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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1531280

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La cirugía mínimamente invasiva de columna se ha vuelto cada vez más popular en los últimos años. Se han desarrollado técnicas nuevas y menos invasivas que se han convertido en procedimientos de elección para determinadas enfermedades. El tamaño del corredor aorto-psoas es un factor determinante al elegir la técnica oblicua de fusión intersomática. Objetivos: Describir las modificaciones en el tamaño del corredor aorto-psoas en decúbito lateral derecho y decúbito supino mediante resonancia magnética y su asociación con el índice de masa corporal. materiales y métodos: Se realizó una resonancia magnética de los espacios discales de L1-L2 a L4-L5 a 13 voluntarios en decúbito supino y decúbito lateral derecho. Se midió el corredor y se comparó el tamaño en cada nivel. Resultados: El tamaño del corredor aorto-psoas y de la distancia arteria-disco tuvo un aumento estadísticamente significativo al posicionar al paciente en decúbito lateral derecho. Conclusiones: La resonancia magnética es de suma importancia en la planificación prequirúrgica, pues deja en evidencia la movilidad de las estructuras abdominales. Se producen cambios significativos en el corredor aorto-psoas y la distancia arteria-disco al ubicar al paciente en decúbito lateral derecho. Sin embargo, estos cambios no tienen una relación significativa con el índice de masa corporal. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) has gained popularity in recent years. New and less invasive techniques have emerged as the preferred procedures for certain pathologies. The size of the aorta-psoas corridor is decisive when choosing the oblique interbody fusion technique. Objectives: To describe the changes in the size of the aorta-psoas corridor in the right lateral decubitus and supine decubitus positions by magnetic resonance imaging and their association with body mass index. materials and methods: 13 volunteers underwent MRI of the disc spaces from L1-L2 to L4-L5 in the supine and right lateral decubitus positions. The corridor was measured, and the sizes at each level were compared. Results: A statistically significant increase in the size of the aorta-psoas corridor and the artery-disc distance was obtained when positioning the patient in the right lateral decubitus position. However, these have no significant relationship with BMI. Conclusions: The use of MRI in pre-surgical planning is extremely important. This study reveals the mobility of the abdominal structures. We can conclude that, as stated in the objective of the study, significant changes occur in the aorta-psoas corridor and the artery-disc distance when the patient is positioned in the right lateral decubitus position. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Spinal Diseases , Spinal Fusion , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Lumbar Vertebrae
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1531287

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El abordaje lateral de la columna lumbar en la artrodesis intersomática está descrito para tratar varias enfermedades. Si bien es un procedimiento seguro, a medida que la técnica ha ganado popularidad, se han publicado diversas complicaciones asociadas. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una revisión narrativa de la bibliografía para proveer al lector de un resumen organizado de las complicaciones comunicadas más frecuentes relacionadas con esta técnica. Materiales y métodos: Se llevó a cabo una revisión narrativa de la bibliografía obtenida en las bases de datos PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus y LILACS para identificar artículos que detallen complicaciones relacionadas con el abordaje lateral de la columna lumbar. Resultados: Luego del análisis de los resultados de la búsqueda bibliográfica, se seleccionaron 18 artículos para esta revisión. Conclusiones: Las complicaciones más frecuentes directamente relacionadas con este abordaje son la cruralgia y el déficit motor para la flexión de la cadera o la extensión de la pierna que, en su gran mayoría, son transitorias y reversibles. Hay escasos reportes de lesiones vasculares severas o fatales. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: The lateral approach for lumbar interbody fusion has been described for the treatment of diverse pathologies. Although it is a safe procedure, its popularity has led to an increase in reports of complications associated with it. The objective of this work is to conduct a narrative review of the literature on the most frequently reported complications associated with this surgical approach. Materials and methods: We performed a narrative review of the literature based on the publications obtained from the following databases: PubMed.gov, Web of Science, Scopus and Lilacs to identify published articles that detail complications related to the lateral approach to the lumbar spine. Results: After analyzing the results of the bibliographic search, 18 articles were selected to carry out this review. Conclusions: The most frequent complications directly related to this approach are thigh pain and motor deficit for hip flexion and/or leg extension, which are mostly temporary and reversible. Severe or fatal vascular injuries have rarely been reported. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Postoperative Complications , Spinal Fusion , Lumbar Vertebrae
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 712-718, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529947

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To comparatively analyze isolated posterior and double surgical approaches for the treatment of severe scoliosis. Methods We retrospectively analyzed medical records of 32 patients with scoliosis angular value > 70° submitted to surgical treatment in a tertiary hospital between 2009 and 2019. These patients were divided into two groups: PV group with 17 patients submitted to arthrodesis by isolated posterior route (PV) and APV group with 15 patients approached anteriorly and posteriorly (APV). In the PV group, there were 16 female patients and 1 male, with a mean age of 16.86 years old. In the APV group, there were 10 female patients and 5 males, with a mean age of 17.71 years old. Cobb angles were measured by a single spinal surgeon manually on panoramic radiographs, orthostasis before and after surgery. Weight, pre- and postoperative height, and duration of the procedure were also evaluated. Results In the PV group, preoperative and postoperative Cobb angles, verified in the main curve, were 96.06 ± 8.45° and 52.27 ± 15.18°, with an average correction rate of 0.54 ± 0.16, respectively. In the APV group, these values were 83.12 ± 11.60° for preoperative Cobb angle, and 48.53 ± 10.76° postoperatively, with correction rate of the main curve of 0.58 ± 0.11. Conclusion The two forms of surgical approach for the treatment of severe scoliosis were astowed as to the rate of correction of the deformity. Therefore, isolated posterior access has an advantage over the double approach, based on shorter surgical time, shorter hospital stay, and less risk of complications


