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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 819-827, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1011330

ABSTRACT

In this study, we described the antifungal activity of three Brazilian propolis extracts: brown, green and from jataí bees against Sporothrix brasiliensis. The extracts were obtained from ethanolic extraction and their chemical composition was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. The cellular toxicity was measured in MDBK (Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney) cells and quantified by the MTT assay (3- (4,5 dimethylthiazol-2yl -2,5-diphenyl-2H bromine tetrazolato). For antifungal activity, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) were determined by broth microdilution. The results showed that cell toxicity was not observed at lower concentrations (0.097 to 0.39μg/ml) for all extracts in comparison to cell control. Among the chemical compounds identified, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid and rutin were quantified. In antifungal activity, green and jataí did not exhibit activity against the isolates (MIC and MFC greater than 0.78mg/ml). However, all isolates of S. brasiliensis were sensitive to brown propolis (MIC of 0.09 to 0.78mg/ml), including the standard strain (P<0.001). Among the Brazilian propolis studied, the brown propolis showed activity against the S. brasiliensis isolates and more studies should be undertaken in order to evaluate its promising use in the treatment of sporotrichosis.(AU)


Neste estudo, descreveu-se a atividade antifúngica de três extratos de própolis brasileiras: marrom, verde e de abelhas jataí (Tetragonisca angustula), contra Sporothrix brasiliensis. Os extratos foram obtidos de extração etanólica, e a sua composição química foi determinada por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência, acoplada à espectrometria de massa. A toxicidade celular foi medida em células MDBK (Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney), avaliada por observação microscópica e quantificada pelo ensaio MTT (3- (4,5-dimetiltiazol-2-ilo -2,5-difenil-2H bromo tetrazolato). Para a atividade antifúngica, determinou-se a concentração inibitória mínima (CIM) e a concentração fungicida mínima (CFM) por meio de microdiluição em caldo. Os resultados mostraram que a toxicidade celular não foi observada em concentrações menores (0,097 a 0,39μg/ml). Entre os compostos químicos identificados, foram quantificados o ácido cafeico, ácido p-cumárico, ácido clorogênico, ácido ferúlico e a rutina. Na atividade antifúngica, as própolis verde e jataí não apresentaram atividade contra os isolados (CIM e CFM maior que 0,78mg/ml), porém todos os isolados de S. brasiliensis foram sensíveis à própolis marrom (CIM de 0,09 a 0,78mg/ml), incluindo a cepa padrão (P<0,001). Entre as própolis brasileiras estudadas, a marrom mostrou atividade contra S. brasiliensis, e mais estudos devem ser realizados para avaliar seu uso promissor no tratamento da esporotricose.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Propolis/analysis , Propolis/therapeutic use , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Apitherapy/veterinary , Antifungal Agents/analysis
2.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 35(1): 83-87, 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899780

ABSTRACT

Resumen La esporotricosis es la micosis subcutánea o por implantación más frecuente en México. Se comunica el caso de una esporotricosis cutánea-fija preauricular que simuló una celulitis bacteriana atípica, en una paciente anciana sin antecedente de traumatismo. La biopsia mostró un granuloma supurativo con presencia de levaduras escasas. En el cultivo se identificó Sporothrix schenckii que se confirmó por biología molecular. Se trató con itraconazol obteniéndose una curación clínica y micológica. Se presenta el caso de presentación atípica, proveniente de una zona semidesértica con clima extremo.


Sporotrichosis is the most common subcutaneous or implantation mycosis in Mexico. The case of a preauricular cutaneous-fixed sporotrichosis simulating atypical bacterial cellulitis is reported in an elderly patient with no history of trauma. The biopsy showed a suppurative granuloma with scarce yeast. Sporothrix schenckii was identified in the culture and confirmed by molecular biology. She was treated with itraconazole and a clinical and mycological cure was obtained. The case of atypical presentation is presented, coming from a semi-arid zone with extreme weather.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Sporotrichosis/pathology , Cellulitis/microbiology , Cellulitis/pathology , Ear Diseases/microbiology , Ear Diseases/pathology , Sporotrichosis/drug therapy , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Biopsy , Treatment Outcome , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential , Ear Diseases/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
3.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 47(4): 896-901, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828210

