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2.
São Paulo; SMS; 22/06/2020. 37 p. ilus, mapa, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SMS-SP, COVISA-Producao, SMS-SP | ID: biblio-1102196

ABSTRACT

A Esporotricose é uma infecção fúngica de implantação, subaguda ou crônica, causada por fungo do complexo Sporothrix schenkii. No Brasil, a espécie mais frequente é S.brasiliensis. No município de São Paulo, em 2011, foram identificados os primeiros casos de esporotricose em felinos e em humanos, na região de Itaquera, na Coordenadoria Regional de Saúde Leste. A partir de 2018, houve um aumento significativo do número de casos em felinos, acompanhado do aumento de casos humanos. Esta Nota técnica, elaborada pela Coordenadoria de Vigilância em Saúde de São Paulo, tem como objetivo orientar a vigilância e o manejo clínico da esporotricose humana no município de São Paulo. O documento aborda a situação epidemiológica da esporotricose no município de São Paulo, o agente etiológico, as formas de transmissão, as manifestações clínicas, os diagnósticos diferenciais, o diagnóstico laboratorial, o tratamento, o prognóstico e as definições de casos suspeito e confirmado, além dos fluxos de atendimento e vigilância epidemiológica de esporotricose humana na cidade e da orientação para coleta e armazenamento de amostras para envio ao laboratório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sporotrichosis , Public Health/methods , Epidemiology/standards , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/prevention & control , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Delivery of Health Care , Mycoses
3.
São Paulo; SMS; 2020. 37 p. tab, mapas, ilus.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, SMS-SP | ID: biblio-1100647

ABSTRACT

Nota técnica elaborada para nortear a vigilância e manejo clínico da esporotricose humana no município de São Paulo. O documento aborda a situação da esporotricose no município de São Paulo, agente etiológico, transmissão, manifestações clínicas da esporotricose humana, diagnóstico diferencial, diagnóstico laboratorial, tratamento, prognóstico, unidades de referencia, vigilância epidemiológica e fluxos de atendimento de casos humanos. Apresenta ainda orientações para coleta, armazenamento e ficha de encaminhamento de amostras para diagnóstico laboratorial, ficha para notificação, ficha de encaminhamento de caso suspeito e fluxograma de atendimento de casos humanos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/prevention & control , Sporotrichosis/epidemiology , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Mycoses
4.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(1): 59-61, jan.-fev. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-990800

ABSTRACT

Resumo A esporotricose humana e animal é uma infecção subaguda a crônica causada pelo fungo dimórfico Sporothrix schenckii. A esporotricose ocular tem ganhado destaque em função da epidemia de esporotricose urbana enfrentada pelo estado do Rio de Janeiro na última década e se apresenta classicamente como conjuntivite granulomatosa, mas formas atípicas podem ocorrer. Este artigo tem por objetivo relatar 2 casos atípicos de esporotricose ocular em pacientes imunocompetentes, ambos apresentando quadro clínico compatível com a síndrome oculoglandular de Parinaud associada à dacriocistite em um caso e presumivelmente à coroidite no outro caso.


Abstract Human and animal sporotrichosis is an infection caused by the dimorphic fungus Sporothrix schenckii, which is classified from subacute to chronic. Ocular sporotrichosis has been highlighted due to the epidemic of urban sporotrichosis faced by the state of Rio de Janeiro in the last decade and presents classically as granulomatous conjunctivitis, but atypical forms may occur. This article aims to report two atypical cases of ocular sporotrichosis in immunocompetent patients, both presenting a clinical picture compatible with Parinaud oculoglandular syndrome associated with dacryocystitis in one case and presumably to choroiditis in the other case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/etiology , Ocular Motility Disorders/complications , Ocular Motility Disorders/diagnosis , Choroiditis/complications , Choroiditis/diagnosis , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Dacryocystitis/complications , Dacryocystitis/diagnosis , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential
5.
Rev. inf. cient ; 98(6): 776-784, 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049295

ABSTRACT

Se presentó un paciente masculino, de 7 años de edad, antecedente de contacto con un gato doméstico, procedente del municipio Gaspar, estado Santa Catarina en Brasil. La madre refirió la presencia de lesiones rojizas y purulentas en la piel del pecho y brazos, que no mejoraron con el tratamiento que se le aplicó. El cultivo micológico de las lesiones demostró la presencia del hongo Sporothrixschenckii, por lo que se hizo el diagnóstico definitivo de esporotricosis. Se trató con itraconazol y evolucionó favorablemente(AU)


