exploring new strategies for spinal cord injury.


Subject(s)
Axons/metabolism , Cell Transplantation , Humans , Nerve Regeneration , Signal Transduction/genetics , Spinal Cord/metabolism , Spinal Cord Injuries/metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928194

ABSTRACT

Electric field stimulation (EFS) can effectively inhibit local Ca 2+ influx and secondary injury after spinal cord injury (SCI). However, after the EFS, the Ca 2+ in the injured spinal cord restarts and subsequent biochemical reactions are stimulated, which affect the long-term effect of EFS. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a hydrophilic polymer material that can promote cell membrane fusion and repair damaged cell membranes. This article aims to study the combined effects of EFS and PEG on the treatment of SCI. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were subjected to SCI and then divided into control group (no treatment, n = 10), EFS group (EFS for 30 min, n = 10), PEG group (covered with 50% PEG gelatin sponge for 5 min, n = 10) and combination group (combined treatment of EFS and PEG, n = 10). The measurement of motor evoked potential (MEP), the motor behavior score and spinal cord section fast blue staining were performed at different times after SCI. Eight weeks after the operation, the results showed that the latency difference of MEP, the amplitude difference of MEP and the ratio of cavity area of spinal cords in the combination group were significantly lower than those of the control group, EFS group and PEG group. The motor function score and the ratio of residual nerve tissue area in the spinal cords of the combination group were significantly higher than those in the control group, EFS group and PEG group. The results suggest that the combined treatment can reduce the pathological damage and promote the recovery of motor function in rats after SCI, and the therapeutic effects are significantly better than those of EFS and PEG alone.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electric Stimulation , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Recovery of Function/physiology , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Injuries/therapy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion at oppositely-located points "Mingmen" (GV 4) and "Shenque" (CV 8) on the motor function of the hind limbs and bladder function in rats with neurogenic bladder after suprasacral spinal cord injury (SCI), so as to explore the effect of this therapy on bladder tissue apoptosis mediated by endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway.@*METHODS@#Twenty-eight female Wistar rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group (8 rats) and a model establishment group (20 rats). Using the modified Allen's method, the spinal cord of T10 segment was injured to establish a neurogenic bladder model in the model establishment group. Sixteen rats were modeled successfully and then divided into a model group (8 rats) and a moxibustion group (8 rats). In the moxibustion group, 2 h after consciousness regaining from modeling anesthesia, moxibustion was exerted at "Shenque" (CV 8) and "Mingmen" (GV 4), 2 cones at each acupoint in one intervention. The intervention was administered once every two days and 5-time intervention was required totally. After intervention, Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan locomotor rating scale (BBB) score for the motor function of the hind limbs, and the urodynamics indexes (maximum bladder capacity, urine leakage pressure and bladder compliance) were compared among groups. HE staining method was adopted to observe the morphological changes of bladder tissue. With Western blot method and real-time PCR assay, the protein and mRNA expressions of the endoplasmic reticulum stress-related genes (glucose- regulated protein 78 [GRP78], activating transcription factor 4 [ATF4] and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-12 [Caspase-12]) were determined.@*RESULTS@#The transitional epithelial cells were arranged irregularly, the bladder wall was getting thinner, and the cellular vacuolar degeneration and neutrophil infiltration were found in the model group. Whereas, compared with the model group, in the moxibustion group, the arrangement of transitional epithelial cells was clear and continuous in layers, the cellular vacuolar degeneration was mild and the infiltration presented in a small amount of neutrophil granulocytes. Compared with the sham-operation group, in the model group, the BBB score was reduced (P<0.01), the maximum bladder capacity and bladder compliance were increased (P<0.01), and the protein expression levels of GRP78, ATF4 and Caspase-12, as well as mRNA expressions were all increased (P<0.01). In comparison with the model group, in the moxibustion group, BBB score was increased (P<0.01), the maximum bladder capacity and bladder compliance were decreased (P<0.01), and the protein and mRNA expression levels of GRP78, ATF4 and Caspase-12 were all decreased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion at the "oppositely-located points" improves the urination function, alleviate urine retention in neurogenic bladder rats after spinal cord injury. The underlying mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of the expressions of GRP78, ATF4 and Caspase-12 in the endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway of the bladder tissues, and thus to alleviate the apoptosis of bladder tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caspase 12/genetics , Electroacupuncture , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Female , Moxibustion , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Wistar , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Injuries/therapy , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927376

