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1.
ABCS health sci ; 45: [1-7], 02 jun 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1097559

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Long-term disabilities are frequently related to postoperative complications on breast cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of breast cancer surgery on pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength over the course of 60 days after the surgery. METHODS: Prospective study with 32 women. Pulmonary function was evaluated using spirometry and respiratory muscle strength was evaluated using manovacuometry. The evaluations were performed in preoperative period, between 12 to 48h after surgery, 30 and 60 days after the surgery. RESULTS: Vital capacity (VC) and inspiratory capacity (IC) were diminished 48h after surgery (VC: 2.18±0.63; IC: 1.71±0.49; p<0.01 vs baseline), returned to the baseline parameters after 30 days (VC: 2.76±0.60; CI: 2.16±0.57; p<0.01 vs PO48h) and were maintained after 60 days of the surgery (VC: 2.64±0.60; CI: 2.11±0.62; p<0.01 vs PO48h). No difference was observed in tidal volume over the evaluations, except when comparing 60 days to the 48h after surgery values (0.84±0.37 vs 0.64±0.19, respectively; p=0.028). Respiratory muscle strength was reduced 48h after surgery (MIP: -33.89±12.9 cmH2O; MEP: 39.72±21.0 cmH2O; p<0.01 vs basal) and returned to baseline values after 30 (MIP: -50.1±21.2 cmH2O; MEP: 59.86±24.7 cmH2O; p<0.01 vs PO48h) and 60 days of the surgery (MIP: -50.78±19.2 cmH2O; MEP: 61.67±23.4 cmH2O; p<0.01vs PO48h). CONCLUSION: Breast cancer surgery does not impact pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength 30 days after the surgery.


INTRODUÇÃO: Mulheres com câncer de mama podem apresentar complicações a longo-prazo relacionadas ao procedimento cirúrgico. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a função pulmonar e a força muscular respiratória em mulheres submetidas a tratamento cirúrgico para câncer de mama ao longo de 60 dias. MÉTODOS: Estudo longitudinal com 32 mulheres. A função pulmonar e a força muscular respiratória foram avaliadas utilizando espirometria e manovacuometria, respectivamente, no pré-operatório, de 12 a 48h no período pós-operatório, 30 dias e 60 dias após a cirurgia. RESULTADOS: A capacidade vital (CV) e a capacidade inspiratória (CI) apresentaram redução significante no pós-operatório de até 48h (CV: 2,18±0,63; CI: 1,71±0,49; p<0,01 vs basal), com retorno aos parâmetros basais em 30 dias após a cirurgia (CV: 2,76±0,60; CI: 2,16±0,57; p<0,01 vs PO48h) e manutenção destes no pós-operatório de 60 dias (CV: 2,64±0,60; CI: 2,11±0,62; p< 0,01 vs PO48h). Não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante entre os valores de volume corrente nos quatro períodos avaliados, exceto quando comparado o período pós-operatório de 60 dias com o pós-operatório de até 48h (0,84±0,37 vs 0,64±0,19, respectivamente; p=0,028). Todos os valores de força muscular respiratória apresentaram-se significantemente reduzidos no pós-operatório de até 48h (PImax: -33,89±12,9 cmH2O; PEmax: 39,72±21,0 cmH2O; p<0,01 vs basal), com retorno aos valores basais em 30 (PImax: -50,1±21,2 cmH2O; PEmax: 59,86±24,7 cmH2O; p<0,01 vs PO48h) e 60 dias (PImax -50,78±19,2 cmH2O; PEmax 61,67±23.4 cmH2O; p<0,01 vs PO48h). CONCLUSÃO: A cirurgia para tratamento do câncer de mama não impacta na função pulmonar e força muscular respiratória 30 dias após a cirurgia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Spirometry , Respiratory Muscles , Breast Neoplasms/surgery
2.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 36(1): 13-17, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1115457

ABSTRACT

Las guías ATS/ERS recomiendan utilizar valores de referencia nacionales para la interpretación de la espirometría. En 2014 se publicaron valores de referencia en población general chilena adulta, que difieren de los de Knudson actualmente en uso. Sin embargo, la mayoría de los laboratorios de función pulmonar siguen utilizando estas últimas ecuaciones. En 2012 se publicaron las ecuaciones multi-étnicas de la Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI) a fin de estandarizar mundialmente la interpretación de los exámenes de función pulmonar Nuestro objetivo fue comparar la concordancia de los informes espirométricos utilizando las ecuaciones más usadas en Chile versus las GLI. Métodos: Se comparó la concordancia en interpretación del patrón espirométrico (normal, obstructivo y restrictivo) y el grado de alteración, entre GLI con Gutiérrez 2014, con Knudson, y con NHANES III según las recomendaciones de la Sociedad Chilena de Enfermedades Respiratorias, a través del coeficiente de concordancia Kappa (K). Se estudiaron 315 sujetos mayores de 40 años (55% mujeres, edad: 59,3 ± 9,2 años), fumadores o ex fumadores, sanos o con EPOC, sometidos a una espirometría con broncodilatador como parte de un reconocimiento respiratorio. Se graficaron las diferencias utilizando el método de Bland-Altman. Resultados: La concordancia para patrón entre GLI con Gutiérrez 2014, con Knudson y con NHANES III fue buena (K = 0,73; 0,71 y 0,77 respectivamente), al igual que para patrón y grado de alteración (K = 0,68; 0,67 y 0,76 respectivamente). Conclusiones: Encontramos una buena concordancia entre las ecuaciones más usadas en Chile y las de GLI, en una muestra que incluyó adultos, fumadores, ex fumadores sanos y enfermos.


ATS/ERS recommend the use of national reference values for the interpretation of spirometry. Reference values were published (2014) in general adult Chilean population, which are different from those of Knudson currently in use. However, most pulmonary function laboratories continue to use these latter equations. Multi-ethnic Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI) equations were published (2012) in order to standardize the interpretation of pulmonary function tests worldwide. Our objective was to evaluate the agreement in the spirometric reports between the most used equations in Chile with those from GLI. Methods: We compared the agreement in the interpretation of the spirometric pattern (normal, obstructive and restrictive) and the degree of alteration between GLI with Gutiérrez 2014, with Knudson and with NHANES III according to recommendations of the Chilean Society of Respiratory Diseases, through the Kappa concordance coefficient (K). The sample correspond to 315 adults over 40 years of age (55% women, 59.3 ± 9.2 years-old), smokers or ex-smokers, healthy or with COPD, who underwent spirometry with a bronchodilator as part of a respiratory check-up. Differences were plotted using the Bland-Altman method. Results: agreement for pattern between GLI with Gutiérrez 2014, with Knudson and with NHANES III was good (K = 0.73, 0.71 and 0.77 respectively) and also was good for the pattern and degree of alteration (K = 0.68, 0.67 and 0.76 respectively). Conclusions: We found a good agreement between the equations most used in Chile and those from the GLI, for a sample that includes subjects with and without lung disease, smokers and ex-smokers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Spirometry/methods , Spirometry/standards , Lung/physiology , Models, Theoretical , Reference Values , Respiratory Function Tests/methods , Respiratory Function Tests/standards , Societies, Medical , Vital Capacity/physiology , Forced Expiratory Volume/physiology
3.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 15(1): 257-266, Mar. 2020. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1088094

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary function testing in children includes a large number of methods and aspects. Children constitute a very heterogeneous group of individuals, among which are non-collaborative infants and preschoolers who represent a challenge in the development of new methods that do not require collaboration or coordination. This review attempts to achieve a comprehensive approach to pulmonary function tests in children that allow the physician working in pediatrics to get to know: their pathophysiological bases; the reasons for a request for a pulmonary function test taking into account the underlying pathophysiological process that is suspected; the study procedures; the possible clinical findings and their interpretation; the advantages and limitations of several of the tests. Information related to spirometry is developed more specifically, since it is the most widespread, accessible and widely validated methods.


