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1.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(3): 224-228, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339750

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this paper is to analyze the epidemiological profile of a large series of spine trauma victims in the Southernmost state of Brazil. Methods A retrospective study including spine trauma patients was performed at a tertiary hospital from January 1st, 2013 to December 31st, 2018. The variables analyzed include demographic data, information related to the trauma (etiology, trauma mechanism, type of spine injury, number of vertebrae involved, vertebral segment involved), neurological status at hospital admission (Frankel scale), treatment performed and the outcome (number of days in hospital, neurological outcome, and mortality). Results A total of 808 patients were included. The mean age was 47.9 (±19.0), and the majority were male and Caucasian. The most frequent etiology was falls from height (N=508; 62.9%) followed by traffic accidents (N=185; 22.9%). The thoracolumbar segment was the spinal segment most frequently affected, occurring in 401 (52.1%) patients, followed by the cervical, thoracic and lumbar segments. The incidence of SCI was 16.7%. Non-operative treatment was indicated in 510 (63.1%) patients. Conclusion The authors presented the largest epidemiological profile regarding spine trauma in Latin America, analyzing a total of 808 patients, which represents an incidence of 134.6 cases/year. This paper fills a gap in the medical literature regarding the epidemiological profile of this disease in Latin America. Level of evidence II; Prognostic study.


RESUMO Objetivos O objetivo deste artigo é analisar o perfil epidemiológico, com base em uma grande série de pacientes acometidos por trauma raquimedular no extremo sul do Brasil. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo que incluiu pacientes com trauma raquimedular realizado em um hospital terciário entre 1o de janeiro de 2013 e 31 de dezembro de 2018. As variáveis analisadas incluem dados demográficos, informações referentes ao trauma (etiologia, mecanismo, tipo de lesão, número de vértebras envolvidas e segmento vertebral afetado), estado neurológico à internação (escala de Frankel), tratamento realizado e desfecho (dias de internação, resultado neurológico e mortalidade). Resultados Um total de 808 pacientes foram incluídos. A média de idade do grupo foi de 47,9 (± 19,0), sendo a maioria do sexo masculino e caucasiana. A etiologia mais frequente foi queda de altura (N = 508; 62,9%) seguida de acidentes de trânsito (N = 185; 22,9%). O segmento toracolombar foi o mais acometido, ocorrendo em 401 (52,1%) pacientes, seguido pelo cervical, torácico e lombar. A incidência de lesão raquimedular foi de 16,7%. O tratamento não cirúrgico foi indicado para 510 (63,1%) pacientes. Conclusão Os autores apresentam o maior perfil epidemiológico de trauma de coluna da América Latina, analisando um total de 808 pacientes, o que representa uma incidência de 134,6 casos / ano. Este artigo preenche uma lacuna da literatura médica no que diz respeito ao perfil epidemiológico desta doença na América Latina. Nível de evidência II; Estudo Prognóstico.


RESUMEN Objetivos El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el perfil epidemiológico, con base en una gran serie de pacientes acometidos por trauma raquimedular en el extremo sur de Brasil. Métodos Estudio retrospectivo que incluyó a pacientes con trauma raquimedular realizado en un hospital terciario entre el 1 de enero de 2013 y el 31 de diciembre de 2018. Las variables analizadas incluyen datos demográficos, informaciones referentes al trauma (etiología, mecanismo, tipo de lesión, número de vértebras involucradas y segmento vertebral afectado), estado neurológico para el internamiento (escala de Frankel), tratamiento realizado y resultados (días de internamiento, resultado neurológico y mortalidad). Resultados Fue incluido un total de 808 pacientes. El promedio de edad del grupo fue de 47,9 (± 19,0), siendo la mayoría del sexo masculino y caucásico. La etiología más frecuente fue caída de altura (N = 508; 62,9%) seguida de accidentes de tránsito (N = 185; 22,9%). El segmento toracolumbar fue el más acometido, ocurriendo en 401 (52,1%) pacientes, seguido por el cervical, torácico y lumbar. La incidencia de lesión raquimedular fue de 16,7%. El tratamiento no quirúrgico fue indicado para 510 (63,1%) pacientes. Conclusión Los autores presentan el mayor perfil epidemiológico de trauma de columna de América Latina, analizando un total de 808 pacientes, lo que representa una incidencia de 134,6 casos/año. Este artículo llena un vacío de la literatura médica en lo que se refiere al perfil epidemiológico de esta enfermedad en América Latina. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudio Pronóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Cord Injuries , Epidemiology , Spinal Fractures , Fractures, Bone
2.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(2): 123-126, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249660

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To outline the clinical-epidemiological profile of patients who were victims of SCT, to identify the main trauma mechanisms for this injury and its outcome. Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study, in which the epidemiological data, computed tomography reports and medical records of patients with fractures identified in their examinations at trauma reference hospitals in Curitiba-PR, in 2018, were analyzed. Results: 705 patients were studied. There was a male prevalence (64%), the most affected age group was 21 to 30 years old (18%), the mean age was 48.23 years, the mean female age being approximately 10 years higher. The main mechanisms were traffic accidents (34%), falls from a higher level (29%) and falls from the same level (25%). The most affected segment was the lumbar with 46% of cases. The incidence of surgical treatment was 15%, of spinal cord injury was 5%, and death was the outcome in less than 3% of cases. Conclusions: The profile of the patient victim of SCT in 2018 in Curitiba-PR was that of a young man, victim of a traffic accident with thoracolumbar involvement without spinal cord injury, under conservative treatment.Level of evidence II; Retrospective Study.


