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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1463-1472, oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134463

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is an accessory organ involved on the olfactory pathway, that detects pheromones and emits signals in order to modulate social and reproductive behavior. The VNO stem cells replace neurons throughout life. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize cells derived from the vomeronasal organ from New Zealand rabbits. Five male rabbits with 120 days were used for cell isolation and culture. Results: VNO-derived cells presented labelling for proliferation (PCNA), undifferentiated profile (Nanog), neuronal (GFAP), mesenchymal stem cells (CD73, CD90 and CD105 and Stro-1). Also, presence of cytoskeletal (Vimentin, b-tubulin and CK-18) and absence of hematopoietic markers (CD34, CD117 and CD45) both by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry. By PCR it was possible to verify the expression of some undifferentiated profile (Oct-4), neuronal (Nestin) and mesenchymal (CD73, CD105 and Vimentin) genes. Functionally, VNO-derived cells differentiate in vitro into adipocytes, osteocytes and chondrocytes, and presented no tumorigenic potential when injected to Balb/c nu/nu mice. In conclusion, the rabbit VNO-derived cells have a profile that could be supportive to VNO olfactory/neuroreceptor epithelium by delivering factors to epithelial turnover or even by differentiation into epithelial cells to replacement of commissural epithelium.


RESUMEN: El órgano vomeronasal (OVN) es un órgano accesorio de la vía olfatoria, que detecta feromonas y emite señales que afectan la modulación del comportamiento social y reproductivo. Las células madre OVN reemplazan las neuronas durante toda la vida. El objetivo de este estudio fue aislar y caracterizar células derivadas del órgano vomeronasal de conejos raza Nueva Zelanda. Para el aislamiento y el cultivo celular se utilizaron cinco conejos machos con una edad de 120 días. Las células del OVN presentaron etiquetado para la proliferación (PCNA), un perfil indiferenciado (Nanog), neuronal (GFAP), células madre mesenquimales (CD73, CD90 y CD105 y Stro-1). Además, se ob- servó presencia de citoesqueleto (Vimentina, β-tubulina y CK-18) y ausencia de marcadores hematopoyéticos (CD34, CD117 y CD45) tanto por inmunofluorescencia como por citometría de flujo. Me- diante PCR fue posible verificar la expresión de algunos genes de perfil indiferenciado (Oct-4), neuronal (Nestin) y mesenquimatoso (CD73, CD105 y Vimentin). Las células derivadas del OVN se diferencian in vitro en adipocitos, osteocitos y condrocitos, y no presentan un potencial tumorigénico al ser infiltrados en ratones Balb / c nu / nu. En conclusión, las células derivadas de OVN de conejo tienen un perfil que podría ser compatible con el epitelio olfatorio / neurorreceptor de OVN transmitiendo factores al recambio epitelial o incluso mediante la diferenciación en células epiteliales para reemplazar el epitelio comisural.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits/anatomy & histology , Vomeronasal Organ/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Olfactory Bulb/cytology , Stem Cells/physiology , Olfactory Mucosa/cytology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Flow Cytometry , Neurons/physiology
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1564-1571, Dec. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040170

ABSTRACT

Las glándulas salivales humanas pueden ser gravemente lesionadas por la radioterapia utilizada contra neoplasias de cabeza y cuello, produciendo hiposialia y xerostomía, las cuales afectan la salud oral y sistémica, mermando la calidad de vida de la persona. Los tratamientos convencionales actuales están diseñados para disminuir los síntomas, sin actuar sobre los cambios fisiopatológicos que se dan a nivel glandular. Esta revisión intenta analizar aquellas terapias preventivas y/o curativas que están desarrollándose en el campo biomolecular y que tienen un futuro prometedor por sus características innovadoras: terapia génica, terapia con células madre y terapia con factores de crecimiento. Se evidencia un aporte adicional de la nanotecnología, la cual está mejorando las vías de aplicación de los tratamientos.


Human salivary glands can be seriously injured by the radiotherapy used against head and neck neoplasms, producing hyposialia and xerostomy, which affect oral and systemic health, diminishing the person's quality of life. Current conventional treatments are designed to reduce symptoms, without acting on the pathophysiological changes that occur at the glandular level. This review attempts to analyze those preventive and /or curative therapies that are developing in the biomolecular field and that have a promising future due to their innovative features: Gene therapy, stem cell therapy and growth factor therapy. An additional contribution of nanotechnology is evident, which is improving the routes of treatment application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Salivary Gland Diseases/prevention & control , Stem Cells/physiology , Genetic Therapy/methods , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/therapeutic use , Radiation Injuries/prevention & control , Radiation-Protective Agents/therapeutic use , Salivary Gland Diseases/therapy , Salivary Glands/radiation effects , Xerostomia/prevention & control , Nanotechnology
3.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 411-417, dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056477

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Las patologías pulpares han sido un verdadero reto para la odontología principalmente por su tratamiento. Actualmente, existen numerosos biomateriales en el mercado que reportan tener propiedades inherentes en los tejidos dentarios. Sin embargo, diferentes estudios sobre múltiples líneas celulares expuestas a estos biomateriales demuestran resultados controversiales como biocompatiblidad y citotoxicidad celular. Biodentine, es un cemento endodóntico en base a silicatos cálcico de múltiples aplicaciones, que prestaría propiedades de biocompatibilidad como bioactividad celular, características que le permitirían incluso ser utilizado en contacto directo con la pulpa dental. El objetivo de este estudio es la evaluación in-vitro de Biodentine, sobre cultivos de células de la pulpa dental humana (CCPDH). Se prepararon discos de cemento de Biodentine™ de 2 x 6 mm, los que se expusieron a cultivos de células aisladas de la pulpa dental humana. Luego de 24, 48 y 72 horas de exposición, se realizaron ensayos de viabilidad celular utilizando el método colorimétrico MTT. También se realizaron ensayos de expresión proteica de dos proteínas involucradas en la vía de señalización de la apoptosis celular: Caspasa - 3 clivada y Poli (ADP-Ribosa) Polimerasa, PARP - 1. Existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p<0,05) en los ensayos de viabilidad celular entre las células expuestas a Biodentine y el grupo control, como también a medida que aumenta el tiempo de exposición (p<0,05). Por otra parte, también existen diferencias significativas (p<0,05) en la expresión de PARP- 1 en los grupos sometidos a Biodentine. Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio demuestran que Biodentine genera citotoxicidad celular en cultivos celulares de pulpa dental humana, por disminución de la viabilidad celular como por la expresión de proteínas apoptóticas. Es por esto que la utilización de este biomaterial debería ser estudiado y considerarse en cada caso clínico, especialmente como recubridor pulpar directo.


