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1.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 42: e06923, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1487688

ABSTRACT

Sporotrichosis is a chronic fungal infection caused by Sporothrix species. The occurrence of cases that are resistant to long-term treatment, especially in the nasal planum of cats, emphasizes the importance of studying its pathogenesis. The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the inflammatory process of cutaneous lesions of feline refractory sporotrichosis to clinical aspects through cytopathological and histopathological examination. Moreover, the study included 13 cats with cutaneous lesions that had been resistant to itraconazole treatment for more than a year. Cutaneous lesions samples were collected for cytopathological, histopathological, and fungal culture analyses. Tissue fragments were processed and stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Grocott methenamine silver (GMS). Further, two clinical presentations had the highest occurrence: the localized cutaneous form in animals with good general condition and stable disease (n=9, 69.2%) and the disseminated cutaneous form in cats with poor general condition (n=4, 30.8%). In cats with refractory sporotrichosis, the nasal planum (84.6%) was the most common location of lesions. In the cytopathological study, cats with fewer than two lesions and in good general condition (n=9, 69.2%) showed absence or mild yeast intensity (up to 5 yeasts per field), lower intensity of macrophages and neutrophils, and higher intensity of epithelioid cells, lymphocytes, plasma cells, and eosinophils. On the other hand, (n=4, 30.8%) of the cats with disseminated sporotrichosis and a poor general condition had a marked intensity of yeasts, which were mostly phagocytosed by an increased number of macrophages and neutrophils. Of those animals with good general condition, the majority (n=6, 66.7%) had higher eosinophil intensity. In histopathology, malformed suppurative granuloma was the predominant type (n=9, 69.2%) in feline sporotrichosis lesions, followed by well-formed granulomas (n=4, 30.8%). Malformed granulomas showed mild to moderate fungal intensity (55.6%) in animals with good general condition and localized lesions while marked fungal intensity (44.4%) in cats with the disseminated form of the disease and poor general condition. Well-formed granulomas (n=4, 30.7%) had mild to moderate intensity of fungal load, and 75% of the animals with this type of granuloma had only one lesion and were in good general condition. Long-term itraconazole treatment in these cats with refractory sporotrichosis can keep the infection under control and localized lesions stable; however, fungus reactivation can occur, resulting in an exuberant and inefficient immune response.


A esporotricose é uma infecção fúngica crônica causada por espécies do gênero Sporothrix. A ocorrência de casos refratários ao tratamento de longo prazo, especialmente na região nasal de gatos, alerta para a importância do estudo de sua patogênese. Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar o processo inflamatório das lesões cutâneas de esporotricose felina refratária ao tratamento, por meio de exames citopatológico e histopalógico, e comparar com aspectos clínicos. Treze gatos com lesões cutâneas refratárias ao tratamento com Itraconazol por mais de um ano foram incluídos no estudo. Amostras de lesões cutâneas foram coletadas para análises citopatológicas, histopatológicas e cultura fúngica. Fragmentos de tecidos foram processados e corados pela hematoxilina-eosina (HE) e Prata Metenamina de Grocott (GMS). Duas apresentações clínicas tiveram maior ocorrência: a forma localizada cutânea em animais com bom estado geral e doença estável (n=9, 69,2%); e a forma disseminada cutânea em gatos com estado geral ruim (n=4, 30,8%). A região nasal (84,6%) foi a localização mais frequente das lesões nos gatos com esporotricose refratária ao tratamento. No estudo citopatológico, felinos com menos de duas lesões, e em bom estado geral, (n=9, 69,2%) revelaram ausência ou leve intensidade de leveduras (até 5 leveduras por campo), menor intensidade de macrófagos e neutrófilos, e maior intensidade de células epitelióides, linfócitos, plasmócitos e eosinófilos. Enquanto, (n=4, 30,8%) dos felinos que apresentavam a forma disseminada da esporotricose associada a um estado geral ruim, revelaram acentuada intensidade de leveduras em sua maioria fagocitadas por acentuado número de macrófagos e neutrófilos. Dos animais com bom estado geral, a maioria (n=6, 66,7%) apresentava maior intensidade de eosinófilos. Na histopatologia, o granuloma supurativo mal formado foi o tipo predominante (n=9, 69,2%) nas lesões de esporotricose felina, e (n=4, 30,8%) foram de granulomas bem formados. Granulomas mal formados apresentaram leve a moderada intensidade fúngica (55,6%) nos animais com bom estado geral e lesões localizadas, e acentuada intensidade fúngica (44,4%) nos gatos com a forma disseminada da doença e estado geral ruim. Granulomas bem formados (n=4, 30,7%) apresentaram leve a moderada intensidade de carga fúngica, sendo 75% dos animais com esse tipo de granuloma com apenas uma lesão e bom estadogeral. O tratamento de longo prazo com itraconazol, nesses gatos com esporotricose refratária, pode manter a infecção controlada e lesões localizadas estáveis de forma temporária, contudo a reativação do fungo pode ocorrer levando a uma resposta imunológica exuberante e ineficiente.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Cat Diseases/pathology , Sporotrichosis/pathology , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Cat Diseases/microbiology , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Granuloma/veterinary
2.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 42: e06923, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1356556

