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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253061, 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364520

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is initial stage of any chronic liver disease and its end stage is develops into cirrhosis. Chronic liver diseases are a crucial global health issue and the cause of approximately 2 million deaths per year worldwide. Cirrhosis is currently the 11th most common cause of death globally. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs) treatment is the best way to treat acute and chronic liver disease. The aim of this study is to improve the therapeutic potential of MSCs combined with melatonin (MLT) to overcome CCl4-induced liver fibrosis and also investigate the individual impact of melatonin and MSCs against CCl4-induced liver impairment in animal model. Female BALB/c mice were used as CCL4-induced liver fibrotic animal model. Five groups of animal model were made; negative control, Positive control, CCl4+MSCs treated group, CCl4+MLT treated group and CCl4+MSCs+MLT treated group. Cultured MSCs from mice bone marrow were transplanted to CCl4-induced liver injured mice model, individually as well as together with melatonin. Two weeks after MSCs and MLT administration, all groups of mice were sacrificed for examination. Morphological and Histopathological results showed that combined therapy of MSCs+MLT showed substantial beneficial impact on CCl4-induced liver injured model, compared with MSCs and MLT individually. Biochemically, considerable reduction was observed in serum bilirubin and ALT levels of MLT+MSC treated mice, compared to other groups. PCR results shown down-regulation of Bax and up-regulation of Bcl-xl and Albumin, confirm a significant therapeutic effect of MSCs+MLT on CCI4-induced liver fibrosis. From the results, it is concluded that combined therapy of MSCs and MLT show strong therapeutic effect on CCL4-induced liver fibrosis, compared with MSCs and MLT individually.


A fibrose hepática é a fase inicial de qualquer doença hepática crônica, e em sua fase final desenvolve-se para cirrose. As doenças hepáticas crônicas são uma questão de saúde global crucial e a causa de aproximadamente 2 milhões de mortes por ano em todo o mundo. A cirrose, hoje em dia, é a 11ª causa mais comum de morte globalmente. O tratamento da célula-tronco mesenquimal (MSCs) é uma maneira eletiva de tratar a doença hepática aguda e crônica. O objetivo deste estudo é melhorar o potencial terapêutico dos MSCs combinados com a melatonina (MLT) para superar a fibrose hepática induzida por CCl4 e também investigar o impacto individual da melatonina e MSCs contra o comprometimento do fígado induzido por CCl4 no modelo animal. Os ratos BALB / C fêmeas foram usados ​​como modelo de animal fibrótico de fígado induzido por CCl4. Cinco grupos de modelo animal foram feitos: Controle Negativo, Controle Positivo, CCl4 + MSCs Tratados Grupo, Grupo Tratado CCl4 + MLT e Grupo Tratado CCl4 + MSCs + MLT. MSCs cultivados da medula óssea dos ratos foram transplantados para o modelo de camundongos de fígado induzido por CCl4, individualmente, bem como em conjunto com a melatonina. Duas semanas após a administração MSCs e MLT, todos os grupos de camundongos foram sacrificados para o exame. Os resultados morfológicos e histopatológicos mostraram que a terapia combinada do MSCs + MLT mostrou impacto benéfico substancial no modelo ferido no fígado induzido pelo CCl4, em comparação com o MSCs e o MLT individualmente. A redução bioquimicamente considerável foi observada em bilirrubina sérica e níveis ALT de ratinhos tratados com MLT + MSCs, em comparação com outros grupos. Os resultados de PCR mostraram regulação negativa do BAX e regulação positiva do BCL-XL e da albumina, confirmando um efeito terapêutico significativo do MSCs + MLT na fibrose hepática induzida por CCl4. Dos resultados, conclui-se que a terapia combinada de MSCs e MLT mostram um forte efeito terapêutico na fibrose hepática induzida por CCl4, em comparação com MSCs e MLT individualmente.


Subject(s)
Rats , Stem Cells , Fibrosis , Liver , Liver Diseases , Melatonin
2.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 80(231): 19-23, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392286

ABSTRACT

En el campo de la odontología, prevalecen actualmente alternativas terapéuticas con una filosofía conservadora. Sin embargo, con el advenimiento de los tratamientos con células madre (CM), se amplían las posibilidades terapéuticas, que buscan la combinación y el equilibrio entre la intervención tradicional y las posibilidades de reposición de estructuras anatómicas dañadas, a través de la regeneración de tejidos utilizando células madre o sus derivados (AU)


In the dentistry field, therapeutic alternatives with a conservative philosophy currently prevail. However, with the advent of stem cell (SC) treatments, therapeutic possibilities are expanding, seeking a combination and balance between traditional intervention and the pos- sibility of replacing damaged anatomical structures through tissue regeneration, using stem cells or their derivatives (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Tissue Engineering , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Periodontal Ligament/physiology , Regeneration/physiology , Tooth/cytology , Tooth Germ/physiology , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Dental Pulp/physiology , Tissue Scaffolds , COVID-19/therapy
3.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(2): 19-24, abr.-jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1398982