A male patient, 7 years old, presented a history of contact with a domestic cat, from the Gaspar municipality, Santa Catarina state in Brazil. The mother reported the presence of reddish and purulent lesions on the skin of the chest and arms, which did not improve with the treatment that was applied. The mycological culture of the lesions demonstrated the presence of the fungus Sporothrixschenckii, so the definitive diagnosis of sporotrichosis was made. It was treated with itraconazole and evolved favorably(AU)


Um paciente do sexo masculino, 7 anos, apresentava histórico de contato com um gato doméstico, do município de Gaspar, estado de Santa Catarina no Brasil. A mãe relatou a presença de lesões avermelhadas e purulentas na pele do tórax e braços, que não melhoraram com o tratamento aplicado. A cultura micológica das lesões demonstrou a presença do fungo Sporothrixschenckii, pelo que foi feito o diagnóstico definitivo de esporotricose. Foi tratado com itraconazol e evoluiu favoravelmente(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/drug therapy
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(6): 907-909, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038282

ABSTRACT

Abstract: We report 73 cases of cutaneous sporotrichosis from the Community Dermatology program, at the central and mountain areas of the state of Guerrero, Mexico. A similar number of cases was found between children and adults, mostly peasants and school-age children with rural occupations. Upper limbs were the mostly affected and the predominant clinical form was lymphocutaneous (56.16%). All cultures corresponded to Sporothrix schenckii (sl). Treatment was done with potassium iodide in 54 patients, achieving clinical and mycological cure in all cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Sporotrichosis/epidemiology , Potassium Iodide/therapeutic use , Socioeconomic Factors , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/drug therapy , Mexico/epidemiology
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(5): 743-745, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949943

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Atypical mycobacterial infections are caused by mycobacteria other than those from the M. tuberculosis complex and M. leprae. Its incidence has increased progressively, with considerable increase of scientific publications on the subject. Only 10% of the cases present with cutaneous infections, most of them related to surgical interventions and aesthetic procedures. We present a case of mycobacteriosis due to automotive accident that presented a diagnostic challenge due to its clinical presentation with lesions of sporotrichoid progression in the lymphatic system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Sporotrichosis/pathology , Accidents, Traffic , Skin Diseases, Bacterial/pathology , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/pathology , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/microbiology , Skin Diseases, Bacterial/microbiology , Medical Illustration , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/complications
8.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(7): 1438-1443, July 2018. graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-976465

ABSTRACT

A esporotricose é uma micose subcutânea de evolução subaguda a crônica, causada pelo fungo dimórfico e geofílico Sporothrix schenckii. A transmissão zoonótica vem recebendo destaque, tendo os felinos domésticos um importante papel epidemiológico na doença. Este trabalho pesquisa teve como objetivo diagnosticar casos de esporotricose em felinos domésticos atendidos no município de Campos dos Goytacazes/RJ, bem como correlacionar os casos positivos com os sinais clínicos observados nos mesmos, assim como fatores de risco tais quais sexo, animais castrados ou não, dentre outras características. Foram utilizados 100 felinos domésticos, portadores de lesões cutâneas suspeitas de esporotricose, os quais passaram por avaliação clínica minuciosa e preenchimento de fichas individuais. As lesões foram então selecionadas para coleta de material em suabes estéreis e posterior análise laboratorial, através da citologia e cultura fúngica. Dos 100 animais analisados, 66 (66%) foram positivos para Sporothrix spp., sendo 46 (69,6%) machos não castrados, 15 (22,7%) fêmeas não castradas, 4 (6,06%) fêmeas castradas e 1 (1,5%) macho castrado, os quais 89,3% tinham acesso à rua. Quanto à topografia lesional e estado clínico dos animais, 43 (65,2%) apresentavam lesões focais e 23 (34,8%) lesões disseminadas, onde 21 (31,8%) vieram à óbito ou foram submetidos a eutanásia por opção do tutor. Com os resultados dos exames foi possível a adequada prescrição do protocolo terapêutico e acompanhamento de 40 animais (60,6%), e nos casos dos felinos encaminhados (7,5%), foi reportado ao médico veterinário responsável o respectivo diagnóstico para que este escolhesse sua conduta terapêutica.(AU)


