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1.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250348

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer gástrico ocupa el quinto lugar en incidencia de todos los tipos de neoplasias malignas y la segunda causa de muerte por cáncer en el mundo, pues la mayoría de los pacientes presentan más de 60 años de edad al ser diagnosticados. Objetivo: Caracterizar a ancianos con cáncer gástrico según variables de interés. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo, de serie de casos, de 56 pacientes mayores de 60 años con diagnóstico endoscópico e histológico de cáncer gástrico, quienes fueron ingresados en el Hospital Provincial Clínico-Quirúrgico Docente Saturnino Lora de Santiago de Cuba, en el período 2016-2019. Resultados: En la serie predominaron los ancianos de 60-69 años de edad (46,4 %), principalmente del sexo masculino (67,8 %), y los síntomas más frecuentes fueron la epigastralgia (82,1 %) y la saciedad precoz (67,8 %). Entre las características más relevantes de las lesiones tumorales figuraron la localización antropilórica (55,3 %), la forma ulcerada en la endoscopia (51,7 %) y la variedad hística adenocarcinoma moderadamente diferenciado (43,4 %); asimismo, se determinó la existencia de Helicobacter pylori en 52,5 % de los resultados anatomopatológicos de las biopsias. Conclusiones: Resulta importante considerar la presencia de un adenocarcinoma gástrico en los pacientes mayores de 60 años que refieran síntomas digestivos, sobre todos si son hombres y padecen epigastralgia, más aún si al realizarle la esofagogastroduodenoscopia se observa una lesión ulcerada de localización antropilórica.


Introduction: Gastric cancer occupies the fifth place in incidence among all types of malignancies and is the second cause of death in the world, as most of the patients are more than 60 years when being diagnosed. Objective: To characterize aged patients according to variables of interests. Methods: An observational, descriptive and series of cases study was carried out in 56 patients older than 60 years with endoscopic and histologic diagnosis of gastric cancer, who were admitted in Saturnino Lora Teaching Provincial Clinical-Surgical Hospital, during 2016-2019. Results: Elderly in the age group 60-69 years predominated (46.4 %), mainly of the male sex (67.8 %), and the most frequent symptoms were epigastralgia (82.1 %) and the early fullness sensation (67.8 %). Among the most relevant characteristics of the tumoral lesions there were the antropiloric location (55.3 %), the ulcerated presentation in the endoscopy (51.7 %), and the histic variety mildly differentiated adenocarcinoma (43.4 %), likewise, the existence of Helicobacter pylori was confirmed in 52,5 % of the pathological biopsy results. Conclusions: It is interesting to consider the presence of a gastric adenocarcinoma in patients older than 60 years expressing gastric symptoms, mainly if they are men or suffer from epigastralgia, even more if when carrying out the esophagogastroduodenoscopy, an ulcerated lesion of antropiloric location is observed.


Subject(s)
Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Aged , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Helicobacter pylori
2.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 114-119, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248992

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Helicobacter pylori is the main etiological agent of all malignant tumors caused by an infectious disease. It is a major, at times dominant, factor in the pathogenesis of a large spectrum of diseases such as acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, gastric carcinoma, and lymphoma. Epidemiological and experimental studies suggest that H. pylori chronic infection may be related to different extragastric diseases, including colorectal neoplasms. This concise review aims to explore the association of H. pylori infection with colorectal cancer and adenoma, including the recent epidemiological findings, the diagnostic methods employed to detect H. pylori and virulent factors, and the potentially involved mechanisms. Furthermore, is attempted to establish the current data integration for causal inference using the Bradford-Hill causality criteria. The weak, although global, strength of the epidemiological positive association between H. pylori infection and colonic neoplasms associated to new mechanisms postulated to explain this interaction, including intestinal dysbiosis, should stimulate future studies. Prospective confirmatory studies to establish the role of H. pylori eradication in the process of carcinogenic transformation of the colonic epithelium may define its eventual role in the treatment and prevention of colonic neoplasms.


