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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(5): e9330, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098112

ABSTRACT

The development of chemotherapy resistance significantly impairs the efficiency of chemotherapy, but the underlying mechanisms of chemotherapy resistance in gastric cancer (GC) are complicated and still need to be further explored. Here, we aimed to reveal the effects of miR-4290/PDK1 (pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1) axis on chemotherapy resistance of GC in vitro. The expression patterns of miR-4290 in GC tissues and cell lines were determined by real-time quantitative PCR. Kaplan-Meier was used to assess the relationship between miR-4290 expression levels and patients' overall survival. CCK-8 and flow cytometry technologies were applied to detect cell proliferation and apoptosis. The luciferase gene reporter assay was used to evaluate the interaction between miR-4290 and PDK1. miR-4290 was lowly expressed in GC tissues and cell lines, which was closely associated with the shorter overall survival of GC patients. miR-4290 mimics significantly inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis, as well as induced a significant reduction in the expression of PDK1. Moreover, miR-4290 significantly inhibited glycolysis and decreased the IC50 value to cisplatin in SGC7901 cells, whereas these effects were abolished and cell apoptosis was promoted when PDK1 was overexpressed. In conclusion, this study revealed that miR-4290 suppressed PDK1-mediated glycolysis to enhance the sensitivity of GC cells to cisplatin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Acetyl-Transferring Kinase/metabolism , Glycolysis/genetics , Transfection , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Flow Cytometry , Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Acetyl-Transferring Kinase/genetics
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(4): e9290, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089356

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the expression of RBM8A protein in patients with gastric cancer (GC) and to explore its correlation with clinical pathological features as well as prognosis. One hundred pairs of gastric carcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues from patients undergoing gastrectomy for GC were included in this study. The protein expression level of RBM8A was determined by immunohistochemistry using tissue microarrays. We also detected the mRNA expression level of RBM8A in 16 pairs of gastric carcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues. Meanwhile, we predicted the potential correlation between RBM8A and tumor stages as well as survival condition in patents with GC based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The correlation of RBM8A with the clinical pathological features and prognosis of the 100 patients with GC was also elucidated. The expression level of RBM8A was significantly higher in gastric carcinoma tissues compared to the adjacent tissues. The protein level of RBM8A was correlated with tumor size (P=0.031), depth of invasion (P<0.001), lymph node metastasis (P<0.001), TNM stage (<0.001), and distant metastasis (P=0.001). Patients with increased RBM8A expression (P<0.0018, 95%CI=0.322−0.871), higher TNM stage (P<0.001, 95%CI=4.990−11.283), and lymph node metastasis (P<0.001, 95%CI=2.873−4.002) had a lower overall survival. Taken together, our study demonstrated that RBM8A may act as a proto-oncogene, which could be a promising biomarker and therapeutic target in the diagnosis and treatment of GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Survival Analysis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging
3.
Biol. Res ; 53: 14, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100920

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that long noncoding RNA (IncRNA) LINC00483 was aberrantly expressed in human cancers, including gastric cancer. However, the regulatory mechanism of this IncRNA in gastric cancer remains largely unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of LINC00483 on gastric cancer development and explore the potential regulatory network of LINC00483/microRNA (miR)-490-3p/mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (MAPK1). METHODS: Thirty patients with gastric cancer were recruited for tissues collection. The expression levels of LINC00483, miR-490-3p and MAPK1 were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction or western blot. Cell viability, apoptosis, migration and invasion were determined by MTT, flow cytometry, transwell assays and western blot, respectively. The target association between miR-490-3p and LINC00483 or MAPK1 was confirmed by luciferase reporter assay. Xenograft model was established to assess the function of LINC00483 in vivo. RESULTS: LINC00483 and MAPK1 levels were increased in gastric cancer tissues and cells. Knockdown of LINC00483 or MAPK1 inhibited cells viability, migration and invasion but promoted apoptosis in gastric cancer cells. Moreover, MAPK1 overexpression attenuated the effect of LINC00483 knockdown on gastric cancer development. LINC00483 could increase MAPK1 expression by competitively sponging miR-490-3p. miR-490-3p overexpression suppressed gastric cancer development, which was abated by introduction of LINC00483. Besides, inhibition of LINC00483 decreased xenograft tumor growth by regulating miR-490-3p/MAPK1 axis. CONCLUSION: Knockdown of LINC00483 inhibited gastric cancer development in vitro and in vivo by increasing miR- 490-3p and decreasing MAPK1, elucidating a novel mechanism for understanding the development of gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , Cell Survival , Apoptosis , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Carcinogenesis/metabolism , Luciferases/metabolism , Mice, Inbred BALB C
4.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(5): 590-595, 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136259