Sporotrichosis is a subcutaneous mycosis of subacute to chronic evolution, caused by the dimorphic and geophilic fungus Sporothrix schenckii. The zoonotic transmission has been highlighted, with domestic cats having an important epidemiological role in the disease. This research aimed to diagnose cases of sporotrichosis in domestic cats treated in the city of Campos dos Goytacazes/RJ, as well as to correlate the positive cases with the clinical signs observed in them, as well as risk factors such as sex, castrated animals or not, among other characteristics. One hundred domestic felines were used, with skin lesions suspected of sporotrichosis, which underwent a thorough clinical evaluation and completion of individual files. The lesions were then selected for material collection in sterile swabs and subsequent laboratory analysis, through cytology and fungal culture. Of the 100 animals analyzed, 66 (66%) were positive for Sporothrix spp., Being 46 (69.6%) uncastrated males, 15 (22.7%) uncastrated females, 4 (6.06%) females castrated and 1 (1.5%) castrated male, 89.3% of whom had access to the street. Concerning the lesion topography and clinical status of the animals, 43 (65.2%) had focal lesions and 23 (34.8%) disseminated lesions, where 21 (31.8%) died or were submitted to euthanasia at the option of tutor. With the results of the exams, it was possible to adequately prescribe the therapeutic protocol and follow up of 40 animals (60.6%), and in the cases of the cats referred (7.5%), the respective veterinarian was informed of the respective diagnosis so that this To choose their therapeutic behavior.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/epidemiology , Cats/microbiology , Mycoses/veterinary , Skin Diseases/diagnosis
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(3): 477-481, mar. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-965011

ABSTRACT

Sporotrichosis is a chronic, granulomatous and usually lymphocutaneous infection of animals and humans, caused by a dimorphic fungus, Sporothrix schenckii complex. The disease in dogs is considered rare, however, in the last years a crescent registration of cases was observed in Brazil, especially in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Fifteen dogs with ulcerated cutaneous lesions were seen at the Dermatology Service in the Small Animal's Hospital at Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, between January 2014 and October 2015. Most lesions were located on the head, mainly the nose. Lesions were even seen on the chest, disseminated on the body and on the limbs. Three dogs (20%) exhibited the cutaneous-lymphatic form, with lesions initially on the distal aspect of one leg and ascending via lymphatics up the leg to the trunk and head. It was not ruled out the disseminated form in at least 3 dogs (20%). They had consistent signs of generalized or disseminated disease exhibiting respiratory symptoms (nasal discharge, sneezing, stertorous breathing), anorexia and weight loss. Draining tracts and cellulitis were very common. Some had large areas of skin necrosis with exposure of muscle and bone. Definitive diagnosis was obtained by cytological examination of exudates, histological examination, and/or isolation of S. schenckii complex by fungal culture. Because of the severity of the lesions that mimic other disorders like neoplasms or autoimmune skin diseases, and due to the difficulties of getting an accurate diagnosis, this study describes 15 advanced cases of canine sporotrichosis.(AU)


A esporitricose é uma doença infecciosa crônica, granulomatosa e frequentemente linfocutânea, causada por um fungo dimórfico do Complexo Sporothrix schenckii. A doença em cães é considerada rara, no entanto, nos últimos anos, um número crescente de casos foi registrado no Brasil, especialmente no Rio de Janeiro. Quinze cães com lesões cutâneas ulceradas foram atendidos no Setor de Dermatologia do Hospital Veterinário de Pequenos Animais da Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, entre Janeiro de 2014 e Outubro de 2015. Todos os animais foram submetidos ao exame clínico e dermatológico. A maioria das lesões estava localizada na cabeça, principalmente no plano nasal. Havia também lesões no tórax, disseminada pelo corpo e nos membros. Três cães (20%) apresentaram a forma cutâneo-linfática, com lesões inicialmente nos membros e se propagavam via vasos linfáticos para o tronco e a cabeça. Não foi descartada a forma disseminada em pelo menos 3 cães (20%). Estes cães apresentaram sinais consistentes de doença generalizada ou disseminada, exibindo sinais respiratórios (descarga nasal, espirros, estertoração), anorexia e perda de peso. Fístulas e celulite eram muito comuns. Alguns tinham grandes áreas de necrose que desencadearam a exposição de músculo e osso. O diagnóstico definitivo da infecção foi obtido por exame citológico de exsudato e por exame histológico, e/ou apenas isolamento do complexo S. schenckii pela cultura de fungos. Por causa da severidade das lesões que imitam outras enfermidades, principalmente neoplasias e doenças autoimunes, e pela dificuldade de se obter o diagnóstico correto, este estudo descreve 15 casos avançados de esporotricose canina.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Dogs/microbiology , Mycoses/veterinary , Sporotrichosis/microbiology , Case Reports
10.
Rev. chil. dermatol ; 34(3): 89-94, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-995077