RESUMO Helicobacter pylori é o principal agente etiológico dos tumores malignos causados por doenças infecciosas. Constitui fator importante, às vezes dominante, na patogênese de um amplo espectro de doenças como gastrite aguda e crônica, úlceras gástricas e duodenais, carcinoma gástrico e linfoma. Estudos epidemiológicos e experimentais sugerem que a infecção crônica por H. pylori pode estar relacionada a diferentes doenças extragástricas, incluindo neoplasias colorretais. Esta concisa revisão tem como objetivo explorar a associação da infecção por H. pylori com câncer colorretal e adenoma, incluindo os recentes achados epidemiológicos, os métodos de diagnóstico empregados para detectar H. pylori e seus fatores de virulência com os mecanismos potencialmente envolvidos nesta relação. Além disso, procura-se estabelecer a integração dos dados atuais na busca de inferência causal com o emprego dos critérios de causalidade de Bradford-Hill. A associação epidemiológica positiva entre infecção por H. pylori e neoplasias do cólon embora classificada como fraca - porém global - do ponto de vista epidemiológico, quando associada a mecanismos recentemente postulados para explicar essa interação, incluindo disbiose intestinal, deverá estimular a realização de investigações futuras. Estudos prospectivos confirmatórios para estabelecer o papel da erradicação do H. pylori no processo de transformação carcinogênica do epitélio do cólon são aguardados para definir seu eventual papel no tratamento e prevenção de neoplasias do cólon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/etiology , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/etiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Gastritis , Prospective Studies
3.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(6): 2575-2585, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1150038

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: en los últimos años, se aprecia a nivel global un aumento del cáncer gástrico. La mayoría de los tumores gástricos primarios son malignos. En Matanzas, existe un incremento de esta patología. Objetivo: determinar el comportamiento clínico, endoscópico e histológico del cáncer gástrico diagnosticado. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y prospectivo en el Departamento de Gastroenterología del Hospital "Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy", de la ciudad de Matanzas, en el período de enero del 2017 a octubre del 2019. El universo fue 25 pacientes que presentaron cáncer gástrico por diagnóstico endoscópico e histológico. Resultados: el grupo de edad más afectado correspondió a los pacientes entre 61 y 70 años, (44 %). El sexo masculino predominó en un 68 %. Los factores de riesgo de mayor incidencia, fueron la dieta inadecuada y el hábito de fumar. Las manifestaciones clínicas más relevantes fueron: epigastralgia, plenitud gástrica y pérdida de peso. La variedad hística que predominó fue el adenocarcinoma difuso y la localización el antro. Conclusiones: el cáncer gástrico constituye un problema de salud que, al actuar sobre los factores de riesgo se puede disminuir su incidencia; con un diagnóstico precoz se logrará disminuir la mortalidad (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: an increase of gastric cancer is appreciated in the world in the last years. Most of the primary gastric tumors are malignant. There is an increase of this disease also in Matanzas. Objective: to determine the histological, endoscopic and clinical behavior of the diagnosed gastric cancer. Materials and methods: a prospective, descriptive and observational study was carried out in the Department of Gastroenterology of the Hospital "Mario Munoz Monroy, of Matanzas, in the period from January 2017 to October 2019. The universe were 25 patients presenting gastric cancer by histologic and endoscopic diagnosis. Results: The most affected age group was the one of patients among 61 and 70 years old (44 %). Male sex predominated in 68 %. The risk factors having higher incidence were an inadequate diet and smoking. The more relevant clinical manifestation were epigastralgia, gastric fullness and weight loss. The predominating tissue variety was the diffuse adenocarcinoma and antrum location. Conclusions: gastric cancer is a health problem the incidence of which could be reduced when acting on its risk factors; with a precocious diagnosis mortality will be reduced (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Health Behavior , Signs and Symptoms , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Risk Factors , Endoscopy, Digestive System/methods
4.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(4): e616, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156518

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El Helicobacter pylori se ha relacionado con el desarrollo de gastritis crónica atrófica, metaplasia intestinal y displasia, lesiones que pueden evolucionar a carcinoma gástrico. Existen investigaciones que demuestran que la erradicación de esta bacteria disminuye el riesgo de progresión histopatológica de las lesiones preneoplásicas, excepto la metaplasia intestinal y la displasia. Se realizó una revisión de los artículos publicados en las bases de datos Pubmed, Scielo, Medline y Cochrane, relacionados con el tema. Objetivo: Profundizar en los conocimientos relacionados con la infección por Helicobacter pylori y cáncer gástrico. Desarrollo: El adenocarcinoma es el tumor gástrico más frecuente y el Helicobacter pylori es el agente etiológico principal. En poblaciones de riesgo elevado, el adenocarcinoma gástrico de tipo intestinal, se precede de lesiones preneoplásicas (atrofia, metaplasia intestinal y displasia) que evoluciona al cáncer invasor. Conclusiones: Helicobacter pylori favorece la carcinogénesis gástrica, aunque existen otros factores de riesgo para el surgimiento del cáncer gástrico como son: la historia familiar, la pobre ingestión de frutas y vegetales y el bajo nivel socioeconómico(AU)


