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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(6): 930-940, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423639

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to assess the sacropelvic anthropometry in the Portuguese population, through the study of pelvic computed tomography (CT) scans. Methods Pelvic CT scans of 40 individuals were analyzed, and the length and angle measurements were performed according to predefined screw trajectories of S1 anterior (S1A), anterolateral (S1AL) and anteromedial (S1AM), S2 anterolateral (S2AL) and anteromedial (S2AM), S2 alar iliac (S2AI), iliac, and sacroiliac (SI) screws. Comparisons between genders were also performed. Results The S1A screw trajectory mean length was 30.80 mm. The S1AL mean length and lateral angle were 36.48 mm and 33.13°, respectively, and the S1AM's were 46.23 mm and 33.21°. The S2AL mean length was 28.66 mm and lateral angle was 26.52°, and the S2AM length and angle were 29.99 mm and 33.61°, respectively. The S2 alar-iliac screw trajectory mean length, lateral, and caudal angles were 125.84 mm, 36.78°, and 28.66°, respectively. The iliac screw trajectory mean length, lateral, and caudal angles were 136.73 mm, 23,86° and 24.01°, respectively. The sacroiliac screw trajectory length was 75.50 mm. The length of the screws was longer in men than in women, except for the S1A and SI screws, for which no difference was found between genders. Conclusion This study describes sacropelvic anatomical specifications. These defined morphometric details should be taken into consideration during surgical procedures.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a antropometria sacropélvica da população portuguesa por meio de exames de tomografia computadorizada (TC). Métodos Quarenta TCs pélvicas foram analisadas para determinação do comprimento e ângulo das trajetórias definidas dos parafusos, como trajetória anterior (S1A), anterolateral (S1AL) e anteromedial (S1AM) do parafuso no pedículo de S1, trajetória anterolateral (S2AL) e anteromedial (S2AM) do parafuso no pedículo de S2 e trajetória ilíaca alar (S2AI), ilíaca e sacroilíaca (SI) do parafuso em S2. Comparações entre sexos também foram realizadas. Resultados O comprimento médio da trajetória S1A foi de 30,80 mm. O comprimento médio e o ângulo lateral de S1AL foram de 36,48 mm e 33,13°, respectivamente, e de S1AM, 46,23 mm e 33,21°. O comprimento médio e o ângulo lateral de S2AL foram de 28,66 mm e 26,52° e, de S2AM, 29,99 mm e 33,61°. O comprimento médio da trajetória ilíaca alar e os ângulos lateral e caudal do parafuso em S2 foram de 125,84 mm, 36,78° e 28,66°, respectivamente. O comprimento médio da trajetória ilíaca e os ângulos lateral e caudal foram 136,73 mm, 23,86° e 24,01°, respectivamente. O comprimento da trajetória sacroilíaca foi de 75,50 mm. O comprimento dos parafusos foi maior em homens do que em mulheres, à exceção dos parafusos S1A e SI, que não apresentaram diferenças entre os sexos. Conclusão Este estudo descreve as especificações anatômicas sacropélvicas. Esses detalhes morfométricos definidos devem ser considerados durante os procedimentos cirúrgicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sacrum , Spinal Fusion , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Anthropometry , Retrospective Studies , Lumbar Vertebrae
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 815-820, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407711

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The present study aims to characterize the spinal balance (SB) in young adults with Schmorl nodes (SN). Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 47 young adults. Lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to divide the patients into an SN group and a control group. Standing full spine radiographs were used to compare the spinopelvic SB parameters between groups: sagittal vertical axis, thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), and sacral slope (SS). Results The LL and SS values were significantly lower in patients with SN when compared with the control group (54.5° versus 64.3°; 36.2° versus 41.4°, respectively). No significant differences were observed for the other parameters. Significant correlations were found in both groups between LL and SS; PI and PT; and PI and SS. Conclusions Young adults with SN have associated SB modifications, particularly lower LL and SS values, when compared with a control group. This flatter profile resembles that observed in patients with lower back pain and early disc pathology. We believe that SNs are relevant clinical findings that should prompt the study of the SB of a patient, as it may uncover variations associated with early disc degeneration. Level of Evidence III


Resumo Objetivos O presente estudo tem como objetivo caracterizar o equilíbrio sagital (SB, na sigla em inglês) espinhal em adultos jovens com nódulos de Schmorl (NS). Métodos Este é um estudo transversal de uma amostra composta por 47 adultos jovens. Ressonância magnética (RM) lombar foi usada para separar os pacientes em um grupo com NS e um grupo controle. Radiografias da coluna vertebral em pé foram usadas para comparar os parâmetros espinopélvicos do SB entre os grupos: eixo vertical sagital, cifose torácica, lordose lombar (LL), incidência pélvica (PI, na sigla em inglês), inclinação pélvica (PT, na sigla em inglês) e inclinação sacral (SS, na sigla em inglês). Resultados Os valores de LL e SS foram significativamente menores nos pacientes com NS em comparação com o grupo controle (54,5° versus 64,3°; 36,2° versus 41,4°, respectivamente). Não foram observadas diferenças significativas nos demais parâmetros. Os dois grupos apresentaram correlações significativas entre LL e SS, PI e PT e PI e SS. Conclusões Adultos jovens com NS apresentam modificações associadas ao SB, principalmente valores menores de LL e SS, em comparação com o grupo controle. Este perfil mais plano assemelha-se ao observado em pacientes com lombalgia e patologia discal em estágio inicial. Acreditamos que o NS seja um achado clínico relevante que deve levar ao estudo do SB de um paciente por poder revelar variações associadas aos primeiros estágios de degeneração discal. Nível de Evidência III