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study aimed to evaluate the anti-Sporothrix sp. activity of the essential oil of Origanum majorana Linn. (marjoram), its chemical analysis, and its cytotoxic activity. A total of 18 fungal isolates of Sporothrix brasiliensis (n: 17) from humans, dogs and cats, and a standard strain of Sporothrix schenckii (n: 1) were tested using the broth microdilution technique (Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute - CLSI M27-A3) and the results were expressed in minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal fungicidal concentration (MFC). The MIC50 and MIC90 of itraconazole against S. brasiliensis were 2 µg/mL and 8 µg/mL, respectively, and the MFC50 and MFC90 were 2 µg/mL and >16 µg/mL, respectively, with three S. brasiliensis isolates resistant to antifungal. S. schenckii was sensitive at MIC of 1 µg/mL and MFC of 8 µg/mL. For the oil of O. majorana L., all isolates were susceptible to MIC of ≤2.25-9 mg/mL and MFC of ≤2.25-18 mg/mL. The MIC50 and MIC90 were ≤2.25 mg/mL and 4.5 mg/mL, respectively, and the MFC50/90 values were twice more than the MIC. Twenty-two compounds were identified by gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector (CG-FID) and 1,8-cineole and 4-terpineol were the majority. Through the colorimetric (MTT) assay, the toxicity was observed in 70-80% of VERO cells between 0.078 and 5 mg/mL. For the first time, the study demonstrated the satisfactory in vitro anti-Sporothrix sp. activity of marjoram oil and further studies are needed to ensure its safe and effective use.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sporothrix/drug effects , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Sporotrichosis/microbiology , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Vero Cells , Oils, Volatile/chemistry , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Zoonoses/microbiology , Cell Survival/drug effects , Chlorocebus aethiops , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Antifungal Agents/chemistry
4.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 48(3): 196-199, set. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-843163

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La esporotricosis es una infección causada por especies pertenecientes al complejo Sporothrix schenckii. Dependiendo de la especie, estos organismos pueden tener virulencia y formas clínicas diferentes. Objetivo: Verificar la virulencia de una cepa de Sporothrix globosa en un modelo murino usando 2 concentraciones de inóculo, en aplicación intraperitoneal o subcutánea. Materiales y métodos: Estudio experimental no aleatorizado en murinos inoculados con una cepa de S. globosa (CBS 14.076 M), por vía intraperitoneal y subcutánea, a 0,5 y 4 de concentración McFarland. Se utilizaron 18 roedores CF-1 (ISP, Santiago, Chile). Resultados: La cepa estudiada no provocó enfermedad ni lesiones, todos los animales sobrevivieron, no hubo desarrollo de hongos en el cultivo de tejidos y el análisis histopatológico de órganos no mostró alteraciones sugerentes de infección. Conclusiones: La cepa de S. globosa estudiada no presentó virulencia en modelos murinos y no provocó enfermedad al ser inoculada a concentración McFarland 0,5 y 4, tanto por vía intraperitoneal como subcutánea.


Introduction: The sporothricosis disease is an infection caused by species included in Sporothrix schenkii complex. Objective: Verify the virulence of a strain of S. globosa using two different concentrations of inoculum by intraperitoneally and subcutaneously, into a mouse model. Materials and methods: Nonrandomized pilot study, in murine inoculated with a strain of S. globosa (CBS 14.076 M) by intraperitoneally and subcutaneously with inoculum concentrations of 0.5 and 4 McFarland. For this purpose 18 rodents CF-1 (ISP, Santiago, Chile) were used. Results: The studied strain did not induce illness or injury on animals, they all survived and neither the tissue culture nor the histopathological analysis showed fungal growth or suggestive infection by organ abnormalities. Conclusions: The S. globosa strain did not present any virulence enough to cause disease at 0.5 and 4.0 McFarland concentration inoculum when inoculated in both intraperitoneally and subcutaneously, in murine models.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Sporotrichosis/microbiology , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Virulence , Sporotrichosis/pathology
5.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 33(3): 315-321, jun. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-791026