Introduction: Helicobacter pylori has been linked to the development of chronic atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, and dysplasia, lesions that can progress to gastric carcinoma. There is research showing that the eradication of this bacterium reduces the risk of histopathological progression of preneoplastic lesions, except for intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia. A bibliographic review was made of the articles published in the Pubmed, Scielo, Medline and Cochrane data bases, related to the topic, belonging to authors dedicated to the study of this problem. Objective: To go deepen in the knowledge related to Helicobacter pylori infection and gastric cancer. Development: Adenocarcinoma is the most frequent gastric tumor and Helicobacter pylori is the main etiologic agent. In high-risk populations, gastric adenocarcinoma of the intestinal type, is preceded by preneoplasic lesions (atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, and dysplasia), that progresses to invasive cancer. Conclusions: Helicobacter pylori favors gastric carcinogenesis, although there are other risk factors for the development of gastric cancer such as: family history, poor intake of fruits and vegetables, and low socioeconomic leve(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy
6.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(3): 264-269, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038716

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: It is widely assumed that gender, age, gastritis and Helicobacter pylori , all have some degree of correlation and, therefore, can synergistically lead to the development of gastric cancer. OBJECTIVE: In this cross-sectional study, we expected to observe the above mentioned correlation in the analysis of medical records of 67 patients of both sexes (female, n=44), mean age ± standard deviation: 41±12 years old, all from Belém (capital of Pará State, Brazilian Amazon), a city historically known as one with the highest gastric cancer prevalence in this country. METHODS: All patients were submitted to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for gastric biopsy histopathological analysis and rapid urease test. All diagnoses of gastritis were recorded considering its topography, category and the degree of inflammatory activity, being associated or not associated with H. pylori infection. RESULTS: The results show that no statistically relevant associations were found among the prevalences of the observed variables. CONCLUSION: The authors hypothesize that observed risk factors associated to gastric cancer might be lesser synergistic than is usually expected.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: É amplamente assumido que gênero, idade, gastrite e Helicobacter pylori , todos têm algum grau de correlação e, portanto, podem sinergicamente levar ao desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico. OBJETIVO: Neste estudo transversal, esperamos observar a correlação acima mencionada na análise de prontuários de 67 pacientes de ambos os sexos (sexo feminino, n=44), média de idade ± desvio padrão: 41±12 anos, todos de Belém (capital do Estado do Pará, Amazônia Brasileira), uma cidade historicamente conhecida como sendo uma das que apresenta maior prevalência de câncer gástrico no país. MÉTODOS: Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à endoscopia digestiva alta para análise histopatológica da biópsia gástrica e teste rápido da urease. Todos os diagnósticos de gastrite foram registrados considerando sua topografia, categoria e grau de atividade inflamatória, sendo associada ou não associada à infecção por H. pylori . RESULTADOS: Os resultados mostram que não foram encontradas associações estatisticamente relevantes entre as prevalências das variáveis observadas. CONCLUSÃO: Os autores levantam a hipótese de que os fatores de risco associados ao câncer gástrico podem ser menos sinérgicos do que o esperado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology , Urease/analysis , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Biopsy , Brazil/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/enzymology , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Age Factors , Sex Distribution , Gastritis/microbiology , Gastritis/pathology , Intestinal Mucosa/enzymology , Middle Aged
7.
Medwave ; 19(8): e7692, 2019.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021438

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO Describir las características clínicas, los patrones de tratamiento y los costos asociados en pacientes con cáncer gástrico localmente avanzado o metastásico en Argentina, en los sectores público y privado. MÉTODOS Una cohorte histórica de pacientes que recibieron tratamiento de quimioterapia de primera línea (análogo de platino y/o una fluoropirimidina) y fueron seguidos durante al menos tres meses después de la última administración de un agente citotóxico de primera línea fueron elegibles. Se extrajeron los datos a través de un cuestionario estructurado a partir de los registros médicos de cuatro hospitales argentinos. Las estimaciones de los costos de tratamiento también se calcularon utilizando los costos unitarios de los hospitales participantes. RESULTADOS Entre los 101 pacientes, más de tres cuartas partes (79,2%) eran hombres, 41,6% fueron diagnosticados con enfermedad metastásica en estadio IV, la edad media fue de 57,7 años y el 27,7% tenían antecedentes de tabaquismo. Antes del diagnóstico de cáncer gástrico metastásico, el 42,4% de los pacientes habían recibido gastrectomía total. El 97% de los pacientes recibió una terapia doble o triplete, de los cuales el tratamiento más frecuente fue la epirubicina en combinación con oxaliplatino y capecitabina (38%), seguida de capecitabina + oxaliplatino (29%). Alrededor del 36% de los pacientes respondieron al tratamiento de primera línea (respuesta completa y parcial). Del 76,2% de los pacientes que siguieron un tratamiento de segunda línea, al 37,7% todavía se les administró un análogo de platino y/o fluoropirimidina. Durante el período de seguimiento, el 50% de los pacientes progresó y el 32,8% tenía enfermedad estable. La terapia de apoyo consistió principalmente en visitas ambulatorias después de la última línea de quimioterapia (16,8%), radioterapia paliativa (16,8%) y cirugía (30,7%). Se observaron diferencias significativas entre los costos de los hospitales públicos y privado. CONCLUSIONES Comprender los patrones de tratamiento en pacientes con cáncer gástrico localmente avanzado o metastásico puede ayudar a abordar las necesidades médicas no satisfechas para un mejor manejo del paciente y la mejora de sus resultados clínicos en Argentina.


