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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922776


Huosu Yangwei (HSYW) Formula is a traditioanl Chinese herbal medicine that has been extensively used to treat chronic atrophic gastritis, precancerous lesions of gastric cancer and advanced gastric cancer. However, the effective compounds of HSYW and its related anti-tumor mechanisms are not completely understood. In the current study, 160 ingredients of HSYW were identified and 64 effective compounds were screened by the ADMET evaluation. Furthermore, 64 effective compounds and 2579 potential targets were mapped based on public databases. Animal experiments demonstrated that HSYW significantly inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Transcriptional profiles revealed that 81 mRNAs were differentially expressed in HSYW-treated N87-bearing Balb/c mice. Network pharmacology and PPI network showed that 12 core genes acted as potential markers to evaluate the curative effects of HSYW. Bioinformatics and qRT-PCR results suggested that HSYW might regulate the mRNA expression of DNAJB4, CALD, AKR1C1, CST1, CASP1, PREX1, SOCS3 and PRDM1 against tumor growth in N87-bearing Balb/c mice.

Animals , Biomarkers , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mice , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888077


This study aimed to explore the effects of galangin on energy metabolism and autophagy in gastric cancer MGC803 cells and the underlying mechanism. Cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) was used to detect the effects of galangin at different concentrations on via-bility of MGC803 cells after 48 h intervention. Western blot was carried out to measure the effects of galangin on expression of proteins related to autophagy, nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB) pathway and energy metabolism, followed by the determination of its effects on mRNA expression of energy metabolism-related proteins by Real-time quantitative PCR(qPCR). The impact of galangin on autophagy was explored using AutophagyGreen dye reagent, with autophagosomes and lysosomes observed under the transmission electron microscope(TEM). Nude mice transplanted with gastric cancer MGC803 cells via subcutaneous injection were randomly divided into the following three groups: control(0.5% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, once a day), 5-fluorouracil(5-FU, 50 mg·kg~(-1), twice a week), and galangin(120 mg·kg~(-1), once a day) groups. The body weight and tumor volume were measured once every three days with a vernier caliper at the same time point by the same person. After 21-d treatment, the tumor tissue was isolated and weighed for the calculation of the tumor-suppressing rate. The comparison with the control group revealed that galangin inhibited the viability of MGC803 cells, up-regulated the protein expression of microtuble-associated protein 1 light chain 3 B(LC3 B) Ⅱ, inhibited the phosphorylation of NF-κB pathway-related proteins, and promoted the formation of autophagosomes in MGC803 cells. However, it did not obviously affect the expression of energy metabolism-related proteins. Furthermore, galangin at 120 mg·kg~(-1) significantly reduced the tumor weight and volume in mice, enhanced LC3 BⅡ protein expression, and inhibited the phosphorylation of NF-κB pathway-related proteins. All these have suggested that galangin inhibited the growth of gastric cancer MGC803 cells both in vivo and in vitro, possibly by inhibiting the NF-κB pathway and enhancing autophagy.

Animals , Autophagy , Flavonoids , Mice , Mice, Nude , NF-kappa B/genetics , Signal Transduction , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1345-1355, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878149


BACKGROUND@#Although increasing abnormal expression of circular RNAs (circRNAs) has been revealed in various cancers, there were a small number of studies about circRNAs in gastric cancer (GC). Here, we explored the expression and function of a novel circRNA, circ_0049447, in GC.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 GC tissues and non-tumorous tissues were collected from the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University. And all cells were cultured with 10% fetal bovine serum and incubated at 37°C and 5% CO2. The expression of circ_0049447 was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The biological function of circ_0049447 on proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation assay, transwell migration and invasion assay, and Western blotting. Luciferase report assay was used to verify the direct binding between circ_0049447 and predicted microRNA (miRNA). Furthermore, a xenograft mouse model was used to validate the function of circ_0049447 in vivo.@*RESULTS@#We demonstrated that circ_0049447 was downregulated in GC (P < 0.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve reached 0.838, while sensitivity was 82.3% and specificity was 77.2%. CCK-8 and colony formation assay showed that overexpression of circ_0049447 could inhibit the proliferation (P < 0.05). Transwell migration and invasion assay showed upregulated circ_0049447 could impede migration in GC cells (P < 0.05). In addition, overexpression of circ_0049447 could impede GC cell EMT. Upregulation of miR-324-5p in GC specimens and direct binding between miR-324-5p with circ_0049447 proven by luciferase reporter assay indicated that circ_0049447 may inhibit GC by sponging certain miRNA.@*CONCLUSION@#Circ_0049447 acts as a tumor suppressor in GC through reducing proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT, and it is a promising biomarker for diagnosis.

Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , China , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Mice , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
Clinics ; 76: e2081, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249582


OBJECTIVES: Extracellular vesicle microRNAs (EV-miRNAs) have been demonstrated to be reliable candidate biomarkers for clinical applications. However, the clinical application potential of serum EV-miR-215-5p for gastric cancer (GC) remains poorly understood. The goal of our study was to determine the efficacy of serum EV-miR-215-5p in predicting the prognosis of GC. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 118 patients with GC, 60 patients with benign gastric disease and BGD and 70 healthy controls. The relative levels of serum EV-miR-215-5p were measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). RESULTS: Compared to patients with BGD and normal controls, GC patients exhibited remarkably higher serum EV-miR-215-5p level, especially those with early tumor recurrence (ETR). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that serum EV-miR-215-5p was able to distinguish GC patients from BGD patients or healthy controls and GC patients with ETR from those without ETR. In addition, increased serum EV-miR-215-5p levels were notably correlated with invasive depth, TNM stage, and lymph node metastasis. Moreover, serum EV-miR-215-5p levels were greatly decreased after surgical treatment, but increased at the time of ETR. Survival analysis showed that patients with higher serum EV-miR-215-5p had shorter survival. Furthermore, serum EV-miR-215-5p was an independent risk factor for GC. CONCLUSIONS: Serum EV-miR-215-5p might be a novel biomarker for predicting ETR and prognosis of GC.

Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs , Extracellular Vesicles , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(8): e10062, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249323


Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is an essential regulator of carcinogenesis and cancer progression. In the study, we explored the role of lncRNA DLGAP1-AS1 in gastric cancer (GC). qRT-PCR was carried out to detect DLGAP1-AS1 expression in GC tissues and cell lines. CCK-8 assay, EdU assay, and transwell experiments were employed to detect the malignant biological behaviors of GC cells with DLGAP1-AS1 knockdown or overexpression. Bioinformatics and dual-luciferase report assay were used to confirm the binding relationship between DLGAP1-AS1 and miR-515-5p. MARK4 expression was detected by western blot after DLGAP1-AS1/miR-515-5p was selectively regulated. DLGAP1-AS1 was up-regulated in GC tissues and cell lines, and its high expression was closely associated with larger tumor size, higher TNM stage, and lymph node metastasis. Furthermore, DLGAP1-AS1 overexpression enhanced cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and miR-515-5p could reverse these effects. DLGAP1-AS1 participated in the regulation of the MARK4 signaling pathway by targeting miR-515-5p. DLGAP1-AS1 promoted GC progression through miR-515-5p/MARK4 signaling pathway.

Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement/genetics , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases , Cell Line, Tumor
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(7): e10687, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249315


Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) induces an intense inflammatory response, mediated by proinflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-6 and its membrane receptor (IL-6R), which activates important signaling pathways in the development of gastric disease and cancer. We investigated the gene and protein expression of IL-6 and IL-6R and the influence of polymorphisms rs1800795, rs1800796, and rs1800797 on its gene expression together with H. pylori infection. Furthermore, an in-silico analysis was performed to support our results. Gastric biopsies were obtained from patients with gastric symptoms and patients with gastric cancer (GC) and were divided into groups (Control, Gastritis, and Cancer). H. pylori was detected by PCR. Real-time-qPCR was employed to determine gene expression, and western blot assay was used to analyze protein expression levels. PCR-RFLP was used to characterize IL-6 polymorphisms. Bioinformatics analyses were performed using the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and GEO2R to screen out differentially expressed genes (DEGs). H. pylori was detected in 43.3% of the samples. Statistically significant differences were found for IL-6 (P=0.0001) and IL-6R (P=0.0005) genes among the three groups, regardless of the presence of H. pylori. Among patients with H. pylori infection, the IL-6 and IL-6R gene and protein expressions were significantly increased, highlighting IL-6 gene overexpression in patients with GC. No statistically significant differences were found for the rs1800795, rs1800796, and rs1800797 polymorphisms compared to IL-6 gene expression. The results indicated that the IL-6 polymorphisms do not influence its expression, but IL-6 and IL-6R expression seems to be altered by the presence of H. pylori.

Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Gastritis/genetics , Interleukin-8 , Gastric Mucosa
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 91-99, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098050