El estudio de la función pulmonar (FP) en niños abarca un gran número de métodos y aspectos. La edad pediátrica en sí constituye un grupo muy heterogéneo de individuos, entre los que se encuentran los de edades más tempranas que son no colaborativos y que representan un desafío en el desarrollo de nuevos métodos que no requieran colaboración ni coordinación. En esta revisión se describirá un enfoque integral de los estudios de FP más utilizados en niños. Se mencionan sus bases fisiopatológicas; los motivos de un pedido de estudio de FP teniendo en cuenta el proceso fisiopatológico subyacente que se sospecha; los posibles hallazgos clínicos y su interpretación y las ventajas y limitaciones de varios de los test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Respiratory Function Tests/methods , Lung Diseases/physiopathology , Plethysmography, Whole Body , Spirometry , Lung Diseases/diagnosis , Nitric Oxide/analysis
4.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 64-70, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1090404

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo do estudo foi correlacionar a diferença entre capacidade vital lenta (CVL) e capacidade vital forçada (CVF) (CVL-CVF) com a atividade física na vida diária (AFVD) em pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC); e verificar as diferenças na AFVD entre indivíduos com CVL maior ou menor do que a CVF. Vinte e oito indivíduos com DPOC (18 homens; 67±8 anos; VEF1: 40±13% previsto) tiveram a função pulmonar avaliada pela espirometria e foram divididos em dois grupos: CVL>CVF (n=17) e CVL≤CVF (n=11). Ademais, tiveram a AFVD avaliada objetivamente pelo monitor de atividade física DynaPort®, que quantifica na vida diária, dentre outros, o tempo gasto por dia andando, em pé, sentado e deitado. Não foram encontradas correlações significativas entre CVL-CVF e as variáveis da AFVD no grupo geral. No grupo CVL>CVF foi encontrada significância estatística na correlação entre a CVL-CVF e o tempo gasto por dia em pé (r=−0,56) e sentado (r=0,75). Já no grupo CVL≤CVF, houve correlação significativa somente com o tempo gasto por dia em pé (r=0,57) e deitado (r=−0,62). Ao comparar ambos os grupos, não houve diferença estatisticamente significante para nenhuma das variáveis da AFVD (p>0,05 para todas). No grupo com CVL maior que a CVF houve correlação alta com o tempo gasto sentado, mas não com o tempo andando. Portanto, indivíduos com maior obstrução ao fluxo aéreo segundo a diferença CVL-CVF tendem a gastar mais tempo em atividades de menor gasto energético, que não envolvam caminhar.


RESUMEN El presente estudio tuvo el objetivo de correlacionar la diferencia entre la capacidad vital lenta (CVL) y la capacidad vital forzada (CVF) (CVL-CVF) con la actividad física en la vida diaria (AFVD) de pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC); y verificar las diferencias de la AFVD entre individuos con CVL mayor o menor que la CVF. Se evaluaron la función pulmonar de veintiocho personas con EPOC (18 hombres; 67±8 años; VEF1: 40±13% esperado) mediante espirometría, y los dividieron en dos grupos: CVL>CVF (n=17) y CVL≤CVF (n=11). La AFVD también se evaluó objetivamente por el monitor de actividad física DynaPort®, el cual cuantifica el tiempo que se gasta en la vida diaria caminando, de pie, sentado y acostado. No se encontraron correlaciones significativas entre CVL-CVF y las variables de la AFVD en el grupo general. En el grupo CVL>CVF, se encontró una significación estadística en la correlación entre CVL-CVF y el tiempo que se gasta diariamente en pie (r=−0,56) y sentado (r=0,75). El grupo CVL≤CVF presentó una correlación significativa solo con el tiempo que se gasta diariamente en pie (r=0,57) y acostado (r=−0,62). La comparación entre ambos grupos no resultó en diferencias estadísticamente significativas en ninguna de las variables de AFVD (p>0,05 para todas). En el grupo con CVL mayor que la CVF, hubo una alta correlación con el tiempo que se gasta sentado, pero con el tiempo que se gasta caminando no se encontró este resultado. Se concluye que las personas con una mayor obstrucción del flujo de aire de acuerdo con la diferencia CVL-CVF tienden a gastar más tiempo en actividades con menos gasto de energía, las que no implican caminar.


ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to correlate the difference of vital capacity (VC) and forced vital capacity (FVC) (VC-FVC) with physical activity in daily life (PADL) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); and investigate the differences in PADL in individuals with VC smaller or greater than FVC. Twenty-eight patients with COPD (18 men, 67±8 years; FEV1: 40±13% predicted) had their lung function assessed by spirometry and were divided into two groups: VC>FVC (n=17) and VC≤CVF (n=11). Furthermore, they had their PADL evaluated by a validated activity monitor which measures, among other variables, time spent/day walking, standing, sitting and lying. There were no correlations between VC-FVC and the variables of PADL in the general group. In the group VC>FVC there was statistically significant correlation between VC-FVC and the time spent/day standing (r=−0.56) and sitting (r=0.75). In the group VC≤CVF , VC-FVC was significantly correlated with time spent/day standing (r=0.57) and lying (r=−0.62). When comparing the groups, there was no statistically significant difference for any variable of PADL (p>0.05 for all). In conclusion, in patients with VC greater than FVC there was high correlation with time spent/day sitting, but not with time spent/day walking. Therefore, individuals with greater airflow obstruction according to the VC-FVC difference tend to spend more time in activities of lower energy expenditure, which do not involve walking.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Exercise/physiology , Vital Capacity/physiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology , Respiratory Function Tests , Spirometry/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Monitoring , Dyspnea/physiopathology , Exercise Test/methods , Sedentary Behavior
5.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 57-63, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1090419

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar e comparar respostas metabólicas, cardiovasculares e ventilatórias do incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) e do Glittre activities of daily living test (Glittre-ADL test). Trata-se de um estudo transversal, realizado com indivíduos saudáveis. A capacidade funcional (CF) foi avaliada pela distância percorrida e consumo de oxigênio pico (VO2pico) no ISWT e pelo tempo gasto e VO2 no Glittre-ADL test. Trinta indivíduos percorreram 656,67 (IC95%:608,8-704,5) metros no ISWT e executaram o Glittre-ADL test em 2,4 (IC95%:2,2-2,6) minutos. O VO2 pico do ISWT foi 27,8 (IC95%25,6-29,9) versus 22,2 (IC95%20,5-24,1)mL×kg−1×min−1 (p<0,001) no estado estável (EE) do Glittre-ADL test. As correlações entre distância percorrida no ISWT e o tempo gasto no Glittre-ADL test, o VO2pico do ISWT e o VO2 no EE do Glittre-ADL test e a FC no pico do ISWT e no EE do Glittre-ADL test foram de moderada a alta magnitude. O Glittre-ADL test apresenta menores respostas metabólicas, cardiovasculares e ventilatórias se comparado ao ISWT.