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As limitações das terapias atuais para doenças degenerativas da articulação temporomandibular (ATM) levaram ao aumento do interesse em estratégias regenerativas. A engenharia de tecidos (ET), combinando células-tronco, arcabouços e fatores de crescimento, pode fornecer uma substituição biológica funcional e permanente das estruturas da ATM, além de prevenir o avanço de doenças degenerativas. Objetivo: Este artigo descreve as perspectivas atuais da ET das estruturas da ATM em modelos animais. Metodologia: As abordagens da ET foram categorizadas de acordo com as estruturas primárias da ATM: 1) o disco articular, 2) o côndilo mandibular e 3) a fossa glenóide e eminência articular. Resultados: As áreas com a maior quantidade de estudos são o côndilo mandibular e disco articular, em estudos que abordam o uso de arcabouços tridimensionais, de origem sintética e/ou natural, podendo ou não estar associados a células tronco (diferenciadas ou não) e a fatores de crescimento. Conclusão: A ET da ATM ainda é uma área relativamente nova, em desenvolvimento e em constante avanço. Os avanços tecnológicos desenvolvidos nessa área têm o potencial de auxiliar no desenvolvimento de terapias mais eficientes e menos invasivos... (AU)


Introducción: Las limitaciones de las terapias actuales para las enfermedades degenerativas de la articulación temporomandibular (ATM) han llevado a un mayor interés en las estrategias regenerativas. La ingeniería de tejidos, que combina células, andamios y factores de crecimiento, puede proporcionar un reemplazo biológico funcional y permanente de las estructuras de la ATM, además de prevenir el avance de enfermedades degenerativas. Objetivo: Este artículo describe las perspectivas actuales de la ingeniería de tecidos de las estructuras de la ATM en modelos animales. Metodología: Los enfoques de ingeniería de tejidos se clasificaron según las estructuras primarias de la ATM: 1) el disco articular, 2) el cóndilo mandibular y 3) la fosa glenoidea y la eminencia articular. Resultados: Las áreas con mayor número de estudios son el cóndilo mandibular y el disco articular, en estudios que abordan el uso de estructuras tridimensionales, de origen sintético y/o natural, que pueden o no estar asociadas a células (diferenciadas o no) y con factores de crecimiento. Conclusión: La ingeniería de tejidos de la ATM es todavía un área relativamente nueva, en desarrollo y em constante avance. Los avances tecnológicos desarrollados en esta área tienen el potencial de ayudar en el desarrollo de terapias más eficientes y menos invasivas... (AU)


Introduction: The limitations of current therapies for degenerative diseases of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) have led to increased interest in regenerative strategies. Tissue engineering (TE), combining stem cells, scaffolds, and growth factors, can provide a functional and permanent biological replacement of TMJ structures, in addition to preventing the advancement of degenerative diseases. Aim: This article describes current TE perspectives of TMJ structures in animal models. Methods: TE approaches were categorized according to the primary TMJ structures: 1) the articular disc, 2) the mandibular condyle, and 3) the glenoid fossa and articular eminence. Results: The areas with the greatest number of studies are the mandibular condyle and articular disc, in studies that address the use of three-dimensional scaffolds, of synthetic and/or natural origin, which may or may not be associated with stem cells (differentiated or not) and with growth factors. Conclusion: TE of the TMJ is still a relatively new, developing, and constantly advancing area. The technological advances developed in this area have the potential to assist in the development of more efficient and less invasive therapies... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stem Cells , Temporomandibular Joint/surgery , Tissue Engineering , Mandibular Condyle , Technological Development
4.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 63(1): 50-54, jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399683

ABSTRACT

Se reporta el caso de un paciente pediátrico con quemaduras de segundo grado profundo en muslo derecho, con superficie corporal quemada del 8% por agua caliente, que recibió terapia celular como estrategia terapeútica alternativa. Tras procedimiento terapeútico con injertos de piel, se evidenció remanente una úlcera secundaria a quemadura (7 x 4 cm); por lo que, se procedió a valoración para terapia con células madres mesenquimales autólogas procedentes de médula ósea. Se realizó 8 sesiones de sembrado de células madre. La respuesta y evolución fueron favorables, la regeneración de tejidos se dio desde la profundidad hacia la superficie y desde el lateral a medial de la úlcera. Se evidenció revascularización y posterior epitelización de la zona afectada, sin secuelas de cicatrización.


Case report of a pediatric patient with deep second degree burn wounds on the right thigh, body surface area burnt 8% due to boiling water, who received cell therapy as an alternative therapeutic strategy. After a therapeutic procedure with skin grafts, a remaining burn wound (7 x 4 cm) was evidenced; consequently, an assessment for therapy using autologous mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow was made. It was performed 8 sessions of somatic stem cells seeding. Results were favorable, tissue regeneration occurred from the depth to the surface, and from the lateral to medial side of the burn wound. Revascularization and subsequent epithelialization in the affected area were evidenced, without scarring repercussion.


Subject(s)
Burns , Stem Cells , Ulcer , Body Surface Area
5.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(1): 1-13, may. 11, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398893

ABSTRACT

Introduction: This study aimed to prepare a new root repair material including Portland cement, bismuth oxide, and nano-hydroxyapatite and analyze its physicochemical properties and its effects on the proliferation and differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs). Material and Methods: Bismuth oxide as a radiopaque component and nano-hydroxyapatite particles were added to white Portland cement at 20% and 5% weight ratio, respectively. Characterization of the prepared cement was done using conventional methods. To examine the bioactivity of this new material, atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) was used for the investigation of the rate of calcium ions dissolution in simulated body fluid media. The viability of hDPSCs was assessed by an MTT assay after 1, 3 and 7 days. The odontogenic potential of this substance was evaluated by measuring alkaline phosphatase activity and alizarin red S staining. Results: Based on the bioactivity results, the cement presented high bio-activity, corroborating sufficiently with the calcium release patterns. The cell viability was significantly increased in new root repair material containing hydroxyapatite nanoparticles after 3 and 7 days (p<0.05). Conclusion: Moreover, alkaline phosphatase activity increased over 7 days in all experimental groups. The new cement containing nano-hydroxyapatite particles could be a good root repair material.


Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo preparar un nuevo material de reparación de raíces que incluye cemento Portland, óxido de bismuto y nano-hidroxiapatita y analizar sus propiedades fisicoquímicas y sus efectos sobre la proliferación y diferenciación de células madre de pulpa dental humana. Material y Métodos: El óxido de bismuto como compo-nente radiopaco y las partículas de nano-hidroxiapatita se agregaron al cemento Portland blanco en una proporción en peso del 20 % y el 5 %, respectivamente. La caracterización del cemento preparado se realizó utilizando métodos con-vencionales. Para examinar la bioactividad de este nuevo material, se utilizó la espectroscopia de absorción atómica para investigar la velocidad de disolución de los iones de calcio en medio fluido corporal simulado. La viabilidad de las células madre de pulpa dental humana se evaluó mediante un ensayo MTT después de 1, 3 y 7 días. El potencial odontogénico de esta sustancia se evaluó midiendo la actividad de la fosfatasa alcalina y la tinción con rojo de alizarina S.Resultados: Con base en los resultados de bioactividad, el cemento presentó alta bioactividad, corroborando suficientemente con los patrones de liberación de calcio. La viabilidad celular aumentó significativamente en el nuevo material de reparación de raíces que contenía nanopartículas de hidroxiapatita después de 3 y 7 días (p<0,05). Conclusión: Además, la actividad de la fosfatasa alcalina aumentó durante 7 días en todos los grupos experimentales. El nuevo cemento que contiene partículas de nanohidroxiapatita podría ser un buen material de reparación radicular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bismuthum Oxydatum , Silicates/chemical synthesis , Durapatite/chemical synthesis , Dental Cementum/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials , Stem Cells , Dental Pulp , Nanoparticles
6.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(1): 49-55, jan.-mar. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1392234

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As limitações das terapias atuais para doenças degenerativas da articulação temporomandibular (ATM) levaram ao aumento do interesse em estratégias regenerativas. A engenharia de tecidos (ET), combinando células-tronco, arcabouços e fatores de crescimento, pode fornecer uma substituição biológica funcional e permanente das estruturas da ATM, além de prevenir o avanço de doenças degenerativas. Objetivo: Este artigo descreve as perspectivas atuais da ET das estruturas da ATM em modelos animais. Metodologia: As abordagens da ET foram categorizadas de acordo com as estruturas primárias da ATM: 1) o disco articular, 2) o côndilo mandibular e 3) a fossa glenóide e eminência articular. Resultados: As áreas com a maior quantidade de estudos são o côndilo mandibular e disco articular, em estudos que abordam o uso de arcabouços tridimensionais, de origem sintética e/ou natural, podendo ou não estar associados a células tronco (diferenciadas ou não) e a fatores de crescimento. Conclusão: A ET da ATM ainda é uma área relativamente nova, em desenvolvimento e em constante avanço. Os avanços tecnológicos desenvolvidos nessa área têm o potencial de auxiliar no desenvolvimento de terapias mais eficientes e menos invasivos... (AU)


Introducción: Las limitaciones de las terapias actuales para las enfermedades degenerativas de la articulación temporomandibular (ATM) han llevado a un mayor interés en las estrategias regenerativas. La ingeniería de tejidos, que combina células, andamios y factores de crecimiento, puede proporcionar un reemplazo biológico funcional y permanente de las estructuras de la ATM, además de prevenir el avance de enfermedades degenerativas. Objetivo: Este artículo describe las perspectivas actuales de la ingeniería de tecidos de las estructuras de la ATM en modelos animales. Metodología: Los enfoques de ingeniería de tejidos se clasificaron según las estructuras primarias de la ATM: 1) el disco articular, 2) el cóndilo mandibular y 3) la fosa glenoidea y la eminencia articular. Resultados: Las áreas con mayor número de estudios son el cóndilo mandibular y el disco articular, en estudios que abordan el uso de estructuras tridimensionales, de origen sintético y/o natural, que pueden o no estar asociadas a células (diferenciadas o no) y con factores de crecimiento. Conclusión: La ingeniería de tejidos de la ATM es todavía un área relativamente nueva, en desarrollo y en constante avance. Los avances tecnológicos desarrollados en esta área tienen el potencial de ayudar en el desarrollo de terapias más eficientes y menos invasivas... (AU)


Introduction: The limitations of current therapies for degenerative diseases of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) have led to increased interest in regenerative strategies. Tissue engineering (TE), combining stem cells, scaffolds, and growth factors, can provide a functional and permanent biological replacement of TMJ structures, in addition to preventing the advancement of degenerative diseases. Aim: This article describes current TE perspectives of TMJ structures in animal models. Methods: TE approaches were categorized according to the primary TMJ structures: 1) the articular disc, 2) the mandibular condyle, and 3) the glenoid fossa and articular eminence. Results: The areas with the greatest number of studies are the mandibular condyle and articular disc, in studies that address the use of three-dimensional scaffolds, of synthetic and/ or natural origin, which may or may not be associated with stem cells (differentiated or not) and with growth factors. Conclusion: TE of the TMJ is still a relatively new, developing, and constantly advancing area. The technological advances developed in this area have the potential to assist in the development of more efficient and less invasive therapies... (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Stem Cells , Temporomandibular Joint , Cells , Models, Animal , Tissue Engineering , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Growth and Development , Biological Products , Technological Development , Mandibular Condyle
7.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 116 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378343