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The role of -251A>T polymorphism in the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene in gastric cancer was intensively evaluated, but the results of these studies were inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to provide a comprehensive data on the association of IL-8 -251T>A polymorphism with gastric cancer. METHODS: All eligible studies were identified in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Wanfang and CNKI databases before September 01, 2019. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were derived from a fixed effect or random effect model. RESULTS: A total of 33 case-control studies with 6,192 cases and 9,567 controls were selected. Overall, pooled data showed that IL-8 -251T>A polymorphism was significantly associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer under all five genetic models, i.e., allele (A vs T: OR=1.189, 95% CI 1.027-1.378, P=0.021), homozygote (AA vs TT: OR=1.307, 95% CI 1.111-1.536, P=0.001), heterozygote (AT vs TT: OR=1.188, 95% CI 1.061-1.330, P=0.003), dominant (AA+AT vs TT: OR=1.337, 95% CI 1.115-1.602, P=0.002) and recessive (AA vs AT+TT: OR=1.241, 95% CI 1.045-1.474, P=0.014). The stratified analysis by ethnicity revealed an increased risk of gastric cancer in Asians and mixed populations, but not in Caucasians. Moreover, stratified by country found a significant association in Chinese, Korean and Brazilian, but not among Japanese. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggests that the IL-8 -251T>A polymorphism is associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer, especially by ethnicity (Asian and mixed populations) and country (Chinese, Korean and Brazilian).

RESUMO CONTEXTO: O papel do polimorfismo -251A>T no gene anti-inflamatório citocina interleucina-8 (IL-8) no câncer gástrico foi intensamente avaliado, mas os resultados desses estudos foram inconsistentes. OBJETIVO: Portanto, realizamos uma meta-análise para fornecer dados abrangentes sobre a associação de IL-8 -251T>A polimorfismo com câncer gástrico. MÉTODOS: Todos os estudos elegíveis foram identificados nos bancos de dados PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Wanfang e CNKI antes de 01 de setembro de 2019. As relações de probabilidades agrupadas (ORs) com intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC) foram derivadas de um modelo de efeito fixo ou efeito aleatório. RESULTADOS: Foram selecionados 33 estudos de controle de caso com 6.192 casos e 9.567 controles. No geral, dados agrupados mostraram que o polimorfismo IL-8 -251T>A foi significativamente associado a um risco aumentado de câncer gástrico em todos os cinco modelos genéticos, isto é, alelo (A vs T: OR=1,189; 95% CI 1,027-1,378; P=0,021), homozigoto (AA vs TT: OR=1,307; 95% CI 1,111-1,536; P=0,001), heterozigoto (AT vs TT: OR=1,188; 95% CI 1,061-1,330; P=0,003), dominante (AA+AT vs TT: OR=1,337; 95% CI 1,115-1,602; P=0,002) e recessivo (AA vs AT+TT: OR=1,241; 95% CI 1,045-1,474; P=0,014). A análise estratificada por etnia revelou um risco aumentado de câncer gástrico em asiáticos e populações mistas, mas não em caucasianos. Além disso, estratificado por país. Encontrou-se uma associação significativa em chineses, coreanos e brasileiros, mas não entre os japoneses. CONCLUSÃO: Esta meta-análise sugere que o polimorfismo IL-8 -251T>A está associado a um risco aumentado de câncer gástrico, especialmente por etnia (populações asiáticas e mistas) e por país (chinês, coreano e brasileiro).

Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Interleukin-8/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(4): e9290, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089356


This study was designed to investigate the expression of RBM8A protein in patients with gastric cancer (GC) and to explore its correlation with clinical pathological features as well as prognosis. One hundred pairs of gastric carcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues from patients undergoing gastrectomy for GC were included in this study. The protein expression level of RBM8A was determined by immunohistochemistry using tissue microarrays. We also detected the mRNA expression level of RBM8A in 16 pairs of gastric carcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues. Meanwhile, we predicted the potential correlation between RBM8A and tumor stages as well as survival condition in patents with GC based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The correlation of RBM8A with the clinical pathological features and prognosis of the 100 patients with GC was also elucidated. The expression level of RBM8A was significantly higher in gastric carcinoma tissues compared to the adjacent tissues. The protein level of RBM8A was correlated with tumor size (P=0.031), depth of invasion (P<0.001), lymph node metastasis (P<0.001), TNM stage (<0.001), and distant metastasis (P=0.001). Patients with increased RBM8A expression (P<0.0018, 95%CI=0.322−0.871), higher TNM stage (P<0.001, 95%CI=4.990−11.283), and lymph node metastasis (P<0.001, 95%CI=2.873−4.002) had a lower overall survival. Taken together, our study demonstrated that RBM8A may act as a proto-oncogene, which could be a promising biomarker and therapeutic target in the diagnosis and treatment of GC.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Survival Analysis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging
Biol. Res ; 53: 14, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100920


BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that long noncoding RNA (IncRNA) LINC00483 was aberrantly expressed in human cancers, including gastric cancer. However, the regulatory mechanism of this IncRNA in gastric cancer remains largely unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of LINC00483 on gastric cancer development and explore the potential regulatory network of LINC00483/microRNA (miR)-490-3p/mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (MAPK1). METHODS: Thirty patients with gastric cancer were recruited for tissues collection. The expression levels of LINC00483, miR-490-3p and MAPK1 were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction or western blot. Cell viability, apoptosis, migration and invasion were determined by MTT, flow cytometry, transwell assays and western blot, respectively. The target association between miR-490-3p and LINC00483 or MAPK1 was confirmed by luciferase reporter assay. Xenograft model was established to assess the function of LINC00483 in vivo. RESULTS: LINC00483 and MAPK1 levels were increased in gastric cancer tissues and cells. Knockdown of LINC00483 or MAPK1 inhibited cells viability, migration and invasion but promoted apoptosis in gastric cancer cells. Moreover, MAPK1 overexpression attenuated the effect of LINC00483 knockdown on gastric cancer development. LINC00483 could increase MAPK1 expression by competitively sponging miR-490-3p. miR-490-3p overexpression suppressed gastric cancer development, which was abated by introduction of LINC00483. Besides, inhibition of LINC00483 decreased xenograft tumor growth by regulating miR-490-3p/MAPK1 axis. CONCLUSION: Knockdown of LINC00483 inhibited gastric cancer development in vitro and in vivo by increasing miR- 490-3p and decreasing MAPK1, elucidating a novel mechanism for understanding the development of gastric cancer.

Humans , Animals , Male , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , Cell Survival , Apoptosis , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Carcinogenesis/metabolism , Luciferases/metabolism , Mice, Inbred BALB C
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(5): 458-467, oct. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058302


Resumen El objetivo de esta revisión es realizar una actualización de los conocimientos actuales en cáncer gástrico hereditario, especialmente enfocado a que pacientes tienen indicación de estudio genético y su manejo clínico. En un 5-10% de los cánceres gástricos existe un patrón familiar. Los cánceres hereditarios, a diferencia de los esporádicos, se asocian a mutaciones germinales en un gen específico. En cáncer gástrico hereditario difuso (HDGC), se han identificado mutaciones en genes específicos asociados a la enfermedad (CDH1 y CTNNA1). El síndrome clínico de HDGC se asocia a la aparición a temprana edad, típicamente alrededor de los 40 años de múltiples focos de cáncer gástrico (CG) de tipo difuso, frecuentemente con células en anillo de sello y la aparición de cáncer de mama de tipo lobulillar. De los pacientes que cumplen los criterios clínicos de HDGC, el 20-50% presenta una mutación del gen CDH1. La presencia de una mutación confiere un riesgo de aparición de CG difuso de 67-70% para hombres y de 56-83% para mujeres; y un riesgo de 42% de cáncer de mama a lo largo de la vida del paciente. Se consideran actualmente como indicaciones para asesoría y estudio genético; la presencia de 2 o más familiares con CG, uno confirmado difuso, independiente de la edad; y en segundo lugar individuos con CG menores de 40 años de edad, sin historia familiar previa. Dentro del manejo de es estos pacientes es clave un equipo multidisciplinario y las principales alternativas de manejo son el seguimiento endoscópico y la gastrectomía profiláctica. Así como se ha avanzado en definir el mejor manejo clínico de estos pacientes, esta patología también representa una área de importante interés en investigación.

The aim is to update the current knowledge in hereditary gastric cancer, especially the current indications for genetic testing and its clinical management. In 5-10% of gastric cancers there is a familiar pattern. Hereditary cancers, unlike sporadic cancers, are associated with germline mutations in a specific gene. In hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC), mutations have been identified in specific genes associated with the disease (CDH1 y CTNNA1). The clinical syndrome of HDGC is associated with the appearance at an early age, typically around 40 years, of multiple foci of diffuse gastric cancer (GC), frequently with signet ring cells and the appearance of lobular type breast cancer. Twenty to fifty percent of patients who meet the clinical criteria for HDGC have a mutation in the CDH1 gene. The presence of a mutation confers a risk of diffuse CG of 67-70% for men and 56-83% for women; and a 42% risk of breast cancer throughout the life of the patient. The main current indications for genetic counseling and study are the presence of 2 or more relatives with CG, one confirmed diffuse, regardless of age; and individuals with CG less than 40 years of age, without previous family history. A multidisciplinary team is key and the main management alternatives are endoscopic follow-up and prophylactic gastrectomy. Just as there has been progress in defining the best clinical management of these patients, this pathology also represents an area of important research interest.

Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(4): 367-371, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055179


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cause of worldwide cancer. Also in contrast to the huge advances in curing, the chance of living is very low even in surgery cases. Having a genetic predisposition plays an important role in cancer development. The association between Metallothionein-2A gene polymorphisms and the risk of adenocarcinoma has been widely studied, yet there is only one study on stomach diseases. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate the association between 2 (MT-2A) polymorphisms and adenocarcinoma. METHODS: This cross-sectional case control study was performed between Mach 2014 and January 2015 at the Tuba Hospital of Sari, Iran. Peripheral blood samples were collected in EDTA tube. DNA extraction was performed using the spin column procedure. The MT-2A polymorphisms MT-2A (rs1610216), (rs28366003) were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis in 95 a topic adenocarcinoma patients and 90 healthy individuals from Iranian population. RESULTS: The MT-2A rs1610216 polymorphism increased the risk of adeno carcinoma in our Iranian population [OR: 3.8533; 95%CI, 1.3155-11.2869; P=0.0139] and rs28366003 [OR: 4.0978; 95%CI, 1.2521-13.4108; P=0.0197]. CONCLUSION: The MT-2A gene polymorphism was associated with the risk of adenocarcinoma in the Iranian population.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: O câncer gástrico é a quarta causa mais comum de câncer em todo o mundo. Também em contraste com os enormes avanços na cura, a chance de viver é muito baixa, mesmo em casos de cirurgia. Ter uma predisposição genética desempenha um papel importante no desenvolvimento do câncer. A associação entre polimorfismos do gene metalotioneína-2A e o risco de adenocarcinoma tem sido amplamente estudada, mas há apenas um estudo sobre doenças estomacais. OBJETIVO: Neste estudo, objetivou-se investigar a associação entre 2 (MT-2A) polimorfismos e adenocarcinoma. MÉTODOS: Um estudo de controle de caso transversal foi realizado entre março de 2014 e janeiro de 2015 no hospital Tuba, Sari, Irã. Amostras de sangue periférico foram coletadas em tubo EDTA. A extração do ADN foi executada usando o procedimento da coluna da rotação. Os polimorfismos MT-2a MT-2A (rs1610216), (rs28366003) foram determinados pela análise do polimorfismo do comprimento do fragmento da reação-limitação de cadeia da polimerase em 95 pacientes com adenocarcinoma tópico e em 90 indivíduos saudáveis da população iraniana. RESULTADOS: O polimorfismo MT-2A rs1610216 aumentou o risco de adenocarcinoma de em nossa população iraniana. [OR: 3,8533; 95%CI, 1,3155-11,2869; P=0,0139] e rs28366003 [OR: 4,0978; 95%CI, 1,2521-13,4108; P=0,0197]. CONCLUSÃO: O polimorfismo do gene MT-2A foi associado ao risco de adenocarcinoma na população iraniana.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Metallothionein/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Genotype , Middle Aged
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(1): e7816, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974271


Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) has been reported in gastric cancer to be a prognostic factor. However, miR-497-targeted FGFR1 has not been explored in the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer. The present study intended to revalidate the prognostic significance of FGFR1 in patients with gastric cancer, and the mechanism of miR-497-regulated FGFR1 was investigated in gastric cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis. The messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels were assayed by RT-qPCR and western blotting, respectively. The targeted genes were predicted by a bioinformatics algorithm and confirmed by a dual luciferase reporter assay. Cell proliferation was analyzed by CCK-8 assay. Annexin V-FITC/PI staining was used to evaluate the apoptosis in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. FGFR1 was frequently up-regulated in gastric cancer tissues and associated with poor overall survival in patients with gastric cancer. Interestingly, FGFR1 loss-of-function resulted in a significant growth inhibition and apoptosis in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. In addition, we found that miR-497 was inhibited in gastric cancer tissues and cell lines, while overexpression of miR-497 could suppress proliferation and induce apoptosis in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. Importantly, bioinformatics analysis and experimental data suggested that FGFR1 was a direct target of miR-497, which could inhibit FGFR1 expression when transfected with miR-497 mimics. Furthermore, we found that overexpression of FGFR1 reversed the growth inhibition and apoptosis of miR-497 mimics in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. These findings suggested that overexpression of miR-497 inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in gastric cancer through the suppression of FGFR1.

Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/genetics , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Signal Transduction , Blotting, Western , Apoptosis , Disease Progression , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(5): e8379, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001523


Gastric cancer (GC) is the third most lethal type of cancer worldwide. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in regulatory sites or coding regions can modify the expression of genes involved in gastric carcinogenesis, as ERBB2, which encodes for the tyrosine-kinase receptor HER-2. The aim of this work was to analyze the association of the polymorphisms: rs2643194, rs2517951, rs2643195, rs2934971, and rs1058808 with GC, as they have not yet been analyzed in GC patients, as well as to report their frequency in the general Mexican population (GMP). We studied genomic DNA from subjects with GC (n=74), gastric inflammatory diseases (GID, n=76 control subjects), and GMP (n=102). Genotypes were obtained by means of real-time PCR and DNA-sequencing. The risks for GC were estimated through odds ratio (OR) using the Cochran-Armitage trend test and multinomial logistic regression. Increased risk for GC was observed under the dominant inheritance model for the rs2643194 TT or CT genotypes with an OR of 2.75 (95%CI 1.12−6.75, P=0.023); the rs2934971 TT or GT genotypes with an OR of 2.41 (95%CI 1.01−5.76, P=0.043), and the rs1058808 GG or CG genotypes with an OR of 2.21 (95%CI 1.00−4.87, P=0.046). The SNPs rs2643194, rs2934971, and rs1058808 of the ERBB2 gene were associated with increased risk for GC.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(8): e8341, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011606


