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4.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e975, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144432

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los teratomas se definen como tumores de tejidos extraños al órgano o sitio anatómico en el cual se originan. Los teratomas mediastinales no son frecuentes, representan alrededor del 5 por ciento al 10 por ciento de todos los tumores mediastinales. Objetivo: Describir los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de pacientes con diagnóstico de teratomas mediastinales. Métodos: Se estudiaron 12 pacientes tratados entre enero de 2001 y diciembre de 2018. Las variables evaluadas fueron sexo, edad, tipo histológico: maduro o inmaduro, vía de acceso quirúrgico, accidentes quirúrgicos y evolución postoperatoria. Resultados: Correspondieron 9 al sexo femenino y 3 al masculino. El promedio de edad fue de 33,3 años (17-60 años). Hubo predominio absoluto del tipo maduro (11). La esternotomía media fue el acceso más frecuente. La toracotomía se realizó cuando el tumor, voluminoso, ocupaba la mayor parte de un hemitórax. Los accidentes quirúrgicos fueron un desgarro pulmonar y una apertura del pericardio. De dos pacientes tratados mediante cirugía torácica videoasistida, uno fue convertido por sangrado venoso molesto. Al año de seguimiento todos estaban vivos, sin evidencias de recidiva. Conclusiones: Contrariamente a lo esperado, hay predominio del sexo femenino, mientras que la edad y el tipo histológico coinciden con la literatura. La esternotomía, aún hoy, es comúnmente aceptada, a pesar del auge de la cirugía torácica videoasistida. La resección total produce resultados excelentes para los teratomas benignos(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Teratomas are defined as tumors of tissues foreign to the organ or anatomical site in which they originate. Mediastinal teratomas are rare, accounting for about 5-10 percent of all mediastinal tumors. Objective: To describe the outcomes of the surgical treatment of patients diagnosed with mediastinal teratomas. Methods: Twelve patients treated between January 2001 and December 2018 were studied. The variables evaluated were sex, age, histological type (mature or immature), surgical access route, surgical accidents, and postoperative evolution. Results: Nine patients corresponded to the female sex and three, to the male. The average age was 33.3 years (17-60 years). There was an absolute predominance of the mature type (11). Median sternotomy was the most frequent access. Thoracotomy was performed when the bulky tumor occupied most of a hemithorax. The surgical accidents were lung tear and opening of the pericardium. Of two patients treated by video-assisted thoracic surgery, one was converted for bothersome venous bleeding. At one year of follow-up, all were alive, with no evidence of recurrence. Conclusions: Contrary to expectations, there is predominance of the female sex, while age and histological type coincide with the literature. Sternotomy, even today, is commonly accepted, despite the rise of video-assisted thoracic surgery. Total resection produces excellent outcomes in benign teratomas(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Teratoma/diagnosis , Thoracotomy/methods , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Sternotomy/methods , Retrospective Studies
5.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(2): e666, mar.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093167

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presenta una paciente de 54 años de edad con antecedentes de hipertensión arterial, que ingresa en el servicio de Medicina Interna por dolor torácico intenso, acompañado de falta de aire de moderada intensidad, decaimiento, tos y dificultad para tragar sobre todo los alimentos sólidos. Mediante estudios complementarios se diagnostica un tumor de mediastino anterior, lo que motiva su traslado al servicio de Cirugía General. En el acto quirúrgico se constata absceso del mediastino anterior, el cual se drena mediante esternotomía media, evoluciona favorablemente y es egresada 12 días después de la intervención quirúrgica(AU)


ABSTRACT We present a 54-year-old patient with a history of high blood pressure, admitted to the internal medicine service with severe chest pain, accompanied by a lack of air of moderate intensity, decay, cough and difficulty for swallowing, especially solid foods. Through complementary studies, an anterior mediastinal tumor is diagnosed, which motivates her transfer to the general surgery service. In the surgical act, abscess of the anterior mediastinum is verified and drained by means of median sternotomy. The patient evolves favorably and is discharged 12 days after the surgical intervention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Chest Pain/etiology , Sternotomy/methods , Mediastinal Neoplasms/surgery , Mediastinal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
6.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(4): 322-327, out.-dez. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-969136