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Thrombopoietin (THPO) is well-known as a megakaryocyte growth and development factor (MGDF) involved in megakaryocyte proliferation and maturation. To explore the biological effects of THPO in gastric adenocarcinoma, we conducted this study. Methods: By accessing the TCGA database, the expression level of THPO was determined in tumor tissues. The association between THPO expression and clinical features, or prognostic significance was described by Cox regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier. The SiRNA method was used to decline the THPO expression; then cell viability, invasion, and migration were detected to verify the effects of the knockdown of THPO. qPCR and western blotting were implemented to examine the expression level of THPO. Results: The expression of THPO was increased in tumor tissue and cells, its high-regulation was associated with a poor prognosis in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma. Cell viability, invasion, and migration were suppressed in AGS with the down-regulation of THPO. Furthermore, on the basis of si-THPO transfection, E-cadherin was promoted while N-cadherin and Vimentin were attenuated. CONCLUSION Our results revealed that THPO may be a potent marker of gastric adenocarcinoma, providing a novel potential screening method for gastric adenocarcinoma.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Trombopoetina (THPO) é um conhecido fator de desenvolvimento e crescimento megacariócito (MGDF) envolvido na proliferação e maturação de megacariócitos. Realizamos este estudo para explorar os efeitos biológicos do THPO no adenocarcinoma gástrico. Metodologia: O nível de expressão do THPO em tecidos tumorais foi determinado acessando a banco de dados TCGA. A associação entre a expressão de THPO e características clínicas ou relevância no prognóstico foi descrita através da análise de Kaplan-Meier e regressão de Cox. O método SiRNA foi utilizado para reduzir a expressão da THPO e, em seguida, a viabilidade, invasão, e migração celular foram detectadas para verificar os efeitos da redução do THPO. qPCR e western blotting foram utilizados para examinar o nível de expressão do THPO. Resultados: A expressão do THPO estava aumentada em tecido e células tumorais, esse aumento estava associado com um prognóstico negativo para pacientes com adenocarcinoma gástrico. A invasão e migração celular foram suprimidos em AGS com a redução do THPO. Além disso, com base na transfecção de si-THPO, a E-caderina foi promovida, enquanto a N-caderina e Vimentina foram atenuadas. Conclusão nossos resultados demonstram que o thpo pode ser um potente marcador de adenocarcinoma gástrico, com potencial para ser um novo tipo de triagem para adenocarcinoma gástrico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Thrombopoietin/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/mortality , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Invasiveness
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(1): e7816, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974271

ABSTRACT

Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) has been reported in gastric cancer to be a prognostic factor. However, miR-497-targeted FGFR1 has not been explored in the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer. The present study intended to revalidate the prognostic significance of FGFR1 in patients with gastric cancer, and the mechanism of miR-497-regulated FGFR1 was investigated in gastric cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis. The messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels were assayed by RT-qPCR and western blotting, respectively. The targeted genes were predicted by a bioinformatics algorithm and confirmed by a dual luciferase reporter assay. Cell proliferation was analyzed by CCK-8 assay. Annexin V-FITC/PI staining was used to evaluate the apoptosis in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. FGFR1 was frequently up-regulated in gastric cancer tissues and associated with poor overall survival in patients with gastric cancer. Interestingly, FGFR1 loss-of-function resulted in a significant growth inhibition and apoptosis in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. In addition, we found that miR-497 was inhibited in gastric cancer tissues and cell lines, while overexpression of miR-497 could suppress proliferation and induce apoptosis in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. Importantly, bioinformatics analysis and experimental data suggested that FGFR1 was a direct target of miR-497, which could inhibit FGFR1 expression when transfected with miR-497 mimics. Furthermore, we found that overexpression of FGFR1 reversed the growth inhibition and apoptosis of miR-497 mimics in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. These findings suggested that overexpression of miR-497 inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in gastric cancer through the suppression of FGFR1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/genetics , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Signal Transduction , Blotting, Western , Apoptosis , Disease Progression , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
6.
Biol. Res ; 52: 2, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011406

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor family members such as ErbB1 and ErbB3 are involved in tumor progression and metastasis. Although, there are various reports about the prognostic value of EGFR members separately in gastric cancer, there is not any report about the probable correlation between ErbB1 and ErbB3 co-expression and gastric cancer prognosis. In present study, we assessed the correlation between ErbB1 and ErbB3 co-overexpression (in the level of mRNA and protein expression) and gastric cancer prognosis for the first time. METHODS: ErbB1 and ErbB3 expressions were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR in 50 patients with gastric cancer. Parametric correlations were done between the ErbB1 and ErbB3 expression and clinicopathological features. Multivariate and logistic regression analyses were also done to assess the roles of ErbB1 and ErbB3 in tumor prognosis and survival. RESULTS: There were significant correlations between ErbB1/ErbB3 co-overexpression and tumor size (p = 0.026), macroscopic features (p < 0.05), tumor differentiation (p < 0.05), stage of tumor (p < 0.05), and recurrence (p < 0.05). Moreover, ErbB1/ErbB3 co-overexpression may predict the survival status of patients (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: ErbB1 and ErbB3 co-overexpression is accompanied with the poor prognosis and can be used efficiently in targeted therapy of gastric cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Genes, erbB-1 , Receptor, ErbB-3/metabolism , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Survival Rate , Genes, erbB , Receptor, ErbB-3/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
7.
Biol. Res ; 52: 42, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019506

