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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 61-68, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365744

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The approachability of the cervicothoracic region anteriorly based on age and gender, and the possibility of anatomic variances in different geographic populations have not been previously investigated. The aim of the present work was to perform a radiographic analysis of Brazilian patients to assess anterior approachability of the cervicothoracic junction based on age and gender. Methods Retrospective radiographic analysis of 300 computed tomography scans. Patients were separated based on age and gender. The radiographic parameters studied were: horizontal level above the sternum (HLS), vertebral body angle (VBA), intervertebral disc line (IDL), and intervertebral disc line angulation (IDLA). Results The most frequent HLS and IDL were T2 (34.3%) and C7-T1 (46%) respectively. Vertebral body angleand IDLA had average values of 18 ± 8.94 and 19 ± 7.9 degrees, respectively. Males had higher values in both IDLA (p= 0.003) and VBA (p= 0.02). Older groups had higher values in both IDLA (p= 0.01) and VBA (p= 0.001). No differences were observed in HLS between gender (p= 0.3) or age groups (p= 0.79). No differences were seen in IDL between gender groups (p= 0.3); however, the older group had a more caudal level than the younger groups (p= 0.12). ConclusionsCompared to other populations, our sample had a more cephalad IDL and HLS. Vertebral body angle and IDLA were higher in males and higher angles for VBA and IDLA were shown for older groups. Intervertebral disc line was more caudal with aging.


Resumo Objetivo A capacidade de acesso anterior à região cervicotorácica com base na idade e gênero do paciente e a possibilidade de variações anatômicas em diferentes populações geográficas ainda não foram investigadas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma análise radiográfica de pacientes brasileiros para avaliar a acessibilidade anterior da junção cervicotorácica conforme idade e gênero. Métodos Análise radiográfica retrospectiva de 300 tomografias computadorizadas. Os pacientes foram separados por idade e gênero. Os parâmetros radiográficos estudados foram: nível horizontal acima do esterno (HLS, na sigla em inglês), angulação do corpo vertebral (VBA, na sigla em inglês), linha do disco intervertebral (IDL, na sigla em inglês) e angulação da linha do disco intervertebral (IDLA, na sigla em inglês). Resultados Os HLS e IDL mais frequentes foram T2 (34,3%) e C7-T1 (46%), respectivamente. Os valores médios de VBA e IDLA foram de 18 ± 8,94 e 19 ± 7,9 graus, respectivamente. Os homens apresentaram valores maiores de IDLA (p= 0,003) e VBA (p= 0,02). Os grupos de maior idade apresentaram valores maiores de IDLA (p= 0,01) e VBA (p= 0,001). Não houve diferenças de HLS entre os gêneros masculino e feminino (p= 0,3) ou faixas etárias (p= 0,79). Não foram observadas diferenças na IDL entre os gêneros masculino e feminino (p= 0,3); entretanto, o grupo mais velho apresentou nível mais caudal do que os grupos mais jovens (p= 0,12). ConclusõesEm comparação a outras populações, nossa amostra apresentou IDL e HLS mais cefálicos. AVBA e a IDLA foram maiores no gênero masculino, enquanto VBA e IDLA foram maiores em grupos mais velhos. A IDL era mais caudal em pacientes idosos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Spinal Diseases , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Gender Identity , Intervertebral Disc
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 766-771, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357129

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare pain, function, quality of life and adverse events of lumbar decompression and spinal fusion in patients with degenerative spinal pathologies who participated in a second opinion program for spinal surgeries with a 36-month followup. Methods The data for this retrospective cohort were withdrawn from a private healthcare system between June 2011 and January 2014. The study sample consisted of 71 patients with a lumbar spine surgical referral. The outcomes for the comparisons between lumbar decompression and spinal fusion were quality of life (evaluated through the EuroQoL 5D), pain (measured by the Numerical Rating Scale) and function (assessed through the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire) measured at baseline, and at 12 and 36 months after the surgical procedures. The definitions of recovery were established by the minimal clinically important difference (MCID). The baseline differences between the groups were analyzed by non-paired t-test, and the differences in instrument scores between time points, by generalized mixed models. The results were presented as mean values adjusted by the models and 95% confidence intervals. Results Concerning the surgical techniques, 22 patients were submitted to spinal fusion and 49 patients, to lumbar decompression. As for the comparisons of the findings before and after the surgical interventions, the MCID was achieved in all outcomes regarding quality of life, pain and function at both time points when compared to baseline scores Moreover, concerning the complication rates, only lumbar decompression presented a surgical rate of 4% (n = 3) for recurrence of lumbar disc hernia. Conclusion Patients with degenerative spinal pathologies present improvements in long-term outcomes of pain, function and quality of life which are clinically significant, no matter the surgical intervention.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar a dor, a função, a qualidade de vida e os eventos adversos da descompressão lombar e da fusão espinhal em pacientes com patologias degenerativas da coluna vertebral que participaram de um programa de segunda opinião para cirurgias de coluna com acompanhamento de 36 meses. Métodos Os dados desta coorte retrospectiva foram obtidos de um sistema de saúde privado entre junho de 2011 e janeiro de 2014. A amostra do estudo foi composta por 71 pacientes encaminhados para cirurgia de coluna lombar. Os desfechos para comparações entre a descompressão lombar e a fusão espinhal foram qualidade de vida (avaliada pelo questionário EuroQoL 5D), dor (medida pela Escala Numérica de Classificação de Dor) e função (avaliada pelo Questionário de Incapacidade de Roland Morris) no início do estudo e aos 12 e 36 meses de acompanhamento pós-cirúrgico. As definições de recuperação foram estabelecidas pela diferença mínima clinicamente importante (DMCI). As diferenças basais entre os grupos foram analisadas por teste t não pareado, e as diferenças nas pontuações dos instrumentos entre os momentos, por modelos mistos generalizados. Os resultados foram apresentados como valores médios ajustados pelos modelos e intervalos de confiança de 95%. Resultados No total, 22 pacientes foram submetidos à artrodese, e 49 pacientes, à descompressão lombar. Quanto às comparações de achados antes e depois das intervenções cirúrgicas, a DMCI foi alcançada em todos os desfechos de qualidade de vida, dor e função nos dois pontos de acompanhamento em relação aos escores basais Em relação às complicações, apenas a descompressão lombar apresentou 4% (n = 3) de taxa cirúrgica de recidiva da hérnia de disco lombar. Conclusão Pacientes com patologias espinhais degenerativas apresentam melhoras nos desfechos de dor, função e qualidade de vida em longo prazo que são clinicamente significativas e independentes da intervenção cirúrgica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Arthrodesis , Quality of Life , Spinal Fusion , Spine , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Retrospective Studies , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Back Pain , Decompression , Delivery of Health Care
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(5): 742-748, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351045

