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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of percutaneous pedicle screw short segment internal fixation with or without the intermediate screw in the treatment of Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fractures with low bone mineral density.@*METHODS@#Patients with Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fracture underwent percutaneous pedicle screw short segment internal fixation from January 2017 to July 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, 93 cases met the diagnosis and inclusion criteria, 9 cases were excluded according to the exclusion criteria, and the remaining 84 cases obtained complete imaging follow-up data. There were 38 males and 46 females, the age ranged from 56 to 73 years old with an average of (64.78±7.12) years old, bone mineral density (BMD) ranged from 0.61 to 0.89 g/cm3 with an average of (0.73±0.14) g/cm3, the follow-up time was 11 to 25 months with an average of (17.58±6.12) months. There were 45 cases in group A with intermediate screw and 39 cases in group B without intermediate screw. The operation time and intraoperative blood loss were recorded, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used for clinical evaluation. The Cobb angle, vertebral wedge angle (VWA) and anterior vertebral body height (AVBH) were measured by X-ray after the operation. The corrected loss of the above parameters was calculated.@*RESULTS@#There were 5 cases of screw loosening in 84 patients (2 cases in group A and 3 cases in group B, P>0.05). There were significant differences in operation time and intraoperative blood loss between two groups(P<0.01). Clinical effects of two groups were good, postoperative VAS and ODI after operation obviously improved, there was no significant difference between two groups during all follow-up periods (3 days, 1 month after operation and the final follow-up) (P>0.05). Three days after the operation, the image evaluations (Cobb angle, VWA and AVBH) were significantly improved (P<0.05), but significant reduction loss was observed in both groups at 1 month after the operation and at the final follow-up (P<0.05). At the final follow-up, the loss of Cobb angle, VWA and AVBH in group A were (5.26±4.18) °, (4.63±3.80) ° and (9.54±8.71)%, respectively;group B was (6.01±4.34) °, (6.55±6.21) ° and (11.67± 9.95)%, respectively;however, there was no significant difference in reduction loss between the two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Although the curative effect of the patients is satisfactory, the stability of the patients can not be improved by increasing the middle injured vertebra screw placement, the two groups of percutaneous short segment internal fixation can not resist the reduction loss of Magerl-A3 thoracolumbar fracture with low bone mineral density. Because the injured vertebra screw increases the operation time and intraoperative blood loss, it is not significant to use the intermediate screw for the elderly Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fractures with low bone mineral density.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy between vesselplasty and percutanous kyphoplasty (PKP) in the treatment of Kümmell disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with Kümmell disease from July 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different therapeutic methods, the patients were divided into vesselplasty group and PKP group. There were 20 patients in vesselplasty group, including 2 males and 18 females, aged from 54 to 83 years with an average of (67.40±7.44)years, 1 case of T10 fracture, 3 cases of T12 fracture, 9 cases of L1 fractures, 5 cases of L2 fractures and 2 cases of L3 fractures. There were 20 patients in PKP group, including 3 males and 17 females, aged from 56 to 81 with an average of(67.20±7.01) years, 2 cases of T10 fracture, 1 case of T11 fracture, 6 cases of T12 fracture, 10 cases of L1 fracture and 1 case of L3 fracture. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Cobb angle, anterior vertebral height were recorded before operation, 1 day after operation and 1 year after operation. Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) was recorded before operation, 1 month after operation and 1 year after operation. And bone cement leakage rate was compared between two groups after operation.@*RESULTS@#All the patient were followed up for more than 1 year. In vesselplasty group, VAS score was 1.20±0.41, ODI was(13.50±3.10)%, Cobb angle was(17.20±3.12)° and anterior vertebral height was(20.20±1.35) mm at 1 year after operation. In PKP group, VAS score was 1.15±0.40, ODI was (13.20±3.00)%, Cobb angle was (17.10±3.19)° and anterior vertebral height was (20.10±1.37) mm at 1 year after operation. These index was significantly better than pre-operation through intra-group comparison(P<0.05), and there was no statistically difference between the two groups(P>0.05). There were 20 cases (20 vertebrae) in vesselplasty group, of which 1 case had bone cement leakage at the upper endplate, with a leakage rate of 5%(1/20). In PKP group, there were 20 cases (20 vertebrae), 3 cases of upward endplate leakage(3/7), 1 case of downward endplate leakage(1/7), 1 case of leakage to the front of the vertebral body(1/7), 2 cases of leakage to the side of the vertebral body(2/7), with a leakage rate of 35% (7/20). The difference between two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Vesselplasty in the treatment of Kümmell disease can better reduce leakage rate of bone cement and reduce complications.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty/methods , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Spondylosis , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of different bone cement morphology distribution on the clinical efficacy of unilateral percutaneous vertebroplasty(PVP) for spinal osteoporotic fractures.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 66 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures received unilateral PVP treatment from January 2019 to April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 16 males and 50 females, including 83 vertebral bodies, 45 thoracic vertebrae and 38 lumbar vertebrae, and 55 patients with single-segment, 6 double-segment, 4 three-segment and 1 four-segment. The age ranged from 60 to 93 years with an average of (76.83±8.65) years. The included patients were admitted to hospital 1 to 10 days after onset, and were diagnosed by anteroposterior and lateral X-rays, MRI and bone density examination before surgery. According to the shape of bone cement in postoperative X-ray, the patients were divided into O-shaped group (28 cases) and H-shaped group (38 cases). In O-shaped group, the bone cement presented agglomeration mass distribution in the affected vertebra in postoperative X-ray while the bone cement presented disseminated honeycomb distribution in the affected vertebrae in H-shaped group. Bone cement injection volume was collected in two groups. The intraoperative bone cement leakage and postoperative adjacent vertebral fractures were observed. The VAS of the two groups before operation and 1 day, 1 month, 6 months and 1 year after operation were compared;and ODI of the two groups 1 day, 6 months and 1 year after operation were compared. The kyphosis angle and anterior height of the affected vertebrae were measured before operation and 1 week, 1 year after operation.