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1.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 65-74, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345502

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study investigated the effect of three commercial calcium silicate-based materials (CSBM) on cytotoxicity and pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines production in cultured human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs). Culture of hPDLSCs was established and characterized. Extracts of Bio-C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil), MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) and PBS Cimmo HP (Cimmo Soluções em Saúde, Pouso Alegre, MG, Brazil) were prepared by placing cement specimens (5 x 3 mm) in culture medium. Then, the extracts were serially two-fold diluted (1, 1:2, 1:4, 1:8, 1:16) and inserted into the cell-seeded wells for 24, 48 and 72 h for MTT assays. TNF-α and IL-10 cytokines were quantified by ELISA at 24h-cell supernatants. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). All CSBM exhibited some cytotoxicity that varied according to extract concentration and time of evaluation. MTA Fillapex presented the highest cytotoxic effects with significant reduction of metabolic activity/cell viability when compared to Bio-C Sealer and Cimmo HP®. TNF-α was significantly upregulated by the three tested cements (p < 0.05) while only MTA Fillapex significantly upregulated IL-10 in comparison to control. Taken collectively, the results showed that PBS Cimmo HP®, Bio-C Sealer and MTA Fillapex present mild and transient cytotoxicity and slightly induced TNF-α production. MTA Fillapex upregulated IL-10 release by hPDLSCs.


Resumo Este estudo investigou o efeito de três materiais comerciais à base de silicato de cálcio (CSBM) na citotoxicidade e na produção de citocinas pró e antiinflamatórias em células-tronco do ligamento periodontal humano (hPDLSCs). Cultura de hPDLSCs foi estabelecida e caracterizada. Extratos de Bio-C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brasil), MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brasil) e PBS Cimmo HP® (Cimmo Soluções em Saúde, Pouso Alegre, MG, Brasil) foram preparados com a colocação de espécimes dos cimentos (5 x 3 mm) em meio de cultura. Em seguida, os extratos foram diluídos (1, 1: 2, 1: 4, 1: 8, 1:16) e inseridos nos poços semeados de células para ensaio de citotoxicidade por meio de MTT por 24, 48 e 72 h. As citocinas TNF-α e IL-10 foram quantificadas por ELISA em sobrenadantes de células de 24 h. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA e teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Todos os CSBM exibiram alguma citotoxicidade que variou de acordo com a concentração do extrato e o tempo de avaliação. O MTA Fillapex apresentou os maiores efeitos citotóxicos com redução significativa da atividade metabólica / viabilidade celular quando comparado ao Bio-C Sealer e Cimmo HP®. O TNF-α foi regulado positivamente pelos três cimentos testados (p <0,05), enquanto apenas o MTA Fillapex regulou positivamente a liberação de IL-10 em comparação com o controle. Tomados em conjunto, os resultados mostraram que PBS Cimmo HP®, Bio-C Sealer e MTA Fillapex apresentam citotoxicidade leve e transitória e induziram a produção de TNF-α. O MTA Fillapex regulou positivamente a liberação de IL-10 por hPDLSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Root Canal Filling Materials/adverse effects , Stem Cells/drug effects , Silicates/adverse effects , Calcium Compounds/adverse effects , Oxides , Materials Testing , Cytokines/metabolism , Aluminum Compounds
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190215, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056582

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This study evaluated the angiogenesis-enhancing potential of a tricalcium silicate-based mineral trioxide aggregate (ProRoot MTA), Biodentine, and a novel bioceramic root canal sealer (Well-Root ST) in human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs), human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPLSCs), and human tooth germ stem cells (hTGSCs). Methodology: Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium was conditioned for 24 h by exposure to ProRoot MTA, Biodentine, or Well-Root ST specimens (prepared according to the manufacturers' instructions). The cells were cultured in these conditioned media and their viability was assessed with 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxy-methoxy-phenyl)-2-(4-sulfo-phenyl)-2H tetrazolium (MTS) on days 1, 3, 7, 10, and 14. Angiogenic growth factors [platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)] were assayed by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on days 1, 7, and 14. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) migration assays were used to evaluate the vascular effects of the tested materials at 6-8 h. Statistical analyses included Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and Friedman and Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Results: None of tricalcium silicate-based materials were cytotoxic and all induced a similar release of angiogenic growth factors (PDGF, FGF-2, and VEGF) (p>0.05). The best cell viability was observed for hDPSCs (p<0.05) with all tricalcium silicate-based materials at day 14. Tube formation by HUVECs showed a significant increase with all tested materials (p<0.05). Conclusion: The tricalcium silicate-based materials showed potential for angiogenic stimulation of all stem cell types and significantly enhanced tube formation by HUVECs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Ceramics/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Periodontal Ligament/drug effects , Tooth Germ/cytology , Tooth Germ/drug effects , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/analysis , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/drug effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/analysis , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/drug effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Flow Cytometry
3.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(2): 43-50, Jun. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1025463