ABSTRACT: Oral pathologies have been a real challenge for dentistry, mainly due to its treatment. Currently, there are numerous biomaterials on the market that may present inherent properties in dental tissues. However, studies on multiple cell lines are based on biocompatible results such as biocompatibility and cellular cytotoxicity. Biodentine is endodontic cement based on calcium silicates of multiple applications, which would provide biocompatibility properties as cellular bioactivity, characteristics that will allow it to be used in direct contact with the dental pulp. The objective of this study is the in vitro evaluation of Biodentine, on cultures of cells of the human dental pulp (HDPC). Biodentine cement disks of 2 x 6 mm were prepared, and HDPC culture plates were introduced. After 24, 48 and 72 hours of exposure, cell viability tests were performed using the MTT colorimetric method. On the other hand, protein expression assays of two proteins involved in the signaling pathway of cell apoptosis Caspase-3 cleaved (cas-3 clv) and PARP-1 are carried out. There are statistically significant differences (p <0,05) in the cell viability tests between Biodentine and control group, as well as the exposure time increases (p <0,05). Otherwise, there are also significant differences (p <0,05) in the expression of PARP-1 in the groups, sometimes a Biodentine. The results in this study that Biodentine generates a cellular cytotoxicity in HDPC cultures, therefore, cell viability as the expression of apoptotic proteins. This is why the use of this biomaterial should be studied for each particular clinical case, especially as a direct pulp capping agent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Caspase 3/analysis , Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1 , Stem Cells/physiology , In Vitro Techniques , Cell Survival , Silicates/chemistry , Dental Pulp/anatomy & histology , Dentin/pathology , Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity
4.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20160629, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893696

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of the capping materials mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), calcium hydroxide (CH) and BiodentineTM (BD) on stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) in vitro. Material and Methods: SHED were cultured for 1 - 7 days in medium conditioned by incubation with MTA, BD or CH (1 mg/mL), and tested for viability (MTT assay) and proliferation (SRB assay). Also, the migration of serum-starved SHED towards conditioned media was assayed in companion plates, with 8 μm-pore-sized membranes, for 24 h. Gene expression of dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP-1) was evaluated by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Regular culture medium with 10% FBS (without conditioning) and culture medium supplemented with 20% FBS were used as controls. Results: MTA, CH and BD conditioned media maintained cell viability and allowed continuous SHED proliferation, with CH conditioned medium causing the highest positive effect on proliferation at the end of the treatment period (compared with BD and MTA) (p<0.05). In contrast, we observed increased SHED migration towards BD and MTA conditioned media (compared with CH) (p<0.05). A greater amount of DMP-1 gene was expressed in MTA group compared with the other groups from day 7 up to day 21. Conclusion: Our results show that the three capping materials are biocompatible, maintain viability and stimulate proliferation, migration and differentiation in a key dental stem cell population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/pharmacology , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Stem Cells/physiology , Time Factors , Tooth, Deciduous/drug effects , Materials Testing , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Movement/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dental Pulp Capping/methods , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Drug Combinations , Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases/drug effects
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 80(4): 268-272, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888124

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Various approaches have been taken to improve our knowledge of the microenvironmental regulation of limbal epithelial stem cells. Researchers have extensively investigated the roles of growth factors, survival factors, cytokines, enzymes, and permeable molecules secreted by the limbal cells. However, recent evidence suggests that stem cell fate (i.e., self-renewal or differentiation) can also be influenced by biophysical and mechanical cues related to the supramolecular organization and the liquid crystalline (mesophase) nature of the stromal extracellular matrix. These cues can be sensed by stem cells and transduced into intracellular biochemical and functional responses, a process known as mechanotransduction. The objective of this review is to offer perspectives on the supramolecular microenvironmental regulation of limbal epithelial stem cells and the differentiation of their progeny.


RESUMO Muitas abordagens têm sido utilizadas para ampliar entendimentos sobre a regulação microambiental das células tronco epiteliais limbais. Neste contexto, pesquisadores têm exaustivamente investigado a participação de fatores de crescimento, fatores de sobrevida, citocinas, enzimas e moléculas permeáveis secretadas pelas células limbais. Entretanto, evidências recentes sugerem que o destino (ie. autorrenovação ou recrutamento para a via de diferenciação) das células tronco também sofre influência de estímulos biofísicos ou mecânicos relacionados à organização supramolecular e à natureza liquido-cristalina (mesofases) da matriz extracelular estromal. Esses estímulos podem ser percebidos e traduzidos pelas células tronco em sinais bioquímicos que geram respostas funcionais, através de um processo designado de mecanotransdução. Objetiva-se, com a presente revisão, oferecer ao leitor perspectivas supramoleculares sobre a regulação microambiental das células tronco epiteliais limbais e a diferenciação de sua progênie.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells/physiology , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Limbus Corneae/cytology , Epithelium, Corneal/cytology , Mechanotransduction, Cellular/physiology , Extracellular Matrix/physiology , Epithelium, Corneal/physiology , Stem Cell Niche/physiology
6.
Rev. ADM ; 74(3): 159-162, mayo-jun. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-908014

ABSTRACT

La bolsa adiposa de Bichat está constituida por un cuerpo y tres extensiones de tejido adiposo, se localiza dentro del espacio bucal y seextiende siguiendo el borde anterosuperior del músculo masetero. En la actualidad su uso como colgajo pediculado ha demostrado excelentesresultados en el tratamiento de reconstrucción de defectos postumorales de tejido blando en el paladar. Lo anterior se debe a su gran aporte vascular, composición histológica y a la presencia de células madre en tejido adiposo que fomentan una metaplasia del tejido, convirtiéndose en tejido fibroso y superfi cialmente con epitelio en tan sólo cinco semanas. La técnica de abordaje y reposicionamiento del colgajo pediculado en paladar fue modifi cada con la extirpación de la tuberosidad del maxilar para corregir el defecto ocasionado por un adenoma pleomorfo en el paladar. Se destacan las características y cualidades de la bolsa adiposa de Bichat para su uso en reconstrucción de defectos tumorales.