RESUMEN El presente estudio tuvo el objetivo de evaluar y comparar las respuestas metabólicas, cardiovasculares y ventilatorias de incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) y de Glittre activities of daily living test (Glittre-ADL test). Es un estudio transversal realizado con individuos sanos. La capacidad funcional (CF) se evaluó utilizando la distancia recorrida y consumo máximo de oxígeno (VO2máx) en el ISWT y el tiempo empleado y VO2 en el Glittre-ADL test. Treinta individuos caminaron 656,67 (IC95%:608,8-704,5) metros en el ISWT y realizaron el Glittre-ADL test en 2,4 (IC95%:2,2-2,6) minutos. El VO2 máx del ISWT fue de 27,8 (IC95%25,6-29,9) versus 22,2 (IC95%20,5-24,1)mL×kg−1×min−1 (p<0,001) en el estado estable (EE) del Glittre-ADL test. Las correlaciones entre la distancia recorrida en el ISWT y el tiempo empleado en el Glittre-ADL test, el VO2máx del ISWT y el VO2 en el EE de Glittre-ADL test y la FC en el máximo del ISWT y en el EE de Glittre-ADL test fueron de moderada a alta magnitud. El Glittre-ADL test presenta respuestas metabólicas, cardiovasculares y ventilatorias más bajas en comparación con el ISWT.


ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to assess and compare the cardiovascular, ventilatory and metabolic responses of the Incremental Shuttle Walk test (ISWT) and Glittre Activities of Daily Living test (Glittre-ADL test). This is a cross-sectional study with individuals. The functional capacity (FC) was evaluated by distance and peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) in the ISWT and time spent and VO2 in Glittre-ADL test. Thirty individuals went through 656.67 (CI95%:608.8-704.5) meters at the ISWT and performed the Glittre-ADL test in 2.4 (CI95%:2.2-2.6) minutes. The peak VO2 of the ISWT was 27.8 (CI95%25.6-29.9) vs. 22.2 (CI95%20.5-24.1) mL×kg−1×min−1 (p<0.001) in the steady state (SS) of the Glittre-ADL test. Correlations between distance traveled in the ISWT and the time spent in Glittre-ADL test, VO2 peak of ISWT and VO2 in SS of Glittre-ADL test and HR at the ISWT peak and at the Glittre-ADL test SS were moderate to high magnitude. The Glittre-ADL test has lower metabolic, cardiovascular and ventilatory responses compared to ISWT, despite correlations between variables.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Exercise Test/methods , Walk Test/methods , Physical Functional Performance , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Respiratory Function Tests , Spirometry , Activities of Daily Living , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Energy Metabolism/physiology , Cardiorespiratory Fitness/physiology
6.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-762178

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Immunological mechanisms underlying asthma exacerbation have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to assess the associations of various asthma exacerbation traits with selected serum microRNA (miRNA) expression and T-cell subpopulations. METHODS: Twenty-one asthmatics were studied during asthma exacerbation (exacerbation visit [EV] and the follow-up visit [FV] at 6 weeks). At both visits, spirometry was performed, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) was measured, and nasopharyngeal and blood samples were collected. In nasopharyngeal samples, respiratory viruses were assayed by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and bacterial cultures were performed. Serum miRNAs were assayed with real-time PCR. T-cell surface markers, eosinophil progenitors and intracellular cytokines were assessed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Two-thirds of patients had moderate or severe exacerbation and the FV, overall improvement in asthma control was observed. The mean expression of serum miRNA-126a, miRNA-16 and miRNA-21 was significantly lower at the EV than at the FV. At EV, miRNA-29b correlated with FeNO (r = 0.44, P < 0.05), and 5 of 7 miRNA tested correlated with pulmonary function tests. The number of cluster of differentiation (CD)45+CD4+interleukin (IL)4+ cells was significantly higher at the EV than at the FV, and positive correlations of T-regulatory cells and eosinophil progenitors with asthma control was found. At the EV, serum miRNAs negatively correlated with the number of T cells expressing IL-4, IL-17, IL-22 and interferon gamma, while at the FV both positive and negative correlations with T-cell subsets were observed. No association of detected pathogen (viruses and bacteria) in nasopharyngeal fluid with clinical, functional and immunological parameters was found. CONCLUSIONS: Epigenetic dysregulation during asthma exacerbation could be related to respiratory function, airway inflammation and T-cell cytokine expression.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Cytokines , Disease Progression , Eosinophils , Epigenomics , Flow Cytometry , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Inflammation , Interferons , Interleukin-17 , Interleukin-4 , MicroRNAs , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Nitric Oxide , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Respiratory Function Tests , Spirometry , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , T-Lymphocytes
7.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811271

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary function in patients with mandibular fractures and to determine the pattern of pulmonary functions in these patients.MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of pulmonary functions in Nigerian non-smoking patients with isolated mandibular fractures managed at our health institution from December 2015 to June 2017. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV₁), peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), and ratio of FEV₁ to FVC (FEV₁/FVC) were measured for all participants using a portable spirometer just before treatment. The pulmonary indices were compared with the predicted reference values for Nigerians to determine the respiratory pattern.RESULTS: Forty participants consisting of six females (15.0%) and thirty-four males (85.0%) with a female to male ratio of 1:5.7 were included in this study. The mean patient age was 34.5±13.1 years (range, 17–63 years). The mean FVC, FEV₁, FEV₁/FVC, and PEFR were 3.8±1.2 L, 3.0±1.0 L, 74.3%±13.8%, and 5.2±2.2 L/s, respectively. Comparison of data with predicted values revealed that 17 subjects (42.5%) had normal pulmonary function pattern while 23 subjects (57.5%) had features suggestive of obstructive and restrictive pulmonary function patterns.CONCLUSION: Isolated mandibular fractures presented with abnormal pulmonary function pattern.


Subject(s)
Airway Obstruction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Male , Mandibular Fractures , Peak Expiratory Flow Rate , Reference Values , Spirometry , Vital Capacity
8.
São Paulo; s.n; 2020. 195 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1050627

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O uso excessivo e descuidado de pesticidas tem se tornado um problema global de saúde pública, especialmente nos países de baixa e média renda. O Brasil é o maior consumidor mundial de pesticidas desde 2018, mas poucos estudos epidemiológicos exploram os seus efeitos à saúde. Objetivos: Avaliar os efeitos da exposição aos pesticidas à saúde de agricultores familiares em São José de Ubá (SJU), Estado do Rio de Janeiro, e analisar os efeitos respiratórios em crianças por exposição aos pesticidas, a partir de revisão da literatura. Métodos: Na safra de 2014, 82 agricultores familiares convenientemente selecionados foram entrevistados sobre a exposição aos pesticidas e submetidos à avaliação clínica com anamnese, avaliação respiratória (questionário e espirometria) e rastreamento de saúde mental (SRQ-20). Analisou-se as enzimas colinesterase (AChE e BChE) como biomarcadores de efeito. A avaliação respiratória foi repetida na entressafra de 2015 para comparação entre os períodos de maior e menor uso de pesticidas. Os participantes foram comparados com valores de referência e entre os grupos ocupacionais (aplicadores ou ajudantes) e os efeitos respiratórios foram analisados por regressão múltipla. Para ampliar o olhar aos riscos da exposição ambiental, realizou-se uma revisão sistemática sobre os efeitos dos pesticidas à saúde respiratória de crianças. Resultados: Os agricultores familiares avaliados em SJU estavam ocupacionalmente e ambientalmente expostos aos pesticidas desde tenra idade, trabalhavam sem apoio técnico e uso de equipamentos de proteção individual (EPI) completo, estavam expostos a complexas misturas de pesticidas frequentemente e apresentaram diversos sintomas de intoxicação aguda, mentais, respiratórios e alterações na espirometria. No geral, observou-se uma maior prevalência de efeitos respiratórios na safra do que na entressafra e associações significativas entre alterações espirométricas e os indicadores de exposição tanto na safra quanto na entressafra. Enquanto os aplicadores eram principalmente homens e apresentaram mais alterações de BChE, os ajudantes eram majoritariamente mulheres, tiveram ainda menos treinamento, usavam menos EPI e relataram maior prevalência de sintomas de intoxicação, saúde mental e o dobro apresentou um possível transtorno mental comum (depressão e ansiedade). A revisão da literatura sobre efeitos da exposição aos pesticidas agrícolas à saúde infantil apresentou vasta evidência sobre efeitos respiratórios e alérgicos. Conclusões: É fundamental melhorar o apoio técnico e treinamento ocupacional dos agricultores familiares brasileiros e promover práticas laborais e alternativas de cultivo mais sustentáveis. São necessários mais estudos sobre os efeitos dos pesticidas à saúde dos agricultores familiares e à saúde respiratória de crianças no Brasil e em outros países de menor renda, que usam métodos mais convencionais de cultivo e possuem maior população infantil no campo. Recomenda-se o fortalecimento de políticas públicas e a implementação de ações integrais e transversais a todos os níveis de atenção à saúde e áreas de governo, além da promoção de estratégias mais abrangentes de mitigação de riscos e intervenções comportamentais para reduzir o uso de pesticidas, a exposição e os riscos à saúde.