ABSTRACT

Complicações relacionadas ao acesso venoso cervicotorácico, como os pseudoaneurismas (PAs), podem ser devastadoras. Neste artigo, apresentamos dois casos semelhantes em que o avanço tecnológico impactou no diagnóstico, tratamento e resultados. Ambos pacientes apresentaram volumoso PA após a tentativa de punção venosa profunda. O primeiro caso, em 1993, diagnosticado por duplex scan , revelou grande PA oriundo da artéria subclávia direita. A artéria foi abordada por esternotomia mediana com extensão supraclavicular. O PA originava-se do tronco tireocervical, tratado com simples ligadura. No segundo caso, em 2017, angiotomografia revelou um PA originário da artéria vertebral, que foi tratado com técnica endovascular, mantendo a perviedade do vaso. Ambos evoluíram satisfatoriamente, apesar de abordagens bastante diferentes. A lesão vascular cervicotorácica representa um desafio propedêutico e terapêutico, com alto risco de ruptura. Os avanços tecnológicos diminuem os riscos de lesões vasculares com acesso cirúrgico difícil e devem estar entre as opções do cirurgião vascular


Complications such as pseudoaneurysms (PA) related to cervicothoracic venous access can be devastating. In this article, we present two similar cases in which technological advances impacted diagnosis, treatment, and results. Both patients developed massive PA after deep venous puncture attempts. The first case occurred in 1993 and was diagnosed by a duplex scan that revealed a large PA originating from the right subclavian artery. The artery was approached by median sternotomy with supraclavicular extension. The PA originated from the thyrocervical trunk and was treated with simple ligation. The second case was in 2017. Angiotomography revealed a PA originating in the vertebral artery, which was treated with endovascular techniques, maintaining vessel patency. Both patients progressed satisfactorily, despite quite different approaches. Cervicothoracic vascular lesions represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, where the risk of rupture is high. Technological advances have reduced the risks involved in management of vascular injuries with difficult surgical access


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Vertebral Artery , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Endovascular Procedures , Subclavian Artery , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Angiography/methods , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Sternotomy/methods , Hematoma
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(2): 122-128, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958395

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare early postoperative outcomes after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with sutureless bioprostheses and conventional stented bioprostheses implanted through median sternotomy. Methods: From January 2011 to December 2016, 763 patients underwent aortic valve replacement with bioprostheses; of these, 139 received a Perceval S sutureless valve (Group A) and 624 received a Perimount Magna Ease valve (Group B). These groups were further divided into A1 (isolated Perceval AVR), A2 (Perceval AVR with coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG]), B1 (isolated conventional stented bioprosthesis), and B2 (conventional stented bioprosthesis + CABG). Results: Patients in Group A were older (mean 74 years vs. 71 years; P<0.0001), predominantly women (53% vs. 32%; P<0.0001), had a higher logistic EuroSCORE (3.26 vs. 2.43; P<0.001), more preoperative atrial fibrillation (20% vs. 13%; P=0.03), and had a lower reopening rate for bleeding (2.1% vs. 6.7%; P=0.04). Compared to Group B1, Group A1 had shorter cross-clamp (mean 40 min vs. 57 min; P≤0.0001) and bypass times (mean 63 min vs. mean 80 min; P=0.02), and they bled less postoperatively (mean 295 ml vs. mean 393 ml; P=0.002). The mean gradient across Perceval valve was 12.5 mmHg while its effective orifice area was 1.5 cm2. Conclusion: In our retrospective study of 763 patients, sutureless valve group patients are older, mostly women, more symptomatic preoperatively, and have higher logistic EuroSCORE. They have shorter cross-clamp and bypass times, less postoperative bleeding, and reduced incidence of reopening. Further studies are needed to evaluate the clinical benefits in short, mid, and long-terms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Bioprosthesis/standards , Heart Valve Prosthesis/standards , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Aortic Valve/surgery , Postoperative Period , Prosthesis Design , Time Factors , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Constriction , Sternotomy/methods , Sutureless Surgical Procedures/methods
9.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(2): f:163-l:172, mar.-abr. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-882956