Bichat’s buccal fat pad is constituted by a body and three extensions ofadipose tissue within the buccal space and extending to the anteriorsuperiorborder of the masseter muscle. To this days, the use of thebuccal fat pad as a pedicled graft has shown excellent results onoral post tumoral reconstruction treatment. This is due to its greatvascularity, histological composition and perhaps to the presenceof stem cells that promotes a metaplasia, turning adipose tissue intofi brous and superfi cially epithelized tissue within fi ve week aftersurgery. Surgical approach and repositioning technique of the pedicledgraft was modifi ed, extirpating part of the maxillary tuberosity, topreserve vascularity and cover up a hard-soft tissue defect caused by apleomorphic adenoma on a patient’s palate. Buccal fat pad’s qualitiesand characteristics are taken into consideration to demonstrate theeff ectiveness on its surgical reconstructive uses.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/surgery , Adipose Tissue/transplantation , Palatal Neoplasms/classification , Palatal Neoplasms/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Biopsy/methods , Mexico , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Stem Cells/physiology , Wound Healing/physiology
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e112, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952076

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Cellular retinoic acid-binding protein 2 (CRABP2) has been detected in several organs during embryonic development. Recent studies have demonstrated that CRABP2 plays important roles in the retinoic acid, β-catenin and Notch signaling pathways, as well as in the interaction between epithelial and mesenchymal cells, which are important for human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) and tooth development. In the present study, the expression of CRABP2 during mouse molar development and the role of CRABP2 in hDPSC odontoblastic differentiation were evaluated. CRABP2 was gradually decreased during the development of the first maxillary molar, which exhibited the same trend as the expression of CRABP2 during the odontoblastic induction of hDPSCs. CRABP2 knockdown inhibited the proliferative ability of hDPSCs, while it enhanced odontoblastic differentiation via promoting mineralization nodule formation and upregulating the activity of alkaline phosphatase and the expression of mineralization-related genes. The present study uncovered a novel function of CRABP2 in hDPSCs. Our data suggest that CRABP2 may act as a regulator during the proliferation and differentiation of hDPSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Stem Cells/physiology , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Receptors, Retinoic Acid/physiology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Odontoblasts/physiology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Down-Regulation/physiology , Cell Communication , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Analysis of Variance , Anthraquinones , Receptors, Retinoic Acid/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Coloring Agents , Alkaline Phosphatase , Mice, Inbred C57BL
8.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2017; 33 (4): 1042-1046
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-188636

ABSTRACT

The stem cells keep us young by endogenously repairing us upon need. They do so by smartly one step forward towards differentiation while another step backward to nurture the undifferentiated stem cells. They are building blocks for every organ with a differential rate of repair of worn out tissues. Since stem cells can be cultured with a normal karyotype, they could be the ideal source for heart repair after myocardial infarction. As opposed to lower vertebrates and neonatal mice, cardiac regeneration in adult mammalian heart seems to be difficult to assess with a solid evidence of cytokinesis. It becomes more difficult to quantify the level of regeneration after myocardial infarction injury against a background of a large invasion of proliferating inflammatory cells. The question to be raised is how the renewal of a piece of myocardium follows the time line of picking up cell types in series: cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, fibro blast, pacemaker cells, conducting and Purkinje cells to bring the orchestration of rhythmically contracting and relaxing heart. This review focuses on where we are on the status of heart repair and cardiac regeneration


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals, Laboratory , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Stem Cells/physiology , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Heart , Animals, Newborn , Mice , Biology
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(12): 821-825, Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837663

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To evaluate the Adipose Stem Cells (ACS) therapy efficacy on the time and quality of wound healing process in rats. METHODS: Nine male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into three groups I) 7 days of healing; II) 14 days of healing; III) 21 days of healing. Four incisions were made on the dorsal surface of each rat and then treated with intralesional ACS, meloxicam, and no treatment and ACS+meloxicam. Macroscopic evaluation was measured by percentage of healing and histopathological by hematoxylin-eosin was performed. RESULTS: All groups have the wound reduced during the three weeks (p<0.001) and after 14 days of healing had greater reduction than others. Wounds treated with ASC had accelerated healing in relation to no treatment and only meloxicam (p<0.001), excepting the ASC+Meloxicam that was similar (p=0.13). There was no difference in histopathological analysis between lesions. CONCLUSION: Adipose stem cell have benefits in reducing time of healing of experimental model of wound in rats, observed 7 days of after application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Stem Cells/physiology , Wound Healing/physiology , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Stem Cell Transplantation , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Antigens, Surface
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(7): 617-624, jul. 2016. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-794778

ABSTRACT

Chronic cutaneous lesions affect 15% of diabetic human patients and represent a risk 15 to 46 times larger of limb amputations compared to people with normal glycemia. It is assumed that half of these amputations could be prevented by early treatment of wounds, for example, with proper cell therapy. Objectives: In this study, the action of the autologous transplant of mesenchymal stem-cells (MSC) was evaluated compared to the treatment with autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP) in the cicatrization of cutaneous lesions induced in diabetic mice. These animals were previously treated with streptozootocin to induce diabetes mellitus and round wounds of 1.5cm in diameter were created in the posterior region. Diameters of the wounds and healing time were evaluated during 30 days and the results were submitted to variance analysis and Tukey's test average. It was noticed that the animals treated with MSC presented a more accelerated cicatrization of the cutaneous lesion than the animals treated with PRP. However, the treatment with PRP presented better results than just the daily asepsis of the lesions with saline or covering them with semi-permeable bandage. Besides, the use of semi-permeable bandage kept the cutaneous lesions of diabetic mice did not interfere negatively with cicatrization, proved to be harmless to use, but kept the cutaneous lesions more hydrated than the ones exposed to the environment.(AU)