ABSTRACT

Sporotrichosis is a chronic fungal infection caused by Sporothrix species. The occurrence of cases that are resistant to long-term treatment, especially in the nasal planum of cats, emphasizes the importance of studying its pathogenesis. The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the inflammatory process of cutaneous lesions of feline refractory sporotrichosis to clinical aspects through cytopathological and histopathological examination. Moreover, the study included 13 cats with cutaneous lesions that had been resistant to itraconazole treatment for more than a year. Cutaneous lesions samples were collected for cytopathological, histopathological, and fungal culture analyses. Tissue fragments were processed and stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Grocott methenamine silver (GMS). Further, two clinical presentations had the highest occurrence: the localized cutaneous form in animals with good general condition and stable disease (n=9, 69.2%) and the disseminated cutaneous form in cats with poor general condition (n=4, 30.8%). In cats with refractory sporotrichosis, the nasal planum (84.6%) was the most common location of lesions. In the cytopathological study, cats with fewer than two lesions and in good general condition (n=9, 69.2%) showed absence or mild yeast intensity (up to 5 yeasts per field), lower intensity of macrophages and neutrophils, and higher intensity of epithelioid cells, lymphocytes, plasma cells, and eosinophils. On the other hand, (n=4, 30.8%) of the cats with disseminated sporotrichosis and a poor general condition had a marked intensity of yeasts, which were mostly phagocytosed by an increased number of macrophages and neutrophils. Of those animals with good general condition, the majority (n=6, 66.7%) had higher eosinophil intensity. In histopathology, malformed suppurative granuloma was the predominant type (n=9, 69.2%) in feline sporotrichosis lesions, followed by well-formed granulomas (n=4, 30.8%). Malformed granulomas showed mild to moderate fungal intensity (55.6%) in animals with good general condition and localized lesions while marked fungal intensity (44.4%) in cats with the disseminated form of the disease and poor general condition. Well-formed granulomas (n=4, 30.7%) had mild to moderate intensity of fungal load, and 75% of the animals with this type of granuloma had only one lesion and were in good general condition. Long-term itraconazole treatment in these cats with refractory sporotrichosis can keep the infection under control and localized lesions stable; however, fungus reactivation can occur, resulting in an exuberant and inefficient immune response.(AU)


A esporotricose é uma infecção fúngica crônica causada por espécies do gênero Sporothrix. A ocorrência de casos refratários ao tratamento de longo prazo, especialmente na região nasal de gatos, alerta para a importância do estudo de sua patogênese. Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar o processo inflamatório das lesões cutâneas de esporotricose felina refratária ao tratamento, por meio de exames citopatológico e histopalógico, e comparar com aspectos clínicos. Treze gatos com lesões cutâneas refratárias ao tratamento com Itraconazol por mais de um ano foram incluídos no estudo. Amostras de lesões cutâneas foram coletadas para análises citopatológicas, histopatológicas e cultura fúngica. Fragmentos de tecidos foram processados e corados pela hematoxilina-eosina (HE) e Prata Metenamina de Grocott (GMS). Duas apresentações clínicas tiveram maior ocorrência: a forma localizada cutânea em animais com bom estado geral e doença estável (n=9, 69,2%); e a forma disseminada cutânea em gatos com estado geral ruim (n=4, 30,8%). A região nasal (84,6%) foi a localização mais frequente das lesões nos gatos com esporotricose refratária ao tratamento. No estudo citopatológico, felinos com menos de duas lesões, e em bom estado geral, (n=9, 69,2%) revelaram ausência ou leve intensidade de leveduras (até 5 leveduras por campo), menor intensidade de macrófagos e neutrófilos, e maior intensidade de células epitelióides, linfócitos, plasmócitos e eosinófilos. Enquanto, (n=4, 30,8%) dos felinos que apresentavam a forma disseminada da esporotricose associada a um estado geral ruim, revelaram acentuada intensidade de leveduras em sua maioria fagocitadas por acentuado número de macrófagos e neutrófilos. Dos animais com bom estado geral, a maioria (n=6, 66,7%) apresentava maior intensidade de eosinófilos. Na histopatologia, o granuloma supurativo mal formado foi o tipo predominante (n=9, 69,2%) nas lesões de esporotricose felina, e (n=4, 30,8%) foram de granulomas bem formados. Granulomas mal formados apresentaram leve a moderada intensidade fúngica (55,6%) nos animais com bom estado geral e lesões localizadas, e acentuada intensidade fúngica (44,4%) nos gatos com a forma disseminada da doença e estado geral ruim. Granulomas bem formados (n=4, 30,7%) apresentaram leve a moderada intensidade de carga fúngica, sendo 75% dos animais com esse tipo de granuloma com apenas uma lesão e bom estadogeral. O tratamento de longo prazo com itraconazol, nesses gatos com esporotricose refratária, pode manter a infecção controlada e lesões localizadas estáveis de forma temporária, contudo a reativação do fungo pode ocorrer levando a uma resposta imunológica exuberante e ineficiente.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Sporotrichosis/pathology , Cat Diseases/pathology , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Cat Diseases/microbiology , Granuloma/veterinary
3.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 27(4): 183-187, out./dez. 2020. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1369656