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad degenerativa del raquis es la causa más frecuente de lumbalgia y ciática en la población general provocando ausentismo, lo que incrementa el gasto en salud de los distintos subsistemas, así como el gasto del empleador quien deberá suplantar al trabajador. Su incidencia aumenta en personas sometidas a tareas de sobrecarga del raquis, como el caso de obreros de la construcción. La artrodesis instrumentada es una práctica frecuente y con resultados satisfactorios para su resolución. No hemos encon trado publicaciones con datos estadísticos locales sobre este tema. El objetivo fue evaluar el impacto laboral que genera la artrodesis lumbosacra instrumentada en trabajadores de la construcción. Realizamos un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, comparativo y monocéntrico, entre enero de 2005 y agosto de 2018, de trabajadores de la construcción con artrodesis del segmento lumbosacro por lumbalgia de origen degenerativo con evaluación y seguimiento clínico e imagenológico por un periodo de 18 a 24 meses, utilizando el Índice de Discapacidad de Oswestry (IDO) y la Escala Visual Analógica del Dolor (EVA). Se analizó la muestra en grupos según las funciones al momento del retorno laboral, jubilación o despido. Se evaluaron 139 pacientes (mediana 42 años). El 66.9% de la muestra no tuvo complicaciones postoperatorias y retomó la misma actividad prequirúrgica. Los puntajes de IDO y EVA postquirúrgicos fueron peores en los pacientes despedidos, jubilados y/o recalificados. Los menores de 42 años, sin complicaciones postoperatorias que mejoran más de 1 categoría del Oswestry retomaron sus tareas habituales con resultados satisfactorios a mediano y largo plazo.


Abstract Degenerative spinal disease is the leading cause of low back pain and sciatica in the general population. It is an important cause of absenteeism and increased expenses. Its incidence increases in people subjected to tasks that overload the spine, such as construction workers. Instrumented arthrodesis is a frequent practice with satisfactory results for its resolution. To date, in our country, we haven´t found statistical data on this group of work-related patients. Our objective was to evaluate laboral impact generated by instrumented lumbosacral arthrodesis in construction workers. We did a retrospective, descriptive, comparative and monocentric study. Construction workers' patients with degenerative low back pain and instrumented lumbar or lumbosacral arthrodesis who were operated between January 2005 to August 2018 were included. Clinical and imaging evaluation and follow-up for a period of 18 to 24 months. Assessed with the Oswestry Disability Index (IDO) and the Visual Analog Pain Scale (VAS). The sample was analyzed in groups according to the functions at the time of returning to work, retirement or dismissal. We evaluated 139 patients. Mean age 42 years, degenerative spinal disease of the lumbosacral segment, 66.9% of the sample without postoperative complications resumed the same pre-surgical activity. Post-surgical IDO and VAS scores were worse in patients discharged, retired, and/or requalified. Patients under 42 years of age, without postoperative complications who improved more than 1 Oswestry category, returned to their usual tasks with satisfactory results in the medium and long term.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Spinal Fusion , Return to Work , Retrospective Studies , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging
4.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(3): 156-160, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339745

