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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 111-116, feb. 2024. ilus, tab, mapas
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528817

ABSTRACT

El cáncer gástrico (CG), es la primera causa de muerte por cáncer, en hombres, y la tercera en mujeres, en Chile. No obstante ello, el CG bifocal (CGB) es una situación poco frecuente. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue reportar un caso de CGB, con linfonodos negativos en un paciente con cirrosis hepática, que fue intervenido quirúrgicamente; y revisar la evidencia existente respecto de sus características morfológicas, terapéuticas y pronósticas. Caso clínico: Hombre de 74 años diabético, hipertenso, insuficiente cardíaco y cirrótico; portador de CGB (subcardial y antro-pilórico), diagnosticado por endoscopia y con confirmación histológica de ambas lesiones; operado en Clínica RedSalud Mayor Temuco en septiembre de 2023. En el intraoperatorio se verificó además la coexistencia de una lesión de aspecto metastásico en el segmento III del hígado, y adhesión de la región antro-pilórica a la vesícula biliar. Se realizó gastrectomía total, linfadenectomía D2, esófago-yeyuno anastomosis término-lateral, resección segmentaria hepática (segmento III) y colecistectomía. El paciente permaneció 6 días en la UCI debido a que desarrolló insuficiencia hepática (encefalopatía leve y ascitis). Se alimentó vía enteral por sonda naso-yeyunal. Posteriormente inició alimentación oral progresiva, la que fue bien tolerada. Completó 11 días de hospitalización en servicio médico-quirúrgico, donde mejoró actividad neurológica, hasta su alta domiciliaria. Actualmente, lleva dos meses desde su operación, se encuentra en buenas condiciones generales, y el Comité Oncológico decidió no dar quimioterapia adyuvante. Se presenta un caso inusual de CG de tipo bifocal, respecto de lo cual hay escasa información disponible. Se logró realizar cirugía con intención curativa en un paciente de alto riesgo, con un resultado exitoso.


SUMMARY: Gastric cancer (GC) is the first cause of death from cancer in men, and the third one in women, in Chile. However, a bifocal GC (BGC) is uncommon. The aim of this study was to report a case of CGB, with negative-lymph nodes in a patient with liver cirrhosis, who underwent surgery; and review the existing evidence regarding its morphological, therapeutic and prognostic characteristics. Clinical case: A 74-year-old male patient with a medical history of diabetes, hypertension, congestive heart failure, and cirrhosis underwent surgical intervention for GC located in subcardial and antro- pyloric regions. The diagnosis was established via endoscopy and confirmed histologically. Surgery was performed at the RedSalud Mayor Temuco Clinic in September 2023. During intraoperative assessment, the coexistence of a lesion with metastatic-like characteristics in segment III of the liver was also verified, along with adhesions between the antro-pyloric region and the gallbladder. Surgical approach encompassed total gastrectomy, D2 lymphadenectomy, esophago-jejunostomy, segmental hepatic resection, and cholecystectomy. Subsequently, the patient required a six-day stay in ICU due to the development of hepatic insufficiency, characterized by mild encephalopathy and ascites. Enteral nutrition was administered via a naso-jejunal tube, followed by a gradual transition to oral feeding, which was well-tolerated. The patient completed an 11-day hospitalization period in the medical-surgical ward, during which his neurological function improved significantly, resulting in his discharge. At present, 2 months post-surgery, the patient remains in satisfactory general health, and the Oncology Committee decided not to proceed with adjuvant chemotherapy. This case represents a rare instance of bifocal GC, for which there is limited available literature. Surgical intervention with curative intent was successfully carried out in a high-risk patient, yielding a positive outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary , Gastrectomy
2.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 442-447, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986812

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of laparoscopic hyperthermic intraperitoneal perfusion chemotherapy combined with intraperitoneal and systemic chemotherapy (HIPEC-IP-IV) in the treatment of peritoneal metastases from gastric cancer (GCPM). Methods: This was a descriptive case series study. Indications for HIPEC-IP-IV treatment include: (1) pathologically confirmed gastric or esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma; (2) age 20-85 years; (3) peritoneal metastases as the sole form of Stage IV disease, confirmed by computed tomography, laparoscopic exploration, ascites or peritoneal lavage fluid cytology; and (4) Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-1. Contraindications include: (1) routine blood tests, liver and renal function, and electrocardiogram showing no contraindications to chemotherapy; (2) no serious cardiopulmonary dysfunction; and (3) no intestinal obstruction or peritoneal adhesions. According to the above criteria, data of patients with GCPM who had undergone laparoscopic exploration and HIPEC from June 2015 to March 2021 in the Peking University Cancer Hospital Gastrointestinal Center were analyzed, after excluding those who had received antitumor medical or surgical treatment. Two weeks after laparoscopic exploration and HIPEC, the patients received intraperitoneal and systemic chemotherapy. They were evaluated every two to four cycles. Surgery was considered if the treatment was effective, as shown by achieving stable disease or a partial or complete response and negative cytology. The primary outcomes were surgical conversion rate, R0 resection rate, and overall survival. Results: Sixty-nine previously untreated patients with GCPM had undergone HIPEC-IP-IV, including 43 men and 26 women; with a median age of 59 (24-83) years. The median PCI was 10 (1-39). Thirteen patients (18.8%) underwent surgery after HIPEC-IP-IV, R0 being achieved in nine of them (13.0%). The median overall survival (OS) was 16.1 months. The median OS of patients with massive or moderate ascites and little or no ascites were 6.6 and 17.9 months, respectively (P<0.001). The median OS of patients who had undergone R0 surgery, non-R0 surgery, and no surgery were 32.8, 8.0, and 14.9 months, respectively (P=0.007). Conclusions: HIPEC-IP-IV is a feasible treatment protocol for GCPM. Patients with massive or moderate ascites have a poor prognosis. Candidates for surgery should be selected carefully from those in whom treatment has been effective and R0 should be aimed for.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Peritoneal Neoplasms/secondary , Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Hyperthermia, Induced/methods , Combined Modality Therapy , Laparoscopy/methods , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Perfusion , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Survival Rate
3.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 365-371, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986799