ABSTRACT

Fundamentos: A mediastinite é uma infecção grave pós-esternotomia mediana com prognóstico ruim, mesmo com diagnóstico e tratamento precoces. Objetivos: Avaliar o perfil dos pacientes submetidos à esternotomia, identificar fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento da mediastinite e avaliar o diagnóstico bacteriológico dos pacientes com esta infecção. Métodos: Estudo caso-controle realizado em um hospital de Belo Horizonte (MG) com pacientes submetidos à esternotomia mediana entre janeiro de 2015 e janeiro de 2016. A amostra foi de 65 pacientes, sendo 13 casos e 52 controles (1:4). Na análise estatística, foram adotados os testes t de Student, Mann-Whitney e exato de Fisher, além de regressão logística, ao nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Houve predominância do sexo masculino (63,1%), e a idade média foi 58,8 ±10,3 anos. A evolução a óbito ocorreu em 9,2% dos pacientes e em 23,1% dos que apresentaram mediastinite. A cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio foi realizada em 75,4% dos casos. Predominância do sexo masculino, maior tempo de internação, febre pós-cirúrgica, óbitos e maior número de fatores de risco foram características mais observadas nos pacientes que desenvolveram mediastinite. O microrganismo mais encontrado em pacientes com infecção mediastinal foi Staphylococcus aureus (30,7%), além de elevada ocorrência de bactérias Gram-negativas (46,2%). Conclusão: Esforços devem ser concentrados para o controle dos fatores de risco antes do procedimento, além do aprimoramento de medidas que possam diminuir ou eliminar o surgimento da mediastinite, visando à prevenção e ao melhor controle de infecções


Background: Mediastinitis is a severe post-median sternotomy infection with poor prognosis, even with early diagnosis and treatment. Objectives: To evaluate the profile of patients submitted to sternotomy, identify the risk factors for the development of mediastinitis and evaluate the bacteriological diagnosis of patients with this infection. Methods: Case-control study carried out in a large hospital in Belo Horizonte (MG, Brazil) in patients submitted to median sternotomy, from January 2015 to January 2018. The sample consisted of 65 patients, of which 13 were cases and 52, controls (1:4). For the statistical analysis, Student's t test, Mann-Whitney test and Fisher exact test were used, in addition to logistic regression, with a level of significance of 5%. Results: There was a predominance of males (63.1%), and the mean age was 58.8 ± 10.3 years. Evolution to death occurred in 9.2% of the patients and in 23.1% of those with mediastinitis. Myocardial revascularization was performed in 75.4% of the cases. Predominance of male gender, longer hospitalization time, post-surgical fever and death, and a greater number of risk factors were more frequent characteristics in patients who developed mediastinitis. The most common microorganism found in patients with mediastinal infection was Staphylococcus aureus (30.7%), in addition to a high occurrence of Gram-negative bacteria (46,2%). Conclusion: The results are in accordance with the literature. Efforts should be focused on the control of risk factors prior to the procedure, in addition to improving measures that can decrease or eliminate the onset of mediastinitis, aiming at infection prevention and control


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Mediastinitis/therapy , Risk Factors , Sternotomy/methods , Age Factors , Case-Control Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Malnutrition , Obesity , Sex Factors , Statistical Analysis , Stroke Volume , Tobacco Use Disorder
10.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 87(4): 302-306, oct.-dic. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-887540

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Objetivo: Describir la morbimortalidad operatoria relacionada a re-esternotomía media en pacientes con corazón univentricular en el Instituto Nacional de Pediatría. Método: Estudio de serie de casos retrospectiva, descriptiva y analítica del año 2001 al 2016. Resultados: Se encontraron 65 pacientes que requirieron 76 procedimientos. Hubo 59 primeras re-esternotomías, con promedio de edad de 36 meses (4-176 meses) y peso 12.2 kg (3.2-21.5 kg); se realizaron 40 procedimientos de Glenn y 19 procedimientos de Fontan. Se practicaron 17 segundas re-esternotomías, con promedio de edad de 89 meses (48-156 meses) y 22.7 kg de peso (14.4-41 kg), en quienes se realizaron 17 procedimientos de Fontan. Hubo dos lesiones en primeras re-esternotomías, una lesión a la coronaria derecha con cambios electrocardiográficos, y una apertura incidental de la aurícula derecha que causó hipotensión. Reportamos una muerte secundaria a lesión de la aorta con sangrado masivo durante una segunda re-esternotomía, lo que representa una morbimortalidad del 3.9%. Conclusiones: Concluimos que la re-esternotomía es un procedimiento seguro en nuestro centro.


