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2.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250348

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer gástrico ocupa el quinto lugar en incidencia de todos los tipos de neoplasias malignas y la segunda causa de muerte por cáncer en el mundo, pues la mayoría de los pacientes presentan más de 60 años de edad al ser diagnosticados. Objetivo: Caracterizar a ancianos con cáncer gástrico según variables de interés. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo, de serie de casos, de 56 pacientes mayores de 60 años con diagnóstico endoscópico e histológico de cáncer gástrico, quienes fueron ingresados en el Hospital Provincial Clínico-Quirúrgico Docente Saturnino Lora de Santiago de Cuba, en el período 2016-2019. Resultados: En la serie predominaron los ancianos de 60-69 años de edad (46,4 %), principalmente del sexo masculino (67,8 %), y los síntomas más frecuentes fueron la epigastralgia (82,1 %) y la saciedad precoz (67,8 %). Entre las características más relevantes de las lesiones tumorales figuraron la localización antropilórica (55,3 %), la forma ulcerada en la endoscopia (51,7 %) y la variedad hística adenocarcinoma moderadamente diferenciado (43,4 %); asimismo, se determinó la existencia de Helicobacter pylori en 52,5 % de los resultados anatomopatológicos de las biopsias. Conclusiones: Resulta importante considerar la presencia de un adenocarcinoma gástrico en los pacientes mayores de 60 años que refieran síntomas digestivos, sobre todos si son hombres y padecen epigastralgia, más aún si al realizarle la esofagogastroduodenoscopia se observa una lesión ulcerada de localización antropilórica.


Introduction: Gastric cancer occupies the fifth place in incidence among all types of malignancies and is the second cause of death in the world, as most of the patients are more than 60 years when being diagnosed. Objective: To characterize aged patients according to variables of interests. Methods: An observational, descriptive and series of cases study was carried out in 56 patients older than 60 years with endoscopic and histologic diagnosis of gastric cancer, who were admitted in Saturnino Lora Teaching Provincial Clinical-Surgical Hospital, during 2016-2019. Results: Elderly in the age group 60-69 years predominated (46.4 %), mainly of the male sex (67.8 %), and the most frequent symptoms were epigastralgia (82.1 %) and the early fullness sensation (67.8 %). Among the most relevant characteristics of the tumoral lesions there were the antropiloric location (55.3 %), the ulcerated presentation in the endoscopy (51.7 %), and the histic variety mildly differentiated adenocarcinoma (43.4 %), likewise, the existence of Helicobacter pylori was confirmed in 52,5 % of the pathological biopsy results. Conclusions: It is interesting to consider the presence of a gastric adenocarcinoma in patients older than 60 years expressing gastric symptoms, mainly if they are men or suffer from epigastralgia, even more if when carrying out the esophagogastroduodenoscopy, an ulcerated lesion of antropiloric location is observed.


Subject(s)
Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Aged , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Helicobacter pylori
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 26-35, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921240

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Endoscopic biopsy can underestimate gastric malignancies as low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (LGIN). Definitively diagnosed LGIN would progress. This study aimed to evaluate predictive factors to identify malignancies misdiagnosed as LGIN by biopsy and LGIN at high risk of progression.@*METHODS@#The clinical records of patients diagnosed with gastric LGIN by endoscopic biopsy who underwent at least two endoscopies during the first year of follow-up between 2007 and 2017 were retrospectively collected. Three endoscopists reviewed photographs of the initial endoscopy, described lesion characteristics, and made endoscopic diagnoses. Logistic regression was used to analyze predictors to identify malignancies underestimated as LGIN. A receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of these predictors. Patient clinical outcomes of follow-up >1 year were collected. Kaplan-Meier estimates with log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazards regression were used to analyze predictors of progression.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 48 of 182 (26.4%) patients were proven to have malignancies. A single lesion, a large lesion size, and marked intestinal metaplasia (IM) were independent predictors of initially misdiagnosed malignancies. The area under the curve of these predictors was 0.871, with a sensitivity of 68.7% and specificity of 92.5%. Twelve of 98 patients (12.2%) progressed during the 33-month median follow-up period. A whitish appearance, irregular margins, marked IM, and histological diagnosis of LGIN more than twice within the first year were predictors for progression.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lesions diagnosed as LGIN by biopsy with marked IM and other predictors above should be prudently treated for high potential to be malignancies or progress. Endoscopic follow-up with repeated biopsies within the first year is recommended.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Carcinoma in Situ , Endoscopy , Humans , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis
4.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(6): 2575-2585, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1150038

