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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(8): e11335, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285674

ABSTRACT

Stereotactic biopsies for lesions in the brainstem and deep brain are rare. This study aimed to summarize our 6-year experience in the accurate diagnosis of lesions in the brain stem and deep brain and to discuss the technical note and strategies. From December 2011 to January 2018, 72 cases of intracranial lesions in the brainstem or deep in the lobes undergoing stereotactic biopsy were retrospectively reviewed. An individualized puncture path was designed based on the lesion's location and the image characteristics. The most common biopsy targets were deep in the lobes (43 cases, 59.7%), including frontal lobe (33 cases, 45.8%), temporal lobe (4 cases, 5.6%), parietal lobe (3 cases, 4.2%), and occipital lobe (3 cases, 4.2 %). There were 12 cases (16.7%) of the brainstem, including 8 cases (11.1%) of midbrain, and 4 cases (5.6%) of pons or brachium pontis. Other targets included internal capsule (2 cases, 2.8%), thalamus (3 cases, 4.2%), and basal ganglion (12 cases, 16.7%). As for complications, one patient developed acute intracerebral hemorrhage in the biopsy area at 2 h post-operation, and one patient had delayed intracerebral hemorrhage at 7 days post-operation. The remaining patients recovered well after surgery. There was no surgery-related death. The CT-MRI-guided stereotactic biopsy of lesions in the brainstem or deep in the brain has the advantages of high safety, accurate diagnosis, and low incidence of complications. It plays a crucial role in the diagnosis of atypical, microscopic, diffuse, multiple, and refractory lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Stereotaxic Techniques , Biopsy , Brain Stem/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Image-Guided Biopsy
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 68-72, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877955

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) originating from different seizure onset zones had distinct electrophysiological characteristics and surgical outcomes. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between the origin and prognosis of TLE, and the stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) features.@*METHODS@#Thirty patients with TLE, who underwent surgical treatment in our functional neurosurgery department from January 2016 to December 2017, were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent anterior temporal lobectomy after an invasive pre-operative evaluation with SEEG. Depending on the epileptic focus location, patients were divided into those with medial temporal lobe seizures (MTLS) and those with lateral temporal lobe seizures (LTLS). The Engel classification was used to evaluate operation effectiveness, and the Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to detect seizure-free duration.@*RESULTS@#The mean follow-up time was 25.7 ± 4.8 months. Effectiveness was 63.3% for Engel I (n = 19), 13.3% for Engel II, 3.3% for Engel III, and 20.0% for Engel IV. According to the SEEG, 60.0% (n = 18) had MTLS, and 40.0% (n = 12) had LTLS. Compared with the MTLS group, the operation age of those with LTLS was significantly greater (26.9 ± 6.9 vs. 29.9 ± 12.5 years, t = -0.840, P = 0.009) with longer epilepsy duration (11.9 ± 6.0 vs. 17.9 ± 12.1 years, t = -1.801, P = 0.038). Patients with MTLS had a longer time interval between ictal onset to seizure (67.3 ± 59.1 s vs. 29.3 ± 24.4 s, t = 2.017, P = 0.008). The most common SEEG ictal pattern was a sharp/spike-wave rhythm in the MTLS group (55.6%) and low-voltage fast activity in the LTLS group (58.3%). Compared with the LTLS group, patients with MTLS had a more favorable prognosis (41.7% vs. 77.8%, P = 0.049). Post-operative recurrence was more likely to occur within three months after the operation for both groups, and there appeared to be a stable long-term outcome.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with MTLS, who accounted for three-fifths of patients with TLE, showed a more favorable surgical outcome.


