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1.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 9-9, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010722

ABSTRACT

Tumor progression is closely related to tumor tissue metabolism and reshaping of the microenvironment. Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), a representative hypoxic tumor, has a heterogeneous internal metabolic environment. To clarify the relationship between different metabolic regions and the tumor immune microenvironment (TME) in OSCC, Single cell (SC) and spatial transcriptomics (ST) sequencing of OSCC tissues were performed. The proportion of TME in the ST data was obtained through SPOTlight deconvolution using SC and GSE103322 data. The metabolic activity of each spot was calculated using scMetabolism, and k-means clustering was used to classify all spots into hyper-, normal-, or hypometabolic regions. CD4T cell infiltration and TGF-β expression is higher in the hypermetabolic regions than in the others. Through CellPhoneDB and NicheNet cell-cell communication analysis, it was found that in the hypermetabolic region, fibroblasts can utilize the lactate produced by glycolysis of epithelial cells to transform into inflammatory cancer-associated fibroblasts (iCAFs), and the increased expression of HIF1A in iCAFs promotes the transcriptional expression of CXCL12. The secretion of CXCL12 recruits regulatory T cells (Tregs), leading to Treg infiltration and increased TGF-β secretion in the microenvironment and promotes the formation of a tumor immunosuppressive microenvironment. This study delineates the coordinate work axis of epithelial cells-iCAFs-Tregs in OSCC using SC, ST and TCGA bulk data, and highlights potential targets for therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Mouth Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunosuppression Therapy , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Gene Expression Profiling , Tumor Microenvironment
2.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 7-7, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010720

ABSTRACT

Wnt signaling are critical pathway involved in organ development, tumorigenesis, and cancer progression. WNT7A, a member of the Wnt family, remains poorly understood in terms of its role and the underlying molecular mechanisms it entails in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). According to the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), transcriptome sequencing data of HNSCC, the expression level of WNT7A in tumors was found to be higher than in adjacent normal tissues, which was validated using Real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Unexpectedly, overexpression of WNT7A did not activate the canonical Wnt-β-catenin pathway in HNSCC. Instead, our findings suggested that WNT7A potentially activated the FZD7/JAK1/STAT3 signaling pathway, leading to enhanced cell proliferation, self-renewal, and resistance to apoptosis. Furthermore, in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) tumor model, high expression of WNT7A and phosphorylated STAT3 was observed, which positively correlated with tumor progression. These findings underscore the significance of WNT7A in HNSCC progression and propose the targeting of key molecules within the FZD7/JAK1/STAT3 pathway as a promising strategy for precise treatment of HNSCC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Carcinogenesis/genetics , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Disease Models, Animal , Head and Neck Neoplasms/genetics , Wnt Proteins , Frizzled Receptors/genetics , Janus Kinase 1 , STAT3 Transcription Factor
3.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 6-6, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010719

ABSTRACT

Existing studies have underscored the pivotal role of N-acetyltransferase 10 (NAT10) in various cancers. However, the outcomes of protein-protein interactions between NAT10 and its protein partners in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remain unexplored. In this study, we identified a significant upregulation of RNA-binding protein with serine-rich domain 1 (RNPS1) in HNSCC, where RNPS1 inhibits the ubiquitination degradation of NAT10 by E3 ubiquitin ligase, zinc finger SWIM domain-containing protein 6 (ZSWIM6), through direct protein interaction, thereby promoting high NAT10 expression in HNSCC. This upregulated NAT10 stability mediates the enhancement of specific tRNA ac4C modifications, subsequently boosting the translation process of genes involved in pathways such as IL-6 signaling, IL-8 signaling, and PTEN signaling that play roles in regulating HNSCC malignant progression, ultimately influencing the survival and prognosis of HNSCC patients. Additionally, we pioneered the development of TRMC-seq, leading to the discovery of novel tRNA-ac4C modification sites, thereby providing a potent sequencing tool for tRNA-ac4C research. Our findings expand the repertoire of tRNA ac4C modifications and identify a role of tRNA ac4C in the regulation of mRNA translation in HNSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA-Binding Proteins , Head and Neck Neoplasms/genetics , N-Terminal Acetyltransferases , RNA, Transfer , Serine , Signal Transduction , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 42-51, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010290

