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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(2): 218-224, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280073

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The use of ankle braces reduces the risk of ankle injuries in basketball players. However, the mechanisms of injury protection provided by the ankle braces in the basketball game are still unknown. Objectives: To analyze the effects of wearing a lace-up ankle brace, and to conduct an exercise protocol that simulated the intensity of the basketball game on ground reaction force (GRF) during basketball-specific vertical jumps. Methods: Eleven male younger basketball players aged under 18 completed 48 vertical jumps, with and without ankle braces, during an exercise protocol composed of four 10-minute periods, simulating the activity profile and intensity of the basketball game as well as the typical intervals between periods. Mediolateral (variables: the greatest medial and lateral peaks) and vertical (variables: vertical peak, impulse peak, impulse at 50 ms of landing, loading rate and jump height) GRF were measured during takeoff and landing for all the jumps performed in the exercise protocol. Results: The use of the ankle brace reduced mediolateral GRF in all periods of the exercise protocol during takeoff and landing ( P < 0.05), without affecting the vertical GRF ( P > 0.05). Mediolateral and vertical GRF (takeoff mediolateral vertical peaks, landing mediolateral peaks, landing impulse peak, takeoff and landing loading rate) increased significantly during four subsequent 10-minute periods ( P < 0.05). However, for mediolateral GRF, the increase overtime was higher without braces. Conclusions: The use of the ankle brace reduced the mediolateral GRF on the lower limb, while there was a progressive increase in the external load applied to the body during the vertical jumps in the subsequent periods of the exercise protocol performed at the same intensity of the basketball game. Level of evidence I; Randomized clinical trial .


RESUMEN Introducción: El uso de órtesis de tobillo reduce el riesgo de lesiones en el tobillo en jugadores de baloncesto. Sin embargo, los mecanismos de protección de lesión proporcionados por las órtesis durante el juego de baloncesto aún son desconocidos. Objetivos: Analizar el efecto del uso de órtesis de tobillo lace-up (con cordón) y de un protocolo de ejercicio que simuló la intensidad del juego de baloncesto sobre la fuerza de reacción del suelo (FRS) durante saltos verticales específicos del baloncesto. Métodos: Once jugadores de baloncesto del sexo masculino con menos de 18 años realizaron 48 saltos verticales, con y sin órtesis de tobillo, durante un protocolo de ejercicios compuesto por cuatro períodos de 10 minutos, que simularon el perfil de actividad e intensidad del juego de baloncesto, así como los intervalos típicos entre los períodos. Las FRS mediolaterales (variables: mayores picos medial y lateral) y verticales (variables: pico vertical, pico de impulso, impulso en 50 ms de aterrizaje, tasa de sobrecarga y altura del salto) fueron medidas durante las fases de despegue y aterrizaje de todos saltos realizados en el protocolo de ejercicio. Resultados: El uso de órtesis redujo la FRS mediolateral en todos los períodos analizados, durante las fases de despegue y aterrizaje (P < 0,05), sin afectar la FRS vertical (P > 0,05). La FRS mediolateral y vertical (picos mediolateral y vertical de despegue, picos mediolaterales de aterrizaje, pico de impulso de aterrizaje, tasa de sobrecarga en el despegue y aterrizaje) aumentaron significativamente durante cuatro períodos subsiguientes de 10 minutos (P < 0,05). Sin embargo, para la FRS mediolateral, el aumento a lo largo del tiempo fue mayor sin el uso de órtesis. Conclusiones: El uso de órtesis de tobillo redujo la FRS mediolateral en el miembro inferior, mientras que hubo un aumento progresivo de la carga externa aplicada al cuerpo durante los saltos en los períodos subsiguientes del protocolo de ejercicios con la misma intensidad del juego de baloncesto. Nivel de evidencia I; Ensayo clínico aleatorizado.


RESUMO Introdução: O uso de órtese de tornozelo reduz o risco de lesões no tornozelo em jogadores de basquetebol. No entanto, os mecanismos de proteção de lesão fornecidos pelas órteses durante o jogo de basquetebol ainda são desconhecidos. Objetivos: Analisar o efeito do uso de órtese de tornozelo lace-up (com cordão) e de um protocolo de exercício que simulou a intensidade do jogo de basquetebol sobre a força de reação do solo (FRS) durante saltos verticais específicos do basquetebol. Métodos: Onze jogadores de basquetebol do sexo masculino com menos de 18 anos realizaram 48 saltos verticais, com e sem órtese de tornozelo, durante um protocolo de exercícios composto por quatro períodos de 10 minutos, que simularam o perfil de atividade e intensidade do jogo de basquetebol, assim como os intervalos típicos entre os períodos. As FRSs mediolaterais (variáveis: maiores picos medial e lateral) e verticais (variáveis: pico vertical, pico de impulso, impulso em 50 ms da aterrissagem, taxa de sobrecarga e altura do salto) foram medidas durante as fases de decolagem e aterrissagem de todos os saltos realizados no protocolo de exercício. Resultados: O uso de órtese reduziu a FRS mediolateral em todos os períodos analisados, durante as fases de decolagem e aterrissagem (P < 0,05), sem afetar a FRS vertical (P > 0,05). A FRS mediolateral e vertical (picos mediolateral e vertical de decolagem, picos mediolaterais de aterrissagem, pico de impulso de aterrissagem, taxa de sobrecarga na decolagem e aterrissagem) aumentaram significativamente durante quatro períodos subsequentes de 10 minutos (P < 0,05). No entanto, para a FRS mediolateral, o aumento ao longo do tempo foi maior sem o uso de órtese. Conclusões: O uso de órtese de tornozelo reduziu a FRS mediolateral no membro inferior, enquanto houve um aumento progressivo da carga externa aplicada ao corpo durante os saltos nos períodos subsequentes do protocolo de exercícios com mesma intensidade do jogo de basquetebol. Nível de evidencia I; Estudo clínico randomizado .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Sprains and Strains/prevention & control , Basketball , Braces , Ankle Injuries/prevention & control , Biomechanical Phenomena , Ankle/physiology
2.
CorSalud ; 13(1): 86-92, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345923