Subject(s)
Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/surgery , Humans , Stereotaxic Techniques , Treatment Outcome
3.
Clinics ; 74: e573, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001827

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) is considered a promising new target for neurostimulation in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with postural instability and gait disturbance that is refractory to other treatment modalities. However, the PPN is typically difficult to visualize with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at clinical field strengths, which greatly limits the PPN as a viable surgical target for deep brain stimulation (DBS). Thus, the aim of this study is to directly visualize the PPN based on 7.0T ultrahigh-field MRI. METHODS: Five PD patients were enrolled and scanned using the MP2RAGE sequence on a 7.0T ultrahigh-field MRI scanner. Then, the MP2RAGE sequences were imported into a commercially available navigation system. The coordinates of the directly localized PPN poles were recorded in the navigation system relative to the anterior commissure-posterior commissure plane. RESULTS: Our results indicated that the PPN presented intermediate signal intensity in the 7.0T ultrahigh-field MR images in comparison with the surrounding structure, such as the hypo-intensity of the periaqueductal gray and the hyperintensity of the neighboring white matter tracts, in PD patients. The mean coordinates for the rostral and caudal poles of PPN were 6.50 mm and 7.20 mm lateral, 1.58 mm and 2.21 mm posterior, and 8.89 mm and 13.83 mm relative to the posterior commissure. CONCLUSION: Our findings provide, for the first time, direct visualization of the PPN using the MP2RAGE sequence on a 7.0T ultrahigh-field MRI, which may improve the accuracy of stereotactic targeting of the PPN and improve the outcomes in patients undergoing DBS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Parkinson Disease/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Image Enhancement/instrumentation , Pedunculopontine Tegmental Nucleus/diagnostic imaging , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/instrumentation , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/instrumentation , Image Enhancement/methods , Stereotaxic Techniques/instrumentation , Data Accuracy
4.
Metro cienc ; 26(2): 55-62, Diciembre 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-995818

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analizar retrospectivamente las características demográficas, topografía lesional, resultados anatomopatológicos y complicaciones de una serie de 65 biopsias estereotácticas cerebrales guiadas por tomografía. Materiales y métodos: estudio retrospectivo de 65 pacientes sometidos a 65 biopsias cerebrales estereotácticas guiadas con tomografía, desde enero 2012 hasta diciembre 2016, en el Hospital Carlos Andrade Marín (Quito-Ecuador). Resultados: se analizaron 65 pacientes con edad promedio de 48 años (rango: 15 a 78 años); 42 pacientes fueron hombres (64,61%) y 23 mujeres (35,38%). 54 pacientes (83%) presentaron lesiones únicas y 11 (17%) múltiples. El porcentaje de resultados positivos fue de 80%; de los cuales, 76,92% correspondieron a patología tumoral, de ellos 69,23% fueron primarios del SNC y 7,69% fueron metástasis. Se registró 10,76% de complicaciones hemorrágicas asintomáticas y 9,23% de morbilidad registrada como transitoria. No se reportó infecciones del sitio quirúrgico ni infección post-operatoria relacionados con los cuidados de la salud. No registramos mortalidad. Conclusiones: la biopsia estereotáctica cerebral guiada por tomografía es una herramienta mínimamente invasiva, segura y eficaz para el diagnóstico anatomopatológico definitivo. La complicación más prevalente en esta serie fue la hemorragia post-biopsia; sin embargo, fue asintomática y no alteró la evolución de los pacientes; el resto de complicaciones correspondió a morbilidad transitoria. No registramos infección post-operatoria ni mortalidad.