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Spinal Fusion , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Control Groups , Cross-Sectional Studies , Lordosis/diagnostic imaging , Lumbar Vertebrae/pathology
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 821-827, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407704

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study evaluates radiographic outcomes and the lumbar lordosis achieved with a transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) arthrodesis technique according to the positioning of an interbody device (cage) in the disc space. Methods This is a retrospective radiographic analysis of single-level surgical patients with degenerative lumbar disease submitted to a TLIF procedure and posterior pedicle instrumentation. We divided patients into two groups according to cage positioning. For the TLIF-A group, the cages were anterior to the disc space; for the TLIF-P group, cages were posterior to the disc space. Considering the superior vertebral plateau of the lower vertebra included in the instrumentation, cages occupying a surface equal to the anterior 50% of the midline were placed in the TLIF-A group, and those in a posterior position were placed in the TLIF-P group. We assessed pre- and postoperative orthostatic lateral radiographs to obtain the following measures: lumbar lordosis (LL) (angle L1-S1), segmental lordosis (LS) (L4-S1), and segmental lordosis of the cage (SLC). Results The present study included 100 patients from 2011 to 2018; 44 were males, and 46 were females. Their mean age was 50.5 years old (range, 27 to 76 years old). In total, 43 cages were "anterior" (TLIF-A) and 57 were "posterior" (TLIF-P). After surgery, the mean findings for the TLIF-A group were the following: LL, 50.7°, SL 34.9°, and SLC 21.6°; in comparison, the findings for the TLIF-P group were the following: LL, 42.3° (p< 0.01), SL 30.7° (p< 0.05), and SLC 18.8° (p> 0.05). Conclusion Cage positioning anterior to the disc space improved lumbar and segmental lordosis on radiographs compared with a posterior placement.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados radiográficos e comparar a lordose pós-operatória em técnica de artrodese intersomática lombar transforaminal (TLIF, na sigla em inglês), considerando como variável o posicionamento do dispositivo intersomático (cage) em relação ao espaço discal. Métodos Análise retrospectiva radiográfica de pacientes cirúrgicos, em nível único, por doença lombar degenerativa, aplicando-se TLIF e instrumentação pedicular posterior. Os pacientes foram divididos, conforme a posição do cage, em 2 grupos: 1. TLIF-A - cages na posição anterior do espaço discal; e 2. TLIF-P, cages na posição posterior do espaço discal (considerando-se o platô vertebral superior da vértebra inferior incluída na instrumentação, cages que ocuparam a superfície correspondente a 50% anterior da linha média, compuseram o grupo TLIF-A; opostamente, cages em posicionamento posterior compuseram o grupo TLIF-P). Procedeu-se à avaliação dos exames radiográficos ortostáticos em perfil no pré- e pós-operatórios, com a tomada das seguintes medidas: lordose lombar (LL) (ângulo L1-S1); lordose segmentar (LS) (L4-S1) e lordose segmentar do cage (LSC). Resultados Cem pacientes foram incluídos de 2011 a 2018, sendo 44 homens e 46 mulheres, com idade média de 50.5 anos (27-76 anos). Um total de 43 cages foram classificados como "anteriores" (TLIF-A) e 57, "posteriores" (TLIF-P); considerando o grupo TLIF- A, os resultados pós-operatórios médios foram: LL 50.7°, LS 34.9° e LSC 21.6°; para o grupo TLIF-P, comparativamente: LL 42.3° (p< 0,01), LS 30.7° (p< 0,05) e LSC 18.8° (p> 0,05). Conclusão O posicionamento anterior do cage em relação ao espaço discal correlaciona-se a melhora da lordose lombar e segmentar na radiografia em comparação com o posicionamento posterior do implante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Spinal Fusion , Spondylolisthesis , Lordosis , Lumbosacral Region
4.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(2): 161-171, out.2022. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399787

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o tratamento cirúrgico de pacientes com fraturas do processo odontoide tem sido controverso. As principais técnicas cirúrgicas para o segmento C1-C2 incluem além da artrodese cervical (aramagem tipo Gallie, parafusos transarticulares e aramagem tipo 88), a fixação direta com parafuso no processo odontoide. Objetivo: comparar a estabilidade mecânica destes quatro tipos de osteossínteses do segmento atlantoaxial (C1-C2). Metodologia: vinte segmentos atlantoaxiais de cadáveres humanos adultos foram preparados com fraturas do tipo 2 de Anderson e D'Alonso e divididos em quatro grupos: aramagem tipo Gallie (aG); parafusos transarticulares (pT); parafuso no processo odontoide (pD); aramagem tipo 88 (a88). Os corpos de prova foram submetidos a esforços de flexocompressão em máquina universal de ensaios mecânicos para análise de resistência, elasticidade e deformações. Resultados:na fase de acomodação, os parafusos no processo odontoide apresentaram pouquíssima mobilidade com cargas baixas. Na fase de elasticidade, não houve diferença significativa entre as construções testadas. Com relação à resistência máxima suportada pelas construções, houve uma diferença estatisticamente significativa a favor da aramagem tipo Gallie. Conclusão: nossos testes mostraram que em relação à acomodação houve diferença significativa entre a aramagem tipo Gallie e o parafuso no processo odontoide; e quanto à resistência máxima, entre a aramagem tipo Gallie e o parafuso transarticular.