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La esporotricosis es una afección endémica en numerosos países latinoamericanos y en el resto del mundo. En Perú se concentra en regiones con clima cálido y húmedo, siendo poco conocida en el resto del país. Objetivo: Describir las características epidemiológicas, clínicas y de laboratorio de esporotricosis en pacientes de un hospital de tercer nivel en Lima-Perú, entre los años 1991 y 2014.Método: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, tipo serie de casos. Resultados: Se incluyeron 94 pacientes, la mayoría de los cuales fueron adultos del sexo masculino. Los lugares de adquisición más frecuentes fueron Cajamarca, Apurímac, y Amazonas. Las formas linfo-cutánea y cutánea fija fueron observadas con mayor frecuencia en adultos y, en especial de localización en los miembros superiores. Las localizaciones en la cabeza y el cuello fueron más frecuentes en niños. Co-morbilidades estuvieron presentes en 15% de pacientes, en particular en aquellos con la forma cutánea diseminada. El 78% de los cultivos procedentes de lesiones cutáneas fueron positivos dentro de siete días, y el tiempo de positividad fue mayor en cultivos de biopsia que en las muestras por raspado-aspirado. Conclusiones: Esporotricosis fue adquirida mayoritariamente en zonas del Perú con pobreza extrema. Las características clínicas, epidemiológicas y de laboratorio no difieren de las reportadas en otros estudios. El tiempo de positividad de los cultivos varía según tipo de muestra, lo que deberá ser mejor evaluado en estudios futuros.


Background: Sporothricosis is endemic in numerous Latin American countries and the rest of the world. In Peru is concentrated in regions with warm and humid climate being little known in the rest of the country. Aim: To describe the epidemiological, clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients diagnosed of sporotrichosis in a tertiary-care level hospital in Lima, Peru from 1991 to 2014. Methods: This was a retrospective, case series. Results: Ninety four patients were involved; most of them were male adults. This condition was acquired more frequently in Cajamarca, Apurímac, and Amazonas. Fixed and lymphocutaneous form were the most frequent forms of presentation in adults and were mostly distributed in upper limbs. Lesions located in head and neck were most frequent in children. Comorbidities were present in 15% of patients and were more frequent in those who presented disseminated cutaneous form. Seventy eight percent of cultures from skin lesions were positive within 7 days. The time to positivity of cultures was longer if the sample came from skin biopsies than skin scraping or skin aspiration. Conclusions: Most cases of sporotrichosis were acquired in areas of extreme poverty in Peru. The clinical, epidemiological and laboratory findings were similar to those reported elsewhere. The time to positivity of cultures varies based on the type of skin sample. This finding needs to be further evaluated in studies with an increased number of cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Sporotrichosis/pathology , Sporotrichosis/epidemiology , Peru/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Sporotrichosis/drug therapy , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Time Factors , Biopsy , Poverty Areas , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
7.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 46(4): 311-314, dic. 2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008484

ABSTRACT

Se informa para Chile el aislamiento de S. pallida complex desde muestras médicas y del suelo del hogar de una paciente. Los hongos del complejo Sporothrix schenckii pueden causar distintas infecciones. En Chile, los aislamientos médicos y ambientales de este complejo son poco frecuentes. El objetivo de este trabajo fue identificar un agente atípico en un caso de onicomicosis y detectar su presencia en el suelo del jardín del hogar de la paciente. Para esto, las muestras clínicas se obtuvieron por raspado subungueal del primer dedo del pie derecho, y las muestras de suelo, de diferentes sectores del jardín. La identificación de las especies se realizó por morfofisiología y para la confirmación molecular se envió una de las cepas aisladas de la uña de la paciente al CBS (14.062). Se identificó S. pallida complex tanto de las muestras de uña como de aquellas provenientes del suelo del jardín


The isolation of S. pallida complex from medical samples and home garden soil of a patient in Chile is here in reported. Fungi of the Sporothrix schenckii complex can cause various infections. In Chile, the medical and environmental isolates of these this complex are rare. The aim of this study was to identify an unusual agent in a case of onychomycosis and to detect its presence in the patient's home garden. For this purpose, clinical samples were obtained by scraping the patient's subungueal first right toe nail as well as by taking soil samples from different areas of her home garden. Species identification was performed by morphophysiology and one of the strains isolated from the patient's toe nail was sent to CBS for molecular confirmation (14.062). S. pallida complex was identified both from the patient's toe nail and samples taken from her home garden