RESUMO Objetivo: Traçar o perfil clínico-epidemiológico dos pacientes vítimas de TRM, identificar os principais mecanismos de trauma para esta lesão e seu desfecho. Métodos: Estudo transversal retrospectivo, em que foram analisados dados epidemiológicos, laudos de tomografia computadorizada e prontuários dos pacientes que apresentaram fratura em seus exames, nos hospitais-referência de trauma em Curitiba-PR, no ano de 2018. Resultados: Dos 705 pacientes estudados, houve prevalência masculina (64%); a faixa-etária mais acometida foi de 21 a 30 anos (18%); a idade média geral foi de 48,23 anos, sendo a média feminina aproximadamente 10 anos mais alta. Os principais mecanismos foram acidente de trânsito (34%), queda de nível (29%) e queda de mesmo nível (25%). O segmento mais acometido foi lombar com 46% dos casos; tratamento cirúrgico teve incidência de 15%, lesão medular de 5% e óbito foi desfecho em menos de 3% dos casos. Conclusões: O perfil do paciente vítima de TRM no ano de 2018 em Curitiba-PR foi de um homem jovem, vítima de acidente de trânsito com acometimento toracolombar sem lesão medular, sob tratamento conservador. Nível de evidência II; Estudo Retrospectivo.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Trazar el perfil clínico-epidemiológico de los pacientes víctimas de TRM, identificar los principales mecanismos de trauma para esta lesión y su resultado. Métodos: Estudio transversal retrospectivo, en el que fueron analizados datos epidemiológicos, laudos de tomografía computarizada e historiales médicos de los pacientes que presentaron fractura en sus exámenes, en los hospitales referencia de trauma, en Curitiba-PR, en el año 2018. Resultados: De los 705 pacientes estudiados, hubo prevalencia masculina (64%); el grupo de edad más acometido fue de 21 a 30 años (18%); la edad promedio general fue de 48,23 años, siendo el promedio femenino aproximadamente 10 años más alto. Los principales mecanismos fueron accidente de tránsito (34%), caída de nivel (29%) y caída del mismo nivel (25%). El segmento más acometido fue el lumbar con 46% de los casos; el tratamiento quirúrgico tuvo incidencia del 15%, la lesión medular de 5% y la muerte fue resultado en menos del 3% de los casos. Conclusiones: El perfil del paciente víctima de TRM en 2018 en Curitiba-PR fue de un hombre joven, víctima de accidente de tránsito con acometimiento toracolumbar sin lesión medular, bajo tratamiento conservador.Nivel de evidencia II; Estudio retrospectivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Injuries , Spinal Cord Injuries , Spine , Epidemiology , Spinal Fractures
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 258-262, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251341

ABSTRACT

Abstract Osteoporotic vertebral fractures are a common type of fracture and affect a significant number of subjects with osteoporosis. Despite the high fracture risk, the concomitant occurrence of vertebral fractures at non-contiguous levels is very rare. We report the case of a patient with three burst dorsolumbar spine fractures at non-contiguous levels who was treated with percutaneous kyphoplasty and transpedicular posterior fixation. Six months after the surgery, the patient walks autonomously and without pain; in addition, there is no radiological evidence of fracture reduction loss.


Resumo As fraturas vertebrais osteoporóticas são um tipo comum de fratura e afetam um número significativo da população com osteoporose. Apesar do elevado risco de fratura, a ocorrência concomitante de fraturas vertebrais em níveis não contíguos é muito rara. Reportamos o caso de uma paciente com três fraturas explosivas da coluna dorsolombar em níveis não contíguos, tratada com cifoplastia e fixação posterior transpedicular por via percutânea. Seis meses após a cirurgia, a paciente tem marcha autônoma, sem dor, e, radiologicamente, não existem evidências de perda de redução das fraturas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis/surgery , Spinal Fractures , Fractures, Bone , Osteoporotic Fractures , Kyphoplasty , Fracture Fixation
4.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(1): 55-59, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154019

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This research presents a biomechanical analysis performed in the lumbar spine of a porcine animal model, considering a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of split fractures. Methods: Porcine spines were used to perform compression tests, considering three different approaches. Three groups were defined in order to verify and validate the proposed technique: a control group (1); spines with split fractures (2); and a treatment group (3). For the first group (control), spines were axially compressed until any kind of fracture occurred, in order to verify the strength of the structure. In the second group, split fractures were created to obtain the mechanical failure pattern of the model. In the third group, the split fractures were submitted to the proposed treatment, to verify the resistance achieved. The three groups were compared by means of axial compression tests. Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA. Results: The control group (intact spine) and the treated split fracture group presented similar results (p>0.05), differing from the results for the untreated split fracture group (p<0.05). Conclusions: The tests performed in order to determine the behavior and strength of the lumbar spine when subjected to axial compression provided positive data for the development of a minimally invasive technique capable of restoring split fractures of the spine. Level of evidence III; Experimental research.


RESUMO Objetivo: Esta pesquisa apresenta uma análise biomecânica realizada na coluna lombar em modelo animal suíno, considerando uma técnica minimamente invasiva para o tratamento de fraturas vertebrais do tipo split. Métodos: Foram usadas colunas de suínos para a realização de testes de compressão, considerando três diferentes abordagens. Para verificar e validar a técnica proposta, foram definidos três grupos: grupo controle (1); colunas com fraturas do tipo split (2) e grupo tratamento (3). No o primeiro grupo (controle), as colunas foram comprimidas axialmente até que ocorresse qualquer tipo de fratura, a fim de verificar a resistência da estrutura. No segundo grupo, foram criadas fraturas do tipo split para obter o padrão de falha mecânica do modelo. No terceiro grupo, as fraturas do tipo split foram submetidas ao tratamento proposto, para verificar a resistência alcançada. Os três grupos foram comparados por meio de testes de compressão axial. A análise estatística foi realizada por ANOVA. Resultados: O grupo controle (coluna íntegra) e o grupo com fratura do tipo split tratada apresentaram resultados semelhantes (p > 0,05), diferentemente dos resultados do grupo com fratura do tipo split não tratada (p < 0,05). Conclusões: Os testes para determinar o comportamento e a força da coluna lombar quando é submetida à compressão axial forneceram dados positivos para o desenvolvimento de uma técnica minimamente invasiva capaz de restaurar fraturas tipo split da coluna vertebral. Nível de evidência III; Pesquisa experimental.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Esta investigación presenta un análisis biomecánico realizado en la columna lumbar de un modelo animal porcino, considerando una técnica mínimamente invasiva para el tratamiento de fracturas vertebrales del tipo split. Métodos: Fueron usadas columnas de porcinos para la realización de tests de compresión, considerando tres diferentes abordajes. Para verificar y validar la técnica propuesta, fueron definidos tres grupos: grupo control (1); columnas con fracturas del tipo split (2) y grupo tratamiento (3). En el primer grupo (control), las columnas fueron comprimidas axialmente hasta que ocurriera cualquier tipo de fractura, a fin de verificar la resistencia de la estructura. En el segundo grupo, fueron creadas fracturas del tipo split para obtener el patrón de falla mecánica del modelo. En el tercer grupo, las fracturas del tipo split fueron sometidas al tratamiento propuesto, para verificar la resistencia alcanzada. Los tres grupos fueron comparados por medio de tests de compresión axial. El análisis estadístico fue realizado por ANOVA. Resultados: El grupo control (columna íntegra) y el grupo con fractura del tipo split tratada presentaron resultados semejantes (p>0,05), a diferencia de los resultados del grupo con fractura del tipo Split no tratada (p<0,05). Conclusiones: Los tests para determinar el comportamiento y la fuerza de la columna lumbar cuando es sometida a la compresión axial suministraron datos positivos para el desarrollo de una técnica mínimamente invasiva, capaz de restaurar fracturas del tipo Split de la columna vertebral. Nivel de evidencia III; Investigación experimental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Injuries , Spine , Therapeutics , Spinal Fractures
5.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1151190