Lesões cutâneas crônicas afetam 15% dos pacientes diabéticos e humanos representam um risco 15 a 46 vezes maior de amputações de membros em comparação com as pessoas com a glicemia normal. Supõe-se que a metade destas amputações poderia ser evitada por meio do tratamento precoce das feridas cutâneas com, por exemplo, uma adequada terapia celular. Objetivos: Neste estudo, a ação do transplante autólogo de células estaminais mesenquimais (MSC) foi avaliada em comparação com o tratamento com plasma rico em plaquetas autólogo (PRP) na cicatrização de lesões cutâneas induzidas em camundongos diabéticos. Estes animais foram previamente tratados com estreptozotocina para induzir diabetes mellitus e feridas redondas de 1,5 cm de diâmetro foram criadas na região posterior. Os diâmetros dos ferimentos e tempo de cicatrização foram avaliados durante 30 dias e os resultados foram submetidos à análise de variância e média pelo teste de Tukey. Verificou-se que os animais tratados com MSC apresentam uma cicatrização mais acelerada da lesão cutânea que do que os animais tratados com PRP. No entanto, o tratamento com PRP apresentou melhores resultados do que apenas a assepsia das lesões diariamente com solução salina ou cobrindo-os com atadura semi-permeável. Além disso, a utilização de atadura semi-permeável mantidas as lesões cutâneas de camundongos diabéticos não interfere negativamente com a cicatrização, provou ser inofensiva para usar, mas manteve as lesões cutâneas hidratadas mais do que os expostos ao meio ambiente.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Guinea Pigs , Mice , Platelet-Rich Plasma/physiology , Stem Cells/physiology , Transplantation, Autologous/rehabilitation , Wound Healing/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus/veterinary , Mice, Inbred NOD/physiology , Wounds and Injuries/veterinary
11.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 21(2): 15-27, Mar.-Apr. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782952

ABSTRACT

Abstract When seeking orthodontic treatment, many adolescents and adult patients present with deciduous teeth. Naturally, deciduous teeth will inevitably undergo exfoliation at the expected time or at a later time. Apoptosis is the biological trigger of root resorption. In adult patients, deciduous teeth should not be preserved, as they promote: infraocclusion, traumatic occlusion, occlusal trauma, diastemata and size as well as morphology discrepancy malocclusion. Orthodontic movement speeds root resorption up, and so do restoring or recontouring deciduous teeth in order to establish esthetics and function. Deciduous teeth cells are dying as a result of apoptosis, and their regeneration potential, which allows them to act as stem cells, is limited. On the contrary, adult teeth cells have a greater proliferative potential. All kinds of stem cell therapies are laboratory investigative non authorized trials.


Resumo Muitos adolescentes e adultos, ao procurar pelo tratamento ortodôntico, apresentam dentes decíduos persistentes. Naturalmente, os dentes decíduos ou se esfoliam na época esperada ou mais tardiamente, de forma inevitável. A apoptose é o gatilho biológico da rizólise. Em adultos, os dentes decíduos não devem ser preservados, pois promovem: infraoclusão, oclusão traumática, trauma oclusal, além de diastemas e má oclusão por discrepância de tamanho e morfologia. O movimento ortodôntico acelera o processo de rizólise, assim como restaurar ou reanatomizar dentes decíduos para inseri-los em uma estética e função. As células dos dentes decíduos estão morrendo por apoptose e seu potencial regenerativo para atuarem como células-tronco tem limitações, ao contrário das células de dentes adultos, que têm maior potencial proliferativo. Todas as terapias com células-tronco ainda são laboratoriais e se enquadram como ensaios investigativos não autorizados.


Subject(s)
Adult , Orthodontics, Corrective/methods , Stem Cells/physiology , Stem Cells/pathology , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Tooth Extraction , Periodontal Ligament/physiopathology , Periodontal Ligament/pathology , Root Resorption/physiopathology , Root Resorption/pathology , Tooth, Deciduous/pathology , Tooth Movement Techniques , Apoptosis/physiology , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Cell Proliferation/physiology
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e131, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951958

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Bioactive molecules stored in dentin, such as transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-b1), may be involved in the signaling events related to dental tissue repair. The authors conducted an in vitro evaluation of the amount of TGF-b1 released from dentin slices after treatment with 10% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and the effect of this growth factor on stem cell migration from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED). Sixty 1-mm-thick tooth slices were prepared with or without the predentin layer, and treated with either 10% EDTA for 1 minute, 2.5% NaOCl for 5 days or kept in PBS. Tooth slice conditioned media were prepared and used for TGF-b1 ELISA and migration assays. Culture medium with different concentrations of recombinant human TGF-b1 (0.5, 1.0, 5.0 or 10.0 ng/mL) was also tested by migration assay. The data were evaluated by ANOVA and Tukey's test. Optical density values corresponding to media conditioned by tooth slices either containing or not containing the predentin layer and treated with 10% EDTA were statistically greater than the other groups and close to 1 ng/mL. Increased rates of migration toward media conditioned by tooth slices containing the predentin layer and treated with PBS, 10% EDTA or 2.5% NaOCl were observed. Recombinant human TGF-b1 also stimulated migration of SHED, irrespective of the concentration used. EDTA may be considered an effective extractant of TGF-b1 from the dentin matrix. However, it does not impact SHED migration, suggesting that other components may account for the cell migration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Cell Movement/drug effects , Edetic Acid/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dentin/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/drug effects , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Stem Cells/physiology , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Tooth, Deciduous/drug effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Culture Media, Conditioned , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Dentin/ultrastructure , Extracellular Matrix/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism
13.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 55(1): 49-53, 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-794291

ABSTRACT

Las ciencias básicas, la medicina oral y los nuevos avanzces en biotecnología y bioinformática constituyen un gran campo de investigación dentro de la odontología actual. En este sentido, dichos avances están proporcionandoun nuevo conjunto de estrategias terapéuticas para el manejo clínico de los pacientes con dolencias dentales y craneofaciales. Es importante destacar que las disciplinas relacionadas con las ciencias básicas, la medicina oral, la biotecnología y la bioinformática, han contribuido de manera trascendental al entendimiento de la fisiología y lasdiversas patologías que afectan las condiciones de normalidad del sistema bucal. La ingeniería tisular se considera como un enfoque prometedor para la odontología regenerativa, con el objetivofinal de reemplazar morfológica y funcionalmente los tejidos periodontales y/o los dientes perdidos a través dela síntesis in vitro de sustitutos análogos tisulares, considerando que el diente y las estructuras periodontales son importantes órganos del complejo craneofacial, los tratamientos utilizados para las enfermedades que los afectan no lo restauran completamente. La odontología clínica está incursionando en una nueva era en donde el enfoque terapéutico es el uso de terapia génica, terapia celular, ingeniería tisular y lamedicina regenerativa, ampliando el arsenal de posibilidades para nuestros pacientes. Una línea de investigaciónfundamental en ingeniería tisular y medicina regenerativa son las células madres. Como parte de los nuevos avances de la odontología a nivel mundial, científicos e investigadores del mundo aplican la bioingeniería para lograr reconstrucciones maxilofaciales,regeneraciones óseas y reconstrucciones de piezas dentales a partir de células madre como parte de tratamientos inovadores...