ABSTRACT

Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can be distinguished from others by their ability to self-renew and to differentiate into new specific cell types. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are adult stem cells that can be obtained from different sources, such as adipose tissue, bone marrow, dental pulp, and umbilical cord. They can either replicate, originating new identical cells, or differentiate into cells of mesodermal origin and from other germ layers. MSC have been studied as new tools for regenerative therapy. Although encouraging results have been demonstrated, MSC-based therapies still face a great barrier: the difficulty of isolating these cells from heterogeneous environments. MSC are currently characterized by immunolabelling through a set of multiple surface membrane markers, including CD29, CD73, CD90 and CD105, which are also expressed by other cell types. Hence, the present work aimed to identify new specific biomarkers for the characterization of human MSC using DNA aptamers produced by the SELEX (Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential Enrichment) technique. Our results showed that MSC from different origins bound to DNA candidate aptamers, that is, DNA or RNA oligonucleotides selected from random libraries that bind specifically to biological targets. Aptamer-bound MSC could be isolated by fluorescenceactivated cell sorting (FACS) procedures, enhancing the induction of differentiation into specific phenotypes (chondrocytes, osteocytes and adipocytes) when compared to the whole MSC population. Flow cytometry analyses revealed that candidate aptamers bound to 50% of the MSC population from dental pulp and did not present significant binding rates to human fibroblasts or lymphocytes, both used as negative control. Moreover, immunofluorescence images and confocal analyses revealed staining of MSC by aptamers localized in the surfacemembrane of these cells. The results also showed internal staining of human monocytes by our investigated aptamers. A non-specific control aptamer (CNTR APT) obtained from the random pool was then utilized to compare the specificity of the aptamers bound to the analyzed non-apoptotic cells, showing no staining for MSC. However, 40% of the monocytes bound to the CNTR APT. Normalized data based on the cells bound to candidate aptamers compared to those bound to the CNTR APT, revealed a 10 to 16-fold higher binding rate for MSC against 2-fold for monocytes. Despite its low specificity, monocyte-aptamer binding occurs probably due to the expression of shared markers with MSC, since monocytes are derived from hematopoietic stem cells and are important for the immune system ability to internalize/phagocyte external molecules. Given that, we performed a pull-down assay followed by mass spectrometry analysis to detect which MSC-specific protein or other target epitope not coexpressed by monocytes or the CNTR APT would bind to the candidate aptamer. Distinguishing between MSC and monocyte epitopes is important, as both cells are involved in immunomodulatory effects after MSC transplantations. ADAM17 was found to be a target of the APT10, emerging as a possible biomarker of MSC, since its involvement in the inhibition of the TGF signaling cascade, which is responsible for the differentiation of MSC. Thus, MSC with a higher stemness profile should overexpress the protein ADAM17, which presents a catalytic site with affinity to APT10. Another target of Apt 10 is VAMP3, belonging to a transmembrane protein complex that is involved in endocytosis and exocytosis processes during immune and inflammatory responses. Overall, proteins identified as targets of APT10 may be cell surface MSC biomarkers, with importance for MSC-based cell and immune therapies


Células tronco são células indiferenciadas que podem ser distinguidas de outros tipos celulares por meio da habilidade de se auto renovarem e de se diferenciarem em novos tipos celulares. Células tronco mesenquimais (MSC) são células tronco adultas encontradas em diferentes tecidos como tecido adiposo, polpa de dente e cordão umbilical. Estas células podem se autodividir em células idênticas ou se diferenciarem em células de origem mesodermal. Estas células têm sido estudadas em novas aplicações que envolvem terapia regenerativas. Embora resultados encorajadores tenham sido demonstrados, terapias que utilizam MSC ainda encontram uma grande barreira: a dificuldade no isolamento destas células a partir de um ambiente heterogêneo. MSC são caracterizadas por populações positivas em ensaios de imunomarcação para os epítopos membranares CD29, CD73, CD90 e CD105, presentes também em outros tipos celulares. Assim, o presente trabalho tem o objetivo de identificar novos biomarcadores de MSC de origem humana, utilizando aptâmeros de DNA produzidos pela técnica SELEX (Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential Enrichment) como ferramenta. Nossos resultados mostraram que MSC de diferentes origens ligam-se a aptâmeros (oligonucleotídeos de DNA ou RNA que atuam como ligantes específicos de alvos moleculares) de DNA candidatos que atuam no isolamento de MSC por meio da técnica FACS de separação celular, promovendo uma maior indução de diferenciação em células específicas (condrócitos, osteócitos e adipócitos) comparada com a população total de MSC. Análises de citometria de fluxo mostraram que os aptâmeros candidatos se ligam a 50% das MSC de polpa de dente e não apresentam taxa de ligação significante para fibroblastos e linfócitos de origem humana - utilizados como controles negativo. Além domais, imagens de imunofluorescência e confocal mostraram ligação na superfície da membrana de MSC e a marcação interna de monócitos a estes aptâmeros. Portanto, um aptâmero controle (CNTR APT) foi utilizado para comparar a especificidade dos aptâmeros ligados a células viáveis, mostrando a não ligação deste aptâmero a MSC. Porém, 40% da população de monócitos ligou-se ao CNTR APT. Uma normalização baseada na comparação entre as taxas de ligação entre células ligadas com aptâmeros candidatos e o aptâmero controle gerou uma taxa de especificidade entre 10-16 vezes maior para MSC contra 2,5 vezes para os monócitos. Deste modo, embora os resultados tenham mostrado uma taxa de ligação entre monócitos e aptâmeros, as MSC ligadas aos aptâmeros candidatos possuem uma maior taxa de especificidade devido a uma maior presença de antígenos que são expressos em ambas as células. Um ensaio de Pull Down seguido de espectrometria de massas foi utilizado para a identificação de biomarcadores que se ligariam aos aptâmeros candidatos, e que não seriam co-expressos por monócitos e por antígenos ligados ao aptâmero controle. Deste modo, a proteína ADAM17 foi identificada nas amostras de APT10 ligadas às MSC. Tal proteína está relacionada à inibição de uma cascata de sinalização da família de proteínas TGF, responsável pela diferenciação de MSC. Assim, MSC com maior potencial tronco deveriam expressar ADAM17 em maior quantidade. Tal proteína apresenta um sítio catalítico que demonstra interagir com o APT10, de acordo com predição Docking entre proteína e DNA. Foi identificada também, a proteína VAMP3, que pertence a um complexo proteico transmembranar responsável pelos processos de endocitose e exocitose, e que podem ter um papel importante na liberação de citocinas e outras moléculas relacionadas às respostas imune e inflamatórias. Deste modo, o APT10 identificou proteínas importantes que devem estar relacionas com a melhora de imunoterapias que utilizam MSC