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Teriparatida, comparada a bifosfonados orais ou Raloxifeno. Indicação: prevenção de fraturas em pessoas com osteoporose. Pergunta: A Teriparatida é mais eficaz e segura que os bifosfonados orais ou o Raloxifeno para tratamento da osteoporose e prevenção de fraturas secundárias à osteoporose? Métodos: Levantamento bibliográfico foi realizado na base de dados PUBMED, seguindo estratégias de buscas predefinidas. Foi feita avaliação da qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas com a ferramenta Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews version 2 (AMSTAR-2). Resultados: Foram selecionadas 2 revisões sistemáticas, que atendiam aos critérios de inclusão. Conclusão: Para a população em geral com osteoporose, a Teriparatida evita mais fraturas vertebrais que o Alendronato de sódio ou Risedronato de sódio, mas efeito similar para fraturas não vertebrais. Teriparatida previne mais fraturas vertebrais e não vertebrais que Raloxifeno. Teriparatida tem maior efeito sobre a massa óssea corporal que o Risedronato de sódio e o Raloxifeno, mas tem efeito similar ao Alendronato de sódio. Na população masculina com osteoporose, a terapia com bifosfonados orais é mais eficaz que suplementação nutricional ou placebo para prevenir fraturas. Já o tratamento com Teriparatida não é mais eficaz que a suplementação nutricional ou placebo


Teriparatide compared to oral bisphosphonates or Raloxifene. Indication: prevention of fractures in people with osteoporosis. Question: Is Teriparatide more effective and safer than oral bisphosphonates or Raloxifene for treating osteoporosis and preventing fractures secondary to osteoporosis? Methods: Bibliographic survey was carried out in the PUBMED database, following predefined search strategies. Evaluation of the methodological quality of systematic reviews was carried out using the tool Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews version 2 (AMSTAR-2). Results: Two systematic reviews were selected, which met the inclusion criteria. Conclusion: For the general population with osteoporosis, Teriparatide prevents more vertebral fractures than Alendronate or Risedronate sodium, but has similar effect for non-vertebral fractures. Teriparatide prevents more vertebral and non-vertebral fractures than Raloxifene. Teriparatide has a greater effect on body bone mass than Risedronate sodium and Raloxifene, but it has a similar effect to Alendronate sodium. In the male population with osteoporosis, oral bisphosphonates is more effective than nutritional supplementation or placebo to prevent fractures. Treatment with teriparatide is no more effective than nutritional supplementation or placebo


Subject(s)
Humans , Teriparatide/therapeutic use , Raloxifene Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Osteoporotic Fractures/drug therapy , Efficacy , Spinal Fractures/drug therapy , Alendronate/therapeutic use , Evidence-Based Medicine , Risedronic Acid/therapeutic use , Denosumab/therapeutic use , Hip Fractures/drug therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879401

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a three-dimensional finite element model of osteoporosis and to study the stiffness recovery of injured vertebrae and stress analysis of adjacent vertebrae after percutaneous vertebroplasty under different perfusion and distribution conditions by simulating fluid flow into the vertebral body.@*METHODS@#A male healthy volunteer was selected. CT scans were performed from T@*RESULTS@#(1) The VonMises stress of T@*CONCLUSION@#Reliable biomechanical model of lumbar vertebral fracture can be established by using CT scanning data through software simulation. Vertebral fracture and vertebroplasty will cause biomechanical changes of adjacent vertebral bodies. With the increase of bone cement injection, the influence of biomechanical changes will increase significantly. Neighbouring vertebral fractures are more likely. For this experiment, percutaneous vertebroplasty has a suitable amount of cement injection of 4 ml.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Cements , Finite Element Analysis , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty in treating Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2018, 37 patients with type Ⅲ Kümmell disease were retrospectively analyzed, including 11 males and 26 females, aged from 61 to 84 years old with an average of (68.6±4.2) years old, and the courses of disease ranged from 2 to 10 months with an average of(6.5±2.3) months. Nine patients were grade C, 20 patients were grade D and 8 patients were grade E according to Frankle grading. All patients were treated by cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty. Operation time, blood loss, postoperative drainage, hospital stay and complicationswere observed after oeprtaion. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), height of anterior vertebral body, Cobb angle before and after operation were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 60 months with an average of (22.4±10.9) months. Operation time was (240.9±77.4) min, blood loss was (315.0±149.2) ml, postoperative drainage was (220.8±72.0) ml, hospital stay was (12.6±4.7) days. One patient occurred incision redness and 1 patient occurred infection after opertaion. No loosening of bone cement occurred. Postopertaive VAS and ODI were lower than that of before opertaion(@*CONCLUSION@#Cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty is a safe and effective method for the tretament of Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Cements , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Infant , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Male , Pedicle Screws , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878713

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of sarcopenia on the efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)in the treatment of osteoporotic spinal compression fracture(OSCF)in elderly patients. Methods From February 2017 to June 2018,a total of 77 elderly patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in this study.Grip strength of dominant hand was measured by an electronic grip dynamometer with cut-off values of 27 kg for males and 16 kg for females.The cross-sectional area of the pedicle level muscle of the 12th thoracic vertebra(T12)was measured by chest CT.The skeletal muscle index(SMI)was calculated by dividing the T12 pedicle level muscle cross-sectional area by the square of body height.The SMI cut-off value used to diagnose sarcopenia was 42.6 cm