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the risk factors for complications of endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) of upper gastrointestinal submucosal tumors (SMTs). Methods: This was a retrospective observational study. The indications for EFTR included: (1) SMTs originating from the muscularis propria layer and growing out of the cavity or infiltrating the deep part of the muscularis propria layer; (2) SMTs diameter <5 cm; and (3) tumor identified as closely adherent to the serous layer during endoscopic submucosal dissection or endoscopic mucosal resection. This study included patients with SMTs originating from the muscularis propria layer in upper digestive tract, diagnosed preoperatively by endoscopic ultrasonography or computed tomography, who were successfully treated with EFTR. Those with incomplete clinical data were excluded. The clinical data of 154 patients with upper gastrointestinal SMTs who underwent EFTR at the Department of Gastroenterology, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2016 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Post-EFTR complications (such as delayed perforation, delayed bleeding, and postoperative infection, including electrocoagulation syndrome) were monitored and the risk factors for them were analyzed. Results: Among the 154 study patients, 33 (21.4%) developed complications, including delayed bleeding in three (1.9%), delayed perforation in two (1.3%), and postoperative infection in 28 (18.2%). One patient with bleeding was classified as having a major complication (hospitalized for more than 10 days because of complication). According to univariate analysis, complication was associated with tumor diameter >15 mm, operation time >90 minutes, defect closure method(purse string suture), and diameter of resected specimen ≥20 mm (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that operation time >90 minutes (OR=6.252, 95%CI: 2.530-15.446, P<0.001) and tumor diameter >15 mm (OR=4.843, 95%CI: 1.985-11.817, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for complications after EFTR in patients with upper gastrointestinal SMTs. The independent risk factors for postoperative infection in these patients were operation time>90 minutes (OR=4.993, 95%CI:1.964-12.694, P=0.001) and purse string suture (OR=7.142, 95%CI: 1.953-26.123, P=0.003). Conclusion: Patients with upper gastrointestinal SMTs undergoing EFTR with tumor diameter >15 mm or operation time >90 minutes have a significantly increased risk of postoperative complications. Postoperative monitoring is important for these patients with SMTs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/methods , Gastroscopy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Endosonography/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Gastric Mucosa/surgery
4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 357-364, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986798

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of Cai tube-assisted natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) in gastrointestinal surgery. Methods: This was a descriptive case-series study. Inclusion criteria: (1) colorectal or gastric cancer diagnosed by preoperative pathological examination or redundant sigmoid or transverse colon detected by barium enema; (2) indications for laparoscopic surgery; (3) body mass index <30 kg/m2 (transanal surgery) and 35 kg/m2 (transvaginal surgery); (4) no vaginal stenosis or adhesions in female patients undergoing transvaginal specimen extraction; and (5) patients with redundant colon aged 18-70 years and a history of intractable constipation for more than 10 years. Exclusion criteria: (1) colorectal cancer with intestinal perforation or obstruction, or gastric cancer with gastric perforation, gastric hemorrhage, or pyloric obstruction; (2) simultaneous resection of lung, bone, or liver metastases ; (3) history of major abdominal surgery or intestinal adhesions; and (4) incomplete clinical data. From January 2014 to October 2022, 209 patients with gastrointestinal tumors and 25 with redundant colons who met the above criteria were treated by NOSES utilizing a Cai tube (China invention patent number:ZL201410168748.2) in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Xiamen University. The procedures included eversion and pull-out NOSES radical resection in 14 patients with middle and low rectal cancer, NOSES radical left hemicolectomy in 171 patients with left-sided colorectal cancer, NOSES radical right hemicolectomy in 12 patients with right-sided colon cancer, NOSES systematic mesogastric resection in 12 patients with gastric cancer, and NOSES subtotal colectomy in 25 patients with redundant colons. All specimens were collected by using an in-house-made anal cannula (Cai tube) with no auxiliary incisions. The primary outcomes included 1-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) and postoperative complications. Results: Among 234 patients, 116 were male and 118 were female. The mean age was (56.6±10.9) years. NOSES was successfully completed in all patients without conversion to open surgery or procedure-related death. The negative rate of circumferential resection margin was 98.8% (169/171) with both two positive cases having left-sided colorectal cancer. Postoperative complications occurred in 37 patients (15.8%), including 11 cases (4.7%) of anastomotic leakage, 3 cases(1.3%) of anastomotic bleeding, 2 cases (0.9%) of intraperitoneal bleeding, 4 cases (1.7%) of abdominal infection, and 8 cases (3.4%) of pulmonary infection. Reoperations were required in 7 patients (3.0%), all of whom consented to creation of an ileostomy after anastomotic leakage. The total readmission rate within 30 days after surgery was 0.9% (2/234). After a follow-up of (18.3±3.6) months, the 1-year RFS was 94.7%. Five of 209 patients (2.4%) with gastrointestinal tumors had local recurrence, all of which was anastomotic recurrence. Sixteen patients (7.7%) developed distant metastases, including liver metastases(n=8), lung metastases(n=6), and bone metastases (n=2). Conclusion: NOSES assisted by Cai tube is feasible and safe in radical resection of gastrointestinal tumors and subtotal colectomy for redundant colon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Anastomotic Leak/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colectomy , Postoperative Complications , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 454-459, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985700