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El bacilo de la tuberculosis existe hace 3 millones de años. Esta es una enfermedad infectocontagiosa causada por el complejo Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Básicamente se puede presentar de tres formas: tuberculosis pulmonar, miliar y extrapulmonar, dentro de esta última se encuentra la tuberculosis pericárdica. En el caso específico de la Imagenología se han descrito signos radiológicos con importantes hallazgos en el área cardíaca. El ecocardiograma podría considerarse como el mejor método diagnóstico no invasivo para detectar la presencia de engrosamiento pericárdico y derrame pericárdico con o sin fibrina. La tomografía axial computarizada de tórax proporciona una excelente evaluación de la anatomía del corazón y el pericardio, el grosor del mismo y la presencia de líquido entre sus capas. El estudio mediante tomografía por emisión de positrones (PET) puede ser muy útil para discriminar la pericarditis tuberculosa de la idiopática. La resonancia magnética es muy sensible para valorar la estructura miocárdica, la función, la inflamación y la fibrosis. La infección pericárdica por tuberculosis sigue constituyendo un problema de salud mundial y su diagnóstico un reto para los especialistas que la enfrentan, lo que requiere de varias técnicas de imágenes diagnósticas y de pruebas bacteriológicas, en aras de lograr su confirmación.


ABSTRACT Tuberculosis bacillus has been around for 3 million years. This is an infectious disease caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. It basically has three presentation forms: pulmonary, miliary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis, within the latter pericardial tuberculosis is included. Regarding the specific case of Imaging, radiological signs have been described with important findings in the cardiac area. Echocardiogram could be considered the best noninvasive diagnostic method for detecting the presence of pericardial thickening and pericardial effusion with or without fibrin. Chest computed tomography scan provides an excellent assessment of the anatomy of the heart and pericardium, the thickness of the latter, and the presence of fluid between its layers. Positron emission tomography (PET) study is very useful in discriminating tuberculous pericarditis from idiopathic one. Magnetic resonance imaging is very sensitive to assess myocardial structure, function, inflammation, and fibrosis. Pericardial tuberculosis infection remains a global health problem with challenging diagnosis for those specialists facing it, which requires several diagnostic imaging techniques and bacteriological tests, in order to achieve its confirmation.


Subject(s)
Sprains and Strains , Echocardiography , Drug Therapy , Cardiotoxicity , Heart Failure
3.
CorSalud ; 13(1): 32-43, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345918

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los avances en la detección precoz y el tratamiento del cáncer han reducido de manera significativa la mortalidad. El resultado neto es el surgimiento de una cohorte de pacientes cuya supervivencia es suficiente para evidenciar los efectos secundarios de las terapias utilizadas. La cardiotoxicidad es el conjunto de enfermedades cardiovasculares derivadas de los tratamientos onco-hematológicos. Objetivos: Evaluar el papel de la deformación miocárdica (strain) longitudinal global en la detección precoz de cardiotoxicidad en pacientes con tratamiento quimioterápico. Método: Se realizó un estudio cuantitativo, analítico, longitudinal, prospectivo en 44 pacientes con diagnóstico de cáncer de mama o linfoma, que iniciaron tratamiento con quimioterapia en el Instituto de Oncología y Radiobiología de Cuba, en el período comprendido entre febrero de 2017 y abril de 2018. Se utilizaron métodos primarios y secundarios para la recolección del dato primario y se emplearon varias pruebas estadísticas para su análisis. Resultados: Las medias de edad y tiempo de tratamiento fueron de 47,7 años y 5,05 meses, respectivamente. Predominó la hipertensión arterial (18,1%) como factor de riesgo y la mayor cardiotoxicidad (27,8%) en pacientes con disfunción diastólica previa. Entre los que desarrollaron cardiotoxicidad, la variable que demostró mayor afectación fue el strain longitudinal global (p<0,0001), con una reducción de 19,6% respecto al basal. Conclusiones: El strain longitudinal global es un índice ecocardiográfico de deformación miocárdica, que presentó un valor discriminante significativo con respecto a la cardiotoxicidad en pacientes que recibieron tratamiento quimioterápico.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Advances in early detection and treatment of cancer have significantly reduced mortality. The net result is the emergence of a cohort of patients whose survival is sufficient to evidence the side effects of the used therapies. Cardiotoxicity is the set of cardiovascular diseases resulting from onco-hematological treatments. Objectives: To evaluate the role of global longitudinal strain in the early detection of cardiotoxicity in patients undergoing chemotherapy. Method: A quantitative, analytical, prospective, longitudinal study was carried out in 44 patients diagnosed with breast cancer or lymphoma, who started chemotherapy treatment at the Instituto de Oncología y Radiobiología of Cuba, from February 2017 to April 2018. Primary and secondary methods were used for raw data collection and several statistical tests were used for its analysis. Results: The mean age and treatment period were 47.7 years old and 5.05 months, respectively. The most prevalent risk factor was high blood pressure and cardiotoxicity was higher (27.8%) in patients with previous diastolic dysfunction. Among those who developed cardiotoxicity, the variable that showed the greatest affectation was global longitudinal strain (p<0.0001), with a reduction of 19.6% with respect to the basal one. Conclusions: Global longitudinal strain is an echocardiographic index of myocardial performance, which presented a significant discriminating value with respect to cardiotoxicity in patients who received chemotherapeutic treatment.