@*RESULTS@#All 66 patients completed 1-year follow-up, and all patients healed well at the puncture site after surgery. There were 1 case and 8 cases of bone cement leakage in O-shaped group and H-shaped group during surgery respectively (P<0.05), but no serious complications occurred. One case occurred adjacent vertebral fracture in both groups during one-year follow-up (P>0.05). There was no statistical significance in injection amount of bone cement between the two groups (P>0.05). The VAS scores of O-shaped group and H-shaped group were 7.89±0.79, 2.75±1.08, 0.46±0.58, 0.36±0.49 and 8.00±1.04, 2.58±1.15, 0.53±0.56, 0.42±0.50 before operation, 1 day, 6 months, 1 year after operation respectively, and there was no statistical significance(P>0.05), and the VAS scores were 0.96±0.58 and 1.18±0.83 at 1 month after operation respectively, with statistical significance(P<0.05). The ODI scores of O-shaped group and H-shaped group were 12.43±3.78, 10.00±2.46, 8.43±1.50 and 12.11±3.68, 9.53±2.35, 8.32±1.51 at 1 day, 6 months and 1 year after surgery respectively, and there was no statistical significance between the two groups(P>0.05). There were no statistical significance in kyphotic angles and anterior height before surgery and 1 week, 1 year after surgery between two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#No matter the distribution of bone cement is O-shape or H-shape, it can achieve good clinical effect, and the prognosis effect is equivalent. Therefore, when performing unilateral puncture PVP surgery, it is not necessary to deliberately increase the puncture angle of the puncture needle in order to achieve the full diffusion of the affected vertebrae, so as to reduce the risk of damaging important structures and bone cement leakage.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphosis , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Spinal Puncture , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with spinal origin abdominal pain as the main symptom.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 37 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures treated from January 2015 to January 2021, all of whom had spin-derived abdominal pain as the main symptom, and were divided into surgery group(21 cases) and conservative group (16 cases) according to different treatment methods. Patients in the surgery group were treated with percutaneous vertebroplasty, including 7 males and 14 females, with an average age of (75.95±6.84) years old and an average course of disease of (5.26±3.79) days. The conservative group received non-surgical treatment, including 5 males and 11 females, with an average age of (75.50±8.07) years old and an average course of disease of (4.28±3.42) days. Two groups of patients with preoperative mainly characterized by abdominal pain, abdominal distension and constipation, have no obvious chest waist back pain symptoms, the thoracolumbar MRI diagnosed as fresh osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, record its postoperative abdominal pain visual analogue scale (VAS), medical outcomes study short form-36 (SF-36) score, defecation interval after treatment, etc.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-seven patients were followed up for (14.90±14.11) months in surgery group and( 21.42±17.53) months in conservative group. Compared with before treatment, the VAS of surgery group at each time period after treatment, VAS of conservative group at 1 month after treatment and SF-36 score between two groups at 3 months after treatment were all improved(P<0.05), while VAS of conservative group at 3 days after treatment showed no statistically significant difference(P>0.05). Compared between two groups, there were no significant differences in VAS and SF-36 scores at 1 day before treatment(P>0.05), but VAS at 3 days after treatment in surgery group, life vitality and social function score at 3 months after treatment, and defecation time after treatment in surgery group were better than those in conservative group(P<0.05). There were no significant differences in other indexes(P>0.05). The incision healing of patients in surgery group was good, and no serious complications occurred in both groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Percutaneous vertebroplasty is an effective method for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with spinal origin abdominal pain as the main symptom. Compared with conservative treatment, percutaneous vertebroplasty has more advantages in early relief of abdominal pain and constipation, recovery of vitality and social function.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Constipation , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty/methods
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of robot-assisted internal fixation in lateral decubitus position for the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) complicated with thoracolumbar fractures.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 26 patients with ankylosing spondylitis complicated with thoracolumbar fractures treated from January 2018 to June 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. According to different surgical methods, these patients were divided into observation group and control group. There were 8 patients in observation group, which were treated with robot-assisted percutaneous screw fixation in lateral decubitus position, including 4 males and 4 females, aged form 55 to 85 years old with an mean of (66.25±9.42) years, the course of disease was (4.00±0.76) days on average, 2 cases were T11 fracture, 2 cases were T12, 3 cases were L1 and 1 case was L2. And there were 18 patients in control group, which were treated with conventional percutaneous screw fixation in prone position, including 6 males and 12 females, aged from 48 to 81 years old with a mean of (61.22±9.53) years, the course of disease was (4.11±0.83) days on average, 2 cases were T10 injury, 3 cases were T11, 4 cases were T12, 7 cases were L1, and 2 cases were L2. The intraoperative blood loss, operation time, position time and postoperative neurological complications were compared between two groups. Postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) at 1d and 3 months, and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) before and 3 months after operation were observed. According to Gertzbein-Robbins standard to evaluate the accuracy of pedicle screw placement.@*RESULTS@#There was no nerve injury due to pedicle screw placement in both groups. The intraoperative blood loss in observation group and control group was (34.13±4.61) ml and (78.17±22.02) ml, operation time was(92.13±9.82) min and (106.22±11.55) min, position time was(10.00±2.14) min and (15.17±2.66) min, the differences was statistically significant(P<0.05);VAS of the two groups were (2.38±0.52) points and (4.56±0.98) points one day after surgery, respectively, with statistically significant differences (P<0.05), while VAS and ODI three months after surgery showed no statistically significant differences (P>0.05). The screw accuracy was 96.88%(62/64) in observation group and 81.48%(88/108) in control group, the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Robot-assisted internal fixation in lateral decubitus position for the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis complicated with thoracolumbar fractures can shorten the position time and operation time, significantly improve the accuracy of internal fixation screw placement, relieve the early postoperative pain, reduce intraoperative blood loss and postoperative complications, and facilitate the fast track rehabilitation of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the biomechanical effects of different bone cement diffusion patterns in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures.@*METHODS@#One volunteer with L1 osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture was selected, male, aged 68 years old, heighed 172 cm, weighted 60 kg, and healthy before. CT scans were used from T@*RESULTS@#After the establishing the finite element model of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture in the thoracolumbar segment, it was found that the deformation of three different bone cement distribution models above was not significantly different. In L@*CONCLUSION@#The bone cement contact with both upper and lower endplates can effectively absorb and transfer the stress level brought by the load, reduce the stress level of cancellous bone, and reduce the possibility of refracture of the operative vertebral body.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Cements , Finite Element Analysis , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Male , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888347