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Evaluate and compare the mechanical resistance and the fatigue behavior associated with the use of three different modalities of vertebral fixation system rod connectors through in vitro pre-clinical mechanical tests developed specifically for this application (linear, lateral with square connector and lateral with oblique connector). Methods Cobalt chromium rods 5.5 mm in diameter were used and coupled with three types of connectors: a) side rod with oblique connector, b) side rod with square connector, and c) rod and linear connectors. Quasi-static mechanical four-point bending and fatigue tests were performed. The variables measured were (I) the bending moment at the yield limit, (II) the displacement at the yield limit, (III) the rigidity of the system in flexion and (IV) the number of cycles until system failure. Results The linear system presented the greatest force and the greatest moment at the yield limit, as well as the greatest stiffness equivalent to bending. All specimens with square and oblique connectors endured 2.5 million cycles in the minimum and maximum conditions of applied moment. The specimens with linear connector endured 2.5 million cycles with fractions of 40.14% of the bending moment at the yield limit, but failed with levels of 60.17% and 80.27%. Conclusions Systems with linear connectors showed greater mechanical resistance when compared to systems with square and oblique connectors. All systems supported cyclic loads that mimic in vivo demands. Level of evidence V; In vitro research.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar e comparar a resistência mecânica e o comportamento em fadiga associados ao uso de três modalidades distintas de conectores de hastes do sistema de fixação vertebral por meio de ensaios mecânicos pré-clínicos in vitro desenvolvidos especificamente para essa aplicação (linear, lateral com conector quadrado e lateral com conector oblíquo). Métodos Foram usadas hastes de Cromo-cobalto de 5,5 mm de diâmetro acopladas a três modalidades de conectores: a) haste lateral com conector oblíquo, b) haste lateral com conector quadrado e c) haste e conector lineares. Foram realizados ensaios mecânicos quase-estáticos e de fadiga sob flexão em quatro pontos. As variáveis medidas foram (I) o momento fletor no limite de escoamento, (II) o deslocamento no limite de escoamento e (III) a rigidez do sistema em flexão e (IV) número de ciclos até a falha do sistema. Resultados O sistema linear apresentou a maior força e o maior momento no limite de escoamento, bem como maior rigidez equivalente à flexão. Todos os corpos de prova com conectores quadrados e oblíquos suportaram 2,5 milhões de ciclos nas condições mínimas e máximas de momento aplicado. Os corpos de prova com conector linear suportaram 2,5 milhões de ciclos com frações de 40,14% do momento fletor no limite do escoamento, porém falharam com níveis de 60,17% e 80,27%. Conclusões Os sistemas com conectores lineares apresentaram maior resistência mecânica quando comparados aos sistemas com conectores quadrados e oblíquos. Todos os sistemas suportaram carregamentos cíclicos que mimetizam as solicitações in vivo. Nível de evidencia V; Pesquisa in vitro.


RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar y comparar la resistencia mecánica y el comportamiento de fatiga asociado al uso de tres modalidades distintas de conectores de varilla del sistema de fijación vertebral a través de ensayos mecánicos preclínicos in vitro desarrollados específicamente para esta aplicación (lineal, lateral con conector cuadrado y lateral con conector oblicuo). Métodos Se utilizaron varillas de cromo-cobalto de 5,5 mm de diámetro acopladas a tres tipos de conectores: a) varilla lateral con conector oblicuo, b) varilla lateral con conector cuadrado y c) varilla y conector lineales. Se realizaron ensayos mecánicos y de fatiga cuasi-estáticos y ensayos por flexión de cuatro puntos. Las variables medidas fueron (I) el momento flector en el límite elástico, (II) el desplazamiento en el límite elástico y (III) la rigidez del sistema en flexión y (IV) el número de ciclos hasta la falla del sistema. Resultados El sistema lineal presentó la mayor fuerza y el mayor momento en el límite elástico, así como la mayor rigidez equivalente a la flexión. Todas las probetas con conectores cuadrados y oblicuos soportaron 2,5 millones de ciclos en las condiciones mínimas y máximas de momento aplicado. Las probetas con conector lineal soportaron 2,5 millones de ciclos con fracciones del 40,14% del momento flector en el límite elástico, pero fallaron con niveles de 60,17% y 80,27%. Conclusiones Los sistemas con conectores lineales mostraron mayor resistencia mecánica en comparación con los sistemas con conectores cuadrados y oblicuos. Todos los sistemas admitían cargas cíclicas que imitan las solicitudes in vivo. Nivel de Evidencia V; Investigación in vitro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Fusion , Implants, Experimental , Arthrodesis , Essay
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 446-452, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341168