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de Crohn constituye una enfermedad inflamatoria crónica que puede cursar con fistulas complejas en hasta un 20% de los pacientes. A pesar de la intensificación del tratamiento, asociado o no a la cirugía, todavía es considerable el porcentaje de pacientes que no responden al tratamiento. En los últimos años se ha empezado a desarrollar nuevas terapias que permitan conseguir una mayor tasa de curación de estos pacientes, con las mínimas complicaciones posibles. Es cuando aparecen agentes que pretenden de forma directa el sellado o intervienen en la reducción local de la inflamación. Es objetivo de este artículo mostrar el papel de la Medicina Regenerativa en el tratamiento de estos pacientes.


Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease that can occur with complex fistulas in up to 20% of patients. Despite the intensification of treatment, associated with no surgery, the percentage of patients who do not respond to treatment is still considerable. In recent years, new therapies have been developed to achieve a higher cure rate for these patients, with the minimum possible complications. It is when agents appear to pretend as seal fistula tract as the local reduction of inflammation. The aim of this article is to show the role of Regenerative Medicine in the treatment of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Crohn Disease/therapy , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/therapeutic use , Rectal Fistula/therapy , Regenerative Medicine , Stem Cells/drug effects , Crohn Disease/complications , Platelet-Rich Plasma/drug effects
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(5): 431-438, May 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949342

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of this thymol-rich oil in the proliferation of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells. Methods: Stem cells were isolated from human adipose tissue by liposuction. After the first passage, cells were cultivated in triplicate for three days in control medium and medium supplemented with three oil samples (1.0 μg/mL, 5.0 μg/mL, and 25.0 μg/mL). Cells were analyzed by the MTT assay at passage 1 (P1), and cell proliferation of control and 1 μg/mL groups was determined with a hemocytometer at P2 and P3. Results: Viability of the essential oil-treated cells was significantly higher than the control group at P1 (p = 0.0008). The treatment with the oil, at a concentration of 1 µg/mL, led to increases of 24.8% at P1 and 43.0% at P3 in the rate of cell proliferation compared with control cells. Conclusion: Supplementing culture medium with essential oil of Lippia origanoides increased cell proliferation, especially at later passages.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Thymol/pharmacology , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Lippia/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Plant Oils/chemistry , Oils, Volatile/chemistry , Lipectomy , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Culture Media
5.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20160629, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893696

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of the capping materials mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), calcium hydroxide (CH) and BiodentineTM (BD) on stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) in vitro. Material and Methods: SHED were cultured for 1 - 7 days in medium conditioned by incubation with MTA, BD or CH (1 mg/mL), and tested for viability (MTT assay) and proliferation (SRB assay). Also, the migration of serum-starved SHED towards conditioned media was assayed in companion plates, with 8 μm-pore-sized membranes, for 24 h. Gene expression of dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP-1) was evaluated by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Regular culture medium with 10% FBS (without conditioning) and culture medium supplemented with 20% FBS were used as controls. Results: MTA, CH and BD conditioned media maintained cell viability and allowed continuous SHED proliferation, with CH conditioned medium causing the highest positive effect on proliferation at the end of the treatment period (compared with BD and MTA) (p<0.05). In contrast, we observed increased SHED migration towards BD and MTA conditioned media (compared with CH) (p<0.05). A greater amount of DMP-1 gene was expressed in MTA group compared with the other groups from day 7 up to day 21. Conclusion: Our results show that the three capping materials are biocompatible, maintain viability and stimulate proliferation, migration and differentiation in a key dental stem cell population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/pharmacology , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Stem Cells/physiology , Time Factors , Tooth, Deciduous/drug effects , Materials Testing , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Movement/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dental Pulp Capping/methods , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Drug Combinations , Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases/drug effects
6.
Biol. Res ; 51: 41, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983943