Subject(s)
Sprains and Strains , Echocardiography , Drug Therapy , Cardiotoxicity
4.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(1): e729, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289490

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El Helicobacter pylori predispone al cáncer gástrico. Los individuos con cepas CagA y VacA s1m1 desarrollan lesiones de la mucosa más graves. El sistema Operative Link on Gastritis Assessment permite determinar el riesgo de cáncer y define la atrofia como la lesión típica de progresión de la gastritis crónica. Objetivo: Relacionar los genotipos CagA y VacA del Helicobacter pylori con lesiones precursoras de cáncer gástrico. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en 62 pacientes. Las variables incluidas fueron los genotipos CagA y VacA del Helicobacter pylori y los estadios de OLGA (0, I, II, III, IV), las cuales se relacionaron. Se emplearon como medidas de resumen para variables cualitativas la frecuencia absoluta y el porcentaje. Para evaluar la asociación entre variables cualitativas se aplicó el test X2 (ji cuadrado). Se aceptó un nivel de significación estadística p ≤ 0,05. Para explorar la relación entre dos variables dicotómicas se utilizó el riesgo relativo. Se trabajó con un nivel de confiabilidad del 95 por ciento. Resultados: El 68 por ciento de los pacientes con atrofia presentaron genotipo CagA y el 55 por ciento genotipo VacA s1m1. El 6 por ciento de los pacientes con CagA se encontraban en estadio 0; 11 por ciento en estadio I; 40 por ciento en estadio II y 16 por ciento en estadio III. El 37 por ciento de los pacientes con VacA s1m1 estaban en estadio II. Conclusiones: Los genotipos CagA y VacA s1m1 fueron los más frecuentes y se relacionaron con la presencia de atrofia gástrica(AU)


Introduction: Helicobacter pylori predisposes to gastric cancer. Individuals with CagA and VacA s1m1 strains develop more severe mucosal lesions. The Operative Link on Gastritis Assessment system allows determining the risk of cancer and defines atrophy as the typical lesion in the progression of chronic gastritis. Objective: Relate the CagA and VacA genotypes of Helicobacter pylori with precursor lesions of gastric cancer. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out in 62 patients. The variables included were the CagA and VacA genotypes of Helicobacter pylori and the OLGA stages (0, I, II, III, IV), which were related. The absolute frequency and the percentage were used as summary measures for qualitative variables. To evaluate the association between qualitative variables, the X2 test (chi-square) was applied. A level of statistical significance p≤0.05 was accepted. To explore the relationship between two dichotomous variables, the relative risk was used. We worked with a confidence level of 95 percent. Development: 68 percent of the patients with atrophy had a CagA genotype and 55 percent had a VacA s1m1 genotype. 6 percent of the patients with CagA were in stage 0; 11 percent in stage I; 40 percent in stage II and 16 percent in stage III. 37 % of the patients with VacA s1m1 were stage II. Conclusions: The CagA and VacA s1m1 genotypes were the most frequent and were related to the presence of gastric atrophy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Sprains and Strains , Stomach Neoplasms , Helicobacter pylori , Genotype
5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353882

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El esguince agudo de tobillo es una de las lesiones musculoesqueléticas más frecuentes. Su creciente estudio con resonancia magnética ha llevado a una mayor detección de edema óseo. El edema óseo por contusión consiste en una fractura ósea subcondral microtrabecular del hueso esponjoso junto con hemorragia local y edema. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar una posible relación estadística entre la lesión ligamentaria de tobillo y la localización del edema óseo. materiales y métodos: En-tre 2016 y 2018, se analizaron 50 resonancias de pacientes con diagnóstico clínico de esguince sin lesión ósea en la radiografía. Dos radiólogos independientes analizaron las secuencias T1 y T2 en los planos coronal, axial y sagital. Se comparó la localización del edema óseo y las lesiones ligamentarias con el fin de encontrar posibles asociaciones. Resultados: No hubo diferencias en la presencia de edema óseo en relación con el ligamento lesionado como consecuencia de un esguince de tobillo (p >0,05). En general, el edema óseo fue más frecuente en la cabeza y el cuello del astrágalo (64%). No se halló una relación estadística entre la localización de edema óseo y el ligamento lesionado (p >0,05).Conclusiones: El edema óseo es un hallazgo frecuente en la resonancia magnética después de una lesión ligamentaria a causa de esguinces de tobillo; sin embargo, no hay evidencia de una relación entre la localización del edema y el ligamento lesionado. Nivel de Evidencia: II


Acute ankle sprains are a common type of musculoskeletal injury. With the increased popularity of MRI post-ankle sprain, more cases of bone marrow edema or bone bruise are detected. This is a subchondral osseous fracture of the cancellous microarchitec-ture with accompanied local hemorrhage and edema. This study aims to analyze if the presence of ankle ligament injury presents any significant statistical relation with the specific location. materials and methods: We reviewed 50 MRI performed during 2015-2018 for patients who reported ankle pain and signs of instability. Two different radiologists evaluated the series. Bone marrow edema location and specific ligament lesions were contrasted to find possible associations. Chi-Square was used to analyze the differences. Results: The anterior talofibular ligament was the most commonly injured ligament (84%). CFL injury occurred in 27 cases (54%). There were no differences between the presence of bone marrow edema and the ligament injured after an ankle sprain (p>0.05). Overall, the most common location of bone marrow edema was the head and neck of the talus (64%). There was no statistical relationship between bone marrow edema location and the injured ligament (p>0.05). Conclusion: Bone marrow edema is a frequent finding after a ligament injury following ankle sprains. However, this finding is not directly related to a specific location of the injured ligament. The location of bone marrow edema is not related to specific ligament injuries. MRI findings of bone marrow edema must not change the management of patients with acute ankle sprains. Level of Evidence: II


Subject(s)
Adult , Sprains and Strains , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ankle Injuries , Edema
6.
Fisioter. Bras ; 21(2): 215-227, Mai 16, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282977

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A entorse é definida como uma lesão ligamentar cujo trauma é causado por estiramento ou por ruptura das faixas fibrosas que constituem a estrutura ligamentar, acometendo o complexo articular de tornozelo e pé causado por movimentos bruscos de inversão e eversão. Objetivo: Identificar e analisar através da escala PEDro os ensaios clínicos sobre a aplicação da cinesioterapia como tratamento para indivíduos com entorse de tornozelo. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão de literatura na qual foram incluídos estudos do tipo ensaio clínico randomizado e não randomizado, referentes aos anos de 2009 a 2019, que usassem exercícios fisioterapêuticos em seu protocolo. A qualidade metodológica dos estudos foi avaliada com base na escala PEDro. Resultados: Os estudos selecionados utilizaram protocolos fisioterapêuticos contendo exercícios terapêuticos isolados e combinados associados ao treinamento de propriocepção para tratamento de curto a longo prazo da entorse de tornozelo. Conclusão: Para pacientes com entorse de tornozelo, o tratamento deve ser baseado na combinação de diferentes métodos fisioterapêuticos para a obtenção do efeito terapêutico positivo na fase aguda e crônica da lesão. (AU)