AIM To assess patient and disease characteristics, treatment patterns and associated costs in patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer in Argentina, in the public and private sectors. METHODS A historic cohort of patients who had received first-line chemotherapy treatment (platinum analog and/or a fluoropyrimidine) and were followed-up for at least three months after the last administration of a first-line cytotoxic agent were eligible. Case-report forms were prepared based on medical records from four Argentinian hospitals. Estimates of treatment costs were also calculated using the unit costs of the participating hospitals. RESULTS Of 101 patients, more than three quarters (79.2%) were male, 41.6% were diagnosed with metastatic stage IV disease (mean age, 57.7years), and 27.7 % had a smoking history. Before locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer diagnosis, 42.4% of the patients had received total gastrectomy. Ninety-seven percent of the patients received a doublet or triplet therapy, of which epirubicin in combination with oxaliplatin and capecitabine was the most common treatment (38%), followed by capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (29%). Around 36% of the patients responded to first-line treatment (complete and partial response). Out of the 76.2% of the patients who followed a second-line treatment, 37.7% were still administered a platinum analog and/or fluoropyrimidine. During the reported follow-up period, 50% of the patients progressed, and 32.8% had stable disease. The best supportive care consisted mostly of outpatient visits after last-line therapy (16.8%), palliative radiotherapy (16.8%), and surgery (30.7%). We observed significant differences between public and private hospital costs. CONCLUSIONS Understanding treatment patterns in patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer may help address unmet medical needs for better patient management and improvement of their clinical outcome in Argentina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/administration & dosage , Gastrectomy/methods , Argentina , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging
8.
Appl. cancer res ; 39: 1-4, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1254174

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most common type of cancer worldwide with high incidences in Asia, Central, and South American countries. This patchy distribution means that GC studies are neglected by large research centers from developed countries. The need for further understanding of this complex disease, including the local importance of epidemiological factors and the rich ancestral admixture found in Brazil, stimulated the implementation of the GE4GAC project. GE4GAC aims to embrace epidemiological, clinical, molecular and microbiological data from Brazilian controls and patients with malignant and pre-malignant gastric disease. In this letter, we summarize the main goals of the project, including subject and sample accrual and current findings


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Brazil , Adenocarcinoma , Projects
9.
Rev. costarric. salud pública ; 27(2): 68-81, jul.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978352

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Describir características clínicas y epidemiológicas de los pacientes tamizados en el Centro Detección Temprana de Cáncer Gástrico (CDTCG) del Hospital Max Peralta de Cartago. Métodos: Estudio longitudinal prospectivo histórico de tipo descriptivo, y retrospectivo de caso-control. Incluyó los pacientes tamizados entre 1996 y 2015 en el CDTCG. Se realizó estadística descriptiva y se estimó factores de riesgo mediante regresión logística no condicional. Resultados: Hubo 33020 pacientes tamizados. La razón de masculinidad fue de 0.58, y la edad promedio global 54 años. El 2,73% fue diagnosticado con cáncer gástrico. Varios antecedentes y síntomas fueron factores de riesgo: edad mayor de 65 años (OR= 3,33; IC 95%: 1,60-6,91), vómito (OR= 2,48; IC 95%: 1,49-4,13), pérdida de apetito (OR= 2,27; IC 95%: 1,58-3,25) y dolor de estómago (OR= 1,81; IC 95%: 1,27-2,58), así como los antecedentes de fumado (OR= 1,41; IC 95%: 0,93-2,13) y de otro tipo de cáncer (OR= 3,46; IC 95%: 1,75-6,83). Por otro lado, factores protectores fueron el sexo femenino (OR= 0,45; IC 95%: 0,32-0,65), ardor gástrico (OR= 0,56; IC 95%: 0,40-0,80) y antecedente personal de cardiopatía (OR= 0,45; IC 95%: 0,24-0,83). Conclusión: Los factores asociados al cáncer gástrico de la población atendida por el CDTCG concuerdan, en su mayoría, con lo reportado en la literatura. Tener la certeza de ellos y su magnitud, son fundamentales en la detección temprana y el tamizaje en la atención primaria en salud. Futuras investigaciones respecto a cómo afectan estos factores la sobrevida en los pacientes intervenidos por esta patología quedan pendientes.