ABSTRACT

A esporotricose é uma zoonose causada por fungos do gênero Sporothrix. Os gatos doentes têm importante potencial zoonótico e frequentemente revelam uma apresentação disseminada da doença. O objetivo deste relato de caso é descrever as características clínicas e anatomopatológicas de um caso de esporotricose felina refratária ao tratamento com apresentação clínica cutânea disseminada e sistêmica. Um felino macho de 3 anos de idade foi tratado para esporotricose com itraconazol e obteve resolução completa das lesões cutâneas. Porém, um ano após alta clínica, o animal apresentou aumento e ulceração da região nasal. Após cultura fúngica positiva para Sporothrix spp foi instituído tratamento com itraconazol 100mg associado ao iodeto de potássio 20mg por via oral diariamente e transcorrido 3 meses de tratamento, foi observada piora progressiva do sinais clínicos com disseminação de lesões para outras regiões do corpo. O animal foi submetido à eutanásia e encaminhado para necrópsia no Serviço de Anatomia Patológica da Faculdade de Veterinária da Universidade Federal Fluminense. Amostras da língua, pulmão, fígado, baço, rim, cérebro, linfonodo e pele foram coletadas para evidência de disseminação do agente fúngico e avaliação de alterações microscópicas. A coloração de metenamina de prata de Grocott foi utilizada para facilitar a visualização de leveduras sugestivas de Sporothrix spp nos cortes histológicos. Leveduras foram visualizadas em amostras de pele, língua, linfonodo, rim, fígado, baço e cérebro. No presente relato a disseminação do Sporothrixspp para diversos órgãos sinaliza a necessidade de uma minuciosa investigação dos casos graves de esporotricose felina para o tratamento adequado.


Sporotrichosis is a zoonosis caused by fungi of the genus Sporothrix. Sick cats have an significant zoonotic potential and often show a widespread presentation of the disease. The purpose of this case report is to describe the clinical and anatomopathological characteristics of a case of feline sporotrichosis refractory to treatment with disseminated and systemic cutaneous clinical presentation. A 3-year-old male feline was treated for sporotrichosis with itraconazole and achieved complete resolution of the skin lesions. However, one year after clinical discharge, the animal presented an increase and ulceration of the nasal region. After a positive fungal culture for Sporothrix spp, treatment with itraconazole 100mg associated with potassium iodide 20mg was instituted orally daily and after 3 months of treatment, a progressive worsening of the symptoms was observed with the spread of lesions to other regions of the body. The animal was euthanized and sent for necropsy at the Pathological Anatomy Service of the Veterinary Faculty of Universidade Federal Fluminense. Samples of the tongue, lung, liver, spleen, kidney, brain, lymph node, and skin were collected for evidence of spread of the fungal agent and evaluation of microscopic changes. Grocott silver methenamine staining was used to facilitate the visualization of yeasts suggestive of Sporothrix spp in histological sections. Yeasts were visualized in samples of skin, tongue, lymph node, kidney, liver, spleen, and brain. In the present report, the spread of Sporothrix spp to different organs signals the need for a thorough investigation of severe cases of feline sporotrichosis for the proper treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Autopsy/veterinary , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Sporothrix/pathogenicity , Cats/physiology , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline , Leukemia Virus, Feline
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(5): 2002-2006, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131562

ABSTRACT

A esporotricose é uma doença emergente e a incidência de esporotricose zoonótica tem aumentado, principalmente no Brasil; a maioria dos casos está relacionada à transmissão de gatos infectados. O diagnóstico definitivo da esporotricose felina é feito por cultura fúngica; no entanto, aguardar o longo período de cultura pode atrasar o início do tratamento. O objetivo deste estudo foi detectar e determinar as espécies de Sporothrix por PCR realizado diretamente das lesões de gatos, provenientes de área endêmica, nos quais a esporotricose fazia parte do diagnóstico diferencial. Um total de 87,1% dos casos foi positivo por PCR ou cultura fúngica para Sporothrix; 81,4% foram confirmados como S. brasiliensis por PCR, 71,4% por isolamento e 65,7% pelos dois métodos. Em conclusão, a análise direta por PCR de lesões sugestivas de esporotricose em gatos é um bom método para confirmar a infecção e determinar as espécies de Sporothrix, garantindo um diagnóstico rápido; esse método tem uma boa concordância com o isolamento fúngico.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Skin/injuries , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary
5.
Rev. APS ; 22(2): 405-422, 20190401.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102921