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) can be defined as degradation of articular cartilage of the joint, and is the most common degenerative disease. To regenerate the damaged cartilage, different experimental approaches including stem cell therapy have been tried. One of the major limitations of stem cell therapy is the poor post-transplantation survival of the stem cells. Anoikis, where insufficient matrix support and adhesion to extracellular matrix causes apoptotic cell death, is one of the main causes of the low post-transplantation survival rate of stem cells. Therefore, enhancing the initial interaction of the transplanted stem cells with chondrocytes could improve the therapeutic efficacy of stem cell therapy for OA. Previously, protein kinase C activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)- induced increase of mesenchymal stem cell adhesion via activation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) has been reported. In the present study, we examine the effect PMA on the adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) adhesion and spreading to culture substrates, and further on the initial interaction between ADSC and chondrocytes. RESULTS: PMA treatment increased the initial adhesion of ADSC to culture substrate and cellular spreading with increased expression of adhesion molecules, such as FAK, vinculin, talin, and paxillin, at both RNA and protein level. Priming of ADSC with PMA increased the number of ADSCs attached to confluent layer of cultured chondrocytes compared to that of untreated ADSCs at early time point (4 h after seeding). CONCLUSION: Taken together, the results of this study suggest that priming ADSCs with PMA can increase the initial interaction with chondrocytes, and this proof of concept can be used to develop a non-invasive therapeutic approach for treating OA. It may also accelerate the regeneration process so that it can relieve the accompanied pain faster in OA patients. Further in vivo studies examining the therapeutic effect of PMA pretreatment of ADSCs for articular cartilage damage are required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells/drug effects , Protein Kinase C/pharmacology , Cartilage, Articular/cytology , Chondrocytes/cytology , Cell Adhesion , Cell Communication , Cell Differentiation , Cell Survival , Blotting, Western , Cell Culture Techniques , Chondrocytes/drug effects , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
7.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(2): 297-303, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887236

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction and aim. The inability to distinguish cancer (CSCs) from normal stem cells (NSCs) has hindered attempts to identify safer, more effective therapies for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to document and compare cell membrane potential differences (PDs) of CSCs and NSCs derived from human HCC and healthy livers respectively and determine whether altered GABAergic innervation could explain the differences. Material and methods. Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) positive stem cells were isolated from human liver tissues by magnetic bead separations. Cellular PDs were recorded by microelectrode impalement of freshly isolated cells. GABAA receptor subunit expression was documented by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunofluorescence. Results. CSCs were significantly depolarized (-7.0 ± 1.3 mV) relative to NSCs (-23.0 ± 1.4 mV, p < 0.01). The depolarized state was associated with different GABAA receptor subunit expression profiles wherein phasic transmission, represented by GAGAA α3 subunit expression, was prevalent in CSCs while tonic transmission, represented by GABAA α6 subunit expression, prevailed in NSCs. In addition, GABAA subunits α3, β3, γ3 and δ were strongly expressed in CSCs while GABAA π expression was dominant in NSCs. CSCs and NSCs responded similarly to GABAA receptor agonists (ΔPD: 12.5 ± 1.2 mV and 11.0 ± 3.5 mV respectively). Conclusion. The results of this study indicate that CSCs are significantly depolarized relative to NSCs and these differences are associated with differences in GABAA receptor subunit expression. Together they provide new insights into the pathogenesis and possible treatment of human HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplastic Stem Cells/metabolism , Receptors, GABA-A/metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism , GABA-A Receptor Agonists/pharmacology , Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule/metabolism , Liver/cytology , Liver Neoplasms/metabolism , Phenotype , Stem Cells/drug effects , Neoplastic Stem Cells/drug effects , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Biomarkers/metabolism , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Immunomagnetic Separation , Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects , Receptors, GABA-A/genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Protein Subunits , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Membrane Potentials/drug effects
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(5): 481-486, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-797986

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the cytotoxic effects of Biodentine and MTA on dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and to assess cell viability and adherence after material exposure to an acidic environment. Material and Methods: DPSCs were cultured either alone or in contact with either: Biodentine; MTA set for 1 hour; or MTA set for 24 hours. After 4 and 7 days, cell viability was measured using the MTT assay. Biodentine and MTA were also prepared and packed into standardized bovine dentin disks and divided into three groups according to the storage media (n=6/group): freshly mixed materials without storage medium (Group A); materials stored in saline (Group B); materials stored in citric acid buffered at pH 5.4 (Group C). After 24 hours, DPSCs were introduced in the wells and cell adherence, viability, and cellular morphology were observed via confocal microscopy after three days of culture. Cell viability was analyzed using repeated-measures analysis of variance test with Tukey's post hoc tests (α=0.05). Results: Biodentine expressed significantly higher cell viability compared with all other groups after 4 days, with no differences after 7 days. Notably, cell viability was significantly greater in 24-hour set MTA compared with 1-hour set MTA and control groups after 7 days. Material exposure to an acidic environment showed an increase in cell adherence and viability in both groups. Conclusions: Biodentine induced a significantly accelerated cell proliferation compared with MTA. Setting of these materials in the presence of citric acid enhanced DPSC viability and adherence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Oxides/toxicity , Stem Cells/drug effects , Silicates/toxicity , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Time Factors , Cell Adhesion/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Analysis of Variance , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Microscopy, Confocal , Citric Acid/chemistry , Culture Media/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Drug Combinations
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e54, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952061