Introduction: the surgical treatment of patients with fractures of the odontoid process has been controversial. The main surgical techniques for C1-C2 are: Gallie wiring, transarticular screw, direct odontoid process screw and 88 posterior laminar wiring. Objective: to compare the mechanical stability of these four types of atlantoaxial segment osteosynthesis (C1/C2). Methodology: twenty atlantoaxial segments of adult human cadavers were prepared with Anderson and D'Alonso type II fractures and divided into four groups: Gallie wiring; transarticular screw; odontoid process screw; 88 wiring. After being fixed with each osteosynthesis technique, they were submitted to flexocompression efforts in a universal mechanical testing machine for analysis of strength, elasticity and deformations. Results: in the accommodation phase, the odontoid process screws showed very little mobility with low loads. In the elasticity phase, there was no significant difference between the constructions tested. With regard to the maximum resistance supported by the constructions, there was a statistically significant difference in favor of Gallie wiring. Conclusion: Our tests showed a significant difference between Gallie wiring and odontoid process screw in accommodation; and between the Gallie wiring and the transarticular screw in maximum resistance test


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Spinal Fusion , Fractures, Bone , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Odontoid Process , Cadaver
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(2): 327-333, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387990

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective We aimed to study the "in vitro" pullout strength of SpineGuard/Zavation Dynamic Surgical Guidance Z-Direct Screw (DSG Screw, SpineGuard Inc, Boulder, Colorado, USA), a screw designed to be inserted using a direct insertion technique. Methods Dynamic Surgical Guidance Screws of 5.5 and 6.5 mm were introduced into polyurethane blocks with a density of 10 PCF (0,16g/cm3). According to the experimental group, screws were inserted without pilot hole, with pilot without tapping, undertapping and line-to-line tapping. Screw pullout tests were performed using a universal test machine after screw insertion into polyurethane blocks. Results Screws inserted directly into the polyurethane blocks without pilot hole and tapping showed a statistically higher pullout strength. Insertion of the screw without tapping or with undertapping increases the pullout screw strength compared with lineto-line tapping. Conclusion Dynamic Surgical Guidance Screw showed the highest pullout strength after its insertion without pilot hole and tapping.


Resumo Objetivo Nosso objetivo foi estudar a resistência à extração "in vitro" do parafuso SpineGuard/Zavation Dynamic Surgical Guidance Z-Direct (Parafuso DSG Guia Cirúrgico Dinâmico, SpineGuard Inc, Boulder, Colorado, USA), um parafuso projetado para ser inserido utilizando a técnica de inserção direta. Métodos Os parafusos DSG de 5,5 e 6,5 mm foram introduzidos em blocos de poliuretano com densidade de 10 PCF (0,16g/cm3). De acordo com o grupo experimental, os parafusos foram inseridos sem um orifício piloto, com um orifício piloto sem o macheamento, com macheamento e com macheamento linha a linha. Os testes de extração do parafuso foram realizados em uma máquina de teste universal, após a inserção do parafuso em blocos de poliuretano. Resultados Os parafusos inseridos diretamente nos blocos de poliuretano sem o orifício piloto e o macheamento mostraram uma resistência à extração estatisticamente maior. A inserção do parafuso sem o macheamento ou com o macho de menor diâmetro aumenta a resistência à extração do parafuso em comparação com o macheamento linha a linha. Conclusão O parafuso DSG apresentou a maior resistência à extração após a inserção sem o orifício piloto e o macheamento.


Subject(s)
Spinal Fusion , Biomechanical Phenomena/physiology , Bone Screws , Pedicle Screws
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 61-68, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365744

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The approachability of the cervicothoracic region anteriorly based on age and gender, and the possibility of anatomic variances in different geographic populations have not been previously investigated. The aim of the present work was to perform a radiographic analysis of Brazilian patients to assess anterior approachability of the cervicothoracic junction based on age and gender. Methods Retrospective radiographic analysis of 300 computed tomography scans. Patients were separated based on age and gender. The radiographic parameters studied were: horizontal level above the sternum (HLS), vertebral body angle (VBA), intervertebral disc line (IDL), and intervertebral disc line angulation (IDLA). Results The most frequent HLS and IDL were T2 (34.3%) and C7-T1 (46%) respectively. Vertebral body angleand IDLA had average values of 18 ± 8.94 and 19 ± 7.9 degrees, respectively. Males had higher values in both IDLA (p= 0.003) and VBA (p= 0.02). Older groups had higher values in both IDLA (p= 0.01) and VBA (p= 0.001). No differences were observed in HLS between gender (p= 0.3) or age groups (p= 0.79). No differences were seen in IDL between gender groups (p= 0.3); however, the older group had a more caudal level than the younger groups (p= 0.12). ConclusionsCompared to other populations, our sample had a more cephalad IDL and HLS. Vertebral body angle and IDLA were higher in males and higher angles for VBA and IDLA were shown for older groups. Intervertebral disc line was more caudal with aging.