ABSTRACT

A esporotricose é uma micose subcutânea de distribuição mundial, sendo observada em surtos de proporções variáveis, com predominância em áreas de clima temperado e tropical. Algumas áreas de endemicidade já foram relatadas. No Brasil, seus agentes etiológicos encontraram não só condições climáticas e estruturais ideais, mas também fontes de infecções extremamente eficientes. Nas últimas décadas, o país tem observado um aumento exponencial no número de casos de esporotricose humana e animal. Esse aumento e o surgimento de resistência aos antifúngicos tornam a situação alarmante. Apesar de essa epidemia se perpetuar há anos, existem poucas políticas de saúde no Brasil para o controle dos casos de esporotricose humana e animal, principalmente na atenção primária à saúde. Assim, intervenções sociais, ambientais e populacionais devem ser feitas para conter essa epidemia negligenciada.


Sporotrichosis is a subcutaneous mycosis with a worldwide distribution, which has been observed in outbreaks of variable proportions in all continents, with predominance in temperate and tropical climate zones. Some areas of endemicity have already been reported. In Brazil, its etiological agents found not only ideal climatic and structural conditions, but also extremely efficient sources of infections. In the last decades, the country has suffered an exponential increase in the number of human and animal cases of sporotrichosis. This increase, combined with the emergence of antifungal resistance makes the situation alarming. Although this epidemic has been perpetuating for years, there are few health policies in Brazil to control it/the disease, especially in primary health care. Therefore, social, environmental and population-based interventions should be organized in order to contain this neglected epidemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Sporotrichosis/epidemiology , Neglected Diseases/epidemiology , Health Policy , Primary Health Care , Sporotrichosis/etiology , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Brazil/epidemiology , Neglected Diseases/etiology , Neglected Diseases/veterinary , Epidemics
6.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(9): 1767-1771, set. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976521

ABSTRACT

A esporotricose é uma micose subcutânea, causada por um fungo dimórfico do complexo Sporothrix schenckii que acomete várias espécies, especialmente a felina, causando comprometimento local, disseminado ou sistêmico. Objetivou-se relatar a ocorrência de um surto de esporotricose felina na Região Metropolitana do Recife. Foram coletados suabes de úlceras cutâneas de felinos atendidos no Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco e em Clínicas Veterinárias particulares. O diagnóstico foi realizado por meio de exame citológico e cultura fúngica. Dos 115 casos suspeitos, 59 casos foram confirmados, número nunca registrado anteriormente no estado de Pernambuco. Os casos de esporotricose felina registrados têm demonstrado aspectos clínicos e epidemiológicos semelhantes aos ocorridos em outras regiões do país, caracterizando-se como uma doença predominantemente de machos jovens em idade reprodutiva e semi-domiciliados, de difícil tratamento e de rápida disseminação.(AU)


Sporotrichosis is a subcutaneous mycosis caused by a dimorphic fungus from Sporothrix schenckii complex, which affects various species, especially feline, able to cause local, disseminated or systemic impairment. We aimed to report the occurrence of an outbreak of feline sporotrichosis in the Metropolitan Region of Recife. Swabs of skin ulcers in cats treated in the Veterinary Hospital of the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco and in particular veterinary establishments were collected. Diagnosis was made by cytological examination and fungal culture. From 115 suspicious cases, 59 cases were confirmed, unprecedented results in the state of Pernambuco. These registered cases of feline sporotrichosis have demonstrated clinical and epidemiological characteristics similar to those occurring in other regions of the country, characterized as a quick-spreading disease, of difficult treatment, which affects predominantly semi-domiciled young males in reproductive age.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Cats/abnormalities , Sex Characteristics
7.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(11): 1313-1321, Nov. 2017. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895376