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Prognosis remains one of most crucial determinants of gastric cancer (GC) treatment, but current methods do not predict prognosis accurately. Identification of additional biomarkers is urgently required to identify patients at risk of poor prognoses. METHODS: Tissue microarrays were used to measure expression of nine GC-associated proteins in GC tissue and normal gastric tissue samples. Hierarchical cluster analysis of microarray data and feature selection for factors associated with survival were performed. Based on these data, prognostic scoring models were established to predict clinical outcomes. Finally, ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA) was used to identify a biological GC network. RESULTS: Eight proteins were upregulated in GC tissues versus normal gastric tissues. Hierarchical cluster analysis and feature selection showed that overall survival was worse in cyclin dependent kinase (CDK)2, Akt1, X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP), Notch4, and phosphorylated (p)-protein kinase C (PKC) α/ß2 immunopositive patients than in patients that were immunonegative for these proteins. Risk score models based on these five proteins and clinicopathological characteristics were established to determine prognoses of GC patients. These proteins were found to be involved in cancer related-signaling pathways and upstream regulators were identified. CONCLUSION: This study identified proteins that can be used as clinical biomarkers and established a risk score model based on these proteins and clinicopathological characteristics to assess GC prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Survival Analysis , Tissue Array Analysis , Neoplasm Staging
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(8): e8341, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011606

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRNAs), as post-transcriptional regulators, have been reported to be involved in the initiation and progression of various types of cancer, including gastric cancer (GC). The present study aimed to investigate the role of miR-383-5p in gastric carcinogenesis. Cell viability was analyzed using CCK-8 kit. Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide double staining was used to evaluate cell apoptosis. The expression levels of miR-383-5p and histone deacetylase 9 (HDAC9) mRNA in GC tissues and cell lines were analyzed using RT-qPCR. The protein expression of HDAC9 was detected by western blotting. We found that HDAC9 was up-regulated and miR-383-5p was down-regulated in GC tissues and cell lines. High HDAC9 expression or low miR-383-5p expression was closely related to poor prognosis and metastasis in GC patients. HDAC9 knockout or miR-383-5p mimics led to growth inhibition and increased apoptosis in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. More importantly, we validated that miR-383-5p as a post-transcriptional regulator inhibited HDAC9 expression and was inversely correlated with HDAC9 expression in GC tissues. miR-383-5p had the opposite effects to HDAC9 in gastric carcinogenesis. miR-383-5p played an important role in gastric carcinogenesis, and it is one of the important mechanisms to regulate oncogenic HDAC9 in GC, which might be helpful in the development of novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Histone Deacetylases/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Carcinoma/genetics , Carcinoma/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Apoptosis , Disease Progression , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Carcinogenesis/genetics , Neoplasm Staging
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(12): e7599, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974261

ABSTRACT

The tumor suppressive role of oridonin, an active compound extracted from Rabdosia rubescens, has been proven in several gastric cancer (GC) cell lines. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of oridonin on another GC cell line, SNU-216, and explore the potential mechanisms. The viable cell numbers, cell migration, survival fraction, and cell viability were, respectively, evaluated by trypan blue exclusion assay, wound healing assay, clonogenic assay, and CCK-8 assay. Cell apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry assay and western blot. The expression of p53 was inhibited by transient transfection, and the efficiency was verified by western blot. qRT-PCR was performed to measure the mRNA expression of p53. Western blot was used to evaluate the protein expression of apoptosis, DNA damage and p53 function related factors. We found that oridonin significantly inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and survivability, and enhanced cell apoptosis in SNU-216 cells. However, it had no influence on HEK293 cell viability. Oridonin also remarkably enhanced the anti-tumor effect of cisplatin on SNU-216 cells, as it significantly increased apoptotic cells and decreased cell viability. Moreover, the mRNA and protein expression of p53 was significantly up-regulated in oridonin-treated cells, while Mdm2 expression was down-regulated. Furthermore, oridonin enhanced p53 function and induced DNA damage. Knockdown of p53 or employing the caspase inhibitor, Boc-D-FMK, reversed the effect of oridonin on cell viability and apoptosis-related protein expression. The present study demonstrated that oridonin exhibited an anti-tumor effect on GC SNU-216 cells through regulating p53 expression and function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma/pathology , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/analysis , Diterpenes, Kaurane/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy , DNA Damage/drug effects , Carcinoma/metabolism , Carcinoma/drug therapy , Cell Survival/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Apoptosis/drug effects , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Caspase 3/analysis , Caspase 9/analysis , HEK293 Cells , Flow Cytometry
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(10): e6839, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951715