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate and correlate the pelvic parameters, the sagittal balance (SB), and the functional outcome of the patients submitted to surgical treatment for Scheuermann hyperkyphosis (SK). Methods Patients submitted to surgery between January 2005 and December 2016 were included. The following radiographic measurements were obtained: thoracic kyphosis (TK); lumbar lordosis (LL); SB; pelvic incidence (PI); pelvic tilt (PT); and sacral slope (SS). Complications during the follow-up period were recorded. Results A total of 19 patients were included (16 males): the mean preoperative kyphosis was of 83°, and the postoperative kyphosis was of 57°. The mean preoperative lumbar lordosis was of 66°, with a postoperative spontaneous correction of 47°. Regarding the preoperative pelvic parameters, the average PI, PT and SS were of 48°,10° and 39° respectively. In the postoperative period, these values were of 50°, 16° and 35° respectively. The preoperative SB was neutral, and it was maintained after the surgical correction. Concerning complications during the follow-up period, three junctional kyphosis were observed-two requiring revision surgery, one nonunion, and one dehiscence of the surgical wound. Regarding the functional results, the average score on the Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) patient questionnaire was of 4.04, and we verified that the SB obtained in the postoperative period had no influence on the functional outcome (p = 0.125) nor on the postoperative LL (p = 0.851). Conclusion We verified a spontaneous improvement in the lumbar hyperlordosis at levels not included in the fusion after correction of the TK. Although the postoperative functional results were globally high, we did not find any statistically significant relationship with TK nor LLs. high PI is associated with a greater rate of complications regarding the proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK), and these pelvic parameters should be considered at the time of the SK surgical treatment.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar e correlacionar os parâmetros pélvicos, o equilíbrio sagital (SB), e o resultado funcional dos pacientes submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico da hipercifose de Scheuermann (SK). Métodos Foram incluídos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia entre janeiro de 2005 e dezembro de 2016. Foram obtidas as seguintes medidas radiográficas: cifose torácica (TK); lordose lombar (LL); SB; incidência pélvica (PI); inclinação pélvica (PT); e inclinação sacral (SS). Complicações foram registradas durante o período de seguimento. Resultados Foram incluídos 19 pacientes (16 homens): a cifose pré-operatória média foi de 83°, e, após a cirurgia, de 57°. A LL média pré-operatória foi de 66°, com uma correção espontânea pós-operatória de 47°. Quanto aos parâmetros pélvicos préoperatórios, as médias de PI, PT e SS foram de 48°, 10° e 39°, respectivamente. No pósoperatório, esses valores foram de 50°, 16° e 35°, respectivamente. O SB pré-operatório foi neutro e mantido após correção cirúrgica. Quanto às complicações durante o período de seguimento, foram observadas três cifoses juncionais - duas necessitando de cirurgia de revisão, uma má consolidação, e uma deiscência de sutura. Em relação aos resultados funcionais, a pontuação média no questionário de 22 itens da Scoliosis Research Society (SRS-22) foi de 4,04, e verificou-se que o SB no pós-operatório não teve influência no desfecho funcional (p = 0,125), nem na LL pós-operatória (p = 0,851). Conclusão Verificamos uma melhora espontânea da hiperlordose lombar em níveis não incluídos na fusão após a correção da TK. Embora os resultados funcionais pósoperatórios tenham sido globalmente elevados, não encontramos nenhuma relação estatisticamente significativa com a TK nem com a LL. A PI elevada está associada a maior complicação da cifose juncional proximal (PJK), e esses parâmetros pélvicos devem ser considerados no momento do tratamento cirúrgico da cifose de Scheuermann.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scheuermann Disease , Spinal Fusion , Spine , Thoracic Vertebrae , Kyphosis
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 523-527, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341167

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vascular compression of the third part of the duodenum by the superior mesenteric artery results in an unusual occlusion of the duodenal transit known as superior mesenteric artery syndrome. This syndrome can occur after surgeries to correct spinal deformities in a rate ranging from 0.5% to 4.7%. It results from a positional alteration of the artery emergency point due to a change in trunk length after surgery. It is associated with risk factors such as low body mass index and weight loss. Patients usually present with intestinal occlusion, abdominal pain, nausea, bilious vomiting, and early satiety. Superior mesenteric artery syndrome must be recognized early to institute an adequate treatment, which can be clinical (with gastric tube for decompression and nutritional support) or require a surgical procedure. Secondary complications related to superior mesenteric artery syndrome include delayed surgical and nutritional recovery, healing problems, and prolonged hospitalization. The present study aims to report a case of superior mesenteric artery syndrome in a patient with neuromuscular scoliosis secondary to a transverse myelitis who underwent surgical treatment for spinal deformity correction.


Resumo A compressão vascular da terceira parte do duodeno pela artéria mesentérica superior resulta no desenvolvimento de uma condição incomum de oclusão do trânsito duodenal conhecida como síndrome da artéria mesentérica superior. Este fenômeno pode acontecer após cirurgias de correção de deformidades da coluna, e sua taxa de ocorrência é de 0,5 a 4,7% dos casos. Isso ocorre em virtude da alteração do posicionamento do ponto de emergência da artéria, decorrente da mudança do comprimento do tronco após a cirurgia, e está associado a fatores de risco, como baixo índice de massa corpórea e perda ponderal. Os pacientes costumam se apresentar com um quadro de oclusão intestinal, com dor abdominal, náusea, vômito bilioso e saciedade precoce. O reconhecimento desta condição é importante para instituir o tratamento adequado, que varia do tratamento clínico, com sondagem e descompressão gástrica associados a suporte nutricional; à necessidade de abordagem cirúrgica. Complicações secundárias relacionadas à síndrome da artéria mesentérica superior incluem: recuperação cirúrgica e nutricional retardadas, problemas com a cicatrização e hospitalização prolongada. O objetivo do presente estudo é relatar um caso de síndrome da artéria mesentérica superior, ocorrido em um paciente com escoliose neuromuscular secundária a sequela de mielite transversa, submetido ao tratamento cirúrgico da deformidade da coluna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome/complications , Intestinal Obstruction
7.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(1): 38-41, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154021