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological, immunohistochemical and molecular genetic characteristics of gastric carcinoma with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification. Methods: The clinicopathological data of gastric carcinoma cases with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification diagnosed from January 2011 to September 2020 at the Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, China, were collected. The clinicopathological, immunophenotypic and molecular pathological features were analyzed. The relevant literature was reviewed. Results: There were 4 cases of gastric carcinoma with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification. All 4 patients were male, aged 57-67 years (average, 63 years). Tumor sizes ranged from 3.5 to 5.2 cm (average, 4.8 cm). All tumors were in the antrum. All 4 patients underwent radical gastrectomy and were followed up after the surgery. Morphologically, all tumors showed histological features with enteroblastic-differentiated gastric carcinoma. Tumor cells showed predominantly tubular/papillary architecture, with conspicuous vesicular nuclei and pale staining or transparent cytoplasm. Immunohistochemistry showed pan-TRK expression in all cases, with various degrees of positivity in the cytoplasm. All cases were subject to NTRK1/2/3 detection using fluorescence in situ hybridization. There were NTRK translocations in 2 cases and NTRK amplifications in 2 cases. These cases were further verified by RNAseq next generation sequencing which confirmed that NTRK1 gene translocation (TPM3-NTRK1) and NTRK2 gene translocation (NTRK2-SMCHD1) occurred in two cases, respectively. Conclusions: NTRK mutation occurs less frequently in gastric cancer. In this study, the cases mainly occur in the antrum. The morphology has the characteristics of enteroblastic differentiation. The tumors have unique histological, immunophenotypic and molecular characteristics, which require much attention from pathologists to effectively guide clinicians to choose the best treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Receptor, trkA/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Translocation, Genetic , Carcinoma , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 148-153, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971245

ABSTRACT

The postoperative 30-day mortality and morbidity of gastric cancer surgery has markedly improved over the past years due to minimally invasive techniques, perioperative rehabilitation programs and centralization of care. However, there is still need for improvement as postoperative complications may have a serious negative impact on the efficacy of surgical treatment of gastric cancer. High-quality clinical research is a very important tool to analyze treatment outcomes and evaluate new treatment strategies. The meticulous registration of gastric cancer patient data is the basis of high-quality surgical research. In the past 11 years, the Dutch upper gastrointestinal cancer audit (DUCA) database has vast experience in data registration and maintenance of patients with upper gastrointestinal cancer. The effective measures it has taken in data registration, data quality control, data application and use, and data security have maintained quality at a high level. These data has been used for medical care quality monitoring and scientific research leading to a positive impact on the postoperative short-term outcomes of patients with upper gastrointestinal cancer. The work of DUCA may be a good incentive for the setup of population-based databases and clinical research in other countries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 18-22, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970167

ABSTRACT

This century has seen significant advances in the treatment and research of gastric cancer in China. Chinese scholars have made a series of key technological breakthroughs in minimally invasive surgery, perioperative treatment and artificial intelligence diagnosis. These world-leading clinical researches have improved treatment outcomes and reduced surgical trauma. Global surveillance of trends in cancer survival 2000-14 reported that survival of gastric cancer in China has significantly improved during the last 20 years. This paper reviews the research history of surgical oncology for gastric cancer in China, summarises the experience and attempts to explore the future direction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Surgical Oncology , Artificial Intelligence , Gastrectomy , China/epidemiology , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
8.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 499-504, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986818

ABSTRACT

The electrophysiological activity of the gastrointestinal tract and the mechanical anti-reflux structure of the gastroesophageal junction are the basis of the anti-reflux function of the stomach. Proximal gastrectomy destroys the mechanical structure and normal electrophysiological channels of the anti-reflux. Therefore, the residual gastric function is disordered. Moreover, gastroesophageal reflux is one of the most serious complications. The emergence of various types of anti-reflux surgery through the mechanism of reconstructing mechanical anti-reflux barrier and establishing buffer zone, and the preservation of, the pacing area and vagus nerve of the stomach, the continuity of the jejunal bowel, the original gastroenteric electrophysiological activity of the gastrointestinal tract, and the physiological function of the pyloric sphincter, are all important measures for gastric conservative operations. There are many types of reconstructive approaches after proximal gastrectomy. The design based on the anti-reflux mechanism and the functional reconstruction of mechanical barrier, and the protection of gastrointestinal electrophysiological activities are important considerations for the selected of reconstructive approaches after proximal gastrectomy. In clinical practice, we should consider the principle of individualization and the safety of radical resection of tumor to select a rational reconstructive approaches after proximal gastrectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Gastrectomy , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Pylorus/pathology
9.
ABCD (São Paulo, Online) ; 36: e1745, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447011

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: There are no information in the literature associating the volume of gastrectomies with survival and costs for the health system in the treatment of patients with gastric cancer in Colombia. AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyze how gastrectomy for gastric cancer is associated with hospital volume, 30-day and 180-day postoperative mortality, and healthcare costs in Bogotá, Colombia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study based on hospital data of all adult patients with gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy between 2014 and 2016 using a paired propensity score. The surgical volume was identified as the average annual number of gastrectomies performed by the hospital. RESULTS: A total of 743 patients were included in the study. Hospital mortality at 30 and 180 days postoperatively was 36 (4.85%) and 127 (17.09%) patients, respectively. The average health care cost was USD 3,200. A total of 26 or more surgeries were determined to be the high surgical volume cutoff. Patients operated on in hospitals with a high surgical volume had lower 6-month mortality (HR 0.44; 95%CI 0.27-0.71; p=0.001), and no differences were found in health costs (mean difference 398.38; 95%CI-418.93-1,215.69; p=0.339). CONCLUSIONS: This study concluded that in Bogotá (Colombia), surgery in a high-volume hospital is associated with better 6-month survival and no additional costs to the health system.