ABSTRACT

Abstract The development of biomaterials capable of driving dental pulp stem cell differentiation into odontoblast-like cells able to secrete reparative dentin is the goal of current conservative dentistry. In the present investigation, a biomembrane (BM) composed of a chitosan/collagen matrix embedded with calcium-aluminate microparticles was tested. The BM was produced by mixing collagen gel with a chitosan solution (2:1), and then adding bioactive calcium-aluminate cement as the mineral phase. An inert material (polystyrene) was used as the negative control. Human dental pulp cells were seeded onto the surface of certain materials, and the cytocompatibility was evaluated by cell proliferation and cell morphology, assessed after 1, 7, 14 and 28 days in culture. The odontoblastic differentiation was evaluated by measuring alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, total protein production, gene expression of DMP-1/DSPP and mineralized nodule deposition. The pulp cells were able to attach onto the BM surface and spread, displaying a faster proliferative rate at initial periods than that of the control cells. The BM also acted on the cells to induce more intense ALP activity, protein production at 14 days, and higher gene expression of DSPP and DMP-1 at 28 days, leading to the deposition of about five times more mineralized matrix than the cells in the control group. Therefore, the experimental biomembrane induced the differentiation of pulp cells into odontoblast-like cells featuring a highly secretory phenotype. This innovative bioactive material can drive other protocols for dental pulp exposure treatment by inducing the regeneration of dentin tissue mediated by resident cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells/drug effects , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Collagen/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/chemistry , Chitosan/pharmacology , Membranes, Artificial , Time Factors , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Gene Expression , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Collagen/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Dentinogenesis , Chitosan/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Alkaline Phosphatase , Odontoblasts/drug effects
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e93, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952019

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and osteonectin (ON) in pulp-like tissues developed by tissue engineering and to compare it with the expression of these proteins in pulps treated with Ca(OH)2 therapy. Tooth slices were obtained from non-carious human third molars under sterile procedures. The residual periodontal and pulp soft tissues were removed. Empty pulp spaces of the tooth slice were filled with sodium chloride particles (250-425 µm). PLLA solubilized in 5% chloroform was applied over the salt particles. The tooth slice/scaffold (TS/S) set was stored overnight and then rinsed thoroughly to wash out the salt. Scaffolds were previously sterilized with ethanol (100-70°) and washed with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). TS/S was treated with 10% EDTA and seeded with dental pulp stem cells (DPSC). Then, TS/S was implanted into the dorsum of immunodeficient mice for 28 days. Human third molars previously treated with Ca(OH)2 for 90 days were also evaluated. Samples were prepared and submitted to histological and immunohistochemical (with anti-TGF-β1, 1:100 and anti-ON, 1:350) analyses. After 28 days, TS/S showed morphological characteristics similar to those observed in dental pulp treated with Ca(OH)2. Ca(OH)2-treated pulps showed the usual repaired pulp characteristics. In TS/S, newly formed tissues and pre-dentin was colored, which elucidated the expression of TGF-β1 and ON. Immunohistochemistry staining of Ca(OH)2-treated pulps showed the same expression patterns. The extracellular matrix displayed a fibrillar pattern under both conditions. Regenerative events in the pulp seem to follow a similar pattern of TGF-β1 and ON expression as the repair processes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Stem Cells/drug effects , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Osteonectin/analysis , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/analysis , Time Factors , Calcium Hydroxide/therapeutic use , Immunohistochemistry , Osteonectin/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Tissue Engineering/methods , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dentin/drug effects , Guided Tissue Regeneration/methods , Extracellular Matrix/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/drug effects , Tissue Scaffolds , Odontoblasts/drug effects
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e131, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951958