Resumo Objetivo A capacidade de acesso anterior à região cervicotorácica com base na idade e gênero do paciente e a possibilidade de variações anatômicas em diferentes populações geográficas ainda não foram investigadas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma análise radiográfica de pacientes brasileiros para avaliar a acessibilidade anterior da junção cervicotorácica conforme idade e gênero. Métodos Análise radiográfica retrospectiva de 300 tomografias computadorizadas. Os pacientes foram separados por idade e gênero. Os parâmetros radiográficos estudados foram: nível horizontal acima do esterno (HLS, na sigla em inglês), angulação do corpo vertebral (VBA, na sigla em inglês), linha do disco intervertebral (IDL, na sigla em inglês) e angulação da linha do disco intervertebral (IDLA, na sigla em inglês). Resultados Os HLS e IDL mais frequentes foram T2 (34,3%) e C7-T1 (46%), respectivamente. Os valores médios de VBA e IDLA foram de 18 ± 8,94 e 19 ± 7,9 graus, respectivamente. Os homens apresentaram valores maiores de IDLA (p= 0,003) e VBA (p= 0,02). Os grupos de maior idade apresentaram valores maiores de IDLA (p= 0,01) e VBA (p= 0,001). Não houve diferenças de HLS entre os gêneros masculino e feminino (p= 0,3) ou faixas etárias (p= 0,79). Não foram observadas diferenças na IDL entre os gêneros masculino e feminino (p= 0,3); entretanto, o grupo mais velho apresentou nível mais caudal do que os grupos mais jovens (p= 0,12). ConclusõesEm comparação a outras populações, nossa amostra apresentou IDL e HLS mais cefálicos. AVBA e a IDLA foram maiores no gênero masculino, enquanto VBA e IDLA foram maiores em grupos mais velhos. A IDL era mais caudal em pacientes idosos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Spinal Diseases , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Gender Identity , Intervertebral Disc
7.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO6318, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360397

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To describe the technical specificities and feasibility of simulation of minimally invasive spine surgery in live pigs, as well as similarities and differences in comparison to surgery in humans. Methods A total of 22 Large White class swine models, weighing between 60 and 80kg, were submitted to surgical simulations, performed during theoretical-practical courses for training surgical techniques (microsurgical and endoscopic lumbar decompression; percutaneous pedicular instrumentation; lateral access to the thoracic spine, and anterior and retroperitoneal to the lumbar spine, and management of complications) by 86 spine surgeons. For each surgical technique, porcine anatomy (similarities and differences in relation to human anatomy), access route, and dimensions of the instruments and implants used were evaluated. Thus, the authors describe the feasibility of each operative simulation, as well as suggestions to optimize training. Study results are descriptive, with figures and drawings. Results Neural decompression surgeries (microsurgeries and endoscopic) and pedicular instrumentation presented higher similarities to surgery on humans. On the other hand, intradiscal procedures had limitations due to the narrow disc space in swines. We were able to simulate situations of surgical trauma in surgical complication scenarios, such as cerebrospinal fluid fistulas and excessive bleeding, with comparable realism to surgery on humans. Conclusion A porcine model for simulation of minimally invasive spinal surgical techniques had similarities with surgery on humans, and is therefore feasible for surgeon training.


Subject(s)
Animals , Spinal Fusion/methods , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Swine , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae , Lumbosacral Region
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928306

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of the modified Topping-off technique in the treatment of multiple lumbar degenerative diseases.@*METHODS@#From October 2019 to May 2020, 42 patients who underwent modified Topping-off operation (modified Topping-off group) and 42 patients who underwent multilevel total laminectomy and interbody fusion with screw rod system internal fixation (whole laminectomy group) were observed and analyzed. There were 15 males and 27 females in the modified Topping-off group, aged from 28 to 80 years old, with an average of (59.57±11.85)years old. There were 14 males and 28 females in the whole laminectomy group, aged from 45 to 82 years old, with an average of (64.26±9.19) years old. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were evaluated before operation, 1 week, 6 weeks and 12 weeks after operation. The intraoperative blood loss, incision length, operation time, postoperative drainage, weight-bearing time, hospitalization time, intervertebral space height, intervertebral foramen height and lumbar mobility were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 weeks. The intraoperative blood loss and postoperative drainage in the modified Topping-off group were significantly less than those in the whole lamina group (P<0.05). The incision length, operation time, weight-bearing time and hospital stay in the modified Topping-off group were shorter than those in the whole lamina group(P<0.05). There were significant differences in intervertebral space height, intervertebral foramen height and lumbar mobility between the two groups at 12 weeks after operation(P<0.05). The modified Topping-off group had significantly lower VAS 1, 6, 12 weeks after operation and ODI 12 weeks after operation compared with rhose before operation. The VAS at 1, 6, 12 weeks in the whole lamina group were significantly lower those that before operation(P<0.05). The ODI at 12 weeks in the whole lamina group were significantly lower than those before operation(P<0.01). There were significant differences in VAS scores between the two groups at 1 week, 6 weeks and 12 weeks after operation(P<0.01). There was significant difference in ODI between the two groups 12 weeks after operation(P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The application of modified Topping-off technique in the treatment of multi segmental lumbar degenerative diseases can reduce the total length of fusion segments, avoid or slow down the degeneration of adjacent segments, and has a positive effect on maintaining the normal movement of the spine.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Screws , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Middle Aged , Spinal Fusion/methods , Technology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the fixation model of anterior cervical transpedicular system (ACTPS) after subtotal resection of two segments of lower cervical spine(C3-C7) in order to provide a finite element modeling method for anterior cervical reconstruction.@*METHODS@#The CT data of the cervical segment (C1-T1) of a 30-year-old adult healthy male volunteer was collected. Used Mimics 10.0, Rapidform XOR3, HyperMesh 10.0, CATIA5V19 and ANSYS 14.0 to establish the three-dimensional nonlinear complete model of lower cervical spine(C3-C7) as the intact group. The number of units and nodes of the complete model were recorded. After the effectiveness of the complete model was verified, the C5 and C6 vertebral subtotal resection was performed, and the ACTPS model was established as the ACTPS group. The axial force of 75 N and moment couple of 1N·m was loaded on the upper surface of C3 in intact group and ACTPS group, the range of motion(ROM)and stress distribution in states of flexion extension, lateral flexion, rotation was compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 85 832 elements and 23 612 nodes in the complete model of lower cervical spine(C3-C7) which was established in this experiment. The stress distribution of ACTPS internal fixation model was relatively uniform. Comparing with the intact group, the overall range of motion in ACTPS group was decreased in flexion extension, lateral flexion and rotation directions, and the corresponding compensation of adjacent C3,4 segment was increased slightly.@*CONCLUSION@#The stress distribution of ACTPS fixation system is uniform, there is no stress concentration area at the joint of screw and titanium plate, and the fracture risk of internal fixation is low. It is suitable for stability reconstruction after anterior decompression of two or more cervical segments.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Screws , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Spinal Fusion
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928284