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Taking the classic bilateral puncture vertebroplasty as a reference, to evaluate the clinical efficacy of vertebroplasty of the curved-angle puncture device, analyze the radiation exposure of patients and surgeons during the operation and summarize the protective measures.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 49 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures admitted from March 2018 to September 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different surgical puncture methods, 49 patients were divided into vertebroplasty group (using classic bilateral puncture) and curved vertebroplasty group (using curved angle puncture). Among them, there were 26 cases in vertebroplasty group, including 7 males and 19 females, aged (73.25±6.36) years, 2 cases in thoracic segment, 21 cases in thoracolumbar segment, and 3 cases in lumbar segment. In curved vertebroplasty group, there were 23 cases, including 6 males and 17 females, aged (73.09±6.52) years, 3 cases in thoracic segment, 19 cases in thoracolumbar segment, and 1 case in lumbar segment. The operation time and the amount of injected bone cement in the two groups were recorded. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and modified Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were respectively used to assess the pain degree and lumbar function, the postoperative bone cement leakage or other complications were observed. The radiation doses of the two groups of patients and surgeons were compared.@*RESULTS@#All 49 patients were followed up for 10-22 (14.55±3.83) months. Eleven cases in vertebroplasty group and 9 cases in curved vertebroplasty group occurred bone cement leakage after surgery, and there was no statistically significant difference between two groups. VAS scores of vertebroplasty group were 6.23±0.68 before operation and 1.69±0.47 at 1 day after operation, respectively, modified ODI were (72.59±3.25)% and (33.59±2.85)%. The preoperative and postoperative VAS scores of curved vertebroplasty group were 6.46±0.56 and 1.57±0.49, respectively, modified ODI were (73.21±3.18)% and (33.17±2.37)%. The postoperative pain degree and lumbar function of the two groups were significantly improved, but the difference between the groups was not statistically significant. The operation time of curved vertebroplasty group and vertebroplasty group were (17.27±9.58) min and(23.19±8.56) min, and the amount of injected bone cement were (4.91±1.49) ml and (6.58±1.42) ml. Obviously, curved vertebroplasty group has more advantages in operation time and the amount of injected bone cement. In curved vertebroplasty group, the radiation dose of the operator was (0.53±0.05) mSv and the patient was (10.64±1.65) mSv;in vertebroplasty group, the operator was (0.59±0.08) mSv andthe patient was (13.52±1.81) mSv. The radiation dose of patients in curved vertebroplasty group was significantly lower than that of the vertebroplasty group, but there was no statistically significant difference in the operator between two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Both puncture methods can achieve satisfactory clinical results, but curved angle puncture can optimize the distribution of bone cement and reduce the radiation dose of patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Male , Radiation Exposure , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the methods and efficacy of unilateral extra-pedicle precision puncture percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) or percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP) by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 68 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures treated from August 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 20 males and 48 females, aged 56 to 90(73.5±8.0) years, 40 cases of double segments, 28 cases of three segments, a total of 168 vertebrae. All the patients were performed PVP orPKP through unilateral extra pedicle precision puncture under the guidance of DSA. The vertebrae were distributed in T@*RESULTS@#All the punctures were successful in 68 patients. All the puncture needles reached the midline of vertebral body, and the bone cement was well dispersed in the vertebral body with symmetrical distribution. The operation time was 35 to 60 (41.6±3.2) minutes, and there was no puncture complications. The injection volume of bone cement was 3 to 5 (3.6±0.5) ml in each vertebra. There were 8 cases of bone cement leakage, with a leakage rate of 11.76%. All 68 patients were followed up from 12 to 27 (14.3±3.5) months in the study. VAS score and ODI at 3 days after surgery and at final follow-up time were significantly improved (@*CONCLUSION@#PVP or PKP under the guidance of DSA via a unilateral extrapedicular approach with precision puncture can effectively relieve pain, restore vertebral body height and spinal function, which is a safe, fast and effective method in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures.