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To obtain detailed understanding on the gene regulation of natural compounds in altering prognosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSC).@*METHODS@#Gene expression data of HNSC samples and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of HNSC patients were collected from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Differential gene expression analysis of GEO datasets were achieved by the GEO2R tool. Common differentially expressed gerres (DEGs) were screened by comparing DEGs of HNSC with those of PBMCs. The combination was further analyzed for regulating pathways and biological processes that were affected.@*RESULTS@#Totally 110 DEGs were retrieved and identified to be involved in biological processes related to tumor regulation. Then 102 natural compounds were screened for a combination such that the expression of all 110 commonly DEGs was altered. A combination of salidroside, ginsenoside Rd, oridonin, britanin, and scutellarein was chosen. A multifaceted, multi-dimensional tumor regression was showed by altering autophagy, apoptosis, inhibiting cell proliferation, angiogenesis, metastasis and inflammatory cytokines production.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study has helped develop a unique combination of natural compounds that will markedly reduce the propensity of development of drug resistance in tumors and immune evasion by tumors. The result is crucial to developing a combinatorial natural therapeutic cocktail with accentuated immunotherapeutic potential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Head and Neck Neoplasms/drug therapy , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/drug therapy , Immunotherapy , Prognosis
5.
São Paulo; s.n; 2023. 94 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1434706

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O carcinoma de células escamosas da cavidade oral (CEC) abrange uma ampla diversidade de células neoplásicas que possuem características moleculares heterogêneas quando expressadas pelo tumor, cuja detecção primária pode se tornar uma ferramenta útil tanto no diagnóstico inicial quanto no prognóstico nos pacientes portadores deste câncer. Os principais biomarcadores tumorais (BmTs) descritos e associados à carcinogênese do câncer de cavidade oral são: p53, p16, Ciclina-D1, EGFR e a E-caderina. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o risco de recorrência a partir da detecção dos BmTs p16, p53, E-caderina, Ciclina-D1 e EGFR nos pacientes portadores de CEC submetidos ao tratamento multimodal. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Foram selecionados 100 pacientes com diagnóstico de CEC de cavidade oral e submetidos ao tratamento multimodal, os quais foram separados em dois grupos: A) Pacientes com CEC de assoalho de boca; B) Pacientes com CEC de língua, ambos os grupos tratados de forma multimodal. Após seleção foi realizada a análise por imunoistoquímica (IHQ) da expressão dos 05 biomarcadores acima descritos. Da mesma forma, foi realizada a análise dos dados demográficos e clínicos, além dos critérios morfológicos inerentes ao tumor para determinação dos fatores preditivos e prognósticos independentes. RESULTADOS: Após a análise retrospectiva dos dados da população de estudo, 51 pacientes (51%) apresentaram CEC na região do assoalho de boca e 49 (49%) na língua, com maior proporção de homens do que mulheres (69 % vs. 31%) e com idade maior ou igual a 60 anos (mediana: 62 anos/ R: 29-86 anos). A mediana de acompanhamento dos pacientes foi de 28 meses (R: 0-71 meses/média: 26 /DP: +-14,04) e do aparecimento da recorrência foi de 12 meses (mediana: 9 meses/ R: 0-37 meses). A maioria apresentou o estadiamento clínico-patológico inicial I e II (63,6%), pior padrão de infiltração tipo 3-5 (70,5%) e com presença de extensão extracapsular (EEC) (57,5%). Por outro lado, 21 pacientes (21,2%) expressaram p16, 87 (87,9%) a Ciclina-D1, 63 (63%) p53, 53 (53,5%) a E-caderina e 66 (66%) o EGFR. Após aplicação do teste Qui-quadrado foi observada associação estatisticamente significativa entre a expressão do p53 e o sexo (p: 0,01), p53 e tabagismo/etilismo (p: 0,04) e a expressão da E-caderina associada à presença de infiltrado linfoide (p: 0,03). Para análise da Sobrevida Global (SG) foi aplicado o teste de Kaplan Meier, sendo que a média foi de 53 meses (R: 42-61 meses). Na análise da Sobrevida Livre de Doença (SLD) a média foi de 31 meses (R: 27-24 meses). Finalmente, foi realizada a análise multivariada de Cox para cálculo da razão de risco (RR), onde foram observados para o EGFR RR: 4,97 (p: 0,016/R: 1,34-18,30) e a E-caderina RR: 0,294 (p: 0,056/ R: 0.084-1.03). CONCLUSÃO: A expressão de EGFR resultou como potencial biomarcador preditivo de risco de recorrência nos pacientes com CEC de cavidade oral e submetidos à abordagem multimodal, enquanto a E-caderina comportou-se como provável fator protetor contra o risco de recorrência neste mesmo grupo. Contudo, uma avaliação com maior coorte de pacientes se torna necessária para melhor compreensão do papel de outros BmTs, bem como a validação destes resultados na prática clínica.