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Shenque" (CV 8) on acetylcholine (Ach), adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and muscarinic-type choline receptor (M2) and purine receptor P2X3 in bladder tissue in the rats with neurogenic bladder (NB) of detrusor areflexia after lumbar-sacral spinal cord injury and explore the underlying mechanism of moxibustion for promoting detrusor contraction.@*METHODS@#Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into a model preparation group (n=45) and a sham-operation group (n=15). In the model preparation group, the modified Hassan Shaker spinal cord transection method was used to prepare the model of NB. In the sham-operation group, the spinal cord transection was not exerted except laminectomy and spinal cord exposure. Among the rats with successfully modeled, 30 rats were selected and divided randomly into a model group and a moxibustion group, with 15 rats in each one. On the 15th day after the operation, moxibustion was applied at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Shenque" (CV 8) in the moxibustion group, 10 min at each acupoint, once a day. The consecutive 7-day treatment was as one course and the intervention for 2 courses was required. Urodynamic test was adopted to evaluate bladder function in rats. Using HE staining, the morphological changes in bladder tissue were observed. The content of Ach and ATP in bladder tissue was measured with biochemical method, and the protein and mRNA expression levels of M2 and P2X3 receptors in bladder tissue were detected with Western blot and real-time fluorescence quantification PCR method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, the maximum bladder capacity, leakage point pressure and bladder compliance were increased in the rats of the model group (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the maximum bladder capacity, the leakage point pressure and bladder compliance were decreased in the rats of the moxibustion group (P<0.05). In the model group, the detrusor fibres were arranged irregularly, bladder epithelial tissues were not tightly connected and cell arrangement was disordered, combined with a large number of vacuolar cells. In the moxibustion group, compared with the model group, the detrusor fibres were arranged regularly, bladder epithelial cells were well distributed and vacuolar cells were reduced. Compared with the sham-operation group, the content of Ach and ATP in bladder tissue was decreased (P<0.05), the protein and mRNA expression levels of M2 and P2X3 receptors were reduced (P<0.05) in the model group. In the moxibustion group, the content of Ach and ATP in bladder tissue was increased (P<0.05) and the protein and mRNA expression levels of M2 and P2X3 receptors were increased (P<0.05) as compared with the model group.@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Shenque" (CV 8) may effectively improve bladder function in the rats with NB of detrusor areflexia after lumbar-sacral spinal cord injury and its underlying mechanism is related to promoting the release of Ach and up-regulating the expression of M2 receptor, thereby enhancing the release of ATP and increasing the expression of P2X3 receptor. Eventually, detrusor contraction is improved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Moxibustion/methods , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Purinergic P2X3/metabolism , Spinal Cord Injuries/therapy , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/therapy
7.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(4): 190-197, out./dez. 2021. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363199

ABSTRACT

As lesões decorrentes de atropelamento são as principais causas de fraturas e luxações vertebrais, ocasionando graus variáveis de injúrias vertebrais e medulares. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo relatar a ocorrência de lesão traumática em coluna vertebral de cão sem raça definida, com quatro anos de idade, resultando em luxação T11-12, com exposição de T11 e secção medular, estando o paciente paraplégico, com sinais de lesão em neurônio motor superior e ausência de nocicepção profunda em membros pélvicos. O tratamento de escolha foi a vertebrectomia de T11, associada ao alinhamento de T10-12 com introdução de pinos e fixação com polimetilmetacrilato (PMMA) associado à ceftriaxona. Em decorrência de lesão na pleura parietal no trans-cirúrgico, optou-se pela toracostomia para introdução de tubo torácico, o qual permaneceu no paciente por quatro dias. No pós-operatório, o paciente apresentou recuperação satisfatória, sendo recomendado aos tutores a confecção de cadeira de rodas a fim de facilitar sua locomoção. A técnica mostrou-se satisfatória para minimizar as infecções passíveis de ocorrência em fraturas expostas, bem como melhorar a qualidade de vida do paciente, evitando-se dores crônicas.


Injuries resulting from being run over are the leading causes of vertebral fractures and dislocations, causing varying vertebral and spinal injuries. The present study aims to report the occurrence of traumatic injury to the spine of a mixed breed dog, aged four years, resulting in a T11-12 dislocation, with T11 exposure and spinal section, with the patient showing paraplegia, signs of an upper motor neuron lesion and absence of deep nociception in pelvic limbs. The treatment of choice was T11 vertebrectomy, associated with the alignment of T10-12 with the introduction of pins and fixation with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) associated with ceftriaxone. Due to a lesion in the parietal pleura during the surgery, thoracostomy was chosen to introduce a chest tube, which remained in the patient for four days. In the postoperative period, the patient presented a satisfactory recovery, and it was recommended that tutors make a wheelchair to facilitate their mobility. The technique proved to be satisfactory for minimizing infections that could occur in open fractures and improving the patient's quality of life, avoiding chronic pain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Spinal Cord Injuries/veterinary , Surgery, Veterinary , Spinal Fractures/veterinary , Paraplegia/veterinary , Thoracostomy/veterinary , Fracture Dislocation/veterinary
8.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(3): 224-228, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339750

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this paper is to analyze the epidemiological profile of a large series of spine trauma victims in the Southernmost state of Brazil. Methods A retrospective study including spine trauma patients was performed at a tertiary hospital from January 1st, 2013 to December 31st, 2018. The variables analyzed include demographic data, information related to the trauma (etiology, trauma mechanism, type of spine injury, number of vertebrae involved, vertebral segment involved), neurological status at hospital admission (Frankel scale), treatment performed and the outcome (number of days in hospital, neurological outcome, and mortality). Results A total of 808 patients were included. The mean age was 47.9 (±19.0), and the majority were male and Caucasian. The most frequent etiology was falls from height (N=508; 62.9%) followed by traffic accidents (N=185; 22.9%). The thoracolumbar segment was the spinal segment most frequently affected, occurring in 401 (52.1%) patients, followed by the cervical, thoracic and lumbar segments. The incidence of SCI was 16.7%. Non-operative treatment was indicated in 510 (63.1%) patients. Conclusion The authors presented the largest epidemiological profile regarding spine trauma in Latin America, analyzing a total of 808 patients, which represents an incidence of 134.6 cases/year. This paper fills a gap in the medical literature regarding the epidemiological profile of this disease in Latin America. Level of evidence II; Prognostic study.