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNA antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) has been reported to promote tumorigenesis via regulating microRNA (miR)-99a in gastric cancer cells. However, the role of each component involved in it is still not well understood. This study aimed to verify the role of ANRIL in gastric cancer as well as the underlying mechanisms. ANRIL levels in clinical gastric cancer tissues and cell lines were tested by qPCR. Effects of ANRIL silence on cell viability, migration and invasion, apoptosis, and miR-99a expression in MKN-45 and SGC-7901 cells were measured using CCK-8, Transwell assay, flow cytometry, and qPCR assays, respectively. Then, effects of miR-99a inhibition on ANRIL-silenced cells were evaluated. B-lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region 1 (BMI1) expression, after abnormal expression of ANRIL and miR-99a, was determined. Finally, expression of key proteins in the apoptotic, Notch, and mTOR pathways was assessed. ANRIL level was elevated in gastric cancer tissues and cell lines. Knockdown of ANRIL suppressed cell viability, migration, and invasion, and increased apoptosis through up-regulating miR-99a. Furthermore, ANRIL silence down-regulated BMI1 via up-regulating miR-99a. BMI1 silence down-regulated Bcl-2 and key kinases in the Notch and mTOR pathways and up-regulated p16 and cleaved caspases. We verified the tumor suppressive effects of ANRIL knockdown in gastric cancer cells via crosstalk with miR-99a. Together, we provided a novel regulatory mechanism for ANRIL in gastric cancer, in which ANRIL silence down-regulated BMI1 via miR-99a, along with activation of the apoptotic pathway and inhibition of the Notch and mTOR pathways.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Down-Regulation , MicroRNAs/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Carcinogenesis/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Transfection , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Up-Regulation , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Neoplasm Invasiveness
11.
Biol. Res ; 51: 44, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983945

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence indicate that miRNAs play an important role on gastric cancer (GC) progression via regulating several downstream targets, but it is still partially uncovered. This study aimed to explore the molecular mechanisms of GC by comprehensive analysis of mRNAs and miRNA expression profiles. METHODS: The mRNA and miRNA expression profiles of GSE79973 and GSE67354 downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus were used to analyze the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and DE-miRNAs among GC tissues and normal tissues. Then, targets genes of DE-miRNAs were predicted and the DE-miRNA-DEG regulatory network was constructed. Next, function enrichment analysis of the overlapped genes between the predicted DE-miRNAs targets and DEGs was performed and a protein-protein interactions network of overlapped genes was constructed. Finally, RT-PCR analysis was performed to detect the expression levels of several key DEGs and DE-miRNAs. RESULTS: A set of 703 upregulated and 600 downregulated DEGs, as well as 8 upregulated DE-miRNAs and 27 downregulated DE-miRNAs were identified in GC tissue. hsa-miR-193b-3p and hsa-miR-148a-3p, which targeted most DEGs, were highlighted in the DE-miRNA-DEG regulatory network, as well as hsa-miR-1179, which targeted KNL1, was newly predicted to be associated with GC. In addition, NCAPG, which is targeted by miR-193b-3p, and KNL1, which is targeted by hsa-miR-1179, had higher degrees in the PPI network. RT-qPCR results showed that hsa-miR-148a-3p, hsa-miR-193b-3p, and hsa-miR-1179 were downregulated, and NCAPG and KNL1 were upregulated in GC tissues; this is consistent with our bioinformatics-predicted results. CONCLUSIONS: The downregulation of miR-193b-3p might contribute to GC cell proliferation by mediating the upregulation of NCAPG; as additionally, the downregulation of miR-193b-3p might contribute to the mitotic nuclear division of GC cells by mediating the upregulation of KNL1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Up-Regulation/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Disease Progression , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/metabolism
12.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(6): e2030, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-976938

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: estudar a expressão do fator tecidual (FT) e sua correlação com o prognostico e sobrevida em pacientes com carcinoma gástrico. Métodos: verificamos a expressão imuno-histoquímica do FT em 50 espécimes de adenocarcinomas gástricos de pacientes submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico com intenção curativa. A intensidade da sua expressão foi comparada com dados clínicos e patológicos, estadiamento TNM, fatores prognósticos e sobrevida. Resultados: houve expressão do FT em todos os tumores; a intensidade de expressão do FT não foi associada com estágio TNM, variáveis clínicas ou patológicas ou sobrevida geral. Conclusão: este estudo mostra que o FT tem uma expressão elevada em carcinoma gástrico, mas que este não é útil como marcador de prognóstico.