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells/physiology , Dentistry/trends , Tissue Engineering , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Bioengineering/methods , Cells, Cultured/physiology , Cells, Cultured/transplantation , Mouth Diseases/therapy , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Technology, Dental
14.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 55(1): 69-70, 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-794296

ABSTRACT

La utilización de células indiferenciadas embrionarias y de células diferenciadas inducidas para que se comporten como las anteriores permite dar origen adiferentes tejidos que pueden ser usados en medicina reconstructiva en reemplazo de los deteriorados...


Subject(s)
Humans , Multipotent Stem Cells/physiology , Pluripotent Stem Cells/physiology , Totipotent Stem Cells/physiology , Stem Cells/physiology , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Fetal Stem Cells/physiology , Tissue Engineering/methods
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e120, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951977

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study was designed to determine the in vivo performance of three different materials as scaffolds for dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) undergoing induced odontogenic differentiation. An odontogenic medium modified by the addition of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 was used in the experimental groups to induce differentiation. Mesenchymal stem cell medium was used in the control groups. DPSC were transplanted onto the backs of mice via three scaffolds: copolymer of L-lactide and DL-lactide (PLDL), copolymer of DL-lactide (PDL) and hydroxyapatite tricalcium phosphate (HA/TCP). The expression levels of dentin sialo-phosphoprotein (DSPP), dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP1), enamelysin/matrix metalloproteinase 20 (MMP20) and phosphate-regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidases on X chromosome (PHEX) were analysed using RT-PCR. The expressions in the experimental groups were compared to those in the control groups. The transcript expressions at 6 and 12 weeks were significantly different for all scaffolds (p < 0.05), except for the expression of DSPP in the PLDL group with regard to the time variable. Although there was a decrease in the expression of enamelysin/MMP20 in PLDL and HA/TCP at 12 weeks, all other expressions increased and reached their highest level at 12 weeks. The highest DSPP expression was in the PDL group (p < 0.05). The highest expression of DMP1 was detected in the HA/TCP group (p < 0.05). The highest expression of PHEX was in the PLDL group (p < 0.05). Consequently, PLDL and PDL seemed to be promising scaffold candidates for odontogenic regeneration at least as HA-TCP, when they were applied with the DPSC induced for odontogenic differentiation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Polymers/chemistry , Stem Cells/physiology , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Sialoglycoproteins/analysis , Time Factors , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Gene Expression , Reproducibility of Results , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Durapatite/chemistry , Cell Culture Techniques , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry , Dioxanes/chemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinase 20/analysis , PHEX Phosphate Regulating Neutral Endopeptidase/analysis
16.
Bol. Asoc. Argent. Odontol. Niños ; 44(2): 18-22, sept.-dic. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-786706

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar los resultados obtenidos después del tratamiento de una pieza permanente joven con diagnóstico de necrosis pulpar tratada con el método de revascularización como opción alterantiva al tratamiento tradicional de apexificación con hidróxido de calcio. La técnica consiste en la desinfección del conducto radicular para posteriormente inducir la formación de un coágulo sanguíneo que actúe como soporte para sustentar a las células madre periféricas de la sangre y del tejido local, lo que crearía las condiciones de revascularización. Se presentan los controles clínicos-radiográficos del seguimiento a 15 mesews, donde se observa el cierre apical, junto con el crecimiento en longitud y ancho radicular, producto de la revascularización pulpar, logrando semejanza anatómica con una pieza dentaria homóloga


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Stem Cells/physiology , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Pulp Necrosis/therapy , Wound Healing/physiology , Tooth Root/physiology , Periapical Tissue/blood supply
17.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; abr. 2015. 164 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-834159

ABSTRACT

A desnutrição proteico-energética (DPE) altera a hemopoese e, portanto, a geração de células imunológicas, bem como compromete o sistema imune. Desta forma, indivíduos desnutridos apresentam maior susceptibilidade a infecções. As células tronco mesenquimais (CTMs) possuem propriedades imunomodulatórias e são importantes na formação do estroma medular que sustenta a hemopoese. Visto que a L-glutamina (GLUT) é o aminoácido condicionalmente essencial mais consumido por CTMs, e que também apresenta capacidade imunomoduladora, investigou-se, neste trabalho, se a GLUT exerceria efeito sobre aspectos imunomodulatórios das CTMs em um modelo experimental de DPE. Para tanto, utilizou-se camundongos da linhagem BALB/c, os quais receberam rações normoproteica ou hipoproteica isocalóricas contendo, respectivamente, 12% e 2% de proteína por um período de 5 semanas. Após o isolamento e a caracterização de CTMs provenientes dos grupos controle (CTMct) e desnutrido (CTMdesn), cultivou-se essas células em 0, 0,6, 2 e 10mM GLUT, a fim de determinar a influência deste aminoácido sobre a expressão de fatores de transcrição e produção de citocinas por CTMct e CTMdesn. Adicionalmente, avaliou-se o efeito dos sobrenadantes das culturas de CTMct e CTMdesn sobre a proliferação e produção de citocinas por macrófagos e linfócitos esplênicos. Os animais desnutridos apresentaram anemia, leucopenia, hipoplasia medular e diminuição na concentração de proteínas séricas, albumina e préa-lbumina. A DPE não modificou a morfologia e o fenótipo das CTMs, bem como não alterou a expressão de proteínas reguladoras do ciclo celular. Por outro lado, a expressão de NFkB e STAT-3 e a produção de IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10 e TGF-ß por CTMs foram alteradas pela DPE e variaram de acordo com as concentrações de GLUT testadas. O aumento na concentração de GLUT diminuiu a expressão de NFkB e induziu a expressão de STAT-3 por CTMs obtidas de ambos os grupos. Quanto a produção de citocinas por essas células, observou-se uma diminuição nos níveis de IL-ß e IL-6 e uma elevação nos níveis de IL-10 e TGF-ß com o aumento na concentração de GLUT. Variações na concentração desse aminoácido não alteraram a produção de IL-17 ou IFN-γ por CTMct e CTMdesn. Ademais, a concentração de GLUT alterou, de forma diretamente proporcional, a taxa de proliferação das CTMs. Os meios condicionados de CTMct e CTMdesn diminuíram a proliferação de macrófagos e linfócitos esplênicos estimulados com LPS, induziram aumento na produção da citocina antiinflamatória IL-10 por ambos os tipos celulares e diminuíram a produção das citocinas pró-inflamatórias IL-12 e TNF-α por macrófagos e IL-17 por linfócitos. Portanto, conclui-se que a GLUT possui efeito sobre a proliferação das CTMs, bem como a capacidade de imunomodular estas células


Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) alters hemopoiesis and, therefore, the generation of immune cells, and compromises the immune system. In this way, malnourished individuals are more susceptible to infections. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have immunomodulatory properties and are important in the formation of bone marrow stroma that supports hemopoiesis. Since L-glutamine (GLUT) is a conditionally essential amino acid, which is most consumed by MSCs, and present immunomodulatory capacity, this work investigated whether GLUT would have an effect on immunomodulatory aspects of MSCs in a PEM experimental model. For this purpose, BALB/c mice were used, which received isocaloric normoproteic or hypoproteic diets, containing respectively, 12% and 2% of protein for a period of 5 weeks. After isolation and characterization of MSCs from control (MSCct) and malnourished (MSCmaln) groups, these cells were cultured with 0, 0.6, 2 and GLUT 10mM in order to determine the influence of this amino acid on the expression of transcription factors and cytokine production by MSCct and MSCmaln. Besides that, the effect of MSCct and MSCmaln culture supernatants on proliferation and cytokine production by macrophages and splenic lymphocytes was evaluated. Malnourished animals presented anemia, leucopenia, marrow hypoplasia and decreased concentration of serum proteins, albumin and prealbumin. PEM did not change morphology and phenotype of MSCs or altered the expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins. On the other hand, the expression of NFkB and STAT-3 and the production of IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10 and TGF-ß by MSCs were modified by PEM and varied according to the tested GLUT concentrations. An increase in GLUT concentration decreased NFkB expression and induced STAT-3 expression by MSCs obtained from both groups. Regarding the production of cytokines by these cells, an increase in GLUT concentration resulted in decreased IL-1ß and IL-6 levels and increased IL- 10 and TGF-ß levels. Changes in the concentration of this aminoacid did not alter IL- 17 or IFN-γ production by MSCct and MSCmaln. Furthermore, the concentration of GLUT changed, in direct proportion, the proliferation of MSCs. The conditioned media MSCct and MSCmaln decreased the proliferation of macrophages and splenic lymphocytes stimulated with LPS, induced an increase in the production of the antiinflammatory cytokine IL-10 by both cell types, and decreased the production of proinflammatory cytokines IL-12 and TNF-α by macrophages and IL-17 by lymphocytes. Therefore, it can be concluded that GLUT has an effect on the proliferation of MSCs and it has the capacity to immunomodulate these cells


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Amino Acids/pharmacology , Glutamine/analysis , Protein-Energy Malnutrition/diagnosis , Stem Cells/physiology , Adjuvants, Immunologic , Immune System , Immunomodulation/immunology
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 26(2): 93-98, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741212

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA)-based scaffold's pore size on the proliferation and differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). The scaffolds were prepared in pulp chambers of 1-mm-thick tooth slices from third molars using salt crystals (150-250 µm or 251-450 µm) as porogen. DPSC (1x105 cells) were seeded in the scaffolds with different pore sizes, and cultured in 24-well plates. The cell proliferation was evaluated using the WST-1 assay after 3-21 days. Furthermore, RT-PCR was used to assess the differentiation of the DPSCs into odontoblasts, using markers of odontoblastic differentiation (DSPP, DSP-1 and MEPE). RNA from human odontoblasts was used as control. Cell proliferation rate was similar in both scaffolds except at the 14th day period, in which the cells seeded in the scaffolds with larger pores showed higher proliferation (p<0.05). After 21 days DPSCs seeded in both evaluated scaffolds were able of expressing odontoblastic markers DMP-1, DSPP and MEPE. In summary, both scaffolds tested in this study allowed the proliferation and differentiation of DPSCs into odontoblast-like cells.


O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a influência do tamanho dos poros de um scaffold à base de poli ácido láctico (PLLA) sobre a proliferação e diferenciação de células tronco da polpa dental (dental pulp stem cells - DPSC). Os scaffolds foram preparados dentro da câmara pulpar de discos de terceiros molares (1 mm), utilizando sal como porógeno (150-250 µm ou 251-450 µm). DPSC (1x105 células) foram semeadas nos scaffolds com diferentes tamanhos de poros e cultivadas em placas de 24 poços. A proliferação celular foi avaliada utilizando WST-1 após 3-21 dias. Além disso, RT-PCR foi utilizado para avaliar a diferenciação odontoblástica das DPSC utilizando marcadores da diferenciação odontoblástica (DSPP, DMP-1 e MEPE). RNA obtido de odontoblastos humanos foi utilizado como controle. A taxa de proliferação celular foi semelhante nos dois scaffolds avaliados, exceto no 14° dia, no qual as células cultivadas nos scaffolds com os maiores poros apresentaram uma maior taxa de proliferação (p<0,05). Após 21 dias, as DSPC cultivadas em ambos scaffolds avaliados foram capazes de expressar os marcadores odontoblásticos DMP-1, DSPP e MEPE. Em resumo, ambos scaffolds avaliados nesse estudo permitiram a proliferação e diferenciação odontoblástica das DPSC. .