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: en los últimos años, se aprecia a nivel global un aumento del cáncer gástrico. La mayoría de los tumores gástricos primarios son malignos. En Matanzas, existe un incremento de esta patología. Objetivo: determinar el comportamiento clínico, endoscópico e histológico del cáncer gástrico diagnosticado. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y prospectivo en el Departamento de Gastroenterología del Hospital "Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy", de la ciudad de Matanzas, en el período de enero del 2017 a octubre del 2019. El universo fue 25 pacientes que presentaron cáncer gástrico por diagnóstico endoscópico e histológico. Resultados: el grupo de edad más afectado correspondió a los pacientes entre 61 y 70 años, (44 %). El sexo masculino predominó en un 68 %. Los factores de riesgo de mayor incidencia, fueron la dieta inadecuada y el hábito de fumar. Las manifestaciones clínicas más relevantes fueron: epigastralgia, plenitud gástrica y pérdida de peso. La variedad hística que predominó fue el adenocarcinoma difuso y la localización el antro. Conclusiones: el cáncer gástrico constituye un problema de salud que, al actuar sobre los factores de riesgo se puede disminuir su incidencia; con un diagnóstico precoz se logrará disminuir la mortalidad (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: an increase of gastric cancer is appreciated in the world in the last years. Most of the primary gastric tumors are malignant. There is an increase of this disease also in Matanzas. Objective: to determine the histological, endoscopic and clinical behavior of the diagnosed gastric cancer. Materials and methods: a prospective, descriptive and observational study was carried out in the Department of Gastroenterology of the Hospital "Mario Munoz Monroy, of Matanzas, in the period from January 2017 to October 2019. The universe were 25 patients presenting gastric cancer by histologic and endoscopic diagnosis. Results: The most affected age group was the one of patients among 61 and 70 years old (44 %). Male sex predominated in 68 %. The risk factors having higher incidence were an inadequate diet and smoking. The more relevant clinical manifestation were epigastralgia, gastric fullness and weight loss. The predominating tissue variety was the diffuse adenocarcinoma and antrum location. Conclusions: gastric cancer is a health problem the incidence of which could be reduced when acting on its risk factors; with a precocious diagnosis mortality will be reduced (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Health Behavior , Signs and Symptoms , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Risk Factors , Endoscopy, Digestive System/methods
5.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(3): 245-249, jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115550

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los tumores neuroendocrinos (TNE), son tumores compuestos por células productoras de péptidos y aminas. Los TNE gástricos, representan el 1% de todas las neoplasias, sin embargo su incidencia ha ido en aumento. Son generalmente asintomáticos y no funcionantes. El tratamiento es generalmente la resección local. Caso Clínico: paciente de 48 años con sospecha de cáncer gástrico; su estudio demuestra un TNE gástrico bien diferenciado tipo 1. Se realiza etapificación y se define en comité oncológico la vigilancia endoscópica. El hallazgo de un TNE, en el estudio de cáncer gástrico, es un hallazgo poco frecuente. Debido al aumento progresivo en la realización de endoscopías digestivas altas, secundario a la alta prevalencia de cáncer gástrico en nuestro país, se espera que aumenten hallazgos como un TNE. Es por esto que realizamos una revisión de la literatura y planteamos algunas conclusiones al respecto.


Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are composed of cells that produce peptides and amines. Gastric NETs represent 1% of all neoplasms; however their incidence has been increasing. They are usually asymptomatic and non-functioning. The treatment is usually local resection. Case Report: We present the case of a 48-year-old patient who was suspected of gastric cancer; her study shows a well-differentiated type 1 gastric NET. Staging is performed and endoscopic surveillance is defined in the oncology board. The finding of a NET, in the study of gastric cancer, is a rare finding. Due to the progressive increase in the performance of upper gastrointestinal endoscopies, secondary to the high prevalence of gastric cancer in our country, it is expected to increase findings as a NET. That is why we conducted a review of the literature and made some conclusions about it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Neuroendocrine Tumors/diagnosis , Neuroendocrine Tumors/etiology , Neuroendocrine Tumors/therapy , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/physiopathology , Stomach Neoplasms/therapy , Incidence , Medical Oncology/methods , Neoplasm Staging
6.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 37(1): 62-73, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098373

ABSTRACT

Resumen El carcinoma gástrico hoy en día es una de las principales causas de mortalidad a nivel mundial por neoplasias y especialmente en países como Costa Rica, que se cataloga como un país de alta incidencia. Existen múltiples factores de riesgo, siendo el primero y más importante la infección por Helicobacter pylori, que desencadena una cascada de diferentes lesiones, iniciando en atrofia gástrica, que puede llegar a finalizar en cáncer invasivo. Existen otros factores que pueden influir en un ambiente pro-carcinogénico tales como fumado, obesidad, la dieta, entre otros. Múltiples naciones han desarrollado diferentes guías de tamizaje para disminuir la mortalidad; sin embargo, en países con alta incidencia sigue siendo el estándar realizar estudios de imagen y endoscopia luego de determinada edad dependiendo de factores de riesgo.


Abstract Gastric carcinoma is nowadays one of the main causes of mortality worldwide due to neoplasms and especially in countries such as Costa Rica, which is classified as a high incidence country. There are multiple risk factors, starting with Helicobacter pylori infection being the most important one; after the infection a cascade with different lesions is triggered, first it begins with gastric atrophy and then eventually lead to an invasive cancer. There are other factors that can influence a pro-carcinogenic environment such as smoking, obesity, diet, among others. Multiple nations have developed different screening guidelines to reduce mortality, however in countries with high incidence it is still the gold-standard to perform imaging and endoscopy studies after a certain age and depending on risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Peptic Ulcer/complications , Gastritis, Atrophic/diagnosis , Metaplasia
7.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(1): e2019130, Jan.-Mar. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087529

ABSTRACT

Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is the most common type of extra-nodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which mostly involves the stomach. The clinical suspicion and diagnosis are often challenging because of the lack of specific symptoms and conventional endoscopic findings. Three magnifying endoscopic signs of the gastric mucosa have been described as highly specific to the diagnosis of MALT lymphoma, such as (i) tree-like appearance of the microvessels; (ii) non-structural area; and (iii) ballooning crypt pattern. We report the case of a middle-aged woman in which these signs appeared chronologically over a period of 2 years, showing the association of the sequence of the endoscopic findings and the final histological diagnosis of gastric MALT lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone/diagnosis , Endoscopy
8.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(5): 590-595, 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136259