Introduction: Excessive and careless use of pesticides has become a global public health problem, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Brazil is the world's largest consumer of pesticides since 2018, but few epidemiological studies explore its health effects. Objectives: To evaluate the health effects of pesticide exposure on family farmers in São José de Ubá (SJU), State of Rio de Janeiro, and to analyze the respiratory effects of pesticide exposure among children, based on a literature review. Methods: In the crop season of 2014, 82 family farmers conveniently selected were interviewed about pesticide exposure and subjected to clinical evaluation with anamnesis, respiratory assessment (questionnaire and spirometry), and mental health screening (SRQ-20). Cholinesterase enzymes (AChE and BChE) were analyzed as effect biomarkers. The respiratory assessment was repeated in the off-season period (2015) to compare periods of higher and lower pesticide use. Participants were compared with reference values and between occupational groups (applicators or helpers), and respiratory effects were analyzed by multiple regression. A systematic review of the pesticide effects of children's respiratory health was conducted to broaden the understanding of the pesticide risks of environmental exposure. Results: Family farmers evaluated in SJU were occupationally and environmentally exposed to pesticides from an early age, worked without technical support and use of full personal protection equipment (PPE), were frequently exposed to complex mixtures of pesticides and presented several symptoms of acute intoxication, mental, respiratory, and changes in spirometry. Overall, there was a higher prevalence of respiratory effects in the crop season than in the off-season and significant associations between spirometric changes and exposure indicators in both the crop season and off-season. While the applicators were mostly men and had more BChE depletion, the helpers were mostly women, had even less occupational training, used less PPE, and reported a higher prevalence of pesticide poisoning symptoms, mental health, and twice as much as a probable common mental disorder (depression and anxiety). The literature review on the effects of agricultural pesticide exposure on children's health has provided ample evidence on respiratory and allergic effects. Conclusions: It is essential to improve the technical support and occupational training of Brazilian family farmers and to promote more sustainable labor practices and farming alternatives. Further studies are needed on the effects of pesticides on family farmer's health and children's respiratory health in Brazil and other lower-income countries that use more conventional cultivation methods and have a larger child population in the countryside. Strengthening public policies and implementing comprehensive and crosscutting actions at all levels of health care and areas of government is recommended, along with the promotion of broader risk mitigation strategies and behavioral interventions to reduce pesticide use, exposure, and health risks.


Subject(s)
Pesticides , Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory , Spirometry , Mental Health , Cholinesterases , Occupational Health , Agrochemicals
9.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): 3-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785462

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A reliable objective tool using as a predictor of asthma control status could assist asthma management.OBJECTIVE: To find the parameters of forced oscillation technique (FOT) as predictors for the future loss of asthma symptom control.METHODS: Children with well-controlled asthma symptom, aged 6–12 years, were recruited for a 12-week prospective study. FOT and spirometer measures and their bronchodilator response were evaluated at baseline. The level of asthma symptom control was evaluated according to Global Initiative for Asthma.RESULTS: Among 68 recruited children, 41 children (60.3%) maintain their asthma control between 2 visits (group C-C), and 27 children (39.7%) lost their asthma control on the follow-up visit (group C-LC). Baseline FOT parameters, including the values of respiratory resistance at 5 Hz (R5), respiratory resistance at 20 Hz (R20), respiratory reactance at 5 Hz, area of reactance, %predicted of R5 and percentage of bronchodilator response (%∆) of R5 and R20 were significantly different between C-C and C-LC groups. In contrast, only %∆ of forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV₁), and FEF25%–75% (forced expiratory flow 25%–75%) were significantly different between groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that %predicted of R5, %∆R5, %predicted of FEV₁ and %∆FEV₁ were the predictive factors for predicting the future loss of asthma control. The following cutoff values demonstrated the best sensitivity and specificity for predicting loss of asthma control: %predicted of R5=91.28, %∆R5=21.2, %predicted of FEV₁=89.5, and %∆FEV₁=7.8. The combination of these parameters predicted the risk of loss of asthma control with area under the curve of 0.924, accuracy of 83.8%.CONCLUSION: Resistance FOT measures have an additive role to spirometric parameter in predicting future loss of asthma control.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Child , Follow-Up Studies , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Logistic Models , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Spirometry , Vital Capacity
10.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): 7-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785458

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The incidence of asthma exacerbation (AE) and the predictive value of spirometry and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in school children have not been evaluated.OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the efficacy of spirometry measurement and FeNO monitoring for predicting AE in school children in the Cheongju area in Korea.METHODS: With parental agreement, we studied 170 students aged 7–12 years. Children were evaluated by an asthma specialist using baseline spirometry, skin prick test, seasonal FeNO measurement, and asthma control test. The study participants underwent a physical examination and their medical history was also evaluated by the specialist. They were assessed for asthma control status during regular doctor visits for 1 year.RESULTS: In total, 160 children (94.1%) completed follow-up and FeNO monitoring. Of which, 26 children (16.3%) had AE. AE was associated with male children and children with allergic rhinitis (p < 0.05). While, children with AE tended to have higher FeNO than those without AE, no significant difference was found. The maximum value of FeNO ≥35 ppb was associated with AE (p < 0.05). Children with AE had a significantly decreased baseline forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity (FEV₁/FVC), %predicted, forced expiratory flow at 25%–75% of FVC (FEF(25%–75%)). FEV₁/FVC < 80% was associated with AE in children regardless of inhalant allergen sensitization (all p < 0.05).CONCLUSION: Baseline spirometry had a predictive value of AE in school children. Sensitive spirometric parameters such as FEV₁/FVC and FEF(25%–75%) can be used as prognostic factors to predict future childhood AE. FeNO value ≥ 35 ppb during monitoring was associated with AE in school children.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Child , Follow-Up Studies , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Male , Nitric Oxide , Parents , Physical Examination , Rhinitis, Allergic , Seasons , Skin , Specialization , Spirometry , Vital Capacity
11.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 26(3): 265-274, jul.-set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1039882

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Este trabalho teve como objetivo caracterizar as posturas induzidas por dois sistemas diferentes de cadeira-mesa e analisar seus efeitos na função pulmonar. Trata-se de estudo transversal, descritivo, do tipo sujeito único e intrasséries (A-B, B-A), com coleta em dias consecutivos. Participaram da pesquisa 15 voluntárias e foram utilizados dois sistemas cadeira-mesa: convencional (A) e experimental (B). A postura foi avaliada por meio de fotogrametria em cada um dos sistemas, com imagens analisadas por meio do programa AutoCAD® 2010. Posteriormente, foram calculados os ângulos articulares da postura média das participantes em cada sistema. Os dados posturais e respiratórios foram comparados considerando as diferentes posições adotadas. O sistema cadeira-mesa convencional promoveu dois diferentes padrões posturais: um deles apresentou ângulos articulares similares aos do sistema experimental, com resultados de espirometria semelhantes, e o outro padrão apresentou ângulos corporais de acordo com os padrões esperados com valores de espirometria significativamente inferiores em VEF1, VEF1/CVF e FEFmáx. O sistema experimental diferiu de valores de espirometria da postura ortostática relatados na literatura somente em FEFmáx, sugerindo similaridade de condição postural. Conclui-se que o mobiliário experimental melhorou a função respiratória na postura sentada em comparação com o mobiliário tradicional, podendo beneficiar pessoas em condições especiais, como gestantes, obesos e pessoas com doenças pulmonares crônicas.