INTRODUCTION: Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide, characterized by heterogeneous cellular and histological features observed by different molecular parameters. The main biomarkers (BKs) associated with oral cavity tumorigenesis are p53, EGFR, Cyclin-D1, p16 and E-cadherin and their expression is associated with poor prognosis and multiples relapses, besides other histopathological prognostic factors associated to lower rates of overall (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). OBJECTIVE: This study aims to confirm through histopathological assessment (HP) based on morphological tumor criteria and immunohistochemistry analysis (IHC) of the BKs the association with increased local recurrence in patients diagnosed with OSCC submitted to multimodal treatment at A.C. Camargo Cancer Center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred patients diagnosed with OSCC submitted to multimodal treatment during 2013-2017 were evaluated and distributed in two groups according to the primary local tumor: A) Patients with OSCC in the floor of the mouth and B) tongue OSCC, both groups treated with only surgery, surgery plus radiotherapy (RT) and/or surgery with RT and chemotherapy. IHC and HP analysis were performed of surgical specimen for detection of these five BKs such as EGFR, p53, E-cadherin, p16 and Cyclin D1. Moreover, after HP for morphological tumor featuring prognostic factors such as clinic-pathological staging, free surgical margins, extracapsular extension of lymph nodes, perineural and angiolymphatic invasion, depth of pattern infiltration were described. Demographic and clinical data were collected, and the nonparameter Chi-square statistical test was performed for determining association between them. OS and DFS rates were calculated using Kaplan Meier test and logRank test for univariate statistical analysis. Cox regression model was done, and the hazard ratio was established for each independent factor to predict clinical failure (p<=0.05). RESULTS: From 100 patients analyzed, 61% were male and 39% female. Regarding local primary tumor, 51% presented OSCC in the floor of the mouth and 49% in the tongue with a mean age of 62 years (R: 29-86). The median of follow-up was 28 months (mean: 26 / SD: +-14,04 / R: 0-71) and the mean of recurrence appearance was 12 months (median: 9/ R: 0-37). Most patients showed an initial stage (I-II) (63.6%), Worst pattern of invasion (WPOI) 3-5 (70.5%), extracapsular extension (EE) (57.5%). Regarding BKs expression, 21.2% p16, 87.9% Cyclin-D1, 63% p53, 53.5% E-cadherin, and 66% EGFR. It was observed a statistically significant association between p53 expression and for both sex (p: 0.01), p53 and smoking/alcohol consumption (p:0.04). E-cadherin was associated with lymph node infiltration (p: 0.03). The median OS was 80% vs 60% in 03 years (R: 42-61; I/II vs. III-IV p: 0.06); for DFS was 50% (p:0.22; I/II vs. III/IV) in 05 years (R: 27-24). Cox regression showed that EGFR expression HR: 4.9 (p: 0.02/ R: 1.34-18.30) and E-cadherin HR: 0.3 (p: 0.06/R: 0.084-1.03) and EE as morphological tumor criteria (HR: 3.68 / p: 0.056 / R: 1.00-13.48) are independent factors for prediction of clinical failure. CONCLUSION: EGFR expression is a potential biomarker for prediction of oral cancer recurrence in patients submitted to multimodal management; however, the loss of E-cadherin expression was considered as a protective factor against OSCC recurrence for this group. Furthermore, longitudinal studies must be performed to validate these results in the clinical practice


Subject(s)
Mouth Neoplasms , Biomarkers, Tumor , Recurrence , Survival Rate , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Head and Neck Neoplasms
6.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 715-728, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical significance of neoadjuvant immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of larynx preservation in locally advanced hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods:Patients with locally advanced HPSCC(cT3-T4aN0-N3M0) were eligible. All received 2 cycles of pembrolizumab combined with docetaxel and platinum neoadjuvant induction therapy. After two cycles, the efficacy was evaluated, followed by radical chemoradiotherapy or surgery and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy according to the efficacy. The primary endpoints were objective response rate(ORR) ,larynx-preservation(LP) rate at 3 months post-treatment and the adverse reactions during neoadjuvant therapy. Results:From December 2021 to December 2022, 10 patients with locally advanced HPSCC(cT3-T4aN0-N3M0) were enrolled. After 2 cycles of the neoadjuvant therapy, 2 patients achieved complete response(CR), 7 patients achieved partial response(PR), 1 patient was stable disease(SD), objective response rate(ORR) was 90%, and disease control rate(DCR) was 100%. 5 patients received radical chemoradiotherapy, 5 patients received surgery and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy, four of them received partial laryngectomy and partial hypopharyngeal resection surgery, and one of them received total laryngectomy and partial hypopharyngeal resection surgery. All patients were able to withstand adverse reactions of neoadjuvant therapy and successfully completed the whole treatment of HPSCC without grade 3-4 treatment-related adverse reactions. There was no recurrence or metastasis during 3-18 months of follow-up. 1 patient died of severe pneumonia 3 months after the completion of radical chemoradiotherapy. At 3 months after treatment, the larynx-preservation rate was 80%. Conclusion:Neoadjuvant immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy has good short-term efficacy and the adverse reactions were tolerable. It can improve the larynx-preservation rate of patients with locally advanced HPSCC, thus improving the prognosis and quality of life of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/etiology , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Quality of Life , Cisplatin , Treatment Outcome , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Larynx , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Immunotherapy
7.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 778-785, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011042