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Onychomycosis/diagnosis , Soil Microbiology , Sporothrix/classification , Soil Analysis , Chile , Onychomycosis/etiology
8.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(2): 262-264, abr. 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287337

ABSTRACT

Sporotrichosis associated with exposure to domestic cats is hyperendemic in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A review of the clinical records at our institute revealed four patients with clinical signs of dacryocystitis and a positive conjunctival culture for Sporothrix who were diagnosed with Sporothrix dacryocystitis. Three patients were children (< 13 years of age) and one patient was an adult. Two patients reported contact with a cat that had sporotrichosis. Dacryocystitis was associated with nodular, ulcerated lesions on the face of one patient and with granulomatous conjunctivitis in two patients; however, this condition manifested as an isolated disease in another patient. All of the patients were cured of the fungal infections, but three patients had chronic dacryocystitis and one patient developed a cutaneous fistula. Sporotrichosis is usually a benign disease, but may cause severe complications when the eye and the adnexa are affected. Physicians, especially ophthalmologists in endemic areas, should be aware of the ophthalmological manifestations and complications of sporotrichosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Adult , Cats , Sporotrichosis/complications , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Dacryocystitis/etiology , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Cat Diseases/microbiology , Zoonoses , Chronic Disease , Conjunctivitis/complications
9.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 108(7): 909-913, 1jan. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-696006

ABSTRACT

Sporotrichosis associated with exposure to domestic cats is hyperendemic in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A review of the clinical records at our institute revealed four patients with clinical signs of dacryocystitis and a positive conjunctival culture for Sporothrix who were diagnosed with Sporothrix dacryocystitis. Three patients were children (< 13 years of age) and one patient was an adult. Two patients reported contact with a cat that had sporotrichosis. Dacryocystitis was associated with nodular, ulcerated lesions on the face of one patient and with granulomatous conjunctivitis in two patients; however, this condition manifested as an isolated disease in another patient. All of the patients were cured of the fungal infections, but three patients had chronic dacryocystitis and one patient developed a cutaneous fistula. Sporotrichosis is usually a benign disease, but may cause severe complications when the eye and the adnexa are affected. Physicians, especially ophthalmologists in endemic areas, should be aware of the ophthalmological manifestations and complications of sporotrichosis.


Subject(s)
Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Dacryocystitis/ethnology , Conjunctivitis/complications
10.
Bol. micol. (Valparaiso En linea) ; 28(1): 26-30, jun. 2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-684295

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un caso de onicomicosis de mano, de la cual se aisló en repetidas ocasiones Sporothrix pallida y Trichophyton rubrum. Se discute sobre los principales agentes de onicomicosis, el rol de los hon- gos ambientales y del aislamiento de S.pallida en este y en otro tipo de muestras.


It reports a case of hand onychomycosis, which was isolated repeatedly Sporothrix pallida and Trichophyton rubrum. We discuss the main agents of onychomycosis, the role of the environmental fungi and S.pallida isolation in this and other samples.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Nails , Onychomycosis , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Sporothrix/growth & development , Sporothrix/physiology , Sporothrix/pathogenicity , Trichophyton/isolation & purification , Trichophyton/growth & development , Trichophyton/pathogenicity
11.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 29(4): 401-405, ago. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-649827

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Sporothrix schenckii complex comprises a group of environmental dimorphic fungi that cause sporotrichosis. In Chile, isolated cases have been reported in humans, though no environmental isolates have been described. Objective: To achieve isolation of Sporothrix complex from the soil where a 75 year old patient with lymphocutaneous sporotrichosis performs horticulture work. Materials and Methods: In March and July 2011 soil and plant debris from five sectors where the patient does his work in horticulture was extracted. The soil samples were diluted and inoculated in Sabouraud agar with cycloheximide and chloramphenicol at 26 °C. The plant debris was directly inoculated in the same medium. Colonies suggestive of Sporothrix complex were reseeded in PDA agar at 26 ° C and identified as recommended by Marimon et al. Results: Of the 10 plates from the first sampling, one colony was identified as Sporothrix globosa. In the second sampling, Sporothrix globosa grew in two plates seeded with soil, with a total of 6 colonies. There was no growth of Sporothrix complex in plant debris. The isolate from the patient was also identified as Sporothrix globosa. Conclusion: For the first time in Chile a species of Sporothrix complex was isolated from the environment. Sporothrix globosa was the species identified both in the ground and from the patient with sporotrichosis.