Introduction: Sprain is defined as a ligament injury whose trauma is caused by stretching or rupture of the fibrous bands that constitute the ligamentous structure, affecting the ankle and foot joint complex, caused by sudden inversion and eversion movements. Objective: To identify and analyze through the PEDro scale clinical trials on the application of kinesiotherapy as a treatment for individuals with ankle sprains. Methods: This is a literature review that included studies of the randomized and nonrandomized clinical trial, referring to the years 2009 to 2019, that used physical therapy exercises in its protocol. The methodological quality of the studies was assessed based on the PEDro scale. Results: The selected studies used physical therapy protocols containing isolated and combined therapeutic exercises associated with proprioception training for short-term long-term treatment of ankle sprains. Conclusion: For patients with ankle sprains, treatment should be based on the combination of different physical therapy methods to obtain a positive therapeutic effect in the acute and chronic phase of the injury. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Sprains and Strains , Physical Therapy Modalities , Ankle , Kinesiology, Applied , Exercise Therapy
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765418

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate effect of ankle instability on peripheral muscle activation among female ballet dancers to provide information on the development of prevention programs for ankle injury rehabilitation. METHODS: 32 female ballet dancers were randomly divided into two groups: experience ankle sprain group (n=16, age, 20.7±0.8years, BMI 18.6±1.2kg/m2) and non-experience ankle sprain group (n=16, age=21.0±0.8 years, BMI 19.6±2.0kg/m2). Activation of the peroneus longus, tibialis anterior muscle, and gastrocnemius during vertical landing, half pointe, and gait between the two groups were measured. Body composition analyzer was used to examine skeletal muscle mass and body fat mass. RESULTS: A total of 32 patients were included. In the experience ankle sprain group (n=16: left sprain 14, right sprain 2), average ankle sprain injury occurred 7.5 months before the study. The average age of the dancers in the experience ankle sprain group and non-experience ankle sprain group was 20.7±0.8 and 21.0±0.8years, major period was 64.5±23.8 and 71.6±25.8months, BMI was 18.6±1.2 and 19.5±2.0kg/m2, respectively. No significant differences were found on body composition between the two groups (p>0.05). The experience ankle sprain group showed significantly lower tibialis anterior and peroneus longus muscle activation (p<0.5), while gastrocnemius muscle activation appeared to be significantly higher (p<0.05) during landing, half pointe, and normal gait. CONCLUSION: Ankle sprain can cause a decline in peripheral muscle activation and coordination, which increased the risk for repetitive ankle sprain in the future. Moreover, ankle peripheral muscle selective strength training, coordination program development, and application need to be considered to prevent ankle sprain.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Ankle Injuries , Ankle , Body Composition , Dancing , Female , Gait , Humans , Leg , Muscle, Skeletal , Muscles , Program Development , Rehabilitation , Resistance Training , Sprains and Strains
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764835

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy between cast immobilization and functional treatment using an ankle brace as a treatment for acute lateral ankle sprain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reviewed the medical records of 157 acute ankle sprain patients who were treated between 2009 and 2014. A total of 101 cases were included in this study except for cases with a combined injury, and could not be followed up for eight weeks after the first visit. The patients were divided according to the treatment modality: a cast immobilization group (64 cases) and functional treatment group (37 cases). The clinical outcomes were assessed retrospectively based on the medical records of each group. The residual symptoms, such as pain, swelling, and instability, at three weeks after the primary treatment and at the last visit were compared. RESULTS: The residual pain and instability were significantly common in the functional treatment group at three weeks. Five cases (7.8%) of pain and one case (1.6%) of instability were in the cast group whereas nine cases (24.3%) of pain and six cases (16.2%) of instability in functional treatment group (p=0.021, p=0.014). On the other hand, there was no meaningful difference at the last follow-up. Residual pain, swelling, and instability at the last visit were noted in three (4.7%), six (9.4%), and four cases (6.3%) in the cast group, and three (8.1%), three (8.1%), and three (8.1%) were observed in the functional treatment group. Six patients refused cast immobilization. CONCLUSION: Although there was no significant difference at the last follow-up, cast immobilization appears to be more effective than a functional brace in terms of early pain relief and early restoration of ankle stability as a treatment for acute ankle lateral sprain in this study.


Subject(s)
Ankle Injuries , Ankle , Braces , Follow-Up Studies , Hand , Humans , Immobilization , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Sprains and Strains
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786065

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of date collected prospectively.OBJECTIVES: To report analytic results about association factors related to effect of conservative treatment in surgically indicated single level lumbar spinal stenosis patient.SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: There have been various reports about clinical outcomes and relative factors after surgical treatment of spinal stenosis. However, there are few reports about factors related to effect of conservative treatment in surgically indicated lumbar spinal stenosis patient.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We based on 40 patients who had visited our hospital from May 2010 to April 2016 who were traceable for at least three years. We analysed 20 patients who improved symptom and who didn't improved symptom then investigated association factors related to effect of conservative treatment. Clinical assessment was conducted using questionnaire and spinal canal's area and muscle amount were measured in the MRI.RESULTS: Average of the spinal canal of not-improved group is 91.29(±34.26) mm², improved group is 130.70 (±32.18) mm² and impoved group is wider (p=0.001). Muscle mass of improved group is 91.47(±9.43) cm², not-improved group is 79.26 (±14.35) cm², and improved group is wider (p=0.003). Repetitive strain and traffic accident were related in not-improved group (p=0.028). However, practiced stretching continuously were related to symptom improvement (p=0.022).CONCLUSIONS: Association factors related to effect of conservative treatment are cases of wide spinal canal, wide muscle amount, repetitive sprain, traffic accident and stretching. A small muscle amount can be considered as a key factor related to surgical conversion.