RESUMEN Este estudio tuvo como objetivo caracterizar las posturas inducidas por dos sistemas diferentes de silla-mesa y analizar sus efectos sobre la función pulmonar. Se trata de un estudio transversal, descriptivo, de tipo de un solo sujeto e intraseries (A-B, B-A), con recolección en días consecutivos. Quince voluntarios participaron en el estudio, y se utilizaron dos sistemas de silla-mesa: convencional (A) y experimental (B). La evaluación postural se realizó mediante fotogrametría en cada uno de los sistemas, con imágenes analizadas por medio del programa AutoCAD® 2010. Posteriormente, se calcularon los ángulos de articulación de la postura media de las participantes en cada sistema. Los datos posturales y respiratorios se compararon considerando las diferentes posiciones adoptadas. El sistema de silla-mesa convencional promovió dos patrones posturales diferentes: uno presentó ángulos de articulación similares al sistema experimental, con resultados de espirometría similares, y el otro estándar presentó ángulos corporales de acuerdo con los patrones esperados con resultados de espirometría significativamente más bajos en VEF1, VEF1/CVF y FEFmax. El sistema experimental difería de los valores de espirometría de la postura ortostática informados en la literatura solo en FEFmax, lo que sugiere una similitud de la condición postural. Se concluyó que los muebles experimentales pueden mejorar la función respiratoria en la posición sentada cuando se comparaban con los muebles tradicionales, y pueden beneficiar a personas en condiciones especiales, como mujeres embarazadas, personas obesas y personas con enfermedades pulmonares crónicas.


ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to characterize the postures induced by two different chair-desk systems and analyze their effects on lung function. This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study of single subject with intra-series type analysis (A-B, B-A) during consecutive days of data collection. Fifteen volunteers participated using two chair-desk systems: conventional (A) and experimental (B). Postural evaluation was performed in both systems using photogrammetry. These images were analyzed using AutoCAD® 2010, estimating the average position of the joint angles of individuals in each system. These values were analyzed verifying the averages in each posture. Postural and respiratory data were compared by checking whether the different positions adopted by the participants resulted in changes in the spirometry values. Conventional chair-desk system promoted two different postural patterns, considering that one presented joint angles similar to experimental system, with similar spirometry results and the other presented body angles according to the reference of standards and spirometry results significantly lower in FEV1, FEV1/FVC and FEFmax. Experimental system differed from values of literature in standing posture only in FEFmax, suggesting similarity of postural situation. It was concluded that the experimental furniture proved a tool capable of benefiting respiratory function in sitting posture and may be an option to benefit people in special conditions such as pregnant women, obese individuals and people with chronic pulmonary diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Respiratory Mechanics/physiology , Spirometry , Biomechanical Phenomena/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ergonomics
12.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 14(2): 105-110, jul. 2019. graf, ilust, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1015136

ABSTRACT

Spirometry is better pulmonary function test for evaluating preschoolers with chronic lung disease and recurrent wheeze. It is useful, accessible and very good performance. For a correct interpretation it must be under the conditions specially controlled for this age group. In this review, product of the work done during the year 2018, by the Committee on pulmonary function in pediatric pulmonology Chilean society, will be showcased aspects for the realization and interpretation of spirometry in preschool children, with emphasis on the differences in the criteria typically described for older children and adults.


La espirometría es la prueba de función pulmonar más adecuada para evaluar a preescolares con enfermedades pulmonares crónicas y sibilancias recurrentes. Es útil, accesible y de buen rendimiento. Para una correcta interpretación debe realizarse bajo las condiciones especialmente normadas para este grupo etario. En esta revisión, producto del trabajo realizado durante el año 2018, por la comisión de función pulmonar de la sociedad Chilena de Neumología Pediátrica, se expondrán los aspectos actualizados para la realización e interpretación de la espirometría en preescolares, con énfasis en las diferencias de los criterios clásicamente descritos para niños mayores y adultos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Spirometry/methods , Respiratory Function Tests , Asthma/diagnosis , Asthma/physiopathology , Severity of Illness Index , Vital Capacity , Forced Expiratory Volume , Cystic Fibrosis/diagnosis , Cystic Fibrosis/physiopathology , Lung Diseases/diagnosis , Lung Diseases/physiopathology
13.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 26(2): 196-201, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1012144

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O Modified Shuttle Walk Test (MSWT) é um teste de exercício potencialmente máximo que, associado à avaliação da força muscular respiratória (FMR), reflete a condição respiratória e a capacidade de exercício de escolares com fibrose cística (FC). O objetivo desta pesquisa foi investigar a relação entre FMR e distância percorrida (DP) no MSWT realizado por escolares com FC e comparar os dados obtidos com valores preditos na literatura. Trata-se de um estudo observacional transversal que incluiu escolares com FC. Realizou-se avaliação antropométrica, espirometria e FMR, utilizando as pressões inspiratória máxima (PImáx) e expiratória máxima (PEmáx) por meio da manovacuometria. Dois MSWT foram realizados, com intervalo de 30 minutos entre eles. Verificou-se a distribuição dos dados pelo teste de Shapiro-Wilk e aplicou-se teste t pareado para comparação entre valores das avaliações e predito, bem como para comparação entre gêneros. Aplicou-se teste de Pearson para correlação entre PImáx e PEmáx e DP no MSWT. Aceitou-se significância de 5%. Participaram 28 crianças (9,9±1,9 anos) destas, 57,14% apresentaram PImáx abaixo do predito (15 crianças) e 53,57% da PEmáx (16 crianças). A média da DP foi 730,4±266,1m, abaixo do predito na literatura. Não houve relação entre DP e FMR. Identificou-se correlação moderada entre valores de PImáx e PEmáx (r=0,58 e p=0,01). Não houve relação entre FMR e desempenho no MSWT nos escolares com FC estudados. A FMR, bem como o DP no MSWT, apresentou-se abaixo do predito na literatura.