Subject(s)
Stem Cells , Biomarkers/analysis , SELEX Aptamer Technique/instrumentation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/classification , ADAM17 Protein/pharmacology , Patient Isolation , Mass Spectrometry/methods , Staining and Labeling/methods , Transplantation/adverse effects , Umbilical Cord , DNA/agonists , Transforming Growth Factors/agonists , Cell Separation/instrumentation , Cytokines/adverse effects , Adipocytes/metabolism , Chondrocytes/classification , Scientists for Health and Research for Development , Adult Stem Cells/classification , Fibroblasts/chemistry , Flow Cytometry/instrumentation , Germ Layers , Antigens/adverse effects
8.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1353703

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the effect of application of Biodentine (BD), Photobiomodulation (PBM) using 810 nm diode laser and both on the proliferation and odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (HDPSCs). Material and Methods: HDPSCs were collected, isolated, and characterized and then divided into six groups: groups 1, control; groups 2, biodentine (BD); group 3, irradiation at 1 J/cm 2 of 810-nm diode laser; group 4, irradiation at 1 J/cm 2 and culture with BD; group 5, irradiation at 2 J/cm 2, and group 6, irradiation at 2 J/cm 2 and culture with BD. Viability assay was measured through MTT assay and Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzyme activity and mRNA levels of RUNX2, collagen 1 (Col-1) and BMP2 were also assessed. Results: Photobiomodulation at 1 and 2 J/cm 2 combined with biodentine significantly promoted HDPSCs proliferation (in MTT assay results) and odontogenic differentiation (through the gene expression of RUNX2, Col-1 and BMP2 levels (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Photobiomodulation at 2 J/cm 2 combined with biodentine enhanced proliferation and odontogenic differentiation of cultured HDPSCs and thus could further be beneficial for dentin regeneration (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da aplicação de Biodentina (BD), Fotobiomodulação (PBM) usando diodo de laser de 810 nm e ambos na proliferação e diferenciação odontogênica de células tronco cultivadas da polpa dental (HDPSCs). Material e Métodos: HDPSCs foram coletadas, isoladas, caracterizadas e então divididas em seis grupos: grupo 1, controle; grupo 2, biodentina (BD); grupo 3, irradiação com diodo de laser a 1 J/cm2 de 810- nm; grupo 4, irradiação a 1 J/cm 2 e cultivo com BD; grupo 5, irradiação a 2 J/cm2, e grupo 6, irradiação a 2 J/cm2 e cultivo com BD. A viabilidade foi mensurada através do teste MTT e a atividade da enzima Fosfatase alcalina (ALP), e níveis de RNAm de RUNX2, de colágeno 1 (Col-1) e de BMP2 foram também mensurados. Resultados: Fotobiomodulação a 1 e 2 J/cm 2 combinada com biodentina promoveu significativa proliferação de HDPSCs (nos resultados do teste MTT) e diferenciação odontogênica (através da expressão genética dos níveis de RUNX2, Col-1 e BMP2 (p < 0.05)). Conclusão: Fotobiomodulação a 2 J/cm2 combinada com biodentina aumentou a proliferação e diferenciação odontogênica de HDPSCs cultivadas e dessa forma poderia ser benéfica para a regeneração dentinária. (AU)


Subject(s)
Stem Cells , Collagen Type I , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit
9.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-12, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363062

ABSTRACT

Objective: 1) To critically review the published literature on applications of dental stem cells in the regeneration of intraoral tissues. 2) To provide an evidence-based level on research regarding application of dental stem cells in intraoral tissues regeneration. Methodology: This systematic review is conducted as per the JBI guidelines and reported as per the PRISMA. An initial literature search of papers published between 2004 and 2018 yielded 421 manuscripts. Nineteen studies satisfied the inclusion / exclusion criteria and were included for qualitative synthesis. Studies were categorized as animal (11) and human (8) trials. Five independent reviewers critically assessed the included studies. Risk of bias was assessed using SYstematic Review Centre for Laboratory animal Experimentation (SYRCLE) bias risk tool, robins-I tool for non-randomised clinical trial and Cochrane Collaboration's Tool for randomised clinical trial. Evidence levels were assessed based on JBI Criteria. Results: Animal trials mainly focused on periodontal regeneration. A high or unclear Risk of bias was more commonly found amongst animal studies. Laboratory, clinical and radiographic evaluation were used to assess the outcome. A total of Eight Human studies were conducted on a total samples size of 153 upon a wide age ranging from seven years to 60 years. Nearly 70% of the human studies used DPSC for regenerating alveolar bone defects. Conclusion: Appropriate well designed double-blind randomized clinical trials of longer duration are yet to be performed. Evidence for the included studies were 1C and 1D as per the JBI Criteria. Stem cell therapy demonstrated promising results in Periodontal tissue and alveolar bone regeneration. However, the number of studies to claim such a benefit are very limited (AU)