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify the cost effectiveness of vancomycin powder in the prophylaxis of posterior lumbar spine instrumentation, seeking potential savings. Methods: A retrospective, observational study was performed to evaluate the cost effectiveness. Data were retrieved from patients' files from March 2016 to April 2017; costs were considered for the procedures, as well as which antibiotic was used. Results: A total of 184 patients were included. Of these, 102 received prophylactic treatment with 1g of cephalothin and 82 received 1g of cephalothin and 1g of vancomycin powder, which was applied to the wound prior to tissue closure. Of the 184 patients, 110 were women (59%) and 74 were men (41%), and the mean age was 55 years (24-77). The participants had a median BMI of 28.9 kg/m2 (19-39). The average cost per hospitalized patient was $3974 USD and the average cost of rehospitalization due to infection was, on average, $7700 USD. The use of vancomycin powder led to cost savings of $75,008.79 USD per 100 posterior spinal fusions performed for degenerative spine. Conclusion: The use of vancomycin powder is a cost-effective option for prophylaxis of surgical site infection in spine fusion. Level of evidence III; Economic and decision analysis.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar a relação de custo-eficácia da vancomicina em pó como profilaxia da instrumentação posterior da coluna lombar, buscando possíveis economias. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo e observacional para avaliar a relação custo-eficácia. Os dados foram recuperados dos arquivos dos pacientes de março de 2016 a abril de 2017; foram considerados os custos dos procedimentos, bem como o antibiótico usado. Resultados: Um total de 184 pacientes foi incluído, dos quais 102 receberam tratamento profilático com 1 g de cefalotina e 82 receberam 1 g de cefalotina e 1 g de vancomicina em pó, que foi aplicada na ferida antes do fechamento do tecido. Dos 184 pacientes, 110 eram mulheres (59%) e 74 eram homens (41%), e a média de idade foi de 55 anos (24-77). Os pacientes tinham IMC médio de 28,9 kg m2 (19-39).O custo médio por paciente hospitalizado foi US$ 3.974 e o custo médio de reinternação por infecção foi, em média, US$ 7.700. O uso de vancomicina em pó levou a uma redução de custos de US$ 75.008,79 referentes a 100 fusões que seriam realizadas nos casos de degeneração da coluna. Conclusões: O uso de vancomicina em pó é uma opção de baixo custo para a profilaxia da infecção do sítio cirúrgico na artrodese de coluna. Nível de evidência III; Análise econômica e de decisão.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Identificar la relación de costo-eficacia de la vancomicina en polvo como profilaxis de la instrumentación posterior de la columna lumbar, buscando posibles economías. Métodos: Fue realizado un estudio retrospectivo y observacional para evaluar la relación costo-eficacia. Los datos fueron recuperados de los archivos de los pacientes de marzo de 2016 a abril de 2017; fueron considerados los costos de los procedimientos, bien como el antibiótico usado. Resultados: Fue incluido un total de 184 pacientes, de los cuales 102 recibieron tratamiento profiláctico y 1 g de cefalotina y 82 recibieron 1 g de cefalotina y 1 g de vancomicina en polvo, que fue aplicada en la herida antes del cierre del tejido. De los 184 pacientes, 110 eran mujeres (59%) y 74 eran hombres (41%), y el promedio de edad fue de 55 años (24-77). Los pacientes tenían IMC promedio de 28,9 kg/m2 (19-39). El costo promedio por paciente hospitalizado fue de USD 3.974 y el costo promedio de reinternación por infección fue, en promedio, de USD 7700. El uso de vancomicina en polvo llevó a una reducción de costos de USD 75.008,79 referentes a 100 fusiones que serían realizadas en los casos de degeneración de la columna. Conclusiones: El uso de vancomicina en polvo es una opción de bajo costo para la profilaxis de la infección del sitio quirúrgico en la artrodesis de columna. Nivel de evidencia III; Análisis económico y de decisión.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Fusion , Vancomycin , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Antibiotic Prophylaxis
8.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 463-474, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353947

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades degenerativas de la cadera y la columna vertebral son causas comunes de discapacidad y dolor y los síntomas suelen superponerse. Cuando algún parámetro se altera, otro debe modificarse para evitar el choque femoroacetabular y una posible luxación. Se piensa que la fijación lumbar afectaría la adaptación de la unidad espino-pélvica en las diferentes posturas. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el comportamiento espino-pélvico en pacientes con artroplastia total de cadera y artrodesis lumbar. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio no aleatorizado, retrospectivo, de casos y controles en pacientes con artroplastia total de cadera evaluados con radiografía lumbopélvica de frente y de perfil en posición erecta y en sedestación, divididos en dos grupos: con artrodesis lumbar o sin ella. Se midieron parámetros espino-pélvicos y femoroacetabulares. Resultados: La muestra tenía 50 pacientes: 25 en cada grupo. Quince tenían artroplastia total de cadera bilateral y el nivel de fijación lumbar más frecuente era L5-S1. No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa en la edad y el sexo entre ambos grupos. Los pacientes con artrodesis lumbar necesitaron más flexión de cadera para sentarse, sin un aumento significativo asociado en la tasa de luxación. Conclusiones: La composición ideal de los componentes aún es difícil de alcanzar. La reconsideración de las "zonas seguras" de los componentes ha comenzado a alejarse de los valores del plano coronal de Lewinnek. Se ha propuesto un nuevo enfoque en las zonas seguras del plano sagital más apropiadas y precisas en pacientes seleccionados con enfermedad espino-pélvica grave. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: Degenerative diseases of the hip and spine are common causes of disability and pain, and the symptoms usually overlap. When a parameter is altered, another one should be modified to avoid femoroacetabular impingement and a potential dislocation. It is believed that lumbar fixation would affect the adaptation of the spinopelvic unit in different postures. This article aims to analyze the spinopelvic behavior in patients with Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) and lumbar arthrodesis. Materials and Methods: A non-randomized retrospective study of cases and controls was carried out in patients with THA, who were assessed using anterior and lateral X-ray views in functional sitting and standing postures, divided into two groups depending on the presence or absence of lumbar arthrodesis. Spinopelvic parameters as well as femoroacetabular parameters were measured. Results: A sample of 50 patients was selected, 25 in each group. In total, 15 patients had bilateral THA, and the most common level of lumbar fixation was L5-S1. There was no statistically significant difference in gender and age between both groups. Lumbar arthrodesis patients required more hip flexion to sit, without being associated with a significant increase in the rate of dislocation. Conclusion: The ideal composition of the components is still difficult to achieve. The review of the "safe zones" of the components has started to depart from the values of the body plane proposed by Lewinnek. A new approach has been proposed to the safe zones of the sagittal plane, which are more appropriate and accurate in selected patients with severe spinopelvic pathology. Level of Evidence: IIII