ABSTRACT

As enfermidades fúngicas são diagnósticos diferenciais de diversas morbidades de caráter infeccioso, degenerativo ou proliferativo neoplásico, principalmente em gatos, que é a espécie mais suscetível a estas. Este trabalho descreve os achados anatomopatológicos de doenças fúngicas em gatos no período de janeiro de 2005 a dezembro de 2015 pelo SPV-UFRGS. Foram revisados 1.274 protocolos de necropsia e encontrou-se 17 casos de micoses, correspondendo a 1,33% dos diagnósticos. Quanto às amostras provenientes de biopsias, foram verificados 2.615 protocolos e detectou-se 59 casos de doenças fúngicas, totalizando 2,25% dos diagnósticos, sendo revisados seus achados macroscópicos, microscópicos, colorações especiais e cultivo micológico. O principal diagnóstico encontrado foi esporotricose com 34 casos de biópsia e cinco de necropsia. Criptococose obteve seis diagnósticos na necropsia e 13 na biópsia. O pseudomicetoma dermatofítico possui cinco casos de biópsia e dois de necropsia. Histoplasmose obteve um diagnóstico na necropsia e dois na biópsia. Aspergilose teve dois casos diagnosticados na necropsia. Candidíase e feo-hifomicose obtiveram um caso cada. Em quatro ocasiões, não se pode identificar o agente envolvido na lesão e foram classificados conforme a alteração morfológica em: dermatite fúngica, enterite fúngica, rinite micótica e dermatite e osteomielite fúngica. Através deste trabalho, pode-se identificar que a esporotricose foi o diagnóstico de doença fúngica mais frequente em felinos, seguido da criptococose e pseudomicetoma dermatofítico.(AU)


Fungal disease is included in the differential diagnosis of a wide range of disorders in cats. At the Department of Veterinary Pathology of Federal University Federal of Rio Grande do Sul (SPV-UFRGS), evaluation of records data of cats from January 2005 to December 2015 were examined. A total of 1,274 necropsy have been reviewed from which 17 cases of fungal infection was revealed accounting for 1.33%, and a total of 2,615 biopsies have been reviewed from which 59 cases of fungal infection was revealed, accounting for 2.25%. We retrospectively analyzed the gross and microscopic findings and the yield of additional diagnostic approaches employed. Sporotrichosis was the most common diagnosis with 34 cases found in biopsy and five necropsies. Cryptococcosis obtained six diagnoses through necropsy and 13 through biopsy. Dermatophytic pseudomycetoma was found in five cases in biopsy and two necropsies. Histoplasmosis diagnosis was obtained in one necropsy and two biopsies. Aspergillosis had two cases diagnosed in necropsy. Candidiase and phaeo-hyphomycosis accounted for one case each. In four occasions, it was not possible to identify the agent involved and the diagnosis was made regarding the morphological changes: fungal dermatitis, fungal enteritis, mycotic rhinitis, and fungal dermatitis and osteomyelitis. In this study, sporotrichosis could be identified as the most frequent diagnosis of fungal disease in cats, followed by cryptococcosis and dermatophytic pseudomycetoma.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Cryptococcosis/veterinary , Mycoses/microbiology , Mycoses/pathology , Mycoses/veterinary , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Aspergillosis/veterinary , Candidiasis/veterinary , Histoplasmosis/veterinary , Phaeohyphomycosis/veterinary
8.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 9(2): 67-76, 2017.
Article in English | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-884651

ABSTRACT

La esporotricosis es una micosis subcutánea causada por especies del grupo Sporothrix schenckii complex. Relativamente frecuente en Paraguay, en algunos casos puede considerarse como una zoonosis. Se presenta un caso familiar de esporotricosis, un padre y su hijo que consultaron en el Servicio de Dermatología del Hospital Nacional, por lesiones en piel relacionadas al contacto con un gato doméstico enfermo, que presentaba lesiones en el rostro. Clínicamente correspondía a la forma linfangítica el primer caso y a placa fija en el segundo. El diagnóstico se confirmó con el cultivo micológico. Recibieron yoduro de potasio con muy buena respuesta luego de 5 meses de tratamiento. La importancia de esta comunicación es advertir que el gato doméstico al padecer y contagiar la esporotricosis, es importante en la epidemiología de la enfermedad, situación observada en otras regiones.


Sporotrichosis is a subcutaneous mycosis caused by species of the group Sporothrix schenckii complex. Relatively frequent in Paraguay, in some cases it can be considered as a zoonosis. We present a family case of sporotrichosis, a father and his son who consulted in the Dermatology Service of the National Hospital, for skin lesions related to contact with a sick domestic cat, which presented lesions on the face. Clinically, the first case and a fixed plate corresponded to the lymphangitic form in the second. The diagnosis was confirmed with mycological culture. They received potassium iodide with a very good response after 5 months of treatment. The importance of this communication is to warn that the domestic cat suffering from and spreading sporotrichosis is important in the epidemiology of the disease, a situation observed in other regions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Child , Middle Aged , Cats , Sporotrichosis/transmission , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Cat Diseases/transmission , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Cat Diseases/diagnosis
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(4): 303-311, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-787566

ABSTRACT

Esporotricose é uma infecção fúngica causada por espécies do complexo Sporothrix, vista com maior frequência em gatos, equinos e cães. Os principais objetivos deste estudo retrospectivo foram caracterizar os aspectos histomorfológicos e histoquímicos da esporotricose em 10 gatos, além de avaliar os aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos e os achados macroscópicos desses 10 casos, obtidos dos protocolos de biópsias e necropsias dos arquivos do Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. A doença acometeu predominantemente gatos machos, sem raça definida e apresentou-se principalmente na forma cutânea disseminada...