Resumo Objetivo Analisar comparativamente as abordagens cirúrgicas por via posterior isolada e dupla abordagem para tratamento da escoliose severa. Métodos Analisou-se retrospectivamente prontuários de 32 pacientes com escoliose de valor angular > 70° submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico em hospital terciário entre 2009 e 2019. Dividiu-se estes pacientes em dois grupos: Grupo VP com 17 pacientes submetidos a artrodese por via posterior isolada (VP) e Grupo VAP com 15 pacientes abordados por via anterior e posterior (VAP). O Grupo VP apresentou 16 pacientes do sexo feminino e 1 do masculino, com idade média de 16,86 anos. No grupo VAP, 10 pacientes do sexo feminino e 5 do masculino, com idade média de 17,71 anos. Os ângulos de Cobb foram mensurados por único cirurgião de coluna, manualmente, em radiografias panorâmicas, em ortostase no pré- e pós-operatório. Foram avaliados também peso, altura pré- e pós-operatória e duração do procedimento. Resultados No Grupo VP, o ângulo de Cobb pré-operatório e pós-operatório, verificados na curva principal, foram respectivamente 96,06° ± 8,45° e 52,27 ± 15,18°, apresentando taxa média de correção de 0,54 ± 0,16. No grupo VAP, esses valores foram de 83,12° ± 11,60° para o ângulo de Cobb pré-operatório, 48,53 ± 10,76, pós-operatório, com a taxa de correção da curva principal de 0,58 ± 0,11. Conclusão As duas formas de abordagem cirúrgica para tratamento de escoliose severa se equiparam quanto à taxa de correção da deformidade. Portanto, o acesso posterior isolado apresenta vantagem em relação a dupla via, baseado no menor tempo cirúrgico, menor tempo de internação e menos risco de complicações


Subject(s)
Humans , Scoliosis , Spinal Fusion , Thoracotomy
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(1): 1-8, Jan.-Feb. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441345

ABSTRACT

Abstract Spinal surgery continues to expand its horizons to care for disabled patients presenting pain and deformities. Over the past decade, our knowledge of spinal alignment, from the skull to the pelvis, has increased considerably. Such knowledge must expand to reach general orthopedists and improve the care required for so many people. Global spinal alignment is a critical concept in understanding the impact of pathological conditions (degenerative diseases, traumas, deformities) and their treatment, including spinal instrumentation and arthrodesis. Therefore, the treatment of any spinal disease must include the knowledge of the complexity of the spinopelvic alignment. At first, all parameters seem like pure mathematics, hardly applicable to the everyday life of the inattentive reader. However, it gradually becomes clear that, like everything else in orthopedics, biomechanics is an essential part of the knowledge of the musculoskeletal system, revealing the logic behind the physiology of movements. The knowledge of the sagittal alignment concepts and spinopelvic parameteres provide a better comprehension of the axial and appendicular skeletons, increasing the understanding of the physiological and adaptive spinal processes in the face of the degenerative process that increases throughout life.


Resumo A cirurgia da coluna continua a expandir seus horizontes para cuidar dos pacientes incapacitados com dor e deformidades. Desde a última década, nosso conhecimento sobre o alinhamento espinal, do crânio à pelve, aumentou consideravelmente. Portanto, faz-se necessária a expansão de tal conhecimento para o ortopedista geral, para que possamos proporcionar melhores cuidados para essa população. O alinhamento espinal global é um conceito crítico no entendimento do impacto ocasionado pela condição patológica (doença degenerativa, trauma, deformidade) e mesmo do seu tratamento, como na instrumentação e artrodese da coluna. O tratamento de qualquer doença na coluna deve incluir o entendimento da complexidade do alinhamento espinopélvico. A princípio, todos os parâmetros parecem puramente matemáticos e pouco aplicáveis à realidade do leitor mais desatento. Mas, aos poucos, fica claro que, como tudo em ortopedia, a biomecânica faz parte essencial do conhecimento do sistema musculoesquelético, tornando mais claras as lógicas da fisiologia do movimento. O conhecimento dos conceitos de alinhamento sagital e dos parâmetros espinopélvicos proporcionam uma melhor compreensão dos esqueletos axial e apendicular, além de um melhor entendimento dos processos fisiológicos e adaptativos da coluna frente ao processo degenerativo crescente que ocorre ao longo da vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Fusion , Spine/surgery
5.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 706-712, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981656