ABSTRACT

Cada día es más habitual ver en nuestra consulta médica enfermedades dermatológicas endémicas de zonas tropicales, gracias a los flujos migratorios recientes y aumento del turismo hacia el extranjero. Presentamos un acrónimo muy utilizado en Brasil, PLECT, que reúne a enfermedades infecciosas que deben tenerse en mente en el diferencial de lesiones verrucosas, a saber, Paracoccidiodomicosis, Leishmaniasis Tegumentar, Esporotricosis, Cromomicosis y Tuberculosis Cutánea.


Increasingly, it is more common to see dermatological diseases that are endemic in tropical areas in our medical practice, thanks to recent migratory flows and increased tourism abroad. We present an acronym widely used in Brazil, PLECT, which brings together infectious diseases that should be borne in mind in the differential of verrucous lesions, namely, Paracoccidiodomicosis, Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, Sporotrichosis, Chromomycosis and Cutaneous Tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Diseases, Infectious/diagnosis , Tropical Zone , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Cutaneous/diagnosis , Chromoblastomycosis/diagnosis , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential
11.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(6): 871-873, Nov.-Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897024

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sporotrichosis is the most prevalent subcutaneous mycosis and is characterized by a subacute or chronic development of a cutaneous or subcutaneous nodular lesion. It is caused by the dimorphic fungus Sporothrix spp, which may manifest in different clinical forms. The disseminated cutaneous form is uncommon and is more likely to occur in immunocompromised patients. We report a 47-year-old male patient with multiple cutaneous and subcutaneous nodules. The patient was diagnosed with disseminated cutaneous sporotrichosis based on the isolation and identification of Sporothrix spp. The patient was treated with potassium iodide, which resulted in clinical improvement of the lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Alcoholism/complications , Potassium Iodide/therapeutic use , Sporotrichosis/complications , Sporotrichosis/drug therapy , Middle Aged
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(5): 606-620, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887037

ABSTRACT

Abstract: In the late 90's there was a change in both the route of transmission and the people at risk for sporotrichosis. This zoonotic cat-man alternative transmission route elicited changes in strategies to control the epidemic. There was a progressive increase in the number of cases involving especially children and the elderly. In addition to becoming hyperendemic, uncommon clinical pictures like immunoreactive clinical presentations or severe systemic cases have emerged. New species were identified and classified through molecular tools using more virulent clinical isolates, like S. brasiliensis, compared to the environmental isolates. Likewise, different species of Sporothrix have been associated with different geographic regions. The serological and molecular techniques are used as an auxiliary tool for the diagnosis and/or for species identification, although the isolation and the identification of Sporothrix spp. in clinical specimen is still the gold standard. Currently sporotrichosis epidemics requires the knowledge of the epidemiological-molecular profile to control the disease and the specific treatment. Itraconazole, potassium iodide, terfinafine, and amphotericin B are the available drugs in Brazil to treat sporotrichosis. The drug of choice, its posology, and treatment duration vary according to the clinical presentation, the Sporothrix species, and host immune status. New treatment choices, including a vaccine, are being developed; nevertheless, more clinical trials are required to confirm its efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/etiology , Sporotrichosis/drug therapy , Sporotrichosis/epidemiology , Prognosis , Diagnosis, Differential
13.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 88(2): 85-90, abr. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-838644

ABSTRACT

La esporotricosis es la micosis subcutánea más frecuente en Uruguay. Es producida por hongos del complejo Sporothrix. Su reservorio son los restos vegetales y madera en descomposición. En su hábitat natural las condiciones climáticas, temperatura y humedad son variables, pero es inviable a 40°C. Afecta al hombre y animales. Es una enfermedad ocupacional y recreativa, poco frecuente en la edad pediátrica. En nuestro país el modo habitual de adquirirla es a través de arañazos de armadillos (mulitas). La forma clínica clásica y más frecuente de la esporotricosis se caracteriza por un chancro cutáneo de inoculación acompañado de una linfangitis de carácter nodular y troncular. Su evolución tiene un desarrollo subagudo y crónico. A pesar de su signología típica es muchas veces confundida con otras afecciones dermatológicas lo que retarda el diagnóstico. La presentación visceral u osteoarticular es excepcional. El diagnóstico definitivo requiere el aislamiento del hongo en cultivos a partir del sitio de infección. La resolución espontánea es poco común. El tratamiento recomendado es itraconazol administrado durante 3 a 6 meses. También puede utilizarse de manera alternativa yoduro de potasio y la terbinafina. La termoterapia local preconizada por la escuela micológica uruguaya significa muchas veces una valiosa alternativa terapéutica. El objetivo de esta comunicación es la presentación del caso clínico de un niño que cursó una esporotricosis cutáneo-linfática. La misma fue confirmada por estudio micológico y recibió tratamiento con itraconazol y termoterapia local, con buena respuesta.