ABSTRACT Objective: to study the expression of the tissue factor (TF) and its correlation with prognosis and survival in patients with gastric carcinoma. Methods: we measured the immunohistochemical expression of TF in 50 specimens of gastric adenocarcinomas from patients submitted to curative surgery. We then compared the intensity of its expression with clinical and pathological data, TNM staging, prognostic factors and survival. Results: all tumors displayed TF expression; the intensity of TF expression was not associated with TNM stage, clinical or pathological variables or general survival. Conclusion: TF has a high expression in gastric carcinoma, but that it is not useful as a prognostic marker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Thromboplastin/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Brazil/epidemiology , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/mortality , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(6): e6452, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889104

ABSTRACT

Several microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported as oncogenes or tumor suppressors in many cancers, including gastric cancer (GC). However, the role and molecular mechanism of miR-3129 in GC is largely unknown. We aimed to explore the function and the underlying molecular mechanism of miR-3129 in GC. Cancer tissues and corresponding adjacent tissues were collected from 50 patients with GC, and the expression of miR-3129 was detected by RT-qPCR. The expression of miR-3129 and pRb in human GC cell line SCG7091 was altered by transient transfection. Thereafter, MTT and flow cytometry assays were used to analyze cell viability and cell cycle. The expression of cyclin E, CDK2, CDK2 inhibitors (p16 and 21), and pRb were detected by RT-qPCR and western blot. A significant up-regulation of miR-3129 was observed in GC tissues compared to adjacent tissues. Overexpression of miR-3129 significantly improved cell viability after 4 days of post-transfection. Flow cytometry assay results showed that the miR-3129 overexpression arrested more SGC7901 cells at S phase. Moreover, overexpression of miR-3129 down-regulated the expression of CDK2 inhibitors while it up-regulated the expression levels of cyclin E, CDK2, and pRb. Interestingly, we found that pRb inhibition reversed the effect of miR-3129 inhibitor on cell proliferation in SGC7901 cells, increased cell viability, reduced cells at G0/1 phase, and modulated the expression of proliferation-related factors. Our results revealed that miR-3129 functioned as an oncogene through positive regulation of pRb and may prove to be a promising option for molecular therapy of GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Retinoblastoma Protein/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Down-Regulation , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Neoplasm Staging , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retinoblastoma Protein/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Transfection , Up-Regulation
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(3): e6265, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889036

ABSTRACT

The receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL)/RANK pathway plays an important role in the prognosis of several solid tumor types, but its role in gastric cancer prognosis has been poorly characterized. A total of 116 gastric cancer patients who underwent surgical resection were enrolled in this study. Expressions of RANKL and RANK in gastric cancer tissues were detected using immunohistochemical staining. Thirty-eight patients (33%) showed a high level of RANKL expression and 61 patients (53%) showed a high level of RANK expression. There was a positive correlation between expressions of RANKL and RANK (P=0.014, r=0.221). A high level of RANKL expression indicated shorter overall survival (OS) (P=0.008), and was associated with a higher pathological tumor/lymph node/metastasis (pTNM) stage (P=0.035), while no significant correlation was detected between RANK expression and clinicopathological parameters. RANKL also predicted poor prognosis in patients with high RANK expression (P=0.008) and Bormann's type III/IV (P=0.002). Furthermore, RANKL expression correlated with pTNM stage according to high RANK expression (P=0.009), while no significance was found in patients with low RANK expression (P=1.000). Together, our results revealed that high expression of RANKL could predict worse outcomes in gastric cancer especially combined with RANK detection, and thereby this pathway could be a useful prognostic indicator of gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , RANK Ligand/metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/mortality , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , China/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Staging
15.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(4): 308-314, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888221