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the early effectiveness of unilateral biportal endoscopy (UBE) laminectomy in the treatment of two-level lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 98 patients with two-level LSS treated with UBE between September 2020 and December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 53 males and 45 females with an average age of 59.9 years (range, 32-79 years). Among them, there were 56 cases of mixed spinal stenosis, 23 cases of central spinal canal stenosis, and 19 cases of nerve root canal stenosis. The duration of symptoms was 1.5- 10 years, with an average of 5.4 years. The operative segments were L 2, 3 and L 3, 4 in 2 cases, L 3, 4 and L 4, 5 in 29 cases, L 4, 5 and L 5, S 1 in 67 cases. All patients had different degrees of low back pain, among of which 76 cases were with unilateral lower extremity symptoms and 22 cases were with bilateral lower extremity symptoms. There were 29 cases of bilateral decompression in both segments, 63 cases of unilateral decompression in both segments, and 6 cases of unilateral decompression and bilateral decompression of each segment. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, total incision length, hospitalization stay, ambulation time, and related complications were recorded. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to assess the low back and leg pain before operation and at 3 days, 3 months after operation, and at last follow-up. The Oswestry disability index (ODI) was used to evaluate the functional recovery of lumbar spine before operation and at 3 months and last follow-up after operation. Modified MacNab criteria was used to evaluate clinical outcomes at last follow-up. Imaging examinations were performed before and after operation to measure the preservation rate of articular process, modified Pfirrmann scale, disc height (DH), lumbar lordosis angle (LLA), and cross-sectional area of the canal (CAC), and the CAC improvement rate was calculated.@*RESULTS@#All patients underwent surgery successfully. The operation time was (106.7±25.1) minutes, the intraoperative blood loss was (67.7±14.2) mL, and the total incision length was (3.2±0.4) cm. The hospitalization stay was 8 (7, 9) days, and the ambulation time was 3 (3, 4) days. All the wounds healed by first intention. Dural tear occurred in 1 case during operation, and mild headache occurred in 1 case after operation. All patients were followed up 13-28 months with an average of 19.3 months, and there was no recurrence or reoperation during the follow-up. At last follow-up, the preservation rate of articular process was 84.7%±7.3%. The modified Pfirrmann scale and DH were significantly different from those before operation ( P<0.05), while the LLA was not significantly different from that before operation ( P=0.050). The CAC significantly improved ( P<0.05), and the CAC improvement rate was 108.1%±17.8%. The VAS scores of low back pain and leg pain and ODI at each time point after operation significantly improved when compared with those before operation, and the differences between each time points were significant ( P<0.05). According to the modified MacNab criteria, 63 cases were excellent, 25 cases were good, and 10 cases were fair, with an excellent and good rate of 89.8%.@*CONCLUSION@#UBE laminectomy is a safe and effective technique with little trauma and fast recovery for two-level LSS and the early effectiveness is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Laminectomy , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Low Back Pain , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Endoscopy , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Decompression, Surgical , Surgical Wound/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 700-705, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of a new point contact pedicle navigation template (referred to as "new navigation template" for simplicity) in assisting screw implantation in scoliosis correction surgery.@*METHODS@#Twenty-five patients with scoliosis, who met the selection criteria between February 2020 and February 2023, were selected as the trial group. During the scoliosis correction surgery, the three-dimensional printed new navigation template was used to assist in screw implantation. Fifty patients who had undergone screw implantation with traditional free-hand implantation technique between February 2019 and February 2023 were matched according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria as the control group. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05) in terms of gender, age, disease duration, Cobb angle on the coronal plane of the main curve, Cobb angle at the Bending position of the main curve, the position of the apical vertebrae of the main curve, and the number of vertebrae with the pedicle diameter lower than 50%/75% of the national average, and the number of patients whose apical vertebrae rotation exceeded 40°. The number of fused vertebrae, the number of pedicle screws, the time of pedicle screw implantation, implant bleeding, fluoroscopy frequency, and manual diversion frequency were compared between the two groups. The occurrence of implant complications was observed. Based on the X-ray films at 2 weeks after operation, the pedicle screw grading was recorded, the accuracy of the implant and the main curvature correction rate were calculated.@*RESULTS@#Both groups successfully completed the surgeries. Among them, the trial group implanted 267 screws and fused 177 vertebrae; the control group implanted 523 screws and fused 358 vertebrae. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05) in terms of the number of fused vertebrae, the number of pedicle screws, the pedicle screw grading and accuracy, and the main curvature correction rate. However, the time of pedicle screw implantation, implant bleeding, fluoroscopy frequency, and manual diversion frequency were significantly lower in trial group than in control group ( P<0.05). There was no complications related to screws implantation during or after operation in the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The new navigation template is suitable for all kinds of deformed vertebral lamina and articular process, which not only improves the accuracy of screw implantation, but also reduces the difficulty of operation, shortens the operation time, and reduces intraoperative bleeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthopedic Procedures , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Spine , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods
7.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 589-595, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibility of predicting proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) in adults after spinal deformity surgery based on back-forward Bending CT localization images and related predictive indicators.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 31 adult patients with spinal deformity who underwent posterior osteotomy and long-segment fusion fixation between March 2017 and March 2020. There were 5 males and 26 females with an average age of 62.5 years (range, 30-77 years). The upper instrumented vertebrae (UIV) located at T 5 in 1 case, T 6 in 1 case, T 9 in 13 cases, T 10 in 12 cases, and T 11 in 4 cases. The lowest instrumented vertebrae (LIV) located at L 1 in 3 cases, L 2 in 3 cases, L 3 in 10 cases, L 4 in 7 cases, L 5 in 5 cases, and S 1 in 3 cases. Based on the full-length lateral X-ray film of the spine in the standing position before and after operation and back-forward Bending CT localization images before operation, the sagittal sequence of the spine was obtained, and the relevant indexes were measured, including thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), local kyphosis Cobb angle (LKCA) [the difference between the different positions before operation (recovery value) was calculated], kyphosis flexibility, hyperextension sagittal vertical axis (hSVA), T 2-L 5 hyperextension C 7-vertebral sagittal offset (hC 7-VSO), and pre- and post-operative proximal junctional angle (PJA). At last follow-up, the patients were divided into PJK and non-PJK groups based on PJA to determine whether they had PJK. The gender, age, body mass index (BMI), number of fusion segments, number of cases with coronal plane deformity, bone mineral density (T value), UIV position, LIV position, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, osteotomy grading, and related imaging indicators were compared between the two groups. The hC 7-VSO of the vertebral body with significant differences between groups was taken, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate its accuracy in predicting the occurrence of PJK.@*RESULTS@#All 31 patients were followed up 13-52 months, with an average of 30.0 months. The patient's PJA was 1.4°-29.0° at last follow-up, with an average of 10.4°; PJK occurred in 8 cases (25.8%). There was no significant difference in gender, age, BMI, number of fusion segments, number of cases with coronal plane deformity, bone mineral density (T value), UIV position, LIV position, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and osteotomy grading between the two groups ( P>0.05). Imaging measurements showed that the LL recovery value and T 8-L 3 vertebral hC 7-VSO in the PJK group were significantly higher than those in the non-PJK group ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in hyperextension TK, hyperextension LL, hyperextension LKCA, TK recovery value, LL recovery value, kyphosis flexibility, hSVA, and T 2-T 7, L 4, L 5 vertebral hC 7-VSO ( P>0.05). T 8-L 3 vertebral hC 7-VSO was analyzed for ROC curve, and combined with the area under curve and the comprehensive evaluation of sensitivity and specificity, the best predictive index was hC 7-L 2, the cut-off value was 2.54 cm, the sensitivity was 100%, and the specificity was 60.9%.@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative back-forward Bending CT localization image can be used to predict the occurrence of PJK after posterior osteotomy and long-segment fusion fixation in adult spinal deformity. If the patient's T 8-L 2 vertebral hC 7-VSO is too large, it indicates a higher risk of postoperative PJK. The best predictive index is hC 7-L 2, and the cut-off value is 2.54 cm.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Kyphosis/surgery , Lordosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery
8.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 463-468, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981616