Objective: The aim of the present study was to analyze retrospectively demographic characteristics, lesion topography, anatomopathological results and complications of a series of 65 stereotactic brain biopsies. Materials and methods: 65 patients who underwent 65 CT-guided stereotactic brain biopsies were retrospectively analyzed from January 2012 to December 2016 at Carlos Andrade Marín Hospital (Quito, Ecuador). Results: 65 cases were reviewed. Patient age averaged 48 years (range: 15-78 years); 42 patients were men (64,61%) and 23 women (35,38%). 54 patients (83%) had single lesions and 11 (17%) had multiple lesions. The percentage of positive results was 80%; Malignancy accounted for 76,92% of biopsied lesions, of which 69,23% were primary tumor of CNS and 7,69% were metastases. There were 10,76% of asymptomatic hemorrhagic complication and 9,23% of transient morbidity. We do not document any surgical site-related infection or post-operative infection related to health care. No mortality was recorded. Conclusions: Stereotactic brain biopsy guided by tomography is a safe and effective minimally invasive tool for obtaining a definitive anatomopathological diagnosis. The most prevalent complication in this series was post-biopsy hemorrhage, however, it was asymptomatic and did not alter the clinical evolution of the patients; the rest of complications corresponded to transient morbidity. We do not register post-operative infection or mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tomography , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Stereotaxic Techniques , Image-Guided Biopsy
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive techniques such as stereotactic aspiration have been regarded as promising alternative methods to replace craniotomy in the treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The aim of this study was to identify the optimal timing of stereotactic aspiration and analyze the factors affecting the clinical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 81 patients who underwent stereotactic aspiration for spontaneous supratentorial ICH at single institution. Volume of hematoma was calculated based on computed tomography scan at admission, just before aspiration, immediately after aspiration, and after continuous drainage. The neurologic outcome was compared with Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) score. RESULTS: The mean volume ratio of residual hematoma was 59.5% and 17.6% immediately after aspiration and after continuous drainage for an average of 2.3 days, respectively. Delayed aspiration group showed significantly lower residual volume ratio immediately after aspiration. However, there was no significant difference in the residual volume ratio after continuous drainage. The favorable outcome of 1-month GOS 4 or 5 was significantly better in the group with delayed aspiration after more than 7 days (p = 0.029), despite no significant difference in postoperative 6-months GOS score. A factor which has significant correlation with postoperative 6-months favorable outcome was the final hematoma volume ratio after drainage (p = 0.028). CONCLUSION: There is no difference in final residual volume of hematoma or 6-months neurologic outcome according to the surgical timing of hematoma aspiration. The only factor affecting the postoperative 6-months


Subject(s)
Cerebral Hemorrhage , Craniotomy , Drainage , Glasgow Outcome Scale , Hematoma , Humans , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Residual Volume , Retrospective Studies , Stereotaxic Techniques
6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(4): 312-317, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897929

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Multiple organ failure syndrome (MOFS) is a pathology associated to unspecified and severe trauma, characterized by elevated morbidity and mortality. The complex inflammatory MOFS-related reactions generate important ischemia-reperfusion responses in the induction of this syndrome. Nitric oxide elevation, through the activation of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), has the potential of counteracting the typical systemic vasoconstriction, and platelet-induced hypercoagulation. Tadalafil would possibly act protectively by reducing cGMP degradation with consequent diffuse vasodilatation, besides reduction of platelet-induced hypercoagulation, thus, preventing multiple organ failure syndrome development. Methods: The experimental protocol was previously approved by an institution animal research committee. Experimental MOFS was induced through the stereotaxic micro-neurosurgical bilateral anterior hypothalamic lesions model. Groups of 10 Wistar rats were divided into: a) Non-operated control; b) Operated control group; c) 2 hours after tadalafil-treated operated group; d) 4 hours after tadalafil-treated operated group; e) 8 hours after post-treated operated group. The animals were sacrificed 24 hours after the neurosurgical procedure and submitted to histopathologic examination of five organs: brain, lungs, stomach, kidneys, and liver. Results: The electrolytic hypothalamic lesions resulted in a full picture of MOFS with disseminated multiple-organs lesions, provoked primarily by diffusely spread micro-thrombi. The treatment with tadalafil 2 hours after the micro-neurosurgical lesions reduced the experimental MOFS lesions development, in a highly significant level (P<0.01) of 58.75%. The treatment with tadalafil, 4 hours after the micro-neurosurgically-induced MOFS lesions, also reduced in 49.71%, in a highly significant level (P<0.01). Finally, the treatment with tadalafil 8 hours after the neurosurgical procedure resulted in a statistically significant reduction of 30.50% (P<0.05) of the experimentally-induced MOFS gravity scores. Conclusion: The phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, tadalafil, in the doses and timing utilized, showed to protect against the experimentally-induced MOFS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Protective Agents/therapeutic use , Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Tadalafil/therapeutic use , Multiple Organ Failure/prevention & control , Thrombosis/chemically induced , Thrombosis/rehabilitation , Hypothalamus, Anterior/injuries , Stereotaxic Techniques , Rats, Wistar , Disease Progression , Protective Agents/administration & dosage , Disease Models, Animal , Preoperative Period , Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Tadalafil/administration & dosage , Multiple Organ Failure/classification , Multiple Organ Failure/etiology
7.
Rev. chil. neurocir ; 43(1): 8-14, July 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-869773