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Bioactive molecules stored in dentin, such as transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-b1), may be involved in the signaling events related to dental tissue repair. The authors conducted an in vitro evaluation of the amount of TGF-b1 released from dentin slices after treatment with 10% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and the effect of this growth factor on stem cell migration from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED). Sixty 1-mm-thick tooth slices were prepared with or without the predentin layer, and treated with either 10% EDTA for 1 minute, 2.5% NaOCl for 5 days or kept in PBS. Tooth slice conditioned media were prepared and used for TGF-b1 ELISA and migration assays. Culture medium with different concentrations of recombinant human TGF-b1 (0.5, 1.0, 5.0 or 10.0 ng/mL) was also tested by migration assay. The data were evaluated by ANOVA and Tukey's test. Optical density values corresponding to media conditioned by tooth slices either containing or not containing the predentin layer and treated with 10% EDTA were statistically greater than the other groups and close to 1 ng/mL. Increased rates of migration toward media conditioned by tooth slices containing the predentin layer and treated with PBS, 10% EDTA or 2.5% NaOCl were observed. Recombinant human TGF-b1 also stimulated migration of SHED, irrespective of the concentration used. EDTA may be considered an effective extractant of TGF-b1 from the dentin matrix. However, it does not impact SHED migration, suggesting that other components may account for the cell migration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Cell Movement/drug effects , Edetic Acid/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dentin/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/drug effects , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Stem Cells/physiology , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Tooth, Deciduous/drug effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Culture Media, Conditioned , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Dentin/ultrastructure , Extracellular Matrix/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism
12.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(4): 369-375, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-759355

ABSTRACT

AbstractSome weaknesses of conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC) as dental materials, for instance the lack of bioactive potential and poor mechanical properties, remain unsolved.Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the partial replacement of CaO with MgO or ZnO on the mechanical and biological properties of the experimental glass ionomer cements.Material and Methods Calcium fluoro-alumino-silicate glass was prepared for an experimental glass ionomer cement by melt quenching technique. The glass composition was modified by partial replacement (10 mol%) of CaO with MgO or ZnO. Net setting time, compressive and flexural properties, and in vitrorat dental pulp stem cells (rDPSCs) viability were examined for the prepared GICs and compared to a commercial GIC.Results The experimental GICs set more slowly than the commercial product, but their extended setting times are still within the maximum limit (8 min) specified in ISO 9917-1. Compressive strength of the experimental GIC was not increased by the partial substitution of CaO with either MgO or ZnO, but was comparable to the commercial control. For flexural properties, although there was no significance between the base and the modified glass, all prepared GICs marked a statistically higher flexural strength (p<0.05) and comparable modulus to control. The modified cements showed increased cell viability for rDPSCs.Conclusions The experimental GICs modified with MgO or ZnO can be considered bioactive dental materials.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Magnesium Oxide/chemistry , Oxides/chemistry , Zinc Oxide/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured/drug effects , Compressive Strength , Dental Pulp , Fluorides/chemistry , Materials Testing , Pliability , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Silicon Compounds/chemistry , Stem Cells/drug effects , Time Factors
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(4): 405-411, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-759354

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective To investigate the physical (setting time, hardness, flowability, microstructure) and chemical (pH change, calcium release, crystallinity) properties and the biological outcomes (cell survival and differentiation) of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) mixed using different proportions of propylene glycol (PG) and water.Material and Methods White MTA was mixed with different water/PG ratios (100/0, 80/20 and 50/50). Composition (XRD), microstructure (SEM), setting time (ASTM C266-13), flowability (ANSI/ADA 57-2000), Knoop hardness (100 g/10 s) and chemical characteristics (pH change and Ca2+ release for 7 days) were evaluated. Cell proliferation, osteo/odontoblastic gene expression and mineralization induced by MTA mixed with PG were evaluated. MTA discs (5 mm in diameter, 2 mm thick) were prepared and soaked in culture medium for 7 days. Next, the discs were removed and the medium used to culture dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) for 28 days. Cells survival was evaluated using MTS assay (24, 72 and 120 h) and differentiation with RT-PCR (ALP, OCN, Runx2, DSPP and MEPE) and alizarin red staining (7 and 14 days). Data were analysed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post-hoc analysis (a=0.05).Results The addition of PG significantly increased setting time, flowability and Ca2+ release, but it compromised the hardness of the material. SEM showed that 50/50 group resulted porous material after setting due to the incomplete setting reaction, as shown by XRD analysis. The addition of PG (80/20 and 50/50) was not capable to improve cell proliferation or to enhance gene expression, and mineralized deposition of DPSC after 7 and 14 days as compared to the 100/0.Conclusion Except for flowability, the addition of PG did not promote further improvements on the chemical and physical properties evaluated, and it was not capable of enhancing the bioactivity of the MTA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Oxides/chemistry , Propylene Glycol/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Dental Pulp , Drug Combinations , Gene Expression , Hardness Tests , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rheology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Time Factors
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 26(4): 409-415, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-756394