Sporotrichosis is the most frequent subcutaneous mycosis in Uruguay. It is caused by fungi from the Sporothrix complex. This fungus lives in decaying plant matter, including wood. Climate, temperature and humidity vary in their natural habitat, although they cannot survive when it is hotter than 40°C. It affects both men and animals. Sporotrichosis is an occupational and recreational disease, rather unusual in children. In our country it is usually acquired through armadillo scratches. The classical and most frequent clinical presentation is characterized by a chancre following inoculation, accompanied by nodular and troncular lymphangitis. Evolution of the condition has a subacute and chronic development. In spite of its typical signs, it is often confused with other skin diseases, what delays diagnosis. Visceral or osteoarticular presentation is exceptional. Final diagnosis requires the fungus to be isolated in cultures from the site of the infection. Spontaneous resolution is rather unusual. Itraconazole during 3 to 6 months is the recommended treatment. Alternatively, potassium iodide and terbinafine may be used. Local thermotherapy, recommended by the Uruguayan mycological school often constitutes a valuable therapeutic alternative. This study aims to present the clinical case of a boy with a lymphatic-cutaneous sporotrichosis. The condition was confirmed by mycological studies and he was treated with itraconazole and local thermotherapy, the response being good.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Skin Diseases, Infectious/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Hypothermia, Induced , Armadillos , Skin Ulcer/etiology , Sporotrichosis/complications , Sporotrichosis/transmission , Uruguay , Diagnosis, Differential , Disease Vectors
14.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 9(2): 67-76, 2017.
Article in English | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-884651

ABSTRACT

La esporotricosis es una micosis subcutánea causada por especies del grupo Sporothrix schenckii complex. Relativamente frecuente en Paraguay, en algunos casos puede considerarse como una zoonosis. Se presenta un caso familiar de esporotricosis, un padre y su hijo que consultaron en el Servicio de Dermatología del Hospital Nacional, por lesiones en piel relacionadas al contacto con un gato doméstico enfermo, que presentaba lesiones en el rostro. Clínicamente correspondía a la forma linfangítica el primer caso y a placa fija en el segundo. El diagnóstico se confirmó con el cultivo micológico. Recibieron yoduro de potasio con muy buena respuesta luego de 5 meses de tratamiento. La importancia de esta comunicación es advertir que el gato doméstico al padecer y contagiar la esporotricosis, es importante en la epidemiología de la enfermedad, situación observada en otras regiones.


Sporotrichosis is a subcutaneous mycosis caused by species of the group Sporothrix schenckii complex. Relatively frequent in Paraguay, in some cases it can be considered as a zoonosis. We present a family case of sporotrichosis, a father and his son who consulted in the Dermatology Service of the National Hospital, for skin lesions related to contact with a sick domestic cat, which presented lesions on the face. Clinically, the first case and a fixed plate corresponded to the lymphangitic form in the second. The diagnosis was confirmed with mycological culture. They received potassium iodide with a very good response after 5 months of treatment. The importance of this communication is to warn that the domestic cat suffering from and spreading sporotrichosis is important in the epidemiology of the disease, a situation observed in other regions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Child , Middle Aged , Cats , Sporotrichosis/transmission , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Cat Diseases/transmission , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Cat Diseases/diagnosis
15.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 68(2): 171-178, may.-ago. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-844983