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Para utilizar un meta-análisis de todos los casos reportados de la estimulación cerebral profunda (DBS) para ladistonía para determinar cuáles son los factores significativos resultados influencia relacionada con el destino. La escala demovimiento Burke-Fahn-Marsden (BFM), la medida más informado, fue elegida como la principal medida de resultado paraeste análisis. Material y Métodos: Una búsqueda en MEDLINE identificaron 137 pacientes que se sometieron a DBS para ladistonía en 24 estudios que tenían puntuaciones individuales BFM. Datos de los pacientes individuales, incluyendo la edad deinicio de la distonía, la edad de la cirugía, el género, la distribución de la distonía, la etiología de la distonía, la presencia decaracterísticas asociadas, anormalidad de las imágenes preoperatorias, cirugías estereotáxica anteriores, el núcleo estimulado,el tipo de anestesia que se utiliza, el tiempo de respuesta a la estimulación, y el momento de la evaluación de resultadosse introdujeron en una base de datos de SPSS para el análisis estadístico. Resultados: La media BFM cambio porcentual(mejora en la puntuación postoperatoria de la línea de base) fue 51,8% (rango - 34% a 100%). Significativamente se lograronmejores resultados con la estimulación del globo pálido interno (GPI) que con la estimulación de la parte posterior del núcleolateral ventral (VLP) del tálamo (p = 0,0001)...


Introduction: To use a meta-analysis on all reported cases of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for dystonia to reevaluate the good effect using the GPi as a target, which factors significant influence outcome related to the target. The Burke-Fahn-Marsden (BFM) movement scale, the most reported measure, was chosen as the primary outcome measure for this analysis. Material and Methods: Computerized MEDLINE searches on English literature search identified 137 patients who underwent BBS for dystonia in 24 studies that had individual BFM scores. The study was done with statistical analysis by intention to treat. Statistical analysis was made with a significant p- value of 0.05. For the comparison of pre- and postoperative scores, a test Wilcoxon signed was used. Results: The mean BFM percentage change (improvement in postoperative score from baseline) was 46.3 percent(range - 34 percent to 100 percent)...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dystonia/etiology , Dystonia/therapy , Deep Brain Stimulation/methods , Stereotaxic Techniques , Stereotypic Movement Disorder , Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale , Electric Stimulation/methods
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-83977

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Frameless stereotactic aspiration of a hematoma can be the one of the treatment options for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in the basal ganglia. Postoperative hematoma enlargement, however, can be a serious complication of intracranial surgery that frequently results in severe neurological deficit and even death. Therefore, it is important to identify the risk factors of postoperative hematoma growth. METHODS: During a 13-year period, 101 patients underwent minimally invasive frameless stereotactic aspiration for basal ganglia hematoma. Patients were classified into two groups according to whether or not they had postoperative hematoma enlargement in a computed tomography scan. Baseline demographic data and several risk factors, such as hypertension, preoperative hematoma growth, antiplatelet medication, presence of concomitant intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), were analysed via a univariate statistical study. RESULTS: Nine of 101 patients (8.9%) showed hematoma enlargement after frameless stereotactic aspiration. Among the various risk factors, concomitant IVH and antiplatelet medication were found to be significantly associated with postoperative enlargement of hematomas. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, our study revealed that aspirin use and concomitant IVH are factors associated with hematoma enlargement subsequent to frameless stereotactic aspiration for basal ganglia hematoma.