Abstract Objective: To describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients screened at the Center for Early Detection of Gastric Cancer (CDTCG) at the Max Peralta Hospital in Cartago. Methods: This is a two-stage study: historical longitudinal descriptive and a case-control study. All patients screened between 1996 and 2015 in the CDTCG were included. Descriptive statistics were calculated and risk factors were estimated through non-conditional logistic regression. Results: 33020 patients were screened, with a male ratio of 0.58 and an average age of 54 years. From this population, 2.73% were diagnosed with gastric cancer. Several antecedents and symptoms were determined as risk factors: age over 65 years (OR = 3.33; 95% CI: 1.60-6.91), vomiting (OR = 2.48; 95% CI: 1.49-4.13), loss of appetite (OR = 2.27; 95% CI: 1.58-3.25) , stomach pain (OR = 1.81; 95% CI: 1.27-2.58), history of smoking (OR = 1.41; 95% CI: 0.93-2.13) and antecedents of another type of cancer (OR = 3.46; 95% CI: 1.75- 6.83). Moreover, protective factors were: female (OR = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.32-0.65), gastric burning (OR = 0.56; 95% CI: 0.40-0.80) and a personal history of heart disease (OR = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.24-0.83). Conclusion: Factors associated with gastric cancer in the population attended by CDTCG agreed with those reported in the literature. Knowing them and their magnitude are crucial in early detection and screening for primary health care. Future investigations regarding how these factors affect the survival in the patients treated by this pathology should be carried out.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Primary Health Care , Costa Rica
10.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(2): 433-444, mar.-abr. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902310

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La Organización Mundial de la Salud señala que el cáncer gástrico es una neoplasia frecuente en el mundo contemporáneo. Constituye la segunda causa de muerte en el hombre y la tercera en las mujeres. Numerosos son los factores de riesgo que se asocian con la aparición del cáncer gástrico, en determinadas regiones del mundo. El descubrimiento del Helicobacter pylori y la asociación con las enfermedades gastroduodenales ha revolucionado los aspectos fisiopatológicos y terapéuticos hasta el punto de considerar la bacteria como agente precursor del cáncer gástrico. Por tal motivo se realizó una revisión de los factores de riesgo y el papel del Helicobacter pylori en la formación de la neoplasia gástrica, con el objetivo de aportar conocimientos relacionados con el cáncer gástrico y su prevención (AU).


ABSTRACT The World Health Organization points out that gastric cancer is a frequent neoplasia in the contemporary world. It is the second cause of death in men and the third one in women. There are several risk factors associated to the development of gastric cancer in specific regions of the world. The discovery of Helicobacter pylori and its association to gastro duodenal diseases has renewed the physiopathological and therapeutic aspects up to the point of considering the bacteria as precursor agent of gastric cancer. For that cause, it was carried out a review of the risk factors and the role of Helicobacter pylori in the formation of gastric neoplasia, with the objective of giving out knowledge related to gastric cancer and its prevention (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Stomach Neoplasms/prevention & control , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter Infections/etiology , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Preventive Health Services , Bibliography of Medicine , Developed Countries , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Epidemiologic Methods , Helicobacter pylori , Developing Countries , Health Promotion
12.
Rev. chil. cir ; 69(6): 502-507, dic. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899645

ABSTRACT

Resumen El cáncer gástrico es uno de los cánceres más frecuentes en el mundo. Recientes estudios han contribuido en la comprensión de esta enfermedad. El objetivo de este artículo es revisar de manera crítica y actualizada distintos aspectos del cáncer gástrico tanto a nivel mundial como a nivel chileno. Este artículo revisa algunos aspectos relacionados con el cáncer gástrico, tales como epidemiología, dieta, estudio histológico, búsqueda de lesiones precancerosas, prevención, Helicobacter pylori, estilos de vida, factores metabólicos y tratamiento.


Abstract Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. Recent studies have contributed to the understanding of this disease. The aim of this article is to critically review various aspects of gastric cancer both globally and Chilean. This article reviews some aspects related to gastric cancer, such as epidemiology, diet, histology, screening of precancerous lesions, prevention, Helicobacter pylori, lifestyles, metabolic factors and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/therapy , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Precancerous Conditions/epidemiology , Stomach Neoplasms/prevention & control , Chile , Global Health , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Life Style
13.
Rev. medica electron ; 39(3): 507-518, may.-jun. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902190