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the mode of anterior cervical surgery in outpatient setting, and evaluate its preliminary effectiveness.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of patients who underwent anterior cervical surgery between January 2022 and September 2022 and met the selection criteria was retrospectively analyzed. The surgeries were performed in outpatient setting ( n=35, outpatient setting group) or in inpatient setting ( n=35, inpatient setting group). There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05) in age, gender, body mass index, smoking, history of alcohol drinking, disease type, the number of surgical levels, operation mode, as well as preoperative Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, visual analogue scale score of neck pain (VAS-neck), and visual analogue scale score of upper limb pain (VAS-arm). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, total hospital stay, postoperative hospital stay, and hospital expenses of the two groups were recorded; JOA score, VAS-neck score, and VAS-arm score were recorded before and immediately after operation, and the differences of the above indexes between pre- and post-operation were calculated. Before discharge, the patient was asked to score satisfaction with a score of 1-10.@*RESULTS@#The total hospital stay, postoperative hospital stay, and hospital expenses were significantly lower in the outpatient setting group than in the inpatient setting group ( P<0.05). The satisfaction of patients was significantly higher in the outpatient setting group than in the inpatient setting group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in operation time and intraoperative blood loss ( P>0.05). The JOA score, VAS-neck score, and VAS-arm score of the two groups significantly improved at immediate after operation when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the improvement of the above scores between the two groups ( P>0.05). The patients were followed up (6.67±1.04) months in the outpatient setting group and (5.95±1.90) months in the inpatient setting group, with no significant difference ( t=0.089, P=0.929). No surgical complications, such as delayed hematoma, delayed infection, delayed neurological damage, and esophageal fistula, occurred in the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The safety and efficiency of anterior cervical surgery performed in outpatient setting were comparable to that performed in inpatient setting. Outpatient surgery mode can significantly shorten the postoperative hospital stay, reduce hospital expenses, and improve the patients' medical experience. The key points of the outpatient mode of anterior cervical surgery are minimizing damage, complete hemostasis, no drainage placement, and fine perioperative management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Treatment Outcome , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Outpatients , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Spinal Fusion , Neck Pain
9.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 303-312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981543

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of postoperative fusion implantation on the mesoscopic biomechanical properties of vertebrae and bone tissue osteogenesis in idiopathic scoliosis, a macroscopic finite element model of the postoperative fusion device was developed, and a mesoscopic model of the bone unit was developed using the Saint Venant sub-model approach. To simulate human physiological conditions, the differences in biomechanical properties between macroscopic cortical bone and mesoscopic bone units under the same boundary conditions were studied, and the effects of fusion implantation on bone tissue growth at the mesoscopic scale were analyzed. The results showed that the stresses in the mesoscopic structure of the lumbar spine increased compared to the macroscopic structure, and the mesoscopic stress in this case is 2.606 to 5.958 times of the macroscopic stress; the stresses in the upper bone unit of the fusion device were greater than those in the lower part; the average stresses in the upper vertebral body end surfaces were ranked in the order of right, left, posterior and anterior; the stresses in the lower vertebral body were ranked in the order of left, posterior, right and anterior; and rotation was the condition with the greatest stress value in the bone unit. It is hypothesized that bone tissue osteogenesis is better on the upper face of the fusion than on the lower face, and that bone tissue growth rate on the upper face is in the order of right, left, posterior, and anterior; while on the lower face, it is in the order of left, posterior, right, and anterior; and that patients' constant rotational movements after surgery is conducive to bone growth. The results of the study may provide a theoretical basis for the design of surgical protocols and optimization of fusion devices for idiopathic scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Osteogenesis , Biomechanical Phenomena/physiology , Finite Element Analysis
10.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 530-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986885