Subject(s)
Aspirin , Basal Ganglia Hemorrhage , Basal Ganglia , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypertension , Risk Factors , Statistics as Topic , Stereotaxic Techniques , Suction
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 34(3): 945-949, Sept. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-828967

ABSTRACT

La reacción y reparación de la dentina depende del número de células presentes en la pulpa, dentro de éstas fibroblastos. Los métodos diseñados para obtener una estimación fiable de la cantidad de elementos celulares de la pulpa han sido subjetivos y sesgados, sobre todo al evaluar los cambios cuantitativos y potencial capacidad reparadora en presencia de caries. El objetivo fue estimar y comparar cuantitativamente las densidades de número, volumen y superficie de fibroblastos en pulpas sanas y con diagnóstico de pulpitis reversible producto de caries en dientes humanos jóvenes. Se utilizaron dientes premolares humanos obtenidos de exodoncias, divididos en un grupo sano y cariado, los cuales fueron fijados y posteriormente descalcificados con ácido nítrico al 5 %. Siguiendo el protocolo del orientator se obtuvieron 5 secciones de 5 µm teñidas por H-E de cada diente. Se aplicó el recuento estereológico de los fibroblastos pulpares (FP) con el test multipropósito M42. Se estimaron las densidades de número (Nv), volumen (Vv) y superficie (Sv), y calcularon las Medias (±DE) por diente, y Medias (±EE) por grupo. Las diferencias entre grupos se analizaron mediante la prueba T, con un valor p 0,05 de significación estadística. En dientes sanos, la Media (±EE) para Nv de FP fue 0,393 x 105/mm3 (±0,020x105/mm3), para Vv 15,467 % (±1,334 %) y para Sv 16,330 mm2/mm3 (±1,274 mm2/mm3). En dientes cariados, la Nv fue 0,447 x 105/mm3 (±0,019x105/mm3), la Vv 20,171 % (±1,213 %) y la Sv 20,150 mm2/mm3 (±1,447 mm2/mm3). Al comparar las Nv, los FP del grupo con caries aumentaron significativamente (p= 0,047), al igual que la Vv (p= 0,0105) y Sv (p= 0,013). Existe un aumento del número de FP en los dientes con pulpitis reversible, lo que condicionaría su capacidad de respuesta. La metodología empleada puede ser aplicable para determinar el comportamiento pulpar y cuantificar variables de respuesta odontoblástica en tratamientos restauradores atraumáticos de manera imparcial y reproducible.


Dentine reaction and repair depends on the number of cells present in the pulp, within these fibroblasts. The methods designed to obtain a reliable estimate of the amount of cellular elements of the dental pulp have been subjective and biased, especially when evaluating quantitative changes and potential reparative capacity in the presence of caries. The aim of this study was to estimate and quantitatively compare with stereological tools, number, density, volume and surface of fibroblasts in healthy teeth and reversible pulpitis diagnosis due to caries. We obtained premolar teeth from human tooth extractions, divided into healthy and carious groups, which were fixed and decalcified with 5 % nitric. Following the orientator protocol we obtained 5 sections of 5 µm from each tooth which were stained by H-E. The stereological counting of pulp fibroblasts (FP) with M42 multipurpose test was applied. Number densities (Nv), volume (Vv) and surface (Sv) were estimated, and calculated the means (±SD) for a tooth, and Mean (±SE) per group. Differences between groups were analyzed by t-test, p 0.05 a statistically significant value. In healthy teeth, the mean (±SE) for Nv FP was 0.393x105/mm3 (±0.020x105/mm3), Vv 15.467 % (±1.334 %) and Sv 16.330 mm2/mm3 (±1.274 mm2/mm3). In decayed teeth, it was 0.447x105 Nv/mm3 (±0.019x105/mm3), the Vv 20.171 % (±1.213 %) and Sv 20.150 mm2/mm3 (± 1.447 mm2/mm3). Comparing Nv, the FP carious group increased significantly (p =0.047), as Vv (p =0.0105) and Sv (p =0.013). There is an increased number of FP teeth with reversible pulpitis, which would determine their responsiveness. The methodology can be applied to determine the pulp behavior and odontoblast quantify response variables in impartially and reproducible atraumatic restorative treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Dental Pulp/anatomy & histology , Fibroblasts/pathology , Fibroblasts/physiology , Pulpitis/pathology , Stereotaxic Techniques
10.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 93-101, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-137232