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el cáncer gástrico avanzado constituye la segunda causa de muerte por tumores malignos en el mundo. En los últimos cinco años en la provincia de Matanzas existe un incremento de esta patología. Objetivo: determinar el comportamiento clínico epidemiológico del cáncer gástrico avanzado diagnosticado por videoendoscopía, en el departamento de Gastroenterología del Hospital Universitario "Comandante Faustino Pérez Hernández", de Matanzas en el período de enero del 2014 a enero del 2016. Materiales y Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y prospectivo en el Departamento de Gastroenterología del Hospital Universitario "Comandante Faustino Pérez Hernández", de Matanzas en el período de enero del 2014 a enero del 2016. El universo los 28 pacientes que presentaron cáncer gástrico avanzado por diagnóstico endoscópico e histológico. Resultados: el grupo de edad más afectado correspondió a los pacientes con 60 años de edad o más (67,9 %). El sexo masculino predominó, un 57,1 %. Los factores de riesgo de mayor incidencia fueron la dieta inadecuada (65 %) y el hábito de fumar (42,9 %). Las manifestaciones clínicas más relevantes fueron la pérdida de peso, la astenia y la acidez. La variedad histica que predominó fue el adenocarcinoma de tipo intestinal y el antro gástrico resultó ser la localización más frecuente. La mayoría de los pacientes tuvieron positivos el test de ureasa para la infección por Helicobacter pylori. (60,7 %). Conclusiones: la infección por Helicobacter pylori constituye una de las principales causas de cáncer gástrico. El diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz de la infección contribuirán a disminuir su incidencia (AU).


Introduction: the advanced gastric cancer is the second reason of death due to malignant cancer in the world. There it is a surge of this disease in the last five years in the province of Matanzas. Objective: to determine the clinical-epidemiologic behavior of advanced gastric cancer diagnosed by video-endoscopy in the Department of Gastroenterology of the Teaching Hospital "Comandante Faustino Pérez Hernández", of Matanzas, in the period from January 2014 to January 2016. Materials and Methods: an observational, descriptive and prospective study of the department of Gastroenterology of the Teaching Hospital "Comandante Faustino Pérez Hernández", of Matanzas, was carried in the period from January 2014 to January 2016. The universe were 28 patients who had advanced gastric cancer according to the endoscopic and histological diagnosis. Outcomes: the most affected age group was the one of the patients aged 60 years and more (67,9 %).The male sex predominated, with 57,1 %. The risk factors with higher incidence were an inadequate diet (65 %) and smoking (42,9 %). The most relevant clinical manifestations were weight loss, asthenia and heartburn. The predominating histological variety was the intestinal type adenocarcinoma and the gastric antrum was the most frequent location. Most of the patients were positive to the urease test for helicobacter pylori (60,7 %). Conclusions: the infection by Helicobacter pylori is one of the main causes of gastric cancer. The precocious diagnosis and treatment of the infection will favor the reduction of its incidence (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Capsule Endoscopy/methods , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Helicobacter pylori/pathogenicity , Observational Studies as Topic , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Neoplasms/epidemiology
14.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 33(1): 8-13, jun. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283791

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The clinical outcome of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection has been related to the presence of CagA protein. This protein is highly polymorphic and its oncogenic ability depends on the number and type of tyrosine phosphorylation sites in the EPIYAs repeat sequences (A, B, C and D). AIM: To determine the EPIYA patterns of the CagA gene in H. pylori strains and its relationship with gastrointestinal pathology in infected patients of the Regional Hospital of Talca. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The strains were isolated from gastric biopsies and characterized by bacteriological and molecular methods. Gastrointestinal pathology was characterized by histopathological analysis. For the determination of the presence of the cagA gene and the EPIYAs standards, the conventional PCR technique was used. RESULTS: 138 DNA samples from H. pylori strains were analyzed. 92.0% (127/138) of the isolates carried the cagA gene, of which 66 (52.0%) corresponded to the EPIYA-ABC pattern, 43 (33.8%) to the EPIYA-ABCC pattern and 21 16.5%) to the EPIYA-ABCCC phosphorylation pattern. 50.4% (64/127) of cagA positive strains isolated from dyspeptic patients in the Maule region have more than two C sites of phosphorylation. The number of EPIYAs C motifs was associated with the presence of more severe histopathological damage in the gastric mucosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Amino Acid Motifs , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Biopsy , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , DNA, Bacterial/chemistry , Chile/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Ethics Committees , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Antigens, Bacterial/genetics
15.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 34(1): 47-53, feb. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-844444

ABSTRACT

The strongyloidiasis is a parasitic disease that poses as a serious public health problem, mainly in tropical and subtropical countries. Over the years, some conditions, such as advances in corticosteroid treatment and immunosuppressive diseases, have improved not only the increase in cases of strongyloidiasis, but also the emergence of severe forms of the disease and / or deaths. For these reasons, the objective of this study is to make a critical analysis of the occurrence of strongyloidiasis in patients with comorbidities, describing clinical and epidemiological characteristics associated with these diseases that can highlight the importance of monitoring this parasitosis in most susceptible groups.