Objetivo: 1) Revisar criticamente a literatura publicada sobre aplicações de células-tronco dentárias na regeneração de tecidos intraorais. 2) Fornecer um nível baseado em evidências sobre pesquisas relacionadas à aplicação de células-tronco dentárias na regeneração de tecidos intraorais. Metodologia: Esta revisão sistemática é conduzida de acordo com as diretrizes do JBI e relatada de acordo com o PRISMA. Uma pesquisa bibliográfica inicial de artigos publicados entre 2004 e 2018 resultou em 421 manuscritos. Dezenove estudos satisfizeram os critérios de inclusão / exclusão e foram incluídos para síntese qualitativa. Os estudos foram categorizados como ensaios em animais (11) e humanos (8). Cinco revisores independentes avaliaram criticamente os estudos incluídos. O risco de viés foi avaliado usando a ferramenta de risco de viés do Centro de Revisão Sistemática para Experimentação com Animais de Laboratório (SYRCLE), a ferramenta robins-I para ensaios clínicos não randomizados e a Ferramenta da Colaboração Cochrane para ensaios clínicos randomizados. Os níveis de evidência foram avaliados com base nos critérios JBI. Resultados: Os ensaios em animais focaram principalmente na regeneração periodontal. Um risco alto ou pouco claro de viés foi mais comumente encontrado entre os estudos com animais. Avaliações laboratorial, clínica e radiográfica foram utilizadas para avaliar o resultado. Um total de oito estudos em humanos foram conduzidos em um tamanho total de amostras de 153 com ampla faixa etária, variando de sete a 60 anos. Quase 70% dos estudos em humanos usaram DPSC para regeneração de defeitos ósseos alveolares. Conclusão: Ensaios clínicos randomizados duplo-cegos apropriados e bem elaborados de maior duração ainda precisam ser realizados. As evidências para os estudos incluídos foram 1C e 1D de acordo com os critérios JBI. A terapia com células-tronco demonstrou resultados promissores na regeneração do tecido periodontal e do osso alveolar. No entanto, o número de estudos para reivindicar tal benefício é muito limitado (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Stem Cells , Tooth, Deciduous , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal , Dental Pulp
10.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1386812

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To review existing literature and provide an update on the current use of Bio-Inks and potential future use. Material and Methods: A MeSH keyword search was conducted to find out relevant articles for this short review. Results: Bio inks used in 3D printing grafting require various properties essential for the selection. Combining multiple methods and improved properties is essential for developing successful bio-inks for 3D grafting of functional tissues and tooth pulp regeneration from stem cells. To date, researchers have made many efforts to grow teeth based on stem cells and inculcate regeneration of teeth along with surrounding tissues like alveolar bones and periodontal ligaments. Conclusion: 3D printing with Bio-Inks requires strict adherence to safety protocols for successful outcomes, making it difficult to employ this routinely.


Subject(s)
Stem Cells , Bone Remodeling , Bioengineering , Printing, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation , Security Measures/ethics , Biocompatible Materials
11.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210114, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365227

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To compare the cytotoxicity of commercial reparative endodontic cements on human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs). Material and Methods The culture of hPDLSCs was established. Cell density was set at 2 × 104 cells/well in 96-well plates. Extracts of Biodentine, Bio-C Repair, Cimmo HD, MTA Repair HP and White MTA were prepared. Then, the extracts were diluted (pure, 1:4 and 1:16) and inserted into cell-seeded wells for 24, 48, and 72 h to assess cell viability through MTT assay. hPDLSCs incubated with culture medium alone served as a negative control group. Data were analyzed by Two-Way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results At 24 h, pure extract of MTA Repair HP and Biodentine 1:16 presented higher cell viability compared to control. Lower cell viability was found for pure extract of Cimmo HD, MTA Repair HP 1:4 and 1:16, and White MTA 1:16. At 48 h, pure extract of Bio-C Repair and MTA Repair HP presented higher cell viability compared to control. At 72 h, only the pure extract of MTA Repair HP led to higher cell proliferation compared to control. Conclusion Biodentine, Bio-C Repair and MTA Repair HP were able to induce hPDLSCs proliferation. Cimmo HD and White MTA were found to be mostly cytotoxic in hPDLSCs.


Subject(s)
Periodontal Ligament/anatomy & histology , Root Canal Filling Materials , Stem Cells/immunology , Cytotoxicity Tests, Immunologic/instrumentation , Dental Cements , Immunologic Tests/instrumentation , Brazil , Cell Count , Analysis of Variance , Endodontics , Primary Cell Culture
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936323