Subject(s)
Accidents, Traffic , Humans , Lumbosacral Region , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Paraspinal Muscles , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Canal , Spinal Stenosis , Sprains and Strains
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739488

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the shoulder injuries in elite athletes during the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang. METHODS: To collect the data of all Olympic athletes who visited venue medical centers, polyclinics, and Olympic-designated hospitals for shoulder injuries during the Olympic Games (February 9 through 25, 2018), we reviewed Olympic electronic medical records and patient information obtained from Olympic medical service teams about athletes who complained of shoulder pain. RESULTS: During the Olympics, a total of 14 athletes visited clinics for shoulder-related symptoms. Five athletes were injured in games and nine were injured in training. The injury was due to overuse in four patients. Ten patients had trauma-related symptoms: one after being hit by an opponent and the other nine after a collision with the ground or an object. There were no patients who complained of symptoms related to pre-existing shoulder conditions. The most common cause of shoulder pain was snow-boarding (one big air and three slopestyle). The most common diagnosis was contusion (n = 6), followed by rotator cuff injuries (n = 3), superior labrum from anterior to posterior lesion (n = 1), sprain (n = 1), acromioclavicular-coracoclavicular injury (n = 1), dislocation (n = 1), and fracture (n = 1). CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first epidemiologic study of shoulder injury conducted during a huge sports event involving a variety of competitions for elite athletes. If the risk factors of shoulder injury can be established by continuing research in the future, it will be helpful to prevent injury and to prepare safety measures for athletes.


Subject(s)
Athletes , Contusions , Diagnosis , Joint Dislocations , Electronic Health Records , Epidemiologic Studies , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder Pain , Shoulder , Sports , Sprains and Strains
12.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 104-108, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763276

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the association between falls and the fear of falling (FOF) with the risk of all-cause mortality in Korean adults. The study enrolled 4,386 subjects aged 50 years and over who participated in the Dong-gu Study. Falls in the past year were categorized as yes or no. Injurious falls were defined as falls that resulted in fractures, head injuries, sprains or strains, bruising or bleeding, or other unspecified injuries. FOF was classified as low or high. The associations of falls and fall-related characteristics with mortality were assessed using Cox proportional hazards models. The average follow-up was 7.8 years. During this period, 255 men and 146 women died. In a fully adjusted model, falls in the past year were not associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.16, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.85–1.58), but a history of injurious falls was associated with an increased risk of mortality (HR 1.36, 95% CI 1.04–1.79). Compared with subjects without a FOF, subjects who were moderately or very afraid of falling had a higher mortality rate (HR 1.26, 95% CI 0.97–1.63). In conclusion, injurious falls and a high FOF increased the risk of all-cause mortality in Koreans. This study suggests that injurious falls and FOF can predict mortality in the general population.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Adult , Cause of Death , Cohort Studies , Craniocerebral Trauma , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hemorrhage , Humans , Male , Mortality , Proportional Hazards Models , Sprains and Strains
13.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 24(6): 460-464, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977857

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Basketball is a sport that requires good motor coordination as well as intense and multidirectional movements. Chronic ankle instability affects about 40% of patients who have sustained a sprain injury. In order to minimize the effects of this dysfunction, functional elastic tape has been widely used due to its mechanical properties, having some positive effects on athletes' functional performance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of elastic tapes on the ankles of basketball players with and without chronic instability. METHOD: Thirteen athletes from a varsity basketball team of both sexes, aged between 18 and 30 years (23.2 ± 3.2 years), who had been playing the sport for at least one year and trained at least twice a week. The subjects were assessed using the anterior drawer test for the presence or absence of chronic ankle instability and in three different situations: placebo, elastic tape and control, and the order of use of the implements was randomly determined, using the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) to assess the ankle stability of these athletes. RESULTS: Among the eight directions proposed in the SEBT, there was statistical significance in the difference in three directions for the placebo method in comparison to elastic taping and control. There was no statistical significance in the difference in four directions between the assessments, and there was no statistical significance in the difference in all directions between the control and elastic tapes. CONCLUSION: It can be inferred from the study that elastic taping does not have positive effects on joint stability in athletes with and without chronic instability, taking into account their functionality. Levef of Evidence I; High quality randomized trial with statistically significant difference or no statistically significant difference but narrow confidence intervals. (AU)


INTRODUÇÃO: O basquete é um esporte que requer boa coordenação motora e movimentos intensos e multidirecionais. A instabilidade crônica de tornozelo acomete cerca de 40% dos pacientes que sofreram lesão por entorse. Visando minimizar os efeitos dessa disfunção, a fita atlética elástica vem sendo bastante usada por suas propriedades mecânicas, apresentando alguns efeitos positivos sobre o desempenho funcional dos atletas. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o efeito da fita atlética elástica no tornozelo de jogadores de basquete com e sem instabilidade crônica. MÉTODO: Foram avaliados 13 atletas de times de basquete universitário, de ambos os sexos, com idade entre 18 e 30 anos (23,2 ± 3,2 anos), que praticavam a modalidade há pelo menos um ano, com frequência de treino de, no mínimo, duas vezes por semana. Os sujeitos foram avaliados pelo teste de gaveta anterior quanto à presença ou não de instabilidade crônica de tornozelo em três situações distintas: com placebo, com fita atlética elástica e controle, e a ordem de uso dos implementos foi randomicamente determinada, sendo aplicado o Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) para avaliar a estabilidade do tornozelo desses atletas. RESULTADOS: Entre as oito direções propostas no SEBT, houve significância estatística na diferença em três direções para o placebo, com relação à fita atlética elástica e o controle. Não houve significância estatística na diferença em quatro direções entre as avaliações e não houve significância estatística na diferença em todas as direções entre as avaliações controle e fita atlética elástica. CONCLUSÃO: A partir deste estudo, foi possível observar que a fita atlética elástica não tem efeitos positivos sobre a estabilização articular em atletas com e sem instabilidade crônica em termos da avaliação da funcionalidade. Nível de Evidência I; Estudo clínico randomizado de alta qualidade com ou sem diferença estatisticamente significante, mas com intervalos de confiança estreitos. (AU)