ABSTRACT

Despite several reports regarding tissue regeneration, including pulp repair induced by different light sources, only limited data have been reported concerning the effects of light-emitting diodes (LED) on stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different energy densities of infrared LED on the cell viability, number of cells and mineralized tissue production by SHEDs. SHEDs were obtained from near-exfoliation primary teeth (n=3), seeded in plain DMEM (104 cells/cm2), and irradiated by a LED prototype (LEDTable 850 nm, 40 mW/cm2) delivering 0 (control), 2, 4, 8, 15 or 30 J/cm2 (n=9). Cell viability (MTT assay), cell proliferation (trypan blue assay), and mineralized nodule (MN) formation (alizarin red stain) were assessed 12 and 72 h post-irradiation. Data were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (α=0.05). Cells irradiated with 2 or 4 J/cm2 exhibited higher metabolism at 72 h, and all energy densities provided increase in cell proliferation after 12 h. Regarding MN formation, the best results were observed at 72 h after SHED irradiation with 8 and 15 J/cm2. It was concluded that the cell viability, cell number and MN formation by pulp cells are enhanced after exposure to infrared LED irradiation. Overall, the greatest SHED biostimulation was obtained with 4 and 8 J/cm2.

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Apesar de diversos estudos envolvendo regeneração tecidual, incluindo o reparo pulpar induzido por diferentes fontes de luz, dados limitados têm sido reportados a respeito dos efeitos da irradiação com diodos emissores de luz (LED) sobre células-tronco de dentes decíduos esfoliados (SHEDs). O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar os efeitos de diferentes doses de energia (DE) do LED infravermelho sobre a viabilidade celular, número de células viáveis e produção de nódulos mineralizados (NM) por SHEDs. As células foram obtidas a partir de dentes decíduos próximos ao período de esfoliação (n=3), semeadas em DMEM completo (104 células/cm2) e irradiadas utilizando um protótipo de LED (LEDTable 850 nm, 40 mW/cm2) com as doses de 0 (controle), 2, 4, 8, 15 ou 30 J/cm2 (n=9). A viabilidade celular (MTT), o número de células viáveis (trypan blue assay) e a formação de NM (alizarin red stain) foram realizados 12 e 72 h após a irradiação. Os dados foram avaliados utilizando os testes Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney (α=0,05). As células irradiadas com 2 ou 4 J/cm2 exibiram uma maior viabilidade em 72 h, e todas as DE aumentaram o número de células viáveis após 12 h. Para a formação de NM, os melhores resultados foram observados 72 h após a irradição das SHEDs, com as doses de 8 e 15 J/cm2. Concluiu-se que a viabilidade celular, o número de células e a formação de NM por células pulpares são aumentados após exposição ao LED infravermelho. De um modo geral, a melhor bioestimulação celular (SHEDs) foi obtida com 4 e 8 J/cm2.

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Subject(s)
Humans , Infrared Rays , Stem Cells/drug effects , Tooth/radiation effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Tooth/cytology
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 46(7): 559-566, ago. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-682396