ABSTRACT

An 18-year-old left-handed male harbored intractable medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) underwent fractionated gamma knife surgery (GKS) instead of open surgery, considering the mental retardation and diffuse cerebral dysfunction. GKS treatment parameters were: target volume, 8.8 cm3; total marginal dose, 24 Gy in 3 fractionations at the 50% isodose line. The patient has been free from seizures since 9 months after GKS, with notable improvement in cognitive outcome. Fractionated GKS could be considered as a safe tool for seizure control and neuropsychological improvement in patients with MTLE.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Male , Radiosurgery , Seizures , Stereotaxic Techniques , Temporal Lobe
11.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 93-101, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-137229

ABSTRACT

An 18-year-old left-handed male harbored intractable medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) underwent fractionated gamma knife surgery (GKS) instead of open surgery, considering the mental retardation and diffuse cerebral dysfunction. GKS treatment parameters were: target volume, 8.8 cm3; total marginal dose, 24 Gy in 3 fractionations at the 50% isodose line. The patient has been free from seizures since 9 months after GKS, with notable improvement in cognitive outcome. Fractionated GKS could be considered as a safe tool for seizure control and neuropsychological improvement in patients with MTLE.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Male , Radiosurgery , Seizures , Stereotaxic Techniques , Temporal Lobe
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-59528

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Stereotactic vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (VAB) has been established as a standard method for histological diagnosis of microcalcification or nonpalpable breast lesions on mammography. Generally, the procedure has been done under the prone position or upright sitting position. We herein attempt to evaluate clinical utility of Stereotactic VAB under lateral decubitus position. METHODS: One hundred six women (mean age, 51.2 years) with mammographically detected microcalcification underwent lateral decubitus positioning VAB using the 8G probe. In all cases, we obtained mammography specimens for identification of microcalcification and postprocedure mammography. We reviewed mean procedure time, pieces of specimen, pathology and follow-up mammography. RESULTS: The procedure took approximately 20 minutes (range, 15-24 minutes). Average number of obtained specimens was 8.5 pieces (range, 6-12 pieces). Microcalcifications were confirmed in both specimen mammography and microscopic slides. Of 106 cases, 10 cases were diagnosed as ductal carcinoma in situ. Additional surgical management was performed. Atypical ductal hyperplasias were found in 8 cases, and fibrocystic changes in 88 cases. CONCLUSION: Stereotactic VAB using the 8G probe under lateral decubitus position does not need a dedicated table, and is easier to maintain the position. Also, this procedure is accurate and safe. Thus, stereotactic VAB using the 8G probe under lateral decubitus position will be a useful method for diagnosis of microcalcification or nonpalpable breast lesions on mammography.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Breast , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Diagnosis , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hyperplasia , Mammography , Pathology , Prone Position , Stereotaxic Techniques
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(12): 1156-1159, Dec. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762922