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Endoscopic mucosal resection is still considered an accepted treatment for early gastric cancer for selected cases. Histopathologic criteria for curative endoscopic resection are intramucosal well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, lateral and deep margins free of tumor, no histological ulceration, and no venous or lymphatic embolism. A 5% local recurrence rate has been described even when all the above-mentioned criteria are met. On the other hand, antigen expression by tumoral cells has been related to the biological behavior of several tumors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether early gastric cancer mucin immunoexpression, p53 and Ki-67, can predict recurrence after endoscopic mucosal resection, even when standard histopathologic criteria for curative measures have been attempted. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with early gastric cancer were considered to have been completely resected by endoscopic mucosal resection. Local recurrence occurred in 5/22 (22.7%). Immunohistochemical study was possible in 18 (81.8%) resected specimens. Patients were divided in two groups: those with and those without local recurrence. They were compared across demographic, endoscopic, histologic data, and immunohistochemical factors for MUC2, MUC5a, CD10, p53, and Ki-67. RESULTS: Mucin immunoexpression allowed a reclassification of gastric adenocarcinoma in intestinal (10), gastric (2), mixed (4), and null phenotypes (2). Mixed phenotype (positive for both MUC2 and MUC5a) was found in 80% of cases in the local recurrence group, while the intestinal type (positive MUC2 and negative MUC5a) was found in 76.9% of cases without local recurrence (P=0.004). Other observed features did not correlate with neoplastic recurrence. CONCLUSION: The mixed phenotype of early gastric adenocarcinoma is associated with a higher probability of local recurrence after endoscopic mucosal resection.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A ressecção endoscópica da mucosa é tratamento aceito para o tratamento do câncer gástrico precoce em casos selecionados. Os critérios histopatológicos favoráveis à ressecção endoscópica curativa são adenocarcinomas intramucosos, bem diferenciados, com margens lateral e profunda livres, ausência de ulceração ou de embolização angiolinfática. Taxas de recorrência local próximas a 5% têm sido descritas mesmo quando se cumprem tais critérios. Por outro lado, a expressão antigênica por células tumorais tem sido relacionada com o comportamento biológico de diversos tumores. OBJETIVO: Avaliar se a imunoexpressão de mucinas, p53 e Ki-67 podem predizer a recorrência tumoral após mucosectomia endoscópica no câncer gástrico precoce, mesmo se critérios de cura histopatológicos forem atingidos. MÉTODOS: Vinte e dois pacientes com critérios de cura para ressecção endoscópica e sumetidos a mucosectomia foram selecionados. A recorrência local ocorreu em 5/22 (22,7%). O estudo imunohistoquímico foi realizado em 18 (81,8%) espécimens. Os pacientes foram divididos em grupos com e sem recorrência local. Foram comparados quanto a dados demográficos, endoscópicos, histológicos e fatores imunohistoquímicos para MUC2, MUC5A, CD10, p53, e Ki-67. RESULTADOS: A imunoexpressão de mucinas permitiu a reclassificação dos adenocarcinomas gástricos em intestinal (10), gástrico (2), e de fenótipo misto (4) e nulo (2). Os fenótipos mistos (positivos tanto para MUC2 quanto para MUC5A) foram encontrados em 80% dos casos no grupo de recorrência local, enquanto tipos intestinais (MUC2 positivo e MUC5A negativo) foram identificados em 76,9% dos casos sem recorrência (P=0,004). Os outros fatores observados não se relacionaram com a recorrência tumoral. CONCLUSÃO: O fenótipo misto do câncer gástrico precoce está associado a maior probabilidade de recorrência local após a mucosectomia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/metabolism , Phenotype , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/classification , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/classification , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Gastric Mucosa/surgery , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Middle Aged , Mucins
16.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 29(4): 227-231, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837532

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Gastric cancer is the fifth most frequent cancer and the third most common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide.It has been reported that Wnt/ betacatenin pathway is activated in 30-50% of these tumors. However,the deregulation of this pathway has not been fully elucidated. Aim: To determine the expression of E-cadherin, betacatenin, APC, TCF-4 and survivin proteins in gastric adenocarcinoma tissues and correlate with clinical and pathological parameters. Method: Seventy-one patients with gastric adenocarcinoma undergoing gastrectomy were enrolled. The expression of E-cadherin, betacatenin, APC, TCF-4 and survivin proteins was detected by immunohistochemistryand related to the clinical and pathological parameters. Results: The expression rates of E-cadherin in the membrane was 3%; betacatenin in the cytoplasm and nucleus were 23,4% and 3,1% respectively; APC in the cytoplasm was 94,6%; TCF-4 in the nucleus was 19,4%; and survivin in the nucleus 93,9%. The expression rate of E-cadherin was correlated with older patients (p=0,007), while betacatenin with tumors <5 cm (p=0,041) and APC with proximal tumors (p=0,047). Moreover, the expression of TCF-4 was significantly higher in the diffuse type (p=0,017) and T4 tumors (p=0,002). Conclusion: The Wnt/betacatenin is not involved in gastric carcinogenesis. However, the high frequency of survivin allows to suggest that other signaling pathways must be involved in the transformation of gastric tissue.