ABSTRACT

La esporotricosis es la micosis subcutánea más frecuente en todo el mundo; se considera una enfermedad ocupacional; las principales fuentes de infección son la materia vegetal y la madera; puede afectar a todos los grupos etarios, pero predomina en la población adulta. El objetivo es diagnosticar y reportar un caso de esporotricosis cutáneo-linfática. Se describe el caso utilizando el método clínico-epidemiológico y el diagnóstico micológico. Se diagnostica una esporotricosis cutáneo-linfática, lo cual corrobora que el cultivo micológico es el estándar de oro en el diagnóstico de esta micosis. En conclusión, la descripción de este caso, constituye una alerta en el diagnóstico de esta entidad poco frecuente en Cuba(AU)


Sporotrichosis is the most common subcutaneous mycosis worldwide. It is considered an occupational disease whose main sources of infection are vegetal material and wood; it may affect all the age groups but predominant in the adult population. The objective is to diagnose on and report a case of cutaneous-lymphatic sporotrichosis. The case is described on the basis of the clinical and epidemiological method and the mycological diagnosis. Cutaneous-lymphatic sporotrichosis was diagnosed, which confirms that the mycological culture is the golden rule in the diagnosis of this mycosis. In conclusions, the description of this case is an alert to the diagnosis of this rare disease in Cuba(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/drug therapy
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 49(4): 527-529, July-Aug. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792798

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sporotrichosis is the most common subcutaneous mycosis in South America and its association with zoonotic transmission remains a relevant public health problem in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The disease most commonly presents as subacute or chronic cutaneous lesions, although dissemination to various organs and systems occurs in rare cases, mainly in immunosuppressed individuals. This report describes a case of sporotrichosis with severe bone and subcutaneous damage in an immunocompetent patient who did not exhibit the characteristic skin lesions of sporotrichosis, including ulcers, nodules, and lymphangitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteomyelitis/microbiology , Sporotrichosis/complications , Osteomyelitis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Immunocompetence
17.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(4): 303-311, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-787566

ABSTRACT

Esporotricose é uma infecção fúngica causada por espécies do complexo Sporothrix, vista com maior frequência em gatos, equinos e cães. Os principais objetivos deste estudo retrospectivo foram caracterizar os aspectos histomorfológicos e histoquímicos da esporotricose em 10 gatos, além de avaliar os aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos e os achados macroscópicos desses 10 casos, obtidos dos protocolos de biópsias e necropsias dos arquivos do Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. A doença acometeu predominantemente gatos machos, sem raça definida e apresentou-se principalmente na forma cutânea disseminada...


Sporotrichosis is a mycotic infection caused by the Sporothrix complex species, affecting mostly cats, horses, and dogs. The main objectives of this retrospective study were to characterize the histomorphological and histochemical aspects of sporotrichosis in 10 cats, and also to evaluate epidemiological and clinical aspects, and gross findings obtained from the biopsy and necropsy protocols of these ten cases, obtained from the archives of the Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária of the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. The disease affected mostly male mongrel cats, and was mostly observed in the cutaneous disseminated form...


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Sporothrix/classification , Mycoses , Skin Diseases , Histological Techniques/veterinary
20.
Dermatol. peru ; 24(2): 123-127, abr.-jun. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-765237

ABSTRACT

La esporotricosis es una micosis profunda y crónica que afecta la piel y tejido linfático, causada por el hongo Sporothrix schenckii. Es la micosis subcutánea más frecuente en el Perú. Los sitios comúnmente afectados son las extremidades superiores y la cara; esta última localización es la más frecuente en niños. Su diversidad clínica plantea un desafío diagnóstico. Se presentan cuatro casos clínicos de esporotricosis facial en pacientes pediátricos provenientes de Otuzco (La Libertad), un área endémica del norte del país. El diagnóstico se confirmó con cultivo en el que se aisló S. schenckii. El tratamiento de elección fue yoduro de potasio por su coste beneficio. Por su polimorfismo, la esporotricosis, debe ser incluida en el diagnóstico diferencial de las dermatosis faciales crónicas en niños.


Sporotrichosis is a deep and chronic mycosis that affects the skin and lymph tissue, caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenckii. It is the most common subcutaneous mycosis in Peru. Commonly affected sites are the upper extremities and face, the latter being the most common location in children. His clinical diversity poses a diagnostic challenge. We present four cases of facial sporotrichosis in pediatric patients from Otuzco (La Libertad), an endemic area in the north. The diagnosis was confirmed by culture in which S. schencki i was isolated. The treatment of choice was potassium iodide at cost benefit. On the polymorphism, sporotrichosis, should be included in the differential diagnosis of chronic facial dermatosis in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sporotrichosis , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/pathology , Sporotrichosis/therapy , Medical Illustration
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