RESUMO Objetivos O objetivo deste artigo é analisar o perfil epidemiológico, com base em uma grande série de pacientes acometidos por trauma raquimedular no extremo sul do Brasil. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo que incluiu pacientes com trauma raquimedular realizado em um hospital terciário entre 1o de janeiro de 2013 e 31 de dezembro de 2018. As variáveis analisadas incluem dados demográficos, informações referentes ao trauma (etiologia, mecanismo, tipo de lesão, número de vértebras envolvidas e segmento vertebral afetado), estado neurológico à internação (escala de Frankel), tratamento realizado e desfecho (dias de internação, resultado neurológico e mortalidade). Resultados Um total de 808 pacientes foram incluídos. A média de idade do grupo foi de 47,9 (± 19,0), sendo a maioria do sexo masculino e caucasiana. A etiologia mais frequente foi queda de altura (N = 508; 62,9%) seguida de acidentes de trânsito (N = 185; 22,9%). O segmento toracolombar foi o mais acometido, ocorrendo em 401 (52,1%) pacientes, seguido pelo cervical, torácico e lombar. A incidência de lesão raquimedular foi de 16,7%. O tratamento não cirúrgico foi indicado para 510 (63,1%) pacientes. Conclusão Os autores apresentam o maior perfil epidemiológico de trauma de coluna da América Latina, analisando um total de 808 pacientes, o que representa uma incidência de 134,6 casos / ano. Este artigo preenche uma lacuna da literatura médica no que diz respeito ao perfil epidemiológico desta doença na América Latina. Nível de evidência II; Estudo Prognóstico.


RESUMEN Objetivos El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el perfil epidemiológico, con base en una gran serie de pacientes acometidos por trauma raquimedular en el extremo sur de Brasil. Métodos Estudio retrospectivo que incluyó a pacientes con trauma raquimedular realizado en un hospital terciario entre el 1 de enero de 2013 y el 31 de diciembre de 2018. Las variables analizadas incluyen datos demográficos, informaciones referentes al trauma (etiología, mecanismo, tipo de lesión, número de vértebras involucradas y segmento vertebral afectado), estado neurológico para el internamiento (escala de Frankel), tratamiento realizado y resultados (días de internamiento, resultado neurológico y mortalidad). Resultados Fue incluido un total de 808 pacientes. El promedio de edad del grupo fue de 47,9 (± 19,0), siendo la mayoría del sexo masculino y caucásico. La etiología más frecuente fue caída de altura (N = 508; 62,9%) seguida de accidentes de tránsito (N = 185; 22,9%). El segmento toracolumbar fue el más acometido, ocurriendo en 401 (52,1%) pacientes, seguido por el cervical, torácico y lumbar. La incidencia de lesión raquimedular fue de 16,7%. El tratamiento no quirúrgico fue indicado para 510 (63,1%) pacientes. Conclusión Los autores presentan el mayor perfil epidemiológico de trauma de columna de América Latina, analizando un total de 808 pacientes, lo que representa una incidencia de 134,6 casos/año. Este artículo llena un vacío de la literatura médica en lo que se refiere al perfil epidemiológico de esta enfermedad en América Latina. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudio Pronóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Spinal Cord Injuries/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Fractures, Bone
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1342-1348, Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351459

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the effect of the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds seeded with human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells on functional recovery after acute complete spinal cord injury. METHODS: The fibroin and collagen were mixed (mass ratio, 3:7), and the composite scaffolds were produced. Forty rats were randomly divided into the Sham group (without spinal cord injury), spinal cord injury group (spinal cord transection without any implantation), collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds group (spinal cord transection with implantation of the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds), and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group (spinal cord transection with the implantation of the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds co-cultured with human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells). Motor evoked potential, Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan scale, modified Bielschowsky's silver staining, and immunofluorescence staining were performed. RESULTS: The BBB scores in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group were significantly higher than those in the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups (p<0.05 or p<0.01). The amplitude and latency were markedly improved in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group compared with the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups (p<0.05 or p<0.01). Meanwhile, compared to the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups, more neurofilament positive nerve fiber ensheathed by myelin basic protein positive structure at the injury site were observed in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group (p<0.01, p<0.05). The results of Bielschowsky's silver staining indicated more nerve fibers was observed at the lesion site in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group compared with the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups (p<0.01, p< 0.05). CONCLUSION: The results demonstrated that the transplantation of human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells on a collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds could promote nerve regeneration, and recovery of neurological function after acute spinal cord injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Fibroins , Spinal Cord , Umbilical Cord , Collagen , Recovery of Function , Tissue Scaffolds
10.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(2): 123-126, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249660

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To outline the clinical-epidemiological profile of patients who were victims of SCT, to identify the main trauma mechanisms for this injury and its outcome. Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study, in which the epidemiological data, computed tomography reports and medical records of patients with fractures identified in their examinations at trauma reference hospitals in Curitiba-PR, in 2018, were analyzed. Results: 705 patients were studied. There was a male prevalence (64%), the most affected age group was 21 to 30 years old (18%), the mean age was 48.23 years, the mean female age being approximately 10 years higher. The main mechanisms were traffic accidents (34%), falls from a higher level (29%) and falls from the same level (25%). The most affected segment was the lumbar with 46% of cases. The incidence of surgical treatment was 15%, of spinal cord injury was 5%, and death was the outcome in less than 3% of cases. Conclusions: The profile of the patient victim of SCT in 2018 in Curitiba-PR was that of a young man, victim of a traffic accident with thoracolumbar involvement without spinal cord injury, under conservative treatment.Level of evidence II; Retrospective Study.