Subject(s)
Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888344

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk factors of vertebral refracture after percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for osteoprotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs), and to provide reference for clinical prevention.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 228 OVCFs patients who met the inclusion criteria admitted from November 6, 2013 to December 14, 2018. There were 35 males and 193 females, with a male-to-female ratio of 3∶20, and aged 58 to 91 years with an average of (69.70±7.03) years. All patients were treated with PKP and had complete clinical data. According to whether refracture occurred after operation, they were divided into refracture group (24 cases) and non refracture group (204 cases). Factors that may be related to refracture (including gender, age, surgical segment, number of vertebral bodies in the surgical segment, whether combined with degenerative scoliosis, whether anti-osteoporosis treatment) were included in the univariate analyses, and the single factor analysis of statistically significant risk factors was carried out with multiple Logistic regression analysis to further clarify the independent risk factors for vertebral body refracture after PKP. Survival analysis was performed using the time of vertebral refracture after PKP as the end time of follow up, the occurrence of refracture after PKP as the endpoint event, and the presence or absence of degenerative lateral curvature as a variable factor.@*RESULTS@#All 228 patients were followed up for 1.8 to 63.6 months with an average of (28.8±15.6) months, and the refracture rate was 10.5%(24/228). There were statistically significant differences between two groups in age, number of operative vertebral bodies, whether combinedwith degenerative scoliosis and whether anti osteoporosis treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Combined scoliosis is an independent risk factor for refracture after OVCFs vertebroplasty, and it is also a possible high-risk factor for refracture after surgery.


Subject(s)
Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty/adverse effects , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebral Body
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correction loss after posterior segmental fixation for lumbar spine fractures and explore the related image factors.@*METHODS@#Posterior short-segment fixation was received in 48 patients with L@*RESULTS@#The average follow-up was 12 to 18 (16.13±5.39) months. LKA, AVH and VWA at 1 week postoperative and those at the final follow up, were significantly improved compared with those preoperative (@*CONCLUSION@#The angle of adjacent intervertebral discs and anterior height of injured vertebrae were lost statistically after posterior short-segment pedicle screw treatment for lumbar fractures, and multivariate analysis showed that all of them were correlated with load-sharing score.


Subject(s)
Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888331

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of iliolumbar fixation in the treatment of U-shaped sacral fractures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted on the 14 complex U-shaped sacral fractures which had been treated from January 2014 to December 2019, involved 10 males and 4 females, aged 24 to 48 (35.4±6.5) years. Fracture healing time, nerve function, clinical function and complications were observed in the patients.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 9 to 16(26.0±5.9) months. The complete weight-bearing time for bone healing was(12.4±2.0) weeks. One case of surgical incision infection occurred after operation, and one case of sacrum nailspenetrated to the outer plate of sacrum. No complications such as pressure ulcers, loosening or rupture of internal fixation occurred. According to Gibbons scoring, the neurological function recovered from preoperative 2.9±0.9 to postoperative 2.1±1.1, there were statistically significant differences between preoperative and postoperative (@*CONCLUSION@#Sacral lumbar fixation is an effective method for the treatment of U-shaped sacrum fractures. It has the advantages of strong internal fixation and satisfactory functional recovery.