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sarcopenia/complications , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome
9.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(5/6): 430-440, sept.-dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224135

ABSTRACT

La fractura osteoporótica es una entidad clínica que afecta seriamente la calidad y expectativa de vida del paciente, agregándose un impacto socioeconómico elevado, superando incluso a los gastos de patologías como el infarto agudo de miocardio, accidente cerebrovascular y cáncer de mama, y cuya incidencia y prevalencia va en aumento a medida que la población mundial envejece. La gran mayoría de los casos cursan inadvertidos y sub diagnosticados, dejando a tres de cuatro pacientes, sin tratamiento y expuestos a nuevos eventos. El foco mundial en los países desarrollados como estrategia de enfrentamiento de esta patología endémica ha sido el de la prevención, vale decir medicina primaria. Sin embargo, una vez diagnosticada la fractura osteoporótica, no existe consenso en el tipo de tratamiento óptimo, así como sus plazos en estos pacientes. La mayoría de las guías internacionales y los trabajos publicados, presentan diferencias en el manejo de esta lesión.


The osteoporotic fracture is a clinical entity that seriously affects the quality and life expectancy of the patient, adding a high socioeconomic impact, even exceeding the expenses of pathologies such as acute myocardial stroke, vascular cerebral stroke and breast cancer, and whose incidence and prevalence is increasing as the world population ages. The vast majority of cases are non-diagnosed, leaving three of four patients with non treatment at all. The target in developed countries as a strategy to confront this endemic pathology has been prevention, or, primary medicine. However, once the osteoporotic fracture is diagnosed, there is no consensus on the type of optimal treatment, as well as its deadlines in these patients. The majority of international guidelines and published articles show differences in the management and treatment of this fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Spinal Fractures/diagnosis , Spinal Fractures/therapy , Osteoporotic Fractures/diagnosis , Osteoporotic Fractures/therapy , Spinal Fractures/classification , Osteoporotic Fractures/classification
10.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e269, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156601

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El mieloma múltiple representa el 1 por ciento de las neoplasias y el 10 por ciento de las hemopatías malignas. La edad media de presentación es 65 años. El dolor óseo en columna vertebral y costillas constituye su manifestación inicial. El tratamiento quirúrgico del mieloma múltiple en la columna consiste en descompresión amplia y artrodesis. La vertebroplastia se considera técnica de elección porque restablece el balance sagital y coronal, contribuye al fortalecimiento del cuerpo vertebral, y disminuye el dolor asociado a fracturas. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de la vertebroplastia sobre la calidad de vida y el balance sagital, en la disminución del dolor. Métodos: Se estudiaron 192 pacientes con mieloma múltiple con fractura en la columna, 80 tratados con vertebroplastia y 112 en forma conservadora. Se utilizó el cuestionario de Oswestry y la escala de Karnosfky. Resultados: La vertebroplastia disminuyó 0,52 veces el uso de analgésicos opioides. Conclusiones: La vertebroplastia representa un mayor beneficio de la calidad de vida de los pacientes aquejados de mieloma múltiple con fractura vertebral; repercute en el mejoramiento del balance sagital, el nivel de discapacidad y la capacidad para realizar tareas cotidianas(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Multiple myeloma accounts for 1 percent of neoplasms and for 10 percent of malignant hematomas. The mean onset age is 65 years. Bone pain in the spine and ribs is its initial manifestation. Surgical treatment for multiple myeloma in the spine consists in wide decompression and arthrodesis. Vertebroplasty is considered the choice technique because it restores sagittal and coronal balance, contributes to the strengthening of the vertebral body, and reduces pain associated with fractures. Objective: To assess the effect of vertebroplasty on quality of life and the effect of sagittal balance in reducing pain. Methods: 192 patients with multiple myeloma and spinal fracture were studied, 80 treated with vertebroplasty and 112 treated conservatively. The Oswestry questionnaire and the Karnofsky scale were used. Results: Vertebroplasty decreased the use of opioid analgesics by 0.52 times. Conclusions: Vertebroplasty represents a greater benefit for the quality of life of patients suffering from multiple myeloma with vertebral fracture. It affects the improvement of sagittal balance, the level of disability, and the ability to perform daily tasks(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Quality of Life , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty/methods , Cancer Pain/surgery , Multiple Myeloma/surgery
11.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 31(3): 57-67, set. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1149677

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas vertebrales son una de las fracturas más comunes relacionadas a la fragilidad ósea y son causa de morbilidad importante. Sin embargo la epidemiología de las fracturas vertebrales difiere de las fracturas osteoporóticas en otros sitios esqueléticos, ya que solo una tercera parte de las fracturas vertebrales son reconocidas clínicamente y detectadas al realizar una metodología de imagen apropiada, ya que un alto porcentaje presenta FV asintomáticas, las cuales no son detectadas hasta realizar una radiografía simple de columna dorso-lumbar. Por otro lado la identificación de una fractura vertebral como aguda o crónica, benigna o maligna, hace que el médico tratante presente diferentes estrategias terapéuticas. El objetivo de este artículo de revisión es dar al lector información sobre la epidemiología, los costos, los tipos de fracturas vertebrales, que ocurre con las fracturas vertebrales en las enfermedades reumatológicas, como realizar una evaluación radiográfica de las fracturas vertebrales, la identificación acorde a las diferentes metodologías por imagen, y como es el tratamiento adecuado de las mismas.