ABSTRACT

Objective:The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of tislelizumab in patients with recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Methods:Six patients with recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma who received tislelizumab monotherapy in our hospital from 2018 to 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The information of sex, age, TNM stage, efficacy, and adverse reactions were collected. All patients were recruited from the RATIONALE 102 study. The primary end point was the objective response rate, and other end points included progression-free survival and overall survival. We performed tumor immune-related gene sequencing and transcriptome sequencing analysis on the tumor tissues of the patient, and used bioinformatics methods to enrich immune cells and analyze signaling pathways. All analyses were performed using R 4.1. 0 software, SPSS Statistics 24.0 software and GraphPad Prism 8. Results:As of May 31, 2020, the median follow-up time was 26.35 months. The objective response rate with tislelizumab was 50.0%, the median progression-free survival was 6.44 months, and the estimated median survival was 20.07 months. The incidence of grade 3 or higher adverse reactions was 66.7%, including hyponatremia, hypokalemia, hypercalcemia, etc. The expression of macrophage, Treg and neutrophil-related genes are higher in immune-sensitive patients, and the signaling pathways of the intestinal immune network for IgA production, graft versus host disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are significantly activated. Conclusion:Tislelizumab was found to be controllable and tolerable in patients with recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. The response to tislelizumab is related to immune cell infiltration and activation of immune-related signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Humans , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
8.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 734-739, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011035

ABSTRACT

Oropharyngeal carcinoma is one of the most common malignant tumors of head and neck. In recent years, the incidence of Human papilloma virus-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma(HPV-OPSCC) has been increasing year by year. With the advancement of minimally invasive surgical techniques, the wide application of intensity modulated radiation therapy, and the demand of patients for organ function protection and higher quality of life, the unique biological behavior and better prognosis of HPV-OPSCC have led to the exploration of a series of attenuated treatment modes. This article reviews the diagnosis and treatment status of oropharyngeal cancer and related research progress based on relevant reports.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Quality of Life , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/therapy , Head , Papillomaviridae , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/therapy , Head and Neck Neoplasms
9.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 700-707, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011032

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors that affect the prognosis of patients with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma(HPSCC) and to compare the efficacy of surgical resection followed by adjuvant radiotherapy(SR) with that of neoadjuvant therapy consisting of platinum-based chemotherapy and fluorouracil combined with either cetuximab or nimotuzumab, followed by SR. The study also aimed to evaluate the overall survival(OS) of patients, their postoperative eating function, tracheostomy decannulation rate, and tumor response to the two neoadjuvant chemotherapies. Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical records of HPSCC patients who received SR or neoadjuvant therapy followed by SR treatment at the Shanghai General Hospital from 2012 to 2019 and had not undergone any prior treatment. The prognostic factors were analyzed, and the survival analysis of patients who underwent SR treatment with two neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens was performed. Results:A total of 108 patients were included in the study. The results of the univariate analysis showed that gender(P=0.850) had no significant correlation with the survival rate of HPSCC patients who underwent SR. However, age, smoking history, alcohol consumption history, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio(PLR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio(NLR), T stage, N stage, neoadjuvant therapy with either cetuximab or nimotuzumab combined with platinum-based chemotherapy and fluorouracil, and histological grade were significantly associated with prognosis(P<0.05). The multivariate analysis revealed that smoking history, histological grade, and neoadjuvant therapy with either cetuximab or nimotuzumab combined with platinum-based chemotherapy and fluorouracil were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of HPSCC(P<0.05). Patients who received neoadjuvant therapy had longer OS than those who underwent SR only(P<0.001). There was no significant difference in tumor response to the two neoadjuvant therapies and in OS(P>0.05), and there was no significant difference in the rate of oral feeding and tracheostomy decannulation among the three treatment groups(P>0.05). Conclusion:Univariate analysis showed that age at tumor onset, smoking history, alcohol consumption history, NLR, PLR, T stage, N stage, whether receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and pathological grade were associated with the prognosis of HPSCC patients receiving SR treatment. Multivariate analysis showed that smoking history, pathological grade, and neoadjuvant chemotherapy were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with cetuximab or nimotuzumab can prolong the OS of patients, providing a certain basis and reference for the treatment of HPSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Cetuximab/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , China , Prognosis , Fluorouracil , Head and Neck Neoplasms
10.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 44-44, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010699