Subject(s)
Bone Screws , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Sacrum/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879401

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a three-dimensional finite element model of osteoporosis and to study the stiffness recovery of injured vertebrae and stress analysis of adjacent vertebrae after percutaneous vertebroplasty under different perfusion and distribution conditions by simulating fluid flow into the vertebral body.@*METHODS@#A male healthy volunteer was selected. CT scans were performed from T@*RESULTS@#(1) The VonMises stress of T@*CONCLUSION@#Reliable biomechanical model of lumbar vertebral fracture can be established by using CT scanning data through software simulation. Vertebral fracture and vertebroplasty will cause biomechanical changes of adjacent vertebral bodies. With the increase of bone cement injection, the influence of biomechanical changes will increase significantly. Neighbouring vertebral fractures are more likely. For this experiment, percutaneous vertebroplasty has a suitable amount of cement injection of 4 ml.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Cements , Finite Element Analysis , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty in treating Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2018, 37 patients with type Ⅲ Kümmell disease were retrospectively analyzed, including 11 males and 26 females, aged from 61 to 84 years old with an average of (68.6±4.2) years old, and the courses of disease ranged from 2 to 10 months with an average of(6.5±2.3) months. Nine patients were grade C, 20 patients were grade D and 8 patients were grade E according to Frankle grading. All patients were treated by cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty. Operation time, blood loss, postoperative drainage, hospital stay and complicationswere observed after oeprtaion. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), height of anterior vertebral body, Cobb angle before and after operation were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 60 months with an average of (22.4±10.9) months. Operation time was (240.9±77.4) min, blood loss was (315.0±149.2) ml, postoperative drainage was (220.8±72.0) ml, hospital stay was (12.6±4.7) days. One patient occurred incision redness and 1 patient occurred infection after opertaion. No loosening of bone cement occurred. Postopertaive VAS and ODI were lower than that of before opertaion(@*CONCLUSION@#Cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty is a safe and effective method for the tretament of Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Cements , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Infant , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Male , Pedicle Screws , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
14.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e269, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156601

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El mieloma múltiple representa el 1 por ciento de las neoplasias y el 10 por ciento de las hemopatías malignas. La edad media de presentación es 65 años. El dolor óseo en columna vertebral y costillas constituye su manifestación inicial. El tratamiento quirúrgico del mieloma múltiple en la columna consiste en descompresión amplia y artrodesis. La vertebroplastia se considera técnica de elección porque restablece el balance sagital y coronal, contribuye al fortalecimiento del cuerpo vertebral, y disminuye el dolor asociado a fracturas. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de la vertebroplastia sobre la calidad de vida y el balance sagital, en la disminución del dolor. Métodos: Se estudiaron 192 pacientes con mieloma múltiple con fractura en la columna, 80 tratados con vertebroplastia y 112 en forma conservadora. Se utilizó el cuestionario de Oswestry y la escala de Karnosfky. Resultados: La vertebroplastia disminuyó 0,52 veces el uso de analgésicos opioides. Conclusiones: La vertebroplastia representa un mayor beneficio de la calidad de vida de los pacientes aquejados de mieloma múltiple con fractura vertebral; repercute en el mejoramiento del balance sagital, el nivel de discapacidad y la capacidad para realizar tareas cotidianas(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Multiple myeloma accounts for 1 percent of neoplasms and for 10 percent of malignant hematomas. The mean onset age is 65 years. Bone pain in the spine and ribs is its initial manifestation. Surgical treatment for multiple myeloma in the spine consists in wide decompression and arthrodesis. Vertebroplasty is considered the choice technique because it restores sagittal and coronal balance, contributes to the strengthening of the vertebral body, and reduces pain associated with fractures. Objective: To assess the effect of vertebroplasty on quality of life and the effect of sagittal balance in reducing pain. Methods: 192 patients with multiple myeloma and spinal fracture were studied, 80 treated with vertebroplasty and 112 treated conservatively. The Oswestry questionnaire and the Karnofsky scale were used. Results: Vertebroplasty decreased the use of opioid analgesics by 0.52 times. Conclusions: Vertebroplasty represents a greater benefit for the quality of life of patients suffering from multiple myeloma with vertebral fracture. It affects the improvement of sagittal balance, the level of disability, and the ability to perform daily tasks(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Quality of Life , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty/methods , Cancer Pain/surgery , Multiple Myeloma/surgery
15.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(1): e131, ene.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139112