Subject(s)
Aged , Pelvis , Spinal Fusion , Range of Motion, Articular , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Joint Dislocations
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888354

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The finite element analysis method was used to compare the biomechanical performance of the individualized interbody fusion cage, the clinically common double bullet type fusion cage and the healthy lumbar spine model under different working conditions.@*METHODS@#According to the CT scan data of the lumbar spine of a real healthy human body, a finite element model of the lumbar spine of a healthy human body was designed using finite element software as a normal control group. On this basis, the individualized lumbar fusion cage model and the clinical standard bullet type fusion cage lumbar spine model were further established. These three finite element models were applied with different loads such as vertical compression, forward flexion, extension, and lateral bending to observethe changes in the stress distribution and stress magnitude of each component of the lumbar spine.@*RESULTS@#The maximum stress values of the vertebral body and the fusion cage under the extension condition in the clinical standard bullet type fusion cage lumbar spine model were 45.81 MPa and 97.07 MPa, respectively. The stress of the vertebral body and the fusion cage in the individualized lumbar fusion cage model was closer to the stress of the vertebral body and the intervertebral disc in the healthy lumbar spine model. From the perspective of displacement, the displacement of each component of the lumbar spine models of the two fusion cages was smaller than that of the healthy lumbar spine model, indicated that the internal fixation of the fusion cage limited the range of motion of the vertebral body. On the other hand, it also confirmed the validity of the finite element model established in the study. The displacement of the fusion cage and the vertebral body in the individualized model under different working conditions was generally smaller thanthat of the standard model fusion cage and the vertebral body.@*CONCLUSION@#The fusion cage can replace the diseased intervertebral disc to a certain extent, so as to reduce the patient's pain and restore the lumbar function. The personalized design of the fusion cage can better meet the needs of individual patients, which has the great significance to the recovery of the patient's lumbar spine function, the service life of the fusion cage and the protection of the contact vertebral body, and provides certain guidance for actual clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Equipment Design , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Range of Motion, Articular , Spinal Fusion
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the changes of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and nerve function in patients with spinal tuberculosis before and after surgery, explore the timing of surgical intervention, and evaluate its influence on surgical safety.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on 387 patients with spinal tuberculosis who received surgical treatment from March 2012 to March 2017, including 278 males and 109 females, aged 12 to 86 years old with an average of (49.9±19.1) years. There were 64 cases of cervical tuberculosis, 86 cases of thoracic tuberculosis, 76 cases of thoracolumbar tuberculosis and 161 cases of lumbar tuberculosis. There were 297 patients with single segmental involvementand 90 patients with multiple segmental involvement. Among them, 62 cases presented neurological damage, and preoperative spinal cord neurological function depended on ASIA grade, 5 cases of grade A, 8 cases of grade B, 39 cases of grade C, and 10 cases of grade D. According to the duration of preoperative antituberculosis treatment, the patients were divided into group A (256 cases, receiving conventional quadruple antituberculosis treatment for 2-4 weeks before surgery) and group B (131 cases, receiving conventional quadruple antituberculosis treatment for more than 4 weeks before surgery). The two groups were compared in terms of gender, age, preoperative complicated pulmonary tuberculosis, lesion site, lesion scope, surgical approach, drug resistance and other general clinical characteristics. ESR, CRP, visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Frankel grade and postoperative complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#All 387 patients were followed up for 12 to 36 (18.3±4.5) months. There were no significant differences in gender, age, preoperative pulmonary tuberculosis, lesion site, lesion range, surgical approach, preoperative drug resistance and other characteristics between two groups. A total of 32 patients in two groups did not heal after surgery, with an incidence rate of 8.27%. The VAS and spinal cord dysfunction index of the two groups were significantly improved after surgery (@*CONCLUSION@#After 2-4 weeks of anti tuberculosis treatment before operation, patients with spinal tuberculosis could be operated upon with ESR and CRP in a descending or stable period. In principle, patients with spinal tuberculosis and paraplegia should be treated as soon as possible after active preoperative management of the complication without emergency surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Sedimentation , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery , Young Adult
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the change of cervical curvature and range of motion (ROM) on imaging at 6 months after Hybrid surgery.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 patients with cervical degenerative disease who underwent Hybrid surgery from January 2017 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Also, they all met the inclusion criteria and had complete preoperative and 6 months postoperative imaging data. There were 11 males and 18 females, aged from 34 to 76 (55.86±10.69) years, and the operation time was from 2 to 4(3.03±0.51) hours. The Cobb angle method was used to measure the changes of cervical curvature and ROM of C@*RESULTS@#There was no statistically significant difference in C@*CONCLUSION@#Hybrid surgery reconstructs the lordotic curvature of the entire cervical spine and the responsible segment, retains the ROM of the cervical replacement segment, and restores the biomechanical function of cervical spine.