Abstract: Objective: To establish the morbidity and mortality of patients with univentricular hearts who underwent a repeat median sternotomy at the Instituto Nacional de Pediatría. Method: A retrospective review was performed on the clinical charts of all patients who under-went a repeat median sternotomy from 2001 to 2016. Results: Sixty-five patients underwent 76 surgeries by repeat median sternotomy. Fifty-nine patients had a first repeat median sternotomy, with a mean age of 36 months (range: 4-176 months) and a mean weight of 12.2 kg (range: 3.2-21.5 kg). Forty patients had a Glenn procedure, and 19 patients had a Fontan procedure. There were 17 patients with a second repeat median sternotomy, with a mean age of 89 months (range 48-156 months), and a mean weight of 22.7 kg (14.4-41 kg). A Fontan procedure was performed on all these 17 patients. A section of the right coronary artery with electrocardiographic changes and a right atrium tear that caused hypotension occurred during first repeat sternotomy. An aortic tear occurred during a second repeat sternotomy with massive bleeding and subsequent death. This represents 3.9% of re-entry injuries. Conclusion: It is concluded that repeat median sternotomy is a safe procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Palliative Care/methods , Sternotomy/methods , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Ventricles/abnormalities , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Sternotomy/adverse effects
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(4): 270-275, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897925

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Midline sternotomy is the preferred approach for device migration following transcatheter device closure of ostium secundum atrial septal defect. Results of patients operated for device migration were retrospectively reviewed after transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect. Methods: Among the 643 patients who underwent atrial septal defect with closure device, 15 (2.3%) patients were referred for device retrieval and surgical closure of atrial septal defect. Twelve patients underwent device retrieval and surgical closure of atrial septal defect through right antero-lateral minithoracotomy with femoral cannulation. Three patients were operated through midline sternotomy. Results: Twelve patients operated through minithoracotomy did not require conversion to sternotomy. Due to device migration to site of difficult access through thoracotomy, cardiac tamponade and hemodynamic instability, respectively, three patients were operated through midline sternotomy. Mean aortic cross-clamp time and cardiopulmonary bypass time were 28.1±17.7 and 58.3±20.4 minutes, respectively. No patient had surgical complication or mortality. Mean intensive care unit and hospital stay were 1.6±0.5 days and 7.1±2.2 days, respectively. Postoperative echocardiography confirmed absence of any residual defect and ventricular dysfunction. In a mean follow-up period of six months, no mortality was observed. All patients were in New York Heart Association class I without wound or vascular complication. Conclusion: Minithoracotomy with femoral cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass is a safe-approach for selected group of patients with device migration following transcatheter device closure of atrial septal defect without increasing the risk of cardiac, vascular or neurological complications and with good cosmetic and surgical results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Thoracotomy/methods , Foreign-Body Migration/surgery , Septal Occluder Device/adverse effects , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/surgery , Catheterization/methods , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/methods , Retrospective Studies , Foreign-Body Migration/complications , Treatment Outcome , Femoral Artery , Sternotomy/methods , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/diagnostic imaging
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(3): 184-190, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897915

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect through midline sternotomy avoids the cardiopulmonary bypass, however, lacks the cosmetic advantage. Perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect with transverse split sternotomy was performed to add the cosmetic advantage of mini-invasive technique. Methods: Thirty-six pediatric patients with mean age 7.14±3.24 months and weight 5.00±0.88 kg were operated for perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect through transverse split sternotomy in 4th intercostal space under transesophageal echocardiography guidance. In case of failure or complication, surgical closure of ventricular septal defect was performed through the same incision with cervical cannulation of common carotid artery and internal jugular vein for commencement of cardiopulmonary bypass. All the patients were postoperatively followed, and then discharged from hospital due to their surgical outcome, morbidity and mortality. Results: Procedure was successful in 35 patients. Two patients developed transient heart block. Surgical closure of ventricular septal defect was required in one patient. Mean duration of ventilation was 11.83±3.63 hours. Mean intensive care unit and hospital stay were 1.88±0.74 days and 6.58±1.38 days, respectively. There was no in-hospital mortality. A patient died one day after hospital discharge due to arrhythmia. No patients developed wound related, vascular or neurological complication. In a mean follow-up period of 23.3±18.45 months, all 35 patients were doing well without residual defect with regression of pulmonary artery hypertension as seen on transthoracic echocardiography. Conclusion: Transverse split sternotomy incision is a safe and effective alternative to a median sternotomy for perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect with combined advantage of better cosmetic outcomes and avoidance of cardiopulmonary bypass.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Sternotomy/instrumentation , Sternotomy/methods , Septal Occluder Device , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/surgery , Prosthesis Design , Time Factors , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Operative Time , Surgical Wound , Heart Ventricles/surgery , Length of Stay
13.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(3): 228-230, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897906