RESUMO Racional: O câncer gástrico encontra-se entre as principais neoplasias malignas do mundo sendo o quinto mais incidente e o terceiro em relação ao índice de mortalidade. Acredita-se que a via Wnt/betacatenina esteja ativada em 30-50% desses tumores, porém a desregulação dela ainda não está completamente esclarecida. Objetivo: Avaliar a imunoexpressão das proteínas E-caderina, betacatenina, APC, TCF-4 e survivina em tecidos de adenocarcinoma gástrico e correlacioná-las com as variáveis clínicas dos doentes e anatomopatológicas do tumor. Método: Foram coletados os dados clínicos e anatomopatológicos dos prontuários de 71 doentes com adenocarcinoma gástrico submetidos à gastrectomia. O material obtido na operação foi submetido à análise imunoistoquímica e a frequência da expressão de cada proteína pôde ser analisada de acordo com a sua localização na célula e relacionada com as variáveis clinicopatológicas. Resultados: A graduação percentualda expressão e da localização das proteínas foi a seguinte: E-caderina em 3% na membrana; betacatenina em 23,4% no citoplasma e 3,1% no núcleo; APC em 94,6% no citoplasma; TCF-4 em19,4% no núcleo; e survivina em 93,9% no núcleo. Houve relação entre expressão da proteína E-caderina com a idade mais avançada (p=0,007); betacatenina com tumores <5 cm de diâmetro (p=0,041);APC com tumores proximais (p=0,047); e TCF-4 com tipo difuso da classificação de Lauren (p=0,017) e com o grau de penetração tumoral (p=0,002). Conclusão: A via Wnt/betacatenina não está envolvida na carcinogênese gástrica. Porém, a frequência elevada de survivina permite sugerir que outras vias sinalizadoras devam estar envolvidas na transformação do tecido gástrico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Cadherins/biosynthesis , Wnt Proteins/biosynthesis , Transcription Factors/biosynthesis , Antigens, CD , Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Protein/biosynthesis , Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins/biosynthesis , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors/biosynthesis , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Transcription Factor 4 , Survivin
17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 557-564, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52546

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Periostin mediates critical steps in gastric cancer and is involved in various signaling pathways. However, the roles of periostin in promoting gastric cancer metastasis are not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relevance between periostin expression and gastric cancer progression and the role of stress-related hormones in the regulation of cancer development and progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Normal, cancerous and metastatic gastric tissues were collected from patients diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer. The in vivo expression of periostin was evaluated by in situ hybridization and immunofluorescent staining. Meanwhile, human gastric adenocarcinoma cell lines MKN-45 and BGC-803 were used to detect the in vitro expression of periostin by using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blotting. RESULTS: Periostin is expressed in the stroma of the primary gastric tumors and metastases, but not in normal gastric tissue. In addition, we observed that periostin is located mainly in pericryptal fibroblasts, but not in the tumor cells, and strongly correlated to the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (SMA). Furthermore, the distribution patterns of periostin were broader as the clinical staging of tumors progressed. We also identified a role of stress-related signaling in promoting cancer development and progression, and found that isoprenaline upregulated expression levels of periostin in gastric cancer cells. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the distribution pattern of periostin was broader as the clinical staging of the tumor progressed and found that isoprenaline upregulated expression levels of periostin in gastric cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adrenergic beta-Agonists/pharmacology , Aged , Blotting, Western , Cell Adhesion Molecules/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/drug effects , Humans , Isoproterenol/pharmacology , Male , Neoplasm Staging , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Signal Transduction , Stomach/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Up-Regulation
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(12): 1077-1086, Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762917

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the correlations between cadherin-17 (CDH17) protein expression and the clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with sporadic gastric cancer (GC). Nine relevant studies of 1,960 patients were identified using electronic database searches supplemented with a manual search in strict accordance with inclusion and exclusion criteria. Statistical analyses were conducted using STATA 12.0 statistical software. Relative risks and 95% confidence intervals were determined, and Z test was used to measure the significance of the overall effect size. A total of nine eligible cohort studies were included in this meta-analysis. The expression of CDH17 in patients with diffuse GC was significantly higher than in those with intestinal-type GC. Moreover, the tumor depth of invasion differed significantly between patients with positive CDH17 (CDH17+) and negative CDH17 (CDH17-) GC. However, there were no significant differences between CDH17+ and CDH17- GC patients with respect to tumor node metastasis clinical stages, histological grades, or lymph node metastasis. Despite the differences in invasive depth, there was no significant difference in 5-year survival rates between CDH17+ and CDH17- GC patients. Our meta-analysis provides evidence that CDH17 protein expression may be associated with the development of GC, suggesting that CDH17 is an important biomarker that could be useful for the early diagnosis of GC. However, CDH17 levels do not appear to impact overall survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cadherins/metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Confidence Intervals , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Prognosis , Regression Analysis , Survival Rate , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
19.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 52(2): 152-155, Apr-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748169