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the the effects of leptin on the proliferation, differentiation and PTEN expression of rat retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) cultured under hypoxic condition.@*METHODS@#SD rat RPCs were cultured in normoxic conditions or exposed to hypoxia in the presence of 0, 0.3, 1.0, 3.0, 10, and 30 nmol/L leptin for 12, 48 and 72 h, and the cell viability was assessed using cell counting kit 8 (CCK 8) assay. The RPCs in primary culture were divided into control group, hypoxia group, and hypoxia+leptin group, and after 48 h of culture, the cell medium was replaced with differentiation medium and the cells were further cultured for 6 days. Immunofluorescence staining was employed to detect the cells positive for β-tubulin III and GFAP, and Western blotting was used to examine the expression of PTEN at 48 h of cell culture.@*RESULTS@#The first generation of RPCs showed suspended growth in the medium with abundant and bright cellular plasma and formed mulberry like cell spheres after 2 days of culture. Treatment with low-dose leptin (below 3.0 nmol/L) for 48 h obviously improved the viability of RPCs cultured in hypoxia, while at high concentrations (above 10 nmol/L), leptin significantly suppressed the cell viability (P < 0.05). The cells treated with 3.0 nmol/L leptin for 48 h showed the highest viability (P < 0.05). After treatment with 3.0 nmol/L leptin for 48 h, the cells with hypoxic exposure showed similar GFAP and β-tubulin Ⅲ positivity with the control cells (P>0.05), but exhibited an obvious down-regulation of PTEN protein expression compared with the control cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In rat RPCs with hypoxic exposure, treatment with low dose leptin can promote the cell proliferation and suppress cellular PTEN protein expression without causing significant effects on cell differentiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Hypoxia/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Leptin/pharmacology , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Retina/metabolism , Stem Cells/metabolism , Tubulin
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929149

ABSTRACT

Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is an important lipid mediator that regulates a diverse range of intracellular cell signaling pathways that are relevant to tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. However, the precise function of S1P in dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and its osteogenic differentiation remains unclear. We here investigated the function of S1P/S1P receptor (S1PR)-mediated cellular signaling in the osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs and clarified the fundamental signaling pathway. Our results showed that S1P-treated DPSCs exhibited a low rate of differentiation toward the osteogenic phenotype in association with a marked reduction in osteogenesis-related gene expression and AKT activation. Of note, both S1PR1/S1PR3 and S1PR2 agonists significantly downregulated the expression of osteogenic genes and suppressed AKT activation, resulting in an attenuated osteogenic capacity of DPSCs. Most importantly, an AKT activator completely abrogated the S1P-mediated downregulation of osteoblastic markers and partially prevented S1P-mediated attenuation effects during osteogenesis. Intriguingly, the pro-inflammatory TNF-α cytokine promoted the infiltration of macrophages toward DPSCs and induced S1P production in both DPSCs and macrophages. Our findings indicate that the elevation of S1P under inflammatory conditions suppresses the osteogenic capacity of the DPSCs responsible for regenerative endodontics.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Dental Pulp/metabolism , Lysophospholipids , Osteogenesis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Sphingosine/analogs & derivatives , Stem Cells
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929147

ABSTRACT

Parental imprinting is an epigenetic process leading to monoallelic expression of certain genes depending on their parental origin. Imprinting diseases are characterized by growth and metabolic issues starting from birth to adulthood. They are mainly due to methylation defects in imprinting control region that drive the abnormal expression of imprinted genes. We currently lack relevant animal or cellular models to unravel the pathophysiology of growth failure in these diseases. We aimed to characterize the methylation of imprinting regions in dental pulp stem cells and during their differentiation in osteogenic cells (involved in growth regulation) to assess the interest of this cells in modeling imprinting diseases. We collected dental pulp stem cells from five controls and four patients (three with Silver-Russell syndrome and one with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome). Methylation analysis of imprinting control regions involved in these syndromes showed a normal profile in controls and the imprinting defect in patients. These results were maintained in dental pulp stem cells cultured under osteogenic conditions. Furthermore, we confirmed the same pattern in six other loci involved in imprinting diseases in humans. We also confirmed monoallelic expression of H19 (an imprinted gene) in controls and its biallelic expression in one patient. Extensive imprinting control regions methylation analysis shows the strong potential of dental pulp stem cells in modeling imprinting diseases, in which imprinting regions are preserved in culture and during osteogenic differentiation. This will allow to perform in vitro functional and therapeutic tests in cells derived from dental pulp stem cells and generate other cell-types.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , DNA Methylation , Dental Pulp , Genomic Imprinting , Humans , Osteogenesis/genetics , Stem Cells
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929146

ABSTRACT

The programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and its receptor programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) deliver inhibitory signals to regulate immunological tolerance during immune-mediated diseases. However, the role of PD-1 signaling and its blockade effect on human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) differentiation into the osteo-/odontogenic lineage remain unknown. We show here that PD-L1 expression, but not PD-1, is downregulated during osteo-/odontogenic differentiation of hDPSCs. Importantly, PD-L1/PD-1 signaling has been shown to negatively regulate the osteo-/odontogenic differentiation of hDPSCs. Mechanistically, depletion of either PD-L1 or PD-1 expression increased ERK and AKT phosphorylation levels through the upregulation of Ras enzyme activity, which plays a pivotal role during hDPSCs osteo-/odontogenic differentiation. Treatment with nivolumab (a human anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody), which targets PD-1 to prevent PD-L1 binding, successfully enhanced osteo-/odontogenic differentiation of hDPSCs through enhanced Ras activity-mediated phosphorylation of ERK and AKT. Our findings underscore that downregulation of PD-L1 expression accompanies during osteo-/odontogenic differentiation, and hDPSCs-intrinsic PD-1 signaling inhibits osteo-/odontogenic differentiation. These findings provide a significant basis that PD-1 blockade could be effective immunotherapeutic strategies in hDPSCs-mediated dental pulp regeneration.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Dental Pulp/metabolism , Humans , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/metabolism , Regeneration , Stem Cells
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929135