MicroRNAs (miRNAs), as post-transcriptional regulators, have been reported to be involved in the initiation and progression of various types of cancer, including gastric cancer (GC). The present study aimed to investigate the role of miR-383-5p in gastric carcinogenesis. Cell viability was analyzed using CCK-8 kit. Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide double staining was used to evaluate cell apoptosis. The expression levels of miR-383-5p and histone deacetylase 9 (HDAC9) mRNA in GC tissues and cell lines were analyzed using RT-qPCR. The protein expression of HDAC9 was detected by western blotting. We found that HDAC9 was up-regulated and miR-383-5p was down-regulated in GC tissues and cell lines. High HDAC9 expression or low miR-383-5p expression was closely related to poor prognosis and metastasis in GC patients. HDAC9 knockout or miR-383-5p mimics led to growth inhibition and increased apoptosis in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. More importantly, we validated that miR-383-5p as a post-transcriptional regulator inhibited HDAC9 expression and was inversely correlated with HDAC9 expression in GC tissues. miR-383-5p had the opposite effects to HDAC9 in gastric carcinogenesis. miR-383-5p played an important role in gastric carcinogenesis, and it is one of the important mechanisms to regulate oncogenic HDAC9 in GC, which might be helpful in the development of novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of GC.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Histone Deacetylases/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Carcinoma/genetics , Carcinoma/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Apoptosis , Disease Progression , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Carcinogenesis/genetics , Neoplasm Staging
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(1): e1415, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973380


ABSTRACT Introduction: A series of studies have evaluated the association between -592A>C and -819T>C polymorphisms in the promoter regions of Interleukin-10 (IL-10) and gastric cancer (GC) risk. However, the results remain inconclusive. Objective: To better understand the association of the polymorphisms with GC risk, we performed a comprehensive meta-analysis. Method: An electronic search was performed of several databases to identify relevant studies up to April 2018. Results: A total of 44 case-control studies, including 26 studies on IL-10 -592A>C (5,332 cases and 8,272 controls) and 18 studies on IL-10 -819T>C (3,431 cases and 6,109 controls) were selected. Overall, -592A>C polymorphism was associated with the risk of GC under the heterozygote model (OR=1.153, 95% CI=1.020-1.305, p=0.023), but not -819T>C polymorphism. When stratified by ethnicity, significant association was only observed in the Asians under the allele model (OR=1.153, 95% CI=1.007-1.320, p=0.040) and the heterozygote model (OR=1.218, 95% CI=1.076-1.379, p=0.002) for -592A>C. Conclusion: The current meta-analysis results inconsistent with previous meta-analyses; showed that the IL-10 -592A>C polymorphism, but not -819T>C polymorphism, may be contributed to the susceptibility of GC in overall and Asian populations.

RESUMO Introdução: Uma série de estudos avaliou a associação entre os polimorfismos -592A>C e -819T>C nas regiões promotoras do risco de interleucina-10 (IL-10) e câncer gástrico (GC). No entanto, os resultados permanecem inconclusivos. Objetivo: Para entender melhor a associação dos polimorfismos com o risco de GC, realizamos uma meta-análise abrangente. Método: Foi realizada busca eletrônica de vários bancos de dados para identificar estudos relevantes até abril de 2018. Resultados: Um total de 44 estudos caso-controle, incluindo 26 estudos sobre IL-10 -592A>C (5.332 casos e 8.272 controles) e 18 estudos sobre IL-10 -819T>C (3.431 casos e 6.109 controles) foram selecionados. No geral, o polimorfismo -592A> C foi associado ao risco de GC sob o modelo heterozigoto (OR=1,153, 95% IC=1,020-1,305, p=0,023), mas não polimorfismo -819T>C. Quando estratificada por etnia, associação significativa foi observada apenas nos asiáticos sob o modelo alelo (OR=1,153, IC 95%=1,007-1,320, p=0,040) e o modelo heterozigoto (OR=1,218, IC 95%=1,076-1,379, p=0,002) para -592A>C. Conclusão: Os atuais resultados são inconsistentes com metanálises anteriores; mostrou que o polimorfismo IL-10 -592A> C, mas não o polimorfismo -819T>C, pode ter contribuído para a suscetibilidade de GC em populações globais e asiáticas.

Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Interleukin-10/genetics , Risk Assessment/methods , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Genetic Association Studies
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(3): e1449, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038030


ABSTRACT Introduction: The matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) gene -181A>G polymorphism has been reported to be associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) and gastric cancer (GC) susceptibility, yet the results of these previous results have been inconsistent or controversial. Aim: To elaborate a meta-analysis to assess the association of -181A>G polymorphism of MMP-7 with CRC and GC risk. Methods: Published literature evaluating the association from PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar and other databases were retrieved up to April 25, 2018. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using random- or fixed-effects model. Results: A total of 19 case-control studies, which included eleven studies on CRC (2,169 CRC cases and 2,346 controls) and eight studies on GC (1,545 GC cases and 2,366 controls) were identified. There was a significant association between MMP-7 -181A>G polymorphism and GC risk under the homozygote model (GG vs. AA: OR=1.672, 95% CI 1.161-2.409, p=0.006) and the recessive model (GG vs. GA+AA: OR=1.672, 95% CI 1.319-2.554, p=0.001), but not with CRC. By subgroup analysis based on ethnicity, an increased risk of CRC and GC was found only among Asians. Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests that MMP-7 -181A>G polymorphisms is associated with GC risk, but not with CRC. However, our results clearly showed that the MMP-7 -181A>G polymorphism significantly increased the risk of CRC only in Asians.

RESUMO Introdução: O polimorfismo da matriz metaloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) -181A>G tem sido relatado como associado à suscetibilidade dos cânceres colorretal (CRC) e gástrico (GC), mas os resultados desses estudos anteriores foram inconsistentes ou controversos. Objetivo: Elaborar metanálise para avaliar a associação do polimorfismo -181A> G da MMP-7 com o risco de CRC e GC. Métodos: Revisão da literatura publicada avaliando essa associação no PubMed, Web of Science, Google Acadêmico e outras bases de dados até 25 de abril de 2018. Odds ratio (OR) e o intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC) foram calculados usando dados aleatórios ou modelo de efeitos fixos. Resultados: Um total de 19 estudos caso-controle, que incluíram 11 trabalhos sobre CRC (2.169 casos de CCR e 2.346 controles) e oito sobre GC (1.545 casos de GC e 2.366 controles) foram identificados. Houve associação significativa entre o polimorfismo MMP-7 -181A>G e o risco de GC sob o modelo homozigoto (GG vs. AA: OR=1,672, IC 95% 1,161-2,409, p=0,006) e o modelo recessivo (GG vs. GA + AA: OR=1,672, IC 95% 1,319-2,554, p=0,001), mas não com CRC. Por análise de subgrupos com base na etnia, um risco aumentado de CRC e GC foi encontrado apenas entre os asiáticos. Conclusões: Esta metanálise sugere que os polimorfismos MMP-7 -181A>G estão associados ao risco de GC, mas não ao CRC. No entanto, estes resultados mostraram claramente que o polimorfismo MMP-7 -181A>G aumentou significativamente o risco de CRC apenas em asiáticos.

Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/ethnology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 7/genetics , Odds Ratio , Risk Factors , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(1): 33-40, Apr.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888237