La estrongiloidiasis es una parasitosis que representa un grave problema de salud pública, principalmente en países ubicados en regiones tropicales y subtropicales. A lo largo de los años, algunas condiciones, como por ejemplo, avances en el tratamiento con corticosteroides y enfermedades que evolucionan con inmunosupresión, han favorecido no solamente al aumento de casos de estrongiloidiasis, sino también al surgimiento de formas graves de la enfermedad y/u decesos. Por lo expuesto, el objetivo del presente estudio fue realizar un análisis crítico de la ocurrencia de la estrongiloidiasis en portadores de co-morbilidades, describiendo las características clínico-epidemiológicas de esa asociación que puedan resaltar la importancia de vigilar esta parasitosis en grupos considerados más susceptibles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Strongyloidiasis/epidemiology , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Strongyloidiasis/drug therapy , Thiabendazole/therapeutic use , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , HTLV-I Infections/epidemiology , Comorbidity , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Organ Transplantation/adverse effects , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Alcoholism/epidemiology , Antiparasitic Agents/therapeutic use
16.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 28(supl.1): S10-S15, 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120129

ABSTRACT

Detection and treatment of gastric cancer (GC) in early stages is the most effective approach for improving prognosis. Patients with early gastric cancer (EGC), defined as a type of cancer affecting only mucosa and submucosa, has a good prognosis in the long-term, and if some criteria are met, endoscopic therapy is curative. Unfortunately EGC diagnosis is rare, except in case of some Asian countries, where more than 50% of tumors are diagnosed in this stage. In Japan, the main technique for early diagnosis is opportunistic screening, i.e. endoscopy performed for different reasons. Some of the factors that affect endoscopic diagnose include: characteristics of the lesion (some cases slight changes in color or in the surface, a location that is difficult to detect, except in retro view); elements associated with the endoscopic technique (lesions hidden underneath gastric contents, non-systematic visualization, not enough time for exploration); and early access to the procedure (long waiting lists, lack of clinic or epidemiology screening criteria, lack of risk-stratification looking for pre-malignant lesions to establish endoscopic follow-up). Know and act upon the mentioned factors is a path that has proven to improve EGC diagnosis and therefore, improve prognosis.


Detectar y tratar el cáncer gástrico (CG) en una etapa inicial constituye la estrategia más efectiva para mejorar el pronóstico de esta patología. Pacientes con CG incipiente (CGI), definido como el que compromete sólo la mucosa y la submucosa, tienen un muy buen pronóstico a largo plazo y si se cumplen algunos criterios, el tratamiento endoscópico es curativo. Desgraciadamente el diagnóstico de CGI es infrecuente en todo el mundo, a excepción de algunos países asiáticos donde más de la mitad de los tumores se diagnostican en esta etapa. En Japón la principal vía por la que se realiza este diagnóstico precoz es mediante el tamizaje oportunista, es decir, la endoscopia que se realiza de manera cotidiana por diferentes motivos. Dentro de los factores que afectan la capacidad diagnóstica de la endoscopia destacan: las características de la lesión (algunos casos con discretos cambios de color o superficie, ubicación habitualmente en áreas de mejor visualización en retrovisión); factores asociados a la técnica endoscópica (contenido gástrico que puede ocultar lesiones, visualización no sistemática, tiempo insuficiente de exploración); y el acceso oportuno a ella (largas listas de espera, falta de criterios de selección clínicos o epidemiológicos, falta de estratificación del riesgo mediante la búsqueda de lesiones premalignas para definir intervalos de seguimiento endoscópico). Conocer y actuar sobre los factores descritos es un camino que ha demostrado su utilidad en mejorar el diagnóstico del CGI y así mejorar su pronóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Neoplasm Staging , Stomach Neoplasms/prevention & control , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Adenocarcinoma/prevention & control , Gastroscopy
17.
Appl. cancer res ; 37: 1-0, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-911639

ABSTRACT

Whereas the pathological aspects of Gastric Adenocarcinomas (GACs) have been well defined, the actual knowledge of its genesis and evolution remains to be translated to better diagnosis and to more effective therapeutics. As a consequence, the current treatment modalities are not yet able to modify the natural history of the disease, which still presents high mortality-rates worldwide. In this review we highlight the current status of relevant epidemiologic, therapeutic and genomics aspects of GACs and point to some of the current knowledge gaps that, if fully addressed, could contribute to a more effective treatment and better management of the patients that suffer from this often-lethal disease (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Epidemiology , Multicenter Study , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Genomics , Microbiota , Extracellular Vesicles , Whole Exome Sequencing , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143629