RESUMEN El Modified Shuttle Walk Test (MSWT) es una prueba de ejercicio potencialmente máxima que, asociada a la evaluación de la fuerza muscular respiratoria (FMR), refleja la condición respiratoria y la capacidad de ejercicio de escolares con fibrosis quística (FQ). El objetivo de esta investigación fue investigar la relación entre FMR y distancia recorrida (DP) en el MSWT realizado por escolares con FQ y comparar los datos obtenidos con valores predichos en la literatura. Se trata de un estudio observacional transversal que incluyó a los escolares con FQ. Se realizó una evaluación antropométrica, espirometría y FMR, utilizando las presiones inspiratoria máxima (PImáx) y espiratoria máxima (PEmáx) por medio de la manovacuometría. Se realizaron dos MSWT, con un intervalo de 30 minutos entre ellos. Se verificó la distribución de los datos por la prueba de Shapiro-Wilk y se aplicó una prueba t pareada para la comparación entre los valores de las evaluaciones y el predicado, así como para la comparación entre los géneros. Se aplicó una prueba de Pearson para la correlación entre PImáx y PEmáx y DP en el MSWT. Se aceptó una significación del 5%. Participaron del estudio 28 niños (9,9±1,9 años); 57,14% presentaron PImáx por debajo del pronóstico (15 niños) y 53,57% por debajo del pronóstico para PEmáx (16 niños). El promedio de la DP fue 730,4±266,1m, por debajo del predicho en la literatura. No hubo relación entre DP y FMR. Se identificó una correlación moderada entre valores de PImáx y PEmáx (r=0,58 y p=0,01). No hubo relación entre FMR y desempeño en el MSWT en los escolares con FC. La FMR, así como la DP en el MSWT, se presentó abajo del predicho en la literatura.


ABSTRACT Modified Shuttle Walk Test (MSWT) is a potentially maximal exercise test that, together with the assessment of respiratory muscle strength (RMS), reflects the respiratory condition and exercise capacity of schoolchildren with cystic fibrosis (CF). This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the RMS and the performance in the MSWT by schoolchildren with CF and to compare the data obtained with the values predicted in the literature. This is a cross-sectional observational study that included schoolchildren with CF. Anthropometric evaluation, spirometry and RMS evaluation were performed, using the maximal inspiratory (MIP) and expiratory (MEP) pressures (Globalmed MVD300® manovacuometer) (ATS/ERS) (2002). Two MSWT were performed, with an interval of 30 minutes between them. The distribution of the data by the Shapiro-Wilk test was applied and paired t-test was used to compare the values of the evaluations with those predicted, as well as for comparison between genders. Pearson test was used for correlation between MIP and MEP and the performance in the MSWT. Significance of 5% was accepted. 28 children (9.9±1.9 years) participated; 57.14% showed MIP below the predicted (15 children) and 53.57% showed MEP below the predicted (16 children). The mean performance was 730.4±266.1m, which is lower than the values predicted in the literature. No relationship between performance and RMS was observed. A moderate correlation was observed between MIP and MEP values (r=0.58, p=0.01). No relationship between the RMS and the MSWT performance was observed in schoolchildren with CF of this study. The RMS and the performance in the MSWT were below the predicted in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Respiratory Muscles/physiopathology , Cystic Fibrosis/physiopathology , Walk Test/methods , Spirometry/methods , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Exercise Tolerance , Maximal Respiratory Pressures/methods
14.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 27(2): 133-142, abr.-jun.2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1009283

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos de um programa de intervenção sobre a função pulmonar, aptidão cardiorrespiratória (APCR) e força explosiva de membros superiores (FMS) de adolescentes com excesso de peso. De caráter quase-experimental, o estudo avaliou 46 adolescentes com excesso de peso, alocados no Grupo Experimental (GE) (n=23) e Grupo Controle (GC) (n=23). O GE participou do programa de intervenção interdisciplinar, três vezes por semana, com orientação nutricional, psicológica e exercícios físicos ao longo de seis meses. Foram realizadas avaliações, da função pulmonar, APCR e FMS de ambos os grupos, antes e após o programa. A análise estatística realizada no programa SPSS, comparou os resultados pré e pós-teste, entre os grupos, utilizando o teste t Student para amostras independentes e o teste de Mann-Whitney. A comparação intragrupos foi realizada através do teste Student ou Wilcoxon (p<0,05). Não houve diferença significativa entre o GE e GC na comparação das variáveis espirométricas referentes à função pulmonar, APCR e FMS, tanto no pré-teste, quanto no pósteste. Na comparação intragrupo, o programa de intervenção foi eficaz no aumento da APCR (p=0,035) e da FMS (p=0,009) nos adolescentes do sexo masculino do grupo experimental. No GC houve redução do fluxo expiratório forçado entre 25 e 75% da curva de capacidade vital forçada (FEF25/75 (% predito)) no sexo masculino (p=0,039). Conclui-se que, embora o programa de intervenção não tenha demonstrado modificações significativas nos parâmetros avaliados na comparação intergrupos, observou-se melhora da APCR e FMS do sexo masculino do GE, ressaltando a importância da prática de atividade física orientada....(AU)


The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of an interdisciplinary intervention program on lung function, cardiorespiratory fitness and upper limb strength in overweight schoolchildren. The study is characterized as quasi-experimental, performed with adolescents diagnosed with overweight /obesity, constituted by experimental group and control group. The experimental group participated in an interdisciplinary program with a duration of six months, and an evaluation was carried out prior to and at the end of the program. The intervention sessions were performed on three days of the week and constituted by physical exercises, nutritional and psychological orientation. Anthropometric assessments, cardiorespiratory fitness, upper limb explosive force and pulmonary function were performed. For the comparison of the variables in the pre- and post-test moments, between the control and experimental groups, the t test was used for independent samples and the Mann-Whitney test was used for the nonparametric variables. In the intragroup comparison, the t-test for paired samples was used for the variables of normal distribution and, for non-parametric variables, the Wilcoxon test was applied. The tests performed adopted the level of significance of p <0.05. In the intragroup comparison, the male gender of the experimental group showed a significant increase in cardiorespiratory fitness (p = 0.035) and upper limb explosive force (p = 0.009). There was a reduction in forced expiratory flow between 25 and 75% of the forced vital capacity curve (FEF25/75% predicted) in the male sex of the CG (p <0.039). The female sex of both groups did not show significant alterations in the evaluated parameters. In conclusion, the intervention program was effective in increasing the levels of cardiorespiratory fitness and explosive strength of upper limbs of the male adolescents of the experimental group. Spirometric parameters did not show significant changes in both sexes....(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Spirometry , Adolescent , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Obesity , Physical Education and Training
15.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 14(1): 41-51, abr. 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-995742

ABSTRACT

Spirometry is the most commonly used test to evaluate lung function in children and adults. To obtain good quality results, several requirements must be fulfilled: professional capacity of the technician, the quality of the equipment, the patient's collaboration, the use of appropriate reference standards. The purpose of spirometry is to define types of ventilatory alterations of the central and peripheral airways, to evaluate the response to bronchodilators and to guide the presence of restrictive diseases. The new consensus of national and international experts are described, which have been perfecting several aspects of this test.