ABSTRACT

Hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) are a potential cell source for liver cell transplantation but do not function like mature liver cells. We sought an effective and reliable method to induce HPC maturation. An immortalized HP14.5 albumin promoter-driven Gaussian luciferase (ALB-GLuc) cell line was established from HPCs isolated from fetal mouse liver of post coitus day 14.5 mice to investigate the effect of induction factors on ALB promoter. HP14.5 parental cells were cultured in DMEM with different combinations of 2% horse serum (HS), 0.1 µM dexamethasone (DEX), 10 ng/mL hepatic growth factor (HGF), and/or 20 ng/mL fibroblast growth factor 4 (FGF4). Trypan blue and crystal violet staining were used to assess cell proliferation with different induction conditions. Expression of hepatic markers was measured by semi-quantitative RT-PCR, Western blot, and immunofluorescence. Glycogen storage and metabolism were detected by periodic acid-Schiff and indocyanine green (ICG) staining. GLuc activity indicated ALB expression. The combination of 2% HS+0.1 µM Dex+10 ng/mL HGF+20 ng/mL FGF4 induced the highest ALB-GLuc activity. Cell proliferation decreased in 2% HS but increased by adding FGF4. Upon induction, and consistent with hepatocyte development, DLK, AFP, and CK19 expression decreased, while ALB, CK18, and UGT1A expression increased. The maturity markers tyrosine aminotransferase and apolipoprotein B were detected at days 3 and 6 post-induction, respectively. ICG uptake and glycogen synthesis were detectable at day 6 and increased over time. Therefore, we demonstrated that HPCs were induced to differentiate into functional mature hepatocytes in vitro, suggesting that factor-treated HPCs may be further explored as a means of liver cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Embryo, Mammalian/drug effects , Hepatocytes/cytology , Liver/cytology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Antigens, Differentiation/analysis , Apolipoproteins B/isolation & purification , Cell Proliferation , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Fibroblast Growth Factors/administration & dosage , Gentian Violet , Glycogen/metabolism , Hepatocyte Growth Factor/administration & dosage , Indocyanine Green/pharmacokinetics , Primary Cell Culture/methods , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Stem Cells/cytology , Trypan Blue , Tyrosine Transaminase/isolation & purification
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 21(4): 351-357, Jul-Aug/2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-684567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the cytotoxic effects of endodontic cements on human tooth germ stem cells (hTGSCs). MTA Fillapex, a mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-based, salicylate resin containing root canal sealer, was compared with iRoot SP, a bioceramic sealer, and AH Plus Jet, an epoxy resin-based root canal sealer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To evaluate cytotoxicity, all materials were packed into Teflon rings (4 mmµ3 mm) and co-cultured with hTGSCs with the aid of 24-well Transwell permeable supports, which had a pore size of 0.4 µm. Coverslips were coated with MTA Fillapex, iRoot SP and AH Plus Jet and each coverslip was placed onto the bottom of one well of a six-well plate for scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. Before the cytotoxicity and SEM analysis, all samples were stored at 37ºC and at 95% humidity and 5% CO2 for 24 hours to set. The cellular viability was analyzed using MTS test (3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxy-methoxy-phenyl)-2-(4-sulfo-phenyl)-2H-tetrazolium). The cytotoxic effects and SEM visualization of the tested materials were analyzed at 24-hour, 72-hour, one-week and two-week periods. RESULTS: On the 1st day, only MTA Fillapex caused cytotoxicity compared to negative control (NC) group (p<0.008). No significant difference was observed between the other tested materials at this period (p>0.05). After 14 days of incubation with the test materials, MTA Fillapex exhibited significantly higher cytotoxicity compared with iRoot SP, AH Plus Jet and the NC group (P<0.008). In the SEM analysis, the highest levels of cell attachment were observed for iRoot SP and the control group. After 24 hours, MTA Fillapex reduced the number of cells attached to the surface. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, sealers exerted different cytotoxic effects on hTGSCs. Although all materials ...


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Silicates/toxicity , Stem Cells/drug effects , Tooth Germ/cytology , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Biocompatible Materials/toxicity , Cells, Cultured , Cell Survival/drug effects , Drug Combinations , Epoxy Resins/toxicity , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Oxides/toxicity , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors
18.
Clinics ; 68(5): 665-673, maio 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-675755

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the chemotactic response of endothelial progenitor cells to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in T2DM patients after acute myocardial infarction, as well as the associated prognosis. METHODS: Sixty-eight T2DM patients with acute myocardial infarction were randomized to either receive or not receive daily oral perindopril 4 mg, and 36 non-diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction were enrolled as controls. The numbers of circulating CD45−/low+CD34+CD133+KDR+ endothelial progenitor cells, as well as the stromal cell-derived factor-α and high-sensitivity C reactive protein levels, were measured before acute percutaneous coronary intervention and on days 1, 3, 5, 7, 14, and 28 after percutaneous coronary intervention. Patients were followed up for 6 months. Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR-TRC-12002599. RESULTS: T2DM patients had lower circulating endothelial progenitor cell counts, decreased plasma vascular endothelial growth factor and α levels, and higher plasma high-sensitivity C reactive protein levels compared with non-diabetic controls. After receiving perindopril, the number of circulating endothelial progenitor cells increased from day 3 to 7, as did the plasma levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and stromal cell-derived factor-α, compared with the levels in T2DM controls. Plasma high-sensitivity C reactive protein levels in the treated group decreased to the same levels as those in non-diabetic controls. Furthermore, compared with T2DM controls, the perindopril-treated T2DM patients had lower cardiovascular mortality and occurrence of heart failure symptoms (p<0.05) and better left ventricle function (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors represents a novel approach for improving cardiovascular repair after acute myocardial infarction in T2DM patients. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , /complications , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy , Perindopril/therapeutic use , Stem Cells/drug effects , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , /blood , /blood , Endothelial Cells/cytology , Follow-Up Studies , Myocardial Infarction/blood , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Stem Cells/cytology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/blood
19.
Egyptian Journal of Histology [The]. 2013; 36 (1): 175-184
in English, Arabic | IMEMR | ID: emr-150637