Vertebral fractures are one of the most common fractures associated with skeletal fragility and can cause as much morbidity. However, the epidemiology of vertebral fractures differs from that of osteoporotic fractures at other skeletal sites in important ways, largely because only one-third of vertebral fractures are recognized clinically at the time of their occurrence and they require lateral spine imaging to be recognized. In otherwise the identification of vertebral fractures as acute or chronic, benign or malignant, is important for the physician to apply the more appropriate treatment. The objective of this paper is review points as epidemiology, cost, types of vertebral fractures, what happens in rheumatological diseases, the importance of different imaging technique, and review the more appropriate treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Fractures , Spine , Therapeutics , Diagnosis , Fractures, Bone , Osteoporotic Fractures
12.
Actual. osteol ; 16(2): [95]-[103], mayo.-ago. 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129692

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Diabetes is a chronic disease associated with important comorbidities. Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is associated with a three times increased risk of hip fracture but reports describing potential associations with vertebral fractures (VF) are contradictory. Our objective was to evaluate the factors involved in the prevalent VF in women with and without T2DM. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional design was used and the relationship between morphometric VF and T2DM in adult women was evaluated. The cases were adult women with morphometric VF and the controls were adult women without VF. Thoracic and spinal radiographs in lateral and antero-posterior projections were obtained. Bone mineral density (BMD) values of the lumbar spine (L-BMD) were measured by DXA. Results. A greater number of women with T2DM were found in the VF group (61% vs 31.5%). Non-T2DM women with VF were significantly older and with lower L-BMD than non-T2DM without VF. We observed a negative correlation between age and L-BMD (r=-0.463) in non-T2DM women, but not in the T2DM with FV group. T2DM was a risk factor for prevalent VF with OR of 3.540 (IC95% 1.750-7.160). Conclusion. Our study showed a higher prevalence of T2DM in the VF group. T2DM women with VF were younger and had higher L-BMD than non-T2DM women, L-BMD did not correlate with age and VF were not distributed according to BMD-L and age. (AU)


Introducción. La diabetes es una enfermedad crónica asociada con comorbilidades importantes. La diabetes tipo 2 (DM2) se asocia con un riesgo tres veces mayor de fractura de cadera pero la asociación con fracturas vertebrales (FV) es contradictoria. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar los factores involucrados en las FV prevalentes en mujeres adultas con y sin DM2. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un diseño transversal y se evaluó la relación entre FV morfométrica y DM2 en mujeres adultas. Los casos fueron mujeres adultas con FV morfométricas y los controles fueron mujeres adultas sin FV. Se obtuvieron radiografías torácicas y espinales en proyecciones lateral y anteroposterior. Los valores de densidad mineral ósea (DMO) de la columna lumbar (DMO-L) se midieron por DXA. Resultados. Se observó un mayor número de mujeres con DM2 en el grupo de FV (61% frente a 31.5%). Las mujeres sin DM2 con FV eran significativamente mayores y con una DMO-L más baja que las mujeres sin DM2 sin FV. Observamos una correlación negativa entre la edad y la DMO-L (r= -0.463) en mujeres sin DM2 y FV, pero no en DM2 con FV. La DM2 fue un factor de riesgo para FV prevalente con un OR 3.540 (IC95% 1.750-7.160). Conclusión. Nuestro estudio demostró una mayor prevalencia de DM2 en el grupo de FV. Las mujeres con DM2 y FV eran más jóvenes y tenían mayor DMO-L que las mujeres sin DM2, la DMO-L no correlacionó con la edad y las FV no se distribuyeron de acuerdo a la DMO-L y edad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Spinal Fractures/microbiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Osteoporosis/complications , Vitamin D/blood , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Spinal Fractures/chemically induced , Spinal Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Age Factors , Thiazolidinediones/therapeutic use , PPAR gamma/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Rosiglitazone/therapeutic use , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/adverse effects , Pioglitazone/therapeutic use , Hypoglycemic Agents/adverse effects , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use
13.
Coluna/Columna ; 19(3): 205-208, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133584

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the behavior of thoracolumbar fractures of the coronal split type using the finite element method. Methods Two comparative studies were conducted through simulation of coronal split fractures in a finite model in which the first lumbar vertebra (L1) was considered to be fractured. In the first case, the fracture line was considered to have occurred in the middle of the vertebral body (50%), while in the second model, the fracture line occurred in the anterior quarter of the vertebral body (25%). The maximum von Mises stress values were compared, as well as the axial displacement between fragments of the fractured vertebra. Results The stress levels found for the fracture located at half of the vertebral body were 43% higher (264.88 MPa x 151.16 MPa) than those for the fracture located at the anterior 25% of the vertebra, and the axial displacement of the 50% fractured body was also greater (1.19 mm x 1.10 mm). Conclusions Coronal split fractures located in the anterior quarter of the vertebral body incurred less stress and displacements and are more amenable to conservative treatment than 50% fractures occurring in the middle of the vertebral body. Level of Evidence III; Experimental study.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar o comportamento das fraturas toracolombares do tipo split coronal através de elementos finitos. Métodos Foram realizados dois estudos comparativos através da simulação de fratura do tipo split coronal, em modelo finito, considerando que a primeira vértebra lombar (L1) estava fraturada. No primeiro caso, considerou-se que o traço da fratura ocorria na metade do corpo vertebral (50%), já no segundo modelo, o traço de fratura ocorria na porção anterior do corpo (25%). Foram comparados os valores de tensão máxima segundo von Mises, assim como o deslocamento axial sofrido entre os fragmentos da vértebra fraturada. Resultados Na fratura localizada ao nível da metade do corpo vertebral, os níveis de tensões encontrados foram 43% maiores (264,88 MPa x 151,16 MPa) do que aqueles na fratura a 25% no terço anterior do corpo vertebral, em que o deslocamento axial da porção fraturada também foi mais elevado (1,19 mm x 1,10 mm). Conclusões As fraturas do tipo split coronal localizadas no quarto anterior do corpo vertebral concentram menos tensões e deslocamentos, sendo mais passíveis de tratamento conservador em comparação às fraturas que ocorrem na metade do corpo vertebral. Nível de Evidência III; Estudo experimental.