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Thrombopoietin (THPO) is well-known as a megakaryocyte growth and development factor (MGDF) involved in megakaryocyte proliferation and maturation. To explore the biological effects of THPO in gastric adenocarcinoma, we conducted this study. Methods: By accessing the TCGA database, the expression level of THPO was determined in tumor tissues. The association between THPO expression and clinical features, or prognostic significance was described by Cox regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier. The SiRNA method was used to decline the THPO expression; then cell viability, invasion, and migration were detected to verify the effects of the knockdown of THPO. qPCR and western blotting were implemented to examine the expression level of THPO. Results: The expression of THPO was increased in tumor tissue and cells, its high-regulation was associated with a poor prognosis in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma. Cell viability, invasion, and migration were suppressed in AGS with the down-regulation of THPO. Furthermore, on the basis of si-THPO transfection, E-cadherin was promoted while N-cadherin and Vimentin were attenuated. CONCLUSION Our results revealed that THPO may be a potent marker of gastric adenocarcinoma, providing a novel potential screening method for gastric adenocarcinoma.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Trombopoetina (THPO) é um conhecido fator de desenvolvimento e crescimento megacariócito (MGDF) envolvido na proliferação e maturação de megacariócitos. Realizamos este estudo para explorar os efeitos biológicos do THPO no adenocarcinoma gástrico. Metodologia: O nível de expressão do THPO em tecidos tumorais foi determinado acessando a banco de dados TCGA. A associação entre a expressão de THPO e características clínicas ou relevância no prognóstico foi descrita através da análise de Kaplan-Meier e regressão de Cox. O método SiRNA foi utilizado para reduzir a expressão da THPO e, em seguida, a viabilidade, invasão, e migração celular foram detectadas para verificar os efeitos da redução do THPO. qPCR e western blotting foram utilizados para examinar o nível de expressão do THPO. Resultados: A expressão do THPO estava aumentada em tecido e células tumorais, esse aumento estava associado com um prognóstico negativo para pacientes com adenocarcinoma gástrico. A invasão e migração celular foram suprimidos em AGS com a redução do THPO. Além disso, com base na transfecção de si-THPO, a E-caderina foi promovida, enquanto a N-caderina e Vimentina foram atenuadas. Conclusão nossos resultados demonstram que o thpo pode ser um potente marcador de adenocarcinoma gástrico, com potencial para ser um novo tipo de triagem para adenocarcinoma gástrico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Thrombopoietin/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/mortality , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Invasiveness
9.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(3): e1535, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BIGG | ID: biblio-1141903

ABSTRACT

The II Brazilian Consensus on Gastric Cancer by the Brazilian Gastric Cancer Association (ABCG) was recently published. On this occasion, several experts in gastric cancer expressed their opinion before the statements presented. Aim: To present the ABCG Guidelines (part 1) regarding the diagnosis, staging, endoscopic treatment and follow-up of gastric cancer patients. Methods: To forge these Guidelines, the authors carried out an extensive and current review regarding each statement present in the II Consensus, using the Medline/PubMed, Cochrane Library and SciELO databases with the following descriptors: gastric cancer, staging, endoscopic treatment and follow-up. In addition, each statement was classified according to the level of evidence and degree of recommendation. Results: Of the 24 statements, two (8.3%) were classified with level of evidence A, 11 (45.8%) with B and 11 (45.8%) with C. As for the degree of recommendation, six (25%) statements obtained grade of recommendation 1, nine (37.5%) recommendation 2a, six (25%) 2b and three (12.5%) grade 3. Conclusion: The guidelines presented here are intended to assist professionals working in the fight against gastric cancer with relevant and current information, granting them to be applied in the daily medical practice.


O II Consenso Brasileiro de Câncer Gástrico da Associação Brasileira de Câncer Gástrico (ABCG) foi recentemente publicado. Nesta ocasião, inúmeros especialistas que atuam no tratamento desta doença expressaram sua opinião diante declarações apresentadas. Objetivo: Apresentar as Diretrizes da ABCG (Parte 1) quanto ao diagnóstico, estadiamento, tratamento endoscópico e seguimento dos pacientes com câncer gástrico. Métodos: Para formulação destas Diretrizes os autores realizaram extensa e atual revisão referente a cada declaração presente no II Consenso, utilizando as bases Medline/PubMed, Cochrane Library e SciELO com os seguintes descritores: câncer gástrico, estadiamento, tratamento endoscópico e seguimento. Ainda, cada declaração foi classificada de acordo com o nível de evidência e grau de recomendação. Resultados: Das 24 declarações, duas (8,3%) foram classificadas com nível de evidência A, 11 (45,8%) B e 11 (45,8%) C. Quanto ao grau de recomendação, seis (25%) declarações obtiveram grau de recomendação 1, nove (37,5%) grau 2a, seis (25%) 2b e três (12,5%) 3. Conclusão: As diretrizes aqui presentes têm a finalidade de auxiliar os profissionais que atuam no combate ao câncer gástrico com informações relevantes e atuais, permitindo que sejam aplicadas na prática médica diária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Endoscopy/methods , Neoplasm Staging/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Consensus Development Conference
10.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(4): 979-992, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1094102