INTRODUCCIÓN: El baloncesto es un deporte que requiere una buena coordinación motora y movimientos intensos y multidireccionales. La inestabilidad crónica del tobillo afecta a aproximadamente el 40% de los pacientes que han sufrido una lesión de esguince. Con el fin de minimizar los efectos de este trastorno, la cinta atlética elástica viene siendo bastante usada por sus propiedades mecánicas, presentando algunos efectos positivos en el rendimiento funcional de los atletas. OBJETIVO: Evaluar el efecto de la cinta atlética elástica en el tobillo de jugadores de baloncesto con y sin inestabilidad crónica. MÉTODO: Fueron evaluados 13 atletas del equipo de baloncesto universitario, de ambos sexos, con edad entre 18 y 30 años (23,2 ± 3,2 años), que practicaban la modalidad desde hace por lo menos un año, con frecuencia de entrenamiento de, como mínimo, dos veces por semana. Los sujetos fueron evaluados por el test de cajón anterior cuanto a la presencia o no de inestabilidad crónica del tobillo en tres situaciones diferentes: con placebo, con cinta atlética elástica y control, y el orden de uso de los implementos aleatoriamente determinado, siendo aplicado el Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) para evaluar la estabilidad del tobillo de estos atletas. RESULTADOS: Entre las ocho direcciones propuestas en el SEBT, hubo significancia estadística en tres direcciones para el placebo, con relación a la cinta atlética elástica y el control. No hubo significancia estadística en la diferencia en cuatro direcciones entre las evaluaciones y no hubo significancia estadística en la diferencia en todas las direcciones entre las evaluaciones control y cinta atlética elástica. CONCLUSIÓN: A partir de este estudio, fue posible observar que la cinta atlética elástica no tiene efectos positivos sobre la estabilización articular en atletas con y sin inestabilidad crónica, en términos de evaluación de la funcionalidad. Nivel de Evidencia I; Estudio clínico aleatorio de alta calidad, con o sin diferencia estadísticamente significativa, pero con estrechos intervalos de confianza. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Sprains and Strains/rehabilitation , Basketball/injuries , Athletic Tape , Joint Instability/rehabilitation , Ankle Joint , Sports , Sprains and Strains/therapy , Athletes
14.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 24(6): 477-482, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977848

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Ankle sprains are recurrent injuries in basketball, hence more and more athletes are taping their ankles to promote joint stability, aiming at improving dynamic balance and, consequently, functional performance. OBJECTIVE: To verify the effects of elastic and rigid athletic taping on the functional performance and level of comfort of basketball players with chronic ankle instability. METHODS: Twenty-one athletes aged between 18 and 30 years (mean age 23.7 ± 3.2) with chronic ankle instability (CAI), verified using the Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool, were selected to take part in this study. The Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) and the Figure-of-8 hop test (F8) were applied unilaterally to assess functional performance, considering the ankle of greater instability in three situations: without athletic taping, with rigid athletic taping and with elastic athletic taping. A draw was held to determine the order in which the tests (held over a number of days) would be applied. A questionnaire was conducted to assess comfort on the same day the athletic tapes were applied. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the tests in any direction of the SEBT, but there was a significant difference in F8 between the rigid athletic taping x control and elastic athletic taping x control situations. In addition, the elastic athletic tape was considered significantly more comfortable than the rigid athletic tape. CONCLUSION: Athletic taping appears to effectively improve the dynamic balance and functional performance of athletes with CAI only in activities that cause considerable joint stress, as is the case in F8. Elastic athletic tape appears to be just as effective as rigid athletic tape in these situations, in addition to being a significantly more comfortable alternative. Levef of Evidence I; High quality randomized trial with statistically significant difference or no statistically significant difference but narrow confidence intervals.


INTRODUÇÃO: No basquete, as entorses de tornozelo são lesões recorrentes e, por isso, cada vez mais atletas vêm utilizando fitas atléticas para de promover a estabilização articular, visando a melhora do equilíbrio dinâmico e, consequentemente, da performance funcional. OBJETIVO: Verificar os efeitos da fita atlética elástica e rígida sobre a performance funcional e o nível de conforto dos jogadores de basquete que têm instabilidade crônica de tornozelo. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionados para este estudo 21 atletas com idade entre 18 e 30 anos (média 23,7 ± 3,2) com instabilidade crónica de tornozelo (ICT), verificada com a Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool. O Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) e o Figure-of-8 hop test (F8) foram realizados unilateralmente para avaliar a performance funcional, considerando o tornozelo de maior instabilidade em três situações: sem fita atlética, com fita rígida e com fita elástica. Um sorteio foi realizado para determinar a ordem na qual os testes (mantidos por vários dias) seriam aplicados. Um questionário foi conduzido para avaliar o conforto no mesmo dia em que as fitas atléticas foram aplicadas. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença significativa entre os testes em nenhuma direção do SEBT, mas houve diferença significativa no F8 entre as tiras atléticas rígida vs. controle e elástica vs. controle. Além disso, a fita atlética elástica foi considerada significativamente mais confortável do que a rígida. CONCLUSÃO: As fitas atléticas parecem melhorar efetivamente o equilíbrio dinâmico e a performance funcional de atletas com ICT apenas em atividades que ocasionam grande estresse articular, como o F8. A fita atlética elástica parece ser uma alternativa tão eficaz quanto a rígida nessas situações, além de ser uma alternativa significativamente mais confortável. Nível de Evidência I; Estudo clínico randomizado de alta qualidade com ou sem diferença estatisticamente significante, mas com intervalos de confiança estreitos.