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined expandable tubular retractor in the treatment of patients with spinal metastases.@*METHODS@#In the study, 12 patients of spinal metastases treated with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined expandable tubular retractor in our hospital were retrospectively reviewed between June 2017 and October 2019. Among the 12 patients, 9 were males and 3 were females; the median age was 62.5 years [(65.1±2.9) years]. The decompression segment of 7 patients was located at the lower thoracic spine (including 1 patient with incomplete paraplegia) and the decompression segment of 5 patients was located at the lumbar spine; Tomita score was 6.0±0.6. Perioperative data of the patients were reviewed. Visual analog scale (VAS score), Karnofsky score, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score were compared before and after surgery. The patient's survival, adjuvant treatment, and internal fixation failure were observed in the follow-up period.@*RESULTS@#All the 12 patients had a successful operation with percuta-neous pedicle screw fixation combined expandable tubular retractor. The average operative time, blood loss, and blood transfused of the patients were (247.0±14.6) min, (804.2±222.3) mL and (500.0±100.0) mL, respectively. The average amount of drainage was (240.8±79.3) mL. Drainage tubes were pulled out early postoperative [(3.2±0.3) d], allowing early mobilization. The patients discharged (7.8±0.8) d postoperative. All the patients were followed up for 6-30 months, and the average overall survival time was (13.6±2.4) months. During the follow-up period, 2 patients experienced screw displacement, the internal fixation was stable after conservative treatment and no revision surgery was performed. The VAS of the patients was 7.1±0.2 before surgery, which decreased to 2.3±0.1 and 2.8±0.4 at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P < 0.05). The Karnofsky score of the patients was 59.2±1.9 before surgery, which increased to 75.0±1.9 and 74.2±3.1 at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P < 0.05). The ECOG of the patients was 2.3±0.2 before surgery, which decreased to 1.7±0.1 and 1.7±0.2 at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For selected patients with spinal metastases, minimally invasive surgical treatment of spinal metastases (percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation combined with expandable tubular retractor) can effectively relieve the clinical symptoms and improve the quality of life, with satisfactory clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Treatment Outcome , Spinal Neoplasms/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Fractures/surgery
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 743-746, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980789

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of buccal acupuncture on pain after lumbar spinal fusion.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 1 case was eliminated). The patients in the control group were treated with routine anesthesia. On the basis of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with buccal acupuncture at bilateral back point, waist point, and sacral point for 30 min per treatment. The first acupuncture was given before anesthesia induction, and then once a day postoperation for two days, totally 3 treatments. The dosage of sufentanil, the number of remedial analgesia, and the incidence of nausea and vomiting within 48 h after surgery were compared between the two groups; rest and motion visual analogue scale (VAS) scores at 2 (T1), 8 (T2), 12 (T3), 24 (T4), and 48 (T5) h after surgery were observed; the quality of recovery-15 scale (QoR-15) at 24 and 48 h after surgery were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The dosage of sufentanil and the number of remedial analgesia within 48 h after surgery in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). There was no significant statistically difference in rest and motion VAS scores between the two groups in T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 (P>0.05). The QoR-15 scores in the observation group at 24 and 48 h after surgery were higher than those in the control group (P<0.01). The incidence of nausea in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Buccal acupuncture could reduce the amount of postoperative analgesic drugs of patients after lumbar spinal fusion, and promote early postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Fusion/adverse effects , Sufentanil , Acupuncture Therapy , Pain Management , Pain , Nausea
12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 144-148, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether 3D-printed artificial vertebral body can reduce prosthesis subsidence rate for patients with cervical chordomas, through comparing the rates of prosthesis subsidence between 3D printing artificial vertebral body and titanium mesh for anterior spinal reconstruction after total spondylectomy.@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent surgical treatment for cervical chordoma at our hospital from March 2005 to September 2019. There were nine patients in the group of 3D artificial vertebral body (3D group), and 15 patients in the group of titanium mesh cage (Mesh group). The patients' characteristics and treatment data were extracted from the medical records, including age, gender, CT hounsfield unit of cervical vertebra and surgical information, such as the surgical segments, time and blood loss of surgery, frequency and degree of prosthesis subsidence after surgery. Radiographic observations of prosthesis subsidence during the follow-up, including X-rays, CT, and magnetic resonance imaging were also collected. SPSS 22.0 was used to analysis the data.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference between the two groups in gender, age, CT hounsfield unit, surgical segments, time of surgery, blood loss of posterior surgery and total blood loss. Blood loss of anterior surgery was 700 (300, 825) mL in 3D group and 1 500 (750, 2 800) mL in Mesh group (P < 0.05). The prosthesis subsidence during the follow-up, 3 months after surgery, there was significant difference between the two groups in mild prosthesis subsidence (P < 0.05). The vertebral height of the 3D group decreased less than 1 mm in eight cases (no prosthesis subsidence) and more than 1 mm in one case (mild prosthesis subsidence). The vertebral height of the Mesh group decreased less than 1 mm in five cases (no prosthesis subsidence), and more than 1 mm in eight cases (mild prosthesis subsidence). Two patients did not have X-rays in 3 months after surgery. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in the prosthesis subsidence rate at the end of 12 months (P < 0.01). The vertebral height of eight cases in the 3D group decreased less than 1 mm (no prosthesis subsidence) and one case more than 3 mm (severe prosthesis subsidence). Four of the 15 cases in the Mesh group decreased less than 1 mm (no prosthesis subsidence), two cases more than 1 mm (mild prosthesis subsidence), and nine cases more than 3 mm (severe prosthesis subsidence). There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in the prosthesis subsidence rate at the end of 24 months (P < 0.01). The vertebral height of seven cases in the 3D group decreased less than 1 mm (no prosthesis subsidence), one case more than 3 mm (severe prosthesis subsidence), and one case died with tumor. One case in the Mesh group decreased less than 1 mm (no prosthesis subsidence), one case more than 1 mm (mild prosthesis subsidence), 11 case more than 3 mm (severe prosthesis subsidence), one case died with tumor and one lost the follow-up. Moreover, at the end of 12 months and 24 months, there was significant difference between the two groups in severe prosthesis subsidence rate (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#3D-printed artificial vertebral body for anterior spinal reconstruction after total spondylectomy for patients with cervical chordoma can provide reliable spinal stability, and reduce the incidence of prosthesis subsidence after 2-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chordoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Vertebral Body , Titanium , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Spinal Fusion/methods , Treatment Outcome
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 174-180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970842