ABSTRACT

Abstract The development of left atrial myxoma after coronary artery bypass graft surgery is a rare entity. A 60-year-old man with previous off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting four years ago with patent coronary grafts was diagnosed with left atrial mass. The patient underwent successful resection of the same through minimally invasive right anterolateral thoracotomy. Histopathology of the atrial mass confirmed the diagnosis of atrial myxoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Heart Neoplasms/etiology , Heart Neoplasms/pathology , Myxoma/etiology , Myxoma/pathology , Reoperation , Time Factors , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/methods , Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Sternotomy/methods , Heart Atria/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Myxoma/surgery
14.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 45(2): 229-234, abr.-jun. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-960534

ABSTRACT

Paciente de 57 años, fumador, antecedentes de salud que acudió a consulta por presentar tos seca de 3 meses de evolución. Se le diagnosticó unteratoma mediastinal, tumor poco frecuente en esa edad. En la radiografía de tórax se observó una masa mediastinal anterior que se confirmó con la tomografía computarizada y donde la localización y las características imaginológicas sugirieron el diagnóstico. Se realizó esternotomía media con exéresis del tumor, confirmando por anatomía patológica la presencia de un teratoma quístico maduro en el mediastino(AU)


A 57 year old male smoking patient, with healthy history presented to the clinic for having dry cough for 3 months of evolution. Mediastinal teratoma was diagnosed, a rare tumor at that age. An anterior mediastinal mass was observed on the chest X-ray, which was confirmed by computed tomography. The location and imaging characteristics suggested the diagnosis as well. A median sternotomy was performed with tumor excision, the pathological anatomy confirmed the presence of a mature cystic teratoma in the mediastinum(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Teratoma/pathology , Sternotomy/methods , Mediastinal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
15.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 31(3): 391-397, 2016. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-2308

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A mediastinite pós-operatória é uma condição grave, com altas taxas de mortalidade. O retalho de omento maior é usado com êxito no tratamento de mediastinites pós-operatórias decorrentes de cirurgia cardíaca. O uso dessa abordagem não foi relatado em lactentes, provavelmente porque nessa idade o omento maior é membranáceo, pouco volumoso e possui tecido adiposo escasso. MÉTODOS: Entre julho de 2010 e agosto de 2014, foram tratados quatro lactentes com mediastinite pós-operatória decorrentes de cirurgia cardíaca, realizada por esternotomia. O tratamento cirúrgico consistiu em remoção dos fios de aço da osteossíntese esternal, desbridamento e lavagem do mediastino, seguidos da transposição de todo o omento maior para a cavidade mediastinal. O tratamento cirúrgico foi feito em um só tempo. Não foi feita nova síntese do esterno com fios de aço. RESULTADOS: Os quatro pacientes sobreviveram ao tratamento e obtiveram alta da unidade de tratamento intensivo sem infecção. CONCLUSÕES: Embora membranáceo e apresentando pequeno volume, o retalho de omento maior se mostrou um excelente método de abordagem da mediastinite pós-operatória do lactente.


INTRODUCTION: Postoperative mediastinitis is a serious condition that presents high mortality rates. The greater omentum flap has been used with good results in postoperative mediastinitis after cardiac surgery. The use of this approach has not been reported in infants probably because at this age, the greater omentum is membranous, not bulky, and has little amount of fatty tissue. METHOD: Between July 2010 and August 2014, four infants who presented with mediastinitis after a cardiac surgery via sternotomy were treated. The surgical treatment consisted of steel wire removal, debridement, and wound washing, followed by transposition of the entire greater omentum to the mediastinal cavity. Surgical treatment was performed in a single step. No rewiring of the sternum was performed. RESULTS: All four patients survived the treatment and were discharged from the intensive care unit without infection. CONCLUSIONS: Although membranous and not bulky, the use of a greater omentum flap proved to be an excellent approach in infant postoperative mediastinitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , History, 21st Century , Omentum , Postoperative Complications , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures , Therapeutics , Review , Sternotomy , Infant , Mediastinitis , Mediastinum , Omentum/surgery , Omentum/pathology , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Therapeutics/adverse effects , Therapeutics/methods , Sternotomy/adverse effects , Sternotomy/methods , Mediastinitis/surgery , Mediastinitis/complications , Mediastinitis/mortality , Mediastinum/surgery , Mediastinum/injuries
16.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2015 Jan-Mar ; 18(1): 15-20
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-156494