INTRODUCCIÓN: En el baloncesto, los esguinces de tobillo son lesiones recurrentes y debido a esto, cada vez más atletas han utilizado cintas atléticas con el fin de promover estabilidad articular, con el objetivo de mejorar el equilibrio dinámico y en consecuencia el rendimiento funcional. OBJETIVO: Verificar los efectos de la cinta atlética elástica y rígida sobre el rendimiento funcional y nivel de comodidad de los jugadores de baloncesto que tienen inestabilidad crónica de tobillo. MÉTODOS: Fueron seleccionados para este estudio 21 atletas con edad entre 18 y 30 años (promedio 23,7 ± 3,2) con inestabilidad crónica de tobillo (ICT), verificada con la Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool. Para evaluar el desempeño funcional se realizó el Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) y el Figure-of-8 hop (F8) de forma unilateral, teniendo en cuenta el tobillo de mayor inestabilidad en tres situaciones: sin cinta atlética, con cinta rígida y con cinta elástica. Los tests se llevaron a cabo en el orden definido por sorteo, y se realizaron en días diferentes. El mismo día que se utilizaron las cintas atléticas se aplicó un cuestionario para evaluar la comodidad de las cintas atléticas. RESULTADOS: No hubo diferencia significativa entre los tests en ninguna dirección del SEBT, pero hubo diferencia significativa en el F8 entre las cintas atléticas rígidas vs. control y elásticas vs. control. Además, la cinta atlética elástica fue significativamente más cómoda que la rígida. CONCLUSIÓN: Las cintas atléticas parecen mejorar efectivamente el equilibrio dinámico y el desempeño funcional de atletas con ICT sólo en actividades que causan gran estrés articular, como el F8. La cinta atlética elástica parece ser una alternativa tan eficaz como la rígida en estas situaciones, además de ser significativamente más cómoda. Nivel de Evidencia I; Estudio clínico aleatorio de alta calidad, con o sin diferencia estadísticamente significativa, pero con estrechos intervalos de confianza.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Basketball , Athletic Performance/physiology , Athletic Tape , Athletes , Joint Instability/prevention & control , Ankle Joint , Sprains and Strains/prevention & control , Postural Balance/physiology , Exercise Test/methods
15.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 20(5): 391-401, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977443

ABSTRACT

High-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) elicits large improvements in health and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). HIIE can be applied with calisthenics exercises to improve strength and endurance. The acute effects of high-intensity circuit training (HICT) considering different CRF on myological variables are unknown. The aim was measure acute effects of HICT in young women considering different levels of CRF. Twelve women were allocated in two groups, who achieve 41mLO2•kg-1•min-1 or more= High Physical Fitness (HPF, n=5) and who achieve less than 41mLO2•kg-1•min-1= Low Physical Fitness (LPF,n=7). Protocol: 2x4 sets of 20 seconds at maximum intensity (all-out fashion) interspersed with 10 seconds of passive rest (jumping jacks, squat and thrust using 2kg dumbbells, mountain climber, and burpees). Blood samples were collected before, immediately after, 15minutes, 30minutes, one hour and 24 hours after. Heart rate, serum myoglobin, lactate, and creatine kinase (CK) concentration were analyzed. The HR achieved 94.1±3.7% of HRmax for LPF and 104.5±20.3% for HPF, p=0.03. The mean of delta lactate was similar between groups. The highest myoglobin has reached at 1h after the exercise protocol, with 50.0±30.2 ng/mL for LPF and 36.9±9.25 ng/mL for HPF. The delta of total CK before and after the exercise protocol shows that the serum CK level in LPF was significantly higher than HPF group (p=0.042). HICT composed by calisthenic protocol produced elevated and similar effects on HRmax, serum lactate and myoglobin in the woman with HPF and LPF. However, LPF group presented higher muscle damage inferred by serum CK concentrations.


O exercício intermitente de alta intensidade(HIIE) melhora a saúde e a aptidão cardiorrespiratória(CRF). HIIE pode ser aplicado com exercícios calistênicos para melhorar a força e resistência. Os efeitos agudos do treinamento de alta intensidade(HICT) considerando diferentes CRF em variáveis miológicas são desconhecidos. O objetivo foi medir os efeitos agudos do HICT em mulheres jovens, considerando diferentes níveis de CRF. Elas foram alocadas pelo nível de VO2máx. em dois grupos, as que atingiram 41mLO2•kg-1•min-1 ou mais= alta aptidão física(HPF,n=5) e menos de 41mLO2•kg-1•min-1= baixo aptidão física(LPF,n=7). Protocolo: 2x4 séries de 20s com intensidade máxima (all-out) intercalados com 10s de repouso passivo (jumping jacks, squat and thrust usando halteres 2kg, mountain climber e burpees). Sangue foi coletado antes, zero, 15, 30min, 1h e 24hs depois. Foram analisadas, freqüência cardíaca, mioglobina sérica, lactato e creatina quinase (CK). A FC alcançou 94,1±3,7% da FCmax para LPF e 104,5±20,3% para HPF, p=0,03. A média do delta lactato foi semelhante entre os grupos. O pico de mioglobina foi 1h após o protocolo de exercício, com 50.0±30.2ng/mL para LPF e 36.9±9.25ng/mL para HPF. O delta de CK total antes e depois do protocolo de exercício mostra que o nível sérico de CK no LPF foi significativamente maior do que o grupo HPF(p=0,042). O HICT com exercícios calistênicos produziu efeitos elevados e semelhantes sobre FCmax, lactato sérico e mioglobina nas mulheres com alta e baixa aptidão física. No entanto, o grupo LPF apresentou maior dano muscular inferido pelas concentrações séricas de CK.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Sprains and Strains , High-Intensity Interval Training , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Exercise , Physical Fitness , Lactic Acid , Creatine Kinase/blood , Myoglobin/blood
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765619

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of prospectively-collected data. OBJECTIVES: To determine the factors associated with conversion from conservative to surgical treatment in single-level lumbar spinal stenosis patients. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Various reports have presented clinical outcomes after the surgical and nonsurgical treatment of spinal stenosis. However, few reports have investigated factors predicting conversion to surgery during the course of conservative treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 40 patients who visited our hospital from May 2010 to May 2015 and were traceable for at least 3 years after being advised to undergo surgery following 3 months of conservative treatment. Of these patients, 20 underwent surgery and 20 did not. We then investigated the factors associated with conversion to surgical treatment. Clinical assessments were conducted using a questionnaire, and the overall area of the spinal canal and the muscle area within the spinal canal were measured using magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: The average area of the spinal canal was 81.40±53.61 mm2 in the surgical group, compared to 127.75±82.55 mm2 in the nonsurgical group (p=0.042). The muscle area in the spinal canal was 5.17±1.30 cm2 in the surgical group, whereas it was 6.40±1.56 cm2 in the nonsurgical group (p=0.010). The patients in the surgical group were more likely to have experienced repetitive strain and to have frequently visited health clubs (p=0.047, p=0.037, respectively). However, regular stretching was more common in the nonsurgical group (p=0.028). CONCLUSIONS: The factors associated with conversion to surgical treatment were a narrow spinal canal, a small muscle area within the spinal canal, visiting health clubs, repetitive sprain, and not stretching. A small muscle area within the spinal canal can be considered as a key factor related to surgical conversion.