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La infección por helicobacter pylori afecta aproximadamente al 50% de la población mundial, es causante de gastritis crónica, úlcera péptica, cáncer gástrico y linfoma del tejido linfoide asociado a la mucosa. Desde su descubrimiento, la erradicación ha sido uno de los más importantes retos en Gastroenterología. En muchos países se desconoce la prevalencia de resistencia primaria del microorganismo a los diferentes antibióticos que empíricamente se utilizan, y por no realizar pruebas de rutina que verifican su erradicación en la práctica diaria, se ignora la efectividad de los esquemas prescritos. El incremento progresivo de la resistencia a la claritromicina y metronidazol, unido a una ausencia de antibioticoterapia alternativa, desafía la capacidad para eliminar de manera efectiva a ésta bacteria. El subcitrato de bismuto ha resurgido y su adición en la terapia ha permitido aumentar las tasas de curación por encima del 90%. Actualmente se invoca que para mejorar la eficacia en el tratamiento se debe combinar una supresión potente del ácido gástrico en tratamientos combinados cuádruples con una duración de 14 días, para la mayoría de los casos. La adherencia al tratamiento es crucial para obtener buenos resultados terapéuticos.


ABSTRACT The infection for helicobacter pylori affects approximately to the world population's 50%, it is causing of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric cancer and linfoma associated to the mucous one. From their discovery, the eradication has been one of the most important challenges in Gastroenterología. In many countries the prevalencia of primary resistance is ignored from the microorganism to the different antibiotics that empirically they are used, and for not carrying out routine tests that verify its eradication in the daily practice, the effectiveness of the prescribed outlines it is ignored. The progressive increment of the resistance to the claritromicina and metronidazol, together to an absence of alternative antibioticotherapy, challenges the capacity to eliminate from an effective way to this bacteria. The bismuth subcitrato has resurged and its addition in the therapy has allowed to increase the cure rates above 90%. At the moment it is invoked that to improve the effectiveness in the treatment, that is should combine a potent suppression of the gastric acid in combined quadruple treatments with a duration of 14 days, for most of the cases. The adherence to the treatment is crucial to obtain therapeutic good results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Risk Factors , Helicobacter Infections/etiology , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Treatment Outcome , Drug Therapy, Combination , Disease Eradication , Peptic Ulcer/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Tetracycline/therapeutic use , Bismuth/therapeutic use , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Clarithromycin , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone/diagnosis , Acidity Regulator , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Gastritis/diagnosis , Gastroenterology , Metronidazole , Metronidazole/therapeutic use
11.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(4): 295-298, ago. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040526

ABSTRACT

Se denomina mieloptisis a la infiltración de la médula ósea por células no hematopoyéticas. En pacientes con cáncer gástrico esta invasión es extremadamente infrecuente y la supervivencia suele ser menor a tres meses. Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 35 años con compromiso de la médula ósea secundario a un carcinoma gástrico difuso de células en anillo de sello.


The infiltration of the bone marrow y non-hematopoietic cells is called myelophthisis. In patients with gastric cancer, this invasion is extremely infrequent and the survival is usually less than three months. We present the case of a 35-year-old man with bone marrow involvement secondary to diffuse gastric carcinoma of signet ring cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/diagnosis , Anemia, Myelophthisic/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy , Fatal Outcome , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/complications , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/drug therapy , Anemia, Myelophthisic/etiology
12.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(1): 100-103, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004736