RESUMO Objetivo: Traçar o perfil clínico-epidemiológico dos pacientes vítimas de TRM, identificar os principais mecanismos de trauma para esta lesão e seu desfecho. Métodos: Estudo transversal retrospectivo, em que foram analisados dados epidemiológicos, laudos de tomografia computadorizada e prontuários dos pacientes que apresentaram fratura em seus exames, nos hospitais-referência de trauma em Curitiba-PR, no ano de 2018. Resultados: Dos 705 pacientes estudados, houve prevalência masculina (64%); a faixa-etária mais acometida foi de 21 a 30 anos (18%); a idade média geral foi de 48,23 anos, sendo a média feminina aproximadamente 10 anos mais alta. Os principais mecanismos foram acidente de trânsito (34%), queda de nível (29%) e queda de mesmo nível (25%). O segmento mais acometido foi lombar com 46% dos casos; tratamento cirúrgico teve incidência de 15%, lesão medular de 5% e óbito foi desfecho em menos de 3% dos casos. Conclusões: O perfil do paciente vítima de TRM no ano de 2018 em Curitiba-PR foi de um homem jovem, vítima de acidente de trânsito com acometimento toracolombar sem lesão medular, sob tratamento conservador. Nível de evidência II; Estudo Retrospectivo.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Trazar el perfil clínico-epidemiológico de los pacientes víctimas de TRM, identificar los principales mecanismos de trauma para esta lesión y su resultado. Métodos: Estudio transversal retrospectivo, en el que fueron analizados datos epidemiológicos, laudos de tomografía computarizada e historiales médicos de los pacientes que presentaron fractura en sus exámenes, en los hospitales referencia de trauma, en Curitiba-PR, en el año 2018. Resultados: De los 705 pacientes estudiados, hubo prevalencia masculina (64%); el grupo de edad más acometido fue de 21 a 30 años (18%); la edad promedio general fue de 48,23 años, siendo el promedio femenino aproximadamente 10 años más alto. Los principales mecanismos fueron accidente de tránsito (34%), caída de nivel (29%) y caída del mismo nivel (25%). El segmento más acometido fue el lumbar con 46% de los casos; el tratamiento quirúrgico tuvo incidencia del 15%, la lesión medular de 5% y la muerte fue resultado en menos del 3% de los casos. Conclusiones: El perfil del paciente víctima de TRM en 2018 en Curitiba-PR fue de un hombre joven, víctima de accidente de tránsito con acometimiento toracolumbar sin lesión medular, bajo tratamiento conservador.Nivel de evidencia II; Estudio retrospectivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Injuries , Spinal Cord Injuries , Spine , Epidemiology , Spinal Fractures
11.
Barbarói ; (58): 141-153, jan.-jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1150774

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo é analisar e investigar a qualidade de vida em pessoas com lesão medular, através de uma revisão sistemática. Buscaram-se os principais trabalhos publicados no período de 2006 a 2019, nas bases de dados CAPES e Scielo. Todos os estudos utilizaram medidores quantitativos sobre qualidade de vida, os quais são: o WHOQOL-Bref e o SF-36. Os resultados de forma geral mostraram que o sujeito com lesão medular avalia sua qualidade de vida como boa e sua saúde de forma geral satisfatória. O domínio físico e do meio ambiente foram os domínios mais citados nas pesquisas como um fator negativo, sendo ele relacionado com a questão da acessibilidade. Verificou-se que estudos futuros são de extrema importância, para compreender a qualidade de vida desses indivíduos, assim como para a melhoria de políticas públicas para questão de acessibilidade e autonomia desses sujeitos.(AU)


The aim of this study is to analyze and investigate the quality of life in people with spinal cord injury, through a systematic review. The main studies published in the period 2006 to 2019 were searched in the CAPES, Scielo. All the studies used quantitative measure about quality of life, which were the WHOQOL-Bref and the SF-36. The results generally showed that the subject with spinal cord injury evaluates their quality of life as good and their health in a general satisfactory manner. The physical and environmental domains were the most cited domains in the researches as a negative factor, being related to the issue of accessibility. It was found that future studies are extremely important to understand the quality of life of these individuals, as well as for the improvement of public policies for the question of accessibility and autonomy of these subjects.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Spinal Cord Injuries , Disabled Persons , Public Policy , Personal Autonomy
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 114-117, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288651

ABSTRACT

Abstract Arachnoid cysts are rare; they can occur at all levels of the dural sac, and can have a congenital, traumatic, iatrogenic or inflammatory origin. In the present article, we report a patient presenting a compressive thoracic myelopathy due to an unusual intradural arachnoid cyst with posttraumatic manifestation and its resolution, in addition to a literature review on the subject. These cysts mainly occur at the thoracic spine, followed by the lumbar, lumbosacral and thoracolumbar spines. Traumatic cysts are caused by an injury to the inner dural layer. These lesions produce neurological deficits through a mass effect on the spinal cord. Concomitant compressive myelopathy is even rarer. In case of myelopathy, cyst resection or drainage is the treatment of choice, and it must be performed immediately. Although rare, arachnoid cysts can be a complication of spine fractures; as such, orthopedists and neurosurgeons, who commonly see these injuries, must be prepared for this unusual situation.


Resumo Cistos aracnóides são raros, podem ocorrer em todos os níveis do saco dural, e sua origem pode ser congênita, traumática, iatrogênica ou inflamatória. Neste artigo, relatamos o caso de uma paciente com mielopatia torácica compressiva decorrente de um cisto aracnóide intradural incomum, de manifestação pós-traumática, assim como sua resolução, além de realizar revisão da literatura sobre o tema. A principal localização é na coluna torácica, seguida das colunas lombar, lombossacra e toracolombar. O cisto com origem traumática é causado por lesão da camada interna da dura-máter. Essas lesões produzem déficit neurológico por meio de efeito de massa sobre a medula espinhal. A existência de mielopatia compressiva associada é mais rara ainda. A ressecção ou drenagem dos cistos na vigência de mielopatia deve ser imediata, sendo o tratamento de escolha. Apesar de raros, podem ser uma complicação de fraturas da coluna vertebral que são muito comuns na prática de ortopedistas e neurocirurgiões, que devem estar preparados para essa situação incomum.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Spinal Cord Compression , Spinal Cord Injuries , Arachnoid Cysts
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(3): e360307, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248537