La espirometría es el examen más comúnmente utilizado para evaluar la función pulmonar en niños y adultos. Para obtener resultados de buena calidad deben cumplirse varios requisitos, desde la capacidad profesional del técnico, calidad de los equipos, colaboración del paciente y utilización de patrones de referencia adecuados. La espirometría tiene como utilidad definir alteraciones ventilatorias obstructivas de vía aérea central y periférica, evaluar respuesta a broncodilatador y orientar al diagnóstico de enfermedades restrictivas. Se describen los nuevos consensos de expertos nacionales e internacionales, los cuales han ido perfeccionando varios aspectos de este examen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Respiratory Physiological Phenomena , Spirometry/standards , Lung Volume Measurements/instrumentation , Quality Control , Reference Values , Spirometry/instrumentation , Calibration , Vital Capacity/physiology , Forced Expiratory Volume/physiology , Maximal Expiratory Flow-Volume Curves , Lung/physiology
16.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 35(1): 58-62, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1003647

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La linfangioleiomiomatosis Pulmonar (LAM) es una rara y progresiva enfermedad; caracterizada por proliferación excesiva de células musculares lisas a partir de vasos linfáticos, sanguíneos y vías aéreas. En conjunto al anormal crecimiento celular descrito, se aprecia degeneración quística difusa del parénquima pulmonar, lo que puede reflejarse desde cuadros completamente asintomáticos hasta el deterioro severo del intercambio gaseoso con insuficiencia respiratoria fulminante. Descripción del caso: Paciente femenino de 41 años de edad, con cuadro clínico consistente en tos seca ocasional, asociada a dolor leve de características pleuríticas en 'puntada de costado ' derecha. Ante la no mejoría clínica, se indica estudio imagenológico donde se demuestra neumotorax espontáneo derecho. En estudio tomográfico se aprecian además lesiones pulmonares quísticas. El estudio anátomo-patológico demuestra cambios estructurales que se reportan compatibles con LAM. Conclusión: Dada la simplicidad de los síntomas con que la LAM puede debutar, su confirmación diagnóstica se genera en fases avanzadas de la enfermedad, cuando el daño pulmonar importante conlleva a la aparición de factores clínicos con mayor repercusión sobre el estado general de los pacientes por lo que la realización de estudios imagenológicos tempranos gana vital importancia.


Introduction: Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare and progressive disease; characterized by airway, lymphatic and blood vessels-smooth muscle cells excessive proliferation. Added to the abnormal cell growth, parenchymal cystic degeneration is present, which can be reflected initially as a asymptomatic course and can progress to severe gaseous exchange deterioration and fulminating respiratory insufficiency. Case description: A 41-year-old female patient with a clinical course consisting of occasional dry cough, associated with mild pleuritic pain on the right side of thorax. As no improvement was achieved, thoracic imaging study was performed, where a right pneumothorax was found. Tomography images showed multiple lung cystic lesions. Anatomopathological study reports structural changes compatible with LAM. Conclusion: Given the simplicity of the symptoms that LAM can debut with, its diagnostic confirmation is generated in advanced stages of the disease, when the important pulmonary damage leads to the appearance of clinical factors with greater impact on the general state of patients so early thoracic imaging studies gain vital importance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Lymphangioleiomyomatosis/diagnosis , Lymphangioleiomyomatosis/therapy , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/therapy , Pneumothorax/etiology , Spirometry , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Lymphangioleiomyomatosis/complications , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Cysts/etiology , Lung Neoplasms/complications
17.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 26(1): 58-64, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1002021

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Analisar o desempenho muscular respiratório em praticantes de exercícios utilizando o aparelho Reformer do Método Pilates após um treinamento de 12 sessões. O estudo foi realizado com 24 voluntárias, adultas jovens, saudáveis, não tabagistas e não praticantes de exercício físico regular, divididas em Grupo Controle (GC) e Grupo Treinado (GT). Os dois grupos foram submetidos às avaliações inicial e final para análise do desempenho dos músculos respiratórios por meio da manovacuometria e da eletromiografia do músculo reto abdominal. Utilizou-se o teste de Shapiro-Wilk para verificar a normalidade dos dados. A análise de variância two-way foi empregada para as comparações entre os grupos (GT e GC) e os momentos (inicial e final). Para comparações múltiplas, utilizou-se o teste post-hoc de Scheffé. Os GC e GT foram pareados para idade e IMC e, para verificação de diferenças entre os grupos, utilizou-se o teste t pareado. Considerou-se p<0,05 para significância. Houve diferença significante (p=0,039) entre os valores iniciais (116,6 ± 12,8) e finais (120 ± 12,8) de PImáx no GT, assim como entre os valores iniciais (75,3 ± 12,4) e finais (89,3 ± 13,7) de PEmáx nesse mesmo grupo (p=0,0005). Para a eletromiografia houve diferença significante (p=0,03) entre o momento inicial (42,1 ± 15,8) e final (76,7 ± 37,1) do GT para o músculo reto abdominal esquerdo. Conclui-se que as doze sessões de Pilates utilizando o aparelho Reformer melhoraram o desempenho muscular respiratório, aumentando a força da musculatura inspiratória e expiratória.


RESUMEN Evaluar el rendimiento de los músculos respiratorios en practicantes de ejercicios utilizando el método Reformer de Pilates después de un entrenamiento de 12 sesiones. Este estudio se realizó con 24 voluntarios, adultos jóvenes, sanos, no fumadores y no deportistas regulares, siendo divididos en grupo control (GC) y grupo entrenado (GE). El GE participó en un programa de entrenamiento ejecutando 6 ejercicios en el aparato Reformer. Ambos grupos se sometieron a evaluaciones iniciales y finales para analizar el rendimiento de los músculos respiratorios mediante la manovacuometría y la electromiografía del músculo recto abdominal. La prueba de Shapiro-Wilk se utilizó para verificar la normalidad de los datos. Se utilizó el análisis de varianza two-way para las comparaciones entre los grupos (GE y GC) y los momentos (inicial y final). Para comparaciones múltiples, se utilizó la prueba post-hoc de Scheffé. El GC y el GE se emparejaron por edad e IMC mediante la prueba t pareada. Se consideró el valor de significación p<0,05. Se observó una diferencia significativa (p=0,039) entre los valores iniciales (116,6 ± 12,8) y finales (120 ± 12,8) de PImax en el grupo entrenado, así como entre los valores de iniciales (75,3 ± 12,4) y finales (89,3 ± 13,7) de PEmax en el mismo grupo (p=0,0005). En la electromiografía, se observó una diferencia significativa (p=0,03) entre los momentos inicial (42,1 ± 15,8) y final (76,7 ± 37,1) del GE para el músculo recto abdominal izquierdo. Se concluye que las 12 sesiones de Pilates utilizando el aparato Reformer mejoran el rendimiento de los músculos respiratorios, aumentando la fuerza muscular inspiratoria y espiratoria.


ABSTRACT To analyze respiratory muscle performance in exercise practitioners using the Reformer of Pilates method after a 12-session training. This study was carried out with 24 volunteers, healthy young adults, non-smokers and non-regular exercisers, divided into control group (CG) and trained group (TG). The TG participated in a training program executing 6 exercises in the Reformer apparatus. Both groups were submitted to the initial and final evaluations to analyze the performance of the respiratory muscles through the manovacuometry and electromyography of the rectus abdominis muscle. The Shapiro-Wilk test was used to verify the data normality. Two-way analysis of variance was used for the comparisons between the groups (TG and CG) and moments (Initial and Final). For multiple comparisons, the Scheffé post hoc test was used. The groups Control and Trained were paired by age and BMI by paired t test. P <0.05 was considered for significance. A significant difference (p=0039) was observed between the initial (116.6 ± 12.8) and final (120 ± 12.8) values of MIP in the trained group, as well as between baseline values (75.3 ± 12.4) and final (89.3 ± 13.7) of MEP in the same group (p=0.0005). For electromyography, a significant difference (p=0.03) was observed between the initial (42.1 ± 15.8) and final (76.7 ± 37.1) moments of the TG for the left rectus abdominis muscle. The conclusion is that the 12 Pilates sessions using the Reformer apparatus improve respiratory muscle performance, increasing the inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Respiratory Muscles/physiology , Exercise Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Exercise Movement Techniques/methods , Muscle Strength/physiology , Spirometry/methods , Breathing Exercises/methods , Longitudinal Studies , Rectus Abdominis/physiology , Electromyography , Maximal Respiratory Pressures
18.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(1): 76-86, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-984646