Introducción: Sporothrix schenckii complex comprende un grupo de hongos dimórficos ambientales que provocan esporotricosis. En Chile se han comunicado casos aislados en humanos; sin embargo, no se han descrito aislamientos de este hongo desde el ambiente. Objetivos: Orientados por un caso de esporotricosis linfo-cutánea en una paciente de 75 años, se realizó un estudio ambiental para lograr el aislamiento de S. complex desde el suelo donde la paciente realizaba labores de horticultura. Materiales y Métodos: Se extrajo tierra y restos vegetales de cinco sectores donde la paciente efectuaba sus labores de horticultura. Se realizaron diluciones de tierras y siembra en agar Sabouraud con cicloheximida y cloranfenicol a 26°C. Los restos vegetales fueron sembrados directamente en el mismo medio. Las colonias sugerentes de S. complex se resembraron en agar PDA a 26°C y se identificaron según recomendación de Marimon y cols. Resultados: De las diez placas del primer muestreo, una colonia de la siembra de tierra se identificó como Sporothrix globosa. En el segundo muestreo hubo desarrollo de S. globosa en dos placas sembradas con tierra, con un total de seis colonias. No hubo desarrollo de S. complex en los restos vegetales. La cepa aislada desde la paciente también fue identificada como S. globosa. Conclusión: Por primera vez en Chile se logra el aislamiento del ambiente de una especie de S. complex. Sporothrix globosa fue la especie identificada tanto del suelo como desde la paciente con esporotricosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Soil Microbiology , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Sporotrichosis/microbiology , Arm , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Chile , Colony Count, Microbial , Hand , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Sporothrix/classification , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Treatment Outcome
12.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 83(4): 1359-1362, Dec. 2011.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-607431

ABSTRACT

This study describes the isolation of S. schenckii in hospital and home environments in Brazil. Samples were collected from surfaces of a veterinary service place and at home. S. schenckii was detected in 1.5 percent of the samples from the hospital environment. However, this fungus was isolated from all sampled areas in home environments. The isolation of S. schenckii deonstrates that these surfaces could act as infection sources to anials and huans. Therefore, employees and pet owners could be exposed to this agent, and the contamination, through surfaces, could occur through the traumatic inoculation of the fungus or by direct contact with pre-existing lesions.


Esse estudo descreve o isolamento de S. schenckii em ambiente hospitalar e domiciliar, no Brasil. Foram colhidas amostras de superfície de local de atendimento veterinário e ambiente domiciliar. S. schenckii foi isolado em 1,5 por cento das amostras do ambiente hospitalar. Entretanto, esse fungo foi isolado em todas as amostras do ambiente domiciliar. O isolamento do S. schenckii demonstra a importância dessas superfícies atuarem como fontes de infecção para animais e humanos. Portanto, funcionários e proprietários de animais de estimação estariam expostos a esse agente e a contaminação, através das superfícies, poderia ocorrer pela inoculação traumática do fungo ou pelo contato direto com lesões pré-existentes.


Subject(s)
Hospitals , Housing , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Environmental Microbiology , Sporothrix/classification
13.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 42(3): 1147-1150, July-Sept. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-607547

ABSTRACT

Using transmission electron microscopy, we studied the presence of melanin and cell wall thickness of clinical isolates of Sporothrix schenckii obtained from cats, dogs and humans as compared to reference strains. We detected differences regarding presence of the melanin among the clinical isolates of S. schenckii and a correlation between presence of melanin and cell wall thickness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cats , Dogs , Spores, Fungal/isolation & purification , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Mycelium , Melanins/analysis , Sporotrichosis , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Methods , Microbiology , Methods
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 86(4,supl.1): 121-124, jul,-ago. 2011. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-604139