RESUMO RACIONAL: Não há informações na literatura relacionando o volume de gastrectomias bem como a sobrevida e os custos para o sistema de saúde, no tratamento de pacientes com câncer gástrico na Colômbia. OBJETIVOS: analisar como a gastrectomia para câncer gástrico está associada ao volume hospitalar, mortalidade pós-operatória de 30 e 180 dias e custos de saúde em Bogotá, Colômbia. MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo baseado em dados hospitalares de todos os pacientes adultos com câncer gástrico submetidos à gastrectomia entre 2014 e 2016, utilizando um escore de propensão pareado. O volume cirúrgico foi identificado como o número médio anual de gastrectomias realizadas pelo hospital. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos no estudo 743 pacientes. A mortalidade hospitalar aos 30 e 180 dias de pós-operatório, foram respectivamente, 36 (4,85%) e 127 (17,09%) pacientes. O custo médio de saúde foi de US$ 3.200. Vinte e seis ou mais cirurgias foram determinadas como ponto de corte de alto volume cirúrgico. Pacientes operados em hospitais de alto volume cirúrgico tiveram menor mortalidade em seis meses (HR 0,44; IC95% 0,27-0,71; p=0,001) e não foram encontradas diferenças nos custos com saúde (diferença média 398,38; IC95% −418,93-1215,69; p=0,339). CONCLUSÕES: Este estudo concluiu que em Bogotá (Colômbia), a cirurgia em um hospital com alto volume cirúrgico está associada a uma melhor sobrevida de seis meses e não há custos adicionais para o sistema de saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Gastrectomy/economics , Gastrectomy/mortality , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , Colombia/epidemiology , Gastrectomy/statistics & numerical data
10.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 10(2): e302, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | BNUY, UY-BNMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1513565

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma de células en anillo de sello es una variante histopatológica de cáncer gástrico que se encuentra en aumento, se caracteriza por un mal pronóstico. Se presenta el caso de un hombre joven al que se le hizo este diagnóstico en el contexto de una complicación rara como es el síndrome de estenosis gastroduodenal.


Signet ring cell carcinoma is a histopathological variant of gastric cancer that is increasing and is characterized by a poor prognosis. We present the case of a young man who underwent this diagnosis in the context of a rare complication such as upper gastrointestinal stenosis syndrome.


O carcinoma de células em anel de sinete é uma variante histopatológica do câncer gástrico que está aumentando e é caracterizado por um mau prognóstico. É apresentado o caso de um jovem que recebeu este diagnóstico no contexto de uma complicação rara como a síndrome de estenose gastroduodenal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/complications , Constriction, Pathologic/etiology , Gastrectomy
11.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 345-353, ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407936

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: En los últimos años, la gastrectomía laparoscópica ha aparecido como una técnica quirúrgica con resultados oncológicos comparables a la técnica abierta, pero existe poca evidencia en cuanto a la calidad de vida posoperatoria de estos pacientes. Objetivo: Evaluar la calidad de vida posoperatoria de pacientes sometidos a gastrectomía total laparoscópica (GTL) en comparación a gastrectomia total abierta (GTA) en cáncer gástrico. Materiales y Método: Estudio retrospectivo, observacional en Hospital Militar de Santiago, entre enero de 2015 y junio de 2020. Se les aplicó 2 encuestas validadas para Chile: EORTC QLQ-30 y EORTC QLQ-OG25. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 60 pacientes; 30 sometidos a GTL y 30 a GTA. Promedio edad fue 66,3 ± 11 años para GTL y 68,2 ± 11 años en GTA (p = 0,5). Se obtuvo un score en GTL versus GTA: global 83,3 y 80,2 (p = 0,6), sintomático 17,1 y 25,5 (p = 0,2) y score funcional 87,9 y 70,9 (p = 0,03). Posterior a eso obtuvimos en funcionalidad GTL versus GTA; física 92,2 versus GTA 73,1 (p = 0,04), emocional 84,1 versus 78,5 (p = 0,6), cognitiva 84,9 versus 79,0 (p = 0,3) y social 80,9 versus 72,2 (p = 0,4). Al analizar síntomas destaco; fatiga 14,6 versus 33,1 (p = 0,04) y dolor 13,4 versus 24,3 (p = 0,05). Finalmente, en síntomas digestivos altos obtuvimos en disfagia 0,84 GTL versus 17,3 GTA (p = 0,04). Conclusión: La GTL logra resultados comparables a GTA en calidad de vida e incluso ofrece ventajas significativas en funcionalidad física como también en síntomas como dolor, fatiga y disfagia.


Introduction: In recent years, laparoscopic gastrectomy has appeared as a surgical technique with oncological results comparable to the open technique, but there is little evidence regarding the postoperative quality of life of these patients. Objective: To evaluate the postoperative quality of life of patients undergoing laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) compared to open total gastrectomy (OTG) in gastric cancer. Materials and Method: Prospective, observational study at Hospital Militar of Santiago, between January 2015 and June 2020. Two surveys validated for Chile were applied: EORTC QLQ-30 and EORTC QLQ-OG25. Results: 60 patients were obtained; 30 subjected to LTG and 30 to OTG. Average age was 66.3 ± 11 years for LTG and 68.2 ± 11 years for OTG (p = 0.5). A score was obtained in LTG versus OTG: global 83.3 and 80.2 (p = 0.6), symptomatic 17.1 and 25.5 (p = 0.2) and functional score 87.9 and 70.9 (p = 0.03). After that we got LTG versus OTG functionality; physical 92.2 versus 73.1 (p = 0.04), emotional 84.1 versus 78.5 (p = 0.6), cognitive 84.9 versus 79.0 (p = 0.3) and social 80.9 versus 72.2 (p = 0.4). When analyzing symptoms I highlight; fatigue 14.6 versus 33.1 (p = 0.04) and pain 13.4 versus 24.3 (p = 0.05). Finally, in upper digestive symptoms, we obtained 0.84 LTG versus 17.3 OTG in dysphagia (p = 0.04). Conclusion: LTG achieves results comparable to OTG in quality of life and even offers significant advantages in physical functionality as well as symptoms such as pain, fatigue and dysphagia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Gastrectomy/adverse effects , Demography , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies
12.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 368-375, ago. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407938