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of posterior percutaneous endoscopic discectomy(PPECD) in the treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy.@*METHODS@#A total of 56 patiens with single segment cervical spondylotic radiculopathy from December 2017 to October 2020, were randomly divided into observation group and control group. In observation group, there were 16 males and 11 females, including 8 cases of C4,5, 13 cases of C5,6 and 6 cases of C6,7 performed posterior percutaneous endoscopic discectomy, aged from 34 to 61 years old with an average of (51.15±6.29) years old. In control group, there were 19 males and 10 females with single segment cervical spondylotic radiculopathy including 10 cases of C4,5, 14 cases of C5,6 and 5 cases of C6,7 performed anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, aged from 40 to 65 years old with an average of (53.24±5.31) years old. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative time of lying in bed and length of postoperative hospital stay were recorded. Visual analogue scale(VAS) and neck disability index(NDI) were used to evaluate the clinical efficacy. Cervical plain films or MRIs, CTs were taken for re-visiting patients.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up more than 2 years. The observation group patients were followed up, the duration ranged from 24 to 42 months with an average of (30.48±4.91) months. The control group patients were followed up, the duration ranged from 25 to 47 months, with an average of (32.76±4.53) months. Compared with control group, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative time of lying in bed and length of postoperative hospital stay were decreased(P<0.05). Compared with pre-operation, VAS of neck and upper limb and NDI at the latest follow-up between two groups were significantly improved(P<0.05). Compared with control group, VAS of neck and upper limb at 1 day after operation in observation group were significantly reduced(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS of neck and upper limb and NID at 1, 3 months and the latest follow-up after operation between two groups(P>0.05). In the observation group, one patient's deltoid muscle strength was weakened to grade 4 after operation, and returned to normal after 12 weeks of conservative treatment. In control group, there was 1 case of postoperative adjacent spondylosis with symptoms of spinal compression after 2 years operation, then underwent cervical artificial intervertebral disc replacement. And there was 1 case of dysphagia after operation in control group and improved after 1 year. There was no significant difference in incidence of complications between two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#PPECD has advantages of shortening operative time, decreasing intraoperative blood loss, reducing postoperative time of lying in bed and length of postoperative hospital stay. However, applicable age range of patients and long-term clinical efficacy needs further study.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Radiculopathy/surgery , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Diskectomy , Spondylosis/surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 48-54, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970818

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the clinical effects of percutaneous endoscopic surgery through two different approaches for stable degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.@*METHODS@#Sixty-four patients with stable degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis who underwent percutaneous endoscopic procedures between January 2016 and December 2019 were divided into transforaminal approach group and interlaminar approach group according to surgical approaches, 32 patients in each group. There were 16 males and 16 females in transforaminal approach group, aged from 52 to 84 years old with an average of (66.03±9.60) years, L2 slippage in 4 cases, L3 slippage in 5, and L4 slippage in 23. There were 17 males and 15 females in interlaminar approach group, aged from 46 to 81 years old with an average of (61.38±9.88) years, L3 slippage in 3 cases, L4 slippage in 15, and L5 slippage in 14. Operative time, intraoperative fluoroscopy times, and postoperative bedtime were compared between two groups. Anteroposterior displacement values, interbody opening angles, and the percentage of slippage were measured on preoperative and postoperative 12-month dynamic radiographs. Visual analogue scale (VAS) of low back pain and lower extremity pain, and the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score before and after surgery were observed, and clinical effects were evaluated according to the modified MACNAB criteria.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successfully completed, and patients in both groups were followed up for more than 1 year, and without complications during follow-up period. ①There was no significant difference in operation time between two groups(P>0.05). Intraoperative fluoroscopy times were longer in transforaminal approach group than that in intervertebral approach group(P<0.05). Postoperative bedtime was shorter in transforaminal approach group than that in intervertebral approach group (P<0.05).② No lumbar instability was found on dynamic radiography at 12 months postoperatively in both groups. There were no significant differences in anteroposterior displacement values, interbody opening angles, and the percentage of slippage between two groups postoperative 12 months and preoperative 1 day(P>0.05). ③There was no significant difference between two groups in VAS of low back pain at 3 days and 1, 12 months after the operation compared with the preoperative(P>0.05), but the VAS of the lower extremity pain was significantly improved compared with the preoperative(P<0.05). Both of groups showed significant improvement in JOA score at 12 months compared with preoperatively(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS of low back pain, lower extremity pain and JOA scores between two groups during the same period after surgery(P>0.05). According to modified Macnab criteria, excellent, good, fair and poor outcomes were 21, 7, 3 and 1 in transforaminal approach group respectively, and which in intervertebral approach group were 20, 7, 5 and 0, there was no significant difference in clinical effect between the groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Intervertebral approach may reduce intraoperative fluoroscopy times and transforaminal approach can shorten postoperative bedtime, both approaches achieve satisfactory results in the treatment of stable degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with no progression of short-term slippage.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Spondylolisthesis/surgery , Low Back Pain/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Retrospective Studies
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 29-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970815