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) develops on the mucosal epithelium of the oral cavity. It accounts for approximately 90% of oral malignancies and impairs appearance, pronunciation, swallowing, and flavor perception. In 2020, 377,713 OSCC cases were reported globally. According to the Global Cancer Observatory (GCO), the incidence of OSCC will rise by approximately 40% by 2040, accompanied by a growth in mortality. Persistent exposure to various risk factors, including tobacco, alcohol, betel quid (BQ), and human papillomavirus (HPV), will lead to the development of oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs), which are oral mucosal lesions with an increased risk of developing into OSCC. Complex and multifactorial, the oncogenesis process involves genetic alteration, epigenetic modification, and a dysregulated tumor microenvironment. Although various therapeutic interventions, such as chemotherapy, radiation, immunotherapy, and nanomedicine, have been proposed to prevent or treat OSCC and OPMDs, understanding the mechanism of malignancies will facilitate the identification of therapeutic and prognostic factors, thereby improving the efficacy of treatment for OSCC patients. This review summarizes the mechanisms involved in OSCC. Moreover, the current therapeutic interventions and prognostic methods for OSCC and OPMDs are discussed to facilitate comprehension and provide several prospective outlooks for the fields.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/therapy , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Mouth Neoplasms/therapy , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Tumor Microenvironment
11.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 1151-1158, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010589

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a prevalent malignant tumor affecting the head and neck region (Leemans et al., 2018). It is often diagnosed at a later stage, leading to a poor prognosis (Muzaffar et al., 2021; Li et al., 2023). Despite advances in OSCC treatment, the overall 5-year survival rate of OSCC patients remains alarmingly low, falling below 50% (Jehn et al., 2019; Johnson et al., 2020). According to statistics, only 50% of patients with oral cancer can be treated with surgery. Once discovered, it is more frequently at an advanced stage. In addition, owing to the aggressively invasive and metastatic characteristics of OSCC, most patients die within one year of diagnosis. Hence, the pursuit of novel therapeutic drugs and treatments to improve the response of oral cancer to medication, along with a deeper understanding of their effects, remains crucial objectives in oral cancer research (Johnson et al., 2020; Bhat et al., 2021; Chen et al., 2023; Ruffin et al., 2023).


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Luteolin/therapeutic use , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/drug therapy , Head and Neck Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cell Line, Tumor
12.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 11-11, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971598

ABSTRACT

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play crucial roles in tumor progression and immune responses. However, mechanisms of driving TAMs to antitumor function remain unknown. Here, transcriptome profiling analysis of human oral cancer tissues indicated that regulator of G protein signaling 12 (RGS12) regulates pathologic processes and immune-related pathways. Mice with RGS12 knockout in macrophages displayed decreased M1 TAMs in oral cancer tissues, and extensive proliferation and invasion of oral cancer cells. RGS12 increased the M1 macrophages with features of increased ciliated cell number and cilia length. Mechanistically, RGS12 associates with and activates MYC binding protein 2 (MYCBP2) to degrade the cilia protein kinesin family member 2A (KIF2A) in TAMs. Our results demonstrate that RGS12 is an essential oral cancer biomarker and regulator for immunosuppressive TAMs activation.