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivos: El sistema linfático del estómago es complejo y multidireccional, siendo difícil predecir el patrón de diseminación linfática en el adenocarcinoma (ADC) gástrico. Los objetivos de este trabajo son determinar si el analizar los grupos ganglionares de la pieza quirúrgica por separado tiene implicaciones en el estadiaje, además estudiar la afectación de diferentes grupos ganglionares. Materials y Método: Estudio observacional retrospectivo de pacientes intervenidos de gastrectomía y linfadenectomía con intención curativa por ADC en un hospital de referencia (2017-2021).,_Se han comparado aquellos pacientes cuya pieza quirúrgica se estudió en su totalidad (grupo A) con aquellos en los que se separaron los grupos ganglionares para su análisis (grupo B). En el grupo B, se ha analizado la afectación ganglionar de diferentes grupos ganglionares en base a la localización tumoral y el estadio pT. Resultados: Se incluyeron 150 pacientes. La media de ganglios analizados fue significativamente mayor cuando se separaron los grupos ganglionares (grupo B) (24,01 respecto a 20,49). La afectación ganglionar fue del 45,8%, 58,3% y 55,5% en los tumores de tercio superior, medio e inferior respectivamente, y los grupos difirieron en base a la localización tumoral. El riesgo de afectación ganglionar fue significativamente mayor y hubo más grupos ganglionares perigástricos afectos cuanto mayor era el estadio pT. Conclusiones: Separar los grupos ganglionares previo a su análisis aumenta el número de ganglios analizados mejorando el estadiaje ganglionar. Existen diferentes rutas de drenaje linfático dependiendo de la localización tumoral y la afectación ganglionar aumenta de forma paralela al estadio pT.


Objectives: The lymphatic system of the stomach is complex and multidirectional, making it difficult to predict the pattern of lymphatic spread in gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC). The aim of this paper is to determine if analyzing the lymph node groups of the surgical specimen separately has implications in the pathological staging, as well as to study the involvement rate of different lymph node groups. Material and Method: Retrospective observational study of patients who underwent curative intent gastrectomy and lymphadenectomy for GAC in a reference hospital (2017-2021). Those patients whose surgical specimen was studied as a whole (group A) were compared with those in whom the lymph node groups were separated by surgeons before analysis (group B). In group B, the involvement of different lymph node groups was analyzed based on tumor location and pT stage. Results: 150 patients were included. The mean number of lymph nodes analyzed was significantly higher when the lymph node groups were separately analyzed (group B) (24.01 compared to 20.49). Lymph node involvement was 45.8%, 58.3%, and 55.5% in tumors of the upper, middle, and lower third, respectively, and the involved groups differed depending on the tumor location. The higher the pT stage was, the risk of lymph node involvement was significantly higher and there were more perigastric lymph node groups affected. Conclusions: Separating lymph node groups prior to their analysis increases the number of lymph nodes analyzed and therefore improves lymph node staging. There are different lymphatic drainage routes depending on the tumor location and lymph node involvement increases in parallel with the pT stage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
13.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(3): 248-255, jun. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407918

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Si bien actualmente la 8a edición de la clasificación del AJCC para cáncer biliar, recomienda una linfadenectomía con 6 o más GL, su aplicación es escasa. Objetivo: Analizar la aplicabilidad y los resultados de la linfadenectomía en pacientes resecados con fines curativos por cáncer biliar. Materiales y Método: Análisis retrospectivo de pacientes operados por cáncer biliar de 2001 a 2018. Se analizaron variables perioperatorias referidas a la linfadenectomía (número de GL, GL+, morbilidad), comparando supervivencia en pacientes con < 6 y ≥ 6 GL resecados. Resultados: en 72 pacientes resecados por cáncer biliar (46 CaV, 26 CC), se realizaron 66 (91.7%) linfadenectomías N1. En 62.1% (n = 41) se obtuvieron < 6 GL y en el 37.9% (n = 25) ≥ 6 GL. El promedio de GL resecados fue de 5. En 16 (24,2%) linfadenectomías se hallaron GL+ sin diferencias entre ambos grupos. La morbimortalidad global fue de 30,3%, con una mortalidad del 4.5% sin diferencias. Con un seguimiento de 36.9 meses, la supervivencia a 5 años fue 43,7% (n = 17), 7 pacientes con ≥ 6 GL, y 10 pacientes con < 6 GL (p = NS). La supervivencia media en pacientes con GL+ fue 15 meses (6-34 meses). Conclusión: la linfadenectomía ocupa un rol primordial en la cirugía curativa del cáncer biliar, tanto para definir una estadificación y un pronóstico adecuados como para optimizar los resultados de la resección curativa en esta entidad. Su indicación debe ser sistemática con la obtención de un número adecuado de GL acorde a las recomendaciones actuales.