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Volumetric capnography provides the standard CO2 elimination by the volume expired per respiratory cycle and is a measure to assess pulmonary involvement. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the respiratory dynamics of healthy control subjects and those with cystic fibrosis in a submaximal exercise protocol for six minutes on the treadmill, using volumetric capnography parameters (slope 3 [Slp3], Slp3/tidal volume [Slp3/TV], and slope 2 [Slp2]). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 128 subjects (cystic fibrosis, 64 subjects; controls, 64 subjects]. Participants underwent volumetric capnography before, during, and after six minutes on the treadmill. Statistical analysis was performed using the Friedman, Mann-Whitney, and Kruskal-Wallis tests, considering age and sex. An alpha = 0.05 was considered. Results: Six minutes on the treadmill evaluation: in cystic fibrosis, volumetric capnography parameters were different before, during, and after six minutes on the treadmill; the same was observed for the controls, except for Slp2. Regarding age, an Slp3 difference was observed in cystic fibrosis patients regardless of age, at all moments, and in controls for age ≥ 12 years; a difference in Slp3/TV was observed in cystic fibrosis and controls, regardless of age; and an Slp2 difference in the cystic fibrosis, regardless of age. Regarding sex, Slp3 and Slp3/TV differences were observed in cystic fibrosis regardless of sex, and in controls in male participants; an Slp2 difference was observed in the cystic fibrosis and female participants. The analysis between groups (cystic fibrosis and controls) indicated that Slp3 and Slp3/TV has identified the CF, regardless of age and sex, while the Slp2 showed the CF considering age. Conclusions: Cystic fibrosis showed greater values of the parameters before, during, and after exercise, even when stratified by age and sex, which may indicate ventilation inhomogeneity in the peripheral pathways in the cystic fibrosis.


Resumo Objetivos: A capnografia volumétrica fornece o padrão de eliminação do CO2, pelo volume expirado por ciclo respiratório e avalia o comprometimento pulmonar. O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a dinâmica respiratória de indivíduos controles saudáveis e em indivíduos com fibrose cística, em um protocolo de exercício submáximo por seis minutos em esteira, por parâmetros da capnografia volumétrica [slope 3(Slp3), Slp3/volume corrente (Slp3/TV) e slope 2(Slp2)]. Métodos: Estudo de corte transversal com 128 indivíduos [(fibrose cística) 64 indivíduos; (controles) 64 indivíduos]. Os participantes realizaram capnografia volumétrica antes, durante e após seis minutos em esteira. Análise estatística realizada pelos testes de Friedman, Mann-Whitney e Kruskal-Wallis, considerado a idade e o sexo. Alpha = 0,05. Resultados: Avaliação de seis minutos em esteira: na fibrose cística, os parâmetros da capnografia volumétrica foram diferentes antes, durante e após seis minutos em esteira, o mesmo ocorreu nos controles, exceto para o Slp2. Considerando a idade: (Slp3) diferença na FC, independentemente da idade, em todos os momentos e nos controles apenas para ≥ 12 anos; (Slp3/TV) diferença para fibrose cística e controles independentemente da idade; (Slp2) diferença apenas para o grupo fibrose cística, independentemente da idade. Considerando o sexo: (Slp3 e Slp3/TV) diferença para fibrose cística, independentemente do sexo, e controles apenas no sexo masculino; (Slp2) diferença para fibrose cística e sexo feminino. Análise entre grupos (fibrose cística versus controles): Slp3 e Slp3/TV identificou a fibrose cística, independentemente da idade e sexo, enquanto o Slp2 evidenciou a fibrose cística considerando a idade. Conclusão: A fibrose cística apresentou maiores valores dos parâmetros antes, durante e após exercício, inclusive quando se considerou idade e sexo, podendo indicar não homogeneidade da distribuição da ventilação nas vias periféricas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Tidal Volume/physiology , Forced Expiratory Volume/physiology , Pulmonary Ventilation/physiology , Capnography/methods , Cystic Fibrosis/physiopathology , Walk Test/methods , Spirometry , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies
19.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): e8-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-750166

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Long-term management of bronchial asthma based on the fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) value alone is not conclusive yet. Therefore, we combined FeNO testing and spirometry, a commonly used test in routine practice, to evaluate acute exacerbation and respiratory function in children with bronchial asthma. OBJECTIVE: We combined FeNO testing and spirometry, commonly used in routine practice, to evaluate acute exacerbations and respiratory function in children with bronchial asthma. METHODS: Subjects were school aged children 7 years and older with bronchial asthma who underwent FeNO testing in January 2015 to May 2016. We evaluated the changes in the frequency of acute exacerbations and respiratory function in the 30 subsequent months. Subjects were divided into 2 groups: those with initial FeNO levels ≥ 21 parts per billion (ppb) (high FeNO) and < 20 ppb (normal FeNO) groups. RESULTS: There were 48 children (33 boys) in the high FeNO group and 68 children (46 boys) in the normal FeNO group. Spirometry was conducted on 83 children (72%) prior to the initial FeNO test, revealing no difference in the ratio of detecting lung dysfunction between the 2 groups. The observation period was 25.8 ± 0.7 and 24.7 ± 0.6 months for the high and normal FeNO groups, respectively. The children in the high FeNO group with lung dysfunction in the initial FeNO test continued to exhibit lung dysfunction at the test at 30 months. In the normal FeNO group, even if lung dysfunction was observed at the initial FeNO, it improved within the 20-month point, and the improvement was maintained thereafter. CONCLUSION: Children with bronchial asthma with high FeNO levels and lung dysfunction are at a higher risk of prolonged lung dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Child , Humans , Lung , Nitric Oxide , Spirometry
20.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-762167

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Chronic cough in allergic rhinitis (AR) patients is common with multiple etiologies including cough variant asthma (CVA), non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB), gastroesophageal reflux-related cough (GERC), and upper airway cough syndrome (UACS). Practical indicators that distinguish these categories are lacking. We aimed to explore the diagnostic value of the fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and forced expiratory flow at 25% and 75% of pulmonary volume (FEF(25–75)) in specifically identifying CVA and NAEB in these patients. METHODS: Consecutive AR patients with chronic cough were screened and underwent induced sputum, FeNO, nasal nitric oxide, spirometry, and methacholine bronchial provocation testing. All patients also completed gastroesophageal reflux disease questionnaires. RESULTS: Among 1,680 AR patients, 324 (19.3%) were identified with chronic cough, of whom 316 (97.5%) underwent etiology analyses. Overall, 87 (27.5%) patients had chronic cough caused by NAEB, 78 (24.7%) by CVA, 16 (5.1%) by GERC, and 81 (25.6%) by UACS. Patients with either NAEB or CVA (n = 165, in total) were further assigned to a common group designated as CVA/NAEB, because they both responded to corticosteroid therapy. Receiver operating characteristic curves of FeNO revealed obvious differences among CVA, NAEB, and CVA/NAEB (area under the curve = 0.855, 0.699, and 0.923, respectively). The cutoff values of FeNO at 43.5 and 32.5 ppb were shown to best differentiate CVA and CVA/NAEB, respectively. FEF(25–75) was significantly lower in patients with CVA than in those with other causes. A FEF(25–75) value of 74.6% showed good sensitivity and specificity for identifying patients with CVA. CONCLUSIONS: NAEB, CVA, and UACS are common causes of chronic cough in patients with AR. FeNO can first be used to discriminate patients with CVA/NAEB, then FEF(25–75) (or combined with FeNO) can further discriminate patients with CVA from those with CVA/NAEB.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Bronchial Provocation Tests , Bronchitis , Cough , Eosinophils , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Methacholine Chloride , Nitric Oxide , Rhinitis, Allergic , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Spirometry , Sputum
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