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The promoter -1082 A/G (rs1800896) polymorphism of Interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene have been widely reported and considered to have a significant role on gastric cancer risk, but the results are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the association, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the associations IL-10 -1082 A/G polymorphism with gastric cancer. METHODS: Eligible articles were identified by searching databases including PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar up to August 03, 2017. Odds ratios (OR) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the association. RESULTS: A total of 30 case-control studies with 6,101 cases and 8,557 controls were included in this meta-analysis. Overall, a significant association between IL-10 -1082 A/G polymorphism and gastric cancer risk was observed under the allele model (G vs A: OR=1.305, 95% CI=1.076-1.584; P=0.007), heterozygote model and (GA vs AA: OR=1.252, 95% CI=1.252-1.054; P=0.011) and dominant model (GG+GA vs AA: OR=1.264, 95% CI=1.053-1.516; P=0.012). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, increased gastric cancer risk were found in Asians under the allele model (G vs A: OR=1.520, 95% CI=1.172-1.973; P=0.002), homozygote model (GG+GA vs AA: OR=1.571, 95% CI=1.023-2.414; P= 0.039), heterozygote model (GA vs AA: OR=1.465, 95% CI=1.192-1.801; P≤0.001) and dominant model (GG+GA vs AA: OR=1.448, 95% CI=1.152-1.821; P=0.002), but not among Caucasian and Latinos populations. CONCLUSION: These results suggested that the IL-10 -1082 A/G (rs1800896) polymorphism might contribute to the gastric cancer susceptibility, especially among Asians.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: O promotor-1082 A/polimorfismo G (rs1800896) do gene da interleucina-10 (IL-10) é amplamente relatado e considerado por ter um papel significativo no risco de câncer gástrico, porém os resultados são inconsistentes. OBJETIVO: Para esclarecer melhor esta associação, realizou-se uma meta-análise para investigar as associações de IL-10-1082 A/polimorfismo G com câncer gástrico. MÉTODOS: Artigos elegíveis foram identificados através de pesquisa de bases de dados PubMed, Web of Science e Google Scholar até 3 de agosto de 2017. Razões de possibilidades (OR) com intervalo de confiança de 95% correspondente (CIs) foram usados para avaliar a associação. RESULTADOS: Um total de 30 estudos de caso-controle, 6.101 casos e com 8.557 controles foram incluídos nesta meta-análise. Em geral, uma associação significativa entre IL-10-1082 A/G polimorfismo e risco de câncer gástrico foi observada sob o modelo de alelo (G vs A: OR=1.305, 95% CI=1.076-1.584; P=0.007), no modelo heterozigoto (GA vs AA: OR=1.252, 95% CI=1.252-1.054; P=0.011) e modelo dominante (GG+GA vs AA: OR=1.264, 95% CI=1.053-1.516; P=0.012). Na análise de subgrupo pela etnia, foi encontrado risco aumentado de câncer gástrico em asiáticos sob o modelo de alelo (G vs A: OR=1.520, 95% CI=1.172-1.973; P=0.002), modelo heterozigoto (GG+GA vs AA: OR=1.571, 95% CI=1.023-2.414; P= 0.039), e modelo dominante (GG+GA vs AA: OR=1.448, 95% CI=1.152-1.821; P=0.002), mas não entre a população caucasiana e latina. CONCLUSÃO: Estes resultados sugeriram que a IL-10-1082 A/polimorfismo G (rs1800896) pode contribuir para a suscetibilidade de câncer gástrico, especialmente entre os asiáticos.

Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Interleukin-10/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/ethnology , Review Literature as Topic , Hispanic Americans , Case-Control Studies , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Risk Factors , Clinical Trials as Topic , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , European Continental Ancestry Group , Gene Frequency , Genotype
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(4): e6685, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889056


Gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. The high mortality might be attributed to delay in detection and is closely related to lymph node metastasis. Therefore, it is of great importance to explore the mechanism of lymph node metastasis and find strategies to block GC metastasis. Messenger RNA (mRNA), microRNA (miRNA) and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression data and clinical data were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. A total of 908 differentially expressed factors with variance >0.5 including 542 genes, 42 miRNA, and 324 lncRNA were screened using significant analysis microarray algorithm, and interaction networks were constructed using these differentially expressed factors. Furthermore, we conducted functional modules analysis in the network, and found that yellow and turquoise modules could separate samples efficiently. The groups classified in the yellow and turquoise modules had a significant difference in survival time, which was verified in another independent GC mRNA dataset (GSE62254). The results suggested that differentially expressed factors in the yellow and turquoise modules may participate in lymph node metastasis of GC and could be applied as potential biomarkers or therapeutic targets for GC.

Humans , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Gene Regulatory Networks/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , China/epidemiology , Gene Expression Profiling , Lymph Nodes/metabolism , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Stomach Neoplasms/secondary
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(6): e6452, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889104


Several microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported as oncogenes or tumor suppressors in many cancers, including gastric cancer (GC). However, the role and molecular mechanism of miR-3129 in GC is largely unknown. We aimed to explore the function and the underlying molecular mechanism of miR-3129 in GC. Cancer tissues and corresponding adjacent tissues were collected from 50 patients with GC, and the expression of miR-3129 was detected by RT-qPCR. The expression of miR-3129 and pRb in human GC cell line SCG7091 was altered by transient transfection. Thereafter, MTT and flow cytometry assays were used to analyze cell viability and cell cycle. The expression of cyclin E, CDK2, CDK2 inhibitors (p16 and 21), and pRb were detected by RT-qPCR and western blot. A significant up-regulation of miR-3129 was observed in GC tissues compared to adjacent tissues. Overexpression of miR-3129 significantly improved cell viability after 4 days of post-transfection. Flow cytometry assay results showed that the miR-3129 overexpression arrested more SGC7901 cells at S phase. Moreover, overexpression of miR-3129 down-regulated the expression of CDK2 inhibitors while it up-regulated the expression levels of cyclin E, CDK2, and pRb. Interestingly, we found that pRb inhibition reversed the effect of miR-3129 inhibitor on cell proliferation in SGC7901 cells, increased cell viability, reduced cells at G0/1 phase, and modulated the expression of proliferation-related factors. Our results revealed that miR-3129 functioned as an oncogene through positive regulation of pRb and may prove to be a promising option for molecular therapy of GC.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Retinoblastoma Protein/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Down-Regulation , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Neoplasm Staging , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retinoblastoma Protein/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Transfection , Up-Regulation