Subject(s)
Dental Pulp/cytology , Polyesters/chemistry , Stem Cells/physiology , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Molar, Third , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Surface Properties , Tissue Culture Techniques , Tissue Engineering
19.
São Paulo; s.n; 2015. 101 p. ilus, tab. (BR).
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-867712

ABSTRACT

Este estudo avaliou a influência da fototerapia a laser (FTL) na proliferação e diferenciação de células-tronco da polpa dentária humana (DPSCs; do inglês, Dental Pulp Stem Cells ) encapsuladas em carreador injetável e termoresponsivo (PL; Pluronic® F-127, Sigma-Aldrich, MO, EUA) com incorporação de proteína morfogenética óssea 4 recombinante humana (rhBMP4) (sistema PL/rhBMP4). O biomaterial foi caracterizado de acordo com seus perfis de embebição e dissolução, liberação de rhBMP4 e sua estrutura morfológica. DPSCs foram isoladas, caracterizadas e encapsuladas em PL para confirmar sua viabilidade e seu potencial de diferenciação (adipo e osteogênico) em comparação com células-tronco mesenquimais de medula óssea (BMMSCs; do inglês, Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells). Quando encapsuladas no sistema PL/rhBMP4, DPSCs foram irradiadas com duas densidades de energia diferentes utilizando laser de diodo de fosfeto de índio-gálio-alumínio (InGaAlP), modos contínuo, pontual e em contato [660 nm, 0,028 cm2, 20 mW, 0,71 W/cm2, 3 J/cm2 (4 s) ou 5 J/cm2 (7 s)]. Os ensaios de PKH26 (do inglês, Red Fluorescent Cell Linker), CFU-F (do inglês, Coloning Forming Units - Fibroblastic), e MTT (do inglês, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide)) foram utilizados para avaliar adesão/proliferação, diferenças na capacidade formadora de colônias e viabilidade das DPSCs (neste último caso sob estresse nutricional), respectivamente. Finalmente, a diferenciação odonto/osteogênica foi analisada por qRT-PCR e confirmada por ensaio de vermelho de alizarina. O biomaterial embebeu e dissolveu rapidamente; densa rede tubular e reticular com poros interconectados foi observada.


DPSCs e BMMSCs apresentaram alta viabilidade celular quando encapsuladas em PL. Ambas as linhagens celulares tiveram êxito em se diferenciar em tecidos adiposo e ósseo. De acordo com o PKH26, DPSCs puderam aderir e proliferar no sistema PL/rhBMP4. DPSCs irradiadas encapsuladas tanto em PL como em PL/rhBMP4 formaram mais CFU-F que os controles não irradiados. Sob estresse nutricional, DPSCs semeadas no PL e irradiadas com 5 J/cm2 exibiram maior taxa de viabilidade celular em relação aos grupos não irradiados e irradiados com 3 J/cm2. Na presença de rhBMP4, os grupos irradiados tanto com 3 J/cm2 quanto com 5 J/cm2 apresentaram deposição mineral precoce quando comparados aos grupos não irradiados. Ainda, após 21 dias de diferenciação odonto/osteogênica, DPSCs irradiadas produziram maior quantidade de nódulos mineralizados. A irradiação com 5 J/cm2 levou ao aumento significativo da expressão de genes envolvidos na diferenciação odonto/osteogênica, como colágeno tipo I (COL1A1), osteocalcina (OCN), proteína da matriz dentinária 1 (DMP1), sialofosfoproteina dentinária (DSPP) e proteína heat shock 27 kDa (HSPB1). A associação entre rhBMP4 e FTL promove proliferação e diferenciação odonto/osteogênica de DPSCs acelerando e aumentando notavelmente a formação de tecido mineralizado, em especial quando a densidade de energia de 5 J/cm2 é aplicada.


This study evaluated the influence of laser phototherapy (LPT) on dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) proliferation and differentiation upon encapsulation in an injectable and thermo-responsive cell carrier (PL; Pluronic® F-127, Sigma-Aldrich, MO, USA) loaded with human recombinant bone morphogenetic protein 4 (rhBMP4)(PL/rhBMP4 system). The biomaterial was characterized according to its swelling and dissolution profiles, release of rhBMP4 and morphological structure. DPSCs were isolated, characterized and encapsulated in PL to confirm their viability and multilineage differentiation potential (adipo and osteogenic) in comparison to bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs). When encapsulated in the PL/rhBMP4 system, DPSCs were irradiated with two different energy densities using a continuous-wave indium-gallium-aluminum-phosphide (InGaAlP) diode laser [660 nm, 0.028 cm2, 20 mW, 0.71 W/cm2, 3 J/cm2 (4 s) or 5 J/cm2 (7 s)] in punctual and contact modes. The PKH26 (Red Fluorescent Cell Linker), the CFU-F (Coloning Forming Units - Fibroblastic), and the MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide] assays were used to assess differences in cell adhesion/proliferation, colony forming units formation ability, and cell viability of DPSCs (in this case under nutritional stress), respectively. Then, alizarin red and qRT-PCR analyzes were used to evaluate odonto/osteogenic differentiation. The biomaterial swelled and dissolved rapidly; dense tubular and reticular network morphology with well-interconnected pores was observed. DPSCs and BMMSCs presented high cell viability when encapsulated in PL. Both cell lineages successfully differentiated into bone or adipose tissues. According to PKH26,


DPSCs were able to adhere and proliferate in the PL/rhBMP4 system. Irradiated DPSCs encapsulated in either PL or PL/rhBMP4 system formed more CFU-F than non-irradiated controls. Under nutritional stress, DPSCs encapsulated in the hydrogels with no rhBMP4 and irradiated at 5 J/cm2 exhibited higher cell viability than the other groups. In the presence of rhBMP4, the groups irradiated both at 3 and 5 J/cm2 energy densities displayed earlier mineral deposition than the non-irradiated groups. Moreover, after 21 days of odonto/osteogenic differentiation, irradiated DPSCs produced greater nodule formation than the control groups. At the energy density of 5 J/cm2, there were significant upregulation of genes involved in odonto/osteoblast differentiation, such as type I collagen (COL1A1), osteocalcin (OCN), dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1), dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and heat shock protein 27 kDa (HSPB1). The association between rhBMP4 and LPT promotes cell proliferation and odonto/osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs accelerating and increasing the formation of mineralized tissue, in particular when the energy density of 5 J/cm2 is applied.