Subject(s)
Mice , Humans , Animals , Tumor-Associated Macrophages/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Mouth Neoplasms , GTP-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , RGS Proteins/metabolism , Kinesins/metabolism , Repressor Proteins/metabolism
13.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 9-9, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971597

ABSTRACT

Cancer cell membrane (CCM) derived nanotechnology functionalizes nanoparticles (NPs) to recognize homologous cells, exhibiting translational potential in accurate tumor therapy. However, these nanoplatforms are majorly generated from fixed cell lines and are typically evaluated in cell line-derived subcutaneous-xenografts (CDX), ignoring the tumor heterogeneity and differentiation from inter- and intra- individuals and microenvironments between heterotopic- and orthotopic-tumors, limiting the therapeutic efficiency of such nanoplatforms. Herein, various biomimetic nanoplatforms (CCM-modified gold@Carbon, i.e., Au@C-CCM) were fabricated by coating CCMs of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines and patient-derived cells on the surface of Au@C NP. The generated Au@C-CCMs were evaluated on corresponding CDX, tongue orthotopic xenograft (TOX), immune-competent primary and distant tumor models, and patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models. The Au@C-CCM generates a photothermal conversion efficiency up to 44.2% for primary HNSCC therapy and induced immunotherapy to inhibit metastasis via photothermal therapy-induced immunogenic cell death. The homologous CCM endowed the nanoplatforms with optimal targeting properties for the highest therapeutic efficiency, far above those with mismatched CCMs, resulting in distinct tumor ablation and tumor growth inhibition in all four models. This work reinforces the feasibility of biomimetic NPs combining modular designed CMs and functional cores for customized treatment of HNSCC, can be further extended to other malignant tumors therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/therapy , Heterografts , Photothermal Therapy , Biomimetics , Disease Models, Animal , Head and Neck Neoplasms/therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Tumor Microenvironment
14.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 1-1, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971589

ABSTRACT

Tongue squamous cell carcinoma is highly malignant and has a poor prognosis. In this study, we aimed to combine whole-genome sequencing, whole-genome methylation, and whole-transcriptome analyses to understand the molecular mechanisms of tongue squamous cell carcinoma better. Oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma and adjacent normal tissues from five patients with tongue squamous cell carcinoma were included as five paired samples. After multi-omics sequencing, differentially methylated intervals, methylated loop sites, methylated promoters, and transcripts were screened for variation in all paired samples. Correlations were analyzed to determine biological processes in tongue squamous cell carcinoma. We found five mutated methylation promoters that were significantly associated with mRNA and lncRNA expression levels. Functional annotation of these transcripts revealed their involvement in triggering the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade, which is associated with cancer progression and the development of drug resistance during treatment. The prognostic signature models constructed based on WDR81 and HNRNPH1 and combined clinical phenotype-gene prognostic signature models showed high predictive efficacy and can be applied to predict patient prognostic risk in clinical settings. We identified biological processes in tongue squamous cell carcinoma that are initiated by mutations in the methylation promoter and are associated with the expression levels of specific mRNAs and lncRNAs. Collectively, changes in transcript levels affect the prognosis of tongue squamous cell carcinoma patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Prognosis , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology
15.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 240-249, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971440

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between the long-non-coding RNA LINC00342 expression and the clinicopathological parameters of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and the biological function of LINC00342 in HNSCC cells. Methods: The expression level of LINC00342 in the HNSCC was analyzed using transcriptome sequencing data from TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) database, and the expressions of LINC00342 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma tissues (LSCC) of 27 patients in the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were detected by transcriptome sequencing. The expression levels of LINC00342 in human embryonic lung diploid cells 2BS, HNSCC cell lines FD-LSC-1, CAL-27 and Detroit562 were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). RNAi (RNA interference) was used for LINC00342 knockdown in HNSCC cell lines, and the changes of malignant phenotype in the tumor cells after LINC00342 knockdown were examined by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation, flow cytometry, transwell invasion and migration assays. Bioinformatics analysis was performed to construct a LINC00342-centered competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory network, and GO (Gene Ontology) enrichment analysis was performed. Statistical analysis and graphing were performed using SPSS 25.0 software and GraphPad Prism 6 software. Results: Mean LINC00342 levels in HNSCC tissues and TCGA database were higher than that in normal control tissues, but with no significantly statistical difference (P=0.522). LINC00342 expression levels were positively correlated with cervical lymph node metastasis and pathological grade in patients with HNSCC, with higher expression in male patients than in female patients (P<0.05). Transcriptome sequencing analysis showed that mean expression level of LINC00342 in LSCC tissues of 27 patients was significantly higher than that in the paired adjacent normal mucosa tissues (t=1.56, P=0.036). LINC00342 expression was significantly upregulated in HNSCC cell lines FD-LSC-1, CAL-27 and Detroit562 (t-values of -12.17, -23.26 and -388.57, respectively; all P<0.001). Knockdown of LINC00342 by transfecting si-LINC00342-1 and si-LINC00342-2 inhibited HNSCC cell proliferation (t-values of 8.95 and 4.84, 2.70 and 5.55, 2.02 and 3.70, respectively), colony formation (t-values of 6.66 and 6.17, 7.38 and 11.65, 4.90 and 5.79, respectively), migration (t-values of 8.21 and 7.19, 5.76 and 6.46, 6.28 and 9.92, respectively) and invasion abilities (t-values of 9.29 and 10.25, 11.30 and 11.36, 8.02 and 8.66, respectively), but promoting apoptosis in cell lines FD-LSC-1 and CAL-27 (t-values of -2.21 and -5.83, -3.05 and -5.25 respectively) (all P-values<0.05). The LINC00342-centered ceRNA network consists of 10 downregulated microRNA and 647 upregulated mRNA nodes. GO analysis results indicated that LINC00342-regulated mRNAs were enriched in 22 biological processes, 32 molecular functions, and 12 cellular components. Conclusion: High level of LINC00342 is associated with the malignant progression of HNSCC. LINC00342 promotes the proliferation, migration, invasion, and antagonizes apoptosis of HNSCC cells, which serves as a potential molecular marker in HNSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Clinical Relevance , Epithelial Cells , Head and Neck Neoplasms/genetics
16.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 165-171, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971382