RESUMEN Objetivo Analizar el comportamiento de las fracturas toracolumbares del tipo split coronal a través de elementos finitos. Métodos Se realizaron dos estudios comparativos a través de la simulación de fractura del tipo split coronal, en modelo finito, considerando que la primera vértebra lumbar (L1) estaba fracturada. En el primer caso, se consideró que el trazo de la fractura ocurría en la mitad del cuerpo vertebral (50%), ya en el segundo modelo, el trazo de la fractura ocurría en la porción anterior del cuerpo (25%). Fueron comparados los valores de tensión máxima según von Mises, así como el desplazamiento axial sufrido entre los fragmentos de la vértebra fracturada. Resultados En la fractura localizada al nivel de la mitad del cuerpo vertebral, los niveles de tensiones encontrados fueron 43% mayores (264,88 MPa x 151,16 MPa) que aquellos en la fractura a 25% en el tercio anterior del cuerpo vertebral, en que el desplazamiento axial de la porción fracturada fue también más elevado (1,19 mm x 1,10 mm). Conclusiones Las fracturas del tipo split coronal localizadas en el cuarto anterior del cuerpo vertebral concentran menores tensiones y desplazamientos, siendo más susceptibles de tratamiento conservador en comparación a las fracturas que ocurren en la mitad del cuerpo vertebral. Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudio experimental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spine , Tensile Strength , Spinal Fractures
14.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(1): e131, ene.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139112

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las fracturas vertebrales por compresión han sido tratadas usando cemento óseo en su interior, con técnicas como la cifoplastia y vertebroplastia. Sin embargo, son conocidos los potenciales efectos adversos, principalmente la fuga del cemento a los tejidos aledaños y, en la mayoría de los casos, la consiguiente afección a la altura vertebral. Es importante lograr una adecuada reducción de la fractura, ya que la esta influye directamente en la calidad de vida de los pacientes. Objetivo: Describir la aplicación, por primera vez, del implante intramedular expandible SpineJack® como método para el tratamiento de fracturas vertebrales por compresión. Presentación del caso: Se presenta una paciente de 65 años que sufrió un traumatismo en su columna lumbar a nivel de L1, con fractura tipo burst, a la que, en junio de 2016, se le realizó un acceso transpedicular percutáneo con guía fluoroscópica con el propósito de insertar el dispositivo SpineJack® en el cuerpo vertebral. Se utilizaron expansores del implante especialmente diseñados para este dispositivo, los cuales abrieron los extremos y desplegaron el componente central de titanio; esto facilitó la inyección de polimetilmetacrilato, el cual finalmente envolvió a los implantes, lo que garantizó la estabilización de la fractura. Resultados: La tomografía de control permitió observar una adecuada reducción del declive central de la vértebra L1 de la paciente y una recuperación de la altura del cuerpo vertebral con valores similares a los reportados por otros investigadores que han trabajado con este método en otros países. Conclusiones: La capacidad anátomo-funcional de la vértebra fracturada, así como la mejoría clínica de la paciente. y su calidad de vida fueron notables. No se observaron complicaciones. El seguimiento del empleo de este dispositivo en otros pacientes en Ecuador, permitirá profundizar en su evaluación(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Vertebral compression fractures have been treated using internal bone cement, using techniques such as kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty. However, the potential adverse effects are known, mainly the leakage of cement to the surrounding tissues and, in most cases, the consequent affection at the vertebral level. Achieving adequate reduction of the fracture is important since it directly influence on the quality of life of patients. Objective: To describe the application, for the first time, of SpineJack® expandable intramedullary implant as a method for treating vertebral compression fractures. Case report: We report a 65-year-old female patient who suffered trauma to her lumbar spine at L1 level, a burst-type fracture, who, in June 2016, underwent percutaneous transpedicular access with fluoroscopic guidance with the purpose of inserting SpineJack® device into her vertebral body. Specially designed implant expanders were used for this device, which opened the ends and deployed the central titanium component. This facilitated the injection of polymethylmethacrylate that eventually enveloped the implants, ensuring stabilization of the fracture. Results: The control tomography allowed to observe adequate reduction of the central decline of the L1 vertebra of this patient and the recovery of the vertebral body height with values similar to those reported by other researchers who have worked with this method in other countries. Conclusions: The anatomy-functional capacity of the fractured vertebra, as well as the clinical improvement of this patient, and her quality of life were remarkable. No complications were observed. Following up the use of this device in other patients in Ecuador will allow to deepen its evaluation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty/methods , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Ecuador
15.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(2): 119-124, jun. 2020. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125548

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La acrobacia en tela es una práctica circense con muchos adeptos en la población urbana. Consiste en sostenerse en altura tomado por dos extremos de tela, para realizar posturas fijas y cambiar entre ellas mediante deslizamiento y caídas. La práctica profesional no está libre de lesiones. Objetivo: Conocer la naturaleza de la lesión, reconocer los factores predisponentes de lesión y las medidas de prevención utilizadas, evaluar la cinemática, clasificar la lesión y analizar el tratamiento. Materiales y Métodos: Se incluyeron seis pacientes. Se evaluaron la estructura física personal, la cinemática de la caída, los sistemas de protección, la clasificación de las fracturas según la nueva clasificación AO, el cuadro neurológico, el tratamiento y las complicaciones. Resultados: La muestra incluyó a 6 mujeres, con un promedio de edad de 24 años y un índice de masa corporal de 19,29. Caída de 3,08 m de altura, cuatro con colchoneta <5 cm. Las lesiones principales fueron: 6 A1, 4 B2 y 1C. No se observaron déficits neurológicos. Cuatro pacientes fueron sometidas a cirugía. Conclusiones: La práctica de acrobacia en tela es una actividad circense de reciente aparición global. Las mujeres están más expuestas a las lesiones. El entrenamiento riguroso y el empleo de elementos de seguridad son necesarios para evitar las lesiones. No se observó un patrón único de lesión, la causa fue multifactorial. El tratamiento indicado depende de la lesión vertebral. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Aerial silk is a circus practice that has become very popular in urban populations. It involves hanging from two pieces of fabric in order to make fixed positions and change between them by sliding and dropping from different heights. The professional practice is not free of injuries. Objective: To learn the nature of the injury, to recognize the injury predisposing factors and the safety measures used, to study the kinematics, to classify the injury, and to analyze the treatment. Materials and Methods: Six patients were included. The evaluation included individual body structure, drop kinematics, safety measures, classification of fractures according to the new AO classification, neurological symptoms, treatment, and complications. Results: The study included six female patients, averaging 24 years, a body mass index of 19.29 and a fall from 3.08m, 4 of which included mattress <5cm. The main injuries classification resulted in 6 A1, 4 B2 and 1 C. No neurological deficit was found. Four patients underwent surgical treatment. Conclusions: Aerial silk is a circus activity that has recently become a worldwide practice. Women are more exposed. Rigorous training and the use of safety elements are necessary to avoid injuries. We did not observe a unique pattern of injury, because of its multifactorial cause. The therapeutic decision-making is related to the spinal injury. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Athletic Injuries , Spinal Injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Spinal Fractures , Gymnastics/injuries , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries
16.
Coluna/Columna ; 19(1): 74-79, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089640