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las fracturas vertebrales por compresión han sido tratadas usando cemento óseo en su interior, con técnicas como la cifoplastia y vertebroplastia. Sin embargo, son conocidos los potenciales efectos adversos, principalmente la fuga del cemento a los tejidos aledaños y, en la mayoría de los casos, la consiguiente afección a la altura vertebral. Es importante lograr una adecuada reducción de la fractura, ya que la esta influye directamente en la calidad de vida de los pacientes. Objetivo: Describir la aplicación, por primera vez, del implante intramedular expandible SpineJack® como método para el tratamiento de fracturas vertebrales por compresión. Presentación del caso: Se presenta una paciente de 65 años que sufrió un traumatismo en su columna lumbar a nivel de L1, con fractura tipo burst, a la que, en junio de 2016, se le realizó un acceso transpedicular percutáneo con guía fluoroscópica con el propósito de insertar el dispositivo SpineJack® en el cuerpo vertebral. Se utilizaron expansores del implante especialmente diseñados para este dispositivo, los cuales abrieron los extremos y desplegaron el componente central de titanio; esto facilitó la inyección de polimetilmetacrilato, el cual finalmente envolvió a los implantes, lo que garantizó la estabilización de la fractura. Resultados: La tomografía de control permitió observar una adecuada reducción del declive central de la vértebra L1 de la paciente y una recuperación de la altura del cuerpo vertebral con valores similares a los reportados por otros investigadores que han trabajado con este método en otros países. Conclusiones: La capacidad anátomo-funcional de la vértebra fracturada, así como la mejoría clínica de la paciente. y su calidad de vida fueron notables. No se observaron complicaciones. El seguimiento del empleo de este dispositivo en otros pacientes en Ecuador, permitirá profundizar en su evaluación(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Vertebral compression fractures have been treated using internal bone cement, using techniques such as kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty. However, the potential adverse effects are known, mainly the leakage of cement to the surrounding tissues and, in most cases, the consequent affection at the vertebral level. Achieving adequate reduction of the fracture is important since it directly influence on the quality of life of patients. Objective: To describe the application, for the first time, of SpineJack® expandable intramedullary implant as a method for treating vertebral compression fractures. Case report: We report a 65-year-old female patient who suffered trauma to her lumbar spine at L1 level, a burst-type fracture, who, in June 2016, underwent percutaneous transpedicular access with fluoroscopic guidance with the purpose of inserting SpineJack® device into her vertebral body. Specially designed implant expanders were used for this device, which opened the ends and deployed the central titanium component. This facilitated the injection of polymethylmethacrylate that eventually enveloped the implants, ensuring stabilization of the fracture. Results: The control tomography allowed to observe adequate reduction of the central decline of the L1 vertebra of this patient and the recovery of the vertebral body height with values similar to those reported by other researchers who have worked with this method in other countries. Conclusions: The anatomy-functional capacity of the fractured vertebra, as well as the clinical improvement of this patient, and her quality of life were remarkable. No complications were observed. Following up the use of this device in other patients in Ecuador will allow to deepen its evaluation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty/methods , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Ecuador
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879376

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study effects of postoperative regular training of core muscle strength guided by the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) on the rehabilitation of elderly patients with osteoporotic lumbar vertebral compression fracture after vertebroplasty (PVP) and kyphoplasty(PKP).@*METHODS@#Ninety-four elderly patients with osteoporotic lumbar compression fractures who underwent PKP or PVP from January 2016 to January 2018 and met inclusion criteria were divided into observation group and control group. All the patients were treated with routine anti osteoporosis therapy after operation. There were 47 patients in the observationgroup, including 18 males and 29 females, with an average age of (62.62±3.21) years old;in the control group, there were 47 cases, including 17 males and 30 females, with an average age of (62.38±2.84) years old. The patients in the control group were trained by traditional way, and the patients in observation group were instructed to conduct regular training of core muscle strength according to ERAS concept. The patients were followed up for 1, 3 and 6 months after operation. Patients' conditions were quantitatively evaluated according to Barthel scale, JOA low back pain score and Oswestry Disability Index, and the differences in treatment effects between two groups were statistically analyzed and compared.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, and the Barthel scale, JOA low back pain score and Oswestry Disability Index score of the observation group were all better than those of the control group on the 1st and the 3rd months after surgery(@*CONCLUSION@#Early regular core strength training has a positive effect on early functional recovery and improvement of life ability after PKP or PVP for elderly patients with osteoporotic lumbar compression fractures, which is in line with the concept of accelerated rehabilitation surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of anterolateral spinal canal decompression combined with short segment screw fixation with posterior approach for severe thoracolumbar burst fractures with spinal cord injury.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to June 2018, 16 patients with severe thoracolumbar burst fractures (more than 50% of ratio of spinal canal encroachment, reverse fragment at the posterior edge of the vertebral body) with spinal cord injury were retrospectively analyzed, including 10 males and 6 females, ranging in age from 19 to 57 years old. Causes of injury:8 cases of fall injury, 6 cases of traffic accident injury and 2 cases of other injuries. Fracture site:T@*RESULTS@#All 16 patients were followed up, and the average follow up time was (15.9±5.4) months. The average operation time was (234±41) minutes and the average amount of bleeding was (431±93) ml. The loss of anterior height of injured vertebrae was (52.25±10.10)% before operation, (8.93± 3.61)% at 3 days after operation, and (9.25±2.88)% at the latest follow up. The results of 3 days after operation and the latest follow up were better than that before operation, and there was no significant differencesbetween results at the latest follow up and 3 days after operation (@*CONCLUSION@#For severe thoracolumbar burst fracture and spinal cord injury, with more than 50% of ratio of spinal canal encroachment and reverse fragment at the posterior edge of the vertebral body, the anterolateral spinal canal decompression combined with short segment screw fixation with posterior approach has the characteristics of accurate reduction, complete decompression and firm fixation, and the clinical effect is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Screws , Decompression , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Canal , Spinal Cord Injuries/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
18.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(4): 217-224, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284943