Introduction: Currently the 8th edition of the AJCC classification recommends the resection of 6 or more lymph nodes (LN) in gallbladder cancer and cholangiocarcinoma. However, its implementation is universally scarce. Aim: The goal is to analyze the applicability and results of lymphadenectomy in patients resected with curative purposes in biliary cancer. Materials and Method: a retrospective analysis of patients with biliary cancer (gallbladder carcinoma, intrahepatic and hilar cholangiocarcinoma) treated by curative resection from 2001 to 2018 was performed. Perioperative variables related to lymphadenectomy (LN number, LN positive, related morbidity) were analyzed, comparing survival in patients with < 6 and ≥ 6 resected LN. Results: 72 patients resected for biliary cancer (46 gallbladder cancer, 26 cholangiocarcinoma) were included with 66 (91.7%) N1 lymphadenectomies corresponding to the hepatoduodenal ligament nodes performed. In 62.1% (n = 41) < 6 LN and in 37.9% (n = 25) ≥ 6 LN were resected. Average LN count was 5. In 16 (24.2%) patients positive LN were found, 7 in the group with ≥ 6 LN (28%) vs. 9 in the group with < 6 LN (22%) (p = NS). Overall morbimortality was 30.3% (n = 20). Average follow-up was 36.9 months. Survival at 5 years was 43.7% (n = 17), 7 patients with lymphadenectomy ≥ 6 LN, and 10 patients with < 6 LN (p = NS). Survival mean in patients who had positive LN was 15 months. Conclusión: Lymphadenectomy has a primary role in the radical resection with curative intention for biliary cancer. Systematic indication of lymphadenectomy should be prioritized, with the achievement of an adequately number of LN according to the actual recommendations. Lymphadenectomy is crucial for an adequate staging and prognosis, as well as to optimize the results of curative resection in this entity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Biliary Tract Neoplasms/surgery , Cholangiocarcinoma , Gastrectomy , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies
14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 590-595, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943040

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the influence of duodenal stump reinforcing on the short-term complications after laparoscopic radical gastrectomy. Methods: A retrospective cohort study with propensity score matching (PSM) was conducted. Clinical data of 1204 patients with gastric cancer who underwent laparoscopic radical gastrectomy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from April 2009 to December 2018 were collected. The digestive tract reconstruction methods included Billroth II anastomosis, Roux-en-Y anastomosis and un-cut-Roux- en-Y anastomosis. A linear stapler was used to transected the stomach and the duodenum. Among 1204 patients, 838 were males and 366 were females with mean age of (57.0±16.0) years. Duodenal stump was reinforced in 792 cases (reinforcement group) and unreinforced in 412 cases (non-reinforcement group). There were significant differences in resection range and anastomotic methods between the two groups (both P<0.001). The two groups were matched by propensity score according to the ratio of 1∶1, and the reinforcement group was further divided into purse string group and non-purse string group. The primary outcome was short-term postoperative complications (within one month after operation). Complications with Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ III a were defined as severe complications, and the morbidity of complication between the reinforcement group and the non-reinforcement group, as well as between the purse string group and the non-purse string group was compared. Results: After PSM, 411 pairs were included in the reinforcement group and the non-reinforcement group, and there were no significant differences in baseline data between the two groups (all P>0.05). No perioperative death occurred in any patient.The short-term morbidity of postoperative complication was 7.4% (61/822), including 14 cases of anastomotic leakage (23.0%), 11 cases of abdominal hemorrhage (18.0%), 8 cases of duodenal stump leakage (13.1%), 2 cases of incision dehiscence (3.3%), 6 cases of incision infection (9.8%) and 20 cases of abdominal infection (32.8%). Short-term postoperative complications were found in 25 patients (6.1%) and 36 patients (8.8%) in the reinforcement group and the non-reinforcement group, respectively, without significant difference (χ2=2.142, P=0.143). Nineteen patients (2.3%) developed short-term severe complications (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥IIIa), while no significant difference in severe complications was found between the two groups (1.7% vs. 2.9%, χ2=1.347, P=0.246). Sub-group analysis showed that the morbidity of short-term postoperative complication of the purse string group was 2.6% (9/345), which was lower than 24.2% (16/66) of the non-purse string group (χ2=45.388, P<0.001). Conclusion: Conventional reinforcement of duodenal stump does not significantly reduce the incidence of duodenal stump leakage, so it is necessary to choose whether to reinforce the duodenal stump individually, and purse string suture should be the first choice when decided to reinforce.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Duodenum/surgery , Gastrectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 582-589, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943039