Subject(s)
Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Female , Humans , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the changes of anterior soft tissue swelling after anterior cervical subtotal corpectomy, titanium mesh fusion and internal fixation.@*METHODS@#From November 2015 to July 2018, 151 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy were treated with anterior single corpectomy, titanium mesh fusion and internal fixation, including 109 males and 42 females, aged 44 to 81 (59.77±8.34) years. Through postoperative follow up observation, the C@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 15 to 40(28.00±3.52) months. One week after the operation, the swelling of anterior soft tissue reached the peak, and then decreased. At 8 months after the operation, the swelling of anterior soft tissue on C@*CONCLUSION@#Anterior subtotal cervical corpectomy, titanium mesh bone graft fusion and internal fixation can cause swelling of the anterior soft tissue. One week after operation, we should pay more attention to the aggravation of the swelling of the anterior soft tissue to avoid the occurrence of dysphagia, respiratory obstruction, asphyxia and other complications.


Subject(s)
Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Diseases , Spinal Fusion , Spondylosis , Treatment Outcome
13.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 333-340, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886407

ABSTRACT

@#OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes of computer minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (CNMIS TLIF). METHODS: Blood loss, operating time, complications, and hospital stay were identified through chart review. Numeric rating scale (NRS) scores for pain were taken during recent follow-ups, and these were compared to the pre-operative scores. Three different examiners assessed the pre-operative lumbosacral spine radiographs. At a 2-years follow-up, the patients were evaluated with NRS and the radiographs reassessed by three other examiners. RESULTS: Seventy-four patients with a mean age of 54 years underwent CNMIS TLIF. Average blood loss was 300 mL, operative time was 4.5 hours, and the average length of hospital stay was 8.5 days. A total of four complications were noted in our study. There was an improvement of mean local lordosis and regional lordosis. The paired-sample t-test showed that the anterior, middle, and posterior disc heights at the cage level were significantly increased compared to the pre-operative values. CONCLUSION: CNMIS TLIF is a safe and efficient method to achieve spinal fusion. There was a significant improvement in clinical outcomes in terms of pain relief. Radiologic parameters such as local lordosis, regional lordosis, and anterior, middle, and posterior disc heights showed significant improvements at 2-years follow-up.


Subject(s)
Spinal Fusion , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Computers
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921920

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of degenerative scoliosis on the difficulty and efficacy of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion(MIS-TLIF) in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.@*METHODS@#From September 2016 to September 2019, 52 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis treated by MIS-TLIF were retrospectively analyzed, including 16 males and 36 females, aged from 42 to 71(63.44±5.96) years old, the course of disease from 1.5 to 6.5 years, with an average of (3.69±1.10) years. All patients had lower extremity root pain or numbness, 41 patients had intermittent claudication. There were 31 cases of L@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months, with an average of (19.58±5.33) months. The operation time and intraoperative bleeding in stenosis group were better than those in scoliosis group (@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with lumbar spinal stenosis undergoing MIS-TLIF, degenerative scoliosis can lead to prolonged operation time and increased bleeding. However, it has no significant effect on therelief of postoperative symptoms, postoperative complications and the recovery of lumbar function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921901

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore safety and accuracy of novel C@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to June 2018, 40 patients who underwent three-dimensional CT of cervical spine were selected, including 21 males and 19 females, heighted from 165 to 180 cm with an average of (172.9±9.5) cm, aged from 38 to 55 years old (51.1±12.8) years old, excluding patients with axis lamina defect and hypoplasia. Two sets of 3D printed specimens were made from the three-dimensional CT data of cervical spine of each patient, and both of than were used for the in vitro nailing experiment. According to different nail placement methods, in vitro experimental part of this experiment was divided into guide nail placement group and hand nail placement group, 40 pieces in each group. At the same time, the three-dimensionalmodel of cervical spine of 40 patients was reconstructed on computer, and the ideal needle point data and inclination angle were obtained by computer simulation of the nail placement. This is 3D simulation nail placement group, 40 pieces. With vitro experiment, the risk level of screw placement, the position of needle exit point and inclination angle were measured in guide nail group and hand nail group. Based on the accuracy of needle point and inclination angle of nail path, the data of guide nail group, the hand nail group and 3D simulation nail group were compared, and the data of each group were statistically analyzed to determine the accuracy.@*RESULTS@#In guide nail group, 75 screws were acceptable and 5 were dangerous. The acceptable rate was 94%, and the double cortical rate was 93%. There were 62 position-acceptable screws in hand nail group, and 18 positions were dangerous, with an acceptable rate of 78% and a double cortical rate of 33%. The difference between two groups was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#The guide is universal, with stable structure, accurate guidance, and easy operation. It could be placed with bilateral lamina screws at the same time, shortening the time of nail placement, avoiding collision of two way cross screws, increase the rate of double cortex. Ultimately, efficiency and security can be improved.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Plates , Cervical Vertebrae , Computer Simulation , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Spinal Fusion , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
16.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1018-1027, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921841

ABSTRACT

Spinal fusion is a standard operation for treating moderate and severe intervertebral disc diseases. In recent years, the proportion of three-dimensional printing interbody fusion cage in spinal fusion surgery has gradually increased. In this paper, the research progress of molding technology and materials used in three-dimensional printing interbody fusion cage at present is summarized. Then, according to structure layout, three-dimensional printing interbody fusion cages are classified into five types: solid-porous-solid (SPS) type, solid-porous-frame (SPF) type, frame-porous-frame (FPF) type, whole porous cage (WPC) type and others. The optimization process of three-dimensional printing interbody fusion cage and the advantages and disadvantages of each type are analyzed and summarized in depth. The clinical application of various types of 3D printed interbody fusion cage was introduced and summarized later. Lastly, combined with the latest research progress and achievements, the future research direction of three-dimensional printing interbody fusion cage in molding technology, application materials and coating materials is prospected in order to provide some reference for scholars engaged in interbody fusion cage research and application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Porosity , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Spinal Fusion
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921825