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the early and middle stage efficacy and complications of minimally invasive extraperitoneal oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) in the treatment of degenerative lumbar diseases.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 22 patients with degenerative lumbar diseases underwent OLIF from October 2017 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 14 males and 8 females, aged from 51 to 72 years with an average of (63.15±7.22) years. There were 6 cases of lumbar spinal stenosis, 5 cases of lumbar spondylolisthesis, 4 cases of adjacent vertebral disease, 3 cases of degenerative lumbar scoliosis, 3 cases of discogenic low back pain, and 1 case of recurrence after posterior lumbar decompression. Posterior minimally invasive pedicle screw fixation was performed in 13 cases and Stand-alone fixation in 9 cases. Intraoperative blood loss, operation time, postoperative drainage volume, landing time were recorded. The intervertebral disc height(IDH), intervertebral foramen height(IFH), intervertebral foramen area( IFA), canal diameter(CD), canal area(CA) were measured before and after operation. The imaging changes (including location of fusion cage, interbody fusion, and cage subsidence) and complications were observed. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), numerical rating scales (NRS) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores were compared before and 3, 6, 12 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All 22 patients successfully completed the operation. The intraoperative blood loss was 25 to 280 ml with an average of (95.45±79.07) ml and that of simple anterior approach was 25 to 70 ml with an average of (45.71±15.42) ml. The operation time was 75 to 210 min with an average of (137.72±37.66) min, and the simple anterior operation time was 75 to 105 min with an average of (91.40±15.96) min. The total drainage volume was 10 to 110 ml with an average of (56.23±31.15) ml, and the time to go down to the ground was 24 to 72 hours (54.48±18.24) hours after operation. Postoperative IDH improved (6.63±2.61)mm(P<0.05), the IFH improved (5.35±2.47)mm (P<0.05), the IFA improved (97.67±33.58)mm2(P<0.05), the CD improved (3.31±1.61) mm(P<0.05), the CA improved (57.52±31.39) mm2(P<0.05). Five patients got interbody fusion at 6 months after operation and all 22 patients got interbody fusion at 12 months after operation. There was 5 cases of fusion cage subsidence, all of which occurred in the cases without posterior fixation(using Stand-alone fixation). There was no serious complication such as big blood vessel injury, ureter injury, dural sac injury and nerve root injury. Peritoneal injury occurred in 1 case, postoperative transient thigh pain, decrease of quadriceps femoris muscle strength in 4 cases and sympathetic nerve injury in 1 case. The symptoms of lumbago and radicular pain of lower extremities were alleviated obviously 3 days after operation. The ODI, NRS and JOA scores at 6, 12 months after operation were significantly improved(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases with definite indications by OLIF can achieve satisfactory clinical results, and it has advantages of less intraoperative bleeding, fast time to land, less complications, good imaging improvement and indirect decompression. But the operation time and fluoroscopy time are longer in the early stage, and complications such as peritoneal injury and lumbar plexus over traction may occur. The long-term incidence of settlement of fusion cage with Stand-alone technology is higher.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion/methods , Spondylolisthesis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928281

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy of single oblique lumbar interbody fusion(OLIF) with robot-assisted posterior internal fixation for the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 67 patients with lumbar degenerative diseases treated from September 2019 to December 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. According to different surgical methods, the patients were divided into traditional group and robot group. The traditional group received traditional OLIF with posterior fluoroscopy percutaneous nail fixation, and the robot group received OLIF with robot-assisted posterior internal fixation. There were 33 patients in traditional group, including 13 males and 20 females, aged from 44 to 82 years old with an average of (59.7±9.1) years; and 34 cases in robot group, including 7 males and 27 females, aged from 45 to 81 years old with an average of(61.6±8.8) years. The operation time, fluoroscopy time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative out of bed time and hospital stay were recorded. The visual analogue scale (VAS) of low back pain and Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) were compared before operation and 3 days, 3 months after operation between two groups. The accuracy of nail placement was evaluated by postoperative CT scan.@*RESULTS@#Both groups of patients successfully completed the operation and were followed up for more than 3 months. The operation time, fluoroscopy time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative out of bed time and hospital stay in traditional group were(299.85±15.79) min, (62.58±10.83) min, (118.33±10.80) ml, (2.5±0.7) d, (9.67±2.13) d;and robot group was(248.53±14.22) min, (19.47±3.51) min, (115.74±9.86) ml, (2.3±0.6) d, (9.44±1.93) d, respectively. The symptoms of postoperative low back pain, lower limb pain and numbness were significantly improved in all patients. The operation time and fluoroscopy time in robot group were significantly less than those of traditional group. There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss, postoperative out of bed time, hospital stay, VAS and ODI before and after operation (P>0.05). The accuracy of nail placement in robot group was 98.8% (2/160), which was higher than 89.9% (16/158) in traditional group.@*CONCLUSION@#Treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases with single body position OLIF with robot-assisted posterior minimally invasive internal fixation has less operation time and fluoroscopy time, high nail placement accuracy and accurate surgical effect, which is worthy to be popularized in clinic.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Spinal Fusion/methods , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928279