ABSTRACT

A esporotricose é micose subaguda ou crônica, causada pelo fungo dimórfico Sporothrix schenckii, endêmica no Brasil e transmitida principalmente através da inoculação traumática de seu agente causal na pele. A transmissão zoonótica, especialmente por gatos infectados, tem sido demonstrada em diversos relatos e séries de casos. Nós descrevemos a ocorrência simultânea da doença em três membros de uma mesma família através da arranhadura por gato doméstico infectado. Dois pacientes desenvolveram a forma cutânea-linfática e apenas um desenvolveu a forma cutânea fixa. Dois pacientes foram tratados com sucesso, com solução saturada de iodeto de potássio; entretanto, o terceiro caso apresentou efeitos colaterais e teve seu tratamento substituído por itraconazol, com resolução de suas lesões.


Sporotrichosis is a subacute or chronic mycosis caused by the dimorphic fungus Sporothrix schenckii which is endemic in Brazil and is transmitted primarily through traumatic inoculation of its causative agent into the skin. The zoonotic transmission, especially from infected cats, has been demonstrated in several reports and case series. We present simultaneous occurrence of the disease in three members of the same family by scratches from an infected domestic cat. Two patients developed the lymphocutaneous form and one only developed the fixed cutaneous form. Two patients were successfully treated with saturated solution of potassium iodide; however, the third case reported side effects and had his therapy substituted for itraconazole, with resolution of his lesions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Animals , Cats , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cat-Scratch Disease/transmission , Sporotrichosis/transmission , Zoonoses/transmission , Cat-Scratch Disease/microbiology , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Sporotrichosis/microbiology , Zoonoses/microbiology
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 86(4,supl.1): 182-185, jul,-ago. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-604154

ABSTRACT

A esporotricose é uma infecção subaguda ou crônica, causada por fungos pertencentes ao Complexo Sporothrix. Relato do caso: esporotricose de localização nasal foi tratada com iodeto de potássio e como não se obteve sucesso, reiniciou-se o tratamento com associação de iodeto de potássio e itraconazol. Porém, ocorreu nova recidiva. As culturas dos exames micológicos foram submetidas a ensaios de atividade antifúngica in vitro para auxiliar no tratamento. A terbinafina foi o antifúngico que apresentou melhores resultados, por isso, o tratamento foi reiniciado com este antifúngico e, após dois anos do término do mesmo, não recidivou. Adicionalmente, ambas as culturas foram comparadas por RAPD, obtendo padrões de fragmentos distintos, indicando que os isolados são diferentes ou demonstrando um processo microevolutivo do microrganismo.


Sporotrichosis is a chronic subacute infection caused by fungi belonging to the Sporothrix Complex. In the present clinical case, nasal sporotrichosis was treated with potassium iodide. This was unsuccessful, and the treatment was restarted with a combination of potassium iodide and itraconazole. This however resulted in a further recurrence of the infection. The mycological cultures were tested in vitro for antifungal activity to assist in treatment. Terbinafine, an antifungal drug, produced the best results and was therefore used for the rest of the treatment course, with no recurrence after two years of its completion. In addition, both cultures were compared using RAPD and different fragment patterns were observed. This indicated that the isolates were either different or indicated a microevolutionary process of this microorganism.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Naphthalenes/therapeutic use , Nose Diseases/drug therapy , Sporotrichosis/drug therapy , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Nose Diseases/microbiology , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Sporotrichosis/microbiology
17.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2011. 122 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-619455