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To probe the mechanism of mild hypothermia combined with rutin in the treatment of spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods Thirty rats were randomized into the following groups: control, sham, model, mild hypothermia (MH), and mild hypothermia plus rutin (MH+Rutin). We used modified Allen's method to injure the spinal cord (T10) in rats, and then treated it with MH or/and rutin immediately. BBB scores were performed on all rats. We used HE staining for observing the injured spinal cord tissue; ELISA for assaying TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-8, Myeloperoxidase (MPO), and Malondialdehyde (MDA) contents; Dihydroethidium (DHE) for measuring the reactive oxygen species (ROS) content; flow cytometry for detecting apoptosis; and both RT-qPCR and Western blot for determining the expression levels of TGF-β/Smad pathway related proteins (TGF-β, Smad2, and Smad3). Results In comparison with model group, the BBB score of MH increased to a certain extent and MH+Rutin group increased more than MH group (p < 0.05). After treatment with MH and MH+Rutin, the inflammatory infiltration diminished. MH and MH+Rutin tellingly dwindled TNF-β, MDA and ROS contents (p < 0.01), and minified spinal cord cell apoptosis. MH and MH+Rutin could patently diminished TGF-β1, Smad2, and Smad3 expression (p < 0.01). Conclusions MH+Rutin can suppress the activation of TGF-β/Smad pathway, hence repressing the cellular inflammatory response after SCI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries/therapy , Hypothermia , Rutin/therapeutic use , Spinal Cord , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353929

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se entiende por lesión catastrófica a cualquier trauma grave que comprometa la cabeza, el cerebro, la columna vertebral o la médula espinal, que pone en riesgo la vida o puede dejar una discapacidad permanente o semipermanente. En la Argentina, la incidencia de lesionados en el ámbito del rugby es alta comparada con la de otros países. En los últimos años, se han implementado múltiples medidas de prevención y se han modificado normas con el objetivo de evitar las lesiones catastróficas. materiales y métodos: Se analizaron datos obtenidos de una encuesta telefónica realizada en el marco de colaboración entre la Unión Argentina de Rugby y la Fundación para la Lucha de Enfermedades Neurológicas de la Infancia (Fleni). Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los datos. Se recopilaron los cambios en las normativas del deporte, que pudieran tener impacto en las futuras lesiones. Resultados: Se observa que el número de lesiones se mantiene estable año tras año. Al asociar este dato con un aumento sostenido de la cantidad de jugadores por año, impresiona haber una disminución relativa del riesgo de lesionarse. Conclusiones: Las lesiones catastróficas generan un gran impacto en la calidad de vida del jugador y de su entorno. Deben considerarse inadmisibles y se deben incrementar los esfuerzos para lograr eliminar los riesgos de lesionarse. El esfuerzo de las entidades reguladoras impresiona tener un impacto positivo al haberse logrado una reducción relativa de las lesiones en relación con el aumento de jugadores año tras año. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: A catastrophic injury is defined as any serious trauma that involves the head, brain, spine, or spinal cord. They are life-threatening or may leave a permanent or semi-permanent disability. In Argentina, there is a high incidence of injuries. materials and methods: Data obtained from a t elephone survey carried out in the collaborative framework between the Union Argentina de Rugby and the Fundación para la Lucha de Enfermedades Neurológicas de la Infancia (Fleni, by its acronym) were analyzed. We carried out a qualitative analysis of the data and their relationship to progressive changes in sports regulations. Results: It was observed that the number of injuries remained stable year after year. When associating this fact with a sustained increase in the number of players per year, we can see a relative decrease in the risk of injury. Conclusion: Catastrophic injuries have a gr eat impact on the quality of life of the player and his environment. They must be considered inadmissible and the efforts must be increased to achieve zero risk. In recent years, multiple preventive measures have been implemented and regulations have been modified in order to avoid catastrophic injuries. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Athletic Injuries , Spinal Cord Injuries , Catastrophic Illness , Football/injuries , Football/statistics & numerical data
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(11): e11293, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339446

ABSTRACT

There are many medications available to treat spasticity, but the tolerability of medications is the main issue for choosing the best treatment. The objectives of this study were to compare the efficacy and adverse effects of tolperisone compared to baclofen among patients with spasticity associated with spinal cord injury. Patients received baclofen plus physical therapy (BAF+PT, n=135) or tolperisone plus physical therapy (TOL+PT, n=116), or physical therapy alone (PT, n=180). The modified Ashworth scale score, the modified Medical Research Council score, the Barthel Index score, and the Disability Assessment scale score were improved (P<0.05 for all) in all the patients at the end of 6 weeks compared to before interventions. After 6 weeks, the overall coefficient of efficacy of the intervention(s) in the BAF+PT, TOL+PT, and PT groups were 1.15, 0.45, and 0.05, respectively. The patients of the BAF+PT group reported asthenia, drowsiness, and sleepiness and those of the TOL+PT group reported dyspepsia and epigastric pain as adverse effects. When comparing drug interventions to physical therapy alone, both baclofen plus physical therapy and tolperisone plus physical therapy played a significant role in the improvement of daily activities of patients. Nonetheless, baclofen plus physical therapy was tentatively effective. Tolperisone plus physical therapy was slightly effective. In addition, baclofen caused adverse effects related to the sedative manifestation (Level of Evidence: III; Technical Efficacy Stage: 4).


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Cord Injuries/complications , Tolperisone , Muscle Relaxants, Central/adverse effects , Baclofen/adverse effects , China , Retrospective Studies
16.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 55: e20210064, 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1351530

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to summarize the extrication techniques of entrapped car crash victims with potential spinal injury. Method: a literature review study, of scoping review type, using the MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and gray literature data sources, without time frame, with studies that addressed extricating techniques extrication of entrapped car crash victims. Results: a total of 33 studies were included that enabled identifying and summarizing the different types of extrication and respective devices for extrication of entrapped car crash victims, indicated according to injury assessment and the victim's clinical condition. All pointed to the need for techniques to maintain neutral alignment and prevent spine twists. Conclusion: this study indicated that injury assessment with an emphasis on the victim's clinical condition provides a coherent decision-making regarding the technique and device to be used. However, carrying out other comparative studies between existing techniques may help in the decision-making process more assertively.