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and clinical effect of Stand-alone oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) in the treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration with Modic changes and endplate sclerosis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 16 cases with lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration with Modic changes and endplate sclerosis admitted to three medical centers from January 2015 to December 2018. There were 6 males and 10 females, the age ranged from 45 to 67 years old with an average of (55.48±8.07) years old, the medical history ranged from 36 to 240 months with an average of (82.40±47.68) months. The lesion sites included L2,3 in 2 cases, L3,4 in 5 cases, and L4,5 in 9 cases. All patients presented with chronic low back pain with lower limb neurological symptoms in 3 cases. All patients were treated by Stand-alone oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion. Clinical and radiological findings and complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#There was no vascular injury, endplate injury and vertebral fracture during the operation. The mean incision length, operation time, and intraoperative blood loss were(4.06±0.42) cm, (45.12±5.43) min, (33.40±7.29) ml, respectively. The mean visual analogue scale (VAS) of the incision pain was (1.14±0.47) at 72 hours after operation. There was no incision skin necrosis, poor incision healing or infection in patients. Sympathetic chain injury occurred in 1 case, anterolateral pain and numbness of the left thigh in 2 cases, and weakness of the left iliopsoas muscle in 1 case, all of which were transient injuries with a complication rate of 25%(4/16). All 16 patients were followed up from 12 to 36 months with an average of (20.80±5.46) months. The intervertebral space height was significantly recovered after operation, with slight lost during the follow-up. Coronal and sagittal balance of the lumbar spine showed good improvement at the final follow-up. There was no obvious subsidence or displacement of the cage, and the interbody fusion was obtained. At the final follow-up, Japanese Orthopaedic Association(JOA) score and Oswestry disability index(ODI) were significantly improved.@*CONCLUSION@#As long as the selection of case is strict enough and the preoperative examination is sufficients, the use of Stand-alone OLIF in the treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration with Modic changes and endplate sclerosis has a good results, with obvious clinical advantages and is a better surgical choice.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sclerosis , Treatment Outcome , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods
16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 686-691, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of electromyography on the clinical manifestations and prognosis after posterior lumbar interbody fusion(PLIF) of degenerative lumbar diseases.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 68 patients with degenerative lumbar diseases, including 29 males and 39 females, aged 21 to 84 years old, who underwent electromyogram (EMG) from January 2018 to October 2019. The patients were divided into negative and positive groups according to whether theresults of EMG was normal or abnormal, PLIF surgery was performed in both groups. The preoperative duration of illness, postoperative recovery time, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative ambulation time and length of postoperative hospital stay were recorded. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by visual analogue scale(VAS) of low back and lower limb, the Japanese Orthopedic Association(JOA) score before and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were follow-up from 26 to 39 months. The subjective symptoms, clinical signs, daily activities and JOA total scores after operation in two groups were significantly higher than those before preoperation(P<0.05);the clinical signs score and total JOA score in the negative group at 3 months after operation were higher than those in the positive group(P<0.05). The VAS score of leg pain in the negative group after 1 and 3 months was less than that in the positive group(P<0.05). Patients 's illness time, postoperative recovery time, hospitalization time and implantation time in the negative group were shorter than those in the positive group(P<0.05). At other time points, there was no significant difference in low pain VAS, leg pain VAS, JOA scores in the two groups(P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the operation time and intraoperative bleeding volume between the two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with normal electromyography had shorter disease duration than ones with abnormal electromyography in lumbar degenerative disease;after PLIF, patients with normal electromyography recovered faster than ones with abnormal electromyography, but the results of electromyography had no effect on the final prognosis of PLIF surgery.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Pain
17.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 554-558, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981731