ABSTRACT

A esporotricose é uma doença micótica, infecciosa e crônica, que envolve o tecido cutâneo e subcutâneo, e que pode afetar seres humanos e animais. Esta micose sempre foi atribuída a um único patógeno, o Sporothrix schenckii, um fundo termodimórfico, que cresce como levedura a 37 oC e como micélio à temperatura ambiente. No entanto, nos últimos anos, foi demonstrado que isolados identificados como S. schenckii apresentavam grande variabilidade genética, sugerindo que esta táxon consiste em um complexo de espécies. Esta doença é causada pela implantação traumática do patógeno fúngico, porém os mecanismos de invasão e disseminação deste microorganismo, bem como as moléculas envolvidas nestes processos, ainda são pouco conhecidos. Com base nessas informações, este trabalho visa identificar moléculas de superfície deste patógeno envolvidas na interação deste fungo com proteínas matriciais, bem como analisar diferenças fenotípicas entre espécies do denominado complexo Sporothrix. Foram utilizados, neste estudo, cinco isolados de Sporothrix spp., sendo três isolados clínicos, um isolado ambiental e um isolado de gato. A virulência de cada isolado foi comparada à capacidade adesiva à proteína matricial fibronectina. Foi observado que os isolados com amior capacidade infectiva eram os que apresentavam maior capacidade adesiva à fibronectina. Verificamos então a expressão de adesinas para fibronectina na superfície de cada isolado, por Western blot, e observamos que os isolados mais virulentos e com maior capacidade adesiva expressavam mais adesinas para fibronectina. Bandas reativas com o anticorpo monoclonal contra adesina gp70 (mAb P6E7) foram reveladas nos extratos de parede celular dos isolados estudados. Análises por microscopia confocal revelaram a colocalização da gp70 com a adesina para fibronectina na superfície dos isolados. Análises filogenéticas demonstraram que os isolados estudados possuíam diferenças genotípicas capazes de agrupá-los em duas espécies...


Sporotrichosis is a chronic and infectious diseases that involves the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue, which can affect humans and animals. This mycosis has always been attributed to a single pathogen, the Sporothrix schenckii, a dimorphic fungus, that grows as yeast at 37 oC and as mycelia at room temperature. However, in recent years, some isolates identifies as S. schenckii showed considerable genetic variability, sugesting that this taxon consists of a complex of species. This disease is caused by the traumatic inoculation of the fungal pathogen, however, the molecules involved in the invasion and dissemination of this microorganism are still poorly understood. The aim of this study is to identify surface molecules involved in the interaction of this fungus with extracellular matrix proteins and to examine phenotypic differences between species in the Sporothrix complex. Five isolates were used throughout this study, three clinical isolates, an environmental and one cat isolate. The virulence of each isolate was compared to the adhesive capacity to fibronectin. We observed that the most virulent isolates exhibited the higher capacity to interact with fibronectin. The expression of adhesins for fibronectin on the surface of each isolate was verified by Western blot. This analysis showed that the most virulent isolates expressed more fibronectin adhesins than the avirulent ones. Positive bands for the monoclonal antibody raised against gp70 adhesin (mAb P6E7) were revealed in cell wall extracts of the isolates studied. Confocal microscopy confirmed the colocalization of fibronectin and mAb P6E7 on the yeast cell surface. Molecular analysis showed genotypic differences between isolates used in this study, that can cluster than them into two species, S. schenckii and S. brasiliensis. This phylogenetic analysis revealed that the avirulent isolate was S. brasiliensis and not S. schenckii as previously thought. This new data led us o determine whether...


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Sporotrichosis/microbiology , Sporotrichosis/virology , Fibronectins/analysis , Fibronectins/metabolism , Molecular Epidemiology , Sporothrix/classification , Sporothrix/genetics , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Sporothrix/pathogenicity , Genotype , Mycological Typing Techniques , Phenotype , Species Specificity
18.
Rev. chil. dermatol ; 26(2): 154-158, 2010. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-569961

ABSTRACT

La esporotricosis es una infección subaguda a crónica causada por el hongo dimórf¡co Sporothrix schenckii, distribuido por todo el mundo, particularmente en climas templados y tropicales. La enfermedad afecta principalmente la piel y los vasos linfáticos, produciendo distintas formas clínicas, siendo la más frecuente la linfocutánea; sin embargo, puede ocurrir una diseminación a estructuras osteoarticulares y viscerales, especialmente en pacientes inmunosuprimidos. La infección linfocutánea generalmente se origina como consecuencia de traumas durante el trabajo al aire libre y la posterior inoculación del hongo a través de elementos contaminados, como el suelo, heno, espinas, madera y alambre de púas. La mayoría de los pacientes van a requerir tratamiento antimicótico, siendo el itraconazol el fármaco de elección. Además se utiliza ampliamente el yoduro de potasio en países subdesarrollados debido a su efectividad y bajo costo. Se presenta el caso de un paciente trabajador agrícola con esporotricosis cutánea, contraída en Chile, confirmada, que recibió tratamiento con itraconazol, evolucionando favorablemente.