Sporotrichosis is a mycotic infection caused by the Sporothrix complex species, affecting mostly cats, horses, and dogs. The main objectives of this retrospective study were to characterize the histomorphological and histochemical aspects of sporotrichosis in 10 cats, and also to evaluate epidemiological and clinical aspects, and gross findings obtained from the biopsy and necropsy protocols of these ten cases, obtained from the archives of the Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária of the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. The disease affected mostly male mongrel cats, and was mostly observed in the cutaneous disseminated form...


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Sporothrix/classification , Mycoses , Skin Diseases , Histological Techniques/veterinary
10.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(2): 262-264, abr. 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287337

ABSTRACT

Sporotrichosis associated with exposure to domestic cats is hyperendemic in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A review of the clinical records at our institute revealed four patients with clinical signs of dacryocystitis and a positive conjunctival culture for Sporothrix who were diagnosed with Sporothrix dacryocystitis. Three patients were children (< 13 years of age) and one patient was an adult. Two patients reported contact with a cat that had sporotrichosis. Dacryocystitis was associated with nodular, ulcerated lesions on the face of one patient and with granulomatous conjunctivitis in two patients; however, this condition manifested as an isolated disease in another patient. All of the patients were cured of the fungal infections, but three patients had chronic dacryocystitis and one patient developed a cutaneous fistula. Sporotrichosis is usually a benign disease, but may cause severe complications when the eye and the adnexa are affected. Physicians, especially ophthalmologists in endemic areas, should be aware of the ophthalmological manifestations and complications of sporotrichosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Adult , Cats , Sporotrichosis/complications , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Dacryocystitis/etiology , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Cat Diseases/microbiology , Zoonoses , Chronic Disease , Conjunctivitis/complications
11.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 108(7): 909-913, 1jan. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-696006

ABSTRACT

Sporotrichosis associated with exposure to domestic cats is hyperendemic in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A review of the clinical records at our institute revealed four patients with clinical signs of dacryocystitis and a positive conjunctival culture for Sporothrix who were diagnosed with Sporothrix dacryocystitis. Three patients were children (< 13 years of age) and one patient was an adult. Two patients reported contact with a cat that had sporotrichosis. Dacryocystitis was associated with nodular, ulcerated lesions on the face of one patient and with granulomatous conjunctivitis in two patients; however, this condition manifested as an isolated disease in another patient. All of the patients were cured of the fungal infections, but three patients had chronic dacryocystitis and one patient developed a cutaneous fistula. Sporotrichosis is usually a benign disease, but may cause severe complications when the eye and the adnexa are affected. Physicians, especially ophthalmologists in endemic areas, should be aware of the ophthalmological manifestations and complications of sporotrichosis.


Subject(s)
Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Dacryocystitis/ethnology , Conjunctivitis/complications
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 64(6): 1478-1482, Dec. 2012.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-660213

ABSTRACT

Relatou-se um caso clínico de dermatite multifatorial em cão, envolvendo Demodex canis, Sporothrix schenckii e bactérias dos gêneros Staphylococcus e Streptococcus. O animal, macho, da raça Pit Bull, com um ano e três meses de idade, apresentou lesões úmidas, hiperêmicas, descamativas e ulcerativas nas regiões do pescoço e do tórax. Exames laboratoriais confirmaram o diagnóstico de infecção concomitante por fungo, bactéria e parasito. A terapia antimicrobiana com moxidectina, itraconazol e amoxicilina foi efetiva, com remissão dos sinais clínicos após 30 dias de tratamento. Este relato salienta a importância do diagnóstico de certeza, que foi determinante para estabelecimento da terapêutica adequada e recuperação do animal.


A clinical case of dermatitis multifactorial in a dog was reported, involving Demodex canis, Sporothrix schenckii, and bacteria of the genera Staphylococcus and Streptococcus. The animal, male, Pit Bull, with a year and three months of age had soaked lesions, was hyperemic, scaly and had an ulcer in the neck and chest. Laboratory tests confirmed the diagnosis of concomitant infection by fungi, bacteria and parasites. Antimicrobial therapy with moxidectin, itraconazol and amoxicillin was effective, with remission of clinical signs after 30 days of treatment. This report emphasizes the importance of an accurate diagnosis, which was crucial to establish the correct treatment and recovery of the animal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Dermatitis/epidemiology , Dermatitis/therapy , Dermatitis/veterinary , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Skin Diseases , Infections/veterinary , Neck Injuries/diagnosis , Neck Injuries/veterinary , Sporothrix , Staphylococcus , Streptococcus , Thoracic Injuries/diagnosis , Thoracic Injuries/veterinary
13.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 27(6): 455-460, jun. 2010. mapas, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-555987