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Non-islet-cell-tumor-induced hypoglycemia (NICTH) is caused on rare occasions by secretion of insulin from tumor cells that are reported to have a single tissue origin. CASE REPORT: A 67-year-old male patient had cardia adenocarcinoma and concomitant lung adenocarcinoma with extensive metastases and repeated episodes of intractable hypoglycemia. Immunohistochemical staining for insulin showed that lung adenocarcinoma stained positive and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma stained weakly positive. These results indicate that tumor cells of different tissue origins co-secreted insulin. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report on intractable hypoglycemia due to co-secretion of insulin from two kinds of primary tumor cells in a single patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Cardia , Adenocarcinoma/complications , Hypoglycemia/etiology , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Fatal Outcome , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis
13.
In. Madrid Karlen, Fausto. Abordaje clínico del paciente con patología quirúrgica. Montevideo, s.n, 2019. p.35-46.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1290989
14.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(4): 385-389, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983841

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Gastric adenocarcinoma is the fourth most common cause of cancer-associated death worldwide. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the immunological status of patients with gastric cancer before surgery and circulating cytokines as potential diagnostic biomarkers for gastric cancer. METHODS: We included 90 healthy controls and 95 patients with distal Gastric adenocarcinoma in Mazandaran, Sari, Iran. We measured serum IL-2, IL-10 and IL-12 Levels by a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using the IBL international GMBH kit. RESULTS: The serum IL-10 levels in the patients with Gastric adenocarcinoma were significantly higher than those of the healthy controls (P=0.02). There were no significant differences in serum IL-2 and IL-12 levels between patients with gastric cancer and healthy controls. CONCLUSION: Increased levels of IL-10 might be useful as diagnostic biomarkers for Gastric adenocarcinoma; however, this needs to be confirmed with larger number of patients and with control groups other than blood donors, properly age paired. These results suggest that positive expression of IL-10 may be useful as a molecular marker to distinguish stage of gastric cancers which can be more readily controlled.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O adenocarcinoma gástrico é a quarta causa mais comum de morte relacionada ao câncer em todo o mundo. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o status imunológico dos pacientes com câncer gástrico antes da cirurgia e as citocinas circulantes como potenciais biomarcadores diagnósticos para câncer gástrico. MÉTODOS: Incluímos 90 indivíduos controles saudáveis e 95 pacientes com adenocarcinoma gástrico distal em Mazandaran, Sari, Iran. Os níveis de soro Il-2, IL-10 e Il-12 foram medidos por um ensaio de imunoabsorção enzimática pela técnica de sanduíche usando o kit IBL International GmbH. RESULTADOS: Os níveis séricos IL-10 nos pacientes com adenocarcinoma gástrico foram significativamente superiores aos dos controles saudáveis (P=0,2). Não houve diferenças significativas nos níveis de soro IL-2 e IL-12 entre pacientes com câncer gástrico e controles saudáveis. CONCLUSÃO: Níveis aumentados de IL-10 podem ser úteis como biomarcadores diagnósticos para adenocarcinoma gástrico; no entanto, isso precisa ser confirmado com maior número de pacientes e com grupos de controle que não sejam doadores de sangue, adequadamente emparelhado por idade. Estes resultados sugerem que a expressão positiva do IL-10 pode ser útil como um marcador molecular para distinguir a fase de câncer gástrico que pode ser mais facilmente controlada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/blood , Adenocarcinoma/blood , Interleukin-2/blood , Interleukin-10/blood , Interleukin-12/blood , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Case-Control Studies , Middle Aged
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(4): 1222-1224, Dec. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-975686