ABSTRACT

Background: Median sternotomy, sternal spreading, and sternal wiring are the main causes of pain during the early recovery phase following cardiac surgery. Aim: This study was designed to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of continuous presternal bupivacaine infusion through a single catheter after parasternal block following cardiac surgery. Materials and Methods: The total of 40 patients (American Society of Anesthesiologist status II, III), 45–60 years old, undergoing coronary – artery bypass grafting were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, double‑blind study. A presternal catheter was inserted with continuous infusion of 5 mL/h bupivacaine 0.25% (Group B) or normal saline (Group C) during the first 48 postoperative hrs. Primary outcomes were postoperative morphine requirements and pain scores, secondary outcomes were extubation time, postoperative respiratory parameters, incidence of wound infection, Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and hospital stay duration, and bupivacaine level in blood. Statistical Methods: Student’s t‑test was used to analyze the parametric data and Chi‑square test for categorical variables. Results: During the postoperative 48 h, there was marked reduction in morphine requirements in Group B compared to Group C, (8.6 ± 0.94 mg vs. 18.83 ± 3.4 mg respectively, P = 0.2), lower postoperative pain scores, shorter extubation time (117 ± 10 min vs. 195 ± 19 min, respectively, P = 0.03), better respiratory parameters (PaO2/ FiO2, PaCO2 and pH), with no incidence of wound infection, no differences in ICU or hospital stay duration. The plasma concentration of bupivacaine remained below the toxic threshold (at T24, 1.2 ug/ml ± 0.3 and T48 h 1.7 ± 0.3 ug/ml). Conclusion: Continuous presternal bupivacaine infusion has resulted in better postoperative analgesia, reduction in morphine requirements, shorter time to extubation, and better postoperative respiratory parameters than the control group.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Analgesics/pharmacology , Bupivacaine/administration & dosage , Bupivacaine/pharmacology , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Female , Humans , Male , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Sternotomy/methods , Sternum/surgery , Thorax/surgery
17.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2014 Jul; 17(3): 229-231
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-153676

ABSTRACT

In patients with a right to left intracardiac shunt, air embolism results in an obligatory systemic embolization. Nonembolization of entrained air is described in a child with a single ventricle physiology who had earlier undergone bidirectional Glenn shunt construction and Damus–Kaye–Stansel anastomosis. The air entrainment was detected by intra-operative transesophageal echocardiography. The combined effect of a “diving bell” phenomenon and mild aortic valve regurgitation are suggested as the reasons for the confi nement of air into the ventricle preventing catastrophic systemic embolization.


Subject(s)
Child , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Embolism, Air/etiology , Fontan Procedure/adverse effects , Humans , Male , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Sternotomy/methods
18.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 64(4): 247-252, Jul-Aug/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-720471

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized, prospective and double blinded study is to investigate effects of different esmolol use on hemodynamic response of laryngoscopy, endotracheal intubation and sternotomy in coronary artery bypass graft surgery. METHODS: After approval of local ethics committee and patients' written informed consent, 45 patients were randomized into three groups equally. In Infusion Group; from 10 min before intubation up to 5th minute after sternotomy, 0.5 mg/kg/min esmolol infusion, in Bolus Group; 2 min before intubation and sternotomy 1.5 mg/kg esmolol IV bolus and in Control Group; %0.9 NaCl was administered. All demographic parameters were recorded. Heart rate and blood pressure were recorded before infusion up to anesthesia induction in every minute, during endotracheal intubation, every minute for 10 minutes after endotracheal intubation and before, during and after sternotomy at first and fifth minutes. RESULTS: While area under curve (AUC) (SAP × time) was being found more in Group B and C than Group I, AUC (SAP × T int and T st) and AUC (SAP × T2) was found more in Group B and C than Group I (p < 0.05). Moreover AUC (HR × T st) was found less in Group B than Group C but no significant difference was found between Group B and Group I. CONCLUSION: This study highlights that esmolol infusion is more effective than esmolol bolus administration on controlling systolic arterial pressure during endotracheal intubation and sternotomy in CABG surgery. .


JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVO: o objetivo deste estudo prospectivo, randômico e duplo-cego foi investigar os efeitos do uso diferente de esmolol na resposta hemodinâmica à laringoscopia, intubação orotraqueal e esternotomia em cirurgia de revascularização coronária. MÉTODOS: após obter a aprovação do Comitê de Ética local e consentimento informado assinado pelos pacientes, 45 pacientes foram randomicamente divididos em três grupos. O Grupo I (infusão) recebeu 0,5 mg/kg/min de esmolol em infusão a partir de 10 min antes da intubação até 5 minutos após a esternotomia; o Brupo B (bolus) recebeu 1,5 mg/kg de esmolol em bolus IV a partir de 2 min antes da intubação e esternotomia; o grupo C (controle) recebeu NaCl a 0,9%. Todos os parâmetros demográficos foram registados. Os valores de frequência cardíaca e pressão arterial foram registrados desde antes da infusão até a indução da anestesia a cada minuto, durante a intubação endotraqueal, a cada minuto durante 10 min após a intubação endotraqueal e antes, durante e após a esternotomia no primeiro e quinto minutos. RESULTADOS: enquanto a área sob a curva (ASC) (SAP × tempo) foi maior nos grupos B e C que no Grupo I, a ASC (SAP × T int e T st) e ASC (SAP × T2) foram maiores nos grupos B e C que no Grupo I (p < 0,05). Além disso, a ASC (FC × T st)) foi menor no Grupo B que no Grupo C, mas não houve diferença significante entre os grupos B e I. CONCLUSÃO: este estudo destaca que a administração de esmolol em infusão é mais eficaz que em bolus para controlar a pressão arterial sistólica durante a intubação endotraqueal e esternotomia em CRC. .


JUSTIFICACIÓN Y OBJETIVO: el objetivo de este estudio prospectivo, aleatorizado y doble ciego fue investigar los efectos del diferente uso del esmolol en la respuesta hemodinámica a la laringoscopia, intubación orotraqueal y esternotomía en cirugía de revascularización coronaria. MÉTODOS: después de obtener la aprobación del Comité de Ética local y el consentimiento informado firmado por los pacientes, 45 de ellos fueron aleatoriamente divididos en 3 grupos. El grupo I (infusión) recibió 0,5 mg/kg/min de esmolol en infusión desde 10 min antes de la intubación hasta 5 min después de la esternotomía; el grupo B (bolo), que recibió 1,5 mg/kg de esmolol en bolo iv a partir de 2 min antes de la intubación y esternotomía; el grupo C (control) recibió NaCl al 0,9%. Todos los parámetros demográficos fueron registrados. Los valores de frecuencia cardíaca y presión arterial fueron registrados ya antes de la infusión y hasta la inducción de la anestesia cada minuto durante la intubación endotraqueal, cada minuto durante 10 min después de la intubación endotraqueal, y antes, durante y después de la esternotomía en el primer y quinto minutos. RESULTADOS: mientras que el área bajo la curva (AUC) (presión arterial sistólica [PAS] × tiempo) fue mayor en los grupos B y C que en el grupo I, el AUC (PAS ×T int y T st ) y AUC (PAS × T 2 ) fueron mayores en los grupos B y C que en el grupo I (p < 0,05). Además, el AUC (frecuencia cardíaca × T st ) fue menor en el grupo B que en el grupo C, pero no hubo diferencia significativa entre los grupos B e I. CONCLUSIÓN: este estudio destaca que la administración del esmolol en infusión es más eficaz que en bolos para controlar la PAS durante la intubación endotraqueal ...