RESUMEN Objetivo: resumir las técnicas para extraer a las víctimas de accidentes automovilísticos encarceladas con una posible lesión en la columna. Métodos: estudio de revisión de literatura, tipo revisión de alcance, utilizando las fuentes de datos MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science, Cochrane Library y literatura gris, sin marco de tiempo, con estudios que abordaron técnicas de extracción de datos. Resultados: se incluyeron 33 estudios que permitieron identificar y resumir los diferentes tipos de extracción y respectivos dispositivos para la extracción de víctimas de accidentes automovilísticos encarcelados, indicados de acuerdo con la valoración de la lesión y el estado clínico de la víctima. Todos señalaron la necesidad técnica de mantener una alineación neutra y prevenir torsiones espinales. Conclusión: este estudio indicó que la valoración de la lesión con énfasis en la condición clínica de la víctima proporciona una toma de decisiones coherente en cuanto a la técnica y dispositivo a utilizar. Sin embargo, la realización de otros estudios comparativos entre las técnicas existentes puede ayudar en el proceso de toma de decisiones de forma más asertiva.


RESUMO Objetivo: sumarizar as técnicas de extração de vítimas de colisão automobilísticas encarceradas com potencial lesão de coluna vertebral. Método: estudo de revisão de literatura, do tipo revisão de escopo, usando as fontes de dados MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science, Cochrane Library e literatura cinzenta, sem recorte temporal, com estudos que abordaram técnicas de extração de vítimas de colisão automobilística encarceradas. Resultados: foram incluídos 33 estudos, que possibilitaram a identificação e sumarização dos diferentes tipos de extração e respectivos dispositivos para a extração de vítimas de colisão automobilísticas encarceradas, indicados conforme avaliação da lesão e quadro clínico da vítima. Todos apontaram para a necessidade técnica para manutenção do alinhamento neutro e prevenção de torções na coluna vertebral. Conclusão: este estudo indicou que a avaliação da lesão com ênfase no quadro clínico da vítima proporciona uma tomada de decisão coerente quanto à técnica e ao dispositivo a serem utilizados. Entretanto, a realização de outros estudos comparativos entre as técnicas existentes poderá auxiliar no processo de tomada de decisão de forma mais assertiva.


Subject(s)
Spinal Cord Injuries , Accidents, Traffic , Methods
17.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE000635, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1349836

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar a funcionalidade familiar face as estratégias de enfrentamento de pessoas com lesão medular. Métodos Estudo transversal, desenvolvido em todas as 84 UBS de Campina Grande-PB, Brasil, no ano 2019. A população foi composta por todas as 54 pessoas com lesão medular adscritas nas unidades. Foi aplicado um questionário sociodemográfico e clínico, a Escala de Modos de Enfrentamento (EMEP) e o Apgar de Família. Realizou-se a regressão logística para estimar o odds ratio (OR). Resultados Verificou-se que a maioria é composta por homens, acima de 40 anos, não brancos, com credo religioso, escolaridade até o ensino fundamental, sem companheiro, com prole, renda familiar entre 1-2 salários mínimos, paraplégicos, com o tempo de lesão entre 2-15 anos, nível de comprometimento neurológico completo e de causa traumática. Quanto as estratégias de enfrentamento, as mais utilizadas foram a de religiosidade/pensamento fantasioso (M=4,09) e com foco no problema (M=3,93). As famílias eram funcionais em 72% dos casos. O modelo logístico demonstrou relações de probabilidade do foco na emoção (OR=0,539) (fator 2) e suporte social (OR=1,997) (fator 4) com a funcionalidade familiar. Conclusão Quanto maior a utilização de estratégias focadas na emoção e no problema menor é a funcionalidade familiar, e quanto maior o uso de estratégias de suporte social maior é a chance de ter uma boa funcionalidade.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar la funcionalidad familiar frente a las estrategias de afrontamiento en personas con lesión medular. Métodos Estudio transversal, realizado en las 84 Unidades Básicas de Salud de Campina Grande, estado de Paraíba, Brasil, en el año 2019. La población estuvo compuesta por las 54 personas con lesión medular registradas en las unidades. Se aplicó un cuestionario sociodemográfico y clínico, la Escala de Modos de Afrontamiento y el Apgar de Familia. Se realizó la regresión logística para estimar la odds ratio (OR). Resultados Se verificó que la mayoría está compuesta por hombres, de más de 40 años, no blancos, con creencias religiosas, escolaridad hasta la educación primaria, sin compañero, con hijos, ingresos familiares entre 1 y 2 salarios mínimos, parapléjicos, con tiempo de lesión entre 2 y 15 años, nivel de compromiso neurológico completo y de causa traumática. Respecto a las estrategias de afrontamiento, las más utilizadas fueron la religiosidad/pensamiento fantasioso (M=4,09) y el foco en el problema (M=3,93). Las familias eran funcionales en el 72 % de los casos. El modelo logístico demostró relaciones de probabilidad del foco en la emoción (OR=0,539) (factor 2) y el apoyo social (OR=1,997) (factor 4) con la funcionalidad familiar. Conclusión Cuanto más se utilizan estrategias centradas en la emoción y en el problema, menor es la funcionalidad familiar. Cuanto más se usan estrategias de apoyo social, mayor es la probabilidad de tener una buena funcionalidad.