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective We aim to identify retrospectively surgically treated patients with an ankylosed spine who sustained a vertebral fracture. Our goal is to evaluate the main outcomes and complications. Methods We selected patients through the database of surgical interventions in the setting of fractures of an ankylosed spine segment between January 1st 2008 and June 30th 2018. We collected data from digital medical records. The parameters analyzed include hospital length of stay, Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission, perioperative and postoperative complications as well as neurological evolution. Results Fractures occurred in 14 patients with ankylosing spondylitis (82%) and 3 patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (18%). All patients were male and the mean age was 69 years. Fourteen fractures occurred after minor trauma (83%), of which 11 were due to falls from standing height or lower (65%). The cervical spine represents the majority of the levels involved (65%). Seven patients were admitted to the ICU (41%) and 11 suffered neurological damage. There was improvement of neurological status in less than 50% and there were high percentages of post-operative complications. Conclusion Patients with ankylosed spine diseases are at higher risk for vertebral fracture, even after minor trauma, and these are located predominantly in the cervical spine. The surgical treatment of these conditions is effective as it allows improvement of the patient's neurological status. However, they still present higher morbidity and mortality, as well as increased post-op complications. Prevention of falls may drastically change patients' outcome, neurological function and independence in activities of daily living. Level of evidence IV; A case series therapeutic study.


RESUMO Objetivo Identificar retrospetivamente casos de tratamento cirúrgico de fraturas vertebrais em pacientes com coluna anquilosada. O nosso propósito consiste em avaliar os principais desfechos e respectivas complicações. Métodos Selecionamos pacientes através do banco de dados de intervenções cirúrgicas no quadro de fraturas de um segmento da coluna anquilosada entre 1 de janeiro de 2008 a 30 de junho de 2018. Coletamos os dados a partir dos prontuários médicos digitais. Os parâmetros analisados incluem período de internação hospitalar, admissão na Unidade de Tratamento Intensivo (UTI), complicações pré- e pós-operatórias, assim como evolução neurológica. Resultados As fraturas ocorreram em 14 pacientes com espondilite snquilosante (82%) e em 3 pacientes com hiperostose esquelética difusa idiopática (18%). Todos os pacientes eram do sexo masculino e a idade média era de 69 anos. Quatorze fraturas ocorreram devido a trauma menor (83%), das quais 11 eram devido a quedas da própria altura ou inferiores (65%). A coluna cervical representa a maioria dos níveis envolvidos (65%). Sete pacientes foram admitidos na UTI (41%) e 11 sofreram lesão neurológica. Houve melhoria do estado neurológico em menos de metade dos pacientes e altas porcentagens de complicações pós-operatórias. Conclusão Os pacientes com doenças da coluna anquilosada têm maior risco de fraturas vertebrais, mesmo após trauma menor, localizando-se predominantemente na coluna cervical. O tratamento cirúrgico dessas condições é eficaz, uma vez que permite melhora do estado neurológico do paciente. Entretanto, ainda apresentam altos índices de morbilidade e mortalidade, assim como maior incidência de complicações pós-operatórias. A prevenção de quedas pode alterar drasticamente o desfecho, função neurológica e independência nas atividades diárias do paciente. Nível de evidência IV; Estudo terapêutico de série de casos.


RESUMEN Objetivo Identificar retrospectivamente casos de tratamiento quirúrgico de fracturas vertebrales en pacientes con columna anquilosada. Nuestro propósito consiste en evaluar sus principales resultados y respectivas complicaciones. Métodos Seleccionamos pacientes mediante banco de datos de intervenciones quirúrgicas en el cuadro de fracturas de un segmento de la columna anquilosada entre el 1 de enero de 2008 al 30 de junio de 2018. Recolectamos los datos a partir de los prontuarios médicos digitales. Los parámetros analizados incluyen período de internación hospitalaria, admisión en la Unidad de Tratamiento Intensivo (UTI), complicaciones pre y postoperatorias, así como evolución neurológica. Resultados Las fracturas ocurrieron en 14 pacientes con espondilitis anquilosante (82%) y en 3 pacientes con hiperostosis esquelética difusa idiopática (18%). Todos los pacientes eran del sexo masculino y la edad promedio era de 69 años. Catorce fracturas ocurrieron debido a trauma menor (83%), de las cuales 11 eran debido a caídas de la propia altura o inferiores (65%). La columna cervical representa la mayoría de los niveles implicados (65%). Siete pacientes fueron admitidos en la UTI (41%) y 11 sufrieron lesión neurológica. Hubo mejora del estado neurológico en menos de la mitad de los pacientes y altos porcentajes de complicaciones postoperatorias. Conclusión Los pacientes con enfermedades de la columna anquilosada tienen mayor riesgo de fracturas vertebrales, incluso después de trauma menor, localizándose predominantemente en la columna cervical. El tratamiento quirúrgico de esas condiciones es eficaz, ya que permite mejora del estado neurológico del paciente. Entretanto, aún presentan altos índices de morbilidad y mortalidad, así como mayor incidencia de complicaciones postoperatorias. La prevención de caídas puede alterar drásticamente los resultados, función neurológica e independencia en las actividades diarias del paciente. Nivel de evidencia IV; Estudio terapéutico de serie de casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spine , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Spinal Fractures , Hyperostosis, Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827251