ABSTRACT

El lipoma gástrico (LG), es un tumor benigno raro que representa el 5 % de los lipomas gastrointestinales y menos del 1 % de todos los tumores gástricos. Se localizan habitualmente a nivel de la submucosa y generalmente en la región antral. La endoscopia y la tomografía computarizada son las herramientas diagnósticas más utilizadas en el proceso diagnóstico. Dada su relativa rareza, quedan a menudo fuera del diagnóstico diferencial de las masas submucosas gastrointestinales superiores. El objetivo de este manuscrito, es reportar dos casos tratados de forma consecutiva y revisar la literatura existente en esta materia. Se trata de dos pacientes de sexo masculino, de 49 y 69 años de edad, a quienes se diagnosticó una lesión submucosa gástrica por endoscopia y fueron tratados quirúrgicamente y cuyos especímenes fueron estudiados histológicamente, concluyéndose en ambos casos la existencia de un LG. Ambos pacientes evolucionaron de forma correcta y permanecen en controles clínicos y endoscópicos hasta la actualidad, sin inconvenientes. El LG es una entidad poco común, que puede simular una enfermedad maligna. Presentamos dos casos tratados quirúrgicamente con resultados satisfactorios.


Gastric lipoma (GL), is a rare benign tumor that represents 5 % of gastrointestinal lipomas and less than 1 % of all gastric tumors. They are usually located at the level of the submucosa and usually in the antral region. Endoscopy and computed tomography are the diagnostic tools most used in the diagnostic process. Given their relative rarity, they are often left out of the differential diagnosis of the upper gastrointestinal submucosal masses. The aim of this manuscript was to report two cases treated consecutively and review the existing literature on this subject. Two male patients, 49 and 69 years of age, were diagnosed with a gastric submucosal lesion by endoscopy and were treated surgically. The specimens were studied histologically; concluding the existence of a GL in both cases. The two patients evolved adequately and have remained in clinical and endoscopic controls until now, without problems. GL is a rare entity, which can simulate a malignant disease. We present two cases treated surgically with satisfactory results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Lipoma/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Lipoma/complications , Lipoma/diagnosis
16.
Rev. costarric. salud pública ; 27(2): 68-81, jul.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978352

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Describir características clínicas y epidemiológicas de los pacientes tamizados en el Centro Detección Temprana de Cáncer Gástrico (CDTCG) del Hospital Max Peralta de Cartago. Métodos: Estudio longitudinal prospectivo histórico de tipo descriptivo, y retrospectivo de caso-control. Incluyó los pacientes tamizados entre 1996 y 2015 en el CDTCG. Se realizó estadística descriptiva y se estimó factores de riesgo mediante regresión logística no condicional. Resultados: Hubo 33020 pacientes tamizados. La razón de masculinidad fue de 0.58, y la edad promedio global 54 años. El 2,73% fue diagnosticado con cáncer gástrico. Varios antecedentes y síntomas fueron factores de riesgo: edad mayor de 65 años (OR= 3,33; IC 95%: 1,60-6,91), vómito (OR= 2,48; IC 95%: 1,49-4,13), pérdida de apetito (OR= 2,27; IC 95%: 1,58-3,25) y dolor de estómago (OR= 1,81; IC 95%: 1,27-2,58), así como los antecedentes de fumado (OR= 1,41; IC 95%: 0,93-2,13) y de otro tipo de cáncer (OR= 3,46; IC 95%: 1,75-6,83). Por otro lado, factores protectores fueron el sexo femenino (OR= 0,45; IC 95%: 0,32-0,65), ardor gástrico (OR= 0,56; IC 95%: 0,40-0,80) y antecedente personal de cardiopatía (OR= 0,45; IC 95%: 0,24-0,83). Conclusión: Los factores asociados al cáncer gástrico de la población atendida por el CDTCG concuerdan, en su mayoría, con lo reportado en la literatura. Tener la certeza de ellos y su magnitud, son fundamentales en la detección temprana y el tamizaje en la atención primaria en salud. Futuras investigaciones respecto a cómo afectan estos factores la sobrevida en los pacientes intervenidos por esta patología quedan pendientes.