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adrenergic beta-1 Receptor Antagonists/administration & dosage , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Laryngoscopy/methods , Propanolamines/administration & dosage , Adrenergic beta-1 Receptor Antagonists/pharmacology , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Double-Blind Method , Heart Rate/drug effects , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Infusions, Intravenous , Injections, Intravenous , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Prospective Studies , Propanolamines/pharmacology , Sternotomy/methods
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 29(2): 123-130, Apr-Jun/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-719424

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Congenital heart defects treatment shows progressive reduction in morbidity and mortality, however, the scar, resulting from ventricular (VSD) and atrial septal defect (ASD) repair, may cause discomfort. Right axillary minithoracotomy approach, by avoiding the breast growth region, is an option for correction of these defects that may provide better aesthetic results at low cost. Since October 2011, we have been using this technique for repairing VSD and ASD defects as well as associated defects. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of this method in children undergoing correction of VSD and ASD, to compare perioperative clinical outcomes with those repaired by median sternotomy, and to evaluate the aesthetic result. Methods: Perioperative clinical data of 25 patients submitted to axillary thoracotomy were compared with data from a paired group of 25 patients with similar heart defects repaired by median sternotomy, from October 2011 to August 2012. Results: Axillary approach was possible even in infants. There was no mortality and the main perioperative variables were similar in both groups, except for lower use of blood products in the axillary group (6/25) vs. control (13/25), with statistical difference (P =0.04). The VSD size varied from 7 to 15 mm in axillary group. Cannulation of the aorta and vena cavae was performed through the main incision, whose size ranged from 3 to 5 cm in the axillary group, with excellent aesthetic results. Conclusion: The axillary thoracotomy was effective, allowing for a heart defect repair similar to the median sternotomy, with more satisfactory aesthetic results and reduced blood transfusion, and it can be safely used in infants. .


Introdução: O tratamento dos defeitos cardíacos apresenta progressiva redução da morbimortalidade, porém, a cicatriz, sequela aparente do tratamento da comunicação interatrial (CIA) e interventricular (CIV), pode causar incômodo. A abordagem por minitoracotomia axilar é opção para correção destes defeitos, com possível melhor estética e baixo custo, além de evitar a região de crescimento da mama. Desde outubro de 2011, empregamos esta técnica para correção de CIA, CIV e defeitos associados. Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia do método em crianças submetidas à correção de CIV e CIA, avaliar a evolução clínica perioperatória em comparação à esternotomia mediana e avaliar o resultado estético. Métodos: Dados clínicos perioperatórios de 25 pacientes submetidos à minitoracotomia axilar foram comparados com dados de grupo de 25 pacientes submetidos à correção de defeitos cardíacos semelhantes por esternotomia mediana, de outubro de 2011 a agosto de 2012. Resultados: A correção dos defeitos via axilar foi factível inclusive em lactentes. Não houve mortalidade e as principais variáveis perioperatórias foram similares em ambos os grupos, exceto pelo menor uso de hemoderivados no grupo axilar (6/25) x controle (13/25), com diferença estatística (P=0,04). A sequela ventricular nos pacientes do grupo axilar variou de 7 a 15 mm. A canulação da aorta e veias cavas foi realizada através da incisão principal, cujo tamanho variou de 3 a 5 cm no grupo axilar, com resultado estético excelente. Conclusão: A minitoracotomia axilar foi eficaz, permitiu correção do defeito cardíaco semelhante à esternotomia mediana, com resultado estético mais ...


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Axilla/surgery , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/surgery , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/surgery , Thoracotomy/methods , Blood Transfusion/methods , Chi-Square Distribution , Cicatrix/prevention & control , Esthetics , Reproducibility of Results , Sternotomy/methods , Treatment Outcome
20.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2014 Jan; 17(1): 59-61
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-149696

ABSTRACT

Improved survival from congenital heart disease has led to an increasing need for complex reoperation by reentrant sternotomy. Peripheral cannulation and initiation of cardiopulmonary bypass prior to sternotomy to avoid the risk of cardiac injury and massive hemorrhage is an option in adults and larger children, but femoral vessel size precludes this strategy in infants. We describe the management of a high‑risk reentry sternotomy in an infant for repair of a giant pseudoaneurysm after prior homograft repair of tetralogy of Fallot, using surgical dissection for suprasternal cannulation of the innominate artery and subxyphoid cannulation of the inferior vena cava.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia/methods , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Ventricles/surgery , Humans , Infant , Reoperation , Sternotomy/methods , Tetralogy of Fallot/methods , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/surgery
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