ABSTRACT

A ocorrência de esporotricose em animais e sua transmissão ao ser humano têm sido relatadas em diversos países. Contudo, em nenhum lugar a doença assumiu proporções epidêmicas, envolvendo pessoas e gatos, como no Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Dados preliminares apontam para aproximadamente 2200 casos humanos diagnosticados até dezembro de 2009. No Laboratório de Pesquisa Clínica em Dermatozoonoses em Animais Domésticos foram atendidos, até essa data, aproximadamente 3244 gatos. A distribuição geográfica mostra concentração de casos na região metropolitana da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro. O grupo mais acometido são as mulheres de baixo nível socioeconômico, com idade de 40 a 59 anos, que realizam atividades domésticas. O itraconazol foi a droga de primeira escolha para o tratamento. Embora a esporotricose normalmente não acometa órgãos além da pele, mucosa e subcutâneo, tem um custo social indireto - pelo absenteísmo ao trabalho, pelo sofrimento durante a doença ativa e pelo aspecto desagradável das lesões cicatriciais. Por sua vez, nos gatos, é comum o acometimento sistêmico, levando a formas graves de difícil tratamento e evolução para o óbito. Considerando que o tempo de tratamento dos animais é maior do que nos seres humanos, tratar gatos com esporotricose tem sido um dos maiores entraves e permanece como o grande desafio para o controle da epidemia.


In the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, sporotrichosis reached epidemic levels, involving humans and cats. Preliminary data indicate that approximately 2200 human cases were diagnosed between 1998 and December of 2009, and 3244 cats were treated. The geographic distribution of cases reveals a concentration in the City of Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area. The disease affects mostly women of a low socioeconomic status, aged 40 to 55 years, who work as housekeepers. Itraconazole has been the drug of choice for treatment. Although sporotrichosis does not usually affect organs other than the skin, mucosa, and subcutaneous tissue, it has an indirect social impact resulting from absenteeism, pain, and discomfort during the active disease stage, and the unpleasant appearance of the scars. In turn, systemic involvement is frequent in cats, leading to serious and difficult- to-treat forms of the disease and death. Considering that treatment time in animals is longer than in human beings, treating cats with sporotrichosis has been the greatest obstacle and the most important challenge for the control of this epidemic infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Cats , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cat Diseases/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Sporotrichosis/epidemiology , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Brazil/epidemiology , Cat Diseases/drug therapy , Cat Diseases/transmission , Disease Outbreaks/veterinary , Health Services Accessibility , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Occupational Exposure , Residence Characteristics , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Sporotrichosis/drug therapy , Sporotrichosis/prevention & control , Sporotrichosis/transmission , Urban Health
14.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 104(5): 769-774, Aug. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-528088

ABSTRACT

An epidemic of sporotrichosis, a subcutaneous mycosis caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenckii, is ongoing in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in which cases of human infection are related to exposure to cats. In an attempt to demonstrate the zoonotic character of this epidemic using molecular methodology, we characterised by DNA-based typing methods 19 human and 25 animal S. schenckii isolates from the epidemic, as well as two control strains. To analyse the isolates, the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique was performed using three different primers, together with DNA fingerprinting using the minisatellite derived from the wild-type phage M13 core-sequence. The analyses generated amplicons with considerable polymorphism. Although isolates exhibited high levels of genetic relatedness, they could be clustered into 5-10 genotypes. The RAPD profiles of epidemic S. schenckii isolates could be distinguished from that of the United States isolate, displaying 20 percent similarity to each primer and 60 percent when amplified with the M13 primer. DNA fingerprinting of S. schenckii isolated from the nails (42.8 percent) and the oral cavities (66 percent) of cats were identical to related human samples, suggesting that there is a common infection source for animals and humans in this epidemic. It is clear that cats act as a vehicle for dissemination of S. schenckii.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Humans , Cat Diseases/microbiology , Disease Outbreaks , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Sporotrichosis/microbiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cat Diseases/diagnosis , Cat Diseases/epidemiology , DNA Fingerprinting , DNA, Fungal , Mycological Typing Techniques , Polymorphism, Genetic , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique , Sporothrix/genetics , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/epidemiology , Sporotrichosis/veterinary
15.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 51(4): 237-238, July-Aug. 2009. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-524382

ABSTRACT

Sporotrichosis is the most common deep mycosis in Latin America. The zoonotic transmission from cats has been demonstrated over the last few decades in many countries. A forty year-old veterinarian examined a cat with multiple ulcerations, which mycological examination isolated Sporothrix schenckii. During the examination, she was bitten in the right index finger by the animal. Two weeks later, an inflammatory lesion appeared, which became ulcerated and was followed by ascendant lymphangitis. The diagnoses of lymphocutaneous sporotrichosis and of a six weeks pregnancy were established. The lesions were not treated and by the 28th week the ulceration healed and the abscesses showed involution. This case illustrates that non-life-threatening forms of sporotrichosis during pregnancy could be treated with systemic antifungals after delivery.