Abstract Objective To analyze family functionality in view of coping strategies for people with spinal cord injury. Methods Cross-sectional study, developed in all 84 BHC in Campina Grande-PB, Brazil, in 2019. The population was composed of all 54 people with spinal cord injury registered in the Centers. A sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire, the Coping Modes Scale (CMS) and the Family Apgar were applied. Logistic regression was performed to estimate the odds ratio (OR). Results It was found that most of them were men, over 40 years old, non-white, with a religion, education up to elementary school, without a partner, with children, family income between 1-2 minimum wages, paraplegics, with injury time between 2-15 years, level of complete neurological impairment and traumatic cause. As for coping strategies, the most used were religiosity/fantasy thinking (M=4.09) and focused on the problem (M=3.93). Families were functional in 72% of cases. The logistic model showed probability relationships of focus on emotion (OR=0.539) (factor 2) and social support (OR=1.997) (factor 4) with family functionality. Conclusion The greater the use of strategies focused on emotion and the problem, the lower the family functionality, and the greater the use of social support strategies, the greater the chance of having good functionality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Spinal Cord Injuries , Adaptation, Psychological , Family Relations/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Evaluation Studies as Topic
18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353928

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Presentar una serie de casos de lesión medular aguda traumática asociada a osificación del ligamento longitudinal posterior cervical sin evidencia tomográfica de trauma óseo y realizar una revisión narrativa de la bibliografía sobre su tratamiento y pronóstico posoperatorio. Materiales y métodos: Descripción de una serie de pacientes con lesión medular aguda traumática y osificación del ligamento longitudinal posterior cervical, tratados por nuestro equipo, entre enero de 2012 y diciembre de 2019. Se excluyó a pacientes con fracturas o luxaciones vertebrales asociadas, aquellos derivados a otro centro antes del tratamiento y con registros incompletos. Además, se llevó a cabo una revisión narrativa de la bibliografía sobre el tratamiento y el pronóstico posoperatorio de esta asociación en la última década. Con nuestra estrategia de búsqueda, se obtuvieron 10 artículos, a partir de los cuales se desarrolló la revisión narrativa.Resultados: Se conformó una muestra de 5 casos, todos hombres, con una edad promedio de 62.2 años (DE ± 9,36), 4 pacientes fueron operados por vía posterior y uno recibió tratamiento conservador. Conclusiones: La lesión medular aguda traumática asociada a osificación del ligamento longitudinal posterior cervical es infrecuente en países no asiáticos, precedida, en nuestra región, por un reporte de caso aislado. La revisión de la bibliografía actual sugiere al tratamiento quirúrgico oportuno por sobre el tratamiento conservador, pero persisten las controversias al respecto. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objectives: To present a case series of traumatic acute spinal cord injury associated with ossification of the cervical posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) without tomographic evidence of bone trauma and to perform a narrative review of the literature on its treatment and postoperative prognosis. Materials and methods: We described a case series of patients with traumatic spinal cord injury and association of cervical OLLP, treated by our team during the period January 2012 - December 2019. We excluded patients with an association of vertebral fractures and/or dislocations, and those referred to another center before treatment and with incomplete records. Additionally, a narrative review of the literature on postoperative treatment and prognosis of this association was carried out. Ten articles were obtained with our search strategy for the narrative review. Results: A sample of 5 cases was formed, all males, with an average age of 62.2 ( ± 9.36), 4 cases were surgically treated by a posterior approach and 1 case was conservatively treated. Conclusion: We presented a case series of a rare association in our region, preceded only by an isolated case report. The review of the current literature suggests timely surgical treatment over conservative treatment, but controversies persist in this regard. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Spinal Cord Injuries , Cervical Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament
19.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 37(2): e207, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1280507

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La lesión medular traumática puede afectar todas las funciones de la médula espinal determinando limitaciones de la actividad y restricciones en la participación. Conocer el perfil epidemiológico propio es imperativo para planificar la asistencia, los recursos y actuar en prevención. En la Cátedra de Rehabilitación hay una larga trayectoria de asistencia en equipo interdisciplinario a personas con lesión medular traumática; a partir de 1987 se documentaron datos que fueron analizados y presentados en 2004 en el Congreso Nacional de Neurología. Objetivo: describir las características sociodemográficas, clínicas, funcionales y terapéuticas de nuestra población. Método: se realizó un estudio longitudinal, retrospectivo, descriptivo y analítico de toda la población asistida durante el período 2004-2017. Resultados: n=70, 86% masculino, de 40±18 años. Las causas fueron: precipitación 36,4%, tránsito 31,8% y violencia 28,8%; el nivel cervical 57%, dorsal 40% y lumbar 3%. La escala de la American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) de inicio fue 36,2% A, 13,8% B, 22,4% C y 5,2% D. ASIA final, 29,0% A, 3,2% B, 27,4% C, 25,8% D. El 45% logró independencia en actividades básicas de la vida diaria, el 60% independencia en transferencias y el 45% en marcha. Conclusiones: disminuyó el número de nuevos casos en los últimos cuatro años y cambió el perfil etiológico. Predominaron los hombres jóvenes, lesiones por precipitación, tránsito y violencia, las cuadriparesias incompletas, seguido de paraplejias completas e incompletas. Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron nefrourológicas y escaras. De la funcionalidad alcanzada, la mayoría de los pacientes fueron dependientes en actividades de vida diaria, transfirieron en forma independiente y no lograron marcha.