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is a common malignant tumor of head and neck. Screening of target genes for malignant tumor therapy is one of the focuses of cancer research, with proto-oncogene and tumor suppressor gene as the breakthrough. It has become an urgent need to find the target gene related to the treatment and prognosis of LSCC.This study aims to explore the role of Lin28B and C-myc in LSCC by detecting the expressions of these two proteins and analyze the correlation between the expression of Lin28B and C-myc and clinicopathological features and prognosis of LSCC.@*METHODS@#We detected the expression of Lin28B and C-myc proteins in 102 specimens of LSCC and 90 specimens of adjacent tissues by immunochemistry, and analyzed the correlation between Lin28B and C-myc protein expressions in LSCC as well as the correlation between the expressions of the two proteins and the clinicopathological features of LSCC. At the same time, the Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the relation between Lin28B and C-myc protein levels with the postoperative survival rate of LSCC patients.@*RESULTS@#The protein levels of Lin28B and C-myc in the LSCC tissnes were significantly higher than those in the adjacent tissues (both P<0.05),and there was a positive correlation between the expression of Lin28B and C-myc in LSCC (r=0.476, P<0.05). The expression of Lin28B protein was closely related to age, lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, tumor size, and pathological differentiation of LSCC patients (all P<0.05). while the expression of C-myc protein was closely related to lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, tumor size, and pathological differentiation of LSCC patients (all P<0.05). A relevant survival analysis showed that in patients with higher level of Lin28B (P=0.001) or C-myc protein (P<0.001), the postoperative survival rate was relatively low.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lin28B and C-myc proteins are highly expressed in LSCC with a positive correlation. Furthermore, they are closely related to lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, tumor size, pathological differentiation and prognosis, suggesting that both Lin28B and C-myc might be involved in the occurrence and development of LSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/metabolism , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Lymphatic Metastasis , Prognosis , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
17.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 498-502, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982776

ABSTRACT

Microorganisms are one of the important factors which maintain the homeostasis of human health. Despite recent advances, the relationship between microorganisms and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is still unclear, and the impact of microorganisms on the incidence and prognosis of HNSCC cannot be neglected. Therefore, this article provides a systematic and comprehensive review summarizing the epidemiological evidence of microbial dysbiosis related to HNSCC and discusses the associations between them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Epithelial Cells , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Microbiota , Prognosis , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
18.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 24-24, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982481

ABSTRACT

Cancer stem cell-like cells (CSCs) play an integral role in the heterogeneity, metastasis, and treatment resistance of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) due to their high tumor initiation capacity and plasticity. Here, we identified a candidate gene named LIMP-2 as a novel therapeutic target regulating HNSCC progression and CSC properties. The high expression of LIMP-2 in HNSCC patients suggested a poor prognosis and potential immunotherapy resistance. Functionally, LIMP-2 can facilitate autolysosome formation to promote autophagic flux. LIMP-2 knockdown inhibits autophagic flux and reduces the tumorigenic ability of HNSCC. Further mechanistic studies suggest that enhanced autophagy helps HNSCC maintain stemness and promotes degradation of GSK3β, which in turn facilitates nuclear translocation of β-catenin and transcription of downstream target genes. In conclusion, this study reveals LIMP-2 as a novel prospective therapeutic target for HNSCC and provides evidence for a link between autophagy, CSC, and immunotherapy resistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autophagy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/metabolism , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplastic Stem Cells/pathology , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/pathology , Lysosomal Membrane Proteins
19.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 17-17, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982475