ABSTRACT

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising medical imaging technique that uses light to capture real-time cross-sectional images from biological tissues in micrometer resolution. Commercially available optical coherence tomography systems are employed in diverse applications, including art conservation and diagnostic medicine, notably in cardiology and ophthalmology. Application of this technology in the brain may enable distinction between white matter and gray matter, and obtainment of detailed images from within the encephalon. We present, herein, the in vivo implementation of OCT imaging in the rat brain striatum. For this, two male 60-day-old rats (Rattus norvegicus, Albinus variation, Wistar) were stereotactically implanted with guide cannulas into the striatum to guide a 2.7-French diameter high-definition OCT imaging catheter (Dragonfly™, St. Jude Medical, USA). Obtained images were compared with corresponding histologically stained sections to collect imaging samples. A brief analysis of OCT technology and its current applications is also reported, as well as intra-cerebral OCT feasibility on brain mapping during neurosurgical procedures.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Basal Ganglia/anatomy & histology , Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Computer Systems/standards , Corpus Striatum/anatomy & histology , Feasibility Studies , Rats, Wistar , Stereotaxic Techniques , Tomography, Optical Coherence/standards
14.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 32(4): 453-456, ago. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-762643

ABSTRACT

Brain sparganosis is a non-common parasite infection by Diphyllobothrium or Spirometra mansonoides larvae. This last one is responsible for most of the infestations in humans. We report a 19 years male patient bearer of a brain sparganosis. The patient presented with headache and left hemiparesis. CT diagnosis of right thalamic lesions was made and aspiration biopsy was performed using stereotactic system, obtaining a whole and death larvae. Histopathology confirms a CNS parasitism and it was treated initially with albendazol. ELISA test confirmed Spirometra spp. infestation. The patient developed asymptomatic with total remission of the lesions. It constitutes the second report in Cuba of brain sparganosis.


Se presenta el caso clínico de un varón con 19 años de edad y el diagnóstico de una esparganosis cerebral. Consultó por cefalea y una hemiparesia izquierda. En una tomografía computarizada cerebral con contraste se observaron lesiones talámicas derechas. Se realizó una biopsia cerebral guiada por estereotaxia con aspiración completa de un verme. En el estudio histopatológico se planteó un probable parasitismo de SNC y fue tratado inicialmente con albendazol. Se confirmó la infección por Spirometra spp. por test de ELISA. Evolucionó con regresión de síntomas y remisión imagenológica de las lesiones. Este caso constituye el segundo reporte en Cuba de una infestación cerebral por este parásito y aspiración estereotáctica de la larva de Spirometra spp.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Brain Diseases/diagnosis , Neurocysticercosis/diagnosis , Stereotaxic Techniques , Sparganosis/diagnosis , Sparganum/isolation & purification , Spirometra/isolation & purification , Biopsy, Needle , Brain Diseases/parasitology , Cuba , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Larva , Neurocysticercosis/parasitology , Spirometra/anatomy & histology
16.
In. Prinzo Yamurri, Humberto Diego. Neurocirugía funcional y estereotáxica: conceptos de interés general. Montevideo, s.n, 2015. p.25-35.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1367762
17.
In. Prinzo Yamurri, Humberto Diego. Neurocirugía funcional y estereotáxica: conceptos de interés general. Montevideo, s.n, 2015. p.39-58, ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1367766
18.
In. Prinzo Yamurri, Humberto Diego. Neurocirugía funcional y estereotáxica: conceptos de interés general. Montevideo, s.n, 2015. p.63-82, ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1367770
19.
In. Prinzo Yamurri, Humberto Diego. Neurocirugía funcional y estereotáxica: conceptos de interés general. Montevideo, s.n, 2015. p.181-202, ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1368088
20.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 261-264, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-73629

ABSTRACT

External beam radiotherapy can be used to treat cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). Acute skin toxicity is the most common adverse event. In this case study we report on an elderly patient with nasal root cutaneous SCC treated with stereotactic technique using a dedicated linear accelerator (CyberKnife system). Grade 3 skin toxicity was observed but it was resolved after 6 weeks. The use of stereotactic radiotherapy permitted a clinical remission of SCC with good cosmetic results.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Humans , Particle Accelerators , Radiosurgery , Radiotherapy , Skin , Skin Neoplasms , Stereotaxic Techniques , Vitamin E
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