ABSTRACT

Therapeutic dentin regeneration remains difficult to achieve, and a majority of the attention has been given to anabolic strategies to promote dentinogenesis directly, whereas, the available literature is insufficient to understand the role of inflammation and inflammatory complement system on dentinogenesis. The aim of this study is to determine the role of complement C5a receptor (C5aR) in regulating dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) differentiation and in vivo dentin regeneration. Human DPSCs were subjected to odontogenic differentiation in osteogenic media treated with the C5aR agonist and C5aR antagonist. In vivo dentin formation was evaluated using the dentin injury/pulp-capping model of the C5a-deficient and wild-type mice. In vitro results demonstrate that C5aR inhibition caused a substantial reduction in odontogenic DPSCs differentiation markers such as DMP-1 and DSPP, while the C5aR activation increased these key odontogenic genes compared to control. A reparative dentin formation using the C5a-deficient mice shows that dentin regeneration is significantly reduced in the C5a-deficient mice. These data suggest a positive role of C5aR in the odontogenic DPSCs differentiation and tertiary/reparative dentin formation. This study addresses a novel regulatory pathway and a therapeutic approach for improving the efficiency of dentin regeneration in affected teeth.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Complement C5a/metabolism , Dental Pulp/physiology , Dentin , Mice , Receptor, Anaphylatoxin C5a , Stem Cells
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939857

ABSTRACT

Pulp loss is accompanied by the functional impairment of defense, sensory, and nutrition supply. The approach based on endogenous stem cells is a potential strategy for pulp regeneration. However, endogenous stem cell sources, exogenous regenerative signals, and neovascularization are major difficulties for pulp regeneration based on endogenous stem cells. Therefore, the purpose of our research is to seek an effective cytokines delivery strategy and bioactive materials to reestablish an ideal regenerative microenvironment for pulp regeneration. In in vitro study, we investigated the effects of Wnt3a, transforming growth factor-beta 1, and bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) on human dental pulp stem cells (h-DPSCs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells. 2D and 3D culture systems based on collagen gel, matrigel, and gelatin methacryloyl were fabricated to evaluate the morphology and viability of h-DPSCs. In in vivo study, an ectopic nude mouse model and an in situ beagle dog model were established to investigate the possibility of pulp regeneration by implanting collagen gel loading BMP7. We concluded that BMP7 promoted the migration and odontogenic differentiation of h-DPSCs and vessel formation. Collagen gel maintained the cell adhesion, cell spreading, and cell viability of h-DPSCs in 2D or 3D culture. The transplantation of collagen gel loading BMP7 induced vascularized pulp-like tissue regeneration in vivo. The injectable approach based on collagen gel loading BMP7 might exert promising therapeutic application in endogenous pulp regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7/pharmacology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Collagen/pharmacology , Dental Pulp , Dogs , Endothelial Cells , Gelatin , Humans , Methacrylates , Mice , Regeneration , Stem Cells
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939849

ABSTRACT

Human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) are a promising cell type for bone tissue regeneration. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been shown to play a critical role in regulating various cell differentiation and involve in mesenchymal stem cell osteogenesis. However, how circRNAs regulate hASCs in osteogenesis is still unclear. Herein, we found circ_0003204 was significantly downregulated during osteogenic differentiation of hASCs. Knockdown of circ_0003204 by siRNA or overexpression by lentivirus confirmed circ_0003204 could negatively regulate the osteogenic differentiation of hASCs. We performed dual-luciferase reporting assay and rescue experiments to verify circ_0003204 regulated osteogenic differentiation via sponging miR-370-3p. We predicted and confirmed that miR-370-3p had targets in the 3'-UTR of HDAC4 mRNA. The following rescue experiments indicated that circ_0003204 regulated the osteogenic differentiation of hASCs via miR-370-3p/HDAC4 axis. Subsequent in vivo experiments showed the silencing of circ_0003204 increased the bone formation and promoted the expression of osteogenic-related proteins in a mouse bone defect model, while overexpression of circ_0003204 inhibited bone defect repair. Our findings indicated that circ_0003204 might be a promising target to promote the efficacy of hASCs in repairing bone defects.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue/metabolism , Animals , Cell Differentiation/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Histone Deacetylases/metabolism , Humans , Mice , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Osteogenesis/genetics , RNA, Circular/metabolism , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Stem Cells/metabolism
19.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 491-495, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936037

ABSTRACT

Impaired healing of diabetic wounds is mainly attributed to its pathological mechanism, and refractory diabetic wounds bring heavy burdens to patients and society. Exosomes derived from stem cells possess the similar ability as stem cells in promoting tissue regeneration and more clinical advantages and are gradually playing important roles in wound healing. In recent years, researches have shown that exosomes derived from adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSC-EXOs) can promote the healing of diabetic wounds by participating in various processes of wound healing. This article reviews the pathological mechanism leading to impaired healing of diabetic wounds, the related mechanism and the application prospect of ADSC-EXOs in promoting diabetic wound healing.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Exosomes , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Stem Cells , Wound Healing
20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 296-300, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936009

ABSTRACT

Sweat gland is one of the important appendage organs of the skin, which plays an important role in thermoregulation and homeostasis maintenance. Sweat glands are damaged and unable to self-repair after burns, resulting in perspiration disorders eventually. However, current clinical strategies cannot restore the function of the damaged sweat glands effectively. Therefore, it is urgent to seek treatments that can promote the regeneration of sweat glands and restore their normal functions. Stem cells have extensive sources, low immunogenicity, high proliferation capacity, and multi-directional differentiation potential, which have become a focus in the field of regenerative medicine. In recent years, a variety of stem cells have been induced to differentiate into sweat gland-like tissue with certain secretory function, which provides treatment direction for sweat gland regeneration after burns in clinic. This article reviews the recent research advances on the application of stem cells in sweat gland regeneration from the perspectives of the manner by which stem cells transform into sweat gland cells in different environments and their influencing factors.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation/physiology , Regeneration/physiology , Skin , Stem Cells , Sweat Glands/physiology
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