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the experience of patients in the implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) strategy after radical gastrectomy and the factors affecting the treatment experience. Methods: A prospective cohort study was carried out. Patients who were diagnosed with gastric cancer by pathology and underwent radical gastrectomy at the Xijing Digestive Disease Hospital from December 2019 to December 2020 were consecutively enrolled. Those who received emergency surgery, residual gastric cancer surgery, preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy, non-curative tumor resection, intraperitoneal metastasis, or other malignant tumors were excluded. Patients' expectation and experience during implementation were investigated by questionnaires. The questionnaire included three main parts: patients' expectation for ERAS, patients' experience during the ERAS implementation, and patients' outcomes within 30 days after discharge. The items on the expectation and experience were ranked from 0 to 10 by patients, which indicated to be unsatisfied/unimportant and satisfied/important respectively. According to their attitudes towards the ERAS strategy, patients were divided into the support group and the reject group. Patients' expectation and experience of hospital stay, and the clinical outcomes within 30 days after discharge were compared between the two groups. Categorical data were reported as number with percentage and the quantitative data were reported as mean with standard deviation, or where appropriate, as the median with interquartile range (Q1, Q3). Categorical data were compared using the Chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test, where appropriate. For continuous data, Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U test were used. Complication was classified according to Clavien-Dindo classification. Results: Of the included 112 patients (88 males and 24 females), aged (57.8±10.0) years, 35 patients (31.3%) were in the support group and 77 (68.7%) in the reject group. Anxiety was detected in 56.2% (63/112) of the patients with score >8. The admission education during the ERAS implementation improved the patients' cognitions of the ERAS strategy [M(Q1, Q3) score: 8 (4, 10) vs. 2 (0, 5), Z=-7.130, P<0.001]. The expected hospital stay of patients was longer than the actual stay [7 (7, 10) days vs. 6 (6, 7) days, Z=-4.800, P<0.001]. During the ERAS implementation, patients had low score in early mobilization [3 (1, 6)] and early oral intake [5 (2.25, 8)]. Fifty-eight (51.8%) patients planned the ERAS implementation at home after discharge, while 32.1% (36/112) preferred to stay in hospital until they felt totally recovered. Compared with the reject group, the support group had shorter expected hospital stay [7 (6, 10) days vs. 10 (7, 15) days, Z=-2.607, P=0.009], and higher expected recovery-efficiency score [9 (8, 10) vs. 7(5, 9), Z=-3.078, P=0.002], lower expected less-pain score [8 (6, 10) vs. 6 (5, 9) days, Z=-1.996, P=0.046], expected faster recovery of physical strength score [8 (6, 10) vs. 6 (4, 9), Z=-2.200, P=0.028] and expected less drainage tube score [8 (8, 10) vs. 8 (5, 10), Z=-2.075, P=0.038]. Worrying about complications (49.1%) and self-recognition of not recovery (46.4%) were the major concerns when assessing the experience toward ERAS. During the follow-up, 105 patients received follow-up calls. There were 57.1% (60/105) of patients who experienced a variety of discomforts after discharge, including pain (28.6%), bloating (20.0%), nausea (12.4%), fatigue (7.6%), and fever (2.9%). Within 30 days after discharge, 6.7% (7/105) of patients developed Clavien-Dindo level I and II operation-associated complications, including poor wound healing, intestinal obstruction, intraperitoneal bleeding, and wound infection, all of which were cured by conservative treatment. There were no complications of level III or above in the whole group after surgery. Compared with the support group, more patients in the reject group reported that they had not yet achieved self-expected recovery when discharged [57.1% (44/77) vs. 22.9% (8/35), χ2=11.372, P<0.001], and expected to return to their daily lives [39.0% (30/77) vs. 8.6% (3/35), χ2=10.693, P<0.001], with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Only 52.4% (55/105) of patients returned home to continue rehabilitation, and the remaining patients chose to go to other hospitals to continue their hospitalization after discharge, with a median length of stay of 7 (7, 9) days. Compared with the reject group, the support group had a higher proportion of home rehabilitation [59.7% (12/33) vs. 36.4% (43/72), χ2=4.950, P=0.026], and shorter time of self-perceived postoperative full recovery [14 (10, 20) days vs. 15 (14, 20) days, Z=2.100, P=0.036], with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Although ERAS has promoted postoperative rehabilitation while ensuring surgical safety, it has not been unanimously recognized by patients. Adequate rehabilitation education, good analgesia, good physical recovery, and early removal of drainage tubes may improve the patient's experience of ERAS.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Gastrectomy , Length of Stay , Pain , Patient Outcome Assessment , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 309-316, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927522

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Endoscopic resection bleeding (ERB) classification was proposed by the authors' team to evaluate the severity of intraoperative bleeding (IB) during endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). This study aimed to evaluate the application of ERB classification and to analyze the risk factors of major IB (MIB) and postoperative bleeding (PB) associated with ESD for gastric neoplastic lesions.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively enrolled a total of 1334 patients who underwent ESD between November 2006 and September 2019 at The First Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital. All patients were divided into the non-MIB group (including ERB-0, ERB-controlled 1 [ERB-c1], and ERB-c2) and the MIB group (including ERB-c3 and ERB-uncontrolled [ERB-unc]) according to the ERB classification. Risk factors of major MIB and risk factors of PB were analyzed using a logistic regression model.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1334 patients, 773 (57.95%) had ERB-0, 477 (35.76%) had ERB-c1, 77 (5.77%) had ERB-c2, 7 (0.52%) had ERB-c3, and no patients had ERB-unc. The rate of PB in patients with IB classifications of ERB-0, ERB-c1, ERB-c2, and ERB-c3 were 2.20% (17/773), 3.35% (16/477), 9.09% (7/77), and 2/7, respectively. In multivariate analysis, proximal location (odds ratio [OR]: 1.488; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.045-3.645; P = 0.047) was the only significant risk factor of MIB. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) (OR: 7.844; 95% CI: 1.637-37.583; P = 0.010) and MIB (ERB-c3) (OR: 13.932; 95% CI: 2.585-74.794; P = 0.002) were independent risk factors of PB.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Proximal location of lesions was a significant risk factor of MIB. Additionally, CKD and MIB (ERB-c3) were independent risk factors of PB. More attention should be paid to these high-risk patients for MIB and PB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/adverse effects , Gastric Mucosa , Gastroscopy , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 595-602, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically review the therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (GID) of gastric cancer with meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#The articles of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment for postoperative GID of gastric cancer were retrieved from the following databases from the time of database establishment to December 31, 2020, including PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, VIP database and China Biomedical Literature Database (SinoMed). RevMan5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. Using Stata16.0 software, sensitivity analysis and publication bias test were performed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 16 RCTs were included finally, including 1 360 patients, of which, there were 681 cases in the intervention group and 679 cases in the control group. Meta-analysis results showed that acupuncture and moxibustion shortened the time of first flatus (P<0.000 01, MD =-14.52, 95%CI = [-17.31, -11.74]), the time of first bowel sound (P<0.000 01, MD =-10.50, 95%CI =[-13.99, -7.01]) and the time of first defecation (P<0.000 1, MD =-13.79, 95%CI =[-20.09, -7.50]). Meanwhile, acupuncture and moxibustion shortened the time of the first food intake (P<0.000 1, MD =-3.23, 95%CI = [-3.45, -3.00]) and the hospital stay (P<0.000 01, MD =-1.94, 95%CI =[-2.20, -1.69]) after gastric cancer operation, and reduced the incidences of postoperative adverse reactions, i.e. nausea and vomiting (P =0.000 3, RR =0.43, 95%CI =[0.28, 0.68]) and abdominal distention (P =0.000 5, RR =0.41, 95%CI =[0.25, 0.68]).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture and moxibustion can promote the recovery of postoperative gastrointestinal function in the patients with gastric cancer. But, for the comparison among different measures of acupuncture and moxibustion intervention, it needs more high-quality trials for a further verification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Moxibustion/methods , Nausea , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Vomiting
18.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 300-304, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936316