Summary: Traumatic spinal cord injury may affect all functionalities of the spinal cord, what determines limitation in activity and restrictions in participation. Learning about its epidemiological profile is of the essence to plan healthcare, resources and preventive actions. The Rehabilitation Chair has a long history in providing healthcare to people with traumatic spinal cord injury in multidisciplinary teams. Data has been recorded since 1987, which information was analysed and presented at the National Neurology Conference in 2004. Objective: to describe the socio-demographic, clinical, functional and therapeutic characteristics of our population. Method: we conducted a longitudinal, retrospective, descriptive and analytical study of the entire population assisted between 2004 and 2017. Results: n=70, 86% male, 40±18 years old. The following causes were found: falls 36.4%, road accidents 31.8% and violence 28.8%; cervical level 57%, dorsal spine 40% and lumbar spine 3%. Initial ASIA impairment scale was 36.2% A, 13.8% B, 22.4% C and 5.2% D. Final ASIA impairment scale was 29.0% A, 3.2% B, 27.4% C, 25.8% D. 45% achieved independence in everyday basic activities, 60% transfer independence and 45% independent gait. Conclusions: the number of new cases decreased in the last 4 years and the etiological profile changed. Young men prevailed, lesions caused by falls, road accidents and violence were the most frequent, incomplete quadriparesis, followed by complete and incomplete paraplegia. The most frequent complications were nephro-urological and pressure sores. As to the functionality achieved, most patients were dependent in every day life activities, they could transfer independently and could not achieve independent gait.


Resumo A lesão medular traumática pode afetar todas as funções da medula espinhal, determinando limitações de atividade e restrições de participação. Conhecer o perfil epidemiológico da população atendida é imprescindível para planejar cuidados, recursos e atuar na prevenção. A Cátedra de Reabilitação (CRMF) tem uma longa trajetória de assistência com equipe interdisciplinar às pessoas com Lesão Medular Traumática; a partir de 1987, foram registrados dados que foram analisados e apresentados em 2004 no Congresso Nacional de Neurologia. Objetivo: descrever as características sociodemográficas, clínicas, funcionais e terapêuticas da população atendida pela equipe de reabilitação da CRMF no período 2004-2007. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo longitudinal, retrospectivo, descritivo e analítico de toda a população assistida no período de 2004-2017. Resultados: 70 pacientes foram atendidos sendo 86% de sexo masculino, com idade 40 ± 18 anos. As causas foram: precipitação 36,4%, trânsito 31,8% e violência 28,8%; o nível cervical 57%, dorsal 40% e lombar 3%. A Escala da American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) inicial era 36,2% A, 13,8% B, 22,4% C e 5,2% D. ASIA final, 29,0% A, 3,2% B, 27,4% C, 25,8% D. 45% alcançaram independência nas atividades básicas de vida diárias, 60% independência nas transferências e 45% na marcha. Conclusões: o número de casos novos diminuiu nos últimos 4 anos e o perfil etiológico mudou. Predominou o sexo masculino, as lesões por precipitação, trânsito e violência, as quadriparesias incompletas, seguidas de paraplegias completas e incompletas. As complicações mais frequentes foram nefrourológicas e escaras. Em relação à funcionalidade alcançada, a maioria dos pacientes era dependente nas atividades da vida diária, movia-se de forma independente e não conseguiram autonomia na marcha.


Subject(s)
Spinal Cord Injuries/etiology , Spinal Cord Injuries/rehabilitation , Spinal Cord Injuries/epidemiology
20.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1135-1141, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1255125

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar incidência de lesão por pressão em clientes com lesão medular internados em Unidades Intensivas logo após o trauma e os fatores de risco para seu desenvolvimento. Método: estudo epidemiológico e retrospectivo através de análise dos prontuários período de julho de 2013 a julho de 2014. Foi realizada análise descritiva e comparou-se as proporções por meio de teste não paramétrico. Resultados: analisou-se 98 prontuários de clientes com lesão medular e 64 desenvolveram lesão por pressão, coeficiente global de incidência de 65,3%. A incidência foi maior no sexo feminino e quanto maior a média de idade maior a sua incidência. A mobilidade no leito passiva e o tempo de internação teve correlação positiva com o surgimento de lesão por pressão. Conclusão:lesados medulares apresentam-se susceptíveis ao surgimento de lesão por pressão na primeira internação após o trauma e o seu impacto é significativo pois configura-se como barreira à reintegração social


Objective:To verify the incidence of pressure ulcer in patients with spinal cord injury admitted to intensive care units immediately after trauma and the risk factors for its development. Method:epidemiological and retrospective study through analysis of medical records from July 2013 to July 2014. Descriptive analysis was performed and the proportions were compared by nonparametric test. Results: we analyzed 98 medical records of clients with spinal cord injury and 64 developed pressure ulcer, overall incidence coefficient of 65.3%. The incidence was higher in females and the higher the average age the higher its incidence. Passive bed mobility and length of stay were positively correlated with the onset of pressure ulcer. Conclusion: spinal cord injuries are susceptible to the emergence of pressure ulcer in the first hospitalization after trauma and its impact is significant because it is a barrier to social reintegration


Objetivo: Verificar la incidencia de lesión por presión en pacientes con lesión de la médula espinal ingresados en unidades de cuidados intensivos inmediatamente después del trauma y los factores de riesgo para su desarrollo. Método: estudio epidemiológico y retrospectivo a través del análisis de registros médicos de julio de 2013 a julio de 2014. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo y las proporciones se compararon mediante una prueba no paramétrica. Resultados: analizamos 98 registros médicos de clientes con lesión de la médula espinal y 64 lesiones por presión desarrolladas, coeficiente de incidencia general del 65,3%. La incidencia fue mayor en las mujeres y cuanto mayor es la edad promedio, mayor es su incidencia. La movilidad pasiva en cama y la duración de la estadía se correlacionaron positivamente con el inicio de la lesión por presión. Conclusión: las lesiones de la médula espinal son susceptibles a la aparición de lesiones por presión en la primera hospitalización después del trauma y su impacto es significativo porque es una barrera para la reintegración social


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Spinal Cord Injuries/epidemiology , Pressure Ulcer/epidemiology , Intensive Care Units , Spinal Cord Injuries/complications , Sex Factors , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Pressure Ulcer/etiology , Nursing Care
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