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: Las técnicas de fijación transpedicular percutánea son una herramienta emergente en el tratamiento del trauma espinal, sin embargo, su uso no es totalmente aceptado. Objetivo: Comparar resultados en pacientes con fractura vertebral traumática que fueron tratados con cirugía de fijación transpedicular percutánea versus fijación transpedicular abierta. Material y métodos: De Enero a Diciembre de 2016, 15 pacientes con fractura vertebral traumática fueron divididos aleatoriamente en dos grupos: el grupo A fue de seis pacientes tratados con fijación transpedicular percutánea y el grupo B fue de seis pacientes tratados con fijación transpedicular con técnica abierta; tres pacientes fueron eliminados. Se evaluó el sangrado transoperatorio, el dolor postoperatorio con la escala visual análoga a las 24 horas y a las dos semanas del postoperatorio; también se evaluó el índice de discapacidad de dolor lumbar Oswestry a seis semanas, además de tres, seis, 12 y 24 meses del postoperatorio. Resultado: El seguimiento fue de 24 meses. Se reportaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el sangrado transoperatorio (p 2.43E-05), EVA al primer día (p < 0.0003), EVA a las dos semanas (p = 0.01); también en el cuestionario de discapacidad de dolor lumbar Oswestry a las seis semanas (p = 0.0007), tres meses (p = 0.005), seis meses (p = 0.005), 12 meses (p = 0.01) y 24 meses (p = 0.004). No se observaron diferencias significativas con respecto al tiempo operatorio (p = 0.12). Discusión: En nuestro trabajo encontramos que el sangrado transoperatorio, dolor postoperatorio y discapacidad funcional son significativamente menores en el grupo de fijación transpedicular percutánea.


Abstract: Introduction: Percutaneous transpedicular fixation techniques are an emerging tool in the treatment of spinal trauma, however, their use is not fully accepted. Objective: Compare results in patients with traumatic vertebral fracture, treated with percutaneous transpedicular fixation surgery versus open transpedicular fixation. Material and methods: From January to December 2016, 15 patients with traumatic vertebral fracture were randomly divided into 2 groups, group A were six treated with percutaneous transpedicular fixation, group B were treated with open technique transpedicular fixation, three patients were eliminated. Transoperative bleeding, postoperative pain with the 24-hour and two-week postoperative visual scale, the six-week Oswestry lumbar pain disability index, and three, six, 12 and 24 months of postoperative control were evaluated. Results: The follow-up was 24 months. Statistically significant differences in transoperative bleeding (p 2.43E-05), EVA on the first day (p < 0.0003), EVA at two weeks (p = 0.01) were reported in the Oswestry lumbar pain disability questionnaire at six weeks (p = 0.0007), three months (p = 0.005), six months (p = 0.005), 12 months (p = 0.01) and 24 months (p = 0.004), no significant differences were observed with respect to operating time (p = 0.12). Discussion: In our work we find that transoperative bleeding, postoperative pain and functional disability are significantly minor in the percutaneous transpedicular fixation group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Treatment Outcome , Lumbar Vertebrae
19.
Clinics ; 74: e346, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011920