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) escape from the immune system is mediated through several immunosuppressive phenotypes that are critical to the initiation and progression of tumors. As a hallmark of cancer, DNA damage repair is closely related to changes in the immunophenotypes of tumor cells. Although flap endonuclease-1 (FEN1), a pivotal DNA-related enzyme is involved in DNA base excision repair to maintain the stability of the cell genome, the correlation between FEN1 and tumor immunity has been unexplored. In the current study, by analyzing the clinicopathological characteristics of FEN1, we demonstrated that FEN1 overexpressed and that an inhibitory immune microenvironment was established in OSCC. In addition, we found that downregulating FEN1 inhibited the growth of OSCC tumors. In vitro studies provided evidence that FEN1 knockdown inhibited the biological behaviors of OSCC and caused DNA damage. Performing multiplex immunohistochemistry (mIHC), we directly observed that the acquisition of critical immunosuppressive phenotypes was correlated with the expression of FEN1. More importantly, FEN1 directly or indirectly regulated two typical immunosuppressive phenotype-related proteins human leukocyte antigen (HLA-DR) and programmed death receptor ligand 1 (PD-L1), through the interferon-gamma (IFN-γ)/janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator transcription 1 (STAT1) pathway. Our study highlights a new perspective on FEN1 action for the first time, providing theoretical evidence that it may be a potential immunotherapy target for OSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , DNA , Down-Regulation , Flap Endonucleases/metabolism , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Phenotype , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Tumor Microenvironment , Janus Kinases/metabolism
20.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-9, 2023. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468898

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a malignant tumour of Head and Neck Cancer (HNC). The recent therapeutic approaches used to treat cancer have adverse side effects. The natural agents exhibiting anticancer activities are generally considered to have a robust therapeutic potential. Curcuminoids, one of the major active compounds of the turmeric herb, are used as a therapeutic agent for several diseases including cancer. In this study, the cytotoxicity of curcuminoids was investigated against OSCC cell line HNO97. Our data showed that curcuminoids significantly inhibits the proliferation of HNO97 in a time and dose-dependent manner (IC50=35 μM). Cell cycle analysis demonstrated that curcuminoids increased the percentage of G2/M phase cell populations in the treated groups. Treating HNO97 cells with curcuminoids led to cell shrinking and increased detached cells, which are the typical appearance of apoptotic cells. Moreover, flow cytometry analysis revealed that curcuminoids significantly induced apoptosis in a time-dependent manner. Furthermore, as a response to curcuminoids treatment, comet tails were formed in cell nuclei due to the induction of DNA damage. Curcuminoids treatment reduced the colony formation capacity of HNO97 cells and induced morphological changes. Overall, these findings demonstrate that curcuminoids can in vitro inhibit HNC proliferation and metastasis and induce apoptosis.


O carcinoma de células escamosas oral (OSCC) é um tumor maligno do câncer de cabeça e pescoço (HNC). As recentes abordagens terapêuticas usadas para tratar o câncer têm efeitos colaterais adversos. Os agentes naturais que exibem atividades anticâncer são geralmente considerados como tendo um potencial terapêutico robusto. Curcuminoides, um dos principais compostos ativos da erva cúrcuma, são usados como agente terapêutico para várias doenças, incluindo câncer. Neste estudo, a citotoxicidade dos curcuminoides foi investigada contra a linha de células OSCC HNO97. Nossos dados mostraram que os curcuminoides inibem significativamente a proliferação de HNO97 de forma dependente do tempo e da dose (IC50 = 35 μM). A análise do ciclo celular demonstrou que os curcuminoides aumentaram a porcentagem de populações de células da fase G2 / M nos grupos tratados. O tratamento das células HNO97 com curcuminoides levou ao encolhimento celular e ao aumento das células destacadas, que são a aparência típica das células apoptóticas. Além disso, a análise de citometria de fluxo revelou que os curcuminoides induziram significativamente a apoptose de uma maneira dependente do tempo. Além disso, em resposta ao tratamento com curcuminoides, caudas de cometa foram formadas nos núcleos das células devido à indução de danos ao DNA. O tratamento com curcuminoides reduziu a capacidade de formação de colônias das células HNO97 e induziu alterações morfológicas. No geral, esses achados demonstram que os curcuminoides podem inibir in vitro a proliferação e metástase de HNC e induzir apoptose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/drug effects , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/drug therapy , Curcuma/cytology , Curcuma/toxicity , Head and Neck Neoplasms/prevention & control
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