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety and accuracy of Renaissance robot navigation system in minimally invasive surgery for thoracolumbar fracture.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with thoracolumbar fracture who underwent posterior minimally invasive pedicle screw internal fixation from July 2016 to July 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. And the patients were divided into robot group and artificial group. Robot navigation assisted screw placement was used in robot group, and traditional unarmed screw placement was used in artificial group. There were 20 patients in robot group, including 13 males and 7 females, aged from 23 to 69 years old with an average of(45.05±11.81)years old, one case was T11 fracture, 2 cases were T12, 10 cases were L1, 6 cases were L2 and 1 case was L3. There were 20 patients in artificial group, including 11 males and 9 females, aged from 26 to 65 years old with an average of(43.40±11.22)years old, 2 cases were T11 fractures, 7 cases were T12, 10 cases were L1, and 1 case was L3. The numbers of fluoroscopy, operation time and intraoperative blood loss were observed. The screw position was evaluated by Neo method.@*RESULTS@#A total of 126 screws were implanted in robot group and 124 screws were implanted in artificial group. The operation time, fluoroscopy times, intraoperative blood loss were(115.75±14.26) min, (7.95±0.89) times and (132.50±29.36) ml in robot group and (129.50±10.50) min, (14.40±2.56) times and(182.50±23.14) ml in artificial group, respectively, there was significant difference between the groups(P<0.05). According to Neo classification method, there were 122 screws at grade 0, 4 screws at grade 1 in robot group, and there were 108 screws at grade 0, 9 screws at grade 1 and 7 screws at grade 2 in artificial group. The accuracy of the robot group was better than that of artificial group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with free hand screw placement, Renaissance robot navigation system can effectively improve the accuracy of pedicle screw placement, reduce the number of fluoroscopy times and intraoperative blood loss, thereby improving the safety of operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Spinal Fusion , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928277

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the accuracy and safety of pedicle screw placement assisted by orthopedic robot and C-arm fluoroscopy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 36 patients with spinal diseases underwent surgical treatment from January 2019 to August 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 18 cases were implanted pedicle screws assisted by orthopaedic robot(observation group), including 12 males and 6 females, aged from 16 to 61 years with an average of (38.44±3.60) years;there were 1 case of adolescent scoliosis, 1 case of spinal tuberculosis, 7 cases of lumbar spondylolisthesis, 4 cases of thoracic fracture and 5 cases of lumbar fracture. Another 18 cases were implanted pedicle screws assisted by C-arm fluoroscopy(control group), including 10 males and 8 females, aged from 18 to 58 years with an average of (43.22±2.53) years;there were 1 case of adolescent scoliosis, 6 cases of lumbar spondylolisthesis, 6 cases of thoracic fracture and 5 cases of lumbar fracture. The intraoperative fluoroscopy times, nail placement time and postoperative complications were recorded in two groups. CT scan was performed after operation. The Gertzbein-Robbins standard was used to evaluate the accuracy of pedicle screw placement which was calculated.@*RESULTS@#The number of intraoperative fluoroscopy in observation group was(6.89±0.20) times, which was significantly higher than that in control group(14.00±0.18)times(P<0.05). The placement time of each screw in observation group was(2.56±0.12) min, which was significantly different from that in control group(4.22±0.17) min (P<0.05). One case of incision infection occurred in control group after operation, and recovered after active dressing change. During the follow-up period, no serious complications such as screw loosening and fracture occurred in two groups, and there was no significant difference in complications between two groups(P>0.05). A total of 107 screws were placed in observation group, including 101 screws in class A, 4 in class B, 2 in class C, 0 in class D and 0 in class E, the accuracy rate of pedicle screw placement=[(number of screws in class A+B) / the number of all screws placed in the group] ×100%=98.1%(105/107); and a total of 104 screws were placed in control group, including 90 screws in class A, 4 in class B, 5 in class C, 5 in class D and 0 in class E, the accuracy rate of pedicle screw implantation=[(number of screws in class A+B/the number of all screws placed in the group]×100%=90.3% (94/104); there was significant difference between two groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Orthopaedic robot assisted pedicle screw placement has the advantages of less fluoroscopy times, shorter screw placement time and higher accuracy, which can further improve the surgical safety and has a broad application prospect in the orthopaedic.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Fluoroscopy/methods , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Robotics , Scoliosis , Spinal Fusion/methods , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928276