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel bone cement-injectable cannulated pedicle screw augmented with polymethylmethacrylate in osteoporotic spinal surgery. METHODS: This study included 128 patients with osteoporosis (BMD T-score −3.2±1.9; range, −5.4 to -2.5) who underwent spinal decompression and instrumentation with a polymethylmethacrylate-augmented bone cement-injectable cannulated pedicle screw. Postoperative Visual Analogue Scale scores and the Oswestry Disability Index were compared with preoperative values. Postoperative plain radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scans were performed immediately after surgery; at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months; and annually thereafter. RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 42.4±13.4 months (range, 23 to 71 months). A total of 418 polymethylmethacrylate-augmented bone cement-injectable cannulated pedicle screws were used. Cement extravasations were detected in 27 bone cement-injectable cannulated pedicle screws (6.46%), mainly in cases of vertebral fracture, without any clinical sequela. The postoperative low back and lower limb Visual Analogue Scale scores were significantly reduced compared with the preoperative scores (<0.01), and similar results were noted for the Oswestry Disability Index score (p<0.01). No significant screw migration was noted at the final follow-up relative to immediately after surgery (p<0.01). All cases achieved successful bone fusion, and no case required revision. No infection or blood clots occurred after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The polymethylmethacrylate-augmented bone cement-injectable cannulated pedicle screw is safe and effective for use in osteoporotic patients who require spinal instrumentation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Polymethyl Methacrylate/therapeutic use , Cementoplasty/methods , Pedicle Screws/adverse effects , Osteoporosis/diagnostic imaging , Spinal Fusion/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Follow-Up Studies , Spinal Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging
20.
Coluna/Columna ; 17(2): 124-128, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952924

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare these procedures in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. Methods: Patients who underwent vertebral augmentation procedures between March 2010 and October 2016 were selected for the study. Kyphosis, anterior vertebral height, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), number of portals, cement volume, and complications were recorded. The results were analyzed by difference of the means. Results: Sixty-eight patients were selected, accounting for 105 procedures. A statistically significant improvement was observed in VAS and ODI with both procedures (p<0.001) without statistically significant difference between them, regardless of the number of portals or cement applied. There was a high correlation between kyphosis correction and ODI improvement (p =0.012). Conclusions: Both vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are effective procedures for the treatment of vertebral compression fractures. We found no significant difference between both procedures. The high correlation between improvement of kyphosis and ODI suggests that these procedures are better than conservative treatment to improve the quality of life of patients, however more studies are required to reach a final conclusion. Level of Evidence III; Retrospective comparative study.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar esses procedimentos no tratamento de fraturas de compressão secundárias à osteoporose. Métodos: Foram selecionados os pacientes que foram submetidos a procedimentos de reforço vertebral no período de março de 2010 a outubro de 2016. Foram registrados angulações, cunhões, índice de incapacidade de Oswestry (ODI), escala visual analógica (VAS), número de portais. volume de cimento e complicações. Os resultados foram analisados por diferenças médias. Resultados: 68 pacientes foram selecionados com 105 procedimentos. Observou-se uma melhoria estatisticamente significativa no EVA e ODI em ambos os procedimentos (p <0,001), sem diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre eles, independentemente da quantidade de portais ou cimento aplicado. Uma correlação alta foi encontrada entre a correção da angulação cifótica e a melhora do ODI (p = 0,012). Conclusões: Tanto a vertebroplastia quanto a cifoplastia são procedimentos efetivos para o tratamento de fraturas de compressão. Não encontramos diferenças significativas entre os dois procedimentos. A alta correlação entre a melhora da cifose e o ODI sugere que esses procedimentos são superiores ao tratamento conservador para melhorar a qualidade de vida do paciente, porém são necessários mais estudos para chegar a uma conclusão final. Nível de Evidência III; Estudo retrospectivo comparativo.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Comparar estos procedimientos en el tratamiento de fracturas por compresión secundarias a osteoporosis. Métodos: Se seleccionaron pacientes a quienes se realizaron procedimientos de refuerzo vertebral en el periodo de Marzo de 2010 a Octubre de 2016. Se registró la angulación, acuñamiento, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Escala Visual Análoga (EVA), cantidad de portales, volumen de cemento y complicaciones. Se analizaron los resultados por diferencia de las medias. Resultados: Se seleccionaron 68 pacientes con 105 procedimientos. Se observó una mejoría estadísticamente significativa en el EVA y ODI en ambos procedimientos (p < 0,001), sin diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre estos, independientemente de la cantidad de portales o cemento aplicado. Se encontró una alta correlación entre la corrección de la angulación cifótica y la mejoría del ODI (p = 0,012). Conclusiones: Tanto la vertebroplastia como la cifoplastia son procedimientos eficaces para el tratamiento de las fracturas por compresión. No encontramos diferencias significativas entre ambos procedimientos. La alta correlación entre la mejoría de la cifosis y el ODI sugiere que estos procedimientos son superiores al tratamiento conservador para mejorar la calidad de vida del paciente, sin embargo se requieren más estudios para llegar a una conclusión final. Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudio retrospectivo comparativo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Osteoporosis , Vertebroplasty , Kyphoplasty
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