Subject(s)
Fitness Centers , Humans , Lumbosacral Region , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Canal , Spinal Stenosis , Sprains and Strains
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762491

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although one in two firefighters in South Korea have experienced work-related injuries, there are few studies which show the overview description on work-related injuries and its analysis regarding such causes. Therefore, we aimed to show the overview of compensated work-related injuries in order to serve fundamental data for establishing prevention policies on work-related injuries for Korean firefighters. METHODS: We requested the all claimed work-related injury data of Korean firefighters from 2010 to 2015 to the Korean National Fire Agency (NFA). The data from NFA including 2457 claimed cases was analyzed and we confirmed, 2154 approved work-related injuries for the kinds of job activities, cause of accident and type of injuries. Among 2154 approved cases, we analyzed more variables for the sex, age, and job duration of 1344 compensated cases through served text file on summary of accident. RESULTS: The Government Employees Pension Service (GEPS) recognized 2154 (87.7%) approved work-related injuries among 2457 claimed cases. The incidence of work-related injuries per 1000 firefighters was 9.8 persons. By region, the incidence of work-related injuries per 1000 firefighters ranged from a maximum of 14.5 to a minimum of 4.0. The most common job activity caused the accident was fire suppression (18.0%), followed by Emergency medical services (EMS) (17.5%) and training (10.7%). The most common cause of these accident was movement imbalance (30.3%), followed by falls (18.9%) and traffic accident (13.4%). In these work-related injuries, sprains and bruises were the most common type of injury (27.2%), and the most commonly injured body site was the upper and lower back (25.3%). Data from identified 1344 firefighters showed that 1264 (94.0%) were male and 80 (6.0%) were female. Age group was the highest in the 40s with 623 cases (46.4%), and job duration was the highest with 650 cases in 5–10 years (48.4%). CONCLUSION: In this study, we could obtain the preliminary data necessary to establish preventive measures, including the cause of accident and region with high accident rates. However, the number of applications for compensated injuries was very small compared to the frequency of injuries found in previous studies. The lack of appropriate treatment suggested that many firefighter injuries can become chronic. In this study, we suggest that it is necessary to introduce an injury monitoring system and improve the accessibility of compensated injuries. TRIAL REGISTRATION: CR318031. Registered 20 June 2018.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Accidents, Occupational , Accidents, Traffic , Contusions , Emergency Medical Services , Female , Firefighters , Fires , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Male , Occupational Injuries , Pensions , Sprains and Strains
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739816

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence, characteristics, complications and socioeconomic impacts associated with falls in community-dwelling elderly. METHODS: From September 1, 2015 to October 12, 2015, a questionnaire-based survey was conducted involving a total of 2,012 elderly who lived in Guro-gu (Seoul), Yeongdeungpo-gu (Seoul), Yangpyeong-gu (Gyeonggi-do), Dalseong-gu (Daegu), and Jung-gu (Daegu). The subjects were interviewed using a structured questionnaire to obtain demographic characteristics and comprehensive falling histories. The socioeconomic cost related to falls was estimated using the statistical data provided by the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. RESULTS: Falls were recorded in 666 out of the 2,012 subjects (33.1%) during the past year. Frequent falls occurred during December, in the afternoons, when the floor was slippery. The most common injuries included the low back and the most common injury type was sprain. The total direct costs related to falls involving the 2,012 subjects were 303,061,019 KRW (Korean won). The average medical cost related to falls in the 2,012 subjects was 150,627 KRW and the average medical cost of 666 subjects who experienced falls was 455,047 KRW. Estimates of the total population over the age of 60 years showed that the annual direct costs associated with falls in Korea over the age of 60 years were about 1.378 trillion KRW. CONCLUSION: This study was conducted to explore the incidence, characteristics, complications, and socioeconomic impacts of falls in community-dwelling elderly. This study is expected to be used as a source of basic data for the establishment of medical policy for the elderly and the development of a fall prevention program for the elderly in Korea.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Aged , Humans , Incidence , Insurance, Health , Korea , Socioeconomic Factors , Sprains and Strains
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718366

ABSTRACT

Acute lateral ankle sprain, which is the most common musculoskeletal injury, can be treated effectively with appropriate evidence-based initial care using PRICE (protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation) and functional rehabilitation. Many systemic reviews reporting a high-level of evidence supporting the clinical usefulness and necessity of primary surgical repair for acute lateral ankle sprain have been insufficient. Regardless of the severity of ligament complex injuries, the surgical treatment for acute lateral ankle sprain without concomitant pathologies is not recommended and should be considered only in young professional athletes with complete ligament rupture (grade III) and severe instability.


Subject(s)
Ankle Injuries , Ankle , Athletes , Humans , Ice , Ligaments , Pathology , Rehabilitation , Rupture , Sprains and Strains
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717193

ABSTRACT

Ankle sprain is one of the most common musculoskeletal injuries. Although most ankle sprains respond well to conservative measures, chronic instability following an acute sprain has been reported to occur in 20% to 40% of patients. Some individuals are eventually indicated for a lateral ankle ligament reconstruction due to persistent ankle instability. More than 80 surgical procedures have been described to address lateral ankle stability. These range from direct repair of the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) and of the calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) to reconstructions based on the use of autograft or allograft tissues. However, the best surgical option remains debatable. The modified Broström procedure is most widely used for direct ligament repair, but not always possible because of the poor ATFL or CFL quality or deficiency of these ligaments, which prevents effective shortening imbrication. Furthermore, the importance of a CFL reconstruction has been emphasized recently. On the other hand, it is difficult to achieve an efficient CFL reconstruction during the Broström procedure. Others have reported that an anatomic reconstruction of injured ligaments restores the normal resistance to anterior translation and inversion without restricting subtalar or ankle motion, and as a result, anatomic reconstructions for lateral ankle instability utilizing an autograft or allograft tendon have gained popularity.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Ankle Injuries , Ankle , Autografts , Hand , Humans , Lateral Ligament, Ankle , Ligaments , Sprains and Strains , Tendons
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