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the safety and nail placement accuracy of fluoroscopy-assisted and robot-assisted minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) in the treatment of single-space lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 52 patients with single-space lumbar disc herniation treated by MIS-TLIF from March 2019 to February 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 24 patients were treated by robot-assisted MIS-TLIF(group A) and 28 patients were treated by fluoroscopy-assisted MIS-TLIF (group B). The intraoperative blood loss, operation time, intraoperative fluoroscopy times, preoperative and postoperative visual analogue scale(VAS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association(JOA) scores and operation-related complications were recorded in two groups. Gertzbein-Robbins grade according to CT scan was used to evaluate the nail placement after operation. Grade A and B were evaluated as satisfactory nail placement, and grade C, D, and E were evaluated as error placement. Babu's method was used to evaluate the screw's invasion to the superior articular process.@*RESULTS@#The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and intraoperative fluoroscopy times in group A were less than those in group B(P<0.05).VAS and JOA scores of all patients at the final follow-up were significantly improved compared with those before operation(P<0.05), but there was no statistically significant difference between the groups(P>0.05). There were 96 and 112 screws in group A and group B, respectively. Three days after operation, according to the Gertzbein-Robbins grade to evaluate the nail placement accuracy, there were 90 screws of grade A, 5 of grade B, 1 of grade C, no grade D and E in group A;there were 84 screws of grade A, 16 of grade B, 8 of grade C, 4 of grade D, no grade E in group B;the difference between two groups was statistically significant(Z=-3.709, P=0.000). The satisfactory rate of screw placement in group A was 98.96% (95/96), and that of group B was 89.29% (100/112), the difference between two groups was statistically significant (χ2=8.254, P=0.004). Three days after operation, the invasion of superior facet joints by pedicle screws was evaluated according to Babu's method, including 90 screws in grade 0, 4 in grade 1, 2 in grade 2, and 0 in grade 3 in group A;86 in grade 0, 12 in grade 1, 10 in grade 2 and 4 in grade 3 in group B, and the difference was statistically significant(Z=-3.433, P=0.001). There were no serious spinal cord, nerve and vascular injuries and other operation-related complications caused by screw implantation failure in both groups. All patients were followed up from 6 to 12(9.06±1.60) months. The neurological symptoms improved well after operation. During the follow-up period, there was no recurrence of symptoms, loosening or breakage of the internal fixation.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the traditional fluoroscopy-assisted MIS-TLIF, the spinal robot-assisted MIS-TLIF not only has more minimally invasive and safer, but also has higher accuracy in nail placement, lower incidence of upper articular process invasion, and more accurate decompression targets, which can be used for minimally invasive treatment of single-space lumbar disc herniation.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Fluoroscopy , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Spinal Fusion/methods , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928262

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of Chinese massage on the rehabilitation of scoliosis patients undergoing 3D printing orthopedics.@*METHODS@#A retrospective selection of 262 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis(AIS) who underwent 3D printing technology orthopedics admitted to the Department of Orthopedics in our hospital from January 2013 to January 2019 were selected for clinical research. According to the rehabilitation treatment methods adopted by the patients after the operation, the patients were divided into control group and observation group, there were 131 cases in each group. The observation group was treated with traditional Chinese acupuncture and massage after operation, and the control group was treated with conventional rehabilitation. The torso rotation angle and the maximum Cobb angle before and after intervention were measured and compared between two groups, Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) was used for functional evaluation, and the visual analogue scale(VAS) was used to evaluate the changes in pain before and after rehabilitation intervention.@*RESULTS@#After the intervention, the trunk rotation angle and maximum Cobb angle of the observation group were significantly better than those of the control group, the VAS score of the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group, ODI in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#After scoliosis patients undergo preoperative 3D printing correction, the scientific and reasonable implementation of TCM acupuncture and massage can effectively improve the patient's vertebral rotation angle, maximum Cobb angle, and improve the patient's spinal function.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Massage , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Orthopedic Procedures , Orthopedics , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1411616

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comunicar los resultados obtenidos según la posición del dispositivo de TLIF anterior. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio multicéntrico, observacional, analítico, transversal, de recuperación retrospectiva. Se evaluaron los parámetros espinopélvicos pre- y posoperatorios de espinogramas de 20 pacientes que fueron operados entre septiembre de 2019 y agosto de 2021. Se incluyó a pacientes sometidos a artrodesis lumbar con implante de tipo TLIF anterior. Se excluyó a pacientes sin espinograma pre- o posquirúrgico y más de un dispositivo. Resultados: La media de la lordosis monosegmentaria fue de 13,33° antes de la cirugía y de 18,81° después (p <0,001). La media de la lordosis monosegmentaria fue de 7,32°; 2,95° y 6,24° para las posiciones I, II y III, respectivamente. La media de la altura discal fue de 6,22 mm en el preoperatorio y 11,06 mm en el posoperatorio (p >0,001). Conclusiones: Los resultados de la colocación de este tipo de dispositivos y su relación con la lordosis segmentaria fueron alentadores, se comprendió la importancia de la disposición de estos en el extremo anterior del espacio discal. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: To report the results obtained according to the position of an anterior TLIF device. Materials and Methods: Multicenter, observational, analytical, cross-sectional, retrospective recovery study. We evaluated the pre and post-operative spinopelvic pa-rameters of the spinograms of 20 patients who underwent surgery between September 2019 and August 2021. Patients who had undergone lumbar arthrodesis with an anterior TLIF implant were included, whereas patients without a pre or post-surgical spinogram and more than one device were excluded. Results: The mean monosegmental lordosis was 13.33° preoperatively and 18.81° postoperatively (p <0.001). The mean monosegmental lordosis was 7.32°, 2.95°, and 6.24° for positions I, II, and III, respectively. The mean disc height was 6.22 mm for the preoperative period and 11.06 mm for the postoperative period (p >0.001). Conclusion: We found encouraging results on the placement of this type of device and its relationship with segmental lordosis, understanding the importance of its placement at the anterior end of the disc space. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Spinal Fusion , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Lordosis , Lumbar Vertebrae
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928868

ABSTRACT

To find an effective method of minimally invasive treatment combining prevention and assistance in the middle zone of conservative treatment and fusion surgery for lumbar degenerative diseases, through the clinical effect observation and the advantage and disadvantage comparison of several commonly used lumbar interspinous dynamic stabilization systems, by analyzing the physiological structure, biomechanics and relevant data of lumbar interspinous processes, based on fully understanding of memory alloy materials, a new dynamic lumbar interspinous fixation device with a memory alloy material has been independently designed and researched, which can not only reconstruct the normal biomechanical characteristics of the lumbar spine and satisfy the normal activities of the human spine, but also avoid damage to the original structure and reduce the incidence of postoperative complications. In addition, the device can be used to optimize the current therapeutic methods. According to our research, the dynamic lumbar interspinous process stabilization device with a memory alloy has theoretically achieved satisfactory results, which can be used to overcome the shortcomings of the existing technology and is superior to the current several dynamic lumbar interspinous process stabilization systems.