Esporotricose é a micose profunda mais comum na América Latina. Sua transmissão zoonótica a partir de gatos foi documentada nos últimos anos em vários países. Médica veterinária foi mordida por um gato, que apresentava múltiplas ulcerações, das quais foi isolado Sporothrix schenckii . Duas semanas depois surgiu lesão inflamatória e após uma ulceração no dedo mordido, seguida de linfangite ascendente. Esporotricose linfocutânea e de gravidez foram então diagnosticados. As lesões não foram tratadas e na 28ª semana de gravidez a ulceração cicatrizou e os abcessos sofreram involução. Esse caso demonstra que formas menos graves de esporotricose poderiam ser tratadas com antifúngicos sistêmicos depois do parto.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Cats , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cat Diseases/transmission , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/microbiology , Sporotrichosis/transmission , Remission, Spontaneous , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Zoonoses
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 61(3): 572-576, jun. 2009. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-519448

ABSTRACT

Relata-se um caso de esporotricose em um cão da raça Boxer, macho, com seis anos, encaminhado para uma consulta por causa de massa na região nasal e de dispneia. Após o exame físico, o animal foi internado para a realização de citologia, histologia e radiografia. Nos exames citológico e radiográfico, não foram constatadas alterações que justificassem a massa e a dispneia. Na histologia, observou-se a presença de um granuloma contendo dois esporos de Sporothrix schenckii. Foi realizado tratamento com itraconazol 5mg/kg BID por 60 dias. Após esse período, a massa desapareceu e a respiração do animal melhorou, tendo sido recomendada a manutenção da terapia por mais 30 dias, para evitar recidiva.


A case of canine sporotrichosis was reported in a six-year-old male Boxer, referred to a veterinary hospital because of a mass in the region of the nose and dyspnea. After physical examination, the animal was submitted to cytological, histological, and radiographic exams. The cytological and radiographic exams showed no alterations that could justify the mass and the dyspnea. The histological exam showed the presence of a granuloma with two Sporothrix schenckii spores. The dog was treated with itraconazol 5mg/kg BID during 60 days. After this period, the mass disappeared and breathing improved. The therapy was maintained for 30 other days to avoid relapse.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dermatomycoses , Dogs , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Sporothrix/isolation & purification
18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 60(4): 1026-1028, ago. 2008. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-489853

ABSTRACT

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (AP) hepatic enzymes, hematological values, and total plasmatic proteins (TPP) of 12 Wistar rats with systemic experimental sporotrichosis were evaluated. Inoculation was performed at 2x10³ cells of S. schenckii/ml. The values ranged from 35 to 48UI/l for ALT and 67 to 251.3UI/l for AP. Fifty percent of the AP values were above the physiological limits. TPP was elevated in 66.7 percent (8/12) of the rats with values varying from 7.9 to 8.5g percent. In 75 percent (9/12) of the animals, it was observed that hemoglobin and red blood cells count were below the physiologic limits, and 8.3 percent (1/12) of the animals showed anemia masked by dehydration. At the necropsy, it was observed local and/or disseminated nodular lesions. At the histological analysis, cells compatible to S. schenckii were found. The observed alterations are aggravating factors for the recurrence and treatment of the mycosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Hematologic Tests , Rats, Wistar/anatomy & histology , Sporothrix
19.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 41(6): 404-408, nov.-dez. 2004. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-414298

ABSTRACT

O diagnóstico de esporotricose disseminada costuma ser obtido através da necrópsia e o isolamento de Sporothrix schenckii do sangue é raro. Fungemia foi demonstrada in vivo através do isolamento do S. schenckii do sangue periférico de 13 (n=38; 34,2%) gatos com esporotricose naturalmente adquirida. A coinfecção com FIV e com FeLV encontradas, respectivamente, em 6 (n=34; 17,6%) casos e 1 (n=34; 2,9%), aparentemente não alterou a freqüência do isolamento de S. schenckii do sangue periférico. Comparando estes resultados aos dos hemocultivos realizados simultaneamente houve concordância de 84,2%. Assim, propomos o cultivo do coágulo como um método alternativo prático, eficiente e econômico para o diagnóstico de esporotricose disseminada em gatos in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Cats , Blood Coagulation , Cats , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/blood , Sporotrichosis/transmission , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Sporothrix/isolation & purification
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