Sporotrichosis is a sub acute to serious infection caused by a dimorphic fungus called Sporothrix schenckii, and disributed throughout the world, particularly in temperate and tropical climates. The disease affects mainly skin and lymph vessels, producing several clinical forms, most frequently lymphocutaneous. However, dissemination to musculoskeletal and visceral structures in immune suppressed patients may occur. Lymphocutaneous infection usually originates as a result of trauma during outdoor work and the subsequent inoculation of the fungus through contaminated objects such as soil, hay, thorns, wood and barbed wire. Most patients will require antifungal treatment; being itraconazole the drug of choice, Potassium iodine is widely used in developing countries due to its effectiveness and low cost we present the case of a farm worker with a confirmed cutaneous sporotrichosis infection contracted in Chile; the patient received itraconazole, with a favorable outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential , Sporotrichosis/microbiology , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Sporothrix/isolation & purification
19.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 104(5): 769-774, Aug. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-528088

ABSTRACT

An epidemic of sporotrichosis, a subcutaneous mycosis caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenckii, is ongoing in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in which cases of human infection are related to exposure to cats. In an attempt to demonstrate the zoonotic character of this epidemic using molecular methodology, we characterised by DNA-based typing methods 19 human and 25 animal S. schenckii isolates from the epidemic, as well as two control strains. To analyse the isolates, the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique was performed using three different primers, together with DNA fingerprinting using the minisatellite derived from the wild-type phage M13 core-sequence. The analyses generated amplicons with considerable polymorphism. Although isolates exhibited high levels of genetic relatedness, they could be clustered into 5-10 genotypes. The RAPD profiles of epidemic S. schenckii isolates could be distinguished from that of the United States isolate, displaying 20 percent similarity to each primer and 60 percent when amplified with the M13 primer. DNA fingerprinting of S. schenckii isolated from the nails (42.8 percent) and the oral cavities (66 percent) of cats were identical to related human samples, suggesting that there is a common infection source for animals and humans in this epidemic. It is clear that cats act as a vehicle for dissemination of S. schenckii.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Humans , Cat Diseases/microbiology , Disease Outbreaks , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Sporotrichosis/microbiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cat Diseases/diagnosis , Cat Diseases/epidemiology , DNA Fingerprinting , DNA, Fungal , Mycological Typing Techniques , Polymorphism, Genetic , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique , Sporothrix/genetics , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/epidemiology , Sporotrichosis/veterinary
20.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 51(4): 237-238, July-Aug. 2009. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-524382

ABSTRACT

Sporotrichosis is the most common deep mycosis in Latin America. The zoonotic transmission from cats has been demonstrated over the last few decades in many countries. A forty year-old veterinarian examined a cat with multiple ulcerations, which mycological examination isolated Sporothrix schenckii. During the examination, she was bitten in the right index finger by the animal. Two weeks later, an inflammatory lesion appeared, which became ulcerated and was followed by ascendant lymphangitis. The diagnoses of lymphocutaneous sporotrichosis and of a six weeks pregnancy were established. The lesions were not treated and by the 28th week the ulceration healed and the abscesses showed involution. This case illustrates that non-life-threatening forms of sporotrichosis during pregnancy could be treated with systemic antifungals after delivery.


Esporotricose é a micose profunda mais comum na América Latina. Sua transmissão zoonótica a partir de gatos foi documentada nos últimos anos em vários países. Médica veterinária foi mordida por um gato, que apresentava múltiplas ulcerações, das quais foi isolado Sporothrix schenckii . Duas semanas depois surgiu lesão inflamatória e após uma ulceração no dedo mordido, seguida de linfangite ascendente. Esporotricose linfocutânea e de gravidez foram então diagnosticados. As lesões não foram tratadas e na 28ª semana de gravidez a ulceração cicatrizou e os abcessos sofreram involução. Esse caso demonstra que formas menos graves de esporotricose poderiam ser tratadas com antifúngicos sistêmicos depois do parto.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Cats , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cat Diseases/transmission , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/microbiology , Sporotrichosis/transmission , Remission, Spontaneous , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Zoonoses
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