ABSTRACT

The human spine injury and various lumbar spine diseases caused by vibration have attracted extensive attention at home and abroad. To explore the biomechanical characteristics of different approaches for lumbar interbody fusion surgery combined with an interspinous internal fixator, device for intervertebral assisted motion (DIAM), finite element models of anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) are created by simulating clinical operation based on a three-dimensional finite element model of normal human whole lumbar spine. The fusion level is at L4-L5, and the DIAM is implanted between spinous process of L4 and L5. Transient dynamic analysis is conducted on the ALIF, TLIF and LLIF models, respectively, to compute and compare their stress responses to an axial cyclic load. The results show that compared with those in ALIF and TILF models, contact forces between endplate and cage are higher in LLIF model, where the von-Mises stress in endplate and DIAM is lower. This implies that the LLIF have a better biomechanical performance under vibration. After bony fusion between vertebrae, the endplate and DIAM stresses for all the three surgical models are decreased. It is expected that this study can provide references for selection of surgical approaches in the fusion surgery and vibration protection for the postsurgical lumbar spine.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Pedicle Screws , Range of Motion, Articular , Spinal Fusion , Vibration
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879462

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore diagnosis and surgical treatment of symptomatic lumbar spinal epidural lipoplasia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 19 patients with symptomatic lumbar spinal epidural hyperplasia treated with hemilaminectomy and interbody fusion and internal fixation from February 2012 to November 2018 were performed, including 7 males and 12 females, aged from 48 to 72 years old with an average of (57.6±1.2) years old;the course of disease ranged from 6 to 60 months with an average of (18.6±5.1) months;plane requiring decompression:L@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 37 months with an average of (16.3±3.8) months. Ninteen patients were successfully completed operation, and all adipose tissues in the compressed segment of the spinal canal were removed. Operation time was from 125 to 260 min with an average of (186± 15) min, and blood bleeding was from 150 to 500 ml with an average of (280±46) ml. Two patients occurred partial incision fat liquefaction and exudate did not heal, the incision was opened to remove effusion, the dressing was changed and anti-inflammatory treatments were performed. No complications such as cauda equina injury, cerebrospinal fluid leakage, and broken nails occurred. Preopertaive VAS of back pain and leg pain were 5.3±0.7 and 6.8±0.8, respectively, while 2.1±0.4 and 2.3±0.5 respectively at 6 months after opertaion, there were statisticalsignificant difference between 6 months after operation and before operation (@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with symptomatic lumbar spinal epidural lipoplasia undergo hemilaminectomy and internal fixation of compression segment could relieve compression of dura mater and cauda equina, and achieve good clinical results.


Subject(s)
Back Pain , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879454

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effects of different postoperative rehabilitation modes on lumbar degenerative diseases, and explore influence of rehabilitation mode and other factors on postoperative effect.@*METHODS@#From June 2013 to July 2016, totally 900 patients were admitted from nine tertiary hospitals in Beijing to perform single segment bone grafting and internal fixation due to lumbar degenerative diseases were prospectively analyzed. There were 428 males and 472 females, the age of patient over 18 years old, with an average of (51.42±12.41) years old;according to patients' subjective wishes and actual residence conditions, all patients were divided into three groups, named as observation group 1 (performed integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment model intervention), observation group 2 (performed integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment, classified rehabilitation model intervention), and control group(performed routine rehabilitation model intervention). Visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) were used to evaluate postoperative efficacy among three groups at 24 weeks. Possible factors affecting the postoperative efficacy including age, age grouping, gender, body mass index (BMI), BMI grouping, education level, visiting hospital, payment method of medical expenses, preoperative complications, preoperative JOA score, clinical diagnosis, surgery section, operative method, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative complications and rehabilitation mode were listed as independent variables, and postoperative ODI score at 24 weeks as dependent variables. Univariate analysis was used to analyze relationship between influencing factors and postoperative efficacy. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze relationship between influencing factors, rehabilitation mode and postoperative ODI score at 24 weeks, in further to find out the main reasons which affect postoperative efficacy, and to analyze impact of rehabilitation mode on postoperative efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 24 weeks after operation. All incisions healed at stage I with stable internal fixation. (1)Evaluation of postoperative efficacy:① There were no statistical differences in preoperative VAS and ODI among three groups(@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative JOA score, gender, age could predict postoperative clinical effects of lumbar degenerative diseases in varying degrees treated with single level bone graft fusion and internal fixation. Different rehabilitation modes could improve clinical effects. Intergrated rehabilitation orthopedic treatment model and integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment with classifiedrehabilitation model are superior to conventional rehabilitation model in improving patients' postoperative function and relieving pain, which is worthy of promoting in clinical.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Infant , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879447

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Using the method of finite element analysis, to compare the biomechanical properties between the plate deviating from the long axis of the cervical spine and the standard placement of the plate in the anterior cervical fusion surgery.@*METHODS@#A healthy female volunteer was selected and CT scan (C@*RESULTS@#The lower cervical spine (C@*CONCLUSION@#Little effect on the mechanical stability of the cervical spine was anticipated when the anterior cervical plate was not perfectly aligned with the long axis of the cervical spine. If the tilt of the plate in clinical surgery is less than 20°, there is no need to readjust the position of the plate.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Female , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Range of Motion, Articular , Reproducibility of Results , Spinal Fusion
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