Subject(s)
Stem Cells/cytology , Stem Cells/classification , Stem Cells/physiology , Stem Cells/pathology , Phototherapy/instrumentation , Phototherapy/methods , Phototherapy , Lasers
20.
São Paulo; s.n; 2015. 101 p. ilus, tab. (BR).
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-871109

ABSTRACT

Este estudo avaliou a influência da fototerapia a laser (FTL) na proliferação e diferenciação de células-tronco da polpa dentária humana (DPSCs; do inglês, Dental Pulp Stem Cells ) encapsuladas em carreador injetável e termoresponsivo (PL; Pluronic® F-127, Sigma-Aldrich, MO, EUA) com incorporação de proteína morfogenética óssea 4 recombinante humana (rhBMP4) (sistema PL/rhBMP4). O biomaterial foi caracterizado de acordo com seus perfis de embebição e dissolução, liberação de rhBMP4 e sua estrutura morfológica. DPSCs foram isoladas, caracterizadas e encapsuladas em PL para confirmar sua viabilidade e seu potencial de diferenciação (adipo e osteogênico) em comparação com células-tronco mesenquimais de medula óssea (BMMSCs; do inglês, Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells). Quando encapsuladas no sistema PL/rhBMP4, DPSCs foram irradiadas com duas densidades de energia diferentes utilizando laser de diodo de fosfeto de índio-gálio-alumínio (InGaAlP), modos contínuo, pontual e em contato [660 nm, 0,028 cm2, 20 mW, 0,71 W/cm2, 3 J/cm2 (4 s) ou 5 J/cm2 (7 s)]. Os ensaios de PKH26 (do inglês, Red Fluorescent Cell Linker), CFU-F (do inglês, Coloning Forming Units - Fibroblastic), e MTT (do inglês, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide)) foram utilizados para avaliar adesão/proliferação, diferenças na capacidade formadora de colônias e viabilidade das DPSCs (neste último caso sob estresse nutricional), respectivamente. Finalmente, a diferenciação odonto/osteogênica foi analisada por qRT-PCR e confirmada por ensaio de vermelho de alizarina. O biomaterial embebeu e dissolveu rapidamente; densa rede tubular e reticular com poros interconectados foi observada. DPSCs e BMMSCs apresentaram alta viabilidade celular quando encapsuladas em PL. Ambas as linhagens celulares tiveram êxito em se diferenciar em tecidos adiposo e ósseo. De acordo com o PKH26, DPSCs puderam aderir e proliferar no sistema PL/rhBMP4. DPSCs irradiadas encapsuladas tanto em PL como em PL/rhBMP4 formaram mais CFU-F que os controles não irradiados. Sob estresse nutricional, DPSCs semeadas no PL e irradiadas com 5 J/cm2 exibiram maior taxa de viabilidade celular em relação aos grupos não irradiados e irradiados com 3 J/cm2. Na presença de rhBMP4, os grupos irradiados tanto com 3 J/cm2 quanto com 5 J/cm2 apresentaram deposição mineral precoce quando comparados aos grupos não irradiados. Ainda, após 21 dias de diferenciação odonto/osteogênica, DPSCs irradiadas produziram maior quantidade de nódulos mineralizados. A irradiação com 5 J/cm2 levou ao aumento significativo da expressão de genes envolvidos na diferenciação odonto/osteogênica, como colágeno tipo I (COL1A1), osteocalcina (OCN), proteína da matriz dentinária 1 (DMP1), sialofosfoproteina dentinária (DSPP) e proteína heat shock 27 kDa (HSPB1). A associação entre rhBMP4 e FTL promove proliferação e diferenciação odonto/osteogênica de DPSCs acelerando e aumentando notavelmente a formação de tecido mineralizado, em especial quando a densidade de energia de 5 J/cm2 é aplicada.


This study evaluated the influence of laser phototherapy (LPT) on dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) proliferation and differentiation upon encapsulation in an injectable and thermo-responsive cell carrier (PL; Pluronic® F-127, Sigma-Aldrich, MO, USA) loaded with human recombinant bone morphogenetic protein 4 (rhBMP4)(PL/rhBMP4 system). The biomaterial was characterized according to its swelling and dissolution profiles, release of rhBMP4 and morphological structure. DPSCs were isolated, characterized and encapsulated in PL to confirm their viability and multilineage differentiation potential (adipo and osteogenic) in comparison to bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs). When encapsulated in the PL/rhBMP4 system, DPSCs were irradiated with two different energy densities using a continuous-wave indium-gallium-aluminum-phosphide (InGaAlP) diode laser [660 nm, 0.028 cm2, 20 mW, 0.71 W/cm2, 3 J/cm2 (4 s) or 5 J/cm2 (7 s)] in punctual and contact modes. The PKH26 (Red Fluorescent Cell Linker), the CFU-F (Coloning Forming Units - Fibroblastic), and the MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide] assays were used to assess differences in cell adhesion/proliferation, colony forming units formation ability, and cell viability of DPSCs (in this case under nutritional stress), respectively. Then, alizarin red and qRT-PCR analyzes were used to evaluate odonto/osteogenic differentiation. The biomaterial swelled and dissolved rapidly; dense tubular and reticular network morphology with well-interconnected pores was observed. DPSCs and BMMSCs presented high cell viability when encapsulated in PL. Both cell lineages successfully differentiated into bone or adipose tissues. According to PKH26, DPSCs were able to adhere and proliferate in the PL/rhBMP4 system. Irradiated DPSCs encapsulated in either PL or PL/rhBMP4 system formed more CFU-F than non-irradiated controls. Under nutritional stress, DPSCs encapsulated in the hydrogels with no rhBMP4 and irradiated at 5 J/cm2 exhibited higher cell viability than the other groups. In the presence of rhBMP4, the groups irradiated both at 3 and 5 J/cm2 energy densities displayed earlier mineral deposition than the non-irradiated groups. Moreover, after 21 days of odonto/osteogenic differentiation, irradiated DPSCs produced greater nodule formation than the control groups. At the energy density of 5 J/cm2, there were significant upregulation of genes involved in odonto/osteoblast differentiation, such as type I collagen (COL1A1), osteocalcin (OCN), dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1), dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and heat shock protein 27 kDa (HSPB1). The association between rhBMP4 and LPT promotes cell proliferation and odonto/osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs accelerating and increasing the formation of mineralized tissue, in particular when the energy density of 5 J/cm2 is applied.


Subject(s)
Stem Cells/cytology , Stem Cells/classification , Stem Cells/physiology , Stem Cells/pathology , Phototherapy/instrumentation , Phototherapy/methods , Phototherapy , Lasers
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