Subject(s)
Alloys , Biomechanical Phenomena , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Prostheses and Implants , Spinal Fusion
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928348

ABSTRACT

Atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) is a kind of life-threatening atlantoaxial structural instability and a series of neurological dysfunction caused by common multidisciplinary diseases. The operation risk is extremely high because it is adjacent to the medulla oblongata and the location is deep. With the increase of the number of operations in the upper cervical region, postoperative complications such as failure of internal fixation, non fusion of bone graft and poor prognosis gradually increase.Incomplete primary operation, non fusion of bone graft, infection and congenital malformation are the potential causes. In addition, considering the objective factors such as previous graft, scar formation and anatomical marks changes, revision surgery is further difficult. However, there is currently no standard or single effective revision surgery method. Simple anterior surgery is an ideal choice in theory, but it has high risk and high empirical requirements for the operator;simple posterior surgery has some defects, such as insufficient reduction and decompression;anterior decompression combined with posterior fixation fusion is a more reasonable surgical procedure, but many problems such as posterior structural integrity and multilevel fusion need to be considered.This article reviews the causes and strategies of AAD revision surgery.


Subject(s)
Atlanto-Axial Joint/surgery , Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Joint Instability/surgery , Reoperation/adverse effects , Spinal Fusion/methods , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928340

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To manufacture a new type of transverse process retractor by using computer-aided design(CAD) combined with 3D printing technology and investigate its clinical application effect.@*METHODS@#A new type of transverse protrusion retractor was developed by CAD combined with 3D printing technology. From September 2018 to September 2019, the new transverse process retractor was applied in clinic. Sixty patients with lumbar single segment lesions who needed treatment by pedicle screw fixation, bone grafting and interbody fusion were divided into new transverse process retractor group and control group, with 30 cases in each group. There were 14 males and 16 females in new type transverse process retractor group, the age was (68.0±4.3) years old on average; lesion segment of 8 cases were L3,4, 9 cases were L4,5, 13 cases were L5S1;5 cases of lumbar disc herniation, 20 cases of lumbar spinal stenosis, 5 cases of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis;new transverse process retractor was used to pedicle screw placement. While there were 15 males and 15 females in control group, with an average age of (69.2±4.5) years old;lesion segment of 8 cases were L3,4, 10 cases were L4,5, 12 cases were L5S1;5 cases of lumbar disc herniation, 21 cases of lumbar spinal stenosis, 4 cases of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis;the traditional lamina retractor was used for soft tissue pulling and finished pedicle screw placement by freehand. The length of surgical incision, the time required for inserting a single screw, fluoroscopy times, the times of adjusting the positioning needle or screw in insertion process, and the visual analogue scale (VAS) of surgical incision 72 hours after operation were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#Using CAD and 3D printing technology, a new type of transverse protrusion retractor was developed quickly. The length of surgical incision, the time required for inserting a single screw, fluoroscopy time, and the times of adjusting the positioning needle or screw in insertion process in new transverse process retractor group were less than those in control group(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS of lumbar incision pain at 72 hours after operation between two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Using CAD combined with 3D printing technology to develop a new transverse protrusion retractor has the advantages of convenient design, short development cycle and low cost. It provides a new idea for the research and development of new medical devices. The new transverse process retractor has the advantages of easy operation, reliable fixation, less damage to paravertebral muscle, convenient pedicle screw placement, reducing fluoroscopy time and so on.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Low Back Pain , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Spondylolisthesis/surgery , Surgical Wound , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical efficacy of chiropractic manipulation in the treatment of degenerative scoliosis (DS).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to September 2019, 120 patients with degenerative scoliosis were randomly divided into treatment group (60 cases) and control group(60 cases). The patients in treatment group were treated with chiropractic manipulation once every other day for 4 weeks. The patients in control group were treated with eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with thoracolumbar orthopedic(TSLO)brace, oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets 50 mg three times a day, wearing TSLO brace for not less than 8 hours a day. The course of treatment was 4 weeks. After the patients were selected into the group, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were recorded before treatment, 1, 2, 3, 4 weeks after treatment and 1 month after treatment. The full length X-ray of the spine was taken before and 4 weeks after treatment, and the scoliosis Cobb angle, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and lumbar lordosis (LL) were measured and compared. The adverse reactions during the treatment were recorded.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in VAS and ODI between two groups at each time point after treatment (P<0.001), VAS and ODI at 2 weeks after treatment (PVAS=0.025, PODI=0.032) and 3 weeks after treatment(PVAS=0.040, PODI=0.044) in treatment group were significantly different from those in control group, but there was no significant difference in VAS and ODI at other time points between treatment group and control group (P>0.05). There was significant difference in Cobb angle between treatment group(P=0.010) and control group(P=0.017) after treatment, but there was no significant difference in LL and SVA between treatment group and control group. There was no significant difference in Cobb angle, LL and SVA between two groups before and after treatment. During the treatment, there were 4 mild adverse reactions in the control group and no adverse reactions in the treatment group.@*CONCLUSION@#Chiropractic manipulation can effectively relieve pain and improve lumbar function in patients with degenerative scoliosis. The onset of action is faster than that oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with TSLO brace, and it has better safety and can improve Cobb angle of patients with degenerative scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lordosis , Lumbar Vertebrae , Manipulation, Chiropractic , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/therapy , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
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