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation(PPSF) combined with percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the treatment of Genant Ⅲ degree osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs).@*METHODS@#The hospitalized 83 patients with Genant Ⅲ degree OVCFs treated by PPSF combined with PVP from June 2015 to June 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, and 83 patients treated by PVP alone from January 2013 to June 2016 were randomly selected as the control group. There were 19 males and 64 females with an average age of (73.6±11.0) years in combined group with treatment of PPSF and PVP. There were 15 malesand 68 females with an average age of (75.5±10.6) years in control group. The anterior edge height of the vertebral body and Cobb angle before operation, 1 day, and 6, 12, 24 months after operation were compared between two groups. Visual analogue scale(VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used to assess the pain level and daily lumbar dysfunction for patients, respectively. The complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#The follow-up time of all patients was more than 2 years. The combined group and control group were (24.3±10.2) months and (27.5±14.8) months, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in the anterior edge height of the vertebral body and Cobb angle at 1 day after surgery between two groups (>0.05), and there were statistically significant differences at 6, 12, 24 months after surgery between two groups (<0.01). The difference in ODI and VAS scores at 6 and 12 months after operation between two groups was statistically significant (<0.05). Postoperative complications incontrol group were higher than those in the combined group.@*CONCLUSION@#PPSF combined with PVP for the treatment of Genant Ⅲ degree OVCFs is superior to PVP alone in terms of vertebral height loss, patient satisfaction, and complications.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827250

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of zoledronic acid combined with vitamin K2 regimen in percutaneous vertebroplasty for multi-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures(OVCFs).@*METHODS@#This study was a retrospective control study. A total of 364 patients with OVCFs who were admitted to our spinal surgery department from January 2014 to January 2017 were selected as the study subjects. According to whether zoledronic acid combined with vitamin K2 was used to treat osteoporosis after surgery, the patients were divided into control group and experimental group. Among them, 257 patients in the control group were treated with calcium carbonate and vitamin D regimen, while 107 patients in the experimental group were treated with zoledronic acid combined with vitamin K2 regimen on the basis of the control group. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used to evaluate the clinical effect. Pre- and post-operative bone mineral density of lumbar spine and proximal femur, vertebral height ratio of responsible vertebral body and Cobb angle of vertebral body were observed by image data. Serological indicators related to bone metabolism were detected by laboratory. The complications such as fever, dizziness, osteoarthritis, muscular and soft tissue pain and adjacent vertebral re-fracture were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in general data between the two groups (0.05);VAS score in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group 1 month, 3 months and 1 year after operation(0.05), and at the 24 hours, 3 months, 1 year after operation, the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group (0.05). The vertebral height ratio of the responsible vertebral body in experimental group was significantly higher than that in control group and Cobb angle in experimental group was significantly lower than that in control group at 3 months and 1 year after operation (0.05), but at 3 months and 1 year after operation, the bone mineral density of lumbar spine and proximal femur in experimental group was significantly lower than that in control group (0.05). At 1 year after operation the total type I collagen amino-terminal elongation peptide and β-collagen degradation products in experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group (<0.05), but the 25-hydroxyvitamin D operation in experimental group was significantly higher than that in control group(<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications such as fever, dizziness, osteoarthritis, muscle and soft tissue pain and adjacent vertebral re-fracture in experimental group was significantly lower than that in control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Zoledronic acid injection combined with vitamin K2 regimen can be used for anti-osteoporosis treatment of OVCFs vertebroplasty. It has a definite curative effect and a high safety factor. It is worth popularizing.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty , Vitamin K 2 , Zoledronic Acid
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827249

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of vertebral body stent (VBS) system and percutanous kyphoplasty (PKP) combined with zoledronic acid for the treatment of severely osteoporotic compression vertebral fractures (OVCFs).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 48 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures treated from December 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 13 males and 35 females, aged 55 to 92 years old with an average (71.2±10.5) years. All patients were treated with VBS system PKP surgery, and zoledronic acid injection was used for anti-osteoporosis treatment after operation. The VAS scores ODI, the height of diseasedvertebral lost were compared before operation, 3 d and half a year after operation, and whether there was re-fracture of diseased or adjacent vertevrae after operation was observed.@*RESULTS@#Before operation, 3 d and half a year after operation, VAS scores were 7.60±0.12, 3.00±0.46, 1.20±0.23, ODI were(82.00±0.32)%, (30.00±1.50) %, (18.00±0.16) %, the height of diseased vertebral lost were (12.00±0.43) mm, (3.00± 0.15) mm, (3.60±0.51) mm respectively. Postoperative VAS score, ODI, the height of diseased vertebral lost were obviously improved (0.05). All the 48 patients were followed up with an average time of (6.6±0.5) months. All the incisions healed at grade A after operation, and no re-fracture of diseased vertebrae or adjacent vertebrae was found at the final follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#VBS system and PKP combined with zoledronic acid in the treatment of OVCFs not only may effectively relieve the pain in the thoracolumbar back, improve the mobility of the thoracolumbar, but also can restore the height of the vertebral body to the maximum extent, and prevent the re-fracture of the affected vertebrae and adjacent vertebrae, which is worthy to spread in clinic.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Zoledronic Acid
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827248

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#From the perspective of clinical application to analyze the effectiveness and reliability of CPC/PMMA bone cement in percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for the treatment of elderly patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 62 patients with osteoporotic compression fracture of single-vertebral thoracic or lumbar segment who underwent PKP surgery and had a bone density less than or equal to -3.0 SD from February 2016 to December 2016. Among them, 23 patients were in CPC/PMMA group, with an average age of (77.6±2.2) years old, 39 patients in PMMA group, with an average age of (77.1±1.1) years old. The indexes between two groups were compared, including the visual analogue scale (VAS), height ratio of anterior vertebra (AVHR), local Cobb angle, cement leakage, new adjacent vertebral fracture(NAVF).@*RESULTS@#There were no significant difference in gender, age, follow-up time and preoperative VAS, AVHR, local Cobb angle between two groups (>0.05), at the 1 day after operation, VAS, AVHR, local Cobb angle in all patients got obvious improvement (0.05). At the same time, there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of new adjacent vertebral fracture and cement leakage (>0.05). The pain in both groups continued to improve at follow up after operation (<0.05), the local Cobb angle increased (<0.05) and AVHR decreased slightly (<0.05). However, the images of conventional methods (X-ray or CT) could not find signs about CPC degeneration and new bone ingrowth.@*CONCLUSION@#CPC/PMMA composite bone cement is safe and reliablein PKP for treatment of elderly patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures, which can effectively relieve pain and maintain vertebral body stability. It has the same curative effect as PMMA bone cement. It was worthy to research more in future, although no direct evidences support the CPC/PMMA composite bone cement can reduce the incidence of adjacent vertebral fracture, CPC degeneration or new bone ingrowth.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Cements , Dinucleoside Phosphates , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Osteoporotic Fractures , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
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