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of ultrasound-guided stellate ganglion block (SGB) on perioperative stress response, gastrointestinal hormones and postoperative gastrointestinal function recovery in patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#This study was conducted among 60 American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class II-III patients with gastric cancer (regardless of gender, aged 35-75 years with BMI of 18.5-26 kg/m2) undergoing elective laparoscopic radical gastrectomy. The patients were randomized into experimental group (S group, n=30) and control group (NS group, n=30). In S group, SGB at the C6 level of the right cervical spine was performed under ultrasound guidance 15 min before induction of anesthesia by injection of 7 mL 0.5% ropivacaine; the patients in NS group received injections of normal saline in the same manner. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected before SGB (T1), after surgery (T2), and on the 2nd and 6th days after surgery (T3 and T4) for determination of the levels of motitin (MOT), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), cortisol (COR), and blood glucose (GLU). Intraoperative usage of sufentanil, recovery rate of intestinal sounds at 36, 48, 60, 72, 84 and 96 h after operation and the time of first passage of flatus were recorded and compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the total amount of sufentanil consumption between the two groups. Compared with those in NS group, the patients in S group had significant lower COR and VIP levels (P < 0.05) and higher MOT level (P < 0.05) at T2, T3 and T4. Glu level at T2 and T3 was also significantly lower in S group (P < 0.05). The recovery rates of intestinal sounds at 36, 48, 60, 72 and 84 h after surgery were significantly higher (P < 0.05) and the time of the first passage of flatus was earlier in S group than in NS group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with gastric cancer undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy, ultrasound-guided SGB can reduce postoperative stress level, promote the recovery of gastrointestinal hormone secretion, and accelerate postoperative recovery of gastrointestinal functions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Gastrectomy , Laparoscopy , Recovery of Function , Stellate Ganglion , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Ultrasonography, Interventional
19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 466-470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936104

ABSTRACT

With the increasing detection rate of early upper gastric cancer and adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction, the safety of proximal gastrectomy with clear indications has been verified, and function-preserving proximal gastrectomy has been widely used. However, proximal gastrectomy destructs the normal anatomical structure of esophagogastric junction, resulting in severe postoperative gastroesophageal reflux symptoms and seriously affecting the quality of life. Among various anti-reflux surgery methods, reconstruction of "cardiac valve" has always been the focus of relevant scholars because its similarity with the mechanism of normal anti-reflux. After years of development, evolution and optimization, the designed seromuscular flap anastomosis includes tunnel muscle flap anastomosis, Hatafuku valvuloplasty, single muscle flap anastomosis and double muscle flap anastomosis. The double muscle flap anastomosis has become a research hotspot because it shows good anti-reflux effect in clinical application. This paper reviews the history, research status and hot issues of seromuscular flap anastomosis of esophageal remnant stomach at home and abroad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastroesophageal Reflux/surgery , Quality of Life , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
20.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 447-453, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936101

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the functional outcomes and postoperative complications of Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy. Methods: A descriptive case series study was conducted. Clinical data of 100 patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction who underwent Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy in Cancer Hospital of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (64 cases), Zhejiang Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine (24 cases), Lishui Central Hospital (10 cases), Huzhou Central Hospital (1 case) and Ningbo Lihuili Hospital (1 case) from September 2017 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 100 patients, 64 were males and 36 were females; the mean age was (61.3 ± 11.1) years and the BMI was (22.7±11.1) kg/m(2). For TNM stage, 68 patients were stage IA, 24 were stage IIA and 8 were stage IIB. Postoperative functional results and postoperative complications of radical gastrectomy with Giraffe reconstruction were analyzed and summarized. Gastroesophageal reflux disease questionnaire (RDQ) score and postoperative endoscopy were used to evaluate the occurrence of reflux esophagitis and its grade (grade N, grade A, grade B, grade C, and grade D from mild to severe reflux). The continuous data conforming to normal distribution were expressed as (mean ± standard deviation), and those with skewed distribution were presented as median (Q1, Q3). Results: All the 100 patients successfully completed R0 resection, including 77 patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery and 23 patients undergoing laparotomy. The Giraffe anastomosis time was (38.6±14.0) min; the blood loss was (73.0±18.4) ml; the postoperative hospital stay was 9.5 (8.2, 13.0) d; the hospitalization cost was (6.0±0.3) ten thousand yuan. Fourteen cases developed perioperative complications (14.0%), including 7 cases of pleural effusion or pneumonia, 3 cases of anastomotic leakage, 2 cases of gastric emptying disorder, 1 case of gastrointestinal hemorrhage and 1 case of anastomotic stenosis, who were all improved and discharged after symptomatic management. Patients were followed up for (33.3±1.6) months. Eight patients were found to have reflux symptoms by RDQ scale six months after surgery, and 11 patients (11/100,11.0%) were found to have reflux esophagitis by gastroscopy, including 6 in grade A, 3 in grade B, and 2 in grade C. All the patients could control their reflux symptoms with behavioral guidance or oral PPIs. Conclusion: Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction has good anti-reflux efficacy and gastric emptying function; it can be one of the choices of reconstruction methods after proximal gastrectomy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagitis, Peptic/etiology , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastroesophageal Reflux/etiology , Laparoscopy , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
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