ABSTRACT

Chemotherapy is associated with significant gonadal damage. Melatonin has been found to be a potent free radical scavenger and antioxidant. Stem cells have the capacity to generate multiple distinct cell lineages. The present study aimed to compare the effect of stem cell therapy and melatonin in the amelioration of harmful changes induced by busulfan in rat testes. Forty-three adult male rats were used in the present work. Animals were divided into the following groups: group I was the control group, the rats in group II received a single dose of intraperitoneal busulfan [20 mg/kg], the rats in group III rats received 0.5 ml stem cells upon an initial dose of busulfan, the animals in group IV received a single dose of intraperitoneal melatonin [10 mg/kg] for 5 days, and the rats in group V received melatonin for 5 days upon an initial dose of busulfan. The testes were stained with Hand E, prussian blue, and immunohistochemical stains for the detection of caspase-3-positive and proliferating cell nuclear antigen [PCNA]-positive cells. Digital image analysis was used to determine the mean number of active caspase-3- positive and PCNA-positive cells. The results were compared statistically. Busulfan-treated animals showed atrophy and irregularity of the tubules. Marked depletion of germ cells was supported by an increase in the mean number of caspase-3-positive cells in the semineferous tubules. In addition, decreased proliferative capacity was observed in the present study and confirmed by a decrease in the mean number of PCNA-positive cells. Sections of the stem cell-treated group [group III] showed incomplete or partial regeneration of germ cells with an absence of elongated and rounded spermatids. Sections of the melatonin-treated group [group V] showed almost complete regeneration of germ cells with the appearance of rounded and elongated spermatids. It could be concluded that melatonin was more effective than stem cells in ameliorating busulfan-induced testicular damage


Subject(s)
Male , Melatonin , Stem Cells/drug effects , Testis/pathology , Immunochemistry , Rats , Male
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 20(6): 628-635, Nov.-Dec. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-660633

ABSTRACT

Bone morphogenetic protein type 2 (BMP-2) is a potent local factor, which promotes bone formation and has been used as an osteogenic supplement for mesenchymal stem cells. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effect of a recombinant BMP-2 as well as the endogenous BMP-4 and BMP-7 in the osteogenic differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) in medium supplemented with ascorbate and β-glycerophosphate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Human ASCs were treated with osteogenic medium in the presence (ASCs+OM+BMP-2) or absence (ASCs+OM) of BMP-2. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was determined and the extracellular matrix mineralization was evaluated by Von Kossa staining and calcium quantification. The expressions of BMP-4, BMP-7, Smad1, Smad4, and phosphorylated Smad1/5/8 were analyzed by western blotting. Relative mRNA expressions of Smad1, BMP receptor type II (BMPR-II), osteonectin, and osteocalcin were evaluated by qPCR. Results: ASCs+OM demonstrated the highest expression of BMP-4 and BMP-7 at days 21 and 7, respectively, the highest levels of BMPR-II mRNA expression at day 28, and the highest levels of Smad1 mRNA at days 14 and 28. ASCs+OM+BMP-2 demonstrated the highest levels of Smad1 mRNA expression at days 1, 7, and 21, the highest expression of Smad1 at day 7, the highest expression of Smad4 at day 14, the highest ALP activity at days 14 and 21, and expression of phosphorylated Smad1/5/8 at day 7. ASCs+OM and ASCs+OM+BMP2 showed similar ALP activity at days 7 and 28, similar osteonectin and osteocalcin mRNA expression at all time periods, and similar calcium depositions at all time periods. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that human ASCs expressed endogenous BMP-4 and BMP-7. Moreover, the supplementation of ASCs with BMP-2 did not increase the level of osteogenic markers in the initial (ALP activity), intermediate (osteonectin and osteocalcin), or final (calcium deposition) phases, suggesting that the exogenous addition of BMP-2 did not improve the in vitro osteogenesis process of human ASCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipose Tissue/cytology , /pharmacology , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Glycerophosphates/pharmacology , Osteogenesis , Stem Cells/drug effects , Analysis of Variance , Alkaline Phosphatase/physiology , Ascorbic Acid/metabolism , Ascorbic Acid/pharmacology , Blotting, Western , /metabolism , /metabolism , /metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Glycerophosphates/metabolism , Osteoblasts/metabolism , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Stem Cells/cytology , Stem Cells/metabolism , Time Factors
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