Abstract Objective: To describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients screened at the Center for Early Detection of Gastric Cancer (CDTCG) at the Max Peralta Hospital in Cartago. Methods: This is a two-stage study: historical longitudinal descriptive and a case-control study. All patients screened between 1996 and 2015 in the CDTCG were included. Descriptive statistics were calculated and risk factors were estimated through non-conditional logistic regression. Results: 33020 patients were screened, with a male ratio of 0.58 and an average age of 54 years. From this population, 2.73% were diagnosed with gastric cancer. Several antecedents and symptoms were determined as risk factors: age over 65 years (OR = 3.33; 95% CI: 1.60-6.91), vomiting (OR = 2.48; 95% CI: 1.49-4.13), loss of appetite (OR = 2.27; 95% CI: 1.58-3.25) , stomach pain (OR = 1.81; 95% CI: 1.27-2.58), history of smoking (OR = 1.41; 95% CI: 0.93-2.13) and antecedents of another type of cancer (OR = 3.46; 95% CI: 1.75- 6.83). Moreover, protective factors were: female (OR = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.32-0.65), gastric burning (OR = 0.56; 95% CI: 0.40-0.80) and a personal history of heart disease (OR = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.24-0.83). Conclusion: Factors associated with gastric cancer in the population attended by CDTCG agreed with those reported in the literature. Knowing them and their magnitude are crucial in early detection and screening for primary health care. Future investigations regarding how these factors affect the survival in the patients treated by this pathology should be carried out.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Primary Health Care , Costa Rica
17.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(2): 433-444, mar.-abr. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902310

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La Organización Mundial de la Salud señala que el cáncer gástrico es una neoplasia frecuente en el mundo contemporáneo. Constituye la segunda causa de muerte en el hombre y la tercera en las mujeres. Numerosos son los factores de riesgo que se asocian con la aparición del cáncer gástrico, en determinadas regiones del mundo. El descubrimiento del Helicobacter pylori y la asociación con las enfermedades gastroduodenales ha revolucionado los aspectos fisiopatológicos y terapéuticos hasta el punto de considerar la bacteria como agente precursor del cáncer gástrico. Por tal motivo se realizó una revisión de los factores de riesgo y el papel del Helicobacter pylori en la formación de la neoplasia gástrica, con el objetivo de aportar conocimientos relacionados con el cáncer gástrico y su prevención (AU).


ABSTRACT The World Health Organization points out that gastric cancer is a frequent neoplasia in the contemporary world. It is the second cause of death in men and the third one in women. There are several risk factors associated to the development of gastric cancer in specific regions of the world. The discovery of Helicobacter pylori and its association to gastro duodenal diseases has renewed the physiopathological and therapeutic aspects up to the point of considering the bacteria as precursor agent of gastric cancer. For that cause, it was carried out a review of the risk factors and the role of Helicobacter pylori in the formation of gastric neoplasia, with the objective of giving out knowledge related to gastric cancer and its prevention (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Stomach Neoplasms/prevention & control , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter Infections/etiology , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Preventive Health Services , Bibliography of Medicine , Developed Countries , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Epidemiologic Methods , Helicobacter pylori , Developing Countries , Health Promotion
19.
Govaresh. 2018; 22 (4): 211-223
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-192471

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer [GC] is the fourth most common disease worldwide and approximately one million people are diagnosed as having gastric adenocarcinoma. Each year, nearly 700,000 people lose their lives because of GC. Several altered molecular pathways are involved in the pathogenesis of GC, which can be targeted by specific monoclonal antibodies [mAbs]. In recent years, the use of mAbs has provided considerable success in the treatment of cancer. Such mAbs are laboratory-produced molecules that incur changes to precisely bind to specific sites. These drugs are similar to naturally produced antibodies as part of our immune system's response. They play an important role in the treatment of many diseases, such as the different types of cancer. In cancer therapy, bispecific antibodies are used for targeting immune effector cells to destruct tumor cells [cancer immunotherapy] or neutralize two different pathways through inactivation on the level of either receptors or ligands. It seems that the development of this type of therapeutic agents to effectively treat a variety of cancers such as GC, is inevitable. The aim of the present study was to describe molecular-targeted therapy by using new-generation mAbs and inhibitors for the treatment of GC


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Molecular Targeted Therapy
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