ABSTRACT

How the news media cover cancer may have profound significance for cancer prevention and control; however, little is known about the actual content of cancer news coverage in Korea. This research thus aimed to examine news portrayal of specific cancer types with respect to threat and efficacy, and to investigate whether news portrayal corresponds to actual cancer statistics. A content analysis of 1,138 cancer news stories was conducted, using a representative sample from 23 news outlets (television, newspapers, and other news media) in Korea over a 5-year period from 2008 to 2012. Cancer incidence and mortality rates were obtained from the Korean Statistical Information Service. Results suggest that threat was most prominent in news stories on pancreatic cancer (with 87% of the articles containing threat information with specific details), followed by liver (80%) and lung cancers (70%), and least in stomach cancer (41%). Efficacy information with details was conveyed most often in articles on colorectal (54%), skin (54%), and liver (50%) cancers, and least in thyroid cancer (17%). In terms of discrepancies between news portrayal and actual statistics, the threat of pancreatic and liver cancers was overreported, whereas the threat of stomach and prostate cancers was underreported. Efficacy information regarding cervical and colorectal cancers was overrepresented in the news relative to cancer statistics; efficacy of lung and thyroid cancers was underreported. Findings provide important implications for medical professionals to understand news information about particular cancers as a basis for public (mis)perception, and to communicate effectively about cancer risk with the public and patients.


Subject(s)
Communication , Humans , Incidence , Internet/statistics & numerical data , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Male , Mass Media/statistics & numerical data , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Prostatic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology
19.
Gut and Liver ; : 212-219, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25628

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Controversy exists regarding the characteristics of Helicobacter pylori infection-negative gastric cancer (HPIN-GC). The aim of this study was to evaluate clinicopathologic features of HPIN-GC compared to H. pylori infection-positive gastric cancer (HPIP-GC) using a comprehensive analysis that included genetic and environmental factors. METHODS: H. pylori infection status of 705 resectable gastric cancer patients was determined by the rapid urease test, testing for anti-H. pylori antibodies, histologic analysis and culture of gastric cancer tissue samples, and history of H. pylori eradication. HPIN-GC was defined as gastric cancer that was negative for H. pylori infection based on all five methods and that had no evidence of atrophy in histology or serology. RESULTS: The prevalence of HPIN-GC was 4% (28/705). No significant differences with respect to age, sex, smoking, drinking, family history of gastric cancer or obesity were observed between the two groups. HPIN-GC tumors were marginally more likely to involve the cardia (14.3% for HPIN-GC vs 5.3% for HPIP-GC, p=0.068). The Lauren classification, histology, and TNM stage did not differ according to H. pylori infection status. Microsatellite instability was not different between the two groups, but p53 overexpression in HPIN-GC was marginally higher than in HPIP-GC (56.0% for HPIN-GC vs 37.0% for HPIP-GC, p=0.055). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of HPIN-GC was extremely low, and its clinicopathologic characteristics were similar to HPIP-GC.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Bacterial/analysis , Female , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Urease/analysis
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143640

ABSTRACT

How the news media cover cancer may have profound significance for cancer prevention and control; however, little is known about the actual content of cancer news coverage in Korea. This research thus aimed to examine news portrayal of specific cancer types with respect to threat and efficacy, and to investigate whether news portrayal corresponds to actual cancer statistics. A content analysis of 1,138 cancer news stories was conducted, using a representative sample from 23 news outlets (television, newspapers, and other news media) in Korea over a 5-year period from 2008 to 2012. Cancer incidence and mortality rates were obtained from the Korean Statistical Information Service. Results suggest that threat was most prominent in news stories on pancreatic cancer (with 87% of the articles containing threat information with specific details), followed by liver (80%) and lung cancers (70%), and least in stomach cancer (41%). Efficacy information with details was conveyed most often in articles on colorectal (54%), skin (54%), and liver (50%) cancers, and least in thyroid cancer (17%). In terms of discrepancies between news portrayal and actual statistics, the threat of pancreatic and liver cancers was overreported, whereas the threat of stomach and prostate cancers was underreported. Efficacy information regarding cervical and colorectal cancers was overrepresented in the news relative to cancer statistics; efficacy of lung and thyroid cancers was underreported. Findings provide important implications for medical professionals to understand news information about particular cancers as a basis for public (mis)perception, and to communicate effectively about cancer risk with the public and patients.


Subject(s)
Communication , Humans , Incidence , Internet/statistics & numerical data , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Male , Mass Media/statistics & numerical data , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Prostatic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology
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