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between spinous process deviation and lumbar disc herniation in young patients.@*METHODS@#From March 2015 to January 2022, 30 treated young (under the age of 30) patients with lumbar disc herniation were included as the young group. In addition 30 middle-aged patients (quinquagenarian group) with lumbar disc herniation and 30 patients with non-degenerative spinal diseases (young non-degenerative group) were selected as control groups. The angle of the spinous process deviation was measured on CT and statistically analyzed by various groups. All the data were measured twice and the average value was taken and recorded.@*RESULTS@#The average angle of spinous process deviation in the degenerative lumbar vertebra of young patients were (3.89±3.77) degrees, similar to the (3.72±2.98) degrees of quinquagenarian patients(P=0.851). The average angle of s spinous process deviation young non-degenerative group were (2.20±2.28) degrees, significantly less than young group(P=0.040). The spinous process deviation angle of the superior vertebral of the degenerative lumbar in the young group was (4.10±3.44) degrees, which similar to the (3.47±2.87) degrees in the quinquagenarian group (P=0.447). A total of 19 young patients had the opposite deviation direction of the spinous process of the degenerative lumbar vertebra and upper vertebra, while only 7 quinquagenarian patients had this condition(P=0.02). The type of lumbar disc herniation in young patients had no significant relationship with the direction of spinous process deflection of the degenerative or upper lumbar vertebra (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Spinous process deviation is a risk factor of young lumbar disc herniation patients. If the deviation directions of adjacent lumbar spinous processes are opposite, it will increase the incidence of lumbar disc herniation in young patients. There was no significant correlation between the type of disc herniation and the deviation direction of the spinous process of the degenerative or upper lumbar vertebra. People with such anatomical variation can strengthen the stability of spine and prevent lumbar disc herniation through reasonable exercise.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/complications , Vertebral Body , Spinal Diseases , Spinal Fusion/adverse effects , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/etiology
18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 495-498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981721

ABSTRACT

Wallis dynamic stabilization system is a surgical approach in the non-fusion technique of lumbar spine, consisting of interspinous blockers and dacron artificial ligaments that provide stability to the spine while maintaining a degree of motion in the affected segment. Recent studies have demonstrated the significant benefits of Wallis dynamic stabilization system in treating lumbar degenerative diseases. It not only improves clinical symptoms, but also effectively delays complications such as adjacent segmental degeneration. This paper aims to review the literature related to the Wallis dynamic stabilization system and degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine to describe the long-term prognostic effect of this system in the treatment of such diseases. This review provides a theoretical basis and reference for selecting surgical methods to treat degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Fusion/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Treatment Outcome
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 487-489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the technical aspects of the accuracy of cervical pedicle screw placement with O-arm guidance.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 21 patients who underwent cervical pedicle screw fixation by O-arm real-time guidance from December 2015 to January 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 15 males and 6 females, aged from 29 to 76 years old with an average of (45.3±11.5) years. The postoperative CT scan was utilized to evaluate the placement of the pedicle screw and classified according to the Gertzbein and Robbins classification.@*RESULTS@#A total of 132 pedicle screws were implanted in 21 patients, 116 at C3-C6 and 16 at C1 and C2. According to Gertzbein & Robbins classification, the overall breach rates were found to be 11.36% (15/132) with 73.33% (11 screws) Grade B, 26.67% (4 screws) Grade C, and no Grade D or E screw breaches. There were no pedicle screw placement related complications at final follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#The application of O-arm real-time guidance technology can make cervical pedicle screw placement reliable. High accuracy and better intra-operative control can increase surgeon's confidence in using cervical pedicle instrumentation. Considering the high-risk nature of anatomical area around cervical pedicle and the possibility of catastrophic complications, the spine surgeon should have sufficient surgical skills, experience, ensures stringent verification of the system, and never relies solely on the navigation system.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fusion
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 480-486, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981718

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate early clinical efficacy of unilateral biportal endoscopy technique for the treatment of lumbar postoperative adjacent segmental diseases.@*METHODS@#Fourteen patients with lumbar postoperative adjacent segmental diseases were treated with unilateral biportal endoscopy technique from June 2019 to June 2020. Among them, there were 9 males and 5 females, aged from 52 to 73 years old, and the interval between primary and revision operations ranged from 19 to 64 months. Adjacent segmental degeneration occurred after lumbar fusion in 10 patients and after lumbar nonfusion fixation in 4 patients. All the patients received unilateral biportal endoscopy assisted posterior unilateral lamina decompression or unilateral approach to the contralateral decompression. The operation time, postoperative hospital stay and complications were observed. The visual analogue scale (VAS) of low back pain and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) score were recorded before operation and at 3 days, 3 months, and 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All procedures were successfully completed. Surgical duration ranged from 32 to 151 min. Postoperative CT showed adequate decompression and preservation of most joints. Out of bed walking 1 to 3 days after surgery, postoperative hospital stay was 1 to 8 days, and postoperative follow-up was 6 to 11 months. All 14 patients returned to normal life within 3 weeks after surgery, and VAS, ODI, and mJOA scores improved significantly at 3 days and 3, 6 months after surgery. One patient occurred cerebrospinal fluid leak after operation, received local compression suture, and the wound healed after conservative treatment. One patient occurred postoperative cauda equina neurologic deficit, which was gradually recovered about 1 month after rehabilitation therapy. One patients advented transient pain of lower limbs after surgery, and the symptoms were relieved after 7 days of treatment with hormones, dehydration drugs and symptomatic management.@*CONCLUSION@#Unilateral biportal endoscopy technique has a good early clinical efficacy in the treatment of lumbar postoperative adjacent segmental diseases, which may provide a new minimally invasive, non-fixation option for the treatment of adjacent segment disease.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Endoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Spinal Fusion/methods , Retrospective Studies
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