ABSTRACT

Background Worldwide, gastric cancer is the fourth cancer in incidence and the second most common cause of cancer death. Gastric cancer is asymptomatic in the early stages and very often diagnosed at advanced stages, determining a dismal prognosis. Expression of the HER2 gene has been identified in about 20% of gastric cancer cases, and its hyper-expression is associated with poor prognosis. Objective To investigate HER2 immunohistochemical expression in gastric adenocarcinoma and its relationship to the histological type and anatomic location. Methods A cross-sectional retrospective study analyzed the immunohistochemical expression of HER2 in a sample of 48 specimens of gastric cancer. Immunohistochemical analysis were performed using avidin-biotin-peroxidase method with C-erb B2 (clone EP1045Y), as a primary antibody (Biocare Medical, USA). Standardized gastric adenocarcinoma‘s HER2 expression criteria has been used in the analysis of samples. Results There were seven cases with reactivity for HER2. Five were of intestinal-type while two cases were of mixed-type in which the expression occurred in the intestinal component. It was identified a significant association of HER2 expression in the intestinal subtype of gastric adenocarcinoma (P=0.003). Regarding the anatomical site, HER2 was positive in only one (16.6%) of the six proximal cases and six (14.28%) of the 42 distal cases (P=0.88). Conclusion HER2 immunoexpression was identified in 14.6% of the samples, and the expression was significantly associated to Lauren’s intestinal subtype. .


Contexto O câncer gástrico ocupa o quarto lugar em incidência no mundo e é a segunda causa de óbito por neoplasia maligna. Por ser assintomático nas fases iniciais, na maioria das vezes, é diagnosticado em fases avançadas. A expressão do gene HER2 tem sido identificada em cerca de 20% dos casos de câncer gástrico e, sua hiper-expressão está associada a um pior prognóstico nestes pacientes. Objetivo Investigar a expressão imunoistoquímica do HER2 em espécimes de adenocarcinoma gástrico e sua relação com a classificação histológica e localização anatômica. Métodos Estudo transversal, retrospectivo, no qual foi analisada a expressão imunoistoquímica para o HER2, em uma amostra de 48 espécimes de câncer gástrico, através da técnica de imunoistoquímica, pelo método avidina-biotina-peroxidase utilizando anticorpo primário C-erb B2, clone EP1045Y (Biocare Medical, USA). Resultados Foram encontrados sete casos reativos para o HER2; destes, cinco eram casos de adenocarcinoma do tipo intestinal e dois eram casos do tipo misto, porém, nestes, a expressão ocorreu no componente intestinal, o que determinou uma associação significante da expressão de HER2 com o componente intestinal do adenocarcinoma gástrico (P=0,003). Em relação ao local anatômico, HER2 foi reativo em apenas um (16,6%) de seis casos proximais e seis (14,28%) dos 42 casos distais (P=0,88). Conclusão A expressão de HER2 ocorreu em 14,6% da amostra, associada significativamente ao subtipo intestinal de Lauren. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , /analysis , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(12): 1021-1028, 12/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-727663

ABSTRACT

DNA hypomethylation may activate oncogene transcription, thus promoting carcinogenesis and tumor development. S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) is a methyl donor in numerous methylation reactions and acts as an inhibitor of intracellular demethylase activity, which results in hypermethylation of DNA. The main objectives of this study were to determine whether DNA hypomethylation correlated with vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) expression, and the effect of SAM on VEGF-C methylation and gastric cancer growth inhibition. VEGF-C expression was assayed by Western blotting and RT-qPCR in gastric cancer cells, and by immunohistochemistry in tumor xenografts. VEGF-C methylation was assayed by bisulfite DNA sequencing. The effect of SAM on cell apoptosis was assayed by flow cytometry analyses and its effect on cancer growth was assessed in nude mice. The VEGF-C promoters of MGC-803, BGC-823, and SGC-7901 gastric cancer cells, which normally express VEGF-C, were nearly unmethylated. After SAM treatment, the VEGF-C promoters in these cells were highly methylated and VEGF-C expression was downregulated. SAM also significantly inhibited tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. DNA methylation regulates expression of VEGF-C. SAM can effectively induce VEGF-C methylation, reduce the expression of VEGF-C, and inhibit tumor growth. SAM has potential as a drug therapy to silence oncogenes and block the progression of gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , DNA Methylation/drug effects , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/drug effects , S-Adenosylmethionine/pharmacology , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C/metabolism , Apoptosis/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Carcinogenesis/drug effects , DNA Methylation/genetics , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/physiology , Heterografts/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Mice, Nude , Oncogenes/drug effects , Promoter Regions, Genetic/drug effects , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C/genetics
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